General Mathematics


A Pair of Smarandachely Isotopic Quasigroups and Loops Of The Same Variety

Authors: Temotope Gbolahan Jayeola

The isotopic invariance or universality of types and varieties of quasigroups and loops described by one or more equivalent identities has been of interest to researchers in loop theory in the recent past. A variety of quasigroups(loops) that are not universal have been found to be isotopic invariant relative to a special type of isotopism or the other. Presently, there are two outstanding open problems on universality of loops: semi automorphic inverse property loops(1999) and Osborn loops(2005). Smarandache isotopism(S-isotopism) was originally introduced by Vasantha Kandasamy in 2002.

Comments: 10 Pages.

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[v1] 2017-06-06 00:34:47

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