Astrophysics

1812 Submissions

[43] viXra:1812.0476 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-30 05:48:29

See Far Back in Time

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 51 Pages.

Our senses are stuck in the past. There's a flash of lightning, and then seconds pass until we hear the rumble of distant thunder. We hear the past. [31] ESA's technical centre in the Netherlands has begun running a pulsar-based clock. The "PulChron' system measures the passing of time using millisecond-frequency radio pulses from multiple fast-spinning neutron stars. [30] VR is an almost perfect avenue for this approach, since it has been surging in popularity as both entertainment and an educational tool. [29] Using MAGIC telescopes and NASA's Fermi spacecraft, an international team of astronomers has discovered a new source of very high energy gamma-ray emission around the supernova remnant (SNR) G24.7+0.6. [28] In 1973, Russian physicist A.B. Migdal predicted the phenomenon of pion condensation above a critical, extremely high-several times higher than that for normal matter-nuclear density. [27] Our first glimpses into the physics that exist near the center of a black hole are being made possible using "loop quantum gravity"-a theory that uses quantum mechanics to extend gravitational physics beyond Einstein's theory of general relativity. [26] In the shadowy regions of black holes two fundamental theories describing our world collide. Can these problems be resolved and do black holes really exist? First, we may have to see one and scientists are trying to do just this. [25] The authors suggest that this virtual reality simulation could be useful for studying HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/black+holes/" black holes. [24] Every galaxy is thought to harbor a supermassive black hole in the center, or nucleus, of the galaxy, and in active galaxies this black hole is fed by infalling matter. [23] A new study by researchers at the University of Colorado Boulder finds that violent crashes may be more effective at activating black holes than more peaceful mergers. [22] For the first time, a team of astronomers has observed several pairs of galaxies in the final stages of merging together into single, larger galaxies. [21]
Category: Astrophysics

[42] viXra:1812.0473 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-29 19:03:17

Theory of Matter Creation (Lorentz Length Contraction Reason) (II)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 42 Pages.

The Matter Creation: 1-The Energy is found before any Matter Birth 2-The Energy is in motion (always) 3-The Energy motion creates relativistic effects (because the Energy has different velocities in her motion) 4-Lorentz Length Contraction effect causes to concentrate the Energy (Hypothesis) 5-The matter is created from the Energy based on the quantum standardization 6-The Space is Energy but has different Energy density… 7-There's a higher velocity in the solar group causes relativistic effects 8-We can't observe this higher velocity but we can observe the relativistic effects on the distances and periods values in the solar group… 9-These relativistic effects effect on Earth moon orbit, causes length contraction effect which enable the moon orbit to store the solar group main energy.
Category: Astrophysics

[41] viXra:1812.0469 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-30 04:42:53

Distant Spinning Stars

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 48 Pages.

ESA's technical centre in the Netherlands has begun running a pulsar-based clock. The "PulChron' system measures the passing of time using millisecond-frequency radio pulses from multiple fast-spinning neutron stars. [30] VR is an almost perfect avenue for this approach, since it has been surging in popularity as both entertainment and an educational tool. [29] Using MAGIC telescopes and NASA's Fermi spacecraft, an international team of astronomers has discovered a new source of very high energy gamma-ray emission around the supernova remnant (SNR) G24.7+0.6. [28] In 1973, Russian physicist A.B. Migdal predicted the phenomenon of pion condensation above a critical, extremely high—several times higher than that for normal matter— nuclear density. [27]
Category: Astrophysics

[40] viXra:1812.0460 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-28 15:45:41

Most Mass-Dependent Isotope Fractionation is Due to Stellar Evolution (Planet Formation)

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 4 Pages.

Isotope fractionation means the separation of specific isotopes of a specific element. Say, O-17 is heavier than O-16 so it will sink easier into a star because it is heavier. This is mass dependent isotope fractionation. Most isotope fractionation taught by mainstream only include mass independent fractionation, meaning they are searching for separation of isotopes without mass being a factor. In this paper it is explained firstly that lighter isotopes can escape the star, leaving heavier ones to sink. This leads to the idea that the large percentage of a galactic bodies' isotope fractionation is due to its evolutionary history, and is directly based on mass dependent fractionation. Explanation is provided.
Category: Astrophysics

[39] viXra:1812.0459 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-28 18:18:38

Theory of Matter Creation (Lorentz Length Contraction Reason) (part I)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 9 Pages.

The Matter Creation Steps: 1-The Energy is found before any Matter Birth 2-The Energy is found in motion (always) 3-The Energy motion creates relativistic effects (because the Energy has different velocities in her motion) 4-Lorentz Length Contraction effect causes to concentrate the Energy (Hypothesis) 5-The matter is created from the Energy based on the quantum standardization 6-The Space is Energy but has different Energy density…
Category: Astrophysics

[38] viXra:1812.0449 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-29 05:11:00

Virtual Reality Experience

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 45 Pages.

VR is an almost perfect avenue for this approach, since it has been surging in popularity as both entertainment and an educational tool. [29] Using MAGIC telescopes and NASA's Fermi spacecraft, an international team of astronomers has discovered a new source of very high energy gamma-ray emission around the supernova remnant (SNR) G24.7+0.6. [28] In 1973, Russian physicist A.B. Migdal predicted the phenomenon of pion condensation above a critical, extremely high—several times higher than that for normal matter— nuclear density. [27] Our first glimpses into the physics that exist near the center of a black hole are being made possible using "loop quantum gravity"—a theory that uses quantum mechanics to extend gravitational physics beyond Einstein's theory of general relativity. [26] In the shadowy regions of black holes two fundamental theories describing our world collide. Can these problems be resolved and do black holes really exist? First, we may have to see one and scientists are trying to do just this. [25]
Category: Astrophysics

[37] viXra:1812.0448 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-29 05:30:01

Brief History of Black Holes

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 30 Pages.

Late in 2018, the gravitational wave observatory, LIGO, announced that they had detected the most distant and massive source of ripples of spacetime ever monitored: waves triggered by pairs of black holes colliding in deep space. [21] Answering the question "How did galaxies form and evolve during the 13.8-billion-year history of the universe?" has been one top issue in modern astronomy. [20] If someone were to venture into one of these relatively benign black holes, they could survive, but their past would be obliterated and they could have an infinite number of possible futures. [19] The group explains their theory in a paper published in the journal Physical Review Letters—it involves the idea of primordial black holes (PBHs) infesting the centers of neutron stars and eating them from the inside out. [18] But for rotating black holes, there’s a region outside the event horizon where strange and extraordinary things can happen, and these extraordinary possibilities are the focus of a new paper in the American Physical Society journal Physical Review Letters. [17]
Category: Astrophysics

[36] viXra:1812.0446 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-27 08:25:34

High Energy Gamma-Ray Emission

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 43 Pages.

Using MAGIC telescopes and NASA's Fermi spacecraft, an international team of astronomers has discovered a new source of very high energy gamma-ray emission around the supernova remnant (SNR) G24.7+0.6. [28] In 1973, Russian physicist A.B. Migdal predicted the phenomenon of pion condensation above a critical, extremely high—several times higher than that for normal matter— nuclear density. [27]
Category: Astrophysics

[35] viXra:1812.0434 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-26 11:12:03

Earth Circumference

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 6 Pages.

Why Earth Circumference =40080 km? Let's summarize the story in following: -Earth daily motion is Energy (2.58 million km), Earth does it daily -On the first day, Earth sent her daily motion energy (2.58mkm) toward the moon orbit on the horizontal axis … -There are relativistic effects in the space between Earth the moon caused by v1=0.99c which caused a rate = 7.1 -Earth daily energy(2.58 mkm) faced these relativistic effects, and Earth daily energy is contracted by the rate 7.1 which produces the equation 2.58 mkm =7.1 x 0.363 mkm (perigee radius =0.363 mkm) where the Energy stopped here! -So Perigee radius is created firstly from Earth daily energy, but Earth energy is stopped at perigee point (r=0.363 mkm) and can't move further That's Why…. -On the second day, Earth sent her daily motion (2.58 mkm) toward the sun on the vertical axis…. to avoid the contraction effect -Earth daily Energy (2.58 mkm) reaches to the sun, where the sun absorbs this energy and reflects it towed Pluto….so the Energy 2.58 mkm is sent from the sun to Pluto -In the way Earth Daily Energy (2.58mkm) received a great effect from Uranus and sent it again toward Pluto -Earth Daily Energy (2.58 mkm) reaches to Pluto who will send this same energy toward the moon orbit (Energy transportation process depends on r=0.406 mkm) -Earth Energy (2.58mkm) is sent from Pluto to Apogee circumference =2.58 mkm which makes apogee radius = 406000km -Earth Energy which consist the moon apogee circumference wants to move deeper toward the Earth body, but this energy again faces the relativistic effects from the other side so the contraction is done by the rate 1.0725 -Earth Energy tried 2 times to move deeper toward the Earth body starting from apogee orbit…. oIn first time the apogee circumference 2.58 mkm (r=0406mkm) is contracted to produce the moon orbit average circumference 2.41 mkm (r=0.384mkm) and the energy is stopped here again… oIn the second time the Energy at apogee radius r= 0.406 mkm faces the relativistic effects and produce the total solar eclipse radius r= 0.378 mkm and stopped here…. But -The moon orbit energy had to reach to Earth body to complete the process because the moon orbit is created from Earth daily motion energy, so the distance between apogee (r=0.406 mkm) and perigee (r=0.363 mkm) (which is an Energy), this distance (0.406 mkm – 0.363 mkm = 43000km) is contracted by the rate 1.0725 mkm and reach to the Earth through Perigee point which is the only point connected with the Earth body directly -43000 km = 1.0725 x 40080 km (Earth Circumference =40080 km) -Earth rotates around her axis daily producing this distance =40080 km = Earth Circumference …. That means Earth Circumference is created by this process and the previous story was related to Earth motion Energy before the matter birth. -That means the energy from higher points (apogee, average and total solar eclipse radiuses) will be sent to Perigee point because it is the only point is connected to the Earth directly… -Who will carry the Energy from higher to lower points?….. The Moon…. -Now we can see why the three points are distinguish from perigee point because they receive their energy by 2 different trajectories of Energy…. This story proves we have discussed in my previous paper " The Solar Day Production"
Category: Astrophysics

[34] viXra:1812.0426 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-25 13:30:53

The Solar Day Production

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 18 Pages.

The solar planets different motions are working as gears motions have different rates of time, they use Light Motion Energy for 1 second period and produce this same Energy in 1 Day Period of a Planet Motion… And by this process the solar planets transform the period of 1 second into 1 day period which produces the solar day… The solar Day production is the solar planets different motions main job.
Category: Astrophysics

[33] viXra:1812.0396 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-22 07:39:52

Pion Condensation of Neutron Stars

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 42 Pages.

In 1973, Russian physicist A.B. Migdal predicted the phenomenon of pion condensation above a critical, extremely high—several times higher than that for normal matter— nuclear density. [27] Our first glimpses into the physics that exist near the center of a black hole are being made possible using "loop quantum gravity"—a theory that uses quantum mechanics to extend gravitational physics beyond Einstein's theory of general relativity. [26]
Category: Astrophysics

[32] viXra:1812.0393 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-22 16:35:00

Iron/Nickel Ratio Stability in Young Stars to Stellar Guts (Meteorites)

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 2 pages of handwritten notes

The ratio of iron/nickel in young stars predicts the ratio of their remains for their most evolved state, and into stages where they have completely disintegrated into small asteroids. For example, the Sun which has iron/nickel abundance ratio of 92% to 8% will remain the same as it evolves. This means when the Sun has evolved to its most evolved state, the iron/nickel meteorites it will produce will have a similar ratio of iron to nickel. Other elements are not considered, but will be in the future to make this hypothesis more exacting. This is only to serve as a starting point for drawing conclusions concerning the origins of meteorites and why they all have different ratios. They are stellar guts from different long destroyed stars, per the Krypton Hypothesis. Two pages of hand written notes follow.
Category: Astrophysics

[31] viXra:1812.0366 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-20 10:42:43

Quantum Sensor for Satellite Gravimetry

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 38 Pages.

NASA and the Sunnyvale, California-based AOSense, Inc., have successfully built and demonstrated a prototype quantum sensor capable of obtaining highly sensitive and accurate gravity measurements-a stepping stone toward next-generation geodesy, hydrology, and climate-monitoring missions in space. [21] Researchers from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, ETH Zurich, and Argonne National Laboratory, U.S, have described an extended quantum Maxwell's demon, a device locally violating the second law of thermodynamics in a system located one to five meters away from the demon. [20] "We've experimentally confirmed the connection between information in the classical case and the quantum case," Murch said, "and we're seeing this new effect of information loss." [19] It's well-known that when a quantum system is continuously measured, it freezes, i.e., it stops changing, which is due to a phenomenon called the quantum Zeno effect. [18] Physicists have extended one of the most prominent fluctuation theorems of classical stochastic thermodynamics, the Jarzynski equality, to quantum field theory. [17] In 1993, physicist Lucien Hardy proposed an experiment showing that there is a small probability (around 6-9%) of observing a particle and its antiparticle interacting with each other without annihilating-something that is impossible in classical physics. [16] Scientists at the University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland, recently reengineered their data processing, demonstrating that 16 million atoms were entangled in a one-centimetre crystal. [15] The fact that it is possible to retrieve this lost information reveals new insight into the fundamental nature of quantum measurements, mainly by supporting the idea that quantum measurements contain both quantum and classical components. [14] Researchers blur the line between classical and quantum physics by connecting chaos and entanglement. [13]
Category: Astrophysics

[30] viXra:1812.0360 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-21 02:58:46

Black Hole Singularity

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 41 Pages.

Our first glimpses into the physics that exist near the center of a black hole are being made possible using "loop quantum gravity"—a theory that uses quantum mechanics to extend gravitational physics beyond Einstein's theory of general relativity. [26] In the shadowy regions of black holes two fundamental theories describing our world collide. Can these problems be resolved and do black holes really exist? First, we may have to see one and scientists are trying to do just this. [25]
Category: Astrophysics

[29] viXra:1812.0353 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-19 06:10:38

Black Holes Mass Density and Definition of the Maximum Energy of Stability for a Particle

Authors: Peiman Ghasemi
Comments: 4 Pages.

Black holes mass density equations and definition of the maximum energy of stability for a particle
Category: Astrophysics

[28] viXra:1812.0342 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-19 17:38:24

Electromagnetic Causes Photon Deflection Experiment Report

Authors: Weixiong Huang
Comments: 3 Pages.

Einstein believes that gravity causes photon deflection. This created the black hole theory. Huang Weixiong's theory of magneton believes that electromagnetic causes photon deflection. This experiment proves that electromagnetic causes photon deflection. This experiment proves that electromagnetic causes photons to rotate.
Category: Astrophysics

[27] viXra:1812.0341 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-19 17:41:09

Fermi Bubble Negation Black Hole Theory

Authors: Weixiong Huang
Comments: 3 Pages.

Einstein believes that gravity causes photon deflection. This created the black hole theory. Fermi bubbles prove that the reason for photon deflection is not gravity, but magnetic force. Thus negating the black hole theory.
Category: Astrophysics

[26] viXra:1812.0335 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-20 02:21:56

Astrophysical Phenomena

Authors: Solomon Budnik
Comments: 6 Pages.

This paper substantiates the true origins of our universe and black holes beyond the Standard Model and opens new frontiers to NextGen astrophysical research and observations
Category: Astrophysics

[25] viXra:1812.0318 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-10 00:58:18

Sunqm-3s9: Using {N,n} QM to Explain the Sunspot Drift, the Continental Drift, and Sun’s and Earth’s Magnetic Dynamo

Authors: Yi Cao
Comments: 20 Pages.

In this paper, a Ylm cycle model with two phases has been proposed. In phase-1 of Ylm cycle, nLL effect induces a |nLL> mode mass peaking and upwelling below the surface of an {N,n}o orbit shell, and generates a equatorial fast flow stream at the surface. As phase-1 progress, the equatorial fast flow stream gets narrower and shallower, and eventually diminished. In phase-2 of Ylm cycle, |n,L,m=0..L-1> modes cause mass peaking and upwelling below the surface of the same {N,n}o orbit shell but at high latitude region, and generates an effective equatorial slow flow stream at the surface. This (equivalent) slow flow stream also gets narrower and shallower, and eventually diminished. This single model has been used to explain the sunspot drift on Sun’s surface, the continental drift on Earth surface, and both Sun’s and Earth’s magnetic dynamo. The alternation between two phases of Ylm cycle not only alternates the orientation of Sun’s (or Earth’s) magnetic field, but also supports the supercontinent cycle model. Under this model, the apparent random drift of post-Pangaea continents can be nicely depicted as an expected hydrodynamic result of a broken dam through a mouth located near the south end of South America continent. In papers of SunQM-3s6, SunQM-3s7, and SunQM-3s8, I used radial wave function R(nl) to predict the mass density r-distribution for all planets and Sun, plus the QM structure evolution for rocky planets and Sun. In papers of SunQM-3s3 and SunQM-3s9, I used spherical wave function Y(lm) to explain planets’ and Sun’s atmosphere movement, surface (or mantle) movement, and internal mass movement. Therefore, results from all these papers reveal that for all planets and stars, not only they were formed and evolved under planet’s (or star’s) QM, but the current movement of their internal mass is also determined by the planet’s (or star’s) QM.
Category: Astrophysics

[24] viXra:1812.0309 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-17 07:45:06

Next-Generation GPS Satellites

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 27 Pages.

After months of delays, the U.S. Air Force is about to launch the first of a new generation of GPS satellites, designed to be more accurate, secure and versatile. [22] A RUDN employee and Brazilian colleagues have called into question the concept of using stable wormholes as portals to different points of space-time. [21] CfA astronomer David James was a member of a large international team systematically searching for new gravitationally lensed quasars. [20] For the first time astronomers have detected gravitational waves from a merged, hyper-massive neutron star. [19] A group of scientists from the Niels Bohr Institute (NBI) at the University of Copenhagen will soon start developing a new line of technical equipment in order to dramatically improve gravitational wave detectors. [18] A global team of scientists, including two University of Mississippi physicists, has found that the same instruments used in the historic discovery of gravitational waves caused by colliding black holes could help unlock the secrets of dark matter, a mysterious and as-yet-unobserved component of the universe. [17] The lack of so-called "dark photons" in electron-positron collision data rules out scenarios in which these hypothetical particles explain the muon's magnetic moment. [16] By reproducing the complexity of the cosmos through unprecedented simulations, a new study highlights the importance of the possible behaviour of very high-energy photons. In their journey through intergalactic magnetic fields, such photons could be transformed into axions and thus avoid being absorbed. [15] Scientists have detected a mysterious X-ray signal that could be caused by dark matter streaming out of our Sun's core. Hidden photons are predicted in some extensions of the Standard Model of particle physics, and unlike WIMPs they would interact electromagnetically with normal matter. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron-proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[23] viXra:1812.0304 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-17 11:52:08

Event Horizons and the Ideal Gas Law

Authors: Salvatore Gerard Micheal
Comments: 4 Pages.

instead of temporal elasticity, we examine time near an event horizon using the ideal gas law to frame the problem, some paradoxes are revealed when we consider antimatter
Category: Astrophysics

[22] viXra:1812.0302 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-17 13:57:38

Sunqm-3s7: Predict Mass Density R-Distribution for Gas/ice Planets Based on {N,n} QM Probability Distribution

Authors: Yi Cao
Comments: 11 Pages.

Using the same method developed in paper SunQM-3s6, the (close to the true) mass density r-distribution for gas/ice planets has been estimated based on {N,n} QM probability distribution. Based on this calculation (as well as on other scientists’ calculation), the center core mass density for Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, and the undiscovered {3,2} planet (if it does formed) are estimated to be: ~ 26000 kg/m^3, ~ 23000 kg/m^3, ~ 16500 kg/m^3, ~ 17000 kg/m^3, and ~ 16000 kg/m^3 respectively. The results from this paper (as well as from papers of SunQM-3s6 and SunQM-3s8) strongly suggest that all planets and stars were formed and evolved under planet's (or star's) QM.
Category: Astrophysics

[21] viXra:1812.0282 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-16 11:49:22

Hubble's Ultraviolet Vision

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 24 Pages.

Hubble's ultraviolet vision opens up a new window on the evolving universe, tracking the birth of stars over the last 11 billion years up to the busiest star-forming period in the cosmos, which happened about three billion years after the big bang. [22] A RUDN employee and Brazilian colleagues have called into question the concept of using stable wormholes as portals to different points of space-time. [21] CfA astronomer David James was a member of a large international team systematically searching for new gravitationally lensed quasars. [20] For the first time astronomers have detected gravitational waves from a merged, hyper-massive neutron star. [19] A group of scientists from the Niels Bohr Institute (NBI) at the University of Copenhagen will soon start developing a new line of technical equipment in order to dramatically improve gravitational wave detectors. [18] A global team of scientists, including two University of Mississippi physicists, has found that the same instruments used in the historic discovery of gravitational waves caused by colliding black holes could help unlock the secrets of dark matter, a mysterious and as-yet-unobserved component of the universe. [17] The lack of so-called "dark photons" in electron-positron collision data rules out scenarios in which these hypothetical particles explain the muon's magnetic moment. [16] By reproducing the complexity of the cosmos through unprecedented simulations, a new study highlights the importance of the possible behaviour of very high-energy photons. In their journey through intergalactic magnetic fields, such photons could be transformed into axions and thus avoid being absorbed. [15] Scientists have detected a mysterious X-ray signal that could be caused by dark matter streaming out of our Sun's core. Hidden photons are predicted in some extensions of the Standard Model of particle physics, and unlike WIMPs they would interact electromagnetically with normal matter. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron-proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[20] viXra:1812.0280 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-16 13:29:41

Stellar Metamorphosis vs. Columbia University and Forbes Magazine

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 3 Pages. 2 references

There is a clear disconnect between Columbia University and writers for Forbes Magazine. The problem that media causes astronomy is made clear. The statement is very simple so as to not confuse the public. In a paper written by Columbia University researchers there are 4 types of worlds, in a Forbes article writer Ethan Siegal states that there are only 3 types of worlds, which directly references the very article that contradicts his statement. This means there is a direct disconnect between writers/editors of magazines and researchers. This issue can be cleared up with stellar metamorphosis. There are no distinct types of worlds, as stellar evolution is continuous, stars cool, shrink and lose mass becoming planets/exoplanets and moons. Explanation with pictures from the arxiv site and Forbes are provided with references.
Category: Astrophysics

[19] viXra:1812.0272 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-17 03:40:51

Ferent Equation of the Material and Spiritual Universe

Authors: Adrian Ferent
Comments: 270 Pages. © 2014 Adrian Ferent

Ferent equation of the material and spiritual Universe Scientists from the Pontifical Academy of Sciences, like Edward Witten, Paul Berg, Juan Martin Maldacena…were not able to discover a Transdisciplinarity equation or an equation to link Matter with Spiritual Matter. The greatest scientists tried to unify Science and Spirituality and to write a Transdisciplinarity equation without success. I am the first who discovered a Transdisciplinarity equation; the Ferent equation of the Soul. There are 3 walls in our Universe: the Planck wall with the constant ‘h’, the Ferent wall with the constant ‘a’ and the Spiritual wall with the constant ‘s’. At the Planck wall emerged Matter, at the Ferent wall emerged Dark Matter and at the Spiritual wall emerged Spiritual Matter. The most general form, is the time-dependent Ferent equation of the Universe, which gives a description of the Universe as quantum system made of Matter, Dark Matter and Spiritual Matter evolving in time. The most general form of the time-dependent Ferent equation of the Universe. “Ferent equation of the material and spiritual Universe:” Adrian Ferent Where: |Ψ(r,t)> – is the state vector of the Universe r and t are the position vector and time h – is the Planck constant a – is the Ferent constant s – is the Spiritual constant The evolution of N elementary particles quantum system is governed through the Ferent equation for N elementary particles. The time-dependent Ferent equation of the Universe, which gives a description of the Universe as quantum system, made of Matter, N elementary particles, Dark Matter, M elementary particles, and Spiritual Matter, L elementary particles, evolving in time. “Ferent equation of the material and spiritual Universe:” Adrian Ferent Where: Ψ – the wave function of the Universe, material and spiritual m1i – the mass of Matter elementary particle i m2j – the mass of Dark Matter elementary particle j m3k – the mass of Spiritual Matter elementary particle k r1N – the position of Matter elementary particle N r2M – the position of Dark Matter elementary particle M r3L – the position of Spiritual Matter elementary particle L 158. I am the first who discovered the Ferent equation of the Soul 159. I am the first who discovered the Ferent equation of the material and spiritual Universe
Category: Astrophysics

[18] viXra:1812.0251 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-14 10:20:21

Travel Through Wormholes

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 23 Pages.

A RUDN employee and Brazilian colleagues have called into question the concept of using stable wormholes as portals to different points of space-time. [21] CfA astronomer David James was a member of a large international team systematically searching for new gravitationally lensed quasars. [20] For the first time astronomers have detected gravitational waves from a merged, hyper-massive neutron star. [19] A group of scientists from the Niels Bohr Institute (NBI) at the University of Copenhagen will soon start developing a new line of technical equipment in order to dramatically improve gravitational wave detectors. [18] A global team of scientists, including two University of Mississippi physicists, has found that the same instruments used in the historic discovery of gravitational waves caused by colliding black holes could help unlock the secrets of dark matter, a mysterious and as-yet-unobserved component of the universe. [17] The lack of so-called "dark photons" in electron-positron collision data rules out scenarios in which these hypothetical particles explain the muon's magnetic moment. [16] By reproducing the complexity of the cosmos through unprecedented simulations, a new study highlights the importance of the possible behaviour of very high-energy photons. In their journey through intergalactic magnetic fields, such photons could be transformed into axions and thus avoid being absorbed. [15] Scientists have detected a mysterious X-ray signal that could be caused by dark matter streaming out of our Sun's core. Hidden photons are predicted in some extensions of the Standard Model of particle physics, and unlike WIMPs they would interact electromagnetically with normal matter. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron-proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[17] viXra:1812.0241 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-13 08:50:51

Secrets of the Sun

Authors: Bernard Riley
Comments: 3 pages

When measured in Planck units the vital parameters of the sun take particular values.
Category: Astrophysics

[16] viXra:1812.0234 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-14 00:26:43

The Big Burst

Authors: Seamus McCelt
Comments: 5 Pages.

Everyone has heard of various possible ends of the universe:
The Big Crunch, The Big Bounce, The Big Rip, The Big Freeze, etc.

Here is another...
The Big Burst - Welcome to the End of the World.
There will be a massive energy burst released by neutrinos into the fabric-of-space.
Then a massive drop-off in tension caused by too much "fabric" per given volume.
The fabric-of-space - that is the universe as we know it - becomes something like a floppy 3-D tennis net.
First Law? Energy? Gravity? Light? Heat? Pooof, Gone!
There will NOT even be time happening (as we know it).
Category: Astrophysics

[15] viXra:1812.0228 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-16 05:09:34

Equal Sized Rigid String Based New Black Holes do not Merge But, Form Herbig Haro Systems.

Authors: Leo Vuyk
Comments: 25 Pages.

In Q-FFF Theory, equal sized Rigid String based Black Holes do not merge but, form Herbig Haro systems with a White Hole (also called Wormhole) in the middle as the center of plasma jet production. Q-FFF Theory postulates, that all rigid string based black holes (Bhs), with variable sizes, from semi-stable Ball lightning up to stable Comets, Dual Herbig Haro black hole bow shocks and even dual Galaxy Anchor Bhs, are negative charged from the outside and positive charged from the inside. Q-FFF = Quantum Function Follows Form at the stringy quantum scale. The origin of different charged Bh zones, is counter intuitive 1: the Bh repulsion of all Fermions and 2: the continuous pair production out of the chiral oscillating Axion-Higgs particle based vacuum lattice at the BH horizon and 3: the preference for positrons in the chiral vacuum, to merge with photons, forming a positive charged quark plasma at the inside of the Bh horizon. (see poster below)
Category: Astrophysics

[14] viXra:1812.0200 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-12 03:07:28

The Moon Orbital Motion

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 3 Pages.

Abstract Why Earth daily motion 2.58 mkm = The moon orbital circumference at apogee radius r=0.406 mkm (Apogee radius is the longest distance between the Earth and Moon)? Conclusion: The Moon orbital motion depends on relativistic effects are found in the moon orbit. Introduction Paper Main Hypothesis: The rate 1.0725 is found by lorentz relativities effects (Apogee orbital Circumference 2.58/Moon orbital circumference 2.41) =1.0725 The Hypothesis Explanation: (28.3 deg Neptune axial tilt/ 26.7 deg. Saturn axial tilt)= (26.7 deg. Saturn axial tilt/ 25.2 deg. Mars axial tilt) = (25.2 deg. Mars axial tilt/ 23.4 deg. Earth axial tilt) =1.0725 The previous equation explain the hypothesis 28.3 degrees (Neptune axial tilt) is the main value which is contracted by lorentz effect (1.0725) to produce 26.7 deg (Saturn axial tilt) which also is contracted again to produce 25.2 deg. (Mars axial tilt) and then contracted again to produce 23.4 deg. (Earth axial tilt) so these 4 values are one value but the difference is found by relativistic effects (The prove of this rate 1.0725 will be discussed in point no. 3) -The moon orbital motion The moon moves 2.58 mkm daily = Earth motion daily (otherwise they will be separated from each other) If there's no relativistic effects in the solar system, the moon should be seen as a bright stationary point in the sky because Earth and Moon move by the same velocity. But Because of the relativistic effects this value (2.58 mkm) will be contracted with the rate 1.0725 to produce the value 2.41 mkm (Note please/ The length contraction rate 1.0725 we have discussed clearly in my previous paper) So the moon daily motion =2.58 mkm but this value is seen =2.41mkm (because of lorentz length contraction phenomenon) The difference between both = 0.17 mkm which causes The Moon Daily Displacement (0.17 mkm = 2 x 88000km) Why the difference 0.17 mkm = 2 x moon daily displacement 88000km? may that occur because of the motions opposite directions.
Category: Astrophysics

[13] viXra:1812.0175 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-09 06:18:51

PPPL Plasma Experiment

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 81 Pages.

As on Earth, so in space. A four-satellite mission that is studying magnetic reconnection—the breaking apart and explosive reconnection of the magnetic field lines in plasma that occurs throughout the universe—has found key aspects of the process in space to be strikingly similar to those found in experiments at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL). [43] Researchers at MIT's Plasma Science and Fusion Center (PSFC) have now demonstrated how microwaves can be used to overcome barriers to steady-state tokamak operation. [42] Plasma particle accelerators more powerful than existing machines could help probe some of the outstanding mysteries of our universe, as well as make leaps forward in cancer treatment and security scanning—all in a package that's around a thousandth of the size of current accelerators. [41] The Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory has started to assemble a new facility for revolutionary accelerator technologies that could make future accelerators 100 to 1,000 times smaller and boost their capabilities. [40] The authors designed a mechanism based on the deployment of a transport barrier to confine the particles and prevent them from moving from one region of the accelerator to another. "There is strong experimental evidence that there is indeed some new physics lurking in the lepton sector," Dev said. [38] Now, in a new result unveiled today at the Neutrino 2018 conference in Heidelberg, Germany, the collaboration has announced its first results using antineutrinos, and has seen strong evidence of muon antineutrinos oscillating into electron antineutrinos over long distances, a phenomenon that has never been unambiguously observed. [37] The Precision Reactor Oscillation and Spectrum Experiment (PROSPECT) has completed the installation of a novel antineutrino detector that will probe the possible existence of a new form of matter. [36]
Category: Astrophysics

[12] viXra:1812.0160 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-10 04:41:31

Pluto Velocity Analysis

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 12 Pages.

Earth velocity daily (2.58 mkm) = Pluto velocity daily (0.406 mkm) x 2π The previous relationship is found based on 2 reasons –at least- which are: 1-Earth and Pluto are the 2 ends of the solar group main energy trajectory. 2-Earth and Pluto Relationship is found through the moon orbit (Earth moon orbit) This paper tries to prove these facts.
Category: Astrophysics

[11] viXra:1812.0134 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-07 13:00:59

Negative Mass as a Driver for Cosmic Inflation and Dark Energy

Authors: Mark Ridler
Comments: 6 Pages.

I have conducted n-body simulations of a model universe. Initial conditions include a uniform mix of 4 types of particle: positive and negative charge and positive and negative mass. A "cold collapse" scenario is used, except that only parts of the model collapse, the rest expands. I contend that this is compatible with the known universe and a viable solution to the Dark Energy puzzle. Also discussed is a possible solution to the Dark Matter puzzle. This relies on the self-attractive effects of negative mass.
Category: Astrophysics

[10] viXra:1812.0132 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-07 16:10:26

The Moon Motion is A Relativistic Motion

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 8 Pages.

Hypothesis: The Moon is a physical point moves with light velocity (0.3million /sec), for that reason the moon motion causes relativistic effects The Moon Daily Motion -The moon moves 2.58 mkm daily = Earth daily motion (otherwise they will be separated from each other) -If there's no relativistic effect the moon should be seen as a bright stationary point in the sky because Earth and Moon move by the same velocity. But -Because of the relativistic effects this value (2.58mkm) will be contracted with the same rate 1.0725 to produce the value 2.41 mkm (the rate 1.0725 we have discussed before clearly) -So the moon daily motion =2.58 mkm but this value is seen =2.41mkm -The difference between both = 0.17 mkm which causes the moon daily displacement (0.17 mkm = 2 x 88000km) -Why the difference 0.17 mkm = 2 x moon daily displacement 88000km? may that occur because of the motions opposite directions. -So this explanation shows easily how the moon move and proves also that the moon motion causes relativistic effects.
Category: Astrophysics

[9] viXra:1812.0121 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-08 05:12:22

Gravity As A Unified Force

Authors: Mark Ridler
Comments: 15 Pages.

Model A is attractive; standard physics. Model AB is attractive / repulsive; Hermann Bondi. Model ABCD is likes vs opposites; non-standard physics. Also discussed is a is a new way of looking at Electron-Positron annihilation.
Category: Astrophysics

[8] viXra:1812.0116 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-06 07:55:50

Why Energy has Different Forms?

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 2 Pages.

Energy different forms are created because of the observer different positions relative to it. Why the observer positions are different relative to the energy? The observer position changes according to the observer knowledge and realization… The universe is reflected from the human knowledge and logic
Category: Astrophysics

[7] viXra:1812.0100 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-05 08:54:53

Dark Energy Mayall Telescope

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 53 Pages.

Key components for the sky-mapping Dark Energy Spectroscopic Instrument (DESI), weighing about 12 tons, were hoisted atop the Mayall Telescope at Kitt Peak National Observatory (KPNO) near Tucson, Arizona, and bolted into place Wednesday, marking a major project milestone. [31] Scientists at the University of Oxford may have solved one of the biggest questions in modern physics, with a new paper unifying dark matter and dark energy into a single phenomenon: a fluid which possesses 'negative mass." [30] Researchers at the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy in Bonn, Germany, have proposed a new experiment that makes use of super-dense stars to learn more about the interaction of dark matter with standard matter. [29] CfA astronomer Qirong Zhu led a group of four scientists investigating the possibility that today's dark HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/matter/" matter is composed of primordial black holes, following up on previously published suggestions. If galaxy halos are made of black holes, they should have a different density distribution than halos made of exotic particles. [28] A signal caused by the very first stars to form in the universe has been picked up by a tiny but highly specialised radio telescope in the remote Western Australian desert. [27]
Category: Astrophysics

[6] viXra:1812.0096 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-05 09:44:47

Theoretical Dark Matter Hunt

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 54 Pages.

Collisions between dark matter and regular matter would be an excellent source of information on the still-unknown 80 % of all matter in our Universe. [32] Key components for the sky-mapping Dark Energy Spectroscopic Instrument (DESI), weighing about 12 tons, were hoisted atop the Mayall Telescope at Kitt Peak National Observatory (KPNO) near Tucson, Arizona, and bolted into place Wednesday, marking a major project milestone. [31] Scientists at the University of Oxford may have solved one of the biggest questions in modern physics, with a new paper unifying dark matter and dark energy into a single phenomenon: a fluid which possesses 'negative mass." [30] Researchers at the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy in Bonn, Germany, have proposed a new experiment that makes use of super-dense stars to learn more about the interaction of dark matter with standard matter. [29] CfA astronomer Qirong Zhu led a group of four scientists investigating the possibility that today's dark HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/ matter/" matter is composed of primordial black holes, following up on previously published suggestions. If galaxy halos are made of black holes, they should have a different density distribution than halos made of exotic particles. [28] A signal caused by the very first stars to form in the universe has been picked up by a tiny but highly specialised radio telescope in the remote Western Australian desert. [27] This week, scientists from around the world who gathered at the University of California, Los Angeles, at the Dark Matter 2018 Symposium learned of new results in the search for evidence of the elusive material in Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) by the DarkSide-50 HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/detector/" detector. [26] If they exist, axions, among the candidates for dark matter particles, could interact with the matter comprising the universe, but at a much weaker extent than previously theorized. New, rigorous constraints on the properties of axions have been proposed by an international team of scientists. [25]
Category: Astrophysics

[5] viXra:1812.0095 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-05 09:56:01

E = not Mc2 in Massless Black Holes According to Quantum FFF Theory.

Authors: Leo Vuyk
Comments: 33 Pages.

According to Quantum FFF Theory, stable Black Holes are growing by "eating" the gravitating ( Casimir) pressure vacuum without the standard gravity related inertial effects, the result is that 1: Energy is not the same as Mass x c2 for Black Hole nuclei, in detail: Black Hole nuclei are massless they do not radiate EM or graviton radiation and they have no Inertia, but they gravitate by the absorption of the local oscillating Casimir Axion –Higgs pressure 2: Small BHs seem to concentrate around the central giant Galaxy BH . 3: Galaxy cluster mergers like Abell 520 overshoot and leaving behind their own Dark Matter content. Mass is the potency of rigid strings, to produce and radiate Gravitons as a collision product, between mass less ring shaped oscillating Axion Higgs vacuum field particles and Fermions or Bosons also called Dipole Repeller gravity or dipole Emergent Gravity.
Category: Astrophysics

[4] viXra:1812.0063 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-05 05:16:56

Negative Dark Matter Mass

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 51 Pages.

Scientists at the University of Oxford may have solved one of the biggest questions in modern physics, with a new paper unifying dark matter and dark energy into a single phenomenon: a fluid which possesses 'negative mass." [30] Researchers at the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy in Bonn, Germany, have proposed a new experiment that makes use of super-dense stars to learn more about the interaction of dark matter with standard matter. [29] CfA astronomer Qirong Zhu led a group of four scientists investigating the possibility that today's dark matter is composed of primordial black holes, following up on previously published suggestions. If galaxy halos are made of black holes, they should have a different density distribution than halos made of exotic particles. [28] A signal caused by the very first stars to form in the universe has been picked up by a tiny but highly specialised radio telescope in the remote Western Australian desert. [27] This week, scientists from around the world who gathered at the University of California, Los Angeles, at the Dark Matter 2018 Symposium learned of new results in the search for evidence of the elusive material in Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) by the DarkSide-50 detector. [26] If they exist, axions, among the candidates for dark matter particles, could interact with the matter comprising the universe, but at a much weaker extent than previously theorized. New, rigorous constraints on the properties of axions have been proposed by an international team of scientists. [25] The intensive, worldwide search for dark matter, the missing mass in the universe, has so far failed to find an abundance of dark, massive stars or scads of strange new weakly interacting particles, but a new candidate is slowly gaining followers and observational support. [24] " We invoke a different theory, the self-interacting dark matter model or SIDM, to show that dark matter self-interactions thermalize the inner halo, which ties ordinary dark
Category: Astrophysics

[3] viXra:1812.0060 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-03 07:11:29

Macroscopic by Microscopic Physics

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 79 Pages.

A research group led by Yasuhiro Kuramitsu at Osaka University has revealed a magnetic reconnection driven by electron dynamics for the first time ever in laser-produced plasmas using the Gekko XII laser facility at the Institute of Laser Engineering, Osaka University. [47] By using this method for microscopic failure analysis, researchers and manufacturers could improve the reliability of the MEMS components that they are developing, ranging from miniature robots and drones to tiny forceps for eye surgery and sensors to detect trace amounts of toxic chemicals. [46] A KAIST team developed an optical technique to change the color (frequency) of light using a spatiotemporal boundary. [45] Researchers from the Structured Light group from the School of Physics at the University of the Witwatersrand in Johannesburg, South Africa, have found a way to use the full beam of a laser single cells in a human body, tiny particles in small volume chemistry, or working on future on-chip devices. [44] This research work by the UEx, which has been published in Scientific Reports, explored the electromagnetic properties of specific materials that can make certain objects invisible when they are introduced into its interior. [43] A research team from ITMO University and the Australian National University has discovered that different metasurfaces exhibit the same behavior provided a symmetry breaking is introduced to their unit cells "meta-atoms."[42] Electron microscopy has allowed scientists to see individual atoms, but even at that resolution not everything is clear. [41] A half-century ago, the theorist Walter Henneberger wondered if it were possible to use a laser field to free an electron from its atom without removing it from the nucleus. [40] A new study by researchers at the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST) may explain this disparity. In the work, the OIST researchers measured electrical current across a two-dimensional plane. [39] Femtosecond lasers are capable of processing any solid material with high quality and high precision using their ultrafast and ultra-intense characteristics. [38]
Category: Astrophysics

[2] viXra:1812.0052 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-03 11:55:09

Black Holes

Authors: Peter V. Raktoe
Comments: 3 Pages.

A whirlpool on Earth has one jet due to gravity, so if gravity didn't apply to that whirlpool then it would have two jets. So why do we see two jets in a black hole or a galaxy?, because it's a whirlpool as well. And because a whirlpool always requires a medium that is made of loose particles, we can conclude that a black hole or a galaxy is an enormous invisible whirlpool in ether particles.
Category: Astrophysics

[1] viXra:1812.0036 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-02 13:44:40

Pluto Data Shows a Relationship with Earth

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 4 Pages.

Earth Pluto Relationship disproves the solar group current theory And proves that the solar group is one geometrical structure
Category: Astrophysics