Set Theory and Logic

   

Refutation of Whewell's Axiom of Causality Copyright © 2018 by Colin James III All Rights Reserved.

Authors: Colin James III

"Everything that becomes or changes must do so owing to some cause; for nothing can come to be without a cause." — Plato in Timaeus William Whewell [1794-1866] refined this as the concept of causality to depend on three axioms: nothing takes place without a cause; the magnitude of an effect is proportional to the magnitude of its cause; and to every action there is an equal and opposed reaction. The second axiom is tautologous, but the others are not, hence refuting the conjecture. From a metaphysical view, the axiom of causality is a bar to miracle because first cause is always assumed. This is overcome with rewriting the conjecture as "The necessity of effect implies the possibility of cause or no cause".

Comments: 1 Page. Copyright © 2018 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Note that comments on Disqus are not forwarded or read, so respond to author's email address: info@cec-services dot com.

Download: PDF

Submission history

[v1] 2018-07-15 15:01:34

Unique-IP document downloads: 5 times

Vixra.org is a pre-print repository rather than a journal. Articles hosted may not yet have been verified by peer-review and should be treated as preliminary. In particular, anything that appears to include financial or legal advice or proposed medical treatments should be treated with due caution. Vixra.org will not be responsible for any consequences of actions that result from any form of use of any documents on this website.

Add your own feedback and questions here:
You are equally welcome to be positive or negative about any paper but please be polite. If you are being critical you must mention at least one specific error, otherwise your comment will be deleted as unhelpful.

comments powered by Disqus