Authors: George Rajna
One reason is that flat landscapes can unlock new movement patterns in the quantum world of atoms and electrons.  Nothing in nature is known to hit the temperatures achieved in laboratories like CAL, which means the orbiting facility is regularly the coldest known spot in the universe.  There's an oddball in most families, but Rice University physicist Emilia Morosan has discovered an entire clan of eccentric compounds that could help explain the mysterious electronic and magnetic workings of other quantum materials engineers are eying for next-generation computers and electronics.  TU Wien (Vienna) and several research groups from China have now developed new ideas and implemented them in an experiment.  Light and high-frequency acoustic sound waves in a tiny glass structure can strongly couple to one another and perform a dance in step.  Researchers from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, ETH Zurich, and Argonne National Laboratory, U.S, have described an extended quantum Maxwell's demon, a device locally violating the second law of thermodynamics in a system located one to five meters away from the demon.  "We've experimentally confirmed the connection between information in the classical case and the quantum case," Murch said, "and we're seeing this new effect of information loss."  It's well-known that when a quantum system is continuously measured, it freezes, i.e., it stops changing, which is due to a phenomenon called the quantum Zeno effect.  Physicists have extended one of the most prominent fluctuation theorems of classical stochastic thermodynamics, the Jarzynski equality, to quantum field theory. 
Comments: 46 Pages.
[v1] 2018-12-21 13:33:46
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