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1901 Submissions

[426] viXra:1901.0475 [pdf] replaced on 2019-02-05 14:01:29

Time - The Equivalence of Inertial and Gravitational Masses

Authors: Tony Collins
Comments: 6 Pages.

Inertia, the force you feel pulling on you as you accelerate and gravity - the force that attracts all objects with mass. Are two separate and distinct phenomena and yet they share an equivalence which has yet to be explained. In this paper, we will show how and why inertial and gravitational masses are equivalent and how time is the underlining mechanism which links and governs them.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[425] viXra:1901.0474 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-31 18:15:40

Dual-band Dielectric Light-harvesting Nanoantennae Made by Nature

Authors: Julian Juhi-Lian Ting
Comments: 8 Pages.

Mechanisms to use nanoparticles to separate sunlight into photovoltaic useful range and thermally useful range to increase the efficiency of solar cells and to dissipate heat radiatively are discussed based upon lessons we learnt from photosynthesis. We show that the dual-band maxima in the absorption spectrum of bacterial light harvestors not only are due to the bacteriochlorophylls involved but also come from the geometry of the light harvestor. Being able to manipulate these two bands arbitrarily enables us to fabricate the nanoparticles required. Such mechanisms are also useful for the design of remote power charging and light sensors.
Category: Thermodynamics and Energy

[424] viXra:1901.0473 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-31 05:39:10

Quantum Leap in Artificial Intelligence

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 41 Pages.

IBM, home of the question-answering computer system Watson, was by far the company with the largest portfolio of AI patent applications, with a total of 8,290 inventions, followed by Microsoft with 5,930, the report showed. [25] Researchers at Aalto University and the Technical University of Denmark have developed an artificial intelligence (AI) to seriously accelerate the development of new technologies from wearable electronics to flexible solar panels. [24] Citizen science is a boon for researchers, providing reams of data about everything from animal species to distant galaxies. [23] In early 2018, with support from IBM Corporate Citizenship and the Danish Ministry for Foreign Affairs, IBM and the Danish Refugee Council (DRC) embarked on a partnership aimed squarely at the need to better understand migration drivers and evidence-based policy guidance for a range of stakeholders. [22]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[423] viXra:1901.0472 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-31 06:30:37

Weak Signal Detection in Geophysical Data using Vector-FFT

Authors: Herbert Weidner
Comments: 5 Pages.

The gravimeter in CB measures at 50.65 μHz a hitherto unknown, amplitude-modulated and very weakly damped natural vibration of the earth, the cause of which is not recognizable. It could be a member of the famous "Slichter Triplet".
Category: Geophysics

[422] viXra:1901.0471 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-31 08:47:29

Blow-up of Feuerbach's Theorem

Authors: Alexander Skutin
Comments: 5 Pages.

In this short note we introduce the blow-up of the Feuerbach’s theorem.
Category: Geometry

[421] viXra:1901.0470 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-31 07:10:03

Antena Libro Español

Authors: Carlos Alejandro Chiappini
Comments: 8 Pages.

La antena libro es la aplicación práctica más sencilla de un desarrollo teórico nuevo en física. Tiene tamaño mínimo, buen rendimiento, se construye fácilmente y demanda poco dinero. El diseño se basa en dos condiciones. Una corresponde a la transferencia óptima de energía entre la materia y la radiación (entre el material conductor de la antena y las ondas emitidas o recibidas). Otra es la condición de resonancia dentro de la banda de operación. Es una buena oportunidad para ensayar algo distinto de lo habitual.
Category: Classical Physics

[420] viXra:1901.0469 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-31 07:35:28

Superinsulators Quark Playgrounds

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 97 Pages.

Scientists widely accept the existence of quarks, the fundamental particles that make up protons and neutrons. [56] Finding a material which behaves as a superconductor at room temperature would be a scientific breakthrough of incredible conceptual and technological importance. [55] Cuprates, a class of copper-oxide ceramics that share a common building block of copper and oxygen atoms in a flat square lattice, have been studied for their ability to be superconducting at relatively high temperatures. [54] Chemists at Friedrich Schiller University in Jena (Germany) have now synthesised a molecule that can perform the function of a computing unit in a quantum computer. [53]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[419] viXra:1901.0468 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-31 08:21:54

Efficient Evaluation of AI Models

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 43 Pages.

Recent studies have identified the lack of robustness in current AI models against adversarial examples—intentionally manipulated prediction-evasive data inputs that are similar to normal data but will cause well-trained AI models to misbehave. [26] IBM, home of the question-answering computer system Watson, was by far the company with the largest portfolio of AI patent applications, with a total of 8,290 inventions, followed by Microsoft with 5,930, the report showed. [25] Researchers at Aalto University and the Technical University of Denmark have developed an artificial intelligence (AI) to seriously accelerate the development of new technologies from wearable electronics to flexible solar panels. [24]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[418] viXra:1901.0467 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-31 09:57:54

Refutation of Spatial Relations and Claims in Distributive Mereotopology

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only at: info@ersatz-systems dot com. See website ersatz-systems.com . (We warn troll Mikko at Disqus to read the article four times before hormonal typing.)

We evaluate the contact algebra logic of RCC-8 for tangential and non-tangential spatial relations. The respective representations in T0 spaces for four equations to be equivalent. Two only are equivalent, with the iff implication chain as not tautologous. These results refute distributive mereotopology.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[417] viXra:1901.0466 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-31 10:20:09

Holography and MHCE8S Theory: Importance of Critical Density Data and Galaxy Count Assumption

Authors: George R. Briggs
Comments: 1 Page.

Abstract: Agreement with Planck Collaboration critical density data and assumption of 10^27 galaxy count verifies the importance of holography in MHCE8S theory
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[416] viXra:1901.0465 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-31 10:02:14

Laser Emits Pure Light

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 67 Pages.

Researchers have developed a compact laser that emits light with extreme spectral purity that doesn't change in response to environmental conditions. [40] A study led by scientists of the Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter (MPSD) at the Center for Free-Electron Laser Science in Hamburg/Germany presents evidence of the amplification of optical phonons in a solid by intense terahertz laser pulses. [39] Femtosecond lasers are capable of processing any solid material with high quality and high precision using their ultrafast and ultra-intense characteristics. [38]
Category: Quantum Physics

[415] viXra:1901.0464 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-31 10:47:13

Algorithm Reduce Electromagnetic Noise

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 79 Pages.

In order to design noiseless electromagnetic (EM) devices, it is necessary to clarify the mechanism behind EM noise and theoretical calculations and computer simulations are performed for prediction assessment of devices. [46] Transparent electronics are the future, according to researchers including José A. Flores-Livas and Miglė Graužinytė from the research group headed by Stefan Goedecker, Professor of Computational Physics at the University of Basel. [45] For the first time ever, an international team of researchers imaged the microscopic state of negative capacitance. [44] One of the leading candidates, spintronics, is based on the idea of carrying information via the spin of electrons. [43]
Category: Quantum Physics

[414] viXra:1901.0463 [pdf] replaced on 2019-02-12 16:03:29

Structure Composing Layer: A New Type of Layer to Deep and Speed Up Convolutional Neural Networks

Authors: Guangqun Chen
Comments: 18 Pages.

In this paper a new type of layer named Structure Composing Layer (SCLayer) aims to reduce parameters' numbers and decrease computation cost is proposed. SCLayer combines simple structures into complex structure with less parameters. Compared to convolution layer with filter kernel size 3x3, SCLayer reduces parameters' numbers to 1/9 of convolution layer's. Based on VGG-16 with SCLayers a neural network, named Snowflake Net (SfNet), is designed and evaluated on dataset CIFAR-10 and CALTECH-256. Experiment results show that comparing with VGG-16 training time reduces more than 12.9%, classification accuracy increases about 0.18% on CIFAR-10, classification accuracy increases about 3.11% on CALTECH-256. During training process nonlinear phenomenon Accuracy Valley is observed. Influences of nonlinear phenomena on models' generalization are discussed.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[413] viXra:1901.0462 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-30 17:29:01

A Model of Classical Quantum Computing Method

Authors: Ryoji Furui
Comments: 4 Pages.

Here, introduced a model of classical computing method using electric field. This could produce wireless logic circuit. In this model, electric field is used to transfer bit signals. Transfer method might be applied by semiconductive layer, optical, other physical properties or combined devices.
Category: Digital Signal Processing

[412] viXra:1901.0460 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-30 18:24:18

Refutation of De Finettian Logics of Indicative Conditionals

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only at: info@ersatz-systems dot com. See website ersatz-systems.com . (We warn troll Mikko at Disqus to read the article four times before hormonal typing.)

We evaluate De Finettian logics which specifies four conditionals, as attributed to Aristotle, Boethius, Cooper-Cantwell, Jeffrey, and six axioms. None is tautologous. This refutes their use to justify connexive logic.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[411] viXra:1901.0459 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-30 19:59:45

Heat Conductivity of Gas in Gravitational Field

Authors: V.S. Vasilenko, A.A. Malgota
Comments: 10 Pages.

An exact solution was got for heat conductivity of gas in the gravitational field with the use of model in that vector of speeds of molecules equiprobable distributions for everything to directions as a result of collision in an elementary volume dV. The thermal stream in horizontal direction is described by the law of Fourier: =-λ , and in vertical - = − − . Coefficient of heat conductivity = − 1 3 < ˃ < > coincides with the coefficient got in the model of discrete equiprobable distribution of vectors of speeds of molecules in parallel and антипараллельно to the cartesian axes of coordinates 0x, 0y, 0z and discrete dispersion of molecules in select planes. At the same time number of molecules flying from one side through an arbitrary single ground (n) /4 in 1,5 time exceeds a value (n) /6, given by the classic theory of distribution of speeds of molecules along Cartesian axes of coordinates.
Category: Classical Physics

[410] viXra:1901.0458 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-30 20:30:32

Refutation of the Quantifier Most

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only at: info@ersatz-systems dot com. See website ersatz-systems.com . (We warn troll Mikko at Disqus to read the article four times before hormonal typing.)

We evaluate two equivalent semantics for "Most A are B" which while logically equivalent are neither tautologous. Hence the quantifier Most is refuted.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[409] viXra:1901.0455 [pdf] replaced on 2019-02-03 01:16:44

Mathematical Concurrence Concerning X/7^n

Authors: Shoumik Adhikary, Aditya Raj
Comments: 4 Pages.

We present approximations for x/7^n in the form of infinite sums where x being 1 and being equal to {y:y|7+1,y∈N^+ }, consisting of mathematical constants i.e. Pi (π), the Golden Ratio (φ), the Silver Ratio (δ_s), Euler’s number (e) and Archimedes Constant (√2).
Category: General Mathematics

[408] viXra:1901.0454 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-30 07:14:21

Continues Search for New Physics

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 45 Pages.

Dark matter, which is thought to account for nearly a quarter of matter in the universe (but has yet to be observed), has perplexed physicists for decades. [28] Almost 20 years ago, the DAMA/LIBRA experiment at Italy's Gran Sasso National Laboratory—LNGS began publishing data showing that it had detected a signal modulation produced by an interaction with the Milky Way's dark matter halo. [27] This week, scientists from around the world who gathered at the University of California, Los Angeles, at the Dark Matter 2018 Symposium learned of new results in the search for evidence of the elusive material in Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) by the DarkSide-50 HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/detector/" detector . [26] If they exist, axions, among the candidates for dark matter particles, could interact with the matter comprising the universe, but at a much weaker extent than previously theorized. New, rigorous constraints on the properties of axions have been proposed by an international team of scientists. [25]
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[407] viXra:1901.0453 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-30 07:56:50

Quantum Fridge Minibar

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 49 Pages.

Researchers in Singapore have built a refrigerator that's just three atoms big. This quantum fridge won't keep your drinks cold, but it's cool proof of physics operating at the smallest scales. [35] Researchers have created a new testing ground for quantum systems in which they can literally turn certain particle interactions on and off, potentially paving the way for advances in spintronics. [34] In 2017, University of Utah physicist Valy Vardeny called perovskite a "miracle material" for an emerging field of next-generation electronics, called spintronics, and he's standing by that assertion. [33] Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology proposed new quasi-1-D materials for potential spintronic applications, an upcoming technology that exploits the spin of electrons. [32] They do this by using "excitons," electrically neutral quasiparticles that exist in insulators, semiconductors and in some liquids. [31]
Category: Quantum Physics

[406] viXra:1901.0452 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-30 09:11:20

Quantum Reference Frame

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 50 Pages.

Researchers at the University of Vienna study the relevance of quantum reference frames for the symmetries of the world. [36] Researchers in Singapore have built a refrigerator that's just three atoms big. This quantum fridge won't keep your drinks cold, but it's cool proof of physics operating at the smallest scales. [35] Researchers have created a new testing ground for quantum systems in which they can literally turn certain particle interactions on and off, potentially paving the way for advances in spintronics. [34] In 2017, University of Utah physicist Valy Vardeny called perovskite a "miracle material" for an emerging field of next-generation electronics, called spintronics, and he's standing by that assertion. [33]
Category: Quantum Physics

[405] viXra:1901.0451 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-30 09:21:29

What is Dark Matter

Authors: Lindsay Forbes
Comments: 10 Pages. lforbes174@gmail.com

The accepted view is that the universe is totally self-contained. All of its dynamics are governed purely by its interior contents. In this hypothesis I challenge this view and offer a simple explanation for Dark Energy and provide a model of the cosmos which may simplify much more.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[404] viXra:1901.0450 [pdf] replaced on 2019-02-01 11:51:13

Why Is the Weak Mixing Angle in Electroweak Theory not Consistent with the Experimental Result?

Authors: Sylwester Kornowski
Comments: 3 Pages.

In some experiments for the weak mixing angle we get the values close to 0.2223 while the electroweak (EW) theory within the Standard Model (SM) leads to the value of 0.23122(3). Here we show that such a discrepancy of 4% is a result of incorrect interpretation of the measured value. Moreover, we show that such discrepancy does not appear in the Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST) - we obtain 0.22229.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[403] viXra:1901.0449 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-30 09:38:29

Artificial Intelligence ARTIST

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 40 Pages.

Researchers at Aalto University and the Technical University of Denmark have developed an artificial intelligence (AI) to seriously accelerate the development of new technologies from wearable electronics to flexible solar panels. [24] Citizen science is a boon for researchers, providing reams of data about everything from animal species to distant galaxies. [23] In early 2018, with support from IBM Corporate Citizenship and the Danish Ministry for Foreign Affairs, IBM and the Danish Refugee Council (DRC) embarked on a partnership aimed squarely at the need to better understand migration drivers and evidence-based policy guidance for a range of stakeholders. [22]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[402] viXra:1901.0448 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-30 10:00:19

Help Improve Global Security

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 98 Pages.

A major research project between the UK and US to harness existing particle physics research techniques in order to remotely monitor nuclear reactors has been launched with the help of scientists at the University of Sheffield. [56] Despite being the most advanced quantum technology, secure encryption of information units based on a method called quantum key distribution (QKD) is currently limited by the channel's capacity to send or share secret bits. [55] An international team of researchers led by ANU is helping to build a safe data superhighway for the highly anticipated quantum internet, which promises a new era of artificial intelligence and ultra-secure communication. [54]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[401] viXra:1901.0447 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-29 16:18:49

Frequency Measurements in Noisy Records using Vector-FFT

Authors: Herbert Weidner
Comments: 5 Pages.

The search for weak spectral lines with SNR ≈ 1 in noisy gravitational data is difficult, since the analysis methods used so far do not exploit all available information. The vector FFT presented here reduces the noise level and narrows the FWHM of all spectral lines by taking advantage of the phase information of the FFT.
Category: Geophysics

[400] viXra:1901.0446 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-29 20:07:52

Refutation of the Interval for Model Checking

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only at: info@ersatz-systems dot com. See website ersatz-systems.com . (We warn troll Mikko at Disqus to read the article four times before hormonal typing.)

We evaluate three sub-interval relations named reflexive, proper or irreflexive, and strict. None is tautologous. This refutes those relations and model checking therefrom.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[399] viXra:1901.0445 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-30 02:46:23

An Inspiration & Suggestion to Probe ”Minsky Machines” in the Context of DNA Based Informatics Towards Better Anticipation of “Developmental Biology”.

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 4 Pages. Short Communication & Technical Notes

An Inspiration & Suggestion to Probe ”Minsky Machines” in the Context of DNA based Informatics towards better Anticipation of “Developmental Biology”.
Category: Physics of Biology

[398] viXra:1901.0444 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-29 06:25:37

Tres Mega-Integrales

Authors: Edgar Valdebenito
Comments: 2 Pages.

Esta nota muestra tres integrales definidas.
Category: General Mathematics

[397] viXra:1901.0442 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-29 07:21:53

Refutation of Sabotage Modal Logic (Revisited)

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only at: info@ersatz-systems dot com. See website ersatz-systems.com . (We warn troll Mikko at Disqus to read the article four times before hormonal typing.)

We evaluate six equations for a definition and properties of sabotage modal logic. The special symbols ■ and ♦ act as functions, so we assign them variable names. Because none is tautologous, sabotage modal logic is refuted.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[396] viXra:1901.0441 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-29 07:40:53

Resistance is Futile in Superconductors

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 95 Pages.

Finding a material which behaves as a superconductor at room temperature would be a scientific breakthrough of incredible conceptual and technological importance. [55] Cuprates, a class of copper-oxide ceramics that share a common building block of copper and oxygen atoms in a flat square lattice, have been studied for their ability to be superconducting at relatively high temperatures. [54] Chemists at Friedrich Schiller University in Jena (Germany) have now synthesised a molecule that can perform the function of a computing unit in a quantum computer. [53] The research team developed the first optical microchip to generate, manipulate and detect a particular state of light called squeezed vacuum, which is essential for HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/quantum/" quantum computation. [52]
Category: Quantum Physics

[395] viXra:1901.0440 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-29 08:02:21

Refutation of Poison Modal Logic (PML)

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only at: info@ersatz-systems dot com. See website ersatz-systems.com . (We warn troll Mikko at Disqus to read the article four times before hormonal typing.)

We evaluate four formulas as validities of poison modal logic (PML). None is tautologous, thereby refuting poison modal logic (PML).
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[394] viXra:1901.0439 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-29 08:35:32

Electronic Disorder in Copper Oxid

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 93 Pages.

Cuprates, a class of copper-oxide ceramics that share a common building block of copper and oxygen atoms in a flat square lattice, have been studied for their ability to be superconducting at relatively high temperatures. [54] Chemists at Friedrich Schiller University in Jena (Germany) have now synthesised a molecule that can perform the function of a computing unit in a quantum computer. [53] The research team developed the first optical microchip to generate, manipulate and detect a particular state of light called squeezed vacuum, which is essential for HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/quantum/" quantum computation. [52]
Category: Quantum Physics

[393] viXra:1901.0438 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-29 08:56:41

Computers Produce Less Heat

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 54 Pages.

Dr. Jan Klaers is a researcher of the Complex Photonic Systems group, part of UT's MESA+ Institute. Within the group, he started his own research direction in the field of experimental quantum thermodynamics. [29] Physicists envision that the future of quantum computation networks will contain scalable, monolithic circuits, which include advanced functionalities on a single physical substrate. [28] Engineering researchers have demonstrated proof-of-principle for a device that could serve as the backbone of a future quantum Internet. [27] If you see a video of a politician speaking words he never would utter, or a Hollywood star improbably appearing in a cheap adult movie, don't adjust your television set—you may just be witnessing the future of "fake news." [26]
Category: Thermodynamics and Energy

[392] viXra:1901.0437 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-31 04:24:44

How the Special Relativity Equations Are Fudged!

Authors: Radwan M. Kassir
Comments: 24 pages

This work presents an indisputable mathematical demonstration revealing that the Special Relativity equations are fudged. It also shows that the actual equations resulting from Einstein’s assumptions are inconsistent, and lead to mathematical inconsistency, falsifying the special relativity predictions.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[391] viXra:1901.0436 [pdf] replaced on 2019-02-13 08:35:02

Definitive Proof of Legendre's Conjecture

Authors: Kenneth A. Watanabe
Comments: 8 Pages.

Legendre's conjecture, states that there is a prime number between n^2 and (n + 1)^2 for every positive integer n. In this paper, an equation was derived that determines the number of prime numbers less than n for large values of n. Then it is proven by mathematical induction that there is at least one prime number between n^2 and (n + 1)^2 for all positive integers n thus proving Legendre’s conjecture.
Category: Number Theory

[390] viXra:1901.0435 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-29 12:08:01

The Exact Fermion-Boson Empirical Equation

Authors: Sylwester Kornowski
Comments: 2 Pages.

The exact fermion-boson formula (within experimental error) binds masses of neutron, proton and electron with masses of pions and W and Z bosons. Such formula gives us the opportunity to decrease the experimental uncertainty for the W boson - we obtained 80.3813(11) GeV instead 80.379(12) GeV.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[389] viXra:1901.0434 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-28 18:43:38

Refutation of Approximations of Theories

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only at: info@ersatz-systems dot com. See website ersatz-systems.com . (We warn troll Mikko at Disqus to read the article four times before hormonal typing.)

We evaluate the definition of T-approximations which is not tautologous, thereby refuting the approximations of theories.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[388] viXra:1901.0433 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-28 20:18:36

Venezuela's Election Crisis

Authors: Miguel A. Sanchez-Rey
Comments: 1 Page.

Short-term gains means desperate acts.
Category: Social Science

[387] viXra:1901.0432 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-28 20:29:31

Simulation of Nontribial Point of Riemann Zeta Function Ver.34

Authors: Toshiro Takami
Comments: 10 Pages.

Tried to simulate the nontribial point of the Riemann zeta function. At the beginning, we tried to be exactly the same value as the nontribial point of the Riemann Zeta function only with the degree of increase of the circle going up like wrapping x = 0.5, but the degree of increase varies from moment to moment extremely difficult It was judged impossible. Then I created an expression that can take approximate values, but always take lower values than the nontribial zeros of the Riemann zeta function except for the initial values. However, by increasing the degree of increase of the circle going up like winding x = 0.5, it became possible to take a value which can be said to be an approximate value. The degree of increase in circle was based on the formula of the nuclear energy value of uranium. Since the degree of increase of the zero point changes from moment to moment, satisfactory approximate values can not be obtained yet.
Category: General Mathematics

[386] viXra:1901.0431 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-28 22:50:29

Generalized Fibonacci Numbers and 4k+1-Fold Symmetric Quasicrystals

Authors: Carlos Castro
Comments: 3 Pages.

Given that the two-parameter $ p, q$ quantum-calculus deformations of the integers $ [ n ]_{ p, q} = (p^n - q^n)/ ( p - q) = F_n $ coincide precisely with the Fibonacci numbers (integers), as a result of Binet's formula when $ p = \tau = { 1 + \sqrt 5 \over 2}$, $ q = { \tilde \tau} = { 1 - \sqrt 5 \over 2 }$ (Galois-conjugate pairs), we extend this result to the $generalized$ Binet's formula (corresponding to generalized Fibonacci sequences) studied by Whitford. Consequently, the Galois-conjugate pairs $ (p, q = \tilde p ) = { 1\over 2} ( 1 \pm \sqrt m ) $, in the very special case when $ m = 4 k + 1$ and square-free, generalize Binet's formula $ [ n ]_{ p, q} = G_n$ generating integer-values for the generalized Fibonacci numbers $G_n$'s. For these reasons, we expect that the two-parameter $ (p, q = \tilde p)$ quantum calculus should play an important role in the physics of quasicrystals with $4k+1$-fold rotational symmetry.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[385] viXra:1901.0430 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-31 12:44:22

A Note About the Abc Conjecture a Proof of the Conjecture: C

Authors: Abdelmajid Ben Hadj Salem
Comments: 5 Pages. Paper corrected of a mistake in the last version. Comments welcome.

In this paper, we consider the abc conjecture, then we give a proof of the conjecture c<rad^2(abc) that it will be the key to the proof of the abc conjecture.
Category: Number Theory

[384] viXra:1901.0429 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-29 02:43:37

Complex Time ~ Concepts for Consideration

Authors: John Malcolm Newell
Comments: 9 Pages.

The human perspective is incomplete, we see only outward from a point and cannot resolve the sequence of quantum action because Euclidean geometry is used to define relativity. A geometry indicated by special relativity defining separation not by distance but as separation in the constant proper time of the observer, allows distinction between electrical and quantum action. The proper time of the observer then has a natural complex conjugate when multiplied by the subjects relative velocity as a proportion of the velocity of light and a single equation describes relativity between charges without assuming geometry for empty space. Time dilation and divergence between charges then constitute a mechanism for all interaction, providing a common explanation for gravity, inertia and electromagnetism.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[383] viXra:1901.0428 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-29 03:57:54

New Quantum Spintronics

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 47 Pages.

Researchers have created a new testing ground for quantum systems in which they can literally turn certain particle interactions on and off, potentially paving the way for advances in spintronics. [34] In 2017, University of Utah physicist Valy Vardeny called perovskite a "miracle material" for an emerging field of next-generation electronics, called spintronics, and he's standing by that assertion. [33] Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology proposed new quasi-1-D materials for potential spintronic applications, an upcoming technology that exploits the spin of electrons. [32] They do this by using "excitons," electrically neutral quasiparticles that exist in insulators, semiconductors and in some liquids. [31]
Category: Quantum Physics

[382] viXra:1901.0427 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-29 04:29:49

Safeguards for Sensitive Information

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 96 Pages.

Despite being the most advanced quantum technology, secure encryption of information units based on a method called quantum key distribution (QKD) is currently limited by the channel's capacity to send or share secret bits. [55] An international team of researchers led by ANU is helping to build a safe data superhighway for the highly anticipated quantum internet, which promises a new era of artificial intelligence and ultra-secure communication. [54] For the first time, researchers have succeeded in producing what are known as spin wave overtones. The technology paves the way for increasing the data transmission rate of wireless communication. [53]
Category: Quantum Physics

[381] viXra:1901.0426 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-29 04:46:08

4x and 3x Interference for Stringy Bose Einstein Black Hole Production.

Authors: Leo Vuyk
Comments: 25 Pages.

Quantum FFF ( Function Follows Form) theory is a Rigid String Theory postulating, that the vacuum is filled with a local variable Planck scaled lattice of oscillating closed torus strings called Axion-Higgs (AH) particles, analog to Dark Energy and the origin of Casimir effects. These AH strings are able to transform over 4x internal hinges due to real particle collision into different singular open Strings, such as the Electron and Positron or all Photons and Gluons. Photons and Gluons, Electrons and Positrons can wrap around each other, to form a series of compound Quarks or Bosons, well know as the “Standard Model” (SM) with new physics extensions like monopole photons. Model research on string form possibilities, show that only the single so called general photon and two monopole magnetic photons ( N and S) are able to form very rigid closed complex rigid string knots. Three copy magnetic monopole particles ( North or South) are able to form two different ring shaped string knots, which are both called the Higgs particles possessing 124,5 and 126 GeV. Four general photon copy strings however, are able to form a ring shaped knot which is also called Higgs which is assumed to possess more mass. Indications of a third high mass Higgs particle are already showed up in the LHC at Geneva at about 375 GeV. As a consequence of these ring shaped Higgs particles, I suggest, that the ring shape is a suitable form to connect with other ring shaped Higgses and form more complex compound black hole nuclei. Such combined Higgs nuclei could be able to grow by laser- of magnetic interference into a more massive particle which can become stable and resistant for the vacuum oscillations after it has reached a certain minimum volume. The result is called a Bose Einstein stringy black hole, which can be compared with a Ball Lightning nucleus.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[380] viXra:1901.0425 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-28 07:45:10

Peculiar Physics in the Brain

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

Researchers in the Department of Physics at University of Arkansas collaborating with neurobiologists from Imperial College London have now done this. [27] IUPUI biologists, growing human pluripotent stem cell-derived retinal ganglion cells in the lab, have developed a way to create more-mature models that better mimic the environment in the human retina. [26] Combining structural, biochemical, and computational studies, scientists at EPFL and the University of Wisconsin-Madison have now discovered how a lipid-binding protein can access, select, and move a lipid "cargo" during the biosynthesis of the important coenzyme Q. [25]
Category: Physics of Biology

[379] viXra:1901.0424 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-28 08:31:44

AI in Citizen Science Data

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 39 Pages.

Citizen science is a boon for researchers, providing reams of data about everything from animal species to distant galaxies. [23] In early 2018, with support from IBM Corporate Citizenship and the Danish Ministry for Foreign Affairs, IBM and the Danish Refugee Council (DRC) embarked on a partnership aimed squarely at the need to better understand migration drivers and evidence-based policy guidance for a range of stakeholders. [22]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[378] viXra:1901.0423 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-28 08:40:52

Refutation of an Epistemic Logic for Knowledge and Probability

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only at: info@ersatz-systems dot com. See website ersatz-systems.com . (We warn troll Mikko at Disqus to read the article four times before hormonal typing.)

We evaluate axioms and definitions of an epistemic logic for knowledge and probability. Two equations are not tautologous, hence refuting the proposed epistemic logic.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[377] viXra:1901.0422 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-28 09:27:55

Life Is Found On Earth Only (Claim)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 9 Pages.

Life Is Found On Earth Only (Claim) -The Solar Planet Orbital Period is found based on geometrical reason. -The Sun circles Earth during 365.25 days giving one Face always to the Earth which is The Life Reason On Earth -the Life chance on Earth is found by a mentioned process based on the solar group geometrical structure and not found by any random process….
Category: Astrophysics

[376] viXra:1901.0421 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-28 09:38:50

Exact Solution of Navier-Stokes Equations

Authors: Sangwha Yi
Comments: 6 Pages. Thank you for reading

In Navier-Stokes equations, we discover the exact solution by Newton potential and time-function.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[375] viXra:1901.0420 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-28 09:39:03

Quantum Electro-Optic Circuits

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 53 Pages.

Physicists envision that the future of quantum computation networks will contain scalable, monolithic circuits, which include advanced functionalities on a single physical substrate. [28] Engineering researchers have demonstrated proof-of-principle for a device that could serve as the backbone of a future quantum Internet. [27] If you see a video of a politician speaking words he never would utter, or a Hollywood star improbably appearing in a cheap adult movie, don't adjust your television set—you may just be witnessing the future of "fake news." [26] Artificial intelligence can play chess, drive a car and diagnose medical issues. Examples include Google DeepMind's AlphaGo, Tesla's self-driving vehicles, and IBM's Watson. [25]
Category: Quantum Physics

[374] viXra:1901.0419 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-28 10:24:29

Calculation of Dark Energy and Dark Matter

Authors: Friedhelm Jöge
Comments: 8 Pages.

The rudiments of a theory of dark energy. The theoretical result is confronted with the numerical value calculated from the available data. Excellent matching of the numerical values resulting in three independent paths makes the approach plausible. The work at hand is analogous to Kepler's laws of planetary orbits. Only Isaac Newton put Kepler's laws on a theoretical basis, which is provided here by Thomas Görnitz [1]. The empirical Balmer formula for the frequencies of the spectral lines in the arc spectrum of hydrogen was also theoretically justified by Niels Bohr, who calculated the energy levels of the hydrogen atom and the frequencies of spectral lines.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[373] viXra:1901.0418 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-28 10:24:28

Resurrecting Supersymmetry

Authors: Risto Raitio
Comments: 7 Pages.

Consenting to negative results in standard model superpartner search at the LHC and elsewhere I propose an alternative point of view, a preon model with unbroken supersymmetry. It offers a natural basis for constructing the standard model and going beyond it. Pivotal significance of preon supersymmetry to superstring theory is discussed briefly.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[372] viXra:1901.0417 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-27 14:17:40

Stellar Metamorphosis: The Location of Subdwarf B and O Stars on the Wolynski-Taylor Diagram

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 2 Pages. 1 diagram

Subdwarf B and O stars are placed on the Wolynski-Taylor Diagram. They are intermediate white dwarfs which are expanding/contracting at regular rates giving the impression that they are pulsing, all the way until they fully expand into O star stages. From then, they will begin cooling and contracting slowly, losing mass and energy becoming the much more highly evolved brown dwarfs, and then to the objects called "planet".
Category: Astrophysics

[371] viXra:1901.0416 [pdf] replaced on 2019-02-01 11:42:51

On Graviton Emission, and the Variability of the Gravitational Interaction Strength

Authors: Shawn Halayka
Comments: 1 Page.

The emission of gravitons by a mass is considered.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[370] viXra:1901.0414 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-27 19:19:05

Electrical Propulsion Device with Improved Propulsion Force Using Electrostatic and Flame Jet Ehd Power Generation

Authors: Taku Saiki
Comments: 4 Pages.

A principle for the propulsion system that uses electrostatic and flame jet EHD power generation which has been greatly improved in propulsion force had been shown, and an experimental result had been also shown as one example. Electro hydro dynamic (EHD) and electrostatic propulsion devices were developed in the 1920s by Thomas Townsend Brown. One such device, has no moving parts and, in the air, operates on electrical energy. In addition to the conventional electrostatic and EHD propulsion unit, a weakly ionized plasma column (flame jet) is installed at the center in the device to improve the propulsion force. Voltage was amplified by flame jet inside the center column and boosted to close to 200 kV.
Category: Classical Physics

[369] viXra:1901.0413 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-28 02:47:42

Loop Holes in Quantum Reality on Relativistic Approach.

Authors: Durgadas Datta.
Comments: 6 Pages. A relook on our theories.

Why quantum physics is so difficult to understand? Is it the wrong way we are putting up.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[368] viXra:1901.0412 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-28 03:18:28

A Concise Chinese Characters Alphabetical Solution

Authors: Zhixian Lin
Comments: 193 Pages.

This file proposed a concise Chinese characters alphabetical solution. This solution contains all common Chinese characters. It has about 3,800 characters, and they are much easier to learn than traditional simplified Chinese characters. It has both the advantages of Chinese and English. It also uses square shape characters, but a character contains both pronunciation and meaning. Every character contains only 2 or 3 letters. The stroke count of new characters is much less than traditional simplified Chinese characters, and it will be much easier to write characters. In order to distinguish homophones, most characters have a meaning code. Some meaning codes are used for specified sort of characters. In order to build new square shape characters, this file proposed a new letter form: tinycase. A character can be composed of one uppercase letter and one lowercase letter, or one uppercase letter and two tinycase letters.
Category: Linguistics

[367] viXra:1901.0411 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-28 03:51:21

Misinformation with Deepfake Videos

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 47 Pages.

If you see a video of a politician speaking words he never would utter, or a Hollywood star improbably appearing in a cheap adult movie, don't adjust your television set—you may just be witnessing the future of "fake news." [26] Artificial intelligence can play chess, drive a car and diagnose medical issues. Examples include Google DeepMind's AlphaGo, Tesla's self-driving vehicles, and IBM's Watson. [25] The New York Times contacted IBM Research in late September asking for our help to use AI in a clever way to create art for the coming special section on AI. [24]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[366] viXra:1901.0410 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-28 04:13:35

All-Photonic Quantum Repeaters Internet

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 48 Pages.

Engineering researchers have demonstrated proof-of-principle for a device that could serve as the backbone of a future quantum Internet. [27] If you see a video of a politician speaking words he never would utter, or a Hollywood star improbably appearing in a cheap adult movie, don't adjust your television set—you may just be witnessing the future of "fake news." [26] Artificial intelligence can play chess, drive a car and diagnose medical issues. Examples include Google DeepMind's AlphaGo, Tesla's self-driving vehicles, and IBM's Watson. [25] The New York Times contacted IBM Research in late September asking for our help to use AI in a clever way to create art for the coming special section on AI. [24]
Category: Quantum Physics

[365] viXra:1901.0409 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-28 04:51:07

Einstein-Classicality Explains Aspect's Experiment and Refutes Bell's Theorem

Authors: Gordon Watson
Comments: 6 Pages.

With Bell's inequality refuted and his error identified [see References], we now explain Aspect's experiment and refute Bell's theorem via what we call Einstein-classicality: the union of true locality (no influence propagates superluminally) and true realism (some beables change interactively). We also remedy many of Aspect's pro-Bell comments; eg, inability to picture in 3-space, hopeless searching, vindicated nonlocality.
Category: Quantum Physics

[364] viXra:1901.0408 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-27 08:37:16

Entropy Gradient and Relative Entropy of Physical Systems

Authors: Daniele Sasso
Comments: 10 Pages.

Classical thermodynamics is founded on three principles and on the concept of entropy in which heat and temperature are considered physical quantities that are necessary for describing the behaviour of thermodynamic systems. The Principle of Specific Entropy has shown the concept of entropy can be extended to all physical systems with an appropriate choice of energy and of physical quantity that are involved in the physical process. New concepts of entropy gradient and of relative entropy allow to study physical systems from a different viewpoint and to extend their knowledge.
Category: Thermodynamics and Energy

[363] viXra:1901.0407 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-27 08:38:38

Perovskite Solar Cell Performance

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 48 Pages.

Researchers at Tokai University report in Nano Letters a systematic study on the effects that using different forms of titanium oxide in planar perovskite solar cells has on the performance of the devices. [30] KU Leuven researchers from the Roeffaers Lab and the Hofkens Group have now put forward a very promising direct X-ray detector design, based on a rapidly emerging halide perovskite semiconductor, with chemical formula Cs2AgBiBr6. [29] Physicists at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) have proven that incoming light causes the electrons in warm perovskites to rotate, thus influencing the direction of the flow of electrical current. [28]
Category: Condensed Matter

[362] viXra:1901.0406 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-27 09:26:33

Designing Tiny Semiconductor Particles

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 48 Pages.

Now, engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) have developed a cost-effective and scalable strategy to synthesise TMD QDs. [30] Particles in solution can grow, transport, collide, interact, and aggregate into complex shapes and structures. [29] Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers are working to make better electronic devices by delving into the way nanocrystals are arranged inside of them. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27]
Category: Condensed Matter

[361] viXra:1901.0405 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-27 09:47:33

Graphene Easy to Shape

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 77 Pages.

The team has turned graphene oxide (GO) into a soft, moldable and kneadable play dough that can be shaped and reshaped into free-standing, three-dimensional structures. [46] A team of researchers based at The University of Manchester have found a low cost method for producing graphene printed electronics, which significantly speeds up and reduces the cost of conductive graphene inks. [45] Graphene-based computer components that can deal in terahertz “could be used, not in a normal Macintosh or PC, but perhaps in very advanced computers with high processing rates,” Ozaki says. This 2-D material could also be used to make extremely high-speed nanodevices, he adds. [44]
Category: Condensed Matter

[360] viXra:1901.0404 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-27 18:48:01

Refutation of the Algorithm to Generate Preference Profiles

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only at: info@ersatz-systems dot com. See website ersatz-systems.com . (We warn troll Mikko at Disqus to read the article four times before hormonal typing.)

We evaluate six equations of the proposed algorithm to generate preference profiles. None is tautologous, hence refuting the proposal.
Category: Social Science

[359] viXra:1901.0403 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-27 13:06:17

Photoelectric Effect as Resonance Phenomena

Authors: Walter Orlov
Comments: 7 Pages.

It is explicitly stated in the literature that classical electrodynamics can not explain the photoelectric effect. In my view, there is at least one possibility. The system of metal ion and quasi-free electron can be considered as a resonator. A simple estimation has revealed that its resonance frequency is close to the thershold frequency of the photoeffect.
Category: Classical Physics

[358] viXra:1901.0402 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-26 15:37:43

Light Inertia

Authors: Emil Gigov
Comments: 3 Pages.

A new experiment for registration of variable speed of light.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[357] viXra:1901.0401 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-26 20:11:53

Cosmological Acceleration as a Consequence of Quantum de Sitter Symmetry

Authors: Felix M. Lev
Comments: 10 Pages.

We first argue that three fundamental parameters defining transitions from more general theories to less general ones are not $(c,ħ,G)$ ,where $G$ is the gravitational constant, but $(c, ħ,R)$ where $R$ is the parameter defining contraction from the de Sitter (dS) or anti-de Sitter (AdS) algebra to the Poincare algebra. This parameter is fundamental to the same extent as $c$ and $\hbar$, i.e. a question why $R$ is as is does not arise, and the the answer is simply that $R$ has its value because we want to measure distances in meters. On classical level the cosmological constant is $\Lambda=\pm 3/R^2$ for dS and AdS spaces, respectively. As a consequence of the fact that quantum dS and AdS symmetries are more general than Poincare symmetry, the cosmological constant problem does not arise, $\Lambda$ is necessarily not zero and there is no need to involve dark energy for explaining the cosmological acceleration. We consider a system of two free bodies in dS invariant quantum mechanics and show that in semiclassical approximation the dS repulsion is the same as in General Relativity. This result is obtained without using geometry of dS space, metric and connection but simply as a consequence of quantum dS symmetry.
Category: Quantum Physics

[356] viXra:1901.0400 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-26 20:44:05

From a Half to Two

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 7 Pages. -

The etymology of the Russian bush of words is considered
Category: Linguistics

[355] viXra:1901.0399 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-27 01:52:36

ζ(3),ζ(5),ζ(7),ζ(9),ζ(11),ζ(13)

Authors: Toshiro Takami
Comments: 3 Pages.

ζ(3),ζ(5),ζ(7),ζ(9),ζ(11),ζ(13) was obtained by another method. and and zeta(3) =[{=[{-1.034353-[log(2)]^3}*12- 4*log^3(2)+pi^3*log(4))]*(1/21)=-[log(2)]^3}*12-4*log^3(2)+pi^2 log(4))]*(1/21)=1.202056903160...... =zeta(3)
 zeta(3) =[11.5610+pi^2*log(4)]*(1/21)=1.202056903160...... \begin{equation} \zeta(5)=1.19693- log^5(2)= 1.03693... \end{equation}
Category: General Mathematics

[354] viXra:1901.0398 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-27 03:09:26

Microscope as a Shovel

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 62 Pages.

Using a familiar tool in a way it was never intended to be used opens up a whole new method to explore materials, report UConn researchers in Proceedings of the National Academy of Science. [37] "We put the optical microscope under a microscope to achieve accuracy near the atomic scale," said NIST's Samuel Stavis, who served as the project leader for these efforts. [36] Researchers have designed an interferometer that works with magnetic quasiparticles called magnons, rather than photons as in conventional interferometers. [35]
Category: Condensed Matter

[353] viXra:1901.0396 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-27 03:17:27

A Simple Introduction & Suggestion to Using BEC Theory,Statistics & Related Concepts Based on HOL/Haskell/Scala/ML/JikesRVM/HPC/DL Systems.

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 4 Pages. Short Technical Notes

A Simple Introduction & Suggestion to Using BEC Theory,Statistics & Related Concepts Based on HOL/Haskell/Scala/ML/JikesRVM/HPC/DL Systems.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[352] viXra:1901.0395 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-27 03:43:40

Another View of the Origins of Real Space

Authors: Jan Makopa
Comments: Pages.

This present presentation further explores the nature of Norms which i proposed in part one of this title. The mathematical primacy of the Norm Wave Function forms the foundation stone for the current work and on this basis we set out to erect a formalism of how real space manifests from directional singularities (also Norms).
Category: Mathematical Physics

[351] viXra:1901.0394 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-27 03:44:09

Efficient Harnessing of Solar Power

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 47 Pages.

Solar rays are a plentiful, clean source of energy that is becoming increasingly important as the world works to shift away from power sources that contribute to global warming. [30] Particles in solution can grow, transport, collide, interact, and aggregate into complex shapes and structures. [29] Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers are working to make better electronic devices by delving into the way nanocrystals are arranged inside of them. [28]
Category: Thermodynamics and Energy

[350] viXra:1901.0393 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-26 05:26:32

Black Carbon Shuts Out Daylight in Soil

Authors: Magnus Carlsson, Olof Andrén
Comments: 1 Page.

We tested the effects of charcoal addition on growth of Lepidium Sativum in soil.
Category: Geophysics

[349] viXra:1901.0392 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-26 05:31:13

Slash and Burn Agriculture – an Environment Friendly Practice

Authors: Magnus Carlsson
Comments: 1 Page.

Slash-and-burn agriculture has an unexpected bonus. This practice sequesters carbon.
Category: Climate Research

[348] viXra:1901.0391 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-26 05:35:32

N-Dimensional Ads Related Spacetime and Its Transformation

Authors: Thomas Heiko Günther
Comments: 4 Pages.

Recently, anti-de Sitter spaces are used in promising theories of quantum gravity like the anti-de Sitter/conformal field theory correspondence. The latter provides an approach to string theorie, which includes more than four dimensions. Unfortunately, the anti-de Sitter model contains no mass and is not able to describe our universe adequately. Nevertheless, the rising interest in higherdimensional theories motivates to take a deeper look at the n-dimensional AdS Spacetime. In this paper, a solution of Einstein's field equations is constructed from a modified anti-de Sitter metric in n dimensions. The idea is based on the connection between Schwarzschild- and McVittie metric: McVittie's model, which interpolates between a Schwarzschild Black Hole and an expanding global Friedmann–Lemaître–Robertson–Walker spacetime, can be constructed by a simple coordinate replacement in Schwarzschild's isotropic intervall, where radial coordinate and it's differential is multiplied by a time dependent scale factor a(t). In a previous work I showed, that an exact solution of Einstein's equations can analogously be generated from a static transformation of de Sitter's metric. The present article is concerned with the application of this method on an AdS (Anti de Sitter) related spacetime in n dimensions. It is shown that the resulting isotropic intervall is a solution of the n-dimensional Einstein equations. Further, it is transformed into a spherical symmetric but anisotropic form, analogously to the transformtion found by Kaloper, Kleban and Martin for McVittie's metric.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[347] viXra:1901.0390 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-26 06:42:40

Higher Temperature for Superconducting Materials

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

Researchers from the University of Houston have reported a new way to raise the transition temperature of superconducting materials, boosting the temperature at which the superconductors are able to operate. [25] Some iron-based superconductors could benefit from a tuneup, according to two studies by Rice University physicists and collaborators. [24] Two teams of scientists from the Technion-Israel Institute of Technology have collaborated to conduct groundbreaking research leading to the development of a new and innovative scientific field: Quantum Metamaterials. [23]
Category: Quantum Physics

[346] viXra:1901.0388 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-26 07:11:41

Technische Anwendungen Zur Umwandlung Der Rotationsenergie Der Erde in Elektrische Energie in Theorie Und Praxis Teil 12

Authors: Robert Stach
Comments: 22 Pages.

Aufgezeigt werden Möglichkeiten zur Umwandlung der Rotationsenergie der Erde in elektrische Energie. Neben einem geschichtlichen Exkurs erfolgt die detaillierte Beschreibung der Anlagen. Durchgeführt werden Berechnungen zur Winkelgeschwindigkeit und Leistung der Präzessionsbewegung sowohl für Kreisel mit fortlaufend horizontal kippender Achse, als auch für Kreisel mit einer fortlaufend horizontalen Achsverschiebung. Erklärt wird auch die resultierende Bewegungsänderung eines Kreisels bei nur einem wirkenden Impuls.
Category: Classical Physics

[345] viXra:1901.0387 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-26 08:03:31

Plasma Disruption in Fusion Facility

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 78 Pages.

Scientists seeking to capture and control on Earth fusion energy, the process that powers the sun and stars, face the risk of disruptions—sudden events that can halt fusion reactions and damage facilities called tokamaks that house them. [42] Plasma particle accelerators more powerful than existing machines could help probe some of the outstanding mysteries of our universe, as well as make leaps forward in cancer treatment and security scanning—all in a package that's around a thousandth of the size of current accelerators. [41] The Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory has started to assemble a new facility for revolutionary accelerator technologies that could make future accelerators 100 to 1,000 times smaller and boost their capabilities. [40]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[344] viXra:1901.0386 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-26 09:01:26

Integrative Approach to Lipid Biology

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 42 Pages.

Combining structural, biochemical, and computational studies, scientists at EPFL and the University of Wisconsin-Madison have now discovered how a lipid-binding protein can access, select, and move a lipid "cargo" during the biosynthesis of the important coenzyme Q. [25] Scientists at the Max Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research in Cologne have now discovered how a protein called LMI1 can control leaf growth and shape. [24] One way we might actually prove our biological complexity is to look at the number of different proteins that our bodies can produce for building all our different types of cells and the other things they need. [23] A new method allows researchers to systematically identify specialized proteins that unpack DNA inside the nucleus of a cell, making the usually dense DNA more accessible for gene expression and other functions. [22]
Category: Physics of Biology

[343] viXra:1901.0385 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-26 10:01:56

Retinal Microenvironment

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 43 Pages.

IUPUI biologists, growing human pluripotent stem cell-derived retinal ganglion cells in the lab, have developed a way to create more-mature models that better mimic the environment in the human retina. [26] Combining structural, biochemical, and computational studies, scientists at EPFL and the University of Wisconsin-Madison have now discovered how a lipid-binding protein can access, select, and move a lipid "cargo" during the biosynthesis of the important coenzyme Q. [25] Scientists at the Max Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research in Cologne have now discovered how a protein called LMI1 can control leaf growth and shape. [24] One way we might actually prove our biological complexity is to look at the number of different proteins that our bodies can produce for building all our different types of cells and the other things they need. [23]
Category: Physics of Biology

[342] viXra:1901.0384 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-27 05:43:51

Transforming Candidate and Parties Cardinal Ratings Into Weak Preference Orderings

Authors: Ricardo Alvira
Comments: 107 Pages. Communication at XV Meeting Spanish Social Choice Network, REES

An easy procedure is explained for converting usually accesible statistical information on voters preferences, into an aggregated citizenship preference profile. Two regional elections recently held in Spain are modelled, and results are reviewed in terms of voting paradoxes and statistical correlation with collective preference.
Category: Social Science

[341] viXra:1901.0383 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-27 05:38:01

Transformación de Valoraciones Numéricas de Candidatos Y Partidos en órdenes Débiles de Preferencia

Authors: Ricardo Alvira
Comments: 107 Pages. Comunicacion en XV encuentro de la Red Espanola de Eleccion Social, REES

Se explica un procedimiento sencillo para convertir información estadística generalmente accesible sobre las preferencias de los votantes, en un perfil de preferencia agregado de la ciudadanía. Se modelizan dos elecciones regionales celebradas recientemente en España, y los resultados se revisan en términos de paradojas de votación y correlación estadística con la preferencia colectiva.
Category: Social Science

[340] viXra:1901.0382 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-26 12:07:00

Refutation of Dempster-Shafer Belief and Plausibility Theory

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only at: info@ersatz-systems dot com. See website ersatz-systems.com . (We warn troll Mikko at Disqus to read the article four times before hormonal typing.)

We evaluate Dempster-Shafer belief and plausibility functions. Three definitions are not tautologous. This refutes Dempster-Shafer belief and plausibility theory.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[339] viXra:1901.0381 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-25 14:35:20

Is the 2737 Phenomenon a Real One?

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 43 Pages.

Is the 2737 Phenomenon a real one? 1-The Cycle 2737 years is a real one 2-The Cycle 2737 years refers to the sun inner main changes 3-The Sun energy depends on the solar planets motions energies accumulation (and doesn't depend on any nuclear interactions occurring inside the sun) i.e. the solar planets motions mechanical waves (Energy) are transferred into light waves (Energy= sun rays) 4-Solar planet motion energy is accumulated daily and technically by lorentz length contraction effect, where solar planet motion is a relativistic one. 5-Solar planet motion energy is concentrated inside the space regularly and technically by lorentz length contraction phenomenon, where the space stores Energy with different densities. 6-Solar Planets Motions Energies Total Produces The Sun Rays 7-The moon daily motion shows the lorentz contraction effects in the solar group, i.e. the Lorentz contraction effects are found daily and that means the planet usual daily motion causes lorentz effects which causes the Space stored energy to be concentrated..
Category: Astrophysics

[338] viXra:1901.0380 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-25 17:43:02

The Relation of Ohm's Law to Newton's 2nd Law

Authors: Jeff Yee
Comments: 6 pages

Ohm’s law relates voltage, current and resistance in electrical systems as V=IR. Newton’s 2nd law relates force, mass and acceleration as F=ma. Although electrical and mechanical systems are supported by different equations to describe these relationships today, it will be shown that the laws of Ohm and Newton are related and are built from the same foundation that governs the force of particles and all of matter.
Category: Classical Physics

[337] viXra:1901.0379 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-25 21:34:32

Refutation of a Modal Logic System for Reasoning About the Degree of Blameworthiness

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only at: info@ersatz-systems dot com. See website ersatz-systems.com . (We warn troll Mikko at Disqus to read the article four times before hormonal typing.)

We evaluate a modal logic system for the blameable coalition of an outcome if there is a strategy to prevent it and where the degree of blameworthiness is measured by costs of prevention or sacrifice. Of eight axioms, three are not tautologous, hence refuting the approach. We do not consider the claimed technical result of a completeness theorem.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[336] viXra:1901.0378 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-25 23:48:40

The Powerplay of the Radical Democrats

Authors: Miguel A. Sanchez-Rey
Comments: 1 Page.

Political and economic desperation.
Category: Social Science

[335] viXra:1901.0377 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-26 00:54:05

A Simple Introduction & Suggestion to Using Nested Relational Algebra Theory,Data Processing & Related Concepts in the Context of Protein Folding Mechanisms/Metabolomics/Other Bio-informatics Applications.

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 2 Pages. Short Communication & Technical Notes

A Simple Introduction & Suggestion to Using Nested Relational Algebra Theory,Data Processing & Related Concepts in the Context of Protein Folding Mechanisms/Metabolomics/Other Bio-informatics Applications.
Category: Algebra

[334] viXra:1901.0376 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-26 03:20:25

Deciding and Learning Our ‘scientific’ Journey.

Authors: Ariel Shu Xian Toh
Comments: 1 Page.

This is a prologue section, as a complementary resource for a future work section. A 1 page reflection on the common life decisions that any scholars can face, and when living in one of his or her prime time of learning, teaching, or changing. Be it for personal, family, career, academic, or work.
Category: Education and Didactics

[333] viXra:1901.0375 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-26 03:22:36

Hawking Radiation in Laboratory

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 53 Pages.

Researchers at Weizmann Institute of Science and Cinvestav recently carried out a study testing the theory of Hawking radiation on laboratory analogues of black holes. [32] One of the most cataclysmic events to occur in the cosmos involves the collision of two black holes. [31] Black holes are known for their voracious appetites, binging on matter with such ferocity that not even light can escape once it's swallowed up. [30] During the formation of a black hole, a bright burst of very energetic light in the form of gamma rays is produced, these events are called gamma ray bursts. [29] A new Tel Aviv University-led study published today in Nature Astronomy finds that some supermassive black holes are triggered to grow, suddenly devouring a large amount of gas in their surroundings. [28]
Category: Astrophysics

[332] viXra:1901.0374 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-26 04:51:58

Refutation of a Universal Operator for Interpretable Deep Convolution Networks

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 3 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only at: info@ersatz-systems dot com. See website ersatz-systems.com . (We warn troll Mikko at Disqus to read the article four times before hormonal typing.)

We evaluate a universal operator then apply the specified parameters to form operators for AND, OR, XOR, and MP (modus ponens). None are tautologous. This refutes the universal operator as proposed for interpretable deep convolution networks.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[331] viXra:1901.0373 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-25 05:03:36

Supercomputers and AI of Black Hole Mergers

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 50 Pages.

One of the most cataclysmic events to occur in the cosmos involves the collision of two black holes. [31] Black holes are known for their voracious appetites, binging on matter with such ferocity that not even light can escape once it's swallowed up. [30] During the formation of a black hole, a bright burst of very energetic light in the form of gamma rays is produced, these events are called gamma ray bursts. [29] A new Tel Aviv University-led study published today in Nature Astronomy finds that some supermassive black holes are triggered to grow, suddenly devouring a large amount of gas in their surroundings. [28] Needless to say, we do not have the capability of performing real experiments in or near black holes yet, so scientists resort to theory and simulations to develop an understanding, by making predictions and new discoveries. [27]
Category: Astrophysics

[330] viXra:1901.0372 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-25 07:00:27

Protect us from Advanced AI

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 42 Pages.

Artificial intelligence can play chess, drive a car and diagnose medical issues. Examples include Google DeepMind's AlphaGo, Tesla's self-driving vehicles, and IBM's Watson. [25] The New York Times contacted IBM Research in late September asking for our help to use AI in a clever way to create art for the coming special section on AI. [24] Granting human rights to a computer would degrade human dignity. [23] IBM researchers are developing a new computer architecture, better equipped to handle increased data loads from artificial intelligence. [22] A computer built to mimic the brain's neural networks produces similar results to that of the best brain-simulation supercomputer software currently used for neural-signaling research, finds a new study published in the open-access journal Frontiers in Neuroscience. [21]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[329] viXra:1901.0370 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-25 07:21:49

Theory of Coolest Temperatures

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 45 Pages.

Researchers have developed a new theory for recording the lowest temperatures ever measured, with the largest accuracy allowed by the laws of Nature. [25] Nothing in nature is known to hit the temperatures achieved in laboratories like CAL, which means the orbiting facility is regularly the coldest known spot in the universe. [24] There's an oddball in most families, but Rice University physicist Emilia Morosan has discovered an entire clan of eccentric compounds that could help explain the mysterious electronic and magnetic workings of other quantum materials engineers are eying for next-generation computers and electronics. [23] TU Wien (Vienna) and several research groups from China have now developed new ideas and implemented them in an experiment. [22]
Category: Thermodynamics and Energy

[328] viXra:1901.0369 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-25 10:26:09

New Concept of Magnetic Monopoles

Authors: Ilgaitis Prūsis, Peteris Prūsis
Comments: 5 pages, 4 figures

All attempts to find Dirac magnetic monopoles have remained unsuccessful until now. Only quasi particles with characteristics similar to magnetic monopoles are created experimentally. This article formulates a new concept of intrinsic magnetic monopoles. Magnetic monopoles are elementary particles with magnetic charges and electric spins. They can be generated by splitting a photon in a strong magnetic field. According to the concept at least a magnetic lepton, magnetic baryon, magnetically neutral monopole and its antiparticles exist.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[327] viXra:1901.0368 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-25 12:02:20

Smoking is the Cause of Lung Cancer

Authors: Ilija Barukčić
Comments: 26 pages. Copyright © 2019 by Ilija Barukčić, Jever, Germany. All rights reserved. Published 15.2.2019 by Journal of Drug Delivery and Therapeutics, 9(1-s), 148-160. https://doi.org/10.22270/jddt.v9i1-s.2273

Objective: The aim of this study is to re-evaluate the relationship between smoking and lung cancer. Methods: In order to clarify the relationship between cigarette smoking and lung cancer, a review and meta-analysis of appropriate studies with a total sample size of n = 48393 was conducted. The p-value was set to p < 0,05. Results. It was not possible to reject the null-hypothesis H0: without smoking no lung cancer. Furthermore, the null-hypothesis H0: No causal relationship between smoking and lung cancer was rejected. Conclusions Compared to the results from previous studies, the results of this study confirm previously published results. According the results of this study, without smoking no lung cancer. Smoking is the cause of lung cancer. Keywords: Smoking, lung cancer, causal relationship
Category: Statistics

[326] viXra:1901.0367 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-24 16:49:34

A Way to Inhance the Value of Vixra.org

Authors: Robert T. Longo
Comments: 6 Pages.

This paper will discuss a way that viXra might be enhanced by selecting out papers that show interest to the reader community.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[325] viXra:1901.0366 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-24 21:03:15

Machine Learning Based Probing of Constraint Programming [using Dlib-Gecode] in the Context of Understanding Protein Folding Mechanisms – An Insight into Designing a Novel & Simple C++ Informatics Framework.

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 4 Pages. Short Communication & Technical Notes

Machine Learning Based Probing of Constraint Programming [using Dlib-Gecode] in the Context of Understanding Protein Folding Mechanisms – An Insight into Designing a Novel & Simple C++ Informatics Framework.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[324] viXra:1901.0364 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-26 07:28:55

An Illusion of Periodic Changes in Survival Probability for Neutrino Oscillations

Authors: Sylwester Kornowski
Comments: 6 Pages.

Here we showed that the atom-like structure of baryons described within the Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST) leads to an illusion of periodic changes in survival probability for neutrino oscillations.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[323] viXra:1901.0363 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-25 01:58:03

The World After 500 Years

Authors: Sai Venkatesh Balasubramanian
Comments: 4 Pages.

A sketch is attempted at the world's future, based on current trends and history's lessons.
Category: Religion and Spiritualism

[322] viXra:1901.0362 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-25 03:42:33

Insight into Universe's Origins

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 83 Pages.

Using simulations and calculations, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) nuclear scientists for the first time have accurately predicted the properties of polarized thermonuclear fusion. [45] Quark-gluon plasma (QGP) is the name for this mysterious substance so called because it was made up of quarks—the fundamental particles—and gluons, which physicist Rosi J. Reed describes as "what quarks use to talk to each other." [44] Scientists from the Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, and their colleagues from the international ALICE collaboration recently collided xenon nuclei, in order to gain new insights into the properties of the Quark-Gluon Plasma (the QGP) – the matter that the universe consisted of up to a microsecond after the Big Bang. [43]
Category: Astrophysics

[321] viXra:1901.0361 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-25 04:14:03

A New Divergence Measure of Belief Function in D-S Evidence Theory

Authors: Fuyuan Xiao
Comments: 10 Pages.

Dempster-Shafer (D-S) evidence theory is useful to handle the uncertainty problems. In D-S evidence theory, however, how to handle the high conflict evidences is still an open issue. In this paper, a new reinforced belief divergence measure, called as RB is developed to measure the discrepancy between basic belief assignments (BBAs) in D-S evidence theory. The proposed RB divergence is the first work to consider both of the correlations between the belief functions and the subset of set of belief functions. Additionally, the RB divergence has the merits for measurement. It can provide a more convincing and effective solution to measure the discrepancy between BBAs in D-S evidence theory.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[320] viXra:1901.0360 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-25 04:12:35

Escape a Black Hole

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 48 Pages.

Black holes are known for their voracious appetites, binging on matter with such ferocity that not even light can escape once it's swallowed up. [30] During the formation of a black hole, a bright burst of very energetic light in the form of gamma rays is produced, these events are called gamma ray bursts. [29] A new Tel Aviv University-led study published today in Nature Astronomy finds that some supermassive black holes are triggered to grow, suddenly devouring a large amount of gas in their surroundings. [28] Needless to say, we do not have the capability of performing real experiments in or near black holes yet, so scientists resort to theory and simulations to develop an understanding, by making predictions and new discoveries. [27]
Category: Astrophysics

[319] viXra:1901.0359 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-28 00:46:36

Note on the Golden Mean, Nonlocality in Quantum Mechanics and Fractal Cantorian Spacetime

Authors: Carlos Castro
Comments: 7 Pages.

Given the inverse of the Golden Mean $ \tau^{ -1} = \phi = { 1\over 2} (\sqrt 5 - 1)$, it is known that the continuous fraction expansion of $ \phi^{ -1} = 1 + \phi = \tau$ is $ ( 1, 1, 1, \cdots )$. Integer solutions for the pairs of numbers $ ( d_i, n_i ), i = 1, 2, 3, \cdots $ are found obeying the equation $ ( 1 + \phi)^n = d + \phi^n$. The latter equation was inspired from El Naschie's formulation of fractal Cantorian space time $ {\cal E}_\infty$, and such that it furnishes the continuous fraction expansion of $ ( 1 + \phi )^n ~= ~ (d, d, d, d, \cdots )$, generalizing the original expression for the Golden mean. Hardy showed that is possible to demonstrate nonlocality without using Bell inequalities for two particles prepared in $nonmaximally$ entangled states. The maximal probability of obtaining his nonlocality proof was found to be precisely $\phi^5$. Zheng showed that three-particle nonmaximally entangled states revealed quantum nonlocality without using inequalities, and the maximal probability of obtaining the nonlocality proof was found to be $ 0.25 \sim \phi^3 = 0.236$. Given that the two-parameter $ p, q$ quantum-calculus deformations of the integers $ [ n ]_{ p, q} = F_n $ $coincide$ precisely with the Fibonacci numbers, as a result of Binet's formula when $ p = ( 1 + \phi) = \tau, q = - \phi = - \tau^{ -1} $, we explore further the implications of these results in the quantum entanglement of two-particle spin-$s$ states. We finalize with some remarks on the generalized Binet's formula corresponding to generalized Fibonacci sequences.
Category: Quantum Physics

[318] viXra:1901.0358 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-24 05:26:31

The Mysteries of Skyrmions

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 56 Pages.

Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory have discovered the relaxation dynamics of a zero-field state in skyrmions, a spinning magnetic phenomenon that has potential applications in data storage and spintronic devices. [33] Skyrmions are formed in magnetic systems via a variety of mechanisms, some of which work together. [32] Unique physical properties of these "magic knots" might help to satisfy demand for IT power and storage using a fraction of the energy. [31]
Category: Condensed Matter

[317] viXra:1901.0357 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-24 06:47:25

The Universes Components Effects in Space Time

Authors: Adham Ahmed Mohamed Ahmed
Comments: 1 Page. ty this is my best paper ever and hopefully the best paper ever

The universe has a volume and we can say it has other three components the universe has masses space and time now since we denote space as nothing then if we say that the universe is composed of two things masses and time then we should say that the universe is split up into two stuff masses and time and if so we can say that mass and time occupy the volume of the universe fully now if we actually look at the night sky we could see that the stars are less than half the volume of the universe and that is because masses consumed themselves to move and consume themselves as time pass in other words time didn't want its half of the volume of the universe only it also zombied(from the word zombie) up the masses half or turned the masses into moving masses that consumed their mass as time passed by now we have the c constant we have cosmology we can look at the sky and know how much volume of the stars compared to half the volume of the universe is still existent and we can calculate everything till the pi value of mathematical circles now I don't know how to do it but it seems other people can take time and calculate everything with mathematics
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[316] viXra:1901.0356 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-24 07:03:36

New Form of Strange Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 41 Pages.

In a discovery that could provide new insights into the origin of mass in the universe following the Big Bang, scientists from the international J-PARC E15 Collaboration, led by researchers from the RIKEN Cluster for Pioneering Research (CPR) have used experiments with kaons and helium-3 to experimentally demonstrate, for the first time, the existence of an exotic nucleus containing two protons and a bound kaon. [29] The probability that a nucleus will absorb a neutron is important to many areas of nuclear science, including the production of elements in the cosmos, reactor performance, nuclear medicine and defense applications. [28] CERN's nuclear physics facility, ISOLDE, has minted a new coin in its impressive collection of isotopes. [27]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[315] viXra:1901.0355 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-24 07:29:08

Would-be Evidence of Dark Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

Almost 20 years ago, the DAMA/LIBRA experiment at Italy's Gran Sasso National Laboratory—LNGS began publishing data showing that it had detected a signal modulation produced by an interaction with the Milky Way's dark matter halo. [27] This week, scientists from around the world who gathered at the University of California, Los Angeles, at the Dark Matter 2018 Symposium learned of new results in the search for evidence of the elusive material in Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) by the DarkSide-50 detector. [26] If they exist, axions, among the candidates for dark matter particles, could interact with the matter comprising the universe, but at a much weaker extent than previously theorized. New, rigorous constraints on the properties of axions have been proposed by an international team of scientists. [25]
Category: Astrophysics

[314] viXra:1901.0354 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-24 08:02:57

Static Electricity Charge our Electronics

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 79 Pages.

The finding could ultimately help technology companies create more sustainable and longer-lasting power sources for small electronic devices. [46] Transparent electronics are the future, according to researchers including José A. Flores-Livas and Miglė Graužinytė from the research group headed by Stefan Goedecker, Professor of Computational Physics at the University of Basel. [45] For the first time ever, an international team of researchers imaged the microscopic state of negative capacitance. [44] One of the leading candidates, spintronics, is based on the idea of carrying information via the spin of electrons. [43] Now, researchers from the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS) have developed a polarization-insensitive metalens comprised of non-symmetric nanofins that can achromatically focus light across the visible spectrum without aberrations. [42]
Category: Condensed Matter

[313] viXra:1901.0353 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-24 08:20:12

A Class of Singular Binomial Eigenvalue Equations

Authors: Elémawussi Apédo Doutètien, Akim Boukola Yessoufou, Kolawolé Kêgnidé Damien Adjaï, Marc Delphin Monsia
Comments: 4 pages

This paper shows that a class of binomial equation can be solved as an eigenvalue problem. The major finding is that the solution can be computed in terms of elementary functions.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[312] viXra:1901.0352 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-24 08:29:33

Nanocrystal Growth and Aggregation

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 46 Pages.

Particles in solution can grow, transport, collide, interact, and aggregate into complex shapes and structures. [29] Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers are working to make better electronic devices by delving into the way nanocrystals are arranged inside of them. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25]
Category: Condensed Matter

[311] viXra:1901.0351 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-24 10:02:02

Introducing: Second-Order Permutation

Authors: Bassey Godwin Bassey
Comments: 29 Pages.

In this study we answer questions that have to do with finding out the total number of ways of arranging a finite set of symbols or objects directly under a single line constraint set of finite symbols such that common symbols between the two sets do not repeat on the vertical positions. We go further to study the outcomes when both sets consist of the same symbols and when they consist of different symbols. We identify this form of permutation as 'second-order permutation' and show that it has a corresponding unique factorial which plays a prominent role in most of the results obtained. This has been discovered by examining many practical problems which give rise to the emergence of second-order permutation. Upon examination of these problems, it becomes clear that a directly higher order of permutation exist. Hence this study aims at equipping mathematics scholars, educators and researchers with the necessary background knowledge and framework for incorporating second-order permutation into the field of combinatorial mathematics.
Category: Combinatorics and Graph Theory

[310] viXra:1901.0350 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-23 07:35:47

Russian Etymology

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 3 Pages. -

Value of old expression with the lost understanding
Category: Linguistics

[309] viXra:1901.0349 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-23 07:35:05

Magnetic Quantum Effects in Solids

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 28 Pages.

Using a new computational method, an international collaboration has succeeded for the first time in systematically investigating magnetic quantum effects in the well-known 3-D pyrochlore Heisenberg model. [18] Researchers in the US and Japan say they have observed spin superfluidity and very long distance spin transport in an antiferromagnetic insulator made from graphene for the first time. [17] The first known superconductor in which spin-3/2 quasiparticles form Cooper pairs has been created by physicists in the US and New Zealand. [16] Now a team of researchers from the University of Maryland (UMD) Department of Physics together with collaborators has seen exotic superconductivity that relies on highly unusual electron interactions. [15]
Category: Quantum Physics

[308] viXra:1901.0348 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-23 08:02:49

Collision of Individual Atoms

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 29 Pages.

Thanks to new technology, it is possible to retain individual atoms, move them in a targeted manner or change their condition. [19] Using a new computational method, an international collaboration has succeeded for the first time in systematically investigating magnetic quantum effects in the well-known 3-D pyrochlore Heisenberg model. [18] Researchers in the US and Japan say they have observed spin superfluidity and very long distance spin transport in an antiferromagnetic insulator made from graphene for the first time. [17] The first known superconductor in which spin-3/2 quasiparticles form Cooper pairs has been created by physicists in the US and New Zealand. [16]
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[307] viXra:1901.0347 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-23 08:18:22

Collision Resonances Between Atoms

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 30 Pages.

For the first time, a team led by Prof. Jian-Wei Pan and Prof. Bo Zhao at the University of Science and Technology of China, have successfully observed scattering resonances between atoms and molecules at ultra-low temperatures, shedding light on the quantum nature of atom-molecule interactions that have so far only been discussed in theory. [20] Thanks to new technology, it is possible to retain individual atoms, move them in a targeted manner or change their condition. [19] Using a new computational method, an international collaboration has succeeded for the first time in systematically investigating magnetic quantum effects in the well-known 3-D pyrochlore Heisenberg model. [18]
Category: Quantum Physics

[306] viXra:1901.0346 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-23 08:54:40

Energy Consumption of MRAM and AI

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 30 Pages.

Researchers from Osaka University, in collaboration with the National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST) and Grenoble Alpes University, report an efficient technique for controlling the direction of a nano-sized magnet by heating at high speed. [19] Using a new computational method, an international collaboration has succeeded for the first time in systematically investigating magnetic quantum effects in the well-known 3-D pyrochlore Heisenberg model. [18]
Category: Digital Signal Processing

[305] viXra:1901.0345 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-31 08:46:02

Foundations of the Total Relativity Theory and the Failure of the General Relativity Theory. A Didactic Approach.

Authors: Pablo Hernan Pereyra
Comments: 6 Pages.

An approach to Total Relativity Theory as a comparative between scalar and tensorial equations of Fluid Dynamics Theory, pointing to the failure of interpretation in General Relativity Theory, which does not contemplate the energy conservation of the observables of nature.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[304] viXra:1901.0344 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-23 09:16:27

Ethically Aligned AI

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 39 Pages.

At IBM Research, we have studied and assessed two ways to align AI systems to ethical principles. [23] In early 2018, with support from IBM Corporate Citizenship and the Danish Ministry for Foreign Affairs, IBM and the Danish Refugee Council (DRC) embarked on a partnership aimed squarely at the need to better understand migration drivers and evidence-based policy guidance for a range of stakeholders. [22] Scientists at the Allen Institute have used machine learning to train computers to see parts of the cell the human eye cannot easily distinguish. [21] Small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) is one of a number of biophysical techniques used for determining the structural characteristics of biomolecules. [20]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[303] viXra:1901.0343 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-23 09:31:13

Redefining the Electron (Part 1): The Implications for Electricity

Authors: David Johnson
Comments: 15 pages - seeking feedback and comment before part 2 submission

By redefining the electron to be a toroidal solenoidal form of concentrated energy, rather than the monopole point-charge definition underpinning the orbital nuclear atomic model of the Standard Model and Quantum Mechanics, the explanation of electromagnetism and electricity becomes more logical, straight forward and consistent. Redefining the Electron (Part 1) addresses the nature of electric and magnetic fields, electrons, positrons, electric current flow, electric capacitors and the induction of electric current. The follow-up paper, Redefining the Electron (Part 2), extends the Toroidal Solenoidal Electron (TSE) model to explore the implications for atomic structure and the physical characteristics of elements in the Periodic Table, molecules and compounds; and how they interact with each other chemically. Part 2 examines the role of electrons and positrons within normal matter, providing insight into the particle-wave nature of EMR and alternative explanations for spectral line emission and absorption, the photo-electric effect, the Compton Effect, electron pair generation and annihilation, beta and electron capture radiation, and Gravity.
Category: Classical Physics

[302] viXra:1901.0342 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-24 20:27:58

Refutation of Descriptive Unions in Descriptively Near Sets

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 3 Pages.

We evaluate an intersection operator named descriptive union for descriptively near sets. From two sources the definition of the operator is not tautologous. A proof of seven properties derived from the second definition contains two trivial tautologies with the rest as not tautologous. This refutes the descriptive intersection operator and descriptively near sets on which it is based. This also casts doubt on the bevy of derived math and physics papers so spawned at arxiv, researchgate, and vixra.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[301] viXra:1901.0341 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-24 13:38:55

Necessary and Sufficient Conditions for a Factorable Matrix to be Hyponormal

Authors: H. C. Rhaly Jr.
Comments: 4 Pages.

Necessary and sufficient conditions are given for a special subclass of the factorable matrices to be hyponormal operators on $\ell^2$. Three examples are then given of polynomials that generate hyponormal weighted mean operators, and one example that does not. Paired with the main result presented here, various computer software programs may then be used as an aid for classifying operators in that subclass as hyponormal or not.
Category: Functions and Analysis

[300] viXra:1901.0340 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-23 00:37:15

Доказательство гипотезы Эндрю Била

Authors: Ведерников Сергей Иванович
Comments: 7 Pages. Научный журнал "Интернаука" №48(82), 2018.

Доказательство гипотезы Била в контексте "Полного доказательства великой теоремы Ферма методом деления".
Category: Algebra

[299] viXra:1901.0339 [pdf] replaced on 2019-02-10 19:49:31

Source Signal Observability at Hyper Light Velocity

Authors: Harvey Scribner
Comments: 32 Pages. Version 2 includes Section IX - "The Meaning of Area K3"

Abstract—In [1] an observer at rest and perpendicular to moving source will detect a difference in the time of arrival of the initial τ0 and final τ' waves as τ' > τ0 a transverse relative time shift. The position of the observer in [1] for source velocities near the speed of light has the disadvantage of having to wait a long time to detect τ'. The observer cannot detect τ' for velocities equal to or greater than the speed of light. This work shows that moving the observer to a strategic position downstream from the τ' signal has the advantage of introducing observability of τ'. The transverse relative time shift formulas are derived for the stationary observer perpendicular to and also on the path axis for velocities less than and much greater than c. Also, a method to calculate transverse relative length is proposed.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[298] viXra:1901.0338 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-23 02:34:03

An Interesting Insight & Interaction of Q*cert With BaseX Data Base System in the Context of BIG-DATA Based on - HighVolume Data Querying,Informatics & Computing.

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 3 Pages. Short Communication & Technical Notes

An Interesting Insight & Interaction of Q*cert With BaseX Data Base System in the Context of BIG-DATA Based on - High Volume Data Querying,Informatics & Computing.
Category: Data Structures and Algorithms

[297] viXra:1901.0336 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-23 03:53:38

Quantum Computing in Four Spatial Dimensions

Authors: Arturo Tozzi, Muhammad Zubair Ahmad, James F Peters
Comments: 11 Pages.

Relationships among near set theory, shape maps and recent accounts of the Quantum Hall effect pave the way to quantum computations performed in higher dimensions. We illustrate the operational procedure to build a quantum computer able to detect, assess and quantify a fourth spatial dimension. We show how, starting from two-dimensional shapes embedded in a 2D topological charge pump, it is feasible to achieve the corresponding four-dimensional shapes, which encompass a larger amount of information. This novel, relatively straightforward architecture not only permits to increase the amount of available qbits in a fixed volume, but also converges towards a solution to the problem of optical computers, that are not allowed to tackle quantum entanglement through their canonical superposition of electromagnetic waves.
Category: Quantum Physics

[296] viXra:1901.0333 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-22 06:31:20

Qfizika Fizikai ÁLLANDÓK EXPONENCIÁLIS Kapcsolata

Authors: Sarkadi Dezső
Comments: 6 Pages.

A több évre visszamenő töprengéseim során sikerült találnom egy olyan dimenziónélküli számot, éspedig a 2/9-hez közelálló, mely a fizikában valószínűleg hasonlóan nagy érdeklődésre számíthat, mint az ismert 1/137 finimszerkezeti állandó. Ezt az új számot Q-val jelölöm, melynek Q0 „névleges” értékét pontosan 2/9-nek választottam. A 90-es években ismertem fel, hogy ennek a számnak az egész-számú hatványaival számos, dimenziónélküli fizikai állandó kisebb-nagyobb pontossággal kifejezhető (pl. elemi részek tömegarányai), többek között a finomszerkezeti állandó is! Nagyon érdekes az a tény, hogy a legfontosabb fizikai állandók SI egységrendszerben szintén kifejezhetők a Q szám egész-számú hatványaival. Ez lehet csak a nagy véletlen, de lehet mögötte akár komolyabb fizikai háttér is. Sarkadi Dezső 2019.01.22
Category: Quantum Physics

[295] viXra:1901.0332 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-22 07:19:53

New Quantum Spin Liquid

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 43 Pages.

An international research team led by the University of Liverpool and McMaster University has made a significant breakthrough in the search for new states of matter. [31] A team of researchers with members from several institutions in the U.S. and Russia has found evidence that suggests spin liquids in ferromagnets may be similar to dipole liquids in ferroelectrics. [30] Electrons in graphene—an atomically thin, flexible and incredibly strong substance that has captured the imagination of materials scientists and physicists alike—move at the speed of light, and behave like they have no mass. [29] In a series of exciting experiments, Cambridge researchers experienced weightlessness testing graphene's application in space. [28] Scientists from ITMO University have developed effective nanoscale light sources based on halide perovskite. [27]
Category: Quantum Physics

[294] viXra:1901.0331 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-22 07:47:27

Thought Experiment of Schrodinger

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 36 Pages.

An old thought experiment now appears in a new light. In 1935 Erwin Schrödinger formulated a thought experiment designed to capture the paradoxical nature of quantum physics. [22] ETH physicists have developed a silicon wafer that behaves like a topological insulator when stimulated using ultrasound. They have thereby succeeded in turning an abstract theoretical concept into a macroscopic product. [21] Cheng Chin, professor in the Department of Physics, and his team looked at an experimental setup of tens of thousands of atoms cooled down to near absolute zero. As the system crossed a quantum phase transition, they measured its behavior with an extremely sensitive imaging system. [20]
Category: Quantum Physics

[293] viXra:1901.0330 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-22 08:30:24

Improving Language Model Performance with Smarter Vocabularies

Authors: Brad Jascob
Comments: 5 Pages.

In the field of Language Modeling, neural-network models have become popular due to their ability to reach low Perplexity scores. A common approach to training these models is to use a large corpus, such as the Billion Word Corpus, and restrict the vocabulary to the top-N most common words (aka tokens). The less common words are then replaced with an “unknown” token. These unknown tokens then become a single representation for all low occurrence words which may not be closely related semantically. In addition, some closely related tokens, such as numbers, may be common enough to be given a unique integer ID when we might prefer that they be combined under a single ID. In the following article, we’ll explore using part-of-speech (POS) tagging to identify word types and then use this information to create a “smarter” vocabulary. Using this smarter vocabulary, we’ll show that it achieves a lower perplexity score, for a given epoch, than a similar model using a top-N type vocabulary.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[292] viXra:1901.0329 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-22 08:46:13

3-D Printing with Light

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 45 Pages.

Three-dimensional (3-D) printing, also known as additive manufacturing (AM), can transform a material layer by layer to build an object of interest. [25] Now, researchers from the University of Saskatchewan are looking at how we can use 3-D printing to help damaged nervous systems to regrow. [24] The goal is to find bits of DNA in common between the known relatives and the unidentified remains, suggesting both belong to a particular lineage. One analysis develops a profile that combines what's found at 23 spots in the DNA, for example. [23] A new method allows researchers to systematically identify specialized proteins that unpack DNA inside the nucleus of a cell, making the usually dense DNA more accessible for gene expression and other functions. [22]
Category: Physics of Biology

[291] viXra:1901.0328 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-22 08:50:39

Hominem - Quo Vadis?

Authors: Sylwester Kornowski
Comments: 2 Pages.

Man - where are you going? Here we present a collection of 10 loose thoughts about the mind and its state, the brain, DNA, physics, and bandits based on the ultimate theory.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[290] viXra:1901.0327 [pdf] replaced on 2019-02-07 10:18:36

Evidence for Unique Steady-State Flickering Tachyonic Determinist Cyclic Computing Simple Cosmos

Authors: F. M. Sanchez
Comments: 24 Pages. absract, introduction and conclusion in French

A la mémoire de Michael Atiyah... The observed fine tuning between Physical dimensionless parameters is interpreted as relations between optimal calculation basis of a Deterministic Grandcosmos Computer. The Large Period is given by the conjunction of two mandatory c-free dimensional analysis (CFDA), corresponding to the holic dimension 30 of the Topological axis f(n) = exp(2^(n/4)), with the Compton Electron wavelength as unit length. The Cartan-Bott period 8 define the gauge bosons : GUT (n = 22), Weak (n = 14), and Gluon (n = 6) with a non-standard mass about 10 me. The visible Universe horizon radius R is given both by ADHC, Eddington's statistical theory, and the gravitational Hydrogen molecule model. R is tied to the dimension 26 of Bosonic Tachyonic String Theory, corresponding to the cosmic photon (n = 18), the Atom and Pion (n = 10, canonic Supersting dimension) and the String (n = 2). The Atiyah constant Gamma = gamma a/p c, where a = 137.035991... is the electrical constant, corresponds to the virtual dimension √(a/3) and enters ppb (10^-9) relations which confirm Superstring Theory, implying the weak interaction and intermediate bosons, the gravitation and the fermions mu and tau. The Brout – Englert – Higgs scalar boson is tied both to the type 1 string gauge dimension 496 and the virtual dimension gamma x Gamma. This third perfect number 496 plays a central role in a Geo-combinatorial Relation tying the four coupling constants. The terminal fermion tau is related (10^-7) to the Moonshine dimension D =196883 of the Monster. The ACDFA gives also the CMB temperature. tied to a double holographic relation 1D-2D-3D. This correspond to the mandatory replacement, in a Single Cosmos, of differential equations by integral ones. The Eddington's Large Number enters a Machian relation implying the trivial fraction 3/10 of the critical Universe mass and main particle masses, showing that back energy is a false problem. In a Cosmos with ultra-plankian reconstruction mater-antimater, black matter would be in phase quadrature. The ACDA relies also three unexplained facts: Kotov, Tifft and Pioneer, probably tied to the tachyonic Space-Time-Matter regeneration. The Large Period is tied to the Kotov one by the cardinal order of the Monster, which presents, as well as the canonic f(30) and the holographic Grandcosmos radius impressive relations with free parameters of the standard Model. It is suggested that 26 of them could be defined by the 26 sporadic groups. In particular, this unification Physics-Mathematics justifies the Inverse Anthropic Principle and excludes the non-scientific Multiverse hypothesis. It is concluded that present mathematics is incomplete, not recognizing physical parameters as mathematical ones. This could lead to a super-informatics.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[289] viXra:1901.0326 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-22 09:35:50

Stellar Metamorphosis: Comment on Thousands Of Stars Turning Into Crystals

Authors: Daniel Archer
Comments: 5 Pages.

I make some comments on a recent news article about white dwarfs turning into crystals and what it may mean in Stellar Metamorphosis.
Category: Astrophysics

[288] viXra:1901.0325 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-22 09:36:35

Transparent Electronics

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 78 Pages.

Transparent electronics are the future, according to researchers including José A. Flores-Livas and Miglė Graužinytė from the research group headed by Stefan Goedecker, Professor of Computational Physics at the University of Basel. [45] For the first time ever, an international team of researchers imaged the microscopic state of negative capacitance. [44] One of the leading candidates, spintronics, is based on the idea of carrying information via the spin of electrons. [43] Now, researchers from the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS) have developed a polarization-insensitive metalens comprised of non-symmetric nanofins that can achromatically focus light across the visible spectrum without aberrations. [42]
Category: Condensed Matter

[287] viXra:1901.0324 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-22 10:01:00

Machine Learning Humanitarian Sector

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 38 Pages.

In early 2018, with support from IBM Corporate Citizenship and the Danish Ministry for Foreign Affairs, IBM and the Danish Refugee Council (DRC) embarked on a partnership aimed squarely at the need to better understand migration drivers and evidence-based policy guidance for a range of stakeholders. [22] Scientists at the Allen Institute have used machine learning to train computers to see parts of the cell the human eye cannot easily distinguish. [21] Small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) is one of a number of biophysical techniques used for determining the structural characteristics of biomolecules. [20]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[286] viXra:1901.0322 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-22 00:12:54

The Dirac Experiment Test of the Maximal Acceleration Constant

Authors: Miroslav Pardy
Comments: 6 Pages. original article

We determine the nonlinear group of transformations between coordinate systems which are mutually in a constant symmetrical uniform acceleration. The maximal acceleration limit is a constant which follows from the logical necessity and the kinematical necessity of the system motion and it is an analogue of the maximal velocity in special relativity. The Pardy acceleration constant is not the same as the Caianiello acceleration constant in quantum mechanics and Lambiase acceleration constant in the Riemann space-time and this situation forms the serious puzzle in physics after the theta-tau puzzle in particle physics and Hawking black hole puzzle in cosmology. The author transformations of the accelerated systems is related to the Orlov transformations. The DIRAC experiment in CERN with pionium in the strong electrical field is discussed.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[285] viXra:1901.0321 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-22 00:47:15

Effect of Gravitation on Heat Conductivity of Perfect Gas

Authors: V.S. Vasilenko, A. Malgota, T.I. Maklygina, V.O. Komar, A.Yu. Yurkovskaya
Comments: 9 Pages. 9 p., Russian

The effect of gravity on the vertical thermal conductivity of a gas is theoretically investigated. To do this, we used the law of energy conservation and added to the average energy of the thermal motion of the molecule its potential energy in the gravitational field: <>= 2+. The formula for calculating the vertical heat flux =− − was obtained. From the formula it follows that in a gravitational field in an ideal gas with a temperature uniform in volume there a heat flux will exist 0=−V . For dry nitrogen, calculations give 0=1,3∙10−4 Вт м2 .
Category: Classical Physics

[284] viXra:1901.0320 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-22 02:48:47

Nguyên Lý Tương đối II

Authors: Vu Tuan Hiep
Comments: 8 Pages. This document was written in Vietnamese.

Tài liệu này là sự mở rộng tiếp theo của Nguyên lý tương đối với mục tiêu là khắc phục sự hạn chế của nhận thức do vận tốc ánh sáng có giới hạn.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[283] viXra:1901.0319 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-22 03:17:30

Quantum Sensors for NMR

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 29 Pages.

A study by the Quantum Technologies for Information Science (QUTIS) group of the UPV/EHU's Department of Physical Chemistry, has produced a series of protocols for quantum sensors that could allow images to be obtained by means of the nuclear magnetic resonance of single biomolecules using a minimal amount of radiation. [21] An international team of physicists at ETH Zurich, Aalto University, the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, and the Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics in Moscow has demonstrated that algorithms and hardware developed originally in the context of quantum computation can be harnessed for quantum-enhanced sensing of magnetic fields. [20]
Category: Quantum Physics

[282] viXra:1901.0318 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-22 03:36:14

Light Regardless of Polarization

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 73 Pages.

Now, researchers from the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS) have developed a polarization-insensitive metalens comprised of non-symmetric nanofins that can achromatically focus light across the visible spectrum without aberrations. [42] A team led by Rice University scientists used a unique combination of techniques to observe, for the first time, a condensed matter phenomenon about which others have only speculated. The research could aid in the development of quantum computers. [41]
Category: Quantum Physics

[281] viXra:1901.0317 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-22 03:52:46

Proton Whole-Brain Radiotherapy

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 54 Pages.

The researchers point out that while IMPT could potentially benefit any patient receiving radiotherapy for malignant brain tumours, paediatric patients and patients with primary CNS malignancies (who have superior survival expectations compared with patients with metastatic disease) might receive the greatest benefit. [30] Researchers have moved closer to the real-time verification of hadron therapy, demonstrating the in vivo accuracy of simulations that predict particle range in the patient. [29] A biomimetic nanosystem can deliver therapeutic proteins to selectively target cancerous tumors, according to a team of Penn State researchers. [28] Sunlight is essential for all life, and living organisms have evolved to sense and respond to light. [27]
Category: Physics of Biology

[280] viXra:1901.0316 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-22 04:17:19

Ultrafast Spintronics

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 76 Pages.

One of the leading candidates, spintronics, is based on the idea of carrying information via the spin of electrons. [43] Now, researchers from the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS) have developed a polarization-insensitive metalens comprised of non-symmetric nanofins that can achromatically focus light across the visible spectrum without aberrations. [42] A team led by Rice University scientists used a unique combination of techniques to observe, for the first time, a condensed matter phenomenon about which others have only speculated. The research could aid in the development of quantum computers. [41] A half-century ago, the theorist Walter Henneberger wondered if it were possible to use a laser field to free an electron from its atom without removing it from the nucleus. [40]
Category: Quantum Physics

[279] viXra:1901.0315 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-22 04:45:10

Negative Capacitance in Action

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 77 Pages.

For the first time ever, an international team of researchers imaged the microscopic state of negative capacitance. [44] One of the leading candidates, spintronics, is based on the idea of carrying information via the spin of electrons. [43] Now, researchers from the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS) have developed a polarization-insensitive metalens comprised of non-symmetric nanofins that can achromatically focus light across the visible spectrum without aberrations. [42] A team led by Rice University scientists used a unique combination of techniques to observe, for the first time, a condensed matter phenomenon about which others have only speculated. The research could aid in the development of quantum computers. [41]
Category: Condensed Matter

[278] viXra:1901.0313 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-21 06:39:40

Universal Non Causal Future Average Of A Time Series Type Sequence

Authors: Ramesh Chandra Bagadi
Comments: 3 Pages.

In this research investigation, the author has detailed a novel Universal Non Causal Future Average of a Time Series Type Sequence.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[277] viXra:1901.0312 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-21 06:42:30

Theoretical Model For Causal One Step Forecasting Of Any Time Series Type Sequence {Version 2}

Authors: Ramesh Chandra Bagadi
Comments: 3 Pages.

In this research investigation, the author has detailed the Theoretical Model For Causal One Step Forecasting Of Any Time Series Type Sequence.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[276] viXra:1901.0311 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-21 07:09:08

Development of a Small 50W Class Stirling Engine

Authors: UnChol Ri, GumChol Ri, ChangIl Ri, YongHuan Kim, SongJin Ri
Comments: 7 Pages.

In order to develop a compact and low cost Stirling engine, a gamma type Stirling engine with simple moving-tube-type heat exchangers and a rhombic mechanism was developed. Its target shaft power is 50 W at engine speed of 4000 rpm and mean pressure of 0.8 MPa using helium as working gas. This paper describes the outline of the engine design and the performance test. The test was done without load, using air in atmospheric condition. Also, a mechanical loss measurement was done in highly pressurized condition, in which the engine was driven by a motor compulsory. Then, methods to get higher performance were considered based on the comparison of experimental and calculated results. The results indicate that a higher performance heat exchanger and decreasing of mechanical loss are needed for the attainment of the target performance.
Category: Thermodynamics and Energy

[275] viXra:1901.0309 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-21 07:27:00

Global Warming is Manmade

Authors: Ivo Van Der Rijt
Comments: 1 Page.

Take on global warming and its significance
Category: Climate Research

[274] viXra:1901.0308 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-21 10:35:28

Refutation of Block Argumentation

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 3 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only at: info@ersatz-systems dot com. See website ersatz-systems.com . (We warn troll Mikko at Disqus to read the article four times before hormonal typing.)

We evaluate the approach of block argumentation using the legal example of a popular case. Three scenarios are not tautologous. We attempt to resuscitate the method by substitution of generic block argumentation and also by testing the consequent parts separately. The equations were not tautologous, hence refuting the block argumentation approach as presented.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[273] viXra:1901.0306 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-20 22:03:16

Refutation of Heyting Algebra

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 4 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only at: info@ersatz-systems dot com. See website ersatz-systems.com . (We warn troll Mikko at Disqus to read the article four times before hormonal typing.)

Using the Lindenbaum method, we show pseudo-complementation is not tautologous along with its eight properties. This refutes Heyting algebra. Based thereon, what follows is the Gödel n-valued matrix logic is refuted and the derivative intuitionistic propositional logic.
Category: Algebra

[272] viXra:1901.0305 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-21 00:07:36

Dark Matter Mass of Milky Way Galaxy is Less Than Planet Neptune Mass

Authors: Adrian Ferent
Comments: 292 Pages. © 2014 Adrian Ferent

“In Ferent Quantum Gravity theory Dark Matter mass of Milky Way galaxy is less than planet Neptune mass.” Adrian Ferent “Because Dark Matter mass of Milky Way galaxy is less than planet Neptune mass, Dark Matter was not detected” Adrian Ferent “Your professors, the researchers, the greatest scientists…did not understand Gravitation and Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent “In Ferent Quantum Gravity theory the gravitational field created by Dark Matter collapsed the gas and dust within a region and the Sun was formed.” Adrian Ferent “What you learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists… about how Stars and Planets were formed is wrong” Adrian Ferent “I am the first who calculated Dark Matter mass of Milky Way galaxy” Adrian Ferent “Dark Matter with the mass of planet Neptune, has a stronger Gravitational field than the Milky Way galaxy” Adrian Ferent “I discovered the Dark Photons much Faster Than Light (FTL)” Adrian Ferent “What you learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists… about Dark Matter is wrong” Adrian Ferent “Dark Matter in Milky Way galaxy has very small mass, less than the mass of planet Neptune, not five times the Milky Way galaxy mass, how you learned from your professors.” Adrian Ferent Where is Dark Matter? “Black Holes are Ferent Matter” Adrian Ferent “Dark Matter is in the core of stars and planets” Adrian Ferent “The elementary particles contain Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent “Because the elementary particles contain Dark Matter with the mass much smaller than particles mass, Dark Matter is not detected at CERN” Adrian Ferent “Ferent equation for elementary particle, made of 2 particles, a Matter particle and a Dark Matter particle, is the Unification between Matter and Dark Matter!” Adrian Ferent You learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists…that formation of the Sun was triggered by shockwaves from one or more nearby supernovae, or by waves of energy traveling through space pressed clouds of such particles closer together! “In Ferent Quantum Gravity theory the gravitational field created by Dark Matter collapsed the gas and dust within a region and the Sun was formed.” Adrian Ferent “What you learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists… about how the Stars and Planets were formed is wrong” Adrian Ferent How much Dark Matter do stars and planets contain? “Stars and planets contain Dark Matter in proportion to their mass” Adrian Ferent “I am the first who calculated the mass and the energy of a Black Hole” Adrian Ferent “Everything what you learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists…about Dark Matter and Black Holes is wrong” Adrian Ferent “Ferent Quantum Gravity theory explains that Supermassive Black Holes have very small mass, because the Gravitons inside the Supermassive Black Holes have high energy” Adrian Ferent Where md is the Dark Matter mass and vp is the Dark Photons speed. “The speed of Dark Photons is vp = 1.001762 × 10^17 m/s” Adrian Ferent Ferent Quantum Gravity theory explains: “The Gravitons and the Dark Photons are faster than light” Adrian Ferent “Black Holes are Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent The mass of supermassive Black Hole from the center of our galaxy is 7.3 × 10^19 kg, much smaller than the Moon mass. “I am the first who calculated the mass and the energy of a Black Hole” Adrian Ferent “Physics is much more complicated than you learned, with Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent This is another proof that Ferent Quantum Gravity theory is right and Einstein Gravitation theory, String theory, LQG… are wrong theories. Ferent Quantum Gravity theory explains why we were not able to detect Dark Matter in the Milky Way galaxy, in our own Solar system. “In Ferent Quantum Gravity theory Dark Matter mass of Milky Way galaxy is less than planet Neptune mass.” Adrian Ferent “What you learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists… about Dark Matter is wrong” Adrian Ferent What is Dark Energy in Ferent Quantum Gravity theory? “Dark Energy is Gravitational Waves” Adrian Ferent “Dark Energy is Gravitons” Adrian Ferent Only in USA student debt reached 1.52 trillion dollars. The students pay a lot of money to universities, to learn from professors wrong theories like Einstein’s wrong gravitation theory, wrong theories about Dark Matter, Dark Energy, Black Holes, Elementary particles, wrong theories about Evolution, Mind, Consciousness… 163. I am the first who discovered that Dark Matter mass of Milky Way galaxy is less than planet Neptune mass 164. I am the first who discovered that because Dark Matter mass of Milky Way galaxy is less than planet Neptune mass, Dark Matter was not detected 165. I am the first who calculated Dark Matter mass of Milky Way galaxy 166. I am the first who discovered that the Dark Matter with the mass of planet Neptune, has a stronger Gravitational field than the Milky Way galaxy 167. I am the first who discovered how the Sun was formed: In Ferent Quantum Gravity theory the gravitational field created by Dark Matter collapsed the gas and dust within a region and the Sun was formed 168. I am the first who discovered the Dark Photons much Faster Than Light (FTL) 169. I am the first who discovered that what you learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists… about how the Stars and Planets were formed is wrong
Category: Astrophysics

[271] viXra:1901.0304 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-21 00:40:40

A Text is a Manifold——a Solution of Some Unsolvable Questions

Authors: Zhicheng Yu
Comments: 5 Pages.

This paper is about my original proposition: a text is a manifold, which can solve some unsolvable philosophical questions.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[270] viXra:1901.0303 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-21 01:07:40

Determining Fermion Masses and Resolving the Problem of Generations: a Clue to Incorporate Gravity Into the Standard Model

Authors: K.Tennakone
Comments: 23 Pages. None

Inspired by the Poincare model of the electron, elementary fermions are assumed to be bubble like structures with negative internal pressure and a size corresponding to a radius or equivalently an ultraviolet cut-off. Negative pressure, self-interaction of gauge fields up to the cut-off energy and gravity contribute to the self-energy. All corrections are considered to be proportional to the observed mass of the fermion in order to preserve chiral symmetry in the limit of vanishing fermion mass. Fermion self-energy is thus constituted of terms; inverse cubic, logarithmic (as in qed self-energy of the electron), linear and quadratic in the cut-off parameter and defines coupling coefficients. The latter two terms originating from gravity are fixed on basis of dimensional considerations. The condition of extremization of total energy to determine equilibrium states, leads to a quantic equations with three real roots, giving three values for the fermion mass, for each set of coupling coefficients. The model represents observed quark – lepton mass ratios explaining generation problem and suggest possible numerical values for neutrino masses in agreement with the oscillation data in an inverted order. As a result of incorporation of gravity, Planck energy sets as the natural physically meaningful scale, deriving other scales corresponding to sizes of elementary fermions ranging from Planck length to few thousand times this unit. The model interprets, the physical quality distinguishing a generation as the phase of the false vacuum ‘inside’ the elementary bubble. The unconventional approach behind the model may also have implications on unifications of couplings, incorporation of gravity into the standard model and issue of divergences in quantum field theories.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[269] viXra:1901.0301 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-19 14:53:31

The MOND Limit of the Inverse Square Law

Authors: Kurt L. Becker
Comments: 8 Pages. This paper attempts to give a theoretical foundation for the MOND equations.

Abstract This paper attempts to give a theoretical foundation for the Modified Newtonian Dynamics equations developed by M. Milgrom Ref.1. It will show that there is a cross sectional limit, below which 1/r2 asymptotically changes to 1/r. When the cross section of a distant star falls below the cross section of a particle transmitting the gravitational force, such as a graviton, as viewed from a baryon, such as a proton, then the inverse square law is no longer valid. Gravitational attraction then depends on the distance travelled by the particle and will result in the force of gravity varying as 1/r. It is only the relative geometries which limit the inverse square law. The sizes of the suns and particles involved will only result in different limits and will not change the basic outcome of 1/r.
Category: Astrophysics

[268] viXra:1901.0300 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-19 14:41:09

What is This Singular Point? About Euler's Formula on Riemann Hypothesis

Authors: Toshiro Takami
Comments: 4 Pages.

On calculation by Euler 's formula(3), at least notice that the zero point of the real part is not on x = 0.5. Using Euler 's formula, we found that at least the real part' s zero point is not x = 0.5 but about x = 0.115444. Moreover, the imaginary point is around i14.524. And s=0.8355 +i39. And s=0.1645 +i39. And s=0.884556 +i14.524. And s=0.115444 +i14.524 Also, replacing sin with cos, the imaginary part becomes zero. I do not know at all whether the collapse of Riemann hypothesis or not? In addition, books are printed as cos instead of sin. Also, I have collected ζ on the left side. In addition, (8) is Euler's formula found overseas, which is also a singular point in this. Also, I have collected ζ on the left side. In this case, sin is printed instead of cos, but if sin and cos are exchanged, the zero point moves only from the real part to the imaginary part.
Category: Number Theory

[267] viXra:1901.0299 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-19 17:02:48

Particle Mass Ratios that Nearly Equal Basic Geometric Ratios

Authors: Carl Littmann
Comments: 13 Pages.

In physics, there exits the massive Proton and much less massive Electron. And thus, a Particle Mass Ratio, when comparing them, about 1836.15 to 1. And there exists many other important particles, too, although unstable, such as the major Pion and major Kaon particles classes. And they have mass ratios, too, relative to the electron, of about 270.1 to 1, and 970.0 to 1, respectively. Interestingly, all those Particle Mass Ratios nearly equal basic Solid Geometry Ratios, some of which we likely saw in High School Geometry class, when viewing sphere patterns. (Or the average of two major solid geometry ratios.) This article lists prominent Particle Mass Ratios and shows the basic Ratio in Solid Geometry that each one nearly equals. Some simple comments are made. (Less specialized readers may skip my more technical comments.)
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[266] viXra:1901.0298 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-19 17:56:09

Self-Organization Generates Information

Authors: Udo E. Steinemann
Comments: 17 Pages.

Self-orgnization takes place in a specific kind of dynamical systems - e.g. from physics, chemistry or biology - which operate in the view of physics far from thermo-dynamical equilibrium searching for quasi-stable internal states. Such a system can be excited by a wide range of stimuli which it accepts together with influences from outside world as compact input for an internal reflection on its complete actual situation (taking into account the system's total history and actual situation as well). The reflection informs fluently about something that has been created completely new, the system produces information in the fullest sense of the word.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[265] viXra:1901.0297 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-19 22:35:49

Proof of Goldbach Conjecture 2019-01-06

Authors: Michael Grützmann
Comments: 2 Pages.

every prime number can be a sum of p=3+...+3+2 or q=3+...+3+4, the number of '3's in both equatons always being odd. there are the for two primes p+q the combinations 'p+q', 'p+p' and 'q+q'. we consider case 1: p+q=3k+2+3l+4 3k must be odd, as the product of two odd numbers, 3l must be odd, for the same reason. but the sum of two odd numbers is an even number always. also, if you add more even numbers, like 2 and 4, the result will always be even also. So this results in an even number. cases 'p+p' and 'q+q' analogue.
Category: Number Theory

[264] viXra:1901.0296 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-20 01:15:19

Mathematical Coincidences Concerning π and √2

Authors: Aditya Raj
Comments: 3 Pages. Mathematical coincidences

Mathematical coincidences concerning the mathematical constant Pi (π) and Archimedes’ constant (√2), containing other mathematical constants i.e. The Golden Ratio (φ), the Silver Ratio (δ_s) and the Euler’s number (e).
Category: General Mathematics

[263] viXra:1901.0295 [pdf] replaced on 2019-02-05 09:49:16

The Theories of the Graviton, Part Three: The Statistical and Thermodynamic Applications to Gravitonic Mechanics

Authors: Noah MacKay
Comments: 14 Pages. Done with the assistance of Aaron M. Bain and Ashton L. Shope

Gravitons are the quanta of gravity that, if proven to exist, would potentially connect quantum mechanics with gravitation. The third (and supposedly last) part of the Graviton Theory entity focuses on the thermodynamic and statistical applications to the theories that were proposed in Parts One and Two. This analysis will look at gravitonic influences in black holes and during the Big Bang, as well as interacting gravitons in two extreme systems: as a boson gas and as a Bose-Einstein condensate. The analysis will also explore the thermodynamic and statistical influences on the nature and mechanics of gravitons.
Category: Quantum Physics

[262] viXra:1901.0294 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-20 04:27:04

Ramanujan Summation of the Ln(n) Series

Authors: Jesús Sánchez
Comments: 9 Pages.

In this paper it will calculated that the Ramanujan summation of the Ln(n) series is: lim┬█(n→∞)⁡(Ln(1)+Ln(2)+Ln(3)+⋯Ln(n))=Ln(-γ)=Ln(γ)+(2k+1)πi Being γ the Euler-Mascheroni constant 0.577215... The solution is valid for every integer number k (it has infinite solutions). The series are divergent because Ln(n) tends to infinity as n tends to infinity. But, as in other divergent series, a summation value can be associated to it, using different methods (Cesàro, Abel or Ramanujan). If we take the logarithm of the absolute value (this is, we take only the real part of the solution), the value corresponds to the smooth continuation to the y axis of the curve that calculates the partial sums at every point, as we will see in the paper. lim┬█(n→∞)⁡(Ln|1|+Ln|2|+Ln|3|+⋯Ln|n|)=Ln|-γ|=Ln|γ|
Category: Functions and Analysis

[261] viXra:1901.0293 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-20 05:07:08

Micro-Robots Adapt Surrounding

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 68 Pages.

One day, hospital patients might be able to ingest tiny robots that deliver drugs directly to diseased tissue, thanks to research being carried out at EPFL and ETH Zurich. [40] A team of researchers at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem in Israel has now made such cascades in the lab by encapsulating three enzymes and enzyme cofactors in nanoreactors made from metal-organic framework nanoparticles. [39] Researchers have developed a new form of nanoparticle and associated imaging technique that can detect multiple disease biomarkers, including those for breast cancer, found in deep-tissue in the body. [38] Researchers at University of Utah Health developed a proof-of-concept technology using nanoparticles that could offer a new approach for oral medications. [37]
Category: Condensed Matter

[260] viXra:1901.0292 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-20 09:58:08

Nanoparticle Fight Against Cancer

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 69 Pages.

A recent study, affiliated with South Korea's Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST) has introduced a novel targeted drug delivery system in the fight against cancer. [41] One day, hospital patients might be able to ingest tiny robots that deliver drugs directly to diseased tissue, thanks to research being carried out at EPFL and ETH Zurich. [40] A team of researchers at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem in Israel has now made such cascades in the lab by encapsulating three enzymes and enzyme cofactors in nanoreactors made from metal-organic framework nanoparticles. [39]
Category: Physics of Biology

[259] viXra:1901.0291 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-20 10:04:18

One Step Universal Evolution Of Any Real Positive Number

Authors: Ramesh Chandra Bagadi
Comments: 2 Pages.

In this research investigation, the author has detailed the Theory Of One Step Universal Evolution Of Any Real Positive Number.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[258] viXra:1901.0290 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-20 11:13:03

Genetically Modified Plants

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 50 Pages.

Salk researchers have mapped the genomes and epigenomes of genetically modified plant lines with the highest resolution ever to reveal exactly what happens at a molecular level when a piece of foreign DNA is inserted. [32] MIT researchers have developed a way to dramatically enhance the sensitivity of nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR), a technique used to study the structure and composition of many kinds of molecules, including proteins linked to Alzheimer's and other diseases. [31] Electronegativity is one of the most well-known models for explaining why chemical reactions occur. [30] Innovations in microscale electronics, medicine, combustion and scores of other technologies depend on understanding and predicting the behavior of electricity on the smallest of length scales. [29]
Category: Physics of Biology

[257] viXra:1901.0288 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-20 11:35:10

Waves in Saturn's Rings

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 72 Pages.

Saturn's distinctive rings were observed in unprecedented detail by NASA's Cassini spacecraft, and scientists have now used those observations to probe the interior of the giant planet and obtain the first precise determination of its rotation rate. [40] Down a hallway in the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL), scientists study the workings of a machine in a room stuffed with wires and metal components. [39] Active galactic nuclei (AGN) are among the most dramatic and interesting phenomena in extragalactic astronomy. [38]
Category: Astrophysics

[256] viXra:1901.0286 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-20 11:53:49

New Knowledge on Bacteria and Viruses

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 54 Pages.

University of Otago research to better understand how bacteria and their viruses interact and evolve will enable future studies to exploit the use of bacteria and their viruses for potential biotechnology and health applications. [34] Researchers at Queen's University Belfast have developed a highly innovative new enzyme biomarker test that has the potential to indicate diseases and bacterial contamination saving time, money and possibly lives. [33] Medical physicist Dr. Aswin Hoffmann and his team from the Institute of Radiooncology—OncoRay at the Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf (HZDR) have combined magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with a proton beam, thus demonstrating for the first time that in principle, this commonly used imaging method can work with particle beam cancer treatments. [32]
Category: Physics of Biology

[255] viXra:1901.0285 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-19 06:07:52

Double-Slit Experiment in a New Light

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 65 Pages.

An international research team led by physicists from the University of Cologne has implemented a new variant of the basic double-slit experiment using resonant inelastic X-ray scattering at the European Synchrotron ESRF in Grenoble. [38] When molecules interact with the oscillating field of a laser, an instantaneous, time-dependent dipole is induced. [37] Researchers from Würzburg and London have succeeded in controlling the coupling of light and matter at room temperature. [36] Researchers have, for the first time, integrated two technologies widely used in applications such as optical communications, bio-imaging and Light Detection and Ranging (LIDAR) systems that scan the surroundings of self-driving cars and trucks. [35]
Category: Quantum Physics

[254] viXra:1901.0284 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-19 06:51:55

Evaluating the Effect of Anti–cancer Nano Drugs Dosage and Reduced Leukemia and Polycythemia Vera Levels on Trend of the Human Blood and Bone Marrow Cancers Under Synchrotron Radiation

Authors: Alireza Heidari, Ricardo Gobato
Comments: 8 Pages. Trends in Res, 2019 doi: 10.15761/TR.1000126 Volume 2(1): 1-2

Leukemia is a cancer of the blood and bone marrow; there are many types of leukemia, depending on which type of white blood cell is involved. Treatment varies with the type and stage of disease. In fact, it is a blood cancer that begins in the marrow of our bones, the soft center where new blood cells grow. If we have polycythemia vera, our marrow makes too many red blood cells, which causes our blood to get too thick. That can make us more likely to have clots, a stroke, or a heart attack. Treatment of leukemia and polycythemia vera levels on trend of the human blood and bone marrow cancers for optimum usage of anti–cancer Nano drugs dosage is one of the most important issues of sustainable development. Therefore, the only available way to deal with the problem of treatment of leukemia and polycythemia vera levels on trend of the human blood and bone marrow cancers is optimum usage of anti-cancer Nano drugs dosage. In this study, we evaluated the chemical changes of anti–cancer Nano drugs dosage in human blood and bone marrow cancers’ cells such as leukemia, a type of cancer found in our blood and bone marrow cancers is caused by the rapid production of abnormal white blood cells. The high number of abnormal white blood cells is not able to fight infection, and they impair the ability of the bone marrow cancers to produce red blood cells and platelets and determine the treatment trend of these changes.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[253] viXra:1901.0283 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-19 06:55:02

Assessing the Variety of Synchrotron, Synchrocyclotron and Laser Radiations and Their Roles and Applications in Human Cancer Cells, Tissues and Tumors Diagnosis and Treatment

Authors: Alireza Heidari, Ricardo Gobato
Comments: 8 Pages. Trends in Res, 2019 doi: 10.15761/TR.1000127 Volume 2(1): 1-2

Many human cancer cells, tissues and tumors diagnosis and treatment methods and techniques in the world are mostly as synchrotron, synchrocyclotron and LASER radiations. Synchrotron, synchrocyclotron and LASER radiations are the most clinical, medical and medicinal acceptable and reasonable methods and techniques for human cancer cells, tissues and tumors diagnosis and treatment. However, the most important problem is that the produced anti–cancer Nano drugs containing by various chemical and pharmaceutical components, penetrates into the human cancer cells, tissues and tumors and causes the cancer cells, tissues and tumors distribution from the human body. An appropriate diagnosis and treatment method and technique base encapsulation process under synchrotron, synchrocyclotron and LASER radiations prevent the entry of the cancer causes to the human body and have determining role in cancer cells, tissues and tumors distribution control. Synchrotron, synchrocyclotron and LASER radiations are encapsulated products which can solve current problems in human body.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[252] viXra:1901.0282 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-19 06:58:36

Pros and Cons Controversy on Malignant Human Cancer Cells, Tissues and Tumors Transformation Process to Benign Human Cancer Cells, Tissues and Tumors

Authors: Alireza Heidari, Ricardo Gobato
Comments: 8 Pages. rends in Res, 2019 doi: 10.15761/TR.1000128 Volume 2(1): 1-2

Most scientists, researchers and scholars are working on malignant human cancer cells, tissues and tumors transformation process to benign human cancer cells, tissues and tumors using different methods and techniques heretofore. In these studies, our research team was faced to many problems. One of the serious problems is the malignant human cancer cells, tissues and tumors transformation process to benign human cancer cells, tissues and tumors.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[251] viXra:1901.0281 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-19 07:01:15

Three–dimensional (3D) Simulations of Human Cancer Cells, Tissues and Tumors for Using in Human Cancer Cells, Tissues and Tumors Diagnosis and Treatment as a Powerful Tool in Human Cancer Cells, Tissues and Tumors Research and Anti–cancer Nano Drugs Sensi

Authors: Alireza Heidari, Ricardo Gobato
Comments: 8 Pages. rends in Res, 2019 doi: 10.15761/TR.1000129 Volume 2(1): 1-2

Three–dimensional (3D) simulations of human cancer cells, tissues and tumors for using in human cancer cells, tissues and tumors diagnosis and treatment as a powerful tool in human cancer cells, tissues and tumors research and anti–cancer Nano drugs sensitivity and delivery area discovery and evaluation such as liquid–based three–dimensional (3D) human cancer cells, tissues and tumors simulations and models for cancer research and anti–cancer Nano drugs sensitivity and delivery area discovery and evaluation while are investigated and considered as a powerful tool in human cancer cells, tissues and tumors research and anti–cancer Nano drugs sensitivity and delivery area discovery and evaluation has strongly recommended by a number of researchers, scientists and scholars around the world.
Category: Biochemistry

[250] viXra:1901.0280 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-19 07:03:31

Investigation of Energy Production by Synchrotron, Synchrocyclotron and Laser Radiations in Human Cancer Cells, Tissues and Tumors and Evaluation of Their Effective on Human Cancer Cells, Tissues and Tumors Treatment Trend

Authors: Alireza Heidari, Ricardo Gobato
Comments: 8 Pages. rends in Res, 2019 doi: 10.15761/TR.1000130 Volume 2(1): 1-2

Development of synchrotron, synchrocyclotron and LASER radiations increased significantly in human cancer cells, tissues and tumors that led to their effective of attention to the creation of human cancer cells, tissues and tumors treatment trend. The best methods and techniques for decreasing human cancer cells, tissues and tumors is investigation of energy production by synchrotron, synchrocyclotron and LASER radiations in human cancer cells, tissues and tumors and evaluation of their effective on human cancer cells, tissues and tumors treatment trend. To achieve this goal, according to the studies by factors in the process such as pH, temperature and retention time, among the systems were used for this purpose, single–stage systems under synchrotron, synchrocyclotron and LASER radiations possesses higher efficiency. In the conversion process of the system, human benign cancer cells, tissues and tumors were produced with efficiency 99% in total.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[249] viXra:1901.0278 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-19 07:07:54

High–resolution Mapping of Dna/rna Hypermethylation and Hypomethylation Process in Human Cancer Cells, Tissues and Tumors Under Synchrotron Radiation

Authors: Alireza Heidari, Ricardo Gobato
Comments: 9 Pages. Trends in Res, 2019 doi: 10.15761/TR.1000131 Volume 2(1): 1-2

Changes in DNA/RNA hypermethylation and hypomethylation patterns are an important characteristic of human cancer cells, tissues and tumors. DNA/RNA hypermethylation and hypomethylation is a process by which methyl groups are added to the DNA/RNA molecule. DNA/RNA hypermethylation and hypomethylation was the initial epigenetic abnormality recognized in human cancer cells, tissues and tumors. In addition, DNA/RNA hypermethylation and hypomethylation have brought more heavy metals from human cancer cells, tissues and tumors under synchrotron radiation into the human healthy cells and caused more health in the human cells. Heavy metals are one of the most important environmental pollutants. The aim of present study is to be high–resolution mapping of DNA/RNA hypermethylation and hypomethylation process in human cancer cells, tissues and tumors under synchrotron radiation.
Category: Physics of Biology

[248] viXra:1901.0277 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-19 07:23:59

NMR Reveals Chemical Structure

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 48 Pages.

MIT researchers have developed a way to dramatically enhance the sensitivity of nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR), a technique used to study the structure and composition of many kinds of molecules, including proteins linked to Alzheimer's and other diseases. [31] Electronegativity is one of the most well-known models for explaining why chemical reactions occur. [30] Innovations in microscale electronics, medicine, combustion and scores of other technologies depend on understanding and predicting the behavior of electricity on the smallest of length scales. [29]
Category: Physics of Biology

[247] viXra:1901.0276 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-19 07:56:10

Optical Analogue of a Black Hole

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 41 Pages.

Stephen Hawking liked to claim that, if his most famous prediction had been verified experimentally, he would have won a Nobel prize. [23] With the newfound ability to recreate these structures in the lab, earth-based scientists finally have a way to study some of the possible scenarios that might have taken place in the early universe more closely. [22] "We studied two systems: a Bose-Einstein condensate with 100,000 atoms confined in a cavity and an optomechanical cavity that confines light between two mirrors," Gabriel Teixeira Landi, a professor at the University of São Paulo's Physics Institute (IF-USP), told. [21] Search engine entropy is thus important not only for the efficiency of search engines and those using them to find relevant information as well as to the success of the companies and other bodies running such systems, but also to those who run websites hoping to be found and visited following a search. [20]
Category: Astrophysics

[246] viXra:1901.0275 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-19 08:15:35

LHC Replacement Plans Unveiled

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

The proposal envisages a new 100km circumference tunnel that would be bored through the Earth, encircling the city of Geneva and the surrounding countryside. [30] On Wednesday, 25 July, for the very first time, operators injected not just atomic nuclei but lead "atoms" containing a single electron into the LHC. [29] The case for an ambitious new particle accelerator to be built in the United States has just gotten a major boost.[27] Physics textbooks might have to be updated now that an international research team has found evidence of an unexpected transition in the structure of atomic nuclei. [26] The group led by Fabrizio Carbone at EPFL and international colleagues have used ultrafast transmission electron microscopy to take attosecond energy-momentum resolved snapshots (1 attosecond = 10-18 or quintillionths of a second) of a free-electron wave function. [25]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[245] viXra:1901.0274 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-19 08:37:29

Search of Weyl Semimetals

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 39 Pages.

Now, a team of electrical engineers at the University of Delaware has discovered that novel semi-metallic materials, alloys of germanium and tin, have properties like Weyl semimetals. This has not been observed before by any other research group.
Category: Condensed Matter

[244] viXra:1901.0272 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-18 05:07:27

Cinematic View of Fly Brain

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 52 Pages.

A new fly-through of the fly brain allows anyone to whizz past neurons and visit any of the 40 million synapses where neurons touch neuron. [33] Measuring optical blood flow in the resting human brain to detect spontaneous activity has for the first time been demonstrated by Wright State University imaging researchers, holding out promise for a better way to study people with autism, Alzheimer's and depression. [32] UCLA biologists report they have transferred a memory from one marine snail to another, creating an artificial memory, by injecting RNA from one to another. [31] Scientists at the Wellcome Trust/ Cancer Research UK Gurdon Institute, University of Cambridge, have identified a new type of stem cell in the brain which they say has a high potential for repair following brain injury or disease. [30]
Category: Physics of Biology

[243] viXra:1901.0270 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-18 05:51:31

New Test Detect Disease and Infection

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 53 Pages.

Researchers at Queen's University Belfast have developed a highly innovative new enzyme biomarker test that has the potential to indicate diseases and bacterial contamination saving time, money and possibly lives. [33] Medical physicist Dr. Aswin Hoffmann and his team from the Institute of Radiooncology—OncoRay at the Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf (HZDR) have combined magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with a proton beam, thus demonstrating for the first time that in principle, this commonly used imaging method can work with particle beam cancer treatments. [32]
Category: Physics of Biology

[242] viXra:1901.0269 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-18 08:04:34

Artificially Produced Cells Communicate

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 55 Pages.

Friedrich Simmel and Aurore Dupin, researchers at the Technical University of Munich (TUM), have for the first time created artificial cell assemblies that can communicate with each other. [34] Researchers at Queen's University Belfast have developed a highly innovative new enzyme biomarker test that has the potential to indicate diseases and bacterial contamination saving time, money and possibly lives. [33] Medical physicist Dr. Aswin Hoffmann and his team from the Institute of Radiooncology—OncoRay at the Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf (HZDR) have combined magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with a proton beam, thus demonstrating for the first time that in principle, this commonly used imaging method can work with particle beam cancer treatments. [32]
Category: Physics of Biology

[241] viXra:1901.0268 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-18 09:09:07

Refutation of the ai Experiment for a Divide the Dollar Competition

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only at: info@ersatz-systems dot com. See website ersatz-systems.com . (We warn troll Mikko at Disqus to read the article four times before hormonal typing.)

We evaluate the AI experiment for a divide the dollar competition at the June CEC2019 IEEE conference in New Zealand. The apparatus definition is not tautologous, hence refuting the experiment.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[240] viXra:1901.0267 [pdf] replaced on 2019-02-07 09:37:49

A Perfect Regression Problem for Algebra 2

Authors: Timothy W. Jones
Comments: 9 Pages. Typos corrected with additiional commentary added.

The full potential of elementary algebra to precipitate a human quantum leap is presented. A simple regression problem demonstrates how programming can be combined with linear regression. The math and programming are simple enough for any algebra class that uses a TI-83 family calculator. The problem fully considered might enable students to see the picture and evolve to a better place.
Category: General Mathematics

[239] viXra:1901.0266 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-18 09:57:02

DIY Electronics Tackle Global Change

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 57 Pages.

When studying ecosystems and the myriad components interacting within them, high-tech items such as camera traps and remote sensors become essential tools of the trade. [35] Friedrich Simmel and Aurore Dupin, researchers at the Technical University of Munich (TUM), have for the first time created artificial cell assemblies that can communicate with each other. [34] Researchers at Queen's University Belfast have developed a highly innovative new enzyme biomarker test that has the potential to indicate diseases and bacterial contamination saving time, money and possibly lives. [33] Medical physicist Dr. Aswin Hoffmann and his team from the Institute of Radiooncology—OncoRay at the Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf (HZDR) have combined magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with a proton beam, thus demonstrating for the first time that in principle, this commonly used imaging method can work with particle beam cancer treatments. [32]
Category: Physics of Biology

[238] viXra:1901.0265 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-18 10:17:06

Molecules Interact with Laser

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 63 Pages.

When molecules interact with the oscillating field of a laser, an instantaneous, time-dependent dipole is induced. [37] Researchers from Würzburg and London have succeeded in controlling the coupling of light and matter at room temperature. [36] Researchers have, for the first time, integrated two technologies widely used in applications such as optical communications, bio-imaging and Light Detection and Ranging (LIDAR) systems that scan the surroundings of self-driving cars and trucks. [35] The unique platform, which is referred as a 4-D microscope, combines the sensitivity and high time-resolution of phase imaging with the specificity and high spatial resolution of fluorescence microscopy. [34]
Category: Quantum Physics

[237] viXra:1901.0264 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-18 10:43:00

Extrapolation to a New Solar System Model

Authors: Ivovanderrijt
Comments: 1 Page.

Learning people to extrapolate ideas in astro.
Category: Astrophysics

[236] viXra:1901.0263 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-19 01:54:43

Sodium Metal Battery Using Cobaltoxide Through in Situ Plating of Sodium Metal

Authors: Saurav L. Chaudhari ; Ketan P. Pise
Comments: 9 Pages.

In this work, we demonstrate that an impugn of energy density for sodium chemistries can be prevail through an anode-free architecture enabled by the use of a (nanocarbon/Cobaltoxide) nucleation layer formed on Aluminium current collectors. Electrochemical studies show this configuration to provide highly stable and efficient plating and stripping of sodium metal over a range of currents up to 5 mA/cm2, sodium loading up to 14 mAh/cm2, and with long-term endurance exceeding 1000 cycles at a current of 0.7 mA/cm2. Building upon this anode-free architecture, we demonstrate a full cell using a presodiated pyrite cathode to achieve energy densities of ∼400 Wh/kg, far surpassing recent reports on SIBs and even the theoretical maximum for LIB technology while still relying on naturally abundant raw materials and cost-effective aqueous processing.
Category: Chemistry

[235] viXra:1901.0262 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-17 16:20:46

Physical Model for Lattice Assisted Nuclear Reactions

Authors: Jozsef Garai
Comments: 18 Pages.

Atomic scale description of the electrochemically induced cold fusion is presented. The model consistent with the conditions required for successive experiments and offers physical explanation for the occurrence of nuclear fusion at low energies. Based on this atomic scale description, the vibrational frequency of the D2 molecules in vacancy is calculated. The fundamental frequency of the vibrating Deuterium molecule in a cavity is 21.65 THz, which is almost identical with the observed “sweet spot” in the two laser experiments at 20.8 THz, indicating that this previously unidentified peak represents the self frequency of the Deuterium molecule in vacancy. The fundamental frequencies in vacancies for HD and H2 molecules are also calculated. It is predicted that these frequencies in HD or H2 systems should also activate the reaction and that the fundamental frequencies in cavities should remain unchanged regardless of the hosting lattice.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[234] viXra:1901.0261 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-17 16:41:52

The Gospel According to Saint Me: The Principle of the Second Trinity

Authors: Rommel Nana Dutchou
Comments: 41 pages, copyright November 2017

The subject is the consistency of New Testament writings and their connection to the teachings of the Hebrew Bible. This interpretation of Christianity is base on the first epistle of John and on Paul's epistles so as to identify disputable texts in the present canon of the New Testament.
Category: Religion and Spiritualism

[233] viXra:1901.0260 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-17 17:12:16

The Planck-boundary Doesn't Exist

Authors: Dan Visser
Comments: 7 Pages.

My new universe-model, the RTHU, describes the holographical phase as an origin of a Big Bang-universe. This phase is wider acknowledged to exist, but the lay-out of it is nowhere described. In several of my articles I do describe that lay-out by crumbling the Planck-scale and locate it in the world of time smaller than Planck-time and duo-bits. I call that the RTHU, a new universe model. Thereby the after-glow of the Big Bang, the CMB, is no longer considered as the afterglow of the origin of the Big Bang, but considered as separate CMB-system in the RTHU, just like a galaxy or the Sun is. This opens the possibility possible to show the connection with proton-proton-reactions in the Sun, as well as neutrino-neutrino-reactions in galaxies and even duo-bits-reactions in that CMB-system. All are related to the principals of the RTHU, which means duo-bits are the building-stones of the holographical phase and vacuum-energy is variable instead of constant. In order to prove these proclamations the pure exact mass of the Big Bang-universe is needed, however, rather generated by an emergent Big Bang-universe from the RTHU than calculated by its age. In this article I did so. The mass of the emergent Big Bang-universe is 4.5334x10^53 kg instead of 5.68 x 10^53 kg published in lots of different other books or articles. Only in this way a cognitive connection with a holographical origin of the universe is proved in general.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[232] viXra:1901.0259 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-17 23:03:59

Cosmological Redshift

Authors: Akovantsev Peter Ivanovich
Comments: 4 Pages.

The article describes the relationship of the cosmological redshift with the temperature of radiation distribution medium. The Fraunhofer absorption lines of a certain frequency are superimposed on the continuous spectrum of distant galaxy visible radiation by a hydrogen-distribution medium. These lines are shifted to the long-wave side, which indicates the change of hydrogen properties as a propagation medium, and not the properties of radiation itself (wavelength change), and these changes are associated primarily with temperature. And this, in its turn, suggests that the Universe is heated during its evolutionary development.
Category: Astrophysics

[231] viXra:1901.0258 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-17 23:47:45

Time Error in Einstein's Theory of Relativity.

Authors: Henrich Leonidovich Arutyunov
Comments: 1 Page.

This article shows that clocks in a moving reference frame cannot be slowed down, as this leads to double the time in a moving frame.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[230] viXra:1901.0257 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-18 03:10:27

Космологическое красное смещение. Объяснение.

Authors: Акованцев Пётр Иванович
Comments: 5 Pages.

В статье изложена связь космологического красного смещения с температурой среды распространения излучения. На сплошной спектр видимого излучения далёких галактик накладываются фраунгоферовы линии поглощения определённой частоты водородом-средой распространения. Эти линии смещаются в длинноволновую сторону, что говорит об изменении свойств водорода, как среды распространения, а не свойств самого излучения (изменении длины волны) и связаны эти изменения, прежде всего с температурой. А это, в свою очередь говорит о том, что Вселенная в своём эволюционном развитии нагревается.
Category: Astrophysics

[229] viXra:1901.0256 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-17 06:04:53

Quantum Materials for Superconductivity

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 42 Pages.

Some iron-based superconductors could benefit from a tuneup, according to two studies by Rice University physicists and collaborators. [24] Two teams of scientists from the Technion-Israel Institute of Technology have collaborated to conduct groundbreaking research leading to the development of a new and innovative scientific field: Quantum Metamaterials. [23] An international team consisting of Russian and German scientists has made a breakthrough in the creation of seemingly impossible materials. They have created the world's first quantum metamaterial that can be used as a control element in superconducting electrical circuits. [22]
Category: Quantum Physics

[228] viXra:1901.0254 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-17 07:39:47

Waves and Particles Affect Fusion Reactions

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 63 Pages.

Now a team of physicists led by the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) has devised a faster method to determine how much this interaction between particles and waves contributes to the efficiency loss in tokamaks. [38] The Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak (EAST), nicknamed the "Chinese artificial sun," achieved an electron temperature of over 100 million degrees in its core plasma during a four-month experiment this year. [37] David Armstrong studies a phenomenon that is ubiquitous in nature, yet only a few non-scientists know what it is. [36] Physicists at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) have recently succeeded in observing parity violation in ytterbium atoms with different numbers of neutrons. [35]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[227] viXra:1901.0253 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-17 07:52:42

Disproof of the Accretion Model

Authors: Ivovanderrijt
Comments: 1 Page.

Small paper on a very old redundant model.
Category: Astrophysics

[226] viXra:1901.0252 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-17 08:08:56

Zirconium Isotope Capture Neutron

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 40 Pages.

The probability that a nucleus will absorb a neutron is important to many areas of nuclear science, including the production of elements in the cosmos, reactor performance, nuclear medicine and defense applications. [28] CERN's nuclear physics facility, ISOLDE, has minted a new coin in its impressive collection of isotopes. [27] In the case of several light nuclei, experimental confirmation of the individualism or family nature of nucleons will now be simpler, thanks to predictions presented by Polish physicists from Cracow and Kielce. [26]
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[225] viXra:1901.0251 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-17 08:49:54

Electronegativity Rewrites Chemistry

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 46 Pages.

Electronegativity is one of the most well-known models for explaining why chemical reactions occur. [30] Innovations in microscale electronics, medicine, combustion and scores of other technologies depend on understanding and predicting the behavior of electricity on the smallest of length scales. [29] New research from UBC's Okanagan campus, recently published in Nature Communications, may have uncovered the key to one of the darkest secrets of light. [28] But an international group led by Prof. Beena Kalisky and Prof. Aviad Frydman, from the Department of Physics and the Institute for Nanotechnology at Bar-Ilan University in Israel, has succeeded in imaging quantum fluctuations for the first time. [27] To tame chaos in powerful semiconductor lasers, which causes instabilities, scientists have introduced another kind of chaos. [26]
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[224] viXra:1901.0250 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-17 09:16:32

AI Identifies Human Ancestor

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 59 Pages.

The deep learning analysis has revealed that the extinct hominid is probably a descendant of the Neanderthal and Denisovan populations. [32] Our team at IBM Research – India collaborated with the IBM MetroPulse team to bring such first-of-a-kind, AI-driven capabilities to MetroPulse, an industry platform that brings together voluminous market, external and client datasets. [31] For people with hearing loss, it can very difficult to understand and separate voices in noisy environments. This problem may soon be history thanks to a new groundbreaking algorithm that is designed to recognise and separate voices efficiently in unknown sound environments. [30]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[223] viXra:1901.0249 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-17 13:35:26

Is There a Flaw in the Traditional FLRW Metric?

Authors: William O. Straub
Comments: 3 Pages.

A proper derivation of the FLRW metric shows the Ricci curvature scalar to be embedded in the metric's constant k (0, -1 or +1) that largely determines the fate of the universe. But in general R is not a constant, and the consequence of this issue is briefly presented.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[222] viXra:1901.0248 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-16 15:43:03

The Production Of Helium In Cold Fusion Experiments

Authors: Melvin H. Miles
Comments: 15 Pages. Helium-4 Production in the Palladium-Deuterium System

It is now known that cold fusion effects are produced only by certain palladium materials made under special conditions. Most palladium materials will never produce any excess heat, and no helium production will be observed. The palladium used in our first six months of cold fusion experiments in 1989 at the China Lake Navy laboratory never produced any measurable cold fusion effects. Therefore, our first China Lake result were listed with CalTech, MIT, Harwell and other groups reporting no excess heat effects in the DOE-ERAB report issued in November 1989. However, later research using special palladium made by Johnson-Matthey produced excess heat in every China Lake D2O-LiOD electrolysis experiment. Further experiments showed a correlation of the excess heat with helium-4 production. Two additional sets of experiments over several years at China Lake verified these measurements. This correlation of excess heat and helium-4 production has now been verified by cold fusion studies at several other laboratories. Theoretical calculations show that the amounts of helium-4 appearing in the electrolysis gas stream are in the parts-per-billion (ppb) range. The experimental amounts of helium-4 in our experiments show agreement with the theoretical amounts. The helium-4 detection limit of 1 ppm (1000 ppb) reported by CalTech and MIT was far too insensitive for such measurements. Very large excess powers leading to the boiling of the electrolyte would be required in electrochemical cold fusion experiments to even reach the CalTech or MIT helium-4 detection limit of 1000 ppb helium-4 in the electrolysis gas stream.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[221] viXra:1901.0247 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-16 16:19:45

Nuclear Decay Rate Oscillations and a Gravity-Quantum Connection

Authors: Robert T. Longo
Comments: 19 Pages.

This paper construct a model to evaluate the hypothesis that the in- compatibility between General Relativity and Quantum Mechanics is due to the different space-time geometries upon which each respective theory was built. The model is then applied to an unexplained phenomena observed in the decay rate of unstable nuclei, whose decay rate has superimposed on them oscillations that match the yearly cycle of the Earth’s orbit. The gravity-quantum connection model will show that gravitation is likely the ”unknown field” responsible for the nu- clear decay oscillations.
Category: Astrophysics

[220] viXra:1901.0246 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-16 21:58:12

Construction of Multivector Inverse for Clif Ford Algebras Over 2m+1-Dimensional Vector Spaces from Multivector Inverse for Clifford Algebras Over 2m-Dimensional Vector Spaces

Authors: Eckhard Hitzer, Stephen J. Sangwine
Comments: 23 Pages. Accepted by Adv. in Applied Cliff. Algebras, 2019. DOI: 10.1007/s00006-019-0942-7

Assuming known algebraic expressions for multivector inverses in any Clifford algebra over an even dimensional vector space R^{p',q'), n' = p' +q' = 2m, we derive a closed algebraic expression for the multivector inverse over vector spaces one dimension higher, namely over R^{p,q}, n = p+q = p'+q'+1 = 2m+1. Explicit examples are provided for dimensions n' = 2,4,6, and the resulting inverses for n = n' +1 = 3,5,7. The general result for n = 7 appears to be the first ever reported closed algebraic expression for a multivector inverse in Clifford algebras Cl(p,q), n = p + q = 7, only involving a single addition of multivector products in forming the determinant.
Category: Algebra

[219] viXra:1901.0245 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-16 23:10:59

Space, Time and Quantum Mechanics: A Process Approach

Authors: Blazej Kot
Comments: 27 Pages. Previously published in Prespacetime Journal, December 2018, Volume 9, Issue 10, pp. 1018-1048

Since the time of Newton, physicists have imagined a background "stage" called space and time (later spacetime) permeating the entire universe. The contents of the world around us are then seen as objects embedded in this background at a defined location, and with a defined size and other properties (color, mass, spin etc.). We refer to this traditional view as the Objects in Space and Time (OST) model. It works very well for picturing classical physics; but once we move into the quantum domain it is no longer of much use. In the quantum realm objects no longer have defined locations at all times, their properties can become entangled and undefined until observed. In this paper, we seek to present an alternative to the OST model in which the "weirdness" of quantum phenomena goes away and is replaced by clarity, obviousness and inescapability. In this model the world is viewed as a network of fundamental processes by which indivisible units called tomas bring each other into and out of existence. We show that this model yields the same equations and predictions as the current OST-based formalism of quantum mechanics. While not contradicting the success of quantum theory, the toma model lets us get rid of the "weirdness" of the quantum world and understand reality at a deeper level than the OST model. We illustrate this by discussing two classic quantum experiments and their interpretations.
Category: Quantum Physics

[218] viXra:1901.0243 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-17 02:57:09

Effects of Lorentz Force on Water Using Electro Powered Lattice Magnets and Applications of Small Clustered Water

Authors: Saurav L. Chaudhari
Comments: 11 Pages.

In this work we show the after effects of certain amount of magnetic field on a water for a specific amount of time in very calculable way. Here we are passing water between two magnetic poles and in that way, we will magnetize the water and will break its molecular clusters into smaller parts. It is helpful in both agriculture and household.
Category: Thermodynamics and Energy

[217] viXra:1901.0242 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-17 03:08:33

On Constancy of Light Velocity in All Substances

Authors: Jose J. Astorkia
Comments: 6 Pages.

Review of Foucault experiment of 1850 shows that it not probes value of velocity of light in water. Review of experimental facts until now does plausible that velocity of light transmisión be the same in all material media. This supposition is in better agreement with current matter standard model.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[216] viXra:1901.0241 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-17 03:15:57

About Energy of Photon

Authors: Ilgaitis Prūsis, Peteris Prūsis
Comments: 4 pages, 4 Figures

There is a widespread view in contemporary physics that the electric field of an electromagnetic wave is in the phase with the magnetic field. This statement is incorrect. The article discloses in detail that the above statement leads to violating the law of energy conservation. The right statement is that electric and magnetic fields in the photon are shifted mutually by 90 degrees. In this case the electric field converts to the magnetic field and vice versa. The energy of the photon over time remains constant.
Category: Classical Physics

[215] viXra:1901.0239 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-17 03:37:17

Stock Market Prediction for Algorithmic Trading of Indian Nse Stocks Using Machine Learning Techniques & Predictive Analytics: an Excel Based Automated Application Integrating Vba with R and D3.JS

Authors: Chandrima Chowdhury
Comments: 76 Pages.

In this project, an Excel based automated tool has been developed which extensively uses D3.Js, R, Excel VBA and Phantom JS to provide an integrated application that automatically fetches the data from the web and develops models, creates interactive hovering data label D3 charts on excel and also tests the accuracy of the predictions just at the click of a button. Though the models are very basic, the automation mechanism is effective and can be used by people who still want to rely on basic excel apps for stock data analytics. A demo of the tool is available here: https://youtu.be/VBx7Ik6aw7c
Category: Data Structures and Algorithms

[214] viXra:1901.0238 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-17 04:50:58

Test Case to Test Mailing

Authors: Https://www.kpn.com
Comments: 1 Page. test for mail delivery

test
Category: Economics and Finance

[213] viXra:1901.0237 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-16 06:13:59

The Muon Paradox and the Twin Paradox

Authors: Peter V. Raktoe
Comments: 2 Pages.

The muon paradox and the twin paradox are the result of time dilation, but time itself doesn't dilate.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[212] viXra:1901.0236 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-16 07:58:39

Entropy Production in Quantum Systems

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 36 Pages.

"We studied two systems: a Bose-Einstein condensate with 100,000 atoms confined in a cavity and an optomechanical cavity that confines light between two mirrors," Gabriel Teixeira Landi, a professor at the University of São Paulo's Physics Institute (IF-USP), told. [21] Search engine entropy is thus important not only for the efficiency of search engines and those using them to find relevant information as well as to the success of the companies and other bodies running such systems, but also to those who run websites hoping to be found and visited following a search. [20] "We've experimentally confirmed the connection between information in the classical case and the quantum case," Murch said, "and we're seeing this new effect of information loss." [19] It's well-known that when a quantum system is continuously measured, it freezes, i.e., it stops changing, which is due to a phenomenon called the quantum Zeno effect. [18]
Category: Quantum Physics

[211] viXra:1901.0235 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-16 08:19:44

Quantum Structures in Early Universe

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 37 Pages.

With the newfound ability to recreate these structures in the lab, earth-based scientists finally have a way to study some of the possible scenarios that might have taken place in the early universe more closely. [22] "We studied two systems: a Bose-Einstein condensate with 100,000 atoms confined in a cavity and an optomechanical cavity that confines light between two mirrors," Gabriel Teixeira Landi, a professor at the University of São Paulo's Physics Institute (IF-USP), told. [21] Search engine entropy is thus important not only for the efficiency of search engines and those using them to find relevant information as well as to the success of the companies and other bodies running such systems, but also to those who run websites hoping to be found and visited following a search. [20]
Category: Astrophysics

[210] viXra:1901.0234 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-16 08:26:49

Experiments1

Authors: Adham Ahmed Mohamed Ahmed
Comments: 1 Page. ty

1..heat water and cool it to very high and very low temperatures in a very short time span 2.heat a very dark matter till its color is white 3.crush an aeroplane from opposite sides(preferably from front and back ) while its flying in high speeds and measure the force needed 4.put very high pressure on volcanoes lava 5.shoot a very thin and powerful laser through elements in the periodic table and maybe repeat the experiment with elements being in layers 6.spin a mass around itself clockwise and then from down to up at a very high speeds
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[209] viXra:1901.0233 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-16 08:48:40

Interaction of Plasmas with Solids

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 69 Pages.

Atoms and molecules from the plasma can be deposited on the solid material, or energetic plasma ions can knock atoms out of the solid, and thereby deform or even destroy its surface. [40] A novel quantum effect observed in a carbon nanotube film could lead to the development of unique lasers and other optoelectronic devices, according to scientists at Rice University and Tokyo Metropolitan University. [39] This "piezomagnetic" material changes its magnetic properties when put under mechanical strain. [38] Researchers have developed a new flexible sensor with high sensitivity that is designed to perform variety of chemical and biological analyses in very small spaces. [37]
Category: Condensed Matter

[208] viXra:1901.0232 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-16 09:40:32

Mathematical Model on Cancer

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 52 Pages.

Researchers at the Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, have developed a new mathematical tool to characterize what happens when cells lose their polarity (direction) in diseases such as cancer. [37] Researchers from Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden, have discovered a simple new tweak that could double the efficiency of organic electronics. [36] Researchers at the Max Born Institute have now generated directed currents at terahertz (THz) frequencies, much higher than the clock rates of current electronics. [35]
Category: Physics of Biology

[207] viXra:1901.0231 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-16 10:01:30

Quantum World for Business

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 42 Pages.

With a new era of quantum technology beckoning, James McKenzie examines the opportunities it offers for business and industry. [23] With the newfound ability to recreate these structures in the lab, earth-based scientists finally have a way to study some of the possible scenarios that might have taken place in the early universe more closely. [22] "We studied two systems: a Bose-Einstein condensate with 100,000 atoms confined in a cavity and an optomechanical cavity that confines light between two mirrors," Gabriel Teixeira Landi, a professor at the University of São Paulo's Physics Institute (IF-USP), told. [21]
Category: Quantum Physics

[206] viXra:1901.0230 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-16 10:14:59

The Relationship Between the Energy of Gravitational Field and the Representative Pseudotensor

Authors: R. I. Khrapko
Comments: 4 Pages. International Journal of Electronics and Communication Engineering Vol:12, No:8, 2018

As is known, the role of the energy-momentum pseudotensors of the gravitational field is to extend the conservation law to the gravitational interaction by taking into account the energy and momentum of the gravitational field. We calculated the contribution of the Einstein pseudotensor to the total mass of a stationary material body and its gravitational field. It turned out that this contribution is positive, despite the fact that the mass-energy of a stationary gravitational field is negative. We concluded that the pseudotensor incorrectly describes the energy of the gravitational field. Nevertheless this pseudotensor has been used in a large number of scientific works for 100 years. We explain this by the fact that the covariant component of the pseudotensor was regarded as the mass-energy. Besides, we prove the advantage of the covariant energy-momentum conservation law for matter in the Minkowski space-time
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[205] viXra:1901.0229 [pdf] replaced on 2019-02-01 19:38:37

Software Increase of the Angular Resolution Beyond Diffraction Limit

Authors: Domenico Oricchio
Comments: 2 Pages.

I try an increase of the angular resolution of telescope, and microscope, with numerical methods: I try to obtain the real image (without interferences) using an orthonormal basis
Category: Classical Physics

[204] viXra:1901.0228 [pdf] replaced on 2019-02-14 01:24:38

Fixing Dirac Theory's Relativity and Correspondence Errors

Authors: Steven Kenneth Kauffmann
Comments: 11 Pages.

Dirac sought a relativistic quantum free-particle Hamiltonian that imposes space-time symmetry on the Schroedinger equation in configuration representation; he ignored the Lorentz covariance of energy-momentum. Dirac free-particle velocity therefore is momentum-independent, breaching relativity basics. Dirac also made solutions of his equation satisfy the Klein-Gordon equation via requirements imposed on its operators. Dirac particle speed is thereby fixed to the unphysical value of c times the square root of three, and anticommutation requirements prevent four observables, including the components of velocity, from commuting when Planck's constant vanishes, a correspondence-principle breach responsible for Dirac free-particle spontaneous acceleration (zitterbewegung) that diverges in the classical limit. Nonrelativistic Pauli theory contrariwise is physically sensible, and its particle rest-frame action can be extended to become Lorentz invariant. The consequent Lagrangian yields the corresponding closed-form relativistic Hamiltonian when magnetic field is absent, otherwise a successive-approximation regime applies.
Category: Quantum Physics

[203] viXra:1901.0227 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-29 11:21:03

Collatz Conjecture Proof

Authors: James Edwin Rock
Comments: 7 pages. This paper should be much easier to understand than the paper it is replacing

Collatz sequences are formed by applying the Collatz algorithm to any positive integer. If it is even repeatedly divide by two until it is odd, then multiply by three and add one to get an even number and vice versa. If the Collatz conjecture is true eventually you always get back to one. A connected Collatz Structure is created, which contains all positive integers exactly once. The terms of the Collatz Structure are joined together via the Collatz algorithm. Thus, every positive integer forms a Collatz sequence with unique terms terminating in the number one.
Category: Number Theory

[202] viXra:1901.0226 [pdf] replaced on 2019-02-01 09:10:10

The Relationship Between CKM and PMNS Matrices in the CP-Violation Sectors

Authors: Sylwester Kornowski
Comments: 10 Pages.

There are two minima in the global distribution for the mixing angle (23) in the PMNS matrix. It suggests that there are two different phenomena. We described them within the Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST). The two minima lead to two invariants for a certain relationship between the CKM and PMNS matrices in the CP-violation sectors. We also showed how SST is related to the orthodox PMNS matrix and we calculated the maximum allowed CP violation in the leptonic sector parameterized by the Jarlskog determinant - our value is 0.03291. Presented here model allows us to understand the electroweak interactions of baryons.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[201] viXra:1901.0225 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-15 13:52:15

A Micro-robot With Camera to Track and Follow Objects

Authors: Gokul Krishna Srinivasan
Comments: 5 Pages.

A lot of work has been done to track a moving object with the aid of a camera. This paper describes one such technique, which can constantly track and follow moving objects. Most of the work done in this paper were referred from the work done by Nazim[4].The camera is used as a feedback sensor to help the robot follow the object. The robot system is truncated into two subsystems: vision and motion. The vision system comprises of a two-motor pan-tilt camera driving mechanism with embedded potentiometer sensor, PCI image acquisition board and PWM based DC motor driver board. The motion system is made up of a two-wheel and two-castor platform driven by servomotors with amplifiers. The system tries to demonstrate the eye tracking ability of a human when a moving object is in focus. The robot used for this purpose is Alice, the most recent model that was developed in the year 2002 has been chosen.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[200] viXra:1901.0224 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-15 13:55:11

Implementation, Comparison and Literature Review of Spatio-Temporal and Compressed Domains Object Detection

Authors: Gokul Krishna Srinivasan
Comments: 12 Pages.

Object detection in a moving video stream is playing a prominent role in every branch of science and research[1]. Objection detection or tracking is done by two different methods, namely, spatio-temporal domain and compressed domain. This project will deal with both the domains in order to bring out the advantages and disadvantages of each and every method in terms of complexity in computations, efficiency etc. Along with that, a detailed literature survey will also be done on the same topic. Most image and video data are stored or transmitted after compression for efficiency. Processes like pattern detection and localization typically include the extra expense of decompressing the data since most image and video processing techniques require access to the original pixel values in the spatial domain. This project performs a statistical analysis of present object detection schemes in both spatio-temporal and compressed domains. The results of multiple object detection in spatio-temporal domain are compared to those of compressed domain object detection and various evaluation results are analyzed. The comparisons will be made in the context of complexity of algorithm, efficiency and application.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[199] viXra:1901.0223 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-15 13:54:43

Global Topological Properties

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 39 Pages.

Topology is an emerging field within many scientific disciplines, even leading to a Nobel Physics Prize in 2016. [26] Topology is a global aspect of materials, leading to fundamental new properties for compounds with large relativistic effects. [25] Weyl fermions are novel particles that were predicted to be seen in high-energy physics experiments but have not been observed. [24] The research shows that concentrated electrolytes in solution affect hydrogen bonding, ion interactions, and coordination geometries in currently unpredictable ways. [23]
Category: Condensed Matter

[198] viXra:1901.0222 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-15 14:01:08

A Universe from Nothing or Big Bounce?

Authors: S.Natarajan, R.Chandramohan
Comments: 6 Pages. article published in IJRAR - International Journal of Research and Analytical Reviews. DoI: http://doi.one/10.1729/Journal.19102

The beginning of the universe is explained by many theoretical aspects. The cosmological evolution begins with the singularity. Such singularities predict the initial conditions of the universe. To deal the singularity there are lots of mathematical models have been proposed. In particular universe from nothing model, that deals the beginning of the universe as nonsingular and initiated out of nothing scenario. Similarly loop quantum cosmology resolves the initial singularity with quantum geometry. That resolution replaces the big bang with big bounce. Initial conditions of the universe in vacuum dominated states and loop quantum cosmological bouncing solutions is analyzed in this work. Minimal scale factor and critical density is analyzed to scrutinize the formation of universe from nothing. It is been interpreted that the universe from vacuum solutions replicate the dark energy dominated final stages of the universe , which leads to cyclic cosmology.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[197] viXra:1901.0221 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-15 16:43:30

Small Corrections to the Critical Density Calculation in MHCE8S Theory Produce Full Agreement With Planck Collaboration Data

Authors: George R. Briggs
Comments: 2 Pages.

Abstract: An increase of 10 million years for the very hot period of the universe and increasing the universe's radius to be exactly c/ fine-structure constant alpha produce full 3-digit agreement with Planck Collaboration critical density data.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[196] viXra:1901.0219 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-15 23:45:06

Our Universe and Chaotic Determinism.

Authors: Durgadas Datta.
Comments: 5 Pages. For further research and experiments to understand a New Physics beyond Standard Model.

The concept of absolute space and time from Newtonian outlook and the effects of relativistic dilated concepts in Quantum Physics .
Category: Classical Physics

[195] viXra:1901.0218 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-15 07:01:36

Thermal Relativity, Corrections to Black-Hole Entropy, Born's Reciprocal Relativity Theory and Quantum Gravity

Authors: Carlos Castro
Comments: 19 Pages. Canadian Journal of Physics

Starting with a brief description of Born's Reciprocal Relativity Theory (BRRT), based on a maximal proper-force, maximal speed of light, inertial and non-inertial observers, we derive the $exact$ Thermal Relativistic $corrections$ to the Schwarzschild, Reissner-Nordstrom, Kerr-Newman black hole entropies, and provide a detailed analysis of the many $novel$ applications and consequences to the physics of black holes, quantum gravity, minimal area, minimal mass, Yang-Mills mass gap, information paradox, arrow of time, dark matter, and dark energy. We finalize by outlining our proposal towards a Space-Time-Matter Unification program where matter can be converted into spacetime quanta, and vice versa.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[194] viXra:1901.0216 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-15 10:49:02

A Possible Variant of Herschelian Reflector

Authors: Domenico Oricchio
Comments: 1 Page.

I hypothesize a new Herschelian reflector using two parabola sections
Category: Classical Physics

[193] viXra:1901.0215 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-15 10:57:34

Evidence of Superconductivity Near Room Temperature

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 30 Pages.

Researchers at the George Washington University have taken a major step toward reaching one of the most sought-after goals in physics: room temperature superconductivity. [41] NUS physicists have developed a methodology to control the electromigration of oxygen atoms in the buried interfaces of complex oxide materials for constructing high mobility oxide heterostructures. [40] This electronic super fluidity is a quantum state of matter, so it behaves in a very exotic way that is different from classical physics, Comin says. [39] The Fermi-Hubbard model, which is believed to explain the basis for high-temperature superconductivity, is extremely simple to describe, and yet has so far proven impossible to solve, according to Zwierlein. [38]
Category: Quantum Physics

[192] viXra:1901.0214 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-15 11:06:48

Einstein – De Haas Effect

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 52 Pages.

More than 100 years ago, Albert Einstein and Wander Johannes de Haas discovered that when they used a magnetic field to flip the magnetic state of an iron bar dangling from a thread, the bar began to rotate. [36] Researchers at the Max Born Institute have now generated directed currents at terahertz (THz) frequencies, much higher than the clock rates of current electronics. [35] Researchers at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) have developed a simple yet accurate method for finding defects in the latest generation of silicon carbide transistors. [34]
Category: Quantum Physics

[191] viXra:1901.0213 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-15 11:20:23

Nanolithography of Crystals

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 57 Pages.

Optical properties of materials are based on their chemistry and the inherent subwavelength architecture, although the latter remains to be characterized in depth. [37] More than 100 years ago, Albert Einstein and Wander Johannes de Haas discovered that when they used a magnetic field to flip the magnetic state of an iron bar dangling from a thread, the bar began to rotate. [36] Researchers at the Max Born Institute have now generated directed currents at terahertz (THz) frequencies, much higher than the clock rates of current electronics. [35]
Category: Condensed Matter

[190] viXra:1901.0212 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-17 10:26:56

A Class of Non-autonomous and Nonlinear Singular Liénard Equations

Authors: Akim Boukola Yessoufou, Elémawussi Apédo Doutètien, Ayéna Vignon Régis Yehossou, Marc Delphin Monsia
Comments: 5 pages

A class of non-autonomous and nonlinear singular Liénard equation is developed by nonlocal transformation of the linear harmonic oscillator equation. It is shown that it includes some Kamke equations and a nonlinear equation of the general relativity as special cases.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[189] viXra:1901.0211 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-15 13:34:38

DNA Origami Antibody Effectiveness

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 40 Pages.

Scientists at Karolinska Institutet, Sweden, in collaboration with researchers at University of Oslo, Norway, have demonstrated the most accurate distance between densely packed antigens in order to get the strongest bond to antibodies in the immune system. [23] University of Arkansas physics researchers have developed a simple, cost-effective method to study the effects of chemicals on DNA which has potential to improve the development and testing of life-saving treatments. [22] Scientists at the University of Sheffield studying ancient DNA have created a tool allowing them to more accurately identify ancient Eurasian populations, which can be used to test an individual's similarity to ancient people who once roamed the earth. [21]
Category: Physics of Biology

[188] viXra:1901.0210 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-14 14:00:49

Accelerated Relativistic Electric Field Charge,parity,time Symmetry.

Authors: Bryn.s.Cat
Comments: 4 Pages. Charge,Parity,Time Symmetry

How special relativity can be reinterpreted with Charge,Parity,Time Symmetry.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[187] viXra:1901.0209 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-14 17:11:15

π Formula

Authors: Yuji Masuda
Comments: 1 Page.

This is π formula.
Category: General Mathematics

[186] viXra:1901.0208 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-14 18:10:54

Close-Coupling: Generating Function and Fokker-Planck for Coherent Multilevel Cascades (Quantum Walks)

Authors: Mark Syrkin
Comments: 12 Pages.

Close-coupling in quantum systems induces cascade transitions that are not captured by simple perturbation theories and hence more relevant and complex methods are needed. However, the analytic tractability of the latter is limited to just a few highly stylized models, e.g. equidistant infinite systems. Showing that properly adjusted key modeling parameters enable an extension of analytic solutions across more realistic cases (e.g. non-uniform level spacing and finite and asymmetric boundary conditions) arising in various experimental set-ups. Also demonstrating that the Fokker-Planck approach applied to probability amplitudes rather than to probabilities themselves – the latter being a traditional kinetics approach – produces coarse-grained amplitudes “smoothed” over the fine structure of an exact solution and driven by lower order terms in the generating function. Models and results presented here naturally overlap with algorithms of Quantum Walks related to quantum computing studies.
Category: Quantum Physics

[185] viXra:1901.0207 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-14 23:21:31

The Logic of the Success/failure System

Authors: Dong-Yih Bau
Comments: 9 Pages.

Understanding the universe is a treasured pursuit of humanity. The success/failure system hypothesis (success/failure system) reflects the mesoscopic structure of the universe, just as quantum mechanics formalizes the microcosmos, and general relativity, the macrocosmos. Herein, we depict the logical analysis of the success/failure system using Einstein’s principle theory and apply Russell’s analytic philosophy to examine the logical structure of the universe critically. This paper has two goals. First, it aims to show that humanity is able to analyse the cosmos to reveal rationality or intelligence manifested in the universe, as demonstrated by the success/failure system. Second, it emphasizes that the success/failure system may need to be incorporated into our understanding of the cosmos or a final theory of our universe, which would become the triad of quantum mechanics, general relativity and success/failure system.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[184] viXra:1901.0206 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-15 00:12:12

Interatomic Light Rectifier

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 49 Pages.

Researchers at the Max Born Institute have now generated directed currents at terahertz (THz) frequencies, much higher than the clock rates of current electronics. [35] Researchers at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) have developed a simple yet accurate method for finding defects in the latest generation of silicon carbide transistors. [34] In 2017, University of Utah physicist Valy Vardeny called perovskite a "miracle material" for an emerging field of next-generation electronics, called spintronics, and he's standing by that assertion. [33] Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology proposed new quasi-1-D materials for potential spintronic applications, an upcoming technology that exploits the spin of electrons. [32] They do this by using "excitons," electrically neutral quasiparticles that exist in insulators, semiconductors and in some liquids. [31]
Category: Quantum Physics

[183] viXra:1901.0205 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-15 00:38:59

AI Help Retailers Understand Consumer

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 59 Pages.

Our team at IBM Research – India collaborated with the IBM MetroPulse team to bring such first-of-a-kind, AI-driven capabilities to MetroPulse, an industry platform that brings together voluminous market, external and client datasets. [31] For people with hearing loss, it can very difficult to understand and separate voices in noisy environments. This problem may soon be history thanks to a new groundbreaking algorithm that is designed to recognise and separate voices efficiently in unknown sound environments. [30]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[182] viXra:1901.0204 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-15 00:56:18

Supermassive Black Holes are Fed

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 45 Pages.

A new Tel Aviv University-led study published today in Nature Astronomy finds that some supermassive black holes are triggered to grow, suddenly devouring a large amount of gas in their surroundings. [28] Needless to say, we do not have the capability of performing real experiments in or near black holes yet, so scientists resort to theory and simulations to develop an understanding, by making predictions and new discoveries. [27] Our first glimpses into the physics that exist near the center of a black hole are being made possible using "loop quantum gravity"—a theory that uses quantum mechanics to extend gravitational physics beyond Einstein's theory of general relativity. [26]
Category: Astrophysics

[181] viXra:1901.0203 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-15 01:25:45

Organic Electronics

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 51 Pages.

Researchers from Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden, have discovered a simple new tweak that could double the efficiency of organic electronics. [36] Researchers at the Max Born Institute have now generated directed currents at terahertz (THz) frequencies, much higher than the clock rates of current electronics. [35] Researchers at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) have developed a simple yet accurate method for finding defects in the latest generation of silicon carbide transistors. [34] In 2017, University of Utah physicist Valy Vardeny called perovskite a "miracle material" for an emerging field of next-generation electronics, called spintronics, and he's standing by that assertion. [33]
Category: Physics of Biology

[180] viXra:1901.0202 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-15 01:44:30

Chaos of Black Holes

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 47 Pages.

During the formation of a black hole, a bright burst of very energetic light in the form of gamma rays is produced, these events are called gamma ray bursts. [29] A new Tel Aviv University-led study published today in Nature Astronomy finds that some supermassive black holes are triggered to grow, suddenly devouring a large amount of gas in their surroundings. [28] Needless to say, we do not have the capability of performing real experiments in or near black holes yet, so scientists resort to theory and simulations to develop an understanding, by making predictions and new discoveries. [27]
Category: Astrophysics

[179] viXra:1901.0201 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-15 04:07:42

New Quantum Gravity Theory and Rotation Curve of Galaxies

Authors: Ravindra Sidramappa Mundase
Comments: 8 Pages.

The rotation curve of galaxy is a graph of the rotational velocity of stars, gas and other bodies orbiting around the center of galaxy and their radial distance from the centre of galaxy. The orbital speeds of stars, gas and other bodies contained in the galaxy do not obey the rules found in the other orbital systems. Stars are orbiting around their galaxy's centre at equal or increasing speed over a large range of distances. In contrast, the orbital velocities of planets in solar system and moons orbiting around the planets decrease with distance. The galaxy rotation problem is the discrepancy between observed galaxy rotation curve and theoretical prediction based on the observed luminous or baryonic material or bodies. When mass profiles of galaxies are calculated from the distribution of stars and mass- to- light ratios in stellar disk, they do not match with the masses derived from the observed rotation curve and law of gravity. None of the existing theories including Newtonian gravity and general relativity can explain the Galaxy rotation curve correctly. The rotation curve of galaxies will be explained by using new quantum gravity developed by me.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[178] viXra:1901.0200 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-14 05:57:21

Electromagnetic Wave Functions of CMB and Schwarzschild Spacetime

Authors: Sangwha Yi
Comments: 5 Pages.

In the general relativity theory, we find electro-magnetic wave functions of Cosmic Microwave Background and Schwarzschild space-time. Specially, this article is that electromagnetic wave equations are treated by gauge fixing equations in RobertsonWalker space-time and Schwarzschild space-time.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[177] viXra:1901.0199 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-14 06:48:17

Chemical Effects on DNA

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 38 Pages.

University of Arkansas physics researchers have developed a simple, cost-effective method to study the effects of chemicals on DNA which has potential to improve the development and testing of life-saving treatments. [22] Scientists at the University of Sheffield studying ancient DNA have created a tool allowing them to more accurately identify ancient Eurasian populations, which can be used to test an individual's similarity to ancient people who once roamed the earth. [21] In new research, Hao Yan of Arizona State University and his colleagues describe an innovative DNA walker, capable of rapidly traversing a prepared track. [20] Just like any long polymer chain, DNA tends to form knots. Using technology that allows them to stretch DNA molecules and image the behavior of these knots, MIT researchers have discovered, for the first time, the factors that determine whether a knot moves along the strand or "jams" in place. [19]
Category: Biochemistry

[176] viXra:1901.0198 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-14 07:12:50

Formation of Planets and Stars

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 70 Pages.

Down a hallway in the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL), scientists study the workings of a machine in a room stuffed with wires and metal components. [39] Active galactic nuclei (AGN) are among the most dramatic and interesting phenomena in extragalactic astronomy. [38] A new study conducted by a team of astronomers from Poland and South Africa provides more insights into the nature of Hen 3-160, a symbiotic binary system in the southern Milky Way. [37]
Category: Astrophysics

[175] viXra:1901.0197 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-14 07:51:33

New Ways to Twist and Shift Light

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 50 Pages.

The results from the National Physical Laboratory's (NPL) latest research in photonics could open doors to new quantum technologies and telecoms systems. [36] Researchers of the Institute of Photonic Integration of the Eindhoven University of Technology (TU/e) have developed a 'hybrid technology' which shows the advantages of both light and magnetic hard drives. [35] Researchers at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) have developed a simple yet accurate method for finding defects in the latest generation of silicon carbide transistors. [34]
Category: Quantum Physics

[174] viXra:1901.0196 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-14 08:44:42

Mysterious Liquid Became All Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 82 Pages.

Quark-gluon plasma (QGP) is the name for this mysterious substance so called because it was made up of quarks—the fundamental particles—and gluons, which physicist Rosi J. Reed describes as "what quarks use to talk to each other." [44] Scientists from the Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, and their colleagues from the international ALICE collaboration recently collided xenon nuclei, in order to gain new insights into the properties of the Quark-Gluon Plasma (the QGP) – the matter that the universe consisted of up to a microsecond after the Big Bang. [43]
Category: Astrophysics

[173] viXra:1901.0195 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-14 11:16:25

A Closed 2-Form in Spinorial Geometry

Authors: Antoine Balan
Comments: 1 pages, written in english

We define a closed 2-form for any spinorial manifold. We deduce characteristic classes.
Category: Geometry

[172] viXra:1901.0194 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-14 11:22:18

Bar and Slave

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 5 Pages. -

The interrelation of couple of simple initial words is disclose
Category: Linguistics

[171] viXra:1901.0192 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-14 18:02:34

Refutation of Hexagons of Opposition for Statistical Modalities

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 3 Pages.

Abstract: We evaluate pragmatic hypotheses in the evolution of science as based on probabilistic squares and hexagons of opposition under coherence. Neither conjecture is tautologous, and hence both are refuted.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[170] viXra:1901.0190 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-13 20:27:25

An Even Number Greater Than 2 Equals the Sum of Two Prime Numbers.

Authors: 1
Comments: 16 Pages.

On the contrary, if the natural number 2N is not equal to the prime number, On the contrary, prime numbers can only appear in odd numbers.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[169] viXra:1901.0189 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-13 20:53:49

Principle of Relativity

Authors: Vu Tuan Hiep
Comments: 16 Pages.

Here are some of my thoughts about some mistakes in Principle of relativity.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[168] viXra:1901.0187 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-14 03:49:42

DNA Trace Ancient Ancestry

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 37 Pages.

Scientists at the University of Sheffield studying ancient DNA have created a tool allowing them to more accurately identify ancient Eurasian populations, which can be used to test an individual's similarity to ancient people who once roamed the earth. [12] In new research, Hao Yan of Arizona State University and his colleagues describe an innovative DNA walker, capable of rapidly traversing a prepared track. [20] Just like any long polymer chain, DNA tends to form knots. Using technology that allows them to stretch DNA molecules and image the behavior of these knots, MIT researchers have discovered, for the first time, the factors that determine whether a knot moves along the strand or "jams" in place. [19]
Category: Physics of Biology

[167] viXra:1901.0186 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-14 03:57:54

Aliens and the Human Race

Authors: Salvatore Gerard Micheal
Comments: 2 Pages.

we're all alone here on Earth; get used to it
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[166] viXra:1901.0185 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-14 04:02:20

Deviation of a Ray of Light in a Gravitational Field.

Authors: Kirov
Comments: 7 Pages.

Fixed Zoldner calculation for deflection of a ray of light in a gravitational field. The result corresponds to the observed. Given a short method of calculation.
Category: Astrophysics

[165] viXra:1901.0184 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-14 04:36:17

Einstein's Theory of Gravity is Incorrect

Authors: Peter V. Raktoe
Comments: 2 Pages.

It's obvious that Einstein's theory of gravity is unrealistic, but physicists fool themselves that it's realistic.
Category: Quantum Physics

[164] viXra:1901.0183 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-13 06:57:30

Internet of Things Devices Security

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 98 Pages.

As Americans increasingly buy and install smart devices in their homes, all those cheap interconnected devices create new security problems for individuals and society as a whole. [55] An international team of researchers led by ANU is helping to build a safe data superhighway for the highly anticipated quantum internet, which promises a new era of artificial intelligence and ultra-secure communication. [54] For the first time, researchers have succeeded in producing what are known as spin wave overtones. The technology paves the way for increasing the data transmission rate of wireless communication. [53] "This research highlights the cutting-edge research being done at WVU, and we are very excited to see their work appear in the very high-profile journal Nature Communications." [52]
Category: Digital Signal Processing

[163] viXra:1901.0182 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-13 08:14:09

Intentionally Squashed Quantum Dots

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 40 Pages.

Intentionally "squashing" colloidal quantum dots during chemical synthesis creates dots capable of stable, "blink-free" light emission that is fully comparable with the light produced by dots made with more complex processes. [29] Researchers successfully integrated the systems—donor atoms and quantum dots. [28] A team of researchers including U of A engineering and physics faculty has developed a new method of detecting single photons, or light particles, using quantum dots. [27]
Category: Quantum Physics

[162] viXra:1901.0181 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-14 13:42:22

The Origin of Jarlskog Invariant and Applications

Authors: Sylwester Kornowski
Comments: 7 Pages.

The different size scales in Nature and CP violation lead to very simple our pre-Cosmos with left-handed polarization which has transformed into the left-handed internal helicity of the baryons - it solves the matter-antimatter asymmetry. The simplest grainy surface that can have internal helicity is the torus/charge/spin (or loop) with toroidal and poloidal speeds. Here we showed that the ratio of such speeds leads to both the Jarlskog invariant and a spilled half-jet in grainy spacetime (i.e. to an additional arrow of time) which is responsible for CP violation. The Jarlskog invariant allows you to calculate the lifetimes of the neutron and weakly decaying hyperons.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[161] viXra:1901.0180 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-13 09:26:42

Holographic Color Printing

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 62 Pages.

Researchers from the Singapore University of Technology and Design (SUTD) have invented a new type of anti-counterfeiting technology called holographic colour prints for securing important documents such as identity cards, passports and banknotes. [36] Holography is a powerful tool that can reconstruct wavefronts of light and combine the fundamental wave properties of amplitude, phase, polarization, wave vector and frequency. [35] Physicist Artem Rudenko from Kansas State University and his colleagues pondered how to improve the images of viruses and microparticles that scientists get from X-rays. [34] A team of materials scientists from Penn State, Cornell and Argonne National Laboratory have, for the first time, visualized the 3-D atomic and electron density structure of the most complex perovskite crystal structure system decoded to date. [33] Hydrogen-powered electronics, travel, and more may be a step closer thanks to the work of a collaborative team of scientists in Japan. [32]
Category: Digital Signal Processing

[160] viXra:1901.0179 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-12 16:16:53

Dirac's Equation (And the Alleged Fourth Dimension)

Authors: Leonardo Rubino
Comments: 5 Pages.

This is a proof that the d’Alembert’s Wave Equation, that of Schrodinger, of Klein-Gordon and of Dirac are all related one another and show the oscillation of the universe. Moreover, the Klein-Gordon’s Equation gives us a three dimensional interpretation of either all relativistic fourth components or the rest energy.
Category: Quantum Physics

[159] viXra:1901.0178 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-12 17:30:02

Refutation of Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (Rebt) and Logic-Based Therapy (LBT)

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only at: info@ersatz-systems dot com. See website ersatz-systems.com . (We instruct troll Mikko at Disqus to read the article four times before hormonal typing.)

We evaluate seven definitions of rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT) using the implication operator. None is tautologous. Logic-based therapy (LBT), as based on REBT, is similarly refuted.
Category: Mind Science

[158] viXra:1901.0177 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-12 23:06:16

Q*cert – CoqTheoremProver[CTP]/OCaml as Bio-informatics Platform in the Context of Understanding Protein Folding Mechanisms

Authors: D.N.T.Kumar
Comments: 3 Pages. Short Technical Notes

Q*cert – CoqTheoremProver[CTP]/OCaml as Bio-informatics Platform in the Context of Understanding Protein Folding Mechanisms Based on General Purpose Libraries – A Simple Interesting Insight Into the Promising, Challenging & Interesting World of Protein Engineering and Applications.
Category: Data Structures and Algorithms

[157] viXra:1901.0176 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-15 11:54:06

What is the Magnetic Moment of Electron Spin?

Authors: Michael Tzoumpas
Comments: 6 Pages.

According to the unified theory of dynamic space the inductive-inertial phenomenon has been developed, forming the grouping units (namely electric charges or forms of the electric field). Moreover, with the surface electric charges of the electron cortex its inverse electric fields are formed. By the above phenomena the actual theoretical value of the magnetic dipole moment of electron spin is proved as equal to the experimental measurement.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[156] viXra:1901.0175 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-12 05:47:25

Storm and Assault

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 2 Pages. -

Probable etymology from Russian positions
Category: Linguistics

[155] viXra:1901.0174 [pdf] replaced on 2019-02-07 06:51:04

Dark Objects

Authors: J.A.J. van Leunen
Comments: 8 Pages. The document is part of the Hilbert Book Model Project

Dark objects are field excitations that are caused by point-shaped actuators. The carrier field reacts with shock fronts. The effect of these excitations is so tiny that in isolation these phenomena cannot be observed.
Category: Quantum Physics

[154] viXra:1901.0173 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-12 08:42:58

Syndromes Data Mining

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 43 Pages.

With every news story, the concepts of data mining healthcare information move higher still up the research and policy agenda in this area. [26] The analysis of sensor data of machines, plants or buildings makes it possible to detect anomalous states early and thus to avoid further damage. [25] Physicists in the US have used machine learning to determine the phase diagram of a system of 12 idealized quantum particles to a higher precision than ever before. [24] The research group took advantage of a system at SLAC's Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource (SSRL) that combines machine learning—a form of artificial intelligence where computer algorithms glean knowledge from enormous amounts of data—with experiments that quickly make and screen hundreds of sample materials at a time. [23] Researchers at the UCLA Samueli School of Engineering have demonstrated that deep learning, a powerful form of artificial intelligence, can discern and enhance microscopic details in photos taken by smartphones. [22]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[153] viXra:1901.0172 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-12 09:17:53

Quantum Computer Like a Brain

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 47 Pages.

The human brain has amazing capabilities making it in many ways more powerful than the world's most advanced computers. [34] In 2017, University of Utah physicist Valy Vardeny called perovskite a "miracle material" for an emerging field of next-generation electronics, called spintronics, and he's standing by that assertion. [33] Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology proposed new quasi-1-D materials for potential spintronic applications, an upcoming technology that exploits the spin of electrons. [32] They do this by using "excitons," electrically neutral quasiparticles that exist in insulators, semiconductors and in some liquids. [31] Researchers at ETH Zurich have now developed a method that makes it possible to couple such a spin qubit strongly to microwave photons. [30]
Category: Quantum Physics

[152] viXra:1901.0171 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-12 11:14:27

Einstein's Clock

Authors: Walter Orlov
Comments: 3 Pages.

The flexibility of time in the theory of relativity is achieved by unnatural behavior of the clock. Einstein assumes the existence of such a clock, which indicates more time than would have passed according to its speed. In nature there is no such clock. Therefore his assumptions should be reconsidered anew.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[151] viXra:1901.0170 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-19 04:36:08

Index of Unfairness

Authors: Ilija Barukčić
Comments: Comments: 70 pages. Copyright © 2019 by Ilija Barukčić, Jever, Germany. All rights reserved. Published by

Objective: Objective scientific knowledge for many authors more valuable than true subjective belief is determined by research on primary data but a renewed analysis of already recorded or published data is common too. Ever since, an appropriate experimental or study design is an important and often a seriously underappreciated aspect of the informativeness and the scientific value of any (medical) study. The significance of study design for the reliability of the conclusions drawn and the ability to generalize the results from the sample investigated for the whole population cannot be underestimated. In contrast to an inappropriate statistical evaluation of a medical study, it is difficult to correct errors in study design after the study has been completed. Various mathematical aspects of study design are discussed in this article. Methods: In assessing the significance of a fair study design of a medical study, important measures of publication bias are introduced. Methods of data or publication bias analysis in different types of studies are illustrated through examples with fictive data. Formal mathematical requirements of a fair study design which can and should be fulfilled carefully with regard to the planning or evaluation of medical research are developed. Results. Various especially mathematical aspects of a fair study design are discussed in this article in detail. Depending on the particular question being asked, mathematical methods are developed which allow us to recognize data which are self-contradictory and to exclude these data from systematic literature reviews and meta-analyses. As a result, different individual studies can be summed up and evaluated with a higher degree of certainty. Conclusions This article is intended to give the reader guidance in evaluating the design of studies in medical research even ex post which should enable the reader to categorize medical studies better and to assess their scientific quality more accurately. Keywords: study design, quality, study, study type, measuring technique, publication bias
Category: Statistics

[150] viXra:1901.0167 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-12 13:08:35

Topological Skyrme Model with Wess-Zumino Anomaly Term Has Colour Dependence in Quark Charges and Indicates Incompleteness of the Pure Skyrme Model

Authors: Syed Afsar Abbas
Comments: 10 Pages.

The topological Skyrme has been actively studied in recent times (e.g. see Manton and Sutcliffe, Topological Solitons, Cam U Press, 2004) to understand the structure of the nucleons and the nucleus. Here through a consistent study of the electric charge, it is shown that just the Skyrme lagrangian by itself, gives charges as, Qp = 1/2 and Qn = − 1/2 ; shockingly missing their empirical values. This devastating problem is rectified, only by includig an extra term (not available at Skyrme’s time), arising from the Wess-Zumino anomaly. One then obtains Qu = 2/3 and Qd = − 1/3 , and thus giving the correct charges of the nucleon. It is also shown here (for the first time), that the combined Skyrme-Wess- Zumino lagrangian predicts, colour-number dependence of the electric charges as: Q(u) = 1/2(1 + 1/Nc ); Q(d) = 1/2(−1 + 1/Nc) for arbitrary colour-number of the QCD group SU(Nc). This gives 2/3 and -1/3 charges for Nc=3. Thus it is not good enough to just have the value of charges as 2/3 and -1/3. We show that it is important to have a proper colour dependence existing within the guts of the quark charges. Though the quarks have colour built into its guts, composite protons and neutrons built up of odd-number-of-colours of quarks, turn out to be colour-free with fixed values of 1 and 0 charges, respectively (and which is good for self-consistency of QCD+QED); while the proton and neutron built up of static (colour-independent) charges 2/3 and -1/3, develop explicit colour dependence (and which is disatrous for these models).
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[149] viXra:1901.0166 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-11 13:55:00

Automated Brain Disorders Diagnosis Through Deep Neural Networks

Authors: Gabriel A. Maggiotti
Comments: 8 Pages.

In most cases, the diagnosis of brain disorders such as epilepsy is slow and requires endless visits to doctors and EEG technicians. This project aims to automate brain disorder diagnosis by using Artificial In- telligence and deep learning. Brain could have many disorders that can be detected by reading an Electroencephalography. Using an EEG device and collecting the electrical signals directly from the brain with a non- invasive procedure gives significant information about its health. Classi- fying and detecting anomalies on these signals is what currently doctors do when reading an Electroencephalography. With the right amount of data and the use of Artificial Intelligence, it could be possible to learn and classify these signals into groups like (i.e: anxiety, epilepsy spikes, etc). Then, a trained Neural Network to interpret those signals and identify evidence of a disorder to finally automate the detection and classification of those disorders found.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[148] viXra:1901.0164 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-11 16:38:57

Technische Anwendungen Zur Umwandlung Der Rotationsenergie Der Erde in Elektrische Energie in Theorie Und Praxis Teil 11

Authors: Robert Stach
Comments: 22 Pages.

Aufgezeigt werden Möglichkeiten zur Umwandlung der Rotationsenergie der Erde in elektrische Energie. Neben einem geschichtlichen Exkurs erfolgt die detaillierte Beschreibung der Anlagen. Es erfolgen Berechnungen zur Winkelgeschwindigkeit und Leistung der Präzessionsbewegung sowohl für Kreisel mit fortlaufend horizontal kippender Achse, als auch für Kreisel mit einer fortlaufend horizontalen Achsverschiebung. Erklärt wird auch die resultierende Bewegungsänderung eines Kreisels bei nur einem wirkenden Impuls.
Category: Astrophysics

[147] viXra:1901.0163 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-11 17:06:30

Vacuum Energy Theory

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 37 Pages.

Vacuum Energy Theory Basics: -Vacuum stores Energy (Space is Energy) -Vacuum stores Energy with different capacities (Space has different densities of Energy). -Vacuum with higher storing Capacity (Space with higher density of Energy) goes to upper location vertically relating to other Space Layers (as shown in the figure). -The solar group has 9 Space layers (Mercury Level is the highest Layer vertically) -Each Space Layer has different density of Energy (different Capacity) -Each Space layer stores Energy….from this Energy the planet matter is created and the layer rest Energy is used as potential energy which will transferred into Kinetic Energy to be used for this planet motion. -The relativistic effects (specifically Lorentz length contraction) leads to increase the Vacuum storing capacity of Energy (i.e. increase the Space density of Energy) -The Previous description explains why the solar group motions trajectory is in a pyramid form. -The solar group original Energy is provided by the Earth
Category: Astrophysics

[146] viXra:1901.0162 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-11 17:27:46

Archimedean Incircle of a Triangle

Authors: Hiroshi Okumura
Comments: 3 Pages.

We generalize several Archimedean circles, which are the incircles of special triangles.
Category: Geometry

[145] viXra:1901.0161 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-11 18:08:02

Reflection of Light From Moving Mirror

Authors: Eric Su
Comments: 3 Pages. All comments are welcome. Please include your email address and a short list of your publications.

The application of reflection symmetry to two inertial reference frames shows that the elapsed time is conserved in all inertial reference frames. The conservation of the elapsed time indicates that the reflection of light between a pair of stationary mirrors should take the same elapsed time in all inertial reference frames. In one reference frame, both mirrors are stationary. In other reference frames, both mirrors are moving. The distance traveled by the light between the moving mirrors depends on the direction. The conservation law shows that the light travels at a different speed upon reflection by a moving mirror.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[144] viXra:1901.0160 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-11 23:49:00

Entropy Model for Dark Matter with Hidden Sector

Authors: Jebin larosh
Comments: 2 Pages.

This theoretical framework shows an entropy model of FRW universe and describes the behaviour of Lambda-CDM. The possibility that the Dark photon in a hidden sector is a Maxwell demon.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[143] viXra:1901.0159 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-12 01:18:15

Exploration Geophysics at Home: Search for Minerals.

Authors: Giuliano Bettini
Comments: 12 Pages.

Exploration geophysics is an applied branch of geophysics, which uses physical methods, such as seismic, gravitational, magnetic, electromagnetic etc, to measure the physical properties of the subsurface. It is most often used to detect or infer the presence and position of economically useful geological deposits, such as ore minerals. The paper shows the results of a mineral search at a feldspar mine with contact rocks wich are rich in peculiar minerals. Nickel and silver mineral were analyzed in this locality, some of them yet unidentified.
Category: Geophysics

[142] viXra:1901.0158 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-12 02:43:07

Heterostructure Interface Superconductors

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 33 Pages.

NUS physicists have developed a methodology to control the electromigration of oxygen atoms in the buried interfaces of complex oxide materials for constructing high mobility oxide heterostructures. [40] This electronic super fluidity is a quantum state of matter, so it behaves in a very exotic way that is different from classical physics, Comin says. [39] The Fermi-Hubbard model, which is believed to explain the basis for high-temperature superconductivity, is extremely simple to describe, and yet has so far proven impossible to solve, according to Zwierlein. [38]
Category: Quantum Physics

[141] viXra:1901.0157 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-12 04:53:17

Using Topology to Understand Protein Folding Mechanisms – An Approximate and Simple Suggestion in the Context of HOL/Scala/Java/JikesRVM/JVM.

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 3 Pages. Short Communication & Technical Notes

Using Topology to Understand Protein Folding Mechanisms – An Approximate and Simple Suggestion in the Context of HOL/Scala/Java/JikesRVM/JVM. [HOL – Higher Order Logic]
Category: Data Structures and Algorithms

[140] viXra:1901.0156 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-11 06:19:52

¿What is a Strange Attractor?

Authors: Edgar Valdebenito
Comments: 4 Pages.

This note presents a Strange Attractor
Category: Mathematical Physics

[139] viXra:1901.0155 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-11 06:22:54

Elements 5 : Three Trigonometric Identities

Authors: Edgar Valdebenito
Comments: 1 Page.

This note presents three trigonometric identities.
Category: Number Theory

[138] viXra:1901.0154 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-11 06:25:44

Una Integral Elemental

Authors: Edgar Valdebenito
Comments: 1 Page.

Esta nota muestra una integral elemental.
Category: General Mathematics

[137] viXra:1901.0153 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-11 06:28:59

Fractales Y Fórmulas

Authors: Edgar Valdebenito
Comments: 69 Pages.

Esta nota muestra una colección de fractales.
Category: General Mathematics

[136] viXra:1901.0152 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-11 06:31:41

Fractales : La Geometría del Caos

Authors: Edgar Valdebenito
Comments: 63 Pages.

Esta nota muestra una colección de fractales.
Category: Geometry

[135] viXra:1901.0151 [pdf] replaced on 2019-02-07 04:46:10

Algebraic Invariants of Gravity

Authors: Hans Detlef Hüttenbach
Comments: 9 Pages.

Newton's mechanics is simple. His equivalence principle is simple, as is the inverse square law of gravitational force. A simple theory should have simple solutions to simple models. A system of n particles, given their initial speed and positions along with their masses, is such a simple model. Yet, solving for n>2 is not simple. This paper discusses, why that is a difficult problem and what could be done to get around that problem.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[134] viXra:1901.0150 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-11 08:39:42

Bioenergy Production Using Electrons

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 50 Pages.

Using neutron scattering at ORNL, Ossler and Finney are investigating how biomasses degrade as they are exposed to extreme temperatures. [29] Light intentionally controlled in time, space and spectral content can reward not just human optics with better lighting but also can help regulate human health and productivity by eliciting various hormonal responses. [28] Scientists led by Johan Auwerx's lab at EPFL, have taken a different route, and studied the link between aging and RNA-binding proteins (RBPs), which bind mRNA molecules and regulate their fate after gene transcription. [27]
Category: Physics of Biology

[133] viXra:1901.0149 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-11 09:49:04

The Friedmann-Lemaitre-Robertson-Walker Metric with a Constant Curvature Scalar

Authors: William O. Straub
Comments: 5 Pages.

The FLRW metric is derived for a constant curvature scalar, showing that pressure and density obey two distinct equations of state.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[132] viXra:1901.0148 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-11 09:53:29

Feynman Diagrams of the QED Vacuum Polarization

Authors: Richard J. Mathar
Comments: 59 Pages.

The Feynman diagrams of Quantum Electrodynamics are assembled from vertices where three edges meet: an incoming fermion, an outgoing fermion and an interaction line. If all vertices are of degree 3, the graphs are 3-regular (cubic), defining the vacuum polarization diagrams. Cutting an edge -- a fermion line or an interaction line -- generates fairly cubic graphs where two vertices have degree 1. These emerge in the perturbation theory for the Green's function (self energy) and for the effective interaction (polarization). The manuscript plots these graphs for up to 8 internal vertices.
Category: Quantum Physics

[131] viXra:1901.0147 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-11 11:18:03

Spintronics Miracle Material

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 46 Pages.

In 2017, University of Utah physicist Valy Vardeny called perovskite a "miracle material" for an emerging field of next-generation electronics, called spintronics, and he's standing by that assertion. [33] Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology proposed new quasi-1-D materials for potential spintronic applications, an upcoming technology that exploits the spin of electrons. [32] They do this by using "excitons," electrically neutral quasiparticles that exist in insulators, semiconductors and in some liquids. [31]
Category: Quantum Physics

[130] viXra:1901.0146 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-11 11:56:27

Saving Energy Inside Transistors

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 47 Pages.

Researchers at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) have developed a simple yet accurate method for finding defects in the latest generation of silicon carbide transistors. [34] In 2017, University of Utah physicist Valy Vardeny called perovskite a "miracle material" for an emerging field of next-generation electronics, called spintronics, and he's standing by that assertion. [33] Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology proposed new quasi-1-D materials for potential spintronic applications, an upcoming technology that exploits the spin of electrons. [32] They do this by using "excitons," electrically neutral quasiparticles that exist in insulators, semiconductors and in some liquids. [31]
Category: Quantum Physics

[129] viXra:1901.0145 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-11 13:01:38

Photonic Memory Devices

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 49 Pages.

Researchers of the Institute of Photonic Integration of the Eindhoven University of Technology (TU/e) have developed a 'hybrid technology' which shows the advantages of both light and magnetic hard drives. [35] Researchers at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) have developed a simple yet accurate method for finding defects in the latest generation of silicon carbide transistors. [34] In 2017, University of Utah physicist Valy Vardeny called perovskite a "miracle material" for an emerging field of next-generation electronics, called spintronics, and he's standing by that assertion. [33]
Category: Digital Signal Processing

[128] viXra:1901.0144 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-10 07:48:14

Overtones Faster Data Communication

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 93 Pages.

For the first time, researchers have succeeded in producing what are known as spin wave overtones. The technology paves the way for increasing the data transmission rate of wireless communication. [53] "This research highlights the cutting-edge research being done at WVU, and we are very excited to see their work appear in the very high-profile journal Nature Communications." [52] By constructing a hybrid device made from two different types of qubit—the fundamental computing element of quantum computers—they have created a device that can be quickly initialized and read out, and that simultaneously maintains high control fidelity. [51] Researchers have demonstrated that an amoeba—a single-celled organism consisting mostly of gelatinous protoplasm—has unique computing abilities that may one day offer a competitive alternative to the methods used by conventional computers. [50] For the first time, researchers have used tiny gears made of germanium to generate a vortex of twisted light that turns around its axis of travel much like a corkscrew. [49] Physical systems with discrete energy levels are ubiquitous in nature and form fundamental building blocks of quantum technology. [48]
Category: Digital Signal Processing

[127] viXra:1901.0143 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-11 06:43:36

A Rough Calculation Relating the Extremely Small Cosmological Constant to the Extremely Large QFT Vacuum Energy Density

Authors: Remi Cornwall
Comments: 3 Pages.

This enquiry follows the investigation into a propulsion system purportedly utilising the QED vacuum as reactive momenergy. The QFT vacuum is contentious because the “naïve” value for it is extraordinarily large, yet on the cosmic scale it is hardly present. This begs the question as to whether it is really real and further highlights the problem between General Relativity on very large scales, with Quantum Mechanics on very small scales. We find a mathematical procedure that: to the 1st order removes the “embarrassing” QFT vacuum constant from the Einstein tensor and then covers nearly all of the 120 orders of magnitude difference between the Cosmological Constant and Vacuum Energy by introducing it as an higher order correction in (G/c4)3. There is a proviso for further work, that the difference of a few orders we calculate, might be made up by considering fluctuations, running constants in the QFT vacuum, extra degrees of freedom/dimensions, Inflation or even non-constant G.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[126] viXra:1901.0142 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-10 08:52:27

Classification Des Formes Quadratiques

Authors: BOUCHOUAT El Mehdi
Comments: 23 Pages.

La théorie des formes quadratiques est très vaste et dans ce mémoire je n'en mentionne qu'une très petite partie. Dans la première section, j'introduis les formes quadratiques et leurs formes bilinéaires associées et je présente quelques résultats généraux. La deuxième section est consacrée à la classification des formes quadratiques sur $\mathbb{C}$, $\mathbb{R}$, et sur les corps finis $\mathbb{F}_{q}$, et dans la troisième section je me concentre sur l'une des applications de la classification des formes quadratiques : La loi de réciprocité quadratique.
Category: Algebra

[125] viXra:1901.0141 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-10 09:23:48

Bifore Big Bang

Authors: Ilgaitis Prūsis, Peteris Prūsis
Comments: 3 pages

The article discusses the circumstances before the Big Bang. Only a photon can exist in such conditions. This article discloses a variant how the Universe can emerge from “nothing”.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[124] viXra:1901.0140 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-10 09:42:56

Internet Data Superhighway

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 95 Pages.

An international team of researchers led by ANU is helping to build a safe data superhighway for the highly anticipated quantum internet, which promises a new era of artificial intelligence and ultra-secure communication. [54] For the first time, researchers have succeeded in producing what are known as spin wave overtones. The technology paves the way for increasing the data transmission rate of wireless communication. [53] "This research highlights the cutting-edge research being done at WVU, and we are very excited to see their work appear in the very high-profile journal Nature Communications." [52] By constructing a hybrid device made from two different types of qubit—the fundamental computing element of quantum computers—they have created a device that can be quickly initialized and read out, and that simultaneously maintains high control fidelity. [51] Researchers have demonstrated that an amoeba—a single-celled organism consisting mostly of gelatinous protoplasm—has unique computing abilities that may one day offer a competitive alternative to the methods used by conventional computers. [50]
Category: Digital Signal Processing

[123] viXra:1901.0139 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-10 10:14:52

RNA-Binding Fight Aging

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 48 Pages.

Scientists led by Johan Auwerx's lab at EPFL, have taken a different route, and studied the link between aging and RNA-binding proteins (RBPs), which bind mRNA molecules and regulate their fate after gene transcription. [27] DNA regions susceptible to breakage and loss are genetic hot spots for important evolutionary changes, according to a Stanford study. [26] For the English scientists involved, perhaps the most important fact is that their DNA read was about twice as long as the previous record, held by their Australian rivals. [25]
Category: Physics of Biology

[122] viXra:1901.0138 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-10 10:47:06

Machine Learning Anomalies

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 43 Pages.

The analysis of sensor data of machines, plants or buildings makes it possible to detect anomalous states early and thus to avoid further damage. [25] Physicists in the US have used machine learning to determine the phase diagram of a system of 12 idealized quantum particles to a higher precision than ever before. [24] The research group took advantage of a system at SLAC's Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource (SSRL) that combines machine learning—a form of artificial intelligence where computer algorithms glean knowledge from enormous amounts of data—with experiments that quickly make and screen hundreds of sample materials at a time. [23] Researchers at the UCLA Samueli School of Engineering have demonstrated that deep learning, a powerful form of artificial intelligence, can discern and enhance microscopic details in photos taken by smartphones. [22]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[121] viXra:1901.0137 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-10 11:11:29

Engineered Light Improve Health

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 48 Pages.

Light intentionally controlled in time, space and spectral content can reward not just human optics with better lighting but also can help regulate human health and productivity by eliciting various hormonal responses. [28] Scientists led by Johan Auwerx's lab at EPFL, have taken a different route, and studied the link between aging and RNA-binding proteins (RBPs), which bind mRNA molecules and regulate their fate after gene transcription. [27] DNA regions susceptible to breakage and loss are genetic hot spots for important evolutionary changes, according to a Stanford study. [26]
Category: Physics of Biology

[120] viXra:1901.0136 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-10 12:15:43

Asperger's Syndrome and Psychological Type

Authors: Robert G. Chester
Comments: 24 Pages. First published in the Journal of Psychological Type, Issue 12, Dec. 06. Republished here with permission.

Asperger’s Syndrome (AS) is a form of autism which, in many cases, seems indistinguishable from certain of the Jungian/Myers’Briggs personality types. This article explores the relationship between AS and psychological type. Anecdotes on both sides of the question illuminate a review of the literature on AS and type. Direct and often conflicting quotations clarify and contrast these differing views of personality.
Category: Social Science

[119] viXra:1901.0134 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-10 21:01:16

Next to Nothing - a Single Paradigm

Authors: Mark C Marson
Comments: 18 Pages.

To gain true understanding of a subject it can help to study its origins and how its theory and practice changed over the years – and the mathematical field of calculus is no exception. But calculus students who do read accounts of its history encounter something strange – the claim that the theory which underpinned the subject for long after its creation was wrong and that it was corrected several hundred years later, in spite of the fact that the original theory never produced erroneous results. I argue here that both this characterization of the original theory and this interpretation of the paradigm shift to its successor are false. Infinitesimals, used properly, were never unrigorous and the supposed rigor of limit theory does not imply greater correctness, but rather the (usually unnecessary) exposition of hidden deductive steps. Furthermore those steps can, if set out, constitute a proof that original infinitesimals work in accordance with limit theory – contrary to the common opinion that the two approaches represent irreconcilable philosophical positions. This proof, demonstrating that we can adopt a unified paradigm for calculus, is to my knowledge novel although its logic may have been employed in another context. I also claim that non-standard analysis (the most famous previous attempt at unification) only partially clarified the situation because the type of infinitesimals it uses are critically different from original infinitesimals.
Category: Functions and Analysis

[118] viXra:1901.0133 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-11 02:03:58

A Simple Understanding of Computational Complexity Theory & Spin Glass Theory & Ising Models Classification Based on Mathematical Concepts Using AI/ML/DL/Python Software.

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 5 Pages. Short Communication & Technical Notes

A Simple Understanding of Computational Complexity Theory & Spin Glass Theory & Ising Models Classification Based on Mathematical Concepts Using AI/ML/DL/Python Software.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[117] viXra:1901.0132 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-11 05:33:24

Refutation of a Modal Aleatoric Calculus for Probabilistic Reasoning: Extended Version

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only at: info@ersatz-systems dot com. See website ersatz-systems.com . (We instruct troll Mikko at Disqus to read the article four times before hormonal typing.)

We evaluate a modal aleatoric calculus for probabilistic reasoning using the assumption of probabilistic definitions as P(¬α) = 1−P(α). Five equations in Lemma 1 and its argument are tested. All equations are not tautologous, hence refuting the calculus.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[116] viXra:1901.0131 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-09 07:06:08

Information Processing Reimagining

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 91 Pages.

"This research highlights the cutting-edge research being done at WVU, and we are very excited to see their work appear in the very high-profile journal Nature Communications." [52] By constructing a hybrid device made from two different types of qubit-the fundamental computing element of quantum computers-they have created a device that can be quickly initialized and read out, and that simultaneously maintains high control fidelity. [51] Researchers have demonstrated that an amoeba-a single-celled organism consisting mostly of gelatinous protoplasm-has unique computing abilities that may one day offer a competitive alternative to the methods used by conventional computers. [50] For the first time, researchers have used tiny gears made of germanium to generate a vortex of twisted light that turns around its axis of travel much like a corkscrew. [49] Physical systems with discrete energy levels are ubiquitous in nature and form fundamental building blocks of quantum technology. [48] In a similar vein, scientists are working to create twisting helical electromagnetic waves whose curvature allows more accurate imaging of the magnetic properties of different materials at the atomic level and could possibly lead to the development of future devices. [47] In a recent study, materials scientists Guojin Liang and his coworkers at the Department of Materials Science and Engineering, City University of Hong Kong, have developed a self-healing, electroluminescent (EL) device that can repair or heal itself after damage. [46] A team of researchers based at The University of Manchester have found a low cost method for producing graphene printed electronics, which significantly speeds up and reduces the cost of conductive graphene inks. [45] Graphene-based computer components that can deal in terahertz "could be used, not in a normal Macintosh or PC, but perhaps in very advanced computers with high processing rates," Ozaki says. This 2-D material could also be used to make extremely high-speed nanodevices, he adds. [44]
Category: Digital Signal Processing

[115] viXra:1901.0130 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-09 07:49:28

3-D Photonic Topological Insulator

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 92 Pages.

Physicists have also devised photonic topological insulators, synthetic materials that impart light waves with distinct topological features, allowing light (rather than electric currents) to flow via topological surface states. [53] "This research highlights the cutting-edge research being done at WVU, and we are very excited to see their work appear in the very high-profile journal Nature Communications." [52] By constructing a hybrid device made from two different types of qubit—the fundamental computing element of quantum computers—they have created a device that can be quickly initialized and read out, and that simultaneously maintains high control fidelity. [51] Researchers have demonstrated that an amoeba—a single-celled organism consisting mostly of gelatinous protoplasm—has unique computing abilities that may one day offer a competitive alternative to the methods used by conventional computers. [50] For the first time, researchers have used tiny gears made of germanium to generate a vortex of twisted light that turns around its axis of travel much like a corkscrew. [49] Physical systems with discrete energy levels are ubiquitous in nature and form fundamental building blocks of quantum technology. [48]
Category: Quantum Physics

[114] viXra:1901.0129 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-09 08:52:52

Identifying Lower-Energy Neutrinos

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 53 Pages.

An experiment at the Department of Energy's Fermilab has made a significant advance in the detection of neutrinos that hide themselves at lower energies. [20] Although three types of neutrino are known, scientists are searching for a possible fourth—the sterile neutrino, whose existence has been teased but never clearly confirmed. [19] A pair of researchers with the Niels Bohr Institute in Denmark has come up with a possible explanation for the excess of electron neutrinos detected by researchers at the IceCube Neutrino Observatory. [18] The largest liquid-argon neutrino detector in the world has just recorded its first particle tracks, signaling the start of a new chapter in the story of the international Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment (DUNE). [17] While these experiments seem miniature in comparison to others, they could reveal answers about neutrinos that have been hiding from physicists for decades. [16] In a paper published today in the European Physical Journal C, the ATLAS Collaboration reports the first high-precision measurement at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) of the mass of the W boson. [15]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[113] viXra:1901.0128 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-09 09:14:26

The Modified Clifford Algebra

Authors: Antoine Balan
Comments: 1 page, written in english

We propose here a modification of the Clifford algebra with relations using three vectors instead of two.
Category: Algebra

[112] viXra:1901.0127 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-09 09:26:11

Black Holes for Hyperspace Travel

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

Needless to say, we do not have the capability of performing real experiments in or near black holes yet, so scientists resort to theory and simulations to develop an understanding, by making predictions and new discoveries. [27] Our first glimpses into the physics that exist near the center of a black hole are being made possible using "loop quantum gravity"—a theory that uses quantum mechanics to extend gravitational physics beyond Einstein's theory of general relativity. [26] In the shadowy regions of black holes two fundamental theories describing our world collide. Can these problems be resolved and do black holes really exist? First, we may have to see one and scientists are trying to do just this. [25] The authors suggest that this virtual reality simulation could be useful for studying black holes. [24] Every galaxy is thought to harbor a supermassive black hole in the center, or nucleus, of the galaxy, and in active galaxies this black hole is fed by infalling matter. [23] A new study by researchers at the University of Colorado Boulder finds that violent crashes may be more effective at activating black holes than more peaceful mergers. [22]
Category: Astrophysics

[111] viXra:1901.0126 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-09 09:48:56

Wireless Smartphone Charges

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 89 Pages.

Researchers from the University of Tokyo developed a new system to charge electronic devices such as smartphones and smartwatches wirelessly. [51] The ultrathin digital camera offers a wide field of view and high resolution in a slimmer body compared to existing imaging systems. [50] The special feature of the Kiel system is its extremely high temporal resolution of 13 femtoseconds. [49] Physical systems with discrete energy levels are ubiquitous in nature and form fundamental building blocks of quantum technology. [48] In a similar vein, scientists are working to create twisting helical electromagnetic waves whose curvature allows more accurate imaging of the magnetic properties of different materials at the atomic level and could possibly lead to the development of future devices. [47] In a recent study, materials scientists Guojin Liang and his coworkers at the Department of Materials Science and Engineering, City University of Hong Kong, have developed a self-healing, electroluminescent (EL) device that can repair or heal itself after damage. [46] A team of researchers based at The University of Manchester have found a low cost method for producing graphene printed electronics, which significantly speeds up and reduces the cost of conductive graphene inks. [45] Graphene-based computer components that can deal in terahertz "could be used, not in a normal Macintosh or PC, but perhaps in very advanced computers with high processing rates," Ozaki says. This 2-D material could also be used to make extremely high-speed nanodevices, he adds. [44] Printed electronics use standard printing techniques to manufacture electronic devices on different substrates like glass, plastic films, and paper. [43] A tiny laser comprising an array of nanoscale semiconductor cylinders (see image) has been made by an all-A*STAR team. [42] A new instrument lets researchers use multiple laser beams and a microscope to trap and move cells and then analyze them in real-time with a sensitive analysis technique known as Raman spectroscopy. [41]
Category: Condensed Matter

[110] viXra:1901.0125 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-09 10:26:45

Conversion of Photons from Particles to Linked Waves and Back: a Hypothesis

Authors: Bruce A. Lutgen
Comments: 3 Pages.

In microphysics, how do photons behave like both waves and particles? It is called wave-particle duality. The wave-particle duality inference would appear to be counter intuitive. Are waves really a cluster of particles, as is often stated, yet like the waves that radiate in a disturbed pool of water as is often demonstrated? The answer to wave-particle duality may lie through the following proposed solid torus or possibly ellipsoid ringform field explanation, which is derived in part using classical physics. A solid torus or ellipsoid ringform hypothesis is contrary to string theory and at least to some extent accepted particle physics.
Category: Quantum Physics

[109] viXra:1901.0123 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-09 11:23:26

On the C Constant

Authors: Adham Ahmed Mohamed Ahmed
Comments: 1 Page. ty

The c constant is as we know the speed of light and when large masses move at a speed near the speed of light its known that time should dilate till time passing actually ends up being zero now if we look at photons moving at the speed of light we could say that it has a c constant however there should be more to that because photons should time dilate too now when we look at the photons that should time dilate and it doesn't we could say that its because it’s the smallest mass or maybe even because its massless now when we look at bigger masses we find that the masses actually time dilate maybe because the masses have larger mass than photons so assuming that the photon is the base of all masses we could assume that particles having mass are the only ones that time dilate but the photon being the base of all masses we could say that a photon moves 1 m/s if the time increases to c or 3*10^8 s now when we look again we find that photons never change the distance it takes in one sec that is c more over time never dilates for photons because again it has a c constant meaning that if you dilate time you would end up increasing the distance by which the photon moves in one sec so if we look again we could say that photons do not experience time dilation but then this effects larger masses than the base of a photon now lets see the photon equations: C=3*10^8/1=3*10^8 m/s and c=3*10^8/3*10^8=1 m/s if time dilates for photons and if we take the c=1 or the second equation we could throw it onto the masses as we say that as the 1 kg mass moves at a distance of 1 m/s we would find that it takes the force that pushed the photon now imagine we give 3*10^8 the force that pushed the photon we get to the 1 kg moving at the speed of light and maximum time dilation now suppose we look at the largest mass in the universe at the middle of the universe it could be estimated to be of c*c*c=(3*10^8)^3 where the first c is the force and the second c the inertia the the last c the time dilation refutation
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[108] viXra:1901.0121 [pdf] replaced on 2019-02-08 20:10:55

The Charged Higgs-like Bosons Have Already Been Observed by ATLAS and CMS

Authors: Mario Everaldo de Souza
Comments: 5 Pages. Just a small correction

Taking into account a very solid quark compositeness model, based on the electrical charge densities of the nucleons found by R. Hofstadter, R. Herman, L. Durand and R. R. Wilson in the early 1960s, from which a new quantum number is deduced, and the experimental data on the Higgs boson obtained by the ATLAS and CMS Collaborations, this article shows that these collaborations have already seen the charged Higgs-like bosons by means of the WW channel. The data also imply that the charged and neutral Higgs-like bosons have similar masses, and that the Higgs-like bosons have odd parity like the other fundamental bosons of Nature. The ratio between the productions of charged to neutral Higgs-like bosons is calculated.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[107] viXra:1901.0120 [pdf] replaced on 2019-02-14 15:04:31

Toward Unification

Authors: Alexandre Furtado Neto
Comments: 14 Pages.

A universe based on a fully deterministic, Euclidean, 4-torus cellular automaton is presented using a constructive approach. Each cell contains one integer number forming bubble-like patterns propagating at the speed of light, interacting and being reissued constantly. The collective behavior of these integers is conjectured to form patterns similar to classical and quantum physics, including the mass spectrum, quantum correlations and relativistic effects. Although essentially non-local, it preserves the non-signaling principle. This flexible model predicts that gravity is not quantized as well as the appearence of an arrow of time. Being a causal theory, it can potentially explain the emergence of the classical world and acroscopic observers.
Category: Quantum Physics

[106] viXra:1901.0119 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-09 15:44:40

Spin½ 'plane' & Simple

Authors: David Colasante
Comments: 6 Pages.

To fully characterize any spin requires identification of its primary spin axis and its plane of rotation. Classical presumptions obscure both for “intrinsic” spin. Here, Euclidean interval-time coordinates literally 'lift the veil' of space to reveal it. Probability amplitude is also physically realized.
Category: Quantum Physics

[105] viXra:1901.0118 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-09 20:45:39

Did Art by Western Front Soldier Predict the Russian Revolution? The Secret History of the ‘Guerra alla Guerra’ Peace Postcards

Authors: John Paull
Comments: 8 Pages.

The allegorical artwork ‘Guerra alla Guerrra’ (War against War) was created by the Italian-Australian artist Ernesto Genoni (1885-1975). It features a young woman wrapped in red and rising out of a battlefield. Her wrap billows over the war-scape to form a massive red flag. The work was published in 1916 as a postcard by the Milan-based Pro Umanità organisation headed by Rosa Genoni. During 1916, Ernesto Genoni enlisted as a volunteer in the Australian Imperial Force (AIF) and he served on the Western Front as a stretcher bearer. By the end of 1916 he had been plucked off the battlefield and conscripted into the Italian Army where he refused to take the oath of allegiance. He subsequently served time in several military prisons for insubordination and as a medical orderly in the Italian military hospital in Verona.The ‘Guerra alla Guerra’ postcards were sold in Italy and Australia to fund the war-relief work of Pro Umanità of feeding POWs and supporting widows and orphans in Europe in the wake of the catastrophe of the First World War. ‘Guerra alla Guerrra’ was prescient in that it appears to illustrate the spirit of revolution growing out of the devastation of war. The following year the Russian Revolution overthrew the Czarist regime (in 1917). By the close of WW1 in 1918 the talk of revolution and its threat to the ‘established order’ was rife throughout Europe. The original artwork has not been located. The postcard was reproduced for the 2018 centenary of the Armistice of 11 November 1918.
Category: Social Science

[104] viXra:1901.0117 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-10 02:14:53

A New Look Inside the Theory of the Linear Approximation: Gravity Assists and Flybys

Authors: Lluís Bel
Comments: 7 Pages.

Whitehead's description of the gravitational field of a static point mass source is equivalent to Schwarzshild's solution of Einstein's equations. Conveniently generalized in the framework of Special relativity, I proved that it leads to a new description of the linear approximation of General relativity with a color gage group symmetry. Here I introduce a new line of thought to discuss the problem of spacecrafts orbiting a planet taking into account its motion around the Sun or its proper rotation.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[103] viXra:1901.0116 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-10 02:36:15

A Parametric Equation of the Equation A^5 + B^5 = 2c^2

Authors: Quang Nguyen Van
Comments: 2 Pages.

The equation a^5 + b^5 = c^2 has no solution in integer. However, related to Fermat- Catalan conjecture, the equation a^5 + b^5 = 2c^2 has a solution in integer. In this article, we give a parametric equation of the equation a^5 + b^5 = 2c^2.
Category: Number Theory

[102] viXra:1901.0115 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-08 06:20:51

Word One Etymology

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 5 Pages. -

The origin and reference value of the Russian word ONE is considered
Category: Linguistics

[101] viXra:1901.0114 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-08 07:43:35

Quantum Optic Networks Reality

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 100 Pages.

The ability to precisely control the interactions of light and matter at the nanoscale could help such a network transmit larger amounts of data more quickly and securely than an electrical network. [59] Researchers in Italy have demonstrated the feasibility of quantum communications between high-orbiting global navigation satellites and a ground station, with an exchange at the single photon level over a distance of 20,000km. [58] Living cells, regardless of the type, can be kept around for a long time and because they move constantly, can be photographed repeatedly to create new encryption keys. [57] A new electronic device can developed at the University of Michigan can directly model the behaviors of a synapse, which is a connection between two neurons. [56] "The atom-scale devices we are developing create a new basis for HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/computer/" computer electronics that will be able to run at least 100 times faster or operate at the same speed as today but using 100 times less energy," continued Wolkow. [55] Significant technical and financial issues remain towards building a large, fault-tolerant quantum computer and one is unlikely to be built within the coming decade. [54] Chemists at Friedrich Schiller University in Jena (Germany) have now synthesised a molecule that can perform the function of a computing unit in a quantum computer. [53] The research team developed the first optical microchip to generate, manipulate and detect a particular state of light called squeezed vacuum, which is essential for HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/quantum/" quantum computation. [52] Australian scientists have investigated new directions to scale up qubits-utilising the spin-orbit coupling of atom qubits-adding a new suite of tools to the armory. [51]
Category: Quantum Physics

[100] viXra:1901.0113 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-08 08:19:13

Geodesic Curve of a Gravitational Plane Wave Pulse and Curve of Particle

Authors: Karl De Paepe
Comments: 3 Pages.

We consider a system of a gravitational wave coming from infinity that collides with a mass M. The metric of the system approaches the metric of a gravitational plane wave pulse as the mass of M goes to zero. The metric of the gravitational plane wave pulse having a specific form. We show there is a limiting curve of M, as mass and size of M go to zero, that is not a geodesic curve. We show conservation of energy-momentum does not hold and there is no solution to the Einstein field equations for this system.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[99] viXra:1901.0112 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-08 08:34:13

Artificial Neural Networks for Hearing

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 55 Pages.

For people with hearing loss, it can very difficult to understand and separate voices in noisy environments. This problem may soon be history thanks to a new groundbreaking algorithm that is designed to recognise and separate voices efficiently in unknown sound environments. [30] While researchers have taken steps to comprehensively catalogue the preferences of men and women, we still don't know which traits are the most important contributors to a person's attractiveness. [29] A group of researchers from MIT have already developed an AI robot that can assist in a labour room. [28] Researchers at Fukuoka University, in Japan, have recently proposed a design methodology for configurable approximate arithmetic circuits. [27] Researchers at Google have recently developed a new technique for synthesizing a motion blurred image, using a pair of un-blurred images captured in succession. [26] Constructing a neural network model for each new dataset is the ultimate nightmare for every data scientist. [25]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[98] viXra:1901.0111 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-08 09:42:04

Tumors Measured by Brillouin Light

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 48 Pages.

A team of physicists at the Institut Lumière Matière (CNRS/Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1), in collaboration with the Cancer Research Center of Lyon (CNRS/INSERM/ Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1/Centre Léon Bérard/Hospices civils de Lyon), has demonstrated the potential of an imaging technique based only on the physical properties of tumors. [28] The discovery that protein therapeutics can hijack the HOPS complex to gain access to the cell interior should help scientists design therapeutic proteins to treat diseases that are not adequately treated using other approaches, Schepartz said. [27] DNA regions susceptible to breakage and loss are genetic hot spots for important evolutionary changes, according to a Stanford study. [26] For the English scientists involved, perhaps the most important fact is that their DNA read was about twice as long as the previous record, held by their Australian rivals. [25] Researchers from the University of Chicago have developed a high-throughput RNA sequencing strategy to study the activity of the gut microbiome. [24]
Category: Physics of Biology

[97] viXra:1901.0110 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-08 10:08:51

Real Time Blockchains

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 102 Pages.

Blockchains promise widescale open Internet applications that are organised decentrally, but this comes at the price of slow performance for every transaction processed by the system. [60] The ability to precisely control the interactions of light and matter at the nanoscale could help such a network transmit larger amounts of data more quickly and securely than an electrical network. [59] Researchers in Italy have demonstrated the feasibility of quantum communications between high-orbiting global navigation satellites and a ground station, with an exchange at the single photon level over a distance of 20,000km. [58] Living cells, regardless of the type, can be kept around for a long time and because they move constantly, can be photographed repeatedly to create new encryption keys. [57] A new electronic device can developed at the University of Michigan can directly model the behaviors of a synapse, which is a connection between two neurons. [56] "The atom-scale devices we are developing create a new basis for HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/computer/" computer electronics that will be able to run at least 100 times faster or operate at the same speed as today but using 100 times less energy," continued Wolkow. [55]
Category: Digital Signal Processing

[96] viXra:1901.0109 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-08 10:34:21

CRISPR-Based Technology

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 50 Pages.

Using the CRISPR gene editing tool, Nikolay Kandul, Omar Akbari and their colleagues at UC San Diego and UC Berkeley devised a method of altering key genes that control insect sex determination and fertility. [29] A team of physicists at the Institut Lumière Matière (CNRS/Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1), in collaboration with the Cancer Research Center of Lyon (CNRS/INSERM/ Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1/Centre Léon Bérard/Hospices civils de Lyon), has demonstrated the potential of an imaging technique based only on the physical properties of tumors. [28] The discovery that protein therapeutics can hijack the HOPS complex to gain access to the cell interior should help scientists design therapeutic proteins to treat diseases that are not adequately treated using other approaches, Schepartz said. [27] DNA regions susceptible to breakage and loss are genetic hot spots for important evolutionary changes, according to a Stanford study. [26]
Category: Physics of Biology

[95] viXra:1901.0108 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-08 11:13:12

Assuming ABC Conjecture is True Implies Beal Conjecture is True

Authors: Abdelmajid Ben Hadj Salem
Comments: 5 Pages. A Proof of ABC conjecture is submitted to the Journal of Number Theory (2019). Comments Welcome.

In this paper, we assume that the ABC conjecture is true, then we give a proof that Beal conjecture is true. We consider that Beal conjecture is false then we arrive to a contradiction. We deduce that the Beal conjecture is true.
Category: Number Theory

[94] viXra:1901.0107 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-08 15:27:00

Space Has Different Densities of Energy

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 4 Pages.

Abstract Hypothesis: Space is Energy and has different densities of Energy i.e. Not all spaces have the same energy density The Main Idea …. Let's summarize the main idea in following: 1-The space is Energy 2-The Space has different densities of Energy 3-The space of higher energy goes to upper level where the lower Energy Space is found in lower level 4-As we see in air or water… the higher temperature air goes to up but the lower temperature air goes down.. this process uses the medium (air or water) to transfer the energy but without medium the space itself behaves by this same mechanism where the space is Energy has different densities and tries to reach the balance point of his different energy levels. 5-Also we know that, the higher places have potential energy higher than the lower places which supports the same meaning that the space different densities of energy can be distinguished by different levels of space.. 6-Now let's suppose that, the planet uses the space potential energy by transferring it into kinetic energy for this planet motion… 7-So the planet is born from his space energy (his orbital distance energy) and moves by transferring this space potential energy into kinetic energy (and this explains the relationship which we have found between the planet diameter and orbital distance) 8-Based on that, Mercury is found on the most higher point (level) than any other planet and he's directly under the sun, and because of his very high position, his space potential energy is very high one where Mercury uses this high potential energy by transferring it into kinetic Energy by which Mercury moves (Mercury velocity is the highest one) 9-That means, each solar planet is found on different level relating to the other planets and based on his motion velocity. 10-i.e. Each solar planet occupies one step in stairs contains of 9 steps…. That means the solar group is in stair form and the sun is on Apex 11-Based on that, the solar planets motions trajectory must be in a pyramid form. 12-The previous idea makes the solar group motions is near to atom's particles motions which can lead to unify the physics theories.
Category: Astrophysics

[93] viXra:1901.0105 [pdf] replaced on 2019-02-11 04:34:11

The Emperor Has No Clothes: The Sorry State of Quantum Physics

Authors: Jean Louis Van Belle
Comments: 90 Pages.

This draft for a book brings all of the ideas in my papers together in one (hopefully) consistent volume. These papers basically explore Dirac's dissatisfaction with the theory he helped to create, as expressed in his very last paper, which was published in 1984 - just before he died. The title of this last paper of this genius had a rather significant title: the Inadequacies of Quantum Field Theory. And this one line may sum it all up: : "These rules of renormalization give, surprisingly, excessively good agreement with experiments. Most physicists say that these working rules are, therefore, correct. I feel that is not an adequate reason. Just because the results happen to be in agreement with observation does not prove that one's theory is correct."
Category: Quantum Physics

[92] viXra:1901.0104 [pdf] replaced on 2019-02-15 21:57:44

The Collapse of the Liemann Empire

Authors: Toshiro Takami
Comments: 8 Pages.

I tried to prove that(Riemann hypothesis), but I realized that I can not prove how I did it. When we calculate by the sum method of (1) we found that the nontrivial zero point will never converge to zero. Calculating ζ(2), ζ(3), ζ(4), ζ(5) etc. by the method of the sum of (1) gives the correct calculation result. This can be considered because convergence is extremely slow in the case of complex numbers, but there is no tendency to converge at all. Rather, it tends to diffuse. In other words, it is inevitable to conclude that Riemann's hypothesis is a mistake. We will fundamentally completely erroneous ones, For 150 years, We were trying to prove it.
Category: Number Theory

[91] viXra:1901.0101 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-09 00:16:39

A Resolution Of The Brocard-Ramanujan Problem

Authors: Johnny E. Magee
Comments: 7 Pages.

We identify equivalent restatements of the Brocard-Ramanujan diophantine equation, $(n! + 1) = m^2$; and employing the properties and implications of these equivalencies, prove that for all $n > 7$, there are no values of $n$ for which $(n! + 1)$ can be a perfect square.
Category: Number Theory

[90] viXra:1901.0100 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-09 01:40:30

The Perturbation Analysis of Low-Rank Matrix Stable Recovery

Authors: Jianwen Huang, Jianjun Wang, Feng Zhang, Hailin Wang
Comments: 17 Pages.

In this paper, we bring forward a completely perturbed nuclear norm minimization method to tackle a formulation of completely perturbed low-rank matrices recovery. In view of the matrix version of the restricted isometry property (RIP) and the Frobenius-robust rank null space property (FRNSP), this paper extends the investigation to a completely perturbed model taking into consideration not only noise but also perturbation, derives sufficient conditions guaranteeing that low-rank matrices can be robustly and stably reconstructed under the completely perturbed scenario, as well as finally presents an upper bound estimation of recovery error. The upper bound estimation can be described by two terms, one concerning the total noise, and another regarding the best $r$-approximation error. Specially, we not only improve the condition corresponding with RIP, but also ameliorate the upper bound estimation in case the results reduce to the general case. Furthermore, in the case of $\mathcal{E}=0$, the obtaining conditions are optimal.
Category: General Mathematics

[89] viXra:1901.0099 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-07 06:56:49

Two Laser Experiments

Authors: Adham Ahmed Mohamed Ahmed
Comments: 1 Page. ty

in this paper we will propose two laser experiments the first is to spin the laser at the speed of light and see whether the photons coming out of it still have the speed of light and the second experiment to make photons coming out of laser go for a long distance hitting mirrors for a very long distance probably good to do in cern and see whether the photons move at the speed of light while measuring with time the photons take to reach a distance of c or the speed of light
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[88] viXra:1901.0098 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-07 07:05:35

Biologics Inside the Cell

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 47 Pages.

The discovery that protein therapeutics can hijack the HOPS complex to gain access to the cell interior should help scientists design therapeutic proteins to treat diseases that are not adequately treated using other approaches, Schepartz said. [27] DNA regions susceptible to breakage and loss are genetic hot spots for important evolutionary changes, according to a Stanford study. [26] For the English scientists involved, perhaps the most important fact is that their DNA read was about twice as long as the previous record, held by their Australian rivals. [25] Researchers from the University of Chicago have developed a high-throughput RNA sequencing strategy to study the activity of the gut microbiome. [24] Today a large international consortium of researchers published a complex but important study looking at how DNA works in animals. [23]
Category: Physics of Biology

[87] viXra:1901.0097 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-07 07:46:16

Circumnuclear Torus Chandra

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 68 Pages.

Active galactic nuclei (AGN) are among the most dramatic and interesting phenomena in extragalactic astronomy. [38] A new study conducted by a team of astronomers from Poland and South Africa provides more insights into the nature of Hen 3-160, a symbiotic binary system in the southern Milky Way. [37] There are more than 3,900 confirmed planets beyond our solar system. Most of them have been detected because of their "transits"—instances when a planet crosses its star, momentarily blocking its light. [36] Rice University physicists have created the world's first laser-cooled neutral plasma, completing a 20-year quest that sets the stage for simulators that re-create exotic states of matter found inside Jupiter and white dwarf stars. [35] An international group of astronomers has detected an intense and extremely luminous gamma-ray flare from one of high-redshift blazars known as DA 193. [34] Our universe could be the mirror image of an antimatter universe extending backwards in time before the Big Bang. [33] "As you celebrate New Year's Day, cast an eye upward and think for a moment about the amazing things our country and our species can do when we set our minds to it," Stern wrote in the New York Times on Monday. [32]
Category: Astrophysics

[86] viXra:1901.0096 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-07 08:18:30

Machine Predict Person's Attractiveness

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 53 Pages.

While researchers have taken steps to comprehensively catalogue the preferences of men and women, we still don't know which traits are the most important contributors to a person's attractiveness.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[85] viXra:1901.0095 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-07 09:16:23

Elusive Fourth Kind of Neutrino

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 51 Pages.

Although three types of neutrino are known, scientists are searching for a possible fourth—the sterile neutrino, whose existence has been teased but never clearly confirmed. [19] A pair of researchers with the Niels Bohr Institute in Denmark has come up with a possible explanation for the excess of electron neutrinos detected by researchers at the IceCube Neutrino Observatory. [18] The largest liquid-argon neutrino detector in the world has just recorded its first particle tracks, signaling the start of a new chapter in the story of the international Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment (DUNE). [17] While these experiments seem miniature in comparison to others, they could reveal answers about neutrinos that have been hiding from physicists for decades. [16] In a paper published today in the European Physical Journal C, the ATLAS Collaboration reports the first high-precision measurement at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) of the mass of the W boson. [15]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[84] viXra:1901.0094 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-07 09:37:11

Hodge Experiment Photographs Quantified with a Color Function

Authors: John Hodge
Comments: 8 Pages.

The Hodge Experiment of the Scalar Theory of Everything (STOE) model is the Fraunhofer pattern from a first mask with a single slit impinges on a second mask. The pattern from a second mask slit and the pattern from an edge that differs only in the removal of one of the mask sides are compared. The second mask provides more to the screen pattern than only blocking light as wave models suggest. The second mask contributes to form the screen image as the STOE model suggests.
Category: Classical Physics

[83] viXra:1901.0093 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-07 09:37:03

Rovibrational Quantum State

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 50 Pages.

A central objective of chemical and molecular physics is to understand molecules as quantum mechanical systems. [30] After developing a method to control exciton flows at room temperature, EPFL scientists have discovered new properties of these quasiparticles that can lead to more energy-efficient electronic devices. [29] To build tomorrow's quantum computers, some researchers are turning to dark excitons, which are bound pairs of an electron and the absence of an electron called a hole. [27] Concerning the development of quantum memories for the realization of global quantum networks, scientists of the Quantum Dynamics Division led by Professor Gerhard Rempe at the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics (MPQ) have now achieved a major breakthrough: they demonstrated the long-lived storage of a photonic qubit on a single atom trapped in an optical resonator. [26] Achieving strong light-matter interaction at the quantum level has always been a central task in quantum physics since the emergence of quantum information and quantum control. [25] Operation at the single-photon level raises the possibility of developing entirely new communication and computing devices, ranging from hardware random number generators to quantum computers. [24] Considerable interest in new single-photon detector technologies has been scaling in this past decade. [23] Engineers develop key mathematical formula for driving quantum experiments. [22] Physicists are developing quantum simulators, to help solve problems that are beyond the reach of conventional computers. [21] Engineers at Australia's University of New South Wales have invented a radical new architecture for quantum computing, based on novel 'flip-flop qubits', that promises to make the large-scale manufacture of quantum chips dramatically cheaper-and easier-than thought possible. [20] A team of researchers from the U.S. and Italy has built a quantum memory device that is approximately 1000 times smaller than similar devices-small enough to install on a chip. [19]
Category: Quantum Physics

[82] viXra:1901.0092 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-07 11:41:57

Denial of the Alleged Łukasiewicz Nightmare in System Ł4

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only at: info@ersatz-systems dot com. See website ersatz-systems.com . (We instruct troll Mikko at Disqus to read the article four times before hormonal typing.)

The alleged Łukasiewicz nightmare of (◇p&◇q)→◇(p&q) is not tautologous in Prover9; however, the equation recast in one variable as (◇p&◇~p)→◇(p&~p) is tautologous. In Meth8/VŁ4, both propositions are tautologous. This speaks for Meth8/VŁ4, based on the corrected modern Square of Opposition as an exact bivalent system, as opposed to Prover9, based on the uncorrected modern Square of Opposition as an inexact probabilistic vector space.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[81] viXra:1901.0091 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-07 17:38:49

Emergent Cosmology

Authors: Alexandre Harvey-Tremblay
Comments: 38 Pages.

In this work, we aim to unify statistical physics with relativity. As such, we construct a system of statistical physics under an appropriate equilibrium condition such that its Lagrange multipliers imply, instead of the usual uniform constant temperature, a uniform constant speed: the speed of light. With it, both special and general relativity are emergent from its equation of state and the system describes the statistical physics of space-time events as measured by observers. We show, as the main result, that the entropy dynamics of the system admits a plausible mechanism for the notoriously stubborn quantum measurement problem by proving that light traces a surface in space-time along which all observers agree on the results of all random measurements within the system. Finally, we make the case that the role normally taken by the uniform temperature is, in a statistical system of space-time events, replaced by the uniform speed of light, and we re-formulate the three laws of thermodynamics within this optic.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[80] viXra:1901.0090 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-07 23:15:06

ALPHA: Applying a Light Touch?

Authors: David Colasante
Comments: 5 Pages.

The particle aspects of light are accommodated so well by the photon model that alternative models are rarely considered. Interval-time coordinates provide a Euclidean lens, through which light quanta are seen to exchange by direct, physical contact. The ALPHA collaboration at CERN is uniquely positioned to experimentally distinguish between the models.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[79] viXra:1901.0089 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-08 00:25:47

The Spiral Proton by Numbers: Composite Angular Momentum, Mass Discrimination, and G-Factor as 1

Authors: Bruno R Galeffi
Comments: 5 Pages.

Angular momentum acquisition and spiral motion seems to drive particle creation. This process requires an initial momentum mivi having the ability to initiate spiral motion via quantized circular orbitals, while abiding by momentum conservation principles. This approach led to the discovery at [Ref1] that the proton was constructed from 2 opposing angular momenta S=ħ/2Φ and L=ħΦ/2 resulting in precisely ±ħ/2 (Φ=golden ratio). It is now found that S is linked to the proton charge, magnetic moment, and 11% of the mass via a rotating charged hollow sphere of radius 0.875 fm. On the other hand, L is associated with 89% of the proton mass centered within 0.23 fm radius. The angular velocity related to L is found 3.5 times that of S. The proton charge-to-energy ratio calculation leads to a surprising equivalence Coulomb vs. Joule.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[78] viXra:1901.0088 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-08 01:43:04

About Electron: a New Model

Authors: Francesco Ferrara
Comments: 6 Pages.

The document presents a model for the electron, different from the conventional one. The electron is represented as a current loop of 19.79 A. The document also explains the electrical nature of the inertia of a physical body
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[77] viXra:1901.0087 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-08 03:46:50

Holographic Geometry Space-Time

Authors: Kuyukov Vitaly
Comments: 1 Page.

Holographic the time and holographic principle
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[76] viXra:1901.0086 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-06 06:50:26

Symbiotic Binary Variable Star

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 66 Pages.

A new study conducted by a team of astronomers from Poland and South Africa provides more insights into the nature of Hen 3-160, a symbiotic binary system in the southern Milky Way. [37] There are more than 3,900 confirmed planets beyond our solar system. Most of them have been detected because of their "transits"—instances when a planet crosses its star, momentarily blocking its light. [36] Rice University physicists have created the world's first laser-cooled neutral plasma, completing a 20-year quest that sets the stage for simulators that re-create exotic states of matter found inside Jupiter and white dwarf stars. [35] An international group of astronomers has detected an intense and extremely luminous gamma-ray flare from one of high-redshift blazars known as DA 193. [34] Our universe could be the mirror image of an antimatter universe extending backwards in time before the Big Bang. [33]
Category: Astrophysics

[75] viXra:1901.0085 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-06 07:04:33

Newer Holograhic Acoustic Tweezers (Hat)

Authors: George A Ranja
Comments: 53 Pages.

This newer holographic acoustic tweezers (HAT) system achieves simultaneous suspension of 2,500 objects in mid-air at the Max Planck Institute, making a new world record.
Category: Quantum Physics

[74] viXra:1901.0084 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-06 07:47:11

Future Average Of A Time Series Type Sequence

Authors: Ramesh Chandra Bagadi
Comments: 3 Pages.

In this research investigation, the author has detailed a novel Future Average of a Time Series Type Sequence.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[73] viXra:1901.0083 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-06 10:40:39

A Test of the Superposition Principle in Intense Laser Beams

Authors: Alexander Unzicker
Comments: 10 Pages.

A test of a nonlinear effect hitherto unknown in classical electrodynamics is proposed. For the possible nonlinearity to be observed, a high-intensity standing wave with circular polarization in a resonator is required. If the effect exists, an electric voltage should be induced between the mirros and an electric current can be measured. Motivation, quantitative expectations and the design of the experiment are discussed.
Category: Classical Physics

[72] viXra:1901.0082 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-06 12:35:38

The Moon Orbit Triangle

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 3 Pages.

The solar planets matters (diameters) are created based on geometrical rules The moon orbit triangle proves this fact.
Category: Astrophysics

[71] viXra:1901.0081 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-06 13:04:56

How Unsolved Problems in Orthodox Physics are Solved in the Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST)?

Authors: Sylwester Kornowski
Comments: 11 Pages.

To make it easier to confront unsolved problems in orthodox physics with the solutions proposed in the SST, we grouped problems in the same way as it is done in Wikipedia. Here we have very roughly described the way of solving the problem and refer to the SST literature where you can find more detailed qualitative and quantitative descriptions. Emphasize that SST is derived ab initio.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[70] viXra:1901.0079 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-08 22:24:19

Estimating Variances and Covariances in a Non-stationary Multivariate Time Series Using the K-matrix

Authors: Stephen P. Smith
Comments: 15 Pages.

A second order time series model is described, and generalized to the multivariate situation. The model is highly flexible, and is suitable for non-parametric regression, coming with unequal time steps. The resulting K-matrix is described, leading to its possible factorization and differentiation using general purpose software that was recently developed. This makes it possible to estimate variance matrices in the multivariate model corresponding the signal and noise components of the model, by restricted maximum likelihood. A nested iteration algorithm is presented for conducting the maximization, and an illustration of the methods are demonstrated on a 4-variate time series with 89 observations.
Category: Statistics

[69] viXra:1901.0075 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-06 15:51:08

Technische Anwendungen Zur Umwandlung Der Rotationsenergie Der Erde in Elektrische Energie in Theorie Und Praxis Teil 10

Authors: Robert Stach
Comments: 22 Pages.

Aufgezeigt werden Möglichkeiten zur Umwandlung der Rotationsenergie der Erde in elektrische Energie. Neben einem geschichtlichen Exkurs erfolgt die detaillierte Beschreibung der Anlagen. Verdeutlicht wird, dass durch eine unterschiedliche Anzahl der Freiheitsgrade eines Kreisels auch unterschiedliche Berechnungsalgorithmen für die Winkelgeschwindigkeit der Präzessionsbewegung resultieren. Aufgezeigt werden auch die Unterschiede beim resultierenden Impuls der Präzessionsbewegung zwischen kippenden und parallel ausweichenden Kreiselachsen. Beschrieben wird zudem die Abhängigkeit der Präzessionsbewegung von der Größe der wirkenden Impulse.
Category: Thermodynamics and Energy

[68] viXra:1901.0074 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-06 19:02:55

Up to So(32) Via Supersymmetry "Bootstrap"

Authors: Alejandro Rivero
Comments: Actually three similar versions of 3-4 pages each, and a coda.

A simple self-referencing postulate in the Chan-Paton factors of a string allows to fix some of the freedom in the landscape of SO(32) movel aspiring to be standard-model-like.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[67] viXra:1901.0073 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-06 22:37:07

The Solution Cosmological Constant Problem.

Authors: J Foukzon, E R Men’kova, A A Potapov
Comments: 56 Pages.

The cosmological constant problem arises because the magnitude of vacuum energy density predicted by quantum field theory is about 120 orders of magnitude larger than the value implied by cosmological observations of accelerating cosmic expansion. We pointed out that the fractal nature of the quantum space-time with negative Hausdorff- Colombeau dimensions can resolve this tension. The canonical Quantum Field Theory is widely believed to break down at some fundamental high-energy cutoff and therefore the quantum fluctuations in the vacuum can be treated classically seriously only up to this high-energy cutoff. In this paper we argue that Quantum Field Theory in fractal space-time with negative Hausdorff-Colombeau dimensions gives high-energy cutoff on natural way. In order to obtain disered physical result we apply the canonical Pauli-Villars regularization up to . It means that there exist the ghost-driven acceleration of the univers hidden in cosmological constant.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[66] viXra:1901.0072 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-07 05:22:44

How Does a Light-Mill Work?

Authors: Philip Gibbs
Comments: 4 Pages.

This answer to the Frequently Asked Question first appeared in the Usenet Physics FAQ in 1997.
Category: Thermodynamics and Energy

[65] viXra:1901.0071 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-05 07:31:50

Holographic Acoustic Tweezers

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 63 Pages.

A holographic acoustic tweezers (HAT) system has been used to suspend up to 25 objects in mid-air simultaneously. [36] Holography is a powerful tool that can reconstruct wavefronts of light and combine the fundamental wave properties of amplitude, phase, polarization, wave vector and frequency. [35] Physicist Artem Rudenko from Kansas State University and his colleagues pondered how to improve the images of viruses and microparticles that scientists get from X-rays. [34] A team of materials scientists from Penn State, Cornell and Argonne National Laboratory have, for the first time, visualized the 3-D atomic and electron density structure of the most complex perovskite crystal structure system decoded to date. [33] Hydrogen-powered electronics, travel, and more may be a step closer thanks to the work of a collaborative team of scientists in Japan. [32]
Category: Astrophysics

[64] viXra:1901.0070 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-05 09:42:02

Guide Stars for Telescopes

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 66 Pages.

There are more than 3,900 confirmed planets beyond our solar system. Most of them have been detected because of their "transits"-instances when a planet crosses its star, momentarily blocking its light. [36] Rice University physicists have created the world's first laser-cooled neutral plasma, completing a 20-year quest that sets the stage for simulators that recreate exotic states of matter found inside Jupiter and white dwarf stars. [35] An international group of astronomers has detected an intense and extremely luminous gamma-ray flare from one of high-redshift blazars known as DA 193. [34] Our universe could be the mirror image of an antimatter universe extending backwards in time before the Big Bang. [33] "As you celebrate New Year's Day, cast an eye upward and think for a moment about the amazing things our country and our species can do when we set our minds to it," Stern wrote in the New York Times on Monday. [32] Our senses are stuck in the past. There's a flash of lightning, and then seconds pass until we hear the rumble of distant thunder. We hear the past. [31] ESA's technical centre in the Netherlands has begun running a pulsar-based clock. The "PulChron' system measures the passing of time using millisecond-frequency radio pulses from multiple fast-spinning neutron stars. [30] VR is an almost perfect avenue for this approach, since it has been surging in popularity as both entertainment and an educational tool. [29] Using MAGIC telescopes and NASA's Fermi spacecraft, an international team of astronomers has discovered a new source of very high energy gamma-ray emission around the supernova remnant (SNR) G24.7+0.6. [28] In 1973, Russian physicist A.B. Migdal predicted the phenomenon of pion condensation above a critical, extremely high-several times higher than that for normal matter-nuclear density. [27] Our first glimpses into the physics that exist near the center of a black hole are being made possible using "loop quantum gravity"-a theory that uses quantum mechanics to extend gravitational physics beyond Einstein's theory of general relativity. [26]
Category: Astrophysics

[63] viXra:1901.0069 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-28 02:47:12

Monoidal Structures of Logic

Authors: Antoine Balan
Comments: 2 pages, written in french

The tables of truth are relations of a monoid M.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[62] viXra:1901.0067 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-05 10:49:28

Technische Anwendungen Zur Umwandlung Der Rotationsenergie Der Erde in Elektrische Energie in Theorie Und Praxis Teil 9

Authors: Robert Stach
Comments: 21 Pages.

Aufgezeigt werden Möglichkeiten zur Umwandlung der Rotationsenergie der Erde in elektrische Energie. Neben einem geschichtlichen Exkurs erfolgt die detaillierte Beschreibung der Anlagen. Es wird zudem verdeutlicht, dass durch eine unterschiedliche Anzahl der Freiheitsgrade eines Kreisels auch unterschiedliche Berechnungsalgorithmen für die Winkelgeschwindigkeit der Präzessionsbewegung resultieren. Aufgezeigt werden auch die Unterschiede beim resultierenden Impuls der Präzessionsbewegung zwischen kippenden und parallel ausweichenden Kreiselachsen.
Category: Classical Physics

[61] viXra:1901.0066 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-05 10:51:51

Can a Human Brain be a Quantum Computer?

Authors: Oleg Kupervasser, Roman Yavich
Comments: 8 Pages. presented at World Quantum Physics Congress 10-13 Dec 2018 (WQPC 2018) Stockholm, Sweden

This paper is based on the book (O. Kupervasser, Application of New Cybernetics in Physics, Elsevier, 2017). Human brain has very powerful intellect. Indeed, it seems that its intellectual possibilities are much more than possibilities of usual computers using genetic algorithm and random search (A.S. Potapov, Artificial Intellect and Universal Intelligence, Polytechnics, Saint Petersburg, 2012 (in Russian).). Our brain has also such especial property as consciousness. Some researchers suppose that these properties are a result of special structures of brain. Really, may be our brain is a quantum computer (R. Penrose, The Emperor’s New Mind, Oxford University Press, New York, 1989, R. Penrose, Shadows of the Mind, Oxford University Press, New York, 1994)? We know that a quantum computer is highly parallel device with principally insuperable protection from external observation. A quantum computer can resolve some tasks that are inaccessible for usual computers. However, it can be demonstrated that continuous unstable classical computer has the same properties as a quantum computer (O. Kupervasser, Application of New Cybernetics in Physics, Elsevier, 2017). Moreover, it seems that the main properties of a brain (powerful intellect and consciousness) can be explained by invisible correlation with surround world. Similarly, clock’s gear wheel very accurately operates in spite of absence of any intellect only because the gear wheel is a part of the highly correlated clock. We usually suppose that our world is some random set of low correlated events. However, the world, may be, is some highly correlated device (L. Susskind, J. Lindesay, An Introduction to Black Holes, Information and the String Theory Revolution: The Holographic Universe, World Scientific Publishing Company, 2004). And human beings are its “gear wheels”. It seems that Big Bang theory suppose such point of view. This pure philosophical reasonings can lead to some practical conclusions. We suppose to use instead of usual random search for computers some random number generators which are in complex correlations with surround world. It can give to computers some prototype of the such especial “human intuition”, described above.
Category: Quantum Physics

[60] viXra:1901.0065 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-05 11:48:40

How Two Lobed Asteroids and Comets are Formed: An Alternative to Dogma Concerning Ultima Thule

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 2 Pages. 1 hand drawn illustration

A drawing was made to show how two lobed asteroids and comets are formed. What happens is that two pre-existing objects slam into each other, making a large crown of debris that is liquefied. This liquefied debris then cools too fast to be completely rounded by gravitation. It is similar to a water droplet splash crown. Any accretion theory needs gravitational bodies strong enough to hold onto the material after any collision, and since asteroids and comets are mostly solitary, it means they were impact remains between objects that did not have strong enough gravitational fields to hold onto the debris. It also means that asteroid guts from the same collision are scattered throughout the galaxy. Ultima Thule is probably extrasolar in nature, and has nothing to do with the formation of a planet/star, it has to do with the destruction of its remains.
Category: Astrophysics

[59] viXra:1901.0064 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-05 12:18:32

Visual Navigation for Airborne Control of Ground Robots from Tethered Platform: Creation of the First Prototype

Authors: Ilan Ehrenfeld, Max Kogan, Oleg Kupervasser, Vitalii Sarychev, Irina Volinsky, Roman Yavich, Bar Zangbi
Comments: 11 Pages.

We propose control systems for the coordination of the ground robots. We develop robot efficient coordination using the devices located on towers or a tethered aerial apparatus tracing the robots on controlled area and supervising their environment including natural and artificial markings. The simple prototype of such a system was created in the Laboratory of Applied Mathematics of Ariel University (under the supervision of Prof. Domoshnitsky Alexander) in collaboration with company TRANSIST VIDEO LLC (Skolkovo, Moscow). We plan to create much more complicated prototype using Kamin grant (Israel)
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[58] viXra:1901.0063 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-05 12:42:49

Autopilot to Maintain Movement of a Drone in a Vertical Plane at a Constant Height in the Presence of Vision-Based Navigation

Authors: Alexander Domoshnitsky, Max Kogan, Oleg Kupervaser, Roman Yavich
Comments: 20 Pages. 14th IFAC WORKSHOP ON TIME DELAY SYSTEMS 2018 June 28-30 Budapest, Hungary

In this report we describe correct operation of autopilot for supply correct drone flight. There exists noticeable delay in getting information about position and orientation of a drone to autopilot in the presence of vision-based navigation. In spite of this fact, we demonstrate that it is possible to provide stable flight at a constant height in a vertical plane. We describe how to form relevant controlling signal for autopilot in the case of the navigation information delay.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[57] viXra:1901.0062 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-05 13:21:41

Fragile DNA Regions

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 46 Pages.

DNA regions susceptible to breakage and loss are genetic hot spots for important evolutionary changes, according to a Stanford study. [26] For the English scientists involved, perhaps the most important fact is that their DNA read was about twice as long as the previous record, held by their Australian rivals. [25] Researchers from the University of Chicago have developed a high-throughput RNA sequencing strategy to study the activity of the gut microbiome. [24] Today a large international consortium of researchers published a complex but important study looking at how DNA works in animals. [23] Asymmetry plays a major role in biology at every scale: think of DNA spirals, the fact that the human heart is positioned on the left, our preference to use our left or right hand ... [22] Scientists reveal how a 'molecular machine' in bacterial cells prevents fatal DNA twisting, which could be crucial in the development of new antibiotic treatments. [21] In new research, Hao Yan of Arizona State University and his colleagues describe an innovative DNA HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/walker/" walker, capable of rapidly traversing a prepared track. [20] Just like any long polymer chain, DNA tends to form knots. Using technology that allows them to stretch DNA molecules and image the behavior of these knots, MIT researchers have discovered, for the first time, the factors that determine whether a knot moves along the strand or "jams" in place. [19] Researchers at Delft University of Technology, in collaboration with colleagues at the Autonomous University of Madrid, have created an artificial DNA blueprint for the replication of DNA in a cell-like structure. [18] An LMU team now reveals the inner workings of a molecular motor made of proteins which packs and unpacks DNA. [17] Chemist Ivan Huc finds the inspiration for his work in the molecular principles that underlie biological systems. [16]
Category: Physics of Biology

[56] viXra:1901.0061 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-05 13:43:15

Machine Learning Metabolic Processes

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 47 Pages.

Bioinformatics researchers at Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf (HHU) and the University of California at San Diego (UCSD) are using machine learning techniques to better understand enzyme kinetics and thus also complex metabolic processes. [27] DNA regions susceptible to breakage and loss are genetic hot spots for important evolutionary changes, according to a Stanford study. [26] For the English scientists involved, perhaps the most important fact is that their DNA read was about twice as long as the previous record, held by their Australian rivals. [25] Researchers from the University of Chicago have developed a high-throughput RNA sequencing strategy to study the activity of the gut microbiome. [24] Today a large international consortium of researchers published a complex but important study looking at how DNA works in animals. [23] Asymmetry plays a major role in biology at every scale: think of DNA spirals, the fact that the human heart is positioned on the left, our preference to use our left or right hand ... [22] Scientists reveal how a 'molecular machine' in bacterial cells prevents fatal DNA twisting, which could be crucial in the development of new antibiotic treatments. [21] In new research, Hao Yan of Arizona State University and his colleagues describe an innovative DNA HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/walker/" walker, capable of rapidly traversing a prepared track. [20] Just like any long polymer chain, DNA tends to form knots. Using technology that allows them to stretch DNA molecules and image the behavior of these knots, MIT researchers have discovered, for the first time, the factors that determine whether a knot moves along the strand or "jams" in place. [19] Researchers at Delft University of Technology, in collaboration with colleagues at the Autonomous University of Madrid, have created an artificial DNA blueprint for the replication of DNA in a cell-like structure. [18]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[55] viXra:1901.0060 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-05 14:50:50

Geniuses and Idiots

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 2 Pages. -

One example of the idiotic statement.
Category: Education and Didactics

[54] viXra:1901.0059 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-05 15:38:52

Common Crime Scrutiny and Prediction in Cyprus

Authors: Collins Ugo, Lambros Kaoullas
Comments: 8 Pages. european university cyprus

Crime Scrutiny is a wonder approach for identifying patterns and relationships in crime. Our method would predict areas which have high chances of crime occurrence in Cyprus and can be called crime prone areas in Cyprus. Using the help of data mining we can come up with useful information from unstructured data or data that have yet to make any sense. Here we use the approach of data science and justice system to develop a data mining method that can help us solve some crimes in a faster manner for reasons of securing time. Using the old method which is checking criminal upbringing of involved persons in crime, our method is just going to focus on we statistically data of crimes committed yearly or at a particular time.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[53] viXra:1901.0057 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-05 19:27:55

Cellular Automaton Graphics(5)

Authors: Morio Kikuchi
Comments: 66 Pages.

Developping a regular polyhedron on a plane, setting discrete coordinates on the development and applying a boundary condition of regular polyhedron to it, we realize a symmetrical graphics.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[52] viXra:1901.0056 [pdf] replaced on 2019-02-01 23:51:40

This Contagious Error Voids Bell-1964, CHSH-1969, Etc.

Authors: Gordon Watson
Comments: 5 Pages.

Elementary instance-tracking identifies a contagious error in Bell (1964). To wit, and against his own advice: in failing to match instances, Bell voids his own conclusions. The contagion extends to Aspect, Griffiths, Levanto, Motl, Peres and each of CHSH.
Category: Quantum Physics

[51] viXra:1901.0055 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-04 07:11:35

Luminous Gamma-Ray Detected

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 59 Pages.

An international group of astronomers has detected an intense and extremely luminous gamma-ray flare from one of high-redshift blazars known as DA 193. [34] Our universe could be the mirror image of an antimatter universe extending backwards in time before the Big Bang. [33] "As you celebrate New Year's Day, cast an eye upward and think for a moment about the amazing things our country and our species can do when we set our minds to it," Stern wrote in the New York Times on Monday. [32] Our senses are stuck in the past. There's a flash of lightning, and then seconds pass until we hear the rumble of distant thunder. We hear the past. [31]
Category: Astrophysics

[50] viXra:1901.0054 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-04 07:39:51

Is Glass Liquid or Solid?

Authors: Philip Gibbs
Comments: 8 Pages. originally published in the Physics FAQ 1997, also in Glass Worldwide, 2007

It is sometimes said that glass in very old churches is thicker at the bottom than at the top because glass is a liquid, and so over several centuries it has flowed towards the bottom. This is not true. In Mediaeval times panes of glass were often made by the Crown glass process. A lump of molten glass was rolled, blown, expanded, flattened and finally spun into a disc before being cut into panes. The sheets were thicker towards the edge of the disc and were usually installed with the heavier side at the bottom. Other techniques of forming glass panes have been used but it is only the relatively recent float glass processes which have produced good quality flat sheets of glass. Nevertheless, the frequently asked question “Is glass liquid or solid?” is not so straightforward to answer. To do so we have to understand its thermodynamic and material properties.
Category: Condensed Matter

[49] viXra:1901.0053 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-04 07:47:18

Fast, Tiny Controllable Magnetic Bits

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 97 Pages.

In separate papers published this month in the journals Nature Nanotechnology and Advanced Materials, researchers in the group of MIT Professor Geoffrey S.D. Beach and colleagues in California, Germany, Switzerland, and Korea, showed that they can generate stable and fast moving skyrmions in specially formulated layered materials at room temperature, setting world records for size and speed. [53] Researchers from MIT and elsewhere have recorded, for the first time, the "temporal coherence" of a graphene qubit-meaning how long it can maintain a special state that allows it to represent two logical states simultaneously. [52] By constructing a hybrid device made from two different types of qubit-the fundamental computing element of quantum computers-they have created a device that can be quickly initialized and read out, and that simultaneously maintains high control fidelity. [51] Researchers have demonstrated that an amoeba-a single-celled organism consisting mostly of gelatinous protoplasm-has unique computing abilities that may one day offer a competitive alternative to the methods used by conventional computers. [50] For the first time, researchers have used tiny gears made of germanium to generate a vortex of twisted light that turns around its axis of travel much like a corkscrew. [49] Physical systems with discrete energy levels are ubiquitous in nature and form fundamental building blocks of quantum technology. [48] In a similar vein, scientists are working to create twisting helical electromagnetic waves whose curvature allows more accurate imaging of the magnetic properties of different materials at the atomic level and could possibly lead to the development of future devices. [47] In a recent study, materials scientists Guojin Liang and his coworkers at the Department of Materials Science and Engineering, City University of Hong Kong, have developed a self-healing, electroluminescent (EL) device that can repair or heal itself after damage. [46] A team of researchers based at The University of Manchester have found a low cost method for producing graphene printed electronics, which significantly speeds up and reduces the cost of conductive graphene inks. [45]
Category: Quantum Physics

[48] viXra:1901.0052 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-04 08:10:20

Quantum Spin Liquid Pathway

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 45 Pages.

With potential roles in quantum computation, high-temperature superconductivity and a range of exotic anyonic states, why quantum spin liquids (QSLs) attract interest is no great mystery. [31] Now, for the first time ever, researchers from Aalto University, Brazilian Center for Research in Physics (CBPF), Technical University of Braunschweig and Nagoya University have produced the superconductor-like quantum spin liquid predicted by Anderson. [30] Electrons in graphene-an atomically thin, flexible and incredibly strong substance that has captured the imagination of materials scientists and physicists alike-move at the speed of light, and behave like they have no mass. [29] In a series of exciting experiments, Cambridge researchers experienced weightlessness testing graphene's application in space. [28] Scientists from ITMO University have developed effective nanoscale light sources based on halide perovskite. [27] Physicists have developed a technique based on optical microscopy that can be used to create images of atoms on the nanoscale. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25] The world of nanosensors may be physically small, but the demand is large and growing, with little sign of slowing. [24] In a joint research project, scientists from the Max Born Institute for Nonlinear Optics and Short Pulse Spectroscopy (MBI), the Technische Universität Berlin (TU) and the University of Rostock have managed for the first time to image free nanoparticles in a laboratory experiment using a highintensity laser source. [23] For the first time, researchers have built a nanolaser that uses only a single molecular layer, placed on a thin silicon beam, which operates at room temperature. [22] A team of engineers at Caltech has discovered how to use computer-chip manufacturing technologies to create the kind of reflective materials that make safety vests, running shoes, and road signs appear shiny in the dark. [21]
Category: Quantum Physics

[47] viXra:1901.0051 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-17 11:06:55

Commonsense Reasoning, Commonsense Knowledge, and the SP Theory of Intelligence

Authors: J Gerard Wolff
Comments: 66 Pages.

Commonsense reasoning (CSR) and commonsense knowledge (CSK) (together abbreviated as CSRK) are areas of study concerned with problems which are trivially easy for adults but which are challenging for artificial systems. This paper describes how the "SP System" -- meaning the "SP Theory of Intelligence" and its realisation in the "SP Computer Model" -- has strengths and potential in several aspects of CSRK. Some shortcomings of the system in that area may be overcome with planned future developments. A particular strength of the SP System is that it shows promise as an overarching theory for four areas of relative success with CSRK problems -- described by other authors -- which have been developed without any integrative theory. How the SP System may help to solve four other kinds of CSRK problem is described: 1) how the strength of evidence for a murder may be influenced by the level of lighting of the murder as it was witnessed; 2) how people may arrive at the commonly-accepted interpretation of phrases like "water bird"; 3) the interpretation of the horse's head scene in "The Godfather" film; and how the SP System may help to resolve the reference of an ambiguous pronoun in sentences in the format of a 'Winograd schema'. Also described is why a fifth CSRK problem -- modelling how a chef may crack an egg into a bowl -- is beyond the capabilities of the SP System as it is now and how those deficiencies may be overcome via planned developments of the system.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[46] viXra:1901.0050 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-04 09:04:44

Brain Tissue Viscolasticity & EEG Oscillations: Towards Novel Drugs for ALZHEIMER’S Disease

Authors: Arturo Tozzi
Comments: 9 Pages.

Here we provide an effort to physically correlate two underrated features of Alzheimer’s disease (AD), i.e., changes in brain tissue’s viscoelasticity and increased power in the low-frequency EEG bands. Indeed, the brain displays less stiffness in AD than in normal individuals, making the brain of diseased subjects more “liquid”. Because electric waves propagate more slowly in less solid mediums, we hypothesize that the EEG waves’ reduction detected in AD could be correlated with the pathological viscoelastic alterations of the impaired brain tissues. We provide the mathematical apparatus to test our hypothesis, showing that the theoretically predicted electric oscillations’ decrease in less viscoelastic mediums matches the reduced stiffness detected in real brain tissues from AD patients. We conclude with a testable hypothesis: the use of drugs able to modify and restore the proper brain viscoelastic features might provide a useful therapeutic tool able to quicken EEG electric waves’ frequencies, thus contributing to improve AD symptoms.
Category: Mind Science

[45] viXra:1901.0049 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-04 09:18:53

Excitons for Electronics

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 46 Pages.

After developing a method to control exciton flows at room temperature, EPFL scientists have discovered new properties of these quasiparticles that can lead to more energy-efficient electronic devices. [29] To build tomorrow's quantum computers, some researchers are turning to dark excitons, which are bound pairs of an electron and the absence of an electron called a hole. [27] Concerning the development of quantum memories for the realization of global quantum networks, scientists of the Quantum Dynamics Division led by Professor Gerhard Rempe at the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics (MPQ) have now achieved a major breakthrough: they demonstrated the long-lived storage of a photonic qubit on a single atom trapped in an optical resonator. [26] Achieving strong light-matter interaction at the quantum level has always been a central task in quantum physics since the emergence of quantum information and quantum control. [25] Operation at the single-photon level raises the possibility of developing entirely new communication and computing devices, ranging from hardware random number generators to quantum computers. [24] Considerable interest in new single-photon detector technologies has been scaling in this past decade. [23] Engineers develop key mathematical formula for driving quantum experiments. [22] Physicists are developing quantum simulators, to help solve problems that are beyond the reach of conventional computers. [21] Engineers at Australia's University of New South Wales have invented a radical new architecture for quantum computing, based on novel 'flip-flop qubits', that promises to make the large-scale manufacture of quantum chips dramatically cheaper-and easier-than thought possible. [20] A team of researchers from the U.S. and Italy has built a quantum memory device that is approximately 1000 times smaller than similar devices-small enough to install on a chip. [19] The cutting edge of data storage research is working at the level of individual atoms and molecules, representing the ultimate limit of technological miniaturisation. [18]
Category: Quantum Physics

[44] viXra:1901.0048 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-04 10:23:00

Hidden Spin for High-Temperature Superconductors

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 33 Pages.

Now, researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) have unveiled a clue into the cuprates' unusual properties—and the answer lies within an unexpected source: the electron spin. [40] This electronic super fluidity is a quantum state of matter, so it behaves in a very exotic way that is different from classical physics, Comin says. [39] The Fermi-Hubbard model, which is believed to explain the basis for high-temperature superconductivity, is extremely simple to describe, and yet has so far proven impossible to solve, according to Zwierlein. [38] Researchers at Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) have carried out high-resolution inelastic X-ray scattering and have found that high uniaxial pressure induces a long-range charge order competing with superconductivity. [37] Scientists mapping out the quantum characteristics of superconductors-materials that conduct electricity with no energy loss-have entered a new regime. [36] Now, in independent studies reported in Science and Nature, scientists from the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and Stanford University report two important advances: They measured collective vibrations of electrons for the first time and showed how collective interactions of the electrons with other factors appear to boost superconductivity. [35] At the Joint Quantum Institute (JQI), a group, led by Jimmy Williams, is working to develop new circuitry that could host such exotic states. [34] The effect appears in compounds of lanthanum and hydrogen squeezed to extremely high pressures. [33] University of Wisconsin-Madison engineers have added a new dimension to our understanding of why straining a particular group of materials, called Ruddlesden-Popper oxides, tampers with their superconducting properties. [32] Nuclear techniques have played an important role in determining the crystal structure of a rare type of intermetallic alloy that exhibits superconductivity. [31]
Category: Quantum Physics

[43] viXra:1901.0047 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-04 10:47:45

Simulators of Super-Dense Stars

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 62 Pages.

Rice University physicists have created the world's first laser-cooled neutral plasma, completing a 20-year quest that sets the stage for simulators that recreate exotic states of matter found inside Jupiter and white dwarf stars. [35] An international group of astronomers has detected an intense and extremely luminous gamma-ray flare from one of high-redshift blazars known as DA 193. [34] Our universe could be the mirror image of an antimatter universe extending backwards in time before the Big Bang. [33] "As you celebrate New Year's Day, cast an eye upward and think for a moment about the amazing things our country and our species can do when we set our minds to it," Stern wrote in the New York Times on Monday. [32] Our senses are stuck in the past. There's a flash of lightning, and then seconds pass until we hear the rumble of distant thunder. We hear the past. [31] ESA's technical centre in the Netherlands has begun running a pulsar-based clock. The "PulChron' system measures the passing of time using millisecond-frequency radio pulses from multiple fast-spinning neutron stars. [30] VR is an almost perfect avenue for this approach, since it has been surging in popularity as both entertainment and an educational tool. [29] Using MAGIC telescopes and NASA's Fermi spacecraft, an international team of astronomers has discovered a new source of very high energy gamma-ray emission around the supernova remnant (SNR) G24.7+0.6. [28] In 1973, Russian physicist A.B. Migdal predicted the phenomenon of pion condensation above a critical, extremely high-several times higher than that for normal matter-nuclear density. [27] Our first glimpses into the physics that exist near the center of a black hole are being made possible using "loop quantum gravity"-a theory that uses quantum mechanics to extend gravitational physics beyond Einstein's theory of general relativity. [26] In the shadowy regions of black holes two fundamental theories describing our world collide. Can these problems be resolved and do black holes really exist? First, we may have to see one and scientists are trying to do just this. [25]
Category: Astrophysics

[42] viXra:1901.0046 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-04 11:35:20

Relation Between the Euler Totient, the Counting Prime Formula and the Prime Generating Functions

Authors: Nazihkhelifa
Comments: 4 Pages.

Relation between The Euler Totient, the counting prime formula and the prime generating Functions The theory of numbers is an area of mathematis hiih eals ith the propertes of hole an ratonal numbers... In this paper I ill intro uie relaton bet een Euler phi funiton an prime iountnn an neneratnn formula, as ell as a ioniept of the possible operatons e ian use ith them. There are four propositons hiih are mentone in this paper an I have use the efnitons of these arithmetial funitons an some Lemmas hiih refeit their propertes, in or er to prove them
Category: Number Theory

[41] viXra:1901.0045 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-04 13:46:40

The Clockwise Spin

Authors: Adham Ahmed Mohamed Ahmed
Comments: 1 Page. ty

The clockwise spin in electrons and protons is probably the reason why they have attracting charges because when we look at a bigger scale we find that electrons spin around the protons in clockwise direction too and when we look at a bigger scale we find that planets spin clockwise too around themselves also when we look at a bigger scale we find that moons spin around planets in clockwise direction probably the reason this happens is because there are two interacting masses here namely the electrons and protons or the planet and moons those two masses spinning in the clockwise direction while one is spinning in clockwise direction around the other only and the bigger mass is not meaning that the bigger one is not spinning around the other while the smaller mass is spinning for example if we look at two masses that are equal in mass as two neutron stars we would find that both of them is spinning around the other leading to higher spin velocity around the other but with distance or radius around each other loss but in other systems where the two masses are not equal we find that the radius is kept under time easily i actually have the ability to write better physics paper now and sine i do not remember my last account password i will not delete papers anymore so all papers from now are not garbage except ofcourse for the method to find pi paper
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[40] viXra:1901.0044 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-04 17:33:47

SCHRÖDINGER'S Cat-Clarifications

Authors: Leonardo Rubino
Comments: 4 Pages.

In quantum mechanics and in modern physics in general, the observer is often held as not really an entity which has nothing to do with the experiment, as it could happen in a classic environment more than a hundred years ago, but still as an entity which starts affecting the experiment only when, at the end of the experiment itself, he wears a white overall and starts carrying out measurements. On the contrary, the observer is part of the experiment since the beginning.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[39] viXra:1901.0043 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-05 00:45:19

Theory of Natural Ontology: 2. Horizon Generators and Superphase Evolutions

Authors: Wei Xu
Comments: 26 Pages.

Applying neutrally to everything of being in physical states, this manuscript gives birth to a newborn scientific theory of Natural Ontology, which is scoped at Superphase Dynamics and developed for horizon infrastructure of physical world with principles of evolutional events or classically known as dark energy. As the groundbreaking, it reveals exceptional intrinsics of the universe, prevailing over and unifying with modern physics of Gauge Theory, Quantum physics of Electrodynamics and Chromodynamics, Spontaneous Field Breaking, Standard Model, cosmology, and beyond, orchestrating all types of life events essential to the operations and processes of creation, annihilations, reproduction and communication for physical formations and virtual evolutions. 


Category: Quantum Physics

[38] viXra:1901.0042 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-04 23:31:32

Smoke Detection: Revisit the PCA Matting Approach

Authors: Md. Mobarak Hossain
Comments: 11 Pages. Working Paper

This paper revisits a novel approach, PCA matting, for smoke detection where the removal of the effect of background image and extract textural features are taken into account. This article considers an image as linear blending of smoke component and background component. Under this assumption this paper discusses a model and it's solution using the concept of PCA.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[37] viXra:1901.0041 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-05 04:31:26

Controlling Cosmological Rotation Reversals

Authors: Moninder Singh Modgil
Comments: 2 pages

Existence of a Cosmic String, going vertically upwards from the north pole, can be verified by flying around it in circles and measuring the associated Aharonov-Bohm effect \cite{Belluci 2014}. The cosmic string plays a pivotal role in rotation of universe around/over the stationary earth \cite{Modgil 2018 c}. Anthropogenic thermal up currents over the north pole, would interact with the cosmic string - winding around it and effecting its rotational state. Such up currents can be generated by the heat from the nuclear reactors on north pole \cite{Modgil 2002, Modgil 2008, Modgil 2011}. This gives an anthropic engineering control over the cosmological rotation reversals. Nuclear submarines surfacing by breaking through the polar ice cap, - heating sea water, - converting it into steam - and releasing it into the polar atmosphere - are a possible way to achieve this.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[36] viXra:1901.0040 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-03 07:55:31

Ferent Equation of the Human Body

Authors: Adrian Ferent
Comments: 277 Pages. © 2014 Adrian Ferent

Ferent equation of the Human body Ferent equations of the Universe can be applied to any quantum system which contains Matter, Dark Matter and Spiritual Matter. This means Ferent equations of the Universe can be applied to our Milky Way galaxy, to our planet, to human body… Human body The human body is a quantum system composed of Matter, Dark Matter and Spiritual Matter. Spiritual body The aura is the energetic field that surrounds the human body as well as every organism and object in the universe. We see paintings of Christian saints with a circle of white or yellow light around their heads, or angels with their halos; this is the way how people imagined the energetic field of the human body. In Christianity, the apostle Paul introduced the concept of the spiritual body, (1 Corinthians 15:44), describing the resurrection body as ‘spiritual’. The aura is made up of several layers of subtle energy. The Spiritual body is made of Spiritual Matter evolving in time. The most general form of the time-dependent Ferent equation of the Human body. “Ferent equation of the Human body: “ Adrian Ferent Where: |Ψ(r,t)> – is the state vector of the Human body r and t are the position vector and time h – is the Planck constant a – is the Ferent constant s – is the Spiritual constant The Spiritual body is made of Spiritual Matter, composed of S spiritual elementary particles evolving in time. The time-dependent Ferent equation of the Human body, which gives a description of the Human body as quantum system, made of Matter, P elementary particles, Dark Matter, R elementary particles, and Spiritual Matter, S elementary particles, evolving in time. “Ferent equation of the Human body: “ Adrian Ferent Where: Ψ – the wave function of the Human body m1i – the mass of Matter elementary particle i m2j – the mass of Dark Matter elementary particle j m3k – the mass of Spiritual Matter elementary particle k r1P – the position of Matter elementary particle P r2R – the position of Dark Matter elementary particle R r3S – the position of Spiritual Matter elementary particle S The solution to the Ferent equations is the wave function: Ψ. The information about the quantum system is contained in the solution to Ferent equations, the wave function Ψ. The square of the absolute value of the wave function, | Ψ |2 is interpreted as a probability density. Ferent equations are Deterministic, because if I know the wave function at a moment in time I can determine the wave function later in time. The clerics are ignorant in science and the scientists are ignorant in spirituality. That is why science of spirituality is not accepted in universities, in peer-reviewed journals, as Nobel Prize… Scientists from the Pontifical Academy of Sciences were not able to discover a Transdisciplinarity equation or an equation to link Matter with Spiritual Matter. The greatest scientists tried to unify Science and Spirituality and to write a Transdisciplinarity equation without success. It is not easy to understand both Science and Spirituality. My Father helped me to understand Science and my Mother helped me to understand Spirituality. I am the first who discovered a Transdisciplinarity equation; the Ferent equation of the Soul. “Ferent equation of the Soul:” Adrian Ferent 162. I am the first who discovered the Ferent equation of the Human body
Category: Physics of Biology

[35] viXra:1901.0039 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-03 08:54:23

Antimatter Universe Partner

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 58 Pages.

Our universe could be the mirror image of an antimatter universe extending backwards in time before the Big Bang. [33] "As you celebrate New Year's Day, cast an eye upward and think for a moment about the amazing things our country and our species can do when we set our minds to it," Stern wrote in the New York Times on Monday. [32] Our senses are stuck in the past. There's a flash of lightning, and then seconds pass until we hear the rumble of distant thunder. We hear the past. [31] ESA's technical centre in the Netherlands has begun running a pulsar-based clock. The "PulChron' system measures the passing of time using millisecond-frequency radio pulses from multiple fast-spinning neutron stars. [30] VR is an almost perfect avenue for this approach, since it has been surging in popularity as both entertainment and an educational tool. [29] Using MAGIC telescopes and NASA's Fermi spacecraft, an international team of astronomers has discovered a new source of very high energy gamma-ray emission around the supernova remnant (SNR) G24.7+0.6. [28] In 1973, Russian physicist A.B. Migdal predicted the phenomenon of pion condensation above a critical, extremely high-several times higher than that for normal matter-nuclear density. [27] Our first glimpses into the physics that exist near the center of a black hole are being made possible using "loop quantum gravity"-a theory that uses quantum mechanics to extend gravitational physics beyond Einstein's theory of general relativity. [26] In the shadowy regions of black holes two fundamental theories describing our world collide. Can these problems be resolved and do black holes really exist? First, we may have to see one and scientists are trying to do just this. [25] The authors suggest that this virtual reality simulation could be useful for studying HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/black+holes/" black holes. [24] Every galaxy is thought to harbor a supermassive black hole in the center, or nucleus, of the galaxy, and in active galaxies this black hole is fed by infalling matter. [23]
Category: Astrophysics

[34] viXra:1901.0038 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-03 09:05:01

Deux Applications Des Méthodes de L’analyse Des Données Avec R

Authors: Ayoub Abraich
Comments: 32 Pages.

Dans ce projet, nous allons appliquer deux méthodes d’analyse de données ( classification hiérarchique & l’ACP) pour étudier 2 échantillons de données . On commence par une présentation courte des outils théorique, ensuite nous exposons notre analyse via ces deux méthodes en utilisant le langage R . Je me base principalement dans la partie théorique sur les cours de Wikistat .
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[33] viXra:1901.0037 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-03 09:08:10

Big Bang Without Bang

Authors: Ilgaitis Prūsis, Peteris Prūsis
Comments: 3 pages

The Big Bang conception of main stream physics states that at the initial point there was an enormously high temperature. This does not explain the very low temperature of CMB radiation and existence of primordial pure hydrogen stars which cannot be generated at high temperatures. The article discloses a new statement that initially there was absolute zero of Kelvin degrees. The matter was in Bose-Einstein condensate state and slowly warmed up.
Category: Astrophysics

[32] viXra:1901.0036 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-03 09:11:36

New Concept of Mass

Authors: Ilgaitis Prūsis, Peteris Prūsis
Comments: 3 pages

In contemporary physics mass is a basic property of any physical object, but there is no consistent definition of what mass is. This article formulates a new concept of mass based on the statement that space and force field are synonyms, i.e., mass is the charge of gravity.
Category: Classical Physics

[31] viXra:1901.0035 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-03 09:36:51

Dark Matter Heating

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 24 Pages.

Scientists have found evidence that dark matter can be heated up and moved around, as a result of star formation in galaxies. [22] Today, an international group of researchers, including Carnegie Mellon University's Rachel Mandelbaum, released the deepest wide field map of the three-dimensional distribution of matter in the universe ever made and increased the precision of constraints for dark energy with the Hyper Suprime-Cam survey (HSC). [21] Scientists are hoping to understand one of the most enduring mysteries in cosmology by simulating its effect on the clustering of galaxies. [20] The U.S. Department of Energy has approved nearly $1 million in funding for the research team, which has been tasked with leveraging large-scale computer simulations and developing new statistical methods to help us better understand these fundamental forces. [19] According to a new study, they could also potentially detect dark matter, if dark matter is composed of a particular kind of particle called a "dark photon." [18] A global team of scientists, including two University of Mississippi physicists, has found that the same instruments used in the historic discovery of gravitational waves caused by colliding black holes could help unlock the secrets of dark matter, a mysterious and as-yet-unobserved component of the universe. [17] The lack of so-called "dark photons" in electron-positron collision data rules out scenarios in which these hypothetical particles explain the muon's magnetic moment. [16] By reproducing the complexity of the cosmos through unprecedented simulations, a new study highlights the importance of the possible behaviour of very high-energy photons. In their journey through intergalactic magnetic fields, such photons could be transformed into axions and thus avoid being absorbed. [15] Scientists have detected a mysterious X-ray signal that could be caused by dark matter streaming out of our Sun's core. Hidden photons are predicted in some extensions of the Standard Model of particle physics, and unlike WIMPs they would interact electromagnetically with normal matter. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron-proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[30] viXra:1901.0034 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-03 10:23:21

Big Nanoscale Discovery

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 53 Pages.

His recent discovery with longtime collaborator Koblar Jackson, a professor in the Department of Physics at Central Michigan University, has the potential to dramatically impact the discipline of nanoscale science. [33] An inexpensive way to make products incorporating nanoparticles-such as high-performance energy devices or sophisticated diagnostic tests-has been developed by researchers. [32] Researchers from Empa and ETH Zurich, together with colleagues from IBM Research Zurich, have recently been able to create this effect with long-range ordered nanocrystal superlattices. [31] The optical tweezer is revealing new capabilities while helping scientists understand HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/quantum+mechanics/" quantum mechanics, the theory that explains nature in terms of subatomic particles. [30] In the perspective, Gabor and Song collect early examples in electron metamaterials and distil emerging design strategies for electronic control from them. [29] Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers are working to make better electronic devices by delving into the way nanocrystals are arranged inside of them. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25] Following three years of extensive research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) physicist Dr. Uriel Levy and his team have created technology that will enable computers and all optic communication devices to run 100 times faster through terahertz microchips. [24]
Category: Condensed Matter

[29] viXra:1901.0033 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-03 10:59:55

Nanoscale Cargo with Nanowrappers

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 56 Pages.

Using a one-step chemical synthesis method, they engineered hollow metallic nanosized boxes with cube-shaped pores at the corners and demonstrated how these "nanowrappers" can be used to carry and release DNA-coated nanoparticles in a controlled way. [34] His recent discovery with longtime collaborator Koblar Jackson, a professor in the Department of Physics at Central Michigan University, has the potential to dramatically impact the discipline of nanoscale science. [33] An inexpensive way to make products incorporating nanoparticles—such as high-performance energy devices or sophisticated diagnostic tests—has been developed by researchers. [32] Researchers from Empa and ETH Zurich, together with colleagues from IBM Research Zurich, have recently been able to create this effect with long-range ordered nanocrystal superlattices. [31] The optical tweezer is revealing new capabilities while helping scientists understand HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/quantum+mechanics/" quantum mechanics, the theory that explains nature in terms of subatomic particles. [30] In the perspective, Gabor and Song collect early examples in electron metamaterials and distil emerging design strategies for electronic control from them. [29] Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers are working to make better electronic devices by delving into the way nanocrystals are arranged inside of them. [28]
Category: Condensed Matter

[28] viXra:1901.0032 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-06 12:17:18

Let There Be Gravity Light. Using Only Gravitational Observations to Measure (Extract) the Speed of Light/Gravity

Authors: Espen Gaarder Haug
Comments: 4 Pages.

We show how one can measure the speed of gravity only using gravitational phenomena. Our approach offers several ways to measure the speed of gravity (light) and checks existing assumptions about light in new types of experiments. The speed of light is included in several well-known gravitational formulas. However, if we can measure this speed from gravitational phenomena alone, then is it the speed of light or the speed of gravity we are measuring? We think it is more than a mere coincidence that they are the same. In addition, even if it is not possible to draw strong conclusions now, our formulations support the view that there is a link between electromagnetism and gravity.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[27] viXra:1901.0031 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-03 14:55:33

Masher, Media, Depression

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 4 Pages. -

Probable etymology of the words specified in heading
Category: Linguistics

[26] viXra:1901.0030 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-03 17:17:16

Comparison of the Theoretical and Empirical Results for the Benford's Law Summation Test Performed on Data that Conforms to a Log Normal Distribution

Authors: Robert C. Hall
Comments: 24 Pages.

The Benford's Law Summation test consists of adding all numbers that begin with a particular first or first two digits and determining its distribution with respect to these first or first two digits numbers. Most people familiar with this test believe that the distribution is a uniform distribution for any distribution that conforms to Benford's law i.e. the distribution of the mantissas of the logarithm of the data set is uniform U[0,1). The summation test that results in a uniform distribution is true for an exponential function (geometric progression) but not true for a data set that conforms to a Log Normal distribution even when the Log Normal distribution itself closely approximates a Benford's Law distribution.
Category: Number Theory

[25] viXra:1901.0028 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-23 15:02:23

Algorithm for Evaluating Bivariate Kolmogorov Statistics in O(N Log N) Time.

Authors: Krystian Zawistowski
Comments: 6 Pages. fixed some typos

We propose an O(n log n) algorithm for evaluation of bivariate Kolmogorov- Smirnov statistics (n is number of samples). It offers few orders of magnitude of speedup over existing implementations for n > 100k samples of input. The algorithm is based on static Binary Search Trees and sweep algorithm. We share C++ implementation with Python bindings.
Category: Data Structures and Algorithms

[24] viXra:1901.0027 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-04 00:24:07

An Interesting Inspiration to Probe Protein Engineering & its Promising Applications Using Spin Glass Theory & Related Mathematical Concepts - Based on Higher Order Logic(HOL)/Haskell/Scala/Deep Learning(DL)/Java Virtual Machine/JikesRVM(Research Virtu

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 4 Pages. Short Communication & Technical Notes

An Interesting Inspiration to Probe Protein Engineering & its Promising Applications Using Spin Glass Theory & Related Mathematical Concepts - Based on Higher Order Logic(HOL)/Haskell/Scala/Deep Learning(DL)/Java Virtual Machine/JikesRVM(Research Virtual Machine) as Future Informatics Platform in Protein Engineering Domains.
Category: Thermodynamics and Energy

[23] viXra:1901.0025 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-04 00:51:50

The Personalities of Numbers

Authors: Sai Venkatesh Balasubramanian
Comments: 4 Pages.

Every number, every equation carries profound meaning, not just physically, but in the bigger scheme of things. We set out to study and uncover them.
Category: General Mathematics

[22] viXra:1901.0023 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-02 07:33:40

Chiral Solitons: A New Approach to Solitons Over Minkowski Space

Authors: Paul Werbos
Comments: 4 Pages.

This letter proposes a new approach to the unmet challenge of plausibly modeling the electron and other elementary particles as “solitons,” as stable vortices of force fields. This is the only alternative in Minkowski space to the usual model of charged elementary particles as perfect point particles, with an infinite Coulomb energy of self repulsion [1], requiring that elaborate systems of renormalization must be added to the fundamental definition of any quantum field theory. Richard Feynmann has written: “The shell game that we play is technically called 'renormalization'. But no matter how clever the word, it is still what I would call a dippy process! Having to resort to such hocus-pocus has prevented us from proving that the theory of quantum electrodynamics is mathematically self-consistent. It's surprising that the theory still hasn't been proved self-consistent one way or the other by now; I suspect that renormalization is not mathematically legitimate”.[2] This letter first summarizes previous approaches using topological solitons, and then motivates and outlines the new approach.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[21] viXra:1901.0022 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-02 07:42:22

Quantum Computer for Quantum Chemistry

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 61 Pages.

Among many important and fundamental issues in science, solving the Schroedinger equation (SE) of atoms and molecules is one of the ultimate goals in chemistry, physics and their related fields. [36] The standard approach to building a quantum computer with majoranas as building blocks is to convert them into qubits. However, a promising application of quantum computing-quantum chemistry-would require these qubits to be converted again into so-called fermions. [35] Scientists have shown how an optical chip can simulate the motion of atoms within molecules at the quantum level, which could lead to better ways of creating chemicals for use as pharmaceuticals. [34] Chinese scientists Xianmin Jin and his colleagues from Shanghai Jiao Tong University have successfully fabricated the largest-scaled quantum chip and demonstrated the first two-dimensional quantum walks of single photons in real spatial space, which may provide a powerful platform to boost analog quantum computing for quantum supremacy. [33] To address this technology gap, a team of engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) has developed an innovative microchip, named BATLESS, that can continue to operate even when the battery runs out of energy. [32] Stanford researchers have developed a water-based battery that could provide a cheap way to store wind or solar energy generated when the sun is shining and wind is blowing so it can be fed back into the electric grid and be redistributed when demand is high. [31] Researchers at AMOLF and the University of Texas have circumvented this problem with a vibrating glass ring that interacts with light. They thus created a microscale circulator that directionally routes light on an optical chip without using magnets. [30] Researchers have discovered three distinct variants of magnetic domain walls in the helimagnet iron germanium (FeGe). [29]
Category: Quantum Physics

[20] viXra:1901.0021 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-02 08:08:27

Photonic Integrated Circuits

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 41 Pages.

The transition from electronic integrated circuits to faster, more energy-efficient and interference-free optical circuits is one of the most important goals in the development of photon technologies. [26] With novel optoelectronic chips and a new partnership with a top silicon-chip manufacturer, MIT spinout Ayar Labs aims to increase speed and reduce energy consumption in computing, starting with data centers. [25] Following three years of extensive research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) physicist Dr. Uriel Levy and his team have created technology that will enable computers and all optic communication devices to run 100 times faster through terahertz microchips. [24] When the energy efficiency of electronics poses a challenge, magnetic materials may have a solution. [23]
Category: Quantum Physics

[19] viXra:1901.0020 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-02 08:43:08

Relational Structures

Authors: J.A.J. van Leunen
Comments: 3 Pages. This is part of the Hilbert Book Model Project

Lattices form the foundation of important theories. One is classical logic. Another is quantum logic, which is an orthomodular lattice.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[18] viXra:1901.0019 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-02 09:24:48

Innovative Magnets for Accelerator

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 85 Pages.

The novel magnet design, developed by Brookhaven physicist Stephen Brooks and C-AD engineer George Mahler, has a fixed magnetic field that varies in strength at different points within each circular magnet's aperture. [46] Particle accelerators are made of structures called cavities, which impart energy to the particle beam, kicking it forward. [45] As an alternative cost-cutting option to accelerate particles more efficiently, the wakefield accelerator has been suggested. Physicists send a beam of either electrons, protons, or a laser through a plasma. [44] A KAIST research team successfully identified the underlying principles behind electron heating, which is one of the most important phenomena in plasmas. [43] Researchers at MIT's Plasma Science and Fusion Center (PSFC) have now demonstrated how microwaves can be used to overcome barriers to steady-state tokamak operation. [42] Plasma particle accelerators more powerful than existing machines could help probe some of the outstanding mysteries of our universe, as well as make leaps forward in cancer treatment and security scanning-all in a package that's around a thousandth of the size of current accelerators. [41] The Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory has started to assemble a new facility for revolutionary accelerator technologies that could make future accelerators 100 to 1,000 times smaller and boost their capabilities. [40] The authors designed a mechanism based on the deployment of a transport barrier to confine the particles and prevent them from moving from one region of the accelerator to another. "There is strong experimental evidence that there is indeed some new physics lurking in the lepton sector," Dev said. [38]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[17] viXra:1901.0017 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-02 09:40:49

Machine Learning Atomistic Simulations

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 39 Pages.

To overcome these harsh limitations, the researchers exploited an artificial neural network (ANN) to learn the atomic interactions from quantum mechanics. [26] A new tool is drastically changing the face of chemical research-artificial intelligence. In a new paper published in Nature, researchers review the rapid progress in machine learning for the chemical sciences. [25] A new type of artificial-intelligence-driven chemistry could revolutionise the way molecules are discovered, scientists claim. [24] Tired of writing your own boring code for new software? Finally, there's an AI that can do it for you. [23] Welcome to Move Mirror, where you move in front of your webcam. [22] Understanding how a robot will react under different conditions is essential to guaranteeing its safe operation. [21] Marculescu, along with ECE Ph.D. student Chieh Lo, has developed a machine learning algorithm-called MPLasso-that uses data to infer associations and interactions between microbes in the GI microbiome. [20] A team of researchers from the University of Muenster in Germany has now demonstrated that this combination is extremely well suited to planning chemical syntheses-so-called retrosyntheses-with unprecedented efficiency. [19] Two physicists at ETH Zurich and the Hebrew University of Jerusalem have developed a novel machine-learning algorithm that analyses large data sets describing a physical system and extract from them the essential information needed to understand the underlying physics. [18]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[16] viXra:1901.0016 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-02 10:09:58

Ultrathin Digital Camera

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 88 Pages.

The ultrathin digital camera offers a wide field of view and high resolution in a slimmer body compared to existing imaging systems. [50] The special feature of the Kiel system is its extremely high temporal resolution of 13 femtoseconds. [49] Physical systems with discrete energy levels are ubiquitous in nature and form fundamental building blocks of quantum technology. [48] In a similar vein, scientists are working to create twisting helical electromagnetic waves whose curvature allows more accurate imaging of the magnetic properties of different materials at the atomic level and could possibly lead to the development of future devices. [47] In a recent study, materials scientists Guojin Liang and his coworkers at the Department of Materials Science and Engineering, City University of Hong Kong, have developed a self-healing, electroluminescent (EL) device that can repair or heal itself after damage. [46] A team of researchers based at The University of Manchester have found a low cost method for producing graphene printed electronics, which significantly speeds up and reduces the cost of conductive graphene inks. [45] Graphene-based computer components that can deal in terahertz "could be used, not in a normal Macintosh or PC, but perhaps in very advanced computers with high processing rates," Ozaki says. This 2-D material could also be used to make extremely high-speed nanodevices, he adds. [44] Printed electronics use standard printing techniques to manufacture electronic devices on different substrates like glass, plastic films, and paper. [43] A tiny laser comprising an array of nanoscale semiconductor cylinders (see image) has been made by an all-A*STAR team. [42] A new instrument lets researchers use multiple laser beams and a microscope to trap and move cells and then analyze them in real-time with a sensitive analysis technique known as Raman spectroscopy. [41]
Category: Quantum Physics

[15] viXra:1901.0015 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-02 11:41:26

Mathematics of Combined Theory of Time

Authors: Suraj Deshmukh
Comments: 16 Pages. Do not contain explanations for equations.

This theory is about time. I have represented time in a new manner. First we consider time to be isolated then merge it with space. These are equations governing this theory. Before you read I request to read combined theory of time(CTT). These are first few equations emerging in CTT. Excluding DOX mechanism all other topics of CTT are covered.
Category: Classical Physics

[14] viXra:1901.0014 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-02 11:50:23

An Integral Triune Model of Human Consciousness & Its Implications to Cancer Treatment

Authors: Victor Christianto, Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 12 Pages. This paper has been published by JCER (2019). Comments are welcome

In this paper, we argue that human consciousness model should take into consideration the mindbody-spirit as integral aspect which is neglected in the so-called Freudian mental model. In particular, two approaches to cancer treatment derived from such an integral triune view of human consciousness are explored: (a) Healing frequency approach as advised by Royal Rife and David Hawkins, and (b) Relational therapy, based on recent research on the healing role of love and compassion.
Category: Religion and Spiritualism

[13] viXra:1901.0013 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-14 21:40:36

Grosse Fugue and E8-Cl(16) Physics

Authors: Frank Dodd Tony Smith Jr
Comments: 90 Pages.

The Structure of Beethoven’s Grosse Fugue (Opus 133 and 134) corresponds to Cl(16) - E8 Physics (viXra 1810.0365) and the evolution of our Universe and Human civilization. The Grosse Fugue correpondences with Cl(16) - E8 are shown in this paper using visualizations by Stephen Malinowski. Version 4 (v4) includes links to some mov files of visualizations.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[12] viXra:1901.0012 [pdf] replaced on 2019-02-08 10:30:52

An ab Initio Definition of Life Pertaining to Astrobiology

Authors: Ian Hegner von Hegner
Comments: 13 Pages.

Abstract Many definitions of life have been put forward in the course of time, but none have emerged to entirely encapsulate life. Putting forward an adequate definition is not a simple matter to do, despite many people seeming to believe they have an intuitive understanding of what is meant when it is stated that something is life. However, it is important to do define life, because we ourselves, individually and collectively, are life, which entails an importance in itself. Furthermore, humankind’s capability to look for life on other planets is steadily becoming a real possibility. But in order to realize that search, a definition of life is required. Progress has been made. Life is a complex, but natural phenomena that emerged and has been maintained under the dual demands of thermodynamics and evolution. Thus, any definition of life must include thermodynamics specifically, as well as evolution generally. A definition of life can be obtained through the application of first principles from physics, chemistry and biology. It must encapsulate the minimal properties that are shared between all life and demonstrate that the interconnected aspects of life are unique for precisely life and that it collectively does things other phenomena do not, as well as describe what life is. Thus, the following ab initio definition can be put forward: LifeTerra is a genome-containing, self-sustaining, chemical dissipative system that maintains its localized level of organization at the expense of producing entropy in the environment; which has developed its numerous characteristics through pluripotential Darwinian evolution.
Category: Astrophysics

[11] viXra:1901.0011 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-01 10:40:40

Historic Flyby of Faraway World

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 54 Pages.

"As you celebrate New Year's Day, cast an eye upward and think for a moment about the amazing things our country and our species can do when we set our minds to it," Stern wrote in the New York Times on Monday. [32] Our senses are stuck in the past. There's a flash of lightning, and then seconds pass until we hear the rumble of distant thunder. We hear the past. [31] ESA's technical centre in the Netherlands has begun running a pulsar-based clock. The "PulChron' system measures the passing of time using millisecond-frequency radio pulses from multiple fast-spinning neutron stars. [30] VR is an almost perfect avenue for this approach, since it has been surging in popularity as both entertainment and an educational tool. [29] Using MAGIC telescopes and NASA's Fermi spacecraft, an international team of astronomers has discovered a new source of very high energy gamma-ray emission around the supernova remnant (SNR) G24.7+0.6. [28] In 1973, Russian physicist A.B. Migdal predicted the phenomenon of pion condensation above a critical, extremely high-several times higher than that for normal matter-nuclear density. [27] Our first glimpses into the physics that exist near the center of a black hole are being made possible using "loop quantum gravity"-a theory that uses quantum mechanics to extend gravitational physics beyond Einstein's theory of general relativity. [26] In the shadowy regions of black holes two fundamental theories describing our world collide. Can these problems be resolved and do black holes really exist? First, we may have to see one and scientists are trying to do just this. [25] The authors suggest that this virtual reality simulation could be useful for studying HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/black+holes/" black holes. [24] Every galaxy is thought to harbor a supermassive black hole in the center, or nucleus, of the galaxy, and in active galaxies this black hole is fed by infalling matter. [23] A new study by researchers at the University of Colorado Boulder finds that violent crashes may be more effective at activating black holes than more peaceful mergers. [22]
Category: Astrophysics

[10] viXra:1901.0010 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-01 10:56:59

Genome Regulation During Nerve Cell Formation

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

A new NYU Abu Dhabi study suggests for the first time that actin, which is a cytoskeleton protein found in the cell, is critical to regulating the genome-the genetic material of an organism-during the formation of "neurons" or nerve cells. [26] For the English scientists involved, perhaps the most important fact is that their DNA read was about twice as long as the previous record, held by their Australian rivals. [25] Researchers from the University of Chicago have developed a high-throughput RNA sequencing strategy to study the activity of the gut microbiome. [24] Today a large international consortium of researchers published a complex but important study looking at how DNA works in animals. [23] Asymmetry plays a major role in biology at every scale: think of DNA spirals, the fact that the human heart is positioned on the left, our preference to use our left or right hand ... [22] Scientists reveal how a 'molecular machine' in bacterial cells prevents fatal DNA twisting, which could be crucial in the development of new antibiotic treatments. [21] In new research, Hao Yan of Arizona State University and his colleagues describe an innovative DNA HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/walker/" walker, capable of rapidly traversing a prepared track. [20] Just like any long polymer chain, DNA tends to form knots. Using technology that allows them to stretch DNA molecules and image the behavior of these knots, MIT researchers have discovered, for the first time, the factors that determine whether a knot moves along the strand or "jams" in place. [19] Researchers at Delft University of Technology, in collaboration with colleagues at the Autonomous University of Madrid, have created an artificial DNA blueprint for the replication of DNA in a cell-like structure. [18] An LMU team now reveals the inner workings of a molecular motor made of proteins which packs and unpacks DNA. [17]
Category: Physics of Biology

[9] viXra:1901.0009 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-01 11:40:38

Electric Currents keep Olfaction Reliable

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 46 Pages.

Imagine trying to figure out how something works when that something takes place in a space smaller than a femtoliter: one quadrillionith of a liter. [27] A new NYU Abu Dhabi study suggests for the first time that actin, which is a cytoskeleton protein found in the cell, is critical to regulating the genome-the genetic material of an organism-during the formation of "neurons" or nerve cells. [26] For the English scientists involved, perhaps the most important fact is that their DNA read was about twice as long as the previous record, held by their Australian rivals. [25] Researchers from the University of Chicago have developed a high-throughput RNA sequencing strategy to study the activity of the gut microbiome. [24] Today a large international consortium of researchers published a complex but important study looking at how DNA works in animals. [23] Asymmetry plays a major role in biology at every scale: think of DNA spirals, the fact that the human heart is positioned on the left, our preference to use our left or right hand ... [22] Scientists reveal how a 'molecular machine' in bacterial cells prevents fatal DNA twisting, which could be crucial in the development of new antibiotic treatments. [21] In new research, Hao Yan of Arizona State University and his colleagues describe an innovative DNA HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/walker/" walker, capable of rapidly traversing a prepared track. [20] Just like any long polymer chain, DNA tends to form knots. Using technology that allows them to stretch DNA molecules and image the behavior of these knots, MIT researchers have discovered, for the first time, the factors that determine whether a knot moves along the strand or "jams" in place. [19] Researchers at Delft University of Technology, in collaboration with colleagues at the Autonomous University of Madrid, have created an artificial DNA blueprint for the replication of DNA in a cell-like structure. [18]
Category: Physics of Biology

[8] viXra:1901.0008 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-01 11:53:46

Bacteria Produce New Molecules

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 47 Pages.

By enticing away the repressors dampening unexpressed, silent genes in Streptomyces bacteria, researchers at the University of Illinois have unlocked several large gene clusters for new natural products, according to a study published in the journal Nature Chemical Biology. [28] Imagine trying to figure out how something works when that something takes place in a space smaller than a femtoliter: one quadrillionith of a liter. [27] A new NYU Abu Dhabi study suggests for the first time that actin, which is a cytoskeleton protein found in the cell, is critical to regulating the genome-the genetic material of an organism-during the formation of "neurons" or nerve cells. [26] For the English scientists involved, perhaps the most important fact is that their DNA read was about twice as long as the previous record, held by their Australian rivals. [25] Researchers from the University of Chicago have developed a high-throughput RNA sequencing strategy to study the activity of the gut microbiome. [24] Today a large international consortium of researchers published a complex but important study looking at how DNA works in animals. [23] Asymmetry plays a major role in biology at every scale: think of DNA spirals, the fact that the human heart is positioned on the left, our preference to use our left or right hand ... [22] Scientists reveal how a 'molecular machine' in bacterial cells prevents fatal DNA twisting, which could be crucial in the development of new antibiotic treatments. [21] In new research, Hao Yan of Arizona State University and his colleagues describe an innovative DNA HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/walker/" walker, capable of rapidly traversing a prepared track. [20] Just like any long polymer chain, DNA tends to form knots. Using technology that allows them to stretch DNA molecules and image the behavior of these knots, MIT researchers have discovered, for the first time, the factors that determine whether a knot moves along the strand or "jams" in place. [19]
Category: Physics of Biology

[7] viXra:1901.0007 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-01 16:19:56

Characterization of the Integers of the Form (Z^n-Y^n)/(z-y) that Are Divisible by Some Perfect Nth Powers.

Authors: Rachid Marsli
Comments: 11 Pages.

In this work, we show a sufficient and necessary condition for an integer of the form (z^n-y^n)/(z-y)to be divisible by some perfect nth power p^n, where p is an odd prime. We also show how to construct such integers. A link between the main result and Fermat’s last theorem is discussed. Other related ideas, examples and applications are provided.
Category: Number Theory

[6] viXra:1901.0006 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-02 16:18:02

Confirmation of Caswell's 1952 "Significant Curriculum Issues" Using Mathematical Logic

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2016-2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com . Respond to the author by email at: info@ersatz-systems dot com.

From Caswell's seminal paper of 1952, we evaluate 11 significant curriculum issues, then group them into the arbitrary categories of: (1) Learner-Learned (p,q); (2) Accountability of school (r,s,t); (3) Unit of value (u,v,w); and (4) Identity of process (x,y,z). We do not assume weighting factors, so as to avoid AI networking issues. We evaluate the conjecture that (3) implies (2) implies (4) implies (1). The conjecture as rendered is confirmed as tautologous. Therefore Caswell's hypothesis is elevated to a theorem. What follows is that mathematical logic can be a useful approach to verify curriculum issues and extended in the field of education.
Category: Education and Didactics

[5] viXra:1901.0005 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-02 00:54:59

Acoustic Plank Units Derived to Friedmann Units Incorporating Hubble Expansion & Photon Extinction Radius

Authors: David E. Fuller, Dahl Winters, Ruud Loeffen
Comments: 3 Pages.

ACOUSTIC Plank Units derived to Friedmann Units incorporating Hubble Expansion & Photon Extinction Radius of 13.888 billion light years Minkowski Spatial geometry & the Lorentz Transformation are Inadequate as they produce a Photon that travels Eternally, Ignoring Hubble Red Shift.
Category: Quantum Physics

[4] viXra:1901.0004 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-02 05:19:32

Why is C the Symbol for the Speed of Light?

Authors: Philip Gibbs
Comments: 11 Pages.

It has been said that the letter c is used for the speed of light because it stands for the Latin word celeritas. A more careful examination of the historical literature suggests that the real reason is more complex.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[3] viXra:1901.0003 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-01 01:53:17

Lifetime of Graphene Qubits

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 92 Pages.

Researchers from MIT and elsewhere have recorded, for the first time, the "temporal coherence" of a graphene qubit-meaning how long it can maintain a special state that allows it to represent two logical states simultaneously. [52] By constructing a hybrid device made from two different types of qubit-the fundamental computing element of quantum computers-they have created a device that can be quickly initialized and read out, and that simultaneously maintains high control fidelity. [51] Researchers have demonstrated that an amoeba-a single-celled organism consisting mostly of gelatinous protoplasm-has unique computing abilities that may one day offer a competitive alternative to the methods used by conventional computers. [50] For the first time, researchers have used tiny gears made of germanium to generate a vortex of twisted light that turns around its axis of travel much like a corkscrew. [49] Physical systems with discrete energy levels are ubiquitous in nature and form fundamental building blocks of quantum technology. [48] In a similar vein, scientists are working to create twisting helical electromagnetic waves whose curvature allows more accurate imaging of the magnetic properties of different materials at the atomic level and could possibly lead to the development of future devices. [47] In a recent study, materials scientists Guojin Liang and his coworkers at the Department of Materials Science and Engineering, City University of Hong Kong, have developed a self-healing, electroluminescent (EL) device that can repair or heal itself after damage. [46] A team of researchers based at The University of Manchester have found a low cost method for producing graphene printed electronics, which significantly speeds up and reduces the cost of conductive graphene inks. [45] Graphene-based computer components that can deal in terahertz "could be used, not in a normal Macintosh or PC, but perhaps in very advanced computers with high processing rates," Ozaki says. This 2-D material could also be used to make extremely high-speed nanodevices, he adds. [44]
Category: Quantum Physics

[2] viXra:1901.0002 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-01 01:55:48

Quantum Boom Theory

Authors: Seamus McCelt
Comments: 16 Pages.

Neutrinos dominate the universe. They floated around in literally empty void nichts space for trillions & trillions of years - even an eternity.
Then when they decided to start popping - the universe started.
Boooom! Let there be Light (tension and vibrations).

● The Microcosmic Boom: Everything actually was schmooshed into something the size of a proton. But, it is NOT just one "singularity" the size of a proton - it is the uncountable number of neutrinos.
The fabric of space is created from expansion of neutrinos.
The neutrino "decay" (expansion) is just a simple shape change. Think popcorn popping.

● Expansion: A neutrino is a balled-up unit of space - like a quantum ball of spaghetti.
Whenever a neutrino decays (loses cohesion, loses shape), it "expands" - meaning it changes shape from a balled-up proton size to full length threads commandeering about the size of an atom.

● No Center: Correct. The universe is actually infinity, so, there is no center.
The neutrinos must be "expanding" at an high enough rate where there is a noticeable effect in the universe.
It is hard to believe but they actually would be "expanding" space and nothing would be moving.
More and more "space" is actually being magically created but, it is from the expansion (decay) of neutrinos.
Neutrinos "decay" into the fabric of space (it is only a shape change).
Category: Astrophysics

[1] viXra:1901.0001 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-01 02:09:00

Time Coordinate Transformation From Reflection Symmetry

Authors: Eric Su
Comments: 3 Pages. All comments are welcome. Please include your email address and a short list of your publications.

The application of symmetry to physics leads to conservation law and conserved quantity. For inertial reference frames, the reflection symmetry generates not only conservation but also transformation. Under reflection symmetry, the elapsed time is conserved in all inertial reference frames. The displacement in space is also conserved in all inertial reference frames. From the conservation of the elapsed time and the displacement, the coordinate transformation between inertial reference frame is derived. Based on the coordinate transformation, both the time transformation and the velocity transformation are also derived. The derivation shows that all three transformations are dependent exclusively on the relative motion between inertial reference frames.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology