Authors: Mark R. Brenneman
Spectrin isoforms are found in erythroid and nonerythroid cells. Spectrin is a component (known as the postsynaptic density (PSD)) for the maintenance of cell cytoskeleton shape the main fibrous component of which is spectrin of the erythrocyte membrane controlling Smad3/4 subcellular localization in TGFβ/Smad signalling resulting in nuclear translocation of activated Smad4. beta subunit-fodrin, spectrin-like protein, is a nonerythroid spectrin analogue alpha Spna-1 related to human erythrocytic 1 (hSPTBN1) Nonerythroid brain spectrin (Spnb-2 Beta-II spectrin). Three isoforms of brain spectrin contains three structural domains. A nonerythroid 9 Kb mRNA which encodes neuronal beta SpIIa occurs also in neonatal cardiomyocytes with ankyrin-B and ELF (Spnb-2), a new isoform of beta-G-spectrin. Spnb2 js found to cross-react with human erythrocyte beta subunit spectrin-ankyrin scaffold in restoring similarity of structure to lateral membrane biogenesis, cross-linking protein alpha-chain, and the Actin binding N-terminal domain of beta-chain, a form of exon/intron usage of two antiparallel dimers usage Complementary DNA synthesized from a messenger mRNA a stem cell adaptor protein is found in two to four cells per 30,000-50,000 cells.
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[v1] 2013-02-12 22:32:18
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