Astrophysics

1607 Submissions

[35] viXra:1607.0556 [pdf] replaced on 2016-08-03 08:11:01

A Subatomic Replica of Our Solar System. Macrocosmos and Microcosmos. As Above! So Below!

Authors: Espen Gaarder Haug
Comments: 4 Pages.

In this paper we show that each planet and sun (star) has a mathematical subatomic twin. Each planetary twin particle has exactly the same mathematical properties as its substantially larger twin planet or Sun. From a planet's twin particle we get the planet's escape velocity, its solar deflection, and its red shift. If we arrange these solar system twin particles with their relative distances as our real solar system then they will, based on Newton's law of gravitation, have the same orbital velocities as the true solar system. In other words, we have created a subatomic world that in many respects is a replica of the Macrocosmos.
Category: Astrophysics

[34] viXra:1607.0555 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-30 15:44:54

The Vortex Principle of Stellar Metamorphosis

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 1 Page.

In this paper it is explained that a star/planet or star system in a disk configuration cannot be formed in a vortex according to stellar metamorphosis.
Category: Astrophysics

[33] viXra:1607.0554 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-30 08:57:24

Combining Physics Techniques

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 20 Pages.

Among the intriguing issues in plasma physics are those surrounding X-ray pulsars—collapsed stars that orbit around a cosmic companion and beam light at regular intervals, like lighthouses in the sky. Physicists want to know the strength of the magnetic field and density of the plasma that surrounds these pulsars, which can be millions of times greater than the density of plasma in stars like the sun. [12] In a lovely demonstration of light's quantum effects, physicists in the UK have just mixed a molecule with light at room temperature for the first time ever. [11] A team of researchers with members from Germany, the U.S. and Russia has found a way to measure the time it takes for an electron in an atom to respond to a pulse of light. [10] As an elementary particle, the electron cannot be broken down into smaller particles, at least as far as is currently known. However, in a phenomenon called electron fractionalization, in certain materials an electron can be broken down into smaller "charge pulses," each of which carries a fraction of the electron's charge. Although electron fractionalization has many interesting implications, its origins are not well understood. [9] New ideas for interactions and particles: This paper examines the possibility to origin the Spontaneously Broken Symmetries from the Planck Distribution Law. This way we get a Unification of the Strong, Electromagnetic, and Weak Interactions from the interference occurrences of oscillators. Understanding that the relativistic mass change is the result of the magnetic induction we arrive to the conclusion that the Gravitational Force is also based on the electromagnetic forces, getting a Unified Relativistic Quantum Theory of all 4 Interactions.
Category: Astrophysics

[32] viXra:1607.0552 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-30 01:44:34

Star Forming Magnetic Fields

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 10 Pages.

The scientists analyze the magnetic field strengths and show that, even in the least massive fragment the field is not strong enough to inhibit gravitational collapse. In fact, they find indications that gravity, as it pulls material inward, drags the magnetic field lines along. [7] Astronomers have shed new light on the rarest and brightest exploding stars ever discovered in the universe. Their research proposes that the brightest exploding stars, called super-luminous supernovae, are powered by magnetars -- small and incredibly dense neutron stars, with gigantic magnetic fields, that spin hundreds of times a second. [6] This paper explains the Accelerating Universe, the Special and General Relativity from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the moving electric charges. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron’s spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Relativistic Quantum Theories. The Big Bang caused acceleration created the radial currents of the matter and since the matter composed of negative and positive charges, these currents are creating magnetic field and attracting forces between the parallel moving electric currents. This is the gravitational force experienced by the matter, and also the mass is result of the electromagnetic forces between the charged particles. The positive and negative charged currents attracts each other or by the magnetic forces or by the much stronger electrostatic forces. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy.
Category: Astrophysics

[31] viXra:1607.0532 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-27 21:03:02

Stellar Age Delineation of Host and Companions

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 1 Page.

In this paper it is explained that a companion star can not have its age determined simply by determining the age of its host.
Category: Astrophysics

[30] viXra:1607.0520 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-27 05:07:54

Effective Field Theories

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 18 Pages.

Until now, theoretical physicists have used models based on a simple, abstract description of the interaction between dark matter and ordinary particles, such as the Effective Field Theories (EFTs). [14] For decades, researchers have tried to detect this invisible dark matter. Several types of devices have been put up on Earth and in space to capture the particles that dark matter is supposed to consist of, and experiments have attempted to create a dark matter particle by colliding ordinary matter particles at very high temperatures. [13] “Call it the sound of dark matter,” says Asimina Arvanitaki, a theoretical particle physicist at Perimeter Institute. Despite making up the vast majority of stuff in our universe, dark matter remains invisible. But perhaps it’s not inaudible. Dark matter is some of the most abundant, yet most elusive, stuff in the universe. Though scientists are confident it is out there (thanks to the gravitational effects it has on its surroundings), the search to identify it has thus far come up empty. [12] An international team of scientists using a combination of radio and optical telescopes has for the first time managed to identify the location of a fast radio burst, allowing them to confirm the current cosmological model of the distribution of matter in the universe. [11] Invisibility — like time travel, teleportation, flying, and super-speed — has been a fixture in science fiction ever since science fiction has existed. The most well-known examples range from the one used by the Romulans in Star Trek, Harry Potter’s deathly hallows cloaking device, and the eleven cloak Frodo and Sam used to evade Sauron’s army at the gates of Mordor. There are hundreds, if not thousands, of other mentions in books, movies and television. Over the years, many scientists have come up with inventive ways to hide objects from sight (one includes a 3D printer); only the process is certainly much more complex than science fiction makes it look. [10] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[29] viXra:1607.0467 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-24 17:43:54

The Chemical Complexity Principle of Stellar Metamorphosis

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 1 Page.

In this paper a simple principle is presented to connect the principle of biostellar evolution with the astrochemical principle in the general theory of stellar metamorphosis.
Category: Astrophysics

[28] viXra:1607.0458 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-24 21:37:48

Design and Prototyping of Life Support and Agriculture for Extended Space Habitation and Travel

Authors: Martin Dudziak
Comments: 16 Pages.

An experimental design is presented for a modular, reconfigurable multi-function platform that can be constructed in near-orbit or deep-space, for use in life support and emergency repair/reconstruction tasks within extended long-distance and long-duration space missions. This design is based upon a series of predecessor designs and deployments originating in applications ranging from emergency services to environmental monitoring and testing labs. The novelty in this “PodAtrium” architecture is the emphasis upon multi-functionality for structural components as well as internal apparatus including furnishings that are composed of basic elements that can be disassembled and reassembled as necessary and as demanded by the needs of a crew operating in isolation from any support craft or stationary habitation such as an exoplanetary base. Attention in the present phase of research and development has been upon the use of structural elements within a PodAtrium complex that can serve alternatively for a hydroponics-based greenhouse, a fuel-cell based power plant, and an asteroid mining operation, each of which could conceivably fulfill important roles at different times in the lifespan operations for a long-distance interstellar space vehicle with human crew onboard.
Category: Astrophysics

[27] viXra:1607.0450 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-24 11:50:38

An Elementary Particle Pulsation Hypothesis Elucidates Real Nature of the Dark Energy.

Authors: Terubumi Honjou
Comments: 7 Pages.

An elementary particle pulsation hypothesis elucidates real nature of the dark energy. The Elementary Particle Pulsation Principle.  The complete table of contents. From the beginning, was filled with dark energy throughout the universe. Dark energy ripples formed cosmic large-scale structure.
Category: Astrophysics

[26] viXra:1607.0441 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-23 11:22:58

The Gravichemical Principle

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 1 Page.

A fundamental principle of nature is as follows concerning stars ability to provide activation energy requirements for chemical reactions to take place during stellar evolution according to the general theory of stellar metamorphosis.
Category: Astrophysics

[25] viXra:1607.0440 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-23 11:25:11

The Principle of Star Water Formation

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 1 Page.

A fundamental principle of nature is as follows concerning water formation on evolving stars.
Category: Astrophysics

[24] viXra:1607.0427 [pdf] replaced on 2016-07-25 11:50:59

A New Dark Matter Density Profile as Power of Gravitational Field for Coma Cluster

Authors: Manuel Abarca Hernandez
Comments: 18 Pages. In V2 DM has been got by analitical integration instead numerical. Calculus and observation differ 6% instead 8 %.

For last two years I have published eight papers about DM on galaxies. Data have been taken from recent papers written by prestigious researches. The main target of papers have been to calculate DM density through an original profile called Bernoulli profile and check its results with other standard DM profiles such as NFW, Burket or Pseudo-Isothemal. Results on every galaxy checked have been successful. The importance these works is that Bernoulli profile is supported by an original hypothesis about Dark matter nature. This hypothesis stated that dark matter is generated locally by gravitational field, E, according an unknown quantum mechanism. Formula which relates DM density and gravitational field is DM density = A•E^B. Where A & B are parameters. Now , in this paper Dark matter density in Coma cluster will be studied with the same method. Briefly is going to be explained the structure of this paper. Firstly are presented data Coma Cluster, which come from recent papers published in 2016. They are two couples of radius and mass enclosed by its sphere. Radius considered are R500 = 1.314 Mpc and Virial radius = 3.1 Mpc With only two couple of data is fitted NFW profile for Dark matter density in Coma cluster within an interval radius 1.314 Mpc to 3.1 Mpc. NFW profile is an intermediate processes to get A & B parameters of formula DM density = A•E^B. Finally it is got a Bernoulli differential equation for E whose solution gives DM density Bernoulli profile and whose dominion extend up to 14 Mpc. As it is known DM through NFW profile gives an excessive amount of DM within halo up to 14 Mpc. This is the reason why I have tried with Bernoulli profile. According Chernin,A. 2013. At cluster scale is needed to consider dark energy, gravitating mass and matter mass. This formula relates three masses. MG (R) = MM (R) + MDE (R) .Dark energy is a negative quantity. So gravitating mass, which is the mass measured by observation is lower than mass matter which is baryonic mass plus dark matter. Result got as gravitating mass within cluster halo up to 14 Mpc through DM calculated with Bernoulli profile is 2.25• 10 ^15 Solar masses and differ only 6% regarding gravitating mass got by Geller M.J. & Diaferio A. 1999 whereas gravitating mass got with NFW differ more than 600%.
Category: Astrophysics

[23] viXra:1607.0392 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-21 07:21:58

LUX Dark Matter Experiment

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 22 Pages.

The LUX Dark Matter Experiment operates a mile underground at the Sanford Underground Research Facility. It's location helps shield the detector from background radiation that could confound a dark matter signal. [18] To address this problem, physicists are working on developing ever more sensitive dark matter detectors. In a new paper, researchers have proposed a new type of dark matter detector made of superconductors—materials that conduct electricity with zero resistance at ultracold temperatures—that may offer the highest sensitivity yet for detecting "superlight" dark matter. Superlight dark matter has a mass at the low end of the range of 1 keV (1000 electron volts) to 10 GeV, or in other words, up to a million times lighter than the proton. [17] Physicists believe that such dark matter is composed of (as yet undefined) elementary particles that stick together thanks to gravitational force. In a study recently published in EPJ C, scientists from the CRESST-II research project use the so-called phonon-light technique to detect dark matter. [16] A team of researchers at MIT has succeeded in creating a double film coating that is able to convert infrared light at modest intensities into visible light. In their paper published in the journal Nature Photonics, the team describes their film, how well it works and the possible uses for it. [15] Before the Hawaii-bound storm Julio strengthened into a hurricane, a NASA satellite spotted a high-energy flash of "dark lightning" coming from the swirling clouds. [14] Researchers may have uncovered a way to observe dark matter thanks to a discovery involving X-ray emissions. [13] Between 2009 and 2013, the Planck satellite observed relic radiation, sometimes called cosmic microwave background (CMB) radiation. Today, with a full analysis of the data, the quality of the map is now such that the imprints left by dark matter and relic neutrinos are clearly visible. [12] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter. The Weak Interaction changes the temperature dependent Planck Distribution of the electromagnetic oscillations and changing the non-compensated dark matter rate, giving the responsibility to the sterile neutrino.
Category: Astrophysics

[22] viXra:1607.0377 [pdf] replaced on 2016-08-31 07:23:38

Gravitational Wave Miracles?

Authors: D. Chakalov
Comments: 4 Pages. Text expanded for clarity; comments welcome.

The hypothesis of gravitational wave, suggested by Albert Einstein in 1916, still poses outstanding challenges, which have to be resolved by the theoretical physics community as soon as possible.
Category: Astrophysics

[21] viXra:1607.0373 [pdf] replaced on 2016-09-11 22:58:14

Dark Matter, the Correction to Newton's Law in a Disk

Authors: Yuri Heymann
Comments: 8 Pages. Accepted for publication in Progress in Physics

The dark matter problem in the context of spiral galaxies refers to the discrepancy between the galactic mass estimated from luminosity measurements of galaxies with a given mass-to-luminosity ratio and the galactic mass measured from the rotational speed of stars using the Newton’s law. Newton’s law fails when applied to a star in a spiral galaxy. The problem stems from the fact that Newton’s law is applicable to masses represented as points by their barycenter. As spiral galaxies have shapes similar to a disk, we shall correct Newton’s law accordingly. We found that the Newton’s force exerted by the interior mass of a disk on an adjacent mass shall be multiplied by the coefficient ηdisk estimated to be 7.44±0.83 at a 99% confidence level. The corrective coefficient for the gravitational force exerted by a homogeneous sphere at it’s surface is 1.00±0.01 at a 99% confidence level, meaning that Newton’s law is not modified for a spherical geometry. This result was proven a long time ago by Newton in the shell theorem.
Category: Astrophysics

[20] viXra:1607.0365 [pdf] replaced on 2016-07-21 04:20:06

Visualizing the Event Horizon of a Black Hole

Authors: Stefano Sello
Comments: 5 Pages.

The “Event Horizon Telescope”, EHT, is a radio-telescope planetary network, and its goal is to reach a sufficiently high spatial resolution to obtain real images of Sgr A*, a supermassive black hole located at the core of our galaxy. Waiting for real observational data, now we can analyze predicted EHT data obtained from a simulations to "see" the event horizon and the neighborhood of Sgr A*. In this brief research note we suggest a method to improve the capabilities of our current image analyses, using a proper isometric pesudo-3D projection analysis. In fact, the details obtained are impressive and this first result suggests that the pseudo-3D isometric projection analysis could be a useful tool to better study the main properties of the surroundings of the event horizon of a black hole.
Category: Astrophysics

[19] viXra:1607.0289 [pdf] replaced on 2016-10-03 10:26:58

Time Dilated Light

Authors: Edward G. Lake
Comments: 5 Pages.

While it seems clear that nothing can exceed the speed of light as it would be measured at a stationary point in an imaginary empty universe devoid of gravitational influences, it also seems clear that there are mathematical versus logic problems with a constant speed of light in our real universe.
Category: Astrophysics

[18] viXra:1607.0198 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-17 15:40:52

The Principle of Young Galaxy Radiance

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 2 Pages. 2 pictures

In stellar metamorphosis young galaxies can be spotted by observing bi-polar outflows in the radio frequencies. Galaxies are born all over the universe at any given time, the radio image on the second page provided by the MeerKAT shows a picture of them growing, many hundreds of them in one image.
Category: Astrophysics

[17] viXra:1607.0192 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-16 13:58:58

Host and Companion Delineation in Celestial Systems

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 1 Page.

In the majority of transiting astrons such as KELT 17b around KELT-17, documentation accepted in online archives such as ArXiv still references the incorrect concepts concerning the perceived separation of planet and star. A reasonable correction for semantic purposes is provided, utilizing stellar metamorphosis.
Category: Astrophysics

[16] viXra:1607.0191 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-16 14:37:29

The Mass Independence and Dependence Principles of Stellar Formation and Evolution

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 1 Page.

In the recent paper, “KELT-17b: A Hot-Jupiter Transiting an A-Star in a Misaligned Orbit Detected with Doppler Tomography”, it is referenced that, “a sample of well characterized planets around massive stars is necessary to understand the mass-dependence of planet properties.” Two principles are provided to explain that mass-dependence attributed to formation processes is moot. Explanation is provided.
Category: Astrophysics

[15] viXra:1607.0179 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-15 04:39:47

Neutrino Decoherence

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 30 Pages.

A new study reveals that neutrinos produced in the core of a supernova are highly localised compared to neutrinos from all other known sources. This result stems from a fresh estimate for an entity characterising these neutrinos, known as wave packets, which provide information on both their position and their momentum. [8] It could all have been so different. When matter first formed in the universe, our current theories suggest that it should have been accompanied by an equal amount of antimatter – a conclusion we know must be wrong, because we wouldn’t be here if it were true. Now the latest results from a pair of experiments designed to study the behaviour of neutrinos – particles that barely interact with the rest of the universe – could mean we’re starting to understand why. [7] In 2012, a tiny flash of light was detected deep beneath the Antarctic ice. A burst of neutrinos was responsible, and the flash of light was their calling card. It might not sound momentous, but the flash could give us tantalising insights into one of the most energetic objects in the distant universe. The light was triggered by the universe's most elusive particles when they made contact with a remarkable detector, appropriately called IceCube, which was built for the very purpose of capturing rare events such as this. [6] Neutrinos and their weird subatomic ways could help us understand high-energy particles, exploding stars and the origins of matter itself. [5] PHYSICS may be shifting to the right. Tantalizing signals at CERN’s Large Hadron Collider near Geneva, Switzerland, hint at a new particle that could end 50 years of thinking that nature discriminates between left and right-handed particles. [4] The Weak Interaction transforms an electric charge in the diffraction pattern from one side to the other side, causing an electric dipole momentum change, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The Neutrino Oscillation of the Weak Interaction shows that it is a General electric dipole change and it is possible to any other temperature dependent entropy and information changing diffraction pattern of atoms, molecules and even complicated biological living structures.
Category: Astrophysics

[14] viXra:1607.0170 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-14 12:49:26

Dark Energy Map

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 16 Pages.

An international team of astronomers has created the largest ever three-dimensional map of distant galaxies in a bid to help them understand one of the most mysterious forces in the universe. [6] For years, physicists have attempted to explain dark energy - a mysterious influence that pushes space apart faster than gravity can pull the things in it together. But physics isn’t always about figuring out what things are. A lot of it is figuring out what things cause. And in a recent paper, a group of physicists asked this very question about dark energy, and found that in some cases, it might cause time to go forward. [5] The proposal by the trio though phrased in a way as to suggest it's a solution to the arrow of time problem, is not likely to be addressed as such by the physics community—it's more likely to be considered as yet another theory that works mathematically, yet still can't answer the basic question of what is time. [4] The Weak Interaction transforms an electric charge in the diffraction pattern from one side to the other side, causing an electric dipole momentum change, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The Neutrino Oscillation of the Weak Interaction shows that it is a General electric dipole change and it is possible to any other temperature dependent entropy and information changing diffraction pattern of atoms, molecules and even complicated biological living structures.
Category: Astrophysics

[13] viXra:1607.0167 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-13 18:50:41

Inside the Cosmic Dispersive Prism

Authors: Frank H. Makinson
Comments: 6 Pages.

The universe has the characteristics of a dispersive prism with areas having different indexes of refraction. A material with a varying index of refraction can have areas that produce magnification, reflection, refraction and alter other characteristics of electromagnetic waves over distance. Radio astronomers have identified that electromagnetic waves have to travel through extensive regions of plasma. The interaction of electromagnetic waves in a plasma can produce heterodyne products. These products can mimic redshift, blueshift and produce a prodigious amount of radio noise which can be referred to as cosmic static.
Category: Astrophysics

[12] viXra:1607.0163 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-14 01:49:51

Physical Bases of Divine Creation of the Universe Nikitin V. N., Nikitin I.v., Nikitina N. N. the Description of Process of Creation of the First Day of the World and the List of Exclusive Hypotheses in the Field of the Cosmology and Astrophysics Concerni

Authors: Nikitin V. N., Nikitin I.V., Nikitina N. N.
Comments: 1 Page.

The description of process of creation of the first day of the world and the list of exclusive hypotheses in the field of the cosmology and astrophysics concerning the Divine Universe
Category: Astrophysics

[11] viXra:1607.0127 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-11 02:16:50

Yes there Will be Light! Nikitina N. N., Nikitin V. N. the Description of Process of Creation of the First Day of the World and the List of Exclusive Hypotheses in the Field of the Cosmology and Astrophysics Concerning the Divine Universe.

Authors: Nikitina N. N., Nikitin V. N.
Comments: 1 Page.

The description of process of creation of the first day of the world and the list of exclusive hypotheses in the field of the cosmology and astrophysics concerning the Divine Universe.
Category: Astrophysics

[10] viXra:1607.0114 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-09 16:24:14

The Astrophysical Principle

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 1 Page.

A new principle of human knowledge is presented to explain the structures that create life.
Category: Astrophysics

[9] viXra:1607.0113 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-09 18:13:28

Core Before Crust Principle of Stellar Evolution

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 1 Page.

A new principle of stellar metamorphosis is presented to reposition the timeline of large solid structure formation.
Category: Astrophysics

[8] viXra:1607.0079 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-06 20:39:15

The Principle of Planet Evolution

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 1 Page.

A fundamental principle of nature is as follows concerning planet formation and evolution.
Category: Astrophysics

[7] viXra:1607.0040 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-03 17:11:47

The Singular Gravitationally Collapsing Object Principle

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 1 Page.

In stellar metamorphosis, a gravitationally collapsing object remains singular, and does not spawn multiple objects. Reasoning is provided.
Category: Astrophysics

[6] viXra:1607.0039 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-03 17:18:20

The Actual Size of Protoplanets in Stellar Metamorphosis

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 1 Page.

In stellar metamorphosis, young stars are planets in their plasmatic state, meaning they are protoplanets. Establishment science has protoplanets as being smaller than the Moon, which is incorrect. Reasoning is provided.
Category: Astrophysics

[5] viXra:1607.0027 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-02 16:40:42

The Coherency Principle of Stellar Metamorphosis

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 1 Page.

A new principle of stellar evolution is presented to clarify the idea of stars ejecting remains as they are born and evolve.
Category: Astrophysics

[4] viXra:1607.0023 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-02 04:25:55

Gravitational Wave of Dark Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 18 Pages.

Gravitational waves communicate information in a wholly different medium than any type of radiation. What that means is that astronomers could use them to study things that were fundamentally invisible before. Black holes and dark matter come to mind as the most prominent examples of parts of the universe that are, at least, difficult to see with light. So, it can hardly be surprising, the controversy now swirling around the idea that the gravitational waves detected earlier this year, marking a watershed confirmation of Einstein's general relativity, could turn out to contain information on both of those topics. [1] If dark matter comes in both matter and antimatter varieties, it might accumulate inside dense stars to create black holes. [12] For a long time, there were two main theories related to how our universe would end. These were the Big Freeze and the Big Crunch. In short, the Big Crunch claimed that the universe would eventually stop expanding and collapse in on itself. This collapse would result in…well…a big crunch (for lack of a better term). Think " the Big Bang " , except just the opposite. That's essentially what the Big Crunch is. On the other hand, the Big Freeze claimed that the universe would continue expanding forever, until the cosmos becomes a frozen wasteland. This theory asserts that stars will get farther and farther apart, burn out, and (since there are no more stars bring born) the universe will grown entirely cold and eternally black. [11] Newly published research reveals that dark matter is being swallowed up by dark energy, offering novel insight into the nature of dark matter and dark energy and what the future of our Universe might be. [10] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[3] viXra:1607.0013 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-01 11:13:46

The Principle of Electromagnetohydrodynamics (EMHD) in Stellar Metamorphosis

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 1 Page.

It is reasoned that stars are electromagnetohydrodynamic structures when they are young, not hydrostatic as per nuclear models. A simple principle is given.
Category: Astrophysics

[2] viXra:1607.0010 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-01 12:37:50

Pulse Detection Algorithms for SETI@home

Authors: Eric J. Korpela, Eric M. Heien, Dan Werthimer
Comments: 8 Pages. Korpela, E. J., Heien, E. M., and Werthimer, D., “Pulse Detection Algorithms for Use in SETI@home,” Bull. AAS 32, 1492 (Dec. 2000)

We describe the pulse detection algorithms used by the most recent versions of SETI@home. The first is a modified folding algorithm with an optimal threshold function. It is designed to efficiently search for repeating pulses over a 15+ octave period range with constant false alarm rate per period searched. This algorithm is potentially useful for other applications where detection of faint pulsed emission is desired (i.e. pulsar searches). The second is a triplet detector, which searches for sets of three evenly spaced pulses that exceed a power threshold. It is useful for detecting pulsed emission that has total duration less than the searched exposure. We describe the first results of the use of these algorithms in SETI@home and discuss the pulsed radio frequency interference (RFI) environment of the Arecibo observatory.
Category: Astrophysics

[1] viXra:1607.0008 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-01 07:34:18

The Principle of Thermodynamic Phase Aging

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 1 Page.

A new principle of stellar evolution is presented to clarify the age differences between rocky and plasmatic stars according to stellar metamorphosis.
Category: Astrophysics