Relativity and Cosmology

   

Origin of Universe, Theory of Everything and the Origin of Consciousness: Concepts of Existence Are Inherently Philosophically, Scientifically and Metaphysically Incomplete. HAWKING’S Views on GODEL’S Incompleteness

Authors: Abed Peerally

The series of publications/articles/books by the author (vixra Peerally archives and books), of which this article is the sixth paper about the Theory of Everything, highlight that our current scientific culture could soon have dramatic new openings, that will trigger science towards a far more productive potential than is generally believed. Hawking in his various writings harboured both optimism and pessimism about the Theory of Everything and the future of fundamental physics and mathematics and a particularly thoughtful one is "Gödel and the end of physics". He was generally right for there is nothing in science and philosophy that will ever be proved to be final. The reason is that existence and the universe arose from precursors that cannot be seen to imply finality in terms of their physics and philosophy. In any case Hawking’s feeling is that Gödel’s theorem indicates that there is incompleteness is any concept, for example, Hawking said: “One can have a well-defined position, or a well-defined velocity, but not both.”…“This would seem to make complete determinism impossible. If one can't accurately define both the positions, and the velocities, of particles at one time, how can one predict what they will be in the future.” In philosophy, as well as in mathematics, one can understand whether there is or not such a thing as finality. The fact that not only Gödel, a pure mathematician, but an eminent physicist like Hawking agrees that incompleteness could be an eternal rule of existence carries a lot of weight. In fact, one can also theorise that existence cannot be proved to be complete, not even death, mainly because of the mysteriously metaphysical consciousness. There is nothing in intellectual knowledge that can be regarded 2 as a final truth, as the author’s Theory of Everything will also show. The domain of fundamental cosmology has been in crisis in the last several decades, and that is where the Theory of Everything can represent a significant opening for decades, centuries and millennia of philosophy and science to come. The author’s publications, in addition, are his two posters about consciousness (Tucson Consciousness Conferences, 2016, 2017) and two books that discuss the Theory of Everything and consciousness. The objective of the author’s publications is to demonstrate that the facets of the universe are capable of being encapsulated within a single philosophical and physical concept, the Ultimate Theory of Everything that agrees with Hawking’s later view that natural phenomena and existence fundamentally imply the property of incompleteness. This author’s final concept of existence is coming at the right time, in view of the wide range of mixed feelings on the scientific dreams of a final theory of existence, and about the nature and meaning of what our realities are. As the eminent physicist Steven Weinberg said, in his Dreams of a Final Theory, a really wonderful book to read: “We are on the track of something universal-something that governs physical phenomena throughout the universe-something that we call the laws of nature. We do not want to discover a theory that is capable of describing all imaginable kinds of force among the particles of nature. Rather, we hope for a theory that rigidly will allow us to describe only those forces-gravitational, electroweak, and strong-that actually as it happens do exist. This kind of rigidity in our physical theories is part of what we recognise as beauty.”….. “As Abdus Salam has said, it is not particles or forces with which nature is sparing, but principles. The important thing is to have a set of simple and economical principles that explain why the particles are what they are. It is disturbing that we do not yet have a complete theory of the sort we want. But, when we do, it will not matter very much how many kinds of particle or force it describes, as long as it does so beautifully, as an inevitable consequence of simple principles.” Weinberg then remarked “The creation of new physical principles is agony and apparently cannot be taught.” In fact, the Ultimate Theory of Everything will squarely meet Weinberg’s prescription, and will also widely opine about a large range of aspects of the universe and existence. Weinberg’s remark does, however, illustrate to what extent intellectual pursuits can be challenging, and Einstein did go through precisely this kind of agony, for he 3 unsuccessfully devoted the last three decades of his life to the search of a theory that would unify gravitation and the electromagnetic force, a search which has not been pursued by other physicists. The truth is that the solution of the mystery of gravitation in relation to the electromagnetic force is very elusive and requires the Theory of Everything to elucidate. However, this ultimate concept has been, in the scientific literature, well regarded as a near impossible ambition of science. Seeing where we are in cosmology, there is an urgency for it, for it could have a universal impact on how we view the universe and our existence, as realistically as possible.

Comments: 24 Pages. Replacement

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Submission history

[v1] 2018-09-18 15:52:28
[v2] 2018-09-22 15:00:59

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