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Recent submissions

Any replacements are listed farther down

[25658] viXra:1809.0361 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-17 06:28:28

Lord Nataraja's Yantra

Authors: Maheshwari Tandon
Comments: 2 Pages. NA

This is the world's NUMBER ONE yantra/Chakra.
Category: Religion and Spiritualism

[25657] viXra:1809.0360 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-17 07:52:20

Magnetic Cooling Cycle

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 37 Pages.

As a result of climate change, population growth, and rising expectations regarding quality of life, energy requirements for cooling processes are growing much faster worldwide than for heating. [22] Researchers at The Ohio State University have discovered how to control heat with a magnetic field. [21] Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have developed a new technology for switching heat flows 'on' or 'off'. [20] Thermoelectric materials can use thermal differences to generate electricity. Now there is an inexpensive and environmentally friendly way of producing them with the simplest tools: a pencil, photocopy paper, and conductive paint. [19] A team of researchers with the University of California and SRI International has developed a new type of cooling device that is both portable and efficient. [18] Thermal conductivity is one of the most crucial physical properties of matter when it comes to understanding heat transport, hydrodynamic evolution and energy balance in systems ranging from astrophysical objects to fusion plasmas. [17] Researchers from the Theory Department of the MPSD have realized the control of thermal and electrical currents in nanoscale devices by means of quantum local observations. [16] Physicists have proposed a new type of Maxwell's demon—the hypothetical agent that extracts work from a system by decreasing the system's entropy—in which the demon can extract work just by making a measurement, by taking advantage of quantum fluctuations and quantum superposition. [15] Pioneering research offers a fascinating view into the inner workings of the mind of 'Maxwell's Demon', a famous thought experiment in physics. [14] For more than a century and a half of physics, the Second Law of Thermodynamics, which states that entropy always increases, has been as close to inviolable as any law we know. In this universe, chaos reigns supreme. [13] Physicists have shown that the three main types of engines (four-stroke, twostroke, and continuous) are thermodynamically equivalent in a certain quantum regime, but not at the classical level. [12]
Category: Thermodynamics and Energy

[25656] viXra:1809.0359 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-17 10:14:58

Supersymmetric Preons II: Dynamic SUSY Breaking

Authors: Risto Raitio
Comments: 8 Pages.

The supersymmetric preon model [1] is based on simplest possible superfields of which the standard model can be constructed. The preon model offers a natural framework for supersymmetry breaking mediated dynamically by gravity. The SUSY breaking interaction Lagrangian contains supersymmetric preon, aka. `hidden' and visible sector MSSM fields. The low energy limit of the preon model is proposed to be the standard model with broken supersymmetry.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[25655] viXra:1809.0358 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-17 11:35:22

Symmetry Breaking Between Fundamental Forces

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 30 Pages.

A fraction of a second after the Big Bang, a single unified force may have shattered. Scientists from the CDF and DZero Collaborations used data from the Fermilab Tevatron Collider to recreate the early universe conditions. [28] Now researchers at the Paul Scherrer Institute PSI have helped to better understand the first minutes of the universe: They collected artificially produced beryllium-7 and made it into a sample that could be investigated. [27] Researchers have developed a new way to improve our knowledge of the Big Bang by measuring radiation from its afterglow, called the cosmic microwave background radiation. [26] The group's results reinforce a disagreement over the value of the Hubble constant as measured directly and as calculated via observations of primordial radiation – a disparity, say the researchers, which likely points to new physics. [25] Neutron stars consist of the densest form of matter known: a neutron star the size of Los Angeles can weigh twice as much as our sun. [24] Supermassive black holes, which lurk at the heart of most galaxies, are often described as "beasts" or "monsters". [23] The nuclei of most galaxies host supermassive black holes containing millions to billions of solar-masses of material. [22] New research shows the first evidence of strong winds around black holes throughout bright outburst events when a black hole rapidly consumes mass. [21] Chris Packham, associate professor of physics and astronomy at The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA), has collaborated on a new study that expands the scientific community's understanding of black holes in our galaxy and the magnetic fields that surround them. [20] In a paper published today in the journal Science, University of Florida scientists have discovered these tears in the fabric of the universe have significantly weaker magnetic fields than previously thought. [19]
Category: Astrophysics

[25654] viXra:1809.0357 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-17 12:53:02

Machine Learning Human Cell

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 34 Pages.

Scientists at the Allen Institute have used machine learning to train computers to see parts of the cell the human eye cannot easily distinguish. [21] Small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) is one of a number of biophysical techniques used for determining the structural characteristics of biomolecules. [20] A deep neural network running on an ordinary desktop computer is interpreting highly technical data related to national security as well as—and sometimes better than— today's best automated methods or even human experts. [19] Scientists at the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA), located at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, have pioneered the use of GPU-accelerated deep learning for rapid detection and characterization of gravitational waves. [18] Researchers from Queen Mary University of London have developed a mathematical model for the emergence of innovations. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15] Who is the better experimentalist, a human or a robot? When it comes to exploring synthetic and crystallization conditions for inorganic gigantic molecules, actively learning machines are clearly ahead, as demonstrated by British Scientists in an experiment with polyoxometalates published in the journal Angewandte Chemie. [14] Machine learning algorithms are designed to improve as they encounter more data, making them a versatile technology for understanding large sets of photos such as those accessible from Google Images. Elizabeth Holm, professor of materials science and engineering at Carnegie Mellon University, is leveraging this technology to better understand the enormous number of research images accumulated in the field of materials science. [13] With the help of artificial intelligence, chemists from the University of Basel in Switzerland have computed the characteristics of about two million crystals made up of four chemical elements. The researchers were able to identify 90 previously unknown thermodynamically stable crystals that can be regarded as new materials. [12]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[25653] viXra:1809.0356 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-17 13:10:08

Theory of Electron in Uniform Magnetic Field Inside Cathode Ray Tube and Possible Prediction of New Particles

Authors: Deep Jyoti Dutta
Comments: 5 Pages.

This Paper essentially focuses on the weird new form of mathematical equation that absolutely shows justification of an electron in uniform magnetic field. This paper also shows the alternate method to calculate electron’s charge to mass ratio. This note also makes possible speculations about the two new elementary particles. This work however also describes the very early brilliant experimental observations of Sir Thomson in Cambridge, England and its impact on this modern theoretical study. The main attractive part is the general prediction which needs to be vindicated by experiments.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[25652] viXra:1809.0355 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-17 13:15:52

On the Kinetic Formulation of Gases

Authors: Deep Jyoti Dutta
Comments: 4 Pages.

The extensive studies on thermal properties of matter especially in gases, shows the new possible direction and therefore to initiate the new stream in theoretical physics. The subject discussed in this context is somehow important in this field; the paper shows an equation of gases which is enclosed in a metallic container under suitable conditions. The equation which will be described here is valid for the rigorous choice that we have considered to derive it.
Category: Thermodynamics and Energy

[25651] viXra:1809.0354 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-17 13:17:17

AI can Tell if Restaurant Review Fake

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 47 Pages.

Researchers find AI-generated reviews and comments pose a significant threat to consumers, but machine learning can help detect the fakes. [28] Following the old saying that "knowledge is power", companies are seeking to infer increasingly intimate properties about their customers as a way to gain an edge over their competitors. [27] Researchers from Human Longevity, Inc. (HLI) have published a study in which individual faces and other physical traits were predicted using whole genome sequencing data and machine learning. [26] Artificial intelligence can improve health care by analyzing data from apps, smartphones and wearable technology. [25] Now, researchers at Google's DeepMind have developed a simple algorithm to handle such reasoning—and it has already beaten humans at a complex image comprehension test. [24] A marimba-playing robot with four arms and eight sticks is writing and playing its own compositions in a lab at the Georgia Institute of Technology. The pieces are generated using artificial intelligence and deep learning. [23] Now, a team of researchers at MIT and elsewhere has developed a new approach to such computations, using light instead of electricity, which they say could vastly improve the speed and efficiency of certain deep learning computations. [22] Physicists have found that the structure of certain types of quantum learning algorithms is very similar to their classical counterparts—a finding that will help scientists further develop the quantum versions. [21] We should remain optimistic that quantum computing and AI will continue to improve our lives, but we also should continue to hold companies, organizations, and governments accountable for how our private data is used, as well as the technology's impact on the environment. [20] It's man vs machine this week as Google's artificial intelligence programme AlphaGo faces the world's top-ranked Go player in a contest expected to end in another victory for rapid advances in AI. [19] Google's computer programs are gaining a better understanding of the world, and now it wants them to handle more of the decision-making for the billions of people who use its services. [18]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[25650] viXra:1809.0353 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-17 13:19:38

Dynamical Pattern of Elementary Particles

Authors: Deep Jyoti Dutta
Comments: 8 Pages.

This purpose of this present paper is to present the simple idea to introduce a mathematical model to predict some possible particles (and may be its systems) that might exist beyond standard model of particle physics. The idea that is discussed in this present note must somehow* be the particle does not belong to fermions or bosons but more exotic. This paper is purely theoretical which gives hypothetical flavor of particles that possibly claims to exist in nature, based on the weird but interesting mathematical sketch. This note has been done by keeping one sentences in mind that the existing particles can reveal the zoo of other unknown particles.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[25649] viXra:1809.0352 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-17 13:36:38

Protein Insight into the Brain

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 51 Pages.

These will then produce the proteins themselves, without the cell functions being disturbed: cells, structures or their activities thus become visible under the microscope. [33] Measuring optical blood flow in the resting human brain to detect spontaneous activity has for the first time been demonstrated by Wright State University imaging researchers, holding out promise for a better way to study people with autism, Alzheimer's and depression. [32] UCLA biologists report they have transferred a memory from one marine snail to another, creating an artificial memory, by injecting RNA from one to another. [31] Scientists at the Wellcome Trust/ Cancer Research UK Gurdon Institute, University of Cambridge, have identified a new type of stem cell in the brain which they say has a high potential for repair following brain injury or disease. [30] A team of researchers working at the Weizmann Institute of Science has found that organoids can be used to better understand how the human brain wrinkles as it develops. [29] A team of biologists has found an unexpected source for the brain's development, a finding that offers new insights into the building of the nervous system. [28] Researchers discover both the structure of specific brain areas and memory are linked to genetic activity that also play important roles in immune system function. [27] The inner workings of the human brain have always been a subject of great interest. Unfortunately, it is fairly difficult to view brain structures or intricate tissues due to the fact that the skull is not transparent by design. [26] But now there is a technology that enables us to "read the mind" with growing accuracy: functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). [25] Advances in microscopy techniques have often triggered important discoveries in the field of neuroscience, enabling vital insights in understanding the brain and promising new treatments for neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's. [24] What is the relationship of consciousness to the neurological activity of the brain? Does the brain behave differently when a person is fully conscious, when they are asleep, or when they are undergoing an epileptic seizure? [23]
Category: Physics of Biology

[25648] viXra:1809.0351 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-17 17:16:10

The Cordiality for the Conjunction of Two Paths

Authors: S.I. Nada, A. Elrokh, R. Hamza
Comments: 16 pages

Abstract A graph is called cordial if it has a 0 - 1 labeling such that the number of vertices (edges) labeled with ones and zeros dier by at most one. The conjunction of two graphs (V1;E1) and (V2;E2) is the graph G = (V;E), where V = V1 x V2 and u = (a1; a2), v = (b1; b2) are two vertices, then uv belongs to E if aibi belongs to Ei for i = 1 or 2. In this paper, we present necessary and sucient condition for cordial labeling for the conjunction of two paths, denoted by Pn ^ Pm. Also, we drive an algorithm to generate cordial labeling for the conjunction Pn ^ Pm.
Category: Number Theory

[25647] viXra:1809.0350 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-17 23:23:42

In Search of Schrödinger’s Electron

Authors: Jean Louis Van Belle
Comments: 8 Pages.

This article continues to explore a possible physical interpretation of the wavefunction that has been elaborated in previous papers (see http://vixra.org/author/jean_louis_van_belle). It basically zooms in on the physical model it implies for an electron in free space. It concludes that the mainstream interpretation of quantum physics (the Copenhagen interpretation) is and remains the most parsimonious explanation, but that one or two extra assumptions – the wavefunction as a two-dimensional self-sustaining oscillation of a pointlike charge in space – make more frivolous explanations (many-worlds, pilot-wave, etc.) redundant.
Category: Quantum Physics

[25646] viXra:1809.0349 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-18 02:44:35

Simulation of Nontribial Point of Riemann Zeta Function  Ver.3

Authors: Toshiro Takami
Comments: 5 Pages.

Tried to simulate the nontribial point of the Riemann zeta function. At the beginning, we tried to be exactly the same value as the nontribial point of the Riemann Zeta function only with the degree of increase of the circle going up like wrapping x = 0.5, but the degree of increase varies from moment to moment extremely difficult It was judged impossible. Then we created an expression that can take approximate values, but always take lower values than the nontribial zeros of the Riemann zeta function except for the initial values. However, by increasing the degree of increase of the circle going up like winding x = 0.5, it became possible to take a value which can be said to be an approximate value. The degree of increase in yen was based on the formula of the nuclear energy value of uranium. Since the degree of increase of the zero point changes from moment to moment, satisfactory approximate values can not be obtained yet.
Category: Geometry

[25645] viXra:1809.0348 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-16 06:16:43

The Evolution of Star Habitable Zones

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 3 Pages.

It was discovered that planets are older, evolving stars. This means the Circumstellar Habitable Zone collapses and/or shrinks into the star itself, thus evolves as the star evolves. Explanation is provided.
Category: Astrophysics

[25644] viXra:1809.0347 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-16 06:16:36

Hydrogen-Rich Superconductor

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 20 Pages.

The effect appears in compounds of lanthanum and hydrogen squeezed to extremely high pressures. [33] University of Wisconsin-Madison engineers have added a new dimension to our understanding of why straining a particular group of materials, called Ruddlesden-Popper oxides, tampers with their superconducting properties. [32] Nuclear techniques have played an important role in determining the crystal structure of a rare type of intermetallic alloy that exhibits superconductivity. [31] A potential new state of matter is being reported in the journal Nature, with research showing that among superconducting materials in high magnetic fields, the phenomenon of electronic symmetry breaking is common. [30] Researchers from the University of Geneva (UNIGE) in Switzerland and the Technical University Munich in Germany have lifted the veil on the electronic characteristics of high-temperature superconductors. Their research, published in Nature Communications, shows that the electronic densities measured in these superconductors are a combination of two separate effects. As a result, they propose a new model that suggests the existence of two coexisting states rather than competing ones postulated for the past thirty years, a small revolution in the world of superconductivity. [29] A team led by scientists at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory combined powerful magnetic pulses with some of the brightest X-rays on the planet to discover a surprising 3-D arrangement of a material's electrons that appears closely linked to a mysterious phenomenon known as high-temperature superconductivity. [28] Advanced x-ray technique reveals surprising quantum excitations that persist through materials with or without superconductivity. [27] This paper explains the magnetic effect of the superconductive current from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the electric wire. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The changing acceleration of the electrons explains the created negative electric field of the magnetic induction, the Higgs Field, the changing Relativistic Mass and the Gravitational Force, giving a Unified Theory of the physical forces. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators also, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions. Since the superconductivity is basically a quantum mechanical phenomenon and some entangled particles give this opportunity to specific matters, like Cooper Pairs or other entanglements, as strongly correlated materials and Exciton-mediated electron pairing, we can say that the secret of superconductivity is the quantum entanglement.
Category: Quantum Physics

[25643] viXra:1809.0346 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-16 06:28:14

Un Inconsistency Between Light Speed Invariance and Causal Relations

Authors: Luk Rossey
Comments: 7 Pages.

If the speed of light is independent of the movement of its source, then it should make no difference at all when clocks are synchronized using light sources at rest or moving ones. It seems it does. When clocks are synchronized in two reference frames, moving relatively to one another, the causal relations between two particular events will depend on whether sources at rest or moving ones have been used. This inconsistency will appear solid evidence that the speed of light can never be invariant.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[25642] viXra:1809.0345 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-16 06:34:32

Graphene Electronics Superfast

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 74 Pages.

Graphene-based computer components that can deal in terahertz " could be used, not in a normal Macintosh or PC, but perhaps in very advanced computers with high processing rates, " Ozaki says. This 2-D material could also be used to make extremely high-speed nanodevices, he adds. [44] Printed electronics use standard printing techniques to manufacture electronic devices on different substrates like glass, plastic films, and paper. [43] A tiny laser comprising an array of nanoscale semiconductor cylinders (see image) has been made by an all-A*STAR team. [42] A new instrument lets researchers use multiple laser beams and a microscope to trap and move cells and then analyze them in real-time with a sensitive analysis technique known as Raman spectroscopy. [41] All systems are go for launch in November of NASA's Global Ecosystem Dynamics Investigation (GEDI) mission, which will use high-resolution laser ranging to study Earth's forests and topography from the International Space Station (ISS). [40] Scientists from the Max Born Institute for Nonlinear Optics and Short Pulse Spectroscopy (MBI) in Berlin combined state-of-the-art experiments and numerical simulations to test a fundamental assumption underlying strong-field physics. [39] Femtosecond lasers are capable of processing any solid material with high quality and high precision using their ultrafast and ultra-intense characteristics. [38] To create the flying microlaser, the researchers launched laser light into a water-filled hollow core fiber to optically trap the microparticle. Like the materials used to make traditional lasers, the microparticle incorporates a gain medium. [37] Lasers that emit ultrashort pulses of light are critical components of technologies, including communications and industrial processing, and have been central to fundamental Nobel Prize-winning research in physics. [36] A newly developed laser technology has enabled physicists in the Laboratory for Attosecond Physics (jointly run by LMU Munich and the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics) to generate attosecond bursts of high-energy photons of unprecedented intensity. [35]
Category: Quantum Physics

[25641] viXra:1809.0343 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-16 07:00:28

Proofs for Sivasamy Soundararajan's Social Services

Authors: Sivasamy Soundararajan
Comments: 18 Pages. na

In this work, the proofs for social services have been explained
Category: Education and Didactics

[25640] viXra:1809.0342 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-16 08:31:39

Genealogy and the Vedic Timescale

Authors: Sai Venkatesh Balasubramanian
Comments: 12 Pages.

Vedic timescales are explored. Manvantaras correspond to DNA Haplogroups.
Category: Social Science

[25639] viXra:1809.0341 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-16 11:10:33

Goldbach Pereyra Theorem

Authors: Pablo Hernan Pereyra
Comments: 8 Pages. Copyright 2007

In the present work is demonstrate that the so called Goldbach conjecture from 1742 -- “All positive even numbers greater than two can be expressed as a sum of two primes” – due to Leonhard Euler, is a true statement. This result is partially based on the Wilson theorem, and complementary on our reasoning to cast the problem into a diophantine equation. The latter is the master equation for the conjectures proof.
Category: Number Theory

[25638] viXra:1809.0340 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-16 12:48:43

Phi Repeating Decimals

Authors: Pedro Hugo García Peláez
Comments: 12 Pages.

When dividing any number between 1.618033 we obtain decimal numbers with a period of 1618032 decimals
Category: Number Theory

[25637] viXra:1809.0338 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-16 13:40:39

A Fast Factoring Algorithm

Authors: Paco Derek Tucker
Comments: 1 Page.

A simple and fast factoring algorithm that requires only copy paste, the modular operation, and paired additive partitions of the number.
Category: Number Theory

[25636] viXra:1809.0337 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-16 20:12:27

Experimental Verification of Wave Packet Collapse Using Fourth-Order Interference

Authors: Kazufumi Sakai
Comments: 8 Pages. Journal for Foundations and Applications of Physics, vol. 5, No. 2 (2018) 221-224

The concept of wave packet collapse is the most interesting and difficult to understand assumption of quantum mechanics and it remains an unresolved issue. Therefore, it is necessary to carefully examine its principle and process experimentally. We fabricated a new fourth-order interference apparatus capable of verifying the collapse of a wave packet. Contrary to expectation, a “collapse” was not observed in our experiment.
Category: Quantum Physics

[25635] viXra:1809.0336 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-16 23:01:22

The Problem of Identity of Scalar Models of Gravity and Elasticity.

Authors: Oleg Tcherepanov
Comments: 23 Pages.

Using the principle of virtual scale, it was possible to obtain new solutions to a number of problems of mechanics as the first section of General physics. The identical transformation of the known rules and laws of classical science modifies the formulas into scalar structures of six special numbers. The context of the proposed theory consists of non-standard Metrology, scalar mechanics and physics without artifacts. They can be found in the published monographs ISBN 978-3-659-60213-9, ISBN 978-3-659-74415-9 and articles vixra: 1503.0037, vixra: 1807.0458, vixra: 1808.0182, vixra: 1808.0631.
Category: Classical Physics

[25634] viXra:1809.0335 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-16 23:17:01

Gravito-Electromagnetism Derived Mathematically from Newton’s Law Electromagnetism/gravito-Electromagnetism Duality

Authors: Hui Peng
Comments: 10 Pages. Mathematically derive Maxwell-type gravity-electromagnetism which can be easily quantized

In this article, we utilize the mathematic approach, which has been utilized to re-derive Maxwell equation mathematically from the Gauss/Coulomb’s law, to demonstrate that, by applying Newton’s law, the magnetic-type gravitational field exists mathematically. Namely, since a stationary gravitational charge satisfies Newton’s law, its motion generates inevitably an axial gravito-magnetic field and an axial gravito-electric field; call Gravito-electromagnetism. This mathematical derivation proves the famous sentence, “The world is built mathematically”. The so derived Electromagnetism and Gravito-electromagnetism disclose mathematically an intrinsic duality between electromagnetic force and gravitational force, which are the only two long-range forces in the Nature. The Electromagnetism/Gravito-electromagnetism duality can serves as the base for the advanced dualities between the two and for the unification of the two.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[25633] viXra:1809.0334 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-17 01:43:50

Word Hearth Etymology

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 4 Pages. -

Probable origin of this Russian word
Category: Linguistics

[25632] viXra:1809.0333 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-17 01:48:19

Etymology of Pronouns

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 15 Pages. -

Pronouns appear at an early stage of creation of language when still there are no names of the objects interesting us
Category: Linguistics

[25631] viXra:1809.0332 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-17 01:54:11

Probable Etymology of the Word Oud

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 7 Pages. -

The Russian word OUD designates the certain butter possessing a special smell or aroma.
Category: Linguistics

[25630] viXra:1809.0331 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-17 02:06:17

Probable Etymology of the Word Brain

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 9 Pages. -

Comparison of the Russian words BRAIN and MOSCOW is executed.
Category: Linguistics

[25629] viXra:1809.0330 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-17 02:10:37

Aliens

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 2 Pages. -

Impossibility to imagine psychology of aliens
Category: Social Science

[25628] viXra:1809.0329 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-17 04:26:49

The Quantum/Classical Connection

Authors: Bernard Riley
Comments: 11 pages

By way of the Quantum/Classical Connection, the radii of nearby G and K-type Main Sequence stars map onto the atomic masses of Period 4 transition metals while the masses of the stars map onto the atomic radii of the same elements.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[25627] viXra:1809.0328 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-15 06:56:17

Theoretical Measurements of Mass and Charge of W Bosons, and Possible Elementary Fractional Charge Gauge and Elementary Integer Charge Scalar Bosons

Authors: Deep Jyoti Dutta
Comments: 15 Pages.

The nature’s beautiful symmetry defines its original scenery which is very simple if one can grasp the mathematical idea associated with it. The first purpose of this note is to present the abstract mathematical methodology (not abstract as nature’s beautiful symmetry arrangements) can also be called as mathematical scheme which justifies the charge, spin and mass of electroweak bosons which is our original choice. The second primary fundamental essence of this note is to attempt the prediction of fractional charged boson that might exist in nature with definite spin basically spin equivalent to gauge boson and a scalar boson of integer charge with an approximate mass. The mass mentioned in this note is our mass calculation limit which may change. Both particles are predicted as elementary. For this note we have taken only elementary gauge boson with charge i.e. w boson to develop mathematical rules to predict another new gauge charged boson.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[25626] viXra:1809.0327 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-15 06:59:05

Dual Spin Statistics in Hadrons

Authors: Deep Jyoti Dutta
Comments: 2 Pages.

vindicated by experimental approaches in super energetic accelerators. The predicted particles are strongly interacting composite particles with “colored quarks” as its basic constituents.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[25625] viXra:1809.0326 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-15 07:01:22

On The Special Strongly Interacting Baryons*

Authors: Deep Jyoti Dutta
Comments: 1 Page.

Physics of strongly interacting particles are well known in terms of simplified mathematical models. This note mathematically shows the evidence of particles called baryons of special type, means with special quark combinations. The certainty of this paper must be an experimental approach in high energy accelerators.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[25624] viXra:1809.0325 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-15 07:38:16

Laser Study of Ice Sheets

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 73 Pages.

NASA counted down Saturday to the launch of its $1 billion ICESat-2 mission, using advanced lasers to uncover the true depth of the melting of Earth's ice sheets. [44] Printed electronics use standard printing techniques to manufacture electronic devices on different substrates like glass, plastic films, and paper. [43] A tiny laser comprising an array of nanoscale semiconductor cylinders (see image) has been made by an all-A*STAR team. [42] A new instrument lets researchers use multiple laser beams and a microscope to trap and move cells and then analyze them in real-time with a sensitive analysis technique known as Raman spectroscopy. [41] All systems are go for launch in November of NASA's Global Ecosystem Dynamics Investigation (GEDI) mission, which will use high-resolution laser ranging to study Earth's forests and topography from the International Space Station (ISS). [40] Scientists from the Max Born Institute for Nonlinear Optics and Short Pulse Spectroscopy (MBI) in Berlin combined state-of-the-art experiments and numerical simulations to test a fundamental assumption underlying strong-field physics. [39] Femtosecond lasers are capable of processing any solid material with high quality and high precision using their ultrafast and ultra-intense characteristics. [38] To create the flying microlaser, the researchers launched laser light into a water-filled hollow core fiber to optically trap the microparticle. Like the materials used to make traditional lasers, the microparticle incorporates a gain medium. [37] Lasers that emit ultrashort pulses of light are critical components of technologies, including communications and industrial processing, and have been central to fundamental Nobel Prize-winning research in physics. [36] A newly developed laser technology has enabled physicists in the Laboratory for Attosecond Physics (jointly run by LMU Munich and the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics) to generate attosecond bursts of high-energy photons of unprecedented intensity. [35] The unique platform, which is referred as a 4-D microscope, combines the sensitivity and high time-resolution of phase imaging with the specificity and high spatial resolution of fluorescence microscopy. [34]
Category: Condensed Matter

[25623] viXra:1809.0324 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-15 08:18:55

Computational Technology Streamlines

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 46 Pages.

Workflow management systems allow users to prepare, produce and analyze scientific processes to help simplify complex simulations. [27] Now, a team of A*STAR researchers and colleagues has developed a detector that can successfully pick out where human actions will occur in videos, in almost real-time. [26] A team of researchers affiliated with several institutions in Germany and the U.S. has developed a deep learning algorithm that can be used for motion capture of animals of any kind. [25] In 2016, when we inaugurated our new IBM Research lab in Johannesburg, we took on this challenge and are reporting our first promising results at Health Day at the KDD Data Science Conference in London this month. [24] The research group took advantage of a system at SLAC's Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource (SSRL) that combines machine learning—a form of artificial intelligence where computer algorithms glean knowledge from enormous amounts of data—with experiments that quickly make and screen hundreds of sample materials at a time. [23] Researchers at the UCLA Samueli School of Engineering have demonstrated that deep learning, a powerful form of artificial intelligence, can discern and enhance microscopic details in photos taken by smartphones. [22] Such are the big questions behind one of the new projects underway at the MIT-IBM Watson AI Laboratory, a collaboration for research on the frontiers of artificial intelligence. [21] The possibility of cognitive nuclear-spin processing came to Fisher in part through studies performed in the 1980s that reported a remarkable lithium isotope dependence on the behavior of mother rats. [20] And as will be presented today at the 25th annual meeting of the Cognitive Neuroscience Society (CNS), cognitive neuroscientists increasingly are using those emerging artificial networks to enhance their understanding of one of the most elusive intelligence systems, the human brain. [19] U.S. Army Research Laboratory scientists have discovered a way to leverage emerging brain-like computer architectures for an age-old number-theoretic problem known as integer factorization. [18]
Category: Data Structures and Algorithms

[25622] viXra:1809.0323 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-15 09:41:12

A Generalization of the Clifford Algebra

Authors: Antoine Balan
Comments: 2 pages, written in english

We propose here a generalization of the Clifford algebra by mean of two endomorphisms. We deduce a generalized Lichnerowicz formula for the space of modified spinors.
Category: Geometry

[25621] viXra:1809.0322 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-15 10:35:14

Rough Estimate of Legendre's Conjecture

Authors: Hajime Mashima
Comments: 9 Pages.

Legendre's conjecture argues that there is always a prime number between n2 and (n + 1)2 when natural number n.
Category: Number Theory

[25620] viXra:1809.0319 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-15 15:47:48

On Macroscopic Wave-Particle Duality Quantum Phenomena

Authors: Royan Rosche
Comments: 3 Pages.

This is a “Unified theory”. “Atoms” of the ocean have a single unified property forming the ocean as a whole-thus we can see “an atom”. While they are moved by the Moon, thus we have unified the Moon with "Atoms' of the Ocean. I propose to you that The Human can only see with Photons, so they will never be able to see an Atom. What I have done is took an "atom" out of the equation. I propose that "Water" is not made out of "atoms" but made out of "waves" and these come from the Moon. While "earth' are not "atoms" but transformed Photons from the Sun creating Dirt as Sulfur forming land masses and volcanoes when heated by the Earth. "Matter" is a visible manifestation of a Celestial Force and not composed out of anything other than what is visible in its "macroscopic form". "Metals, Dirt, Rocks, gems and Stones" are made from the Photons from the Sun, which are not "small" but "Visible Light", while Water from the Moon forms Air. I also propose the Mass is given by the Earth which holds these forces in place and it has its own called Electromagnetism. What no One has bothered to do on Modern Science is to take into account Human Perception for we are IN THE MIDDLE OF THE LARGE AND THE SMALL. I have Unified Physics by destroying the Atom. I have Unified Physics by saying the Sun and Moon are the things which generate Water and Earth and the Earth gives them Mass, and allows these force to manifest as these so called "elements". There is no such thing as an "atom" there is only Celestial forces interacting and thus generating the "Matter" we see.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[25619] viXra:1809.0318 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-15 17:24:23

The Dirac Hamiltonian's Egregious Violations of Special Relativity; the Nonrelativistic Pauli Hamiltonian's Unique Relativistic Extension

Authors: Steven Kenneth Kauffmann
Comments: 13 Pages.

A single-particle Hamiltonian independent of the particle's coordinate ensures the particle conserves momentum, i.e., is free. If the Hamiltonian's energy-momentum is also Lorentz-covariant, it is uniquely determined by the particle's rest energy, and the particle has speed below c and constant velocity parallel to its conserved momentum (Newton's First Law), so its orbital angular momentum is conserved. Dirac set the square of his free-particle Hamiltonian equal to the square of this Hamiltonian, but he unwittingly ruined his Hamiltonian's energy-momentum Lorentz-covariance by making it inhomogeneously linear in momentum. A Dirac particle's speed is thus independent of its momentum, so by elimination can involve only c. Dirac free-particle speed comes out fixed to c times the square root of three, and the same fixed speed is obtained with the electromagnetically minimally coupled Dirac Hamiltonian, destroying the very basis of the textbook idea that Dirac Hamiltonians reduce to nonrelativistic Pauli Hamiltonians for weak fields and nonrelativistic particle speed. Dirac Hamiltonians egregiously violate the special-relativistic speed limit c, so must be discarded, and the actual relativistic extension of the nonrelativistic Pauli Hamiltonian worked out, which is done via Lorentz-invariant upgrade of the rest-frame Pauli action functional. The relativistic Pauli Hamiltonian is obtained in closed form for zero external magnetic field, otherwise a successive approximation scheme applies.
Category: Quantum Physics

[25618] viXra:1809.0317 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-15 19:51:43

Decimales Periódicos de Phi

Authors: Pedro Hugo García Peláez
Comments: Pages.

Al dividir cualquier número entre 1,618033 obtenemos números decimales con un periodo de 1,618032 decimales
Category: Number Theory

[25617] viXra:1809.0315 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-15 21:38:56

Catalog of Papers by Colin James III at Vixra

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 38 Pages. © Copyright 2016-2018 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to the author by email at: info@ersatz-systems dot com.

This list is taken from vixra.org/author/colin_james_iii, but with readable titles and correct numbering as of 9/15/2018.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[25616] viXra:1809.0314 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-16 01:59:16

Word Spider Origin

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 4 Pages. -

Russian etymology of the word SPIDER
Category: Linguistics

[25615] viXra:1809.0313 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-16 02:11:38

Russian Etymology of the Word Kike

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 8 Pages. -

Communication with the word WAIT is considered
Category: Linguistics

[25614] viXra:1809.0312 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-16 02:15:20

Controversial Assumption

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 2 Pages. -

Distinctions of perception of the same information
Category: Linguistics

[25613] viXra:1809.0311 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-16 02:31:13

The Origin of the Word Hall

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 2 Pages. -

To find the relation between Russian words Hall and Lard
Category: Linguistics

[25612] viXra:1809.0310 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-16 02:52:14

Etymology of the Russian Words Dance, Station, Salon, Saloon

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 3 Pages. -

Communication of these words with the Russian word HALL
Category: Linguistics

[25611] viXra:1809.0309 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-16 04:04:37

Protein Synthesis Machinery

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 50 Pages.

Sleeping sickness-causing parasites contain an unusual protein synthesis mechanism. [28] Sunlight is essential for all life, and living organisms have evolved to sense and respond to light. [27] Using X-ray laser technology, a team led by researchers of the Paul Scherrer Institute PSI has recorded one of the fastest processes in biology. [26] A Virginia Commonwealth University researcher has developed a procedure for identifying the source of cells present in a forensic biological sample that could change how cell types are identified in samples across numerous industries. [25] In work at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the University of Maryland in College Park, researchers have devised and demonstrated a new way to measure free energy. [24] A novel technique developed by researchers at the ARC Centre of Excellence for Nanoscale BioPhotonics (CNBP) will help shine new light on biological questions by improving the quality and quantity of information that can be extracted in fluorescence microscopy. [23] Micro-computed tomography or "micro-CT" is X-ray imaging in 3-D, by the same method used in hospital CT (or "CAT") scans, but on a small scale with massively increased resolution. [22] A new experimental method permits the X-ray analysis of amyloids, a class of large, filamentous biomolecules which are an important hallmark of diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's. [12] Thumb through any old science textbook, and you'll likely find RNA described as little more than a means to an end, a kind of molecular scratch paper used to construct the proteins encoded in DNA. [20] Just like any long polymer chain, DNA tends to form knots. Using technology that allows them to stretch DNA molecules and image the behavior of these knots, MIT researchers have discovered, for the first time, the factors that determine whether a knot moves along the strand or "jams" in place. [19]
Category: Physics of Biology

[25610] viXra:1809.0308 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-16 05:40:30

Semi-Compact and Semi-Lindelӧf Spaces via Neutrosophic Crisp Set Theory

Authors: A.A. Salama, I.M.Hanafy, M. S. Dabash
Comments: 8 Pages.

The aim of this paper is devoted to introduce and study the concepts of semi-compact (resp.semi-Lindelӧf, locally semi-compact) spaces in a neutrosophic crisp topological space. Several properties, functions properties of neutrosophic crisp semi-compact spaces are studied. In addition to these, we introduce and study the definition of neutrosophic crisp semi-Lindelӧf spaces and neutrosophic crisp locally semi-compact spaces. We show that neutrosophic crisp semi-compact spaces is preserved under neutrosophic crisp irresolute function and neutrosophic crisp pre-semi-closed function with neutrosophic crisp semi-compact point inverses.
Category: Topology

[25609] viXra:1809.0307 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-14 06:43:59

Quantum Optics Metamaterials

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 40 Pages.

Two teams of scientists from the Technion-Israel Institute of Technology have collaborated to conduct groundbreaking research leading to the development of a new and innovative scientific field: Quantum Metamaterials. [23] An international team consisting of Russian and German scientists has made a breakthrough in the creation of seemingly impossible materials. They have created the world's first quantum metamaterial that can be used as a control element in superconducting electrical circuits. [22] ETH physicists have developed a silicon wafer that behaves like a topological insulator when stimulated using ultrasound. They have thereby succeeded in turning an abstract theoretical concept into a macroscopic product. [21] Cheng Chin, professor in the Department of Physics, and his team looked at an experimental setup of tens of thousands of atoms cooled down to near absolute zero. As the system crossed a quantum phase transition, they measured its behavior with an extremely sensitive imaging system. [20] Scientists from three UK universities are to test one of the fundamental laws of physics as part of a major Europe-wide project awarded more than £3m in funding. ]19] A team of researchers has devised a simple way to tune a hallmark quantum effect in graphene—the material formed from a single layer of carbon atoms—by bathing it in light. [18] Researchers from the University of Cambridge have taken a peek into the secretive domain of quantum mechanics. [17] Scientists at the University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland, recently reengineered their data processing, demonstrating that 16 million atoms were entangled in a one-centimetre crystal. [15] The fact that it is possible to retrieve this lost information reveals new insight into the fundamental nature of quantum measurements, mainly by supporting the idea that quantum measurements contain both quantum and classical components. [14] Researchers blur the line between classical and quantum physics by connecting chaos and entanglement. [13]
Category: Quantum Physics

[25608] viXra:1809.0306 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-14 07:26:48

Gravitational Waves Extra Dimensions

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 18 Pages.

While last year's discovery of gravitational waves from colliding neutron stars was earth-shaking, it won't add extra dimensions to our understanding of the universe—not literal ones, at least. [18] A global team of scientists, including two University of Mississippi physicists, has found that the same instruments used in the historic discovery of gravitational waves caused by colliding black holes could help unlock the secrets of dark matter, a mysterious and as-yet-unobserved component of the universe. [17] The lack of so-called " dark photons " in electron-positron collision data rules out scenarios in which these hypothetical particles explain the muon's magnetic moment. [16] By reproducing the complexity of the cosmos through unprecedented simulations, a new study highlights the importance of the possible behaviour of very high-energy photons. In their journey through intergalactic magnetic fields, such photons could be transformed into axions and thus avoid being absorbed. [15] Scientists have detected a mysterious X-ray signal that could be caused by dark matter streaming out of our Sun's core. Hidden photons are predicted in some extensions of the Standard Model of particle physics, and unlike WIMPs they would interact electromagnetically with normal matter. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[25607] viXra:1809.0305 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-14 08:14:08

Social Services of Soundararajan Sivasamy

Authors: S. Soundararajan
Comments: 33 Pages. nba

In this communications, the proofs for the social services of S. Sivasamy has been given
Category: Education and Didactics

[25606] viXra:1809.0304 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-14 08:17:34

Social Services of Soundararajan Sivasamy Part 2

Authors: S. Soundararajan
Comments: 36 Pages. nba

In this communications, the proofs for the social services of S. Sivasamy has been given
Category: Education and Didactics

[25605] viXra:1809.0303 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-14 11:04:41

Optical Rocket Plasma Accelerator

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 79 Pages.

In a recent experiment at the University of Nebraska–Lincoln, plasma electrons in the paths of intense laser light pulses were almost instantly accelerated close to the speed of light. [42] Plasma particle accelerators more powerful than existing machines could help probe some of the outstanding mysteries of our universe, as well as make leaps forward in cancer treatment and security scanning—all in a package that's around a thousandth of the size of current accelerators. [41] The Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory has started to assemble a new facility for revolutionary accelerator technologies that could make future accelerators 100 to 1,000 times smaller and boost their capabilities. [40] The authors designed a mechanism based on the deployment of a transport barrier to confine the particles and prevent them from moving from one region of the accelerator to another. "There is strong experimental evidence that there is indeed some new physics lurking in the lepton sector," Dev said. [38] Now, in a new result unveiled today at the Neutrino 2018 conference in Heidelberg, Germany, the collaboration has announced its first results using antineutrinos, and has seen strong evidence of muon antineutrinos oscillating into electron antineutrinos over long distances, a phenomenon that has never been unambiguously observed. [37] The Precision Reactor Oscillation and Spectrum Experiment (PROSPECT) has completed the installation of a novel antineutrino detector that will probe the possible existence of a new form of matter. [36] The MINERvA collaboration analyzed data from the interactions of an antineutrino— the antimatter partner of a neutrino—with a nucleus. [35] The inclusion of short-range interactions in models of neutrinoless double-beta decay could impact the interpretation of experimental searches for the elusive decay. [34]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[25604] viXra:1809.0302 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-14 11:33:03

Gravity Theory Saved

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 19 Pages.

An international group of astronomers, including physicists at the University of St Andrews, has revived a previously debunked theory of gravity, arguing that motions within dwarf galaxies would be slower if close to a massive galaxy. [19] While last year's discovery of gravitational waves from colliding neutron stars was earth-shaking, it won't add extra dimensions to our understanding of the universe—not literal ones, at least. [18] A global team of scientists, including two University of Mississippi physicists, has found that the same instruments used in the historic discovery of gravitational waves caused by colliding black holes could help unlock the secrets of dark matter, a mysterious and as-yet-unobserved component of the universe. [17] The lack of so-called " dark photons " in electron-positron collision data rules out scenarios in which these hypothetical particles explain the muon's magnetic moment. [16] By reproducing the complexity of the cosmos through unprecedented simulations, a new study highlights the importance of the possible behaviour of very high-energy photons. In their journey through intergalactic magnetic fields, such photons could be transformed into axions and thus avoid being absorbed. [15] Scientists have detected a mysterious X-ray signal that could be caused by dark matter streaming out of our Sun's core. Hidden photons are predicted in some extensions of the Standard Model of particle physics, and unlike WIMPs they would interact electromagnetically with normal matter. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[25603] viXra:1809.0301 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-14 11:57:37

The Accelerating Expansion of the Universe is an Observational Error in the Measurement of the co-Moving Distant, as Well as the Measurement of the Velocity of Recession.

Authors: S.M.Hosseini, M.I.Kendrick
Comments: 7 Pages.

Abstract The observation of the Universe at the present epoch will only give the rate of the expansion of the Universe at present era and produce one value of the Hubble constant by any observer in any galaxy in the cosmos. The expansion rate of the Universe is not obtainable for the past or the future of the Universe by observation; it can only be calculated by the fact that the invers of the Hubble constant is the age of the Universe at any period. One of the fundamental pillars of the cosmology is the Hubble constant and the inverse of it is the age of the Universe: , this relationship will be violated by observation that the Universe’s expansion is accelerating. This is fundamental that any epoch any observer on any galaxy in the Universe by looking at all the distant galaxies will measure the velocity of recession divided by Co-moving distant will obtain the value of the Hubble constant precisely the same exact value. The value of the Hubble constant is only constant at a particular epoch by all the observers in the Universe and decays as the passage of time according to the relationship: .
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[25602] viXra:1809.0300 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-14 12:27:46

Addiction of Slavery

Authors: Deep Jyoti Dutta
Comments: 5 Pages.

This note is about the true love for humanity and civilization.
Category: Social Science

[25601] viXra:1809.0299 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-14 13:03:25

Blueshift and the Antigravitation

Authors: Piscedda Giampaolo
Comments: 4 Pages.

In this theory it is shown that the universe does not expand. The equation that we derive is equivalent to the equation m = a (t)^2 from the book SEEING RED written by the scientist Halton Harp with the replacement M'= a and |delta r| = t^2
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[25600] viXra:1809.0298 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-14 14:24:04

Simulation of Nontrivial Zero of Riemann Zeta Function Ver.2

Authors: Toshiro Takami
Comments: 4 Pages.

Simulation of the nontrivial zero of Riemann's prediction succeeded in mimicking with rotational force alone. Although it is a simulation with only the rotational force, it is a very approximate value because the initial value was set as the first nonzero point of the Riemann zeta function. We adopted a method of placing a rotating force on the previous value and stacking it. I could reproduce how the dragon climbs up the x = 0.5 axis. In 1.0 of the interval of the nuclear energy, simulation did not hold and it was forced to take the value of 1.1. At first, although it is out of the nonobvious point of Riemann's prediction, it gradually becomes an approximate value. However, this may also be lower than the previous value, and it should be improved in the future.
Category: General Mathematics

[25599] viXra:1809.0297 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-14 15:51:09

Entropy in Physics

Authors: Jeremy Dunning-Davies
Comments: 4 Pages.

Following worries that the entropy functions of classical thermodynamics and statistical thermodynamics were not equivalent, attention is drawn here to work by Lazar Mayants indicating that this is not the case and the two are, in fact, equivalent.
Category: Thermodynamics and Energy

[25598] viXra:1809.0296 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-15 01:03:28

State Administration on Science

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 3 Pages. -

Comments to speech of the president of Sergeyev A.M. Russian Academy of Sciences.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[25597] viXra:1809.0295 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-15 01:16:04

Physical Sense of Force and Mass

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 2 Pages. -

Force and mass - scalars or vectors?
Category: Classical Physics

[25596] viXra:1809.0294 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-15 01:33:08

With What the Physics Begins …

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 7 Pages. -

The laws of the Newtonian mechanics defining physical concepts of forces and masses are considere
Category: Classical Physics

[25595] viXra:1809.0293 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-15 01:40:18

Life and Death in Verbal Designation

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 4 Pages. -

The words LIFE and DEATH doesn't need adoption from somewhere as are result of directly direct experience.
Category: Linguistics

[25594] viXra:1809.0292 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-15 01:44:30

As there Are Scientific Delusions. Principles of Physics

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 7 Pages. -

The axiomatic fundamentals of theoretical physics … have to be freely invented
Category: Classical Physics

[25593] viXra:1809.0290 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-15 02:25:47

Photonic Topological Quantum Computer

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 53 Pages.

Scientists have developed a topological photonic chip to process quantum information, promising a more robust option for scalable quantum computers. [33] With their insensitivity to decoherence, Majorana particles could become stable building blocks of quantum computers. [32] A team of researchers at the University of Maryland has found a new way to route photons at the micrometer scale without scattering by building a topological quantum optics interface. [31] Researchers at the University of Bristol's Quantum Engineering Technology Labs have demonstrated a new type of silicon chip that can help building and testing quantum computers and could find their way into your mobile phone to secure information. [30] Theoretical physicists propose to use negative interference to control heat flow in quantum devices. [29] Particle physicists are studying ways to harness the power of the quantum realm to further their research. [28] A fundamental barrier to scaling quantum computing machines is "qubit interference." In new research published in Science Advances, engineers and physicists from Rigetti Computing describe a breakthrough that can expand the size of practical quantum processors by reducing interference. [26] The search and manipulation of novel properties emerging from the quantum nature of matter could lead to next-generation electronics and quantum computers. [25] A research team from Lab) has found the first evidence that a shaking motion in the structure of an atomically thin (2-D) material possesses a naturally occurring circular rotation. [24]
Category: Quantum Physics

[25592] viXra:1809.0289 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-15 04:35:03

Near-Infrared Laser Systems

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 67 Pages.

All systems are go for launch in November of NASA's Global Ecosystem Dynamics Investigation (GEDI) mission, which will use high-resolution laser ranging to study Earth's forests and topography from the International Space Station (ISS). [40] Scientists from the Max Born Institute for Nonlinear Optics and Short Pulse Spectroscopy (MBI) in Berlin combined state-of-the-art experiments and numerical simulations to test a fundamental assumption underlying strong-field physics. [39] Femtosecond lasers are capable of processing any solid material with high quality and high precision using their ultrafast and ultra-intense characteristics. [38] To create the flying microlaser, the researchers launched laser light into a water-filled hollow core fiber to optically trap the microparticle. Like the materials used to make traditional lasers, the microparticle incorporates a gain medium. [37] Lasers that emit ultrashort pulses of light are critical components of technologies, including communications and industrial processing, and have been central to fundamental Nobel Prize-winning research in physics. [36] A newly developed laser technology has enabled physicists in the Laboratory for Attosecond Physics (jointly run by LMU Munich and the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics) to generate attosecond bursts of high-energy photons of unprecedented intensity. [35]
Category: Quantum Physics

[25591] viXra:1809.0288 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-15 04:53:45

Living Cells with Laser

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 69 Pages.

A new instrument lets researchers use multiple laser beams and a microscope to trap and move cells and then analyze them in real-time with a sensitive analysis technique known as Raman spectroscopy. [41] All systems are go for launch in November of NASA's Global Ecosystem Dynamics Investigation (GEDI) mission, which will use high-resolution laser ranging to study Earth's forests and topography from the International Space Station (ISS). [40] Scientists from the Max Born Institute for Nonlinear Optics and Short Pulse Spectroscopy (MBI) in Berlin combined state-of-the-art experiments and numerical simulations to test a fundamental assumption underlying strong-field physics. [39] Femtosecond lasers are capable of processing any solid material with high quality and high precision using their ultrafast and ultra-intense characteristics. [38] To create the flying microlaser, the researchers launched laser light into a water-filled hollow core fiber to optically trap the microparticle. Like the materials used to make traditional lasers, the microparticle incorporates a gain medium. [37] Lasers that emit ultrashort pulses of light are critical components of technologies, including communications and industrial processing, and have been central to fundamental Nobel Prize-winning research in physics. [36] A newly developed laser technology has enabled physicists in the Laboratory for Attosecond Physics (jointly run by LMU Munich and the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics) to generate attosecond bursts of high-energy photons of unprecedented intensity. [35] The unique platform, which is referred as a 4-D microscope, combines the sensitivity and high time-resolution of phase imaging with the specificity and high spatial resolution of fluorescence microscopy. [34] The experiment relied on a soliton frequency comb generated in a chip-based optical microresonator made from silicon nitride. [33] This scientific achievement toward more precise control and monitoring of light is highly interesting for miniaturizing optical devices for sensing and signal processing. [32]
Category: Physics of Biology

[25590] viXra:1809.0287 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-15 05:11:38

Ultracompact Laser

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 70 Pages.

A tiny laser comprising an array of nanoscale semiconductor cylinders (see image) has been made by an all-A*STAR team. [42] A new instrument lets researchers use multiple laser beams and a microscope to trap and move cells and then analyze them in real-time with a sensitive analysis technique known as Raman spectroscopy. [41] All systems are go for launch in November of NASA's Global Ecosystem Dynamics Investigation (GEDI) mission, which will use high-resolution laser ranging to study Earth's forests and topography from the International Space Station (ISS). [40] Scientists from the Max Born Institute for Nonlinear Optics and Short Pulse Spectroscopy (MBI) in Berlin combined state-of-the-art experiments and numerical simulations to test a fundamental assumption underlying strong-field physics. [39] Femtosecond lasers are capable of processing any solid material with high quality and high precision using their ultrafast and ultra-intense characteristics. [38] To create the flying microlaser, the researchers launched laser light into a water-filled hollow core fiber to optically trap the microparticle. Like the materials used to make traditional lasers, the microparticle incorporates a gain medium. [37] Lasers that emit ultrashort pulses of light are critical components of technologies, including communications and industrial processing, and have been central to fundamental Nobel Prize-winning research in physics. [36] A newly developed laser technology has enabled physicists in the Laboratory for Attosecond Physics (jointly run by LMU Munich and the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics) to generate attosecond bursts of high-energy photons of unprecedented intensity. [35] The unique platform, which is referred as a 4-D microscope, combines the sensitivity and high time-resolution of phase imaging with the specificity and high spatial resolution of fluorescence microscopy. [34] The experiment relied on a soliton frequency comb generated in a chip-based optical microresonator made from silicon nitride. [33] This scientific achievement toward more precise control and monitoring of light is highly interesting for miniaturizing optical devices for sensing and signal processing. [32]
Category: Quantum Physics

[25589] viXra:1809.0286 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-15 05:26:53

Laser Printed Electronics

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 71 Pages.

Printed electronics use standard printing techniques to manufacture electronic devices on different substrates like glass, plastic films, and paper. [43] A tiny laser comprising an array of nanoscale semiconductor cylinders (see image) has been made by an all-A*STAR team. [42] A new instrument lets researchers use multiple laser beams and a microscope to trap and move cells and then analyze them in real-time with a sensitive analysis technique known as Raman spectroscopy. [41] All systems are go for launch in November of NASA's Global Ecosystem Dynamics Investigation (GEDI) mission, which will use high-resolution laser ranging to study Earth's forests and topography from the International Space Station (ISS). [40] Scientists from the Max Born Institute for Nonlinear Optics and Short Pulse Spectroscopy (MBI) in Berlin combined state-of-the-art experiments and numerical simulations to test a fundamental assumption underlying strong-field physics. [39] Femtosecond lasers are capable of processing any solid material with high quality and high precision using their ultrafast and ultra-intense characteristics. [38] To create the flying microlaser, the researchers launched laser light into a water-filled hollow core fiber to optically trap the microparticle. Like the materials used to make traditional lasers, the microparticle incorporates a gain medium. [37] Lasers that emit ultrashort pulses of light are critical components of technologies, including communications and industrial processing, and have been central to fundamental Nobel Prize-winning research in physics. [36] A newly developed laser technology has enabled physicists in the Laboratory for Attosecond Physics (jointly run by LMU Munich and the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics) to generate attosecond bursts of high-energy photons of unprecedented intensity. [35] The unique platform, which is referred as a 4-D microscope, combines the sensitivity and high time-resolution of phase imaging with the specificity and high spatial resolution of fluorescence microscopy. [34] The experiment relied on a soliton frequency comb generated in a chip-based optical microresonator made from silicon nitride. [33]
Category: Quantum Physics

[25588] viXra:1809.0285 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-13 06:43:42

Spontaneous T-Symmetry Breaking

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 32 Pages.

Recently, extensive study shows that the parity-time symmetry breaking in open systems leads to exceptional points, promising for novel applications leasers and sensing. [19] A recent discovery by William & Mary and University of Michigan researchers transforms our understanding of one of the most important laws of modern physics. [18] Now, a team of physicists from The University of Queensland and the NÉEL Institute has shown that, as far as quantum physics is concerned, the chicken and the egg can both come first. [17] In 1993, physicist Lucien Hardy proposed an experiment showing that there is a small probability (around 6-9%) of observing a particle and its antiparticle interacting with each other without annihilating—something that is impossible in classical physics. [16] Scientists at the University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland, recently reengineered their data processing, demonstrating that 16 million atoms were entangled in a one-centimetre crystal. [15] The fact that it is possible to retrieve this lost information reveals new insight into the fundamental nature of quantum measurements, mainly by supporting the idea that quantum measurements contain both quantum and classical components. [14] Researchers blur the line between classical and quantum physics by connecting chaos and entanglement. [13] Yale University scientists have reached a milestone in their efforts to extend the durability and dependability of quantum information. [12] Using lasers to make data storage faster than ever. [11] Some three-dimensional materials can exhibit exotic properties that only exist in "lower" dimensions. For example, in one-dimensional chains of atoms that emerge within a bulk sample, electrons can separate into three distinct entities, each carrying information about just one aspect of the electron's identity—spin, charge, or orbit. The spinon, the entity that carries information about electron spin, has been known to control magnetism in certain insulating materials whose electron spins can point in any direction and easily flip direction. Now, a new study just published in Science reveals that spinons are also present in a metallic material in which the orbital movement of electrons around the atomic nucleus is the driving force behind the material's strong magnetism. [10] Currently studying entanglement in condensed matter systems is of great interest. This interest stems from the fact that some behaviors of such systems can only be explained with the aid of entanglement. [9] Researchers from the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) and the University of Cambridge in the UK have demonstrated that it is possible to directly generate an electric current in a magnetic material by rotating its magnetization. [8] This paper explains the magnetic effect of the electric current from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the electric wire. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The changing acceleration of the electrons explains the created negative electric field of the magnetic induction, the changing relativistic mass and the Gravitational Force, giving a Unified Theory of the physical forces. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators also, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions.
Category: Quantum Physics

[25587] viXra:1809.0284 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-13 07:24:35

Model of Trapped Atoms and Ions

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 34 Pages.

A team of physicists from RUDN, JINR (Dubna), and the University of Hamburg (Germany) developed a mathematical model for describing physical processes in hybrid systems that consists of atoms and ions cooled down to temperatures close to absolute zero. [20] Recently, extensive study shows that the parity-time symmetry breaking in open systems leads to exceptional points, promising for novel applications leasers and sensing. [19] A recent discovery by William & Mary and University of Michigan researchers transforms our understanding of one of the most important laws of modern physics. [18] Now, a team of physicists from The University of Queensland and the NÉEL Institute has shown that, as far as quantum physics is concerned, the chicken and the egg can both come first. [17] In 1993, physicist Lucien Hardy proposed an experiment showing that there is a small probability (around 6-9%) of observing a particle and its antiparticle interacting with each other without annihilating—something that is impossible in classical physics. [16] Scientists at the University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland, recently reengineered their data processing, demonstrating that 16 million atoms were entangled in a one-centimetre crystal. [15] The fact that it is possible to retrieve this lost information reveals new insight into the fundamental nature of quantum measurements, mainly by supporting the idea that quantum measurements contain both quantum and classical components. [14] Researchers blur the line between classical and quantum physics by connecting chaos and entanglement. [13] Yale University scientists have reached a milestone in their efforts to extend the durability and dependability of quantum information. [12] Using lasers to make data storage faster than ever. [11]
Category: Quantum Physics

[25586] viXra:1809.0283 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-13 07:47:20

Tunable Quantum State

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 37 Pages.

Quantum particles can be difficult to characterize, and almost impossible to control if they strongly interact with each other—until now. [21] A team of physicists from RUDN, JINR (Dubna), and the University of Hamburg (Germany) developed a mathematical model for describing physical processes in hybrid systems that consists of atoms and ions cooled down to temperatures close to absolute zero. [20] Recently, extensive study shows that the parity-time symmetry breaking in open systems leads to exceptional points, promising for novel applications leasers and sensing. [19] A recent discovery by William & Mary and University of Michigan researchers transforms our understanding of one of the most important laws of modern physics. [18] Now, a team of physicists from The University of Queensland and the NÉEL Institute has shown that, as far as quantum physics is concerned, the chicken and the egg can both come first. [17] In 1993, physicist Lucien Hardy proposed an experiment showing that there is a small probability (around 6-9%) of observing a particle and its antiparticle interacting with each other without annihilating—something that is impossible in classical physics. [16] Scientists at the University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland, recently reengineered their data processing, demonstrating that 16 million atoms were entangled in a one-centimetre crystal. [15] The fact that it is possible to retrieve this lost information reveals new insight into the fundamental nature of quantum measurements, mainly by supporting the idea that quantum measurements contain both quantum and classical components. [14] Researchers blur the line between classical and quantum physics by connecting chaos and entanglement. [13] Yale University scientists have reached a milestone in their efforts to extend the durability and dependability of quantum information. [12]
Category: Quantum Physics

[25585] viXra:1809.0282 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-13 08:44:48

Building Blocks for Quantum Computers

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 39 Pages.

Researchers at the University of Twente, working with colleagues at the Technical Universities of Delft and Eindhoven, have successfully developed a new and interesting building block. [22] Researchers at the Institut d'Optique Graduate School at the CNRS and Université Paris-Saclay in France have used a laser-based technique to rearrange cold atoms one-by-one into fully ordered 3D patterns. [21] Reduced entropy in a three-dimensional lattice of super-cooled, laser-trapped atoms could help speed progress toward creating quantum computers. [20] Under certain conditions, an atom can cause other atoms to emit a flash of light. At TU Wien (Vienna), this quantum effect has now been measured. [19] A recent discovery by William & Mary and University of Michigan researchers transforms our understanding of one of the most important laws of modern physics. [18] Now, a team of physicists from The University of Queensland and the NÉEL Institute has shown that, as far as quantum physics is concerned, the chicken and the egg can both come first. [17] In 1993, physicist Lucien Hardy proposed an experiment showing that there is a small probability (around 6-9%) of observing a particle and its antiparticle interacting with each other without annihilating—something that is impossible in classical physics. [16] Scientists at the University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland, recently reengineered their data processing, demonstrating that 16 million atoms were entangled in a one-centimetre crystal. [15] The fact that it is possible to retrieve this lost information reveals new insight into the fundamental nature of quantum measurements, mainly by supporting the idea that quantum measurements contain both quantum and classical components. [14]
Category: Quantum Physics

[25584] viXra:1809.0281 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-13 09:19:36

3-D Imaging for Brain Diseases

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 65 Pages.

Researchers have developed a combination of commercially available hardware and open-source software, named PySight, which improves rapid 2-D and 3-D imaging of the brain and other tissues. [39] A University of Nottingham academic has won a prestigious five-year fellowship to explore the use of harmless sound waves to view deep inside living cells to aid early diagnose in diseases such as cancer. [38] A new system capable of probing microscopic environments inside cells has been installed at the University of Exeter's Bioimaging Centre. [37] "We put the optical microscope under a microscope to achieve accuracy near the atomic scale," said NIST's Samuel Stavis, who served as the project leader for these efforts. [36] Researchers have designed an interferometer that works with magnetic quasiparticles called magnons, rather than photons as in conventional interferometers. [35] A technique to manipulate electrons with light could bring quantum computing up to room temperature. [34] The USTC Microcavity Research Group in the Key Laboratory of Quantum Information has perfected a 4-port, all-optically controlled non-reciprocal multifunctional photonic device based on a magnetic-field-free optomechanical resonator. [33] To address this technology gap, a team of engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) has developed an innovative microchip, named BATLESS, that can continue to operate even when the battery runs out of energy. [32] Stanford researchers have developed a water-based battery that could provide a cheap way to store wind or solar energy generated when the sun is shining and wind is blowing so it can be fed back into the electric grid and be redistributed when demand is high. [31] Researchers at AMOLF and the University of Texas have circumvented this problem with a vibrating glass ring that interacts with light. They thus created a microscale circulator that directionally routes light on an optical chip without using magnets. [30] Researchers have discovered three distinct variants of magnetic domain walls in the helimagnet iron germanium (FeGe). [29]
Category: Mind Science

[25583] viXra:1809.0280 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-13 15:25:58

Alternative Reflections on Gravitational Anomalies During Solar Eclipses

Authors: Johann Albers
Comments: 8 Pages.

Since the first reports by Allais about gravitational anomalies during solar eclipses, a large number of papers appeared until now which assume that these anomalies are due to a shielding or an absorption of the attracting force of the Sun by the mass of the Moon. In the meantime it became more and more clear that this is not the case. Instead of a single maximum of the anomaly at totality, as expected from a shielding effect, due to several recent observations, a quite different effect seems to exist: The appearance of two maxima of the gravitational anomalies, one near the first and a second near the fourth contact. This curious behavior can hardly be explained by classical theories of gravitation. On the basis of the "Alternative Reflections on Gravitation" (ARG), however, just such a behavior of the anomalous gravitational effects can very well be expected. This can be derived quite straightforward from the principles of the ARG, considering the interaction of ALPs from the Sun with the unusual spatial arrangement of the magnetic field of the Moon.
Category: Astrophysics

[25582] viXra:1809.0278 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-13 22:07:32

The Löb Axiom and Sub-Conjecture ◻⊥>⊥ as Contra-Examples to Gödel Incompleteness Theorem

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to the author by email at: info@ersatz-systems dot com.

We show the Löb axiom ◻(◻⊥>⊥)>◻⊥ is not tautologous, and the conjecture ◻⊥>⊥ is not contradictory. These serve as two contra-examples to the Gödel incompleteness theorem, hence refuting it.
Category: Quantum Physics

[25581] viXra:1809.0277 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-13 23:06:26

Constraining the Standard Model in Motivic Quantum Gravity

Authors: M. D. Sheppeard
Comments: 9 Pages. For the proceedings of Group32, Prague, July 2018

A physical approach to a category of motives must account for the emergent nature of spacetime, where real and complex numbers play a secondary role to discrete operations in quantum computation. In quantum logic, the cardinality of a set is initially replaced by a dimension of a linear space, making contact with the increasing dimensions in an operad. The operad of associahedra governs tree level scattering, and is closely related to the permutohedra and cube tiles, where cube vertices can encode components of a spinor in higher dimensional octonionic approaches. A study of rest mass generation begins with the cosmological infrared scale, set by the neutrino masses, and its related see-saw mechanism. We employ the anyonic ribbon spectrum for Standard Model states, and consider its relation to magic star algebras, giving a context for the Koide rest mass phenomenology of charged leptons and quarks.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[25580] viXra:1809.0276 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-14 01:39:21

Clarity or Intentional Intricacy? Science Philosophy

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 9 Pages. -

Separate examples of scientific worldview
Category: Classical Physics

[25579] viXra:1809.0275 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-14 01:53:26

Reasons of Rotation of Planets

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 4 Pages. -

Explanation of rotation of planets law of classical physics
Category: Classical Physics

[25578] viXra:1809.0274 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-14 02:04:17

Etymology of Several Russian Words

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 12 Pages. -

The origin and meaning of these words is considered
Category: Linguistics

[25577] viXra:1809.0273 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-14 02:09:03

As there Are Scientific Delusions

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 24 Pages. -

On the example of classical physics. Description of rotation
Category: Classical Physics

[25576] viXra:1809.0272 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-14 02:30:12

Tataro-Mongolsky Invasion

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 2 Pages. -

Stability of human species at them mixing
Category: Physics of Biology

[25575] viXra:1809.0271 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-14 02:36:09

On The Origin of Mass of Fundamental Particles

Authors: Deep Jyoti Dutta
Comments: 2 Pages.

This paper aims to give basic theoretical approach in order to interpret the origin of masses in elementary particles. This solution of mass problem is very crucial and forms a fundamental base in theoretical particle physics. For particle and nuclear physicists this solutions is a holy grail in particle physics. Particles of group fermions and bosons are evolved without mass this means these were massless [1] at the beginning, but soon they acquire mass by an interaction which is called as mechanism known Brout-Englert-Higgs mechanism.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[25574] viXra:1809.0270 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-14 04:52:07

Tiny Camera Link Quantum Computers

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 48 Pages.

An international team of researchers led by The Australian National University (ANU) has invented a tiny camera lens, which may lead to a device that links quantum computers to an optical fibre network. [34] The companies constructed an application for data transmission via optical fiber lines, which when combined with high-speed quantum cryptography communications technologies demonstrated practical key distribution speeds even in a real-world environment. [33] Nanosized magnetic particles called skyrmions are considered highly promising candidates for new data storage and information technologies. [32] They do this by using "excitons," electrically neutral quasiparticles that exist in insulators, semiconductors and in some liquids. [31] Researchers at ETH Zurich have now developed a method that makes it possible to couple such a spin qubit strongly to microwave photons. [30] Quantum dots that emit entangled photon pairs on demand could be used in quantum communication networks. [29] Researchers successfully integrated the systems—donor atoms and quantum dots. [28] A team of researchers including U of A engineering and physics faculty has developed a new method of detecting single photons, or light particles, using quantum dots. [27] Recent research from Kumamoto University in Japan has revealed that polyoxometalates (POMs), typically used for catalysis, electrochemistry, and photochemistry, may also be used in a technique for analyzing quantum dot (QD) photoluminescence (PL) emission mechanisms. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25] The world of nanosensors may be physically small, but the demand is large and growing, with little sign of slowing. [24] In a joint research project, scientists from the Max Born Institute for Nonlinear Optics and Short Pulse Spectroscopy (MBI), the Technische Universität Berlin (TU) and the University of Rostock have managed for the first time to image free nanoparticles in a laboratory experiment using a highintensity laser source. [23]
Category: Quantum Physics

[25573] viXra:1809.0269 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-12 05:39:03

Direct Proof of Internal Filling of the Egyptian Pyramids

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 6 Pages. -

The internal device of megalytic constructions from positions of practical technology.
Category: Archaeology

[25572] viXra:1809.0268 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-12 05:42:36

The History Shown at Cinema

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 5 Pages. -

The comment to viewing of the movie "Taurus"
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[25571] viXra:1809.0267 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-12 05:47:24

Napoleon in Egypt

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 7 Pages. -

Evident history for fifth-graders
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[25570] viXra:1809.0266 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-12 05:51:18

Political Futurology

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 6 Pages. -

The future is defined today
Category: Religion and Spiritualism

[25569] viXra:1809.0265 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-12 06:07:19

Etymology of the Words Barbarian and Varangian

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 5 Pages. -

The origin of the words specified in heading is considered
Category: Linguistics

[25568] viXra:1809.0264 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-12 06:08:22

Babylon as the Blueprint for Mount Tsaphon, Troy, Asgard, Olympus and Atlantis

Authors: Leon Elshout
Comments: 2 Pages.

Mirroring is a well known principle in epic narratives. Babylon as a mountain (Jeremiah 51:25) was the model for the Mount Tzaphon, Troy, Asgard and Atlantis. My book on Babylon as Atlantis: roodgoudvanparvaim.nl (email, aurichalcum2018 (at) protonmail.com
Category: Religion and Spiritualism

[25567] viXra:1809.0263 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-12 06:11:47

Refutation of Mapping mu-Calculus Onto Second-Order Logic

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to the author by email at: info@ersatz-systems dot com.

When mapping mu-calculus onto second-order logic, we show use of the fixpoint operator as untenable. What follows is the effective refutation of mapping mu-calculus onto second-order logic.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[25566] viXra:1809.0262 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-12 07:23:05

Magnetization in Small Components

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 50 Pages.

Scientists at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) in Germany have now refined an electron microscope-based technique to capture static images of these components and to film the high-speed switching processes. [30] A new material created by Oregon State University researchers is a key step toward the next generation of supercomputers. [29] Magnetic materials that form helical structures—coiled shapes comparable to a spiral staircase or the double helix strands of a DNA molecule—occasionally exhibit exotic behavior that could improve information processing in hard drives and other digital devices. [28] In a new study, researchers have designed "invisible" magnetic sensors—sensors that are magnetically invisible so that they can still detect but do not distort the surrounding magnetic fields. [27] At Carnegie Mellon University, Materials Science and Engineering Professor Mike McHenry and his research group are developing metal amorphous nanocomposite materials (MANC), or magnetic materials whose nanocrystals have been grown out of an amorphous matrix to create a two phase magnetic material that exploits both the attractive magnetic inductions of the nanocrystals and the large electrical resistance of a metallic glass. [26] The search and manipulation of novel properties emerging from the quantum nature of matter could lead to next-generation electronics and quantum computers. [25] A research team from Lab) has found the first evidence that a shaking motion in the structure of an atomically thin (2-D) material possesses a naturally occurring circular rotation. [24] Topological effects, such as those found in crystals whose surfaces conduct electricity while their bulk does not, have been an exciting topic of physics research in recent years and were the subject of the 2016 Nobel Prize in physics. [23] A new technique developed by MIT researchers reveals the inner details of photonic crystals, synthetic materials whose exotic optical properties are the subject of widespread research. [22]
Category: Condensed Matter

[25565] viXra:1809.0261 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-12 08:52:02

Bismuth Topological Conductor

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 15 Pages.

A team of international scientists including Maia G. Vergniory, Ikerbasque researcher at DIPC and UPV/EHU associate, has discovered a new class of materials, higher-order topological insulators. [29] A team of researchers from Japan, the U.S. and China, has identified a topological superconducting phase for possible use in an iron-based material in quantum computers. [28] Physicists have shown that superconducting circuits—circuits that have zero electrical resistance—can function as piston-like mechanical quantum engines. The new perspective may help researchers design quantum computers and other devices with improved efficiencies. [27] This paper explains the magnetic effect of the superconductive current from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the electric wire. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The changing acceleration of the electrons explains the created negative electric field of the magnetic induction, the Higgs Field, the changing Relativistic Mass and the Gravitational Force, giving a Unified Theory of the physical forces. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators also, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions. Since the superconductivity is basically a quantum mechanical phenomenon and some entangled particles give this opportunity to specific matters, like Cooper Pairs or other entanglements, as strongly correlated materials and Exciton-mediated electron pairing, we can say that the secret of superconductivity is the quantum entanglement.
Category: Condensed Matter

[25564] viXra:1809.0260 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-12 09:43:52

Leidenfrost Effect

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 30 Pages.

A team of researchers at Physique et Mécanique des Milieux Hétérogènes in France has found that Leidenfrost effect drops move around on a hot pan because they are self-propelled. [30] The researchers, led by Hans-Jurgen Bütt at the Max Planck Institute for Polymer Research in Mainz, Germany, have published a paper on their experimental results in a recent issue of Physical Review Letters. [29] 400 kilometers above Earth, researchers examined waves in complex plasma under microgravity conditions and found that the microparticles behaved in nonuniform ways in the presence of varying electrical fields. [28] In nature, the nuclear reactions that form stars are often accompanied by astronomically high amounts of energy, sometimes over billions of years. [27] Dark matter halos are theoretical bodies inside which galaxies are suspended; the halo's mass dominates the total mass. [26] An international team of researchers extended their results from a previous study to directly measure the cosmic-ray all-electron (electron + positron) spectrum in an energy range from 11 GeV to 4.8 TeV with the Calorimetric Electron Telescope (CALET). [25] Mysterious radiation emitted from distant corners of the galaxy could finally be explained with efforts to recreate a unique state of matter that blinked into existence in the first moments after the Big Bang. [24] Researchers at Oregon State University have confirmed that last fall's union of two neutron stars did in fact cause a short gamma-ray burst. [23] Quark matter – an extremely dense phase of matter made up of subatomic particles called quarks – may exist at the heart of neutron stars. [22] When a massive astrophysical object, such as a boson star or black hole, rotates, it can cause the surrounding spacetime to rotate along with it due to the effect of frame dragging. [21] Rotating black holes and computers that use quantum-mechanical phenomena to process information are topics that have fascinated science lovers for decades, but even the most innovative thinkers rarely put them together. [20]
Category: Condensed Matter

[25563] viXra:1809.0259 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-12 10:11:11

Individual Edge States

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 16 Pages.

Physicists of the University of Basel present the new method together with American scientists in Nature Communications. [30] A team of international scientists including Maia G. Vergniory, Ikerbasque researcher at DIPC and UPV/EHU associate, has discovered a new class of materials, higher-order topological insulators. [29] A team of researchers from Japan, the U.S. and China, has identified a topological superconducting phase for possible use in an iron-based material in quantum computers. [28] Physicists have shown that superconducting circuits—circuits that have zero electrical resistance—can function as piston-like mechanical quantum engines. The new perspective may help researchers design quantum computers and other devices with improved efficiencies. [27] This paper explains the magnetic effect of the superconductive current from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the electric wire. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The changing acceleration of the electrons explains the created negative electric field of the magnetic induction, the Higgs Field, the changing Relativistic Mass and the Gravitational Force, giving a Unified Theory of the physical forces. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators also, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions. Since the superconductivity is basically a quantum mechanical phenomenon and some entangled particles give this opportunity to specific matters, like Cooper Pairs or other entanglements, as strongly correlated materials and Exciton-mediated electron pairing, we can say that the secret of superconductivity is the quantum entanglement.
Category: Quantum Physics

[25562] viXra:1809.0258 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-12 10:29:29

AI-Based Robots and Drones

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 32 Pages.

What if a parent could feel safe allowing a drone to walk their child to the bus stop? [20] And as will be presented today at the 25th annual meeting of the Cognitive Neuroscience Society (CNS), cognitive neuroscientists increasingly are using those emerging artificial networks to enhance their understanding of one of the most elusive intelligence systems, the human brain. [19] U.S. Army Research Laboratory scientists have discovered a way to leverage emerging brain-like computer architectures for an age-old number-theoretic problem known as integer factorization. [18] Now researchers at the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) and UC Berkeley have come up with a novel machine learning method that enables scientists to derive insights from systems of previously intractable complexity in record time. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[25561] viXra:1809.0257 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-12 11:52:54

Refutation of Completeness for Non-Deterministic Logic

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to the author by email at: info@ersatz-systems dot com.

We show that the four-valued, non-deterministic semantics for modal logic are not complete. The demonstration uses contradictions based on Carnielli's paraconsistent logic. What follows is that infinite non-deterministic matrices are by definition incomplete.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[25560] viXra:1809.0256 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-12 17:12:47

Two Ways to Distinguish One Inertial Frame from Another (Why is the Speed of Light Constant?)

Authors: Tamas Lajtner
Comments: 38 Pages.

According to physicists, the laws of physics don’t allow us to discern one inertial frame from another. It does allow. This study shows two ways to distinguish one inertial frame from another. Physics hasn’t defined what is space, what is matter, what is time. In this study (in Space-Matter Theory) space is what matter uses as space, regardless of its texture. Matter is what can exist as matter in the given space. Both matter and space have three spatial dimensions. When between matter and space action and reaction occurs, the result is time. Time appears as a given wave of space. No particle, no frame of reference can exist without generating space waves. A and B inertial frames of reference are not identical if e.g. two identical electrons (electronA and electronB) create different wavelengths of space waves. One way to distinguish one inertial frame from another is to calculate or measure the length of the wavelength of the space wave. Via tunneling, a particle (with or without mass) travels through the barrier with superluminal velocity. In this case the barrier is a “special” space made out of matter (matter-space), were the particle travels with c_matter-space. This velocity appears in our space as superluminal velocity. Saying this, there are more spaces and more times instead of one spacetime. The different spaces make changes in the particle, too. The particle builds its action out of Planck constants h, where h has two parts which depend on the velocity of the particle in the given space. So there is also a phenomenon in the matter that makes it possible to distinguish one inertial frame from another.
Category: Quantum Physics

[25559] viXra:1809.0255 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-13 02:10:07

Etymology of Words Crawl Stroke, Breast Stroke, Butterfly Stroke

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 3 Pages. -

These names of three styles of swimming need of etymology. The correct etymology has to satisfy name, but not to casual similarity of sound.
Category: Linguistics

[25558] viXra:1809.0254 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-13 02:21:30

Origin of Words Ukraine and Zero

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 7 Pages. -

Present historical circumstances already balanced words UKRAINE and ZERO. Therefore the origin of these words can be considered not separately, and in common.
Category: Linguistics

[25557] viXra:1809.0253 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-13 02:33:46

"SCIENTIFIC" Criticism

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 2 Pages. -

Practice of scientific inquisition. Prevention of the publication on the basis of opinion of one reviewer
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[25556] viXra:1809.0252 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-13 02:43:52

Collision of Opinions

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 2 Pages. -

Problem of opposition of any solid group and some TURNCOAT.
Category: Social Science

[25555] viXra:1809.0251 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-13 02:54:01

Tolerance Limits

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 3 Pages. -

Understanding of tolerance in the West and in Russia
Category: Social Science

[25554] viXra:1809.0250 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-13 04:50:44

Can I Embed the Mass/Energy into the Spacetime Structure?

Authors: Mirosław J. Kubiak
Comments: 4 Pages.

Some physicists believe that the spacetime, in absence of the matter, is empty. In this paper I presented an opposing point of view.
Category: Topology

[25553] viXra:1809.0249 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-11 06:07:48

A Classification of Quantum Particles

Authors: Vu B Ho
Comments: 33 Pages.

In this work, by summarising our recent works on the differential geometric and topological structures of quantum particles and spacetime manifold, we discuss the possibility to classify quantum particles according to their intrinsic geometric structures associated with differentiable manifolds that are solutions to wave equations of two and three dimensions. We show that fermions of half-integer spin can be identified with differentiable manifolds which are solutions to a general two-dimensional wave equation, in particular, a two-dimensional wave equation that can be derived from Dirac equation. On the other hand, bosons of integer spin can be identified with differentiable manifolds which are solutions to a general three-dimensional wave equation, in particular, a three-dimensional wave equation that can be derived from Maxwell field equations of electromagnetism. We also discuss the possibility that being restricted to three-dimensional spatial dimensions we may not be able to observe the whole geometric structure of a quantum particle but rather only the cross-section of the manifold that represents the quantum particle and the space in which we are confined. Even though not in the same context, such view of physical existence may comply with the Copenhagen interpretation of quantum mechanics which states that the properties of a physical system are not definite but can only be determined by observations.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[25552] viXra:1809.0248 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-11 08:18:11

Pristine Quantum Light Source

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 48 Pages.

The team says that this finding could open up a new avenue of research, which unites quantum light with photonic devices having built-in protective features. [29] Engineers have shown that a widely used method of detecting single photons can also count the presence of at least four photons at a time. [28] An international team of researchers, affiliated with UNIST has presented a core technology for quantum photonic devices used in quantum information processing. They have proposed combining of quantum dots for generating light and silicon photonic technologies for manipulating light on a single device. [27]Concerning the development of quantum memories for the realization of global quantum networks, scientists of the Quantum Dynamics Division led by Professor Gerhard Rempe at the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics (MPQ) have now achieved a major breakthrough: they demonstrated the long-lived storage of a photonic qubit on a single atom trapped in an optical resonator. [26] Achieving strong light-matter interaction at the quantum level has always been a central task in quantum physics since the emergence of quantum information and quantum control. [25] Operation at the single-photon level raises the possibility of developing entirely new communication and computing devices, ranging from hardware random number generators to quantum computers. [24] Considerable interest in new single-photon detector technologies has been scaling in this past decade. [23] Engineers develop key mathematical formula for driving quantum experiments. [22] Physicists are developing quantum simulators, to help solve problems that are beyond the reach of conventional computers. [21] Engineers at Australia's University of New South Wales have invented a radical new architecture for quantum computing, based on novel 'flip-flop qubits', that promises to make the large-scale manufacture of quantum chips dramatically cheaper-and easier-than thought possible. [20] A team of researchers from the U.S. and Italy has built a quantum memory device that is approximately 1000 times smaller than similar devices— small enough to install on a chip. [19]
Category: Quantum Physics

[25551] viXra:1809.0247 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-11 09:21:05

The Ellipse Circle Ellipse Property of Projectile Motion

Authors: Radhakrishnamurty Padyala
Comments: 5 Pages.

Recently we gave an alternate method to show the presence of an ellipse in the paths of projectiles, to the method given by Fernandez-Chapou and coworkers. Our method demonstrated that particles dropped from points of a circle in a vertical plane on to the horizontal diameter and reflected through 90 degrees by mirrors halfway on their paths, follow parabolic trajectories and that the apexes of these parabolic paths lie on an ellipse. In this article we give a similar procedure to show that particles dropped from points of an ellipse in a vertical plane to the horizontal (minor) axis but reflected through 90 degrees by mirrors halfway on their paths, follow parabolic trajectories and that the apexes of these parabolic paths lie on a circle. From this circle we can generate another ellipse by a similar procedure as above. This ‘circle-ellipse-circle–ellipse-…’ cycle is a representation of the ‘birth-death-birth-death-…’ cycle. It is a representation of the ‘parent-child-parent-child-…’ cycle of living organisms. These cycles have no beginning and no end. They exhibit the beauty of symmetry of Natural law. We don’t use vectors or calculus or Newton’s laws in our method. We follow Galileo’s tradition, use geometry principles in our analysis.
Category: Classical Physics

[25550] viXra:1809.0246 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-11 09:09:58

Microscopic Sound Waves Study Cell

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 63 Pages.

A University of Nottingham academic has won a prestigious five-year fellowship to explore the use of harmless sound waves to view deep inside living cells to aid early diagnose in diseases such as cancer. [38] A new system capable of probing microscopic environments inside cells has been installed at the University of Exeter's Bioimaging Centre. [37]
Category: Physics of Biology

[25549] viXra:1809.0245 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-11 10:04:01

Quantum Cryptographic Communications

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 47 Pages.

The companies constructed an application for data transmission via optical fiber lines, which when combined with high-speed quantum cryptography communications technologies demonstrated practical key distribution speeds even in a real-world environment. [33] Nanosized magnetic particles called skyrmions are considered highly promising candidates for new data storage and information technologies. [32] They do this by using "excitons," electrically neutral quasiparticles that exist in insulators, semiconductors and in some liquids. [31] Researchers at ETH Zurich have now developed a method that makes it possible to couple such a spin qubit strongly to microwave photons. [30] Quantum dots that emit entangled photon pairs on demand could be used in quantum communication networks. [29] Researchers successfully integrated the systems—donor atoms and quantum dots. [28] A team of researchers including U of A engineering and physics faculty has developed a new method of detecting single photons, or light particles, using quantum dots. [27] Recent research from Kumamoto University in Japan has revealed that polyoxometalates (POMs), typically used for catalysis, electrochemistry, and photochemistry, may also be used in a technique for analyzing quantum dot (QD) photoluminescence (PL) emission mechanisms. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25] The world of nanosensors may be physically small, but the demand is large and growing, with little sign of slowing. [24] In a joint research project, scientists from the Max Born Institute for Nonlinear Optics and Short Pulse Spectroscopy (MBI), the Technische Universität Berlin (TU) and the University of Rostock have managed for the first time to image free nanoparticles in a laboratory experiment using a highintensity laser source. [23] For the first time, researchers have built a nanolaser that uses only a single molecular layer, placed on a thin silicon beam, which operates at room temperature. [22]
Category: Quantum Physics

[25548] viXra:1809.0244 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-11 11:49:24

CFD Study of Pikes Peak Race Car 2017

Authors: Timoteo Briet Blanes
Comments: 51 Pages.

CFD STUDY OF PIKES PEAK RACE CAR 2017.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[25547] viXra:1809.0243 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-11 11:56:34

Insulator Becomes Conductor

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 25 Pages.

Physicists from Leiden University have now found that the charging process of ionic liquids depends purely on opposite charges attracting each other. [36] Physicists at the University of Zurich are researching a new class of materials: Higher-order topological insulators. [35] One can also imagine making a superconducting transistor out of graphene, which you can switch on and off, from superconducting to insulating. That opens many possibilities for quantum devices." [34] A team of scientists has detected a hidden state of electronic order in a layered material containing lanthanum, barium, copper, and oxygen (LBCO). [33] Now in a new study, researchers have discovered the existence of a positive feedback loop that gratly enhances the superconductivity of cuprates and may shed light on the origins of high-temperature cuprate superconductivity— considered one of the most important open questions in physics. [33] Using ultracold atoms, researchers at Heidelberg University have found an exotic state of matter where the constituent particles pair up when limited to two dimensions. [32] Neutron diffraction at the Australian Centre for Neutron Scattering has clarified the absence of magnetic order and classified the superconductivity of a new next-generation of superconductors in a paper published in Europhysics Letters. [31] A potential new state of matter is being reported in the journal Nature, with research showing that among superconducting materials in high magnetic fields, the phenomenon of electronic symmetry breaking is common. [30] Researchers from the University of Geneva (UNIGE) in Switzerland and the Technical University Munich in Germany have lifted the veil on the electronic characteristics of high-temperature superconductors. Their research, published in Nature Communications, shows that the electronic densities measured in these superconductors are a combination of two separate effects. As a result, they propose a new model that suggests the existence of two coexisting states rather than competing ones postulated for the past thirty years, a small revolution in the world of superconductivity. [29]
Category: Condensed Matter

[25546] viXra:1809.0242 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-11 12:59:41

Deep-See Images with AI

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 46 Pages.

The evaluation of very large amounts of data is becoming increasingly relevant in ocean research. [27] An LMU study now shows that new algorithms allow interactions in the atmosphere to be modeled more rapidly without loss of reliability. [26] Progress on new artificial intelligence (AI) technology could make monitoring at water treatment plants cheaper and easier and help safeguard public health. [25] And if that isn't surprising enough, try this one: in many cases, doctors have no idea what side effects might arise from adding another drug to a patient's personal pharmacy. [24] Intel's Gadi Singer believes his most important challenge is his latest: using artificial intelligence (AI) to reshape scientific exploration. [23] Artificial intelligence is astonishing in its potential. It will be more transformative than the PC and the Internet. Already it is poised to solve some of our biggest challenges. [22] In the search for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI), we've often looked for signs of intelligence, technology and communication that are similar to our own. [21] Call it an aMAZE -ing development: A U.K.-based team of researchers has developed an artificial intelligence program that can learn to take shortcuts through a labyrinth to reach its goal. In the process, the program developed structures akin to those in the human brain. [20] And as will be presented today at the 25th annual meeting of the Cognitive Neuroscience networks to enhance their understanding of one of the most elusive intelligence systems, the human brain. [19] U.S. Army Research Laboratory scientists have discovered a way to leverage emerging brain-like computer architectures for an age-old number-theoretic problem known as integer factorization. [18] have come up with a novel machine learning method that enables scientists to derive insights from systems of previously intractable complexity in record time. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[25545] viXra:1809.0241 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-11 15:21:12

A Note on Incompatibility of the Dirac-like Field Operator with the Majorana Anzats

Authors: Valeriy Dvoeglazov
Comments: 7 Pages.

We investigate some subtle points of the Majorana(-like) theories.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[25544] viXra:1809.0240 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-11 15:35:04

Question on Iterated Limits in Relativity

Authors: Valeriy Dvoeglazov
Comments: 3 Pages.

Two iterated limits are not equal each other, in general. Thus, we present an example when the massless limit of the function of E, vec p, m does not exist in some calculations within quantum field theory.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[25543] viXra:1809.0239 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-11 16:09:02

维利里奥论“义肢”

Authors: 郑兴
Comments: 17 Pages.

维利里奥从“义肢”与“身体”的关系出发,指出“义肢”所带来的种种负面效应:人类逐渐依附于义肢,使得自己对外部世界的直接体验逐步被义肢化的间接体验所侵蚀。这其中,义肢发展到今日,已不单单是传统的手工工具、以及汽车、飞机这样携带着“相对速度”的移动载具,更加值得我们关注的是,已经实现“绝对速度”传导和实现“远程控制”的网络义肢,以及已经觊觎身体内部的内侵式义肢,它们所带来的种种效应更为极端,使得我们所居住的“地域身体”的外部空间和自身动物身体的“内部空间”遭到持续的控制和侵占。不过,与维利里奥相对的是,斯蒂格勒则认为,“义肢”和“身体”并不存在非此即彼的对立关系,而他的隐忧是:今日的种种“义肢”正在被整合到全球资本主义秩序中,一种新的“知识无产化”使无产者被更深层次、更为隐秘地剥削。
Category: Social Science

[25542] viXra:1809.0238 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-11 16:17:49

保罗·维利里奥论当代艺术

Authors: 郑兴
Comments: 10 Pages.

战争是维利里奥关心的核心议题,他对当代艺术提出的批评,是基于他对战争问题的洞察:两次“世界大战”之后,当代艺术决然不能独善其身,而是必然会在各种作品中留下艺术家对于战争的回应。这其中,令维利里奥的不能接受的是,对身体的觊觎和入侵,竟然在一些当代艺术家的作品中复现。这种对身体的戕害更多地是为了迎合当代的视听技术激增的语境,成为确认自身先锋性的手段:今天,艺术观赏者大多只会耽溺于“真实细节”的过量供应,被“即现”之中的话题制造和情绪煽动而吸引。通过“再现”与观者达成默契已然极为艰难。
Category: Social Science

[25541] viXra:1809.0237 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-11 16:30:30

维利里奥论海湾战争

Authors: 郑兴
Comments: 15 Pages.

海湾战争对维利里奥来说是真正意义上的第一场现代战争,它完美地演绎了维利里奥的“知觉后勤”的理论,战争中被大规模应用种种的信息技术和卫星技术,标志着“知觉后勤”不再只是当代战争的辅助手段,而是已经从根本上决定了战争的胜负走向。这场战争还是人类第一次通过电视直播让全球观众实时见证大规模军事行动,但这并不能让我们欢呼新闻自由的进步,而只是意味着,美国在发动一种新型战争的同时,也在操作一种新的“影像政治”。我们也看到,新的技术语境下,维利里奥的“消失美学”的概念也在当代战争获得了新的呈现。与此同时,我们通过引入鲍德里亚对海湾战争的论述,进一步凸显了维利里奥与鲍德里亚二者理论背景的差异,这样的比照有助于丰富我们对于这场战争的理解。
Category: Social Science

[25540] viXra:1809.0236 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-11 18:02:31

Pseudo-Scientific Superstitious Mythology

Authors: John Roach
Comments: 2 Pages.

The Disciples & the High Priests of the Pseudo-Scientific Superstitious Mythology of the Modern Theoretical Sciences. Dedicated to Gregor Mendel, Georges Sagnac, Herbert Dingle & Thomas Kuhn
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[25539] viXra:1809.0235 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-11 19:10:09

In Support of a New Gravitational Model

Authors: Richard A Peters
Comments: 41 Pages.

If gravity is mediated by the exchange of gravitons between objects, then the acceleration of an object toward a gravitational body (GB) is proportional to the graviton flux emitted by the GB that impinges on the object. Any motion of the object relative to the GB will affect the graviton flux from the GB on the object. The acceleration of the object relative to the GB will thus depend on both the object’s distance from the object and its motion relative to the GB. This behavior defies the known acceleration profile that is absent any factor of the velocity of an object in the gravitational field. If an object were directly subject to gravity, the gravitational field of a GB could not be characterized, as it is known to be, solely as a function of the active gravitational mass and distance of the GB. The only mechanism that can be invoked to nullify the certain and irrefutable effect of the augmentation of graviton flux by the velocity of an object toward a GB is one that denies altogether the direct effect of graviton flux on the acceleration of an object in a gravitational field. In simpler terms: massive objects are not directly subject to gravity! The Temporal InertiaI (TI) field model of gravity and inertia is a conjecture of this author. The TI field acts as an intermediary in the transmission of the gravitational force between objects. Particles of the TI field are directly subject to gravity but objects are not. An object is accelerated toward a GB at the same rate as the TI field. The TI field supports the propagation of gravitons. No matter how the TI field moves, the velocity of gravitons is constant relative to the TI field, hence there is no increase in graviton flux as the TI field moves toward a GB except for the increase in graviton flux caused by the proximity to the GB.
Category: Classical Physics

[25538] viXra:1809.0234 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-11 22:00:35

Proof of the Limits of Sine and Cosine at Infinity

Authors: Jonathan Tooker
Comments: 66 Pages.

We develop a representation of complex numbers separate from the Cartesian and polar representations and define a representing functional for converting between representations. We define the derivative of a function of a complex variable with respect to each representation and then we examine the variation within the definition fo the derivative. After studying the transformation law for the variation between representations of complex numbers, we show that the new representation has special properties which allow for a consistent modification to the transformation law for the variation which preserves the definition of the derivative. We refute a common proof that the limits of sine and cosine at infinity cannot exist. Then we use the newly defined modified variation in the definition of the derivative to compute the limits of sine and cosine at infinity.
Category: Functions and Analysis

[25537] viXra:1809.0233 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-12 01:24:56

Smolin Sir, I Have the Answers-Part-II, Alternative Cosmology: Redshift of Light Yes, Expansion of the Universe No! Part-a and Part-B

Authors: S. k. Malhotra
Comments: 49 Pages. a paper that changes phyics and cosmology completely!

In the history of physics, ideas on space and time have changed the course of physics a number of times; this is another such event. This time, we postulate ‘space and time’ as a flow of quantum gravity energy, having the absolute velocity c (same as the velocity of light), where time is the delay in the spread of space (delay from infinite velocity flow, when there would be no time), such a flow has to have a reverse cycle, as energy creating it (howsoever large it might be, has to be limited and limited energy can only create a limited space and time energy spread) and the reverse cycle is that of the creation of fundamental particles. This explanation of the universe (space and time not spacetime), as energy flow having a reverse cycle as its base, tells us that the idea of an expanding universe is prime facie wrong. The problem has been that we have gone along too far with the perception of the relativistic world that Einstein built over 100 years ago. Einstein had no hesitation in accepting the idea of absoluteness of the velocity of light but never thought of giving the same absoluteness to space (and time) as a flow having the same absolute velocity c (the universal constant of nature). Thus, the problem with cosmology is not something contained in the subject but with things, it inherited from physics; they take physics given to us by great minds like Einstein (and Bohr on quantum mechanics) for over the 100 years as a gospel truth and have not questioned it seriously ever. Physicist incorrect conclusions have become the bread and butter of cosmology; cosmologists and physicists thus see the universe without the essential part of it: as an absolute flow of quantum gravity. This new reasoning on space and time—as a flow of energy--leads us to show that expansion of the universe is only an appearance, reality is far away from it. And why is it only an appearance? The argument, in brief, is as follows: One, the universe is so large that we cannot see the edges, light from the edges takes far too long to reach us, there is a theoretical limit to possible visibility, thus, we have to refute its unlimitedness by theoretical considerations only; the reality is non-observable. Two, the process is dark, it is range of invisible (before charge emerged), the process of creation of charge (the reflection of light starts with it) has not yet taken place; it is the elusive dark energy that constitutes 74% of the total energy of the universe. We never connected space and time to flow of energy, and so did not find its connection either to its limitedness or to its dark nature (dark energy). Three, the space energy flow has a reverse process which leads to the formation of fundamental particles we have not included it in the totality of the processes of the universe, the former is the dark energy and the initial part of the reverse process—till it reaches the state of ionisation-- is dark matter. In the continuity of the cycle of space flow and its reversal to matter forms, ionisation happens at a particular point and visibility comes through along with; ionisation is a later event (which, as we explain later when we come to explaining the reverse process and with it enters visibility). It is this reverse process which creates fundamental particles (no big bang, the creation of particles is here and now). With no idea of space as energy flow and no idea of the reverse process, physicists could never take the step in the direction of the correct understanding of the ‘dark energy’ or ‘dark matter’. Along with the correct understanding of the dark matter and the dark energy, enters another conclusion of great importance: the limitedness of the universe means it is closed from all ends, it is like a crucible of huge dimensions, thus CMB is not radiation from primordial past, it is something which is happening here and now. Thus, one correction—space is an absolute flow of quantum gravity, emerging probably from the binary black holes-- changes all our understanding of cosmology. This is one stone—space is an absolute flow of quantum gravity—that kills (correctly explains) four birds (issues): explains the not expanding universe, explain what dark energy is, explain what dark matter is and it tells us that CMB is not radiation from primordial past. The lack of one entity—absoluteness of space and time—has led us to the wrong conclusion on each of the four issues, biggest of all being: the inflationary universe (and its subsequent conclusion to its Big Bang creation).
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[25536] viXra:1809.0232 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-12 01:58:30

Electron Capture: a More Complete Equation

Authors: Antonio Puccini
Comments: 8 Pages.

The Electron Capture(EC) is a peculiar phenomenon that unstable atoms can use to become more stable. During EC, an electron(e) in an atom's inner shell is drawn into the nucleus where it combines with a proton(P), forming a neutron(N) and a neutrino(): P + e  N + (1). Electrons are usually captured from the inner K layer, leaving 'holes' process or Auger’s es. Such a capture may also leave the nucleus in an excited state, causing it to release γ rays. This emission of highly energetic electro-magnetic radiation(EMR), generally originates the production of pairs of light particles: γ  e + e+(2), or:γ   + ῡ(3), where ῡ is an anti-neutrino. Yet, if this phenomenon of materialization of the EMR that accompanies the EC, manifesting in the production of lepton pairs(described in this case by the Eq.3), was represented in the equation describing the EC, we could better justify that  appeared ex abrupto in Eq.(1). Therefore, taking into account also the EMR(γ) emitted at the time of the EC, and inserting it in Eq.(1) on the side of the captured e, we have: P + e + γ  P + e + ῡe.+ e  N + e(4), that is:P + e + ῡe.+ e ↔ N + e(5). However, as the e mass is considered  2eV, Eq,(1) and (5) show a conspicuous mass gap problem, since according to Pauli and Fermi the  proposed to compensate for the mass gap of the N decay must have the same mass of e. Unless one wishes to hypothesize the existence of the neutral electron(e°). In this case, Eq.(5) should be rewritten as follows: P + e + ē° + e° ↔ N + e°(6).
Category: Mathematical Physics

[25535] viXra:1809.0231 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-12 02:51:11

Finding the Planck Length Independent of Newtons Gravitational Constant and the Planck Constant

Authors: Espen Gaarder Haug
Comments: 2 Pages.

It is assumed by modern physics that the Planck length is a derived constant from the Newton's gravitational constant, the Planck constant and the speed of light. This was first discovered by Max Planck in 1899. We suggest a way to find the Planck length independent of any knowledge of the Newton's gravitational constant or the Planck constant, but still dependent on the speed of light (directly or indirectly).
Category: Quantum Physics

[25534] viXra:1809.0230 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-12 02:51:37

An Inventory Model under Space Constraint in Neutrosophic Environment: A Neutrosophic Geometric Programming Approach

Authors: Chaitali Kar, Bappa Mondal, Tapan Kumar Roy
Comments: 17 Pages.

In this paper, an inventory model is developed without shortages where the production cost is inversely related to the set up cost and production quantity. In addition, the holding cost is considered time dependent. Here impreciseness is introduced in the storage area. The objective and constraint functions are defined by the truth (membership) degree, indeterminacy (hesitation) degree and falsity (non-membership) degree. Likewise, a non-linear programming problem with a constraint is also considered.
Category: General Mathematics

[25533] viXra:1809.0229 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-12 02:53:15

A Revisit to NC-VIKOR Based MAGDM Strategy in Neutrosophic Cubic Set Environment

Authors: Shyamal Dalapati, Surapati Pramanik
Comments: 11 Pages.

Multi attribute group decision making with VIKOR (VlseKriterijuska Optimizacija I Komoromisno Resenje) strategy has been widely applied to solving real-world problems. Recently, Pramianik et al. [S. Pramanik, S. Dalapati, S. Alam, and T. K. Roy. NCVIKOR based MAGDM strategy under neutrosophic cubic set environment, Neutrosophic Sets and Systems, 20 (2018), 95-108]proposed VIKOR strategy for solving MAGDM, where compromise solutions are not identified in neutrosophic cubic environment. To overcome the shortcomings of the paper, we further modify the VIKOR strategy by incorporating compromise solution in neutrosophic cubic set environment. Finally, we solve an MAGDM problem using the modified NC-VIKOR strategy to show the feasibility, applicability and effectiveness of the proposed strategy. Further, we present sensitivity analysis to show the impact of different values of the decision making mechanism coefficient on ranking order of the alternatives.
Category: General Mathematics

[25532] viXra:1809.0228 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-12 03:02:12

Bi-level Linear Programming Problem with Neutrosophic Numbers

Authors: Surapati Pramanik, Partha Pratim Dey
Comments: 12 Pages.

The paper presents a novel strategy for solving bi-level linear programming problem based on goal programming in neutrosophic numbers environment. Bi-level linear programming problem comprises of two levels namely upper or first level and lower or second level with one objective at each level. The objective function of each level decision maker and the system constraints are considered as linear functions with neutrosophic numbers of the form [p + q I], where p, q are real numbers and I represents indeterminacy.
Category: General Mathematics

[25531] viXra:1809.0227 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-12 03:03:19

Divergence Measure of Neutrosophic Sets and Applications

Authors: Nguyen Xuan Thao, Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 11 Pages.

In this paper, we first propose the concept of divergence measure on neutrosophic sets. We also provide some formulas for the divergence measure for neutrosophic sets. After that, we investigate the properties of proposed neutrosophic divergence measure. Finally, we also apply these formulas in medical problem and the classification problem.
Category: General Mathematics

[25530] viXra:1809.0226 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-12 03:04:38

Fuzzy Neutrosophic Alpham-Closed Sets in Fuzzy NeutrosophicTopological Spaces

Authors: Fatimah M. Mohammed, Shaymaa F. Matar
Comments: 10 Pages.

In this paper, we state a new class of sets and called them fuzzy neutrosophic Alpham-closed sets, and we prove some theorem related to this definition. Then, we investigate the relation between fuzzy neutrosophic Alpham-closed sets, fuzzy neutrosophic α closed sets, fuzzy neutrosophic closed sets, fuzzy neutrosophic semi closed sets and fuzzy neutrosophic pre closed sets. On the other hand, some properties of the fuzzy neutrosophic Alpham-closed set are given.
Category: General Mathematics

[25529] viXra:1809.0225 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-12 03:05:42

Multi-Objective Portfolio Selection Model with Diversification by Neutrosophic Optimization Technique

Authors: Sahidul Islam, Partha Ray
Comments: 10 Pages.

In this paper, we first consider a multi-objective Portfolio Selection model and then we add another entropy objective function and next we generalized the model. We solve the problems using Neutrosophic optimization technique. The models are illustrated with numerical examples.
Category: General Mathematics

[25528] viXra:1809.0224 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-12 03:06:52

Neutrosophic Approach to Grayscale Images Domain

Authors: A. A. Salama, Florentin Smarandache, Hewayda ElGhawalby
Comments: 7 Pages.

In this paper, we propose a new technique for the enhancing images. It will work on removing the noise contained in the image as well as improving its contrast based on three different enhancing transforms, we commence by embedding the image into a neutrosophic domain; where the image will be mapped in three different levels, a level of trueness, a level of falseness and a level of indeterminacy. Hence, we act separately on each level using the enhancement transforms. Finally, we introduce a new analysis in the field of analysis and processing of images using the neutrosophic crisp set theory via Mat lab program where has been obtained three images, which helps in a new analysis to improve and retrieve images.
Category: General Mathematics

[25527] viXra:1809.0223 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-12 03:07:51

Neutrosophic Crisp Bi-Topological Spaces

Authors: Riad Khidr Al-Hamido
Comments: 8 Pages.

In this paper, neutrosophic crisp bi-topological spaces, new types of open and closed sets in neutrosophic crisp bitopological spaces, the closure and interior neutrosophic crisp set and a new concept of open and closed sets are introduced. The basic properties of these types of open and closed sets and their properties are studied.
Category: General Mathematics

[25526] viXra:1809.0222 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-12 03:08:53

Neutrosophic Triplet Normed Ring Space

Authors: Mehmet Şahin, Abdullah Kargın
Comments: 8 Pages.

In this article, a notion of neutrosophic triplet (NT) normed ring space is given and properties of NT normed ring spaces are studied. We demonstrate that NT normed ring is different from the classical one. Also, we show that a neutrosophic triplet normed ring can be a neutrosophic triplet norm when certain conditions are met.
Category: General Mathematics

[25525] viXra:1809.0221 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-12 03:10:00

Neutrosophic Units of Neutrosophic Rings and Fields

Authors: T. Chalapathi, R. V. M. S. S. Kiran Kumar
Comments: 8 Pages.

In recent years, the inter connection between classical structures and Neutrosophic structures is studied by few researchers. For such kind of study, researchers defined new algebraic structures whose elements aregenerated by elements in classical algebraic set and indeterminate of the real world problem with respect to algebraic operations on the well defined Neutrosophic elements.
Category: General Mathematics

[25524] viXra:1809.0220 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-12 03:12:48

On Neutrosophic Crisp Semi Alpha Closed Sets

Authors: Riad K. Al-Hamido, Qays Hatem Imran, Karem A. Alghurabi, Taleb Gharibah
Comments: 8 Pages.

In this paper, we presented another concept of neutrosophic crisp generalized closed sets called neutrosophic crisp semi-alpha-closed sets and studied their fundamental properties in neutrosophic crisp topological spaces.
Category: General Mathematics

[25523] viXra:1809.0219 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-12 03:17:21

PEST Analysis Based on Neutrosophic Cognitive Maps: A Case Study for Food Industry

Authors: Ramona Parraga Alava, José Muñoz Murillo, Roy Barre Zambrano, María Isabel Zambrano Vélez, Maikel Leyva Vázquez
Comments: 9 Pages.

Neutrosophic cognitive maps and its application in decision making have become a topic of great importance for researchers and practitioners alike.PEST (Political, Economic, Social and Technological), analysis is a precondition analysis with the main functions of the identification of the environment within which and organization or project the operates and pr viding data and information for enabling the organization to make predictions about new situations and circumstances.
Category: General Mathematics

[25522] viXra:1809.0218 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-12 03:18:18

Plithogenic Set, an Extension of Crisp, Fuzzy, Intuitionistic Fuzzy, and Neutrosophic Sets - Revisited

Authors: Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 14 Pages.

In this paper, we introduce the plithogenic set (as generalization of crisp, fuzzy, intuitionistic fuzzy, and neutrosophic sets), which is a set whose elements are characterized by many attributes’ values. An attribute value v has a corresponding (fuzzy, intuitionistic fuzzy, or neutrosophic) degree of appurtenance d(x,v) of the element x, to the set P, with respect to some given criteria.
Category: General Mathematics

[25521] viXra:1809.0217 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-12 03:19:20

Rough Neutrosophic Multisets Relation with Application in Marketing Strategy

Authors: Suriana Alias, Daud Mohamad, Adibah Shuib
Comments: 20 Pages.

The concepts of rough neutrosophic multisets can be easily extended to a relation, mainly since a relation is also a set, i.e. a subset of a Cartesian product. Therefore, the objective of this paper is to define the definition of rough neutrosophic multisets relation of Cartesian product over a universal set.
Category: General Mathematics

[25520] viXra:1809.0216 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-12 03:20:37

Single Valued Neutrosophic Numbers and Analytic Hierarchy Process for Project Selection

Authors: Milton Villegas Alava, Stella Paola Delgado Figueroa, Hilda Mercedes Blum Alcivar, Maikel Leyva Vázquez
Comments: 9 Pages.

Neutrosophic sets and its application to decision support have become a topic of great importance. In this paper, a new model for decision making in the selection of projects is presented based on single valued neutrosophic number (SVNnumbers) and the analytic hierarchy process (AHP). The proposed framework is composed of five activities, framework, criteria weighting, gathering information, rating alternatives and project selection. Project alternatives are rated based on aggregation operator and the ranking of alternatives is based on scoring and accuracy functions.
Category: General Mathematics

[25519] viXra:1809.0215 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-10 07:14:43

The Real Meaning of the Hubble Diagram

Authors: Karan R.Takkhi
Comments: 17 pages, 16 tables, 9 equations, 5 graphs, 1 figure (Manuscript submitted to a journal)

The Hubble diagram continues to remain one of the most important graphical representations in the realm of astronomy and cosmology right from its genesis that depicts the velocity-distance relation for the receding large-scale structures within the observable Universe. The linear behaviour of the Hubble diagram has remained consistent right from the very beginning when it got plotted for the very first time. In this paper I unravel the real meaning of the Hubble diagram by introducing the molecular diffusion model in order to explain the expansion of the Universe. The molecular diffusion model considers the distribution of large-scale structures as molecules inside a vacuum chamber. Since large- scale structures are ensemble of atoms, therefore, they can be treated as molecules possessing finite amount of energy. Instead of considering that space is expanding, the paper emphasizes upon the actual recession of large-scale structures. The study conducted in this paper finds the recessional behaviour of large-scale structures to be consistent with the recessional behaviour of molecules.
Category: Astrophysics

[25518] viXra:1809.0213 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-10 09:09:18

Electron Heating in Plasmas

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 81 Pages.

A KAIST research team successfully identified the underlying principles behind electron heating, which is one of the most important phenomena in plasmas. [43] Researchers at MIT's Plasma Science and Fusion Center (PSFC) have now demonstrated how microwaves can be used to overcome barriers to steady-state tokamak operation. [42] Plasma particle accelerators more powerful than existing machines could help probe some of the outstanding mysteries of our universe, as well as make leaps forward in cancer treatment and security scanning—all in a package that's around a thousandth of the size of current accelerators. [41] The Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory has started to assemble a new facility for revolutionary accelerator technologies that could make future accelerators 100 to 1,000 times smaller and boost their capabilities. [40] The authors designed a mechanism based on the deployment of a transport barrier to confine the particles and prevent them from moving from one region of the accelerator to another. "There is strong experimental evidence that there is indeed some new physics lurking in the lepton sector," Dev said. [38] Now, in a new result unveiled today at the Neutrino 2018 conference in Heidelberg, Germany, the collaboration has announced its first results using antineutrinos, and has seen strong evidence of muon antineutrinos oscillating into electron antineutrinos over long distances, a phenomenon that has never been unambiguously observed. [37] The Precision Reactor Oscillation and Spectrum Experiment (PROSPECT) has completed the installation of a novel antineutrino detector that will probe the possible existence of a new form of matter. [36] The MINERvA collaboration analyzed data from the interactions of an antineutrino— the antimatter partner of a neutrino—with a nucleus. [35]
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[25517] viXra:1809.0212 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-10 09:58:43

AI Climate Computation

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 45 Pages.

An LMU study now shows that new algorithms allow interactions in the atmosphere to be modeled more rapidly without loss of reliability. [26] Progress on new artificial intelligence (AI) technology could make monitoring at water treatment plants cheaper and easier and help safeguard public health. [25] And if that isn't surprising enough, try this one: in many cases, doctors have no idea what side effects might arise from adding another drug to a patient's personal pharmacy. [24] Intel's Gadi Singer believes his most important challenge is his latest: using artificial intelligence (AI) to reshape scientific exploration. [23] Artificial intelligence is astonishing in its potential. It will be more transformative than the PC and the Internet. Already it is poised to solve some of our biggest challenges. [22] In the search for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI), we've often looked for signs of intelligence, technology and communication that are similar to our own. [21] Call it an aMAZE -ing development: A U.K.-based team of researchers has developed an artificial intelligence program that can learn to take shortcuts through a labyrinth to reach its goal. In the process, the program developed structures akin to those in the human brain. [20] And as will be presented today at the 25th annual meeting of the Cognitive Neuroscience networks to enhance their understanding of one of the most elusive intelligence systems, the human brain. [19] U.S. Army Research Laboratory scientists have discovered a way to leverage emerging brain-like computer architectures for an age-old number-theoretic problem known as integer factorization. [18] have come up with a novel machine learning method that enables scientists to derive insights from systems of previously intractable complexity in record time. [17] Quantum computers can be made to utilize effects such as quantum coherence and entanglement to accelerate machine learning. [16] Neural networks learn how to carry out certain tasks by analyzing large amounts of data displayed to them. [15]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[25516] viXra:1809.0211 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-10 10:59:43

The Cosmological Rotation Reversal and the G\"{o}del-Brahe Model: the Modifications of the G\"{o}del Metric

Authors: Moninder Singh Modgil
Comments: 10 Pages.

The General Relativistic G\"{o}del-Brahe model visualizes the universe rotating with angular velocity $2 \pi$ radians/day - around a stationary earth. The wave function of this model of universe $\psi_{Univ}$, has two chiral states - clockwise and anti clockwise. Due to instabilities in the electromagnetic fields, the wave function can tunnel between the two states. G\"{o}del-Rindler model with a heigth varying acceleration gives the gravitational field of the earth. G\"{o}del-Obukhov model with a sinusoidally varying scale factor gives the yearly north-south motion of the sun. G\"{o}del-Randall-Sundram model with an angular velocity varying with height, gives the yearly rotation of sun with respect to the back ground of the fixed stars. Confinement of light rays due to rotation in the G\"{o}del universe, coupled with an appropriate mapping, generates the illusion of sphericity over a flat earth - with half of earth lit by sun light and the other half in darkness. Finally a metric combining all these properties is given. Discussion of further work is given, namely - (1) Origin of earth's magnetic field due to a charged G\"{o}del universe - with a relation to the Van Allen radiation belt, (2) Geomagnetic reversals due to reversals of cosmological rotation, (3) Caismir energy in the charged G\"{o}del type universe and the energy density required for the G\"{o}del-Brahe model and (4) Behaviour of Causality in G\"{o}del universe and the Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen (EPR) paradox.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[25515] viXra:1809.0210 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-10 11:41:33

Dark Matter Clusters

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 21 Pages.

Scientists are hoping to understand one of the most enduring mysteries in cosmology by simulating its effect on the clustering of galaxies. [20] The U.S. Department of Energy has approved nearly $1 million in funding for the research team, which has been tasked with leveraging large-scale computer simulations and developing new statistical methods to help us better understand these fundamental forces. [19] According to a new study, they could also potentially detect dark matter, if dark matter is composed of a particular kind of particle called a "dark photon." [18] A global team of scientists, including two University of Mississippi physicists, has found that the same instruments used in the historic discovery of gravitational waves caused by colliding black holes could help unlock the secrets of dark matter, a mysterious and as-yet-unobserved component of the universe. [17] The lack of so-called " dark photons " in electron-positron collision data rules out scenarios in which these hypothetical particles explain the muon's magnetic moment. [16] By reproducing the complexity of the cosmos through unprecedented simulations, a new study highlights the importance of the possible behaviour of very high-energy photons. In their journey through intergalactic magnetic fields, such photons could be transformed into axions and thus avoid being absorbed. [15] Scientists have detected a mysterious X-ray signal that could be caused by dark matter streaming out of our Sun's core. Hidden photons are predicted in some extensions of the Standard Model of particle physics, and unlike WIMPs they would interact electromagnetically with normal matter. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[25514] viXra:1809.0209 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-10 13:12:45

Suppressing Instabilities in Tokamaks

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 82 Pages.

Fusion, the power that drives the sun and stars, produces massive amounts of energy. [44] A KAIST research team successfully identified the underlying principles behind electron heating, which is one of the most important phenomena in plasmas. [43] Researchers at MIT's Plasma Science and Fusion Center (PSFC) have now demonstrated how microwaves can be used to overcome barriers to steady-state tokamak operation. [42] Plasma particle accelerators more powerful than existing machines could help probe some of the outstanding mysteries of our universe, as well as make leaps forward in cancer treatment and security scanning—all in a package that's around a thousandth of the size of current accelerators. [41] The Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory has started to assemble a new facility for revolutionary accelerator technologies that could make future accelerators 100 to 1,000 times smaller and boost their capabilities. [40] The authors designed a mechanism based on the deployment of a transport barrier to confine the particles and prevent them from moving from one region of the accelerator to another. "There is strong experimental evidence that there is indeed some new physics lurking in the lepton sector," Dev said. [38] Now, in a new result unveiled today at the Neutrino 2018 conference in Heidelberg, Germany, the collaboration has announced its first results using antineutrinos, and has seen strong evidence of muon antineutrinos oscillating into electron antineutrinos over long distances, a phenomenon that has never been unambiguously observed. [37] The Precision Reactor Oscillation and Spectrum Experiment (PROSPECT) has completed the installation of a novel antineutrino detector that will probe the possible existence of a new form of matter. [36]
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[25513] viXra:1809.0208 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-10 13:48:03

Photoelectrode Harvest Visible Light

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 22 Pages.

Scientists have developed a photoelectrode that can harvest 85 percent of visible light in a 30 nanometers-thin semiconductor layer between gold layers, converting light energy 11 times more efficiently than previous methods. [15] The tool allows engineers to design new classes of radio frequency-based components that are able to transport large amounts of data more rapidly, and with less noise interference. [14] In new research, scientists at the University of Minnesota used a first-of-its-kind device to demonstrate a way to control the direction of the photocurrent without deploying an electric voltage. [13] Brown University researchers have demonstrated for the first time a method of substantially changing the spatial coherence of light. [12] Researchers at the University of Central Florida have generated what is being deemed the fastest light pulse ever developed. [11] Physicists at Chalmers University of Technology and Free University of Brussels have now found a method to significantly enhance optical force. [10] Nature Communications today published research by a team comprising Scottish and South African researchers, demonstrating entanglement swapping and teleportation of orbital angular momentum 'patterns' of light. [9] While physicists are continually looking for ways to unify the theory of relativity, which describes large-scale phenomena, with quantum theory, which describes small-scale phenomena, computer scientists are searching for technologies to build the quantum computer using Quantum Information. In August 2013, the achievement of "fully deterministic" quantum teleportation, using a hybrid technique, was reported. On 29 May 2014, scientists announced a reliable way of transferring data by quantum teleportation. Quantum teleportation of data had been done before but with highly unreliable methods. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to build the Quantum Computer with the help of Quantum Information.
Category: Quantum Physics

[25512] viXra:1809.0207 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-10 14:02:28

Extension to the Eratosthenes Sieve

Authors: Samia Lakehal
Comments: 13 Pages ; 2 Tables ; 766 Ko

The Sieve of Eratosthenes finds all the prime numbers up to any given limit by eliminating all non-primes from the list of all natural numbers. A list of natural numbers containing no multiples of 2, 3 or 5 is created, it is obtained by 8 formulas. The elimination of non-primes is effectuated from this new list. It then appears that it is possible to express all the non-primes belonging to this list by 36 other formulas, the prime numbers being the numbers satisfying the 8 formulas but not the 36.
Category: Number Theory

[25511] viXra:1809.0206 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-10 14:12:22

Seven Photons Like Billions

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 23 Pages.

A system made of just a handful of particles acts just like larger systems, allowing scientists to study quantum behaviour more easily. [16] Scientists have developed a photoelectrode that can harvest 85 percent of visible light in a 30 nanometers-thin semiconductor layer between gold layers, converting light energy 11 times more efficiently than previous methods. [15] The tool allows engineers to design new classes of radio frequency-based components that are able to transport large amounts of data more rapidly, and with less noise interference. [14] In new research, scientists at the University of Minnesota used a first-of-its-kind device to demonstrate a way to control the direction of the photocurrent without deploying an electric voltage. [13] Brown University researchers have demonstrated for the first time a method of substantially changing the spatial coherence of light. [12] Researchers at the University of Central Florida have generated what is being deemed the fastest light pulse ever developed. [11] Physicists at Chalmers University of Technology and Free University of Brussels have now found a method to significantly enhance optical force. [10] Nature Communications today published research by a team comprising Scottish and South African researchers, demonstrating entanglement swapping and teleportation of orbital angular momentum 'patterns' of light. [9] While physicists are continually looking for ways to unify the theory of relativity, which describes large-scale phenomena, with quantum theory, which describes small-scale phenomena, computer scientists are searching for technologies to build the quantum computer using Quantum Information. In August 2013, the achievement of "fully deterministic" quantum teleportation, using a hybrid technique, was reported. On 29 May 2014, scientists announced a reliable way of transferring data by quantum teleportation. Quantum teleportation of data had been done before but with highly unreliable methods. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to build the Quantum Computer with the help of Quantum Information.
Category: Quantum Physics

[25510] viXra:1809.0205 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-10 15:24:48

DNA Resonance Code

Authors: Ivan V. Savelyev, Nelli V. Zyryanova, Oksana Polesskaya, Celeste O'Mealy, Max Myakishev-Rempel
Comments: 4 Pages.

Most basic experiments on biological fields involve two samples such as cell culture aliquotes in sealed quartz cuvettes separated by optical filters. When one of the aliquotes is perturbed, the second one may catch the signal that is transferred non-chemically and is blocked by light impermeable filters. Such effects are often referred to as "non-chemical cell-cell communication" and are reviewed in refs 1–4. Selected examples include reports communication of cell culture via polystyrene petri dish 5,6 and of plant roots through air 7. Among such models, simplest and most robust seems a model of Burlakov 8. Developing fish embryos used in this model are easy to produce, and since they are quickly developing, they are sensitive to biologically active waves, they are also more active in producing biologically active waves and abnormalities in their development are more dramatic and visible on microphotographs.
Category: Physics of Biology

[25509] viXra:1809.0204 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-10 17:59:12

Fourth Edition: Final Results on P vs NP Via Integer Factorization and Optimization

Authors: Yuly Shipilevsky
Comments: 20 Pages.

We develop two different polynomial-time integer factorization algorithms. We reduce integer factorization problem to equivalent problem of minimizing a quadratic polynomial with integer coefficients over the integer points in a quadratically constrained two-dimensional region. Next, we reduce those minimization problem to the polynomial-time minimizing a quadratic polynomial with integer coefficients over the integer points in a special two-dimensional rational polyhedron. Next, we reduce integer factorization problem to the problem of enumeration of vertices of integer hull of a special two-dimensional rational polyhedron, solvable in time polynomial by Hartmann's algorithm. Finally, as we show that there exists an NP-hard minimization problem, equivalent to the original minimization problem, we conclude that P = NP.
Category: Data Structures and Algorithms

[25508] viXra:1809.0202 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-10 19:10:58

Final-State-Diagram of Quadratic Iterator Topologically Equivalent with an Eddy's Decay-Cascade in Turbulent Fluids

Authors: Udo E. Steinemann
Comments: 7 Pages.

This article refers to the paper http://vixra.org/abs/1801.0037, "Turbulence as structured Route of Energy from Order into Chaos", published by Udo E. Steinemann (vixra.org, Category: Physics, Classical Physics, 121801[2]). Within Conclusion of the referenced text a statement was made: "This way a picture about an eddy's decay can be drawn as a well structured route of energy from order into chaos, similar to those of many other dynamical systems too". The current text will give additional explanations to this statement. The current text will sketch the way entrance to chaos is shown for the quadratic iterator and how the major outcomes from this perception can be used in addition to the above mentioned article.
Category: Classical Physics

[25507] viXra:1809.0200 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-10 22:47:19

Maxwell-type Theory for Non-uniformly Moving Electric Charge

Authors: Hui Peng
Comments: 16 Pages. A mathematic approach for electrodynamics of non-uniform moving charge

In this article, we propose a mathematic approach to study the effects of accelerating charges. We postulate and demonstrate mathematically that the acceleration of electric charges generate new N and M fields. The N and M field equations are supplement to Maxwell equations, and have the similar forms as that of Maxwell equations. The effect of the N and M fields is to vary the Lorentz force with time, and have the similar forms as that of Lorentz force. The N and M fields propagate as waves. The N and M fields due to accelerating charges exist mathematically. We suggest that those new fields are worth to be systematically studied experimentally. The study of those new fields might open a new window.
Category: Classical Physics

[25506] viXra:1809.0199 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-10 23:57:04

Kinematics Atoms of Space

Authors: Kuyukov Vitaly
Comments: 4 Pages.

Chaos and the motion of space atoms, energy of topological knot.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[25505] viXra:1809.0198 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-11 00:34:30

It is a Little Etymology. Ouk-Aylend and Labyrinth

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 3 Pages. -

Meaning of two names – English and Greek.
Category: Linguistics

[25504] viXra:1809.0197 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-11 00:35:18

Power of Tiny Vibrations

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 24 Pages.

Ultra-fast vibrations can be used to heat tiny amounts of liquid, experts have found, in a discovery that could have a range of engineering applications. [17] A system made of just a handful of particles acts just like larger systems, allowing scientists to study quantum behaviour more easily. [16] Scientists have developed a photoelectrode that can harvest 85 percent of visible light in a 30 nanometers-thin semiconductor layer between gold layers, converting light energy 11 times more efficiently than previous methods. [15] The tool allows engineers to design new classes of radio frequency-based components that are able to transport large amounts of data more rapidly, and with less noise interference. [14] In new research, scientists at the University of Minnesota used a first-of-its-kind device to demonstrate a way to control the direction of the photocurrent without deploying an electric voltage. [13] Brown University researchers have demonstrated for the first time a method of substantially changing the spatial coherence of light. [12] Researchers at the University of Central Florida have generated what is being deemed the fastest light pulse ever developed. [11] Physicists at Chalmers University of Technology and Free University of Brussels have now found a method to significantly enhance optical force. [10] Nature Communications today published research by a team comprising Scottish and South African researchers, demonstrating entanglement swapping and teleportation of orbital angular momentum 'patterns' of light. [9] While physicists are continually looking for ways to unify the theory of relativity, which describes large-scale phenomena, with quantum theory, which describes small-scale phenomena, computer scientists are searching for technologies to build the quantum computer using Quantum Information. In August 2013, the achievement of "fully deterministic" quantum teleportation, using a hybrid technique, was reported. On 29 May 2014, scientists announced a reliable way of transferring data by quantum teleportation. Quantum teleportation of data had been done before but with highly unreliable methods. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to build the Quantum Computer with the help of Quantum Information.
Category: Thermodynamics and Energy

[25503] viXra:1809.0196 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-11 00:39:46

Etymology of Numbers

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 17 Pages. -

Probable origin and meaning of initial names of numbers
Category: Linguistics

[25502] viXra:1809.0195 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-11 00:52:24

Word Crowd Etymology

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 11 Pages. -

Origin and word meaning CROWD
Category: Linguistics

[25501] viXra:1809.0194 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-11 00:55:28

Correction of Physics. Work and Energy

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 17 Pages. -

Vector sense of work
Category: Classical Physics

[25500] viXra:1809.0193 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-11 01:11:28

Word Tartariya Origin

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 8 Pages. -

Probable origin and meaning of the word TARTARIYa
Category: Linguistics

[25499] viXra:1809.0192 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-11 02:27:48

On the Influence of Transient Aerodynamic Heave Vibrations on Racing Car Suspension Parameters: Aero Post Rig in a Quarter Car Test

Authors: Timoteo Briet Blanes
Comments: 41 Pages.

Vehicles running at high speed are greatly influenced by their aerodynamic profile. Racing car teams strive to tune the setup seeking higher levels of downforce aerodynamic load. Wind tunnel tests or track data for specific vehicle positions are useful but incomplete and very expensive. Transient loads on the vehicle come from very different sources and, to date, there is no established methodology to take them into consideration. Computer simulation seems to be a good starting point to study the effect of transient aerodynamic loads in the design and optimization of the tuning of the suspension of a racing car. This paper studies the effect of transient aerodynamic loads on the downforce of a vehicle. Heave vibrations on an aileron are analyzed on a simulation model. The data obtained in this simulation model are validated both in a steady and a transient state for different frequencies (1-800Hz). These results lead to the obtainment of a transfer function for the downforce on the aileron in question. Finally, a new quarter car model including aerodynamic effects from these studies is presented and some results on the influence of heave transient aerodynamics loads on a racing car are obtained.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[25498] viXra:1809.0191 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-11 02:30:13

Improving Suspension in a Quarter Car Model Test from Aero Post Rig Analysis: Performance Index

Authors: Timoteo Briet Blanes
Comments: 57 Pages.

The performance of an F1 race car is greatly influenced by its aerodynamics. Race teams try to improve the vehicle performance by aiming for more levels of downforce. A huge amount of time is spent in wind tunnel and track testing. Typical wind tunnel testing is carried out in steady aerodynamic conditions and with car static configurations. However, the ride heights of a car are continuously changing in a race track because of many factors. These are, for example, the roughness and undulations of the track, braking, accelerations, direction changes, aerodynamic load variations due to varying air speed and others. These factors may induce movements on suspensions components (sprung and unsprung masses) at different frequencies and may cause aerodynamic fluctuations that vary tires grip. When the frequency of the movement of a race car is high enough the steady aerodynamic condition and the car static configurations are not fulfilled. Then, transient effects appear and the dynamics of the system changes: heave, pitch and roll transient movements of the sprung mass affect both downforce and center of pressure position. The suspension system have to cope with them, but in order for the suspension to be effective, unsteady aerodynamics must be considered. The main objective is to model the effects of unsteady aerodynamics and know really the car dynamic, with the aim of optimizing the suspension performance, improving tire grip and finally reducing lap times.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[25497] viXra:1809.0190 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-11 02:49:13

Thoughts About Thinking

Authors: Lev I. Verkhovsky
Comments: 11 Pages. The article in Russian

A geometric model illustrating the basic mechanisms of thinking -- logical and intuitive -- is proposed. The thinking of man and the problems of creating artificial intelligence are discussed. Although the article was published in the Russian popular science journal «Chemistry and Life» in 1989 No. 7, according to the author, it is not obsolete. In Russian.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[25496] viXra:1809.0189 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-11 04:21:39

Apparent Violation of the Second Law, Around Black Hole Nuclei and Other Quantum Knots.

Authors: Leo Vuyk
Comments: 13 Pages.

Quantum FFF ( Function Follows Form) theory is a Rigid String Theory which states, that there are no singular string based repulsion forces or attraction forces. Attraction forces should be the result of the dual effect of two opposing photon pulses on a stringy Fermion. As a consequence, only the result of two opposing photons impinging on Fermions has to count as a quantum force and the so called “Feynman diagrams” should be adapted. In Q-FFF Theory, the vacuum is seeded with fast oscillating massless Axion/Higgs particles, oscillating along a complex chiral tetrahedral vacuum lattice, which has the ability to transfer Photon and Graviton information in wavelength bunches of oscillations, through the vacuum lattice with the local (mass related) speed of light and the origin of the so called Dark Energy observed e.g. in the Casimir effect. At the same time, only the sum of the different kinds of vacuum impulses with the local vacuum oscillation spectrum coming from all directions on Fermions are responsible for all energetic phenomena in the universe. So, we may call this force a fifth force as it opposes and interacts or compensates all Photon/Gluon pressure effects on fermions in the universe. The gravity around Black Holes is assumed to be based only on the zero point oscillation spectrum from outside the black hole without the opposing repulsive gravitons coming out of the black hole. Black holes don’t emit gravitons, consequently they are massless and harbor a nucleus of massless Axion/Higgs based Quantum vacuum knots only able to absorb the incoming oscillating vacuum particles and polarize the surrounding vacuum structure. The polarization of the local vacuum is also origin of the black hole repulsion horizon of all propeller shaped Fermions at a certain distance from the nucleus and even the creation of fermions and baryons ( plasma) out of the local vacuum. Reason to accept that the vacuum energy around dark matter black holes ( fifth force) combined with the propeller shape of fermions, is the origin of apparent violation of the second law, (entropy decrease) observed on earth and in space. Examples are: plasma tails of Ball lightning and (micro) Comets and Proplyds.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[25495] viXra:1809.0188 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-09 10:39:33

The Clique Problem - A Polynomial Time and Non-Heuristic Solution

Authors: John Archie Gillis
Comments: 53 Pages.

The Clique Problem This paper provides a Polynomial Time and Non-Heuristic Solution to the Clique problem. Methods are given to find: 1.Maximum clique (a clique with the largest possible number of vertices), 2.Listing all maximal cliques (cliques that cannot be enlarged), and 3.Solving the decision problem of testing whether a graph contains a clique larger than a given size. 4.Finding cliques of a selected size, particularly largest cliques.
Category: Combinatorics and Graph Theory

[25494] viXra:1809.0186 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-09 16:00:27

The Solar Group Main Equation

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 6 Pages.

The Solar Group Main Equation C2 = 90000 mkm = 86400 mkm +3600 mkm (c= light velocity = 300000 km/sec) -The Equation tells us that, the solar planets and the sun herself are created from this same energy c2 -The solar group geometrical structure causes that c2= 90000 mkm
Category: Astrophysics

[25493] viXra:1809.0185 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-09 18:15:22

Maxwell Equations Re-derived Mathematically

Authors: Hui Peng
Comments: 5 Pages. The world is built mathematically

In this article, by applying Gauss/Coulomb’s law, we re-derive mathematically the whole set of Maxwell equations, which means that, as long as a charge satisfies Gauss/Coulomb’s law, the uniform motion of the charge generates inevitably a magnetic field and an axial electric field. This fact is predetermined mathematically.
Category: Classical Physics

[25492] viXra:1809.0184 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-09 18:59:30

How an Artificial Kerr-Newman Black Hole Can Release Gravitational Waves

Authors: Andrew Beckwith
Comments: 38 Pages. will be received by Christian Corda who will reccomend what to do with this paper

We initiate a model of an artificially induced Kerr-Newman black Holes, with specific angular momentum J, and then from there model was to what would happen as to an effective charge, Q, creating an E and B field, commensurate with the release of GWs. The idea is that using a frame of reference trick, plus E + i B = - function of the derivative of a complex valued scalar field, as given by Appell, in 1887, and reviewed by Whittaker and Watson, 1927 of their “A Course of Modern Analysis” tome that a first principle identification of a B field, commensurate with increase of thermal temperature, T, so as to have artificially induced GW production. This is compared in part with the Park 1955 paper of a spinning rod, producing GW, with the proviso that both the spinning rod paper, and this artificial Kerr-Newman Black hole will employ the idea of lasers in implementation of their respective GW radiation. The idea is in part partly similar to an idea the author discussed with Dr. Robert Baker, in 2016 with the difference that a B field would be generated and linked to effects linked with induced spin to the Kerr - Newman Black hole. We close with some observations about the “black holes have no hair” theorem, and our problem. Citing some recent suppositions that this “theorem” may not be completely true and how that may relate to our experimental situation. We close with observations from Haijicek, 2008 as which may be pertinent to Quantization of Gravity.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[25491] viXra:1809.0183 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-09 21:28:49

Terra Firma: An Investigation of Pedologic Accuracy in Popular Media

Authors: James Andrew
Comments: 27 Pages.

In this paper we discuss the complexities of pedology - including the formation and morphology of soils. In order to highlight the intricacy and inter-connectivity of soil fertility, we will analyze various soils in four different types of movie sets in order to analyse the link between realism and worldbuilding and the immersion correct and deep soil science give to popular media.
Category: Religion and Spiritualism

[25490] viXra:1809.0182 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-09 22:13:12

Refutation of Bell's Original Inequality from 1964

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to the author by email at: info@ersatz-systems dot com.

Bell's original inequality from 1964 is not tautologous and hence refuted.
Category: Quantum Physics

[25489] viXra:1809.0181 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-09 23:23:27

Hubble Law Extended for the Accelerating Universe

Authors: Hui Peng
Comments: 7 Pages. your comment is very much welcomed

Hubble law describes both the uniformly expanding universe originally and then the accelerating universe. We argue that for describing an accelerating system, physics laws should include terms of acceleration for accuracy and completeness. We extend Velocity-Distance and Distance-Redshift relations of Hubble law to Acceleration-Velocity-Distance and Acceleration-Velocity-Distance-Redshift relation of Extended-Hubble-Law (denoted as EHL). The latter contains Doppler effect, Acceleration-Redshift, Hubble’s Distance-Redshift, and the cosmological redshift; and, thus, is appropriate for small and large redshift, slow and fast velocity, near and faraway source. EHL shows: (1) acceleration causes both redshift and the time change of redshift, which may be tested by sound wave; (2) the age of the accelerating universe is older. EHL provides an approach to test jerking motion of the universe. We suggest that EHL is worth to pursue for restudying Hubble law related phenomena including measurement of Hubble constant.
Category: Astrophysics

[25488] viXra:1809.0180 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-09 23:31:13

Flaw in Maxwell's Demon Paradox

Authors: Gokaran Shukla
Comments: 6 Pages.

The existence of a Maxwell’s-demons is a direct threat to the second law of thermodynamics. In this paper, we will underline the flaw that exists in Maxwell’s-demons paradox, and thus, we confirm the validity of the second law of thermodynamics in nature.
Category: Thermodynamics and Energy

[25487] viXra:1809.0179 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-10 00:23:54

The Comment to o. e. Akimov's Article "General Information About Linguistics"

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 2 Pages. -

Definition of language – an initial problem of linguistics
Category: Linguistics

[25486] viXra:1809.0178 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-10 00:30:39

Word Etymology Moscow

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 7 Pages. -

If Donbass is HEART of Russia, Moscow – her BRAIN
Category: Linguistics

[25485] viXra:1809.0177 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-10 00:34:25

Az, Beeches, Ouk. Their Probable Etymology

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 18 Pages. -

The probable etymology of names AZ, BEECHES, OUK of letters of the Russian alphabet is considered.
Category: Linguistics

[25484] viXra:1809.0176 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-10 00:44:09

God and Devil. Probable Etymology

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 13 Pages. -

The probable origin and meaning of words GODS and DEVIL is considered
Category: Linguistics

[25483] viXra:1809.0175 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-10 00:47:54

Invention of Words

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 19 Pages. -

Origin of the initial and derivative words forming bushes of words.
Category: Linguistics

[25482] viXra:1809.0174 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-10 03:55:27

Electromagnetic Waves Interact with Materials

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 21 Pages.

The tool allows engineers to design new classes of radio frequency-based components that are able to transport large amounts of data more rapidly, and with less noise interference. [14] In new research, scientists at the University of Minnesota used a first-of-its-kind device to demonstrate a way to control the direction of the photocurrent without deploying an electric voltage. [13] Brown University researchers have demonstrated for the first time a method of substantially changing the spatial coherence of light. [12] Researchers at the University of Central Florida have generated what is being deemed the fastest light pulse ever developed. [11] Physicists at Chalmers University of Technology and Free University of Brussels have now found a method to significantly enhance optical force. [10] Nature Communications today published research by a team comprising Scottish and South African researchers, demonstrating entanglement swapping and teleportation of orbital angular momentum 'patterns' of light. [9] While physicists are continually looking for ways to unify the theory of relativity, which describes large-scale phenomena, with quantum theory, which describes small-scale phenomena, computer scientists are searching for technologies to build the quantum computer using Quantum Information. In August 2013, the achievement of "fully deterministic" quantum teleportation, using a hybrid technique, was reported. On 29 May 2014, scientists announced a reliable way of transferring data by quantum teleportation. Quantum teleportation of data had been done before but with highly unreliable methods. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to build the Quantum Computer with the help of Quantum Information.
Category: Condensed Matter

[25481] viXra:1809.0173 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-08 08:08:24

Scalar Gun – Some Construction Details

Authors: Vitaliy Zamsha, Vladimir Shevtsov
Comments: 2 Pages. extra to existing article!

In this article authors represented some technical and construction details of the scalar gun described in the original article - " Magnetic Scalar Field Generator "
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[25480] viXra:1809.0172 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-08 08:19:32

Dynamic Gravity Experiment with Physical Pendulum

Authors: Dezso Sarkadi
Comments: 6 Pages.

In recent decades, several methods significantly different from the classic method of the Cavendish torsion balance have been developed and used for measuring the gravitational constant G. Unfortunately, the new de-terminations of G have not reduced significantly its uncertainty. It seems that in recent times, the accuracy prob-lem for the gravitational constant has not been the focus. This paper presents a new type gravity experiment used a big and heavy physical pendulum, not for a newest gravitational constant measure, but for the study of special gravitational effects encountered accidentally. Surprisingly strong gravitational effects have been observed between moving masses. We have named the whole new group of gravitational phenomena by "dynamic gravity". Despite the simplicity of our gravity experiment, the observed extraordinary results could lead to an unexpected revolution in gravity science.
Category: Classical Physics

Replacements of recent Submissions

[10173] viXra:1809.0342 [pdf] replaced on 2018-09-17 22:46:00

Genealogy and the Vedic Timescale

Authors: Sai Venkatesh Balasubramanian
Comments: 15 Pages.

Vedic timescales are explored. Manvantaras correspond to DNA Haplogroups.
Category: Social Science

[10172] viXra:1809.0337 [pdf] replaced on 2018-09-17 08:57:13

Experimental Verification of Wave Packet Collapse Using Fourth-Order Interference

Authors: Kazufumi Sakai
Comments: 8 Pages. Journal for Foundations and Applications of Physics, vol. 5, No. 2 (2018) 216-224

The concept of wave packet collapse is the most interesting and difficult to understand assumption of quantum mechanics and it remains an unresolved issue. Therefore, it is necessary to carefully examine its principle and process experimentally. We fabricated a new fourth-order interference apparatus capable of verifying the collapse of a wave packet. Contrary to expectation, a “collapse” was not observed in our experiment.
Category: Quantum Physics

[10171] viXra:1809.0318 [pdf] replaced on 2018-09-17 22:31:49

The Dirac Hamiltonian's Egregious Violations of Special Relativity; the Nonrelativistic Pauli Hamiltonian's Unique Relativistic Extension

Authors: Steven Kenneth Kauffmann
Comments: 13 Pages.

A single-particle Hamiltonian independent of the particle's coordinate ensures the particle conserves momentum, i.e., is free. Lorentz-covariance of that Hamiltonian's energy-momentum specifies it up to the particle's rest energy; the free particle it describes has speed below c and constant velocity parallel to its conserved momentum. Dirac took his free-particle Hamiltonian to have the same squared value as that relativistic one, but unwittingly blocked Lorentz-covariance of his Hamiltonian's energy-momentum by requiring it to be inhomogeneously linear in momentum. The Dirac "free particle" badly flouts relativity and even physical cogency; its velocity direction is extremely nonconstant, while its speed is fixed to c times the square root of three even when it interacts electromagnetically. Both its rest energy and total energy can be negative, and its velocity components and rest energy are artificially correlated by being mutually anticommuting; its alleged "spin" is an artifact of the anticommutation of its velocity components. Unlike the Dirac Hamiltonian, the nonrelativistic Pauli Hamiltonian is apparently physically sensible for particle speed far below c. Its relativistic extension is worked out via Lorentz-invariant upgrade of its associated action functional at zero particle velocity, and is obtained in closed form if there is no applied magnetic field; a successive approximation scheme must otherwise be used.
Category: Quantum Physics

[10170] viXra:1809.0279 [pdf] replaced on 2018-09-15 17:18:26

Autoregressive and Rolling Moving Average Processes using the K-matrix with Discrete but Unequal Time Steps

Authors: Stephen P. Smith
Comments: 10 Pages.

The autoregressive and rolling moving average time series models are describe with discrete time steps that may be unequal. The standard time series is described, as well as a two-dimensional spatial process that is separable into two one-dimensional processes. The K-matrix representations for each of these are presented, which can then be subjected to standard matrix handling techniques.
Category: Statistics

[10169] viXra:1809.0234 [pdf] replaced on 2018-09-14 12:29:27

Proof of the Limits of Sine and Cosine at Infinity

Authors: Jonathan W. Tooker
Comments: 66 Pages.

We develop a representation of complex numbers separate from the Cartesian and polar representations and define a representing functional for converting between representations. We define the derivative of a function of a complex variable with respect to each representation and then we examine the variation within the definition of the derivative. After studying the transformation law for the variation between representations of complex numbers, we show that the new representation has special properties which allow for a consistent modification to the transformation law for the variation which preserves the definition of the derivative. We refute a common proof that the limits of sine and cosine at infinity cannot exist. Then we use the newly defined modified variation in the definition of the derivative to compute the limits of sine and cosine at infinity.
Category: Functions and Analysis

[10168] viXra:1809.0234 [pdf] replaced on 2018-09-13 09:31:38

Proof of the Limits of Sine and Cosine at Infinity

Authors: Jonathan W. Tooker
Comments: 66 Pages.

We develop a representation of complex numbers separate from the Cartesian and polar representations and define a representing functional for converting between representations. We define the derivative of a function of a complex variable with respect to each representation and then we examine the variation within the definition of the derivative. After studying the transformation law for the variation between representations of complex numbers, we show that the new representation has special properties which allow for a consistent modification to the transformation law for the variation which preserves the definition of the derivative. We refute a common proof that the limits of sine and cosine at infinity cannot exist. Then we use the newly defined modified variation in the definition of the derivative to compute the limits of sine and cosine at infinity.
Category: Functions and Analysis

[10167] viXra:1809.0205 [pdf] replaced on 2018-09-17 18:04:53

DNA Resonance Code

Authors: Ivan V. Savelyev, Nelli V. Zyryanova, Oksana Polesskaya, Celeste O'Mealy, Max Myakishev-Rempel
Comments: 21 Pages.

Most basic experiments on biological fields involve two samples such as cell culture aliquotes in sealed quartz cuvettes separated by optical filters. When one of the aliquotes is perturbed, the second one may catch the signal that is transferred non-chemically and is blocked by light impermeable filters. Such effects are often referred to as "non-chemical cell-cell communication" and are reviewed in refs 1–4. Selected examples include reports communication of cell culture via polystyrene petri dish 5,6 and of plant roots through air 7. Among such models, simplest and most robust seems a model of Burlakov 8. Developing fish embryos used in this model are easy to produce, and since they are quickly developing, they are sensitive to biologically active waves, they are also more active in producing biologically active waves and abnormalities in their development are more dramatic and visible on microphotographs.
Category: Physics of Biology

[10166] viXra:1809.0205 [pdf] replaced on 2018-09-11 18:48:42

DNA Resonance Code

Authors: Ivan V. Savelyev, Nelli V. Zyryanova, Oksana Polesskaya, Celeste O'Mealy, Max Myakishev-Rempel
Comments: 6 Pages.

Most basic experiments on biological fields involve two samples such as cell culture aliquotes in sealed quartz cuvettes separated by optical filters. When one of the aliquotes is perturbed, the second one may catch the signal that is transferred non-chemically and is blocked by light impermeable filters. Such effects are often referred to as "non-chemical cell-cell communication" and are reviewed in refs 1–4. Selected examples include reports communication of cell culture via polystyrene petri dish 5,6 and of plant roots through air 7. Among such models, simplest and most robust seems a model of Burlakov 8. Developing fish embryos used in this model are easy to produce, and since they are quickly developing, they are sensitive to biologically active waves, they are also more active in producing biologically active waves and abnormalities in their development are more dramatic and visible on microphotographs.
Category: Physics of Biology

[10165] viXra:1809.0201 [pdf] replaced on 2018-09-11 11:54:46

Refutation of Bell's Original Inequality from 1964 with Assumptions

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page.

Bell's inequality from 1964 with or without assumptions is not tautologous, and hence refuted.
Category: Quantum Physics

[10164] viXra:1809.0190 [pdf] replaced on 2018-09-11 13:51:22

Thoughts About Thinking

Authors: Lev I. Verkhovsky
Comments: 12 Pages. The article in Russian

A geometric model illustrating the basic mechanisms of thinking -- logical and intuitive -- is proposed. The thinking of man and the problems of creating artificial intelligence are discussed. Although the article was published in the Russian popular science journal «Chemistry and Life» in 1989 No. 7, according to the author, it is not obsolete. In Russian.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[10163] viXra:1809.0187 [pdf] replaced on 2018-09-10 17:05:00

Simulation of Nontrivial Zero of Riemann Zeta Function  Ver.2

Authors: Toshiro Takami
Comments: 3 Pages.

Simulation of the nontrivial zero of Riemann's prediction succeeded in mimicking with rotational force alone. Although it is a simulation with only the rotational force, it is a very approximate value because the initial value was set as the first nonzero point of the Riemann zeta function. We adopted a method of placing a rotating force on the previous value and stacking it. I could reproduce how the dragon climbs up the x = 0.5 axis. The expressions a1, a2, a3, a4, a5, a6 ... are 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 ....... In 1.0 of the interval of the nuclear energy, simulation did not hold and it was forced to take the value of 1.1. At first, although it is out of the nonobvious point of Riemann's prediction, it gradually becomes an approximate value. However, this may also be lower than the previous value, and it should be improved in the future.
Category: General Mathematics

[10162] viXra:1809.0187 [pdf] replaced on 2018-09-09 16:26:38

Simulation of Nontrivial Zero of Riemann Zeta Function ver.1

Authors: Toshiro Takami
Comments: 9 Pages.

We simulated the nontrivial zeros of Riemann's prediction. Looking at every other degree of increase, there is a maximum point of increase in every fourth, third or fifth place. For that reason, we did not only change one another but we looked at differences from two, three, four, five, six, seven and so on, but the degree of increase has changed variously Was observed. This is reminiscent of the dragon which rises x = 0.5 while changing the degree of freedom freely while drawing a circle. Initially we tried to simulate a nontrivial point with only the degree of increase of the circle, but we thought that it was impossible without increasing regularity and we adopted ln(x!). And averaged the increase. The average increase is 2πln(x!) = N (n is an integer starting from 1). The expression of this increase degree is expressed as follows. when ln(x!) = 1 Increase +2.31244 when ln(x!) = 2 Increase +3.16283 when ln(x!) = 3 Increase +3.88072 And so on.
Category: General Mathematics