Archaeology

1103 Submissions

[3] viXra:1103.0058 [pdf] submitted on 14 Mar 2011

Did Ulysses Travel to Atlantis?

Authors: Rainer W. Kühne
Comments: 6 pages, published in: Science and Technology in Homeric Epics; ed. S. A. Paipetis, Series: History of Mechanism and Machine Science, Vol. 6 (Springer, 2008, ISBN: 978-1-4020-8783-7), pp. 509-514

Good fiction imitates facts. Plato declared that his Atlantis tale is philosophical fiction invented to describe his fictitious ideal state in the case of war. I suggest that Plato used three historical elements for this tale. (i) Greek tradition on Mycenaean Athens for the description of ancient Athens, (ii) Egyptian records on the wars of the Sea Peoples for the description of the war of the Atlanteans, and (iii) oral tradition from Syracuse about Tartessos for the description of the city and geography of Atlantis.
Category: Archaeology

[2] viXra:1103.0041 [pdf] submitted on 12 Mar 2011

Die Entdeckung von Atlantis

Authors: Rainer W. Kühne
Comments: 82 pages, book, in German

This book describes how between 1984 and 2004 the author developed his theory that Plato's Atlantis tale is to a large part philosophical fiction which includes independent historical elements. The Atlantis tale refers to the Mycenaean Athens, the war of the Sea Peoples, and to the Bronze Age Tartessos. This theory found world-wide media interest since 2004. Moreover Jürgen Spanuth's Atlantis = Helgoland (North Sea) theory is discussed in detail. In addition the historical elements of the Argonautika and the Gilgamesh epos are examined.
Category: Archaeology

[1] viXra:1103.0040 [pdf] submitted on 12 Mar 2011

Tartessos-Tarshish Was the Model for Plato's Atlantis

Authors: Rainer W. Kühne
Comments: 2 pages

Literary evidence supports the following view. Tartessos and Tarshish were identical. Tartessos was the model for Plato's Atlantis. The Tartessians traded with precious metals, especially with silver. Among their trade partners were the Phoenicians, the Hebrews, and the Greeks. The capital of Tartessos lay in the Donana National Park. Tartessos existed from the tenth to the sixth century BC.
Category: Archaeology