Astrophysics

1702 Submissions

[41] viXra:1702.0296 [pdf] submitted on 2017-02-23 19:21:47

Cosmic Foam Could Negative Energy Matter Dark Energy be Hiding in Plain Sight?

Authors: R.Cooke
Comments: 1 Page.

Short letter to the Physics Community - I've had an interest in the concepts surrounding anti-gravity probably from science fiction since childhood. Twenty years ago I gave a hand written paper to a lecturer on the subject explaining that there could be four different types of matter- matter, anti-matter, anti-gravity matter, anti-gravity anti-matter. Anti-gravity matter would seem to repel normal gravitational matter so it would try to get as far from matter as possible. When a saw some of the work on cosmic foam done by the Nobel Prize winning George Smoot I wondered about its structure and felt that the reason for its structure could be due to a mirror anti-gravity universe that given its lack of interaction in the electromagnetic realm was invisible. This sort of answers my outstanding question- why if anti-gravity matter exists can't we detect it? Perhaps this idea is common knowledge within the physics community but wanted to comment on it in the case the possibility had been overlooked.
Category: Astrophysics

[40] viXra:1702.0287 [pdf] submitted on 2017-02-22 14:27:53

Quasi-Periodic Oscillations of GRO J1744-28

Authors: Jacob Biemond
Comments: 14 Pages, including 1 table

Observed quasi-periodic oscillations (QPOs) of GRO J1744-28 are compared with predictions from a previously proposed three tori model. The three highest QPO frequencies are assumed to arise from three circular tori moving around the pulsar: an inner torus with charge Qi, a torus with mass mm in the middle and an outer torus with charge Qo, whereas the pulsar itself bears a charge Qs.

In addition, it follows from a special interpretation of the gravitomagnetic theory, that the three circular tori are subjected to a total number of four low-frequency precessions. The expressions of these four additional QPO frequencies are revised compared to earlier work. For GRO J1744-28 the two lowest observed QPO frequencies are attributed to the two highest of the four low-frequency QPOs. The two other frequencies of the quartet may be too low to be detected. From the two highest QPO frequencies of the quartet, lying close together, approximate values for the charges Qs, Qi, and Qo are extracted. The results are compared with the observed and predicted set of seven QPOs for five other pulsars and two black holes.

The observed magnetic field is compared with the polar magnetic field, also predicted by the gravitomagnetic theory. Remarkably, the observed highly ionized iron emission lines may be compatible with the tree tori model. In order to explain the discontinuity in recently observed phase lags of GRO J1744-28, a Compton reverberation mechanism is considered, compatible with electron temperatures that depend on the radii of the tori.


Category: Astrophysics

[39] viXra:1702.0251 [pdf] submitted on 2017-02-20 09:33:51

First Image of a Black Hole

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 18 Pages.

A team of researchers from around the world is getting ready to create what might be the first image of a black hole. [14] "There seems to be a mysterious link between the amount of dark matter a galaxy holds and the size of its central black hole, even though the two operate on vastly different scales," said Akos Bogdan of the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (CfA). [13] If dark matter comes in both matter and antimatter varieties, it might accumulate inside dense stars to create black holes. [12] For a long time, there were two main theories related to how our universe would end. These were the Big Freeze and the Big Crunch. In short, the Big Crunch claimed that the universe would eventually stop expanding and collapse in on itself. This collapse would result in…well…a big crunch (for lack of a better term). Think " the Big Bang " , except just the opposite. That's essentially what the Big Crunch is. On the other hand, the Big Freeze claimed that the universe would continue expanding forever, until the cosmos becomes a frozen wasteland. This theory asserts that stars will get farther and farther apart, burn out, and (since there are no more stars bring born) the universe will grown entirely cold and eternally black. [11] Newly published research reveals that dark matter is being swallowed up by dark energy, offering novel insight into the nature of dark matter and dark energy and what the future of our Universe might be. [10] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[38] viXra:1702.0248 [pdf] submitted on 2017-02-19 09:45:36

Gravitomagnetism Including an Introduction to the Coriolis Theory

Authors: Thierry De Mees
Comments: 207 Pages.

One day in 2002, I discovered in a newspaper that "dark matter" is supposed to be responsible for the constancy of the orbital velocity of the stars, and that velocity is supposed to be in contradiction with the Kepler laws. I was upset. We can travel to the moon and invent great medicines, we have the supposed miracle-theory of general relativity and nobody can explain it? Next hour, I was rumbling in a slide of my old desk, where I stored old papers from my university period, and I found back the analogy I made between electromagnetism and gravitation. I never trusted Einstein's relativity theory, because it only calculates what is observed by using light, but not what is really happening. Also the great Richard Feynman once confessed that he didn't understand why gravitation would be so different from other physical theories. A few days later, I found the gravitational consequences of the motion of masses. Month after month, I steadily discovered that all the cosmic issues that are not understood by mainstream, make sense through gravitomagnetism. The shape of supernovae, the disc and the spiral galaxies, the motion of asteroids, the flatness of planetary systems, the tiny rings of Saturn, black holes, the expanding Earth and Sun, etc. I can't find any cosmic issue that is in contradiction with gravitomagnetism.
Category: Astrophysics

[37] viXra:1702.0247 [pdf] submitted on 2017-02-19 09:47:06

The Solar Protuberance Theory - Our Solar System and the Planetary System Creation

Authors: Thierry De Mees
Comments: 56 Pages.

It is a widely accepted misconception that the solar system would have been created by the collapse of nebulae around the solar region, just as our galaxy itself. Where this is true for the stars in the galaxy, this is definitely wrong for our planetary system. Indeed, many stars in our galaxy were created during the formation of our disk galaxy out of a regular, spherical or elliptical galaxy, due to the angular momentum of the galaxy's center, which contains fast spinning stars and black holes. This process has been extendedly explained in my book “Gravitomagnetism - including an introduction to the Coriolis Gravity Theory”. The disk was compressed by the angular gravity of the galaxy's center, a second gravity field on top of Newtonian Gravity. The smaller and colder parts were able to clump together and heathen up by that compression. Elsewhere, voids were created that way, and a heterogeneous disk, as our spiral disk galaxy shows us, could form. The difference between the solar system creation and the galaxy creation is enormous. Where we find numerous stars in the galaxy on the same orbit or at close orbits, our solar system counts only nine (or, more correctly: eight) planets, which orbit very far from each-other. Moreover, on each orbit or nearby it, there are no other planets nor objects. The only place where other objects are found is on the asteroid belt and, as an extension of that belt, a number of asteroids, called Trojans, on Jupiter’s orbit. The nebula theory has numerous unsolved problems. The very existence of the Trojans prove that asteroids doesn’t just go away or aren’t just absorbed by the planet of (or near) an orbit. At the contrary, one should then find several planets on the same orbit, and remaining asteroids from the nebula. The diversity of the planets’ spin orientations is another problem. More problems arise regarding the big difference between the set of core planets and the set of gas planets. Nothing in the nebula theory can explain the differences of spin either. In this little book, the reader will find numerous arguments in favor to a totally different point of view: the planets all come from an electromagnetic solar explosion. The reason of the existence of a set of four core planets versus the set of four gas planets will be explained, and why their masses, as groups, are related like the mass quotient of a proton versus an electron. Jupiter’s spin rate will be explained and the orientation of the planets’ spin as well. Also the orbital distance between the planets can be explained with very high probability. In a few moments, the reader will discover this fresh Solar Protuberance Paradigm, enriched with a multitude of evidence. Enjoy the reading!
Category: Astrophysics

[36] viXra:1702.0246 [pdf] submitted on 2017-02-19 09:58:27

Gravitational Constants, the Earth's Expansion and Coriolis Gravity

Authors: Thierry De Mees
Comments: 33 Pages.

Is not everything settled with Gravitomagnetism, the analogy of electromagnetism for gravity, with which I explained the formation of disk galaxies without dark matter, the shape of supernova and hourglass stars, and many other phenomena? Is there more to be told? In this little booklet, I show that one of the parameters that are used to define the Sun's dynamics can be expressed by the other parameters. In other words, the Sun's gravity is defined by its angular velocity and its radius. This amazing property finds its origin in the way how particles interact, and the way how I expect that all kinds of forces work: by a Coriolis effect between particles. Henceforth the calculus of the Gravitational Constant is possible. Linked to this phenomenon is the expansion of spinning objects, like the Earth, the Sun and the stars. This occurs by gravity as well, and this can be explained by both the Gravitomagnetic as the Coriolis approach. Discover in the next few pages how these new gravitational realities take form.
Category: Astrophysics

[35] viXra:1702.0241 [pdf] submitted on 2017-02-19 12:16:51

Asteroid Redirect

Authors: Fran De Aquino
Comments: 3 Pages.

Asteroids are a great threat to mankind. Here we will show that it is possible to redirect them from their trajectories by means of a strong gravitational repulsion, produced by the gravitational interaction between the asteroid and a Gravitational Spacecraft positioned close to the asteroid.
Category: Astrophysics

[34] viXra:1702.0233 [pdf] submitted on 2017-02-18 22:26:45

Rocket Invention Using Anti-Gravity Wheel Torque Induced Gyroscopic Precession to Decrease Apparent Weight and Increase Thrust Efficiency.

Authors: H Dhaliwal
Comments: 4 Pages.

By attaching multiple massive anti- gravity wheel type structures to the rocket we may achieve a less apparent weight for the rocket, allowing it to lift easier. Instead of a wheel, a hollow saucer like pod shall be used, attached to a bar, which connects to the rocket. There are multiple anti gravity saucers attached to the rocket in a symmetric fashion connecting to a point at the rocket. These saucers will carry water, fuel or cargo which is minused from the rocket and added to the saucer. Displacing the weight from the rocket and into the saucers will ensure no extra weight is added. These saucers will be spun up extremely fast from the ground via motors, storing energy in them. The motors are ground based at the lift off site and will decouple from the saucers on lift off. The torque induced gyroscopic precession of these spinning saucers will decrease the apparent weight of the rocket as the rocket raises, allowing the thrust to make the rocket raise easier. The fuel in the rocket tank will not be filled 100%. Perhaps it will be filled 50%. The other 50% of the fuel is displaced and divided amongst the saucers and stored in them. As the rockets main fuel tank level lowers during mid flight, the fuel in the saucers can be pumped into the tank of the rocket for continued use. These saucers spin rate will be slowed down as the rocket raises, allowing easier transfer of fuel. When the fuel in the saucer tanks is depleted, the anti gravity saucer arms can be disconnected from the rocket and the saucers shall fall back towards earth. Instead of fuel, water can also be stored in these saucers for long term human missions to mars. The water can be frozen solid in the saucer tanks to keep the saucers cool as they ascend, and the ice will melt as the rocket ascends. The water tank in the rocket will be empty on lift off. But will be refilled in the same manner as above after reaching a certain altitude. Cargo that can withstand centrifugal forces can also be stored, such as food, or metal equipment. This equipment can then be reintroduced to the rocket by moving the saucer pods to the rocket. The whole rocket structure can be on a platform that makes the rocket setup rotate just before liftoff so the saucer wheels can start their gyroscopic precession. Or mechanism can be built into the saucer arms to push the saucer outward a bit to start the gyroscopic precession. Or such a setup may not be needed as a rocket rotates by itself usually as it ascends which will efficiently create the needed gyroscopic precession.
Category: Astrophysics

[33] viXra:1702.0227 [pdf] submitted on 2017-02-17 04:25:24

Introduction to the Flyby Anomaly: the Gyrotational Acceleration of Orbiting Satellites

Authors: Thierry De Mees
Comments: 4 Pages.

In the former paper “The Gyro-Gravitational Spin Vector Torque Dynamics of Main Belt Asteroids in relationship with their Tilt and their Orbital Inclination”, a physical deduction is found for the motion and the variations of the tilt of asteroids. This deduction is based upon the Maxwell Analogy for Gravitation.
Category: Astrophysics

[32] viXra:1702.0225 [pdf] submitted on 2017-02-17 04:30:02

The Observed Symmetrical Supernovae Remnants Form Overwhelming Evidence for the Gravitomagnetic Force

Authors: Thierry De Mees
Comments: 6 Pages.

Supernovae remnants that are double-lobe or double-ring shaped with a central ring are fully explained by Gravitomagnetism.
Category: Astrophysics

[31] viXra:1702.0222 [pdf] submitted on 2017-02-17 04:37:15

On the Formation of Prograde Disk Galaxies from Spherical Galaxies with a Global Null Angular Momentum

Authors: Thierry De Mees
Comments: 3 Pages.

There seems to exist a way to transform apparent chaos into an ordered system. The key for such a behavior lays in gravity itself, and more precisely in gravitomagnetism. The results of the G Probe-B experiment, in 2011, proved gravitomagnetism’s superiority over other theories like General Relativity and its deduced metrics, and it is in this light that the solution can be found. We apply the gravitomagnetic principles to a random spherical galaxy with a global null angular momentum and unveil how this system eventually becomes a disk galaxy. Moreover, we deduce the quantum nature of galaxies through this process and, by the analogy between electromagnetism and gravitomagnetism, we prove by deduction the quantum nature of atomic structures as well.
Category: Astrophysics

[30] viXra:1702.0219 [pdf] submitted on 2017-02-17 04:46:36

Gravitomagnetic Evolutionary Classification of Galaxies

Authors: Thierry De Mees
Comments: 7 Pages.

The Milky Way might be a bar galaxy. In this paper, we show that bar galaxies are spiral galaxies with an orientation change of the bulge's gravitomagnetic field. The tilting of the gravitomagnetic field evolves from the bulge to the galaxy's extremities at wave speed and the physical acceleration of the stars away from the disc follow soon. Finally, this will result in a new, slightly elliptical galaxy that will again turn into a disc galaxy and then a spiral galaxy. If the Milky Way really is a bar galaxy, the solar system will some day get a novel acceleration (an apocalyptic sway?) towards a new, widely oscillating position in the galaxy. Finally, we come to a Gravitomagnetic Evolutionary Classification of Galaxies that is different from the usual classifications.
Category: Astrophysics

[29] viXra:1702.0218 [pdf] submitted on 2017-02-17 04:49:23

Does Gravity Conserve Angular Momentum at a Distance?

Authors: Thierry De Mees
Comments: 2 Pages.

We found [4] that the key for many cosmic events lays in gravity, which is very well explained by gravitomagnetism, as suggested by O. Heaviside and further developed as a causal and coherent theory by O. Jefimenko. The angular momentum of spinning objects is transmitted to the surroundings by gravity, and form the rings of Saturn and the disc galaxies. In this paper, we analyze what happens with the gravity fields of collapsing stars. It is found that not only the mechanical angular momentum is regulating the orientation of disc galaxies. The magnetic-like component of gravity, which is velocity-dependent, is found to create forces that are consistent with the conservation of angular momentum. However, the retardation of the gravity fields by the speed of light, which is velocity-dependent, is found to cause a discrepancy between the mechanical angular momentum and the transmitted gravitational angular momentum.
Category: Astrophysics

[28] viXra:1702.0215 [pdf] submitted on 2017-02-17 04:57:29

On the Variability of the Gravitational Constant by the Evolution of Stars and Galaxy Clusters

Authors: Thierry De Mees
Comments: 6 Pages.

Gravitomagnetism, initiated by O. Heaviside [1] and further developed by O. Jefimenko [2] consists of the Newtonian gravity and gyrotation, which is totally analogous to magnetism. This model successfully explained an important number of physical and cosmic phenomena [3]. Striking is the possibility of gravitational repel by particles with like-oriented spins. I also showed [5] why the gravitational constant is varying locally and I prove that, the particles in rotating bodies will preferentially form distributions that globally attract. This explains why masses have never been found to be repulsive. I deduced a new definition for “mass” as a vector, and conclude that the gravitational constant’s value is the sum of the orientations of the elementary vector-masses while taking their spacing into account. I found why the gravity force is so weak and why cohesion forces are so large. In this paper, I attempt to define the variations of the Gravitational Constant in the evolution of stars, and show that, for the same global mass of a star during its evolution, white dwarfs possess a much stronger gravitational constant than the red giant stars. Based upon these findings, I study the possibility that relaxed galaxy clusters possess, due to the same process, a much lower gravitational constant than unrelaxed galaxy clusters. This might be the reason why gravity lensing is a hundred times larger than the visible mass.
Category: Astrophysics

[27] viXra:1702.0208 [pdf] submitted on 2017-02-17 03:37:03

Elliptical Fly-By and Expected Gyro-gravitational Orbit Accelerations

Authors: Thierry De Mees
Comments: 8 Pages.

Following to the two former papers “The Gyro-Gravitational Spin Vector Torque Dynamics of Main Belt Asteroids in relationship with their Tilt and their Orbital Inclination” and “Cyclic Tilt Spin Vector Variations of Main Belt Asteroids due to the Solar Gyro-Gravitation”, wherein we theoretically studied the tilt motions and variations of spinning asteroids, we continue the analysis with the study of the orbit anomalies of satellites. The equations for the fly-by of satellites near the Earth, or near planets in general are deduced.
Category: Astrophysics

[26] viXra:1702.0207 [pdf] submitted on 2017-02-17 03:40:10

The Gravitational Stellar Constant Allows for an Improved Description of Stellar and Black Hole Dynamics

Authors: Thierry De Mees
Comments: 3 Pages.

The Sun’s dynamics defines our Gravitational Constant. In a former paper [2], that strict relationship has been shown, based upon the most fundamental equations of gravity and gyrotation (the magnetic equivalent for gravity), applied upon elementary particles. The consequence is that one parameter can be eliminated, as explained before [6] and this allows me to unveil some issues on the shape and the moments of inertia of stars, supernovae and black holes, and the possibility of double bursts of forming black holes.
Category: Astrophysics

[25] viXra:1702.0206 [pdf] submitted on 2017-02-17 03:43:35

Natural Decrease of Orbital Eccentricities

Authors: Thierry De Mees
Comments: 2 Pages.

The amazing Solar Protuberance Theory gives three strong proofs for the creation of our planets from a huge electromagnetic eruption. I found a 99,98% probability fit between the initial planetary orbit diameters calculated with the theory and the actually observed ones. Since the initial orbits probably were highly eccentric, the question remains whether or not the actual planetary orbital eccentricities can be explained by the theory. This is proven here in different ways.
Category: Astrophysics

[24] viXra:1702.0205 [pdf] submitted on 2017-02-17 03:46:57

Are Venus’ and Uranus’ Tilt of Natural Origin?

Authors: Thierry De Mees
Comments: 15 Pages.

The formation theories of our solar system have still remained filled of question marks. Why are the orbits of Mercury and Pluto that much eccentric, and that of the other planets much less? Why are the axial tilts what they are? This we will discover in this paper. Here we will start from the primary model of a huge solar protuberance and next apply the electromagnetic and the gravitational dynamics to it. The application of these physics leads us to the description of how the planets arose, their orbits, their tilt, and their composition. Also we will comment why the Asteroids Belt and the Trojan Asteroids probably arose. Initially, we will bring in that the complete planetary system originated from a solar eruption, and reveal that the planets have successively developed in the order : Mercurius, Venus, the Earth, and Mars on the one hand, and on the other hand Neptune, next Uranus and probably Pluto, then successively Saturnus and Jupiter. At last, the Asteroids Belt was formed, just after the formation of Mars and Jupiter. This theory is supported by the other parameters such as the comparison of the planet’s density, size and chemical composition. Also the comparison of their tilt, the spacing between their orbits, and the elliptic orbit and tilt of some planets support the theory. We find evidence that Venus’ and Uranus’ tilt are totally natural.
Category: Astrophysics

[23] viXra:1702.0204 [pdf] submitted on 2017-02-17 03:48:57

Outsmarting Inertia

Authors: Thierry De Mees
Comments: 2 Pages.

Inertia is analyzed in the light of the Coriolis Gravity Theory. It is found that inertia is orientation-dependent, which opens a way to outsmart its effects. Particles can be oriented and made inertia-insensitive for given accelerations and forces by using magnetic fields. Although the theory allows it, effective technology to realize this still has to be developed.
Category: Astrophysics

[22] viXra:1702.0203 [pdf] submitted on 2017-02-17 03:50:57

Novel Method for the Evaluation of the Rotation Velocity of Solar-like Stars

Authors: Thierry De Mees
Comments: 3 Pages.

The evaluation of stars’ properties is classically performed by comparing the stars’ light spectra and fluxes to the known solar properties. Another method to find the stars’ rotation velocity will be discussed here: the extrapolation to the other solar-like stars of an empiric solar property, which consists of a direct relationship between the star’s frequency and its surface gravity, without the need of any other parameters.
Category: Astrophysics

[21] viXra:1702.0201 [pdf] submitted on 2017-02-17 03:54:02

Gravitomagnetism Successes in Explaining the Cosmos

Authors: Thierry De Mees
Comments: 41 Pages.

Gravitomagnetism is almost totally similar to Electromagnetism. I call 'Gyrotation' the magnetic-like part of gravitomagnetism.
Category: Astrophysics

[20] viXra:1702.0200 [pdf] submitted on 2017-02-17 04:01:32

How to Measure the Spin of a Black Hole

Authors: Thierry De Mees
Comments: 3 Pages.

Black holes and fast spinning stars attract the surrounding objects in a different way than Newtonian gravity. As shown by my work on Gravitomagnetism [1], the spin of fast spinning stars and black holes is far the most important factor in the behavior of nearby objects. This paper shows that the accretion disc of any black hole is orbiting in prograde way. Moreover, it is explained that the accretion disc’s turbulence, curvature and quantity of the vortexes are predominant factors for the gravitational strength of a black hole. The measurement of the spin of a black hole depends mainly on this factor, and to a lesser extent, to a few other factors.
Category: Astrophysics

[19] viXra:1702.0199 [pdf] submitted on 2017-02-17 04:05:47

Considerations on the Fundamental Forces Based Upon the Coriolis Gravity Theory

Authors: Thierry De Mees
Comments: 4 Pages.

The gravitational constant G is clearly not a universal constant [5]. It seems impossible to find a precise value for G. In this paper, I will analyze the reasons for that issue, according Gravitomagnetism and the Coriolis Gravitation Theory. In my paper “Fundamental Causes of an Attractive Gravitational Constant, Varying in Place and Time” [4], I explained that, according Gravitomagnetism and the Coriolis Gravitation Theory, the orientation of the particles’ spin determines whether a set of particles attract or repel, but I proved that attraction takes the lead. Here, I show, based upon [3] , that the constant G depends from star to star. Furthermore, I generalize the Coriolis concept for the forces in electromagnetism and in quantum mechanics, as an identical process for all types of forces. I look at the meaning of matter, mass and electrical charge.
Category: Astrophysics

[18] viXra:1702.0198 [pdf] submitted on 2017-02-17 04:08:11

Thoughts on the Nebular Theory of our Planetary System Formation

Authors: Thierry De Mees
Comments: 5 Pages.

The hypothesis of a Solar Nebula, also known as the Kant-Laplace hypothesis, is currently the most accepted explanation for the origin of the Solar System.
Category: Astrophysics

[17] viXra:1702.0197 [pdf] submitted on 2017-02-17 04:10:01

On the Formation of Close Binary Systems

Authors: Thierry De Mees
Comments: 3 Pages.

I discuss the approach of black holes based upon the improved theory of gravity originated by Oliver Heaviside [2] and find that the Schwarzschild metric is highly improbable to occur at all, if not impossible. I found that a spinning black hole is always emitting information at the poles [6]. Close binary stars containing a fast spinning star or black hole and a companion are found to emerge from only one original star. Close binary stars consisting of two fast spinning stars or black holes are found to be much more rarely.
Category: Astrophysics

[16] viXra:1702.0195 [pdf] submitted on 2017-02-17 04:16:21

Why Does Saturn Have Many Tiny Rings ?

Authors: Thierry De Mees
Comments: 7 Pages.

This publication is based on the fundamentals of the dynamics of masses interacting by gravitation, given by the Maxwell analogy for gravitation or the Heaviside field. In our paper “A coherent dual vector field theory for gravitation” © oct 2003, we have developed a model. This dynamics model allowed us to quantify by vector way the transfer of angular movement point by point, and to bring a simple, precise and detailed explanation to a large number of cosmic phenomena. With this model the flatness of our solar system and our Milky way has been explained as being caused by an angular collapse of the orbits, creating so a density increase of the disc. The constant velocity of the stars has been calculated, and the halo explained. The “missing mass” (dark matter) problem has been solved without harming the Keplerian motion law. The theory also explains the deviation of mass like in the diablo shape of rotary supernova having mass losses, and it defines the angle of mass losses at 0° and above 35°16’. Some quantitative calculations describe in detail the relativistic attraction forces maintaining entire the fast rotating stars, the tendency of distortion toward a torus-like shape, and the description of the attraction fields outside of a rotary black hole. Qualitative considerations on the binary pulsars show the process of cannibalization, with the repulsion of the mass at the poles and to the equator, and this could also explain the origin of the spin-up and the spin-down process. The bursts of collapsing rotary stars are explained as well. The conditions for the repulsion of masses are also explained, caused by important velocity differences between masses. Orbit ‘chaos’ is better explained as well. Finally, the demonstration is made that gyrotation is related to the Relativity Theory. The detailed photographs of the Saturn rings made by the Cassini-Huygens mission gives us new evidence for the validity of Gravitomagnetism. It explains the presence of the flat rings around Saturn, the presence of thin parallel rings, the shape of the edges of the F-ring and the reason why such rings are present at the border of large ring zones.
Category: Astrophysics

[15] viXra:1702.0169 [pdf] submitted on 2017-02-14 11:50:33

New Axion Detection Device

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 33 Pages.

A detection device designed and built at Yale is narrowing the search for dark matter in the form of axions, a theorized subatomic particle that may make up as much as 80% of the matter in the universe. [23] The race is on to build the most sensitive U.S.-based experiment designed to directly detect dark matter particles. Department of Energy officials have formally approved a key construction milestone that will propel the project toward its April 2020 goal for completion. [22] Scientists at the Center for Axion and Precision Physics Research (CAPP), within the Institute for Basic Science (IBS) have optimized some of the characteristics of a magnet to hunt for one possible component of dark matter called axion. [21] The first sighting of clustered dwarf galaxies bolsters a leading theory about how big galaxies such as our Milky Way are formed, and how dark matter binds them, researchers said Monday. [20] Scientists from The University of Manchester working on a revolutionary telescope project have harnessed the power of distributed computing from the UK's GridPP collaboration to tackle one of the Universe's biggest mysteries – the nature of dark matter and dark energy. [18] In the search for the mysterious dark matter, physicists have used elaborate computer calculations to come up with an outline of the particles of this unknown form of matter. [17] Unlike x-rays that the naked eye can't see but equipment can measure, scientists have yet to detect dark matter after three decades of searching, even with the world's most sensitive instruments. [16] Scientists have lost their latest round of hide-and-seek with dark matter, but they're not out of the game. [15] A new study is providing evidence for the presence of dark matter in the innermost part of the Milky Way, including in our own cosmic neighborhood and the Earth's location. The study demonstrates that large amounts of dark matter exist around us, and also between us and the Galactic center. The result constitutes a fundamental step forward in the quest for the nature of dark matter. [14] Researchers may have uncovered a way to observe dark matter thanks to a discovery involving X-ray emissions. [13] Between 2009 and 2013, the Planck satellite observed relic radiation, sometimes called cosmic microwave background (CMB) radiation. Today, with a full analysis of the data, the quality of the map is now such that the imprints left by dark matter and relic neutrinos are clearly visible. [12] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter. The Weak Interaction changes the temperature dependent Planck Distribution of the electromagnetic oscillations and changing the non-compensated dark matter rate, giving the responsibility to the sterile neutrino.
Category: Astrophysics

[14] viXra:1702.0155 [pdf] submitted on 2017-02-14 01:08:29

Cause Hypothesis Lunotryaseny Nikitin V. N., Nikitin I.v. Movement of Gravitational Educations on an Internal Surface of a Cover of the Moon Owing to Influence of "Tidal" Forces of the Moon and the Sun is the Main Reason for Lunotryaseniye.

Authors: Nikitin V. N., Nikitin I.V.
Comments: 1 Page.

Movement of gravitational educations on an internal surface of a cover of the Moon owing to influence of "tidal" forces of the Moon and the Sun is the main reason for lunotryaseniye.
Category: Astrophysics

[13] viXra:1702.0154 [pdf] submitted on 2017-02-14 01:21:17

Hypothesis of the Origin of Ice Ages on the Earth Nikitin V. N., Nikitin I.v. Recurrence of Fluctuations of Internal Energy Pressure of the Solar System is a Basic Reason of Emergence of Ice Ages on Earth.

Authors: Nikitin V. N., Nikitin I.V.
Comments: 1 Page.

Recurrence of fluctuations of internal energy pressure of the Solar system is a basic reason of emergence of Ice Ages on Earth.
Category: Astrophysics

[12] viXra:1702.0151 [pdf] submitted on 2017-02-13 14:23:15

Next-gen Dark Matter Detector

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 32 Pages.

The race is on to build the most sensitive U.S.-based experiment designed to directly detect dark matter particles. Department of Energy officials have formally approved a key construction milestone that will propel the project toward its April 2020 goal for completion. [22] Scientists at the Center for Axion and Precision Physics Research (CAPP), within the Institute for Basic Science (IBS) have optimized some of the characteristics of a magnet to hunt for one possible component of dark matter called axion. [21] The first sighting of clustered dwarf galaxies bolsters a leading theory about how big galaxies such as our Milky Way are formed, and how dark matter binds them, researchers said Monday. [20] Scientists from The University of Manchester working on a revolutionary telescope project have harnessed the power of distributed computing from the UK's GridPP collaboration to tackle one of the Universe's biggest mysteries – the nature of dark matter and dark energy. [18] In the search for the mysterious dark matter, physicists have used elaborate computer calculations to come up with an outline of the particles of this unknown form of matter. [17] Unlike x-rays that the naked eye can't see but equipment can measure, scientists have yet to detect dark matter after three decades of searching, even with the world's most sensitive instruments. [16] Scientists have lost their latest round of hide-and-seek with dark matter, but they're not out of the game. [15] A new study is providing evidence for the presence of dark matter in the innermost part of the Milky Way, including in our own cosmic neighborhood and the Earth's location. The study demonstrates that large amounts of dark matter exist around us, and also between us and the Galactic center. The result constitutes a fundamental step forward in the quest for the nature of dark matter. [14] Researchers may have uncovered a way to observe dark matter thanks to a discovery involving X-ray emissions. [13] Between 2009 and 2013, the Planck satellite observed relic radiation, sometimes called cosmic microwave background (CMB) radiation. Today, with a full analysis of the data, the quality of the map is now such that the imprints left by dark matter and relic neutrinos are clearly visible. [12] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter. The Weak Interaction changes the temperature dependent Planck Distribution of the electromagnetic oscillations and changing the non-compensated dark matter rate, giving the responsibility to the sterile neutrino.
Category: Astrophysics

[11] viXra:1702.0132 [pdf] submitted on 2017-02-10 10:55:07

Modified Gravity from Gravitational Waves

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 16 Pages.

Astronomy experiments could soon test an idea developed by Albert Einstein almost exactly a century ago, scientists say. [6] It's estimated that 27% of all the matter in the universe is invisible, while everything from PB&J sandwiches to quasars accounts for just 4.9%. But a new theory of gravity proposed by theoretical physicist Erik Verlinde of the University of Amsterdam found out a way to dispense with the pesky stuff. [5] The proposal by the trio though phrased in a way as to suggest it's a solution to the arrow of time problem, is not likely to be addressed as such by the physics community—it's more likely to be considered as yet another theory that works mathematically, yet still can't answer the basic question of what is time. [4] The Weak Interaction transforms an electric charge in the diffraction pattern from one side to the other side, causing an electric dipole momentum change, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The Neutrino Oscillation of the Weak Interaction shows that it is a General electric dipole change and it is possible to any other temperature dependent entropy and information changing diffraction pattern of atoms, molecules and even complicated biological living structures.
Category: Astrophysics

[10] viXra:1702.0118 [pdf] submitted on 2017-02-09 09:31:55

New Findings Concerning Dark Matter

Authors: Wolfgang Westenberger
Comments: 9 Pages.

SUMMARY. Dozens of exceeding experiments all over the world were performed with high hopes to find dark matter particles. No evidence for any dark particle could be found despite all these efforts. This is an overwhelming result. Furthermore, one must consider some discrepancy between the theory of dark matter and astrophysical observations. But there is another theory to explain the galactic rotation curve by calculation, called method of gravity areas, which is based on the gravitation theorem and other well-known facts. Newton's gravitation law remains untouched, and no unknown is needed. At any position there is a single gravitational vector towards the centre and another single vector towards the opposite direction. So the billions-of-masses-problem has changed to a solvable threecomponent- problem. The summed up gravitational vectors of all near and far away mass within a galactic disc, baryonic mass only, will result in a horizontal gravitation curve, equivalent to a horizontal rotation curve. The theory of gravity areas is based on well-known physical laws and verifiable parameters. Therefore, the theory can be proved wrong, but up to now it has not been disproved.
Category: Astrophysics

[9] viXra:1702.0109 [pdf] submitted on 2017-02-08 09:31:36

CP Symmetry Between Material and Anti Material Copy Universes Combined with Local- and Multi-Universal Cycle Time.

Authors: Leo Vuyk
Comments: 21 Pages.

Recent measurements by the LHC are a strong support for the stability differences between (anti)-proton and (anti)-neutrons. See Nature: “Measurement of matter–antimatter differences in beauty baryon decays” According to Quantum FFF Theory however there should be a multiversal CP symmetric origin if we assume that the vacuum is able to become chiral. So I concentrate here on Construction principles for chiral “atoms of spacetime” based on geometrical 3-D chiral vacuum lattice models and consequences for spacetime, general relativity based space curvature and time variation, including cyclic Multi- Universal time, and local time. The chirality of the oscillating Axion Higgs vacuum lattice in each universe is assumed to be the origin of the difference between material or anti-material universes.
Category: Astrophysics

[8] viXra:1702.0099 [pdf] submitted on 2017-02-07 14:15:10

Rethinking Gravity

Authors: Adrian Packham
Comments: 7 Pages. phulpackham@gmail.com

GRAVITY ABSTRACT. With advances in technology in recent years, in particular space telescopes and space probes, mankind can now see further into space with more accuracy than ever before. This also applies to the microscopic world with the development of The Large Hadron Collider and electron telescopes. On a macroscopic level, it is now possible to view our solar system, galaxies and a portion of the known universe. Similar patterns are now emerging that may indicate that celestial bodies and systems have more in common than previously thought. From the planets in our solar system to the sun to other stars and galaxies it would appear that the activity around these bodies equators and polar regions require further investigation. That investigation should also include whether there are similarities to how the quantum world operates. Mankind may now be at the tipping point of being able to understand gravity at both microscopic and macroscopic levels. This paper attempts to explain how this is possible.
Category: Astrophysics

[7] viXra:1702.0067 [pdf] submitted on 2017-02-04 08:05:27

The Time Principle of Planet Formation

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 1 Page.

Since stellar evolution takes billions of years, and planet formation is stellar evolution in the general theory of stellar metamorphosis, it takes billions of years for a planet to form.
Category: Astrophysics

[6] viXra:1702.0052 [pdf] replaced on 2017-02-05 00:16:14

The Beautiful Nebula and Its Formation Mechanism

Authors: Yibing Qiu
Comments: 1 Page.

Abstract: show a viewpoint about the formation mechanism of a Cat's eye nebula.
Category: Astrophysics

[5] viXra:1702.0046 [pdf] replaced on 2017-05-13 17:56:54

Determining The Mass of The Dark Matter Particle (WIMP)

Authors: Guillermo A Rios
Comments: 41 Pages. Original Research Paper

It's clear that by measuring the density profile ρ(r) of a dark matter galactic halo we are also indirectly measuring the mass of the dark matter particles (WIMPs.) So in this paper we will derive such mass value mwimp from an actual measured ρ(r) function. It's undeniable that gravitational fields affect the form and shape of the wave functions Ψ(r,t) of quantum particles, since such wave functions must live in the space-time defined by the metric gμν consequence of the distribution of mass. In addition, in the case of dark matter, where no other interaction is assumed acting, such gravitational fields are the only potential energy present in the Hamiltonian to determine the shape of the quantum wave function Ψwimp(r,t). Therefore to determine such wave function of dark matter particles inside galactic halos we will consider a quantum equation containing in the Hamiltonian the gravitational potential energy due to the totality of the galactic matter, both baryonic and dark. At some point we will propose this, our derived quantum equation, as the sought after universal law for dark matter halos. Along this process we will pay some special attention to the fact that we will be solving a quantum equation, including boundary conditions, etc, under very unusual circumstances in terms of lengths of galactic proportions, extremely large information travel time across the whole halo quantum system, etc. Finally, taking the Milky Way as our case of study, we will solve our quantum equation to determine the mass mwimp of this elusive dark matter particle.
Category: Astrophysics

[4] viXra:1702.0042 [pdf] submitted on 2017-02-03 02:00:21

The CMB is Light Pollution from the Younger Universe Gravitationally Lensed Back After Millions of Turns.

Authors: H. Dhaliwal
Comments: 1 Page.

The CMB is light pollution from the younger universe gravitationally lensed back after millions of turns. Imagine the Milky Way when it was just a baby galaxy. Let's follow a photon that it emitted from a random point. This photon will pass by millions of galaxies or black holes, turning its direction with each pass via light bending as it passes by a gravity well. As the photon passes by each object, the objects get older since more time is passing. The photon, when had enough time to traverse the universe with enough turns will make its way back to the Milky Way. Now imagine the baby Milky Way galaxy with all its photons radiating every which way as a 360 degree light source, combined with the billions of galaxies doing the same thing. Most of these photons will gravitationally lense back to us at some point. The colder cmb is light that travelled longer. The hotter cmb is light that travelled a lesser distance relatively.
Category: Astrophysics

[3] viXra:1702.0040 [pdf] replaced on 2017-03-22 02:37:23

The Alternative Origin of Hubble Redshift : Vacuum Absorption by black holes as a Support for Quantum Dipole Repeller Gravity and a Contracting Universe.

Authors: Leo Vuyk
Comments: 35 Pages.

According to Quantum Function Follows Form Theory, the Big Bang was the evaporation and splitting of a former Big Crunch black hole nucleus of compressed Axion Higgs particles into the oscillating Axion /Higgs field vacuum lattice respectively chunky nuclei of dark matter black holes. The vacuum Lattice is supposed to represent a dynamic reference frame and the so called Dark Energy or Zero Point Energy acting as the motor for all Fermion spin and as the transfer medium for all photon information, leading to local lightspeed and local time. The energetic vacuum lattice is also assumed to act as a Gravity Quantum Dipole Repeller because gravitons do not supposed to attract- but repel Fermions with less impulse than the vacuum particles. So, Feynman diagrams become more complex than before.. Recent measurements by Yehuda Hoffman et al. did show the repelling effect of “empty space” in opposition of the “attracting gravity effect” of super clusters which he called “Dipole Repeller” effect. Recently I found that the merging of galaxy clusters itself show dynamic observational signs of a contraction of the vacuum inside the merging galaxy clusters by the anomalous central clustering of the dark matter black hole content which seems to be stripped from the individual galaxy clusters located at the borders of the new super cluster. ( see Abell 520 and bullet cluster: “no inertia effect of dark matter black holes”.) If there is vacuum absorption inside galaxy clusters, (Black Holes EAT the vacuum (Axion Higgs Field) then we also may assume that the universal vacuum between galaxy clusters should be also subjected to this absorption process, ( which surpass the redshift of relative speed) as a sign for universal contraction and negative entropy, leading to a cyclic universe. All Black holes EAT the dark energy Axion-Higgs vacuum lattice supposed to be the origin of the Hubble redshift and universal contraction.
Category: Astrophysics

[2] viXra:1702.0006 [pdf] submitted on 2017-02-01 05:11:36

Rotation Curves of the Cosmic Objects and Attractive Force in the Universe

Authors: Tamara Kudykina, Alexander Pervak
Comments: 12 Pages.

A hydrodynamic model of the motion of galaxies, planets and moons is proposed in this paper. The solution of the Euler equation gives the description of the rotation curves with the positive parts of the Bessel functions J1(βr), where is the distance from the object to the axis of rotation, and β — is the parameter depending upon the angular velocities, the dimension of the system and the velocity of the progressive motion of the system. In the dimensionless units the case with β>>1 corresponds to the rotation curves of the planets and moons and in this limit coincides with the Kep-ler-Newton law. In the case of parameters β≤1 we have the rotation curves of the galaxies. The hydrodynamic theory describes the rotation curves of both the galaxies and the planets systems without invoking dark matter hypothesis. Within the limit of motion of the cosmic objects in the ideal medium, the expres-sion of the generalized attractive force is derived. In the case of planets (β>>1), the form of the attractive force coincides with the Newton law; in the case of the galax-ies, the attractive force differs sufficiently from the Newton law. The distribution of the energy-density for the cosmic objects is obtained. For the Solar system, the distances between the planets and the Sun are derived. For small planets, the calculation agrees well with the observed values at the parameters β≈80÷90 and for the planets-giants — at β≈40÷50.
Category: Astrophysics

[1] viXra:1702.0005 [pdf] submitted on 2017-02-01 05:16:38

Redshift Of Quasars And Time Dilation

Authors: Tamara Kudykina, Alexander Pervak
Comments: 10 Pages.

The most of the cosmic objects moves along a screw line: a rotation and progressive motion. The shift of the spectrum of the emitting bodies is due to the time difference in the motionless and moving reference frames. In the case of the progressive motion, the Doppler effect takes place, in the case of rotation – the Sagnac effect is observed. It is shown that the observed redshift (and blue shift as well) of the spectra of cosmic objects is due to the Sagnac effect. The parameter of redshift z depends on the parameters of its own non-inertial reference frame of every cosmic object (its angular velocity and dimension). It is intrinsic ones for every object and does not determine the distance from us to a cosmic object. It was shown that the Sagnac effect predominates, and therefore, the time dilation and the change of the distances between close objects have to be negligible even at great z. Therefore, the Hubble law and the hypothesis about the Universe expansion (BigBang theory) don’t have their main grounds and are wrong.
Category: Astrophysics