Authors: George Rajna
For planetary protection, this indicates that more stringent cleaning steps may be needed for missions focused on life detection and highlights the potential need to use differing and rotating cleaning reagents that are compatible with the spacecraft to control the biological burden.  Now an international team of researchers has found a new way to investigate how Tb bacteria inactivate an important family of antibiotics: They watched the process in action for the first time using an X-ray free-electron laser, or XFEL.  A protein complex called facilitates chromatin transcription (FACT) plays a role in DNA packing within a nucleus, as well as in oncogenesis.  An LMU team now reveals the inner workings of a molecular motor made of proteins which packs and unpacks DNA.  Chemist Ivan Huc finds the inspiration for his work in the molecular principles that underlie biological systems.  What makes particles self-assemble into complex biological structures?  Scientists from Moscow State University (MSU) working with an international team of researchers have identified the structure of one of the key regions of telomerase—a so-called "cellular immortality" ribonucleoprotein.  Researchers from Tokyo Metropolitan University used a light-sensitive iridium-palladium catalyst to make "sequential" polymers, using visible light to change how building blocks are combined into polymer chains.  Researchers have fused living and non-living cells for the first time in a way that allows them to work together, paving the way for new applications.  UZH researchers have discovered a previously unknown way in which proteins interact with one another and cells organize themselves.  Dr Martin Sweatman from the University of Edinburgh's School of Engineering has discovered a simple physical principle that might explain how life started on Earth.  Nearly 75 years ago, Nobel Prize-winning physicist Erwin Schrödinger wondered if the mysterious world of quantum mechanics played a role in biology.
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[v1] 2018-06-02 05:05:24
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