[2] **viXra:1503.0146 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-03-18 11:30:24*

**Authors:** W. B. Vasantha Kandasamy, Florentin Smarandache

**Comments:** 231 Pages.

Here finite real quaternion rings, and finite complex modulo integer quaternion rings, plus neutrosophic finite quaternion rings, and complex neutrosophic quaternion rings for the first time are introduced and analyzed. All these rings behave in a very unique way.

**Category:** Algebra

[1] **viXra:1503.0072 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-04-01 11:30:50*

**Authors:** A. A. Salama, Florentin Smarandache

**Comments:** 182 Pages.

In this book the authors introduce and study the following notions: Neutrosophic Crisp Points, Neutrosophic Crisp Relations, Neutrosophic Crisp Sets, Neutrosophic Set Generated by (Characteristic Function), α-cut Level for Neutrosophic Sets, Neutrosophic Crisp Continuous Function, Neutrosophic Crisp Compact Spaces, Neutrosophic Crisp Nearly Open Sets, Neutrosophic Crisp Ideals, Neutrosophic Crisp Filter, Neutrosophic Crisp Local Functions, Neutrosophic Crisp Sets via Neutrosophic Crisp Ideals, Neutrosophic Crisp L-Openness and Neutrosophic Crisp L-Continuity, Neutrosophic Topological Region, Neutrosophic Closed Set and Neutrosophic Continuous Function, etc.
They compute the distances between neutrosophic sets and extend it to Neutrosophic Hesitancy Degree.
The authors also generalize the Crisp Topological Space and Intuitionistic Topological Space to the notion of Neutrosophic Crisp Topological Space.
At the end, they present applications to Neutrosophic Database, and show a security scheme based on Public Key Infrastructure (PKI) using Neutrosophic Logic Manipulation. The authors utilize neutrosophic sets in order to analyze social networks data conducted through learning activities, and for the Geographical Information Systems (GIS) they employ fundamental concepts and properties of a Neutrosophic Spatial Region.

**Category:** Algebra