Astrophysics

1403 Submissions

[14] viXra:1403.0972 [pdf] replaced on 2014-03-30 09:57:09

Galactic Rotation Anomaly

Authors: Nainan K. Varghese
Comments: 3 Pages.

Orbital speeds of stars, far from center of a galaxy, are found roughly constant, instead of reductions predicted by current gravitational theories (applied on galactic and cosmological scales). This is called the anomalous rotation of galaxies. This article intends to show that constant angular speeds of all macro bodies in a galaxy are natural phenomenon and there is no mystery about it.
Category: Astrophysics

[13] viXra:1403.0927 [pdf] replaced on 2014-10-14 00:19:16

The Dichotomous Cosmology with a Static Material World and Expanding Luminous World

Authors: Yuri Heymann
Comments: 9 Pages.

The dichotomous cosmology is an alternative to the expanding Universe theory, and consists of a static matter Universe, where cosmological redshifts are explained by a tired-light model with an expanding luminous world. In this model the Hubble constant is also the photon energy decay rate, and the luminous world is expanding at a constant rate as in de Sitter cosmology for an empty Universe. The present model explains both the luminosity distance versus redshift relationship of supernovae Ia, and ageing of spectra observed with the stretching of supernovae light curves. Furthermore, it is consistent with a radiation energy density factor (1 + z)^4 inferred from the Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation.
Category: Astrophysics

[12] viXra:1403.0926 [pdf] replaced on 2014-06-22 10:34:14

Discovery of Flat Gravity Based on Hubble's Law Added to Newtonian Gravity

Authors: Shinsuke Hamaji
Comments: 11 Pages.

We know space expanding from the Hubble's law which Edwin Hubble and Milton Humason formulated first in 1929, and nearly 100 years passed, but Flat gravity caused by the expanding universe was covered in a short distance by Newtonian gravity according to inverse square law. It caused gravity anomalies such as the pioneer anomaly that a cause of the blue-shift indicating the slowdown to the sun direction is unclear as planetary probe pioneer 10-11 leaves the sun and the issue of galactic rotation curve which forms flat velocity distribution without rotational speed decreasing in galactic considerable penumbra known as physical unsolved problem. If expanding universe is premised, clause of the expansion that divided recession rate v=H0D in strain constant V0 is added, and Newtonian potential -GM/r(1) premising steady state cosmology be changes to -GM/r(1+v/V0). The clause of this expansion becomes constant G0=GH0/V0 which distance D and 1/r canceled and total gravitational mass of the universe M0=c3/(2GH0) which can be observed affects specific potential constant which multiplied gravitational mass for the observation and becomes -(G/r+G0)M. Flat gravity based on Hubble's law added to Newtonian gravity accords with the value of the gravity anomaly without assuming dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[11] viXra:1403.0923 [pdf] submitted on 2014-03-24 09:55:20

Stellar Metamorphosis: Replacing the Big Bang's Model for Determining the Age of Stars

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 1 Page.

Since the Big Bang Model is a philosophically unsound construct violating cause and effect and laws of thermodynamics any deduction of the ages of stars based on it is also philosophically unsound. A seminal understanding is offered via stellar metamorphosis to replace it.
Category: Astrophysics

[10] viXra:1403.0312 [pdf] submitted on 2014-03-20 09:46:46

Stellar Metamorphosis Versus Establishment Dogma: The Location of Accretion

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 2 Pages. 2 illustrations, 3 references

It is explained in easy to understand language and pictures the main differences between GTSM’s (The General Theory of Stellar Metamorphosis) location for accretion and the establishment’s location for accretion.
Category: Astrophysics

[9] viXra:1403.0287 [pdf] submitted on 2014-03-17 09:36:43

Anisotropy in Stelar Plasma Doppler Profile Disproves Cosmic Inflation

Authors: Albert Zotkin
Comments: 3 Pages.

I'm going to prove in this brief paper that actually there is not a so called "cosmic inflation", because that so called "cosmic inflation" is just an artifact of an incorrect theoretic model of Doppler effect for electromagnetic waves in remote sources.
Category: Astrophysics

[8] viXra:1403.0266 [pdf] replaced on 2014-03-20 03:58:31

Since the Time-Dilation of Super-Novae Light-Curves Is Not a Confirmative-Evidence for Expansion of Space-Time and the Universe, Some Alternative Possibilities that the Universe May Not Be Expanding

Authors: Hasmukh K. Tank
Comments: Nine-page paper

This paper makes use of some astronomical-observations to gain deeper insight into the fundamental questions of physics and astrophysics. Alternative-interpretations of cosmological-red-shift are generally rejected on the ground that ‘tired-light-interpretations’ are inconsistent with the observations of time-dilation of super-nova-light-curves; whereas it is shown here that these curves are time-domain-representations of amplitude of light. So, these curves can be Fourier-transformed into wave-number-domain, and it is this wide band of waves which propagates in inter-galactic-space, and reaches us after millions of years. These Fourier-transformed-components, being electromagnetic-waves, get red-shifted by any mechanism that can cause spectral-shift, and when transformed back into time-domain, show time-dilation. Thus, time-dilation of super-nova light-curves, or the relativistic-time-dilation, means ‘red-shift of light’ due to any mechanism. Similarly, the relativistic-length-contraction is also explained using wave-theory. With this explanation, this letter presents five new possible-mechanisms for the ‘cosmological-red-shift’; which will also give some insight into pure physics. These alternative-interpretations are: (i) Inter-galactic-photons can also get red-shifted due to vacuum-polarization-mechanism; (ii) Spherically-expanding-wave-front of light can be viewed as a spherically-expanding cavity, continuously changing its impedance, causing around -400 dB reflected-power back to the source; (iii) Cumulative-phase-alteration of extra-galactic-photons caused by the cosmic-microwave-background; (iv) Electric-field and magnetic-field of extra-galactic-light in the transverse-directions, causing virtual-electrons to oscillate, and generating gravitational-field in the longitudinal-direction; losing part of their energy in the form of ‘gravitational-waves’; (v) Though the rest-mass of photon is zero, it has a ‘relativistic-mass’ equal to its momentum-divided-by-its-speed (h f / c^2); so this ‘relativistic-mass’ of the photon can radiate gravitational-waves, branching-out its energy into gravitational-wave and electromagnetic-wave; and as a supportive-evidence, it is shown here that the energy lost by ‘cosmologically-red-shifting-photons’ is strikingly proportional to the strength-ratio of gravitational and electric forces. These new alternative explanations also explain the non-linearity of red-shift-distance-curve, observed by Perlmutter and Reiss, without any need for ‘dark-energy’.
Category: Astrophysics

[7] viXra:1403.0179 [pdf] submitted on 2014-03-14 01:24:12

The Milne Universe and the Melia 'Cosmic Horizon'.

Authors: Richard Blaber.
Comments: 9 Pages. 14 equations; 36 footnotes.

We revisit the Milne cosmological model and examine Melia’s argument for a ‘cosmic horizon’ in relation to that model, before dismissing both in favour of the standard Lambda-CDM view.
Category: Astrophysics

[6] viXra:1403.0079 [pdf] replaced on 2014-09-19 12:34:56

A Monte Carlo Simulation Framework for Testing Cosmological Models

Authors: Yuri Heymann
Comments: 10 Pages.

We tested alternative cosmologies using Monte Carlo simulations based on the sampling method of the zCosmos galactic survey. The survey encompasses a collection of observable galaxies with respective redshifts that have been obtained for a given spectroscopic area of the sky. Using a cosmological model, we can convert the redshifts into light-travel times and, by slicing the survey into small redshift buckets, compute a curve of galactic density over time. Because foreground galaxies obstruct the images of more distant galaxies, we simulated the theoretical galactic density curve using an average galactic radius. By comparing the galactic density curves of the simulations with that of the survey, we could assess the cosmologies. We applied the test to the expanding-universe cosmology of de Sitter and to a dichotomous cosmology.
Category: Astrophysics

[5] viXra:1403.0077 [pdf] replaced on 2014-11-25 17:59:18

On the Number of Baryons in the Observable Universe

Authors: Aleksandr V. Bukalov
Comments: 3 Pages. Physics of consciousness and life, Cosmology and Astrophysics. — 2013. — № 4. — P. 5–7

From the cosmological model of superconductivity (CCM) are obtained the formulas of the baryons and neutrinos numbers in the Universe. The connection between the number of baryons and leptons with the holographic principle is discussed. It is proposed to consider the number of generations of particles in the standard model as a quantum number. Key words: baryons, neutrinos, cosmology, baryon charge, CMBR.
Category: Astrophysics

[4] viXra:1403.0066 [pdf] submitted on 2014-03-09 20:55:03

Stellar Metamorphosis: The Life Hypothesis Versus the Habitable Zone Hypothesis

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 3 Pages. 3 diagrams, 3 references

In the star sciences astronomers and astrophysicists have ignored basic understanding of what life needs to survive as well as what is needed for water to exist in liquid form. The life hypothesis as covered in the General Theory of Stellar Metamorphosis is contrasted with the Habitable Zone Hypothesis of establishment scientism.
Category: Astrophysics

[3] viXra:1403.0028 [pdf] submitted on 2014-03-05 08:39:17

Stellar Aberration

Authors: Nainan K. Varghese
Comments: 3 Pages. Published in General Science Journal

Reversals of earth’s direction of motion in its orbital path around sun is an essential requirement for contemporary explanations on stellar aberration. Earth’s orbital path around sun is an apparent concept. Reversal of direction of motion of a macro body of the size of earth and moving at real linear speed of earth, in three months period without affecting its integrity is irrational. However, considering corpuscles of light as 3D matter-particles can provide logical explanation for this phenomenon.
Category: Astrophysics

[2] viXra:1403.0010 [pdf] submitted on 2014-03-03 08:59:38

Stellar Metamorphosis: The Essence of Gravitational Collapse

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 2 Pages. 3 references, 1 diagram

It is explained what shape an object needs to be in order to experience gravitational collapse. Diagrams are provided and the alternative to the nebular hypothesis, stellar metamorphosis is presented, to explain what happens to young stars after they are formed.
Category: Astrophysics

[1] viXra:1403.0005 [pdf] submitted on 2014-03-02 05:01:31

Seven Possible Alternative Interpretations of the ‘cosmological Red Shift’ Which Can do Away with the Dark Energy

Authors: Hasmukh K. Tank
Comments: Fourteen page paper

The currently popular ‘Big Bang Theory’ is based on ‘Doppler Shift Interpretation’ of the ‘cosmological-red-shift’. But it is shown here that the value of Hubble-constant matches so perfectly with the strength-ratio of gravitational and electric forces, that such a coincidence is very un-likely. Secondly, if the expansion of the universe is accelerating, as the recent observations suggest, e.g.( Paal, G. et al. 1992, Adam G. Riess et al.1998, and Perlmutter, S. et al.1999)[1,2,3], then very large amount of dark-energy may be needed which is still not found. Therefore, it is proposed here that extra galactic photons may be loosing some of their energy through ‘vacuum polarization’, as described by Levine, I. (1997)[4] and Brown et al (1996)[5]. It is proposed here that: when an extra galactic photon is absorbed by either electron or positron of the virtual electron positron pair, then not only the ‘electrostatic potential energy’ of the pair is increased, but also its ‘gravitational potential energy’ as well; but when these ‘potential energies’ are released, then not only a photon, but also a graviton is emitted; so the input energy gets branched out. And we find here that the energy lost by the ‘cosmologically red shifted photons’ is strikingly proportional to the ‘strength ratio’ of gravitational and electric forces. Since, according to this new interpretation for the ‘cosmological red shift, the red-shift is a function of distance traveled by the photon, rather than relative velocity of the galaxies; so this study will also do away with the need for ‘dark energy’. In addition to this, six more alternative possibilities for the red shift are also indicated.
Category: Astrophysics