Astrophysics

1512 Submissions

[26] viXra:1512.0492 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-31 08:14:31

The Nice Model Versus Stellar Metamorphosis

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 1 Page.

According to the Nice Model gas giant planets were formed closer to the Sun and migrated outwards. This differs from stellar metamorphosis considerably. An explanation is provided.
Category: Astrophysics

[25] viXra:1512.0459 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-28 12:59:48

Correcting the Gross Misinterpretation of Black Dwarf Stars with Stellar Metamorphosis

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 1 Page.

Black dwarf stars are grossly misinterpreted by establishment astrophysics. Their hypothetical, unseen, unverified theoretical black dwarf is pitted against real black dwarfs as presented inside of the General Theory of Stellar Metamorphosis.
Category: Astrophysics

[24] viXra:1512.0457 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-28 07:21:24

Magnetic Fields in Central Black Hole

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 20 Pages.

Astronomers from Chalmers University of Technology have used the giant telescope Alma to reveal an extremely powerful magnetic field very close to a supermassive black hole in a distant galaxy. The results appear in the 17 April 2015 issue of the journal Science. [14] Quasars, even those that are billions of light years away, are some of the “brightest beacons” in the universe. Yet how can quasars radiate so much energy that they can be seen from Earth? One explanation is that at each quasar’s center is a growing supermassive black hole (SMBH). [13] If dark matter comes in both matter and antimatter varieties, it might accumulate inside dense stars to create black holes. [12] For a long time, there were two main theories related to how our universe would end. These were the Big Freeze and the Big Crunch. In short, the Big Crunch claimed that the universe would eventually stop expanding and collapse in on itself. This collapse would result in…well…a big crunch (for lack of a better term). Think “the Big Bang”, except just the opposite. That’s essentially what the Big Crunch is. On the other hand, the Big Freeze claimed that the universe would continue expanding forever, until the cosmos becomes a frozen wasteland. This theory asserts that stars will get farther and farther apart, burn out, and (since there are no more stars bring born) the universe will grown entirely cold and eternally black. [11] Newly published research reveals that dark matter is being swallowed up by dark energy, offering novel insight into the nature of dark matter and dark energy and what the future of our Universe might be. [10] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[23] viXra:1512.0455 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-27 16:25:18

The Absence of Refractory Material, Fuel and Gravitation Needed to Melt Iron/Nickel in Outerspace

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 3 Pages.

It is well known to industry that refractory (heat blocking) material is needed so that iron and nickel can be melted from their ore in blast furnaces, as well as superheated air at high pressures and gravitation to provide direction for the iron to flow as well as a fuel such as coke. It is posed as a challenge to the astronomers to explain how iron/nickel melt without refractory material, without superheated air (vacuum is absent air), without strong gravitation or high pressure (provided there is air and gravity), or fuel as in coke, to form meteoritic material.
Category: Astrophysics

[22] viXra:1512.0429 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-25 21:17:08

Determination of the Neutrino Mass

Authors: Anatoly V. Belyakov
Comments: 10 Pages. 10 p., 2 fig.

The neutrino mass in four different independent formulations has been successfully calculated on the basis of the mechanistic interpretation of J.Wheeler‘s geometrodynamics concept. Mechanical analogue of the weak interaction is presented. Its adequacy is confirmed by the various variants for calculating the neutrino mass. The calculated mass agrees well with the indirect estimation of the neutrino mass obtained on the basis of cosmological data. It has been established that neutrinos can change its structure and properties, in particular, a magnetic moment, that leads to changes in the power of detected neutrinos flow (neutrino oscillations). The time constant of neutrino oscillations is calculated.
Category: Astrophysics

[21] viXra:1512.0400 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-22 11:38:40

Gravitation and Speed of Light

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 14 Pages.

A recent peer-reviewed paper by physicist James Franson from the University of Maryland in the US has initiated a stir among physics community. Issued in the New Journal of Physics, the paper points to evidence proposing that the speed of light as defined by the theory of general relativity, is slower than originally thought. [9] Gravitational time dilation causes decoherence of composite quantum systems. Even if gravitons are there, it’s probable that we would never be able to perceive them. Perhaps, assuming they continue inside a robust model of quantum gravity, there may be secondary ways of proving their actuality. [7] The magnetic induction creates a negative electric field, causing an electromagnetic inertia responsible for the relativistic mass change; it is the mysterious Higgs Field giving mass to the particles. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron’s spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The self maintained electric potential of the accelerating charges equivalent with the General Relativity space-time curvature, and since it is true on the quantum level also, gives the base of the Quantum Gravity. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the relativistic quantum theory.
Category: Astrophysics

[20] viXra:1512.0392 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-21 14:03:07

An Expansion to the Thermo-dielectric Effect Concerning Stellar Weather

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 1 Page.

The discoverer of the thermo-dielectric effect, Joaquim da Costa Ribeiro, found that matter when undergoing a phase transition produces charge separation and electric current. This discovery was applied to solid to liquid phase transitions. In this paper it will be reasoned that charge separation and electric current can also occur in other phase transitions as well, and is a central concept to stellar evolution.
Category: Astrophysics

[19] viXra:1512.0383 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-20 15:27:58

A Review of False Astrophysical Assumptions in Light of the General Theory of Stellar Metamorphosis

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 6 Pages.

On December 3, 2015 a short online article was published on Carnegiecience.edu. The title was, "What Kind of Stars form Rocky Planets?". In light of 21st century science provided by the General Theory of Stellar Metamorphosis, it can be shown that a multitude of false assumptions are kept which place rational analysis of the wanted answer in jeopardy. Asking the wrong questions will not lead the right answers, you must ask the right questions to get the right answers. A short review of the article with the author's writing in purple is provided below.
Category: Astrophysics

[18] viXra:1512.0375 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-19 11:10:25

Natural Gas and Petroleum Production via the Fischer-Tropsch Process During Late Astron Evolution as Hypothesized via the General Theory of Stellar Metamorphosis

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 2 Pages.

It is hypothesized that Earth (an old astron) formed its petroleum and natural gas during earlier stages of its evolution by abiogenic processes. This means coal is the only true fossil fuel, not natural gas or petroleum. The processes that are required to study are currently occurring inside the atmospheres of Jupiter, Saturn, Neptune and Uranus and can be studied. This means we must reverse engineer the Earth's composition to account for the reactions currently happening inside of much younger Earths.
Category: Astrophysics

[17] viXra:1512.0374 [pdf] replaced on 2016-08-03 15:28:09

Gravito-rotational Dragging (Effect)

Authors: M. E. Hassani
Comments: 7 Pages; 1 Table; 16 References.

Previous work on the concept of gravito-rotational acceleration (GRA) and its dynamical role is surveyed, with main emphasis on the GRA's influence exerted on a test-body in orbital motion around a rotating gravitational source (heavy central mass). Such an influence is typically interpreted as a ʻgravito-rotational dragging (effect)ʼ, this phenomenon is very similar to the so-called Lense-Thirring effect (frame dragging) in the framework of general relativity theory (GRT). Some applications are considered include (i) the orbital plane dragging of artificial satellites LAGEOS, LAGEOS II and LARES; (ii) the effect of the Earth's GRA on the orbital motion of the Moon; (iii) the effect of the Sun's GRA on the orbital motion of Mercury. Also, it is shown that the conceptual existence of ʻgravito-rotational dragging (effect)ʼ and its quantitative agreement with GRT-predictions should imply, among other things, that the geometrization of gravity is unnecessary for physics.
Category: Astrophysics

[16] viXra:1512.0352 [pdf] replaced on 2016-01-02 08:12:02

Simple Explanation for the 'Cosmological Red-Shift' and It's Evidence

Authors: Hasmukh K. Tank
Comments: Five-page final version

Photon is a chunk of energy h f, where h Planck’s constant, and f is frequency. Every chunk of energy or mass must produce a gravitational field around it. Now, when this chunk of energy moves from one to another position, in the manner of ‘quantum jumps’, the gravitational-field around the previous position has to collapse, and new field should keep getting established around the new positions. These productions and collapses of gravitational field should give rise to gravitational waves or ripples. These ripples must carry certain amount of energy with them, and this energy can come only from the kinetic energy of the photon. So the energy of the photon should keep on reducing, which we have been observing as the ‘cosmological red-shift’. And we can express this reduction in kinetic-energy of the photon as deceleration of the photon. If such a deceleration is true for a chunk of energy called photon, then it must be true for every particle of matter too. Strikingly, the decelerations experienced by the space-probes Pioneer-10, Pioneer-11, Galileo and Ulysses, as carefully measured by Anderson J.D. et. Al., match perfectly with the deceleration of the ‘cosmologically red-shifting photons’; thus providing supportive evidence for this simple explanation.
Category: Astrophysics

[15] viXra:1512.0348 [pdf] replaced on 2016-01-23 03:18:08

Dark Matter and Weak Field Limit of General Relativity

Authors: Dmitri Martila
Comments: 6 Pages.

Followed the Dr. Cooperstock (the emeritus professor) idea to solve Dark Matter problem by means of Einstein's General Relativity. Then is discovered, what the problem of galaxies (even with help of the proposed novel numerical algorithm) do not converge into needed solution. The reason is obvious: the small factors as the non-azimuthal motion of stars have been neglected. But the exact, the non-approximative, equations are simple enough for the stationary rotating dust cylinder of huge height. Turns out, what weak fields limit of the General Relativity fully coincides with the Newton Gravity
Category: Astrophysics

[14] viXra:1512.0326 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-15 08:02:22

Dark Matter and Supermassive Black Holes

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 17 Pages.

"There seems to be a mysterious link between the amount of dark matter a galaxy holds and the size of its central black hole, even though the two operate on vastly different scales," said Akos Bogdan of the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (CfA). [13] If dark matter comes in both matter and antimatter varieties, it might accumulate inside dense stars to create black holes. [12] For a long time, there were two main theories related to how our universe would end. These were the Big Freeze and the Big Crunch. In short, the Big Crunch claimed that the universe would eventually stop expanding and collapse in on itself. This collapse would result in…well…a big crunch (for lack of a better term). Think “the Big Bang”, except just the opposite. That’s essentially what the Big Crunch is. On the other hand, the Big Freeze claimed that the universe would continue expanding forever, until the cosmos becomes a frozen wasteland. This theory asserts that stars will get farther and farther apart, burn out, and (since there are no more stars bring born) the universe will grown entirely cold and eternally black. [11] Newly published research reveals that dark matter is being swallowed up by dark energy, offering novel insight into the nature of dark matter and dark energy and what the future of our Universe might be. [10] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[13] viXra:1512.0315 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-14 06:59:46

LUX Dark Matter Detector News

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 13 Pages.

The Large Underground Xenon (LUX) dark matter experiment, which operates nearly a mile underground at the Sanford Underground Research Facility (SURF) in the Black Hills of South Dakota, has already proven itself to be the most sensitive detector in the hunt for dark matter, the unseen stuff believed to account for most of the matter in the universe. Now, a new set of calibration techniques employed by LUX scientists has again dramatically improved the detector's sensitivity. [12] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[12] viXra:1512.0311 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-13 14:17:00

Time Runs Backwards Inside Black Holes?

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 8 Pages.

A new research paper published in Physical Review Letters has brought forward a significant new understanding of general relativity laws, and has found some strange physics taking place inside black holes. Specifically, that the direction of time could be reversed within them. [9] Considering the positive logarithmic values as the measure of entropy and the negative logarithmic values as the measure of information we get the Information – Entropy Theory of Physics, used first as the model of the computer chess program built in the Hungarian Academy of Sciences. Applying this model to physics we have an understanding of the perturbation theory of the QED and QCD as the Information measure of Physics. We have an insight to the current research of Quantum Information Science. The generalization of the Weak Interaction shows the arrow of time in the associate research fields of the biophysics and others. We discuss also the event horizon of the Black Holes, closing the information inside.
Category: Astrophysics

[11] viXra:1512.0309 [pdf] replaced on 2015-12-19 16:41:06

A New Dark Matter Density Profile for NGC 3198 Galaxy to Demonstrate that Dark Matter is Generated by Gravitational Field

Authors: Manuel Abarca Hernandez
Comments: 16 Pages. Calculus has been made with bigger accuracy.

The main target this paper is to check a theory about dark matter nature, which was published by the author in previous papers. It was postulated and supported, with several experimental evidences, that dark matter density is a function which depend on E, gravitational field, according to an Universal law for big galaxies. Current paper studies a similar law for NGC 3198, which is an intermediate galaxy belong to Ursa Major cluster, 14 Mpc away. In this work has been fitted a new function for DM density as power of E. Reader could think, why disturb me with a new DM density profile, called Bernoulli profile in this paper, whose values have relative differences with NFW ones below 5%? The reason is clear. This DM profile has been got starting from hypothesis that DM is generated by the own gravitational field. Therefore if DM Bernoulli profile fits perfectly to observational data of DM and NFW profile as well then it is possible conclude that observational data supports author´s hypothesis about DM nature. To find reasons that author has to do so daring statement, reader can consult [1] Abarca,M.2014. Dark matter model by quantum vacuum and [2] Abarca,M.2015. Dark matter density function depending on gravitational field as Universal law Briefly will be explained method followed to develop this paper. Firstly are presented rotation curve and table with data about DM density inside halo of NGC 3198 galaxy. These data come from [3] E.V. Karukes, 2015. In fourth epigraph, starting from spin speed from Karukes data, it is right to calculate gravitational field E, through Virial theorem. So in this epigraph has been tabulate gravitational field and density of dark matter inside a wide region of halo, from 18 kpc to 46 Kpc. In fifth epigraph has been fitted data of DM density as power of gravitational field, E, with a correlation coefficient bigger than 0,99. Particularly formula found is Density Dark matter = A • E^B Where A= 4,04598703 •10^-5 and B= 1,70654481 In sixth and seventh epigraph it has been compared DM density data, DM density as power of E, NFW & Burket profiles. Tables and plots show clearly that DM density power of E adjusts better than the other ones. In eight epigraph it is considered derivative of gravitational in halo region where density of baryonic matter is negligible. As consequence M´(r ) = 4 pi r^2 • Density Dark matter (r) and considering that Dark matter = A • E^B then M´(r ) = 4 pi r^2 • A • E^B. If M´(r) is replaced on derivative of E (r) then it is got a Bernoulli differential equation whose solution is a new DM density profile. To integrate differential equation has been taken four different values for gravitational field at four different radius to check accuracy of integration parameter. In nineth epigraph Bernoulli, NFW and Burket DM density profiles have been compared to Karukes data of DM density. Results show clearly that Bernoulli profile fits better than the other ones. Paper finish concluding that results supports clearly hypothesis about DM nature defended by the autor.
Category: Astrophysics

[10] viXra:1512.0306 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-13 00:03:56

1st Brain Impulse Interpretation for Super Fluid Matrix Theory

Authors: Sudhanva joshi
Comments: 5 Pages.

This are series of papers I intend to publish in order for full collection of a theory(neurobiological implication of super fluid matrix theory).This is 1st installment of the same.
Category: Astrophysics

[9] viXra:1512.0285 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-11 13:06:15

LISA Pathfinder for Gravitational Waves

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 10 Pages.

The European Space Agency (ESA) has launched a concept mission to test the technology required for a space-based gravitational-wave observatory. Sent into space today at 04:15 GMT (05:15 CET) on a Vega rocket from Kourou in French Guiana, LISA Pathfinder will now make its way to "Lagrange Point 1". Lying about 1.5 million kilometers from Earth in the direction of the Sun, this point in space provides a very stable environment to control the precision of the instruments on the satellite. The launch of LISA Pathfinder marks the 100th anniversary of Albert Einstein's general theory of relativity. [6] We are more than ready to hear the plucked strings of space-time. Last Friday, the revamped LIGO took its first observations – a step towards picking up the ripples that Einstein predicted should come from exotic cosmic collisions. [5] Scientists at the National Institute for Space Research in Brazil say an undiscovered type of matter could be found in neutron stars (illustration shown). Here matter is so dense that it could be 'squashed' into strange matter. This would create an entire 'strange star' - unlike anything we have seen. [4] The changing acceleration of the electrons explains the created negative electric field of the magnetic induction, the electromagnetic inertia, the changing relativistic mass and the Gravitational Force, giving a Unified Theory of the physical forces. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators also, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions.
Category: Astrophysics

[8] viXra:1512.0267 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-08 14:56:21

Fermionic Dark Matter and Black Holes

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 16 Pages.

Gamma-ray observations of dark matter spikes near supermassive black holes provide a test of fermionic dark matter models. [13] If dark matter comes in both matter and antimatter varieties, it might accumulate inside dense stars to create black holes. [12] For a long time, there were two main theories related to how our universe would end. These were the Big Freeze and the Big Crunch. In short, the Big Crunch claimed that the universe would eventually stop expanding and collapse in on itself. This collapse would result in…well…a big crunch (for lack of a better term). Think “the Big Bang”, except just the opposite. That’s essentially what the Big Crunch is. On the other hand, the Big Freeze claimed that the universe would continue expanding forever, until the cosmos becomes a frozen wasteland. This theory asserts that stars will get farther and farther apart, burn out, and (since there are no more stars bring born) the universe will grown entirely cold and eternally black. [11] Newly published research reveals that dark matter is being swallowed up by dark energy, offering novel insight into the nature of dark matter and dark energy and what the future of our Universe might be. [10] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[7] viXra:1512.0245 [pdf] replaced on 2016-02-06 09:26:59

On the Theory of Gamma-ray and Fast Radio Bursts

Authors: Dmitriy Skripachov
Comments: 11 Pages.

Gamma-ray bursts are characterized by energy comparable to the rest mass of stars and duration comparable to the time of passage of light of several diameters of star. It means GRBs signal the flares occur when stars fall on supermassive neutron collapsars (SMNC) located at the centers of galaxies. Long, short, very short and weak GRBs are matched the fall of main sequence stars, white dwarfs, neutron stars (NS) and rogue planets, respectively. GRB is the result of heating of star caused by the action of three factors: transverse compression of angular convergence to SMNC, friction of light matter (LM), and volumetric compression of the entry into gravitationally distended space. GRB is a circular flare in the stellar corona. GRB lasts until the star will be hidden under the π-horizon, on which the angle of gravitational deflection of beams is 180°. Multiple peaks are caused by the fall of binary stars and stars with planets, as well as by consecutive bursts of stellar core and overlying layers. Early afterglow is due to the annihilation, and later (x-ray and radio) due to aurora and remanence of LM. FRB precedes very short GRB. Milliseconds before GRB, "magnetic lightning" arises, which is a reconnection of magnetic field lines from NS anterior pole to SMNC. Magnetic dipoles of LM nuclei are aligned along the magnetic lines of force. This is accompanied by radio emission generated strictly perpendicular magnetic tube connecting NS and SMNC. Gravitation bends the plane of FRB in the hyperboloid with the cone angle of 40°. Double FRB is due to gravitational lensing, emerging with a small angle between the axis of cone and the direction to us. In this case, the linear polarization of adjacent pulses will not coincide.
Category: Astrophysics

[6] viXra:1512.0123 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-04 04:24:46

Missing Matter of the Universe

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 10 Pages.

Matter known as ordinary, which makes up everything we know, corresponds to only 5% of the Universe. Approximately half of this percentage still eluded detection. Numerical simulations made it possible to predict that the rest of this ordinary matter should be located in the large-scale structures that form the 'cosmic web' at temperatures between 100,000 and 10 million degrees. A team led by a researcher from the University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland, observed this phenomenon directly. The research shows that the majority of the missing ordinary matter is found in the form of a very hot gas associated with intergalactic filaments. The article reporting this discovery is published in the journal Nature. [7] Astronomers in Germany have developed an artificial intelligence algorithm to help them chart and explain the structure and dynamics of the universe around us with unprecedented accuracy. The team, led by Francisco Kitaura of the Leibniz Institute for Astrophysics in Potsdam, report their results in the journal Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. [6] This paper explains the Accelerating Universe, the Special and General Relativity from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the moving electric charges. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron’s spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Relativistic Quantum Theories. The Big Bang caused acceleration created the radial currents of the matter and since the matter composed of negative and positive charges, these currents are creating magnetic field and attracting forces between the parallel moving electric currents. This is the gravitational force experienced by the matter, and also the mass is result of the electromagnetic forces between the charged particles. The positive and negative charged currents attracts each other or by the magnetic forces or by the much stronger electrostatic forces. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy.
Category: Astrophysics

[5] viXra:1512.0014 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-02 08:15:50

Dark Matter and Dark Energy in the Universe

Authors: Thierry Delort
Comments: 45 Pages.

In this article, we propose a new model of dark matter. According to this new model, dark matter is a substance, that is a new physical element not constituted of classical particles, called dark substance and filling the Universe. Assuming some very simple physical properties to this dark substance, we will theoretically justify the flat rotation curve of galaxies and the baryonic Tully-Fisher’s law. Then we will give a physical interpretation of the CMB Rest Frame (CRF). With the new model of dark matter, we will be naturally led to propose a new geometric model of the Universe, finite and not proposed by the Standard Cosmological model (SCM). We then will propose a first mathematical model of expansion of the Universe, based on General Relativity as the SCM, and in which the CMB rest frame plays an important role. This 1st model leads to the same mathematical predictions as the SCM. But we will propose also a 2nd mathematical model of expansion of the Universe, which is mathematically much simpler than General Relativity, but with theoretical predictions in agreement with the experimental data given by astronomical observations. Moreover this 2nd mathematical model does not need the existence of a dark energy, and consequently brings a solution to the enigma of dark matter. After this we will study according to the new proposed theory the different models of distribution of dark matter in galaxies. Then we will study the velocities of galaxies in clusters according to this distribution of dark matter, the evolution of the temperature of dark substance in the Universe and we will make appear the existence of a dark energy, due to our model of dark matter and to the expansion of the Universe.
Category: Astrophysics

[4] viXra:1512.0013 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-02 08:17:34

A New Addition to the Stellar Metamorphsis. the Merlin Hypothesis

Authors: Ben S. Dover, Micheal T Hunt, Christopher S Peacock
Comments: 4 Pages.

Assumptions are the basis of astrophysical processes. The fitting of microscopic-theories such as nuclear and quantum physics into macro processes like stellar evolution is akin to modelling wood to describe the basic function of a garden shed. Recently a new model of planet formation has been proposed by Amrinder Singh which helps do away with baseless assumptions of modern physics. Here we propose a new addition to the hypothesis which we've nicknamed the MERLIN hypothesis.
Category: Astrophysics

[3] viXra:1512.0011 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-02 06:40:43

The Algorithm Simulation of the Orbits of Objects Differential Equation Second-Order Curves

Authors: Viktor Strohm
Comments: 13 Pages.

In this paper we consider the algorithm for calculation of motion of bodies, using the coherent graph. The graph is built through solving a differential equation of second order curves , using theorem of the center of mass and transition from a consecutive number of relative coordinates to absolute system of coordinates.
Category: Astrophysics

[2] viXra:1512.0009 [pdf] replaced on 2016-01-08 21:44:49

The Electromagnetic Wave Electric Field Force Thruster - Vacuum Tensor Drive

Authors: Zhixian Lin
Comments: 9 Pages.

As we know that Newton's law considers vacuum as empty, force between objects passing through action at a distance. But in Electromagnetism, vacuum is not considered as empty but considered as continuum, force between objects passing through vacuum. It means that Newton's law may not work if vacuum must be considered. We know that on the electromagnetic wave propagation path, the direction of electric field at a point changes periodically. If there is a charged object at the point also changes its charge property periodically with the same frequency, then the electric field force direction on the object will not change. Therefore, the object will do directional movement. Based on this, it is possible to design a spacecraft does not follow Newton's law. And the calculation suggests that the thrust can be much higher than radiation pressure. With the Electromagnetic Momentum Conservation Equation, this paper proved that in a limited space, Newton's second law may not work although it still work in the whole universe. Also with the Electromagnetic Momentum Conservation Equation, this paper explained why in quantum mechanics at the particle level, particles usually do not follow Newton's second law.
Category: Astrophysics

[1] viXra:1512.0001 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-01 01:39:39

Nikitin V. N., Nikitin I.v. Well, Why You Such Accurate? at Last We "Got to the Core" and Estimated All Beauty and Elegance of Galaxies! Unfortunately, Scientists Should Curtail the Software Developments to Creation of the Mystical Space Elevator and More

Authors: Nikitin V. N., Nikitin I.V.
Comments: 1 Page.

At last we "got to the core" and estimated all beauty and elegance of galaxies! Unfortunately, scientists should curtail the software developments to creation of the mystical space elevator and more actively to be engaged in quantum gravitation! Gravitation is dynamic
Category: Astrophysics