Astrophysics

1601 Submissions

[22] viXra:1601.0367 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-31 20:12:19

Photon is a Promising Candidate for Dark Matter.

Authors: Terubumi Honjou
Comments: 16 Pages.

The hypothesis of subatomic particles. photon is a promising candidate for dark matter. Light has a mass in four-dimensional space, could become a candidate for dark matter. In the physics of current light propagates at the speed of light, the mass is zero; That is the equivalent in mass and energy according to the equation E = mc2, and. So, say that E/c2 = m, energy has mass. Full of outer-space according to the principle of dark energy pulsating light (Photon Group) are pulsating at the Planck time in 4-dimensional space. Observation of three-dimensional space represented as a horizontal line of mass zero, zero, zero is the mass of light pulsates, Photon Group, was up and down from the horizontal component is ±0. represents a mass having mass m and light in 4-dimensional space is the. If has been zero mass and light mass, would be good candidates for dark matter. Found total out as dark matter mass discovery of the neutrino recently became the subject of the Nobel Prize in neutrinos have been expected as a prime candidate for dark matter, but as a result account for 23% of the universe, dark matter. Total mass of the photon of light has mass, then filled in space would be enough as a dark matter;
Category: Astrophysics

[21] viXra:1601.0361 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-31 12:09:57

Hypothesis of Pulsation Principle

Authors: Terubumi Honjou
Comments: 15 Pages.

Hypothesis of Pulsation principle. The physics of dark energy (2) The discovery of the new 4-d space. Four dimensional space is not Carter Klein space advocate. Pulsating hypothesis) The density of dark energy in the vacuum space filled with horizontal lines. The horizontal setting and zero. Energy wave picture showed changes in the energy density, 3D space we are aware horizontal line. Set the upper and lower parts of the horizon is 4-dimensional space. In repeatedly Planck time period pulsating particle oscillation hypothesis is a hypothesis. Assuming the wave of changes in the density of dark energy and matter waves that propagate at the speed of light. theoretical evidence supporting the existence of dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[20] viXra:1601.0320 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-30 07:16:03

The Differences Between Wormholes and Black-Holes

Authors: Yibing Qiu
Comments: 1 Page.

Abstract: giving the differences between wormholes and black-holes.
Category: Astrophysics

[19] viXra:1601.0284 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-26 08:29:50

Measuring the Acceleration of the Universe

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 9 Pages.

Dark matter and dark energy are two of the greatest mysteries of the universe, still perplexing scientists worldwide. Solving these scientific conundrums may require a comprehensive approach in which theories, computations and ground-based observations are complemented by a fleet of spacecraft studying the dark universe. One of the space missions that could be essential to our understanding of these mysteries is European Space Agency's (ESA) Euclid probe, designed to unveil the secrets of dark energy and dark matter by accurately measuring the acceleration of the universe. [6] This paper explains the Accelerating Universe, the Special and General Relativity from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the moving electric charges. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron’s spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Relativistic Quantum Theories. The Big Bang caused acceleration created the radial currents of the matter and since the matter composed of negative and positive charges, these currents are creating magnetic field and attracting forces between the parallel moving electric currents. This is the gravitational force experienced by the matter, and also the mass is result of the electromagnetic forces between the charged particles. The positive and negative charged currents attracts each other or by the magnetic forces or by the much stronger electrostatic forces. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy.
Category: Astrophysics

[18] viXra:1601.0244 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-22 14:27:11

The Spectrums of the Most Ancient Stars According to Stellar Metamorphosis

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 1 Page.

A non-contradictory statement concerning the measurement of the spectral characteristics of the most ancient stars is provided.
Category: Astrophysics

[17] viXra:1601.0242 [pdf] replaced on 2016-08-14 14:14:45

A New Dark Matter Density Profile for M31 Galaxy to Demonstrate that Dark Matter is Generated by Gravitational Field

Authors: Manuel Abarca Hernandez
Comments: 22 Pages. V3 - It is calculated halo mass by integration of Bernoulli profile and compared with halo mass NFW.

The main target this paper is to check a theory about dark matter nature, which was published by the author in previous papers. It was postulated it that dark matter density is a function which depend on E, gravitational field. Also were proposed several experimental test to check that theory. In this work has been calculated a new function for DM density for M31. Reader could think, why disturb me with a new DM density profile, called Bernoulli profile in this paper, whose values have relative differences with NFW ones below 10%? The reason is clear. This DM profile has been got starting from hypothesis that DM is generated by the own gravitational field. Therefore if DM Bernoulli profile fits perfectly to NFW DM profile then it is possible conclude that observational data supports author´s hypothesis about DM nature. To find reasons that author has to do so daring statement, reader can consult [1] Abarca,M.2014. Dark matter model by quantum vacuum. [2] Abarca,M.2015. Dark matter density function depending on gravitational field as Universal law. [3] Abarca,M.2015. A new dark matter density profile for NGC 3198 galaxy to demonstrate that dark matter is generated by gravitational field. [ 9] Abarca,M.2016.A New Dark Matter Density Profile as Power of Gravitational Field for Coma Cluster. Briefly will be explained method followed to develop this paper. Firstly are presented rotation curve and table with data about rotational velocity depending on radius inside M31 galaxy. These data come from [5]Sofue,Y.2015. In fourth epigraph, considering rotation curve of M31 from Sofue data, has been tabulate gravitational field inside a wide region of halo, from 40 kpc to 300 Kpc. In fifth epigraphs has been tabulated data of NFW DM density profile published by [5] Sofue, Y.2015. for M31. In sixth epigraph has been fitted data of NFW DM density profile as power of gravitational field, E. Particularly formula found is DM density= A*E^B. Where A = 0,0012004275 B= 1.878838501 and correlation coefficient r = 0,9996041653 into I.S. of units. In seventh epigraph it has been compared DM density as power of E and NFW profiles. Tables and plots show clearly that relative differences between both profiles are mainly below 6%. In eight epigraph it is considered derivative of gravitational field, E, in halo region where density of baryonic matter is negligible regarding DM density. As consequence it is got a Bernoulli differential equation whose solution allows to get a new DM density profile called hereafter Bernoulli density profile. In nineth epigraph Bernoulli and NFW DM density profiles have been compared. Its relative differences are below 10% for radius bigger than 100 kpc, and below 12% from 40 kpc to 100 kpc. This is a super result, speciallly if it is considered that Do parameter of NFW profile has 10,7 % as relative error. In addition Bernoulli density is rewritten with a similar formula to NFW profile thanks a variable change. In tenth chapter has been calculated total masses under radius 200 kpc, 385 kpc and 475 kpc through NFW profile and Bernoulli profile. Last one profile is very hard to integrate but thanks Wolfram alpha software on line it has been possible.
Category: Astrophysics

[16] viXra:1601.0218 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-20 12:46:32

Dark Matter Speed Test

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 18 Pages.

Analyzing the motion of X-ray sources could help researchers identify dark matter signals. [15] Gamma-ray observations of dark matter spikes near supermassive black holes provide a test of fermionic dark matter models. [13] If dark matter comes in both matter and antimatter varieties, it might accumulate inside dense stars to create black holes. [12] For a long time, there were two main theories related to how our universe would end. These were the Big Freeze and the Big Crunch. In short, the Big Crunch claimed that the universe would eventually stop expanding and collapse in on itself. This collapse would result in…well…a big crunch (for lack of a better term). Think “the Big Bang”, except just the opposite. That’s essentially what the Big Crunch is. On the other hand, the Big Freeze claimed that the universe would continue expanding forever, until the cosmos becomes a frozen wasteland. This theory asserts that stars will get farther and farther apart, burn out, and (since there are no more stars bring born) the universe will grown entirely cold and eternally black. [11] Newly published research reveals that dark matter is being swallowed up by dark energy, offering novel insight into the nature of dark matter and dark energy and what the future of our Universe might be. [10] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[15] viXra:1601.0197 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-17 17:52:15

Magnetic Flux Amplification and Magnetosphere Evolution During Stellar Metamorphosis

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 1 Page.

An alternative type of magnetochronology as applied to stellar evolution is hypothesized in light of the General Theory of Stellar Metamorphosis. The presence of a core structure can be determined by whether the star has a strong global magnetic field, as well as other inferences.
Category: Astrophysics

[14] viXra:1601.0186 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-17 10:14:55

Dynamic Gravitational Red-Shift Experienced by Intergalactic-Photons Possibly-Observed as the ‘Cosmological Red-Shift'

Authors: Hasmukh K. Tank
Comments: Single page preliminary note

Photon is a chunk of energy h f where h is Planck’s constant, and f the frequency. Every chunk of energy has to produce a gravitational field around it. The ‘particle’ photon travels in the manner of ‘quantum jumps’; whereas the field travels in the manner of ‘waves’. Therefore, when the photon jumps to a new position from ‘a’ to ‘b’ at a distance, say equal to its ‘wavelength’, the gravitational-field produced by its previous position ‘a’ is present there; so the ‘photon’ experiences the ‘gravitational red-shift’. By this time the gravitational-field around the position ‘a’ collapses and new field at the position ‘b’ gets established; so when the photon jumps to a new position ‘c’, it has to ‘climb’ the gravitational potential-well produced at ‘b’; and so it again experiences the gravitational red-shift. This process continues for every jump of the photon, reducing its frequency at every step. It is proposed here that the ‘cosmological red-shift’, first observed by Edwin Hubble, is possibly caused by this mechanism, termed here as ‘dynamic gravitational red-shift’.
Category: Astrophysics

[13] viXra:1601.0171 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-15 18:18:38

The Principle of Planet Formation

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 1 Page. 1 reference

Anthony Abruzzo hypothesized the foundational understanding that planets are by-products of stellar evolution, and not the by-products of their formation. The principle is described below. The title of Abruzzo's paper is misleading, as this is a new understanding and requires that a considerable amount of discernment be used.
Category: Astrophysics

[12] viXra:1601.0159 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-15 03:26:31

Dark Energy in Supercomputers

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 19 Pages.

Next-generation telescopic surveys will work hand-in-hand with supercomputers to study the nature of dark energy. [15] Gamma-ray observations of dark matter spikes near supermassive black holes provide a test of fermionic dark matter models. [13] If dark matter comes in both matter and antimatter varieties, it might accumulate inside dense stars to create black holes. [12] For a long time, there were two main theories related to how our universe would end. These were the Big Freeze and the Big Crunch. In short, the Big Crunch claimed that the universe would eventually stop expanding and collapse in on itself. This collapse would result in…well…a big crunch (for lack of a better term). Think “the Big Bang”, except just the opposite. That’s essentially what the Big Crunch is. On the other hand, the Big Freeze claimed that the universe would continue expanding forever, until the cosmos becomes a frozen wasteland. This theory asserts that stars will get farther and farther apart, burn out, and (since there are no more stars bring born) the universe will grown entirely cold and eternally black. [11] Newly published research reveals that dark matter is being swallowed up by dark energy, offering novel insight into the nature of dark matter and dark energy and what the future of our Universe might be. [10] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[11] viXra:1601.0157 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-14 11:30:46

The Astrodynamics and Mechanics of Orbital Spaceflight

Authors: Vedant Chandra
Comments: 11 Pages.

The study of orbital mechanics is vast and fascinating, but requires a prerequisite knowledge of some basic concepts. This paper aims to be a formal introduction into the field of astrodynamics. It teaches the tools and measures used to describe spaceflight, and will give the reader a strong base upon which to pursue further study.
Category: Astrophysics

[10] viXra:1601.0143 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-13 08:08:20

The Mass Loss Principle

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 1 Page.

A simple principle of stellar evolution/planet formation is presented in light of the general theory of stellar metamorphosis.
Category: Astrophysics

[9] viXra:1601.0142 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-13 09:19:43

The Phase Transition Principle

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 1 Page.

A simple principle of stellar evolution/planet formation is presented in light of the general theory of stellar metamorphosis.
Category: Astrophysics

[8] viXra:1601.0072 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-08 03:20:32

Galaxy Quakes and Dark Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 21 Pages.

A trio of brightly pulsating stars at the outskirts of the Milky Way is racing away from the galaxy and may confirm a method for detecting dwarf galaxies dominated by dark matter and explain ripples in the outer disk of the galaxy. [16] A recent uptick in the discovery of the smallest, oldest galaxies benefits studies of dark matter, galaxy formation and the evolution of the universe. [15] Gamma-ray observations of dark matter spikes near supermassive black holes provide a test of fermionic dark matter models. [13] If dark matter comes in both matter and antimatter varieties, it might accumulate inside dense stars to create black holes. [12] For a long time, there were two main theories related to how our universe would end. These were the Big Freeze and the Big Crunch. In short, the Big Crunch claimed that the universe would eventually stop expanding and collapse in on itself. This collapse would result in…well…a big crunch (for lack of a better term). Think “the Big Bang”, except just the opposite. That’s essentially what the Big Crunch is. On the other hand, the Big Freeze claimed that the universe would continue expanding forever, until the cosmos becomes a frozen wasteland. This theory asserts that stars will get farther and farther apart, burn out, and (since there are no more stars bring born) the universe will grown entirely cold and eternally black. [11] Newly published research reveals that dark matter is being swallowed up by dark energy, offering novel insight into the nature of dark matter and dark energy and what the future of our Universe might be. [10] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[7] viXra:1601.0055 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-07 06:55:25

Evidence for New State of Hydrogen

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 10 Pages.

Scientists have recreated an elusive form of the material that makes up much of the giant planets in our solar system, and the sun. [10] Stephen Hawking described it as the most spectacular failure of any physical theory in history. Can a new theory of information rescue cosmologists? [9] Considering the positive logarithmic values as the measure of entropy and the negative logarithmic values as the measure of information we get the Information – Entropy Theory of Physics, used first as the model of the computer chess program built in the Hungarian Academy of Sciences. Applying this model to physics we have an understanding of the perturbation theory of the QED and QCD as the Information measure of Physics. We have an insight to the current research of Quantum Information Science. The generalization of the Weak Interaction shows the arrow of time in the associate research fields of the biophysics and others. We discuss also the event horizon of the Black Holes, closing the information inside.
Category: Astrophysics

[6] viXra:1601.0050 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-06 11:30:46

Dark Matter of Dwarf Galaxies

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 20 Pages.

A recent uptick in the discovery of the smallest, oldest galaxies benefits studies of dark matter, galaxy formation and the evolution of the universe. [15] Gamma-ray observations of dark matter spikes near supermassive black holes provide a test of fermionic dark matter models. [13] If dark matter comes in both matter and antimatter varieties, it might accumulate inside dense stars to create black holes. [12] For a long time, there were two main theories related to how our universe would end. These were the Big Freeze and the Big Crunch. In short, the Big Crunch claimed that the universe would eventually stop expanding and collapse in on itself. This collapse would result in…well…a big crunch (for lack of a better term). Think “the Big Bang”, except just the opposite. That’s essentially what the Big Crunch is. On the other hand, the Big Freeze claimed that the universe would continue expanding forever, until the cosmos becomes a frozen wasteland. This theory asserts that stars will get farther and farther apart, burn out, and (since there are no more stars bring born) the universe will grown entirely cold and eternally black. [11] Newly published research reveals that dark matter is being swallowed up by dark energy, offering novel insight into the nature of dark matter and dark energy and what the future of our Universe might be. [10] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[5] viXra:1601.0044 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-06 10:11:52

Gravity-Based Explanation for the 'Cosmological Red-Shift' and It's Evidence

Authors: Hasmukh K. Tank
Comments: Eight-page Letter

We first find here that the ratio of: (loss in energy of cosmologically red-shifting photon) and (loss in electrostatic potential-energy of an electron at the same distance D) remains equal to the famous ratio (G me mp) / e2 leading us towards a possibility that ‘cosmological red-shift’ may be due to gravitational effect. So we consider three different possibilities how the reduction in energy of the photon can be understood in terms of gravitational effects; namely: (i) absorption and re-emission of intergalactic photons by the ‘virtual particles’ in space, (ii) photons have to climb the gravitational potential well produced by their own energy, and (iii) the quantum jumps of the photons causing repeated productions and collapses of gravitational fields giving rise to gravitational waves or ripples. Then it is argued that if such a deceleration is true for a chunk of energy called photon, then it must be true for every particle of matter too. Strikingly, the decelerations experienced by the space-probes Pioneer-10, Pioneer-11, Galileo and Ulysses, as carefully measured by Anderson J.D. et. al. match perfectly with the deceleration of the ‘cosmologically red-shifting photons’; thus providing supportive evidence for the simple explanation proposed here.
Category: Astrophysics

[4] viXra:1601.0041 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-05 21:44:29

"Rings of a Super Saturn" as Published in Scientific American Vs. Stellar Metamorphosis

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 5 Pages.

An overview of an article published in the January, 2016 issue of Scientific American in opposition to stellar metamorphosis theory is presented.
Category: Astrophysics

[3] viXra:1601.0015 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-03 11:40:45

Dark Matter Detection Model

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 17 Pages.

Gamma-ray observations of dark matter spikes near supermassive black holes provide a test of fermionic dark matter models. [13] If dark matter comes in both matter and antimatter varieties, it might accumulate inside dense stars to create black holes. [12] For a long time, there were two main theories related to how our universe would end. These were the Big Freeze and the Big Crunch. In short, the Big Crunch claimed that the universe would eventually stop expanding and collapse in on itself. This collapse would result in…well…a big crunch (for lack of a better term). Think “the Big Bang”, except just the opposite. That’s essentially what the Big Crunch is. On the other hand, the Big Freeze claimed that the universe would continue expanding forever, until the cosmos becomes a frozen wasteland. This theory asserts that stars will get farther and farther apart, burn out, and (since there are no more stars bring born) the universe will grown entirely cold and eternally black. [11] Newly published research reveals that dark matter is being swallowed up by dark energy, offering novel insight into the nature of dark matter and dark energy and what the future of our Universe might be. [10] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[2] viXra:1601.0014 [pdf] replaced on 2016-01-10 10:09:54

A New Dark Matter Density Profile for M33 Galaxy to Demonstrate that Dark Matter is Generated by Gravitational Field

Authors: Manuel Abarca Hernandez
Comments: 32 Pages. Contains new chapters where have been shwon that it is possible to extrapolate the new DM profile outside dominion data.

The main target this paper is to check a theory about dark matter nature, which was published by the author in previous papers. It was postulated and supported, with several experimental evidences, that dark matter density is a function which depend on E, gravitational field. That paper studied six big galaxies whose velocity in flat area of rotation curve is bigger than 200 km/s. Current paper studies a similar law for M33, which is an intermediate satellite galaxy of M31, it is 850 kpc away from Earth and its velocity in flat area of rotation curve is approximately 120 km/s. In this work has been calculated a new function for DM density for M33. Reader could think, why disturb me with a new DM density profile, called Bernoulli profile in this paper, whose values have relative differences with Burket ones below 2%? The reason is clear. This DM profile has been got starting from hypothesis that DM is generated by the own gravitational field. Therefore if DM Bernoulli profile fits perfectly to Burket DM profile then it is possible conclude that observational data supports author´s hypothesis about DM nature. To find reasons that author has to do so daring statement, reader can consult [1] Abarca,M.2014. Dark matter model by quantum vacuum. [2] Abarca,M.2015. Dark matter density function depending on gravitational field as Universal law. [3] Abarca,M.2015. A new dark matter density profile for NGC 3198 galaxy to demonstrate that dark matter is generated by gravitational field. Briefly will be explained method followed to develop this paper. Firstly are presented rotation curve and table with data about DM density inside halo of M33 galaxy. These data come from [4] E. Corbelli, 2014. In fourth epigraph, considering rotation curve of M33 from Corbelli data, it is right to calculate gravitational field E, through Virial theorem. So in this epigraph has been tabulate gravitational field inside a wide region of halo, from 8 kpc to 22 Kpc. In fifth epigraphs has been tabulated and plotted data of Burket DM density profile published by [4] E. Corbelli, 2014. for M33. In sixth epigraph has been fitted data of Burket DM density profile as power of gravitational field, E, with a correlation coefficient bigger than 0,999. Particularly formula found is Density of D.M = A•E^B. Where A= 29,02219371 and B= 2,242193511 into I.S. of units. In seventh epigraph it has been compared DM density as power of E and Burket profiles. Tables and plots show clearly that relative differences between both profiles are mainly below 5%. In eight epigraph it is considered derivative of gravitational field in halo region where density of baryonic matter is negligible regarding DM density. As consequence M´(r)= 4Pi•r^2•D.M Density. Considering that Density D.M = A•E^B then M´(r) = 4Pi • r^2 •A•E^B. If M´(r) is replaced on derivative of E (r) then it is got a Bernoulli differential equation whose solution allows to get a new DM density profile through formula Density D.M = A•E^B. In nineth epigraph Bernoulli and Burket DM density profiles have been compared. Its relative differences are below 2% for radius bigger than 10 kpc, which is a superb result. The tenth chapter makes a comparison between DM densities as power of E for M33 and NGC 3198 galaxies. The goal is to show a general law for galaxies: the more massive galaxy is the less DM density at a specific value of E. In the eleven chapter it is fitted DM density as power of E for a reduced data set, and it is studied its behaviour outside dominion regression. In chapter twelve DM Bernoulli profile is extrapolated up to 70 kpc and it is compared with Burket profile.
Category: Astrophysics

[1] viXra:1601.0010 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-02 13:05:02

Wormholes are Quantum Entangled Black Holes?

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 15 Pages.

Two separate research groups, one of which is from MIT, have presented evidence that wormholes — tunnels that may allow us to travel through time and space — are “powered” by quantum entanglement. Furthermore, one of the research groups also postulates the reverse — that quantum entangled particles are connected by miniature wormholes. [6] A collaboration of physicists and a mathematician has made a significant step toward unifying general relativity and quantum mechanics by explaining how spacetime emerges from quantum entanglement in a more fundamental theory. [5] Time is an emergent phenomenon that is a side effect of quantum entanglement, say physicists. And they have the first experimental results to prove it. [4] The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron’s spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry.
Category: Astrophysics