All Submission Categories

1907 Submissions

[335] viXra:1907.0347 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-17 08:20:15

Largest Dark Matter Experiment

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 46 Pages.

Most of the remaining components needed to fully assemble an underground dark matter-search experiment called LUX-ZEPLIN (LZ) arrived at the project's South Dakota home during a rush of deliveries in June. [27] Among the potential candidates that come into question are weakly interacting massive particles or WIMPs. [26] If they exist, axions, among the candidates for dark matter particles, could interact with the matter comprising the universe, but at a much weaker extent than previously theorized. New, rigorous constraints on the properties of axions have been proposed by an international team of scientists. [25] The intensive, worldwide search for dark matter, the missing mass in the universe, has so far failed to find an abundance of dark, massive stars or scads of strange new weakly interacting particles, but a new candidate is slowly gaining followers and observational support. [24] "We invoke a different theory, the self-interacting dark matter model or SIDM, to show that dark matter self-interactions thermalize the inner halo, which ties ordinary dark matter and dark matter distributions together so that they behave like a collective unit." [23] Technology proposed 30 years ago to search for dark matter is finally seeing the light. [22] They're looking for dark matter-the stuff that theoretically makes up a quarter of our universe. [21] Results from its first run indicate that XENON1T is the most sensitive dark matter detector on Earth. [20] Scientists at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) in Germany have now come up with a new theory on how dark matter may have been formed shortly after the origin of the universe. [19]
Category: Astrophysics

[334] viXra:1907.0346 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-17 08:27:21

Two Cubic Equations and pi

Authors: Edgar Valdebenito
Comments: 3 Pages.

This note presents some formulas for Pi.
Category: General Mathematics

[333] viXra:1907.0345 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-17 08:31:03

On: Z*z*z-7*z*z+3*z-1=0

Authors: Edgar Valdebenito
Comments: 3 Pages.

We give a formula for Pi.
Category: Number Theory

[332] viXra:1907.0344 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-17 09:22:34

X-Ray Telescope Study Dark Universe

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 47 Pages.

A long-awaited German-Russian telescope to survey the X-ray sky in unprecedented detail was successfully launched from Kazakhstan's Baikonur Cosmodrome on 13 July. [28] Most of the remaining components needed to fully assemble an underground dark matter-search experiment called LUX-ZEPLIN (LZ) arrived at the project's South Dakota home during a rush of deliveries in June. [27] Among the potential candidates that come into question are weakly interacting massive particles or WIMPs. [26] If they exist, axions, among the candidates for dark matter particles, could interact with the matter comprising the universe, but at a much weaker extent than previously theorized. New, rigorous constraints on the properties of axions have been proposed by an international team of scientists. [25] The intensive, worldwide search for dark matter, the missing mass in the universe, has so far failed to find an abundance of dark, massive stars or scads of strange new weakly interacting particles, but a new candidate is slowly gaining followers and observational support. [24] "We invoke a different theory, the self-interacting dark matter model or SIDM, to show that dark matter self-interactions thermalize the inner halo, which ties ordinary dark matter and dark matter distributions together so that they behave like a collective unit." [23] Technology proposed 30 years ago to search for dark matter is finally seeing the light. [22] They're looking for dark matter-the stuff that theoretically makes up a quarter of our universe. [21] Results from its first run indicate that XENON1T is the most sensitive dark matter detector on Earth. [20]
Category: Astrophysics

[331] viXra:1907.0342 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-17 10:13:05

Rydberg Quantum Simulators

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 62 Pages.

The three-year Rydberg Quantum Simulators (RYSQ) project was set up to capitalize on the versatility of Rydberg atoms in order to address a variety of quantum simulations. [38] Using lasers, U.S. and Austrian physicists have coaxed ultracold strontium atoms into complex structures unlike any previously seen in nature. [37] A team of researchers has now presented this state of matter in the journal Physical Review Letters. The theoretical work was done at TU Wien (Vienna) and Harvard University, the experiment was performed at Rice University in Houston (Texas). [36] The old question, whether quantum systems show recurrences, can finally be answered: Yes, they do-but the concept of recurrence has to be slightly redefined. [35] Researchers at Purdue University have performed the first experimental tests of several fundamental theorems in thermodynamics, verifying the relationship between them and providing a better understanding of how nanoparticles behave under fluctuation. [34] Identifying right-handed and left-handed molecules is a crucial step for many applications in chemistry and pharmaceutics. [33] A team of researchers from several institutions in Japan has described a physical system that can be described as existing above "absolute hot" and also below absolute zero. [32] A silicon-based quantum computing device could be closer than ever due to a new experimental device that demonstrates the potential to use light as a messenger to connect quantum bits of information-known as qubits-that are not immediately adjacent to each other. [31] Researchers at the University of Bristol's Quantum Engineering Technology Labs have demonstrated a new type of silicon chip that can help building and testing quantum computers and could find their way into your mobile phone to secure information. [30] Theoretical physicists propose to use negative interference to control heat flow in quantum devices. [29] Particle physicists are studying ways to harness the power of the quantum realm to further their research. [28]
Category: Quantum Physics

[330] viXra:1907.0341 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-17 10:22:50

The Mystery of Nature Discovered

Authors: Bogdan Szenkaryk "Pinopa"
Comments: 8 Pages.

The article presents the discovery of an error in physics, which has been for over two hundred years passed on to next generations as an irrefutable truth. This error concerns the law of conservation of energy.
Category: Classical Physics

[329] viXra:1907.0340 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-17 10:20:16

Non-Interactive Mechanics

Authors: Nishant kumar sharma
Comments: 26 Pages.

The theory of new type of particles called non-intractable particles, these are the particles which attend every mass state in universe, These Particle Explains The Contraction Of Fermions In Fermi-Dirac Statics These Particles Moves In Straight Line And Remain Same In Quantum ,Classical And Relativistic Systems, with it defining the statistic of Non-Intractable particles, The relation Of Particle-Matter Union N+M = 0 ,the equations of Non-Interactive Mechanics, For Matter Particle Relation And Nucleus Energy , Mass , Radius Detection , Ramanujan Entering The Way By Which Non-Intractable Particles Emit, Ramanujan Effect Way Of Exchange Of Particles By Matter. structure of Nucleus and Atom according to Non-Interactive Mechanics, proof of Dirac Particle-Antiparticle theory, Nishant Effect -The process by which Non-Interactive particles react with matter And Need Of Improvement In Equations Where Mass Is Mentioned Such As N+M In Place Of M Only. with this the proofs of Nishant effect 1. Linear harmonic oscillator 2. Plank’s Quantum Hypothesis 3. Mass- energy relation E=mc^2 4.Non-Intractable Particles 20817.22 m/sec Faster Than The Detected velocity of light 5. The Relativistic relation E^2=P^2C^2+m^2c^4 , A Proof Of Equations where Mass Is Mentioned Should Be Written As E = (N+M) C^2.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[328] viXra:1907.0339 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-17 10:51:30

Anticipated Nuclear Experiment

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 66 Pages.

The precise determination of the neutron skin of lead (or how far the neutrons stick out from the protons in the nucleus) tells us about the equation of state (EOS) of neutron matter. [38] Matter is composed of chemical elements mainly created in stars via nuclear reactions and complex nuclear reaction networks. [37] These particles are produced by stellar flares or by shock waves driven by magnetic events in the stellar corona. [36] Researchers have investigated wave-particle interactions between energetic electrons and chorus waves evolving in the space surrounding the Earth using the scientific satellite Arase and, simultaneously, transient auroral flashes by the ground-based global observation network. [35] The universe consists of a massive imbalance between matter and antimatter. [34] Our universe could be the mirror image of an antimatter universe extending backwards in time before the Big Bang. [33] "As you celebrate New Year's Day, cast an eye upward and think for a moment about the amazing things our country and our species can do when we set our minds to it," Stern wrote in the New York Times on Monday. [32] Our senses are stuck in the past. There's a flash of lightning, and then seconds pass until we hear the rumble of distant thunder. We hear the past. [31] ESA's technical centre in the Netherlands has begun running a pulsar-based clock. The "PulChron' system measures the passing of time using millisecond-frequency radio pulses from multiple fast-spinning neutron stars. [30] VR is an almost perfect avenue for this approach, since it has been surging in popularity as both entertainment and an educational tool. [29] Using MAGIC telescopes and NASA's Fermi spacecraft, an international team of astronomers has discovered a new source of very high energy gamma-ray emission around the supernova remnant (SNR) G24.7+0.6. [28]
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[327] viXra:1907.0338 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-17 11:07:43

Serendipity Quantum Photonic

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 38 Pages.

During her research on measuring light wavelengths using this photonic chip, Caterina Taballione of the University of Twente came across yet another application serendipitously-by sending single photons through the system instead of continuous light, the optical components can perform quantum operations, as well. [24] While standard quantum hardware entangles particles in two states, the team has found a way to generate and entangle pairs of particles that each has 15 states. [23] An exotic state of matter that is dazzling scientists with its electrical properties, can also exhibit unusual optical properties, as shown in a theoretical study by researchers at A*STAR. [22] The breakthrough was made in the lab of Andrea Alù, director of the ASRC's Photonics Initiative. Alù and his colleagues from The City College of New York, University of Texas at Austin and Tel Aviv University were inspired by the seminal work of three British researchers who won the 2016 Noble Prize in Physics for their work, which teased out that particular properties of matter (such as electrical conductivity) can be preserved in certain materials despite continuous changes in the matter's form or shape. [21] Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have developed a new technology for switching heat flows 'on' or 'off'. [20] Thermoelectric materials can use thermal differences to generate electricity. Now there is an inexpensive and environmentally friendly way of producing them with the simplest tools: a pencil, photocopy paper, and conductive paint. [19] A team of researchers with the University of California and SRI International has developed a new type of cooling device that is both portable and efficient. [18] Thermal conductivity is one of the most crucial physical properties of matter when it comes to understanding heat transport, hydrodynamic evolution and energy balance in systems ranging from astrophysical objects to fusion plasmas. [17] Researchers from the Theory Department of the MPSD have realized the control of thermal and electrical currents in nanoscale devices by means of quantum local observations. [16] Physicists have proposed a new type of Maxwell's demon-the hypothetical agent that extracts work from a system by decreasing the system's entropy-in which the demon can extract work just by making a measurement, by taking advantage of quantum fluctuations and quantum superposition. [15]
Category: Quantum Physics

[326] viXra:1907.0337 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-17 13:12:47

Testing the Number of Space-Time Dimensions by the 5.9 Years Repeated Millikan’s Oil Drop Experiments

Authors: E Koorambas
Comments: 21 Pages.

Abstract. The basic motive of the five dimensional Kaluza–Klein theory is the unification of gravity and electromagnetism. A feature of these theories was the relation between the electromagnetic coupling e2, and gravitational coupling GN and the radius of the fifth dimension Rc. The radius of the fifth dimension Rc is thus fixed by the elementary electric charge. From the known value of the elementary charge, we find that Rc is of the order of the Planck length. Based on The five-dimensional Kaluza–Klein theory, we show that if the observed harmonic pattern of the laboratory-measured values of GN is due to some environmental or theoretical errors, these errors must also affect the elementary electric charge e. We calculate the values of fundamental electric charge e predicted by 3+1 and 4+1 dimensional space-time model respectively. We find that in the case of 4+1 the fundamental electric charge e values are oscillated with the 5.9 year LOD oscillation cycle, while in the case of 3+1 spacetime dimensions the fundamental electric charge e is constant and perfect fitted to the straight line. Furthermore, we propose that the number of space-time dimensions can be reveal by the 5,9years repeated Millikan’s oil drop experiments.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[325] viXra:1907.0336 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-17 13:48:01

Spherical Solution of Classical Quantum Gravity

Authors: Sangwha Yi
Comments: 5 Pages. Thank you for reading

In the general relativity theory, using Einstein’s gravity field equation, we discover the spherical solution of the classical quantum gravity. The careful point is that this theory is different from the other quantum theory. This theory is made by the Einstein’s classical field equation.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[324] viXra:1907.0335 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-18 00:28:51

Cosmological Concepts Astrophysical Extension of Non Interactive Mechanisms

Authors: Nishant kumar sharma
Comments: 28 Pages.

Non-Interactive Mechanics Which Is Evaluated From Fermi-Dirac Statistics And The Formulation Is Based On The Contraction Of Fermions. By using the rules of non-interactive mechanics Defining The condition for creating a zero space And Infinity Space, condition for space creation and it’s formula With Satisfying The Condition , condition for appearance of time With Satisfying The Condition Theoretically And Experimentally ,varies types of systems For The Movement Of Class Zero Particles, Atmamoul medium for the movement of Class Zero particles , concept of Para-Kans. concepts of app. Stable systems (planets ,Stars) ,concept of consciousness, Gravitation The Emergent Phenomena From Non-Intractable Particles , How Newton To Einstein We Are On The Correct Path Of Gravitation And How Einstein Was Right About Cosmological Constant Even When Universe Is Expanding And Why We Need An Extension To Understand Gravitation Correctly, What Is Gravitation And How It Originate , Types Of Gravitation And Gravitational Waves, The Test About Contracting Gravitation That Could Be or May Be already detected In Ligo, The Equations To Describe The Behavior Of Gravitation, The Combined Field Equation Of Gravitation For Expanding And Contraction Nature With Satisfying The Equation, Conditions To Find Graviton.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[323] viXra:1907.0334 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-18 00:38:31

Law Of Gravitation For Non-Intractable Particles

Authors: Nishant kumar sharma
Comments: 12 Pages.

In This Manuscript We Will Study About The Gravitation Formula Of Non-Interactive Formula Which Will Be Derived From The Sir Isaac Newton’s Gravitation Formula ,Then By Using Non-Interactive Mechanics We Will Study How The Gravitation Formula Of Non-Interactive Mechanics Shows Sir Newton’s Laws Of Motion, Here We Will Discuss First Law , Second Law And Third Law ,Then We Will Study Non-Interactive Particles Are The First Force And Work Of Each Action. why Graviton Should Be A Non-Interactive Particle. Why Any Mass State Can’t Be In Rest In Universe According To Classical And Non-Interactive Mechanics. The Free Movement Of Non-Intractable Particles In Universe Existence Of Non-Intractable Particles In Space And Solar System.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[322] viXra:1907.0333 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-18 01:02:45

Two-Qubit Gate

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 82 Pages.

A group of scientists led by 2018 Australian of the Year Professor Michelle Simmons have achieved the first two-qubit gate between atom qubits in silicon-a major milestone on the team's quest to build an atom-scale quantum computer. [48] In a recent study, researchers at the University of Colorado have resolved phonon Fock states in the spectrum of a superconducting qubit coupled to a multimode acoustic cavity. [47] "Our bacterially produced graphene material will lead to far better suitability for product development," Meyer says. [46] Physicists at the University of Innsbruck are proposing a new model that could demonstrate the supremacy of quantum computers over classical supercomputers in solving optimization problems. [45] Using data from the CMS experiment there, the researchers studied the entropy resulting from entanglement within the proton. [44] A German-Austrian research team is now presenting the largest entangled quantum register of individually controllable systems to date, consisting of a total of 20 quantum bits. [43] Neill is lead author of the group's new paper, "A blueprint for demonstrating quantum supremacy with superconducting qubits," now published in the journal Science. [42] Physicists at ETH Zurich have now demonstrated an elegant way to relax this intrinsic incompatibility using a mechanical oscillator formed by a single trapped ion, opening up a route for fundamental studies and practical uses alike. [41] Physical experiments were performed by Schiffer's team at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and were funded by the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science. [40] Novel insight comes now from experiments and simulations performed by a team led by ETH physicists who have studied electronic transport properties in a one-dimensional quantum wire containing a mesoscopic lattice. [39] Femtosecond lasers are capable of processing any solid material with high quality and high precision using their ultrafast and ultra-intense characteristics. [38]
Category: Quantum Physics

[321] viXra:1907.0332 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-18 01:16:19

Sketches On Polysigns And Other Arithmetics Operators

Authors: Kujonai
Comments: 48 Pages.

A compilation of drawings sprung during a email exchanging with T. Golden, author of the Polysigns numbers. It must be mentioned that he accepts only some of the concepts presented here. Although we do share some common ground while talking about Polysigns and/or "simplexogonal" arithmetics, we do have some differences in the approach. In anycase, it is required some understanding of the Polysign Notation to fully appreciate the drawings. A few important bits arose as a direct consequence of the interaction and some are presented here, in a rather highly informal way.
Category: Algebra

[320] viXra:1907.0331 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-18 03:16:38

Lin's Helicopter a New Type of Helicopter Which Can Fly Faster

Authors: Zhixian Lin
Comments: 5 Pages.

This file proposed a new type of helicopter which can fly faster than a traditional helicopter. It is a coaxial helicopter, but its rotor blades can be used as fixed wings also, and I named this rotor blades Coaxial Wing. It is very easy to switch between vertical flight mode and horizontal flight mode, and it can be switched in seconds. In the horizontal flight mode, it is equal to a fixed wing biplane. In the vertical flight mode, it is a coaxial helicopter. It has both the advantages of fixed-wing aircrafts and helicopters.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[319] viXra:1907.0330 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-18 04:45:50

Is the Weak Force a Force?

Authors: Jean Louis Van Belle
Comments: No. of pages includes title page.

In our previous paper, we explored the epistemological foundation of quantum chromodynamics: what concepts and models are we using, and what does Occam’s Razor Principle has to say about that? In this paper we do the same for the weak force. We think the force concept should not be applied to the analysis of decay or disintegration processes. The idea of W and/or Z bosons mediating the weak force makes even less sense. W/Z bosons should be thought of as debris: transient or resonant matter. We suggest the whole idea of bosons mediating forces resembles 19th century aether theory: we don’t need it. The implication is clear: if that’s the case, then we also don’t need gauge theory and/or quantum field theory.
Category: Quantum Physics

[318] viXra:1907.0329 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-18 05:42:48

The Physics Behind Yellow Stone Volcano Eruption

Authors: B. Ravi Sankar
Comments: 5 Pages. 26-07 - 2026 is the judgement day. The Yellowstone volcano will erupt and the world will end. It is an apocalypse.

The physics behind any super volcano eruption is explained in this paper. It is to be noted that the physics behind the eruption is only explained here not the exact time of eruption. There exists a method called time series prediction in computer science algorithms and using modern day computers, one can predict the exact time of eruption provided the site earthquake/temperature/eruption history and which is beyond the scope of this paper. The spin velocity of earth at the equator is nowhere derived in the literature, but it is a measured quantity due to the spacecraft industry. In this paper, the spin velocity of earth at the equator is derived for the first time. The earth spin axis is tilted by 23.50 due to which we are having seasons. The tilted axis is not fixed or stationary. It precesses and makes a cone as viewed from north or south pole with a period of 26500 years. This precession is due to multi-body gravitational interaction in solar system which can be solved only numerically using modern day computers. Nutation is not considered in this paper. The precession of earth is opposite to the spin of of earth, due to which the earth de￾celerates. The deceleration is not a continuous function of time. It decelerates once in 26500 years. This deceleration causes energy to be accumulated beneath earth crust. An exact figure of how much energy the yellow stone volcano will erupt is given in joules. This ac￾cumulated energy erupts once in 26500 years and we call it as super volcano eruption. In the context of this paper it is yellow stone volcano located in USA. But geologists are claiming that a super volcano erupts only once in around 8 lakh years without proper scientific reasoning. Already due to global warming the yellow stone volcano had become active. The eruption can be prevented if we start producing food items like wheat,rice,apple etc. in factories. If we do that, farmlands can be planted with trees and hence a 20 centigrade reduction in temperature will prevent any volcano eruption. In order to produce crop items in factory, we need surplus of electric energy. This is possible if and only CERN achieves nuclear fusion reactions on a grand scale and also global scientist should come forward to work on pico-electronics to produce crops in factories. Otherwise it is going to be an apocalypse or doomsday/judgment day.
Category: Geophysics

[317] viXra:1907.0328 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-16 06:58:12

A Polynomial Time and Non-Heuristic Solution for NP-Complete Problems (Clique, TSP & Sudoku)(P=NP)

Authors: John Archie Gillis
Comments: 30 Pages.

The present article takes a novel approach to solving NP-Complete problems and provides steps that a computational device and software program can follow to accurately solve NP-class problems without the use of heuristics or brute force methods. The present methods are fast and accurate if utilized properly. The paper states that the solution to solving the P vs NP question (and our ability to design algorithms to solve such problems efficiently) lies in a novel method presented for searching, filtering, combining and structuring data, which describes a novel method for breaking specific problems into logical groupings that the present inventor (John Archie Gillis) has defined as collaborative variables. They utilize novel binary representations/conversions, so that one can more easily and quickly determine selected and desired informational outputs. Many have stated that a solution to this problem will create the world’s first trillionaire as it addresses many pattern-matching and optimization problems that are of great practical interest, such as determining the optimal arrangement of transistors on a silicon chip, developing accurate financial-forecasting models, or analyzing protein-folding behaviour in a cell. Since all the NP-complete optimization problems become easy with the present methods, everything will be much more efficient. Transportation of all forms can now also be scheduled optimally to move people and goods around quicker and cheaper. Manufacturers can improve their production to increase speed and create less waste. Developments in vision recognition, language comprehension, translation and many other learning tasks will now become much simpler as well. It is felt that by utilizing the systems of the present invention in numerous fields, that the present paper will have profound implications for mathematics, cryptography, algorithm research, artificial intelligence, game theory, internet packet routing, multimedia processing, philosophy, economics and many other fields.
Category: Combinatorics and Graph Theory

[316] viXra:1907.0327 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-16 08:34:28

Bohr's Complementarity and Afshar's Experiment: Non-Dualistic Study at the Single-Quantum Level

Authors: C Ravi Kumar, N Gurappa
Comments: 4 pages, 1 figure

Using a newly proposed `wave-particle non-dualistic interpretation' of the quantum formalism, Bohr's principle of complementarity is analyzed in the context of the single-slit diffraction and the Afshar's experiments - at the single-quantum level. The fundamental flaw in the Afshar's argument is explicitly pointed out.
Category: Quantum Physics

[315] viXra:1907.0326 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-16 10:26:22

Charge Asymmetry in Top-Quark Pairs

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 40 Pages.

This allowed ATLAS to detect and measure an unprecedented number of events involving top-antitop quark pairs, providing ATLAS physicists with a unique opportunity to gain insight into the top quark's properties. [29] The ATLAS collaboration has released its very first result utilising its entire Large Hadron Collider (LHC) Run 2 dataset, collected between 2015 and 2018. [28] The Antiproton Decelerator (AD), sometimes known as the Antimatter Factory, is the world's largest source of antimatter and has been operational since 2000. [27]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[314] viXra:1907.0325 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-16 10:40:26

Majorana Photons

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 55 Pages.

Alfano and his research team are claiming another breakthrough with a new super-class of photons dubbed "Majorana photons." [34] As mysterious as the Italian scientist for which it is named, the Majorana particle is one of the most compelling quests in physics. [33] With their insensitivity to decoherence, Majorana particles could become stable building blocks of quantum computers. [32] A team of researchers at the University of Maryland has found a new way to route photons at the micrometer scale without scattering by building a topological quantum optics interface. [31] Researchers at the University of Bristol's Quantum Engineering Technology Labs have demonstrated a new type of silicon chip that can help building and testing quantum computers and could find their way into your mobile phone to secure information. [30] Theoretical physicists propose to use negative interference to control heat flow in quantum devices. [29] Particle physicists are studying ways to harness the power of the quantum realm to further their research. [28] A fundamental barrier to scaling quantum computing machines is "qubit interference." In new research published in Science Advances, engineers and physicists from Rigetti Computing describe a breakthrough that can expand the size of practical quantum processors by reducing interference. [26] The search and manipulation of novel properties emerging from the quantum nature of matter could lead to next-generation electronics and quantum computers. [25]
Category: Quantum Physics

[313] viXra:1907.0324 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-16 10:57:35

Artificial Intelligence Design Metamaterials

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 42 Pages.

Metamaterials are artificial materials engineered to have properties not found in naturally occurring materials, and they are best known as materials for invisibility cloaks often featured in sci-fi novels or games. [24] The research group took advantage of a system at SLAC's Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource (SSRL) that combines machine learning-a form of artificial intelligence where computer algorithms glean knowledge from enormous amounts of data-with experiments that quickly make and screen hundreds of sample materials at a time. [23] Researchers at the UCLA Samueli School of Engineering have demonstrated that deep learning, a powerful form of artificial intelligence, can discern and enhance microscopic details in photos taken by smartphones. [22] Such are the big questions behind one of the new projects underway at the MIT-IBM Watson AI Laboratory, a collaboration for research on the frontiers of artificial intelligence. [21]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[312] viXra:1907.0323 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-16 12:21:41

IceCube Research Upgrade

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 47 Pages.

The IceCube Neutrino Observatory in Antarctica is about to get a significant upgrade. [17] While these experiments seem miniature in comparison to others, they could reveal answers about neutrinos that have been hiding from physicists for decades. [16] In a paper published today in the European Physical Journal C, the ATLAS Collaboration reports the first high-precision measurement at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) of the mass of the W boson. [15] A team of researchers at the University of Michigan has conducted a thought experiment regarding the nature of a universe that could support life without the weak force. [14] The international T2K Collaboration announces a first indication that the dominance of matter over antimatter may originate from the fact that neutrinos and antineutrinos behave differently during those oscillations. [13] Neutrinos are a challenge to study because their interactions with matter are so rare. Particularly elusive has been what's known as coherent elastic neutrino-nucleus scattering, which occurs when a neutrino bumps off the nucleus of an atom. [12] Lately, neutrinos-the tiny, nearly massless particles that many scientists study to better understand the fundamental workings of the universe-have been posing a problem for physicists. [11] Physicists have hypothesized the existence of fundamental particles called sterile neutrinos for decades and a couple of experiments have even caught possible hints of them. However, according to new results from two major international consortia, the chances that these indications were right and that these particles actually exist are now much slimmer. [10] The MIT team studied the distribution of neutrino flavors generated in Illinois, versus those detected in Minnesota, and found that these distributions can be explained most readily by quantum phenomena: As neutrinos sped between the reactor and detector, they were statistically most likely to be in a state of superposition, with no definite flavor or identity. [9] A new study reveals that neutrinos produced in the core of a supernova are highly localised compared to neutrinos from all other known sources. This result stems from a fresh estimate for an entity characterising these neutrinos, known as wave packets, which provide information on both their position and their momentum. [8]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[311] viXra:1907.0322 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-16 12:39:27

Limitations in Quantum Computing

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 59 Pages.

A new study from the University of Utah found that in fact, when the insulating layers are as thin as 16 quintuple atomic layers across, the top and bottom metallic surfaces begin to influence each other and destroy their metallic properties. [35] Hailed as a pioneer by Photonics Media for his previous discoveries of supercontinuum and Cr tunable lasers, City College of New York Distinguished Professor of Science and Engineering Robert R. Alfano and his research team are claiming another breakthrough with a new super-class of photons dubbed "Majorana photons." [34] As mysterious as the Italian scientist for which it is named, the Majorana particle is one of the most compelling quests in physics. [33] With their insensitivity to decoherence, Majorana particles could become stable building blocks of quantum computers. [32] A team of researchers at the University of Maryland has found a new way to route photons at the micrometer scale without scattering by building a topological quantum optics interface. [31] Researchers at the University of Bristol's Quantum Engineering Technology Labs have demonstrated a new type of silicon chip that can help building and testing quantum computers and could find their way into your mobile phone to secure information. [30] Theoretical physicists propose to use negative interference to control heat flow in quantum devices. [29] Particle physicists are studying ways to harness the power of the quantum realm to further their research. [28] A fundamental barrier to scaling quantum computing machines is "qubit interference." In new research published in Science Advances, engineers and physicists from Rigetti Computing describe a breakthrough that can expand the size of practical quantum processors by reducing interference. [26]
Category: Quantum Physics

[310] viXra:1907.0321 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-16 16:32:52

Why Jupiter Diameter =142984 km (Part 2)? (Revised)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 24 Pages.

This Paper discusses the following hypothesis: ("2A" are needed for "1B") The Previous Rule Controls The Solar Planets Basic Data Hypothesis Explanation It tells – all basic solar planets data are created based on the previous rule – we need 2 Equal Values to interact with 1 different Value… Example (No. 1) Solar Planets Diameters Total = 2 Jupiter Diameters + 1 Saturn Diameter How To Understand The Previous Idea: Solar Group Is One Trajectory of Energy – Each Planet Is A Point On It a.The Planet Matter (Mass) is Created of Energy (E=mc2 supports that) b.The Planet Orbital Distance (Space) is Created of Energy (Hypothesis) Solar Group can be similar to one machine each plant is a gear in it (or one body and each planet is a member of this same body) The Solar Group is Created from only One Energy The Solar Planets and their orbital distances are created depending on Each Other The basic solar planets data are created based on this rule ("2A" for "1B")
Category: Astrophysics

[309] viXra:1907.0320 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-16 16:39:05

Optimization of Production and Animal Transit in an Integrated Crop-Livestock System with no-Tillage

Authors: Vinicius Teixeira do Nascimento, Angel Ramon Sanchez Delgado, Sergio Drumond Ventura
Comments: 11 Pages.

Nowadays integrated crop-livestock production systems have been presented as a viable and sustainable alternative in economic, social and environmental terms. This work develops and implements a mixed integer programming model (MIXP) that represents or simulates numerically the optimum operational conditions of an integrated crop-livestock system with no-tillage (iCLS-NT), including animal transit. For the computational implementation of the model, data on the fitness of the live weight gain of each animal of the herd considered, in each period and area of the (iCLS-NT), (confinement, pasture and annual crop), as well as marginal net income of each crop and the costs per unit of food considered. In order to test the validity of the developed mathematical model, data were randomly generated. To solve each MIXP, we used the solver INTLINPROG in the software MATLAB. Thus, after the computational implementation, it was verified that the program meets all restrictions imposed, maximizes the weight gain of each animal, provides the best selection of annual crops and minimizes feeding costs in the confinement area.
Category: General Mathematics

[308] viXra:1907.0319 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-16 16:42:09

Estudo Taxonômico da Tribo Cassieae (Leguminosae – Caesalpinioideae) no Parque Ecológico Engenheiro Ávidos, Cajazeiras–PB

Authors: Flávio Sousa Souto, Aclébia Alves Quaresma, Rubens Teixeira de Queiroz, Maria do Socorro Pereira
Comments: 21 Pages.

This work consists in a taxonomic study of the Tribe Cassieae in the Engenheiro Ávidos Ecological Park, Cajazeiras - Paraíba, carried out between February/2017 an April/2018. Twelve species were recorded in the area, distributed in two genera: Chamaecrista (6) and Senna (6). Among the species found, we highlight Chamaecrista pilosa, here cited as a new registry for the state of Paraíba and the occurrences of C. amiciella and C. duckeana, endemic species of the Caatinga. Analytical key for species identification, morphological descriptions and complementary information are presented. In this context, the relevant contribution of this study to the knowledge of the flora in the region is evidenced.
Category: Quantitative Biology

[307] viXra:1907.0318 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-16 16:44:47

Lista Atualizada da Flora Vascular do Parque Nacional (Parna) Serra de Itabaiana, Sergipe, Brasil

Authors: Ana Cecília da Cruz Silva, Eduardo Vinícius da Silva Oliveira, Marccus Alves, Marta Cristina Vieira Farias, Aline da Costa Mota, Christopher Anderson Santos Souza, Ana Paula do Nascimento Prata
Comments: 28 Pages.

The Serra de Itabaiana National Park is located in an ecotone between Atlantic Rainforest and Caatinga biomes. It is one of the main areas of scientific studies in Sergipe. There are works approaching botanical families and listings of vascular flora. However, there is a need to update and compile the lists to better knowledge of the diversity of local flora. Therefore, a checklist was prepared from previous publications and Herbarium database of the Federal University of Sergipe (ASE). In total 124 families and 830 species of vascular plants were recorded distributed between Angiosperm (803 species), Ferns and Lycophytes (26) and Gymnosperms (1). The families of greater richness were: Fabaceae (73 species), Poaceae (65), Cyperaceae (59), Rubiaceae (40) and Asteraceae (36). The most representative habits were herbs (41.2%), shrubs (24.7%) and tree (17.6%). One hundred and seventy species are new occurrences for Sergipe, there is a new species for science, six rare species, three endangered species, nine almost endangered and three vulnerable, in addition there are 80 endemic species of the Atlantic Forest and 13 endemic to the Caatinga.
Category: Quantitative Biology

[306] viXra:1907.0317 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-16 16:46:52

Estudo Taxonômico Das Subfamílias Cercidoideae e Detarioideae (Leguminosae) no Parque Ecológico Engenheiro Ávidos, Sertão Paraibano

Authors: Flávio Sousa Souto, Aclébia Alves Quaresma, Anaine Batista Araruna, Rubens Teixeira de Queiroz, Maria do Socorro Pereira
Comments: 7 Pages.

The subfamilies Cercidoideae and Detarioideae represent the basal lineages among the Leguminosae. In this work it is reported the occurrence of three species in the Engenheiro Ávidos Ecological Park, being two members of Cercidoideae, Bauhinia cheilantha (Bong.) Steud. and B. pentandra (Bong.) D. Dietr. and one of Detarioideae, Tamarindus indica L. It is worth mentioning that B. pentandra occurs in Paraíba only in the municipalities that comprise the Sertão mesoregion, while B. cheilantha is distributed in all geographic regions of the state. Tamarindus indica is an exotic species, widely cultivated, due to its food potential. These floristic data are relevant because they contribute to the increase of the knowledge of the vegetal cover in the semiarid.
Category: Quantitative Biology

[305] viXra:1907.0316 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-16 16:49:57

Avaliação de Perdas Nos Sistemas Públicos de Abastecimento de água no Estado de Sergipe

Authors: Marcos Luciano Alves Barroso
Comments: 11 Pages.

In recent years, little attention has been paid to investments in maintenance and modernization of the management of public water supply systems in many Brazilian cities. In the State of Sergipe, this fact has resulted in a series of inefficiencies in the supply, among which, the high loss of water, physical and financial for the state concessionaire in several cities stands out. Thus this work seeks to identify a picture of the conditions of water loss management in the public supply systems in the six largest municipalities of the State of Sergipe. The fact is therefore that the concessionaire indicates that the lack of technology that ensures better monitoring of public water supply systems in cities that also do not have modern equipment for the actual measurement of water distributed and consumed. Thus, the work was constructed accounting for information and indicators from the National Sanitation Information System (SNIS) that reveal the situation of cities in Sergipe from 2008 to 2017. They revealed that incentives for more efficient maintenance are limited and, in general, water is treated as a free good, stimulating non-payment and uncontrolled use of it. This situation creates many problems for the maintenance of the concessionaire and service providers, such as the production of water, which in most cases is much higher than necessary, amplifying production costs and providing a significant loss of water production in the physical loss. This represents cost incurred, part of the water is not charged, resulting in losses of billing, that is, the consumer consumes, but does not pay, resulting in costs of production and distribution without inferring revenue.
Category: Economics and Finance

[304] viXra:1907.0315 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-16 16:52:37

Ab Initio Study of the Main Components of Biodiesel Derived from Soybean Oil

Authors: José Agripino de Araújo, Carlos Davidson Pinheiro, Luciano Leal Morais Salles, Albaneide Fernandes Wanderley, Elson Longo
Comments: 12 Pages.

The present study was conducted using the Gaussian 03 computational package to demonstrate properties involving the main molecules of methyl esters derived from fatty acids in soybean oil. The data were analyzed in terms of the energy of the system and Mulliken charges on the atoms investigated. The aim was to address the problem of fossil fuels with regard to environmental impact. Theoretical analysis of the ester molecules resulting from the transesterification reaction with methanol was performed based on the ab initio method using the 6-31G basis set.
Category: Chemistry

[303] viXra:1907.0314 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-16 16:55:02

Primeiro Registro Fóssil de Alligatoridae do Mato Grosso do Sul e O Valor Sistemático Das Rosáceas em Caimaninae

Authors: Caio Fabricio Cezar Geroto, Alessandro Marques de Oliveira, Thais Agrella Janolla
Comments: 17 Pages.

In the state of Mato Grosso do Sul, Pleistocene or Holocene vertebrate fossils are dicovered mostly in limestone caves from Serra da Bodoquena. In addition, such fossils commonly belong to large mammals, such as giant sloths, armadillos, glyptodonts, proboscids and large carnivores. However, the occurrence of other vertebrate fossils is scarce. In view of the above, the goal of this work was to perform the first description of Crocodylia fossils from the Formoso River, near the mouth of the Miranda River, in the municipality of Bonito-MS. In addition, some systematic comments were performed. The fossils studied herein are two osteoderms. Although the morphological characteristics of the osteoderms do not allow the identification of their precise position (dorsal or caudal), the results of the comparative analyses by means of linear morphometry are suggestive for the identification of Melanosuchus cf. niger, as well as an indeterminate specimen of Eusuchia. A plausible hypothesis would be to consider a putative case of gigantism in Caiman latirostris Daudin, 1802, whose species is still present in the region. Therefore, the fossils records presented here help us to compose a picture about the structure of the vertebrate communities during the Late Quaternary of Mato Grosso do Sul.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[302] viXra:1907.0313 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-16 20:24:43

Cellular Automaton Graphics(8)

Authors: Morio Kikuchi
Comments: 174 Pages.

Developping a regular polyhedron on a plane, setting discrete coordinates on the development and applying a boundary condition of regular polyhedron to it, we realize a symmetrical graphics.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[301] viXra:1907.0312 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-17 00:48:31

Tbe Bird of Genius. !905

Authors: Tomasz Bodziony
Comments: 22 Pages.

This article is going to discuss the story behind of the creation and publication of the article entitled "Zur Elektrodynamik bewegter Körper" by Albert Einstein that took place in 1905. One can state that it was one of the most important articles in the history of science. A number of astounding coincidences associated with its publication are going to be considered. A theory explaining said events is also going to be presented.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[300] viXra:1907.0311 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-17 00:42:37

Quantum Information Processing Qudits

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 22 Pages.

Purdue University researchers are among the first to build a gate-what could be a quantum version of a transistor, used in today's computers for processing information-with qudits. [16] Quantum physics has led to new types of sensors, secure data transmission methods and researchers are working toward computers. [15] The researchers engineered diamond strings that can be tuned to quiet a qubit's environment and improve memory from tens to several hundred nanoseconds, enough time to do many operations on a quantum chip. [14] Intel has announced the design and fabrication of a 49-qubit superconducting quantum-processor chip at the Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas. To improve our understanding of the so-called quantum properties of materials, scientists at the TU Delft investigated thin slices of SrIrO3, a material that belongs to the family of complex oxides. [12] New research carried out by CQT researchers suggest that standard protocols that measure the dimensions of quantum systems may return incorrect numbers. [11] Is entanglement really necessary for describing the physical world, or is it possible to have some post-quantum theory without entanglement? [10] A trio of scientists who defied Einstein by proving the nonlocal nature of quantum entanglement will be honoured with the John Stewart Bell Prize from the University of Toronto (U of T). [9] While physicists are continually looking for ways to unify the theory of relativity, which describes large-scale phenomena, with quantum theory, which describes small-scale phenomena, computer scientists are searching for technologies to build the quantum computer using Quantum Information. In August 2013, the achievement of "fully deterministic" quantum teleportation, using a hybrid technique, was reported. On 29 May 2014, scientists announced a reliable way of transferring data by quantum teleportation. Quantum teleportation of data had been done before but with highly unreliable methods. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to build the Quantum Computer with the help of Quantum Information.
Category: Quantum Physics

[299] viXra:1907.0310 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-17 00:50:24

Genius

Authors: Tomasz Bodziony
Comments: 22 Pages. 13

The article is devoted to the description of amazing and remarkable coincidences connected with the creation of the General Theory of Relativity by Albert Einstein in 1915. It also attempts to explain why the contribution of David Hilbert to the creation of the General Theory of Relativity was completely forgotten. Introduction
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[298] viXra:1907.0309 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-17 00:52:07

Einstein Sticks Out His Tongue

Authors: Tomasz Bodziony
Comments: 15 Pages.

This article focuses on the second part of Albert Einstein’s life in the USA after 1933. It is the attempt of the author to approach the life and achievements of Albert Einstein from a different perspective, as well as the encouragement for the reader to form his or her opinion on the matter. Said publication is also the summary of the entire, three-part series of publications relating to Albert Einstein.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[297] viXra:1907.0308 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-17 02:38:19

Miniature Gravitational Wave Detector

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 23 Pages.

A team of physicists and astronomers from Northwestern University is poised to lead gravitational-wave astronomy into its next evolution. [20] The improvement will see the twin observatories — located near Hanford, Washington and Livingston, Louisiana in the US – double their sensitivity to gravitational waves. [19] A group of scientists from the Niels Bohr Institute (NBI) at the University of Copenhagen will soon start developing a new line of technical equipment in order to dramatically improve gravitational wave detectors. [18]
Category: Astrophysics

[296] viXra:1907.0307 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-17 03:03:03

Mystery of Universe Expansion

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 62 Pages.

Astronomers have made a new measurement of how fast the universe is expanding, using an entirely different kind of star than previous endeavors. [35] The universe consists of a massive imbalance between matter and antimatter. [34] Our universe could be the mirror image of an antimatter universe extending backwards in time before the Big Bang. [33] "As you celebrate New Year's Day, cast an eye upward and think for a moment about the amazing things our country and our species can do when we set our minds to it," Stern wrote in the New York Times on Monday. [32] Our senses are stuck in the past. There's a flash of lightning, and then seconds pass until we hear the rumble of distant thunder. We hear the past. [31] ESA's technical centre in the Netherlands has begun running a pulsar-based clock. The "PulChron' system measures the passing of time using millisecond-frequency radio pulses from multiple fast-spinning neutron stars. [30] VR is an almost perfect avenue for this approach, since it has been surging in popularity as both entertainment and an educational tool. [29] Using MAGIC telescopes and NASA's Fermi spacecraft, an international team of astronomers has discovered a new source of very high energy gamma-ray emission around the supernova remnant (SNR) G24.7+0.6. [28] In 1973, Russian physicist A.B. Migdal predicted the phenomenon of pion condensation above a critical, extremely high-several times higher than that for normal matter-nuclear density. [27] Our first glimpses into the physics that exist near the center of a black hole are being made possible using "loop quantum gravity"-a theory that uses quantum mechanics to extend gravitational physics beyond Einstein's theory of general relativity. [26] In the shadowy regions of black holes two fundamental theories describing our world collide. Can these problems be resolved and do black holes really exist? First, we may have to see one and scientists are trying to do just this. [25]
Category: Astrophysics

[295] viXra:1907.0306 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-17 03:13:14

An Insight Into [ Random Numbers-QRNG-Ai/machine Learning Libraries/mruby/ruby/ruby-Machine Learning/jiprolog ] Interaction Within the Context of Telecom Hardware Configuration & Prevention of Cyber Threats.

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 2 Pages. Short Communication & Simple Suggestion

An Insight into [ Random Numbers-QRNG-AI/Machine Learning Libraries/mruby/Ruby/Ruby-Machine Learning/JIProlog ] interaction within the Context of Telecom Hardware Configuration & Prevention of Cyber Threats. [AI/ML/Randomness/Random Numbers & Challenging Applications in IT/Telecom Domains ]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[294] viXra:1907.0305 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-17 03:33:09

Black Plastic Renewable Energy

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 74 Pages.

Research from Swansea University has found how plastics commonly found in food packaging can be recycled to create new materials like wires for electricity—and could help to reduce the amount of plastic waste in the future. [43] Cheap, flexible and sustainable plastic semiconductors will soon be a reality thanks to a breakthrough by chemists at the University of Waterloo. [42] Using short laser pulses, a research team led by Misha Ivanov of the Max Born Institute in Berlin, together with scientists from the Russian Quantum Center in Moscow, has shed light on the extremely rapid processes taking place within these novel materials. [41]
Category: Condensed Matter

[293] viXra:1907.0304 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-17 03:48:41

Magnetite Nanowires Transition

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 76 Pages.

Magnetite (Fe3O4) is best known as a magnetic iron ore, and is the source of lodestone. It also has potential as a high-temperature resistor in electronics. [44] Research from Swansea University has found how plastics commonly found in food packaging can be recycled to create new materials like wires for electricity—and could help to reduce the amount of plastic waste in the future. [43] Cheap, flexible and sustainable plastic semiconductors will soon be a reality thanks to a breakthrough by chemists at the University of Waterloo. [42]
Category: Condensed Matter

[292] viXra:1907.0303 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-17 05:02:05

Relative Formula(relationship Between e and π Without i)

Authors: Yuji Masuda
Comments: 1 Page.

This Relative formula shows the relationship between e and π without i.
Category: Number Theory

[291] viXra:1907.0302 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-17 05:59:16

A Note on Jordan Algebras, Three Generations and Exceptional Periodicity

Authors: Carlos Castro
Comments: 11 Pages. Submitted to Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras

It is shown that the algebra $ {{\bf J } }_3 [ { \bf C \otimes O } ] \otimes {\bf Cl(4,C) } $ based on the Exceptional Jordan algebra of the complexified octonions, and the complex Clifford algebra in $ {\bf 4D}$, is rich enough to describe all the spinorial degrees of freedom of three generations of fermions in ${\bf 4D}$, and include additional fermionic dark matter candidates. We extend these results to the Magic Star algebras of Exceptional Periodicity developed by Marrani-Rios-Truini and based on the Vinberg cubic $ {\bf T } $ algebras which are generalizations of exceptional Jordan algebras. It is found that there is a one-to-one correspondence among the real spinorial degrees of freedom of ${\bf 4}$ generations of fermions in $ {\bf 4D}$ with the off-diagonal entries of the spinorial elements of the $pair$ $ {\bf T}_3^{ 8, n}, ( {\bf {\bar T}}_3^{ 8, n } ) $ of Vinberg matrices at level $n = 2$. These results can be generalized to higher levels $ n > 2 $ leading to a higher number of generations beyond $ {\bf 4 } $. Three $pairs$ of ${\bf T}$ algebras and their conjugates $ {\bf {\bar T} }$ were essential in the Magic Star construction of Exceptional Periodicity \cite{Alessio} that extends the $ {\bf e}_8$ algebra to $ {\bf e}_8^{ (n) } $ with $ n $ integer.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[290] viXra:1907.0301 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-17 06:07:57

Dark Energy

Authors: Nishant kumar sharma
Comments: 15 Pages.

In This Manuscript We Described The Dramatic And Strange Behavior Of Particle And Matter Comes Under Dark Energy The Strange Behavior Is Holding Properties To Interchange Their Conditions, And Varies Qualities Of Interchange Of Particle And Matter And Interchange With Mathematical Quantities, Then We Discussed That At Least 10Th Order Dark Energy Is Required To Free And Stable Existence in Universe Then We Shows The Higher Order Dark Energy Of 11th Order , Then There is Description of Cosmic Rays Shower of E10+2.n And E11+2.n Orders At Two Ground Bases (i) 1.38*(10)^(-24) And (ii) 3.3300504*(10)^(-61) ,Then Their Is Discussion About Contraction And Expansion Of Normal Matter Field By The Dark Energy At 14th And 15th Level. Then We Used The Kirchhoff’s Radiation Law To Unite With The Universe Dark Energy And Dark Energy Generator’s Absorption And Emitting Property, Then The Stable State Of Systems For Uniting With The Universal Dark Energy.
Category: Astrophysics

[289] viXra:1907.0300 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-15 07:26:53

CRISP Gene Editing Tools

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 37 Pages.

A research collaboration between Tufts University and the Chinese Academy of Sciences has led to the development of a significantly improved delivery mechanism for the CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing method in the liver, according to a study published recently in the journal Advanced Materials. [22] Scientists at the University of Kent have developed a new method of determining gene function in a breakthrough that could have major implications for our understanding of the processes of life. [21]
Category: Physics of Biology

[288] viXra:1907.0299 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-15 07:45:04

Fragmentação Florestal na Área de Proteção Ambiental de Tambaba, Paraíba, Brasil

Authors: Saara Souza Rodrigues, Cleber Salimon, Saulo Roberto de Oliveira Vital
Comments: 8 Pages.

One of the most fragmented ecosystems in Brazil is the Atlantic Rain Forest, due to centuries of deforestation along the coast which holds one of the world’s greatest biodiversity. Landscape metrics and shape can impact on border effect on patterns and processes of a forested ecosystem. In this paper, we map and characterize the forest fragmentation of the Tambaba Environmental Protection Area (APA), on the coast of Paraíba State, Brazil, using landscape metrics to verify the effectiveness of this protected area. We conducted a land cover classification (supervised classification by maximum likelyhood, RapidEye imagery) into two categories (1) forest and (2) non forest. Landscape metrics (number of fragments, total core area, proportion of core area, among others) were calculated using ArcGis extension Patch Analyst. From the APA’s total 11.550 ha, 2.200 ha were classified as forest (19%), distributed in 1.364 fragments of different sizes. Total core area varied from 1.470 (10 m border effect) to 370 ha (50 m border effect), dependending on edge effect distance, which provides a true conservation of only 13 to 3% of the total APA. These results point to the necessity of an intense and rigorous surveillance of the compliance with laws, as well as a rational and participatory management, through the APA’s management council and public agencies, in order to protect the remnant fragments.
Category: Quantitative Biology

[287] viXra:1907.0298 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-15 07:48:04

Predation of Dermatonotus Muelleri (Anura, Microhylidae) by Guira Guira (Cuculiformes, Cuculidae) in the Coastline of the Sergipe State, Northeastern Brazil

Authors: Francis Luiz Santos Caldas, Bruno Jackson Melo de Almeida, Rafael Alves dos Santos
Comments: 4 Pages.

Predation can drive significant effect upon the community structure. However, the observation and documentation of this ecological interaction is occasional and yet scarce for many groups. Our goal here is to report the predation of Dermatonotus muelleri (Boettger, 1885) by Guira guira (Gmelin, JF, 1788). Because G. guira diet frequently includes small vertebrates we believe that this species may act as an important regulator of D. muelleri population. This predation report can input insights about the knowledge of interactions of Microhylidae Günther, 1858 (1843) members and others species.
Category: Quantitative Biology

[286] viXra:1907.0297 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-15 07:47:54

Shape-Encoded Mobile Micromachines

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 43 Pages.

In a recent study on Nature Materials, Yunus Alapan and co-workers at the departments of physical intelligence and complex materials in Germany and Switzerland described the dynamic self-assembly of mobile micromachines with desired configurations using preprogrammed physical interactions between structural and motor units. [23] A research collaboration between Tufts University and the Chinese Academy of Sciences has led to the development of a significantly improved delivery mechanism for the CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing method in the liver, according to a study published recently in the journal Advanced Materials. [22]
Category: Physics of Biology

[285] viXra:1907.0296 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-15 07:52:04

Occurrence of Amblyomma Sp. (Acari: Ixodidae) in Tropidurus Hispidus (Spix, 1825) (Squamata: Tropiduridae) in Parque Nacional Serra de Itabaiana, Sergipe, Brazil

Authors: Daniel Oliveira Santana, Francis Luiz Santos Caldas, Lucas Barbosa de Queiroga Cavalcanti, Fabíola Fonseca Almeida Gomes, Bruno Duarte da Silva, Rafael Alves dos Santos, Renato Gomes Faria
Comments: 5 Pages.

Lizards are often parasitized by Acari species (mites and ticks). In this study we report the occurrence of a specimen of tick (Amblyomma sp.) parasitizing a juvenile individual of Tropidurus hispidus (Spix, 1825) in Parque Nacional Serra de Itabaiana (PNSI) in the state of Sergipe, northeastern Brazil.
Category: Quantitative Biology

[284] viXra:1907.0295 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-15 07:53:59

Aranhas Epígeas de um Fragmento de Mata em área Urbana em Fortaleza, Ceará, Brasil

Authors: Raul Azevedo, Kamilla Gonçalves Menezes, Raissa Aguiar Barbosa, Joaquin Deusdedit Rocha Matos Neto, José Onofre Nascimento Monteiro, Alysson Guedes Coutinho, Luis Gonzaga Sales Júnior
Comments: 10 Pages.

Spiders are indicators of environment quality due fact of been sensible to environment changes. Their adaptions among the environment and their relations between vegetal communities make them have a special role in forest ecosystems. However, this relation makes spiders susceptible to effects of urban process and to defloration and ecosystem fragmentation process. A spider fauna survey was developed using 50 “pitfall traps”, annual sample process begun in 2010 and finished in 2011 (total samples = 600) in an urbanized patch. A total of 1238 individuals were collected, constituting 51 species belonged to 18 families which Zodariidae and Lycosidae were most abundant, and Salticidae and Theridiidae were the richest families. It´s also observed many rare species (Singletons and Doubletons). The richness estimators didn´t exhibit a trend do exhibit an asymptote and the relation between collected species and estimated species, suggesting more samples process also suggests a necessity of develop politics to preserve the local biodiversity.
Category: Quantitative Biology

[283] viXra:1907.0294 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-15 07:55:39

Críticas ao “Tree Thinking”: Elucidando O Significado Das Relações Filogenéticas

Authors: Rafael Gomes de Souza
Comments: 15 Pages.

The “Tree Thinking” is regarded as the dominant methodology in current Systematic Biology. However, criticisms of the procedures carried out by it are diverse. Here the criticisms made by Fitzhugh regarding its philosophical basis and the consequences of such modifications are presented and defended. Thus, the present work aims to demonstrate that “Tree Thinking”, as it has been used, is incomplete because it does not recognize that phylogenetic relationships are of the causal type previously summarized in an explanatory sketch (cladogram). In addition, to support such an argument, a discussion on the definition and objectives of Systematic Biology and “Tree Thinking” is provided. As a result, it is possible to observe confusion between classifying and systematizing the knowledge by those who follow "Tree Thinking". In addition, “Tree Thinking” fails to provide causal explanations regarding the origin and fixation of the characteristics studied. In this way, “Tree Thinking” can be considered an incomplete practice within Systematic Biology and, therefore, the application of the proposals of Fitzhugh are recommended.
Category: Quantitative Biology

[282] viXra:1907.0293 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-15 07:57:45

New Records and Geographic Distribution Map of Pseudopaludicola Pocoto (Anura: Leptodactylidae: Leiuperinae) in Northeastern Brazil

Authors: Charles de Sousa Silva, Igor Joventino Roberto, Robson Waldemar Ávila, Drausio Honorio Morais
Comments: 5 Pages.

We provide new records and an updated geographic distribution map of Pseudopaludicola pocoto Magalhães, Loebmann, Kokubum, Haddad & Garda, 2014 for the Brazilian states of Ceará, Rio Grande do Norte and Pernambuco. The present work helps to fill gaps in distribution of this recently described species in Caatinga Biome, which can be useful in future conservation plans.
Category: Quantitative Biology

[281] viXra:1907.0292 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-15 07:59:27

O Status Ecológico Das Comunidades de Fungos Coprófilos

Authors: Francisco J. Simões Calaça, Jéssica Conceição Araújo, Solange Xavier-Santos
Comments: 7 Pages.

We discuss the ecological status of coprophilous fungi communities lato sensu, presenting key points to the definition of scientific hypothesis and future studies aiming to understand the ecological factors that modulate the coprophilous lifestyle’s choice by these fungi. We present a new scientific term (copromycodiversity) that better describes the magnitude of this group, considering the comprehensiveness of this fungal group, including the morphological, physiological and ecological diversities to a coprophilous fungi population recorded to a specific geographical region. Furthermore, we raised some questions related to the life cycle of these fungi, taking into account recent studies as well as the traditionally accepted assumption that supports the spore passage through animals’s gut to its growth and development on dung. We expect that future research would best define these communities, avoiding uncertainties about the definition of the coprophilous lifestyle, even that some species would growth on others substrates (fimicolous fungi), but still displaying some connection with its animal host (coprophilia). While we are waiting for future directions, new hypothesis must be planned and tested aiming the predictors that truly modulates the occurrence of coprophilous fungi in different environments.
Category: Quantitative Biology

[280] viXra:1907.0291 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-15 08:01:27

Acidentes Causados Por Aranhas e Escorpiões no Estado do Ceará, Nordeste do Brasil: Casos Subnotificados e Superestimados Baseados na Distribuição Geográfica Das Espécies

Authors: Raul Azevedo, Francisco Roberto de Azevedo, Relrison Dias Ramalho, Paulo André Margonari Goldoni, Antonio Domingos Brescovit
Comments: 14 Pages.

The accidents caused by arachnids have increased its frequency along the years and the majority of accidents reports do not contain species identification, contributing to underreporting of data. In Ceará state, specific information about accidents with full notifications or accident description are scarce. In this present study, data about accidents involving spiders and scorpions in Ceará state from 2010 to 2015 period were correlated with geographic distribution based on data from main Brazilian scientific collections of arachnids. An increased number of accidents caused by spiders and scorpions was observed, mainly in 2013 for scorpions, and a constant number of municipalities reported scorpionic accidents to this period. According to Sistema de Informação de Agravos de Notificação - SINAN, in Ceará state, many cases were credited to Phoneutria sp., Loxosceles sp., and Latrodectus sp., whoever this occurrence is not correlated with their geographic distribution supported on arachnid collections data. Therefore, knowledge on species geographic distribution with public health significance combined with properly notified records can contribute to reduction of accidents numbers and development of politics aimed to public health.
Category: Quantitative Biology

[279] viXra:1907.0290 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-15 08:02:51

Integrando Escolas e Universidade em Sergipe: Uma Oficina Temática Sobre Aves no Busão da Ciência do Agreste e do Sertão

Authors: Cleverton da Silva, Ricardo Santos do Carmo
Comments: 6 Pages.

This paper presents results related to the production of one workshop with the theme “Birds: ecosystem functions and services” designed to teach about the functional role of different species of birds in ecosystems. The workshops consider the non-formal education goals and scientific dissemination of the “Science on Wheels: bus of Science of the Agreste and Sertão Project”. The project gathers undergraduates and researchers to promote discussions on scientific topics of biology, chemistry, geography and physics in cities in the state of Sergipe. The Biology workshops focus on the theme of the functions and ecosystem services, which now occupies a central place in the ecology research. In this paper, we present the Science on Wheels Project and discuss the gains in student learning as a result of Biology workshops and advocate more coordination of formal and non-formal forms of scientific education as one of the commitments of universities.
Category: Education and Didactics

[278] viXra:1907.0289 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-15 08:04:23

Jogos Cooperativos: Uma Proposta Inovadora Para O Ensino da Educação Ambiental

Authors: Hugo da Silva Florentino, Laryssa Abílio Oliveira, Francisco José Pegado Abílio
Comments: 12 Pages.

This article describes the experience of construction, implementation and evaluation of a cooperative board game named "RCT Game" based on the Earth Charter. This is a qualitative study, based on an exploratory and descriptive approach. It was developed and validated with students of different levels of education in a public school in the municipality of João Pessoa, Paraiba. The results indicated that the game had a positive evaluation in the acceptance and satisfaction of the students, being an innovative, dynamic and creative proposal to work on environmental education at different levels of education, as it allows to work not only environmental issues but also social, ethical, political, economic, and cultural issues in a cognitive, affective, creative and reflexive way, while promoting the development of knowledge, attitudes and skills needed to build a sustainable society.
Category: Education and Didactics

[277] viXra:1907.0288 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-15 08:52:01

Disproof of the Riemann Hypothesis, Long Version

Authors: Igor Hrnčić
Comments: 29 Pages.

In this manuscript we use the Perron formula to connect zeta evaluated on the root free halfplane to zeta evaluated on the critical strip. This is possible since the Perron formula is of the form f(s)=O f(s+w) with O being an integral operator. The variable s+w is on the root free halfplane, and yet s can be on the critical strip. Hence, the Perron formula serves as a form of a functional equation that connects the critical strip with the root free halfplane. Then, one simply notices that in the Perron formula, the left hand side converges only conditionally, whilst the right hand side converges absolutely. This, of course, cannot be, since the left side of an equation is always equal to the right side. This contradiction when examined in detail disproves the Riemann hypothesis. This method is employed on an arbitrary distribution of zeta roots as well, concluding that zeta has a root arbitrarily close to the vertical line passing through unity.
Category: Number Theory

[276] viXra:1907.0287 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-15 11:23:56

Tolerance Today is a Synonym for Lying!/Толерантность сегодня — это синоним вранья!

Authors: Yana Poplavskaya
Comments: 5 Pages.

Abstract: Yana Poplavskaya exposes the hideous actions of high-ranking people in the field of culture and politics. Their actions lead to a change in people's social awareness. What has been considered bad so far will be considered good./ Аннотация: Яна Поплавская разоблачает отвратительные действия высокопоставленных людей в области культуры и политики. Их действия приводят к изменению общественного сознания людей. То, что до сих пор считалось злом, будет считаться добром.
Category: Social Science

[275] viXra:1907.0286 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-15 13:06:05

(Aap Version 1.0 4 Pages 15.07.2019) an Anti-Abortion Philosophy (Aap)

Authors: Andrei Lucian Dragoi
Comments: 4 Pages.

This paper proposes an anti-abortion philosophy (AAP) containing some definitions, two main principles and some important recommendations (all based on a set of very solid scientific and juridical arguments), which AAP should be implemented in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) and all organic laws on Earth, so that humanity to make a great step towards the definition of true high-morality civilization.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[274] viXra:1907.0285 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-15 13:29:00

Bats (Mammalia, Chiroptera) from an Area of Caatinga in Southwestern Bahia, Brazil

Authors: Fábio Soares, Patrício Adriano da Rocha, Stephen Ferrari, Thiago Acioli, James Prado Pinto-Sobrinho
Comments: 9 Pages.

The present study provides an inventory of the bat species recorded in the municipality of Caetité, in southwestern Bahia, Brazil. Sixty-eight individuals were captured, belonging to nine species and three families. The Jackknife 1 procedure estimated a species richness of 9.9. The phyllostomid bats were the most abundant, and Carollia perspicillata (Linnaeus, 1758) was captured most frequently. Our results are consistent with previous studies conducted in Bahia and the Caatinga, providing data on the local bat community structure. It also highlights the importance of rapid inventories for the understanding of the diversity and distribution of the bat fauna.
Category: Quantitative Biology

[273] viXra:1907.0284 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-15 13:30:51

Note on bats (Mammalia, Chiroptera) in a Restinga area of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil

Authors: Fábio Soares, Marcela Daher, Raul Perrelli, José Armando Torres Moreno, Stephen Ferrari
Comments: 5 Pages.

Currently, forty-one species of bats are known to occur in the restingas of Brazil. However, most studies on restingas’ bats are limited to the south and southeastern regions of Brazil, leaving the northeastern region with a gap of knowledge. The present article presents data on bats captured in three areas of restinga of the municipality of Tibau do Sul, Rio Grande do Norte, collected from a short-term sampling. Mist nets were used to capture bats near the ground and the water bodies. Were captured 38 individuals of six species and two families: five Phyllostomidae and one Molossidae. The bat Carollia perspicillata (Linnaeus, 1758) was the most abundant species. We present here the first list of bats captured in the restinga area for the Rio Grande do Norte State.
Category: Quantitative Biology

[272] viXra:1907.0283 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-15 13:32:22

New Records of Albardia Furcata Van Der Weele, 1903 (Neuroptera, Ascalaphidae, Albardiinae) from Paraíba, with Notes on a Predator Species

Authors: Alessandre Pereira-Colavite, Izabela Souza Braga, Wellington Emanuel dos Santos
Comments: 5 Pages.

New records of the rare owlfly Albardia furcata van der Weele, 1903 are provided from the state of Paraiba, in the Caatinga and Atlantic Forest, including four new localities. A referential map is included to the recorded specimens. The first report of the predator fly Peckia (Sarcodexia) lambens (Wiedemann, 1830) on dead body of A. furcata is registered.
Category: Quantitative Biology

[271] viXra:1907.0282 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-15 13:33:40

Papel Das Moscas (Insecta, Diptera) na Entomologia Forense

Authors: Wellington Emanuel dos Santos
Comments: 8 Pages.

This paper presents a brief review of the role of flies (Insecta, Diptera) in Forensic Entomology. Discussions on presence in human cadavers and vertebrate carcasses, Postmortem Interval (PMI) estimations, studies carried out in Brazil and other countries, families of forensic importance and biological, ecological and distribution aspects of the main species are presented.
Category: Quantitative Biology

[270] viXra:1907.0281 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-15 13:36:23

Invasão Biológica Por Cryptostegia Madagascariensis: Uma Abordagem Voltada Para Estresses Abióticos

Authors: Jailma dos Santos de Medeiros, Francisco de Oliveira Mesquita, Leonaldo Alves de Andrade, Cleiton José de Oliveira, Edlânia Maria de Souza, Jânio Kleiber Camelo de Souza
Comments: 11 Pages.

The introduction, accidental or deliberate, of exotic species by different vectors is currently a major global changes, resulting in a number of local and global problems. Although not all introductions of non-native species have negative effects, many of the non-native species can have undesirable effects on biodiversity from the genetic level to the landscape. This work aimed to present the current knowledge on biological invasions by species and particularly on invasive Cryptostegia madagascariensis Bojer ex Decne. New introductions are made every year around the world and only a small part of these taxa become invasive, yet cause serious damage to ecosystems invaded. The success of weed plants is due to the intrinsic characteristics of these species that ensures the same competitive advantages with native species and the level of disruption in new niches which makes them totally supportive environments to establish new species and the emergence of monodominadas areas. In this context is C. madagascariensis, origin of climbing on the island of Madagascar in Africa, which was introduced in Brazil with ornamental purposes, becoming invasive in natural ecosystems, especially in riparian environments and humid lowlands, in the field of savanna and associated ecosystems.
Category: Quantitative Biology

[269] viXra:1907.0280 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-15 13:38:03

Diversity and Community Composition of Marine Mollusks Fauna on a Mainland Island of the Coast of Paraná, Southern Brazil

Authors: Marcos de Vasconcellos Gernet, Eduardo Colley, Elizângela da Veiga Santos, Carlos João Birckolz
Comments: 11 Pages.

Farol Island is a continental island in the state of Paraná, southern Brazil. Due to its position in relation to the continent, three distinct environmental areas are observed: rocky shore area with open exposure to the sea (A); estuarine area (B); sandy beach area (C). Considering that the continental islands are excellent study models that reproduce the environmental conditions of the coastal zone in a smaller scale, the study aimed at surveying and researching the marine malacofauna on the Farol Island and comparing the diversity and shellfish composition. The sampling method was based on a monthly collection in three locations for two years (2011-2012). The survey found 91 species: 47 Gastropoda, 41 Bivalvia and three Scaphopoda. The highest abundance and species richness prevailed in environmental area A. The greatest equitability was observed in B and the highest dominance in C. There was a predominance of Gastropoda and Bivalvia in A, while the frequency of Scaphopoda did not vary among environments. The species composition of the three classes varied among the three areas. The variation of diversity and species composition in the three environments may be related to the natural characteristics of each side of the island, as salinity and wave action.
Category: Quantitative Biology

[268] viXra:1907.0279 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-15 13:39:33

New Records of Two Species of Acanthocarpus Stimpson, 1871 (Crustacea: Decapoda: Calappidae) in Northeastern Brazil

Authors: Flavio de Almeida Alves-Jr., Ângela Ferreira Pereira, Marina de Sá Leitão Câmara de Araújo
Comments: 7 Pages.

The gladiator box crab of the genus Acanthocarpus Stimpson, 1871 has benthonic habits, occurring in continental shelf on gravel or muddy substrates with occurrence in all oceans, especially between 20-522 m depth. In this paper we report the occurrence of Acanthocarpus alexandri Stimpson, 1871 and A. bispinosus A. Milne-Edwards, 1880 from the Potiguar Basin (Rio Grande do Norte), located in the Brazilian northeast and increase the knowledge about the distributional aspects of this species from Brazilian coast.
Category: Quantitative Biology

[267] viXra:1907.0278 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-15 13:42:16

Predation of Hemidactylus Mabouia (Sauria: Gekkonidae) by a Vine Snake Oxybelis Aeneus (Serpentes: Colubridae) in an Atlantic Forest Fragment, Northeastern Brazil

Authors: Lissa Dellefrate Franzini, Carmem Karime Bacalháo Pedro, Lucas Barbosa de Queiroga Cavalcanti, Daniel Oliveira Mesquita
Comments: 4 Pages.

Oxybelis aeneus (Wagler, 1824) is an arboreal snake species that is widely distributed in the American continent whose diet is composed mainly by vertebrates, such as lizards. Several lizard species have already been reported as prey of this snake, including the alien species Hemidactylus mabouia (Moreau de Jonnès, 1818). Herein we describe in details a predation event of H. mabouia by O. aeneus, widening our knowledge regarding the natural history of both species to scientific literature.
Category: Quantitative Biology

[266] viXra:1907.0277 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-15 13:45:40

Estudo Teórico Sobre as Propriedades Eletrônicas de Nanoestruturas de Carbono e H-BN

Authors: Guilherme Angelo Moreira Bernardo, Mirleide Dantas Lopes, Sérgio André Fontes Azevedo
Comments: 11 Pages.

The study of nanomaterials has consolidated as a new revolution in the scientific environment. Among the most investigated nanostructures currently are the derivatives of carbon and hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN). Graphene for example it is a hexagonal two-dimensional lattice formed only by carbon atoms. In this sense, we investigated the formation energy and the electronic structure of a graphene plane, a h-BN plane, as well as, four nanocones, with disclination of 60° each, two of them derived from graphene and two derived from h-BN. These investigations were made through the SIESTA Code, a free software that uses first-principles methods, based on Density Functional Theory (DFT), as a parameter for its execution. From observations it was possible to identify which nanostructures showed greater stability, depending on the atomic organization of their respective crystal lattices. In the investigated nanomaterials we realized that both the formation energy per atom and the electron density varied noticeably in function of the different atomic arrangements. Regarding the electrical conductivity, the structures researched presented good agreement with the literature, thus reaffirming the applicability of these nanomaterials in electronic devices.
Category: Quantum Physics

[265] viXra:1907.0276 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-15 14:34:10

A Proof of Goldbach's Strong Conjecture

Authors: Sitangsu Maitra
Comments: 2 page

Proof of Goldbach's strong conjecture by unique path in a prime selection system.
Category: Number Theory

[264] viXra:1907.0275 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-15 19:29:24

Efeito de Técnicas de Enriquecimento Ambiental no Comportamento de Leontopithecus Chrysomelas (Kuhl, 1820) (Primates: Callitrichidae)

Authors: Denise Costa Rebouças Lauton, Antônio de Oliveira Costa Neto
Comments: 8 Pages.

Environmental enrichment consists in techniques that modify the captive environment, in order to make it more dynamic. The adoption of the method, often, results in the reduction of abnormal behavior (stereotypies) and expression of a more typical behavioral repertoire. Believing in the effectiveness of environmental enrichment techniques and that it is possible to improve the condition of captives individuals, this work was proposed. There were applied techniques of Physical and Feed enrichment to groups and solitary individuals captives of Leontopithecus chrysomelas (Kuhl, 1820) kept in Tropical Laboratory of Primatology (TLP), of the Universidade Federal da Paraíba (UFPB). The observations were made in three phases: Control; Enrichment of the Physical; and Nutritional. Individuals presented frequent abnormal behaviors during Control phase, such as pacing and excessive watching, especially the lonely individuals. During the experimental phase, only the act to guard presented significant difference for the family groups (Fr2 = 7.58; gl = 2; p = 0.023). The results show that L. chrysomelas of the TLP seem to be more resistant to change, possibly due to the long period of exposition of these to a conditioned environment to a routine and without stimuli. Aimed to modify this scenario, it is suggested to adopt methods of “routine break” concomitant to the techniques of environmental enrichment.
Category: Quantitative Biology

[263] viXra:1907.0274 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-15 19:31:38

Population Structure and Fecundity of Upogebia Omissa (Decapoda: Gebiidea: Upogebiidae) in an Estuarine Region in Sergipe, Northeastern Brazil

Authors: Rafael de Carvalho Santos, Luiz Filipe Santos Silva, Bruna dos Santos, Juliana Menezes Motta, Douglas Fernandes Rodrigues Alves
Comments: 9 Pages.

Upogebiidae mud shrimps are important organisms in soft-bottom communities, where they dig burrows acting as ecosystem engineers. The present study describes some parameters of the population structure and the reproductive biology of the mud shrimp Upogebia omissa. The mud shrimps were sampled in the Vaza-Barris estuarine river, Sergipe State, northeastern Brazil. In laboratory, specimens were sexed and measured for carapace length (CL). Ovigerous females had their total eggs counted. The body size ranged between 3.0 and 12.9 mm CL. Males were significantly smaller than females. The overall sex ratio was 0.34, female-biased (binomial test, P = 0.001). Fecundity ranged from 240 to 2339 eggs per female, and it was significantly affected by the bodysize. The sexual dimorphism evidenced by the mean size of each sex is a common pattern in decapods that incubate eggs, and in that case, fecundity normally varies in function of body size. Finally, we suggest that additional studies are needed, given the ecological importance of these mud shrimps and the scarcity of studies about them.
Category: Quantitative Biology

[262] viXra:1907.0273 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-15 19:33:27

Some Pycnogonida (Arthropoda: Chelicerata) from the “Paulo Young” Invertebrate Collection (CIPY) of the Federal University of Paraíba (UFPB), Brazil

Authors: Rudá Amorim Lucena, Martin Lindsey Christoffersen
Comments: 13 Pages.

Biodiversity studies are increasingly urgent, due mainly to the speed with which anthropic degredation is affecting the environment, marine localities in particular. Due to these human impacts, part of the marine biota is becoming increasingly unavailable in natural environments. Biological collections thus are of key importance, functioning as data bases for studies in Taxonomy, Systematics and Biogeography, as well as for several applied areas of research. Biological collections in Brazil suffer from lack of financial support, lack of human resources (both technical and scientific) and are difficult to access by the scientific cummunity. The Invertebrate Collection “Paulo Young” (CIPY) contains more than 18.000 identified and numbered samples of several marine invertebrates, from sponges to tunicates. The pycnogonid section, although less numerous than many other animal groups, has been the focus of attention in recent years. Several new species and new records have been reported from Brazil. The aim of the present paper is to disclose the CIPY reference collection, recording the Pycnogonida collection that was not the subject of previous publications.
Category: Quantitative Biology

[261] viXra:1907.0272 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-15 19:35:41

Relação Entre Massa Corporal e Taxa Respiratória em Arthropoda de Floresta Atlântica (Paraíba, Brasil)

Authors: Idalio Amaranto, Cleber Ibraim Salimon, Douglas Zeppelini
Comments: 10 Pages.

Respiratory rate studies in arthropods refer to important physiological data, since these animals perform important ecosystem functions and because they are the greatest diversity and abundance of animals present on Earth. This study measures and describes respiratory rates through the emission of CO2, and relates them to the body mass of arthropods. The study was carried out in remnant fragments of coastal Atlantic Forest of Paraíba, Brazil. The research encompasses all living subphyla of arthropods (Crustacea, Chelicerata, Myriapoda and Hexapoda) represented by 705 specimens actively collected and tested through respirometry and measured by Infrared Gas Analyzer (IRGA). As a result, we observed that among the studied arthropods, Hexapoda and Chelicerata showed higher rates of carbon dioxide emission, while Crustacea and Myriapoda had the lowest rates. Regarding its relationship with body mass, Hexapoda and Crustacea showed higher respiration by specific mass and, in general, all Arthropoda corroborated the pattern described by animal physiology, where body mass and animal respiratory rate are inversely correlated.
Category: Quantitative Biology

[260] viXra:1907.0271 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-15 19:37:35

Breve História da Sistemática de Agaricaceae (Fungi) e Distribuição no Brasil

Authors: Felipe Wartchow
Comments: 17 Pages.

The family Agaricaceae belongs to order Agaricales. In general the agaricoid species of this group are characterized by having squamulose pileus. This revision presents a brief history of the systematic of this group and distribution of their agaricoid species in Brazil since from early 19th Century to present days.
Category: Quantitative Biology

[259] viXra:1907.0270 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-15 19:39:19

Registro de Olivancillaria Vesica (Gastropoda, Olividae) Sinistrógira no Litoral do Estado do Paraná, Brasil

Authors: Marcos de Vasconcellos Gernet, Carlos Eduardo Belz, Carlos João Birckolz, Elizângela da Veiga Santos
Comments: 4 Pages.

Olivancillaria vesica (Gmelin, 1791) commonly inhabitant beaches in southern and southeastern Brazil, living semi-buried in sandy substrates from the intertidal zone to deeper areas in the sub-littoral. In this work, we report the meeting of a sinistral shell of O. vesica, characteristic that is rare for this species. Its main measurements are: 10.6 mm in height, 5.1 mm in width, 8.1 mm in height of the aperture and 2.1 mm in width of the aperture. It was collected in the municipality of Matinhos, coast of Paraná state, southernern Brazil, in biodetritic gravel.
Category: Quantitative Biology

[258] viXra:1907.0269 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-15 19:41:56

First Record of Calycuoniscus Goeldii (Lemos de Castro, 1967) (Oniscidea: Dubioniscidae) for the State of Piauí, Northeastern Brazil

Authors: Vanderley Ferreira Silva Costa, Daniela Correia Grangeiro, Carlos Anderson Soares Bezerra Pereira
Comments: 6 Pages.

The present work provides the first record of Calycuoniscus goeldii (Lemos de Castro, 1967) from the municipality of Picos, state of Piauí, northeastern Brazil. In addition, this paper contributes to increase the knowledge about the biodiversity of terrestrial isopods of the state of Piauí and distribution of the family Dubioniscidae in northeastern Brazil.
Category: Quantitative Biology

[257] viXra:1907.0268 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-15 19:44:04

Exploração e Utilização do Potencial Madeireiro da Caatinga no Município de Aurora – Estado do Ceará

Authors: Amanda Pereira de Souza, Francisco Carlos Pinheiro da Costa, Rosana Ferreira de Alencar, Silvio Felipe Barbosa Lima
Comments: 10 Pages.

Plant species of the Caatinga have considerable logging and economic potential. This paper addresses the extraction and use of Caatinga wood in the municipality of Aurora (state of Ceará, Brazil) as well as residents’ conceptions regarding the origins and environmental impacts of the exploitation of this resource. A semi-structured questionnaire was used to obtain information on the origin and the forms of wood used. The data showed that, even when recognizing the risks of these actions, the interviewees extract wood from the Caatinga in a destructive manner, which is used for making furniture, doors, sculptures, instruments and fences as well as for fuel in cooking activities in homes, bakeries and pizzerias. The following species were more cited: Mimosa tenuiflora (jurema-preta), Croton sonderianus (marmeleiro), Mimosa caesalpiniifolia (sabiá), Amburana cearensis (cumaru), Combretum leprosum (mufumbo), Myracrodruon urundeuva (aroeira) and Handroanthus impetiginosus (pau-d’arco). The results point to the need for implementation of actions for the supervision and control of the exploitation of the Caatinga vegetation as well as adequate management guidelines for this important natural resource.
Category: Quantitative Biology

[256] viXra:1907.0267 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-15 19:46:27

Guia Ilustrado Dos Echinodermata da Porção Sul do Embaiamento Sul Brasileiro

Authors: Maristela de Lima Bueno, Renata Aparecida dos Santos Alitto, Pablo Damian Borges Guilherme, Maikon Di Domenico, Michela Borges
Comments: 68 Pages.

The present guide describes 57 species of Echinodermata Bruguière, 1791 [ex Klein, 1734] from the southern portion of the Brazilian South Estuary (BSE), which includes the following coasts: the Southern of the State of São Paulo, entire of the State of Paraná and Northern of the State of Santa Catarina. We designed this guide for students and researchers providing a valuable resource for the identification and appreciation of shallow-water echinoderms. The guide describes the general features of the phylum Echinodermata, has a brief presentation of the study area and the techniques of collection and preservation of the specimens. For each class, the main morphological structures are illustrated, followed by the diagnoses of the species recorded in the BSE. Within each class, the species are organized by family, then alphabetically according to genus and species. For each species, we provide diagnoses, photos, geographic distribution and habitat when available in the literature. This work is the first illustrated guide of echinoderms in Brazil and complements the knowledge of biodiversity this group and provide support for future interventions, management and maintenance of the diversity of this wonderful group of marine animals.
Category: Quantitative Biology

[255] viXra:1907.0266 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-15 19:52:39

Ocorrência de Dentes Fossilizados de Tubarões em Cascalhos Biodetríticos na Praia Dos Amores, Matinhos, Paraná, Brasil

Authors: Marcos de Vasconcellos Gernet, Elizângela da Veiga Santos, Esther Valentina da Veiga de V. Gernet
Comments: 4 Pages.

The coastal plain of Paraná originated in the Quaternary Period from cyclical movements of transgression and marine regression from the Holocene climatic oscillations. The sediments of the coastal plain present dates that vary from Pleistocene to Holocene. Along the coast of Paraná, several points are found that present deposits of biodetritic gravel, with great accumulation of fossiliferous material coming from this geologic period, among them shark teeth. The site chosen for collecting the fossilized teeth was in the gravel bank located in front of the Farol Island, located in the Amores Beach, in the municipality of Matinhos, Paraná. In total, 563 fossilized shark teeth were found, from six different species of two families. These data are very important to better understand this past biodiversity.
Category: Quantitative Biology

[254] viXra:1907.0265 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-15 19:57:45

Verificação da Temática Biodiesel no Enem (1998-2017) em Consonância Com Sua Evolução no Contexto Nacional

Authors: Thalyta Pessoa Freire, Geórgia Batista Vieira de Lima, Luciano Leal de Morais Sales
Comments: 15 Pages.

The Exame Nacional do Ensino Médio (Enem) was created in 1998 and has undergone two changes since then. It demands from the candidates the articulation of the knowledge learned in high school, relating them with illustrations, to find a resolution to the problems. Among them, the production and use of biodiesel is one of the subjects charged in the matrix of the exam. Therefore, the research sought to understand the profile of the questions about this biofuel, considering its approach, the national context and the presentation of the information about it in the evaluation. From a universe of 1.503 questions (1998 and 2017), nine were selected. Between the editions of 1998 and 2002 there was no direct mention of the biofuel chosen. From 2003 onwards, the exam addresses from the transformation of vegetable oil into biodiesel, through the transesterification reaction, to its use and production policies.
Category: Education and Didactics

[253] viXra:1907.0264 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-15 20:00:11

Otimização de um Pórtico Tridimensional de Concreto Armado

Authors: Halina dos Santos Salles, Paulo Frederico Souza Lomeu, Franciane Conceição Peters, Webe João Mansur
Comments: 9 Pages.

In building design, the designers aim a better and safer project, regarding several structural aspects, besides the reduction of the costs of the inputs. Optimization methods can be used for this purpose without compromising structural safety. Thus, this article aims at the structural optimization by genetic algorithms of reinforced concrete 3D frames. In this study a Genetic Algorithm was developed, containing the specifications for the dimensioning of the structural elements reinforcement. The objective function is formed by the costs of concrete, molds and steel and will be minimized, according to the restrictions of NBR 6118:2014 (Concrete Structures Project - Procedure). The structural model is processed in the Ansys ® software, where discretization occurs through the finite element method, to analyze and obtain the stresses and deformations of the structure. The study consideres design variables: height of beams and columns. The results show that this methodology provided responses consistent when compared to the practice and also surprised with solutions that could be rejected by designers.
Category: General Mathematics

[252] viXra:1907.0263 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-15 20:01:49

Análise Energética e Exergética Para O Ciclo Dual em Motores de Alta Rotação

Authors: Antônio Chicharo Prata Lisboa, Claudia Mazza Dias, Julio Henrique Lopes de Almeida
Comments: 14 Pages.

This work has the purpose of performing the Dual Cycle analysis, suitable for high rotation engines, with the objective of obtaining its Energetic and Exergetic efficiencies, as well as quantifying the destruction of exergy in the processes. The results are obtained through parametric studies, which allow the evaluation of the behavior of parameters of interest. The calculations are developed in an open code written in Python® with the support of libraries numpy and scipy.
Category: General Mathematics

[251] viXra:1907.0262 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-15 20:04:02

Conteúdo Volumétrico da água no Solo Via Modelos de Competição Interespecífica

Authors: Wilian Jeronimo dos Santos, Rosane Ferreira de Oliveira, Marcos Bacis Ceddia, Juliana Lima de Almeida
Comments: 10 Pages.

The present work aimed to create a tool that can contribute to the prediction of moisture content in heterogeneous and well-drained plots of soil over a given period of time. To characterise the water balance, which is a criterion for the redistribution of water in the soil, an analogy is made to the competition model in population dynamics. This analogy can be explained by “competition” for water among the different soil compartments. The different layers “compete” with each other for water due to difference in hydraulic potential. In this sense, the model proposed is based on models of interspecific competition. Furthermore, the numerical methodology proposed is characterized to be solved more easily than the traditional and highly non-linear Richards’ equation. Numerical results were compared against simulation results from the Hydrus-1D program.
Category: General Mathematics

[250] viXra:1907.0261 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-15 20:05:32

Resolução de Problemas de Elasticidade Com Carga de Domínio Pelo Método Dos Elementos de Contorno na Formulação de Dupla Reciprocidade

Authors: Carlos Andrés Reyna Vera-Tudela
Comments: 12 Pages.

The Boundary Element Method transforms partial differential equations that govern the problem domain into integral equations involving only contour values after the introduction of weighting functions called fundamental solutions. When the problem studied involves internal loads, such as self weight, one must search for a solution that preserves the philosophy of the method. For this purpose, the Dual Reciprocity technique is used. This work illustrates dual reciprocity with Navier’s equation with a self-weight load term. Numerical results are presented.
Category: General Mathematics

[249] viXra:1907.0260 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-16 00:44:30

Proof that the De Broglie Wavelength of a Moving Electron is Equivalent to the Beat Frequency Wavelength of the Electron Standing Wave’s in and Out Spherical Wave Components.

Authors: Declan Traill
Comments: 3 Pages.

The De Broglie wave that accompanies a moving particle is evidence of the wave nature of matter and is supporting evidence for Quantum Mechanics, yet this phenomenon can also be explained using only Classical Physics and the knowledge that an electron is a spherical standing wave.
Category: Quantum Physics

[248] viXra:1907.0259 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-16 01:37:04

Exploration Coupled Light and Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 71 Pages.

The group of Prof. Ataç İmamoğlu has now developed a new approach to study nonlinear optical properties of polaritons in strongly correlated electronic states. [41] The researchers harnessed the power of polaritons, particles that blur the distinction between light and matter. [40] A new study by researchers at the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST) may explain this disparity. In the work, the OIST researchers measured electrical current across a two-dimensional plane. [39]
Category: Quantum Physics

[247] viXra:1907.0258 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-16 01:41:49

An Interesting Insight Into Considering & Using Grobner Bases/boolean Rings in the Context of P-Space Involving Smart Devices/iot/hpc/hardware/software/firmware Based Heterogeneous Computing Environments – Towards Next Generation Smart Applications for ci

Authors: N.T.Kumar
Comments: 2 Pages. Short Communication & Simple Suggestion

An Interesting insight into Considering & Using Grobner Bases/Boolean Rings in the Context of P-SPACE involving Smart Devices/IoT/HPC/Hardware/Software/Firmware based Heterogeneous Computing Environments – Towards Next Generation Smart Applications for Circadian Rhythms [CR] R&D.
Category: Digital Signal Processing

[246] viXra:1907.0257 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-16 02:36:17

Modified Dynamics of Massive Bodies in the Graviton Background

Authors: Michael A. Ivanov
Comments: 6 Pages.

The additional deceleration of massive bodies and the redshift of remote objects in the model of low-energy quantum gravity are caused by collisions with gravitons. Some results of numerical modeling of a motion of bodies in the central field by the influence of this additional deceleration are described here. The two peculiarities of modified dynamics take place: an absence of closed orbits and a possibility of the non-planar motion of massive bodies in the central field.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[245] viXra:1907.0256 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-16 02:36:54

Quantum Logic Clock

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 73 Pages.

The quantum logic clock—perhaps best known for showing you age faster if you stand on a stool—has climbed back to the leading performance echelons of the world's experimental atomic clocks. [42] The group of Prof. Ataç İmamoğlu has now developed a new approach to study nonlinear optical properties of polaritons in strongly correlated electronic states. [41] The researchers harnessed the power of polaritons, particles that blur the distinction between light and matter. [40]
Category: Quantum Physics

[244] viXra:1907.0255 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-16 03:01:10

Quantum Computer Fight Cancer

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 63 Pages.

Case Western Reserve University researchers are working to change that. They have pioneered a new approach called Magnetic Resonance Fingerprinting, which uses more sensitive scanning techniques that they expect could detect whether treatments are working after just one dose of chemo. [36] The standard approach to building a quantum computer with majoranas as building blocks is to convert them into qubits. However, a promising application of quantum computing-quantum chemistry-would require these qubits to be converted again into so-called fermions. [35] Scientists have shown how an optical chip can simulate the motion of atoms within molecules at the quantum level, which could lead to better ways of creating chemicals for use as pharmaceuticals. [34] Chinese scientists Xianmin Jin and his colleagues from Shanghai Jiao Tong University have successfully fabricated the largest-scaled quantum chip and demonstrated the first two-dimensional quantum walks of single photons in real spatial space, which may provide a powerful platform to boost analog quantum computing for quantum supremacy. [33] To address this technology gap, a team of engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) has developed an innovative microchip, named BATLESS, that can continue to operate even when the battery runs out of energy. [32] Stanford researchers have developed a water-based battery that could provide a cheap way to store wind or solar energy generated when the sun is shining and wind is blowing so it can be fed back into the electric grid and be redistributed when demand is high. [31] Researchers at AMOLF and the University of Texas have circumvented this problem with a vibrating glass ring that interacts with light. They thus created a microscale circulator that directionally routes light on an optical chip without using magnets. [30] Researchers have discovered three distinct variants of magnetic domain walls in the helimagnet iron germanium (FeGe). [29] Magnetic materials that form helical structures-coiled shapes comparable to a spiral staircase or the double helix strands of a DNA molecule-occasionally exhibit exotic behavior that could improve information processing in hard drives and other digital devices. [28]
Category: Quantum Physics

[243] viXra:1907.0254 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-16 03:16:01

Quantum Model of Ferrofluid Motion

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 65 Pages.

Ferrofluids, with their mesmeric display of shape-shifting spikes, are a favorite exhibit in science shows. These eye-catching examples of magnetic fields in action could become even more dramatic through computational work that captures their motion. [37] Case Western Reserve University researchers are working to change that. They have pioneered a new approach called Magnetic Resonance Fingerprinting, which uses more sensitive scanning techniques that they expect could detect whether treatments are working after just one dose of chemo. [36] The standard approach to building a quantum computer with majoranas as building blocks is to convert them into qubits. However, a promising application of quantum computing-quantum chemistry-would require these qubits to be converted again into so-called fermions. [35] Scientists have shown how an optical chip can simulate the motion of atoms within molecules at the quantum level, which could lead to better ways of creating chemicals for use as pharmaceuticals. [34] Chinese scientists Xianmin Jin and his colleagues from Shanghai Jiao Tong University have successfully fabricated the largest-scaled quantum chip and demonstrated the first two-dimensional quantum walks of single photons in real spatial space, which may provide a powerful platform to boost analog quantum computing for quantum supremacy. [33] To address this technology gap, a team of engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) has developed an innovative microchip, named BATLESS, that can continue to operate even when the battery runs out of energy. [32] Stanford researchers have developed a water-based battery that could provide a cheap way to store wind or solar energy generated when the sun is shining and wind is blowing so it can be fed back into the electric grid and be redistributed when demand is high. [31] Researchers at AMOLF and the University of Texas have circumvented this problem with a vibrating glass ring that interacts with light.
Category: Quantum Physics

[242] viXra:1907.0253 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-16 03:31:05

3-D Quantum Spin Liquid

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 47 Pages.

There's no known way to prove a three-dimensional "quantum spin liquid" exists, so Rice University physicists and their collaborators did the next best thing: They showed their single crystals of cerium zirconium pyrochlore had the right stuff to qualify as the first possible 3-D version of the long-sought state of matter. [32] With potential roles in quantum computation, high-temperature superconductivity and a range of exotic anyonic states, why quantum spin liquids (QSLs) attract interest is no great mystery. [31] Now, for the first time ever, researchers from Aalto University, Brazilian Center for Research in Physics (CBPF), Technical University of Braunschweig and Nagoya University have produced the superconductor-like quantum spin liquid predicted by Anderson. [30] Electrons in graphene-an atomically thin, flexible and incredibly strong substance that has captured the imagination of materials scientists and physicists alike-move at the speed of light, and behave like they have no mass. [29] In a series of exciting experiments, Cambridge researchers experienced weightlessness testing graphene's application in space. [28] Scientists from ITMO University have developed effective nanoscale light sources based on halide perovskite. [27] Physicists have developed a technique based on optical microscopy that can be used to create images of atoms on the nanoscale. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25] The world of nanosensors may be physically small, but the demand is large and growing, with little sign of slowing. [24] In a joint research project, scientists from the Max Born Institute for Nonlinear Optics and Short Pulse Spectroscopy (MBI), the Technische Universität Berlin (TU) and the University of Rostock have managed for the first time to image free nanoparticles in a laboratory experiment using a highintensity laser source. [23] For the first time, researchers have built a nanolaser that uses only a single molecular layer, placed on a thin silicon beam, which operates at room temperature. [22]
Category: Quantum Physics

[241] viXra:1907.0252 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-16 05:37:16

Refutation of Translation of Implicit Logic (Il) to Explicit Logic (El)

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

For translation of implicit logic to explicit logic, using intuitionistic and epistemic logic, seven equations are evaluated, with none tautologous. Two refute the recursive translation of “the intuitionistic truth definition into a syntactic recipe”; three refute “key features of intuitionistic logic in modal terms”; and one refutes “the recursion law after knowledge update [as] the basic dynamic equation of hard information” for public announcement logic (PAL). These form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[240] viXra:1907.0251 [pdf] replaced on 2019-07-17 02:06:12

Non-Trivial Zero Point I376.3241

Authors: Toshiro Takami
Comments: 6 Pages.

I found a non-trivial zero point i 376.3241, which has a real part value of 0 and a value other than 0.5 that is 0. This is only real part 0 and imaginary part is not 0. This implies that there may be a near zero point outside of 0.5. It was zeta (0.32669532237383891329 + i 376.3241) = -2.73410 ... 10 ˆ-21-0.399046 ... i. Although it suggests that there may be a zero point other than real part 0.5 nearby, it is judged that the probability is low and search is not performed. We confirmed that it was a mirror image relationship by dividing the non-trivial zero value real values 0.0 to 1.0 by 0.1 in order from i14.1347, the imaginary value of the first non-trivial zero, from i14.1347. That is, the absolute value of the real part increases proportionally as 0.5 is set to 0 and all nontrivial zeros go away from 0.5, but there is a tendency that only nontrivial zero i376.3241 will not. was there. The imaginary part i 376.3241 has a real part 0 at 0.327 other than 0.5.
Category: General Mathematics

[239] viXra:1907.0250 [pdf] replaced on 2019-07-17 04:13:28

The Conscious Readiness Potential Ratio Multiverse.

Authors: Leo Vuyk
Comments: 17 Pages.

The Benjamin Libet discovery of two different Readiness Potentials (RPI and RPII) and the potential to VETO an act, is reason to suggest the presence of a SuSy multiverse with entanglement down to each quantum. However, Libet did not Notice, because he (or his successors) did not measure the ratio between RPI and RPII , as a base for the total number of SuSy Universes.
Category: Astrophysics

[238] viXra:1907.0249 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-14 06:50:24

Technische Anwendungen Zur Umwandlung Der Rotationsenergie Der Erde in Elektrische Energie in Theorie Und Praxis 15., Aktualisierte Auflage

Authors: Robert Stach
Comments: 16 Pages.

Aufgezeigt werden Möglichkeiten zur Umwandlung der Rotationsenergie der Erde in elektrische Energie. Zu dieser Thematik gab es in Russland sehr aufwendige und teure Experimente. Das Ihnen hier vorliegende Manuskript zeigt, dass man mit sehr viel weniger Aufwand bereits am Schreibtisch zu den gleichen Ergebnissen kommen kann.
Category: Thermodynamics and Energy

[237] viXra:1907.0248 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-14 08:35:57

Molecules Change Charge States

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 48 Pages.

A team of researchers from IBM Research–Zurich, ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company and Universidade de Santiago de Compostela has, for the first time, imaged molecules as they change charge states. [29] A University of Central Florida team has designed a nanostructured optical sensor that for the first time can efficiently detect molecular chirality-a property of molecular spatial twist that defines its biochemical properties. [28] UCLA scientists and engineers have developed a new process for assembling semiconductor devices. [27] A new experiment that tests the limit of how large an object can be before it ceases to behave quantum mechanically has been proposed by physicists in the UK and India. [26] Phonons are discrete units of vibrational energy predicted by quantum mechanics that correspond to collective oscillations of atoms inside a molecule or a crystal. [25] This achievement is considered as an important landmark for the realization of practical application of photon upconversion technology. [24] Considerable interest in new single-photon detector technologies has been scaling in this past decade. [23] Engineers develop key mathematical formula for driving quantum experiments. [22] Physicists are developing quantum simulators, to help solve problems that are beyond the reach of conventional computers. [21] Engineers at Australia's University of New South Wales have invented a radical new architecture for quantum computing, based on novel 'flip-flop qubits', that promises to make the large-scale manufacture of quantum chips dramatically cheaper-and easier-than thought possible. [20] A team of researchers from the U.S. and Italy has built a quantum memory device that is approximately 1000 times smaller than similar devices-small enough to install on a chip. [19]
Category: Condensed Matter

[236] viXra:1907.0247 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-14 08:57:42

Explode Molecular Bonds

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 50 Pages.

"In biology, it turns out that evolution has selected things that are extremely effective at absorbing the energy and not breaking a bond," Leone said. "When something goes wrong in your chemistry is when you see diseases cropping up." [30] A team of researchers from IBM Research-Zurich, ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company and Universidade de Santiago de Compostela has, for the first time, imaged molecules as they change charge states. [29] A University of Central Florida team has designed a nanostructured optical sensor that for the first time can efficiently detect molecular chirality-a property of molecular spatial twist that defines its biochemical properties. [28] UCLA scientists and engineers have developed a new process for assembling semiconductor devices. [27] A new experiment that tests the limit of how large an object can be before it ceases to behave quantum mechanically has been proposed by physicists in the UK and India. [26] Phonons are discrete units of vibrational energy predicted by quantum mechanics that correspond to collective oscillations of atoms inside a molecule or a crystal. [25] This achievement is considered as an important landmark for the realization of practical application of photon upconversion technology. [24] Considerable interest in new single-photon detector technologies has been scaling in this past decade. [23] Engineers develop key mathematical formula for driving quantum experiments. [22] Physicists are developing quantum simulators, to help solve problems that are beyond the reach of conventional computers. [21] Engineers at Australia's University of New South Wales have invented a radical new architecture for quantum computing, based on novel 'flip-flop qubits', that promises to make the large-scale manufacture of quantum chips dramatically cheaper-and easier-than thought possible. [20]
Category: Physics of Biology

[235] viXra:1907.0246 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-14 09:14:45

Molecular Motions in Real Time

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 52 Pages.

Researchers have used ultra-high-speed X-ray pulses to make a high-resolution "movie" of a molecule undergoing structural motions. [31] "In biology, it turns out that evolution has selected things that are extremely effective at absorbing the energy and not breaking a bond," Leone said. "When something goes wrong in your chemistry is when you see diseases cropping up." [30] A team of researchers from IBM Research-Zurich, ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company and Universidade de Santiago de Compostela has, for the first time, imaged molecules as they change charge states. [29] A University of Central Florida team has designed a nanostructured optical sensor that for the first time can efficiently detect molecular chirality-a property of molecular spatial twist that defines its biochemical properties. [28] UCLA scientists and engineers have developed a new process for assembling semiconductor devices. [27] A new experiment that tests the limit of how large an object can be before it ceases to behave quantum mechanically has been proposed by physicists in the UK and India. [26] Phonons are discrete units of vibrational energy predicted by quantum mechanics that correspond to collective oscillations of atoms inside a molecule or a crystal. [25] This achievement is considered as an important landmark for the realization of practical application of photon upconversion technology. [24] Considerable interest in new single-photon detector technologies has been scaling in this past decade. [23] Engineers develop key mathematical formula for driving quantum experiments. [22] Physicists are developing quantum simulators, to help solve problems that are beyond the reach of conventional computers. [21]
Category: Quantum Physics

[234] viXra:1907.0245 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-14 09:24:46

Análise do Conteúdo de Evolução em Livros Didáticos do Ensino Fundamental Brasileiro

Authors: João Vitor Tomotani1, Rodrigo Brincalepe Salvador
Comments: 13 Pages.

The Theory of Evolution is not only the unifying force in Biology, but also one of the most important scientific concepts ever developed. However, the topic has always been neglected or misrepresented, resulting in a population that do not understand (or outright do not believe in) Evolution. The present work consists in a content analysis of Evolution in Brazilian Middle School textbooks. Its aims included the search for obstacles to the understanding of Evolution, such as: conceptual errors, language problems, “Lamarckism” and Creationism. We conclude that many of these obstacles are indeed present in textbooks, hampering the students’ grasp on Evolution; among these, the gravest is not representing Evolution as Biology’s central theory. Nevertheless, we also observed that it is indeed possible to develop the theme in a coherent manner, without recourse to over-simplifications (“dumbing down”) which may result in conceptual mistakes
Category: Biochemistry

[233] viXra:1907.0244 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-14 09:27:54

First Record of Pallenopsis Fluminensis (Krøyer, 1844) (Pycnogonida: Pallenopsidae) for the Coast of the State of Paraíba (Northeastern Brazil)

Authors: Rudá Amorim Lucena, Silvio Felipe B. Lima, Martin Lindsey Christoffersen
Comments: 8 Pages.

A pycnogonid species classified in the family Pallenopsidae Fry, 1978 and the genus Pallenopsis Wilson, 1881 is recorded in this study for the coast of the state of Paraíba in northeastern Brazil based on the identification of three female specimens collected from the infralittoral zone at depths of 12 to 34 meters. Pallenopsis fluminensis (Krøyer, 1844) is the fourth species of Pycnogonida recorded for the region. To date, only Anoplodactylus batangensis (Helfer, 1938), A. eroticus Stock, 1968 and A. mirim Lucena, Araújo & Christoffersen, 2015 have been recorded for the coast of the state of Paraíba. Pallenopsis fluminensis is diagnosed by a trunk with small setae on the distal border of each segment; proboscis with terminal setae; lateral processes with small setae; palps without setae and reduced to a small knob; chela with many setae, palm 1.5 times longer than wide; ovigers with eight articles on females, articles 5 and 6 subequal and article 8 not much smaller than 7; and tibia 1 without dense cover of the setae. To date, P. fluminensis is the only congener from the Atlantic coast of South America without a dense cover of setae on tibia 1.
Category: Mind Science

[232] viXra:1907.0243 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-14 09:30:12

O Gênero Amanita (Fungi): Sistemática e Distribuição no Brasil

Authors: Felipe Wartchow
Comments: 16 Pages.

This revision presents topic related to the iconic mushrooms belonging to fungal genus Amanita. A brief story regarding to the Systematic and Taxonomy and the distribution of the species in Brazil are also presented.
Category: Quantitative Biology

[231] viXra:1907.0242 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-14 09:31:50

Checklist of the Holothuroidea (Echinodermata) from the State of Paraíba, Brazil

Authors: Jéssica Prata, Martin Lindsey Christoffersen
Comments: 14 Pages.

The study presents the first species list for holothurians from the coast of the State of Paraíba, northeastern Brazil. The list was made based on the study of specimens deposited in the Invertebrate Collection Paulo Young, Federal University of Paraíba. A total of 16 species from seven families of Holothuroidea were recorded. This paper contributes to the biodiversity studies from the northeast coast of Brazil.
Category: Quantitative Biology

[230] viXra:1907.0241 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-14 09:33:30

Lizard Predation Tropidurus Hispidus (Squamata, Tropiduridae) by False Coral Snake Oxyrhopus Trigeminus (Squamata, Dipsadidae) in the Caatinga, in Northeastern Brazil

Authors: Jefferson Simanas Mikalauskas, Daniel Oliveira Santana, Stephen Francis Ferrari
Comments: 8 Pages.

The predation of lizards is rarely observed in the wild, and events involving snakes are scarcer still. Here we document in detail the predation of a lizard (Tropidurus hispidus (Spix, 1825)) by a snake (Oxyrhopus trigeminus Duméril, Bibron & Duméril, 1854). Many studies have identified Tropidurus Wied-Neuwied, 1825 lizards as prey for Brazilian snakes. Thus, this record provides important insights into the natural history of both species, especially O. trigeminus, which are essential for the understanding of their ecology.
Category: Quantitative Biology

[229] viXra:1907.0240 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-14 09:35:07

Physical, Biological and Human-Induced Effects on the Reef Fishes of Fernando de Noronha Archipelago, Brazil

Authors: Paulo Roberto de Medeiros, Ana Maria Alves de Medeiros
Comments: 15 Pages.

Several factors have the potential to influence the distribution and composition of reef fish communities. Amongst the most important are rugosity, wave exposure, substrate cover and human activities. The present study evaluated the influence of these factors on reef fishes from sites following a gradient of human-induced effects on the Fernando de Noronha archipelago, northeast Brazil and determined their relative importance to reef fish ecology. Rugosity did not influence fish richness, but had a positive influence on number of individuals, juveniles and endemic species, whereas benthic cover did not seem to be an important determinant for any fish variable evaluated. These results suggest that availability of shelter (physical protection) is more limiting than availability of food (i.e. benthic cover). Furthermore, water flow showed somewhat low values, but even so, had negative effects on fish numbers. Recreational activities, albeit seemingly non-impacting, had a negative effect on fish abundance with the partially protected site (Atalaia) showing a similar community structure to the unrestricted site (Porto). These results suggest that human presence, even when supervised, may interfere on reef fish structure. Low-impact tourism practices are required especially in partially protected and unprotected areas.
Category: Quantitative Biology

[228] viXra:1907.0239 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-14 09:45:59

Machine Learning Butterfly Wings

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 52 Pages.

Researchers from the University of Pittsburgh's Swanson School of Engineering have created a nanostructure glass that takes inspiration from the wings of the glasswing butterfly to create a new type of glass that is not only very clear across a wide variety of wavelengths and angles, but is also antifogging. [28] Machine learning and automation technologies are gearing up to transform the radiation-therapy workflow while freeing specialist clinical and technical staff to dedicate more time to patient care. [27] Navid Borhani, a research-team member, says this machine learning approach is much simpler than other methods to reconstruct images passed through optical fibers, which require making a holographic measurement of the output. [26]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[227] viXra:1907.0238 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-14 10:01:56

Preventing Colorectal Cancer

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 55 Pages.

Characterizing a tiny protein—determining its shape and what it does—was the first step taken by Dr. Kirsten Wolthers and her colleagues in their effort to learn more about a very common molecule that is implicated in a wide range of human ailments. [33] An international team of researchers has demonstrated how titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanoparticles stimulated by microwaves can be used to selectively kill cancer cells – paving the way for more targeted and less harmful treatment. [32]
Category: Physics of Biology

[226] viXra:1907.0237 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-14 10:46:13

Speakable and Unspeakable in Contemporary Physics :Physics Without Sweeping Infinities Under the Rug

Authors: Victor Christianto, Florentin Smarandache, Robert Neil Boyd, Adrian Klein, Slobodan Nedic, Yunita Umniyati, Marian Mesina
Comments: 387 Pages. This book is still a draft version. Your comments and suggestions are welcome

It is a wide-spread rumor among the Frontiers of physics, that some time “sweeping under the rug” practice has been quite the norm rather than exception. In other words, the leading paradigms have strong tendency to be hailed as the only game in town. For example, renormalization group theory was hailed as cure in order to solve infinity problem in QED theory. A quote from Richard Feynman goes as follows: “What the three Nobel Prize winners did, in the words of Feynman, was "to get rid of the infinities in the calculations. The infinities are still there, but now they can be skirted around . . . We have designed a method for sweeping them under the rug."[1] And Paul Dirac himself also wrote with similar tune: “Hence most physicists are very satisfied with the situation. They say: "Quantum electrodynamics is a good theory, and we do not have to worry about it any more." I must say that I am very dissatisfied with the situation, because this socalled "good theory" does involve neglecting infinities which appear in its equations, neglecting them in an arbitrary way. This is just not sensible mathematics. Sensible mathematics involves neglecting a quantity when it turns out to be small—not neglecting it just because it is infinitely great and you do not want it!”[2] Similarly, dark matter and dark energy were elevated as plausible way to solve the crisis in prevalent Big Bang cosmology. That is why we choose a theme here: Speakable and Unspeakable in Contemporary Physics, analogous to J.S. Bell’s book.[3] Similarly we observe similar sweeping under the rug practice in the electromagnetic theory development, in particular what is termed as "longitudinal wave."
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[225] viXra:1907.0236 [pdf] replaced on 2019-07-16 08:10:45

Standing on the Shoulders of Giants: Derivations of Einstein's E=mc² from Newtonian Laws of Motion

Authors: Zion Elani
Comments: 9 Pages.

This report presents a simple derivation of Einstein's famous equation, E=mc². Through the use of elementary physical quantities of Newtonian mechanics such as distance, force, momentum, velocity, and energy, our approach resembles a `handling units' method. Further, two other proofs premising on the notion of mass and its dependence on velocity are discussed. These methods prove to be simple and physically intuitive, thus stimulating the amateur enthusiasts to a better understanding of various complex and difficult-to-derive formulas which are otherwise understood at a sophisticated academic level. Pedagogic significance of these methods is further discussed.
Category: Education and Didactics

[224] viXra:1907.0235 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-14 13:00:05

The Physics Magic Number 50 Appears In MHCE8S Theory and Has Been Very Important to Mankind

Authors: George R. Briggs
Comments: 1 Page. The Apollo moon flight occurred 50 years ago: I saw the Saturn V take off.

Abstract: The physics magic number 50 appears on MHCE8S theory 2019 flow charts: it was responsible for the metal tin and its useful alloy bronze which led to early great civilizations.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[223] viXra:1907.0234 [pdf] replaced on 2019-07-18 00:37:42

Blueshift and Redshift In Wide Angle Diffraction

Authors: Eric Su
Comments: 5 Pages. All comments are welcome. Please include your email address and a short list of your publications.

The observation of spectral shift in astronomy bears great similarity to the frequency shift in the Doppler effect. Both blueshift and redshift can be described by the movement of the double-slit interference. In the rest frame of the star, the light passes through the slit to travel a straight path to reach the projection screen. The intersection of this path and the screen determines how the spectrum is shifted. If the screen moves away from the path, the spectrum will be shifted away from the center of the screen. This is known as redshift. If the screen moves toward the path, the spectrum will be shifted toward the center of the screen. This is known as blueshift. The spectrum not only shifts in position but also resizes proportionally. The spectral shift is caused by the motion of earth in the rest frame of the star while the wavelength of the star light remains constant. The redshift places a maximum limit on the radial velocity of the remote galaxy. The galaxy can not be detected if the earth moves faster than the light in the rest frame of the galaxy. This is dark galaxy.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[222] viXra:1907.0233 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-15 05:00:32

DNA Replication at Atom-Level Detail

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 31 Pages.

Life depends on double-stranded DNA unwinding and separating into single strands that can be copied for cell division. St. Jude Children's Research Hospital scientists have determined at atomic resolution the structure of machinery that drives the process. [19] Researchers at Delft University of Technology, in collaboration with colleagues at the Autonomous University of Madrid, have created an artificial DNA blueprint for the replication of DNA in a cell-like structure. [18] An LMU team now reveals the inner workings of a molecular motor made of proteins which packs and unpacks DNA. [17] Chemist Ivan Huc finds the inspiration for his work in the molecular principles that underlie biological systems. [16] What makes particles self-assemble into complex biological structures? [15] Scientists from Moscow State University (MSU) working with an international team of researchers have identified the structure of one of the key regions of telomerase-a so-called "cellular immortality" ribonucleoprotein. [14] Researchers from Tokyo Metropolitan University used a light-sensitive iridium-palladium catalyst to make "sequential" polymers, using visible light to change how building blocks are combined into polymer chains. [13] Researchers have fused living and non-living cells for the first time in a way that allows them to work together, paving the way for new applications. [12] UZH researchers have discovered a previously unknown way in which proteins interact with one another and cells organize themselves. [11] Dr Martin Sweatman from the University of Edinburgh's School of Engineering has discovered a simple physical principle that might explain how life started on Earth. [10] Nearly 75 years ago, Nobel Prize-winning physicist Erwin Schrödinger wondered if the mysterious world of quantum mechanics played a role in biology. A recent finding by Northwestern University's Prem Kumar adds further evidence that the answer might be yes. [9]
Category: Physics of Biology

[221] viXra:1907.0232 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-15 05:21:48

Sun-Induced DNA Damage and Cell Repair

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 33 Pages.

A team led by a Baylor University researcher has published a breakthrough article that provides a better understanding of the dynamic process by which sunlight-induced DNA damage is recognized by the molecular repair machinery in cells as needing repair. [20] July 15, 2019) Life depends on double-stranded DNA unwinding and separating into single strands that can be copied for cell division. St. Jude Children's Research Hospital scientists have determined at atomic resolution the structure of machinery that drives the process. [19] Researchers at Delft University of Technology, in collaboration with colleagues at the Autonomous University of Madrid, have created an artificial DNA blueprint for the replication of DNA in a cell-like structure. [18] An LMU team now reveals the inner workings of a molecular motor made of proteins which packs and unpacks DNA. [17] Chemist Ivan Huc finds the inspiration for his work in the molecular principles that underlie biological systems. [16] What makes particles self-assemble into complex biological structures? [15] Scientists from Moscow State University (MSU) working with an international team of researchers have identified the structure of one of the key regions of telomerase-a so-called "cellular immortality" ribonucleoprotein. [14] Researchers from Tokyo Metropolitan University used a light-sensitive iridium-palladium catalyst to make "sequential" polymers, using visible light to change how building blocks are combined into polymer chains. [13] Researchers have fused living and non-living cells for the first time in a way that allows them to work together, paving the way for new applications. [12] UZH researchers have discovered a previously unknown way in which proteins interact with one another and cells organize themselves. [11]
Category: Physics of Biology

[220] viXra:1907.0231 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-15 06:19:07

Gene Function Processes of Life

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 34 Pages.

Scientists at the University of Kent have developed a new method of determining gene function in a breakthrough that could have major implications for our understanding of the processes of life. [21] A team led by a Baylor University researcher has published a breakthrough article that provides a better understanding of the dynamic process by which sunlight-induced DNA damage is recognized by the molecular repair machinery in cells as needing repair. [20]
Category: Physics of Biology

[219] viXra:1907.0230 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-13 05:19:01

Crystal Structure Manipulation

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 60 Pages.

In a new study now published on Science Advances, Junseong Song and colleagues at the departments of Energy Science, Nanostructure Physics, Environmental Science and Materials Science in the Republic of Korea developed an unprecedented structure of the Zintl phase. [35] TSU physicists, working with scientists from Novosibirsk, Krasnoyarsk, Germany and Korea, have discovered new nanomechanical properties of diamonds mined at the Skalnoe deposit of the Popigai astrobleme. [34] A team of scientists are seeking to kick-start a wearable technology revolution by creating flexible fibres and adding acids from red wine. [33] An inexpensive way to make products incorporating nanoparticles-such as high-performance energy devices or sophisticated diagnostic tests-has been developed by researchers. [32] Researchers from Empa and ETH Zurich, together with colleagues from IBM Research Zurich, have recently been able to create this effect with long-range ordered nanocrystal superlattices. [31] The optical tweezer is revealing new capabilities while helping scientists understand HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/quantum+mechanics/" quantum mechanics, the theory that explains nature in terms of subatomic particles. [30] In the perspective, Gabor and Song collect early examples in electron metamaterials and distil emerging design strategies for electronic control from them. [29] Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers are working to make better electronic devices by delving into the way nanocrystals are arranged inside of them. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26]
Category: Condensed Matter

[218] viXra:1907.0229 [pdf] replaced on 2019-07-15 05:55:34

A New Axiom in Set Theory

Authors: James Edwin Rock
Comments: 1 Page.

We define a new axiom in set theory. Any set whose elements each have a name is a denumerable set. This sets up 1-1 correspondence between the real numbers in the closed interval [0, 1] and the natural numbers.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[217] viXra:1907.0228 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-13 07:26:25

Weyl Fermions Discovered

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 55 Pages.

A particular kind of elementary particle, the Weyl fermions, were first discovered a few years ago. [33] Researchers have successfully demonstrated that hypothetical particles that were proposed by Franz Preisach in 1935 actually exist. [32] Scientists from the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology have demonstrated a surprisingly simple way of flipping a material from one state into another, and then back again, with single flashes of laser light. [31] Materials scientists at Duke University computationally predicted the electrical and optical properties of semiconductors made from extended organic molecules sandwiched by inorganic structures. [30] KU Leuven researchers from the Roeffaers Lab and the Hofkens Group have now put forward a very promising direct X-ray detector design, based on a rapidly emerging halide perovskite semiconductor, with chemical formula Cs2AgBiBr6. [29] Physicists at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) have proven that incoming light causes the electrons in warm perovskites to rotate, thus influencing the direction of the flow of electrical current. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25] Following three years of extensive research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) physicist Dr. Uriel Levy and his team have created technology that will enable computers and all optic communication devices to run 100 times faster through terahertz microchips. [24] When the energy efficiency of electronics poses a challenge, magnetic materials may have a solution. [23]
Category: Condensed Matter

[216] viXra:1907.0227 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-13 07:42:43

Image of Quantum Entanglement

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 75 Pages.

For the first time ever, physicists have managed to take a photo of a strong form of quantum entanglement called Bell entanglement—capturing visual evidence of an elusive phenomenon which a baffled Albert Einstein once called 'spooky action at a distance'. [44] A German-Austrian research team is now presenting the largest entangled quantum register of individually controllable systems to date, consisting of a total of 20 quantum bits. [43] Neill is lead author of the group's new paper, "A blueprint for demonstrating quantum supremacy with superconducting qubits," now published in the journal Science. [42] Physicists at ETH Zurich have now demonstrated an elegant way to relax this intrinsic incompatibility using a mechanical oscillator formed by a single trapped ion, opening up a route for fundamental studies and practical uses alike. [41]
Category: Quantum Physics

[215] viXra:1907.0225 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-13 08:02:23

Magnetic Memory Speeds 1000 Times

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 48 Pages.

Now a method that can potentially reduce energy consumption in magnetic memory devices and improve their speeds is advancing at Purdue University. [31] McHenry's group, in collaboration with the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), NASA Glenn Research Center, and North Carolina State University, are designing a two and half kilowatt motor that weighs less than two and half kilograms. [30] Single-molecule magnets (SMMs) have been attracting a lot of attention recently. This is because of the increased demand for faster, longer-lasting and lower-energy IT systems, and the need for higher data storage capacity. [29] Researchers have discovered that using an easily made combination of materials might be the way to offer a more stable environment for smaller and safer data storage, ultimately leading to miniature computers. [28]
Category: Digital Signal Processing

[214] viXra:1907.0224 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-13 08:21:24

Nanotechnology Delivers Vaccine

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 71 Pages.

Brazilian and European researchers have demonstrated exactly how a nanotechnology-based compound delivers an oral vaccine against hepatitis B to the immune system. [42] A recent study, affiliated with South Korea's Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST) has introduced a novel targeted drug delivery system in the fight against cancer. [41] One day, hospital patients might be able to ingest tiny robots that deliver drugs directly to diseased tissue, thanks to research being carried out at EPFL and ETH Zurich. [40] A team of researchers at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem in Israel has now made such cascades in the lab by encapsulating three enzymes and enzyme cofactors in nanoreactors made from metal-organic framework nanoparticles. [39] Researchers have developed a new form of nanoparticle and associated imaging technique that can detect multiple disease biomarkers, including those for breast cancer, found in deep-tissue in the body. [38] Researchers at University of Utah Health developed a proof-of-concept technology using nanoparticles that could offer a new approach for oral medications. [37] Using scanning tunneling microscopy (STM), extremely high resolution imaging of the molecule-covered surface structures of silver nanoparticles is possible, even down to the recognition of individual parts of the molecules protecting the surface. [36] A fiber optic sensing system developed by researchers in China and Canada can peer inside supercapacitors and batteries to observe their state of charge. [35] The idea of using a HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/sound+wave/" sound wave in optical fibers initially came from the team's partner researchers at Bar-Ilan University in Israel. Joint research projects should follow. [34] Researchers at the Technion-Israel Institute of Technology have constructed a first-of-its-kind optic isolator based on resonance of light waves on a rapidly rotating glass sphere. [33]
Category: Physics of Biology

[213] viXra:1907.0223 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-13 09:15:06

The Possibility of Coming to Life Again After Death: Part Two Including Part One

Authors: Yahya Awad Sharif Mohammed
Comments: 1 Page. Author's Email : yahya-sharif@hotmail.com

This article aims to to present the possibility of humans to come to life again after they die and that after spending infinite time.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[212] viXra:1907.0222 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-13 10:04:55

Astronomers Are Trying to Find When and Where They Went Wrong Concerning Planet Formation

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 5 Pages. 5 screen shots of wikipedia statistics

Using basic Wikipedia page view statistics, it is apparent astronomers are trying to figure out where they went wrong. As well, it is apparent that 2017 was the year for maximum acceptance of the nebular hypothesis, it is now on a downward slide. This is due to it not being a useful hypothesis in explaining any current observation by Kepler, TESS or any space/ground based exoplanet (evolving star) hunter. The replacement theory, stellar metamorphosis, is used to explain to the astronomers why they have gone so wrong for so long.
Category: Astrophysics

[211] viXra:1907.0221 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-13 10:26:58

The Abc Conjecture as Expansion of Powers of Binomials

Authors: Kamal Barghout
Comments: 5 Pages. The manuscript is not to be copied or used in whole or part. The manuscript is copyrighted.

In this note I will show how Beal’s conjecture can be used to study abc conjecture. I will first show how Beal’s conjecture was proved and derive the necessary steps that will lead to further understand the abc conjecture hoping this will aid in proving it. In short, Beal’s conjecture was identified as a univariate Diophantine polynomial identity derived from the binomial identity by expansion of powers of binomials, e.g. the binomial〖 (λx^l+γy^l )〗^n; λ,γ,l,n are positive integers. The idea is that upon expansion and reduction to two terms we can cancel the gcd from the identity equation which leaves the coefficient terms coprime and effectively describes the abc conjecture. To further study the abc terms we need to specifically look for criterion upon which the general property of abc conjecture that states that if the two numbers a and b of the conjecture are divisible by large powers of small primes, a+b tends to be divisible by small powers of large primes which leads to a+b be divisible by large powers of small primes. In this note I only open the door to investigate related possible criterions that may lead to further understand the abc conjecture by expressing it in terms of binomial expansions as Beal’s conjecture was handled.
Category: Number Theory

[210] viXra:1907.0220 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-13 10:41:18

Mass Energy Intake for Vibration and Heat

Authors: Adham Ahmed Mohamed Ahmed
Comments: 1 Page. ty

if two masses collide inelastically the size of the hit masses determine the amount of energy it stores as vibration if the vibration is too much it produces heat any mass that fully occupies a larger volume produces more energy intake
Category: Thermodynamics and Energy

[209] viXra:1907.0219 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-13 12:19:18

Том Первый: "Диалектика мышления и познания. Рассудок, Разум, Ум."

Authors: Райков Александр Геннадьевич
Comments: 63 Pages. Язык русский. Работа "Том Первый. Диалектика мышления и познания. Рассудок, Разум, Ум" является составной частью "Курса лекций. Всеобъемлющие начала и механизмы действительности" в 3-х томах.

Цель исследований данной работы − собрание всей значимой информации о нейрофизиологических основах функций отражения органами чувств человека действительного мира, устройства и принципа работы полушарий мозга с целью анализа и оценки возможности форм и способов мышления по формированию объективных представлений об источнике, причинах и механизмах мироустройства. Объективной оценки предела познавательной возможности человека. Анализ методологических способов познания, достижений в аналитической философии и недостатков современного инструментального средства научной коммуникации (аппарата современной математики). Выявление необходимых условий построения окончательной эпистемологической модели картины мироздания. Книга содержит изложение фундаментальных проблем познания, подходов к их решению и достижений философской мысли в этой области знания. Дана картина филогенеза (становления и развития) отражательных функций живых существ и человека. Широко освещены нейрофизиологические основы отражательных функций ЦНС и мозга. Приведены сведения о сущности рассудочной (аналитической) и разумной (ассоциативной) форм мышления человека и формировании на основе их взаимодействия диалектического мышления. Проанализирована зависимость используемой методологии исследований от доминирования в работе диалектического ума одной из форм мышления. Определены две теоретико-аналитические отрасли знания, вербальные и символические инструментальные средства которых способны обеспечить построение объективной картины мироздания. Проведён анализ всеобъемлющих законов философии диалектического материализма и состояния операционного аппарата современной математики на их методологическую пригодность для исследования действительности в теоретической форме. Предъявлены требования к математической отрасли с целью приведения математического мышления и его операционного аппарата, играющего роль инструментально-символической базы физически статусной коммуникации в науке, в соответствие объективным качественным и количественным данным о причинно-следственных связях и отношениях пространственно-временных форм материи в процессах их взаимодействия и взаимоперехода друг в друга. Книга даёт концентрированное изложение фундаментальных проблем гносеологии (познания), методов, способов и средств их решения. Расширяет кругозор читателей и резко сокращает сферу предметных изысканий специалистов в области познания источников, причин и механизмов мироустройства. Книга знакомит с методами, способами и приёмами формирования собственного объективно-диалектического мышления. Побуждает к полезным и плодотворным интеллектуальным занятиям. Для широкого круга читателей.
Category: Mind Science

[208] viXra:1907.0217 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-13 16:42:16

Stellar Metamorphosis: The Simon Marius Rule of Brown Dwarf Companions

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 3 Pages. 1 screenshot, 1 illustration of Simon Marius

Every brown dwarf discovered to date has at least 4 large companions orbiting it as can be inferred from circumstantial and direct evidence afforded by the General Theory. These companions can be old moons, dead moons, ones with life like Earth, or less evolved than Earth. This rule is to give insight to how populated our galaxy is, and where attention should be given for astronomical observations.
Category: Astrophysics

[207] viXra:1907.0216 [pdf] replaced on 2019-07-17 17:09:07

Corrected Weak Duality Theorem by Way of Refutation of the Strong Duality Theorem

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 3 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

The equation of the weak duality theorem, (Ax≤b, x≥0) ≤ (A^Ty≥c, y≥0), is confirmed as tautologous. Three proofs of it in the literature are not tautologous. The equation of the strong duality theorem, (Ax≤b, x≥0) = (A^Ty≥c, y≥0), is refuted as not tautologous. These form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4. What follows is the weak duality theorem could just as easily exclude the “or equal to” relation to read (Ax≤b, x≥0) < (A^Ty≥c, y≥0) as the corrected weak duality theorem.
Category: General Mathematics

[206] viXra:1907.0215 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-12 10:03:19

Chebychop: a New Method for Constrained Global Optimization

Authors: John Mark Vincent
Comments: 5 Pages.

A new method for multi-dimensional global optimization is presented. The fundamental idea is to obtain the Chebyshev norm from a set of L_p=norms; an original extrapolation procedure is used to converge to the optimum value, which is identical to the Chebyshev norm. This allows the optima to be efficiently pin-pointed by repeatedly bisecting the domain. Estimates of computational cost indicate that the method is fast.
Category: General Mathematics

[205] viXra:1907.0214 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-12 10:13:27

The Formula to Determine The Size of a (SMBH) Black Hole’s Accretion Disk

Authors: Geo Douglas
Comments: 3 Pages.

In this paper, a new formula to determine the size of the accretion disks at the center of galaxies. The formula starts with Einstein’s field equations and moves to the Schwarzschild radius. From there, following the patterns of nature and the golden ratio, I have configured a precise formula to determine the radius, diameter and circumference of all accretion disks that surround supermassive black holes.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[204] viXra:1907.0213 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-12 10:29:11

Perfect Quantum Theory

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 20 Pages.

A team of researchers from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) and Harvard University in the United States has now successfully deployed artificial neural networks for image analysis of quantum systems. [15] New quantum theory research, led by academics at the University of St Andrews' School of Physics, could transform the way scientists predict how quantum particles behave. [14] Intel has announced the design and fabrication of a 49-qubit superconducting quantum-processor chip at the Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas. [13] To improve our understanding of the so-called quantum properties of materials, scientists at the TU Delft investigated thin slices of SrIrO3, a material that belongs to the family of complex oxides. [12] New research carried out by CQT researchers suggest that standard protocols that measure the dimensions of quantum systems may return incorrect numbers. [11] Is entanglement really necessary for describing the physical world, or is it possible to have some post-quantum theory without entanglement? [10] A trio of scientists who defied Einstein by proving the nonlocal nature of quantum entanglement will be honoured with the John Stewart Bell Prize from the University of Toronto (U of T). [9] While physicists are continually looking for ways to unify the theory of relativity, which describes large-scale phenomena, with quantum theory, which describes small-scale phenomena, computer scientists are searching for technologies to build the quantum computer using Quantum Information. In August 2013, the achievement of "fully deterministic" quantum teleportation, using a hybrid technique, was reported. On 29 May 2014, scientists announced a reliable way of transferring data by quantum teleportation. Quantum teleportation of data had been done before but with highly unreliable methods. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to build the Quantum Computer with the help of Quantum Information.
Category: Quantum Physics

[203] viXra:1907.0212 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-12 10:44:07

Science Advances in Spite of People Making Mistakes.

Authors: Lubomir Vlcek
Comments: 4 Pages. Einstein's theory works only for v < 0.1c.

Nobel laureates in physics are mostly physicists, who mainly create and defend physics. Einstein never received a Nobel prize for relativity... For nearly 100 years ago have been Nobel Prize winners said: "- The theory of relativity is a mathematical and not a physical theory. - The theory is far from being confirmed experimentally, the results of the solar eclipse expeditions allow other interpretations - The principle of relativity is only valid for mass-dependent movements - The theory of relativity contradicts the fundamental ideas about space and time: the Euclidean space and the usual ideas of time must remain binding. "
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[202] viXra:1907.0211 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-12 10:54:28

The Mystery of Nature is Revealed/Открыта тайна природы

Authors: Bogdan Szenkaryk "Pinopa"
Comments: 8 Pages.

The article presents the discovery of an error in physics, which for over two hundred years has been passed on to the next generation as an inviolable truth. This error concerns the law of conservation of energy./В статье представлено открытие ошибки в физике, которая свыше двухсот лет передается следующим поколениям как ненарушаемая истина. Эта ошибка касается закона сохранения энергии.
Category: Classical Physics

[201] viXra:1907.0210 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-12 11:01:13

Vitamin C Protect Nanomaterial

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 57 Pages.

In work that could open a floodgate of future applications for a new class of nanomaterials known as MXenes (pronounced "Maxines"), researchers from Texas A&M University have discovered a simple, inexpensive way to prevent the materials' rapid degradation. [34] Ferroelectric materials have a spontaneous dipole moment which can point up or down. [33] Researchers have successfully demonstrated that hypothetical particles that were proposed by Franz Preisach in 1935 actually exist. [32] Scientists from the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology have demonstrated a surprisingly simple way of flipping a material from one state into another, and then back again, with single flashes of laser light. [31] Materials scientists at Duke University computationally predicted the electrical and optical properties of semiconductors made from extended organic molecules sandwiched by inorganic structures. [30] KU Leuven researchers from the Roeffaers Lab and the Hofkens Group have now put forward a very promising direct X-ray detector design, based on a rapidly emerging halide perovskite semiconductor, with chemical formula Cs2AgBiBr6. [29] Physicists at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) have proven that incoming light causes the electrons in warm perovskites to rotate, thus influencing the direction of the flow of electrical current. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25]
Category: Condensed Matter

[200] viXra:1907.0209 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-12 11:55:23

Etymology of the Words House, Smoke, Heap

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 8 Pages. -

Russian etymology of the connected bush of words.
Category: Linguistics

[199] viXra:1907.0208 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-12 18:16:07

Refutation of Intuitionistic Fuzzy Decision-Making in the Dempster-Shafer Structure

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

A pair of intuitionistic fuzzy values (IFVs) are compared and not tautologous, refuting the conjecture of the title and forming a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[198] viXra:1907.0207 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-12 21:02:17

A Case of Autistic Spectrum Disorder in Which Benzodiazepines Are Effective in Childhood Onset Fluency Disorder

Authors: Toshiro Takami
Comments: 11 Pages.

We experienced cases in which benzodiazepines were successful in childhood onset stuttering disorder. The case was autistic spectrum disorder, and there was a dull articulation while being milder than childhood. Immediately before the high school days ended, cases complicated of social anxiety disorder. Since we visited our hospital, we have prescribed large quantities of benzodiazepines. As in this case, there is a possibility that there are potentially many cases in which benzodiazepines are strongly effective against childhood onset fluency disorder. This implies childhood onset stuttering disorder is unknown partial epilepsy starting from the basal ganglia with no abnormality in brain waves. It is also possible that there may be childhood onset flu-dysfunction as psychogenic nonepileptic seizure.
Category: Mind Science

[197] viXra:1907.0206 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-12 23:13:57

On Non-Trivial Zero Point

Authors: Toshiro Takami
Comments: 10 Pages.

In the Riemann zeta function, when the value of the nontrivial zero is zero, the value of the real part of the function is negative from 0 to 0.5, but the value of the real part of the function is 0.5 to 1 I found it to be positive. We also found that the positive and negative of the imaginary part also interchanged with the real part 0.5. This tendency is seen as a tendency near the non-trivial zero value, but becomes less and less as it deviates from the non-trivial zero value. We present and discuss the case of four non-trivial zero values. This seems to be an important finding and will be announced here.
Category: Number Theory

[196] viXra:1907.0205 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-13 01:39:20

Nanotube Channels Heat into Light

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 70 Pages.

The ever-more-humble carbon nanotube may be just the device to make solar panels—and anything else that loses energy through heat—far more efficient. [44] When traversing a solid material such as glass, a light wave can deposit part of its energy in a mechanical wave, leading to a color change of the light. [43] Laser-scanning microscopes can be miniaturized to image microenvironments in vivo via inclusion inside optical micromechanical system (MEMS) devices to replace the existing larger components. [42]
Category: Condensed Matter

[195] viXra:1907.0204 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-13 02:21:28

Red Wine to Wearable Technology

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 53 Pages.

A team of scientists are seeking to kick-start a wearable technology revolution by creating flexible fibres and adding acids from red wine. [33] An inexpensive way to make products incorporating nanoparticles-such as high-performance energy devices or sophisticated diagnostic tests-has been developed by researchers. [32] Researchers from Empa and ETH Zurich, together with colleagues from IBM Research Zurich, have recently been able to create this effect with long-range ordered nanocrystal superlattices. [31] The optical tweezer is revealing new capabilities while helping scientists understand HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/quantum+mechanics/" quantum mechanics, the theory that explains nature in terms of subatomic particles. [30] In the perspective, Gabor and Song collect early examples in electron metamaterials and distil emerging design strategies for electronic control from them. [29] Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers are working to make better electronic devices by delving into the way nanocrystals are arranged inside of them. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25] Following three years of extensive research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) physicist Dr. Uriel Levy and his team have created technology that will enable computers and all optic communication devices to run 100 times faster through terahertz microchips. [24] When the energy efficiency of electronics poses a challenge, magnetic materials may have a solution. [23]
Category: Condensed Matter

[194] viXra:1907.0203 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-13 02:38:23

Yakutia Diamonds Properties

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 54 Pages.

TSU physicists, working with scientists from Novosibirsk, Krasnoyarsk, Germany and Korea, have discovered new nanomechanical properties of diamonds mined at the Skalnoe deposit of the Popigai astrobleme. [34]A team of scientists are seeking to kick-start a wearable technology revolution by creating flexible fibres and adding acids from red wine. [33] An inexpensive way to make products incorporating nanoparticles-such as high-performance energy devices or sophisticated diagnostic tests-has been developed by researchers. [32] Researchers from Empa and ETH Zurich, together with colleagues from IBM Research Zurich, have recently been able to create this effect with long-range ordered nanocrystal superlattices. [31] The optical tweezer is revealing new capabilities while helping scientists understand HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/quantum+mechanics/" quantum mechanics, the theory that explains nature in terms of subatomic particles. [30] In the perspective, Gabor and Song collect early examples in electron metamaterials and distil emerging design strategies for electronic control from them. [29] Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers are working to make better electronic devices by delving into the way nanocrystals are arranged inside of them. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25]
Category: Condensed Matter

[193] viXra:1907.0202 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-13 03:56:32

The Possibility of Coming to Life Again After Death

Authors: Yahya Awad Sharif Mohammed
Comments: 1 Page. Author's Email : yahya-sharif@hotmail.com

This article aims to to present the possibility of humans to come to life again after they die and that after spending infinite time.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[192] viXra:1907.0201 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-13 04:22:30

Testing a Combination of [ AI/ML/IoT/HPC ] Heterogeneous Computing Concepts based on MXNet/Flux in the Context of Cryo-EM Image Processing & Informatics Using [ Julia+JNI+Java+(ImageJ/Fiji)+JikesRVM - Research Virtual Machine ] - A Simple Suggestion

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 5 Pages. Short Communication & Simple Suggestion

Testing a Combination of [ AI/ML/IoT/HPC ] Heterogeneous Computing Concepts based on MXNet/Flux in the Context of Cryo-EM Image Processing & Informatics Using [ Julia+JNI+Java+(ImageJ/Fiji)+JikesRVM - Research Virtual Machine ] - A Simple Suggestion towards Novel Design of Electron Microscopy(EM) Image Processing Frameworks for better [ Nano-Bio] Informatics R&D. [ Exploring EM Images With Julia +Java – an Interesting ML based Intelligent Approach ] [ Julia - “Walks like python. Runs like C.” ]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[191] viXra:1907.0200 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-11 09:22:55

Computer Made Using Bacteria

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 77 Pages.

"Our bacterially produced graphene material will lead to far better suitability for product development," Meyer says. [46] Physicists at the University of Innsbruck are proposing a new model that could demonstrate the supremacy of quantum computers over classical supercomputers in solving optimization problems. [45] Using data from the CMS experiment there, the researchers studied the entropy resulting from entanglement within the proton. [44] A German-Austrian research team is now presenting the largest entangled quantum register of individually controllable systems to date, consisting of a total of 20 quantum bits. [43] Neill is lead author of the group's new paper, "A blueprint for demonstrating quantum supremacy with superconducting qubits," now published in the journal Science. [42] Physicists at ETH Zurich have now demonstrated an elegant way to relax this intrinsic incompatibility using a mechanical oscillator formed by a single trapped ion, opening up a route for fundamental studies and practical uses alike. [41] Physical experiments were performed by Schiffer's team at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and were funded by the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science. [40] Novel insight comes now from experiments and simulations performed by a team led by ETH physicists who have studied electronic transport properties in a one-dimensional quantum wire containing a mesoscopic lattice. [39] Femtosecond lasers are capable of processing any solid material with high quality and high precision using their ultrafast and ultra-intense characteristics. [38] To create the flying microlaser, the researchers launched laser light into a water-filled hollow core fiber to optically trap the microparticle. Like the materials used to make traditional lasers, the microparticle incorporates a gain medium. [37] Lasers that emit ultrashort pulses of light are critical components of technologies, including communications and industrial processing, and have been central to fundamental Nobel Prize-winning research in physics. [36]
Category: Digital Signal Processing

[190] viXra:1907.0199 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-11 10:51:29

Determining Satisfiability of 3-Sat in Polynomial Time

Authors: Ortho Flint, Asanka Wickramasinghe, Jay Brasse, Chris Fowler
Comments: 41 Pages. The paper has been submitted for peer-review.

In this paper, we provide a polynomial time (and space), algorithm that determines satisfiability of 3-SAT. The complexity analysis for the algorithm takes into account no efficiency and yet provides a low enough bound, that efficient versions are practical with respect to today's hardware. We accompany this paper with a serial version of the algorithm without non-trivial efficiencies (link: polynomial3sat.org).
Category: Data Structures and Algorithms

[189] viXra:1907.0198 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-11 12:35:02

Why Jupiter Diameter =142984 km (Part 2)? (Light Velocity Effect On The Matter Creation)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 13 Pages.

Jupiter Diameter Analysis supports the following hypothesis: The Sun Rays are produced by Planets Motions Energies Total i.e. The Solar Planets Motions Mechanical Waves Are Transferred Into Light Waves From Which The Sun Rays Are Produced. Conclusion The Sun Rays Aren't Produced By Any Nuclear Interactions
Category: Astrophysics

[188] viXra:1907.0197 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-11 13:59:46

Quantum Correlation and Spacetime

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 77 Pages.

These insights may prove useful for the development of future theories unifying quantum mechanics and gravity." [46] Physicists at the University of Innsbruck are proposing a new model that could demonstrate the supremacy of quantum computers over classical supercomputers in solving optimization problems. [45] Using data from the CMS experiment there, the researchers studied the entropy resulting from entanglement within the proton. [44] A German-Austrian research team is now presenting the largest entangled quantum register of individually controllable systems to date, consisting of a total of 20 quantum bits. [43] Neill is lead author of the group's new paper, "A blueprint for demonstrating quantum supremacy with superconducting qubits," now published in the journal Science. [42] Physicists at ETH Zurich have now demonstrated an elegant way to relax this intrinsic incompatibility using a mechanical oscillator formed by a single trapped ion, opening up a route for fundamental studies and practical uses alike. [41] Physical experiments were performed by Schiffer's team at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and were funded by the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science. [40] Novel insight comes now from experiments and simulations performed by a team led by ETH physicists who have studied electronic transport properties in a one-dimensional quantum wire containing a mesoscopic lattice. [39] Femtosecond lasers are capable of processing any solid material with high quality and high precision using their ultrafast and ultra-intense characteristics. [38] To create the flying microlaser, the researchers launched laser light into a water-filled hollow core fiber to optically trap the microparticle. Like the materials used to make traditional lasers, the microparticle incorporates a gain medium. [37] Lasers that emit ultrashort pulses of light are critical components of technologies, including communications and industrial processing, and have been central to fundamental Nobel Prize-winning research in physics. [36]
Category: Quantum Physics

[187] viXra:1907.0196 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-11 17:52:23

Refutation of Hilbert's First Epsilon Theorem in Intuitionistic and Intermediate Logics

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

From the universal quantifier shift of (∀xA(x)→B)→∃x(B→A(x)) as not tautologous, the intermediate logic L is refuted, refuting Hilbert’s first epsilon theorem and intuitionistic logic, and forming a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[186] viXra:1907.0195 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-11 23:08:30

Understanding & Probing [ Orvil Perl Library+ai::mxnet Perl Interface to Mxnet Machine Learning Library ] in the Context of Bio-Chemical Information Systems Framework W.r.t R&D of Drug Design Aspects – an Interesting Insight Into Perl Interfacing Concep

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 3 Pages. Short Communication & Simple Suggestion

Understanding & Probing [ Orvil Perl Library+AI::MXNet - Perl interface to MXNet Machine Learning Library ] in the Context of Bio-Chemical Information Systems Framework w.r.t R&D of Drug Design Aspects – An Interesting Insight into Perl Interfacing Concepts & Anticipatory Chemical Computing Paradigms. [ Understanding ‘Scaffold Hopping’ from Chemical Computing & ML View Point ] [ AI::MXNet - Perl interface to MXNet machine learning library ]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[185] viXra:1907.0194 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-12 01:19:34

Qubits in Multimode Cavity

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 80 Pages.

In a recent study, researchers at the University of Colorado have resolved phonon Fock states in the spectrum of a superconducting qubit coupled to a multimode acoustic cavity. [47] "Our bacterially produced graphene material will lead to far better suitability for product development," Meyer says. [46] Physicists at the University of Innsbruck are proposing a new model that could demonstrate the supremacy of quantum computers over classical supercomputers in solving optimization problems. [45] Using data from the CMS experiment there, the researchers studied the entropy resulting from entanglement within the proton. [44] A German-Austrian research team is now presenting the largest entangled quantum register of individually controllable systems to date, consisting of a total of 20 quantum bits. [43] Neill is lead author of the group's new paper, "A blueprint for demonstrating quantum supremacy with superconducting qubits," now published in the journal Science. [42] Physicists at ETH Zurich have now demonstrated an elegant way to relax this intrinsic incompatibility using a mechanical oscillator formed by a single trapped ion, opening up a route for fundamental studies and practical uses alike. [41] Physical experiments were performed by Schiffer's team at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and were funded by the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science. [40] Novel insight comes now from experiments and simulations performed by a team led by ETH physicists who have studied electronic transport properties in a one-dimensional quantum wire containing a mesoscopic lattice. [39] Femtosecond lasers are capable of processing any solid material with high quality and high precision using their ultrafast and ultra-intense characteristics. [38] To create the flying microlaser, the researchers launched laser light into a water-filled hollow core fiber to optically trap the microparticle. Like the materials used to make traditional lasers, the microparticle incorporates a gain medium. [37]
Category: Quantum Physics

[184] viXra:1907.0193 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-12 01:41:39

Merging Laboratory Neutron Stars

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 27 Pages.

For the first time, a high-performance computer will make it possible to simulate gravitational waves, magnetic fields and neutrino physics of neutron stars simultaneously. [24] Researchers at Oregon State University have confirmed that last fall's union of two neutron stars did in fact cause a short gamma-ray burst. [23] Quark matter – an extremely dense phase of matter made up of subatomic particles called quarks – may exist at the heart of neutron stars. [22]
Category: Astrophysics

[183] viXra:1907.0192 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-12 02:02:07

New Theory on Superconductivity

Authors: Daehyeon KANG
Comments: 6 Pages.

Define the conduction band that has the basic conditions under which the superconductivity in the solid occurs. With this conduction band, several superconducting phenomena are described.
Category: Condensed Matter

[182] viXra:1907.0191 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-12 02:40:19

Algorithms for Testing Prime Factors Against Positive Composite Numbers (Finding the Unique Factorization Domain for Said Composite Numbers) in Base 10: a First Course Into Formal Mathematics

Authors: Labib Zakaria
Comments: 12 Pages. Hopefully this is obvious from the abstract & a quick overview of the paper, but this is not meant to be an immensely technical paper. It is simply meant to be so that people can nurture an appreciation for math. Constructive criticism appreciated.

There exist many algorithms to test the primality of positive natural numbers both proved and unproved, as well as in base 10 and outside base 10. Once the primality of a number has been determined, natural questions are $(1)$ what the unique prime factors of it are and $(2)$ their degree, according to the fundamental theorem of arithmetic. These questions can prove to be useful in beginning to analyze the properties of the number by allowing us to determine the number of (proper) divisors of a number as well as their sum and product. In regards to $(1)$, there are many algorithms that could be applied to determine these prime factors through modular arithmetic algorithms. We will be tackling this question in base 10 specifically by constructing functions as curious mathematicians.
Category: Number Theory

[181] viXra:1907.0190 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-12 02:31:15

Atomic Gyroscope Displays Twist

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 47 Pages.

Researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have upgraded their compact atomic gyroscope to enable multitasking measurement capabilities and measure its performance, important steps toward practical applications. [29] A UCLA-led team has gained a never-before-seen view of nucleation-capturing how the atomsrearrange at 4-D atomic resolution (that is, in three dimensions of space and across time). [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25] Following three years of extensive research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) physicist Dr. Uriel Levy and his team have created technology that will enable computers and all optic communication devices to run 100 times faster through terahertz microchips. [24] When the energy efficiency of electronics poses a challenge, magnetic materials may have a solution. [23]
Category: Condensed Matter

[180] viXra:1907.0189 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-12 04:28:45

Strange Warping Quantum Geometry

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 43 Pages.

Solving the problems mathematically is beyond the capabilities of modern computers, so scientists at Princeton University have turned to an unusual branch of geometry instead. [30] A team of researchers at Technische Universität Darmstadt has broken the record for the number of atoms positioned individually in a trap to create a defect-free array. [29] University of Toronto Engineering researchers have combined two emerging technologies for next-generation solar power-and discovered that each one helps stabilize the other. [28] Photoresponsive flash memories made from organic field-effect transistors (OFETs) that can be quickly erased using just light might find use in a host of applications, including flexible imaging circuits, infra-red sensing memories and multibit-storage memory cells. [27] Recent research from Kumamoto University in Japan has revealed that polyoxometalates (POMs), typically used for catalysis, electrochemistry, and photochemistry, may also be used in a technique for analyzing quantum dot (QD) photoluminescence (PL) emission mechanisms. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25] The world of nanosensors may be physically small, but the demand is large and growing, with little sign of slowing. [24] In a joint research project, scientists from the Max Born Institute for Nonlinear Optics and Short Pulse Spectroscopy (MBI), the Technische Universität Berlin (TU) and the University of Rostock have managed for the first time to image free nanoparticles in a laboratory experiment using a highintensity laser source. [23] For the first time, researchers have built a nanolaser that uses only a single molecular layer, placed on a thin silicon beam, which operates at room temperature. [22] A team of engineers at Caltech has discovered how to use computer-chip manufacturing technologies to create the kind of reflective materials that make safety vests, running shoes, and road signs appear shiny in the dark. [21] In the September 23th issue of the Physical Review Letters, Prof. Julien Laurat and his team at Pierre and Marie Curie University in Paris (Laboratoire Kastler Brossel-LKB) report that they have realized an efficient mirror consisting of only 2000 atoms. [20]
Category: Quantum Physics

[179] viXra:1907.0188 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-12 04:53:53

Nanophotonic Artificial Vision

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 54 Pages.

A simple, passive photonic structure made only of glass and air bubbles could perform artificial neural computing for applications in areas like facial recognition. [30] Most artificial intelligence (AI) systems try to replicate biological mechanisms and behaviors observed in nature. [29] "We basically combined advances in neural networks and machine-learning with quantum Monte Carlo tools," says Savona, referring to a large toolkit of computational methods that physicists use to study complex quantum systems. [28] As cosmologists and astrophysicists delve deeper into the darkest recesses of the universe, their need for increasingly powerful observational and computational tools has expanded exponentially. [27] Now, a team of scientists at MIT and elsewhere has developed a neural network, a form of artificial intelligence (AI), that can do much the same thing, at least to a limited extent: It can read scientific papersand render a plain-English summary in a sentence or two. [26] To address this gap in the existing literature, a team of researchers at SRI International has created a human-AI image guessing game inspired by the popular game 20 Questions (20Q), which can be used to evaluate the helpfulness of machine explanations. [25]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[178] viXra:1907.0187 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-12 05:32:11

Experimental Mini-Accelerator

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 74 Pages.

Scientists at DESY have achieved a new world record for an experimental type of miniature particle accelerator: For the first time, a terahertz powered accelerator more than doubled the energy of the injected electrons. [43] Electrical engineers in the accelerator physics group at TU Darmstadt have developed a design for a laser-driven electron accelerator so small it could be produced on a silicon chip. [42] Using short laser pulses, a research team led by Misha Ivanov of the Max Born Institute in Berlin, together with scientists from the Russian Quantum Center in Moscow, has shed light on the extremely rapid processes taking place within these novel materials. [41]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[177] viXra:1907.0186 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-12 06:59:21

Electron Camera Ultrafast

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 62 Pages.

The tool is an instrument for ultrafast electron diffraction (MeV-UED). It uses a beam of highly energetic electrons to probe matter and is especially useful for understanding atomic processes occurring on timescales as short as about 100 femtoseconds, millionths of a billionth of a second. [39] Princeton researchers have demonstrated a new way of making controllable "quantum wires" in the presence of a magnetic field, according to a new study published in Nature. [38] Physicists at the Kastler Brossel Laboratory in Paris have reached a milestone in the combination of cold atoms and nanophotonics. [37]
Category: Quantum Physics

[176] viXra:1907.0185 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-12 07:15:28

Viscoelastic Material Properties

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 37 Pages.

A team of researchers from Stanford University and Rothamsted Research, has found that midge swarms have some types of mechanical properties and also respond to a stimulus at times as a viscoelastic. [23] How do the bees use this system of vibro-acoustical signals? Understanding now, how marker and communicational vibro-acoustic signals are arranged, and what, in principle, they serve, let's consider their application in the daily life of beehives. [22]
Category: Condensed Matter

[175] viXra:1907.0184 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-12 07:20:14

Religion is a Type of Illness

Authors: Yahya Awad Sharif Mohammed
Comments: 1 Page. Author's Email : yahya-sharif@hotmail.com

This article aims to define religion being a type of mental illness and make comparison between psychosis and religion .
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[174] viXra:1907.0183 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-12 07:42:41

Nature of Photon

Authors: Ilgaitis Prūsis, Peteris Prūsis
Comments: 6 pages, 1 figure

It is well known that the photon is only a quanta of electromagnetic radiation. However, there are many myths around the photon in contemporary physics, for example, the photon loses energy when traveling through space. The article explains the basic features of the photon, such as wave-particle duality, the relation between a continuous electromagnetic wave and a quanta, the interaction of electric and magnetic fields, space of photon, speed of light.
Category: Classical Physics

[173] viXra:1907.0182 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-12 07:47:56

A Novel Low Complexity Fast Response Time Fuzzy PID Controller for Antenna Adjusting Using Two Direct Current Motors

Authors: Vahid Rahmati, Amir Ghorbani
Comments: 8 Pages.

Objectives: A novel PID Controller (PIDC) for the purpose of adjusting an antenna in 360 degrees range by direct current (DC) motors using Fuzzy method is designed and simulated. Methods: For this, first, an accurate model for DC motor in simulations is developed- that can be replaced by any other dynamic, for e.g., a high power low speed motor, however, the response in this case will be different. The controller mentioned uses the Mamdani type in two working modes with 3 and 4 inputs setting the full control of two independent DC Motors (DCMs). Findings: Clearly, the modes with 3 and 4 inputs occupy 27 and 81 commands respectively to have smooth overshoot and under shoot responses. Some of the parameters are acquired experimentally that can be modified for various applications, although these values are also remarked for the possible re-simulation by the readers. Application: However the PIDCs have many applications in industry, the main application of our PIDC is intended for radar systems where the antenna needs to quickly rotate in order to accurately receive the reflections from certain paths.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[172] viXra:1907.0181 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-12 08:15:21

Some Problems About The 3He Superfluid

Authors: Ting-Hang Pei
Comments: 3 Pages.

We discuss the stability problem of the atomic pair in the 3He superfluid. It is similar to the bound-state problem of the hydrogen molecule because both of them are composed of two spin-1/2 nuclei. The difference is the cause for bonding. What is of interest here is whether the nuclear spin coupling between two 3He nuclei is large enough to form a stable atomic pair in the superfluid. According to our calculations, the energy difference between the excited state F=1 and the ground state F=0 caused by the nuclear spin coupling of the two hydrogen nuclei is about 5.6x10^-9 eV when the intermolecular distance is 0.74 Å. When the two 3He nuclei are separated by 2.9 Å, the same energy difference caused by the nuclear spin coupling is 4.8x10^-10 eV. This value is much less than the binding energy of two 3He atoms about 1.0 eV, and is also much smaller than the Lennard-Jones potential of 8.74x10^-4 eV between the two helium atoms. Therefore, two 3He atoms cannot form a stable atomic pair due to the nuclear spin coupling even the spin wave.
Category: Condensed Matter

[171] viXra:1907.0180 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-12 08:20:03

On Some Ramanujan Formulas: New Possible Mathematical Developments and Mathematical Connections with the Mass Value of Candidate “glueball” F0(1710) Meson, Other Particles and the Black Hole Entropies.

Authors: Michele Nardelli, Antonio Nardelli
Comments: 150 Pages.

In the present research thesis, we have obtained various and interesting new possible mathematical results concerning various Ramanujan’s formulas. Furthermore, we have described new possible mathematical connections with the mass value of candidate “glueball” f0(1710) meson, other particles and with the Black Hole entropies.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[170] viXra:1907.0179 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-12 09:06:31

Intuitionistic Fuzzy Decision-Making in the Framework of Dempster-Shafer Structures

Authors: Liguo Fei
Comments: 15 Pages.

The main emphasis of this paper is placed on the problem of multi-criteria decision making (MCDM) in intuitionistic fuzzy environments. Some limitations in the existing literature that explains Atanassov’ intuitionistic fuzzy sets (A-IFS) from the perspective of Dempster-Shafer theory (DST) of evidence have been analyzed. To address the issues of using Dempster’s rule to aggregate intuitionistic fuzzy values (IFVs), a novel aggregation operator named OWA-based MOS is proposed based on ordered weighted averaging (OWA) aggregation operator, which allows the expression of decision makers’ subjectivity by introducing the attitudinal character. The effectiveness of the developed OWAbased MOS approach in aggregating IFVs is demonstrated by the known example of MCDM problem. To compare different IFVs obtained from the OWA-based MOS approach, the golden rule representative value for IFVs comparison is introduced, which can get over the shortcomings of score functions. The hierarchical structure of the proposed decision approach is presented based on the above researches, which allow us to solve MCDM problem without intermediate defuzzification when not only criteria, but their weights are represented by IFVs. The proposed OWA-based MOS approach is illustrated as a more flexible decision-making method, which can better solve the problem of intuitionistic fuzzy multi-criteria decision making in the framework of DST.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[169] viXra:1907.0178 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-10 06:44:16

Laser Scanning Microscopy

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 66 Pages.

Laser-scanning microscopes can be miniaturized to image microenvironments in vivo via inclusion inside optical micromechanical system (MEMS) devices to replace the existing larger components. [42] A team led by University of Utah physicists has discovered how to fix a major problem that occurs in lasers made from a new type of material called quantum dots. [41] A team of researchers from the University of Central Florida and Michigan Technological University has developed a laser system concept built on the principles of supersymmetry. [40]
Category: Quantum Physics

[168] viXra:1907.0177 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-10 07:00:21

Nanoscale Sound in Microresonator

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 67 Pages.

When traversing a solid material such as glass, a light wave can deposit part of its energy in a mechanical wave, leading to a color change of the light. [43] Laser-scanning microscopes can be miniaturized to image microenvironments in vivo via inclusion inside optical micromechanical system (MEMS) devices to replace the existing larger components. [42] A team led by University of Utah physicists has discovered how to fix a major problem that occurs in lasers made from a new type of material called quantum dots. [41]
Category: Quantum Physics

[167] viXra:1907.0176 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-10 07:24:54

Quantum Entanglement Inside Protons

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 74 Pages.

Using data from the CMS experiment there, the researchers studied the entropy resulting from entanglement within the proton. [44] A German-Austrian research team is now presenting the largest entangled quantum register of individually controllable systems to date, consisting of a total of 20 quantum bits. [43] Neill is lead author of the group's new paper, "A blueprint for demonstrating quantum supremacy with superconducting qubits," now published in the journal Science. [42] Physicists at ETH Zurich have now demonstrated an elegant way to relax this intrinsic incompatibility using a mechanical oscillator formed by a single trapped ion, opening up a route for fundamental studies and practical uses alike. [41] Physical experiments were performed by Schiffer's team at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and were funded by the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science. [40] Novel insight comes now from experiments and simulations performed by a team led by ETH physicists who have studied electronic transport properties in a one-dimensional quantum wire containing a mesoscopic lattice. [39] Femtosecond lasers are capable of processing any solid material with high quality and high precision using their ultrafast and ultra-intense characteristics. [38] To create the flying microlaser, the researchers launched laser light into a water-filled hollow core fiber to optically trap the microparticle. Like the materials used to make traditional lasers, the microparticle incorporates a gain medium. [37] Lasers that emit ultrashort pulses of light are critical components of technologies, including communications and industrial processing, and have been central to fundamental Nobel Prize-winning research in physics. [36] A newly developed laser technology has enabled physicists in the Laboratory for Attosecond Physics (jointly run by LMU Munich and the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics) to generate attosecond bursts of high-energy photons of unprecedented intensity. [35]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[166] viXra:1907.0175 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-10 10:02:20

Refutation of Interpretability Logics

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

Of the non trivial logics for axioms as evaluated, none is tautologous. Hence the interpretability logic IL is refuted, and forms a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[165] viXra:1907.0174 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-10 13:13:50

Quantum Chessboard Computing

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 75 Pages.

Physicists at the University of Innsbruck are proposing a new model that could demonstrate the supremacy of quantum computers over classical supercomputers in solving optimization problems. [45] Using data from the CMS experiment there, the researchers studied the entropy resulting from entanglement within the proton. [44] A German-Austrian research team is now presenting the largest entangled quantum register of individually controllable systems to date, consisting of a total of 20 quantum bits. [43] Neill is lead author of the group's new paper, "A blueprint for demonstrating quantum supremacy with superconducting qubits," now published in the journal Science. [42] Physicists at ETH Zurich have now demonstrated an elegant way to relax this intrinsic incompatibility using a mechanical oscillator formed by a single trapped ion, opening up a route for fundamental studies and practical uses alike. [41] Physical experiments were performed by Schiffer's team at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and were funded by the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science. [40] Novel insight comes now from experiments and simulations performed by a team led by ETH physicists who have studied electronic transport properties in a one-dimensional quantum wire containing a mesoscopic lattice. [39] Femtosecond lasers are capable of processing any solid material with high quality and high precision using their ultrafast and ultra-intense characteristics. [38] To create the flying microlaser, the researchers launched laser light into a water-filled hollow core fiber to optically trap the microparticle. Like the materials used to make traditional lasers, the microparticle incorporates a gain medium. [37] Lasers that emit ultrashort pulses of light are critical components of technologies, including communications and industrial processing, and have been central to fundamental Nobel Prize-winning research in physics. [36]
Category: Quantum Physics

[164] viXra:1907.0173 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-10 13:46:57

Outlier Modeling in Gear Bearing Using Autoencoder for Remaining Useful Life Prediction

Authors: Sunny Singh, Atif Ahmed, Praneet Shiv
Comments: 7 Pages.

In this paper, we introduce the Prognostics and Health Management of gear bearing system using autoencoder neural networks. Bearings and gears are the most common mechanical components in rotating machines, and their health conditions are of great concern in practice. This study presents an outlier modeling method for forecasting the gear bearing system failure using the health indicators constructed from mechanical signal processing and modeling. Outlier modeling aims to find patterns in data that are significantly different from what is defined as normal. In the unsupervised outlier modeling setting, prior labels about the anomalousness of data points are not available. In such cases, the most common techniques for scoring data points for outlyingness include distance-based methods density-based methods, and linear methods. The conventional outlier modeling methods have been used for a long time to detect anomalous observations in data. However, this paper shows that autoencoders are a very competitive technique compared to other existing methods. The developed method is demonstrated using the IMS bearing data from NASA Acoustics and Vibration Database.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[163] viXra:1907.0172 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-10 13:50:58

A Simple Model with a Unified Form of Equations for Space, Mass, and the Periodic Table

Authors: William Craig Byrdwell
Comments: 33 Pages. The version of this manuscript that contains the approximations for accurate monoisotopic masses (a.k.a. The 99.989% Solution) is "The Case for Whole PI and Alternative Equations for Space, Mass, and the Periodic Table", DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.1.3348.6968/2

A new series of equations for space, mass and the Periodic Table based on a common pattern is presented. Three equations for circular space represent the circumference (C), area (A), and volume (V) of a circle or sphere, which are mathematically equivalent to the conventional equations, specifically, C=2πr, A=πr2, and V=4/3πr3. The new equations incorporate a new understanding of pi, referred to as Whole PI to distinguish it from the classic understanding. A new symbol for Whole PI is presented and explained. Using Whole PI, the equations for the dimensions of space become 2PIdp/2p for the first dimension and PIdp/2p for the others. It is further shown that the second mass, helium, stands in relation to the first mass, hydrogen, the same as the second dimension of space stands in relation to the first dimension of space, specifically, H=2mp/2p and He=mp/2p, in which m equals the integer unit mass (m=1), the power signifies the atomic number (and therefore the number of electrons), and the denominator signifies the integer mass of the atom. Because of the similarity to the equations for dimensions of space, the elements may be referred to as dimensions of mass. Using the new equations, it is shown that the Periodic Table contains exactly ten dimensions of mass, and the other elements can be considered deconstructions of the ten dimensions of mass. This report shows a common pattern behind space and mass, and provides new insight into the anomalies in the Periodic Table.
Category: Chemistry

[162] viXra:1907.0171 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-11 00:49:20

Proof of Riemann Hypothesis and Other Prime Conjectures

Authors: Surajit Ghosh
Comments: 19 Pages.

Riemann hypothesis stands proved in three different ways.To prove Riemann hypothesis from the functional equation concept of Delta function is introduced similar to Gamma and Pi function. Zeta values are renormalised to remove the poles of zeta function. Extending sum to product rule fundamental formula of numbers are defined which then helps proving other prime conjectures namely goldbach conjecture, twin prime conjecture etc.
Category: Number Theory

[161] viXra:1907.0170 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-11 02:02:31

Vacuum Fluctuation Time Flow

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 77 Pages.

Researchers at the University of Konstanz have recently carried out a study exploring the quantum states of light and vacuum fluctuations, as well as their interplay with time. [46] Physicists at the University of Innsbruck are proposing a new model that could demonstrate the supremacy of quantum computers over classical supercomputers in solving optimization problems. [45] Using data from the CMS experiment there, the researchers studied the entropy resulting from entanglement within the proton. [44] A German-Austrian research team is now presenting the largest entangled quantum register of individually controllable systems to date, consisting of a total of 20 quantum bits. [43] Neill is lead author of the group's new paper, "A blueprint for demonstrating quantum supremacy with superconducting qubits," now published in the journal Science. [42] Physicists at ETH Zurich have now demonstrated an elegant way to relax this intrinsic incompatibility using a mechanical oscillator formed by a single trapped ion, opening up a route for fundamental studies and practical uses alike. [41] Physical experiments were performed by Schiffer's team at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and were funded by the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science. [40] Novel insight comes now from experiments and simulations performed by a team led by ETH physicists who have studied electronic transport properties in a one-dimensional quantum wire containing a mesoscopic lattice. [39] Femtosecond lasers are capable of processing any solid material with high quality and high precision using their ultrafast and ultra-intense characteristics. [38] To create the flying microlaser, the researchers launched laser light into a water-filled hollow core fiber to optically trap the microparticle. Like the materials used to make traditional lasers, the microparticle incorporates a gain medium. [37] Lasers that emit ultrashort pulses of light are critical components of technologies, including communications and industrial processing, and have been central to fundamental Nobel Prize-winning research in physics. [36]
Category: Quantum Physics

[160] viXra:1907.0169 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-11 02:14:15

Chord of Life

Authors: Li xiaohong
Comments: 17 Pages.

Meridian phenomenon is the life expression of chord language, obeying the natural law of chord language. The main contents of this paper are: qualitative, quantitative and mathematical expression of the meridian system. Chord language consists of chord spectrum, with quantum, string (opening, closed string, N string), symmetry, mirroring (space-time duality) and other physical, mathematical (geometric) characteristics, manifested in music (time expression), painting (spatial expression), meridian (life expression) and other disciplines, with Spiritual, physica isomorphism, It has thousands of years of knowledge accumulation, more mature mathematical models, can be observed, verified, should be the theoretical characteristics of everything. Chord language is both a spiritual phenomenon and a physical phenomenon. It has spiritual and physical isomorphism. Observing chord language events (music, painting, etc.) is also observing physical events. This is the most prominent philosophical feature of chord language. The meridian can be stimulated by the tone and color light signals, and has the stimulated characteristic frequency, which can be used to quantify the chord language (physical and mathematical) characteristics of the meridian system. Keywords: chord language, chord life, chord mathematics, meridian
Category: Physics of Biology

[159] viXra:1907.0168 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-11 02:21:52

Quantum Mechanics Lock Heat

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 79 Pages.

A groundbreaking study conducted by researchers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) has revealed a method of using quantum mechanical wave theories to "lock" heat into a fixed position. [47] Researchers at the University of Konstanz have recently carried out a study exploring the quantum states of light and vacuum fluctuations, as well as their interplay with time. [46] Physicists at the University of Innsbruck are proposing a new model that could demonstrate the supremacy of quantum computers over classical supercomputers in solving optimization problems. [45] Using data from the CMS experiment there, the researchers studied the entropy resulting from entanglement within the proton. [44] A German-Austrian research team is now presenting the largest entangled quantum register of individually controllable systems to date, consisting of a total of 20 quantum bits. [43] Neill is lead author of the group's new paper, "A blueprint for demonstrating quantum supremacy with superconducting qubits," now published in the journal Science. [42] Physicists at ETH Zurich have now demonstrated an elegant way to relax this intrinsic incompatibility using a mechanical oscillator formed by a single trapped ion, opening up a route for fundamental studies and practical uses alike. [41] Physical experiments were performed by Schiffer's team at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and were funded by the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science. [40] Novel insight comes now from experiments and simulations performed by a team led by ETH physicists who have studied electronic transport properties in a one-dimensional quantum wire containing a mesoscopic lattice. [39] Femtosecond lasers are capable of processing any solid material with high quality and high precision using their ultrafast and ultra-intense characteristics. [38] To create the flying microlaser, the researchers launched laser light into a water-filled hollow core fiber to optically trap the microparticle. Like the materials used to make traditional lasers, the microparticle incorporates a gain medium. [37]
Category: Quantum Physics

[158] viXra:1907.0167 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-11 03:00:32

Fundamental Solution of the Turbulence Problem Avoiding Hypotheses

Authors: Rolf Warnemünde
Comments: 122 Pages. c 2019 CC BY-NC-ND

Locality, natural causality and deterministics are the fundamental principles of this treatise. A dense fluctuating point set with unique linking to physical movements facilitates the setting up of partial differential equations. So a clear definition of a turbulent fluid is established. Stochasticity in the sense of an ensemble theory is considered by distributions of motion quantities of an unlimited number of parallelly existent deterministic systems. First, particle transport equations of 1. Brownian motion as molecular self diffusion, 2. Stochastic transport by longitudinal fluctuations of a continuum, 3. Stochastic transport by turbulent continuum-fluctuations are developed. So Transition probabilities of moving quantities are evolved. The connection of deterministics and stochastics in the sense of an ensemble theory enables a complete deterministic turbulence equation set. The result is pure geometrodynamics of turbulence on one side and pure geometrodynamics of deformation on the other side. At the end, the incorrectness of the known equation set of laminar fluiddynamics for turbulence problems is discussed.
Category: Classical Physics

[157] viXra:1907.0166 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-11 03:09:54

Ferromagnetic Superconductor Behavior

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 46 Pages.

Researchers from France and Russia have offered a theoretical explanation for the behavior of a recently discovered material combining superconducting and ferromagnetic properties. [28] Newly published research from a team of scientists led by the U.S. Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory sheds more light on the nature of high-temperature iron-based superconductivity. [27] Scientists at Harvard have developed a bismuth-based, two-dimensional superconductor that is only one nanometer thick. [26] Cuprates hold the record high superconducting temperature at ambient pressure so far, but understanding their superconducting mechanism remains one of the great challenges of physical sciences listed as one of 125 quests announced by Science. [25] Now, scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech), the University of Tokyo and Tohoku University report curious multi-state transitions of these superconductors in which they change from superconductor to special metal and then to insulator. [24] Researchers at the Zavoisky Physical-Technical Institute and the Southern Scientific Center of RAS, in Russia, have recently fabricated quasi-2-D superconductors at the interface between a ferroelectric Ba0.8Sr0.2TiO3 film and an insulating parent compound of La2CuO4. [23] Scientists seeking to understand the mechanism underlying superconductivity in "stripe-ordered" cuprates-copper-oxide materials with alternating areas of electric charge and magnetism-discovered an unusual metallic state when attempting to turn superconductivity off. [22] This discovery makes it clear that in order to understand the mechanism behind the enigmatic high temperature superconductivity of the cuprates, this exotic PDW state needs to be taken into account, and therefore opens a new frontier in cuprate research. [21] High-temperature (Tc) superconductivity typically develops from antiferromagnetic insulators, and superconductivity and ferromagnetism are always mutually exclusive. [20]
Category: Quantum Physics

[156] viXra:1907.0165 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-11 03:42:55

Organic Light Emitting Diodes

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 67 Pages.

Organic light-emitting diodes are components that no longer consist of compounds containing the semiconducting material gallium, but of so-called organic compounds in which carbon is a main component. [43] Laser-scanning microscopes can be miniaturized to image microenvironments in vivo via inclusion inside optical micromechanical system (MEMS) devices to replace the existing larger components. [42]
Category: Quantum Physics

[155] viXra:1907.0164 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-09 08:14:36

Light-Sensing Distant Galaxies

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 30 Pages.

Researchers at the UCLA Samueli School of Engineering have developed an ultra-sensitive light-detecting system that could enable astronomers to view galaxies, stars and planetary systems in superb detail. [25] On October 16, 2017, an international group of astronomers and physicists excitedly reported the first simultaneous detection of light and gravitational waves from the same source—a merger of two neutron stars. [24] Researchers at Oregon State University have confirmed that last fall's union of two neutron stars did in fact cause a short gamma-ray burst. [23]
Category: Astrophysics

[154] viXra:1907.0163 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-09 08:39:22

Micro Ring Resonator

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 61 Pages.

Micro Ring Resonator Researchers at MIT and Singapore University of Technology (SUTD) have demonstrated a micro ring resonator made of amorphous silicon carbide with the highest quality factor to date. [36] Physicists at EPFL propose a new "quantum simulator": a laser-based device that can be used to study a wide range of quantum systems. [35] The DESY accelerator facility in Hamburg, Germany, goes on for miles to host a particle making kilometer-long laps at almost the speed of light. Now researchers have shrunk such a facility to the size of a computer chip. [34] University of Michigan physicists have led the development of a device the size of a match head that can bend light inside a crystal to generate synchrotron radiation in a lab. [33] A new advance by researchers at MIT could make it possible to produce tiny spectrometers that are just as accurate and powerful but could be mass produced using standard chip-making processes. [32] Scientists from the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology have demonstrated a surprisingly simple way of flipping a material from one state into another, and then back again, with single flashes of laser light. [31] Materials scientists at Duke University computationally predicted the electrical and optical properties of semiconductors made from extended organic molecules sandwiched by inorganic structures. [30] KU Leuven researchers from the Roeffaers Lab and the Hofkens Group have now put forward a very promising direct X-ray detector design, based on a rapidly emerging halide perovskite semiconductor, with chemical formula Cs2AgBiBr6. [29] Physicists at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) have proven that incoming light causes the electrons in warm perovskites to rotate, thus influencing the direction of the flow of electrical current. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27]
Category: Quantum Physics

[153] viXra:1907.0162 [pdf] replaced on 2019-07-13 05:18:17

Solutions to Problems in Topics in Algebra

Authors: Henry Wong
Comments: 1 Page.

An addendum to group theory.
Category: Algebra

[152] viXra:1907.0161 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-09 10:04:29

(Sgum Version 1.0 9.07.2019 10 Pages) a "Simply…Gravitonic" Universe (Toy-)model (Sgum)

Authors: Andrei Lucian Dragoi
Comments: 10 Pages.

This paper proposes a Simple…Graviton(-based) Universe (toy-)Model (SGUM) which implies a short list of postulates, statements and assumptions (subquantum movement generating rest masses for almost all known elementary particles; a large palette of gravitons with various quantum angular spins, non-zero volumes and a common energetic density for all known elementary particles with non-zero positive rest energies/masses etc) with far reaching predictions and consequences beyond the Standard Model (SM) of particle physics, bringing quantum mechanics (QM) and Einstein’s general relativity (EGR) very close to each other: (1)the existence of at least three more scalar bosons (called “X bosons” [Xbs]) heavier than Higgs boson (Hb), with the heaviest of them (named “super-Higgs boson” [SHb]) predicted to be the quanta of a “super-Higgs field” (SHF) which is a plausible candidate for a hypothetical primordial gravitational unified field that dominated the pre-Big-Bang quasi-singularity; (2)a set of non-zero radii (and thus volumes) for all known elementary particles (EPs) with non-zero positive rest masses (rM)/ energies; (3)a set of Planck-like gravitonic constants (measuring the quantum angular momentum of gravitons identified with EPs) for all known EPs with rM>0;
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[151] viXra:1907.0160 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-09 10:09:07

Laser-Driven Microbubbles Vacuum

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 81 Pages.

A vacuum is generally thought to be nothing but empty space. But in fact, a vacuum is filled with virtual particle-antiparticle pairs of electrons and positrons that are continuously created and annihilated in unimaginably short time-scales. [44] If you're not a plasma physicist, exploding electrical wires underwater may sound like a bad idea. [43] Researchers at MIT's Plasma Science and Fusion Center (PSFC) have now demonstrated how microwaves can be used to overcome barriers to steady-state tokamak operation. [42]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[150] viXra:1907.0158 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-09 12:37:22

The Real Numbers in the Closed Interval [0, 1] map to the Natural Numbers

Authors: James Edwin Rock
Comments: 2 Pages. The paper contains an explicit map of the reals in [0. 1] to the natural numbers.

Defining the reals in [0, 1] as the limits of partial decimal sums, sets up a map to the natural numbers.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[149] viXra:1907.0157 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-09 13:07:34

Connecting Quantum Dots

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 41 Pages.

Researchers at the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) developed a new technique that could enable future advancements in quantum technology. [29] University of Toronto Engineering researchers have combined two emerging technologies for next-generation solar power-and discovered that each one helps stabilize the other. [28] Photoresponsive flash memories made from organic field-effect transistors (OFETs) that can be quickly erased using just light might find use in a host of applications, including flexible imaging circuits, infra-red sensing memories and multibit-storage memory cells. [27] Recent research from Kumamoto University in Japan has revealed that polyoxometalates (POMs), typically used for catalysis, electrochemistry, and photochemistry, may also be used in a technique for analyzing quantum dot (QD) photoluminescence (PL) emission mechanisms. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25] The world of nanosensors may be physically small, but the demand is large and growing, with little sign of slowing. [24] In a joint research project, scientists from the Max Born Institute for Nonlinear Optics and Short Pulse Spectroscopy (MBI), the Technische Universität Berlin (TU) and the University of Rostock have managed for the first time to image free nanoparticles in a laboratory experiment using a highintensity laser source. [23] For the first time, researchers have built a nanolaser that uses only a single molecular layer, placed on a thin silicon beam, which operates at room temperature. [22] A team of engineers at Caltech has discovered how to use computer-chip manufacturing technologies to create the kind of reflective materials that make safety vests, running shoes, and road signs appear shiny in the dark. [21] In the September 23th issue of the Physical Review Letters, Prof. Julien Laurat and his team at Pierre and Marie Curie University in Paris (Laboratoire Kastler Brossel-LKB) report that they have realized an efficient mirror consisting of only 2000 atoms. [20] Physicists at MIT have now cooled a gas of potassium atoms to several nanokelvins-just a hair above absolute zero-and trapped the atoms within a two-dimensional sheet of an optical lattice created by crisscrossing lasers. Using a high-resolution microscope, the researchers took images of the cooled atoms residing in the lattice. [19]
Category: Quantum Physics

[148] viXra:1907.0156 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-09 13:28:36

Revolutionize Information Transmission

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 43 Pages.

A research team led by physicists at the University of California, Riverside, has observed, characterized, and controlled dark trions in a semiconductor-ultraclean single-layer tungsten diselenide (WSe2)-a feat that could increase the capacity and alter the form of information transmission. [30] Researchers at the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) developed a new technique that could enable future advancements in quantum technology. [29] University of Toronto Engineering researchers have combined two emerging technologies for next-generation solar power-and discovered that each one helps stabilize the other. [28] Photoresponsive flash memories made from organic field-effect transistors (OFETs) that can be quickly erased using just light might find use in a host of applications, including flexible imaging circuits, infra-red sensing memories and multibit-storage memory cells. [27] Recent research from Kumamoto University in Japan has revealed that polyoxometalates (POMs), typically used for catalysis, electrochemistry, and photochemistry, may also be used in a technique for analyzing quantum dot (QD) photoluminescence (PL) emission mechanisms. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25] The world of nanosensors may be physically small, but the demand is large and growing, with little sign of slowing. [24] In a joint research project, scientists from the Max Born Institute for Nonlinear Optics and Short Pulse Spectroscopy (MBI), the Technische Universität Berlin (TU) and the University of Rostock have managed for the first time to image free nanoparticles in a laboratory experiment using a highintensity laser source. [23] For the first time, researchers have built a nanolaser that uses only a single molecular layer, placed on a thin silicon beam, which operates at room temperature. [22] A team of engineers at Caltech has discovered how to use computer-chip manufacturing technologies to create the kind of reflective materials that make safety vests, running shoes, and road signs appear shiny in the dark. [21] In the September 23th issue of the Physical Review Letters, Prof. Julien Laurat and his team at Pierre and Marie Curie University in Paris (Laboratoire Kastler Brossel-LKB) report that they have realized an efficient mirror consisting of only 2000 atoms. [20]
Category: Digital Signal Processing

[147] viXra:1907.0154 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-09 18:42:44

A Concise Paper Summarizing a Contradiction with the Riemann Hypothesis

Authors: Viktor Kalaj
Comments: 10 Pages. This paper is rather succinct; it deals with a contradiction while testing the Riemann Zeta function valid on 0 < Re(s) < 1

In this paper, we summarize results of a contradiction while testing the Riemann Hypothesis
Category: Number Theory

[146] viXra:1907.0153 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-09 20:38:14

Stellar Metamorphosis: How Massive is GJ 3470 b's Atmosphere?

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 2 Pages.

Using the dead star mass limit of ~2.59 Earth masses, the total mass of GJ 3470's atmosphere should be >~11.14 Earth masses. This means the total mass of the atmosphere is probably >~81% of the total mass of the star. Explanation is provided.
Category: Astrophysics

[145] viXra:1907.0152 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-09 21:55:24

A Theory of Likelihood - Parsimony & Synchronicity in Natural Law

Authors: Paris S. Miles-Brenden
Comments: 10 Pages. For in that of a parallel; what is given aforementionedly of a method of phenomonological enterprise is the said consolation of a confirmatory purpose of epistomological err and it's reduction to practice in experimental reproducibility.

The a-conditional certainty afforded by the sense in which matter falls; yet remains apart by that of a disconnective of quantum origins is no longer a mystery to the disappearance of an anomalous force. For in what is included is the relation of subject and object within an agreement of which is an empty declaration of measure; to which the affordance of the standard assumptive of measurement inclusive of it's precept at the point of observation to which is predicated indication by that of witnessed relation is in the positive of it's affirmative. Therefore of a separational construct; that of co-affinitives of electricity and magnetism and gravity are non-unifiable in this construct; and to which what is freely provided is a central precept that measurement produces from one relation what are two; the alternative of a world view in bearing to practiced element of recurrence under the assumptive; and that of assumptive; under method by which implementation is ensured of an ontological relation of meaning. The two sides of this argument are a contrasting lemma to which all freed relations are a known contractual and understatedly provided extremum that a people or concern is so known as the present co-participance of an identity and an object under its observational limitation when statedly free of constraint; the method of approach to which is a renewable and confirmed principle of science beyond the wave and particle duality of the 1800's and 1900's.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[144] viXra:1907.0151 [pdf] replaced on 2019-07-14 22:28:35

Derivation of the Fine Structure Constant from the Electron Wave Function

Authors: Declan Traill
Comments: 7 Pages.

The fine structure constant α characterizes the strength of the electromagnetic interaction between elementary charged particles. Its value can be derived from the wave function for the electron. The electron wave function describes a field of Harmonic Oscillators which have the energy of the rest-mass of an electron. However, it takes time for such an Oscillator to complete a cycle of oscillation, so during this time the electromagnetic field that propagates into space from the Oscillator has expanded away from its source to cover the surface area of a three-dimensional shape. Therefore, the amplitude of the oscillations has been reduced before it can interact with its surrounding environment. The amount of this diminution is what the fine structure constant α represents. The actual value of α also depends on the fact that the source of the spreading energy is rotating Harmonic Oscillators. Classically, a point source will spread evenly in all directions and the intensity will diminish with Inverse-Square Law. But in the actual electron wave-function, the Harmonic Oscillators are rotating whilst expanding, causing the area that the energy spreads out over to be that of an expanding cone as well as that of a sphere. The area of this shape is greater than that of a simple sphere; this is what causes the fine structure constant α to have the value that it does.
Category: Quantum Physics

[143] viXra:1907.0150 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-10 01:15:46

Arrow of Time in Quantum Systems

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 32 Pages.

New experiments conducted at Washington University in St. Louis compare the forward and reverse trajectories of superconducting circuits called qubits, and find that they follow the second law of thermodynamics. [23] Leaders in the field of ultracold molecule research from Columbia and Harvard universities are teaming up to propel understanding of the quantum mechanics of chemical reactions. [22] Quantum sensors can reach sensitivities that are impossible according to the laws of conventional physics that govern everyday life. [21] An international team of physicists at ETH Zurich, Aalto University, the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, and the Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics in Moscow has demonstrated that algorithms and hardware developed originally in the context of quantum computation can be harnessed for quantum-enhanced sensing of magnetic fields. [20] Scientists at Forschungszentrum Jülich have now discovered another class of particle-like magnetic object that could take the development of data storage devices a significant step forward. [19] A team of researchers with members from IBM Research-Zurich and RWTH Aachen University has announced the development of a new PCM (phase change memory) design that offers miniaturized memory cell volume down to three nanometers. [18] Monatomic glassy antimony might be used as a new type of single-element phase change memory. [17] Physicists have designed a 3-D quantum memory that addresses the tradeoff between achieving long storage times and fast readout times, while at the same time maintaining a compact form. [16] Quantum memories are devices that can store quantum information for a later time, which are usually implemented by storing and re-emitting photons with certain quantum states. [15] The researchers engineered diamond strings that can be tuned to quiet a qubit's environment and improve memory from tens to several hundred nanoseconds, enough time to do many operations on a quantum chip. [14]
Category: Quantum Physics

[142] viXra:1907.0149 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-10 03:16:40

Chord Mathematics

Authors: Li xiaohong
Comments: 14 Pages.

Chord mathematics is a mathematical model of chord language. The main features are: octave duodecimal number system, symmetric, mirror phase, and spatial expression of chord language, also known as "chord geometry". Chord mathematics is scattered in various disciplines related to chord language, such as musicology, chord colorology, meridian science (life expression), etc. In this paper, quantitative, number system, positive and negative, coordinate, formula, calculation method and so on are integrated and unified. Chord language is composed of chord spectrum, with quantum, string (opening, closed string, N string), symmetry, mirroring and other physical, mathematical (geometric) characteristics, manifested in music (time expression), painting (space expression), meridian (life expression) and other disciplines, with spiritual, physical duality, it has thousands of years of accumulation of understanding, The more mature mathematical model, which can be observed and verified, should be the characteristic of the theory of everything. Key words: chord mathematics, chord geometry, duodecimal system, discrete, symmetric, mirror image
Category: General Mathematics

[141] viXra:1907.0148 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-10 03:54:35

Fundamentals of the Compatibility with the Electromagnetic Field

Authors: José Alberto Pardi
Comments: 24 Pages.

The replacement of the vacuum dielectric constant Epsilon0, in the energy equation of electromagnetic fields, is a key element in any attempt to quantize the gravitational fields that is based on the reality of our Universe and not in a pure conceptual exercise. Usually, the choice falls on the inverse of the Universal Gravitational Constant G. This seems reasonable, since Epsilon0 has an inverse relationship with the Coulomb constant K, used to determine the force between two charges, just like G does between two masses. But this choice leads to the replacement of the unit charge by a mass not very common in the Universe: the Planck’s mass. However, the fine structure found in the Cosmos in the last century and the dimension of Time Crystals found in 2016, seem to differ with this option. The analysis made in this paper, leads to determine a different constant for the replacement of Epsilon0, more concordant with the cosmological data and Quantum Mechanics.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[140] viXra:1907.0147 [pdf] replaced on 2019-07-14 13:46:18

Gravitational Micro-Thrusters

Authors: Fran De Aquino
Comments: 7 Pages.

Here we show how to produce thrusts of the order of 100kN or more, starting from sets of micro-tubes (diameter<< 1cm) filled with air at low pressure, subjected to gravity g, and a strong magnetic field H . Under these conditions, these micro-tubes work as micro-thrusters, where the thrust is produced starting from the local potential gravitational energy.
Category: Condensed Matter

[139] viXra:1907.0146 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-10 04:35:27

Artificial Atoms Quantum Sensors

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 36 Pages.

A team of scientists, led by the University of Bristol, have discovered a new method that could be used to build quantum sensors with ultra-high precision. [24] A University of Oklahoma physicist, Alberto M. Marino, is developing quantum-enhanced sensors that could find their way into applications ranging from biomedical to chemical detection. [23]
Category: Quantum Physics

[138] viXra:1907.0145 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-10 05:30:35

A Diagonal Map of the Real Numbers in the Closed Interval [0, 1] to the Natural Numbers

Authors: James Edwin Rock
Comments: 1 Page. This paper contains an explicit map of the real numbers in [0, 1] to the natural numbers

The terminating decimal fractions in the open interval (0, 1) are put in 1-1 correspondence with the set of positive integers. Defining the reals in [0, 1] as the limits of their partial decimal sums, sets up a diagonal map to the natural numbers.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[137] viXra:1907.0144 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-08 06:35:26

Nanoparticle Selectively Kills Cancer Cells

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 54 Pages.

An international team of researchers has demonstrated how titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanoparticles stimulated by microwaves can be used to selectively kill cancer cells – paving the way for more targeted and less harmful treatment. [32] A particularly aggressive, metastasizing form of cancer, HER2-positive breast cancer, may be treated with nanoscopic particles "imprinted" with specific binding sites for the receptor molecule HER2. [31] UNC School of Medicine scientists created a powerful new "directed evolution" technique for the rapid development of scientific tools and new treatments for many diseases. [30]
Category: Physics of Biology

[136] viXra:1907.0143 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-08 06:40:29

The Holografic Universe Visualisation of Big Bang and Black Holes United Gravity and EM

Authors: Manfred U.E.Pohl
Comments: 3 Pages.

In first chapter of ToE-Framework “The Solution to the Problem of Time” and second Chapter of ToE-Framework “The Solution to the Problem of Gravity” this author informed scientific community about the framework for the Theory of Everything concept, that must be applied in order to get back into Paradise on earth. Within a third chapter, the author explains how to perform to decode the Matrix of thought. In this paper, the author gives an image of the holographic universe from outside. Keywords: Theory of Everything, Matrix, Black Hole, Big Bang, Holographic Universe
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[135] viXra:1907.0142 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-08 07:01:55

Refutation of the Axiom of Dependent Choices in Mice

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

The axiom of dependent choices as ∀a∈X∃b∈XP(a, b) ⇒ ∃f: ω → X∀n P(f(n), f(n+1)) is not tautologous. What follows is that the axiom of determinacy is also not tautologous, hence relegating both axioms to a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[134] viXra:1907.0141 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-08 07:30:18

Metallic Hydrogen Made

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 41 Pages.

Now researchers in France reckon they have finally found convincing evidence for the transformation, having built new devices for pressurizing and observing tiny samples of hydrogen. [26] The phenomenon of metastability, in which a system is in a state that is stable but not the one of least energy, is widely observed in nature and technology. [25] Four decades after it was predicted, scientist create a skyrmion, and take one step towards efficient nuclear fusion. [24] While standard quantum hardware entangles particles in two states, the team has found a way to generate and entangle pairs of particles that each has 15 states. [23] An exotic state of matter that is dazzling scientists with its electrical properties, can also exhibit unusual optical properties, as shown in a theoretical study by researchers at A*STAR. [22] The breakthrough was made in the lab of Andrea Alù, director of the ASRC's Photonics Initiative. Alù and his colleagues from The City College of New York, University of Texas at Austin and Tel Aviv University were inspired by the seminal work of three British researchers who won the 2016 Noble Prize in Physics for their work, which teased out that particular properties of matter (such as electrical conductivity) can be preserved in certain materials despite continuous changes in the matter's form or shape. [21] Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have developed a new technology for switching heat flows 'on' or 'off'. [20] Thermoelectric materials can use thermal differences to generate electricity. Now there is an inexpensive and environmentally friendly way of producing them with the simplest tools: a pencil, photocopy paper, and conductive paint. [19] A team of researchers with the University of California and SRI International has developed a new type of cooling device that is both portable and efficient. [18] Thermal conductivity is one of the most crucial physical properties of matter when it comes to understanding heat transport, hydrodynamic evolution and energy balance in systems ranging from astrophysical objects to fusion plasmas. [17] Researchers from the Theory Department of the MPSD have realized the control of thermal and electrical currents in nanoscale devices by means of quantum local observations. [16]
Category: Condensed Matter

[133] viXra:1907.0140 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-08 07:56:44

Future Spintronics Applications

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 47 Pages.

A theoretical-experimental collaboration across two FLEET nodes has discovered new magnetic properties within 2-D structures, with exciting potential for researchers in the emerging field of spintronics. [34] In 2017, University of Utah physicist Valy Vardeny called perovskite a "miracle material" for an emerging field of next-generation electronics, called spintronics, and he's standing by that assertion. [33] Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology proposed new quasi-1-D materials for potential spintronic applications, an upcoming technology that exploits the spin of electrons. [32] They do this by using "excitons," electrically neutral quasiparticles that exist in insulators, semiconductors and in some liquids. [31] Researchers at ETH Zurich have now developed a method that makes it possible to couple such a spin qubit strongly to microwave photons. [30] Quantum dots that emit entangled photon pairs on demand could be used in quantum communication networks. [29] Researchers successfully integrated the systems-donor atoms and quantum dots. [28] A team of researchers including U of A engineering and physics faculty has developed a new method of detecting single photons, or light particles, using quantum dots. [27] Recent research from Kumamoto University in Japan has revealed that polyoxometalates (POMs), typically used for catalysis, electrochemistry, and photochemistry, may also be used in a technique for analyzing quantum dot (QD) photoluminescence (PL) emission mechanisms. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25]
Category: Quantum Physics

[132] viXra:1907.0139 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-08 09:37:14

Polarons in Insulators and Semiconductors

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 50 Pages.

A team of researchers at the University of Oxford have recently introduced a new way to model polarons, a quasiparticle typically used by physicists to understand interactions between electrons and atoms in solid materials. [35] A theoretical-experimental collaboration across two FLEET nodes has discovered new magnetic properties within 2-D structures, with exciting potential for researchers in the emerging field of spintronics. [34] In 2017, University of Utah physicist Valy Vardeny called perovskite a "miracle material" for an emerging field of next-generation electronics, called spintronics, and he's standing by that assertion. [33] Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology proposed new quasi-1-D materials for potential spintronic applications, an upcoming technology that exploits the spin of electrons. [32] They do this by using "excitons," electrically neutral quasiparticles that exist in insulators, semiconductors and in some liquids. [31] Researchers at ETH Zurich have now developed a method that makes it possible to couple such a spin qubit strongly to microwave photons. [30] Quantum dots that emit entangled photon pairs on demand could be used in quantum communication networks. [29] Researchers successfully integrated the systems-donor atoms and quantum dots. [28] A team of researchers including U of A engineering and physics faculty has developed a new method of detecting single photons, or light particles, using quantum dots. [27] Recent research from Kumamoto University in Japan has revealed that polyoxometalates (POMs), typically used for catalysis, electrochemistry, and photochemistry, may also be used in a technique for analyzing quantum dot (QD) photoluminescence (PL) emission mechanisms. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25] The world of nanosensors may be physically small, but the demand is large and growing, with little sign of slowing. [24]
Category: Condensed Matter

[131] viXra:1907.0138 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-08 09:57:28

Smart Glass of Artificial Vision

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 69 Pages.

University of Wisconsin-Madison engineers have devised a method to create pieces of "smart" glass that can recognize images without requiring any sensors or circuits or power sources. [40] A new study by researchers at the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST) may explain this disparity. In the work, the OIST researchers measured electrical current across a two-dimensional plane. [39] Femtosecond lasers are capable of processing any solid material with high quality and high precision using their ultrafast and ultra-intense characteristics. [38]
Category: Quantum Physics

[130] viXra:1907.0137 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-08 10:49:10

Why Jupiter Diameter =142984 km? (Observation vs Data Analysis-II)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 16 Pages.

Paper Main Conclusion There's One Equation Only Controls All Solar Planets Data This paper discusses the following hypothesis: 1-There's A Relationship Between Jupiter & Saturn Diameters. 2-Jupiter & Saturn Diameters Relationship effects On The Solar Planets Diameters Creation. 3-Jupiter & Saturn Diameters Relationship effects On Earth Moon Orbit Creation. 4-Jupiter & Saturn Diameters Relationship is effected by Mercury Motion 5-Jupiter & Saturn Diameters Relationship shows and proves the Solar Group Main Energy Direction.
Category: Astrophysics

[129] viXra:1907.0136 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-08 12:35:27

Quantum Research in Ultracold Molecules

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 31 Pages.

Leaders in the field of ultracold molecule research from Columbia and Harvard universities are teaming up to propel understanding of the quantum mechanics of chemical reactions. [22] Quantum sensors can reach sensitivities that are impossible according to the laws of conventional physics that govern everyday life. [21] An international team of physicists at ETH Zurich, Aalto University, the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, and the Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics in Moscow has demonstrated that algorithms and hardware developed originally in the context of quantum computation can be harnessed for quantum-enhanced sensing of magnetic fields. [20] Scientists at Forschungszentrum Jülich have now discovered another class of particle-like magnetic object that could take the development of data storage devices a significant step forward. [19] A team of researchers with members from IBM Research-Zurich and RWTH Aachen University has announced the development of a new PCM (phase change memory) design that offers miniaturized memory cell volume down to three nanometers. [18] Monatomic glassy antimony might be used as a new type of single-element phase change memory. [17] Physicists have designed a 3-D quantum memory that addresses the tradeoff between achieving long storage times and fast readout times, while at the same time maintaining a compact form. [16] Quantum memories are devices that can store quantum information for a later time, which are usually implemented by storing and re-emitting photons with certain quantum states. [15] The researchers engineered diamond strings that can be tuned to quiet a qubit's environment and improve memory from tens to several hundred nanoseconds, enough time to do many operations on a quantum chip. [14] Intel has announced the design and fabrication of a 49-qubit superconducting quantum-processor chip at the Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas.
Category: Quantum Physics

[128] viXra:1907.0134 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-08 13:11:16

Ultrafast Semiconductors

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 57 Pages.

UK researchers have developed world-leading Compound Semiconductor (CS) technology that can drive future high-speed data communications. [36] "Regarding new perspectives, this could lead to similar fantastic developments as in the field of magnetism, such as electronic coherence in quantum computing," says Schultze hopefully, who now leads a working group focusing on attosecond physics at the Institute of Experimental Physics. [35] A team of researchers from Tohoku University, J-PARC, and Tokyo Institute of Technology conducted an in-depth study of magnetic quasiparticles called "triplons." [34]
Category: Condensed Matter

[127] viXra:1907.0133 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-08 18:18:44

Refutation of Isabelle/HOL

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 3 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

Eight of eleven equations are evaluated as not tautologous. This means the rewrite-engine or simplifier tool is not confirmed, the conjunction is not effectively defined by three rules, and other reasoning steps are not expressed similarly, hence refuting Isabelle/HOL. These anomalies form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[126] viXra:1907.0132 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-08 18:39:19

Mercury's Orbital Anomaly And Electromagnetic Waves

Authors: Frank Makinson
Comments: 3 Pages.

It was noted about 200 years ago that there was an unexplained anomaly in Mercury's orbit. Astronomers could not account for an about 43 arcsecond difference in its orbit. What is not noted today is what was not known 200 years ago or even a little more than 100 years ago when conclusions were accepted about what causes the anomaly. The term plasma, as applied to one of the states of matter, was defined in the 1920s. The term plasma was applied to the Sun in just the last century and how electromagnetic waves of various frequencies are influenced by plasma concentrations is ongoing research. Snell's law can to applied to any substance that allows and influences the propagation of electromagnetic waves. A century ago, there were astronomers and scientists that made conclusions based upon Mercury's orbit anomaly that knew nothing about how plasmas influence the propagation of electromagnetic waves. Einstein heads the list.
Category: Classical Physics

[125] viXra:1907.0131 [pdf] replaced on 2019-07-14 05:19:31

The Theory of Everything

Authors: Li xiaohong, Lini
Comments: 7 Pages.

Is there a unified natural principle or theory of all things behind the natural phenomena that are observed in different disciplines and scattered? Below is the chord language value formula used in music, painting: S = HV, (S = semitone, H = equal temperament constant, V = frequency), minimum discrete value. I=H^n.V (I=sound, n=sound value), allowing discrete values; C=H^n1, n2, n3, n*.V (C=chord), discrete value spectrum. Here's the spatial semantics of common chords: major chord = closed string minor chord = open string Discord = Non-linear string The above formula shows that the chord language has both quantized and string features, and the chord value formula is similar to the Planck formula. Chord language consists of chord spectrum, with quantum, string (open, closed, N-string), symmetry, mirroring and other physical, mathematical (geometric) characteristics, manifested in music, painting, meridian and other disciplines, produced time, space, life, spiritual expression. There have been thousands of years of history, mature mathematical models, can be observed and verified. Chord language is both a spiritual phenomenon and a physical phenomenon. Observing chord language events, such as music and painting, is also observing physical events. It has spiritual and physical isomorphism, which is its philosophical and cognitive characteristics. Chord language, chord theory contains quantum theory, string theory? Is it the law of all things, the theory of all things? Key words: chord language, chord space-time, theory of everything, quantum, string, music, painting, meridian
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[124] viXra:1907.0130 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-08 20:22:52

Refutation of Analytic Choice Principles: Axioms of Choice and Dependent Choice

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

The axiom of Γ choice and axiom of Σ11-dependent choice are not tautologous. Therefore an open problem on the Weihrauch degree of parallelization of the Σ11-choice principle on the integers is not solved by using those axioms. These axioms form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[123] viXra:1907.0129 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-08 22:38:51

The Geometry of Spacetime and the Unification of the Electromagnetic, Gravitational and Strong Forces

Authors: Jeff Yee, Lori Gardi
Comments: 26 pages

In this paper, a spacetime structure consisting of a body-centered cubic lattice is modeled classically as a spring-mass system, where the components of each unit cell in the lattice are based on the fundamental units discovered by Max Planck, and the common forces that govern the motion of particles in spacetime is defined and unified by geometric shapes as the spacetime lattice oscillates.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[122] viXra:1907.0128 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-09 00:02:04

Pairing Glue in Superconductors

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 43 Pages.

Newly published research from a team of scientists led by the U.S. Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory sheds more light on the nature of high-temperature iron-based superconductivity. [27] Scientists at Harvard have developed a bismuth-based, two-dimensional superconductor that is only one nanometer thick. [26] Cuprates hold the record high superconducting temperature at ambient pressure so far, but understanding their superconducting mechanism remains one of the great challenges of physical sciences listed as one of 125 quests announced by Science. [25] Now, scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech), the University of Tokyo and Tohoku University report curious multi-state transitions of these superconductors in which they change from superconductor to special metal and then to insulator. [24] Researchers at the Zavoisky Physical-Technical Institute and the Southern Scientific Center of RAS, in Russia, have recently fabricated quasi-2-D superconductors at the interface between a ferroelectric Ba0.8Sr0.2TiO3 film and an insulating parent compound of La2CuO4. [23] Scientists seeking to understand the mechanism underlying superconductivity in "stripe-ordered" cuprates-copper-oxide materials with alternating areas of electric charge and magnetism-discovered an unusual metallic state when attempting to turn superconductivity off. [22] This discovery makes it clear that in order to understand the mechanism behind the enigmatic high temperature superconductivity of the cuprates, this exotic PDW state needs to be taken into account, and therefore opens a new frontier in cuprate research. [21] High-temperature (Tc) superconductivity typically develops from antiferromagnetic insulators, and superconductivity and ferromagnetism are always mutually exclusive.
Category: Quantum Physics

[121] viXra:1907.0127 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-09 01:12:44

Antigravity Water Transport

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 51 Pages.

"We hope to further optimize the experimental scheme and carry out large-scale production," Liu said. "We also hope to further improve the length of water conveyance, the speed of water conveyance, and the efficiency of water collection, so as to better carry out practical applications." [36] A team of researchers at the University of Oxford have recently introduced a new way to model polarons, a quasiparticle typically used by physicists to understand interactions between electrons and atoms in solid materials. [35] A theoretical-experimental collaboration across two FLEET nodes has discovered new magnetic properties within 2-D structures, with exciting potential for researchers in the emerging field of spintronics. [34] In 2017, University of Utah physicist Valy Vardeny called perovskite a "miracle material" for an emerging field of next-generation electronics, called spintronics, and he's standing by that assertion. [33] Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology proposed new quasi-1-D materials for potential spintronic applications, an upcoming technology that exploits the spin of electrons. [32] They do this by using "excitons," electrically neutral quasiparticles that exist in insulators, semiconductors and in some liquids. [31] Researchers at ETH Zurich have now developed a method that makes it possible to couple such a spin qubit strongly to microwave photons. [30] Quantum dots that emit entangled photon pairs on demand could be used in quantum communication networks. [29] Researchers successfully integrated the systems-donor atoms and quantum dots. [28] A team of researchers including U of A engineering and physics faculty has developed a new method of detecting single photons, or light particles, using quantum dots. [27] Recent research from Kumamoto University in Japan has revealed that polyoxometalates (POMs), typically used for catalysis, electrochemistry, and photochemistry, may also be used in a technique for analyzing quantum dot (QD) photoluminescence (PL) emission mechanisms. [26]
Category: Condensed Matter

[120] viXra:1907.0126 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-09 01:25:02

Collatz Conjecture Partially Proven. no Loops and Infinite Ascent Unlikely.

Authors: Darrin Taylor
Comments: Pages.

In base 3, the presence of leading 1s during division has a one to one correlation with the 3n+1 operation. This is because dividing a leading 1 in base 3 is the only way to lose a digit and 3n+1 shifts are the only way to gain a digit. Total digit length doesn't change around a loop so they must equal each other. Because the leading 1 pattern among a series of divides only has 2 segments either 1->2 or 1->2->1 there are a limited number of patterns that can make up a loop. Naming 1->2->(next segments leading 1) as segment A Naming 1->2->1->(next segments leading 1) as segment B We can see that A is 2 divides and 1 non localized shift while B is 3 divides and 2 non localized shifts. The pattern ABB...ABB descends because 8 divides and 5 shifts descends for numbers larger than 1000 and lower then 1000 have been numerically disqualified previously. So the sequence BBB must exist at least once in every loop. BBB implies ABBB or BBBB if BBBB then "expel" a B which ascends and keep searching for the segment before the sequence. Once ABBB is found this implies AABBB or BABBB and AABBB is disproven as not possible. Once BABBB is known this implies ABABBB or BBABBB and ABABBB is disproven. Once BBABBB is known this implies ABBABBB or BBBABBB and ABBABBB is disproven. Once BBBABBB is found we can "expel" ABBB which ascends and BBB(ABBB) becomes BBB and we are back where we started. Once the entire loop has been traversed this way the sequence has expelled only (B) or (ABBB) and the remaining sequence is BBB and all of these ascend. Loops must have ascending and descending segments for a total non ascending and non descending but this loop always ascends. Thus it cannot be a loop and no loops of As and Bs can exist as those with fewer Bs than ABBABBABB…..always descend and adding a single B makes it always ascend. And As and Bs are the only possible segments to add.
Category: Number Theory

[119] viXra:1907.0125 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-09 02:07:28

Cell Velocity in Collective Migration

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 70 Pages.

Depending on the physiological or pathological conditions under consideration, cells can migrate as large and cohesive epithelial sheets. [41] University of Wisconsin-Madison engineers have devised a method to create pieces of "smart" glass that can recognize images without requiring any sensors or circuits or power sources. [40] A new study by researchers at the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST) may explain this disparity. In the work, the OIST researchers measured electrical current across a two-dimensional plane. [39]
Category: Physics of Biology

[118] viXra:1907.0124 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-09 06:16:16

In the Field of Physics We Fairly Well Know What Fundamental Interactions (Forces) do But We Cannot Know What They Are or Where They Come From: Caught Between Philosophy and Theory

Authors: Bruce A. Lutgen
Comments: 2 Pages.

Mathematics is a precise effective method of communication that is used in science as well as everyday life. Beside mathematics being a means of communication, words are also an exacting means of communication. These conventions have been developed over the millennia and are so well accepted that they in a way tie our hands. With that, there is the unresolved difficulty in defining fundamental interactions by what they are while using the only two tools at our disposal.
Category: Quantum Physics

[117] viXra:1907.0123 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-07 07:22:25

Native Ferroelectric Metal

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 40 Pages.

In a paper released today in Science Advances, Australian researchers describe the first observation of a native ferroelectric metal: a native metal with bistable and electrically switchable spontaneous polarization states-the hallmark of ferroelectricity. [24] Electric generators have a plethora of uses-ranging from automotive to aircraft to microgrids. There is currently a strong desire to reduce the size and increase the efficiency of the devices. [23] The high resolution and wealth of data provided by an experiment at Diamond can lead to unexpected discoveries. [22] Researchers at The Ohio State University have discovered how to control heat with a magnetic field. [21] Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have developed a new technology for switching heat flows 'on' or 'off'. [20] Thermoelectric materials can use thermal differences to generate electricity. Now there is an inexpensive and environmentally friendly way of producing them with the simplest tools: a pencil, photocopy paper, and conductive paint. [19] A team of researchers with the University of California and SRI International has developed a new type of cooling device that is both portable and efficient. [18] Thermal conductivity is one of the most crucial physical properties of matter when it comes to understanding heat transport, hydrodynamic evolution and energy balance in systems ranging from astrophysical objects to fusion plasmas. [17] Researchers from the Theory Department of the MPSD have realized the control of thermal and electrical currents in nanoscale devices by means of quantum local observations. [16] Physicists have proposed a new type of Maxwell's demon-the hypothetical agent that extracts work from a system by decreasing the system's entropy-in which the demon can extract work just by making a measurement, by taking advantage of quantum fluctuations and quantum superposition. [15] Pioneering research offers a fascinating view into the inner workings of the mind of 'Maxwell's Demon', a famous thought experiment in physics. [14]
Category: Condensed Matter

[116] viXra:1907.0122 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-07 07:44:54

Graphenes go Monolayer Crystalline

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 76 Pages.

This research was supported by the Institute for Basic Science, and has been published in the journal Advanced Materials. [47] The team has turned graphene oxide (GO) into a soft, moldable and kneadable play dough that can be shaped and reshaped into free-standing, three-dimensional structures. [46] A team of researchers based at The University of Manchester have found a low cost method for producing graphene printed electronics, which significantly speeds up and reduces the cost of conductive graphene inks. [45]
Category: Condensed Matter

[115] viXra:1907.0121 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-07 08:29:45

Proteins Trapped in Glass

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 40 Pages.

Researchers at Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden, have developed a unique method for studying proteins which could open new doors for medicinal research. [24] One way we might actually prove our biological complexity is to look at the number of different proteins that our bodies can produce for building all our different types of cells and the other things they need. [23] A new method allows researchers to systematically identify specialized proteins that unpack DNA inside the nucleus of a cell, making the usually dense DNA more accessible for gene expression and other functions. [22]
Category: Physics of Biology

[114] viXra:1907.0120 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-07 09:26:30

Vibrations Generated by Electron Spin

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 20 Pages.

The measurement confirmed that only the spin current injection of appropriate spin orientation can excite the vibration of the cantilever. [34] Manipulating the flow of energy through superconductors could radically transform technology, perhaps leading to applications such as ultra-fast, highly efficient quantum computers. [33] University of Wisconsin-Madison engineers have added a new dimension to our understanding of why straining a particular group of materials, called Ruddlesden-Popper oxides, tampers with their superconducting properties. [32] Nuclear techniques have played an important role in determining the crystal structure of a rare type of intermetallic alloy that exhibits superconductivity. [31] A potential new state of matter is being reported in the journal Nature, with research showing that among superconducting materials in high magnetic fields, the phenomenon of electronic symmetry breaking is common. [30] Researchers from the University of Geneva (UNIGE) in Switzerland and the Technical University Munich in Germany have lifted the veil on the electronic characteristics of high-temperature superconductors. Their research, published in Nature Communications, shows that the electronic densities measured in these superconductors are a combination of two separate effects. As a result, they propose a new model that suggests the existence of two coexisting states rather than competing ones postulated for the past thirty years, a small revolution in the world of superconductivity. [29] A team led by scientists at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory combined powerful magnetic pulses with some of the brightest X-rays on the planet to discover a surprising 3-D arrangement of a material's electrons that appears closely linked to a mysterious phenomenon known as high-temperature superconductivity. [28] Advanced x-ray technique reveals surprising quantum excitations that persist through materials with or without superconductivity. [27] This paper explains the magnetic effect of the superconductive current from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the electric wire. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The changing acceleration of the electrons explains the created negative electric field of the magnetic induction, the Higgs Field, the changing Relativistic Mass and the Gravitational Force, giving a Unified Theory of the physical forces. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators also, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions. Since the superconductivity is basically a quantum mechanical phenomenon and some entangled particles give this opportunity to specific matters, like Cooper Pairs or other entanglements, as strongly correlated materials and Exciton-mediated electron pairing, we can say that the secret of superconductivity is the quantum entanglement.
Category: Condensed Matter

[113] viXra:1907.0119 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-07 09:43:34

Nanowires Recording Intracellular Signals

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 51 Pages.

Embeddable sensors record how and when neurons fire; electrodes spark heart cells to beat or brain cells to fire; neuron-like devices could even encourage faster regrowth after implantation in the brain. [31] Nanowires promise to make LEDs more colorful and solar cells more efficient, in addition to speeding up computers. [30] A new form of electron microscopy allows researchers to examine nanoscale tubular materials while they are "alive" and forming liquids-a first in the field. [29] A UCLA-led team has gained a never-before-seen view of nucleation-capturing how the atomsrearrange at 4-D atomic resolution (that is, in three dimensions of space and across time). [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25] Following three years of extensive research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) physicist Dr. Uriel Levy and his team have created technology that will enable computers and all optic communication devices to run 100 times faster through terahertz microchips. [24] When the energy efficiency of electronics poses a challenge, magnetic materials may have a solution. [23]
Category: Physics of Biology

[112] viXra:1907.0118 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-07 09:58:37

Shorter Refutation of Gödel’s Completeness Theorem

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

The completeness theorem rendered as (∀x.R(x,x))→(∀x∃y.R(x,y)) is not tautologous. The application of Isabelle/HOL to prove the same also is not tautologous, to invalidate that tool. These demonstrations form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[111] viXra:1907.0117 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-07 10:09:59

The $\phi$-Derivations

Authors: Antoine Balan
Comments: 1 page, written in english

We propose a generalization of the derivations with help of homomorphism.
Category: Algebra

[110] viXra:1907.0116 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-07 12:01:37

Remarks on Mӧller Mistaken Famous Paper from 1943

Authors: Jaykov Foukzon
Comments: 5 Pages.

Einstein field equations was originally derived by Einstein in 1915 in respect with canonical formalism of Riemann geometry,i.e. by using the classical sufficiently smooth metric tensor, smooth Riemann curvature tensor, smooth Ricci tensor,smooth scalar curvature, etc.. However have soon been found singular solutions of the Einstein field equations with degenerate and singular metric tensor and singular Riemann curvature tensor. These degenerate and singular solutions of the Einstein field equations was formally accepted by main part of scientific community beyond rigorous canonical formalism of Riemannian geometry.Recall that the classical Cartan’s structural equations show in a compact way the relation between a connection and its curvature, and reveals their geometric interpretation in terms of moving frames. In order to study the mathematical properties of singularities, we need to study the geometry of manifolds endowed on the tangent bundle with a symmetric bilinear form which is allowed to become degenerate (singular). But if the fundamental tensor is allowed to be degenerate (singular), there are some obstructions in constructing the geometric objects normally associated to the fundamental tensor. Also, local orthonormal frames and co-frames no longer exist, as well as the metric connection and its curvature operator [2].As an important example of the geometry with the fundamental tensor which is allowed to be degenerate, we consider now Mӧller’s uniformly accelerated frame given by Mӧller’s line element
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[109] viXra:1907.0115 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-07 22:46:14

An Interesting Insight Into [ Cool-Spe/gccs-Gentle Compiler Construction System ] Software in the Context of Computational Complexity of Ising Spin Glass Models Towards [dna/rna] Based High Performance Sequencing and Theoretical Analysis of Gene Therapy R

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 4 Pages. Short Communication & Simple Suggestion

An Interesting Insight into [ CooL-SPE/GCCS-Gentle Compiler Construction System ] Software in the Context of Computational Complexity of Ising Spin Glass Models towards [DNA/RNA] based High Performance Sequencing and Theoretical Analysis of Gene Therapy R&D. [ Spin Glasses are always an inspiration – A Computational Challenge for the 21 st Century ? ] [The CooL-SPE is a programming environment specially designed to support the professional development of large-scale object-oriented application systems . Revisiting CooL-SPE in the Context of Bio-informatics ]
Category: Data Structures and Algorithms

[108] viXra:1907.0114 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-08 01:01:03

Antigravity, a Possible Answer to Nature’s Phenomena Including the Expansion of the Universe

Authors: C. K. Gamini Piyadasa
Comments: 9 Pages.

The gravitational attraction force being proportional to the mass has been experimentally shown for several hundred years now, but no gravitational repulsion has been identified within the accepted scientific reasoning. Here, we show that the gravitational repulsion force, similar to the gravitational attraction among particles has also been in existence in nature but, yet to be recognized. The results of experiments are shown in detail and are discussed in the recent series of publications. It is also shown here that this gravitational repulsion force is proportional to the temperature which is an indicator of thermal energy of the particle, similar to the gravitational attraction that is proportional to the mass of the particle. The situations where heavy particles such as iodine, tungsten and thorium in vacuum, moving against gravitational force have already been shown qualitatively. The increase of time-of-fall of water droplets (slowing down of fall) with rise of temperature is also quantitatively discussed. This article discusses two major phenomena, observable in nature; clouds and the expansion of universe, which could be more preciously explained by the concept of antigravity.
Category: Classical Physics

[107] viXra:1907.0113 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-08 03:58:23

The Spin of the Electron is the Orbital Angular Momentum of the Photon Within the Electron

Authors: Adrian Ferent
Comments: 380 Pages. © 2014 Adrian Ferent

“The Spin of the electron is the Orbital angular momentum of the photon within the electron” Adrian Ferent “The circumference of the electron is λ / 2, half of photon wavelength” Adrian Ferent “The angular momentum of Dark Matter inside the electron is very small, because the volume of the Dark Matter is very small and the mass of the Dark Matter is very small” Adrian Ferent “The electron is a photon around Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent What is Spin? Spin in quantum mechanics is an intrinsic form of angular momentum carried by elementary particles. Spin is an intrinsic property of a particle because nobody was able to explain it. Electrons always have "spin 1/2", this actually means "spin ħ/2". ħ = h/(2π) Spin is an intrinsic property, because all Nobel Laureates, the greatest scientists, your professors…were not able to explain the "spin ħ/2" of the electron. Orbital angular momentum: L = r × p An electric field surrounds an electric charge; the same thing inside the electron, the electric field of the photon surrounds the center of the electron. The radius of the electron is a challenging problem of the modern theoretical physics because a finite radius of the electron is incompatible to the premises of the theory of relativity and a point-like electron generates serious mathematical difficulties due to the self-energy of the electron tending to infinity. The radius of the electron is a challenging problem of the modern theoretical physics because nobody was capable to explain what is the electron, what is the electric charge, what is the “spin ħ/2" of the electron. “The photon inside the electron, inside the volume, gives the electric charge” Adrian Ferent “The electron has an electric field due to the photon inside the electron” Adrian Ferent Half wavelength, λ / 2, of the photon the electric field, E, is positive. Have the same sign. This means: “The circumference of the electron is λ / 2, half of photon wavelength” Adrian Ferent “The angular momentum of Dark Matter inside the electron is very small, because the volume of the Dark Matter is very small and the mass of the Dark Matter is very small” Adrian Ferent How to calculate the Spin of the electron? The Orbital angular momentum of the photon in an electron: L = r × p Where: r = (λ / 2) / 2π p = h / λ This means: L = (λ / 4π) × (h / λ) L = ħ / 2 This means: “The Spin of the electron is the Orbital angular momentum of the photon within the electron” Adrian Ferent 230. I am the first who discovered that the Spin of the electron is the Orbital angular momentum of the photon within the electron 231. I am the first who discovered that the circumference of the electron is λ / 2, half of photon wavelength 232. I am the first who discovered that the angular momentum of Dark Matter inside the electron is very small, because the volume of the Dark Matter is very small and the mass of the Dark Matter is very small
Category: Quantum Physics

[106] viXra:1907.0112 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-08 04:37:21

Universe, Inertia and Universal Constants

Authors: Milan D. Nešić
Comments: 12 Pages.

If Feynman 1985 announced that he only describes how nature behaves and that nobody understands why it behaves that way–QED: The Strange Theory of Light and Matter–and Laughlin 2005 that it is necessary to build a new physics basically–A DIFFERENT UNIVERSE: Reinventing Physics From The Bottom Down–then a real understanding of the postulate c=const as c2 inertia of whole Universe is finally the opportunity for it. And all the laws of physics remain; only cosmology is basically changing. There is no single mass of the same origin, there is no “Big Bang” as the beginning, and that can also explain dark energy. And even new opportunities for further research open up. And the passing of Planck's law of black-body radiation through singularity by decreasing, let's say, the volume of Bose to zero, and the transition to Maxwell Boltzmann's distribution of velocity can be a good example or at least a clue to these new possibilities.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[105] viXra:1907.0111 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-08 06:03:23

Collection of Three Monographs Pertaining to Quaternionic Analysis.

Authors: Stephen C. Pearson.
Comments: 48 Pages.

This particular submission contains (inter alia) copies of three (3) monographs, whose purpose is to further elaborate upon various topics having been enunciated in the author's previous set of submissions, namely - (a) "A Supplementary Discourse on the Classification and Calculus of Quaternion Hypercomplex Functions - PARTS 1/10 to 10/10."; (b) "Supplementary Notes pertaining to a Specific Quaternion Analogue of the Cauchy-Goursat Theorem.", which have been published under the 'VIXRA' Mathematics subheading:- 'Functions and Analysis'.
Category: Functions and Analysis

[104] viXra:1907.0110 [pdf] replaced on 2019-07-08 18:15:00

On the Democratic Party on Both Ends

Authors: Miguel A. Sanchez-Rey
Comments: 2 Pages.

They're that bad...
Category: Social Science

[103] viXra:1907.0109 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-06 06:57:31

Fermat's Last Theorem. Unified Method (Russian)

Authors: Victor Sorokine
Comments: 4 Pages.

В ПЕРВОМ СЛУЧАЕ каждое число (А) заменяется на сумму (A'+A°n) последней цифры и остатка. После раскрытия биномов в равенстве Ферма все члены объединятся в два слагаемых: E=A'^n+B'^n-C'^n с третьей цифрой E''', которая в одном из n-1 эквивалентных равенств Ферма равна 2, и остаток D с третьей цифрой D''', равной либо 0, либо n-1, и, следовательно, третья цифра в числе A^n+B^n-C^n не равна 0. ВО ВТОРОМ СЛУЧАЕ (например A=A°n^k, но (BС)'≠0, ) после преобразования 3kn-значного окончания числа B в 1 и оставления в числах А, В, С лишь последних значащих цифр простейшие расчёты показывают, что (3kn-2)-я цифра числа A^n+B^n-C^n нулю не равна и не меняется после восстановления всех остальных цифр в числах A, B, C, т.к. является функцией только последней цифры числа A°.
Category: Number Theory

[102] viXra:1907.0108 [pdf] replaced on 2019-07-17 12:48:59

Pi, the Primes and the Lambert W Function

Authors: Simon Plouffe
Comments: 77 Pages.

Conference held in Montréal at the ACA 2019, ETS.
Category: Number Theory

[101] viXra:1907.0107 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-06 14:24:57

Stellar Metamorphosis: Proxima Centauri, Luyten's Star, Trappist-1 on the Wolynski-Taylor Diagram

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 7 Pages. diagram and handwritten calculations provided

Total axial angular momentum can be higher for an older star even though it is less massive, as this relays the fact that it sits on a higher transformation curve. A diagram is presented with calculations that give possible locations for Proxima Centauri, Luyten's Star and Trappist-1 on the Wolynski-Taylor Diagram.
Category: Astrophysics

[100] viXra:1907.0106 [pdf] replaced on 2019-07-08 07:10:49

The Key to Matrix and Button to Switch the Machines

Authors: M. U. E. Pohl
Comments: 7 Pages.

In first chapter of ToE-Framework “The Solution to the Problem of Time” [1] and second Chapter of ToE-Framework “The Solution to the Problem of Gravity” this author informed scientific community about the framework for the Theory of Everything concept, that must be applied in order to get back into Paradise on earth. Within this third chapter, the author explains in how to perform to decode the Matrix of thought and to get back into Paradise to save this planet earth from burning in climate change and to prevent the final fall of the empire of “human being” into the nothingness like the age of dinosaurs ended in nothingness. Keywords: Theory of Everything, Key of Matrix, End of the World, World War, Artificial Intelligence, Flat Earth, Holografic Universe, Big Bang, Black Holes
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[99] viXra:1907.0105 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-06 14:34:50

Experiments of Interference with Coincident or Shifted in Time Laser Pulses

Authors: Lozko Georgiev, Daniel Georgiev
Comments: 21 Pages. in Bulgarian

This article explores experiments on interference with electromagnetic waves. Some of the problems of the Copenhagen interpretation of quantum mechanics are discussed. The laws of interference with symmetric and asymmetric interferometers are discussed. With a permanently emitting laser source and artificially obtained (cloned) laser pulses. Coincident or shifted in the time when they reach the viewing screen. Two possible models of interference and experimental demonstration of the working model are examined
Category: Quantum Physics

[98] viXra:1907.0104 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-06 15:01:54

On Some Formulas Concerning the Ramanujan’s Master Theorem: New Possible Mathematical Developments and Mathematical Connections with the Mass Value of Candidate “glueball” F0(1710) Meson, Dark Photons and the Black Hole Entropies.

Authors: Michele Nardelli, Antonio Nardelli
Comments: 181 Pages.

In the present research thesis, we have obtained various and interesting new possible mathematical results concerning some equations of the Ramanujan’s Master Theorem. Furthermore, we have described new possible mathematical connections with the mass value of candidate “glueball” f0(1710) meson, Dark Photons and with the Black Hole entropies.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[97] viXra:1907.0103 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-06 16:38:32

Refutation of the Axiom of Infinity

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate the following. Two definitions of the axiom of infinity are both contradictory. Two definitions to extract natural numbers from the infinite are are not equivalent and not tautologous. Therefore the four definitions for the axiom of infinity are refuted. Therefore these form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[96] viXra:1907.0102 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-06 23:41:20

Precision of Indeterminacy Principle

Authors: Deep Jyoti Dutta
Comments: 2 Pages.

This paper seeks to propose certain experiments which can be performed to find the reality of indeterminacy principle (IP) or commonly known as uncertainty principle. We argue that the IP is a very fragile limitation of what one can measure which can be violated with highly precise techniques and modern ideas.
Category: Quantum Physics

[95] viXra:1907.0100 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-07 00:18:52

Ordination Theory and Chaos: Probability and Set Theory

Authors: Paris S. Miles-Brenden
Comments: 4 Pages. As so as perception is the reception of sense to which color is inseparable from sound; that of one contactless relation of order is the predicate norm of a past oriented blind factual relation of free transmissibility of declaration at light congruence.

The ordinal relation of color precedes that of the influence of declaration or ordination; to which it's certain relation is co-determinable as a free transpirative locability and reception; to which by any reception prior conscionsciousnable objective of vantage; the witnessed hur by vantage and projectively clear spectral interpretation of a blind spot is the indication of a threshold and free layer set of gradation by which in that of phase to phase conjugate and adjoint relations of numberless and infinite circumspection light like spectral relation of processional retrograde relation of light is the majority carrier of mass deficit; to which what is included in a relation of two; incomparability of bias; one contracted self held relation intimates the involute flow of any then known two reductions of valence shell to unity preceding a disordered relation within chemistry and blind free openly held relations so which a-predictive relation follows as in structural relation. Light therefore follows from what is co-determinant of an action of separation of pivot of scale to the freely held option of determination of mass standard and it's reciprocal action in the subjective tense of transmissibility freedom under a strict clear; black; and white relation; of no purview but to yet what is hidden and opened from a past connotative structural relation of physical law; to which phenomenology is king.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[94] viXra:1907.0099 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-05 07:22:21

Light Polarization in Full

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 28 Pages.

A compact and simple camera that can determine the full polarization of light has been developed by researchers in the US. [19] In their experiments, the researchers first transformed an ordinary laser beam into an accelerating one by reflecting the laser beam off of a spatial light modulator. [18] Researchers from Umeå University and Linköping University in Sweden have developed light-emitting electrochemical cells (LECs) that emit strong light at high efficiency. As such, the thin, flexible and lightweight LEC promises future and improved applications within home diagnostics, signage, illumination and healthcare. [17] Physicists from the ATLAS experiment at CERN have found the first direct evidence of high energy light-by-light scattering, a very rare process in which two photons-particles of light-interact and change direction. [16] In materials research, chemistry, biology, and medicine, chemical bonds, and especially their dynamic behavior, determine the properties of a system. These can be examined very closely using terahertz radiation and short pulses. [15] An international collaborative of scientists has devised a method to control the number of optical solitons in microresonators, which underlie modern photonics. [14] Solitary waves called solitons are one of nature's great curiosities: Unlike other waves, these lone wolf waves keep their energy and shape as they travel, instead of dissipating or dispersing as most other waves do. In a new paper in Physical Review Letters (PRL), a team of mathematicians, physicists and engineers tackles a famous, 50-year-old problem tied to these enigmatic entities. [13] Theoretical physicists studying the behavior of ultra-cold atoms have discovered a new source of friction, dispensing with a century-old paradox in the process. Their prediction, which experimenters may soon try to verify, was reported recently in Physical Review Letters. [12] Solitons are localized wave disturbances that propagate without changing shape, a result of a nonlinear interaction that compensates for wave packet dispersion. Individual solitons may collide, but a defining feature is that they pass through one another and emerge from the collision unaltered in shape, amplitude, or velocity, but with a new trajectory reflecting a discontinuous jump.
Category: Quantum Physics

[93] viXra:1907.0098 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-05 08:29:54

Refutation of Open-Universe Causal Reasoning

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: Pages.

The proposition and axiom as tested are not tautologous. This does not “validate an intuitive and familiar set of principles about subjunctive conditionals and the relation of causal influence”. This also does not support “an important class of implicit generative models that can plausibly be treated as genuine causal models” or “enable reasoning beyond the propositional level”. The conjecture of open-universe causal reasoning forms a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[92] viXra:1907.0097 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-05 09:01:19

Polarization-Sensitive Camera

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 31 Pages.

"This research opens an exciting new direction for camera technology with unprecedented compactness, allowing us to envision applications in atmospheric science, remote sensing, facial recognition, machine vision and more," said Capasso. [20] A compact and simple camera that can determine the full polarization of light has been developed by researchers in the US. [19] In their experiments, the researchers first transformed an ordinary laser beam into an accelerating one by reflecting the laser beam off of a spatial light modulator. [18] Researchers from Umeå University and Linköping University in Sweden have developed light-emitting electrochemical cells (LECs) that emit strong light at high efficiency. As such, the thin, flexible and lightweight LEC promises future and improved applications within home diagnostics, signage, illumination and healthcare. [17] Physicists from the ATLAS experiment at CERN have found the first direct evidence of high energy light-by-light scattering, a very rare process in which two photons-particles of light-interact and change direction. [16] In materials research, chemistry, biology, and medicine, chemical bonds, and especially their dynamic behavior, determine the properties of a system. These can be examined very closely using terahertz radiation and short pulses. [15]
Category: Quantum Physics

[91] viXra:1907.0096 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-05 09:58:11

Rock-Paper-Scissors Game

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 53 Pages.

Traditionally, the rock-paper-scissors model assumes that all three species have equal strength. [31] UNC School of Medicine scientists created a powerful new "directed evolution" technique for the rapid development of scientific tools and new treatments for many diseases. [30] Scientists have been aware of this 'length problem' for a long time, but it was largely overlooked for most of the twentieth century. [29]
Category: Physics of Biology

[90] viXra:1907.0095 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-05 10:15:36

Heat Relations

Authors: Adham Ahmed Mohamed Ahmed
Comments: 1 Page. ty

heat is directly proportional to time of contact and is directly proportional to the kinetic energy lost per second
Category: Thermodynamics and Energy

[89] viXra:1907.0094 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-05 10:37:56

Atomic-Scale Erector

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 28 Pages.

To design buildings that can withstand the largest of storms, Kostas Keremidis, a Ph.D. candidate at the MIT Concrete Sustainability Hub, is using research at the smallest scale—that of the atom. [22] "The point of our work is to try to get more people to think that maybe artificial gravity isn't so crazy," she said. "Maybe it has a place outside of science fiction." [21] Scientists at the University of Glasgow and collaborators have now developed a multimaterial coating design for the mirrors used in gravitational wave detectors. [20]
Category: Condensed Matter

[88] viXra:1907.0093 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-05 10:55:44

Magnets Create More Power

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 37 Pages.

Electric generators have a plethora of uses-ranging from automotive to aircraft to microgrids. There is currently a strong desire to reduce the size and increase the efficiency of the devices. [23] The high resolution and wealth of data provided by an experiment at Diamond can lead to unexpected discoveries. [22] Researchers at The Ohio State University have discovered how to control heat with a magnetic field. [21] Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have developed a new technology for switching heat flows 'on' or 'off'. [20] Thermoelectric materials can use thermal differences to generate electricity. Now there is an inexpensive and environmentally friendly way of producing them with the simplest tools: a pencil, photocopy paper, and conductive paint. [19] A team of researchers with the University of California and SRI International has developed a new type of cooling device that is both portable and efficient. [18] Thermal conductivity is one of the most crucial physical properties of matter when it comes to understanding heat transport, hydrodynamic evolution and energy balance in systems ranging from astrophysical objects to fusion plasmas. [17] Researchers from the Theory Department of the MPSD have realized the control of thermal and electrical currents in nanoscale devices by means of quantum local observations. [16] Physicists have proposed a new type of Maxwell's demon-the hypothetical agent that extracts work from a system by decreasing the system's entropy-in which the demon can extract work just by making a measurement, by taking advantage of quantum fluctuations and quantum superposition. [15] Pioneering research offers a fascinating view into the inner workings of the mind of 'Maxwell's Demon', a famous thought experiment in physics. [14] For more than a century and a half of physics, the Second Law of Thermodynamics, which states that entropy always increases, has been as close to inviolable as any law we know. In this universe, chaos reigns supreme. [13]
Category: Condensed Matter

[87] viXra:1907.0092 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-05 12:05:30

The Mass vs Nothingness13

Authors: Adham Ahmed Mohamed Ahmed
Comments: 1 Page. ty

this is a paper about time and non stationary masses
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[86] viXra:1907.0091 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-05 13:23:11

A Technical Procedure for the Riemann Hypothesis

Authors: Viktor Kalaj
Comments: 11 Pages. Notify me, the author, Viktor Kalaj, if this paper is in anyway difficult to read by the print (font, size, etc.)

This paper deals with a proposed contradiction to the Riemann Hypothesis. We see by a deductive approach the necessity of no zeroes for the entire critical strip, including for the critical line.
Category: Number Theory

[85] viXra:1907.0090 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-05 15:22:57

Thresholding for Population-Level Polygenic Scores to Maximize Predictive Accuracy: iq and Educational Abilities.

Authors: Davide Piffer
Comments: 16 Pages.

Polygenic scores (PGS) are being used to predict group-level traits across time and space, hence proving useful to detect recent selection. The aim of this study is to investigate the impact of different p value thresholds on signal to noise ratio and predictive validity of polygenic scores, using the largest GWAS of educational attainment and cognition to date. Signal to noise ratio linearly decreases with p value, but this phenomenon is limited to Eurasians. There is a linear degradation of validity and population differentiation in allele frequencies with higher p values. However, compounded polygenic scores have a quadratic relationship with p value. A thresholding at or below the conventional GWAS significance (p<5*10-8) seems to maximize validity, corroborating earlier results. The highest correlation with population IQ is achieved by the Highest Math Class completed and the EDU MTAG PGS (r= 0.90 and 0.89, respectively). Using random SNPs, it is shown that correlations of this magnitude occur only once out of 46k trials. A table provides an empirical estimate of the rarity of the correlation coefficients and it is shown that they are a function of PGS size. Finally, an analogy between the noise contained in polygenic scores and physical instruments is put forward.
Category: Quantitative Biology

[84] viXra:1907.0089 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-05 17:23:01

A Minor Typographical Error in Paper "A Technical Procedure for the Riemann Hypothesis"

Authors: Viktor Kalaj
Comments: 1 Page. Minor typo correction in my paper "A technical procedure for the Riemann Hypothesis".

There was a minor typographical error in my paper entitled "A technical procedure for the Riemann Hypothesis". It does not affect the technical procedure of the paper.
Category: Number Theory

[83] viXra:1907.0088 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-05 17:28:12

An Minor Typographical Correction to Paper Riemann Hypothesis

Authors: Viktor Kalaj
Comments: A minor typographical correction to my 11-page paper

I made a typographical error that is now corrected. There is no change in the flow of the paper entitled "A technical procedure for the Riemann Hypothesis".
Category: Number Theory

[82] viXra:1907.0087 [pdf] replaced on 2019-07-17 02:03:38

Proof of Riemann Hypothesis (Final)

Authors: Toshiro Takami
Comments: 6 Pages.

In my previous paper “Consideration of the Riemann hypothesis” c=0.5 and x is non- trivial zero value, and it was described that it converges to almost 0, but a serious proof in mathematical expression could not be obtained. In this paper, we give a proof of mathematical expression. “the non-trivial zero values of all positive infinity and negative infinity lie on the real value 0.5” I am here mathematically proved.
Category: Number Theory

[81] viXra:1907.0086 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-05 23:08:06

Young's Double-Slit and Wheeler's Delayed-Choice Experiments: What's Really Happening at the Single-Quantum Level?

Authors: N Gurappa
Comments: 13 pages, 1 figure

A new `wave-particle non-dualistic interpretation' at the single-quantum level, existing within the quantum formalism, is presented by showing the Schr\"odinger wave function as an `{\it instantaneous resonant spatial mode}' where a particle moves. For the first time, the position eigenstate of a particle is identified to be related to the absolute phase of the wave function in such a way that its position eigen values always lie on a classical trajectory, proving that the `time parameter' is common to both classical and quantum mechanics. It's brought into light that the quantum formalism demands a different kind of boundary conditions to be imposed to the wave function unlike classical formalism and hence naturally yields the Born rule as a limiting case of the relative frequency of detection. This derivation of the Born rule automatically resolves the measurement problem. Also, these boundary conditions immediately expound Bohr's principle of complementarity at a single quantum level. Further, the non-duality naturally contains the required physical mechanism to elucidate why the Copenhagen interpretation is experimentally so successful. The single-quantum phenomenon is then used to unambiguously explain what's really going on in the Young double-slit experiment as anticipated by Feynmann and the same is again used to provide a causal explanation of Wheeler's delayed-choice experiment.
Category: Quantum Physics

[80] viXra:1907.0085 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-05 23:13:20

Physical Mechanism Underlying ``einstein's Spooky-Action-at-a-Distance" and the Nature of Quantum Entanglement

Authors: N Gurappa
Comments: 15 pages, 4 figures

The delayed-choice entanglement swapping experiments, both in space and time, are casually explained at a single quantum level by using the `wave-particle non-dualistic interpretation of quantum mechanics'. In order to achieve this, the actual mechanisms involved in the Wheeler's delayed-choice experiment and Einstein's spooky-action-at-a-distance are uncovered from the quantum formalism. The continuity in the motion of any individual quantum particle, due to the constants of motion, is responsible for the outcomes of Wheeler's delayed-choice experiment. The purpose for the existence of spooky action in Nature is to strictly maintain the conservation laws in absence of exchange-interactions. The presence of a casual structure in the entanglement swapping is shown by detailed analysis of the experimental results presented in the papers, ``X-S. Ma et al., Nature. Phys. 8, 480, (2012)'' and ``E. Megidish et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 210403 (2013)'', at the level of individual quantum events. These experiments are directly confirming the wave-particle non-duality.
Category: Quantum Physics

[79] viXra:1907.0084 [pdf] replaced on 2019-07-15 20:53:15

The Simple Theory of Relativity in the Model of 4D Matter.

Authors: Скоробогатов В.П.
Comments: 15 Pages. in Russian

The simple derivation of the Lorentz transformation ans some consequences are given. In particularly, the expression for velocity adding became different from that in SR. Alas the Fizeau experiment gave not enouph confidence in its validation. The connection with the model of 4D matter is established. In this model so called 4-whirl is associated with body. The expressions for de Broyle wave are obtained from such presentation.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[78] viXra:1907.0083 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-06 01:12:42

Revisiting “Nucleic Acids Data Sequencing using Higher Order Logic-A Suggestion of Basic Computational Framework Towards Bio-Sensors and Gene-Chips Design, Implementation and Verification”.

Authors: D.N.T.Kumar
Comments: 2 Pages. Short Communication & Simple Suggestion

Revisiting “Nucleic Acids Data Sequencing using Higher Order Logic-A Suggestion of Basic Computational Framework Towards Bio-Sensors and Gene-Chips Design, Implementation and Verification”. [“Novel Design by modification/extension of the above mentioned TITLE/IDEA Using HOL & HOL based Deep Learning(DL) Library”].Deep Learning for Next Generation DNA/RNA Sequencing Applications.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[77] viXra:1907.0082 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-06 04:24:22

Microfluidic Monolith Device

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 57 Pages.

Emerging single-cell diagnostics rely on the potential to rapidly and efficiently isolate bacteria from complex biological matrices. [32] A particularly aggressive, metastasizing form of cancer, HER2-positive breast cancer, may be treated with nanoscopic particles "imprinted" with specific binding sites for the receptor molecule HER2. [31] UNC School of Medicine scientists created a powerful new "directed evolution" technique for the rapid development of scientific tools and new treatments for many diseases. [30]
Category: Physics of Biology

[76] viXra:1907.0081 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-06 04:59:06

Nanoscale Additive Manufacturing

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 58 Pages.

By energizing precursor molecules using a tiny, high-energy supersonic jet of inert gas, researchers have dramatically accelerated the fabrication of nanometer scale structures. [33] Emerging single-cell diagnostics rely on the potential to rapidly and efficiently isolate bacteria from complex biological matrices. [32] A particularly aggressive, metastasizing form of cancer, HER2-positive breast cancer, may be treated with nanoscopic particles "imprinted" with specific binding sites for the receptor molecule HER2. [31] UNC School of Medicine scientists created a powerful new "directed evolution" technique for the rapid development of scientific tools and new treatments for many diseases. [30]
Category: Condensed Matter

[75] viXra:1907.0080 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-06 05:19:58

More Heat out of Sunlight

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 60 Pages.

A newly developed material that is so perfectly transparent you can barely see it could unlock many new uses for solar heat. [34] By energizing precursor molecules using a tiny, high-energy supersonic jet of inert gas, researchers have dramatically accelerated the fabrication of nanometer scale structures. [33] Emerging single-cell diagnostics rely on the potential to rapidly and efficiently isolate bacteria from complex biological matrices. [32]
Category: Thermodynamics and Energy

[74] viXra:1907.0079 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-06 05:30:10

Combat Climate Change

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 61 Pages.

Researchers at TIFR have developed the solution phase synthesis of dendritic plasmonic colloidosomes (DPCs) with varying interparticle distances between the gold nanoparticles (NPs) using a cycle-by-cycle growth approach by optimizing the nucleation-growth step. [35] A newly developed material that is so perfectly transparent you can barely see it could unlock many new uses for solar heat. [34] By energizing precursor molecules using a tiny, high-energy supersonic jet of inert gas, researchers have dramatically accelerated the fabrication of nanometer scale structures. [33] Emerging single-cell diagnostics rely on the potential to rapidly and efficiently isolate bacteria from complex biological matrices. [32] A particularly aggressive, metastasizing form of cancer, HER2-positive breast cancer, may be treated with nanoscopic particles "imprinted" with specific binding sites for the receptor molecule HER2. [31] UNC School of Medicine scientists created a powerful new "directed evolution" technique for the rapid development of scientific tools and new treatments for many diseases. [30] Scientists have been aware of this 'length problem' for a long time, but it was largely overlooked for most of the twentieth century. [29] Such emulsions are similar to the mixture that forms when you shake an oil-and-vinegar salad dressing, but with much smaller droplets. [28] Russian scientists found that nanocrystal tungsten trioxide can be used instead of barium for X-ray examinations and also in cancer treatment. [27] Medical advancements can come at a physical cost. Often following diagnosis and treatment for cancer and other diseases, patients' organs and cells can remain healed but damaged from the medical condition. [26]
Category: Thermodynamics and Energy

[73] viXra:1907.0078 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-06 05:39:33

Smartphone Batteries Last Longer

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 63 Pages.

Our future TV and smartphone screens could have double the energy efficiency, thanks to a technique invented by Imperial scientists. [36] Researchers at TIFR have developed the solution phase synthesis of dendritic plasmonic colloidosomes (DPCs) with varying interparticle distances between the gold nanoparticles (NPs) using a cycle-by-cycle growth approach by optimizing the nucleation-growth step. [35] A newly developed material that is so perfectly transparent you can barely see it could unlock many new uses for solar heat. [34] By energizing precursor molecules using a tiny, high-energy supersonic jet of inert gas, researchers have dramatically accelerated the fabrication of nanometer scale structures. [33]
Category: Thermodynamics and Energy

[72] viXra:1907.0077 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-04 06:22:03

Expansions of Maximum and Minimum from Generalized Maxwell Distribution

Authors: Jianwen Huang, Xinling Liu, Jianjun Wang
Comments: 13 Pages.

Generalized Maxwell distribution is an extension of the classic Maxwell distribution. In this paper, we concentrate on the joint distributional asymptotics of normalized maxima and minima. Under optimal normalizing constants, asymptotic expansions of joint distribution and density for normalized partial maxima and minima are established. These expansions are used to educe speeds of convergence of joint distribution and density of normalized maxima and minima tending to its corresponding ultimate limits. Numerical analysis are provided to support our results.
Category: Statistics

[71] viXra:1907.0076 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-04 07:02:24

Double Input Boost/Y-Source DC-DC Converter for Renewable Energy Sources

Authors: Niteesh S Shanbog
Comments: 58 Pages.

With the increasing adoption of renewable energy sources by domestic users, decentralisation of the grid is fast becoming a reality. Distributed generation is an important part of a decentralised grid. This approach employs several small-scale technologies to produce electrical energy close to the end users or consumers. The higher reliability of these systems proves to be of advantage when compared to traditional generation systems. Multi-Input Converters (MICs) perform a decisive function in Distributed Energy Resources (DERs). Making use of such MICs prove to be beneficial in terms of size, cost, number of components used, efficiency and reliability as compared to using several independent converters. This thesis proposes a double input DC-DC converter which makes use of a quasi Y-source converter in tandem with a boost converter. The quasi Y-source converter has the advantage of having a very high gain for low duty cycles. The associated operating modes are analysed and the operation of the MIC is verified using simulation result. A hardware prototype is built for large signal analysis in open loop. Different loads are applied and the efficiency of the MIC as a whole as well as the load sharing between the different sources is investigated.
Category: Thermodynamics and Energy

[70] viXra:1907.0075 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-04 07:15:41

Combine Light and Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 31 Pages.

The research is part of a greater effort in Assoc. Prof. Jonathan Simon's lab to break down the walls between matter and light, in order to investigate their fundamental properties. [22] Quantum sensors can reach sensitivities that are impossible according to the laws of conventional physics that govern everyday life. [21] An international team of physicists at ETH Zurich, Aalto University, the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, and the Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics in Moscow has demonstrated that algorithms and hardware developed originally in the context of quantum computation can be harnessed for quantum-enhanced sensing of magnetic fields. [20]
Category: Quantum Physics

[69] viXra:1907.0074 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-04 07:49:59

An Alternative Depiction of the Sub-Atomic Model

Authors: Murray Edward McGill
Comments: 23 Pages.

This thesis is an alternative model of the sub atomic structure based on three premises: 1. The fundamental make-up of matter 2. The rotational rate of matter 3. The non-planar rotation of matter From these three assumptions I will unify the four fundamental forces and redefine the base understanding of magnetism. Further this will rewrite our quantum model and Einstein’s relativity, as it relates to quantum. This is a tall order and if I was afraid of appearing a fool, I wouldn’t have submitted it. But, the quest for understanding requires us to sometimes stand alone and look the fool. “Our knowledge can only be finite, while our ignorance must necessarily be infinite” (Karl Popper) This paper is written in a Copernican style, but with enough substance to convey understanding of this alternative model. This understanding leads to the demand for further inquiry.
Category: Quantum Physics

[68] viXra:1907.0073 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-04 12:28:33

Length Growth in Biological Systems

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 49 Pages.

Scientists have been aware of this 'length problem' for a long time, but it was largely overlooked for most of the twentieth century. [29] Such emulsions are similar to the mixture that forms when you shake an oil-and-vinegar salad dressing, but with much smaller droplets. [28] Russian scientists found that nanocrystal tungsten trioxide can be used instead of barium for X-ray examinations and also in cancer treatment. [27] Medical advancements can come at a physical cost. Often following diagnosis and treatment for cancer and other diseases, patients' organs and cells can remain healed but damaged from the medical condition. [26]
Category: Physics of Biology

[67] viXra:1907.0072 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-04 13:05:11

Artificial Synapsis for Pattern Recognition

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 51 Pages.

Most artificial intelligence (AI) systems try to replicate biological mechanisms and behaviors observed in nature. [29] "We basically combined advances in neural networks and machine-learning with quantum Monte Carlo tools," says Savona, referring to a large toolkit of computational methods that physicists use to study complex quantum systems. [28] As cosmologists and astrophysicists delve deeper into the darkest recesses of the universe, their need for increasingly powerful observational and computational tools has expanded exponentially. [27] Now, a team of scientists at MIT and elsewhere has developed a neural network, a form of artificial intelligence (AI), that can do much the same thing, at least to a limited extent: It can read scientific papersand render a plain-English summary in a sentence or two. [26] To address this gap in the existing literature, a team of researchers at SRI International has created a human-AI image guessing game inspired by the popular game 20 Questions (20Q), which can be used to evaluate the helpfulness of machine explanations. [25]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[66] viXra:1907.0071 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-04 13:19:54

Directed Evolution of Molecules

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 51 Pages.

UNC School of Medicine scientists created a powerful new "directed evolution" technique for the rapid development of scientific tools and new treatments for many diseases. [30] Scientists have been aware of this 'length problem' for a long time, but it was largely overlooked for most of the twentieth century. [29] Such emulsions are similar to the mixture that forms when you shake an oil-and-vinegar salad dressing, but with much smaller droplets. [28]
Category: Physics of Biology

[65] viXra:1907.0070 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-04 13:39:58

Tumor Cells by Imprinted Nanoparticles

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 52 Pages.

A particularly aggressive, metastasizing form of cancer, HER2-positive breast cancer, may be treated with nanoscopic particles "imprinted" with specific binding sites for the receptor molecule HER2. [31] UNC School of Medicine scientists created a powerful new "directed evolution" technique for the rapid development of scientific tools and new treatments for many diseases. [30] Scientists have been aware of this 'length problem' for a long time, but it was largely overlooked for most of the twentieth century. [29] Such emulsions are similar to the mixture that forms when you shake an oil-and-vinegar salad dressing, but with much smaller droplets. [28]
Category: Physics of Biology

[64] viXra:1907.0069 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-04 17:26:13

Observation vs Data Analysis As Astrophysics Research Method (I)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 12 Pages.

We have 2 basic arguments: 1st Argument -Planet Data Analysis Should Be Considered The Astrophysics Research Basic Method. -The Observational Results Without Data Analysis Deceives The Researcher And Causes Imaginary Concepts Creation 2nd Argument 1-The Solar Group is One Geometrical Structure or one building and each planet is a part of this same building- i.e. Each Planet is created to be a complementary to the other planets and No solar planet is created or move independently 2-Also, The solar group can be similar to one trajectory of Energy and each planet is a point on it. 3-Also the solar group can be similar to one body, and each planet is a member in this same body. All solar planets and their orbital distances are created by the same energy (by the same blood all body members are created) 4-Also, The solar group be similar to one machine each planet is a gear in this same machine… so the machine job depends on the gears different tasks.. and that means the cooperation and integration between the solar planets data is the main base on which the solar group is created and move.
Category: Astrophysics

[63] viXra:1907.0068 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-04 17:33:48

An Economic Examination of Collateralization in Different Financial Markets

Authors: Tim Xiao
Comments: 40 Pages.

ABSTRACT This paper attempts to assess the economic significance and implications of collateralization in different financial markets, which is essentially a matter of theoretical justification and empirical verification. We present a comprehensive theoretical framework that allows for collateralization adhering to bankruptcy laws. As such, the model can back out differences in asset prices due to collateralized counterparty risk. This framework is very useful for pricing outstanding defaultable financial contracts. By using a unique data set, we are able to achieve a clean decomposition of prices into their credit risk factors. We find empirical evidence that counterparty risk is not overly important in credit-related spreads. Only the joint effects of collateralization and credit risk can sufficiently explain unsecured credit costs. This finding suggests that failure to properly account for collateralization may result in significant mispricing of financial contracts. We also analyze the difference between cleared and OTC markets.
Category: Economics and Finance

[62] viXra:1907.0067 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-04 22:24:08

Парадокс Близнецов,объяснение и решение впервые за 110 лет.

Authors: Genrih Leonidovich Arutyunov
Comments: 3 Pages.

В этой статье,более короче и доступно и с некоторыми дополнительными разъяснениями изложено доказательство "Парадокса Близнецов",которое я дал ранее 2019-05-23.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[61] viXra:1907.0066 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-03 15:57:50

Physics on a Branched Knotted Spacetime Manifold

Authors: Cliff Ellgen
Comments: Pages.

This paper reproduces the dynamics of quantum mechanics with a four-dimensional spacetime manifold that is branched and embedded in a six-dimensional Minkowski space. Elementary fermions are represented by knots in the manifold, and these knots have the properties of the familiar particles. We derive a continuous model that approximates the behavior of the manifold's discrete branches. The model produces dynamics on the manifold that corresponds to the gravitational, strong, and electroweak interactions.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[60] viXra:1907.0063 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-04 01:20:32

Polynomials of the Form P_n^{(a)}(x)=(1/2)*((x-Sqrt{x^2+a})^n+(x+sqrt{x^2+a})^n) and Primality Testing

Authors: Predrag Terzic
Comments: 4 Pages.

General,deterministic,unconditional,polynomial time primality test is introduced.
Category: Number Theory

[59] viXra:1907.0062 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-04 01:17:32

A Question About the Consistency of Bell's Correlation Formula

Authors: Han Geurdes; Koji Nagata
Comments: 3 Pages.

In the paper it is demonstrated that two equally consistent but conflicting uses of sign functions in the context of a simple probability density shows that Bell's formula is based on only one consistent principle. The two conflicting principles give different result. However, according to use of powers, i.e. $3\times (1/2)= (1/2)\times 3$, one must have the same result in both cases.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[58] viXra:1907.0061 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-04 02:38:40

Acoustic Magnetic Monopoles

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 32 Pages.

University College Cork (UCC) & University of Oxford Professor of Physics, Séamus Davis, has led a team of experimental physicists in the discovery of the magnetic noise generated by a fluid of magnetic monopoles. [23] There are two sound velocities in a Bose-Einstein condensate. In addition to the normal sound propagation there is second sound, which is a quantum phenomenon. [22] Quantum sensors can reach sensitivities that are impossible according to the laws of conventional physics that govern everyday life. [21]
Category: Condensed Matter

[57] viXra:1907.0060 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-04 04:59:58

PV Source Integrated Micro-Grid for Power Quality Improvement using MPPT Technique

Authors: Madhu Palati, Manjunath R D, Nagesh L, Niteesh S Shanbog, Prashanth C
Comments: Pages. Presented and Published in NC3PS (2017)

The demand for Electrical energy is increasing day by day as it can be easily converted to another form of energy. All consumers expect Electrical energy with high power quality. Most of the commercial and industrial loads are inductive in nature and need power electronic circuits/ controllers to get smooth control of the equipment. This, in turn, leads to the injection of harmonics into the system, hence the power quality is affected. The above problem needs to be addressed and eliminated. In this paper, a shunt active power filter is used to mitigate the harmonics. I d-I q control is used to analyse the performance of the filter and is simulated using MATLAB software. The MPPT controller is used to improving the power quality of the system.
Category: Thermodynamics and Energy

[56] viXra:1907.0059 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-03 08:13:47

Smartphone Uncover Anti-Cancer Food

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 35 Pages.

A crowdsourcing project which uses thousands of idling smartphones has helped to uncover anti-cancer properties of everyday foods and medicines. [25] New work from Los Alamos National Laboratory, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, and the University of Florida is showing that artificial neural nets can be trained to encode quantum mechanical laws to describe the motions of molecules, supercharging simulations potentially across a broad range of fields. [24] But in a new study, physicists have made the surprising discovery that two spherical like-charged metal nanoparticles with unequal charges can attract one another in a dilute electrolyte solution. [23] There are two sound velocities in a Bose-Einstein condensate. In addition to the normal sound propagation there is second sound, which is a quantum phenomenon. [22] Quantum sensors can reach sensitivities that are impossible according to the laws of conventional physics that govern everyday life. [21] An international team of physicists at ETH Zurich, Aalto University, the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, and the Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics in Moscow has demonstrated that algorithms and hardware developed originally in the context of quantum computation can be harnessed for quantum-enhanced sensing of magnetic fields. [20] Scientists at Forschungszentrum Jülich have now discovered another class of particle-like magnetic object that could take the development of data storage devices a significant step forward. [19] A team of researchers with members from IBM Research-Zurich and RWTH Aachen University has announced the development of a new PCM (phase change memory) design that offers miniaturized memory cell volume down to three nanometers. [18] Monatomic glassy antimony might be used as a new type of single-element phase change memory. [17] Physicists have designed a 3-D quantum memory that addresses the tradeoff between achieving long storage times and fast readout times, while at the same time maintaining a compact form. [16]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[55] viXra:1907.0058 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-03 08:42:22

Artificial Gravity Breaks Free

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 26 Pages.

Artificial Gravity Breaks Free "The point of our work is to try to get more people to think that maybe artificial gravity isn't so crazy," she said. "Maybe it has a place outside of science fiction." [21] Scientists at the University of Glasgow and collaborators have now developed a multimaterial coating design for the mirrors used in gravitational wave detectors. [20] The improvement will see the twin observatories-located near Hanford, Washington and Livingston, Louisiana in the US-double their sensitivity to gravitational waves. [19] A group of scientists from the Niels Bohr Institute (NBI) at the University of Copenhagen will soon start developing a new line of technical equipment in order to dramatically improve gravitational wave detectors. [18] A global team of scientists, including two University of Mississippi physicists, has found that the same instruments used in the historic discovery of gravitational waves caused by colliding black holes could help unlock the secrets of dark matter, a mysterious and as-yet-unobserved component of the universe. [17] The lack of so-called "dark photons" in electron-positron collision data rules out scenarios in which these hypothetical particles explain the muon's magnetic moment. [16] By reproducing the complexity of the cosmos through unprecedented simulations, a new study highlights the importance of the possible behaviour of very high-energy photons. In their journey through intergalactic magnetic fields, such photons could be transformed into axions and thus avoid being absorbed. [15] Scientists have detected a mysterious X-ray signal that could be caused by dark matter streaming out of our Sun's core. Hidden photons are predicted in some extensions of the Standard Model of particle physics, and unlike WIMPs they would interact electromagnetically with normal matter. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron-proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[54] viXra:1907.0057 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-03 08:55:26

The SRQM Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics & A Tensor Study of Physical 4-Vectors

Authors: John B. Wilson
Comments: 217 pages at time of submission

Using Special Relativity (SR) as a starting point, then noting a few empirical 4-Vector facts, one can derive the Principles that are normally considered to be Axioms of Quantum Mechanics (QM). Since many of the QM Axioms are rather obscure, this seems a more logical and understandable paradigm than QM as a separate theory from SR, and sheds light on the origin and meaning of the QM Principles. The SRQM or [SR→QM] Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics: A Tensor Study of Physical 4-Vectors
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[53] viXra:1907.0056 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-03 09:32:35

Black Hole on Galaxy's Star Turn

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 40 Pages.

The role of an excited black hole in the death of an exotic 'jellyfish' galaxy will be presented today (3 July) by Callum Bellhouse of the University of Birmingham at the RAS National Astronomy Meeting in Lancaster. [28] Previous attempts to measure the mass of the NGC 4395 black hole yielded results ranging from 1000-400,000 solar masses. [27] US computer scientist Katie Bouman, who became a global sensation over her role in generating the world's first image of a black hole, has described the painstaking process as akin to listening to a piano with broken keys. [26]
Category: Astrophysics

[52] viXra:1907.0055 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-03 10:09:12

Decomposition of Integer Powers of a Mersenne Number Into Binomial Coefficients

Authors: Http://vixra.org/author/andrew_w_ivashenko
Comments: 1 Page.

Decomposition of integer powers of a mersenne number into binomial coefficients
Category: Number Theory

[51] viXra:1907.0054 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-03 10:17:56

Tsunami on Silicon Chip

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 53 Pages.

A tsunami holds its wave shape over very long distances across the ocean, retaining its power and 'information' far from its source. [28] Researchers from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology and Lebedev Physical Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences have designed and tested a prototype cathodoluminescent lamp for general lighting. [27] A team of researchers affiliated with several institutions in Spain and the U.S. has announced that they have discovered a new property of light-self-torque. [26] When studying biological cells using optical tweezers, one main issue is the damage caused to the cell by the tool. Giovanni Volpe, University of Gothenburg, has discovered a new type of force that will greatly reduce the amount of light used by optical tweezers-and improve the study of all kinds of cells and particles. [25] The device, which works in the mesoscopic mass range for the first time, might not only be used to help solve fundamental problems in quantum mechanics, it might also find use in precision metrology applications. [24] Although previous research shows that metal nanoparticles have properties useful for various biomedical applications, many mysteries remain regarding how these tiny materials form, including the processes that generate size variations. [23] With a novel electrochemical biosensing device that identifies the tiniest signals these biomarkers emit, a pair of NJIT inventors are hoping to bridge this gap. [22] The dark skin pigment melanin protects against the sun's damaging rays by absorbing light energy and converting it to heat. [21] Wang, Bren Professor of Medical Engineering and Electrical Engineering, is using PAM to improve on an existing technology for measuring the oxygen-consumption rate (OCR) in collaboration with Professor Jun Zou at Texas A&M University. [20] A remote command could one day send immune cells on a rampage against a malignant tumor. The ability to mobilize, from outside the body, targeted cancer immunotherapy inside the body has taken a step closer to becoming reality. [19]
Category: Condensed Matter

[50] viXra:1907.0053 [pdf] replaced on 2019-07-05 07:09:11

Refutation of the Curry-Howard Correspondence

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

In the Curry-Howard correspondence, the identity and composition combinators are not tautologous. In fact, the examples result in equivalent truth table values. Further demonstrated is that the instances of Hilbert, lambda, and sequent fragments are also not tautologous with a recent paper rendered moot. These artifacts form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[49] viXra:1907.0052 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-03 11:43:42

The Universe Expands with Slowdown
Вселенная расширяется замедленно

Authors: Putenikhin P.V.
Comments: 12 Pages. rus

According to astronomical observations, remote supernovae Ia have a brightness lower than that predicted by the standard Hubble law. This circumstance is interpreted as evidence of a smaller value of the Hubble constant in the past, as an accelerated expansion of the Universe. However, this conclusion is erroneous. The lower brightness of distant supernovae means that, on the contrary, the Hubble constant has now decreased. It follows from this that the Universe expands more slowly than in the past, the expansion of the Universe occurs with deceleration.
Согласно астрономическим наблюдениям удаленные сверхновые Ia имеют яркость меньшую, чем это предсказывается стандартным законом Хаббла. Это обстоятельство трактуется как свидетельство меньшего значения постоянной Хаббла в прошлом, как ускоренное расширение Вселенной. Однако этот вывод ошибочен. Меньшая яркость дальних сверхновых означает, что, напротив, в настоящее время постоянная Хаббла уменьшилась. Из этого следует, что Вселенная расширяется медленнее, чем в прошлом, расширение Вселенной происходит с замедлением.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[48] viXra:1907.0050 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-03 12:12:09

The Twins Paradox Review of Decisions Ch.4 Contradictions Solution of the Twins Paradox in GR
Парадокс близнецов – обзор решений, гл.4 Противоречия решение парадокса близнецов в ОТО

Authors: Putenikhin P.V.
Comments: 12 Pages. rus

The well-known solutions of the relativistic "twin paradox" are considered and new ones are proposed. Contrary to popular belief, the paradox has the correct solution in the SRT. In contrast, in the GRT, the solutions to the paradox raise a number of questions. A fundamentally new paradox of twins is considered - in the tachyon theory of relativity.
Рассмотрены известные решения релятивистского "парадокса близнецов" и предложены новые. Вопреки распространенному мнению, парадокс имеет корректное решение в СТО. Напротив, в ОТО решения парадокса вызывают ряд вопросов. Рассмотрен принципиально новый парадокс близнецов - в тахионной теории относительности.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[47] viXra:1907.0049 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-03 12:20:57

Nonlocal Quantum Transfer of Classical Information
Нелокальная квантовая передача классической информации

Authors: Putenikhin P.V.
Comments: 31 Pages. rus

A modification of the traditional setup for teleporting the quantum state of a qubit is considered. On the transmitting side, it is changed to the opposite sequence of the CNOT gates and the Hadamard gates. The modified installation allows you to teleport now no longer just an unknown state of the qubit, but a state of entanglement of qubits. On the transmitter side, the installation translates two qubits into a state of entanglement, with the result that, at the receiver side, two qubits also end up in a state of entanglement. It is shown also the possibility of direct transmission of classical information using the gate CNOT
Рассмотрена модификация традиционной установки для телепортации квантового состояния кубита. На передающей стороне изменена на противоположную последовательность гейтов CNOT и гейта Адамара. Модифицированная установка позволяет телепортировать теперь уже не просто неизвестное состояние кубита, а состояние запутанности кубитов. На стороне передатчика установка переводит два кубита в состояние запутанности, в результате чего и на стороне приемника два кубита также оказываются в состоянии запу-танности. Показана также возможность непосредственной передачи классической информации с помощью гейта CNOT.
Category: Quantum Physics

[46] viXra:1907.0048 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-02 07:31:03

Refutation of a Weak Set Theory H that Proves Its Own Consistency

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

For theory H, the axioms of extensionality and separation are not tautologous. The theorem to prove any instances of the scheme of ε-induction is also not tautologous. These conjectures form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[45] viXra:1907.0047 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-02 07:49:54

Theoretical Physicists Unveil Concepts

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 50 Pages.

Besides solving a fundamental conundrum in condensed matter physics, this result, achieved within the framework of the European MAX Centre of Excellence for supercomputing applications, also represents a breakthrough for applications, enabling computationally feasible quantum simulations of charge transport in ionic systems of paramount importance in energy-related technologies, in the automotive and telecommunications sectors, as well as in planetary sciences. [31] Researchers at Washington University in St. Louis's McKelvey School of Engineering have pioneered cutting edge methods to study the formation of calcium carbonate in saline water. [30] A new form of electron microscopy allows researchers to examine nanoscale tubular materials while they are "alive" and forming liquids-a first in the field. [29] A UCLA-led team has gained a never-before-seen view of nucleation-capturing how the atomsrearrange at 4-D atomic resolution (that is, in three dimensions of space and across time). [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25] Following three years of extensive research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) physicist Dr. Uriel Levy and his team have created technology that will enable computers and all optic communication devices to run 100 times faster through terahertz microchips. [24] When the energy efficiency of electronics poses a challenge, magnetic materials may have a solution. [23] An exotic state of matter that is dazzling scientists with its electrical properties, can also exhibit unusual optical properties, as shown in a theoretical study by researchers at A*STAR. [22]
Category: Condensed Matter

[44] viXra:1907.0046 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-02 08:37:34

Integrals - Identities - Pi

Authors: Edgar Valdebenito
Comments: 2 Pages.

We give some integrals for Pi.
Category: Number Theory

[43] viXra:1907.0045 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-02 08:40:14

Two Identities

Authors: Edgar Valdebenito
Comments: 1 Page.

This note presents two identities for Pi.
Category: Number Theory

[42] viXra:1907.0044 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-02 08:45:44

The Number pi and the Integral: Int(exp(a*ln(tanh(x)))*(dx/x))

Authors: Edgar Valdebenito
Comments: 2 Pages.

This note presents some formulas for Pi.
Category: General Mathematics

[41] viXra:1907.0043 [pdf] replaced on 2019-07-16 01:58:00

A Realist Interpretation of QCD

Authors: Jean Louis Van Belle
Comments: 12 Pages.

This paper explores the epistemological foundation of quantum chromodynamics. We do so by re-examining the concept of partons, which was introduced by Richard Feynman as a generic term for pointlike constituents of matter. We examine whether or not the concept of a colorless, flavorless and zero-charge parton – onto which we can then load the various properties that are necessary to explain reality – might work. The conclusion is that the parton model may offer sufficient degrees of freedom to model what the quark-gluon model is modelling. In fact, we suggest the idea of quarks and gluons might be a bit like the 19th century aether theory: we don’t need it. The underlying question is, of course, much more fundamental: do we need quantum field theory?
Category: Quantum Physics

[40] viXra:1907.0042 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-02 09:25:26

Loose Thread of String Theory Puzzle

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 101 Pages.

A University of Colorado Boulder physicist is one step closer to solving a string theory puzzle 20 years in the making. [58] Researchers at the University of Southampton and the Korea Institute for Advanced Study have recently showed that supersymmetry is anomalous in N=1 superconformal quantum field theories (SCFTs) with an anomalous R symmetry. [57] Researchers at ETH Zurich have developed a method that allows them to characterize the fluctuations in detail. [56] A team of researchers from Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore) and Griffith University in Australia have constructed a prototype quantum device that can generate all possible futures in a simultaneous quantum superposition. [55] Physicists have proposed an entirely new way to test the quantum superposition principle-the idea that a quantum object can exist in multiple states at the same time. [54] Researchers have developed a new device that can measure and control a nanoparticle trapped in a laser beam with unprecedented sensitivity. [53] Researchers have discovered a 'blind spot' in atomic force microscopy-a powerful tool capable of measuring the force between two atoms, imaging the structure of individual cells and the motion of biomolecules. [52] Australian scientists have investigated new directions to scale up qubits-utilising the spin-orbit coupling of atom qubits-adding a new suite of tools to the armory. [51]
Category: Quantum Physics

[39] viXra:1907.0041 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-02 10:11:14

Quantum States of Light in Silicon Chip

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 102 Pages.

Scientists from the University of Bristol and the Technical University of Denmark have found a promising new way to build the next generation of quantum simulators combining light and silicon micro-chips. [58] Researchers at the University of Southampton and the Korea Institute for Advanced Study have recently showed that supersymmetry is anomalous in N=1 superconformal quantum field theories (SCFTs) with an anomalous R symmetry. [57] Researchers at ETH Zurich have developed a method that allows them to characterize the fluctuations in detail. [56] A team of researchers from Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore) and Griffith University in Australia have constructed a prototype quantum device that can generate all possible futures in a simultaneous quantum superposition. [55] Physicists have proposed an entirely new way to test the quantum superposition principle-the idea that a quantum object can exist in multiple states at the same time. [54] Researchers have developed a new device that can measure and control a nanoparticle trapped in a laser beam with unprecedented sensitivity. [53] Researchers have discovered a 'blind spot' in atomic force microscopy-a powerful tool capable of measuring the force between two atoms, imaging the structure of individual cells and the motion of biomolecules. [52] Australian scientists have investigated new directions to scale up qubits-utilising the spin-orbit coupling of atom qubits-adding a new suite of tools to the armory. [51]
Category: Quantum Physics

[38] viXra:1907.0040 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-02 10:21:41

Refutation of the Fixed-Point Property of Self-Proving for Predicate Modal Logics

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

Refutation of the fixed-point property of self-proving for predicate modal logics
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[37] viXra:1907.0039 [pdf] replaced on 2019-07-17 18:06:33

Recent Advances in the Modal Model Checker Meth8 and VŁ4 Universal Logic

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 31 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We use the Meth8/VŁ4 modal logic model checker to evaluate 575 artifacts in 3070 assertions to refute 2531 as non tautologous (82.4%). This is the abstract, table of results, and table of contents. The current document in 947-pages includes the availability of Meth8/VŁ4 and is requestable from info@ersatz-systems.com.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[36] viXra:1907.0038 [pdf] replaced on 2019-07-06 04:44:25

Leptoquarks and Charged Higgs Using Preon Model #9

Authors: Austin J Fearnley
Comments: 15 Pages.

A CERN article of May 2019 hints at a possible use of two non-Standard Model bosons in decays of the bottom quark (b --> c τ ν'). Three paths are explored in the present paper and exact properties of the hypothetical charged higgs and leptoquark are derived using Preon Model #9 which is a minor adaption of Preon Model #6 (Fearnley, May 2015). Finding these structures does not guarantee the existence of these new particles nor their use in the bottom decay paths as the preon model says nothing about energy requirements. The leptoquark found here has electric charge +2/3, spin zero, weak isospin +0.5, and a strong colour charge (red, green or blue). The charged higgs found here has electric charge -1, spin zero, weak isospin -0.5 and no colour charge. The leptoquark has as many preons as the higgs (16 preons in Model #9) whereas the charged higgs has 24 preons: which makes this charged higgs occupy a higher generation category than the higgs.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[35] viXra:1907.0037 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-02 16:29:32

Disproof of the Riemann Hypothesis

Authors: Toshiro Takami
Comments: 6 Pages.

In my previous paper “Consideration of the Riemann hypothesis” c=0.5 and x is non- trivial zero value, and it was described that it converges to almost 0, but a serious proof in mathematical expression could not be obtained. It is impossible to make c = 0.5 exactly like this. c can only be 0.5 and its edge. It is considered that “when the imaginary value increases to infinity, the denominator of the number becomes infinity and shifts from 0.5 to 0”.
Category: Number Theory

[34] viXra:1907.0036 [pdf] replaced on 2019-07-06 09:08:23

Unified Principles of Nature :solution to the „Problem of Gravity“

Authors: Manfred U.E. Pohl
Comments: 20 Pages.

In first chapter of ToE-Framework “Unified Principles of Nature” : “The Solution to the Problem of Time” [1] this author informed scientific community about the framework for the Theory of Everything concept, that must be applied in order to get back into Paradise on earth. It was written by this author : “If we flow with the wave of time not trying to violate the laws of nature, one could flow on a healthy wave as individual, as community, as society and as globalized economy.” This second paper is to explain on how to understand the concept of “Gravity”, which is the eternal “Love” guiding planet earth along its way.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[33] viXra:1907.0035 [pdf] replaced on 2019-07-17 11:47:02

Blueshift and Redshift In Small Angle Diffraction

Authors: Eric Su
Comments: 4 Pages. All comments are welcome. Please include your email address and a short list of your publications.

The observation of spectral shift in astronomy arises from the relative motion between the observed star and the earth. Both blueshift and redshift can be explained with the relative movement of the double-slit interference. In the rest frame of the star, the light passes through the slit to travel a straight path to reach the projection screen. The intersection of this path and the screen is shifted by the movement of the screen. If the screen moves away from the path, the spectrum will be shifted away from the center of the screen. This is known as redshift. If the screen moves toward the path, the spectrum will be shifted toward the center of the screen. This is known as blueshift. The spectrum not only shifts in position but also expands in size. The spectral shift is the result of the relative motion between the projection screen and the path of phase shift. It is not the result of any variation in the wavelength.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[32] viXra:1907.0034 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-03 02:09:27

Tracking Dark Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 41 Pages.

Among the potential candidates that come into question are weakly interacting massive particles or WIMPs. [26] If they exist, axions, among the candidates for dark matter particles, could interact with the matter comprising the universe, but at a much weaker extent than previously theorized. New, rigorous constraints on the properties of axions have been proposed by an international team of scientists. [25] The intensive, worldwide search for dark matter, the missing mass in the universe, has so far failed to find an abundance of dark, massive stars or scads of strange new weakly interacting particles, but a new candidate is slowly gaining followers and observational support. [24] "We invoke a different theory, the self-interacting dark matter model or SIDM, to show that dark matter self-interactions thermalize the inner halo, which ties ordinary dark matter and dark matter distributions together so that they behave like a collective unit." [23] Technology proposed 30 years ago to search for dark matter is finally seeing the light. [22] They're looking for dark matter-the stuff that theoretically makes up a quarter of our universe. [21] Results from its first run indicate that XENON1T is the most sensitive dark matter detector on Earth. [20] Scientists at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) in Germany have now come up with a new theory on how dark matter may have been formed shortly after the origin of the universe. [19] Map of dark matter made from gravitational lensing measurements of 26 million galaxies in the Dark Energy Survey. [18]
Category: Astrophysics

[31] viXra:1907.0033 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-03 02:30:04

Limits of Measurement Accuracy

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 29 Pages.

Quantum sensors can reach sensitivities that are impossible according to the laws of conventional physics that govern everyday life. [21] An international team of physicists at ETH Zurich, Aalto University, the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, and the Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics in Moscow has demonstrated that algorithms and hardware developed originally in the context of quantum computation can be harnessed for quantum-enhanced sensing of magnetic fields. [20]
Category: Quantum Physics

[30] viXra:1907.0032 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-03 02:47:50

Sound in Bose-Einstein Condensates

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 30 Pages.

There are two sound velocities in a Bose-Einstein condensate. In addition to the normal sound propagation there is second sound, which is a quantum phenomenon. [22] Quantum sensors can reach sensitivities that are impossible according to the laws of conventional physics that govern everyday life. [21] An international team of physicists at ETH Zurich, Aalto University, the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, and the Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics in Moscow has demonstrated that algorithms and hardware developed originally in the context of quantum computation can be harnessed for quantum-enhanced sensing of magnetic fields. [20] Scientists at Forschungszentrum Jülich have now discovered another class of particle-like magnetic object that could take the development of data storage devices a significant step forward. [19] A team of researchers with members from IBM Research-Zurich and RWTH Aachen University has announced the development of a new PCM (phase change memory) design that offers miniaturized memory cell volume down to three nanometers. [18] Monatomic glassy antimony might be used as a new type of single-element phase change memory. [17] Physicists have designed a 3-D quantum memory that addresses the tradeoff between achieving long storage times and fast readout times, while at the same time maintaining a compact form. [16] Quantum memories are devices that can store quantum information for a later time, which are usually implemented by storing and re-emitting photons with certain quantum states. [15] The researchers engineered diamond strings that can be tuned to quiet a qubit's environment and improve memory from tens to several hundred nanoseconds, enough time to do many operations on a quantum chip. [14] Intel has announced the design and fabrication of a 49-qubit superconducting quantum-processor chip at the Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas.
Category: Quantum Physics

[29] viXra:1907.0031 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-03 03:02:42

Like Charges Attract

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 32 Pages.

But in a new study, physicists have made the surprising discovery that two spherical like-charged metal nanoparticles with unequal charges can attract one another in a dilute electrolyte solution. [23] There are two sound velocities in a Bose-Einstein condensate. In addition to the normal sound propagation there is second sound, which is a quantum phenomenon. [22] Quantum sensors can reach sensitivities that are impossible according to the laws of conventional physics that govern everyday life. [21] An international team of physicists at ETH Zurich, Aalto University, the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, and the Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics in Moscow has demonstrated that algorithms and hardware developed originally in the context of quantum computation can be harnessed for quantum-enhanced sensing of magnetic fields. [20] Scientists at Forschungszentrum Jülich have now discovered another class of particle-like magnetic object that could take the development of data storage devices a significant step forward. [19] A team of researchers with members from IBM Research-Zurich and RWTH Aachen University has announced the development of a new PCM (phase change memory) design that offers miniaturized memory cell volume down to three nanometers. [18] Monatomic glassy antimony might be used as a new type of single-element phase change memory. [17] Physicists have designed a 3-D quantum memory that addresses the tradeoff between achieving long storage times and fast readout times, while at the same time maintaining a compact form. [16] Quantum memories are devices that can store quantum information for a later time, which are usually implemented by storing and re-emitting photons with certain quantum states. [15] The researchers engineered diamond strings that can be tuned to quiet a qubit's environment and improve memory from tens to several hundred nanoseconds, enough time to do many operations on a quantum chip. [14]
Category: Condensed Matter

[28] viXra:1907.0030 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-03 03:16:11

Neural Nets Simulate Molecular Motion

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 33 Pages.

New work from Los Alamos National Laboratory, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, and the University of Florida is showing that artificial neural nets can be trained to encode quantum mechanical laws to describe the motions of molecules, supercharging simulations potentially across a broad range of fields. [24] But in a new study, physicists have made the surprising discovery that two spherical like-charged metal nanoparticles with unequal charges can attract one another in a dilute electrolyte solution. [23]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[27] viXra:1907.0028 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-01 07:40:32

Delphi 2

Authors: M. W. Roberts
Comments: 16 Pages.

An optical communication system is described. The system provides a unique operational capability that allows rapid communications over long, even astronomical distances.
Category: Quantum Physics

[26] viXra:1907.0027 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-01 07:41:08

On the Ramanujan’s Mock Theta Functions of Tenth Order: New Possible Mathematical Developments and Mathematical Connections with Some Sectors of Particle Physics and Black Hole Physics I

Authors: Michele Nardelli, Antonio Nardelli
Comments: 185 Pages.

In the present research thesis, we have obtained various and interesting new possible mathematical developments concerning some Ramanujan’s Mock theta functions of tenth order and mathematical connections with some sectors of Particle Physics and Black Hole physics
Category: Mathematical Physics

[25] viXra:1907.0026 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-01 08:36:22

Is There Glue in Cuprate Superconductors? The Change of the Electron Clouds of Ions

Authors: Tiege Zhou
Comments: 10 Pages.

P. W. Anderson raised an important question in 2007: Is There Glue in Cuprate Superconductors? The author believes that the change of the electron clouds of ions is the glue in cuprate superconductors. The change of the electron clouds of the ions in the parent structure of the layered high-temperature superconductors CaCuO2 has been studied by the first-principles calculations. The electron clouds of Cu2+ and O2- ions change obviously under electric fields. It is also found, for the first time, the characteristic frequencies of the change of the electron clouds are 250 meV, 360 meV, and 100 meV, respectively, for the modes observed. The frequencies are low and close to that of lattice vibrations, indicating the change of the electron cloud of ions can be the electron-pairing medium in cuprate superconductors.
Category: Condensed Matter

[24] viXra:1907.0025 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-01 09:24:40

The 3-rd Prognosis of Large Earthquakes and Volcanic Eruptions According Daily Indexes of Solar Activity

Authors: A.M.Eigenson, I.B.Bazylevych, M.S.Shevchenko
Comments: 1 Page.

Recently we have done two prognosis of earthquakes (EQ) and volcanic eruptions (VE) on daily indexes of solar activity [1,2]. Both these forecasting’s are just confirmed, and here we represent the next one. All these predictions have the basis in the investigation of the first as the authors [3,4]. These was shown that when solar activity curve begins go down, then in the vicinity of its minimum the EQ and VE occur with large probability. So, knowing the behavior of solar curve, one could make the corresponding prognosis. Our previous prognosis deals in the period of Spring 2019, and now we present the prediction for Summer, 2019. In Fig.1 we see that the evident minimum of W Number was on July, 27. So we prognose the new dangerous area would be between this date and July,11 (may be, even later). (Remark: earthquakes 6+ are noted as circle’s, earthquakes 7+ as ellipses)
Category: Geophysics

[23] viXra:1907.0024 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-01 10:05:59

Neural Networks Simulating Quantum Systems

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 49 Pages.

"We basically combined advances in neural networks and machine-learning with quantum Monte Carlo tools," says Savona, referring to a large toolkit of computational methods that physicists use to study complex quantum systems. [28] As cosmologists and astrophysicists delve deeper into the darkest recesses of the universe, their need for increasingly powerful observational and computational tools has expanded exponentially. [27] Now, a team of scientists at MIT and elsewhere has developed a neural network, a form of artificial intelligence (AI), that can do much the same thing, at least to a limited extent: It can read scientific papersand render a plain-English summary in a sentence or two. [26] To address this gap in the existing literature, a team of researchers at SRI International has created a human-AI image guessing game inspired by the popular game 20 Questions (20Q), which can be used to evaluate the helpfulness of machine explanations. [25]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[22] viXra:1907.0023 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-01 10:53:52

Electron-Phonon Interactions at BESSY

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 43 Pages.

An HZB team at BESSY II has, for the first time, experimentally assessed the principal microscopic process of ultra-fast magnetism. [27] Scientists at Harvard have developed a bismuth-based, two-dimensional superconductor that is only one nanometer thick. [26] Cuprates hold the record high superconducting temperature at ambient pressure so far, but understanding their superconducting mechanism remains one of the great challenges of physical sciences listed as one of 125 quests announced by Science. [25]
Category: Quantum Physics

[21] viXra:1907.0022 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-01 11:20:21

Anomalies in Quantum Field Theories

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 100 Pages.

Researchers at the University of Southampton and the Korea Institute for Advanced Study have recently showed that supersymmetry is anomalous in N=1 superconformal quantum field theories (SCFTs) with an anomalous R symmetry. [57] Researchers at ETH Zurich have developed a method that allows them to characterize the fluctuations in detail. [56] A team of researchers from Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore) and Griffith University in Australia have constructed a prototype quantum device that can generate all possible futures in a simultaneous quantum superposition. [55] Physicists have proposed an entirely new way to test the quantum superposition principle-the idea that a quantum object can exist in multiple states at the same time. [54] Researchers have developed a new device that can measure and control a nanoparticle trapped in a laser beam with unprecedented sensitivity. [53] Researchers have discovered a 'blind spot' in atomic force microscopy-a powerful tool capable of measuring the force between two atoms, imaging the structure of individual cells and the motion of biomolecules. [52] Australian scientists have investigated new directions to scale up qubits-utilising the spin-orbit coupling of atom qubits-adding a new suite of tools to the armory. [51] A team of international researchers led by engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) have invented a new magnetic device to manipulate digital information 20 times more efficiently and with 10 times more stability than commercial spintronic digital memories. [50] Working in the lab of Mikhail Lukin, the George Vasmer Leverett Professor of Physics and co-director of the Quantum Science and Engineering Initiative, Evans is lead author of a study, described in the journal Science, that demonstrates a method for engineering an interaction between two qubits using photons. [49] Researchers with the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have demonstrated a new level of control over photons encoded with quantum information. [48]
Category: Quantum Physics

[20] viXra:1907.0021 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-01 11:37:54

MRI on Single Atoms

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 101 Pages.

Researchers at the University of Southampton and the Korea Institute for Advanced Study have recently showed that supersymmetry is anomalous in N=1 superconformal quantum field theories (SCFTs) with an anomalous R symmetry. [57] Researchers at ETH Zurich have developed a method that allows them to characterize the fluctuations in detail. [56] A team of researchers from Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore) and Griffith University in Australia have constructed a prototype quantum device that can generate all possible futures in a simultaneous quantum superposition. [55] Physicists have proposed an entirely new way to test the quantum superposition principle-the idea that a quantum object can exist in multiple states at the same time. [54] Researchers have developed a new device that can measure and control a nanoparticle trapped in a laser beam with unprecedented sensitivity. [53] Researchers have discovered a 'blind spot' in atomic force microscopy-a powerful tool capable of measuring the force between two atoms, imaging the structure of individual cells and the motion of biomolecules. [52] Australian scientists have investigated new directions to scale up qubits-utilising the spin-orbit coupling of atom qubits-adding a new suite of tools to the armory. [51]
Category: Quantum Physics

[19] viXra:1907.0020 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-01 12:48:07

Machine Learning Design Proteins

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 52 Pages.

According to researchers at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in the US they both gain from being composed of structures over a range of scales be that notes, chords and melodies or amino acids, proteins and collagen matrices. [29] "We basically combined advances in neural networks and machine-learning with quantum Monte Carlo tools," says Savona, referring to a large toolkit of computational methods that physicists use to study complex quantum systems. [28] As cosmologists and astrophysicists delve deeper into the darkest recesses of the universe, their need for increasingly powerful observational and computational tools has expanded exponentially. [27] Now, a team of scientists at MIT and elsewhere has developed a neural network, a form of artificial intelligence (AI), that can do much the same thing, at least to a limited extent: It can read scientific papersand render a plain-English summary in a sentence or two. [26] To address this gap in the existing literature, a team of researchers at SRI International has created a human-AI image guessing game inspired by the popular game 20 Questions (20Q), which can be used to evaluate the helpfulness of machine explanations. [25]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[18] viXra:1907.0019 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-01 20:46:47

Stellar Metamorphosis: Titanium

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 2 Pages.

Titanium is discussed and connected from young to old stars. Titanium's role in stellar evolution is still not completely worked out, but it is essential to create a foundational understanding of the element for future generations.
Category: Astrophysics

[17] viXra:1907.0018 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-01 23:59:43

Jounrée de pi , 25 Avril 2019

Authors: Simon Plouffe
Comments: 58 Pages.

Une revue historique du nombre Pi faite à l'IUT de Nantes. A presentation of Pi made at Université de Nantes (IUT) on April 25 2019.
Category: Number Theory

[16] viXra:1907.0017 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-02 02:07:40

Word Cat Etymology

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 8 Pages. -

The etymology of some Russian words is considered
Category: Linguistics

[15] viXra:1907.0016 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-02 02:07:54

Light Waves Accelerate Supercurrents

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 101 Pages.

Jigang Wang patiently explained his latest discovery in quantum control that could lead to superfast computing based on quantum mechanics. [58] Researchers at the University of Southampton and the Korea Institute for Advanced Study have recently showed that supersymmetry is anomalous in N=1 superconformal quantum field theories (SCFTs) with an anomalous R symmetry. [57] Researchers at ETH Zurich have developed a method that allows them to characterize the fluctuations in detail. [56] A team of researchers from Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore) and Griffith University in Australia have constructed a prototype quantum device that can generate all possible futures in a simultaneous quantum superposition. [55] Physicists have proposed an entirely new way to test the quantum superposition principle-the idea that a quantum object can exist in multiple states at the same time. [54] Researchers have developed a new device that can measure and control a nanoparticle trapped in a laser beam with unprecedented sensitivity. [53] Researchers have discovered a 'blind spot' in atomic force microscopy-a powerful tool capable of measuring the force between two atoms, imaging the structure of individual cells and the motion of biomolecules. [52] Australian scientists have investigated new directions to scale up qubits-utilising the spin-orbit coupling of atom qubits-adding a new suite of tools to the armory. [51]
Category: Quantum Physics

[14] viXra:1907.0015 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-02 03:02:43

On the Efficacy of Moringa Oleifera as Anticancer Treatment: A Literature Survey

Authors: Victor Christianto, Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 5 Pages. this article has been published in BAOJ Cancer Research J., june 2019

Medicinal plants are important elements of indigenous medical system that have persisted in developing countries. Many of the botanical chemo-preventions currently used as potent anticancer agents. However, some important anticancer agents are still extracted from plants because they cannot be synthesized chemically on a commercial scale due to their complex structures that often contain several chiral centers. The aim of this study was to test different extracts from the Moringa oleifera leaves. Previous studies have shown potentially antioxidant, antitumor promoter, anticlastogen and anticarcinogen activities both in vitro and in vivo. Emerging evidence indicates that efficacy of Moringa oleifera in cancer treatment deserves re-examination. This paper is a short literature survey of research in recent years.
Category: Biochemistry

[13] viXra:1907.0014 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-02 03:04:39

Remark on Unified Vortical Singularity (UVS) model in Comparison with Navier-Stokes Cosmology

Authors: Victor Christianto, Florentin Smarandache, Robert Neil Boyd, Daniel Chandra
Comments: 14 Pages. This paper has not been submitted to a journal. Comments are welcome

In this paper , we review shortly UVS model of the Universe, based on information in their website. Universal Vortical Singularity (UVS) is a postulated cosmic archetype of a nested vortical hypersphere system. All sorts of its torus transformed hypersphere structures, are perceivable to be ubiquitously manifested in the observable universe throughout macrocosms and microcosms. We also discuss briefly a new model that we call Navier-Stokes cosmology, because we realize that the Cosmic Web of large scale structure of the Universe can only be approached using turbulence/NS theory. This short review is of course not complete, and therefore more research is needed.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[12] viXra:1907.0013 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-02 03:06:42

Three Ways to Describe Scale-Invariant Turbulence Cosmology: from Navier-Stokes to Burgers Equation to Golden Ratio Etc.

Authors: Victor Christianto, Florentin Smarandache, Robert Neil Boyd, Daniel Chandra
Comments: 15 Pages. This paper has not been submitted to a journal. Comments are welcome

In recent years, there is growing interest to describe the Universe we live in from the perspective of scale-invariant turbulence approach. Such an approach is not limited to hydrodynamics Universe model a la Gibson & Schild, but also from Kolmogorov turbulence approach as well as from String theory approach (some researcher began to explore String-Turbulence). In this article, we hope to bring out some correspondence among existing models, so we discuss shortly: the topological vortice approach, Burgers equation in the light of KAM theory and Golden Mean, and the Cantorian Navier-Stokes approach. Of course, this short article is far from being complete. We hope further investigation can be done around this line of approach.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[11] viXra:1907.0012 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-02 03:08:18

“One Note Samba” Approach to Cosmology: How to Connect Bose-Einstein Condensate, Ermakov-Pinney Equation, Scalar Field Cosmology and Feshbach Resonance All at Once

Authors: Victor Christianto, Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 14 Pages. This paper has been submitted to a journal. Comments are welcome

Inspired by “One Note Samba,” a standard jazz repertoire, we present an outline of BoseEinstein Condensate Cosmology (BECC). Although this approach seems awkward and a bit off the wall at first glance, it is not impossible to connect altogether BEC, Scalar Field Cosmology and Feshbach Resonance with Ermakov-Pinney equation. We also discuss shortly possible link with our previous paper, where we describe Newtonian Universe with Vortex in terms of Ermakov equation.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[10] viXra:1907.0011 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-02 03:14:34

Unified Electro-Gravity (UEG) Theory Applied to Stellar Gravitation, and the Mass-Luminosity Relation (MLR)

Authors: Nirod K. Das
Comments: 15 Pages.

The Unified Electro-Gravity (UEG) theory is applied to model gravitational effects of an individual star or a binary-star system, including that of the sun which is the only star of our solar system. The basic UEG theory was originally developed to model elementary particles, as a substitute for the standard model of particle physics. The UEG theory is extended in this paper (a) to model the gravitational force due to light radiation from an individual star, which determines its energy output due to nuclear fusion in the star, as well as (b) to model the gravitational force between two nearby stars, which determines the orbital dynamics in a binary-star system. The mass-luminosity relation (MLR) derived separately from each of the above two models are compared and studied together with the MLR currently available from measured orbital data for binary stars, as well as from an existing energy-source model for stellar nuclear fusion (Eddington's model). The current MLR data uses conventional Newtonian gravity, where the gravitational force is produced only due to the gravitational mass of the star, which is assumed to be equal to the inertial mass as per the principle of equivalence. This Newtonian gravitational model is modified by including the new UEG effect due to the light radiation of a star, in order to establish the actual MLR which can be significantly different from the currently available MLR. The new UEG theory is applied to an individual isolated star (for modeling the force for stellar nuclear fusion), which is spherically symmetric about its own center, in a fundamentally different manner from its application to a binary-star system (for modeling orbital motion of a binary-star), which is not a spherically-symmetric structure.
Category: Astrophysics

[9] viXra:1907.0010 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-02 03:19:44

Unified Electro-Gravity (UEG) Theory Applied to Spiral Galaxies

Authors: Nirod K. Das
Comments: 10 Pages.

The unified electro-gravity (UEG) theory, which has been successfully used for modeling elementary particles, as well as single and binary stars, is extended in this paper to model gravitation in spiral galaxies. A new UEG model would explain the ``flat rotation curves'' commonly observed in the spiral galaxies. The UEG theory is developed in a fundamentally different manner for a spiral galaxy, as compared to prior applications of the UEG theory to the elementary particle and single stars. This is because the spiral galaxy, unlike the elementary particles or single stars, is not spherically symmetric. The UEG constant $\gamma$, required in the new model to support the galaxies' flat rotation speeds, is estimated using measured data from a galaxy survey, as well as for a selected galaxy for illustration. The estimates are compared with the $\gamma$ derived from a UEG model of elementary particles. The UEG model for the galaxy is shown to explain the empirical Tuly-Fisher Relationship (TFR), is consistent with the Modified Newtonian Dynamics (MOND), and is also independently supported by measured trends of galaxy thickness with surface brightness and rotation speed.
Category: Astrophysics

[8] viXra:1907.0009 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-02 03:28:19

The Unified Electro-Gravity (UEG) Theory Applied to Cosmology

Authors: Nirod K. Das
Comments: 14 Pages.

The Unified Electro-Gravity (UEG) theory is extended for the unique conditions of cosmology, which may support a possible reversal of the current expansionary phase of the universe, explain the current accelerated expansion of the universe without need for any dark energy, and also explain the signatures of the baryon acoustic oscillation (BAO) in the cosmic microwave background (CMB) and in the correlation function of galaxy distribution, without any dark matter. UEG effects due to the the CMB radiation in the recent universe, and in the ionized environment before recombination, as well as those due to anticipated star lights in the future universe, are modeled with suitable cosmological assumptions. This may provide a new theoretical paradigm, which can potentially answer some of the most fundamental questions in cosmology today.
Category: Astrophysics

[7] viXra:1907.0007 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-02 04:16:27

The Quark-Gluon Model Versus the Idea of Partons

Authors: Jean Louis Van Belle
Comments: 7 Pages.

While the reality of quarks has been verified experimentally, we may say that the concept of gluons is more of a mathematical concept. In this paper, we explore the epistemological foundation of quantum chromodynamics. We do so by re-examining the concept of partons, which was introduced by Richard Feynman as a generic term for pointlike constituents of matter. We examine whether or not the concept of a colorless, flavorless and zero-charge parton – onto which we can then load the various properties that are necessary to explain reality – might work. The preliminary conclusion is that the parton model may offer sufficient degrees of freedom to model what the quark-gluon model is modelling. In fact, we suggest the idea of quarks and gluons might be a bit like the 19th century aether theory: perhaps we don’t need it. The underlying question is, of course, much more fundamental: do we need quantum field theory?
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[6] viXra:1907.0006 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-02 05:23:07

Kinetics and Thermodynamics Together

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 49 Pages.

Researchers at Washington University in St. Louis's McKelvey School of Engineering have pioneered cutting edge methods to study the formation of calcium carbonate in saline water. [30] A new form of electron microscopy allows researchers to examine nanoscale tubular materials while they are "alive" and forming liquids-a first in the field. [29] A UCLA-led team has gained a never-before-seen view of nucleation-capturing how the atomsrearrange at 4-D atomic resolution (that is, in three dimensions of space and across time). [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25] Following three years of extensive research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) physicist Dr. Uriel Levy and his team have created technology that will enable computers and all optic communication devices to run 100 times faster through terahertz microchips. [24] When the energy efficiency of electronics poses a challenge, magnetic materials may have a solution. [23]
Category: Condensed Matter

[5] viXra:1907.0005 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-01 00:33:07

Does the Distance- Redshift Curve of Receding Galaxies Show an Accelerating or a Decelerating Expansion of the Universe ?

Authors: Henok Tadesse
Comments: 7 Pages.

Some cosmologists have noted the profound coincidence of the value of the anomalous acceleration ( 8.74 x 10-10 m/s2 ) of Pioneer spacecraft with the value of the so-called cosmological acceleration, about which mainstream physics has been silent. The starting argument in this paper is that this may not be a coincidence and that both accelerations are manifestations of the same phenomenon.However, the anomalous acceleration of the Pioneer is negative, whereas cosmological acceleration is positive, which would be a contradiction. Therefore, both accelerations must have not only the same magnitude, but also the same sign. This leads us to question of the usual interpretation of distance-redshift curves of receding galaxies, which is based on the theory of expansion of the universe .In this paper, we will show that the universe is in decelerating 'expansion', not accelerating expansion. A decelerating force will increase the time taken for a galaxy to reach a given receding velocity, compared to the time taken according to Hubble's law.Using elementary kinematics we will show that increase in the time taken to reach a given receding velocity will increase the corresponding distance travelled.The longer the time the galaxy is in motion, the larger the distance it will travel. The effect of increase in time will always more than offset the effect of decrease in acceleration.Hubble's law is not due to expansion of the universe; it is due to a modified Newtonian law of gravity. The coincidence of the Pioneer anomalous acceleration with cosmological acceleration disproves general relativity.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[4] viXra:1907.0004 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-01 04:00:21

In Vitro Blood Vessel Fabrication

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

Tao Sun and colleagues from Beijing Institute of Technology have described a novel method to incorporate synthetic microfibres containing magnetic beads into self-assembled tissue micro-rings. [25] By testing a variety of gold nanoparticles, researchers at the University of Geneva (UNIGE) and collaborators are providing first evidence of their impact upon human B lymphocytes—the immune cells responsible for antibody production. [24]
Category: Physics of Biology

[3] viXra:1907.0003 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-01 04:43:12

3-D Body Mapping Medical Conditions

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 45 Pages.

Medical advancements can come at a physical cost. Often following diagnosis and treatment for cancer and other diseases, patients' organs and cells can remain healed but damaged from the medical condition. [26] Tao Sun and colleagues from Beijing Institute of Technology have described a novel method to incorporate synthetic microfibres containing magnetic beads into self-assembled tissue micro-rings. [25]
Category: Physics of Biology

[2] viXra:1907.0002 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-01 04:58:06

New Agent for X-Ray

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 46 Pages.

Russian scientists found that nanocrystal tungsten trioxide can be used instead of barium for X-ray examinations and also in cancer treatment. [27] Medical advancements can come at a physical cost. Often following diagnosis and treatment for cancer and other diseases, patients' organs and cells can remain healed but damaged from the medical condition. [26] Tao Sun and colleagues from Beijing Institute of Technology have described a novel method to incorporate synthetic microfibres containing magnetic beads into self-assembled tissue micro-rings. [25]
Category: Physics of Biology

[1] viXra:1907.0001 [pdf] submitted on 2019-07-01 05:12:08

Deliver Drugs Through the Skin

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 48 Pages.

Such emulsions are similar to the mixture that forms when you shake an oil-and-vinegar salad dressing, but with much smaller droplets. [28] Russian scientists found that nanocrystal tungsten trioxide can be used instead of barium for X-ray examinations and also in cancer treatment. [27] Medical advancements can come at a physical cost. Often following diagnosis and treatment for cancer and other diseases, patients' organs and cells can remain healed but damaged from the medical condition. [26]
Category: Physics of Biology