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## Recent submissions

Any replacements are listed farther down

[28314] viXra:1903.0428 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-23 15:37:20

### Distribution of the Sequence [m]P in Elliptic Curves

Authors: Markos Karameris

A lot of controversy surrounds the use of Elliptic Curves in finite fields as Random Number Generators. There is little information however concerning the "randomness" of different procedures on Elliptic Curves defined over fields of characteristic $0$. The aim of this paper is to investigate the behaviour of the sequence $\psi_m=[m]P$ and then generalize to polynomial seuences of the form $\phi_m=[p(m)]P$. We examine the behaviour of this sequence in different domains and attempt to realize for which points it is not equidistributed in $\mathbb{C}/\Lambda$. We will first study the sequence in the space of Elliptic Curves $E(\mathbb{C})$ defined over the complex numbers and then reconsider our approach to tackle real valued Elliptic Curves. In the process we obtain the measure with respect to which the sequence $\psi$ is equidistributed in $E(\mathbb{R})$. In Section \ref{sec} we prove that every sequence of points $P_n=(x_n,y_n,1)$ equidistributed w.r.t. that measure is not equidistributed$\mod(1)$ with the obvious map $x_n\to\{x_n\}$. Finally we propose a PRNG based on polynomial sequences which will be studied in future work.
Category: General Mathematics

[28313] viXra:1903.0427 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-23 17:20:03

### Locard's Exchange Principle and Stellar Metamorphosis

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski

The single greatest contribution the theory of detection and criminology was provided by Edmond Locard, as his Exchange Principle. It is the notion that the perpetuator (nature or animal) always leaves some physical evidence at the crime scene, or event, and simultaneously takes some evidence away. This is to show that not all evidence will be immediately available, unless it can be interpreted in a light that makes sense and is congruous to the other facts presented. This is to mean that Nature and/or animal will always leave their signature on the event and are, in turn, contaminated by it. Explanation is provided to tie in the general theory of stellar metamorphosis to Locard's Exchange Principle.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[28312] viXra:1903.0426 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-23 21:57:40

### Thought Experiment On General Relativity

Authors: Ravindra Sidramappa Mundase

We will discuss the gravitational force between two black holes by using the fundamental concept of general relativity and test whether it is correct or not. This discussion is based on two black holes. We will check the validity of the concept of space-time curvature.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[28311] viXra:1903.0425 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-24 05:32:42

### The Leading Professorship and the Fellowship

Authors: Miguel A. Sanchez-Rey

A comparison to be stated...
Category: Education and Didactics

[28310] viXra:1903.0424 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-23 09:29:24

### Contextual Transformation of Short Text for Improved Classifiability

Authors: Anirban Chatterjee, Smaranya Dey, Uddipto Dutta

Text classification is the task of automatically sorting a set of documents into predefined set of categories. This task has several applications including separating positive and negative product reviews by customers, automated indexing of scientific articles, spam filtering and many more. What lies at the core of this problem is to extract features from text data which can be used for classification. One of the common techniques to address this problem is to represent text data as low dimensional continuous vectors such that the semantically unrelated data are well separated from each other. However, sometimes the variability along various dimensions of these vectors is irrelevant as they are dominated by various global factors which are not specific to the classes we are interested in. This irrelevant variability often causes difficulty in classification. In this paper, we propose a technique which takes the initial vectorized representation of the text data through a process of transformation which amplifies relevant variability and suppresses irrelevant variability and then employs a classifier on the transformed data for the classification task. The results show that the same classifier exhibits better accuracy on the transformed data than the initial vectorized representation of text data.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[28309] viXra:1903.0423 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-23 10:17:19

### Induced Dipoles Damp Plasmons

Authors: George Rajna

The light scattered by plasmonic nanoparticles is useful, but some of it gets lost at the surface and scientists are now starting to figure out why. [37] In a new review, researchers have described the fundamental physics that causes magnetoelectricity from a theoretical viewpoint. [36] Physicists at EPFL propose a new "quantum simulator": a laser-based device that can be used to study a wide range of quantum systems. [35] The DESY accelerator facility in Hamburg, Germany, goes on for miles to host a particle making kilometer-long laps at almost the speed of light. Now researchers have shrunk such a facility to the size of a computer chip. [34] University of Michigan physicists have led the development of a device the size of a match head that can bend light inside a crystal to generate synchrotron radiation in a lab. [33] A new advance by researchers at MIT could make it possible to produce tiny spectrometers that are just as accurate and powerful but could be mass produced using standard chip-making processes. [32] Scientists from the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology have demonstrated a surprisingly simple way of flipping a material from one state into another, and then back again, with single flashes of laser light. [31] Materials scientists at Duke University computationally predicted the electrical and optical properties of semiconductors made from extended organic molecules sandwiched by inorganic structures. [30] KU Leuven researchers from the Roeffaers Lab and the Hofkens Group have now put forward a very promising direct X-ray detector design, based on a rapidly emerging halide perovskite semiconductor, with chemical formula Cs2AgBiBr6. [29] Physicists at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) have proven that incoming light causes the electrons in warm perovskites to rotate, thus influencing the direction of the flow of electrical current. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27]
Category: Condensed Matter

[28308] viXra:1903.0422 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-23 10:58:05

### Laser-Induced Electron Avalanche

Authors: George Rajna

By using an infrared laser beam to induce a phenomenon known as an electron avalanche breakdown near the material, the new technique is able to detect shielded material from a distance. [38] The light scattered by plasmonic nanoparticles is useful, but some of it gets lost at the surface and scientists are now starting to figure out why. [37] In a new review, researchers have described the fundamental physics that causes magnetoelectricity from a theoretical viewpoint. [36] Physicists at EPFL propose a new "quantum simulator": a laser-based device that can be used to study a wide range of quantum systems. [35] The DESY accelerator facility in Hamburg, Germany, goes on for miles to host a particle making kilometer-long laps at almost the speed of light. Now researchers have shrunk such a facility to the size of a computer chip. [34] University of Michigan physicists have led the development of a device the size of a match head that can bend light inside a crystal to generate synchrotron radiation in a lab. [33] A new advance by researchers at MIT could make it possible to produce tiny spectrometers that are just as accurate and powerful but could be mass produced using standard chip-making processes. [32] Scientists from the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology have demonstrated a surprisingly simple way of flipping a material from one state into another, and then back again, with single flashes of laser light. [31] Materials scientists at Duke University computationally predicted the electrical and optical properties of semiconductors made from extended organic molecules sandwiched by inorganic structures. [30] KU Leuven researchers from the Roeffaers Lab and the Hofkens Group have now put forward a very promising direct X-ray detector design, based on a rapidly emerging halide perovskite semiconductor, with chemical formula Cs2AgBiBr6. [29]
Category: Quantum Physics

[28307] viXra:1903.0421 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-23 11:17:49

### Integration Technique Using Laplace Transforms. a Generalized Form of the Dirichlet Integral.

Authors: Federico Espil

The problem of integration technique over integrands of the form f(t)/t^n, can be solved by differentiation(n times) by using Leibniz's rule to get rid of t^n, that leads to integrate back (n times) to end the game which it's harder than the original problem.This work focuses on the derivation of the formula (Espil's theorem) which is a perfect tool to avoid that hard task. It allows to change the difficult n iterated integrals into a more outstanding easier problem which consists of n -1 derivatives.The Espil's theorem is a generalization of the Dirichlet integral.
Category: Functions and Analysis

[28306] viXra:1903.0420 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-23 11:36:07

### Heuer's "Review of Biases and Their Implications for Deception" and Stellar Metamorphosis

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski

Perceptual biases, biases in estimating probabilities, and biases in evaluating evidence are presented with their implications concerning the continuation of modern astronomical/astrophysical deception. For new readers, it has been discovered that planets are older stars (planets and stars are the same objects), yet the biases plaguing astronomers and astrophysicists continue to keep the deception that a planet is something mutually exclusive of star, indefinitely. The outline is from Richards J. Heuer, Jr., "Cognitive Factors in Deception and Counterdeception," in Daniel & Herbig (1982), 62-63, and the experience portion is my own.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[28305] viXra:1903.0419 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-23 11:42:35

### On the General Solution for the Quintic Duffing Oscillator Equation

Authors: J. Akande, D. K. K. Adjaï, Y. J. F. Kpomahou, M. D. Monsia

This paper shows for the first time that exact and general solution for the quintic Duffing oscillator equation may be computed in a straightforward manner within the framework of the generalized Sundman transformation theory introduced recently by authors of this work. A major advantage of the applied method is that it intimately relates such an oscillator equation to the quadratic anharmonic oscillator equation with well-known exact solutions.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[28304] viXra:1903.0418 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-23 11:58:35

### Organic Materials for Electronics

Authors: George Rajna

Organic electronics have the potential to revolutionize technology with their high cost-efficiency and versatility compared with more commonly used inorganic electronics. [39] By using an infrared laser beam to induce a phenomenon known as an electron avalanche breakdown near the material, the new technique is able to detect shielded material from a distance. [38] The light scattered by plasmonic nanoparticles is useful, but some of it gets lost at the surface and scientists are now starting to figure out why. [37] In a new review, researchers have described the fundamental physics that causes magnetoelectricity from a theoretical viewpoint. [36]
Category: Condensed Matter

[28303] viXra:1903.0417 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-23 12:20:33

Authors: George Rajna

"This means that we now have a method for the production of high-quality films for perovskite solar cells using an industrially scalable technique." [40] Organic electronics have the potential to revolutionize technology with their high cost-efficiency and versatility compared with more commonly used inorganic electronics. [39] By using an infrared laser beam to induce a phenomenon known as an electron avalanche breakdown near the material, the new technique is able to detect shielded material from a distance. [38] The light scattered by plasmonic nanoparticles is useful, but some of it gets lost at the surface and scientists are now starting to figure out why. [37] In a new review, researchers have described the fundamental physics that causes magnetoelectricity from a theoretical viewpoint. [36] Physicists at EPFL propose a new "quantum simulator": a laser-based device that can be used to study a wide range of quantum systems. [35] The DESY accelerator facility in Hamburg, Germany, goes on for miles to host a particle making kilometer-long laps at almost the speed of light. Now researchers have shrunk such a facility to the size of a computer chip. [34] University of Michigan physicists have led the development of a device the size of a match head that can bend light inside a crystal to generate synchrotron radiation in a lab. [33] A new advance by researchers at MIT could make it possible to produce tiny spectrometers that are just as accurate and powerful but could be mass produced using standard chip-making processes. [32] Scientists from the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology have demonstrated a surprisingly simple way of flipping a material from one state into another, and then back again, with single flashes of laser light. [31] Materials scientists at Duke University computationally predicted the electrical and optical properties of semiconductors made from extended organic molecules sandwiched by inorganic structures. [30]
Category: Thermodynamics and Energy

[28302] viXra:1903.0416 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-23 12:35:56

Authors: George Rajna

"You could imagine someone training a many-layer, deep neural network to do earthquake prediction-and then not testing the method in a way that properly validates its predictive value." [27] Oceanographers studying the physics of the global ocean have long found themselves facing a conundrum: Fluid dynamical balances can vary greatly from point to point, rendering it difficult to make global generalizations. [26] The analysis of sensor data of machines, plants or buildings makes it possible to detect anomalous states early and thus to avoid further damage. [25] Physicists in the US have used machine learning to determine the phase diagram of a system of 12 idealized quantum particles to a higher precision than ever before. [24] The research group took advantage of a system at SLAC's Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource (SSRL) that combines machine learning-a form of artificial intelligence where computer algorithms glean knowledge from enormous amounts of data-with experiments that quickly make and screen hundreds of sample materials at a time. [23] Researchers at the UCLA Samueli School of Engineering have demonstrated that deep learning, a powerful form of artificial intelligence, can discern and enhance microscopic details in photos taken by smartphones. [22] Such are the big questions behind one of the new projects underway at the MIT-IBM Watson AI Laboratory, a collaboration for research on the frontiers of artificial intelligence. [21]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[28301] viXra:1903.0415 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-22 07:43:18

### Alan Turing: the Man Who Cracked the Enigma Code

Authors: Manjunath.R

Alan Turing The English mathematician, logician and philosopher who made important advancements in the field of computer theory and who contributed important logical analyses of computer processes. In an unfortunate end to his prolific career, Turing was arrested in 1952 after British authorities found out he was having a relationship with another man. Under British law, homosexuality was a crime, and it resulted in Turing losing his security clearance to continue his work at Bletchley Park. Rather than face a life in prison, Turing accepted treatment of regular estrogen injections, which were believed to neutralize libido. In 1954, Turing committed suicide by eating a cyanide-laced apple.
Category: Education and Didactics

[28300] viXra:1903.0414 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-22 08:17:02

### Spin Dances with Dipole

Authors: George Rajna

In a new review, researchers have described the fundamental physics that causes magnetoelectricity from a theoretical viewpoint. [36] Physicists at EPFL propose a new "quantum simulator": a laser-based device that can be used to study a wide range of quantum systems. [35] The DESY accelerator facility in Hamburg, Germany, goes on for miles to host a particle making kilometer-long laps at almost the speed of light. Now researchers have shrunk such a facility to the size of a computer chip. [34] University of Michigan physicists have led the development of a device the size of a match head that can bend light inside a crystal to generate synchrotron radiation in a lab. [33] A new advance by researchers at MIT could make it possible to produce tiny spectrometers that are just as accurate and powerful but could be mass produced using standard chip-making processes. [32] Scientists from the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology have demonstrated a surprisingly simple way of flipping a material from one state into another, and then back again, with single flashes of laser light. [31] Materials scientists at Duke University computationally predicted the electrical and optical properties of semiconductors made from extended organic molecules sandwiched by inorganic structures. [30] KU Leuven researchers from the Roeffaers Lab and the Hofkens Group have now put forward a very promising direct X-ray detector design, based on a rapidly emerging halide perovskite semiconductor, with chemical formula Cs2AgBiBr6. [29] Physicists at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) have proven that incoming light causes the electrons in warm perovskites to rotate, thus influencing the direction of the flow of electrical current. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27]
Category: Condensed Matter

[28299] viXra:1903.0412 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-22 08:46:46

### Faster and Simpler Deep Learning

Authors: George Rajna

Artificial intelligence systems based on deep learning are changing the electronic devices that surround us. [26] A team of researchers affiliated with several institutions in Germany and the U.S. has developed a deep learning algorithm that can be used for motion capture of animals of any kind. [25] In 2016, when we inaugurated our new IBM Research lab in Johannesburg, we took on this challenge and are reporting our first promising results at Health Day at the KDD Data Science Conference in London this month. [24] The research group took advantage of a system at SLAC's Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource (SSRL) that combines machine learning-a form of artificial intelligence where computer algorithms glean knowledge from enormous amounts of data-with experiments that quickly make and screen hundreds of sample materials at a time. [23] Researchers at the UCLA Samueli School of Engineering have demonstrated that deep learning, a powerful form of artificial intelligence, can discern and enhance microscopic details in photos taken by smartphones. [22] Such are the big questions behind one of the new projects underway at the MIT-IBM Watson AI Laboratory, a collaboration for research on the frontiers of artificial intelligence. [21]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[28298] viXra:1903.0411 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-22 09:10:24

### Stem Cells are not Created Equal

Authors: George Rajna

Researchers from the University of Toronto's Institute for Biomaterials and Biomedical Engineering (IBBME) and the Donnelly Centre have discovered a population of cells – dubbed to be "elite" – that play a key role in the process of transforming differentiated cells into stem cells. [26] Researchers at A*STAR have compared six data-analysis processes and come up with a clear winner in terms of speed, quality of analysis and reliability. [25]
Category: Physics of Biology

[28297] viXra:1903.0410 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-22 09:58:01

### Refutation of Coalgebraic Geometric Modal Logic

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com. (We warn troll Mikko at Disqus to read the article four times before hormonal typing.)

Two definitions equations from Eqs. 4.4.1.2 and 4.4.4.2 as rendered are not tautologous, hence denying the monotone functor on KHaus. What follows is that the use of coalgebra to manufacture a geometric modal logic is refuted. Therefore the conjecture is a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[28296] viXra:1903.0409 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-22 11:29:29

### Soft and Hard Liberation of Compact Lie Groups

Authors: Teo Banica

We investigate the liberation question for the compact Lie groups, by using various soft'' and hard'' methods, based respectively on joint generation with a free quantum group, and joint generation with a free torus. The soft methods extend the easy'' methods, notably by covering groups like $SO_N,SU_N$, and the hard methods partly extend the soft methods, notably by covering the real and complex tori themselves.
Category: Functions and Analysis

[28295] viXra:1903.0408 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-22 11:40:10

### Taming the Light Screw

Authors: George Rajna

DESY and MPSD scientists have created high-order harmonics from solids with controlled polarization states, taking advantage of both crystal symmetry and attosecond electronic dynamics. [36] Physicists at EPFL propose a new "quantum simulator": a laser-based device that can be used to study a wide range of quantum systems. [35] The DESY accelerator facility in Hamburg, Germany, goes on for miles to host a particle making kilometer-long laps at almost the speed of light. Now researchers have shrunk such a facility to the size of a computer chip. [34] University of Michigan physicists have led the development of a device the size of a match head that can bend light inside a crystal to generate synchrotron radiation in a lab. [33] A new advance by researchers at MIT could make it possible to produce tiny spectrometers that are just as accurate and powerful but could be mass produced using standard chip-making processes. [32] Scientists from the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology have demonstrated a surprisingly simple way of flipping a material from one state into another, and then back again, with single flashes of laser light. [31] Materials scientists at Duke University computationally predicted the electrical and optical properties of semiconductors made from extended organic molecules sandwiched by inorganic structures. [30] KU Leuven researchers from the Roeffaers Lab and the Hofkens Group have now put forward a very promising direct X-ray detector design, based on a rapidly emerging halide perovskite semiconductor, with chemical formula Cs2AgBiBr6. [29] Physicists at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) have proven that incoming light causes the electrons in warm perovskites to rotate, thus influencing the direction of the flow of electrical current. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27]
Category: Quantum Physics

[28294] viXra:1903.0407 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-22 13:21:21

### Gravitational Index of Refraction

Authors: D.H.W. Reffer
Comments: 4 Pages. The General Theory of Relativity now retires to history.

Henceforth the fact is admitted as an axiom that all bodies in the universe set up gravitationally the universe’s optical medium, named gravitational ether, whose strength is the sum of all relative-velocity dependent gravitational potentials, from which we derive its index of refraction, that therefore is both nonuniform in space and changes in time as bodies move. Keywords: gravitational ether; ether refraction index.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[28293] viXra:1903.0406 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-22 14:56:52

### Refutation of Domain Theory

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 3 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com. (We warn troll Mikko at Disqus to read the article four times before hormonal typing.)

We evaluate six equations for conjectures in five subsections of origins, bases of objects, axiomatic conditions, adjunctions, finite domains, and join-approximable relations. None is tautologous, hence refuting the domain theory of Dana Scott. Therefore, Scott's domain theory is a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[28292] viXra:1903.0405 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-22 16:34:36

### The Iron/Nickel Cores of Ancient Stars as Leftover Catalyst

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski

It is explained that the iron/nickel cores of ancient stars are composed of unconsumed catalyst used in the chemical reactions required to form many chemical compounds found on rocky highly evolved stars. As well, it explains why only specific elements are found with the iron/nickel composites, it is because they are also function as catalysts, such as platinum, copper and gallium, which can be unconsumed in the process.
Category: Astrophysics

[28291] viXra:1903.0404 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-22 23:00:36

### Freedom of Speech And/or Curtailing the Freedom of Speech?

Authors: Miguel A. Sanchez-Rey

A predicament...
Category: Social Science

[28290] viXra:1903.0403 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-21 08:25:56

### Machine Learning World's Oceans

Authors: George Rajna

Oceanographers studying the physics of the global ocean have long found themselves facing a conundrum: Fluid dynamical balances can vary greatly from point to point, rendering it difficult to make global generalizations. [26] The analysis of sensor data of machines, plants or buildings makes it possible to detect anomalous states early and thus to avoid further damage. [25] Physicists in the US have used machine learning to determine the phase diagram of a system of 12 idealized quantum particles to a higher precision than ever before. [24] The research group took advantage of a system at SLAC's Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource (SSRL) that combines machine learning-a form of artificial intelligence where computer algorithms glean knowledge from enormous amounts of data-with experiments that quickly make and screen hundreds of sample materials at a time. [23] Researchers at the UCLA Samueli School of Engineering have demonstrated that deep learning, a powerful form of artificial intelligence, can discern and enhance microscopic details in photos taken by smartphones. [22] Such are the big questions behind one of the new projects underway at the MIT-IBM Watson AI Laboratory, a collaboration for research on the frontiers of artificial intelligence. [21]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[28289] viXra:1903.0402 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-21 08:55:43

### Optical Force in Human Red Blood

Authors: George Rajna

New photonic tools for medical imaging can be used to understand the nonlinear behavior of laser light in human blood for theranostic applications. [27] Using X-ray laser technology, a team led by researchers of the Paul Scherrer Institute PSI has recorded one of the fastest processes in biology. [26] A Virginia Commonwealth University researcher has developed a procedure for identifying the source of cells present in a forensic biological sample that could change how cell types are identified in samples across numerous industries. [25] In work at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the University of Maryland in College Park, researchers have devised and demonstrated a new way to measure free energy. [24] A novel technique developed by researchers at the ARC Centre of Excellence for Nanoscale BioPhotonics (CNBP) will help shine new light on biological questions by improving the quality and quantity of information that can be extracted in fluorescence microscopy. [23] Micro-computed tomography or "micro-CT" is X-ray imaging in 3-D, by the same method used in hospital CT (or "CAT") scans, but on a small scale with massively increased resolution. [22] A new experimental method permits the X-ray analysis of amyloids, a class of large, filamentous biomolecules which are an important hallmark of diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's. [12] Thumb through any old science textbook, and you'll likely find RNA described as little more than a means to an end, a kind of molecular scratch paper used to construct the proteins encoded in DNA. [20] Just like any long polymer chain, DNA tends to form knots. Using technology that allows them to stretch DNA molecules and image the behavior of these knots, MIT researchers have discovered, for the first time, the factors that determine whether a knot moves along the strand or "jams" in place. [19]
Category: Physics of Biology

[28288] viXra:1903.0401 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-21 09:22:56

### Microscope Captures Group of Neurons

Authors: George Rajna

Researchers have developed a microscope specifically for imaging large groups of interacting cells in their natural environments. [28] New photonic tools for medical imaging can be used to understand the nonlinear behavior of laser light in human blood for theranostic applications. [27] Using X-ray laser technology, a team led by researchers of the Paul Scherrer Institute PSI has recorded one of the fastest processes in biology. [26] A Virginia Commonwealth University researcher has developed a procedure for identifying the source of cells present in a forensic biological sample that could change how cell types are identified in samples across numerous industries. [25] In work at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the University of Maryland in College Park, researchers have devised and demonstrated a new way to measure free energy. [24] A novel technique developed by researchers at the ARC Centre of Excellence for Nanoscale BioPhotonics (CNBP) will help shine new light on biological questions by improving the quality and quantity of information that can be extracted in fluorescence microscopy. [23] Micro-computed tomography or "micro-CT" is X-ray imaging in 3-D, by the same method used in hospital CT (or "CAT") scans, but on a small scale with massively increased resolution. [22] A new experimental method permits the X-ray analysis of amyloids, a class of large, filamentous biomolecules which are an important hallmark of diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's. [12] Thumb through any old science textbook, and you'll likely find RNA described as little more than a means to an end, a kind of molecular scratch paper used to construct the proteins encoded in DNA. [20] Just like any long polymer chain, DNA tends to form knots. Using technology that allows them to stretch DNA molecules and image the behavior of these knots, MIT researchers have discovered, for the first time, the factors that determine whether a knot moves along the strand or "jams" in place. [19]
Category: Physics of Biology

[28287] viXra:1903.0400 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-21 09:43:07

### What Means Expression "At Summer from Creation of the World"?

Authors: A.I.Somsikov

Old calendar designation of datings where "summer" means year, and "creation of the world" – a reference mark. In the assumption of existence of the state, in which only and perhaps continuous chronology.
Category: Linguistics

[28286] viXra:1903.0399 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-21 10:13:06

### Kol I Marken

Authors: Magnus Carlsson

A mixture of black carbon and manure is more pleasant to handle than manure alone. Furthermore, usage of this product sequesters carbon.
Category: Climate Research

[28285] viXra:1903.0398 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-21 10:28:41

### Schrodinger’s Cat is Neither Alive Nor Dead

Authors: Sunil Thakur

In this paper, we have analyzed a movie recorded by a team from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) to show that the quantum states are real, but not physical. We have then analyzed some natural phenomena to show that this observation applies to all the physical entities. Physical form is only a manifestation of a non-physical entity that has its own unique set of potential properties that it can manifest in physical form. The manifestation of the physical entities is observer dependent. An act of observation manifests a physical entity; it does not create it. We have also shown that we live in a non-physical world in which all the phenomena are mere manifestations.
Category: Quantum Physics

[28284] viXra:1903.0397 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-21 11:12:00

### Why There's More Matter than Antimatter

Authors: George Rajna

This is arguably the most profound question there is and one that may seem completely outside the scope of particle physics. But our new experiment at CERN's Large Hadron Collider has taken us a step closer to figuring it out. [28] The Antiproton Decelerator (AD), sometimes known as the Antimatter Factory, is the world's largest source of antimatter and has been operational since 2000. [27] Positronium atoms, which consist of an electron and a positron, are one type of antimatter atoms being considered to test whether antimatter falls at the same rate as matter in Earth's gravitational field. [26]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[28283] viXra:1903.0396 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-21 11:37:13

### Light Behaves like Magnet

Authors: George Rajna

Physicists at EPFL propose a new "quantum simulator": a laser-based device that can be used to study a wide range of quantum systems. [35] The DESY accelerator facility in Hamburg, Germany, goes on for miles to host a particle making kilometer-long laps at almost the speed of light. Now researchers have shrunk such a facility to the size of a computer chip. [34] University of Michigan physicists have led the development of a device the size of a match head that can bend light inside a crystal to generate synchrotron radiation in a lab. [33] A new advance by researchers at MIT could make it possible to produce tiny spectrometers that are just as accurate and powerful but could be mass produced using standard chip-making processes. [32] Scientists from the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology have demonstrated a surprisingly simple way of flipping a material from one state into another, and then back again, with single flashes of laser light. [31] Materials scientists at Duke University computationally predicted the electrical and optical properties of semiconductors made from extended organic molecules sandwiched by inorganic structures. [30] KU Leuven researchers from the Roeffaers Lab and the Hofkens Group have now put forward a very promising direct X-ray detector design, based on a rapidly emerging halide perovskite semiconductor, with chemical formula Cs2AgBiBr6. [29] Physicists at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) have proven that incoming light causes the electrons in warm perovskites to rotate, thus influencing the direction of the flow of electrical current. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26]
Category: Quantum Physics

[28282] viXra:1903.0395 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-21 14:20:50

### Bio-Electromagnetic Weapons

Authors: Frank H. Makinson

The first use of a bio-electromagnetic weapon in warfare began about 1000 years ago, but the creators of that weapon were unaware of the term electromagnetic and its contribution to the unseen biological damage it was causing to the human subjects. The thousand year old weapon was the creation of the black powder chemical explosion. A Los Alamos National Laboratory report stated, “The emission of electromagnetic radiation from a chemical explosion is well established.” It is not just the light produced but the broadband electromagnetic radiation. Similar biological damage can be caused by various types of radio transmitters that radiate their emissions into the atmosphere.
Category: Physics of Biology

[28281] viXra:1903.0394 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-21 17:23:43

### In Ferent Quantum Gravity there Are 3 Universes: the Dark Matter Universe, the Matter Universe and the Spiritual Universe

Category: Astrophysics

[28280] viXra:1903.0393 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-21 18:36:43

### Source-Free Classical Electromagnetism, the Free-Photon Schroedinger Equation, and the Unphysical Conjugate-Pair Solutions of the Klein-Gordon and Dirac Equations

Authors: Steven Kenneth Kauffmann

This tutorial begins with the relationship of source-free classical electromagnetism to ultra-relativistic free-photon quantum mechanics. The linear transformation of the source-free classical-electromagnetic real-valued transverse vector potential to its corresponding free-photon Schroedinger-equation complex-valued transverse vector wave function is obtained. It is then pointed out that despite the free-photon Klein-Gordon equation's being formally identical to the source-free classical-electromagnetic vector-potential wave equation, it yields not only free-photon Schroedinger-equation wave functions but also their complex conjugates, which don't satisfy the free-photon Schroedinger equation. This is a consequence of admitting complex-valued solutions of the Klein-Gordon equation -- of course only its real-valued solutions apply to the classical vector potential. It is pointed out that solutions of the free-particle Dirac equation likewise occur in conjugate pairs, and that its Hamiltonian operator implies a variety of unphysical consequences, e.g., any Dirac free particle's speed is that of light times the square root of three.
Category: Quantum Physics

[28279] viXra:1903.0392 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-21 22:01:37

### Solving Incompatibility Between GR and QM re Black Holes

Authors: Tom Fuchs

Herein I derive a new metric for Schwarzschild geometry that doesn't predict black holes, thus is compatible with quantum mechanics re black holes and their singularities.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[28278] viXra:1903.0391 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-21 21:57:39

### [Dlang+Ragel State Machine Compiler+Colm] Based Design of Embedded Systems & Bio-informatics in the Context of IoT/HPC for Hi-end Computational Environment/s – An Insight into Probing Intelligent Embedded Systems and Intelligent Bio-informatics Framework

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 2 Pages. Short Technical Notes

[Dlang+Ragel State Machine Compiler+Colm] Based Design of Embedded Systems & Bio-informatics in the Context of IoT/HPC for Hi-end Computational Environment/s – An Insight into Probing Intelligent Embedded Systems and Intelligent Bio-informatics Frameworks.
Category: Data Structures and Algorithms

[28277] viXra:1903.0390 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-21 22:53:24

### Fundamental Errors in Papers

Authors: Soerivhe Iriene, J. Oquibo Ihwaiuwaue

The paper "Proof of the Polignac Prime Conjecture and other Conjectures", (although listed under the title "Elementary Proof of the Goldbach Conjecture") first published in 2017 claimed to have proven Polignac's conjecture, and in doing so also the twin prime conjecture. The said paper had several problems, not least of which was a catastrophic basic error that completely invalidated the proof. Polignac's conjecture remains unproven, as does the twin primes conjecture.
Category: Number Theory

[28276] viXra:1903.0389 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-21 23:24:17

### Violation of Conservation of Momentum by Lorentz Transformation

Authors: Eric Su

An isolated physical system of elastic collision between two identical objects is chosen to verify the conservation of momentum in two inertial reference frames. In the first reference frame, the center of mass (COM) is stationary. In the second reference frame, the center of mass moves at a constant velocity. By applying Lorentz transformation to the velocities of both objects, total momentum before and during the collision in the second reference frame can be compared. The comparison shows that conservation of momentum fails to hold when both objects move together at the same velocity.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[28275] viXra:1903.0387 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-22 04:31:14

### A Curious Identity of the Zeta Function

Authors: Juan Moreno Borrallo

En este breve artículo se propone y demuestra una curiosa identidad de la función zeta, equivalente a la suma de las progresiones geométricas de los recíprocos de todos los enteros positivos que no son potencias, con numeradores cuyo valor es la función divisor del exponente de cada término de la progresión.
Category: Number Theory

[28274] viXra:1903.0386 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-22 05:15:19

### On Thermal Relativity, Modified Hawking Radiation, and the Generalized Uncertainty Principle

Authors: Carlos Castro
Comments: 11 Pages. submitted to Physics Letters B

After a brief review of the thermal relativistic $corrections$ to the Schwarzschild black hole entropy, it is shown how the Stefan-Boltzman law furnishes large modifications to the evaporation times of Planck-size mini-black holes, and which might furnish important clues to the nature of dark matter and dark energy since one of the novel consequences of thermal relativity is that black holes do $not$ completely evaporate but leave a Planck size remnant. Equating the expression for the modified entropy (due to thermal relativity corrections) with Wald's entropy should in principle determine the functional form of the modified gravitational Lagrangian ${\cal L } (R_{abcd})$. We proceed to derive the generalized uncertainty relation which corresponds to the effective temperature $T_{eff} = T_H ( 1 - { T^2_H \over T^2_P } )^{ - 1/2}$ associated with thermal relativity and given in terms of the Hawking ($T_H$) and Planck ($T_P$) temperature, respectively. Such modified uncertainty relation agrees with the one provided by string theory up to first order in the expansion in powers of ${ (\delta p)^2 \over M^2_P}$. Both lead to a minimal length (Planck size) uncertainty. Finally, an explicit analytical expression is found for the modifications to the purely thermal spectrum of Hawking radiation which could cast some light into the resolution of the black hole information paradox.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[28273] viXra:1903.0385 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-22 05:56:29

### The Mathematical Universe

Authors: Manjunath.R

We Humans, a curious beings developed from the Darwin’s principle of natural selection, are accustomed into an inquisition. The question is not ‘do we know everything from the triumph of the Higgs boson to the underlying discomfort of ultimate question of life, the universe, and everything?’ or it is ‘do we know enough?’ But how the creative principle resides in mathematics? There’s something very mathematical about our gigantic Cosmos, and that the more carefully we look, the more equations are built into nature: our universe isn’t just described by math, but that universe is a “grand book” written in the language of mathematics. We find it very appropriate that mathematics has played a striking role in our growing understanding of the events around us, and of our own existence.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[28272] viXra:1903.0384 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-22 06:39:21

### ATLAS Finds 3 Massive Vector Bosons

Authors: George Rajna

The ATLAS Experiment at CERN has just released evidence for the simultaneous production of three W or Z bosons in proton–proton collisions at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). [29] The ATLAS collaboration has released its very first result utilising its entire Large Hadron Collider (LHC) Run 2 dataset, collected between 2015 and 2018. [28] The Antiproton Decelerator (AD), sometimes known as the Antimatter Factory, is the world's largest source of antimatter and has been operational since 2000. [27]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[28271] viXra:1903.0383 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-20 08:06:53

### Terminal Theory

Authors: Mohammed Rashed

This is a new scientific theory, studying different terminal effects of all objects. Starting from macro-scale objects ending to Nano- scale particles, depends on the terminal shape. Thus, we want to focus on the effect of the terminal and its transfer effect. After studying a known phenomenon, we can find a solution of unknown problem. By using this new theory, we can combine and simulate a more sophisticated process with simplest one. Also, we can invent new materials with a new terminal shapes have new properties, after find a new way to produce and control the atomic shape. This new theory, is so wide and deep, and we can apply it on the most physics, communications and other branches, and we can find a new effect of the objects. Specially, atomic scale, because, we can modify, manipulate and Tailor the shape of new materials as we desire. Everyone knows the terminal theory and its effects is exist, but no one refer to it, like the gravity is exist before Newton refer to it.
Category: Classical Physics

[28270] viXra:1903.0381 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-20 10:40:13

### Who was Kings Atlas of Atlantis?

Authors: Leon Elshout

Was King Atlas of Atlantis in fact e Greek king? - by leon elshout, 20 march 2019, aurichalcum2018 (at) protonmail.com, roodgoudvanparvaim.nl
Category: Religion and Spiritualism

[28269] viXra:1903.0380 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-20 11:34:35

### ATLAS Light Scattering off Light

Authors: George Rajna

Light-by-light scattering is a very rare phenomenon in which two photons interact, producing another pair of photons. [29] The ATLAS collaboration has released its very first result utilising its entire Large Hadron Collider (LHC) Run 2 dataset, collected between 2015 and 2018. [28] The Antiproton Decelerator (AD), sometimes known as the Antimatter Factory, is the world's largest source of antimatter and has been operational since 2000. [27]
Category: Quantum Physics

[28268] viXra:1903.0379 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-20 12:12:24

### The Ballet of Alice

Authors: George Rajna

ALICE's inner tracker is a 1.5-metre-long tube, 1 metre in diameter. It will be replaced with a new, much more precise detector closer to the collision point, formed of seven pixel layers and containing a total of 12.5 billion pixels. [30] On Wednesday, 25 July, for the very first time, operators injected not just atomic nuclei but lead "atoms" containing a single electron into the LHC. [29] The case for an ambitious new particle accelerator to be built in the United States has just gotten a major boost.[27] Physics textbooks might have to be updated now that an international research team has found evidence of an unexpected transition in the structure of atomic nuclei. [26] The group led by Fabrizio Carbone at EPFL and international colleagues have used ultrafast transmission electron microscopy to take attosecond energy-momentum resolved snapshots (1 attosecond = 10-18 or quintillionths of a second) of a free-electron wave function. [25] Now, physicists are working toward getting their first CT scans of the inner workings of the nucleus. [24] The process of the sticking together of quarks, called hadronisation, is still poorly understood. [23] In experimental campaigns using the OMEGA EP laser at the Laboratory for Laser Energetics (LLE) at the University of Rochester, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), University of California San Diego (UCSD) and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) researchers took radiographs of the shock front, similar to the X-ray radiology in hospitals with protons instead of X-rays. [22] Researchers generate proton beams using a combination of nanoparticles and laser light. [21] Devices based on light, rather than electrons, could revolutionize the speed and security of our future computers. However, one of the major challenges in today's physics is the design of photonic devices, able to transport and switch light through circuits in a stable way. [20] Researchers characterize the rotational jiggling of an optically levitated nanoparticle, showing how this motion could be cooled to its quantum ground state. [19]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[28267] viXra:1903.0378 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-20 12:22:11

### A Mechanism of Accelerating and Jerking Expansion of Universe

Authors: Hui Peng
Comments: 20 Pages. thanks very much for consideration of my paper

In 2016, scientists report that the acceleration of the expansion of the universe could be accelerating, denote as jerk universe. We notice that the acceleration of the expanding universe is attributed to linear-effect of gravity, and believe that the jerk is linear-effect as well. We face two tasks: (1) A single dynamic mechanism is required to explain both acceleration and jerk; (2) higher order derivative theories of gravity is needed to govern jerk. We propose a theory-independent dynamic mechanism and extend Newton’s and linearized Einstein’s theory to contain high order differential evolution equations for time-varying source, gravitational field, and movement. We show that the mechanism, (1) predicts repulsive gravitational force, explain the accelerating expansion without fine-tuning problem, and provide an explanation of the jerk; (2) provides a candidate for driving inflation; (3) suggests a new understanding of the nature of dark energy, and postulates gravitational-charge/dark energy duality. Generalized linearized Einstein’s theory predicts that the accelerated receding objects in the universe emit gravitational wave.
Category: Astrophysics

[28266] viXra:1903.0377 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-20 12:37:42

### Pressure-Induced Superconducting

Authors: George Rajna

Researchers at Northeast Normal University, in China, and University of the Basque Country, in Spain, have recently carried out a study investigating the superconducting transition of electrides. [29] Superconducting quantum microwave circuits can function as qubits, the building blocks of a future quantum computer. [28] Physicists have shown that superconducting circuits-circuits that have zero electrical resistance-can function as piston-like mechanical quantum engines. The new perspective may help researchers design quantum computers and other devices with improved efficiencies. [27] This paper explains the magnetic effect of the superconductive current from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the electric wire. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The changing acceleration of the electrons explains the created negative electric field of the magnetic induction, the Higgs Field, the changing Relativistic Mass and the Gravitational Force, giving a Unified Theory of the physical forces. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators also, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions. Since the superconductivity is basically a quantum mechanical phenomenon and some entangled particles give this opportunity to specific matters, like Cooper Pairs or other entanglements, as strongly correlated materials and Exciton-mediated electron pairing, we can say that the secret of superconductivity is the quantum entanglement.
Category: Quantum Physics

[28265] viXra:1903.0376 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-20 14:13:55

### Spiraling Crystal Exotic Discovery

Authors: George Rajna

The realization of so-called topological materials-which exhibit exotic, defect-resistant properties and are expected to have applications in electronics, optics, quantum computing, and other fields-has opened up a new realm in materials discovery. [24] Topological effects, such as those found in crystals whose surfaces conduct electricity while their bulk does not, have been an exciting topic of physics research in recent years and were the subject of the 2016 Nobel Prize in physics. [23] A new technique developed by MIT researchers reveals the inner details of photonic crystals, synthetic materials whose exotic optical properties are the subject of widespread research. [22] In experiments at SLAC, intense laser light (red) shining through a magnesium oxide crystal excited the outermost "valence" electrons of oxygen atoms deep inside it. [21] LCLS works like an extraordinary strobe light: Its ultrabright X-rays take snapshots of materials with atomic resolution and capture motions as fast as a few femtoseconds, or millionths of a billionth of a second. For comparison, one femtosecond is to a second what seven minutes is to the age of the universe. [20] A 'nonlinear' effect that seemingly turns materials transparent is seen for the first time in X-rays at SLAC's LCLS. [19] Leiden physicists have manipulated light with large artificial atoms, so-called quantum dots. Before, this has only been accomplished with actual atoms. It is an important step toward light-based quantum technology. [18] In a tiny quantum prison, electrons behave quite differently as compared to their counterparts in free space. They can only occupy discrete energy levels, much like the electrons in an atom-for this reason, such electron prisons are often called "artificial atoms". [17] When two atoms are placed in a small chamber enclosed by mirrors, they can simultaneously absorb a single photon. [16] Optical quantum technologies are based on the interactions of atoms and photons at the single-particle level, and so require sources of single photons that are highly indistinguishable-that is, as identical as possible. Current single-photon sources using semiconductor quantum dots inserted into photonic structures produce photons that are ultrabright but have limited indistinguishability due to charge noise, which results in a fluctuating electric field. [14]
Category: Quantum Physics

[28264] viXra:1903.0375 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-20 14:32:36

### Neutrons Paint Atomic Portrait

Authors: George Rajna

Direct observations of the structure and catalytic mechanism of a prototypical kinase enzyme—protein kinase A or PKA—will provide researchers and drug developers with significantly enhanced abilities to understand and treat fatal diseases and neurological disorders such as cancer, diabetes, and cystic fibrosis. [22] The ability to grow large protein crystals is the single biggest bottleneck that limits the use of neutron protein crystallography in structural biology. [21]
Category: Physics of Biology

[28263] viXra:1903.0374 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-20 15:26:57

### Refutation of CHSH and a Dual Reality Conjecture

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com. (We warn troll Mikko at Disqus to read the article four times before hormonal typing.)

The equation for the Clauser-Horne-Shimony-Holt [CHSH] inequality is refuted. Hence a dual reality conjecture for experimental (confirmation or) rejection of observer-independence in the quantum world becomes moot. Therefore the CHSH inequality is a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Quantum Physics

[28262] viXra:1903.0373 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-20 17:13:08

### Mass and the Fifth Dimension

Authors: Hristu Culetu

A correlation between mass and a compact 5th dimension is proposed. The 5th coordinate appears to represent the gravitational radius of the black hole. The source of curvature of the spacetime turns out to be an anisotropic null fluid with no energy density and isotropic pressure but nonzero energy flux and anisotropic pressures.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[28261] viXra:1903.0372 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-20 23:44:33

### An Introduction to the Theory of Everything Using Energy Gradients and Information Horizons

Authors: Ankur S. Bhatt, F.M. Becker

The quest to unify the four fundamental forces has been sought after for decades but has remained elusive to all physicists. The first clues to unification were given when information horizons were associated to radiation by Unruh and Hawking. This was then extended to be a discrete spectrum in nature by McCulloch. Here, it is suggested that the limitation, or confinement, of an allowed spectrum is relevant in order to compute all the fundamental forces. The maximum spectrum is defined by the size of the cosmic particle horizon and the Planck length. Notably, all fundamental forces can be computed by using the same core equation and can be extended to reflect the different information horizons and particle interaction scenarios. This result suggests that for unification the radiation spectrum provides alterations of the momentum space to generate energy gradients. The force derivatives of the energy fields indicate numerical convergence to the observed fundamental forces.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[28260] viXra:1903.0371 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-20 23:56:47

### Division by Zero Calculus in Multiply Dimensions and Open Problems

Authors: Saburou Saitoh
Comments: 9 Pages. In this paper, we will introduce the division by zero calculus in multiply dimensions in order to show some wide and new open problems as we see from the one dimensional case.

In this paper, we will introduce the division by zero calculus in multiply dimensions in order to show some wide and new open problems as we see from the one dimensional case.
Category: Functions and Analysis

[28259] viXra:1903.0370 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-21 01:14:08

### [coqtp – Q*cert Ocaml Python Gan] as an Informatics & Computing Platform in the Context of Cryo-em Image Processing & Big Data Research.

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 4 Pages. Short Communication & Technical Notes

[CoqTP – q*cert- Ocaml- Python - GAN] as an Informatics & Computing Platform in the Context of cryo-EM Image Processing & BIG DATA Research. Importance of GAN & Theorem Provers For Better cryo-EM Image Processing/IoT/HPC.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[28258] viXra:1903.0368 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-21 03:42:43

### L'etat Xxie Siècle Réalité ou Simulacre

Authors: Rachid ELAÏDI

NO COMMENT
Category: Social Science

[28257] viXra:1903.0367 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-21 04:32:57

### The Klein Four-Group

Authors: Volker W. Thürey

We describe alternative ways to present the famous Klein four-group
Category: Algebra

[28256] viXra:1903.0366 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-21 06:45:38

### Atomic Energies from Hydrogen to Krypton

Authors: Daniele Sasso

In the order of the Deterministic Quantum Model we calculate energies of electrons inside atoms of chemical elements from hydrogen to krypton. Calculation proves argon Ar (Z=18) has in the third level n=3 a configuration (6+2), composed of 6 electrons in the first sub-level s and of 2 electrons in the second sub-level p. This configuration is characterized by high stability and chemical inertia proven by the fact that argon belongs to the group of inert elements. The specific behaviour of argon biases and allows to explain the behaviour of subsequent chemical elements.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[28255] viXra:1903.0365 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-19 08:00:13

### Was Homer's Troy an Archeological or a Theological Issue?

Authors: Leon Elshout

Is Turkish village of Hisarlik really Homer's Troy? But what if the key actors of the Troyan War were no human beings at all? And what does the Bible say about Troy? - by leon Elshout, 19 march 2019, aurichalcum2018 (at) protonmail.com & https://roodgoudvanparvaim.nl/
Category: Archaeology

[28254] viXra:1903.0364 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-19 08:00:24

### Objects Levitating with Light

Authors: George Rajna

Researchers at Caltech have designed a way to levitate and propel objects using only light, by creating specific nanoscale patterning on the objects' surfaces. [31] Scientists have developed a pioneering new technique that could pave the way for the next generation of optical tweezers. [30] To speed up the imaging process, the researchers made their Raman system more compatible with the algorithm. [29] The researchers have tested the virtual frame technique using several types of cameras with different sensitivities and bit depths ranging from sophisticated high-speed and high-end consumer cameras to smartphone cameras. [28] IBM researchers are applying deep learning to discover ways to overcome some of the technical challenges that AI can face when analyzing X-rays and other medical images. [27] Now, a team of A*STAR researchers and colleagues has developed a detector that can successfully pick out where human actions will occur in videos, in almost real-time. [26] A team of researchers affiliated with several institutions in Germany and the U.S. has developed a deep learning algorithm that can be used for motion capture of animals of any kind. [25] In 2016, when we inaugurated our new IBM Research lab in Johannesburg, we took on this challenge and are reporting our first promising results at Health Day at the KDD Data Science Conference in London this month. [24] The research group took advantage of a system at SLAC's Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource (SSRL) that combines machine learning-a form of artificial intelligence where computer algorithms glean knowledge from enormous amounts of data-with experiments that quickly make and screen hundreds of sample materials at a time. [23] Researchers at the UCLA Samueli School of Engineering have demonstrated that deep learning, a powerful form of artificial intelligence, can discern and enhance microscopic details in photos taken by smartphones. [22]
Category: Quantum Physics

[28253] viXra:1903.0363 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-19 08:36:19

### Muon Detector Measure Electric Potential

Authors: George Rajna

A team of researchers from several institutions in India and Japan has found that it is possible to use a muon detector to measure electric potential in thunderstorms. [32] Researchers at Caltech have designed a way to levitate and propel objects using only light, by creating specific nanoscale patterning on the objects' surfaces. [31] Scientists have developed a pioneering new technique that could pave the way for the next generation of optical tweezers. [30] To speed up the imaging process, the researchers made their Raman system more compatible with the algorithm. [29] The researchers have tested the virtual frame technique using several types of cameras with different sensitivities and bit depths ranging from sophisticated high-speed and high-end consumer cameras to smartphone cameras. [28] IBM researchers are applying deep learning to discover ways to overcome some of the technical challenges that AI can face when analyzing X-rays and other medical images. [27] Now, a team of A*STAR researchers and colleagues has developed a detector that can successfully pick out where human actions will occur in videos, in almost real-time. [26] A team of researchers affiliated with several institutions in Germany and the U.S. has developed a deep learning algorithm that can be used for motion capture of animals of any kind. [25] In 2016, when we inaugurated our new IBM Research lab in Johannesburg, we took on this challenge and are reporting our first promising results at Health Day at the KDD Data Science Conference in London this month. [24] The research group took advantage of a system at SLAC's Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource (SSRL) that combines machine learning-a form of artificial intelligence where computer algorithms glean knowledge from enormous amounts of data-with experiments that quickly make and screen hundreds of sample materials at a time. [23]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[28252] viXra:1903.0361 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-19 09:18:31

### Quantum Tunneling Speed Test

Authors: George Rajna

Measurements at the attosecond scale not only add an extra dimension for the future quantum technologies but also can fundamentally help in understanding the elephant of the quantum room: what is time? [55] Physicists have proposed an entirely new way to test the quantum superposition principle-the idea that a quantum object can exist in multiple states at the same time. [54] Researchers have developed a new device that can measure and control a nanoparticle trapped in a laser beam with unprecedented sensitivity. [53] Researchers have discovered a 'blind spot' in atomic force microscopy-a powerful tool capable of measuring the force between two atoms, imaging the structure of individual cells and the motion of biomolecules. [52] Australian scientists have investigated new directions to scale up qubits-utilising the spin-orbit coupling of atom qubits-adding a new suite of tools to the armory. [51] A team of international researchers led by engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) have invented a new magnetic device to manipulate digital information 20 times more efficiently and with 10 times more stability than commercial spintronic digital memories. [50] Working in the lab of Mikhail Lukin, the George Vasmer Leverett Professor of Physics and co-director of the Quantum Science and Engineering Initiative, Evans is lead author of a study, described in the journal Science, that demonstrates a method for engineering an interaction between two qubits using photons. [49] Researchers with the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have demonstrated a new level of control over photons encoded with quantum information. [48] Researchers from Intel Corp. and the University of California, Berkeley, are looking beyond current transistor technology and preparing the way for a new type of memory and logic circuit that could someday be in every computer on the planet. [47] A team of scientists from Arizona State University's School of Molecular Sciences and Germany have published in Science Advances online today an explanation of how a particular phase-change memory (PCM) material can work one thousand times faster.
Category: Quantum Physics

[28251] viXra:1903.0360 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-19 09:42:59

### Find Leakage in Quantum Computers

Authors: George Rajna

A new computer program that spots when information in a quantum computer is escaping to unwanted states will give users of this promising technology the ability to check its reliability without any technical knowledge for the first time. [42] With enhanced understanding of this system, the Quantum Dynamics Unit aims to improve upon the industry standard for qubits-bits of quantum information. [41] Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania's School of Engineering and Applied Science have now demonstrated a new hardware platform based on isolated electron spins in a two-dimensional material. [40] Advances in this fast-paced domain could improve devices for data storage and information processing and aid in the development of molecular switches, among other innovations. [39] Princeton researchers have demonstrated a new way of making controllable "quantum wires" in the presence of a magnetic field, according to a new study published in Nature. [38]
Category: Quantum Physics

[28250] viXra:1903.0359 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-19 09:48:23

### Dark Energy Particle is the Photon

Authors: Antonio PUCCINI

The Dark Energy (DE) is a mysterious, un-eliminable energy distributed, as a fluid, evenly throughout the whole Universe. The nature of the Dark Energy Particles (DEP) is unknown. DE appears to be associated with vacuum in space. Just the omnipresent quantum vacuum energy is the key element to help us understand the characteristics, profile and properties of DEP, for us represented ultimately by photons (Ps) but, likely, not Ps of the optical band. Probably DE is the sum of the common photonic energy of a lot of Ps, often inexorably amassed and thickened by the Gravity Interaction, until the radiation cannot be further compressed. These concepts are elegantly confirmed by the equation: PV 4/3 = C . Consequently, from each individual P triggers an energetic repulsive action, which, summing up (by the Overlap Principle), acts in unison as a counter-pressure. To trigger this counter-pressure, is the mass-energy density of a very compact wall of Ps, no further compressible. DE is ubiquitously widespread both within intergalactic and intra-atomic space, between the nucleus and the orbiting electrons: the latter is a space notoriously swarming of Ps. In our opinion, DEP are conveyed by Ps, also of different energies, engaged in various tasks and operating contexts, sometimes peculiar and/or unusual, whose common denominator is represented by the impossibility of being compressed beyond a determined limit. In short, DE is represented by a Photonics Counter-Pressure, or negative pressure, that is expansive, repulsive, anti-gravitational, exerted by Ps no further compressible. As well-known in fact, Ps are not ethereal and dimensionless particles. Ps are the Planck grains, equals to: 6.6261027[ergs] 10n [c/s], where n indicates the number of oscillations per second of a single P.
Category: Astrophysics

[28249] viXra:1903.0357 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-19 10:55:21

### Thanks to the Heavy Majoranic Neutrino Collapse of the Universe is Avoided

Authors: George R. Briggs
Comments: 1 Page. See recent paper by Bruce Wallman in ViXra cosmology and relativety

Abstract: The problem of the Hubble constant being so large that the universe is seemingly in danger of collapse is solved by the heavy Majorana neutrino proposed in MHCE8S theory.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[28248] viXra:1903.0356 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-19 10:44:34

### A Mechanism for Gravitational Force and Observed Rotation in Spiral Galaxies

Authors: Nathaniel Julian

While general relativity provides an accurate description of spacetime and gravitational forces and effects, it does not provide a mechanism for gravity itself. By explaining the mechanism of gravitational force as a resistance of massive and high energy objects to the observed accelerating expansion of the universe, we simplify and provide a model that does not rely on unobserved particles or other hypothetical factors while staying in agreement with general relativity.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[28247] viXra:1903.0355 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-19 11:12:28

### Pilot Waves Theory and Quantum Reality.

Comments: 10 Pages. PILOT WAVES AND NOT MATTER WAVES OF DE BROGGLIE .

THE DANCING GRAVITOETHERTON SUPERFLUID.
Category: Quantum Physics

[28246] viXra:1903.0354 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-19 12:18:27

### Data Formats and Visual Tools for Forecast Evaluation

Authors: Andrey Davydenko, Cuong Sai, Maxim Shcherbakov

Forecast evaluation is inevitably connected with the need to store actuals and forecasts for further analysis. The issue gets complicated when it comes to handling rolling-origin forecasts calculated for many series over multiple horizons. In designing forecast data formats it is important to provide access to all the variables required for exploratory analysis and performance measurement. We show that existing approaches used to store forecast data are not always applicable for implementing reliable cross validation techniques. Here we propose flexible yet simple data schemas allowing the storage and exchange of actuals, forecasts, and additional variables of interest. We also demonstrate how various forecast evaluation tools can be implemented based on the schemas proposed.
Category: Data Structures and Algorithms

[28245] viXra:1903.0353 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-19 14:19:09

### “Primeless” Sieves for Primes and for Prime Pairs with Gap 2m

Authors: Sally Myers Moite

Numbers of form 6N – 1 and 6N + 1 factor into numbers of the same form. This observation provides elimination sieves for numbers N that lead to primes and prime pairs. The sieves do not explicitly reference primes.
Category: Number Theory

[28244] viXra:1903.0352 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-19 22:40:43

### Positive Energy of Gravitational Field

Authors: Hu iPeng
Comments: 22 Pages. thanks for publish my article

The issues, such as the negative energy density of the gravito-static field and the lack of an energy-momentum tensor in General Relativity (GR), have a long history. To provide possible resolutions for these issues, based on the U (1) gauge theory of gravity, the gravito-static and gravito-magnetic field lines are introduced for the positive/negative gravitational charge and current, respectively. It is shown that the direction of gravitational force acting on a negative gravitational charge is opposite to that of the gravitational field. Then we show that positive energy is stored in the gravitational field and that the exchanged energy between the gravitational field and gravitational charges/currents is always positive. The energy-momentum tensor，T_g^μν，of the vector gravitational field is introduced and has the following physical properties: (1) symmetric, T_g^μν= T_g^νμ; (2) positive energy density, T_g^00>0; (3) zero trace, T_gμ^μ=0; (4) conserved, (∂T_gν^μ)/(∂x_μ )=0; (5) localizable.
Category: Astrophysics

[28243] viXra:1903.0351 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-19 22:46:50

### Negative Gravitational Charge and Theories of Gravity

Authors: Hui Peng
Comments: 30 Pages. thanks very much for consideration of my paper

The purpose of this article is to identify laws that would describe gravitation if negative gravitational mass/gravitational charge (g-charge) exists. WEP is generalized to establish correlations between mass and positive/negative g-charge (Q_(g+)/Q_(g-)), although Q_(g-) on Earth would fall upward. Newton’s theory and Einstein’s theory are generalized to describe behaviors of objects carrying Q_(g-). A significant conclusion is that, as long as Q_(g-) is introduced, all of Newton’s theory, Gravitodynamics and Einstein’s theory explain the accelerated expansion of Universe equally well without needs of “negative pressure” and “cosmological constant” that has fine-tuning issue. This implies that this mechanism of the cosmological phenomenon is universal and theory independent, which strongly supports the existence of negative g-charges. Moreover the acceleration is increasing with time. Gravitodynamics and generalized Einstein’s theory predict: (1) gravitational wave (GW_-) emitted by Q_(g-); (2) GW_- cannot be distinguished from GW_+ emitted by Q_(g+).
Category: Astrophysics

[28242] viXra:1903.0350 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-20 01:46:41

### Gauge Theory is a Brain Drain

Authors: Miguel A. Sanchez-Rey

Complete overkill for mathematical theory.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[28241] viXra:1903.0349 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-20 03:15:28

### Lagrangian of General Relativity Over Three Dimensional Subspace

Authors: Malik Al Matwi

We restrict the Einstein-Hamiltonian Lagrangian to $3D$ surface $S^3(\sigma _1, \sigma _2, \sigma _3)$, we let this surface be immersed in arbitrary $4D$ spacetime manifold $M$ at constant time $x^0$. The gauge theory of general relativity asserts that the Einstein-Hamiltonian Lagrangian is invariant under infinitesimal variation of that surface, this determines the surface. By that we get continuity equation in arbitrary $4D$ spacetime, then we search for Lagrangian and equation of motion that give same continuity equation according to canonical field theory.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[28240] viXra:1903.0348 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-20 03:49:19

### The Effects of Astronomical Bodies on Imouto’s Local Solutions to Rankine–Hugoniot Equations.

Authors: P. Gomez, P. Gomez, Tiddles the cat, P. Erdős, P. Gomez
Comments: 8 pages; published in Modern Aviation and Sexology Daily

We herein present a proof of the existence and smoothness of the Navier-Stokes equations via a new method of manipulating Calabi-Yau manifolds, which in turn leads us to a disproof by contradiction of the Collatz conjecture; four separate, independent proofs of the Jacobian conjecture; a complete decipherment of Linear A; a method of determining whether or not a book is worth reading based on its cover alone; and an entire new field of mathematics which we hereby name ”Weird Calculus”. We completely and utterly fail to present any convincing arguments, but at least there’s some nice text art. We make no attempt to clarify anything in the field. Astute readers may notice the complete lack of content and coherence in this paper.
Category: Astrophysics

[28239] viXra:1903.0347 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-20 05:08:22

### Visualizing Subatomic Particles as Building Blocks of the Universe.

Authors: Leo Vuyk

In particle physics it is an interesting challenge to postulate that the rigid FORM and topological structure of elementary particles is the origin of different FUNCTIONS of these particles. The resulting model is called “Quantum Function Follows Form” model. As a consequence, the standard model could be extended with changes for supersymmetric Monopole Photons also acting as Gluons at subatomic distances and series of alternative Monopole Photonic bosons called Higgs particle of different masses (recent LHC measurements with bumps at 123.5GeV- 126 GeV , 350 GeV etcetera) based on different geometrical structures as a base for unstable- and stable black holes.. At the same time there seems to open a new field of physics around quantum gravity, interpreted as the result of dipole opposing pressure forcers between the oscillatory pressure of the massless Axion Higgs vacuum field and the fermion created graviton pressure. The planetary mass related local lightspeed drag, and a pyrochlore topological superconductive vacuum. In this paper I present possible 3D particle solutions based on only one complex 3-D ring shaped Axion-Higgs particle, which is equipped with three point like hinges and one splitting point, all four points divided equally over the ring surface. The 3-D ring itself is postulated to represent the “Virgin Mother” of all other particles and is coined Axion-Higgs particle, the ring is equipped with 3-hinges coded (OOO), which gives the particle the opportunity to transform after real mechanical collision with other particles into a different shape, with a different function and interlocking abilities with other particles to form Quarks quantum knots and all other particles.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[28238] viXra:1903.0346 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-20 06:16:05

### Entangled State Represented by Pendulum Oscillations

Authors: Masataka Ohta

Just as a binary quantum state can be represented by oscillations of a pendulum, quantum states involving multiple particles with binary states, including entangled ones, can be represented by oscillations of exponentially many pendulums.
Category: Quantum Physics

[28237] viXra:1903.0344 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-18 07:04:44

### X-ray Bright Galactic Nuclei

Authors: George Rajna

All massive galaxies are believed to host supermassive black holes (SMBH) at their centers that grow by accreting mass from their environment. [23] In short, the concept of a black hole gravity machine presents humanity with a plausible path to becoming an interstellar species. In the meantime, the study of the concept will provide SETI researchers with another possible technosignature to look for. [22] Physicists have used a seven-qubit quantum computer to simulate the scrambling of information inside a black hole, heralding a future in which entangled quantum bits might be used to probe the mysterious interiors of these bizarre objects. [21]
Category: Astrophysics

[28236] viXra:1903.0343 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-18 08:02:28

### Classical Logic and the Division of Zero by Zero

Authors: Ilija Barukčić

Abstract Objective: The division of zero by zero turned out to be a long lasting and not ending puzzle in mathematics and physics. An end of this long discussion is not in sight. In particular zero divided by zero is treated as indeterminate thus that a result cannot be found out. It is the purpose of this publication to solve the problem of the division of zero by zero while relying on the general validity of classical logic. Methods: A systematic re-analysis of classical logic and the division of zero by zero has been undertaken. Results: The theorems of this publication are grounded on classical logic and Boolean algebra. There is some evidence that the problem of zero divided by zero can be solved. Conclusion: According to classical logic, zero divided by zero is equal to one. Keywords: Indeterminate forms, Classical logic, Zero divided by zero
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[28235] viXra:1903.0342 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-18 08:56:23

### Organic Two-Level Quantum System

Authors: George Rajna

Researchers at Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light and Friedrich Alexander University in Erlangen, Germany have recently demonstrated that a molecule can be turned into a coherent two-level quantum system. [24] Researchers at the University of Dundee have provided important new insights into the regulation of cell division, which may ultimately lead to a better understanding of cancer progression. [23]
Category: Quantum Physics

[28234] viXra:1903.0341 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-18 09:46:04

### Organic Principal Component Analysis

Authors: George Rajna

Researchers at A*STAR have compared six data-analysis processes and come up with a clear winner in terms of speed, quality of analysis and reliability. [25] Researchers at Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light and Friedrich Alexander University in Erlangen, Germany have recently demonstrated that a molecule can be turned into a coherent two-level quantum system. [24] Researchers at the University of Dundee have provided important new insights into the regulation of cell division, which may ultimately lead to a better understanding of cancer progression. [23]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[28233] viXra:1903.0340 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-18 10:33:36

Authors: George Rajna

Blockchain as a technology is seeing tremendous innovation and is impacting almost all industries from supply chain to gaming and, perhaps the most recognizable, cryptocurrency. [28] At the Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, researchers have realized the swap of electron spins between distant quantum dots. [27] A quantum circuit that can unambiguously test for information scrambling in an experiment could help verify the calculations of quantum computers and even shed more light on what happens to quantum information when it falls into a black hole. [26]
Category: Digital Signal Processing

[28232] viXra:1903.0339 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-18 11:13:51

### Linking Quantum Mechanics and General Relativity Together ? Reflections and Propositions

Authors: Bernard GUY

We examine the possible relations between general relativity and quantum mechanics, from the point of view of their representations of space and time, which are different. We refer to our own understanding of space and time, built in opposition to each other from the physical phenomena, and not constituting an a priori external frame. Within a relation-based thinking, we can only compare the phenomena to the other phenomena, and, from this confrontation, space-time frames arise, as drawn by the trajectories of certain phenomena arbitrarily considered in a privileged way. It is within this framework that one must think the possible association of general relativity (which has not the monopoly of space and time) and quantum mechanics (which has not the monopoly of quantization, to be understood from the comparison of two classes of phenomena within a probabilistic approach). The general question to ask is that of possible exchanges between the different points of views, supported by the various possible phenomena, that is to say those on which space and time are defined, and the others. Space and time do not disappear, the points of views are exchanged. These exchanges are made possible by representing space and time, like the other phenomena, by a pair of fields (r, t); r and t are vectors in a three-dimensional space (time is marked by the position of a moving point in the same space as that defining the positions of the ordinary points), as opposed to field pairs (f, g) associated with the other phenomena (such as the pair of the electric and magnetic fields). One may ultimately envisage quantization of space and time; one may also envisage the definition of time and space solely by quantum mechanics. A preliminary and qualitative framework is presented as a basis for future quantitative research.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[28231] viXra:1903.0338 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-18 14:01:37

### Emergence of a New Type of Life and Alive Creature from Mixing Cells of Plants and Animals

Authors: Alireza Sepehri

In this research, we show that by mixing cells of plants and animals, a new type of alive creature or life is emerged. To this aim, we cut the skin of some quails and create a hole between skin and skeleton. We put some some beans and lentils in this hole and cover it by a black glue. We open the hole after a week and observe that a bridge of quail's cells is produced between beans and lentils. This bridge has the genus of the periosteum that covers the outer surface of all bones. In this periosteum, there are some stem cells that produce a collection of neuronal circuits. These circuits could join to each other and form a little brain. This brain can control all voluntary and non-voluntary actions of this new alive creature.
Category: Mind Science

[28230] viXra:1903.0336 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-18 16:42:45

### Spin Electromagnetics and Spin-Vector-Potential-Coupling-Induced Force

Authors: Hui Peng

By utilizing universal mathematical identities (UMI) and Coulomb’s law, we establish Classical-Spin-Electromagnetics (C-Spin-EM). C-Spin-EM is self-consistence, powerful and fruitful, at classical level, in the perspective of fundamental physics: (1) universally explains and correlates family of Hall effects, zero longitudinal Hall coefficient/resistivity, Aharonov–Bohm effect, Extended Rashba SOC, and GMR/TMR. (2) predicts Spin-potential-coupling-induced force, which contributes to Aharonov–Bohm effect; (3) provides classical counterparts of Larmor-precession, Stark Effect, Landau–Lifshitz equation, Zeeman effect, and Aharonov–Casher effect; (4) propose that electric field induces spin precession. Combining UMI and C-Spin-EM shows that mathematical identities lead to physical dualities including duality between Electromagnetics and C-Spin-EM. We postulate a duality between Lagrangian-Lorentz force and Hamiltonian.
Category: Condensed Matter

[28229] viXra:1903.0335 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-18 17:46:27

### Refutation of Standard Induction, Coinduction and Mutual Induction, Coinduction

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com. (We warn troll Mikko at Disqus to read the article four times before hormonal typing.)

From the summary of standard and mutual induction and coinduction, we evaluated four formulas with non tautologous and hence refutations. Therefore these are non tautologous fragments of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[28228] viXra:1903.0334 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-18 17:55:13

### Science, Art, and Music

Authors: Frank Dodd Tony Smith Jr

In my view: Science = Art = Music: Science is explained by a Theory of Everything (TOE) using Real Clifford Algebra Cl(16) The Pinnacle of Human Art is Marcel Duchamp's Large Glass which (when combined with its Mirror image) corresponds in detail with Cl(16) Physics TOE. The Pinnacle of Human Music is Beethoven's Grosse Fugue which corresponds in detail with Cl(16) TOE. Cl(16) emerged from a Quantum Fluctuation in a Void in our Parent Universe by David Finkelstein's Clifford Iteration Process: Cl(Void) = Clifford Algebra of Void = 0 Cl(0) = 2^0 dimensions = 1 Cl(1) = 2^1 = 2 Cl(2) = 2^2 = 4 Cl(4) = 2^4 = 16 Cl(16) = 2^16 = 65,536 = tensor product Cl(8)xCl(8) = 256x256 Cl(16) has 16 Vectors = Lie Ball = Spin(10) / Spin(8) x U(1) Cl(16) has 120 BiVectors = D8 subalagebra of E8 Cl(16) has 128 half-Spinors ( 1 0-Vector + 126 8-Vectors + 1 16-Vector ) 120+128 = 248 = E8 Cl(16) has 560 TriVectors = 10 copies of Fr3(O) 56-dim Fr3(O) has 2 copies of 27-dim J3(O) The other 65,536-16-120-128-560 = 64,712 elements of Cl(16) are available to carry information in processes such as Quantum Consciousness.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[28227] viXra:1903.0333 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-18 18:07:39

### Riemann Hypothesis 43 Counterexamples

Authors: Toshiro Takami

I also found a zero point which seems to deviate from 0.5. I thought that the zero point outside 0.5 can not be found very easily in the area which can not be shown in the figure, but this area can not be represented in the figure but can be found one after another. It is completely unknown whether this axis is distorted in the 0.5 axis or just by coincidence. The number of zero points in the area that can not be shown in the figure is now 43. No matter how you looked it was not found in other areas. It seemed that there is no other way to interpret this axis as 0.5 axis is distorted in this area. Somewhere on the net there is a memory that reads the mathematician's view that "there are countless zero points in the vicinity of 0.5 on high area". We are reporting that the zero point search of the high-value area of the imaginary part which was giving up as it is no longer possible with the supercomputer is no longer possible, is reported. 43 zero-point searches in the high-value area of the imaginary part are thus successful. This means that the zero point search in the high-value area of the imaginary part has succeeded in the 43. We will also write 43 zero point searches of the successful high-value area of the imaginary part. There are many counterexamples far beyond 0.5, which is far beyond the limit, but the computer can not calculate it. Moreover, I believe that it can only be confirmed on supercomputer whether this is really counterexample. In addition, it is necessary to make corrections in the supercomputer.
Category: Number Theory

[28226] viXra:1903.0332 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-19 03:19:29

### Is Atlantis an Archeological or Theological Issue?

Authors: Leon Elshout

The main gods of Atlantis were very well known in the Bible. This fact should change our ideas about Atlantis. Was the western location of Atlantis really a physical island or was it an underworld? - by leon elshout, aurichalcum2018 (at) protonmail.com
Category: Archaeology

[28225] viXra:1903.0331 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-19 04:24:05

### Quantum Reality.

Comments: 10 Pages. THE ILLUSION OF REALITY.

THE PILOT WAVES IN QUANTUM PHYSICS AND AN EMERGENT GRAVITY FROM GRAVITOETHERTONS .
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[28224] viXra:1903.0330 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-19 04:28:57

### Evaluation of Phosphodiesterase-5 Inhibitory Potential of Biofield Energy Treated DMEM by Determining cGMP Level in Human Endothelial Cell Line

Authors: Alice Branton, Snehasis Jana

Erectile dysfunction is a common disorder found in men, which occurs due to multiple factors such as psychogenic, hormonal imbalance, and neurovascular disturbances. The present investigation was undertaken to examine the effect of a Consciousness Energy Healing based DMEM medium on the Human Endothelial Hybrid Cell Line (EA. hy926) to evaluate the level of cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP). The test item (DMEM medium) was divided into three parts, first part received a one-time Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Alice Branton and was labeled as the one-time Biofield Energy Treated (BT-I) DMEM, while second part received the two-times the Biofield Energy Treatment and is denoted as BT-II DMEM. The third part did not receive any treatment and defined as the untreated DMEM group. The level of cGMP for the inhibition of PDE-5 enzyme was assessed using cGMP ELISA assay kit (colorimetric). Sildenafil citrate, used as positive control, which showed a significant increase of cGMP levels in Ea. hy926 cells. The one-time Biofield Energy Healing Treated DMEM (BT-I) showed 29.92% alteration, while the two-times Biofield Energy Healing Treated DMEM (BT-II) showed a significantly (p≤0.001) increased level of intracellular cGMP by 307.09% in Ea. hy926 cells compared to the untreated DMEM group. Overall, experimental data suggested that the two-times Biofield Treated DMEM showed a significantly improved level of cGMP compared with the one-time Biofield Treated DMEM group. Therefore, data indicated that the Biofield Energy Healing Treatment can be used to treat erectile dysfunction along with other sexual disorders such as orgasmic disorders, female sexual arousal disorder, fetishistic disorder, frotteuristic disorder, hypoactive sexual desire disorder, sex addiction, sexual masochism and sadism, vaginismus, voyeuristic disorder, premature or delayed ejaculation.
Category: Biochemistry

[28223] viXra:1903.0329 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-19 05:32:56

### Biofield Energy Enriched Vitamin D3 Versus Vitamin D3 in Preventing Fractures and Bone Loss Using MG-63 Cells

Authors: Lorraine Marie Hachfeld, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Mayank Gangwar, Snehasis Jana

Bone is a dynamic tissue, which continually adapting its structure during the development process. The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of Consciousness Energy Healing based vitamin D3 and DMEM medium on bone health parameters such as alkaline phosphatase enzyme (ALP) activity, collagen levels and bone mineralization using MG-63 cells. The test items (TI) i.e. vitamin D3 and DMEM medium were divided into two parts. The test samples received Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment by Lorraine Marie Hachfeld and samples were defined as the Biofield Energy Treated (BT) samples, while the other parts of each sample were denoted as the untreated test items (UT). Cell viability using MTT assay showed that cell viability was more than 79% with a safe and nontoxic profile on MG-63 cell line. The level of ALP was increased by 400%, 84%, and 179.4% at 0.1, 1, and 10µg/mL, respectively in the UT-DMEM+BT-TI, while 314.3% at 10µg/mL in the BT-DMEM+UT-TI group as compared with the untreated test item and DMEM group. BT-DMEM+BT-TI group showed an increased ALP level by 128% and 60.3% at 1 and 10µg/mL, respectively. Collagen was significantly increased by 180% and 128.1% at 0.1 and 1µg/mL, respectively in the UT-DMEM+BT-TI group, while 84.4% and 69.7% at 1 and 10µg/mL, respectively in BT-DMEM+UT-TI group as compared with the untreated group. Furthermore, BT-DMEM+BT-TI group showed a significant increased collagen level by 123.4% and 184.8% at 1 and 10 µg/mL, respectively as compared with the untreated test item and DMEM group. The percent of bone mineralization was significantly increased by 385.1% at 0.1µg/mL in the UT-DMEM+BT-TI group, while 53.2%, 30.2%, and 163.9% at 0.1, 1, and 10µg/mL, respectively in BT-DMEM+UT-TI group as compared with the untreated group. In addition, BT-DMEM+BT-TI group showed a significant increased bone mineralization by 283%, 65.1%, and 197.3% at 0.1, 1, and 10µg/mL, respectively as compared with the untreated group. The experimental data suggested that the Biofield Energy Treated vitamin D3 and DMEM would play an important role in the promotion and maintenance of strong and healthy bones, which improve quality of life. It regulates the osteoblast function, improves the bone mineralization, and calcium absorption in wide range of bone disorders along with wide range of adverse health conditions, comprising cancer and certain autoimmune diseases.
Category: Biochemistry

[28222] viXra:1903.0328 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-19 05:33:31

### Increase in Bone Mass Density and Overall Bone Health Following High-Impact of Biofield Energy Treated Vitamin D3 in MG-63 Cell Line

Authors: Krista Joanne Callas, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Mayank Gangwar, Snehasis Jana

Vitamin D3 and calcium are the main bone health supplements required for quality of life. The present study aimed to find out the role of Consciousness Energy Healing based vitamin D3 and DMEM medium on bone health parameters in vitro using MG-63 cells. The parameters of bone health tested are Alkaline Phosphatise Enzyme (ALP) activity, collagen levels and bone mineralization. The Test Items (TI) i.e. vitamin D3 and DMEM medium were divided into two parts. The test samples received Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment by Krista Joanne Callas and samples were defined as the Biofield Energy Treated (BT) samples, while the other parts of each sample were denoted as the untreated test items (UT). Cell viability using MTT assay exhibited increased cell viability range from 72% to 122% with safe and nontoxic profile among test samples on MG-63 cell line. ALP was significantly increased by 129.6%, 392% and 255.7% in the UT-DMEM+BT-TI, BT-DMEM+UT-TI and BT-DMEM+BT-TI groups, respectively at 100µg/mL as compared with the untreated group. The level of collagen was significantly increased by 35.9% and 235.3% at 10 and 50µg/mL, respectively in the UT-DMEM+BT-TI group, while 81.7% and 197.6% at 50 and 100µg/mL, respectively in BT-DMEM+UT-TI group as compared with the untreated group. In addition, BT-DMEM+BT-TI group showed a significant increased collagen level by 184.2% and 82.3% at 50 and 100µg/mL, respectively as compared with the untreated test item and DMEM group. The percent of bone mineralization was significantly increased by 198.6% and 53.5% at 1 and 10µg/mL, respectively in the UT-DMEM+BT-TI group, while 267.1% at 1µg/mL in the BT-DMEM+UT-TI group as compared with the untreated group. In addition, BT-DMEM+BT-TI group showed a significant increased bone mineralization by 146.2%, 91.4%, and 66.8% at 0.1,1 and 10µg/mL, respectively as compared with the untreated group. Thus, the study results concluded that Biofield Energy Treatment would be the best alternative treatment for the maintenance of strong and healthy bones and quality of life. Further, it regulates the osteoblast function and improved the level of collagen, ALP, and calcium absorption in wide range of bone dis-ordersalong with wide range of adverse bone health conditions.
Category: Biochemistry

[28221] viXra:1903.0327 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-19 06:20:43

### Image Deep into the Brain

Authors: George Rajna

Multiphoton fluorescence microscopy, in which a fluorophore absorbs more than one photon and emits light at a shorter wavelength than the excitation source, can be used to create 3D tissue images at depths of 1 mm or more. [23] Researchers at the University of Twente have designed a tiny needle in which micro-channels can be used for extracting small liquid samples from a local area of the brain. [22] The ability to grow large protein crystals is the single biggest bottleneck that limits the use of neutron protein crystallography in structural biology. [21]
Category: Physics of Biology

[28220] viXra:1903.0326 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-17 07:33:40

### Espil's High Power Partial Fraction Decomposition Theorem.

Authors: Federico Espil

The problem of fraction decomposition it's easy to solve by using the cover up method, when there are no repeated linear factors in the denominator . Nevertheless it could turn into a hard work if these factors are raised to a high power, where the cover up method doesn't work. This technique shows how to calculate these coefficients without solving large systems of equations with a clever rearrangement of the numerator.
Category: Functions and Analysis

[28219] viXra:1903.0324 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-17 08:27:41

### "Sacramental" Space-Time Moments of Modern Physics (In Russian)

Authors: V.A. Kasimov.

Statement of questions: Dualism as a principle of physical description. "Ontologization" of space-time relations as the embodiment of the dualism principle. Anthropic principle. Out-of-space-time aspect of the Universe. Size and age of the Universe. Multidimensional as a way of uniting interactions.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[28218] viXra:1903.0323 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-17 09:56:44

### Proven Methods for Filtering SG Data

Authors: Herbert Weidner

Subject are different methods for noise-free data reduction of low-frequency geophysical data and identification of interference sources. The most important method is the selective compensation of strong spectral lines.
Category: Geophysics

[28217] viXra:1903.0322 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-17 10:27:04

### Why We See the Sun Disc = the Moon Disc? (T.S. Eclipse II)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous

This paper discusses Mercury Data to prove 3 conclusions which are: 1-The solar group is one machine, each planet is a gear in this same machine. (i.e. each solar planet depends on other solar planets in his Origin And Motion). 2-Mercury Data shows a relationship with Jupiter can't be explained by gravity concept or any current theory. (i.e. The Solar Group Current Theory Is Insufficient) 3-Special Theory of Relativity provides empirical results only and need a theoretical extension to be a complete theory. (Specifically, the theory needs to explain why the lorentz length contraction phenomenon is done and what geometrical effect it practices) The paper also suggest the following idea "The Time existence depends on relativistic effects" i.e. "Time Definition" is a process extends beyond the human daily experiences This paper completes the previous discussion Total Solar Eclipse Analysis (Part I)
Category: Astrophysics

[28216] viXra:1903.0320 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-17 13:42:06

### A New Dimension In The Area Of Event Horizon

Authors: Kanishk Chitransh

In this paper, calculations and arguments are reported which gives us a basis of a new dimension in the area of event horizon of black hole astrophysics.We know that two black holes in diﬀerent regions of space-time can never be similar in terms of their mass, temperature (event horizon) and entropy. This paper further extends the idea and states that two black holes in diﬀerent regions of space-time can never be similar in terms of their area of event horizon too.
Category: Astrophysics

[28215] viXra:1903.0318 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-17 17:15:00

### Removing the Tension Between Planck H0=66.931 and Riess et al H0=73.242

Authors: Bruce Wallman

The value for the “Hubble constant” is referred to as the Hubble value in this paper. Hv is dealt with herein just as Edwin Hubble developed it in the 1920’s. However, Hubble drew a straight line through his points assuming that there might be a straight line relationship between expansion or recessional velocity and proper distance. This assumption is no longer correct since Riess and Perlmutter showed with better data that there is a slight acceleration or increase in the velocity of expansion especially in the past several billion light-years. Given the data available today this paper does not assume a straight line relationship between recessional velocity and distance. It proves that this relationship is a power series with a slight downward bend. There is an open question in cosmology as of 2018 about the significance of the difference between the 2016 Planck collaboration value H0=66.93±0.62 km/s/Mpc and the 2016 Riess et al value H0=73.24±1.74 km/s/Mpc. This paper shows that both the Planck collaboration and Riess et al values are likely correct. Tracing the cosmological redshift z from SN1a several thousand megaparsecs in the past to those that exploded closer to today describes an increase in our perception of Hv as distance to us lessens. A best fit power function of vr=73.586*Dp-0.9909 (where vr is recessional velocity and Dp is proper distance) for recessional velocity versus distance is derived connecting these two values of H0 using 1836 SN1a data points in the NED database3. Taking a Hubble derivative of this formula gives the power function Hv=dvr/dDp= 72.85014*Dp -0.01. This formula describes a change of over 5 km/s/Mpc in the Hubble value for the observable universe increasing smoothly from 66.8 to over 71.6 km/s/Mpc as the universe expands with most of the increase occurring in the last 1000 Mpc. This is consistent with the ΛCDM cosmology which gives an expansion to the observable universe that accelerates in the most recent several billion light-years4. The values 66.8 and 71.6 km/s/Mpc derived in this paper are affected by assumptions for the values of omega matter and omega lambda and are not meant to be taken as final numbers. They are calculated to show that there is a legitimate connection between the Planck collaboration and Riess et al values for H0. Furthermore, by converting distance in megaparsecs to light-seconds, it is possible to show Hv is an acceleration that varies from 6.47 angstrom/s/s at the distance of the CMB to 6.93 angstrom/s/s in the local vicinity of the visible universe (approximately 8 Mpc) where the Hubble flow breaks down due to local gravity. This depiction of Hv as an acceleration is helpful in envisioning what we have learned from the Riess and Perlmutter SN1a studies versus the WMAP and Planck probes dating from 1998 to today.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[28214] viXra:1903.0317 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-17 21:21:17

### Denial of Consistency for the Lobachevskii Non Euclidean Geometry

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com. (We warn troll Mikko at Disqus to read the article four times before hormonal typing.)

We prove two parallel lines are tautologous in Euclidean geometry. We next prove that non Euclidean geometry of Lobachevskii is not tautologous and hence not consistent. What follows is that Riemann geometry is the same, and non Euclidean geometry is a segment of Euclidean geometry, not the other way around. Therefore non Euclidean geometries are a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Geometry

[28213] viXra:1903.0316 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-18 00:08:43

### Revisiting Mathematical Formalism Involving [Lp Spaces] in the Context of Microwave Imaging for [medical Applications/cryoelectronmicroscopy] – Using [higher Order Logic(hol)/scala/jvm/jikesrvm/scalalab/lms-Scala Informatics] to Implement [iot/hpc] Compu

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 3 Pages. Short Communication & Technical Notes

Revisiting Mathematical Formalism involving [Lp Spaces] in the Context of Microwave Imaging for [Medical applications/CryoElectronMicroscopy] – Using [Higher Order Logic(HOL)/Scala/JVM/JikesRVM/Scalalab/LMS-Scala Informatics] to Implement [IoT/HPC] Computing Framework/s.
Category: Data Structures and Algorithms

[28212] viXra:1903.0315 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-18 05:25:09

### Differential Equation

The laws of Physics and some other related courses are generally written as differential equations. Therefore, all of science and engineering use differential equations to some extent. A good knowledge of differential equations will be an integral part of your study in science and/or engineering classes. You can think of mathematics as the language of science, and differential equations are one of the most important parts of this language as far as science and engineering are concerned.
Category: Functions and Analysis

[28211] viXra:1903.0314 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-18 05:35:00

### Ghostly Particles, New Forces

Authors: George Rajna

Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory officially broke ground March 15 on a major new particle accelerator project that will power cutting-edge physics experiments for many decades to come. [29] The ATLAS collaboration has released its very first result utilising its entire Large Hadron Collider (LHC) Run 2 dataset, collected between 2015 and 2018. [28] The Antiproton Decelerator (AD), sometimes known as the Antimatter Factory, is the world's largest source of antimatter and has been operational since 2000. [27]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[28210] viXra:1903.0313 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-16 07:55:10

### Important Cell Division Discovery

Authors: George Rajna

Researchers at the University of Dundee have provided important new insights into the regulation of cell division, which may ultimately lead to a better understanding of cancer progression. [23] Researchers at the University of Twente have designed a tiny needle in which micro-channels can be used for extracting small liquid samples from a local area of the brain. [22] The ability to grow large protein crystals is the single biggest bottleneck that limits the use of neutron protein crystallography in structural biology. [21]
Category: Physics of Biology

[28209] viXra:1903.0312 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-16 14:17:14

### Total Relativity and Cosmological Cyclic Theorem

Authors: Pablo Hernan Pereyra

The Cyclic Cosmological Theorem is established based on Total Relativity and the total energy conservation of nature, using the testable consequences of the cosmological principle of isotropy and homogeneity and incorporating a new testable consequence, the redshift temporal on a large scale.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[28208] viXra:1903.0311 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-16 21:31:22

### On the Quark Model Based on Virtual Spacetime and the Origin of Fractional Charge

Authors: Zhi Cheng
Comments: 18 Pages. Including Chinese Version

The quark model in the standard model is belong to real spacetime, so fractional charge is required. Since the quark model has obtained a lot of experimental support, although the fractional charge has not been detected yet, it is still reasonable. If we consider it from the perspective of the existence of virtual spacetime, we can better explain why the quark has a fractional charge. This paper assumes that each particle in real spacetime has a corresponding virtual spacetime particle in the virtual spacetime. The real spacetime proton corresponds to a magnetic monopole in the virtual spacetime, while the real spacetime three-generation six leptons corresponds to the corresponding three generations of six particles in the virtual spacetime. In addition to photons and the like, plus the respective anti-particles, there are 14 elementary particles in the virtual spacetime, which is basically consistent with the number of elementary particles in real spacetime. According to the requirements of virtual spacetime physics, the magnetic field and the electric field are exactly the same. Therefore, in the virtual spacetime reference system, the magnetic field of the magnetic monopole corresponds to the electric field of the proton. Starting from the symmetry requirement of virtual and real spacetime, the magnetic charge of the virtual spacetime magnetic monopole is also quantized. That is, the six particles’ magnetic charges of virtual spacetime corresponding to the real spacetime three-generation leptons are also quantized, they take integers. Then, through the appropriate formula, 14 particles of virtual spacetime are combined according to certain requirements, and all six quarks can be obtained. The charge, isospin, lepton number, and baryon number of each quark can be determined according to the formula.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[28207] viXra:1903.0310 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-17 01:43:24

### A Right Representation of the Completeness Theorem of Propositional Logic —Towards a Truly Thinking Machine—

Authors: Atsushi Shimotani

The calculation of the truth function of a propositional formula is a kind of proof.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[28206] viXra:1903.0309 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-17 02:34:33

### Kinematics with Poisson Brackets

Authors: Armin Zjajo

Kinematics is quite simple, however, Poisson brackets are not. This shows the most convoluted way of deriving kinematic motion.
Category: Classical Physics

[28205] viXra:1903.0307 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-15 08:36:18

### Gas Transition Between Quantum and Classical States

Authors: George Rajna

A team of researchers from the MIT-Harvard Center for Ultracold Atoms has developed a way to study and measure gases as they transition between quantum and classical states due to changes in temperature. [28]
Category: Quantum Physics

[28204] viXra:1903.0305 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-15 09:00:10

### Quantum Sensing Minuscule Magnetic Fields

Authors: George Rajna

A new way of measuring atomic-scale magnetic fields with great precision, not only up and down but sideways as well, has been developed by researchers at MIT. [29] A team of researchers from the MIT-Harvard Center for Ultracold Atoms has developed a way to study and measure gases as they transition between quantum and classical states due to changes in temperature. [28]
Category: Quantum Physics

[28203] viXra:1903.0303 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-15 09:43:47

### Memristor Speeding Up AI

Authors: George Rajna

A group at Politecnico di Milano has developed an electronic circuit able to solve a system of linear equations in a single operation in the timescale of a few tens of nanoseconds. [26] We are still far off from achieving Quantum Advantage for machine learning-the point at which quantum computers surpass classical computers in their ability to perform AI algorithms. [25] Physicists in the US have used machine learning to determine the phase diagram of a system of 12 idealized quantum particles to a higher precision than ever before. [24] The research group took advantage of a system at SLAC's Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource (SSRL) that combines machine learning-a form of artificial intelligence where computer algorithms glean knowledge from enormous amounts of data-with experiments that quickly make and screen hundreds of sample materials at a time. [23] Researchers at the UCLA Samueli School of Engineering have demonstrated that deep learning, a powerful form of artificial intelligence, can discern and enhance microscopic details in photos taken by smartphones. [22] Such are the big questions behind one of the new projects underway at the MIT-IBM Watson AI Laboratory, a collaboration for research on the frontiers of artificial intelligence. [21]
Category: Digital Signal Processing

[28202] viXra:1903.0302 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-15 10:50:26

### Refutation of Finitary, Non-Deterministic, Inductive Definitions of Ecst and Denial of CZF

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com. (We warn troll Mikko at Disqus to read the article four times before hormonal typing.)

From the elementary constructive set theory (ECST) of intuitionistic logic, we evaluate six axioms of equality for system CZF. None is tautologous. This refutes those axioms in set theory and by extension denies intuitionistic logic.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[28201] viXra:1903.0301 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-15 11:16:54

### The Most Accurate Method of Neutron Mass Calculation

Authors: George R. Briggs

Abstract: The mass of the neutron can be calculated simply yet accurately in MHCE8S theory by a method I outline in this note.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[28200] viXra:1903.0300 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-15 11:15:56

### Quantum Information Long-Distance

Authors: George Rajna

At the Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, researchers have realized the swap of electron spins between distant quantum dots. [27] A quantum circuit that can unambiguously test for information scrambling in an experiment could help verify the calculations of quantum computers and even shed more light on what happens to quantum information when it falls into a black hole. [26] Researchers at the University of Florence and Istituto dei Sistemi Complessi, in Italy, have recently proved that the invasiveness of quantum measurements might not always be detrimental. [25] Now, researchers in the UK and Israel have created miniscule engines within a block of synthetic diamond, and have shown that electronic superposition can boost their power beyond that of classical devices. [24] In the latest wrinkle to be discovered in cubic boron arsenide, the unusual material contradicts the traditional rules that govern heat conduction, according to a new report by Boston College researchers in today's edition of the journal Nature Communications. [23] Beyond the beauty of this phenomenon, which connects heating processes to topology through an elegant quantization law, the results reported in this work designate heating measurements as a powerful and universal probe for exotic states of matter. [22]
Category: Quantum Physics

[28199] viXra:1903.0299 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-15 11:46:28

### Nanocrystal Quantum Dot Factory

Authors: George Rajna

North Carolina State University researchers have developed a microfluidic system for synthesizing perovskite quantum dots across the entire spectrum of visible light. [29] Nanoparticles derived from tea leaves inhibit the growth of lung cancer cells, destroying up to 80% of them, new research by a joint Swansea University and Indian team has shown. [28] A team of researchers including U of A engineering and physics faculty has developed a new method of detecting single photons, or light particles, using quantum dots. [27]
Category: Condensed Matter

[28198] viXra:1903.0298 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-15 12:07:10

Authors: George Rajna

Over the past few decades, many studies conducted in the field of learning science have reported that scaffolding plays an important role in human learning. [47] The researchers trained generative competitive networks to predict the behavior of charged elementary particles. The results showed that physical phenomena can be described using neural networks highly accurately. [46] New data from the STAR experiment at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) add detail-and complexity-to an intriguing puzzle that scientists have been seeking to solve: how the building blocks that make up a proton contribute to its spin. [45] Approximately one year ago, a spectacular dive into Saturn ended NASA's Cassini mission-and with it a unique, 13-year research expedition to the Saturnian system. [44] Scientists from the Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, and their colleagues from the international ALICE collaboration recently collided xenon nuclei, in order to gain new insights into the properties of the Quark-Gluon Plasma (the QGP)-the matter that the universe consisted of up to a microsecond after the Big Bang. [43] The energy transfer processes that occur in this collisionless space plasma are believed to be based on wave-particle interactions such as particle acceleration by plasma waves and spontaneous wave generation, which enable energy and momentum transfer. [42] Plasma particle accelerators more powerful than existing machines could help probe some of the outstanding mysteries of our universe, as well as make leaps forward in cancer treatment and security scanning-all in a package that's around a thousandth of the size of current accelerators. [41] The Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory has started to assemble a new facility for revolutionary accelerator technologies that could make future accelerators 100 to 1,000 times smaller and boost their capabilities. [40]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[28197] viXra:1903.0297 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-15 12:37:50

### AI for the Study of Sites

Authors: George Rajna

This method can be used as a starting point in Taphonomy when analyzing remains in sites whose preservation does not allow distinguishing who accumulated the assemblages through the analysis of the cut or tooth marks left on the surface of the bones. [48] Over the past few decades, many studies conducted in the field of learning science have reported that scaffolding plays an important role in human learning. [47] The researchers trained generative competitive networks to predict the behavior of charged elementary particles. The results showed that physical phenomena can be described using neural networks highly accurately. [46] New data from the STAR experiment at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) add detail-and complexity-to an intriguing puzzle that scientists have been seeking to solve: how the building blocks that make up a proton contribute to its spin. [45] Approximately one year ago, a spectacular dive into Saturn ended NASA's Cassini mission-and with it a unique, 13-year research expedition to the Saturnian system. [44] Scientists from the Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, and their colleagues from the international ALICE collaboration recently collided xenon nuclei, in order to gain new insights into the properties of the Quark-Gluon Plasma (the QGP)-the matter that the universe consisted of up to a microsecond after the Big Bang. [43] The energy transfer processes that occur in this collisionless space plasma are believed to be based on wave-particle interactions such as particle acceleration by plasma waves and spontaneous wave generation, which enable energy and momentum transfer. [42] Plasma particle accelerators more powerful than existing machines could help probe some of the outstanding mysteries of our universe, as well as make leaps forward in cancer treatment and security scanning-all in a package that's around a thousandth of the size of current accelerators. [41]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[28196] viXra:1903.0296 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-15 19:04:45

### Proof of the Collatz Conjecture Using the Div Sequence

Authors: Masashi Furuta

We define the "Div sequence" that sets up the number of times divided by 2 in the Collatz operation. Using this and the "infinite descent", we prove the Collatz conjecture.
Category: Number Theory

[28195] viXra:1903.0295 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-15 22:14:20

### 零点空格证明黎曼猜想不成立2

Authors: Aaron Chau

Category: Number Theory

[28194] viXra:1903.0294 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-16 04:37:24

### Quantum Dot Semiconductors

Authors: George Rajna

Tiny, easy-to-produce particles, called quantum dots, may soon take the place of more expensive single crystal semiconductors in advanced electronics found in solar panels, camera sensors and medical imaging tools. [30] North Carolina State University researchers have developed a microfluidic system for synthesizing perovskite quantum dots across the entire spectrum of visible light. [29] Nanoparticles derived from tea leaves inhibit the growth of lung cancer cells, destroying up to 80% of them, new research by a joint Swansea University and Indian team has shown. [28]
Category: Quantum Physics

[28193] viXra:1903.0293 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-16 05:33:20

### Black Holes Conquer Space

Authors: George Rajna

In short, the concept of a black hole gravity machine presents humanity with a plausible path to becoming an interstellar species. In the meantime, the study of the concept will provide SETI researchers with another possible technosignature to look for. [22] Physicists have used a seven-qubit quantum computer to simulate the scrambling of information inside a black hole, heralding a future in which entangled quantum bits might be used to probe the mysterious interiors of these bizarre objects. [21]
Category: Astrophysics

[28192] viXra:1903.0292 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-16 06:03:58

### Neutron Protein Crystallography

Authors: George Rajna

The ability to grow large protein crystals is the single biggest bottleneck that limits the use of neutron protein crystallography in structural biology. [21] The conclusion that proteins have a terrible conductance tallies well with their general physical characteristics – they lack both electronic conduction bands and high levels of structural order. [20]
Category: Physics of Biology

[28191] viXra:1903.0291 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-16 06:42:56

### Neurotransmitters in the Brain

Authors: George Rajna

Researchers at the University of Twente have designed a tiny needle in which micro-channels can be used for extracting small liquid samples from a local area of the brain. [22] The ability to grow large protein crystals is the single biggest bottleneck that limits the use of neutron protein crystallography in structural biology. [21] The conclusion that proteins have a terrible conductance tallies well with their general physical characteristics – they lack both electronic conduction bands and high levels of structural order. [20]
Category: Physics of Biology

[28190] viXra:1903.0290 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-14 07:18:29

### Specifications for Elementary Particles, Dark Matter, Dark Energy, and Unifying Physics Theories

Authors: Thomas J. Buckholtz

We suggest united models and specific predictions regarding elementary particles, dark matter, aspects of galaxy evolution, dark energy, and aspects of the cosmology timeline. Results include specific predictions for new elementary particles and specific descriptions of dark matter and dark energy. Some of our modeling matches known elementary particles and extrapolates to predict other elementary particles, including bases for dark matter. Some modeling explains observed ratios of effects of dark matter to effects of ordinary matter. Some models suggest aspects of galaxy formation and evolution. Some modeling correlates with eras of increases or decreases in the observed rate of expansion of the universe. Our modeling framework features mathematics for isotropic quantum harmonic oscillators and provides a framework for creating and unifying physics theories. Aspects of our approach emphasize existence of elementary particles and de-emphasize motion. Some of our models complement traditional quantum field theory and, for example, traditional calculations of anomalous magnetic dipole moments.
Category: Astrophysics

[28189] viXra:1903.0289 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-14 07:25:10

### Refutation of Coq Proof Assistant to Map Euclidean Geometry to Hilbert Space

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com. (We warn troll Mikko at Disqus to read the article four times before hormonal typing.)

For the relation of "a point is incident to a straight line", we find that proposition is not tautologous. This denies the conjectured approach of a constructive mapping Euclidean geometry into a Hilbert space and also refutes the Coq proof assistant as a bivalent tool. The conjecture and Coq are therefore non tautologous fragments of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[28188] viXra:1903.0288 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-14 07:47:18

### Antiproton Decelerator as Antimatter Factory

Authors: George Rajna

The Antiproton Decelerator (AD), sometimes known as the Antimatter Factory, is the world's largest source of antimatter and has been operational since 2000. [27] Positronium atoms, which consist of an electron and a positron, are one type of antimatter atoms being considered to test whether antimatter falls at the same rate as matter in Earth's gravitational field. [26] Two new experiments at CERN, ALPHA-g and GBAR, have now started their journey towards answering this question. [25]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[28187] viXra:1903.0287 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-14 08:14:59

### Space-Time Symmetry Testing

Authors: George Rajna

It may, however, be possible that—according to theoretical models of quantum gravitation—this uniformity of space-time does not apply to particles. [28] Additionally, the scientists observed the quantum-critical scattering rate characteristic of the Dirac fluid. [27] Researchers from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology teamed up with colleagues from the U.S. and Switzerland and returned the state of a quantum computer a fraction of a second into the past. [26]
Category: Quantum Physics

[28186] viXra:1903.0286 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-14 08:22:56

### Complete Unification of Electromagnetic Field and Gravitational Field Based on New Starting Postulates

Authors: Ho Dong Jo, Chol Song Kim

We presented the difficulties of Maxwell’s electromagnetic theory and Einstein’s gravitational theory in detail, established a new unified theory of field including consistent electromagnetic theory and gravitational theory on the basis of new starting postulates, and applied these theoretical methods to quantum electrodynamics. We accepted a new geometrical space in which metric tensor and all main physical functions become implicit functions, called “KR space” consistent to our starting postulates, and normalization of implicit functions in order to give physical meanings to all physical functions of implicit forms defined in this space. As a result, we naturally unraveled problem of radiation reaction, a historical difficult problem of Maxwell-Lorentz electromagnetic theory, built new quantum electrodynamics without renormalization procedure followed by quantum gravitational theory and also predicted new theoretical results which could not find in traditional theories.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[28185] viXra:1903.0285 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-14 08:59:53

### Silicon Under Intense Pressure

Authors: George Rajna

Using a new technique, researchers were able to directly watch and image this process. To their surprise, they discovered that it included an extra step that had not been seen before: After the first elastic shock wave traveled through the silicon, a second elastic wave appeared before the final inelastic wave changed the material's properties. [47] The device was produced using conventional semiconductor manufacturing processes, and the team now hopes to scale up the technology to create a silicon-based quantum-computer chip. [46] Physicists at the University of Alberta in Canada have developed a new way to build quantum memories, a method for storing delicate quantum information encoded into pulses of light. [45] Now, an Australian research team has experimentally realised a crucial combination of these capabilities on a silicon chip, bringing the dream of a universal quantum computer closer to reality. [44] A theoretical concept to realize quantum information processing has been developed by Professor Guido Burkard and his team of physicists at the University of Konstanz. [43] As the number of hacks and security breaches rapidly climbs, scientists say there may be a way to make a truly unhackable network by using the laws of quantum physics. [42] This world-first nanophotonic device, just unveiled in Nature Communications, encodes more data and processes it much faster than conventional fiber optics by using a special form of 'twisted' HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/light/" light. [41] Purdue University researchers created a new technique that would increase the secret bit rate 100-fold, to over 35 million photons per second. [40] Physicists at The City College of New York have used atomically thin two-dimensional materials to realize an array of quantum emitters operating at room temperature that can be integrated into next generation quantum communication systems. [39]
Category: Condensed Matter

[28184] viXra:1903.0284 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-14 09:35:44

### Netflix Speed Up Biological Imaging

Authors: George Rajna

To speed up the imaging process, the researchers made their Raman system more compatible with the algorithm. [29] The researchers have tested the virtual frame technique using several types of cameras with different sensitivities and bit depths ranging from sophisticated high-speed and high-end consumer cameras to smartphone cameras. [28] IBM researchers are applying deep learning to discover ways to overcome some of the technical challenges that AI can face when analyzing X-rays and other medical images. [27] Now, a team of A*STAR researchers and colleagues has developed a detector that can successfully pick out where human actions will occur in videos, in almost real-time. [26] A team of researchers affiliated with several institutions in Germany and the U.S. has developed a deep learning algorithm that can be used for motion capture of animals of any kind. [25] In 2016, when we inaugurated our new IBM Research lab in Johannesburg, we took on this challenge and are reporting our first promising results at Health Day at the KDD Data Science Conference in London this month. [24] The research group took advantage of a system at SLAC's Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource (SSRL) that combines machine learning-a form of artificial intelligence where computer algorithms glean knowledge from enormous amounts of data-with experiments that quickly make and screen hundreds of sample materials at a time. [23] Researchers at the UCLA Samueli School of Engineering have demonstrated that deep learning, a powerful form of artificial intelligence, can discern and enhance microscopic details in photos taken by smartphones. [22] Such are the big questions behind one of the new projects underway at the MIT-IBM Watson AI Laboratory, a collaboration for research on the frontiers of artificial intelligence. [21] The possibility of cognitive nuclear-spin processing came to Fisher in part through studies performed in the 1980s that reported a remarkable lithium isotope dependence on the behavior of mother rats. [20]
Category: Physics of Biology

[28183] viXra:1903.0283 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-14 10:24:06

Authors: George Rajna

We are still far off from achieving Quantum Advantage for machine learning-the point at which quantum computers surpass classical computers in their ability to perform AI algorithms. [25] Physicists in the US have used machine learning to determine the phase diagram of a system of 12 idealized quantum particles to a higher precision than ever before. [24] The research group took advantage of a system at SLAC's Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource (SSRL) that combines machine learning-a form of artificial intelligence where computer algorithms glean knowledge from enormous amounts of data-with experiments that quickly make and screen hundreds of sample materials at a time. [23] Researchers at the UCLA Samueli School of Engineering have demonstrated that deep learning, a powerful form of artificial intelligence, can discern and enhance microscopic details in photos taken by smartphones. [22] Such are the big questions behind one of the new projects underway at the MIT-IBM Watson AI Laboratory, a collaboration for research on the frontiers of artificial intelligence. [21]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[28182] viXra:1903.0282 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-14 10:41:54

### Bi-Metric Description of Two Particles Gravitational Interaction

Authors: Lluís Bel

A bi-metric formalism is introduced to describe two bodies gravitational interaction using Whitehead's version of Schwarzschhild's original solution.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[28181] viXra:1903.0281 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-14 10:42:32

### Next Generation Optical Tweezers

Authors: George Rajna

Scientists have developed a pioneering new technique that could pave the way for the next generation of optical tweezers. [30] To speed up the imaging process, the researchers made their Raman system more compatible with the algorithm. [29] The researchers have tested the virtual frame technique using several types of cameras with different sensitivities and bit depths ranging from sophisticated high-speed and high-end consumer cameras to smartphone cameras. [28] IBM researchers are applying deep learning to discover ways to overcome some of the technical challenges that AI can face when analyzing X-rays and other medical images. [27] Now, a team of A*STAR researchers and colleagues has developed a detector that can successfully pick out where human actions will occur in videos, in almost real-time. [26] A team of researchers affiliated with several institutions in Germany and the U.S. has developed a deep learning algorithm that can be used for motion capture of animals of any kind. [25] In 2016, when we inaugurated our new IBM Research lab in Johannesburg, we took on this challenge and are reporting our first promising results at Health Day at the KDD Data Science Conference in London this month. [24] The research group took advantage of a system at SLAC's Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource (SSRL) that combines machine learning-a form of artificial intelligence where computer algorithms glean knowledge from enormous amounts of data-with experiments that quickly make and screen hundreds of sample materials at a time. [23] Researchers at the UCLA Samueli School of Engineering have demonstrated that deep learning, a powerful form of artificial intelligence, can discern and enhance microscopic details in photos taken by smartphones. [22] Such are the big questions behind one of the new projects underway at the MIT-IBM Watson AI Laboratory, a collaboration for research on the frontiers of artificial intelligence. [21]
Category: Quantum Physics

[28180] viXra:1903.0280 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-14 12:05:33

### Investigation of the Characteristics of the Zeros of the Riemann Zeta Function in the Critical Strip Using Implicit Function Properties of the Real and Imaginary Components of the Dirichlet Eta Function V2

Authors: Andrew Alexander Logan

This paper investigates the characteristics of the zeros of the Riemann zeta function (of s) in the critical strip by using the Dirichlet eta function, which has the same zeros. The characteristics of the implicit functions for the real and imaginary components when those components are equal are investigated and it is shown that the function describing the value of the real component when the real and imaginary components are equal has a derivative that does not change sign along any of its individual curves - meaning that each value of the imaginary part of s produces at most one zero. Combined with the fact that the zeros of the Riemann xi function are also the zeros of the zeta function and xi(s) = xi(1-s), this leads to the conclusion that the Riemann Hypothesis is true.
Category: General Mathematics

[28179] viXra:1903.0279 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-14 12:31:27

### Учение о системах и структурах организаций

Authors: Попов Борис Михайлович
Comments: 86 Pages. «Концерн «СОЗВЕЗДИЕ». – Воронеж, 2009. – 86 с. ISВN 978-5-900777-19-1

В монографии излагается учение об организациях, системах и структурах, базирующееся на представлении об их контекстной зависимости, как теоретических понятий, так и взаимообусловленности их существования в коммуникативном мире, как целостной триады. В рамках используемой автором теоретической платформы, − тринитарной парадигмы, несколько иное видение, по отношению к традиционному, получают понятия «информация» и «энергия». Книга рассчитана на широкий круг читателей, интересующихся проблемами организации и самоорганизации. Требования к исходным знаниям невысоки. Необходимые для понимания содержания книги сведения по математике, физике и биологии, даются по ходу изложения, которое проиллюстрировано многочисленными примерами, облегчающими усвоение прочитанного материала. Читателю гарантируется стремительный рост знаний с продвижением от первого абзаца к последнему. Может рассматриваться преподавателями технических вузов на предмет использования в качестве дополнительного учебного пособия для студентов, осваивающих курсы дисциплин проектирования организационно сложных комплексов. В т. ч. проектирования, с использованием нанотехнологий.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[28178] viXra:1903.0278 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-14 12:35:15

### Опыты яснопонимания

Authors: Попов Борис Михайлович
Comments: 46 Pages. Язык русский, ВНИИС. – Воронеж, 2005. – 46 с. ISВN 5-900777-13-8

В книге представлены опыты яснопонимания, производимые на методологической базе синергетического мировидения. Диапазон тем широк, а цель одна – инициировать проявление способности к интуитивному мышлению, так необходимому в наше неспокойное время. Рассчитана на широкий круг читателей, интересующихся наукой и паранаукой и настроенных на созидательную деятельность. Требования к исходным знаниям невысоки, но необходима склонность к философским размышлениям.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[28177] viXra:1903.0277 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-14 14:08:01

### Refutation of Affine Varieties in Zariski Topology and Denial of Grothendieck's Scheme Theory

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com. (We warn troll Mikko at Disqus to read the article four times before hormonal typing.)

From the affine varieties of Zariski topology, we evaluate two definitions. Neither is tautologous. In fact, the two definitions are equivalents. This refutes the conjecture of affine varieties in Zariski topology. Therefore the affine varieties of Zariski topology are non tautologous fragments of the universal logic VŁ4. What follows is that the scheme theory of Grothendieck is non tautologous.
Category: Topology

[28176] viXra:1903.0276 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-14 16:02:21

### QSSC Model's Next Step is the Stoe

Authors: John Hodge

The Quasi-Steady State Cosmology (QSSC) posits a continuous creation at the center of galaxies. The Scalar Theory of Everything (STOE) posits the components of the universe have a creation and an end. A Sink at the center of elliptical galaxies is added to the Source of the QSSC at the center of Spiral galaxies. This allows the explanation of many more anomalous cosmological observations and allows correspondence with quantum mechanics.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[28175] viXra:1903.0275 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-14 18:28:01

### Artificial Intelligent Vehicle Speed Control System Using RF Technology

Authors: Saurabh S. Kore, Kanchan Y. Hanwate, Ashwin S. Moon, Hemant P. Chavan

Traffic congestion nowadays leads to a strong degradation of the network infrastructure and the high number of the vehicle which is caused by the population. With an increase in the number of vehicles and transportation demand, traffic congestion occurs. Conventional techniques are unable to handle variable flow with time. Hence the accident ratio is increases We all know that in order to control traffic and for the safety of the public, traffic signals are used. These signals are generally seen where two or more roads are connected to each other. These traffic signal rules are not generally followed by the people either due to lack of attention or due to speeding of vehicles which causes accidents frequently. Though accidents due to lack of attention to traffic signal cannot be avoided but accidents due to speeding of vehicles near traffic signals could be avoided. In order to avoid such kind of accidents near traffic signals; ‘smart signal system’ should be introduced. This system takes the total control of the vehicle in its own band. This project consists of two separate modules, i.e. transmitter and receiver. The transmitter will be attached to signals and receiver will be attached to vehicles. The information in the form of signals are sent by the system and they are received by the receiver attached to the vehicle. The vehicle control unit automatically alerts the driver and reduces the speed automatically. This system takes total control of vehicles for a few seconds. The proposed technique uses a small system to avoid accidents and hence safety is achieved.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[28174] viXra:1903.0274 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-14 19:30:59

### The Wave Function of the Universe near the Big-Bang Singularity and the Generalized Uncertainty Principle

Authors: Tatsuyuki Sugawa

We investigate the Friedmann equations and the Wheeler-DeWitt equations in three dimensional pure gravity under the Generalized Uncertainty Principle (GUP) effects. In addition we study the wave functions near the Big-Bang singularity as the solutions of the deformed Wheeler-DeWitt equation in momentum space. The resulting wave functions are represented as the Mathieu functions. The GUP is considered in the context of the Snyder non-commutative space.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[28173] viXra:1903.0272 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-15 03:43:08

### Organic Network Control Systems Challenges in Building a Generic Solution for Network Protocol Optimisation

Authors: Matthias Bloch

In the last years many approaches for dynamic protocol adaption in networks have been made and proposed. Most of them deal with a particular environment, but a much more desired approach would be to design a generic solution for this problem. Creating an independent system regarding the network type it operates in and therefore the protocol type that needs to be adapted is a big issue. In this paper we want to discuss certain problems that come with this task and why they have to be taken into account when it comes to designing such a generic system. At first we will see a generic architecture approach for such a system followed by a comparison of currently existing Organic Network Control Systems for adapting protocols in a Mobile Ad-hoc network and a Peer-to-Peer network. After identifying major problems we will summarize and evaluate the achieved results.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[28172] viXra:1903.0271 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-15 04:12:13

### Complexity in Proton Spin Puzzle

Authors: George Rajna

New data from the STAR experiment at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) add detail—and complexity—to an intriguing puzzle that scientists have been seeking to solve: how the building blocks that make up a proton contribute to its spin. [45] Approximately one year ago, a spectacular dive into Saturn ended NASA's Cassini mission—and with it a unique, 13-year research expedition to the Saturnian system. [44] Scientists from the Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, and their colleagues from the international ALICE collaboration recently collided xenon nuclei, in order to gain new insights into the properties of the Quark-Gluon Plasma (the QGP) – the matter that the universe consisted of up to a microsecond after the Big Bang. [43]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[28171] viXra:1903.0270 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-15 05:19:30

### Recovering Scattered Data with SMART

Authors: George Rajna

High-capacity optical communication can be accomplished by multiplexing multiple light-carrying orbital angular momentum (OAM) channels. [31] Scientists have developed a pioneering new technique that could pave the way for the next generation of optical tweezers. [30] To speed up the imaging process, the researchers made their Raman system more compatible with the algorithm. [29] The researchers have tested the virtual frame technique using several types of cameras with different sensitivities and bit depths ranging from sophisticated high-speed and high-end consumer cameras to smartphone cameras. [28] IBM researchers are applying deep learning to discover ways to overcome some of the technical challenges that AI can face when analyzing X-rays and other medical images. [27] Now, a team of A*STAR researchers and colleagues has developed a detector that can successfully pick out where human actions will occur in videos, in almost real-time. [26] A team of researchers affiliated with several institutions in Germany and the U.S. has developed a deep learning algorithm that can be used for motion capture of animals of any kind. [25] In 2016, when we inaugurated our new IBM Research lab in Johannesburg, we took on this challenge and are reporting our first promising results at Health Day at the KDD Data Science Conference in London this month. [24] The research group took advantage of a system at SLAC's Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource (SSRL) that combines machine learning-a form of artificial intelligence where computer algorithms glean knowledge from enormous amounts of data-with experiments that quickly make and screen hundreds of sample materials at a time. [23] Researchers at the UCLA Samueli School of Engineering have demonstrated that deep learning, a powerful form of artificial intelligence, can discern and enhance microscopic details in photos taken by smartphones. [22]
Category: Quantum Physics

[28170] viXra:1903.0269 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-15 06:07:59

### Parçacık Fiziğinde Tıkanıklık Var Mı?

Authors: Vedat Tanrıverdi

”Parçacık fiziğinde tıkanıklık var mı?” sorusunun cevabını verebilmek için tarihsel olarak bilimin nasıl geliştiğine dair belli başlı ̈orneklere değineceğiz. Sonrasında parçacık fiziğinin gelişimini genel hatlarıyla ̈ozetleyeceğiz. Bu kısa tarihsel ̈ozeti, mezon ailelerinden biri olan çarmonyum ailesi ̈uzerine daha detaylı bir ̈ozet takip edecek. Burada aynı zamanda iki farklı potansiyel modelin karşılaştırması da yapılacak, ve bu iki başarılı modelin nasıl yorumlanabileceği ve ilerisi için neyi gösterdiği ̈uzerine değineceğiz. Sonra, bilimin nasıl ilerlediği ve problemlerin çözümlerinin nasıl bulunduğuna dair bazı örneklere değineceğiz ve bu örnekler aynı zamanda çözüm için ne yapılabilir sorusunun cevabını da daha iyi anlamamızı sağlayacak. Sonunda ise bu sürecin ve örneklerin parçacık fiziği ile ilgili ne anlattığına değinip, bundan sonrası için nasıl davranılabileceği konusunda çıkarımda bulunacağız.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[28169] viXra:1903.0268 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-15 06:05:04

### Some Models in the Context of Cryo-em Image Processing Applications – a Simple & Novel Suggestion Using [biips/dlib Ml/quantum Device] – as Next Generation Intelligent Electron Microscopy Informatics Platform.

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 2 Pages. Short Communication & Technical Notes

Some Models in the context of cryo-EM Image Processing Applications – A Simple & Novel Suggestion Using - [BIIPS/dlib ML/quantum Device] – as Next Generation Intelligent Electron Microscopy Informatics Platform.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[28168] viXra:1903.0265 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-15 07:17:30

### AI Predict Elementary Particle Signals

Authors: George Rajna

The researchers trained generative competitive networks to predict the behavior of charged elementary particles. The results showed that physical phenomena can be described using neural networks highly accurately. [46] New data from the STAR experiment at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) add detail-and complexity-to an intriguing puzzle that scientists have been seeking to solve: how the building blocks that make up a proton contribute to its spin. [45] Approximately one year ago, a spectacular dive into Saturn ended NASA's Cassini mission-and with it a unique, 13-year research expedition to the Saturnian system. [44] Scientists from the Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, and their colleagues from the international ALICE collaboration recently collided xenon nuclei, in order to gain new insights into the properties of the Quark-Gluon Plasma (the QGP)-the matter that the universe consisted of up to a microsecond after the Big Bang. [43] The energy transfer processes that occur in this collisionless space plasma are believed to be based on wave-particle interactions such as particle acceleration by plasma waves and spontaneous wave generation, which enable energy and momentum transfer. [42] Plasma particle accelerators more powerful than existing machines could help probe some of the outstanding mysteries of our universe, as well as make leaps forward in cancer treatment and security scanning-all in a package that's around a thousandth of the size of current accelerators. [41] The Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory has started to assemble a new facility for revolutionary accelerator technologies that could make future accelerators 100 to 1,000 times smaller and boost their capabilities. [40] The authors designed a mechanism based on the deployment of a transport barrier to confine the particles and prevent them from moving from one region of the accelerator to another.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[28167] viXra:1903.0264 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-13 07:57:34

### Clever Battery Bio-Computer and Little Brain in Shell-Less Culture Systems of Chick Embryos

Authors: Alireza Sepehri

A shell less culture system for chick embryo could be used to produce a clever battery or bio-computer. In this system, after 50 hourses after incubatating, a heart is emerged which send blood molecules to each side and produces a biological current. This current carries charged particles and molecules and creates an electrical current and differences potential between center of heart and sides of shell-less vessels. If we put two metal bars in center and side of vessel, we can take electrical current and use of it industry. This causes that shell-less culture system plays the role of battery. This battery is clever and by closing another shell less culture system produce different currents. This is because that a collections of neurons are emerged on the heart in shell less cuture system which plays the role of a little brain. This little brain exchange information with medium and control voluntary actions of system For this reason, this system not only has the role of battery but also could be used as a bio-computer.
Category: Mind Science

[28166] viXra:1903.0263 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-13 08:38:37

### Quantum Computer Reverse Time

Authors: George Rajna

Researchers from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology teamed up with colleagues from the U.S. and Switzerland and returned the state of a quantum computer a fraction of a second into the past. [26] Researchers at the University of Florence and Istituto dei Sistemi Complessi, in Italy, have recently proved that the invasiveness of quantum measurements might not always be detrimental. [25] Now, researchers in the UK and Israel have created miniscule engines within a block of synthetic diamond, and have shown that electronic superposition can boost their power beyond that of classical devices. [24] In the latest wrinkle to be discovered in cubic boron arsenide, the unusual material contradicts the traditional rules that govern heat conduction, according to a new report by Boston College researchers in today's edition of the journal Nature Communications. [23] Beyond the beauty of this phenomenon, which connects heating processes to topology through an elegant quantization law, the results reported in this work designate heating measurements as a powerful and universal probe for exotic states of matter. [22] "We studied two systems: a Bose-Einstein condensate with 100,000 atoms confined in a cavity and an optomechanical cavity that confines light between two mirrors," Gabriel Teixeira Landi, a professor at the University of São Paulo's Physics Institute (IF-USP), told. [21] Search engine entropy is thus important not only for the efficiency of search engines and those using them to find relevant information as well as to the success of the companies and other bodies running such systems, but also to those who run websites hoping to be found and visited following a search. [20] "We've experimentally confirmed the connection between information in the classical case and the quantum case," Murch said, "and we're seeing this new effect of information loss." [19]
Category: Quantum Physics

[28165] viXra:1903.0262 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-13 09:19:44

### AI Solve Quantum Mysteries

Authors: George Rajna

Under the direction of Mobileye founder Amnon Shashua, a research group at Hebrew University of Jerusalem's School of Engineering and Computer Science has proven that artificial intelligence (AI) can help us understand the world on an infinitesimally small scale called quantum physics phenomena. [27] Researchers from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology teamed up with colleagues from the U.S. and Switzerland and returned the state of a quantum computer a fraction of a second into the past. [26]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[28164] viXra:1903.0260 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-13 10:36:13

### Current Trends in Extended Classifier System

Authors: Zeshan Murtza

Learning is a way which improves our ability to solve problems related to the environment surrounding us. Extended Classifier System (XCS) is a learning classifier system that use reinforcement learning mechanism to solve complex problems with robust performance. It is an accuracy-based system that works by observing environment, taking input from it and applying suitable actions. Every action of XCS gets a feedback in return from the environment which is used to improve its performance. It also has ability to apply genetic algorithm (GA) on existing classifiers and create new ones by taking cross-over and mutation which have better performance. XCS handles single step and multi-step problems by using different methods like Q-learning mechanism. The ultimate challenge of XCS is to design an implementation which arrange multiple components in a unique way to produce compact and comprehensive solution in a least amount of time. Real time implementation requires flexibility for modifications and uniqueness to cover all aspects. XCS has recently been modified for real input values and a memory management system is also introduced which enhance its ability in different kind of applications like data mining, control stock exchange. In this article, there will be a brief discussion about the parameter and components of XCS. Main part of this article will cover the extended versions of XCS with further improvements and focus on applications, usage in real environment and relationship with organic computing
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[28163] viXra:1903.0259 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-13 11:00:31

### Quantum-Critical Conductivity

Authors: George Rajna

Additionally, the scientists observed the quantum-critical scattering rate characteristic of the Dirac fluid. [27] Researchers from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology teamed up with colleagues from the U.S. and Switzerland and returned the state of a quantum computer a fraction of a second into the past. [26] Researchers at the University of Florence and Istituto dei Sistemi Complessi, in Italy, have recently proved that the invasiveness of quantum measurements might not always be detrimental. [25]
Category: Quantum Physics

[28162] viXra:1903.0258 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-13 11:31:16

### ATLAS Experiment Results

Authors: George Rajna

The ATLAS collaboration has released its very first result utilising its entire Large Hadron Collider (LHC) Run 2 dataset, collected between 2015 and 2018. [28] The Antiproton Decelerator (AD), sometimes known as the Antimatter Factory, is the world's largest source of antimatter and has been operational since 2000. [27] Positronium atoms, which consist of an electron and a positron, are one type of antimatter atoms being considered to test whether antimatter falls at the same rate as matter in Earth's gravitational field. [26]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[28161] viXra:1903.0257 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-13 11:39:27

Authors: Ilgaitis Prūsis, Peteris Prūsis

Contemporary physics states that an electron neutrino takes part in all events of beta decay. Here we show that electron-positron pairs participate in all beta decay events. For this reason, the hypothesis of electron neutrino presence is not necessary in β¯, β+ and electron capture reactions.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[28160] viXra:1903.0256 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-13 16:20:16

### A New Algebraic Approach to the Graph Isomorphism and Clique Problems

Authors: Roman Galay
Comments: 7 Pages. The following short article offers a couple of algebraically entangled polynomial-time algorithms for the graph isomorphism and clique problems whose correctness is yet to be determined either empirically or through attempting to find proofs.

As it follows from Gödel's incompleteness theorems, any consistent formal system of axioms and rules of inference should imply a true unprovable statement. Actually this fundamental principle can be efficiently applicable in Computational Mathematics and Complexity Theory concerning the computational complexity of problems from the class NP, particularly and especially the NP-complete ones. While there is a wide set of algorithms for these problems that we call heuristic, the correctness or/and complexity of each concrete algorithm (or the probability of its correct and polynomial-time work) on a class of instances is often too difficult to determine, although we may also assume the existence of a variety of algorithms for NP-complete problems that are both correct and polynomial-time on all the instances from a given class (where the given problem remains NP-complete), but whose correctness or/and polynomial-time complexity on the class is impossible to prove as an example for Gödel's theorems. However, supposedly such algorithms should possess a certain complicatedness of processing the input data and treat it in a certain algebraically “entangled” manner. The same algorithmic analysis in fact concerns all the other significant problems and subclasses of NP, such as the graph isomorphism problem and its associated complexity class GI. The following short article offers a couple of algebraically entangled polynomial-time algorithms for the graph isomorphism and clique problems whose correctness is yet to be determined either empirically or through attempting to find proofs.
Category: Combinatorics and Graph Theory

[28159] viXra:1903.0255 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-13 16:31:06

### Resurrection of the Dead and the Organization of the Society of Electronic e-Beings.

Authors: Olga Lyubavina, Alexander Bolonkin

Alexander Bolonkin in his works [1-7] proposed methods of electronic immortality of modern people. He predicted the gradual replacement of biological humanity E-beings, considered their advantages and disadvantages (see List of references in given articles). The author considers methods and modern possibilities of resurrection of long-dead outstanding personalities. It also considers the principles and organization of the new E-society, its goals and conditions of existence.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[28158] viXra:1903.0253 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-13 17:50:41

### Predicting the Gravitational Constant from the New Physics of a Rotating Universe

Authors: Michael John Sarnowski

Granular Spacetime Sphere Theory predicts that our universe is a sphere made of spheres. This theory is taken down to its roots and shows that the universe starts with what could be labeled a quasi-point particle and builds it up to a multiverse. The theory can now be used to predict a gravitational constant of G=6.674379282299*10^{-11}{m^3}/{kg*s^2}This is in line with the low sigma measurements of 6.674184 *10^{-11} [6]6.674484*10^{-11}{m^3}/{kg*s^2}[6] 6.67433*10^{-11}{m^3}/{kg*s^2}[7] and the UZur-06 measurement of 6.67425*10^{-11}{m^3}/{kg*s^2} This value obtained in this paper affirms the values shown in the Nature Article “Measurements of the gravitational constant using two independent methods” and it affirms that there really was no big bang and the universe is actually rotating and the size is limited by the outer edge not being able to move faster than the speed of light.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[28157] viXra:1903.0252 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-13 19:14:10

### The Big Bang Disproved

Authors: Michael John Sarnowski

Granular Spacetime Sphere Theory predicts that our universe is a sphere made of spheres. This theory is taken down to its roots and shows that the universe starts with what could be labeled a quasi-point particle and builds it up to a multiverse. This paper shows that the gravitational constant can be predicted by a rotating universe and thus disproves the Big Bang Theory. This paper shows that the size of the universe is limited by the speed of light.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[28156] viXra:1903.0251 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-13 19:38:04

### Thermodynamics Super Efficiency

Authors: Jose Iraides Belandria

This article shows a surprising prediction of the global formulation of the second law of thermodynamics that suggests the hypothetical existence of super-efficient thermodynamics processes. Such processes, according to the local formulation of the second law of thermodynamics, may occur as a consequence of an internal entropy coupling between the different systems that make up the universe of the process. In this way, the heuristic combination of the aforementioned formulations predicts the theoretical existence of an operation zone where thermodynamic processes can produce more mechanical work than conventional reversible operations.
Category: Thermodynamics and Energy

[28155] viXra:1903.0250 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-13 23:01:50

### The 3 Years Mark I Was not Counting, Then All Went Beyond.

Authors: AR. Scholar

What 3 Years and More of Human Effort in Science, and the Philosophy of Virtuous Scholar takes a Toll? A special 1000 publication, marks the long overdued 3 years human effort - unceasing to arrive to conclude the scholar phase, and yet had arrived at a scholar phase. The complexity in writing and complex reflections and questions posted, brings about the philosophy behind our scholar and academy of science cycle. And how science can be appreciated from the missing of 'humanity' or emotions that are soughted upon (eg. fulfilment to a task? a shared journey with scientist?). How science or education can be appreciated and improved, with the identificatio of "connection?", identification of reality sense, and to differentiate the extraordinary out of ordinary, and to react to ordinary and to response effectively to extraordinary.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[28154] viXra:1903.0249 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-13 23:19:02

### An Insight Into Antlr(antlr)/jedit/netbeans/eclipse/java/jvm/jikesrvm/osgi as Bioinformatics Platform in the Context of Dna/rna Sequencing & Gene Chip Design – a Simple & Interesting Suggestion Towards Interfacing Nano-Bio Systems /iot Hardware & Software

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 3 Pages. Short Communication & Technical Notes

An Insight into ANTLR(antlr)/jEdit/NetBeans/Eclipse/Java/JVM/JikesRVM/OSGi as Bioinformatics Platform in the Context of DNA/RNA Sequencing & Gene Chip Design – A Simple & Interesting Suggestion towards Interfacing Nano-Bio Systems/IoT Hardware & Software/HPC Environments.
Category: Data Structures and Algorithms

[28153] viXra:1903.0248 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-14 04:13:07

### Universe Expansion Black Holes Nuclear Forces

Authors: Michael Tzoumpas

The accelerated expansion of Universe is caused by the Universal antigravity force, with which the Hubble’s Law is proved. The black holes are sustainable matter forms of the dynamic space that cannot disappear, because of the particulate antigravity force that prevents the further gravitational collapse. The inverse electric-nuclear field causes the nuclear forces, namely the strong nuclear force and the nuclear antigravity one, on which the architecture of the nuclei model is based.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[28152] viXra:1903.0247 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-12 07:24:42

### Beta-Decay Puzzle Solved

Authors: George Rajna

An international collaboration including scientists at the Department of Energy's (DOE's) Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) solved a 50-year-old puzzle that explains why beta decays of atomic nuclei are slower than what is expected based on the beta decays of free neutrons. [12] Analysis of data from the MINOS+ experiment reveals no evidence for oscillations involving sterile neutrinos. [11] Physicists have hypothesized the existence of fundamental particles called sterile neutrinos for decades and a couple of experiments have even caught possible hints of them. However, according to new results from two major international consortia, the chances that these indications were right and that these particles actually exist are now much slimmer. [10] The MIT team studied the distribution of neutrino flavors generated in Illinois, versus those detected in Minnesota, and found that these distributions can be explained most readily by quantum phenomena: As neutrinos sped between the reactor and detector, they were statistically most likely to be in a state of superposition, with no definite flavor or identity. [9] A new study reveals that neutrinos produced in the core of a supernova are highly localised compared to neutrinos from all other known sources. This result stems from a fresh estimate for an entity characterising these neutrinos, known as wave packets, which provide information on both their position and their momentum. [8] It could all have been so different. When matter first formed in the universe, our current theories suggest that it should have been accompanied by an equal amount of antimatter-a conclusion we know must be wrong, because we wouldn't be here if it were true. Now the latest results from a pair of experiments designed to study the behaviour of neutrinos-particles that barely interact with the rest of the universe-could mean we're starting to understand why. [7] In 2012, a tiny flash of light was detected deep beneath the Antarctic ice. A burst of neutrinos was responsible, and the flash of light was their calling card. It might not sound momentous, but the flash could give us tantalising insights into one of the most energetic objects in the distant universe. The light was triggered by the universe's most elusive particles when they made contact with a remarkable detector, appropriately called IceCube, which was built for the very purpose of capturing rare events such as this. [6]
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[28151] viXra:1903.0246 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-12 07:52:44

### Scaling Silicon Quantum Computers

Authors: George Rajna

Research collaboration between UNSW and the University of Sydney has overcome a fundamental hurdle to building quantum computers in silicon, opening the way to further develop the machines at scale. [42] Experimental photonic switches tested by researchers at the University of California, Berkeley, U.S.A., show promise toward the goal of fully optical, high-capacity switching for future high-speed data transmission networks. [41] Their research involved exploring how to exploit multicore fiber-optic technology that is expected to be used in future transmission networks. [40] When Greg Bowman presents a slideshow about the proteins he studies, their 3-D shapes and folding patterns play out as animations on a big screen. [39] Researchers at the University of Helsinki uncovered the mechanisms for a novel cellular stress response arising from the toxicity of newly synthesized proteins. [38] Scientists have long sought to develop drug therapies that can more precisely diagnose, target and effectively treat life-threatening illness such as cancer, cardiovascular and autoimmune diseases. [37] Skin cells taken from patients with a rare genetic disorder are up to ten times more sensitive to damage from ultraviolet A (AVA) radiation in laboratory tests, than those from a healthy population, according to new research from the University of Bath. [36] The use of stem cells to repair organs is one of the foremost goals of modern regenerative medicine. [35] Using new technology to reveal the 3-D organization of DNA in maturing male reproductive cells, scientists revealed a crucial period in development that helps explain how fathers pass on genetic information to future generations. [34] According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Down syndrome is the most common birth defect, occurring once in every 700 births. [33] Healing is a complex process in adult skin impairments, requiring collaborative biochemical processes for onsite repair. [32]
Category: Digital Signal Processing

[28150] viXra:1903.0245 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-12 08:14:11

### Extremely Weak Magnetic Signals

Authors: George Rajna

Physicists at Saarland University have developed magnetic field sensors that are breaking sensitivity records and opening up a whole range of potential new applications, from non-contact measurements of the electrical activity in the human heart or brain to detecting ore deposits or archaeological remains deep underground. [30] A new material created by Oregon State University researchers is a key step toward the next generation of supercomputers. [29] Magnetic materials that form helical structures-coiled shapes comparable to a spiral staircase or the double helix strands of a DNA molecule-occasionally exhibit exotic behavior that could improve information processing in hard drives and other digital devices. [28] In a new study, researchers have designed "invisible" magnetic sensors-sensors that are magnetically invisible so that they can still detect but do not distort the surrounding magnetic fields. [27] At Carnegie Mellon University, Materials Science and Engineering Professor Mike McHenry and his research group are developing metal amorphous nanocomposite materials (MANC), or magnetic materials whose nanocrystals have been grown out of an amorphous matrix to create a two phase magnetic material that exploits both the attractive magnetic inductions of the nanocrystals and the large electrical resistance of a metallic glass. [26] The search and manipulation of novel properties emerging from the quantum nature of matter could lead to next-generation electronics and quantum computers. [25]
Category: Quantum Physics

[28149] viXra:1903.0244 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-12 10:13:23

### A New Tensor in Differential Geometry

Authors: Antoine Balan
Comments: 2 pages, written in english

We propose a 3-form in differential geometry which depends only of a connection over the tangent fiber bundle.
Category: Geometry

[28148] viXra:1903.0243 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-12 10:49:22

### Standard Model Fermions and Higgs Scalar Field from PCCR Operator Algebra

Authors: Peter Hickman

A fundamental theory of fermions is proposed by constructing the Dirac gamma matrices using pCCR operators. The result is the fermions of the Standard Model, 3 generations of leptons and quarks and the chiral nature of su(2) is revealed. In addition the pCCR operators generates a Higgs complex scalar doublet and that space-time is found to be 4d.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[28147] viXra:1903.0242 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-12 11:39:19

### System of Particles and Field in a Unified Field Theory

Authors: Jean Claude Dutailly

In previous contributions I have presented a unified theory of particles and field, in the Geometry of General Relativity, which accounts for all the known force fields, as well as the properties of elementary particles, without the need to invoke additional dimension or special physical phenomenon. In this paper the theory is fully detailed, and its focus is on models of systems of elementary particles interacting with the field. The equations are established for continuous systems and solutions, as well as methods to solve the usual cases are exposed in the model of 2 particles. It is then possible to build clear models of systems such as nuclei and atoms and study the conditions for their stability. It gives also another vision of the special behavior of the nuclear forces. Discontinuous processes involve discontinuities in the field and I show that they can be represented by particles-like objects, the bosons. Their interaction with particles is formalized in a rigorous but simple way.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[28146] viXra:1903.0241 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-12 13:24:51

### A Note of Differential Geometry

In this note, we give an application of the Method of the Repère Mobile to the Ellipsoid of Reference in Geodesy using a symplectic approach.
Category: Geometry

[28145] viXra:1903.0240 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-12 13:33:35

### Afforestation and Reforestation Management in Romania Migrating to Sustainability and Responsibility

Authors: Ciprian Palaghianu
Comments: 8 Pages. Palaghianu, C. (2018). Afforestation and reforestation management in Romania ‐ migrating to sustainability and responsibility. Proceedings of the 4th International Conference Integrated Management of Environmental Resources, (3), 46-52

Considering the present state of afforestation and reforestation management in Romania, the process of renewing the forestation paradigm is analysed. Most of the management systems use an iterative method of improving the outcomes. Considering the classical phases Plan-Do-Check-Adjust, the forest management system is broken into pieces in order to reveal potential gaps from planning to system adjustments regarding forestation in Romania. The official data reports, national statistics and forest regulations represent evidences of a system that fails to progress. The weak integration of PanEuropean criteria and indicators for sustainable forest management, the lack of a robust planning system and the poor capacity of accessing European funds are considered major gaps. The whole framework of afforestation and reforestation should be revised to comply with recent realities and objectives (social, economic, environmental). At present time Romanian forest management still forges tomorrow’s forests using regulations fitted to communist era, without taking into account updated objectives regarding social needs, economic benefits, climate change mitigation or the new types of property. Several suggestions for improving the afforestation and reforestation framework were provided.
Category: Social Science

[28144] viXra:1903.0239 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-12 14:34:40

### Plasma Focus on Twists and Turns

Authors: George Rajna

Whether zipping through a star or a fusion device on Earth, the electrically charged particles that make up the fourth state of matter better known as plasma are bound to magnetic field lines like beads on a string. [41] Such plasmonic resonances have significant roles in biosensing with ability to improve the resolution and sensitivity required to detect particles at the scale of the single molecule. [40] A novel quantum effect observed in a carbon nanotube film could lead to the development of unique lasers and other optoelectronic devices, according to scientists at Rice University and Tokyo Metropolitan University. [39]
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[28143] viXra:1903.0238 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-12 14:49:59

### Metasurface Rotates Polarization

Authors: George Rajna

Researchers at the University of Michigan and City University of New York have recently proposed and experimentally validated a transparent, electronically tunable metasurface. [34] By measuring how the electric current of an ionic fluid is generated by the flow of water through ångström-sized channels, researchers in France and the UK have discovered that this current is sensitive to an electric field when pressure is applied. [33] Devices based on magnonic currents-quasi-particles associated with waves of magnetization, or spin waves, in certain magnetic materials-would transform the industry, though scientists need to better understand how to control them. [32] Such devices would use magnetic films and superconducting thin films to deploy and manipulate magnetic monopoles to sort and store data based on the north or south direction of their poles-analogous to the ones and zeros in conventional magnetic storage devices. [31] The vacuum is filled with quantum fluctuations of the electromagnetic field-virtual photons that pop in and out of existence-that are assumed to behave in the same way. To make the plates repulsive and tunable, Wilczek and Stockholm University colleague Qing-Dong Jiang inserted a material between the plates that breaks this behavior. [30] In terms of physics, the interiors of neutron stars, cold atomic gasses and nuclear systems all have one thing in common: they are gaseous systems made up of highly interactive, superfluid fermions. [29] Engineers at MIT and Penn State University have found that under the right conditions, ordinary clear water droplets on a transparent surface can produce brilliant colors, without the addition of inks or dyes. [28]
Category: Condensed Matter

[28142] viXra:1903.0237 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-12 15:08:14

### Denial of Suzko's Problem

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com. (We warn troll Mikko at Disqus to read the article four times before hormonal typing.)

We examine a sentential logic description, as based on set theory, in support of Suzko's theorem that only two truth values are required as a universal logic. Under syntactic notions, we evaluate three definitions (monotonicity, transivity, permeability) out of six definitions (trivial are substitution-invariance, reflexivity, combined consequence relation). Monotonicity and transivity are not tautologous. Right-to-left permeability is not tautologous. What follows is that a Malinowski extension of mixed-consequence by relaxation of the two values for three logical values is spurious, especially due to the fact that Suzko's theorem is a conjecture based on the assumption of set theory. What also follows is that compositionality as based on Suzko-Scott reductions are not bivalent and exact, but rather a vector space and probabilistic. Our results point further to the equations analyzed as being non tautologous fragments of the universal logic VL4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[28141] viXra:1903.0236 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-12 15:13:02

### Resolving Limits of Organic Systems in Large Scale Environments: Evaluate Benefits of Holonic Systems Over Classical Approaches

Authors: Claudio Schmidt

With the rapidly increasing number of devices and application components interacting with each other within larger complex systems, classical system hierarchies increasingly hit their limit when it comes to highly scalable and possibly fluctual organic systems. The holonic approach for self-* systems states to solve some of these problems. In this paper, limits of different state-of-the-art technologies and possible solutions to those will be identified and ranked for scalability, privacy, reliability and performance under fluctuating conditions. Subsequently, the idea and structure of holonic systems will be outlined, and how to utilize the previously described solutions combined in a holonic environment to resolve those limits. Furthermore, they will be classified in the context of current multi-agent-systems (MAS). The focus of this work is located in the area of smart energy grids and similar structures, however an outlook sketches a few further application scenarios for holonic structures.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[28140] viXra:1903.0233 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-12 16:43:54

### Bjerknes Brachistochrone Photon V2

Authors: David E. Fuller, Dahl Winters

Ideal Fluid Solution Merging Quantum Physics & Classical Physics Planck Momentum is a Catenary
Category: Quantum Physics

[28139] viXra:1903.0231 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-12 22:17:08

### Espil's Theorem Corollary.

Authors: Federico Espil

Shortly from the Espil's theorem, we can derive the generalized Dirichlet integral for any natural value when the hole integrand is raised to the n-th power.
Category: Functions and Analysis

[28138] viXra:1903.0230 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-12 23:23:19

### Denial of Płonka Sums in Logics of Variable Inclusion and the Lattice of Consequence Relations

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com. (We warn troll Mikko at Disqus to read the article four times before hormonal typing.)

From the section on Płonka sums, we evaluate an equation derived thereform. It is not tautologous, hence coloring subsequent assertions in the conjecture. This means the non tautologous conjecture is a fragment of the the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[28137] viXra:1903.0229 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-12 23:27:58

### Denial that Modal Logics of Finite Direct Powers of ω Have the Finite Model Property

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com. (We warn troll Mikko at Disqus to read the article four times before hormonal typing.)

From the section partitions of frames, local finiteness, and the finite model property, we evaluate that definition. Because it is not tautologous, subsequent equations in the conjecture are denied. This means it is a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

## Replacements of recent Submissions

[11198] viXra:1903.0410 [pdf] replaced on 2019-03-23 07:50:39

### Refutation of Coalgebraic Geometric Modal Logic

Authors: Colin James III

Two definitions equations from Eqs. 4.4.1.2 and 4.4.4.2 as rendered are not tautologous, hence denying the monotone functor on KHaus. What follows is that the use of coalgebra to manufacture a geometric modal logic is refuted. Therefore the conjecture is a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[11197] viXra:1903.0389 [pdf] replaced on 2019-03-23 14:55:13

### Violation of Conservation of Momentum by Lorentz Transformation

Authors: Eric Su

An isolated physical system of elastic collision between two identical objects is chosen to verify the conservation of momentum in two inertial reference frames. In the first reference frame, the center of mass (COM) is stationary. In the second reference frame, the center of mass moves at a constant velocity. By applying Lorentz transformation to the velocities of both objects, total momentum before and during the collision in the second reference frame can be compared. The comparison shows that conservation of momentum fails to hold when both objects move together at the same velocity.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[11196] viXra:1903.0387 [pdf] replaced on 2019-03-22 08:40:24

### A Curious Identity of the Zeta Function

Authors: Juan Moreno Borrallo

At this brief paper, it is proposed and demonstrated a curious identity of Zeta Function, equivalent to the sum of the geometric progression of reciprocals of all the positive integers which are not perfect powers, having as numerators the number of divisors of the exponent of each term of the progression.
Category: Number Theory

[11195] viXra:1903.0369 [pdf] replaced on 2019-03-21 11:43:04

### Review of, The Workshop and the World

Authors: Miguel A. Sanchez-Rey

A peculiarity of the sciences.
Category: Education and Didactics

[11194] viXra:1903.0317 [pdf] replaced on 2019-03-18 18:09:25

### Denial of Consistency for the Lobachevskii Non Euclidean Geometry

Authors: Colin James III

We prove two parallel lines are tautologous in Euclidean geometry. We next prove that non Euclidean geometry of Lobachevskii is not tautologous and hence not consistent. What follows is that Riemann geometry is the same, and non Euclidean geometry is a segment of Euclidean geometry, not the other way around. Therefore non Euclidean geometries are a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Geometry

[11193] viXra:1903.0312 [pdf] replaced on 2019-03-17 19:06:59

### Total Relativity and the Cosmology Fundamental Theorem

Authors: Pablo Hernan Pereyra

The Cosmology Fundamental Theorem is established based on Total Relativity and the total energy conservation of nature, using the testable consequences of the cosmological principle of isotropy and homogeneity and incorporating a new testable consequence, the redshift temporal on a large scale. It is shown that Cosmology must be cyclical.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[11192] viXra:1903.0308 [pdf] replaced on 2019-03-17 17:32:15

### The Uprising in the United Kingdom and the European State

Authors: Miguel A. Sanchez-Rey

European unity and the internationalist model.
Category: Social Science

[11191] viXra:1903.0256 [pdf] replaced on 2019-03-20 11:58:28

### A New Algebraic Approach to the Graph Isomorphism and Clique Problems

Authors: Roman Galay
Comments: 8 Pages. The following short article offers a couple of algebraically "entangled" polynomial-time algorithms for the graph isomorphism and clique problems whose correctness is yet to be determined either empirically or through attempting to find proofs.

As it follows from Gödel's incompleteness theorems, any consistent formal system of axioms and rules of inference should imply a true unprovable statement. Actually this fundamental principle can be efficiently applicable in Computational Mathematics and Complexity Theory concerning the computational complexity of problems from the class NP, particularly and especially the NP-complete ones. While there is a wide set of algorithms for these problems that we call heuristic, the correctness or/and complexity of each concrete algorithm (or the probability of its correct and polynomial-time work) on a class of instances is often too difficult to determine, although we may also assume the existence of a variety of algorithms for NP-complete problems that are both correct and polynomial-time on all the instances from a given class (where the given problem remains NP-complete), but whose correctness or/and polynomial-time complexity on the class is impossible to prove as an example for Gödel's theorems. However, supposedly such algorithms should possess a certain complicatedness of processing the input data and treat it in a certain algebraically “entangled” manner. The same algorithmic analysis in fact concerns all the other significant problems and subclasses of NP, such as the graph isomorphism problem and its associated complexity class GI. The following short article offers a couple of algebraically entangled polynomial-time algorithms for the graph isomorphism and clique problems whose correctness is yet to be determined either empirically or through attempting to find proofs.
Category: Combinatorics and Graph Theory

[11190] viXra:1903.0253 [pdf] replaced on 2019-03-17 15:32:46

### Predicting the Gravitational Constant from the New Physics of a Rotating Universe

Authors: Michael John Sarnowski
Comments: 11 Pages. Corrected location of equal sign.

Granular Spacetime Sphere Theory predicts that our universe is a sphere made of spheres. This theory is taken down to its roots and shows that the universe starts with what could be labeled a quasi-point particle and builds it up to a multiverse. The theory can now be used to predict a gravitational constant of G=6.674379282299*10^{-11}{m^3}/{kg*s^2}This is in line with the low sigma measurements of 6.674184 *10^{-11} [6]6.674484*10^{-11}{m^3}/{kg*s^2}[6] 6.67433*10^{-11}{m^3}/{kg*s^2}[7] and the UZur-06 measurement of 6.67425*10^{-11}{m^3}/{kg*s^2} This value obtained in this paper affirms the values shown in the Nature Article “Measurements of the gravitational constant using two independent methods” and it affirms that there really was no big bang and the universe is actually rotating and the size is limited by the outer edge not being able to move faster than the speed of light.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[11189] viXra:1903.0253 [pdf] replaced on 2019-03-16 15:24:10

### Predicting the Gravitational Constant from the New Physics of a Rotating Universe

Authors: Michael John Sarnowski

Granular Spacetime Sphere Theory predicts that our universe is a sphere made of spheres. This theory is taken down to its roots and shows that the universe starts with what could be labeled a quasi-point particle and builds it up to a multiverse. The theory can now be used to predict a gravitational constant of G=6.674379282299*10^{-11}{m^3}/{kg*s^2}This is in line with the low sigma measurements of 6.674184 *10^{-11} [6]6.674484*10^{-11}{m^3}/{kg*s^2}[6] 6.67433*10^{-11}{m^3}/{kg*s^2}[7] and the UZur-06 measurement of 6.67425*10^{-11}{m^3}/{kg*s^2} This value obtained in this paper affirms the values shown in the Nature Article “Measurements of the gravitational constant using two independent methods” and it affirms that there really was no big bang and the universe is actually rotating and the size is limited by the outer edge not being able to move faster than the speed of light.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[11188] viXra:1903.0252 [pdf] replaced on 2019-03-17 15:35:37

### The Big Bang Disproved

Authors: Michael John Sarnowski