Astrophysics

1505 Submissions

[13] viXra:1505.0234 [pdf] replaced on 2017-05-05 11:21:34

Time Dilation Without Relativity

Authors: Edward G. Lake
Comments: 14 Pages. A major revision

Time Dilation has been repeatedly confirmed via experiments to be a real, natural phenomenon which can be easily demonstrated and verified in any laboratory which can obtain two sufficiently accurate atomic clocks. Yet, many physicists insist on viewing Time Dilation as nothing more than an “illusion,” a solution to a mathematical problem which has no meaning without the problem. Understanding that Time Dilation is a real, natural phenomenon is the “key” to understanding and resolving some of the greatest mysteries in science, and also to correcting some of the greatest misunderstandings in science.
Category: Astrophysics

[12] viXra:1505.0215 [pdf] replaced on 2015-07-08 07:57:07

A Derivation of the Etherington's Distance-Duality Equation

Authors: Yuri Heymann
Comments: 6 Pages.

The Etherington's distance-duality equation is the relationship between the luminosity distance of standard candles and the angular-diameter distance. This relationship has been validated from astronomical observations based on the X-ray surface brightness and the Sunyaev-Zel'dovich effect of galactic clusters. In the present study, we propose a derivation of the Etherington's reciprocity relation in the dichotomous cosmology.
Category: Astrophysics

[11] viXra:1505.0181 [pdf] submitted on 2015-05-25 05:50:41

Milky Way’s Substance Loop

Authors: Wei-Xiong Huang
Comments: 5 Pages.

Milky Way center exists a star of super huge mass, its called milky way "nuclear-star". Its rotation and gravitation led milky way all substances movement. Super huge mass make it produces super huge center pressure. Super huge center pressure make it produces super high center temperature. Nuclear-star center super high temperature so any substance fissile become photons, and towards all directions jet out photons. Photon side sideswiped make it deceleration becomes low-speed-photon, micro-speed-photon. Magnetic force make micro-speed-photon bond into positive or negative electrons, atoms, molecules, cosmic dust, planets, stars. Micro-speed-photon bond substance's distribution into spherical, radius up to hundreds thousands lightyears. Nuclear-star gravitation and rotation make the spherical change into a flat disc, thus forming milky way galactic disk. Nuclear-star gravity eventually will attract them back to nuclear-star. Milky way the substance hot transpire and cold cohesion constitute milky way's substance loop. Substance form and position determine loop cycle long or short.
Category: Astrophysics

[10] viXra:1505.0163 [pdf] replaced on 2015-06-12 11:04:05

Resolution of the Vacuum Catastrophe

Authors: David Harding
Comments: 10 Pages.

Described as "the worst theoretical prediction in the history of physics." the vacuum catastrophe can best be described as the roughly 120 orders of magnitude difference between measured gravitational values of the vacuum energy density and a theoretical zero-point energy suggested by naïve application of quantum field theory. The nature of vacuum energy continues to be ambiguous. The interacting quantum field, its renormalization, and its interaction with gravity in Minkowski space (that is, in our real universe) is still being debated. Does the vacuum energy gravitate? Walther Nernst questioned the consequences of the huge vacuum energy on gravitation. How does one calculate the vacuum density? Is summing the quantum mechanical zero point energies a valid approach? Is it uniform, or does it reveal varying energy probability with varying local mass? This paper proposes that increasing gravitational effects of a body or group of bodies augment the likelihood of quantum interactions occurring. The reverse of this is also true. The emptier space is, the less likely it becomes to have quantum interactions occurring.
Category: Astrophysics

[9] viXra:1505.0120 [pdf] submitted on 2015-05-16 11:26:39

Maybe Dark Matter is not Made up of Heavy Particles After All?

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 15 Pages.

Scientists have conducted a simulation that explains the collision between two clusters of galaxies. Clusters of galaxies are the biggest objects that exist in the universe. They are collections of hundreds of thousands of galaxies pulled together by gravity. Rare, extreme examples of clusters caught in the act of colliding seem to be challenging the accepted view that dark matter is made up of heavy particles. [13] Dark matter may not be made of tiny particles as most scientists believe, but instead may consist of large chunks of strange matter anywhere from the size of an apple to an asteroid, researchers said. [12] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[8] viXra:1505.0116 [pdf] submitted on 2015-05-16 04:33:03

Left-Handed Cosmic Magnetic Field Could Explain Missing Antimatter?

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 15 Pages.

Both the planet we live on and the star we orbit are made up of 'normal' matter, and though it features in many science fiction stories, antimatter seems to be incredibly rare in nature. With this new result, we have one of the first hints that we might be able to solve this mystery. [11] Physicists in the College of Arts and Sciences have made important discoveries regarding Bs meson particles -- something that may explain why the universe contains more matter than antimatter. Named Ds3*(2860), the particle, a new type of meson, was discovered by analyzing data collected with the LHCb detector at CERN's Large Hadron Collider (LHC). The new particle is bound together in a similar way to protons. Due to this similarity, the Warwick researchers argue that scientists will now be able to study the particle to further understand strong interactions. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions. Lattice QCD gives the same results as the diffraction patterns of the electromagnetic oscillators, explaining the color confinement and the asymptotic freedom of the Strong Interactions.
Category: Astrophysics

[7] viXra:1505.0102 [pdf] submitted on 2015-05-13 06:56:28

Unified Matter Theory

Authors: Solomon Budnik
Comments: 6 Pages. BREAKTHROUGH THEORY OF ASTROPHYSICS

This article portrays space and time as conformal projections of motion, and reveals the co-relation between the universality of spacetime (relativistic model) and energy-frequency (quantum model). This is a new theory of cosmology with a concept of unified matter, which created supermatter previously defined as black hole, thus negating the assumption of a gravitational collapse of a star to form a black hole. In general, there is no cosmic hole in the fabric of space where the density of space and not that of matter should be comprehended. Accordingly, the assumption that light cannot escape from the “black hole” is wrong, for to emit light, the dark matter must evolve into a bright matter when it reaches its bifurcation point. Moreover, this article contributes to the understanding of the formation of twin accretion discs and the origin of twin relativistic jets in gauge/gravity duality. This concept is in conformity with the basic principle of duality in nature, where no singular event of the alleged “Big Bang” could have taken place, for there must always be the cause and the effect in a dual interaction, as in the wave-particle duality.
Category: Astrophysics

[6] viXra:1505.0101 [pdf] submitted on 2015-05-13 07:32:08

The Origin of Bok Globules and Molecular Clouds, Splitting and Pairing Electric Dark Matter Black Holes.

Authors: Leo Vuyk
Comments: 25 Pages.

According to Quantum FFF ( Function Follows Form) Theory, all star forming molecular clouds are the result of one or more Herbig Haro systems, equipped with so called dual hotspots which are assumed to be the result of dual new physics “electric dark matter black holes”. Bok globules are small dark clouds of dense cosmic dust and gas in which star formation only seldom takes place. Recently some Bok globules are found with dual and triple density distributions indicating that small Herbig Haro systems could also here be the origin of cloud formation. One of them (ESO 9934) seems to be responsible for fast Infra Red globule production in stead of real stars. These globules discriminate themselves by showing two regular alignments of 5-7 globules. The two rows of globules show a V- shape, pointing to the centre of the small Herbig Haro system.
Category: Astrophysics

[5] viXra:1505.0067 [pdf] submitted on 2015-05-09 01:30:15

String Theory and Quantum Equation Predicts Universe Has no Beginning

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 10 Pages.

String theorists Neil Turok of Cambridge University and Paul Steinhardt, Albert Einstein Professor in Science and Director of the Center for Theoretical Science at Princeton believe that the cosmos we see as the result of a Big Bang was actually created by the cyclical trillion-year collision of two universes (which they define as three-dimensional branes plus time) that were attracted toward each other by the leaking of gravity out of one of the universes. [7] The universe may have existed forever, according to a new model that applies quantum correction terms to complement Einstein's theory of general relativity. The model may also account for dark matter and dark energy, resolving multiple problems at once. [6] This paper explains the Accelerating Universe, the Special and General Relativity from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the moving electric charges. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron’s spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Relativistic Quantum Theories. The Big Bang caused acceleration created the radial currents of the matter and since the matter composed of negative and positive charges, these currents are creating magnetic field and attracting forces between the parallel moving electric currents. This is the gravitational force experienced by the matter, and also the mass is result of the electromagnetic forces between the charged particles. The positive and negative charged currents attracts each other or by the magnetic forces or by the much stronger electrostatic forces. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy.
Category: Astrophysics

[4] viXra:1505.0059 [pdf] submitted on 2015-05-06 15:50:57

HATS-6b Mystery Solved

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 2 Pages.

In this paper it is presented a comprehensive theory which can explain HATS-6b.
Category: Astrophysics

[3] viXra:1505.0033 [pdf] submitted on 2015-05-04 08:56:11

Cosmic Dust’s Source

Authors: Wei-Xiong Huang
Comments: 3 Pages.

Side face rub hit make photons beeline speed converted to spin speed. When photons beeline speed about reduced to 3km/s, it become low-speed-photon. Low-speed-photon only a very small beeline kinetic energy and mass, therefore, low-speed-photon become mankind currently undetectable micro-substance. Electromagnetic force make low-speed-photon maintain three-dimensional reseau orderly arrangement, form electromagnetic field. Photon pass through between three-dimensional reseau, excite low-speed-photon fluctuation, form electromagnetic waves. This situation makes photon show wave-particle duality. Positive collision make low-speed-photons spin speed converted to beeline speed. Low-speed-photons beeline speed acceleration to light speed, it become photon. Side face rub hit make low-speed-photons beeline speed converted to spin speed. When low-speed-photons beeline speed about reduced to 3cm/s, it become micro-speed-photon. Micro-speed-photons beeline speed is very small. So, magnetic force make micro-speed-photons orderly bond into electron or positron. Electron and positron orderly bond into atom. Atoms orderly bond into molecule. Molecules orderly bond into cosmic dust. Photon flying to cosmic every corner. Therefore, low-speed-photon, micro-speed-photon, electron positron, atom, molecule, cosmic dust, floating in cosmic every corner.
Category: Astrophysics

[2] viXra:1505.0025 [pdf] submitted on 2015-05-02 14:44:14

Dark Lightning

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 15 Pages.

Before the Hawaii-bound storm Julio strengthened into a hurricane, a NASA satellite spotted a high-energy flash of "dark lightning" coming from the swirling clouds. [14] Researchers may have uncovered a way to observe dark matter thanks to a discovery involving X-ray emissions. [13] Between 2009 and 2013, the Planck satellite observed relic radiation, sometimes called cosmic microwave background (CMB) radiation. Today, with a full analysis of the data, the quality of the map is now such that the imprints left by dark matter and relic neutrinos are clearly visible. [12] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter. The Weak Interaction changes the temperature dependent Planck Distribution of the electromagnetic oscillations and changing the non-compensated dark matter rate, giving the responsibility to the sterile neutrino.
Category: Astrophysics

[1] viXra:1505.0013 [pdf] replaced on 2015-05-19 09:23:56

Galactic Charge

Authors: Stephen Reucroft
Comments: 6 Pages. comment on galactic magnetic field added, with reference.

We investigate the hypothesis that the core of a galaxy has a positive electrical charge with an equal and opposite negative charge distributed over the galactic periphery. We present a determination of the amount of charge needed to explain the apparent anomalous rotation behaviour.
Category: Astrophysics