Authors: John Stojanowski
The cause of mass extinctions is a subject that has been debated for well over a hundred years. Currently, the two prime suspects are bolide impact and volcanism, specifically flood basalt eruptions referred to as Large Igneous Provinces (LIPs). Bolide impact has only been associated with one of the Big Five mass extinctions at the end of the Cretaceous Period whereas four of the Big Five mass extinctions have unquestionably been associated with LIPs as is the case for other major extinctions. Based upon the above, volcanic association with mass extinction is hypothesized to have had its lethal effect via global warming, global cooling, anoxia and hypoxia. However, the problem with the volcanogenic extinction hypothesis is that the onset of eruptions in the mid-Phanerozoic eon slightly postdates the main phase of extinctions.09,14 This paper introduces a third theory to explain the mass extinctions, the Gravity Theory of Mass Extinction (GTME)01, which is able to explain the primary cause of the extinctions, which is not volcanogenic and not the result of bolide impact. It is also able to explain why LIPs are associated with most of the extinctions as well as geomagnetic reversals and massive changes in sea level. In addition, it offers a reason why a bolide impact occurred near the end of the Cretaceous Period.
Comments: 11 Pages.
[v1] 2017-09-13 18:25:56
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