General Science and Philosophy


Heroical Apatheism: Mala Fide Bootstrapping Obligations

Authors: Ian von Hegner

Discussions regarding hypothetical gods’ virtually always focuses on their existence or nonexistence. These, however, are only the secondary questions. Heroical apatheism distingue these questions from the question about the gods’ relevancy, which is the primary question. It is a deeply ingrained assumption, that if the gods’ have created the universe and humankind, then this also implicit entails the obligations that the gods’ must be worshipped and obeyed. These relations between existence and acts and worship and obedience to the gods are so commonplace, that virtually no one questions whether they exist at all. The gods’ rights are simply assumed at face value. However, the issue regarding these necessary relations are in no way trivial. In this article these relations will be illuminated through first formulating two cosmological models for the initial condition of the universe, and thereafter apply these in analyses of the claims regarding these relations. By doing so it is shown, that the justifications for these obligations always ends in a Münchhausen bootstrapping circularity or is ad hoc. There cannot be demonstrated any necessary relations between existence and worship, between acts of creation and obedience. Furthermore, these assumptions rests on an overlooked point. Arguing for or against obligations to the gods’ assumes implicit, that these gods’ have a right to obligations to begin with. However, all that can be shown is power to enforce obedience. Thus, heroical apatheism is neither founded on doubt, nor on disobedience, because disobedience implies an authority, and an authority’s right presuppose, that there is such a right. However, there is no such right, and we no longer equate might with right.

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[v1] 2018-04-01 02:01:40

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