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## Recent submissions

Any replacements are listed farther down

[27445] viXra:1901.0350 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-23 07:35:47

### Russian Etymology

Authors: A.I.Somsikov

Value of old expression with the lost understanding
Category: Linguistics

[27444] viXra:1901.0349 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-23 07:35:05

### Magnetic Quantum Effects in Solids

Authors: George Rajna

Using a new computational method, an international collaboration has succeeded for the first time in systematically investigating magnetic quantum effects in the well-known 3-D pyrochlore Heisenberg model. [18] Researchers in the US and Japan say they have observed spin superfluidity and very long distance spin transport in an antiferromagnetic insulator made from graphene for the first time. [17] The first known superconductor in which spin-3/2 quasiparticles form Cooper pairs has been created by physicists in the US and New Zealand. [16] Now a team of researchers from the University of Maryland (UMD) Department of Physics together with collaborators has seen exotic superconductivity that relies on highly unusual electron interactions. [15]
Category: Quantum Physics

[27443] viXra:1901.0348 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-23 08:02:49

### Collision of Individual Atoms

Authors: George Rajna

Thanks to new technology, it is possible to retain individual atoms, move them in a targeted manner or change their condition. [19] Using a new computational method, an international collaboration has succeeded for the first time in systematically investigating magnetic quantum effects in the well-known 3-D pyrochlore Heisenberg model. [18] Researchers in the US and Japan say they have observed spin superfluidity and very long distance spin transport in an antiferromagnetic insulator made from graphene for the first time. [17] The first known superconductor in which spin-3/2 quasiparticles form Cooper pairs has been created by physicists in the US and New Zealand. [16]
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[27442] viXra:1901.0347 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-23 08:18:22

### Collision Resonances Between Atoms

Authors: George Rajna

For the first time, a team led by Prof. Jian-Wei Pan and Prof. Bo Zhao at the University of Science and Technology of China, have successfully observed scattering resonances between atoms and molecules at ultra-low temperatures, shedding light on the quantum nature of atom-molecule interactions that have so far only been discussed in theory. [20] Thanks to new technology, it is possible to retain individual atoms, move them in a targeted manner or change their condition. [19] Using a new computational method, an international collaboration has succeeded for the first time in systematically investigating magnetic quantum effects in the well-known 3-D pyrochlore Heisenberg model. [18]
Category: Quantum Physics

[27441] viXra:1901.0346 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-23 08:54:40

### Energy Consumption of MRAM and AI

Authors: George Rajna

Researchers from Osaka University, in collaboration with the National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST) and Grenoble Alpes University, report an efficient technique for controlling the direction of a nano-sized magnet by heating at high speed. [19] Using a new computational method, an international collaboration has succeeded for the first time in systematically investigating magnetic quantum effects in the well-known 3-D pyrochlore Heisenberg model. [18]
Category: Digital Signal Processing

[27440] viXra:1901.0345 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-23 09:19:20

### Foundations of the Theory of Total Relativity and the Failure of the Theory of General Relativity. a Didactic Approach.

Authors: Pablo Hernan Pereyra

An approach to Total Theory of Relativity as a comparative between scalar and tensorial equations of Fluid Dynamics theory pointing to the failure of interpretation in General Relativity theory, which does not contemplate the conservation of the energy of the observables of nature.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[27439] viXra:1901.0344 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-23 09:16:27

### Ethically Aligned AI

Authors: George Rajna

At IBM Research, we have studied and assessed two ways to align AI systems to ethical principles. [23] In early 2018, with support from IBM Corporate Citizenship and the Danish Ministry for Foreign Affairs, IBM and the Danish Refugee Council (DRC) embarked on a partnership aimed squarely at the need to better understand migration drivers and evidence-based policy guidance for a range of stakeholders. [22] Scientists at the Allen Institute have used machine learning to train computers to see parts of the cell the human eye cannot easily distinguish. [21] Small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) is one of a number of biophysical techniques used for determining the structural characteristics of biomolecules. [20]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[27438] viXra:1901.0343 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-23 09:31:13

### Redefining the Electron (Part 1): The Implications for Electricity

Authors: David Johnson
Comments: 15 pages - seeking feedback and comment before part 2 submission

By redefining the electron to be a toroidal solenoidal form of concentrated energy, rather than the monopole point-charge definition underpinning the orbital nuclear atomic model of the Standard Model and Quantum Mechanics, the explanation of electromagnetism and electricity becomes more logical, straight forward and consistent. Redefining the Electron (Part 1) addresses the nature of electric and magnetic fields, electrons, positrons, electric current flow, electric capacitors and the induction of electric current. The follow-up paper, Redefining the Electron (Part 2), extends the Toroidal Solenoidal Electron (TSE) model to explore the implications for atomic structure and the physical characteristics of elements in the Periodic Table, molecules and compounds; and how they interact with each other chemically. Part 2 examines the role of electrons and positrons within normal matter, providing insight into the particle-wave nature of EMR and alternative explanations for spectral line emission and absorption, the photo-electric effect, the Compton Effect, electron pair generation and annihilation, beta and electron capture radiation, and Gravity.
Category: Classical Physics

[27437] viXra:1901.0342 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-23 11:57:15

### Refutation of Descriptive Unions in Descriptively Near Sets

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only at: info@ersatz-systems dot com. See website ersatz-systems.com . (We warn troll Mikko at Disqus to read the article four times before hormonal typing.)

We evaluate an intersection operator named descriptive union for descriptively near sets. A proof of seven properties contains two trivial tautologies and the rest as not tautologous. The refutes the descriptive intersection operator and descriptively near sets on which it is based. This also casts doubt on the derived slug of math and physics papers as spawned at archiv, researchgate, and vixra.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[27436] viXra:1901.0341 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-23 13:23:22

### Necessary and Sufficient Conditions for a Factorable Matrix to be Hyponormal

Authors: H. C. Rhaly Jr.

Necessary and sufficient conditions are given for a special subclass of the factorable matrices to be hyponormal operators on $\ell^2$. Two examples are then given of polynomials that generate hyponormal weighted mean operators, and one that does not. Paired with the main result presented here, various computer software programs may then be used as an aid for classifying operators in that subclass as hyponormal or not.
Category: Functions and Analysis

[27435] viXra:1901.0340 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-23 00:37:15

### Доказательство гипотезы Эндрю Била

Authors: Ведерников Сергей Иванович
Comments: 7 Pages. Научный журнал "Интернаука" №48(82), 2018.

Доказательство гипотезы Била в контексте "Полного доказательства великой теоремы Ферма методом деления".
Category: Algebra

[27434] viXra:1901.0339 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-23 01:08:16

### Source Signal Observability at Hyper Light Velocity

Authors: Harvey Scribner

Abstract—In [1] an observer at rest and perpendicular to moving source will detect a difference in the time of arrival of the initial τ0 and final τ' waves as τ' > τ0 a transverse relative time shift. The position of the observer in [1] for source velocities near the speed of light has the disadvantage of having to wait a long time to detect τ'. The observer cannot detect τ' for velocities equal to or greater than the speed of light. This work shows that moving the observer to a strategic position downstream from the τ' signal has the advantage of introducing observability of τ'. The transverse relative time shift formulas are derived for the stationary observer perpendicular to and also on the path axis for velocities less than and much greater than c. Also, a method to calculate transverse relative length is proposed.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[27433] viXra:1901.0338 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-23 02:34:03

### An Interesting Insight & Interaction of Q*cert With BaseX Data Base System in the Context of BIG-DATA Based on - HighVolume Data Querying,Informatics & Computing.

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 3 Pages. Short Communication & Technical Notes

An Interesting Insight & Interaction of Q*cert With BaseX Data Base System in the Context of BIG-DATA Based on - High Volume Data Querying,Informatics & Computing.
Category: Data Structures and Algorithms

[27432] viXra:1901.0336 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-23 03:53:38

### Quantum Computing in Four Spatial Dimensions

Relationships among near set theory, shape maps and recent accounts of the Quantum Hall effect pave the way to quantum computations performed in higher dimensions. We illustrate the operational procedure to build a quantum computer able to detect, assess and quantify a fourth spatial dimension. We show how, starting from two-dimensional shapes embedded in a 2D topological charge pump, it is feasible to achieve the corresponding four-dimensional shapes, which encompass a larger amount of information. This novel, relatively straightforward architecture not only permits to increase the amount of available qbits in a fixed volume, but also converges towards a solution to the problem of optical computers, that are not allowed to tackle quantum entanglement through their canonical superposition of electromagnetic waves.
Category: Quantum Physics

[27431] viXra:1901.0334 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-22 05:18:54

### Proof that an Odd Perfect Number Does not Exist

Authors: Kouji Takaki

We have obtained the conclusion that there are no odd perfect numbers when n≧5.
Category: Number Theory

[27430] viXra:1901.0333 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-22 06:31:20

### Qfizika Fizikai ÁLLANDÓK EXPONENCIÁLIS Kapcsolata

A több évre visszamenő töprengéseim során sikerült találnom egy olyan dimenziónélküli számot, éspedig a 2/9-hez közelálló, mely a fizikában valószínűleg hasonlóan nagy érdeklődésre számíthat, mint az ismert 1/137 finimszerkezeti állandó. Ezt az új számot Q-val jelölöm, melynek Q0 „névleges” értékét pontosan 2/9-nek választottam. A 90-es években ismertem fel, hogy ennek a számnak az egész-számú hatványaival számos, dimenziónélküli fizikai állandó kisebb-nagyobb pontossággal kifejezhető (pl. elemi részek tömegarányai), többek között a finomszerkezeti állandó is! Nagyon érdekes az a tény, hogy a legfontosabb fizikai állandók SI egységrendszerben szintén kifejezhetők a Q szám egész-számú hatványaival. Ez lehet csak a nagy véletlen, de lehet mögötte akár komolyabb fizikai háttér is. Sarkadi Dezső 2019.01.22
Category: Quantum Physics

[27429] viXra:1901.0332 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-22 07:19:53

### New Quantum Spin Liquid

Authors: George Rajna

An international research team led by the University of Liverpool and McMaster University has made a significant breakthrough in the search for new states of matter. [31] A team of researchers with members from several institutions in the U.S. and Russia has found evidence that suggests spin liquids in ferromagnets may be similar to dipole liquids in ferroelectrics. [30] Electrons in graphene—an atomically thin, flexible and incredibly strong substance that has captured the imagination of materials scientists and physicists alike—move at the speed of light, and behave like they have no mass. [29] In a series of exciting experiments, Cambridge researchers experienced weightlessness testing graphene's application in space. [28] Scientists from ITMO University have developed effective nanoscale light sources based on halide perovskite. [27]
Category: Quantum Physics

[27428] viXra:1901.0331 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-22 07:47:27

### Thought Experiment of Schrodinger

Authors: George Rajna

An old thought experiment now appears in a new light. In 1935 Erwin Schrödinger formulated a thought experiment designed to capture the paradoxical nature of quantum physics. [22] ETH physicists have developed a silicon wafer that behaves like a topological insulator when stimulated using ultrasound. They have thereby succeeded in turning an abstract theoretical concept into a macroscopic product. [21] Cheng Chin, professor in the Department of Physics, and his team looked at an experimental setup of tens of thousands of atoms cooled down to near absolute zero. As the system crossed a quantum phase transition, they measured its behavior with an extremely sensitive imaging system. [20]
Category: Quantum Physics

[27427] viXra:1901.0330 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-22 08:30:24

### Improving Language Model Performance with Smarter Vocabularies

In the field of Language Modeling, neural-network models have become popular due to their ability to reach low Perplexity scores. A common approach to training these models is to use a large corpus, such as the Billion Word Corpus, and restrict the vocabulary to the top-N most common words (aka tokens). The less common words are then replaced with an “unknown” token. These unknown tokens then become a single representation for all low occurrence words which may not be closely related semantically. In addition, some closely related tokens, such as numbers, may be common enough to be given a unique integer ID when we might prefer that they be combined under a single ID. In the following article, we’ll explore using part-of-speech (POS) tagging to identify word types and then use this information to create a “smarter” vocabulary. Using this smarter vocabulary, we’ll show that it achieves a lower perplexity score, for a given epoch, than a similar model using a top-N type vocabulary.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[27426] viXra:1901.0329 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-22 08:46:13

### 3-D Printing with Light

Authors: George Rajna

Three-dimensional (3-D) printing, also known as additive manufacturing (AM), can transform a material layer by layer to build an object of interest. [25] Now, researchers from the University of Saskatchewan are looking at how we can use 3-D printing to help damaged nervous systems to regrow. [24] The goal is to find bits of DNA in common between the known relatives and the unidentified remains, suggesting both belong to a particular lineage. One analysis develops a profile that combines what's found at 23 spots in the DNA, for example. [23] A new method allows researchers to systematically identify specialized proteins that unpack DNA inside the nucleus of a cell, making the usually dense DNA more accessible for gene expression and other functions. [22]
Category: Physics of Biology

[27425] viXra:1901.0328 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-22 08:50:39

Authors: Sylwester Kornowski

Man - where are you going? Here we present a collection of 10 loose thoughts about the mind and its state, the brain, DNA, physics, and bandits based on the ultimate theory.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[27424] viXra:1901.0327 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-22 09:13:26

### Evidence for Unique Steady-state Flickering Tachyonic Determinist Cyclic Computing Cosmos

Authors: F.M.Sanchez

The observed fine tuning between Physical dimensionless parameters is interpretated as relations between optimal calculation basis of a Deterministic Grandcosmos Computer. The Eddington's Large Number gives a good approximation of the equivalent number of neutrons in the canonical trivial fraction 3/10 of the visible universe critical mass. The Monster Group cardinal order appears in three c-free analysis. The unique cosmic hypothesis implies that differential equations must be replaced by integral ones. Indeed, Holographic relations ties the cosmic Background wavelength to micro-physics ones. The mathematical constants p, e and g enter fine-tuning relations with the Hierarchical numbers 137 and 2127, specifying micro-physics main constants and the gravitational constant G to ppb precision (10-9). The formula simplifies by introducing Atiyah constant, and show a 9D reduction to 3D, confirming Superstring Theory. In particular, this unification Physics-Mathematics excludes the Multiverse hypothesis. ....To Michaelangelo Francis Atiyah
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[27423] viXra:1901.0326 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-22 09:35:50

### Stellar Metamorphosis: Comment on Thousands Of Stars Turning Into Crystals

Authors: Daniel Archer

I make some comments on a recent news article about white dwarfs turning into crystals and what it may mean in Stellar Metamorphosis.
Category: Astrophysics

[27422] viXra:1901.0325 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-22 09:36:35

### Transparent Electronics

Authors: George Rajna

Transparent electronics are the future, according to researchers including José A. Flores-Livas and Miglė Graužinytė from the research group headed by Stefan Goedecker, Professor of Computational Physics at the University of Basel. [45] For the first time ever, an international team of researchers imaged the microscopic state of negative capacitance. [44] One of the leading candidates, spintronics, is based on the idea of carrying information via the spin of electrons. [43] Now, researchers from the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS) have developed a polarization-insensitive metalens comprised of non-symmetric nanofins that can achromatically focus light across the visible spectrum without aberrations. [42]
Category: Condensed Matter

[27421] viXra:1901.0324 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-22 10:01:00

### Machine Learning Humanitarian Sector

Authors: George Rajna

In early 2018, with support from IBM Corporate Citizenship and the Danish Ministry for Foreign Affairs, IBM and the Danish Refugee Council (DRC) embarked on a partnership aimed squarely at the need to better understand migration drivers and evidence-based policy guidance for a range of stakeholders. [22] Scientists at the Allen Institute have used machine learning to train computers to see parts of the cell the human eye cannot easily distinguish. [21] Small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) is one of a number of biophysical techniques used for determining the structural characteristics of biomolecules. [20]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[27420] viXra:1901.0323 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-21 17:15:58

### Riemann Hypothesis More Counter Example 0.5001+i9993939948.49847564306396755842

Authors: Toshiro Takami

In the place where the imaginary part is good, I searched by increasing the number of digits again with confidence that there are countless zero points slightly deviated from 0.5. As in the last time, it can not be shown in the graph here. zeta[0.5001+i9993939948.49847564306396755842]= 7.921586012890351... × 10^-21 - 2.49955321740595... × 10^-11 i last time, 0.5001+i9993939939.66587267099915568134 showed that. There are two counter examples that can not be confirmed in the graph by this. There are many counter examples far beyond 0.5, which is far beyond the limit, but the computer can not calculate it. Moreover, I believe that it can only be confirmed on supercomputer whether this is really counter example. In addition, it is necessary to make corrections in the supercomputer.
Category: Number Theory

[27419] viXra:1901.0322 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-22 00:12:54

### The Dirac Experiment Test of the Maximal Acceleration Constant

Authors: Miroslav Pardy

We determine the nonlinear group of transformations between coordinate systems which are mutually in a constant symmetrical uniform acceleration. The maximal acceleration limit is a constant which follows from the logical necessity and the kinematical necessity of the system motion and it is an analogue of the maximal velocity in special relativity. The Pardy acceleration constant is not the same as the Caianiello acceleration constant in quantum mechanics and Lambiase acceleration constant in the Riemann space-time and this situation forms the serious puzzle in physics after the theta-tau puzzle in particle physics and Hawking black hole puzzle in cosmology. The author transformations of the accelerated systems is related to the Orlov transformations. The DIRAC experiment in CERN with pionium in the strong electrical field is discussed.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[27418] viXra:1901.0321 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-22 00:47:15

### Effect of Gravitation on Heat Conductivity of Perfect Gas

Authors: V.S. Vasilenko, A. Malgota, T.I. Maklygina, V.O. Komar, A.Yu. Yurkovskaya
Comments: 9 Pages. 9 p., Russian

The effect of gravity on the vertical thermal conductivity of a gas is theoretically investigated. To do this, we used the law of energy conservation and added to the average energy of the thermal motion of the molecule its potential energy in the gravitational field: <>= 2+. The formula for calculating the vertical heat flux =− − was obtained. From the formula it follows that in a gravitational field in an ideal gas with a temperature uniform in volume there a heat flux will exist 0=−V . For dry nitrogen, calculations give 0=1,3∙10−4 Вт м2 .
Category: Classical Physics

[27417] viXra:1901.0320 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-22 02:48:47

### Nguyên Lý Tương đối II

Authors: Vu Tuan Hiep
Comments: 8 Pages. This document was written in Vietnamese.

Tài liệu này là sự mở rộng tiếp theo của Nguyên lý tương đối với mục tiêu là khắc phục sự hạn chế của nhận thức do vận tốc ánh sáng có giới hạn.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[27416] viXra:1901.0319 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-22 03:17:30

### Quantum Sensors for NMR

Authors: George Rajna

A study by the Quantum Technologies for Information Science (QUTIS) group of the UPV/EHU's Department of Physical Chemistry, has produced a series of protocols for quantum sensors that could allow images to be obtained by means of the nuclear magnetic resonance of single biomolecules using a minimal amount of radiation. [21] An international team of physicists at ETH Zurich, Aalto University, the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, and the Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics in Moscow has demonstrated that algorithms and hardware developed originally in the context of quantum computation can be harnessed for quantum-enhanced sensing of magnetic fields. [20]
Category: Quantum Physics

[27415] viXra:1901.0318 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-22 03:36:14

### Light Regardless of Polarization

Authors: George Rajna

Now, researchers from the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS) have developed a polarization-insensitive metalens comprised of non-symmetric nanofins that can achromatically focus light across the visible spectrum without aberrations. [42] A team led by Rice University scientists used a unique combination of techniques to observe, for the first time, a condensed matter phenomenon about which others have only speculated. The research could aid in the development of quantum computers. [41]
Category: Quantum Physics

[27414] viXra:1901.0317 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-22 03:52:46

Authors: George Rajna

The researchers point out that while IMPT could potentially benefit any patient receiving radiotherapy for malignant brain tumours, paediatric patients and patients with primary CNS malignancies (who have superior survival expectations compared with patients with metastatic disease) might receive the greatest benefit. [30] Researchers have moved closer to the real-time verification of hadron therapy, demonstrating the in vivo accuracy of simulations that predict particle range in the patient. [29] A biomimetic nanosystem can deliver therapeutic proteins to selectively target cancerous tumors, according to a team of Penn State researchers. [28] Sunlight is essential for all life, and living organisms have evolved to sense and respond to light. [27]
Category: Physics of Biology

[27413] viXra:1901.0316 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-22 04:17:19

### Ultrafast Spintronics

Authors: George Rajna

One of the leading candidates, spintronics, is based on the idea of carrying information via the spin of electrons. [43] Now, researchers from the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS) have developed a polarization-insensitive metalens comprised of non-symmetric nanofins that can achromatically focus light across the visible spectrum without aberrations. [42] A team led by Rice University scientists used a unique combination of techniques to observe, for the first time, a condensed matter phenomenon about which others have only speculated. The research could aid in the development of quantum computers. [41] A half-century ago, the theorist Walter Henneberger wondered if it were possible to use a laser field to free an electron from its atom without removing it from the nucleus. [40]
Category: Quantum Physics

[27412] viXra:1901.0315 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-22 04:45:10

### Negative Capacitance in Action

Authors: George Rajna

For the first time ever, an international team of researchers imaged the microscopic state of negative capacitance. [44] One of the leading candidates, spintronics, is based on the idea of carrying information via the spin of electrons. [43] Now, researchers from the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS) have developed a polarization-insensitive metalens comprised of non-symmetric nanofins that can achromatically focus light across the visible spectrum without aberrations. [42] A team led by Rice University scientists used a unique combination of techniques to observe, for the first time, a condensed matter phenomenon about which others have only speculated. The research could aid in the development of quantum computers. [41]
Category: Condensed Matter

[27411] viXra:1901.0313 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-21 06:39:40

### Universal Non Causal Future Average Of A Time Series Type Sequence

In this research investigation, the author has detailed a novel Universal Non Causal Future Average of a Time Series Type Sequence.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[27410] viXra:1901.0312 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-21 06:42:30

### Theoretical Model For Causal One Step Forecasting Of Any Time Series Type Sequence {Version 2}

In this research investigation, the author has detailed the Theoretical Model For Causal One Step Forecasting Of Any Time Series Type Sequence.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[27409] viXra:1901.0311 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-21 07:09:08

### Development of a Small 50W Class Stirling Engine

Authors: UnChol Ri, GumChol Ri, ChangIl Ri, YongHuan Kim, SongJin Ri

In order to develop a compact and low cost Stirling engine, a gamma type Stirling engine with simple moving-tube-type heat exchangers and a rhombic mechanism was developed. Its target shaft power is 50 W at engine speed of 4000 rpm and mean pressure of 0.8 MPa using helium as working gas. This paper describes the outline of the engine design and the performance test. The test was done without load, using air in atmospheric condition. Also, a mechanical loss measurement was done in highly pressurized condition, in which the engine was driven by a motor compulsory. Then, methods to get higher performance were considered based on the comparison of experimental and calculated results. The results indicate that a higher performance heat exchanger and decreasing of mechanical loss are needed for the attainment of the target performance.
Category: Thermodynamics and Energy

[27408] viXra:1901.0309 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-21 07:27:00

Authors: Ivo Van Der Rijt

Take on global warming and its significance
Category: Climate Research

[27407] viXra:1901.0308 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-21 10:35:28

### Refutation of Block Argumentation

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 3 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only at: info@ersatz-systems dot com. See website ersatz-systems.com . (We warn troll Mikko at Disqus to read the article four times before hormonal typing.)

We evaluate the approach of block argumentation using the legal example of a popular case. Three scenarios are not tautologous. We attempt to resuscitate the method by substitution of generic block argumentation and also by testing the consequent parts separately. The equations were not tautologous, hence refuting the block argumentation approach as presented.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[27406] viXra:1901.0306 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-20 22:03:16

### Refutation of Heyting Algebra

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 4 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only at: info@ersatz-systems dot com. See website ersatz-systems.com . (We warn troll Mikko at Disqus to read the article four times before hormonal typing.)

Using the Lindenbaum method, we show pseudo-complementation is not tautologous along with its eight properties. This refutes Heyting algebra. Based thereon, what follows is the Gödel n-valued matrix logic is refuted and the derivative intuitionistic propositional logic.
Category: Algebra

[27405] viXra:1901.0305 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-21 00:07:36

### Dark Matter Mass of Milky Way Galaxy is Less Than Planet Neptune Mass

Category: Astrophysics

[27404] viXra:1901.0304 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-21 00:40:40

### A Text is a Manifold——a Solution of Some Unsolvable Questions

Authors: Zhicheng Yu

This paper is about my original proposition: a text is a manifold, which can solve some unsolvable philosophical questions.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[27403] viXra:1901.0303 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-21 01:07:40

### Determining Fermion Masses and Resolving the Problem of Generations: a Clue to Incorporate Gravity Into the Standard Model

Authors: K.Tennakone

Inspired by the Poincare model of the electron, elementary fermions are assumed to be bubble like structures with negative internal pressure and a size corresponding to a radius or equivalently an ultraviolet cut-off. Negative pressure, self-interaction of gauge fields up to the cut-off energy and gravity contribute to the self-energy. All corrections are considered to be proportional to the observed mass of the fermion in order to preserve chiral symmetry in the limit of vanishing fermion mass. Fermion self-energy is thus constituted of terms; inverse cubic, logarithmic (as in qed self-energy of the electron), linear and quadratic in the cut-off parameter and defines coupling coefficients. The latter two terms originating from gravity are fixed on basis of dimensional considerations. The condition of extremization of total energy to determine equilibrium states, leads to a quantic equations with three real roots, giving three values for the fermion mass, for each set of coupling coefficients. The model represents observed quark – lepton mass ratios explaining generation problem and suggest possible numerical values for neutrino masses in agreement with the oscillation data in an inverted order. As a result of incorporation of gravity, Planck energy sets as the natural physically meaningful scale, deriving other scales corresponding to sizes of elementary fermions ranging from Planck length to few thousand times this unit. The model interprets, the physical quality distinguishing a generation as the phase of the false vacuum ‘inside’ the elementary bubble. The unconventional approach behind the model may also have implications on unifications of couplings, incorporation of gravity into the standard model and issue of divergences in quantum field theories.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[27402] viXra:1901.0302 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-21 02:53:00

### A New Field in Arithmetic

Authors: Antoine Balan
Comments: 1 page, written in english

Following the construction of the p-adic numbers,we define a new field in arithmetic.
Category: Number Theory

[27401] viXra:1901.0301 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-19 14:53:31

### The MOND Limit of the Inverse Square Law

Authors: Kurt L. Becker
Comments: 8 Pages. This paper attempts to give a theoretical foundation for the MOND equations.

Abstract This paper attempts to give a theoretical foundation for the Modified Newtonian Dynamics equations developed by M. Milgrom Ref.1. It will show that there is a cross sectional limit, below which 1/r2 asymptotically changes to 1/r. When the cross section of a distant star falls below the cross section of a particle transmitting the gravitational force, such as a graviton, as viewed from a baryon, such as a proton, then the inverse square law is no longer valid. Gravitational attraction then depends on the distance travelled by the particle and will result in the force of gravity varying as 1/r. It is only the relative geometries which limit the inverse square law. The sizes of the suns and particles involved will only result in different limits and will not change the basic outcome of 1/r.
Category: Astrophysics

[27400] viXra:1901.0300 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-19 14:41:09

### What is This Singular Point? About Euler's Formula on Riemann Hypothesis

Authors: Toshiro Takami

On calculation by Euler 's formula(3), at least notice that the zero point of the real part is not on x = 0.5. Using Euler 's formula, we found that at least the real part' s zero point is not x = 0.5 but about x = 0.115444. Moreover, the imaginary point is around i14.524. And s=0.8355 +i39. And s=0.1645 +i39. And s=0.884556 +i14.524. And s=0.115444 +i14.524 Also, replacing sin with cos, the imaginary part becomes zero. I do not know at all whether the collapse of Riemann hypothesis or not? In addition, books are printed as cos instead of sin. Also, I have collected ζ on the left side. In addition, (8) is Euler's formula found overseas, which is also a singular point in this. Also, I have collected ζ on the left side. In this case, sin is printed instead of cos, but if sin and cos are exchanged, the zero point moves only from the real part to the imaginary part.
Category: Number Theory

[27399] viXra:1901.0299 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-19 17:02:48

### Particle Mass Ratios that Nearly Equal Basic Geometric Ratios

Authors: Carl Littmann

In physics, there exits the massive Proton and much less massive Electron. And thus, a Particle Mass Ratio, when comparing them, about 1836.15 to 1. And there exists many other important particles, too, although unstable, such as the major Pion and major Kaon particles classes. And they have mass ratios, too, relative to the electron, of about 270.1 to 1, and 970.0 to 1, respectively. Interestingly, all those Particle Mass Ratios nearly equal basic Solid Geometry Ratios, some of which we likely saw in High School Geometry class, when viewing sphere patterns. (Or the average of two major solid geometry ratios.) This article lists prominent Particle Mass Ratios and shows the basic Ratio in Solid Geometry that each one nearly equals. Some simple comments are made. (Less specialized readers may skip my more technical comments.)
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[27398] viXra:1901.0298 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-19 17:56:09

### Self-Organization Generates Information

Authors: Udo E. Steinemann

Self-orgnization takes place in a specific kind of dynamical systems - e.g. from physics, chemistry or biology - which operate in the view of physics far from thermo-dynamical equilibrium searching for quasi-stable internal states. Such a system can be excited by a wide range of stimuli which it accepts together with influences from outside world as compact input for an internal reflection on its complete actual situation (taking into account the system's total history and actual situation as well). The reflection informs fluently about something that has been created completely new, the system produces information in the fullest sense of the word.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[27397] viXra:1901.0297 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-19 22:35:49

### Proof of Goldbach Conjecture 2019-01-06

Authors: Michael Grützmann

every prime number can be a sum of p=3+...+3+2 or q=3+...+3+4, the number of '3's in both equatons always being odd. there are the for two primes p+q the combinations 'p+q', 'p+p' and 'q+q'. we consider case 1: p+q=3k+2+3l+4 3k must be odd, as the product of two odd numbers, 3l must be odd, for the same reason. but the sum of two odd numbers is an even number always. also, if you add more even numbers, like 2 and 4, the result will always be even also. So this results in an even number. cases 'p+p' and 'q+q' analogue.
Category: Number Theory

[27396] viXra:1901.0296 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-20 01:15:19

### Mathematical Coincidences Concerning π and √2

Mathematical coincidences concerning the mathematical constant Pi (π) and Archimedes’ constant (√2), containing other mathematical constants i.e. The Golden Ratio (φ), the Silver Ratio (δ_s) and the Euler’s number (e).
Category: General Mathematics

[27395] viXra:1901.0295 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-20 01:57:02

### The Theories of the Graviton, Part Three: The Statistical and Thermodynamic Applications to Gravitonic Mechanics

Authors: Noah MacKay
Comments: 14 Pages. Done with the assistance of Aaron M. Bain and Ashton L. Shope

Gravitons are the quanta of gravity that, if proven to exist, would potentially connect quantum mechanics with gravitation. The third (and supposedly last) part of the Graviton Theory entity focuses on the thermodynamic and statistical applications to the theories that were proposed in Parts One and Two. This analysis will look at gravitonic inﬂuences in black holes and during the Big Bang, as well as interacting gravitons in two extreme systems: as a boson gas and as a Bose-Einstein condensate. The analysis will also explore the thermodynamic and statistical inﬂuences on the nature and mechanics of gravitons.
Category: Quantum Physics

[27394] viXra:1901.0294 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-20 04:27:04

### Ramanujan Summation of the Ln(n) Series

Authors: Jesús Sánchez

In this paper it will calculated that the Ramanujan summation of the Ln(n) series is: lim┬█(n→∞)⁡(Ln(1)+Ln(2)+Ln(3)+⋯Ln(n))=Ln(-γ)=Ln(γ)+(2k+1)πi Being γ the Euler-Mascheroni constant 0.577215... The solution is valid for every integer number k (it has infinite solutions). The series are divergent because Ln(n) tends to infinity as n tends to infinity. But, as in other divergent series, a summation value can be associated to it, using different methods (Cesàro, Abel or Ramanujan). If we take the logarithm of the absolute value (this is, we take only the real part of the solution), the value corresponds to the smooth continuation to the y axis of the curve that calculates the partial sums at every point, as we will see in the paper. lim┬█(n→∞)⁡(Ln|1|+Ln|2|+Ln|3|+⋯Ln|n|)=Ln|-γ|=Ln|γ|
Category: Functions and Analysis

[27393] viXra:1901.0293 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-20 05:07:08

Authors: George Rajna

One day, hospital patients might be able to ingest tiny robots that deliver drugs directly to diseased tissue, thanks to research being carried out at EPFL and ETH Zurich. [40] A team of researchers at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem in Israel has now made such cascades in the lab by encapsulating three enzymes and enzyme cofactors in nanoreactors made from metal-organic framework nanoparticles. [39] Researchers have developed a new form of nanoparticle and associated imaging technique that can detect multiple disease biomarkers, including those for breast cancer, found in deep-tissue in the body. [38] Researchers at University of Utah Health developed a proof-of-concept technology using nanoparticles that could offer a new approach for oral medications. [37]
Category: Condensed Matter

[27392] viXra:1901.0292 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-20 09:58:08

### Nanoparticle Fight Against Cancer

Authors: George Rajna

A recent study, affiliated with South Korea's Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST) has introduced a novel targeted drug delivery system in the fight against cancer. [41] One day, hospital patients might be able to ingest tiny robots that deliver drugs directly to diseased tissue, thanks to research being carried out at EPFL and ETH Zurich. [40] A team of researchers at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem in Israel has now made such cascades in the lab by encapsulating three enzymes and enzyme cofactors in nanoreactors made from metal-organic framework nanoparticles. [39]
Category: Physics of Biology

[27391] viXra:1901.0291 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-20 10:04:18

### One Step Universal Evolution Of Any Real Positive Number

In this research investigation, the author has detailed the Theory Of One Step Universal Evolution Of Any Real Positive Number.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[27390] viXra:1901.0290 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-20 11:13:03

### Genetically Modified Plants

Authors: George Rajna

Salk researchers have mapped the genomes and epigenomes of genetically modified plant lines with the highest resolution ever to reveal exactly what happens at a molecular level when a piece of foreign DNA is inserted. [32] MIT researchers have developed a way to dramatically enhance the sensitivity of nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR), a technique used to study the structure and composition of many kinds of molecules, including proteins linked to Alzheimer's and other diseases. [31] Electronegativity is one of the most well-known models for explaining why chemical reactions occur. [30] Innovations in microscale electronics, medicine, combustion and scores of other technologies depend on understanding and predicting the behavior of electricity on the smallest of length scales. [29]
Category: Physics of Biology

[27389] viXra:1901.0288 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-20 11:35:10

### Waves in Saturn's Rings

Authors: George Rajna

Saturn's distinctive rings were observed in unprecedented detail by NASA's Cassini spacecraft, and scientists have now used those observations to probe the interior of the giant planet and obtain the first precise determination of its rotation rate. [40] Down a hallway in the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL), scientists study the workings of a machine in a room stuffed with wires and metal components. [39] Active galactic nuclei (AGN) are among the most dramatic and interesting phenomena in extragalactic astronomy. [38]
Category: Astrophysics

[27388] viXra:1901.0286 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-20 11:53:49

### New Knowledge on Bacteria and Viruses

Authors: George Rajna

University of Otago research to better understand how bacteria and their viruses interact and evolve will enable future studies to exploit the use of bacteria and their viruses for potential biotechnology and health applications. [34] Researchers at Queen's University Belfast have developed a highly innovative new enzyme biomarker test that has the potential to indicate diseases and bacterial contamination saving time, money and possibly lives. [33] Medical physicist Dr. Aswin Hoffmann and his team from the Institute of Radiooncology—OncoRay at the Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf (HZDR) have combined magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with a proton beam, thus demonstrating for the first time that in principle, this commonly used imaging method can work with particle beam cancer treatments. [32]
Category: Physics of Biology

[27387] viXra:1901.0285 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-19 06:07:52

### Double-Slit Experiment in a New Light

Authors: George Rajna

An international research team led by physicists from the University of Cologne has implemented a new variant of the basic double-slit experiment using resonant inelastic X-ray scattering at the European Synchrotron ESRF in Grenoble. [38] When molecules interact with the oscillating field of a laser, an instantaneous, time-dependent dipole is induced. [37] Researchers from Würzburg and London have succeeded in controlling the coupling of light and matter at room temperature. [36] Researchers have, for the first time, integrated two technologies widely used in applications such as optical communications, bio-imaging and Light Detection and Ranging (LIDAR) systems that scan the surroundings of self-driving cars and trucks. [35]
Category: Quantum Physics

[27386] viXra:1901.0284 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-19 06:51:55

### Evaluating the Effect of Anti–cancer Nano Drugs Dosage and Reduced Leukemia and Polycythemia Vera Levels on Trend of the Human Blood and Bone Marrow Cancers Under Synchrotron Radiation

Authors: Alireza Heidari, Ricardo Gobato
Comments: 8 Pages. Trends in Res, 2019 doi: 10.15761/TR.1000126 Volume 2(1): 1-2

Leukemia is a cancer of the blood and bone marrow; there are many types of leukemia, depending on which type of white blood cell is involved. Treatment varies with the type and stage of disease. In fact, it is a blood cancer that begins in the marrow of our bones, the soft center where new blood cells grow. If we have polycythemia vera, our marrow makes too many red blood cells, which causes our blood to get too thick. That can make us more likely to have clots, a stroke, or a heart attack. Treatment of leukemia and polycythemia vera levels on trend of the human blood and bone marrow cancers for optimum usage of anti–cancer Nano drugs dosage is one of the most important issues of sustainable development. Therefore, the only available way to deal with the problem of treatment of leukemia and polycythemia vera levels on trend of the human blood and bone marrow cancers is optimum usage of anti-cancer Nano drugs dosage. In this study, we evaluated the chemical changes of anti–cancer Nano drugs dosage in human blood and bone marrow cancers’ cells such as leukemia, a type of cancer found in our blood and bone marrow cancers is caused by the rapid production of abnormal white blood cells. The high number of abnormal white blood cells is not able to fight infection, and they impair the ability of the bone marrow cancers to produce red blood cells and platelets and determine the treatment trend of these changes.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[27385] viXra:1901.0283 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-19 06:55:02

### Assessing the Variety of Synchrotron, Synchrocyclotron and Laser Radiations and Their Roles and Applications in Human Cancer Cells, Tissues and Tumors Diagnosis and Treatment

Authors: Alireza Heidari, Ricardo Gobato
Comments: 8 Pages. Trends in Res, 2019 doi: 10.15761/TR.1000127 Volume 2(1): 1-2

Many human cancer cells, tissues and tumors diagnosis and treatment methods and techniques in the world are mostly as synchrotron, synchrocyclotron and LASER radiations. Synchrotron, synchrocyclotron and LASER radiations are the most clinical, medical and medicinal acceptable and reasonable methods and techniques for human cancer cells, tissues and tumors diagnosis and treatment. However, the most important problem is that the produced anti–cancer Nano drugs containing by various chemical and pharmaceutical components, penetrates into the human cancer cells, tissues and tumors and causes the cancer cells, tissues and tumors distribution from the human body. An appropriate diagnosis and treatment method and technique base encapsulation process under synchrotron, synchrocyclotron and LASER radiations prevent the entry of the cancer causes to the human body and have determining role in cancer cells, tissues and tumors distribution control. Synchrotron, synchrocyclotron and LASER radiations are encapsulated products which can solve current problems in human body.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[27384] viXra:1901.0282 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-19 06:58:36

### Pros and Cons Controversy on Malignant Human Cancer Cells, Tissues and Tumors Transformation Process to Benign Human Cancer Cells, Tissues and Tumors

Authors: Alireza Heidari, Ricardo Gobato
Comments: 8 Pages. rends in Res, 2019 doi: 10.15761/TR.1000128 Volume 2(1): 1-2

Most scientists, researchers and scholars are working on malignant human cancer cells, tissues and tumors transformation process to benign human cancer cells, tissues and tumors using different methods and techniques heretofore. In these studies, our research team was faced to many problems. One of the serious problems is the malignant human cancer cells, tissues and tumors transformation process to benign human cancer cells, tissues and tumors.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[27383] viXra:1901.0281 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-19 07:01:15

### Three–dimensional (3D) Simulations of Human Cancer Cells, Tissues and Tumors for Using in Human Cancer Cells, Tissues and Tumors Diagnosis and Treatment as a Powerful Tool in Human Cancer Cells, Tissues and Tumors Research and Anti–cancer Nano Drugs Sensi

Authors: Alireza Heidari, Ricardo Gobato
Comments: 8 Pages. rends in Res, 2019 doi: 10.15761/TR.1000129 Volume 2(1): 1-2

Three–dimensional (3D) simulations of human cancer cells, tissues and tumors for using in human cancer cells, tissues and tumors diagnosis and treatment as a powerful tool in human cancer cells, tissues and tumors research and anti–cancer Nano drugs sensitivity and delivery area discovery and evaluation such as liquid–based three–dimensional (3D) human cancer cells, tissues and tumors simulations and models for cancer research and anti–cancer Nano drugs sensitivity and delivery area discovery and evaluation while are investigated and considered as a powerful tool in human cancer cells, tissues and tumors research and anti–cancer Nano drugs sensitivity and delivery area discovery and evaluation has strongly recommended by a number of researchers, scientists and scholars around the world.
Category: Biochemistry

[27382] viXra:1901.0280 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-19 07:03:31

### Investigation of Energy Production by Synchrotron, Synchrocyclotron and Laser Radiations in Human Cancer Cells, Tissues and Tumors and Evaluation of Their Effective on Human Cancer Cells, Tissues and Tumors Treatment Trend

Authors: Alireza Heidari, Ricardo Gobato
Comments: 8 Pages. rends in Res, 2019 doi: 10.15761/TR.1000130 Volume 2(1): 1-2

Development of synchrotron, synchrocyclotron and LASER radiations increased significantly in human cancer cells, tissues and tumors that led to their effective of attention to the creation of human cancer cells, tissues and tumors treatment trend. The best methods and techniques for decreasing human cancer cells, tissues and tumors is investigation of energy production by synchrotron, synchrocyclotron and LASER radiations in human cancer cells, tissues and tumors and evaluation of their effective on human cancer cells, tissues and tumors treatment trend. To achieve this goal, according to the studies by factors in the process such as pH, temperature and retention time, among the systems were used for this purpose, single–stage systems under synchrotron, synchrocyclotron and LASER radiations possesses higher efficiency. In the conversion process of the system, human benign cancer cells, tissues and tumors were produced with efficiency 99% in total.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[27381] viXra:1901.0278 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-19 07:07:54

### High–resolution Mapping of Dna/rna Hypermethylation and Hypomethylation Process in Human Cancer Cells, Tissues and Tumors Under Synchrotron Radiation

Authors: Alireza Heidari, Ricardo Gobato
Comments: 9 Pages. Trends in Res, 2019 doi: 10.15761/TR.1000131 Volume 2(1): 1-2

Changes in DNA/RNA hypermethylation and hypomethylation patterns are an important characteristic of human cancer cells, tissues and tumors. DNA/RNA hypermethylation and hypomethylation is a process by which methyl groups are added to the DNA/RNA molecule. DNA/RNA hypermethylation and hypomethylation was the initial epigenetic abnormality recognized in human cancer cells, tissues and tumors. In addition, DNA/RNA hypermethylation and hypomethylation have brought more heavy metals from human cancer cells, tissues and tumors under synchrotron radiation into the human healthy cells and caused more health in the human cells. Heavy metals are one of the most important environmental pollutants. The aim of present study is to be high–resolution mapping of DNA/RNA hypermethylation and hypomethylation process in human cancer cells, tissues and tumors under synchrotron radiation.
Category: Physics of Biology

[27380] viXra:1901.0277 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-19 07:23:59

### NMR Reveals Chemical Structure

Authors: George Rajna

MIT researchers have developed a way to dramatically enhance the sensitivity of nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR), a technique used to study the structure and composition of many kinds of molecules, including proteins linked to Alzheimer's and other diseases. [31] Electronegativity is one of the most well-known models for explaining why chemical reactions occur. [30] Innovations in microscale electronics, medicine, combustion and scores of other technologies depend on understanding and predicting the behavior of electricity on the smallest of length scales. [29]
Category: Physics of Biology

[27379] viXra:1901.0276 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-19 07:56:10

### Optical Analogue of a Black Hole

Authors: George Rajna

Stephen Hawking liked to claim that, if his most famous prediction had been verified experimentally, he would have won a Nobel prize. [23] With the newfound ability to recreate these structures in the lab, earth-based scientists finally have a way to study some of the possible scenarios that might have taken place in the early universe more closely. [22] "We studied two systems: a Bose-Einstein condensate with 100,000 atoms confined in a cavity and an optomechanical cavity that confines light between two mirrors," Gabriel Teixeira Landi, a professor at the University of São Paulo's Physics Institute (IF-USP), told. [21] Search engine entropy is thus important not only for the efficiency of search engines and those using them to find relevant information as well as to the success of the companies and other bodies running such systems, but also to those who run websites hoping to be found and visited following a search. [20]
Category: Astrophysics

[27378] viXra:1901.0275 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-19 08:15:35

### LHC Replacement Plans Unveiled

Authors: George Rajna

The proposal envisages a new 100km circumference tunnel that would be bored through the Earth, encircling the city of Geneva and the surrounding countryside. [30] On Wednesday, 25 July, for the very first time, operators injected not just atomic nuclei but lead "atoms" containing a single electron into the LHC. [29] The case for an ambitious new particle accelerator to be built in the United States has just gotten a major boost.[27] Physics textbooks might have to be updated now that an international research team has found evidence of an unexpected transition in the structure of atomic nuclei. [26] The group led by Fabrizio Carbone at EPFL and international colleagues have used ultrafast transmission electron microscopy to take attosecond energy-momentum resolved snapshots (1 attosecond = 10-18 or quintillionths of a second) of a free-electron wave function. [25]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[27377] viXra:1901.0274 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-19 08:37:29

### Search of Weyl Semimetals

Authors: George Rajna

Now, a team of electrical engineers at the University of Delaware has discovered that novel semi-metallic materials, alloys of germanium and tin, have properties like Weyl semimetals. This has not been observed before by any other research group.
Category: Condensed Matter

[27376] viXra:1901.0273 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-19 12:56:00

### Riemann Hypothesis Counter Examples 0.5001+i9993939939.66587267099915568134

Authors: Toshiro Takami

Here is a counter example of Riemann hypothesis. I have shown six counter example so far, but it is likely that it was nothing more than the zero point on 0.5 when checked in the figure. I thought that there should be a counter example to the high area and I found it. Since this is a high area, it can not be confirmed in the figure. You can check on the super-computer whether it is counter example. zeta[0.5001+i9993939939.66587267099915568134]= 2.71601636452515... × 10^-19 - 2.378065787121017... × 10^-12 i
Category: General Mathematics

[27375] viXra:1901.0272 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-18 05:07:27

### Cinematic View of Fly Brain

Authors: George Rajna

A new fly-through of the fly brain allows anyone to whizz past neurons and visit any of the 40 million synapses where neurons touch neuron. [33] Measuring optical blood flow in the resting human brain to detect spontaneous activity has for the first time been demonstrated by Wright State University imaging researchers, holding out promise for a better way to study people with autism, Alzheimer's and depression. [32] UCLA biologists report they have transferred a memory from one marine snail to another, creating an artificial memory, by injecting RNA from one to another. [31] Scientists at the Wellcome Trust/ Cancer Research UK Gurdon Institute, University of Cambridge, have identified a new type of stem cell in the brain which they say has a high potential for repair following brain injury or disease. [30]
Category: Physics of Biology

[27374] viXra:1901.0270 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-18 05:51:31

### New Test Detect Disease and Infection

Authors: George Rajna

Researchers at Queen's University Belfast have developed a highly innovative new enzyme biomarker test that has the potential to indicate diseases and bacterial contamination saving time, money and possibly lives. [33] Medical physicist Dr. Aswin Hoffmann and his team from the Institute of Radiooncology—OncoRay at the Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf (HZDR) have combined magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with a proton beam, thus demonstrating for the first time that in principle, this commonly used imaging method can work with particle beam cancer treatments. [32]
Category: Physics of Biology

[27373] viXra:1901.0269 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-18 08:04:34

### Artificially Produced Cells Communicate

Authors: George Rajna

Friedrich Simmel and Aurore Dupin, researchers at the Technical University of Munich (TUM), have for the first time created artificial cell assemblies that can communicate with each other. [34] Researchers at Queen's University Belfast have developed a highly innovative new enzyme biomarker test that has the potential to indicate diseases and bacterial contamination saving time, money and possibly lives. [33] Medical physicist Dr. Aswin Hoffmann and his team from the Institute of Radiooncology—OncoRay at the Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf (HZDR) have combined magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with a proton beam, thus demonstrating for the first time that in principle, this commonly used imaging method can work with particle beam cancer treatments. [32]
Category: Physics of Biology

[27372] viXra:1901.0268 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-18 09:09:07

### Refutation of the ai Experiment for a Divide the Dollar Competition

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only at: info@ersatz-systems dot com. See website ersatz-systems.com . (We warn troll Mikko at Disqus to read the article four times before hormonal typing.)

We evaluate the AI experiment for a divide the dollar competition at the June CEC2019 IEEE conference in New Zealand. The apparatus definition is not tautologous, hence refuting the experiment.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[27371] viXra:1901.0267 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-18 09:55:56

### A Perfect Regression Problem for Algebra 2

Authors: Timothy W. Jones

The full potential of elementary algebra is presented. A simple regression problem demonstrates how programming can be combined with linear regression. The math and programming are simple enough for any algebra class that uses a TI-83 family calculator.
Category: General Mathematics

[27370] viXra:1901.0266 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-18 09:57:02

### DIY Electronics Tackle Global Change

Authors: George Rajna

When studying ecosystems and the myriad components interacting within them, high-tech items such as camera traps and remote sensors become essential tools of the trade. [35] Friedrich Simmel and Aurore Dupin, researchers at the Technical University of Munich (TUM), have for the first time created artificial cell assemblies that can communicate with each other. [34] Researchers at Queen's University Belfast have developed a highly innovative new enzyme biomarker test that has the potential to indicate diseases and bacterial contamination saving time, money and possibly lives. [33] Medical physicist Dr. Aswin Hoffmann and his team from the Institute of Radiooncology—OncoRay at the Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf (HZDR) have combined magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with a proton beam, thus demonstrating for the first time that in principle, this commonly used imaging method can work with particle beam cancer treatments. [32]
Category: Physics of Biology

[27369] viXra:1901.0265 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-18 10:17:06

### Molecules Interact with Laser

Authors: George Rajna

When molecules interact with the oscillating field of a laser, an instantaneous, time-dependent dipole is induced. [37] Researchers from Würzburg and London have succeeded in controlling the coupling of light and matter at room temperature. [36] Researchers have, for the first time, integrated two technologies widely used in applications such as optical communications, bio-imaging and Light Detection and Ranging (LIDAR) systems that scan the surroundings of self-driving cars and trucks. [35] The unique platform, which is referred as a 4-D microscope, combines the sensitivity and high time-resolution of phase imaging with the specificity and high spatial resolution of fluorescence microscopy. [34]
Category: Quantum Physics

[27368] viXra:1901.0264 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-18 10:43:00

### Extrapolation to a New Solar System Model

Authors: Ivovanderrijt

Learning people to extrapolate ideas in astro.
Category: Astrophysics

[27367] viXra:1901.0263 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-19 01:54:43

### Sodium Metal Battery Using Cobaltoxide Through in Situ Plating of Sodium Metal

Authors: Saurav L. Chaudhari ; Ketan P. Pise

In this work, we demonstrate that an impugn of energy density for sodium chemistries can be prevail through an anode-free architecture enabled by the use of a (nanocarbon/Cobaltoxide) nucleation layer formed on Aluminium current collectors. Electrochemical studies show this configuration to provide highly stable and efficient plating and stripping of sodium metal over a range of currents up to 5 mA/cm2, sodium loading up to 14 mAh/cm2, and with long-term endurance exceeding 1000 cycles at a current of 0.7 mA/cm2. Building upon this anode-free architecture, we demonstrate a full cell using a presodiated pyrite cathode to achieve energy densities of ∼400 Wh/kg, far surpassing recent reports on SIBs and even the theoretical maximum for LIB technology while still relying on naturally abundant raw materials and cost-effective aqueous processing.
Category: Chemistry

[27366] viXra:1901.0262 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-17 16:20:46

### Physical Model for Lattice Assisted Nuclear Reactions

Authors: Jozsef Garai

Atomic scale description of the electrochemically induced cold fusion is presented. The model consistent with the conditions required for successive experiments and offers physical explanation for the occurrence of nuclear fusion at low energies. Based on this atomic scale description, the vibrational frequency of the D2 molecules in vacancy is calculated. The fundamental frequency of the vibrating Deuterium molecule in a cavity is 21.65 THz, which is almost identical with the observed “sweet spot” in the two laser experiments at 20.8 THz, indicating that this previously unidentified peak represents the self frequency of the Deuterium molecule in vacancy. The fundamental frequencies in vacancies for HD and H2 molecules are also calculated. It is predicted that these frequencies in HD or H2 systems should also activate the reaction and that the fundamental frequencies in cavities should remain unchanged regardless of the hosting lattice.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[27365] viXra:1901.0261 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-17 16:41:52

### The Gospel According to Saint Me: The Principle of the Second Trinity

Authors: Rommel Nana Dutchou

The subject is the consistency of New Testament writings and their connection to the teachings of the Hebrew Bible. This interpretation of Christianity is base on the first epistle of John and on Paul's epistles so as to identify disputable texts in the present canon of the New Testament.
Category: Religion and Spiritualism

[27364] viXra:1901.0260 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-17 17:12:16

### The Planck-boundary Doesn't Exist

Authors: Dan Visser

My new universe-model, the RTHU, describes the holographical phase as an origin of a Big Bang-universe. This phase is wider acknowledged to exist, but the lay-out of it is nowhere described. In several of my articles I do describe that lay-out by crumbling the Planck-scale and locate it in the world of time smaller than Planck-time and duo-bits. I call that the RTHU, a new universe model. Thereby the after-glow of the Big Bang, the CMB, is no longer considered as the afterglow of the origin of the Big Bang, but considered as separate CMB-system in the RTHU, just like a galaxy or the Sun is. This opens the possibility possible to show the connection with proton-proton-reactions in the Sun, as well as neutrino-neutrino-reactions in galaxies and even duo-bits-reactions in that CMB-system. All are related to the principals of the RTHU, which means duo-bits are the building-stones of the holographical phase and vacuum-energy is variable instead of constant. In order to prove these proclamations the pure exact mass of the Big Bang-universe is needed, however, rather generated by an emergent Big Bang-universe from the RTHU than calculated by its age. In this article I did so. The mass of the emergent Big Bang-universe is 4.5334x10^53 kg instead of 5.68 x 10^53 kg published in lots of different other books or articles. Only in this way a cognitive connection with a holographical origin of the universe is proved in general.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[27363] viXra:1901.0259 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-17 23:03:59

### Cosmological Redshift

Authors: Akovantsev Peter Ivanovich

The article describes the relationship of the cosmological redshift with the temperature of radiation distribution medium. The Fraunhofer absorption lines of a certain frequency are superimposed on the continuous spectrum of distant galaxy visible radiation by a hydrogen-distribution medium. These lines are shifted to the long-wave side, which indicates the change of hydrogen properties as a propagation medium, and not the properties of radiation itself (wavelength change), and these changes are associated primarily with temperature. And this, in its turn, suggests that the Universe is heated during its evolutionary development.
Category: Astrophysics

[27362] viXra:1901.0258 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-17 23:47:45

### Time Error in Einstein's Theory of Relativity.

Authors: Henrich Leonidovich Arutyunov

This article shows that clocks in a moving reference frame cannot be slowed down, as this leads to double the time in a moving frame.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[27361] viXra:1901.0257 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-18 03:10:27

### Космологическое красное смещение. Объяснение.

Authors: Акованцев Пётр Иванович

В статье изложена связь космологического красного смещения с температурой среды распространения излучения. На сплошной спектр видимого излучения далёких галактик накладываются фраунгоферовы линии поглощения определённой частоты водородом-средой распространения. Эти линии смещаются в длинноволновую сторону, что говорит об изменении свойств водорода, как среды распространения, а не свойств самого излучения (изменении длины волны) и связаны эти изменения, прежде всего с температурой. А это, в свою очередь говорит о том, что Вселенная в своём эволюционном развитии нагревается.
Category: Astrophysics

[27360] viXra:1901.0256 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-17 06:04:53

### Quantum Materials for Superconductivity

Authors: George Rajna

Some iron-based superconductors could benefit from a tuneup, according to two studies by Rice University physicists and collaborators. [24] Two teams of scientists from the Technion-Israel Institute of Technology have collaborated to conduct groundbreaking research leading to the development of a new and innovative scientific field: Quantum Metamaterials. [23] An international team consisting of Russian and German scientists has made a breakthrough in the creation of seemingly impossible materials. They have created the world's first quantum metamaterial that can be used as a control element in superconducting electrical circuits. [22]
Category: Quantum Physics

[27359] viXra:1901.0254 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-17 07:39:47

### Waves and Particles Affect Fusion Reactions

Authors: George Rajna

Now a team of physicists led by the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) has devised a faster method to determine how much this interaction between particles and waves contributes to the efficiency loss in tokamaks. [38] The Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak (EAST), nicknamed the "Chinese artificial sun," achieved an electron temperature of over 100 million degrees in its core plasma during a four-month experiment this year. [37] David Armstrong studies a phenomenon that is ubiquitous in nature, yet only a few non-scientists know what it is. [36] Physicists at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) have recently succeeded in observing parity violation in ytterbium atoms with different numbers of neutrons. [35]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[27358] viXra:1901.0253 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-17 07:52:42

### Disproof of the Accretion Model

Authors: Ivovanderrijt

Small paper on a very old redundant model.
Category: Astrophysics

[27357] viXra:1901.0252 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-17 08:08:56

### Zirconium Isotope Capture Neutron

Authors: George Rajna

The probability that a nucleus will absorb a neutron is important to many areas of nuclear science, including the production of elements in the cosmos, reactor performance, nuclear medicine and defense applications. [28] CERN's nuclear physics facility, ISOLDE, has minted a new coin in its impressive collection of isotopes. [27] In the case of several light nuclei, experimental confirmation of the individualism or family nature of nucleons will now be simpler, thanks to predictions presented by Polish physicists from Cracow and Kielce. [26]
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[27356] viXra:1901.0251 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-17 08:49:54

### Electronegativity Rewrites Chemistry

Authors: George Rajna

Electronegativity is one of the most well-known models for explaining why chemical reactions occur. [30] Innovations in microscale electronics, medicine, combustion and scores of other technologies depend on understanding and predicting the behavior of electricity on the smallest of length scales. [29] New research from UBC's Okanagan campus, recently published in Nature Communications, may have uncovered the key to one of the darkest secrets of light. [28] But an international group led by Prof. Beena Kalisky and Prof. Aviad Frydman, from the Department of Physics and the Institute for Nanotechnology at Bar-Ilan University in Israel, has succeeded in imaging quantum fluctuations for the first time. [27] To tame chaos in powerful semiconductor lasers, which causes instabilities, scientists have introduced another kind of chaos. [26]
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[27355] viXra:1901.0250 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-17 09:16:32

### AI Identifies Human Ancestor

Authors: George Rajna

The deep learning analysis has revealed that the extinct hominid is probably a descendant of the Neanderthal and Denisovan populations. [32] Our team at IBM Research – India collaborated with the IBM MetroPulse team to bring such first-of-a-kind, AI-driven capabilities to MetroPulse, an industry platform that brings together voluminous market, external and client datasets. [31] For people with hearing loss, it can very difficult to understand and separate voices in noisy environments. This problem may soon be history thanks to a new groundbreaking algorithm that is designed to recognise and separate voices efficiently in unknown sound environments. [30]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[27354] viXra:1901.0249 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-17 13:35:26

### Is There a Flaw in the Traditional FLRW Metric?

Authors: William O. Straub

A proper derivation of the FLRW metric shows the Ricci curvature scalar to be embedded in the metric's constant k (0, -1 or +1) that largely determines the fate of the universe. But in general R is not a constant, and the consequence of this issue is briefly presented.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[27353] viXra:1901.0248 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-16 15:43:03

### The Production Of Helium In Cold Fusion Experiments

Authors: Melvin H. Miles

It is now known that cold fusion effects are produced only by certain palladium materials made under special conditions. Most palladium materials will never produce any excess heat, and no helium production will be observed. The palladium used in our first six months of cold fusion experiments in 1989 at the China Lake Navy laboratory never produced any measurable cold fusion effects. Therefore, our first China Lake result were listed with CalTech, MIT, Harwell and other groups reporting no excess heat effects in the DOE-ERAB report issued in November 1989. However, later research using special palladium made by Johnson-Matthey produced excess heat in every China Lake D2O-LiOD electrolysis experiment. Further experiments showed a correlation of the excess heat with helium-4 production. Two additional sets of experiments over several years at China Lake verified these measurements. This correlation of excess heat and helium-4 production has now been verified by cold fusion studies at several other laboratories. Theoretical calculations show that the amounts of helium-4 appearing in the electrolysis gas stream are in the parts-per-billion (ppb) range. The experimental amounts of helium-4 in our experiments show agreement with the theoretical amounts. The helium-4 detection limit of 1 ppm (1000 ppb) reported by CalTech and MIT was far too insensitive for such measurements. Very large excess powers leading to the boiling of the electrolyte would be required in electrochemical cold fusion experiments to even reach the CalTech or MIT helium-4 detection limit of 1000 ppb helium-4 in the electrolysis gas stream.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[27352] viXra:1901.0247 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-16 16:19:45

### Nuclear Decay Rate Oscillations and a Gravity-Quantum Connection

Authors: Robert T. Longo

This paper construct a model to evaluate the hypothesis that the in- compatibility between General Relativity and Quantum Mechanics is due to the different space-time geometries upon which each respective theory was built. The model is then applied to an unexplained phenomena observed in the decay rate of unstable nuclei, whose decay rate has superimposed on them oscillations that match the yearly cycle of the Earth’s orbit. The gravity-quantum connection model will show that gravitation is likely the ”unknown field” responsible for the nu- clear decay oscillations.
Category: Astrophysics

[27351] viXra:1901.0246 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-16 21:58:12

### Construction of Multivector Inverse for Clif Ford Algebras Over 2m+1-Dimensional Vector Spaces from Multivector Inverse for Clifford Algebras Over 2m-Dimensional Vector Spaces

Authors: Eckhard Hitzer, Stephen J. Sangwine
Comments: 23 Pages. Accepted by Adv. in Applied Cliff. Algebras, 2019. DOI: 10.1007/s00006-019-0942-7

Assuming known algebraic expressions for multivector inverses in any Clifford algebra over an even dimensional vector space R^{p',q'), n' = p' +q' = 2m, we derive a closed algebraic expression for the multivector inverse over vector spaces one dimension higher, namely over R^{p,q}, n = p+q = p'+q'+1 = 2m+1. Explicit examples are provided for dimensions n' = 2,4,6, and the resulting inverses for n = n' +1 = 3,5,7. The general result for n = 7 appears to be the first ever reported closed algebraic expression for a multivector inverse in Clifford algebras Cl(p,q), n = p + q = 7, only involving a single addition of multivector products in forming the determinant.
Category: Algebra

[27350] viXra:1901.0245 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-16 23:10:59

### Space, Time and Quantum Mechanics: A Process Approach

Authors: Blazej Kot
Comments: 27 Pages. Previously published in Prespacetime Journal, December 2018, Volume 9, Issue 10, pp. 1018-1048

Since the time of Newton, physicists have imagined a background "stage" called space and time (later spacetime) permeating the entire universe. The contents of the world around us are then seen as objects embedded in this background at a defined location, and with a defined size and other properties (color, mass, spin etc.). We refer to this traditional view as the Objects in Space and Time (OST) model. It works very well for picturing classical physics; but once we move into the quantum domain it is no longer of much use. In the quantum realm objects no longer have defined locations at all times, their properties can become entangled and undefined until observed. In this paper, we seek to present an alternative to the OST model in which the "weirdness" of quantum phenomena goes away and is replaced by clarity, obviousness and inescapability. In this model the world is viewed as a network of fundamental processes by which indivisible units called tomas bring each other into and out of existence. We show that this model yields the same equations and predictions as the current OST-based formalism of quantum mechanics. While not contradicting the success of quantum theory, the toma model lets us get rid of the "weirdness" of the quantum world and understand reality at a deeper level than the OST model. We illustrate this by discussing two classic quantum experiments and their interpretations.
Category: Quantum Physics

[27349] viXra:1901.0243 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-17 02:57:09

### Effects of Lorentz Force on Water Using Electro Powered Lattice Magnets and Applications of Small Clustered Water

Authors: Saurav L. Chaudhari

In this work we show the after effects of certain amount of magnetic field on a water for a specific amount of time in very calculable way. Here we are passing water between two magnetic poles and in that way, we will magnetize the water and will break its molecular clusters into smaller parts. It is helpful in both agriculture and household.
Category: Thermodynamics and Energy

[27348] viXra:1901.0242 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-17 03:08:33

### On Constancy of Light Velocity in All Substances

Authors: Jose J. Astorkia

Review of Foucault experiment of 1850 shows that it not probes value of velocity of light in water. Review of experimental facts until now does plausible that velocity of light transmisión be the same in all material media. This supposition is in better agreement with current matter standard model.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[27347] viXra:1901.0241 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-17 03:15:57

Authors: Ilgaitis Prūsis, Peteris Prūsis

There is a widespread view in contemporary physics that the electric field of an electromagnetic wave is in the phase with the magnetic field. This statement is incorrect. The article discloses in detail that the above statement leads to violating the law of energy conservation. The right statement is that electric and magnetic fields in the photon are shifted mutually by 90 degrees. In this case the electric field converts to the magnetic field and vice versa. The energy of the photon over time remains constant.
Category: Classical Physics

[27346] viXra:1901.0240 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-17 03:30:42

### Riemann Hypothesis 3 Counter Examples

Authors: Toshiro Takami

It presents counter exsample which is close to 0.5 of 3 Riemann hypothesis but not 0.5. Somewhere on the net there is a memory that reads the mathematician's view that "there are countless zero points in the vicinity of 0.5", which seems to be. This is the value I gave by hand calculation, and it seems that correction by supercomputer is necessary. Among these five, it is presumed that a true counter example and a thing that is not mixed together. zeta[0.5000866+i393939939.3731193515534038924]= -1.60917723458557... × 10^-18 - 1.428779604546702... × 10^-11 i and zeta[0.4999944+i393939958.90878694741368323631]= 9.30660314868779... × 10^-19 + 1.342928180878699... × 10^-12 i and zeta[0.4999964+i393939964.659437163857861]= -5.914628349384624... × 10^-16 + 6.504227267123851... × 10^-13 i
Category: General Mathematics

[27345] viXra:1901.0239 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-17 03:37:17

### Stock Market Prediction for Algorithmic Trading of Indian Nse Stocks Using Machine Learning Techniques & Predictive Analytics: an Excel Based Automated Application Integrating Vba with R and D3.JS

Authors: Chandrima Chowdhury

In this project, an Excel based automated tool has been developed which extensively uses D3.Js, R, Excel VBA and Phantom JS to provide an integrated application that automatically fetches the data from the web and develops models, creates interactive hovering data label D3 charts on excel and also tests the accuracy of the predictions just at the click of a button. Though the models are very basic, the automation mechanism is effective and can be used by people who still want to rely on basic excel apps for stock data analytics. A demo of the tool is available here: https://youtu.be/VBx7Ik6aw7c
Category: Data Structures and Algorithms

[27344] viXra:1901.0238 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-17 04:50:58

### Test Case to Test Mailing

Authors: Https://www.kpn.com
Comments: 1 Page. test for mail delivery

test
Category: Economics and Finance

[27343] viXra:1901.0237 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-16 06:13:59

Authors: Peter V. Raktoe

The muon paradox and the twin paradox are the result of time dilation, but time itself doesn't dilate.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[27342] viXra:1901.0236 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-16 07:58:39

### Entropy Production in Quantum Systems

Authors: George Rajna

"We studied two systems: a Bose-Einstein condensate with 100,000 atoms confined in a cavity and an optomechanical cavity that confines light between two mirrors," Gabriel Teixeira Landi, a professor at the University of São Paulo's Physics Institute (IF-USP), told. [21] Search engine entropy is thus important not only for the efficiency of search engines and those using them to find relevant information as well as to the success of the companies and other bodies running such systems, but also to those who run websites hoping to be found and visited following a search. [20] "We've experimentally confirmed the connection between information in the classical case and the quantum case," Murch said, "and we're seeing this new effect of information loss." [19] It's well-known that when a quantum system is continuously measured, it freezes, i.e., it stops changing, which is due to a phenomenon called the quantum Zeno effect. [18]
Category: Quantum Physics

[27341] viXra:1901.0235 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-16 08:19:44

### Quantum Structures in Early Universe

Authors: George Rajna

With the newfound ability to recreate these structures in the lab, earth-based scientists finally have a way to study some of the possible scenarios that might have taken place in the early universe more closely. [22] "We studied two systems: a Bose-Einstein condensate with 100,000 atoms confined in a cavity and an optomechanical cavity that confines light between two mirrors," Gabriel Teixeira Landi, a professor at the University of São Paulo's Physics Institute (IF-USP), told. [21] Search engine entropy is thus important not only for the efficiency of search engines and those using them to find relevant information as well as to the success of the companies and other bodies running such systems, but also to those who run websites hoping to be found and visited following a search. [20]
Category: Astrophysics

[27340] viXra:1901.0234 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-16 08:26:49

### Experiments1

1..heat water and cool it to very high and very low temperatures in a very short time span 2.heat a very dark matter till its color is white 3.crush an aeroplane from opposite sides(preferably from front and back ) while its flying in high speeds and measure the force needed 4.put very high pressure on volcanoes lava 5.shoot a very thin and powerful laser through elements in the periodic table and maybe repeat the experiment with elements being in layers 6.spin a mass around itself clockwise and then from down to up at a very high speeds
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[27339] viXra:1901.0233 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-16 08:48:40

### Interaction of Plasmas with Solids

Authors: George Rajna

Atoms and molecules from the plasma can be deposited on the solid material, or energetic plasma ions can knock atoms out of the solid, and thereby deform or even destroy its surface. [40] A novel quantum effect observed in a carbon nanotube film could lead to the development of unique lasers and other optoelectronic devices, according to scientists at Rice University and Tokyo Metropolitan University. [39] This "piezomagnetic" material changes its magnetic properties when put under mechanical strain. [38] Researchers have developed a new flexible sensor with high sensitivity that is designed to perform variety of chemical and biological analyses in very small spaces. [37]
Category: Condensed Matter

[27338] viXra:1901.0232 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-16 09:40:32

### Mathematical Model on Cancer

Authors: George Rajna

Researchers at the Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, have developed a new mathematical tool to characterize what happens when cells lose their polarity (direction) in diseases such as cancer. [37] Researchers from Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden, have discovered a simple new tweak that could double the efficiency of organic electronics. [36] Researchers at the Max Born Institute have now generated directed currents at terahertz (THz) frequencies, much higher than the clock rates of current electronics. [35]
Category: Physics of Biology

[27337] viXra:1901.0231 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-16 10:01:30

Authors: George Rajna

With a new era of quantum technology beckoning, James McKenzie examines the opportunities it offers for business and industry. [23] With the newfound ability to recreate these structures in the lab, earth-based scientists finally have a way to study some of the possible scenarios that might have taken place in the early universe more closely. [22] "We studied two systems: a Bose-Einstein condensate with 100,000 atoms confined in a cavity and an optomechanical cavity that confines light between two mirrors," Gabriel Teixeira Landi, a professor at the University of São Paulo's Physics Institute (IF-USP), told. [21]
Category: Quantum Physics

[27336] viXra:1901.0230 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-16 10:14:59

### The Relationship Between the Energy of Gravitational Field and the Representative Pseudotensor

Authors: R. I. Khrapko
Comments: 4 Pages. International Journal of Electronics and Communication Engineering Vol:12, No:8, 2018

As is known, the role of the energy-momentum pseudotensors of the gravitational field is to extend the conservation law to the gravitational interaction by taking into account the energy and momentum of the gravitational field. We calculated the contribution of the Einstein pseudotensor to the total mass of a stationary material body and its gravitational field. It turned out that this contribution is positive, despite the fact that the mass-energy of a stationary gravitational field is negative. We concluded that the pseudotensor incorrectly describes the energy of the gravitational field. Nevertheless this pseudotensor has been used in a large number of scientific works for 100 years. We explain this by the fact that the covariant component of the pseudotensor was regarded as the mass-energy. Besides, we prove the advantage of the covariant energy-momentum conservation law for matter in the Minkowski space-time
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[27335] viXra:1901.0229 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-16 11:23:47

### Increase the Angular Resolution Beyond the Classical Limits

Authors: Domenico Oricchio

I try an increase of the angular resolution of telescope, and microscope, with numerical methods: I try to obtain the real image (without interferences) using a learning algoritm on sample images
Category: Classical Physics

[27334] viXra:1901.0228 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-16 11:36:02

### Fixing Dirac Theory's Relativity and Correspondence Errors

Authors: Steven Kenneth Kauffmann

Dirac tied his relativistic quantum free-particle Hamiltonian to requiring space-time symmetry of the Schroedinger equation in configuration representation; he ignored Lorentz covariance of the particle's energy-momentum. Consequently, a Dirac free particle's velocity is independent of its momentum, breaching dynamical fundamentals. Dirac also made solutions of his equation satisfy the Klein-Gordon equation by imposing ten requirements on its operators; three of those fix the speed of Dirac particles to the unphysical value of c times the square root of three. Moreover, Dirac's six anticommutation operator requirements prevent such observables as velocity components from commuting when Planck's constant goes to zero, a correspondence-principle breach which is responsible for Dirac zitterbewegung spontaneous free-particle acceleration that becomes infinite when Planck's constant vanishes. Nonrelativistic Pauli theory is contrariwise physically sensible, and its particle rest-frame action can be extended to become Lorentz invariant. The consequent Lagrangian yields the corresponding closed-form relativistic Hamiltonian when magnetic field is absent, otherwise a successive-approximation regime applies.
Category: Quantum Physics

[27333] viXra:1901.0227 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-16 12:07:43

### Collatz Conjecture Proof

Authors: James Edwin Rock

Collatz sequences are formed by applying the Collatz algorithm to any positive integer. If it is even repeatedly divide by two until it is odd, then multiply by three and add one to get an even number and vice versa. If the Collatz conjecture is true eventually you always get back to one. A connected Collatz Structure is created, which contains all positive integers exactly once. The terms of the Collatz Structure are joined together via the Collatz algorithm. Thus, every positive integer forms a Collatz sequence with unique terms terminating in the number one.
Category: Number Theory

[27332] viXra:1901.0226 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-16 12:19:53

### The Relationship Between CKM and PMNS Matrices in the CP-Violation Sectors

Authors: Sylwester Kornowski

There are two minima in the global distribution for the mixing angle (23) in the PMNS matrix. It suggests that there are two different phenomena. We described them within the Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST). The two minima lead to two invariants for a certain relationship between the CKM and PMNS matrices in the CP-violation sectors. We also showed how SST is related to the orthodox PMNS matrix and we calculated the maximum allowed CP violation in the leptonic sector parameterized by the Jarlskog determinant - our value is 0.03291. Presented here model allows us to understand the electroweak interactions of baryons.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[27331] viXra:1901.0225 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-15 13:52:15

### A Micro-robot With Camera to Track and Follow Objects

Authors: Gokul Krishna Srinivasan

A lot of work has been done to track a moving object with the aid of a camera. This paper describes one such technique, which can constantly track and follow moving objects. Most of the work done in this paper were referred from the work done by Nazim[4].The camera is used as a feedback sensor to help the robot follow the object. The robot system is truncated into two subsystems: vision and motion. The vision system comprises of a two-motor pan-tilt camera driving mechanism with embedded potentiometer sensor, PCI image acquisition board and PWM based DC motor driver board. The motion system is made up of a two-wheel and two-castor platform driven by servomotors with amplifiers. The system tries to demonstrate the eye tracking ability of a human when a moving object is in focus. The robot used for this purpose is Alice, the most recent model that was developed in the year 2002 has been chosen.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[27330] viXra:1901.0224 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-15 13:55:11

### Implementation, Comparison and Literature Review of Spatio-Temporal and Compressed Domains Object Detection

Authors: Gokul Krishna Srinivasan

Object detection in a moving video stream is playing a prominent role in every branch of science and research[1]. Objection detection or tracking is done by two different methods, namely, spatio-temporal domain and compressed domain. This project will deal with both the domains in order to bring out the advantages and disadvantages of each and every method in terms of complexity in computations, efficiency etc. Along with that, a detailed literature survey will also be done on the same topic. Most image and video data are stored or transmitted after compression for efficiency. Processes like pattern detection and localization typically include the extra expense of decompressing the data since most image and video processing techniques require access to the original pixel values in the spatial domain. This project performs a statistical analysis of present object detection schemes in both spatio-temporal and compressed domains. The results of multiple object detection in spatio-temporal domain are compared to those of compressed domain object detection and various evaluation results are analyzed. The comparisons will be made in the context of complexity of algorithm, efficiency and application.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[27329] viXra:1901.0223 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-15 13:54:43

### Global Topological Properties

Authors: George Rajna

Topology is an emerging field within many scientific disciplines, even leading to a Nobel Physics Prize in 2016. [26] Topology is a global aspect of materials, leading to fundamental new properties for compounds with large relativistic effects. [25] Weyl fermions are novel particles that were predicted to be seen in high-energy physics experiments but have not been observed. [24] The research shows that concentrated electrolytes in solution affect hydrogen bonding, ion interactions, and coordination geometries in currently unpredictable ways. [23]
Category: Condensed Matter

[27328] viXra:1901.0222 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-15 14:01:08

### A Universe from Nothing or Big Bounce?

Authors: S.Natarajan, R.Chandramohan
Comments: 6 Pages. article published in IJRAR - International Journal of Research and Analytical Reviews. DoI: http://doi.one/10.1729/Journal.19102

The beginning of the universe is explained by many theoretical aspects. The cosmological evolution begins with the singularity. Such singularities predict the initial conditions of the universe. To deal the singularity there are lots of mathematical models have been proposed. In particular universe from nothing model, that deals the beginning of the universe as nonsingular and initiated out of nothing scenario. Similarly loop quantum cosmology resolves the initial singularity with quantum geometry. That resolution replaces the big bang with big bounce. Initial conditions of the universe in vacuum dominated states and loop quantum cosmological bouncing solutions is analyzed in this work. Minimal scale factor and critical density is analyzed to scrutinize the formation of universe from nothing. It is been interpreted that the universe from vacuum solutions replicate the dark energy dominated final stages of the universe , which leads to cyclic cosmology.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[27327] viXra:1901.0221 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-15 16:43:30

### Small Corrections to the Critical Density Calculation in MHCE8S Theory Produce Full Agreement With Planck Collaboration Data

Authors: George R. Briggs

Abstract: An increase of 10 million years for the very hot period of the universe and increasing the universe's radius to be exactly c/ fine-structure constant alpha produce full 3-digit agreement with Planck Collaboration critical density data.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[27326] viXra:1901.0219 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-15 23:45:06

### Our Universe and Chaotic Determinism.

Comments: 5 Pages. For further research and experiments to understand a New Physics beyond Standard Model.

The concept of absolute space and time from Newtonian outlook and the effects of relativistic dilated concepts in Quantum Physics .
Category: Classical Physics

[27325] viXra:1901.0218 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-15 07:01:36

### Thermal Relativity, Corrections to Black-Hole Entropy, Born's Reciprocal Relativity Theory and Quantum Gravity

Authors: Carlos Castro

Starting with a brief description of Born's Reciprocal Relativity Theory (BRRT), based on a maximal proper-force, maximal speed of light, inertial and non-inertial observers, we derive the $exact$ Thermal Relativistic $corrections$ to the Schwarzschild, Reissner-Nordstrom, Kerr-Newman black hole entropies, and provide a detailed analysis of the many $novel$ applications and consequences to the physics of black holes, quantum gravity, minimal area, minimal mass, Yang-Mills mass gap, information paradox, arrow of time, dark matter, and dark energy. We finalize by outlining our proposal towards a Space-Time-Matter Unification program where matter can be converted into spacetime quanta, and vice versa.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[27324] viXra:1901.0216 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-15 10:49:02

### A Possible Variant of Herschelian Reflector

Authors: Domenico Oricchio

I hypothesize a new Herschelian reflector using two parabola sections
Category: Classical Physics

[27323] viXra:1901.0215 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-15 10:57:34

### Evidence of Superconductivity Near Room Temperature

Authors: George Rajna

Researchers at the George Washington University have taken a major step toward reaching one of the most sought-after goals in physics: room temperature superconductivity. [41] NUS physicists have developed a methodology to control the electromigration of oxygen atoms in the buried interfaces of complex oxide materials for constructing high mobility oxide heterostructures. [40] This electronic super fluidity is a quantum state of matter, so it behaves in a very exotic way that is different from classical physics, Comin says. [39] The Fermi-Hubbard model, which is believed to explain the basis for high-temperature superconductivity, is extremely simple to describe, and yet has so far proven impossible to solve, according to Zwierlein. [38]
Category: Quantum Physics

[27322] viXra:1901.0214 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-15 11:06:48

### Einstein – De Haas Effect

Authors: George Rajna

More than 100 years ago, Albert Einstein and Wander Johannes de Haas discovered that when they used a magnetic field to flip the magnetic state of an iron bar dangling from a thread, the bar began to rotate. [36] Researchers at the Max Born Institute have now generated directed currents at terahertz (THz) frequencies, much higher than the clock rates of current electronics. [35] Researchers at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) have developed a simple yet accurate method for finding defects in the latest generation of silicon carbide transistors. [34]
Category: Quantum Physics

[27321] viXra:1901.0213 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-15 11:20:23

### Nanolithography of Crystals

Authors: George Rajna

Optical properties of materials are based on their chemistry and the inherent subwavelength architecture, although the latter remains to be characterized in depth. [37] More than 100 years ago, Albert Einstein and Wander Johannes de Haas discovered that when they used a magnetic field to flip the magnetic state of an iron bar dangling from a thread, the bar began to rotate. [36] Researchers at the Max Born Institute have now generated directed currents at terahertz (THz) frequencies, much higher than the clock rates of current electronics. [35]
Category: Condensed Matter

[27320] viXra:1901.0212 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-15 12:07:09

### A Class of Non-autonomous and Nonlinear Singular Liénard Equations

Authors: Akim Boukola Yessoufou, Elémawussi Apédo Doutètien, Ayéna Vignon Régis Yehossou, Marc Delphin Monsia

A class of non-autonomous and nonlinear singular Liénard equation is developed by nonlocal transformation of the linear harmonic oscillator equation. It is shown that it includes some Kamke equations and a nonlinear equation of the general relativity as special cases.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[27319] viXra:1901.0211 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-15 13:34:38

### DNA Origami Antibody Effectiveness

Authors: George Rajna

Scientists at Karolinska Institutet, Sweden, in collaboration with researchers at University of Oslo, Norway, have demonstrated the most accurate distance between densely packed antigens in order to get the strongest bond to antibodies in the immune system. [23] University of Arkansas physics researchers have developed a simple, cost-effective method to study the effects of chemicals on DNA which has potential to improve the development and testing of life-saving treatments. [22] Scientists at the University of Sheffield studying ancient DNA have created a tool allowing them to more accurately identify ancient Eurasian populations, which can be used to test an individual's similarity to ancient people who once roamed the earth. [21]
Category: Physics of Biology

[27318] viXra:1901.0210 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-14 14:00:49

### Accelerated Relativistic Electric Field Charge,parity,time Symmetry.

Authors: Bryn.s.Cat

How special relativity can be reinterpreted with Charge,Parity,Time Symmetry.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[27317] viXra:1901.0209 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-14 17:11:15

### π Formula

Authors: Yuji Masuda

This is π formula.
Category: General Mathematics

[27316] viXra:1901.0208 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-14 18:10:54

### Close-Coupling: Generating Function and Fokker-Planck for Coherent Multilevel Cascades (Quantum Walks)

Authors: Mark Syrkin

Close-coupling in quantum systems induces cascade transitions that are not captured by simple perturbation theories and hence more relevant and complex methods are needed. However, the analytic tractability of the latter is limited to just a few highly stylized models, e.g. equidistant infinite systems. Showing that properly adjusted key modeling parameters enable an extension of analytic solutions across more realistic cases (e.g. non-uniform level spacing and finite and asymmetric boundary conditions) arising in various experimental set-ups. Also demonstrating that the Fokker-Planck approach applied to probability amplitudes rather than to probabilities themselves – the latter being a traditional kinetics approach – produces coarse-grained amplitudes “smoothed” over the fine structure of an exact solution and driven by lower order terms in the generating function. Models and results presented here naturally overlap with algorithms of Quantum Walks related to quantum computing studies.
Category: Quantum Physics

[27315] viXra:1901.0207 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-14 23:21:31

### The Logic of the Success/failure System

Authors: Dong-Yih Bau

Understanding the universe is a treasured pursuit of humanity. The success/failure system hypothesis (success/failure system) reflects the mesoscopic structure of the universe, just as quantum mechanics formalizes the microcosmos, and general relativity, the macrocosmos. Herein, we depict the logical analysis of the success/failure system using Einstein’s principle theory and apply Russell’s analytic philosophy to examine the logical structure of the universe critically. This paper has two goals. First, it aims to show that humanity is able to analyse the cosmos to reveal rationality or intelligence manifested in the universe, as demonstrated by the success/failure system. Second, it emphasizes that the success/failure system may need to be incorporated into our understanding of the cosmos or a final theory of our universe, which would become the triad of quantum mechanics, general relativity and success/failure system.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[27314] viXra:1901.0206 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-15 00:12:12

### Interatomic Light Rectifier

Authors: George Rajna

Researchers at the Max Born Institute have now generated directed currents at terahertz (THz) frequencies, much higher than the clock rates of current electronics. [35] Researchers at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) have developed a simple yet accurate method for finding defects in the latest generation of silicon carbide transistors. [34] In 2017, University of Utah physicist Valy Vardeny called perovskite a "miracle material" for an emerging field of next-generation electronics, called spintronics, and he's standing by that assertion. [33] Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology proposed new quasi-1-D materials for potential spintronic applications, an upcoming technology that exploits the spin of electrons. [32] They do this by using "excitons," electrically neutral quasiparticles that exist in insulators, semiconductors and in some liquids. [31]
Category: Quantum Physics

[27313] viXra:1901.0205 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-15 00:38:59

### AI Help Retailers Understand Consumer

Authors: George Rajna

Our team at IBM Research – India collaborated with the IBM MetroPulse team to bring such first-of-a-kind, AI-driven capabilities to MetroPulse, an industry platform that brings together voluminous market, external and client datasets. [31] For people with hearing loss, it can very difficult to understand and separate voices in noisy environments. This problem may soon be history thanks to a new groundbreaking algorithm that is designed to recognise and separate voices efficiently in unknown sound environments. [30]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[27312] viXra:1901.0204 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-15 00:56:18

### Supermassive Black Holes are Fed

Authors: George Rajna

A new Tel Aviv University-led study published today in Nature Astronomy finds that some supermassive black holes are triggered to grow, suddenly devouring a large amount of gas in their surroundings. [28] Needless to say, we do not have the capability of performing real experiments in or near black holes yet, so scientists resort to theory and simulations to develop an understanding, by making predictions and new discoveries. [27] Our first glimpses into the physics that exist near the center of a black hole are being made possible using "loop quantum gravity"—a theory that uses quantum mechanics to extend gravitational physics beyond Einstein's theory of general relativity. [26]
Category: Astrophysics

[27311] viXra:1901.0203 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-15 01:25:45

### Organic Electronics

Authors: George Rajna

Researchers from Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden, have discovered a simple new tweak that could double the efficiency of organic electronics. [36] Researchers at the Max Born Institute have now generated directed currents at terahertz (THz) frequencies, much higher than the clock rates of current electronics. [35] Researchers at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) have developed a simple yet accurate method for finding defects in the latest generation of silicon carbide transistors. [34] In 2017, University of Utah physicist Valy Vardeny called perovskite a "miracle material" for an emerging field of next-generation electronics, called spintronics, and he's standing by that assertion. [33]
Category: Physics of Biology

[27310] viXra:1901.0202 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-15 01:44:30

### Chaos of Black Holes

Authors: George Rajna

During the formation of a black hole, a bright burst of very energetic light in the form of gamma rays is produced, these events are called gamma ray bursts. [29] A new Tel Aviv University-led study published today in Nature Astronomy finds that some supermassive black holes are triggered to grow, suddenly devouring a large amount of gas in their surroundings. [28] Needless to say, we do not have the capability of performing real experiments in or near black holes yet, so scientists resort to theory and simulations to develop an understanding, by making predictions and new discoveries. [27]
Category: Astrophysics

[27309] viXra:1901.0201 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-15 04:07:42

### New Quantum Gravity Theory and Rotation Curve of Galaxies

Authors: Ravindra Sidramappa Mundase

The rotation curve of galaxy is a graph of the rotational velocity of stars, gas and other bodies orbiting around the center of galaxy and their radial distance from the centre of galaxy. The orbital speeds of stars, gas and other bodies contained in the galaxy do not obey the rules found in the other orbital systems. Stars are orbiting around their galaxy's centre at equal or increasing speed over a large range of distances. In contrast, the orbital velocities of planets in solar system and moons orbiting around the planets decrease with distance. The galaxy rotation problem is the discrepancy between observed galaxy rotation curve and theoretical prediction based on the observed luminous or baryonic material or bodies. When mass profiles of galaxies are calculated from the distribution of stars and mass- to- light ratios in stellar disk, they do not match with the masses derived from the observed rotation curve and law of gravity. None of the existing theories including Newtonian gravity and general relativity can explain the Galaxy rotation curve correctly. The rotation curve of galaxies will be explained by using new quantum gravity developed by me.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[27308] viXra:1901.0200 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-14 05:57:21

### Electromagnetic Wave Functions of CMB and Schwarzschild Spacetime

Authors: Sangwha Yi

In the general relativity theory, we find electro-magnetic wave functions of Cosmic Microwave Background and Schwarzschild space-time. Specially, this article is that electromagnetic wave equations are treated by gauge fixing equations in RobertsonWalker space-time and Schwarzschild space-time.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[27307] viXra:1901.0199 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-14 06:48:17

### Chemical Effects on DNA

Authors: George Rajna

University of Arkansas physics researchers have developed a simple, cost-effective method to study the effects of chemicals on DNA which has potential to improve the development and testing of life-saving treatments. [22] Scientists at the University of Sheffield studying ancient DNA have created a tool allowing them to more accurately identify ancient Eurasian populations, which can be used to test an individual's similarity to ancient people who once roamed the earth. [21] In new research, Hao Yan of Arizona State University and his colleagues describe an innovative DNA walker, capable of rapidly traversing a prepared track. [20] Just like any long polymer chain, DNA tends to form knots. Using technology that allows them to stretch DNA molecules and image the behavior of these knots, MIT researchers have discovered, for the first time, the factors that determine whether a knot moves along the strand or "jams" in place. [19]
Category: Biochemistry

[27306] viXra:1901.0198 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-14 07:12:50

### Formation of Planets and Stars

Authors: George Rajna

Down a hallway in the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL), scientists study the workings of a machine in a room stuffed with wires and metal components. [39] Active galactic nuclei (AGN) are among the most dramatic and interesting phenomena in extragalactic astronomy. [38] A new study conducted by a team of astronomers from Poland and South Africa provides more insights into the nature of Hen 3-160, a symbiotic binary system in the southern Milky Way. [37]
Category: Astrophysics

[27305] viXra:1901.0197 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-14 07:51:33

### New Ways to Twist and Shift Light

Authors: George Rajna

The results from the National Physical Laboratory's (NPL) latest research in photonics could open doors to new quantum technologies and telecoms systems. [36] Researchers of the Institute of Photonic Integration of the Eindhoven University of Technology (TU/e) have developed a 'hybrid technology' which shows the advantages of both light and magnetic hard drives. [35] Researchers at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) have developed a simple yet accurate method for finding defects in the latest generation of silicon carbide transistors. [34]
Category: Quantum Physics

[27304] viXra:1901.0196 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-14 08:44:42

### Mysterious Liquid Became All Matter

Authors: George Rajna

Quark-gluon plasma (QGP) is the name for this mysterious substance so called because it was made up of quarks—the fundamental particles—and gluons, which physicist Rosi J. Reed describes as "what quarks use to talk to each other." [44] Scientists from the Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, and their colleagues from the international ALICE collaboration recently collided xenon nuclei, in order to gain new insights into the properties of the Quark-Gluon Plasma (the QGP) – the matter that the universe consisted of up to a microsecond after the Big Bang. [43]
Category: Astrophysics

[27303] viXra:1901.0195 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-14 11:16:25

### A Closed 2-Form in Spinorial Geometry

Authors: Antoine Balan
Comments: 1 pages, written in english

We define a closed 2-form for any spinorial manifold. We deduce characteristic classes.
Category: Geometry

[27302] viXra:1901.0194 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-14 11:22:18

### Bar and Slave

Authors: A.I.Somsikov

The interrelation of couple of simple initial words is disclose
Category: Linguistics

[27301] viXra:1901.0193 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-13 14:34:13

### Riemann Hypothesis Further, Another Counter Example? 0.4999977+i393939944.2571535368

Authors: Toshiro Takami

I calculated it by looking for a counter example, but I can not determine whether this is a counter example or just a normal zero point and post it here. It is a different value from the previous counter example. I searched for points of higher value, but I could not find it for some reason. The point this time is near the previous point, is the number (the number axis) distorted only in this part? It can not be determined. zeta[0.4999977+i393939944.2571535368]= 1.207352408604089... × 10^-10 + 5.594055943503738... × 10^-11 i
Category: Number Theory

[27300] viXra:1901.0192 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-13 15:15:58

### Refutation of Hexagons of Opposition for Statistical Modalities

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 3 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only at: info@ersatz-systems dot com. See website ersatz-systems.com . (We warn troll Mikko at Disqus to read the article four times before hormonal typing.)

Abstract: We evaluate pragmatic hypotheses in the evolution of science as based on probabilistic squares and hexagons of opposition under coherence. Neither conjecture is tautologous, and hence both are refuted.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[27299] viXra:1901.0191 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-13 20:04:52

### Riemann Hypothesis Further, Two More Counter Example? 0.4999977+i393939944.25715353678841792735 and 0.50001314+i393939946.4889505702488576920

Authors: Toshiro Takami

It is a different value from the previous counter example. I searched for points of higher value, but I could not find it for some reason. The point this time is near the previous point, is the number (the number axis) distorted only in this part? It can not be determined. zeta[0.4999977+i393939944.25715353678841792735]= -3.372108136572006... × 10^-19 + 4.002018173119188... × 10^-13 i and zeta[0.50001314+i393939946.4889505702488576920]= -7.000197154138805... × 10^-19 - 2.848659916217643... × 10^-12 i
Category: Number Theory

[27298] viXra:1901.0190 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-13 20:27:25

### An Even Number Greater Than 2 Equals the Sum of Two Prime Numbers.

Authors: 1

On the contrary, if the natural number 2N is not equal to the prime number, On the contrary, prime numbers can only appear in odd numbers.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[27297] viXra:1901.0189 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-13 20:53:49

### Principle of Relativity

Authors: Vu Tuan Hiep

Here are some of my thoughts about some mistakes in Principle of relativity.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[27296] viXra:1901.0188 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-14 01:42:48

### Riemann Hypothesis Further, Three More Counter Example?

Authors: Toshiro Takami

Riemann hypothesis Further, three more counter example?
Category: Number Theory

[27295] viXra:1901.0187 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-14 03:49:42

### DNA Trace Ancient Ancestry

Authors: George Rajna

Scientists at the University of Sheffield studying ancient DNA have created a tool allowing them to more accurately identify ancient Eurasian populations, which can be used to test an individual's similarity to ancient people who once roamed the earth. [12] In new research, Hao Yan of Arizona State University and his colleagues describe an innovative DNA walker, capable of rapidly traversing a prepared track. [20] Just like any long polymer chain, DNA tends to form knots. Using technology that allows them to stretch DNA molecules and image the behavior of these knots, MIT researchers have discovered, for the first time, the factors that determine whether a knot moves along the strand or "jams" in place. [19]
Category: Physics of Biology

[27294] viXra:1901.0186 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-14 03:57:54

### Aliens and the Human Race

Authors: Salvatore Gerard Micheal

we're all alone here on Earth; get used to it
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[27293] viXra:1901.0185 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-14 04:02:20

### Deviation of a Ray of Light in a Gravitational Field.

Authors: Kirov

Fixed Zoldner calculation for deflection of a ray of light in a gravitational field. The result corresponds to the observed. Given a short method of calculation.
Category: Astrophysics

[27292] viXra:1901.0184 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-14 04:36:17

### Einstein's Theory of Gravity is Incorrect

Authors: Peter V. Raktoe

It's obvious that Einstein's theory of gravity is unrealistic, but physicists fool themselves that it's realistic.
Category: Quantum Physics

[27291] viXra:1901.0183 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-13 06:57:30

### Internet of Things Devices Security

Authors: George Rajna

As Americans increasingly buy and install smart devices in their homes, all those cheap interconnected devices create new security problems for individuals and society as a whole. [55] An international team of researchers led by ANU is helping to build a safe data superhighway for the highly anticipated quantum internet, which promises a new era of artificial intelligence and ultra-secure communication. [54] For the first time, researchers have succeeded in producing what are known as spin wave overtones. The technology paves the way for increasing the data transmission rate of wireless communication. [53] "This research highlights the cutting-edge research being done at WVU, and we are very excited to see their work appear in the very high-profile journal Nature Communications." [52]
Category: Digital Signal Processing

[27290] viXra:1901.0182 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-13 08:14:09

### Intentionally Squashed Quantum Dots

Authors: George Rajna

Intentionally "squashing" colloidal quantum dots during chemical synthesis creates dots capable of stable, "blink-free" light emission that is fully comparable with the light produced by dots made with more complex processes. [29] Researchers successfully integrated the systems—donor atoms and quantum dots. [28] A team of researchers including U of A engineering and physics faculty has developed a new method of detecting single photons, or light particles, using quantum dots. [27]
Category: Quantum Physics

[27289] viXra:1901.0181 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-13 08:53:59

### The Origin of Jarlskog Invariant and Applications

Authors: Sylwester Kornowski

The different size scales in Nature and CP violation lead to very simple our pre-Cosmos with left-handed polarization which has transformed into the left-handed internal helicity of the baryons - it solves the matter-antimatter asymmetry. The simplest grainy surface that can have internal helicity is the torus/charge/spin (or loop) with toroidal and poloidal speeds. Here we showed that the ratio of such speeds leads to both the Jarlskog invariant and a spilled half-jet in grainy spacetime (i.e. to an additional arrow of time) which is responsible for CP violation. The Jarlskog invariant allows you to calculate the lifetimes of the neutron and weakly decaying hyperons.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[27288] viXra:1901.0180 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-13 09:26:42

### Holographic Color Printing

Authors: George Rajna

Researchers from the Singapore University of Technology and Design (SUTD) have invented a new type of anti-counterfeiting technology called holographic colour prints for securing important documents such as identity cards, passports and banknotes. [36] Holography is a powerful tool that can reconstruct wavefronts of light and combine the fundamental wave properties of amplitude, phase, polarization, wave vector and frequency. [35] Physicist Artem Rudenko from Kansas State University and his colleagues pondered how to improve the images of viruses and microparticles that scientists get from X-rays. [34] A team of materials scientists from Penn State, Cornell and Argonne National Laboratory have, for the first time, visualized the 3-D atomic and electron density structure of the most complex perovskite crystal structure system decoded to date. [33] Hydrogen-powered electronics, travel, and more may be a step closer thanks to the work of a collaborative team of scientists in Japan. [32]
Category: Digital Signal Processing

[27287] viXra:1901.0179 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-12 16:16:53

### Dirac's Equation (And the Alleged Fourth Dimension)

Authors: Leonardo Rubino

This is a proof that the d’Alembert’s Wave Equation, that of Schrodinger, of Klein-Gordon and of Dirac are all related one another and show the oscillation of the universe. Moreover, the Klein-Gordon’s Equation gives us a three dimensional interpretation of either all relativistic fourth components or the rest energy.
Category: Quantum Physics

[27286] viXra:1901.0178 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-12 17:30:02

### Refutation of Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (Rebt) and Logic-Based Therapy (LBT)

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only at: info@ersatz-systems dot com. See website ersatz-systems.com . (We instruct troll Mikko at Disqus to read the article four times before hormonal typing.)

We evaluate seven definitions of rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT) using the implication operator. None is tautologous. Logic-based therapy (LBT), as based on REBT, is similarly refuted.
Category: Mind Science

[27285] viXra:1901.0177 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-12 23:06:16

### Q*cert – CoqTheoremProver[CTP]/OCaml as Bio-informatics Platform in the Context of Understanding Protein Folding Mechanisms

Authors: D.N.T.Kumar
Comments: 3 Pages. Short Technical Notes

Q*cert – CoqTheoremProver[CTP]/OCaml as Bio-informatics Platform in the Context of Understanding Protein Folding Mechanisms Based on General Purpose Libraries – A Simple Interesting Insight Into the Promising, Challenging & Interesting World of Protein Engineering and Applications.
Category: Data Structures and Algorithms

[27284] viXra:1901.0176 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-12 05:37:14

### What is the Magnetic Moment of Electron Spin?

Authors: Michael Tzoumpas

According to the unified theory of dynamic space the inductive-inertial phenomenon has been developed, forming the grouping units (namely electric charges or forms of the electric field). Moreover, with the surface electric charges of the electron cortex its inverse electric fields are formed. By the above phenomena the actual theoretical value of the magnetic dipole moment of electron spin is proved as equal to the experimental measurement.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[27283] viXra:1901.0175 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-12 05:47:25

### Storm and Assault

Authors: A.I.Somsikov

Probable etymology from Russian positions
Category: Linguistics

[27282] viXra:1901.0174 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-12 06:25:53

### Dark Objects

Authors: J.A.J. van Leunen
Comments: 3 Pages. This is part of the Hilbert Book Model Project

Dark objects are field excitations that are caused by point-shaped actuators. The carrier field reacts with shock fronts. The effect of these excitations is so tiny that in isolation these phenomena cannot be observed.
Category: Quantum Physics

[27281] viXra:1901.0173 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-12 08:42:58

### Syndromes Data Mining

Authors: George Rajna

With every news story, the concepts of data mining healthcare information move higher still up the research and policy agenda in this area. [26] The analysis of sensor data of machines, plants or buildings makes it possible to detect anomalous states early and thus to avoid further damage. [25] Physicists in the US have used machine learning to determine the phase diagram of a system of 12 idealized quantum particles to a higher precision than ever before. [24] The research group took advantage of a system at SLAC's Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource (SSRL) that combines machine learning—a form of artificial intelligence where computer algorithms glean knowledge from enormous amounts of data—with experiments that quickly make and screen hundreds of sample materials at a time. [23] Researchers at the UCLA Samueli School of Engineering have demonstrated that deep learning, a powerful form of artificial intelligence, can discern and enhance microscopic details in photos taken by smartphones. [22]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[27280] viXra:1901.0172 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-12 09:17:53

### Quantum Computer Like a Brain

Authors: George Rajna

The human brain has amazing capabilities making it in many ways more powerful than the world's most advanced computers. [34] In 2017, University of Utah physicist Valy Vardeny called perovskite a "miracle material" for an emerging field of next-generation electronics, called spintronics, and he's standing by that assertion. [33] Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology proposed new quasi-1-D materials for potential spintronic applications, an upcoming technology that exploits the spin of electrons. [32] They do this by using "excitons," electrically neutral quasiparticles that exist in insulators, semiconductors and in some liquids. [31] Researchers at ETH Zurich have now developed a method that makes it possible to couple such a spin qubit strongly to microwave photons. [30]
Category: Quantum Physics

[27279] viXra:1901.0171 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-12 11:14:27

### Einstein's Clock

Authors: Walter Orlov

The flexibility of time in the theory of relativity is achieved by unnatural behavior of the clock. Einstein assumes the existence of such a clock, which indicates more time than would have passed according to its speed. In nature there is no such clock. Therefore his assumptions should be reconsidered anew.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[27278] viXra:1901.0170 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-12 11:17:48

### Index of Unfairness

Authors: Ilija Barukčić

Category: Statistics

## Replacements of recent Submissions

[10857] viXra:1901.0335 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-23 13:02:52

### Report of Psychological Assessment

Authors: Miguel A. Sanchez-Rey

Profile and study...
Category: Social Science

[10856] viXra:1901.0334 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-23 04:06:56

### Proof that an Odd Perfect Number Does not Exist

Authors: Kouji Takaki

We have obtained the conclusion that there are no odd perfect numbers when n≧5.
Category: Number Theory

[10855] viXra:1901.0327 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-23 04:01:15

### Evidence for Unique Steady-State Flickering Tachyonic Determinist Cyclic Computing Cosmos

Authors: F. M. Sanchez

To Sir Michaelangelo Francis Atiyah...The observed fine tuning between Physical dimensionless parameters is interpreted as relations between optimal calculation basis of a Deterministic Grandcosmos Computer. The Eddington's Fundamental Theory is rehabilitated: his Large Number gives a good approximation of the equivalent number of neutrons in the canonical trivial fraction 3/10 of the visible universe critical mass, showing that dark energy is a false problem. The Monster Group cardinal order appears in three c-free dimensional analysis, with the Kotov period involved twice, which confirm the Topological Axis, rehabilitating String Theory, in particular its tachyonic bosonic version. The Carton-Bott periodicity define the gauge bosons (with massive Gluon) from the value n = 30. The Unique cosmic hypothesis implies that differential equations must be replaced by integral ones. Indeed, generalized holographic relations ties the cosmic Background wavelength to micro-physics ones. The mathematical constants pi, e and gamma enter fine-tuning relations with the Hierarchical numbers 137 and 2^127, specifying micro-physics main constants and the gravitational constant G to ppb precision (10^-9). The formula simplifies by introducing Atiyah constant, and show a 9D reduction to 3D, confirming Superstring Theory. In particular, this unification Physics-Mathematics excludes the non-scientific Multiverse hypothesis.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[10854] viXra:1901.0267 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-22 10:42:33

### A Perfect Regression Problem for Algebra 2

Authors: Timothy W. Jones
Comments: 7 Pages. A few corrections and amplifications.

The full potential of elementary algebra to precipitate a human quantum leap is presented. A simple regression problem demonstrates how programming can be combined with linear regression. The math and programming are simple enough for any algebra class that uses a TI-83 family calculator. The problem fully considered might enable students to see the picture and evolve to a better place.
Category: General Mathematics

[10853] viXra:1901.0240 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-17 03:44:57

### Riemann Hypothesis 2 Counter Examples

Authors: Toshiro Takami

It presents counter exsample which is close to 0.5 of 2 Riemann hypothesis but not 0.5. Somewhere on the net there is a memory that reads the mathematician's view that "there are countless zero points in the vicinity of 0.5", which seems to be. This is the value I gave by hand calculation, and it seems that correction by supercomputer is necessary. Among these 2, it is presumed that a true counter example and a thing that is not mixed together. zeta[0.4999944+i393939958.90878694741368323631]= 9.30660314868779... × 10^-19 + 1.342928180878699... × 10^-12 i and zeta[0.4999964+i393939964.659437163857861]= -5.914628349384624... × 10^-16 + 6.504227267123851... × 10^-13 i
Category: General Mathematics

[10852] viXra:1901.0228 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-22 15:24:17

### Fixing Dirac Theory's Relativity and Correspondence Errors

Authors: Steven Kenneth Kauffmann

Dirac tied his relativistic quantum free-particle Hamiltonian to requiring space-time symmetry of the Schroedinger equation in configuration representation; he ignored Lorentz covariance of the particle's energy-momentum. Consequently, a Dirac free particle's velocity is independent of its momentum, breaching dynamical fundamentals. Dirac also made solutions of his equation satisfy the Klein-Gordon equation by imposing ten requirements on its operators; three of those fix the speed of Dirac particles to the unphysical value of c times the square root of three. Moreover, Dirac's six anticommutation operator requirements prevent such observables as velocity components from commuting when Planck's constant goes to zero, a correspondence-principle breach which is responsible for Dirac zitterbewegung spontaneous free-particle acceleration that becomes infinite when Planck's constant vanishes. Nonrelativistic Pauli theory is contrariwise physically sensible, and its particle rest-frame action can be extended to become Lorentz invariant. The consequent Lagrangian yields the corresponding closed-form relativistic Hamiltonian when magnetic field is absent, otherwise a successive-approximation regime applies.
Category: Quantum Physics

[10851] viXra:1901.0227 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-17 08:32:12

### Collatz Conjecture Proof

Authors: James Edwin Rock

Collatz sequences are formed by applying the Collatz algorithm to any positive integer. If it is even repeatedly divide by two until it is odd, then multiply by three and add one to get an even number and vice versa. If the Collatz conjecture is true eventually you always get back to one. A connected Collatz Structure is created, which contains all positive integers exactly once. The terms of the Collatz Structure are joined together via the Collatz algorithm. Thus, every positive integer forms a Collatz sequence with unique terms terminating in the number one.
Category: Number Theory

[10850] viXra:1901.0226 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-21 16:58:12

### The Relationship Between CKM and PMNS Matrices in the CP-Violation Sectors

Authors: Sylwester Kornowski

There are two minima in the global distribution for the mixing angle (23) in the PMNS matrix. It suggests that there are two different phenomena. We described them within the Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST). The two minima lead to two invariants for a certain relationship between the CKM and PMNS matrices in the CP-violation sectors. We also showed how SST is related to the orthodox PMNS matrix and we calculated the maximum allowed CP violation in the leptonic sector parameterized by the Jarlskog determinant - our value is 0.03291. Presented here model allows us to understand the electroweak interactions of baryons.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[10849] viXra:1901.0212 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-17 10:26:56

### A Class of Non-autonomous and Nonlinear Singular Liénard Equations

Authors: Akim Boukola Yessoufou, Elémawussi Apédo Doutètien, Ayéna Vignon Régis Yehossou, Marc Delphin Monsia

A class of non-autonomous and nonlinear singular Liénard equation is developed by nonlocal transformation of the linear harmonic oscillator equation. It is shown that it includes some Kamke equations and a nonlinear equation of the general relativity as special cases.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[10848] viXra:1901.0193 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-13 18:40:10

### Riemann Hypothesis Further, Two More Counter Example? 0.4999977+i393939944.2571535368　 and 0.50001314+i393939946.4889505702488576920

Authors: Toshiro Takami

I calculated it by looking for a counter example, but I can not determine whether this is a counter example or just a normal zero point and post it here. It is a different value from the previous counter example. I searched for points of higher value, but I could not find it for some reason. The point this time is near the previous point, is the number (the number axis) distorted only in this part? It can not be determined. zeta[0.4999977+i393939944.25715353678841792735]= -3.372108136572006... × 10^-19 + 4.002018173119188... × 10^-13 i and zeta[0.50001314+i393939946.4889505702488576920]= -7.000197154138805... × 10^-19 - 2.848659916217643... × 10^-12 i
Category: Number Theory

[10847] viXra:1901.0192 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-14 18:02:34

### Refutation of Hexagons of Opposition for Statistical Modalities

Authors: Colin James III

Abstract: We evaluate pragmatic hypotheses in the evolution of science as based on probabilistic squares and hexagons of opposition under coherence. Neither conjecture is tautologous, and hence both are refuted.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[10846] viXra:1901.0191 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-16 15:31:22

### Riemann Hypothesis 5 Counter Examples

Authors: Toshiro Takami

It presents counter exsample which is close to 0.5 of 5 Riemann expectations but not 0.5. Regardless of how they are calculated, they are all found in the same area for some reason. I could not find it in other areas. This is considered only because the number axis is distorted in this area. Somewhere on the net there is a memory that reads the mathematician's view that "there are countless zero points in the vicinity of 0.5". The value I put out is hand calculation using WolfranAlpha, It seems that it is necessary to strictly correct by supercomputer. zeta[0.5000866+i393939939.3731193515534038924]= -1.60917723458557... × 10^-18 - 1.428779604546702... × 10^-11 i and zeta[0.4999977+i393939944.25715353678841792735]= -3.372108136572006... × 10^-19 + 4.002018173119188... × 10^-13 i and zeta[0.50001314+i393939946.4889505702488576920]= -7.000197154138805... × 10^-19 - 2.848659916217643... × 10^-12 i and zeta[0.4999944+i393939958.90878694741368323631]= 9.30660314868779... × 10^-19 + 1.342928180878699... × 10^-12 i and zeta[0.4999964+i393939964.659437163857861]= -5.914628349384624... × 10^-16 + 6.504227267123851... × 10^-13 i and
Category: Number Theory

[10845] viXra:1901.0191 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-16 03:53:31

### Riemann Hypothesis 5 Counter Examples

Authors: Toshiro Takami

It presents counter exsample which is close to 0.5 of 5 Riemann expectations but not 0.5. Regardless of how they are calculated, they are all found in the same area for some reason. I could not find it in other areas. This is considered only because the number axis is distorted in this area. zeta[0.5000866+i393939939.3731193515534038924]= -1.60917723458557... × 10^-18 - 1.428779604546702... × 10^-11 i and zeta[0.4999977+i393939944.25715353678841792735]= -3.372108136572006... × 10^-19 + 4.002018173119188... × 10^-13 i and zeta[0.50001314+i393939946.4889505702488576920]= -7.000197154138805... × 10^-19 - 2.848659916217643... × 10^-12 i and zeta[0.4999944+i393939958.90878694741368323631]= 9.30660314868779... × 10^-19 + 1.342928180878699... × 10^-12 i and zeta[0.4999964+i393939964.659437163857861]= -5.914628349384624... × 10^-16 + 6.504227267123851... × 10^-13 i
Category: Number Theory

[10844] viXra:1901.0191 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-14 23:47:56

### Riemann Hypothesis 5 Counter Examples

Authors: Toshiro Takami

It presents counter exsample which is close to 0.5 of 5 Riemann expectations but not 0.5. Regardless of how they are calculated, they are all found in the same area for some reason. I could not find it in other areas. This is considered only because the number axis is distorted in this area. zeta[0.5000866+i393939939.3731193515534038924]= -1.60917723458557... × 10^-18 - 1.428779604546702... × 10^-11 i and zeta[0.4999977+i393939944.25715353678841792735]= -3.372108136572006... × 10^-19 + 4.002018173119188... × 10^-13 i and zeta[0.50001314+i393939946.4889505702488576920]= -7.000197154138805... × 10^-19 - 2.848659916217643... × 10^-12 i and zeta[0.4999944+i393939958.90878694741368323631]= 9.30660314868779... × 10^-19 + 1.342928180878699... × 10^-12 i and zeta[0.4999964+i393939964.659437163857861]= -5.914628349384624... × 10^-16 + 6.504227267123851... × 10^-13 i
Category: Number Theory

[10843] viXra:1901.0181 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-14 13:42:22

### The Origin of Jarlskog Invariant and Applications

Authors: Sylwester Kornowski

The different size scales in Nature and CP violation lead to very simple our pre-Cosmos with left-handed polarization which has transformed into the left-handed internal helicity of the baryons - it solves the matter-antimatter asymmetry. The simplest grainy surface that can have internal helicity is the torus/charge/spin (or loop) with toroidal and poloidal speeds. Here we showed that the ratio of such speeds leads to both the Jarlskog invariant and a spilled half-jet in grainy spacetime (i.e. to an additional arrow of time) which is responsible for CP violation. The Jarlskog invariant allows you to calculate the lifetimes of the neutron and weakly decaying hyperons.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[10842] viXra:1901.0176 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-15 11:54:06

### What is the Magnetic Moment of Electron Spin?

Authors: Michael Tzoumpas