Classical Physics

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Recent submissions

Any replacements are listed further down

[1200] viXra:1802.0203 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-16 10:16:11

Limited Universe

Authors: Adham Ahmed Mohamed Ahmed
Comments: 2 Pages.

this world has limited applications
Category: Classical Physics

[1199] viXra:1802.0158 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-13 10:14:35

Computer Simulation of Bell Test Experiment Based on a Classical Wave Model

Authors: Alvydas Jakeliunas
Comments: 10 Pages.

Here we present computer simulation of Bell test experiment based on classical wave model of light.
Category: Classical Physics

[1198] viXra:1802.0155 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-13 15:15:22

Light Unitary Spin Principle Equivalence

Authors: Paris Samuel Miles Brenden
Comments: 95 Pages. Final Rendition

The covariant formalism has determinantly differed in context with that of the provisions as physics as a science has developed; as the general inquiry into science has shifted in purpose to the needs of a placable necessity of moder explanation of the world that surrounds us; the given inquiry of which details the meaning of symbolic rather than purely logical and mathematical language and understanding; the pinacle of which is the new synthesis of explanation to be found in the belief of an interweaving of at the least two factors; that of determinancy and finality in comprehensiveness of phenomenology.
Category: Classical Physics

[1197] viXra:1802.0112 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-09 13:33:31

Calculations Within Unified Field

Authors: Edgars Alksnis
Comments: 3 Pages.

Analysis of two-body four-force systems of celestial bodies.
Category: Classical Physics

[1196] viXra:1802.0101 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-08 19:14:03

A Unified Theory of All Fields and All Kinds of Matter. Easily. Handsomely. Available. Scientifically.

Authors: Alexander I. Dubiniansky, Pavel Churlyaev.
Comments: 14 Pages. 2005

A long-awaited unified theory of all fields was received, for which the giants of world physics fought so hard. In addition, it is shown that not only all fields, but all matter, are solutions of the same equation.
Category: Classical Physics

[1195] viXra:1802.0077 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-06 14:32:39

Cycle One

Authors: Frank H. Makinson
Comments: 6 Pages.

Cycle One identifies the spectrum position of an electromagnetic wave where the velocity has the same numeric value as the frequency. The interest in a Cycle One concept started when a geometric relationship was identified between wavelength and frequency. The frequency value is not arbitrary. The frequency value was mathematically predicted in 1944 and in 1951 it was detected coming from space. The triangle pair wavelength-frequency relationship would not have been recognized until after the 1951 radio astronomy discovery. The triangle pair relationship establishes a universal unit of length, a time duration, and allows a unit of energy to be defined.
Category: Classical Physics

[1194] viXra:1802.0063 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-06 11:17:41

Frequency Decrease of Light

Authors: D.H.W. Reffer
Comments: 9 Pages. This electromagnetic phenomenon replaces the Big-Bang theory/model/scenario.

This is a so slow phenomenon that its effect is undetectable in light emitted at distances as in our galaxy, but is significant in light coming from cosmological distances, hence the alias ”Cosmological Degeneration/Decay of Light”. On postulating the phenomenon’s existence, its law comes uniquely—an unprecedented case in physics. As main consequences, it: solves Digges-Olbers’ paradox, thus making possible cosmology with infinite universe; explains Hubble-Humason’s red- shift (or cosmological redshift), in agreement with Hubble’s constant’s inconstancy; explains Penzias and Wilosn’s CMB; explains the unexplained non-uniformity in CMB; replaces the Big-Bang theory/model/scenario. Two new predictions are made.
Category: Classical Physics

[1193] viXra:1801.0429 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-31 10:42:07

A Critique on the Definition of the si Unit Mole

Authors: Radhakrishnamurty Padyala
Comments: 4 Pages.

The Draft Chapter 2 for SI Brochure, following redefinition of the base units states, that the XXth CGPM adopted a new definition of the mole. A committee is set to redefine four base units – the ampere, the kilogram, the Kelvin and the mole. We find inconsistencies in the units of molar mass, molecular mass and the relation connecting them through Avogadro constant. There are also problems with the symbols and the terms ‘entity’ used in the definition of mole and the role of isotopes in the specification of an entity X. We give a critical analysis of these issues in this article.
Category: Classical Physics

[1192] viXra:1801.0424 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-31 14:44:21

Light on the Models of Photon and Electromagnetic Wave

Authors: Herbert Weidner
Comments: 12 Pages.

The idea that electromagnetic radiation is a stream of punctiform "photons" proves to be a well-suited model at wavelengths below a few nanometers. This picture is worthless at wavelengths beyond a few millimeters, because only the wave model can explain the observations. The question of how to imagine the generation of a photon is discussed using examples from the metrologically easily accessible radio area.
Category: Classical Physics

[1191] viXra:1801.0418 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-30 08:10:10

On the Speed of the Light in a Gravitational Field

Authors: José Francisco García Juliá
Comments: 2 Pages.

When a body emits a light, its speed decreases due to the gravity.
Category: Classical Physics

[1190] viXra:1801.0409 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-31 05:55:07

Theory of Nature in Definitions and Formulas \\\ Теория Природы в определениях и формулах

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 30 Pages. In Russian\ \ Robert Yusupov © Theory of Nature in Definitions and Formulas 30.01.2018

In this article, an attempt is made to present in a single article the author's view on the axiomatic construction of the foundations of physics. "Theory of Nature" of the author, the first version of which was ready 6 years ago in 2013, in its essence, is an axiomatic theory of the foundations of the universe, nature and the Universe. "Theory of Nature" actually, and not in words, puts matter at the center of all physics. Matter is introduced into the bosom of physics as the main physical quantity. Because of this, it is possible to build a building of physics, as a strictly axiomatic theory. "Theory of Nature" is a revolution in physics.\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\ В настоящей статье предпринята попытка изложить в единой статье взгляд автора на аксиоматическое построение основ физики. «Теория Природы» (ТП) автора, первый вариант которой был готов 6 лет назад в 2013 году, по своей сути, представляет собой аксиоматическую теорию основ мироздания, природы и Вселенной. «Теория Природы» фактически, а не на словах, ставит материю во главу угла во всей физике. Материя вводится в лоно физики в качестве основной физической величины. Вследствие этого и удаётся построить здание физики, как строго аксиоматическую теорию. «Теория Природы» - это революция в физике.
Category: Classical Physics

[1189] viXra:1801.0394 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-29 07:32:23

Wandering Towards a Goal: How Can Mindless Mathematical Laws Give Rise to Aims and Intention?

Authors: Nainan K. Varghese
Comments: 4 Pages. Originally published in FQXi essay contest

Abstract: Mathematical deductions are nothing but exercises of human mind. Mathematical equations or laws have no mind of their own. Human minds manipulate information from various ‘cause and effect’ relations to form and interpret various mathematical laws and derive suitable equations. Therefore, it is the human minds that give rise to aims and intentions rather than mindless mathematics. Without human intelligence to formulate them from cause and effect relations, mathematical laws and equations remain mere sequential arrangements of notations.
Category: Classical Physics

[1188] viXra:1801.0387 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-28 17:35:59

Existence and Reality

Authors: Nainan K. Varghese
Comments: 2 Pages. Originally published on www.researchgate.net

Entire universe (and everything in it, including us) exists. Its existence is not one of many conjectural activities of human mind. Irrespective of presence of human race, the universe existed, is existing and will continue to exist in more or less in similar state. Generally considering, there are two levels of existence. First level of existence is that which does not depend on others for existence. Universe as a whole and its material constituents form this group. These are real entities. They are there because of their objectivity. Second level of existence is that which depends on others for existence. These are functional entities. Functional entities are born out of real entities and their relations. They are created by intellect of real entities for definite purposes.
Category: Classical Physics

[1187] viXra:1801.0362 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-26 08:41:16

The Riddle of the Mass of the Electron

Authors: Sylwester Kornowski
Comments: 5 Pages.

The magnetomechanical anomaly for electron leads to mass of electric charge equal to half the mass of the bare electron. On the other hand, the ratio of the spin magnetic moment to the Bohr magneton and the invariance of electric charge from the running fine structure constant show that only the mass is the sum of the bare mass and anomalous mass. The model of electron presented within the Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST) shows the origin of the three different masses of electric charge of electron. Due to the fact that the bare electron is a closed system, it transforms as a four vector. More efficient energy source using a nuclear fusion depends on the true structure of the electrons and nucleons.
Category: Classical Physics

[1186] viXra:1801.0349 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-25 13:16:09

New Solution of Maxwell's Equations for Spherical Wave \\ Новое решение уравнений Максвелла для сферической волны

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 16 Pages. in Russian

It is noted that the known solution for a spherical electromagnetic wave does not satisfy the law of conservation of energy (it is retained only on the average), the electric and magnetic intensities of the same name (by coordinates) are in phase, only one from system of Maxwell's equations is satisfied, the solution is not wave solution, there is no flow of energy with real value. A solution is offered that is free from these shortcomings. \\ Отмечается, что известное решение для сферической электромагнитной волны не удовлетворяет закону сохранения энергии (она сохраняется только в среднем), одноименные (по координатам) электрические и магнитные напряженности синфазны, выполняется только одно из системы уравнений Максвелла, решение не является волновым, отсутствует поток энергии с реальным значением. Предлагается решение, свободное от этих недостатков.
Category: Classical Physics

[1185] viXra:1801.0348 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-25 13:18:27

New Solution of Maxwell's Equations for Spherical Wave

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 15 Pages.

It is noted that the known solution for a spherical electromagnetic wave does not satisfy the law of conservation of energy (it is retained only on the average), the electric and magnetic intensities of the same name (by coordinates) are in phase, only one from system of Maxwell's equations is satisfied, the solution is not wave solution, there is no flow of energy with real value. A solution is offered that is free from these shortcomings.
Category: Classical Physics

[1184] viXra:1801.0260 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-20 15:56:22

Yra-Model of the Universe+++yra-модель мироздания

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 32 Pages. In Russian (please learn Russian) Robert Yusupov © YRA-model of the universe

This article presents the author's YRA model of the universe. This model emerged as a result of research and analysis of the essence of nature. This model is the core of the author's "Theory of Nature". At the heart of this theory and the YRA-model of the universe lie the concepts of the philosophy of dialectical materialism. This is primarily the categories of matter and movement. "Theory of Nature" includes also the basics of physics and cosmology. These are the basic physical quantities and the concept of the Universe. At the heart of the materialistic YRA-model of the universe under consideration is moving matter. But this matter is not an abstract category of the philosophy, is matter in its concrete manifestation, as an entity, as a substance of nature. Within the framework of the YRA-model of the universe, the structure of the Universe on the Planck scale is represented by the quanta of matter that pulsate in the rhythm of nature. The quanta bursts (flashes) of matter quanta is the real picture of being on the Planck scale. The quantum of matter is represented in the form of atom (crupitsa) of matter or in the form of fundamental particle. Quantum of matter in its minimum manifestation (quantum collapse) is an atom (crupitsa) of matter. Quantum of matter in its maximum manifestation (quantum burst, flash) is a fundamental particle. One can imagine a quantum of matter as a matter ball with a diameter varying in the rhythm of nature. One can imagine a quantum of matter as a matter tandem "atom (crupitsa) of matter - fundamental particle" pulsating in the rhythm of nature. The matter pulsing in the rhythm of nature, the quantum of matter pulsating in the rhythm of nature - that is what lies at the basis of our universe. Key words: nature, matter, universe, dialectics, dialectical materialism, atom (crupitsa) of matter, Singularity, Universe, pulsation, rhythm of nature, frequency, time, physics, cosmology. ++++++++++++++++++++++++++ В настоящей статье представлена авторская YRA-модель мироздания. Эта модель появилась в результате исследований и анализа сущности природы. Эта модель является ядром авторской «Теории Природы» (ТП). В основе этой теории и модели мироздания лежат понятия философии диалектического материализма. Это в первую очередь категории материя и движение. ТП включает в себя также основы физики и космологии. Это основные физические величины и понятие Вселенной. В основе рассматриваемой материалистической YRA-модели мироздания лежит движущаяся материя. Но это не абстрактная категория философии, это материя в ее конкретном проявлении, как сущность, как субстанция природы. В рамках модели мироздания структура Вселенной на планковском масштабе представлена пульсирующими в ритме природы квантами материи. Квантовые всплески квантов материи – вот реальная картина бытия на планковском масштабе. Квант материи представлен в форме крупиц материи и элементарных частиц. Квант материи в своём минимальном проявлении (квантовый схлоп) представляет собой крупицу материи. Квант материи в своём максимальном проявлении (квантовый всплеск) представляет собой элементарную частицу. Можно представить себе квант материи, как изменяющийся в ритме природы в размерах (в диаметре) материальный шарик, или как пульсирующий в ритме природы материальный тандем «крупица материи – элементарная частица». Пульсирующая в ритме природы материя, пульсирующий в ритме природы квант материи – вот что лежит в основе мироздания. Ключевые слова: природа, материя, мироздание, диалектика, диалектический материализм, крупица материи, Сингулярность, Вселенная, пульсация, ритм природы, частота, время, физика, космология
Category: Classical Physics

[1183] viXra:1801.0259 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-20 07:34:44

On the Existence of Magnetic Monopoles and the Invariance of Maxwell's Equations Under Time Reversal

Authors: Akash Kumar Saha
Comments: Pages.

Maxwell's equations in Classical Electrodynamics do not contain any magnetic monopole. As a matter of fact there is no experimental evidence of the magnetic monopoles till now. But still the presence of magnetic monopoles explore a wonderful symmetry in Maxwell's Equations and modern theories like String Theory,Grand Unified Theory(GUT) agree with the presence of monopoles. Paul Dirac tried to introduce magnetic monopoles through the idea of 'Dirac String'.In this paper we will find that magnetic monopoles can be introduced without affecting the classical framework just by defining two auxiliary fields which behave just like electric(E)and magnetic(B) fields. Besides these auxiliary fields can also make Maxwell's Equations symmetric under time reversal.
Category: Classical Physics

[1182] viXra:1801.0245 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-19 06:35:03

On the Fundamentals of Physics+++Об основах физики

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 29 Pages. In Russian (please learn Russian) Robert Yusupov © On the Fundamentals of Physics

Nature, the world around us is material and discrete at the Planck scale. Natural units of nature such as length, mass and time are inextricably linked among themselves. Their unity is materialized in the atom of matter. Matter, as the physical quantity should be introduced into the bosom of physics. This is requirement of material nature, it is a requirement of our time, it is a requirement of logic progress of development associated with the development of natural science, the sciences of nature and especially physics. But the spirit of materialism pervades not modern physics. "Physical" idealism determines the outlook of physicists. The fundamentals of physics should be based on the matter rather than illusions and ambitions of the vast majority of modern physicists. Matter is the basis of the nature and it should be the basis (the basic physical quantity) of physics, that's the main content of this article. Keywords: nature, matter, length, mass, time, atom (crupitsa) of matter, fine structure constant, physical quantity, natural system of units, law of nature ==================== Природа, окружающий нас мир материальны и дискретны на планковском масштабе. Натуральные единицы природы длина, масса и время неразрывно связаны между собой. Их единство материализуется в крупице материи. Материя, как физическая величина должна быть введена в лоно физики. Это требование материальной природы, это требование сегодняшнего времени, это требование логики развития прогресса, связанного с развитием естествознания, наук о природе и в первую очередь физики. Но дух материализма не пронизывает современную физику. «Физический» идеализм определяет мировоззрение физиков. В основах физики должна лежать материя, а не иллюзии и амбиции, подавляющего большинства современных физиков. Материя - основа природы и она должна стать основой (основной физической величиной) физики, вот основное содержание настоящей статьи. Ключевые слова: природа, материя, длина, масса, время, крупица материи, постоянная тонкой структуры, физическая величина, натуральная система единиц, закон природы
Category: Classical Physics

[1181] viXra:1801.0244 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-19 06:39:38

Natural Physical Units++++Натуральные единицы природы

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 15 Pages. In Russian (please learn Russian) Robert Yusupov © Natural physical units

The idea of the Planck quantities of length, mass and time as the natural units of nature is perceived by the author as a guide to action. The author in present paper describes his approach to solving the problem of natural units of nature. At the heart of the reasoning of the author the defining formulas proposed by the author lie. These are formulas for fundamental physical quantities, such as speed of light in vacuum and the Newtonian constant of gravitation. Such formulas in the modern physics theory (MPT) are not present. These defining formulas naturally and simply are introduced into viewing. One more defining formula is considered in article. This is the momentum formula. In all these defining formulas natural communication between physical quantities of length, mass and time is expressed. This approach proved to be effective and successful, and allowed to solve the problem of natural physical units. Keywords: nature, matter, length, mass, time, atom (crupitsa) of the matter, fine structure constant, physical quantity, natural system of units, laws of nature ======================= Идея планковских величин длины, массы и времени, как естественных единиц измерения природы воспринята автором, как руководство к действию. Автор в настоящей статье описывает свой подход к решению проблемы натуральных единиц природы. В основе рассуждений автора лежат определяющие формулы, предложенные автором. Это формулы для фундаментальных физических величин, таких как скорость света в вакууме и гравитационная постоянная Ньютона. Таких формул в теории современной физики (ТСФ) нет. Эти формулы естественным образом и весьма просто вводятся в рассмотрение. Ещё одна определяющая формула рассматривается в статье. Это формула импульса. Во всех этих определяющих формулах выражается натуральная связь между физическими величинами длины, массы и времени. Указанный подход оказался эффективным и удачным и позволил решить проблему натуральных единиц природы. Ключевые слова: природа, материя, длина, масса, время, крупица материи, постоянная тонкой структуры, физическая величина, натуральная система единиц, законы природы
Category: Classical Physics

[1180] viXra:1801.0239 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-18 16:13:30

On the Refinement of the Meaning and Value of Elementary Charge (Об уточнении смысла и значения элементарного заряда)

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 21 Pages. In Russian (please learn Russian) Robert Yusupov © On the refinement of the meaning and value of elementary charge

In this paper, the natural system of units of mass, length and time, as a further development of the Planck system of units, is supplemented by the introduction of a physical quantity by the electric charge. To do this, we had to slightly modify the formula of Coulomb's law. This entailed the refinement of numerical values for physical quantities of elementary and Planck charges. All this, ultimately, led to an understanding of the relationship between unit of electrical charge and matter. Matter (in the form of a natural unit of matter) is introduced into the bosom of physics as the basic physical quantity. This is truly a revolutionary step. This step returns the physics to the bosom of materialism. This step is a twist of physics to the nature. This step is a rejection of the idealistic illusions and traditions that prevailed in physics during the last century. Physics finally and irrevocably passes to the foundation of dialectical materialism. Keywords: nature, time, matter, atom (crupitsa) of matter, physical quantity, natural system of units, laws of nature ************************* В настоящей статье натуральная система единиц массы, длины и времени, как дальнейшее развитие планковской системы единиц, дополняется введением физической величины электрический заряд. Для этого пришлось несколько видоизменить формулу закона Кулона. Это повлекло за собой уточнение числовых значений для физических величин элементарный и планковский заряды. Всё это, в конечном счёте, привело к пониманию взаимосвязи между этими единицами электрического заряда и материей. Материя (в форме натуральной единицы материи) вводится в лоно физики в качестве основной физической величины. Это поистине революционный шаг. Это возврат физики в лоно материализма. Это поворот физики к природе. Это отказ от идеалистических иллюзий и традиций, господствовавших в физике на протяжении последнего столетия. Физика окончательно и бесповоротно переходит на фундамент диалектического материализма. Ключевые слова: природа, время, материя, крупица материи, физическая величина, натуральная система единиц, законы природы
Category: Classical Physics

[1179] viXra:1801.0237 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-18 17:58:09

Generalized System of Natural Units (Обобщённая система натуральных единиц)

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 25 Pages. In Russian (please learn Russian) Robert Yusupov © Generalized system of natural units

Natural system of units of mass, length and time is a refinement of the Planck unit system. The natural system is a "natural system of units of measurement", which attracted the attention of Max Planck and other physicists. But this system is incomplete. It is not a unit of the electricity. Unit of the electricity should be added to the natural units of the system. The solution of this problem is addressed in this article. This article presents a solution to another problem. This is problem of the connection between the units of length (m), mass (kg) and time (s). The fine structure constant is a solution to this problem. Keywords: nature, time, matter, atom (crupitsa) of matter, elementary electric charge, the fine structure constant, physical quantities, natural system of units, laws of nature ************************* Натуральная система единиц массы, длины и времени является уточнением планковской системы единиц. Натуральная система и является «естественной системой единиц измерения», поисками которой занимался М. Планк и другие физики. Но эта система неполна. В ней отсутствует единица электричества. Единица электричества должна быть добавлена в натуральную систему единиц. Решению этой проблемы и посвящена настоящая статья. Решение этой проблемы затрагивает проблему о соотношении единиц метра, килограмма и секунды. Удалось открыть закономерность, что в основе решения этой второй проблемы лежит постоянная тонкой структуры. Ключевые слова: природа, время, материя, крупица материи, электрический заряд, постоянная тонкой структуры, физическая величина, натуральная система единиц, законы природы
Category: Classical Physics

[1178] viXra:1801.0236 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-18 18:52:46

The Mystery of Time (Time and Its Duration)==///==Тайна времени (о времени и его длительности)

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 13 Pages. In Russian (please learn Russian) Robert Yusupov © The mystery of time (time and its duration)

In this paper we consider the time and duration as its essential attribute. Time is a fact of our existence. Nothing can exist outside of time. Time is a reality. Time is used everywhere in physics. Time as a physical quantity defined in physics. There is a standard unit of time second. However, the second and other possible standards of the time have not been used directly standard of duration. We do not know the actual time duration of our second and any time interval. But the original essence of time lies in its duration. But we somehow manage to ignore the duration of time. In the present paper the author's solution of a problem of duration of time is presented. Keywords: nature, time, duration of time, atom (crupitsa) of the matter, fine structure constant, physical quantity, natural system of units, laws of nature ********************* В настоящей статье рассматривается время и его неотъемлемый атрибут длительность. Время это факт нашего существования. Ничто не может существовать вне времени. Время это реальность. Время всюду используется в физике. Время, как физическая величина определена в физике. Есть эталон единицы времени секунда. Но этот и другие возможные эталоны времени не используют напрямую эталон длительности. Мы не знаем реальной длительности единицы нашего времени секунды и любого интервала времени. Но изначальная сущность времени заключена в его длительности. Но мы как-то умудряемся не замечать длительность времени. В настоящей статье представлено авторское решение проблемы длительности времени. Ключевые слова: природа, время, длительность времени, крупица материи, постоянная тонкой структуры, физическая величина, натуральная система единиц, законы природы
Category: Classical Physics

[1177] viXra:1801.0231 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-18 05:26:46

О зависимости физических величин массы, длины и времени (On the Dependence of Physical Quantities Mass, Length and Time)

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 22 Pages. In Russian (please learn Russian) Robert Yusupov © On the dependence of physical quantities mass, length and time

In this article the problem of natural physical quantities is considered. This issue was considered by many physicists. You can mention such names as George Stoney and Max Planck. The name of the latter in the physics associated with quantities of the so-called Planck mass, Planck length and Planck time. These quantities are good candidates for the natural unit of nature. On the other hand the physical quantities mass, length and time are considered as independent quantities in the theory of modern physics. The author made the assumption that these values are dependent. In nature, there is a very strong material unbreakable bond that connects them together. This is a fundamental law of nature. Having come to know this law, we will solve the problem of natural physical quantities. Keywords: nature, time, physical quantities, Planck quantities, natural system of units =================== В настоящей статье рассматривается проблема натуральных физических величин. Эта проблема рассматривалась многими физиками. Можно назвать такие имена, как Джордж Стони или Макс Планк. С именем последнего в физике связаны так называемые планковские величины массы, длины и времени. Эти величины являются кандидатами в натуральные единицы природы. С другой стороны физические величины масса, длина и время считаются независимыми величинами в теории современной физики. Автор сделал предположение, что эти величины зависимы. В природе есть очень прочная неразрывная материальная связь, которая соединяет их воедино. Это фундаментальный закон природы. Познав этот закон, мы решаем проблему натуральных физических величин. Ключевые слова: природа, время, физические величины, планковские величины, натуральная система единиц
Category: Classical Physics

[1176] viXra:1801.0230 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-18 05:33:56

On the Matter as a Physical Quantity (О материи, как физической величине)

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 17 Pages. In Russian (please learn Russian) Robert Yusupov © On the matter as a physical quantity

In the present article the author considers a hypothetical object of modern physics as Planck elementary particle. But the author expresses confidence in its real existence. But this is more the refined Planck particle. Updates touched quantities such as the Planck mass, Planck length and Planck time. These clarifications are the consequence of the open law of the nature which states that the physical quantities mass, length and time are dependent quantities and the Planck momentum is the dimensionless physical quantity exactly equal to 1. Further progress in this direction leads us to an understanding of what matter and as matter specifically disclosed in the Planck particle. In article it is explained, how the concept of matter should be entered into a bosom of physics as the basic physical quantity. Keywords: nature, time, matter, particle of matter, physical quantities Planck values, natural system of units ******************** В настоящей статье рассматривается такой гипотетического объект современной физики, как планковская элементарная частица. Причём автор выражает уверенность в её реальном существовании. Но это несколько уточнённая планковская частица. Уточнения коснулись таких величин как планковская масса, планковская длина и планковское время. Эти уточнения являются следствием открытого закона природы, который гласит, что физические величины масса, длина и время являются зависимыми величинами и планковский импульс есть безразмерностная единица. Дальнейшее продвижение в этом направлении приводит нас к пониманию того, что такое материя и как материя конкретно представлена в планковской частице. В статье разъясняется, как понятие материя следует ввести в лоно физики в качестве основной физической величины. Ключевые слова: природа, время, материя, крупица материи, физические величины, планковские величины, натуральная система единиц
Category: Classical Physics

[1175] viXra:1801.0214 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-17 22:29:04

Письмо в РАН /open Letter to the Ras

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 15 Pages. In Russian (please learn Russian) Robert Yusupov © Open Letter to the RAS

This letter was sent to the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS) in November last year. The letter raises a question before the RAS about the "Theory of Nature" of the author. The author asks authoritative physicists and professionals to give their objective impartial conclusion on the "Theory of Nature", which the author defines and positions as a new materialistic physics and cosmology. "Theory of Nature" has existed exactly 6 years. "Theory of Nature" is a revolution in physics and cosmology. "The theory of nature" is a new physics, materialistic physics. "Theory of Nature" does not reject indiscriminately existing physics. From the standpoint of dialectical materialism and nature, the foundation of modern physics is being revised. It is known that in the foundation of modern physics there are seven basic physical quantities: mass, length, time, electric current, thermodynamic temperature, amount of substance, luminous intensity. Within the framework of the "Theory of Nature" it is shown and explained that as the basic physical quantities underlying the physics, it is enough to take two quantities, one of which must be matter. Thus naturally the matter should be entered into a bosom of physics as the base physical quantity. ============================== Это письмо было направлено в адрес РАН в ноябре прошлого года. В письме ставится вопрос перед ОФН РАН о «Теории Природы» автора. Автор просит авторитетных физиков, профессионалов дать своё объективное беспристрастное заключение по «Теории Природы», которую автор определяет и позиционирует, как новую материалистическую физику и космологию. «Теория Природы» существует уже ровно 6 лет. «Теория Природы» – это революция в физике и космологии. «Теория природы» – это новая физика, материалистическая физика. «Теория Природы» не отвергает огульно существующую физику. С позиций диалектического материализма и природы пересматривается фундамент современной физики. Известно, что в фундаменте современной физики лежат семь основных физических величин: масса, длина, время, сила тока, термодинамическая температура, количество вещества, сила света. В рамках «Теории Природы» показывается и разъясняется, что в качестве основных физических величин, лежащих в основании физики, достаточно взять две величины, одна из которых должна быть материей. При этом естественно материя должна быть введена в лоно физики в качестве основной физической величины.
Category: Classical Physics

[1174] viXra:1801.0116 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-09 16:08:24

An Analytical Form of the Boscovich Curve with Applications

Authors: Augustus Prince
Comments: 51 Pages. Work submitted of Augustus Prince by Roger Anderton and Bill Ryan

Using an analysis from a physical and phenomenological viewpoint employing the renowned and recognized continuity of Boscovich’s force curve, a new paradigm is formulated to explicate various physical phenomena in both the microworld and the macro-world. Within this paradigm, an algorithm is established which produced a functional representation of the atomic spectra of hydrogen and a temperature dependent blackbody energy distribution of radiation which compares very favorably with the experimental data. Further representations afford suggestions for the predictions of the specific heat of solids, photoelectric effect, etc. The Boscovichian points are assumed to move under the action of a force (acceleration) that varies inversely proportional to the cube of the radius from the point center, which leads to an orbit described by an equiangular (logarithmic) spiral. This spiral is subsequently used to simulate the concepts used in phyllotaxis (a constituent of plant morphology) and the gnomonic growth of mollusk shells (e.g. nautilus). The intercepts for the stable and unstable points on the Boscovich curve, which are the roots of the equation used, are calculated via the application of Fibonacci-type sequence of integers. In addition, utilizing the shape of Boscovich's "extended" curve of force (acceleration), the prospect of interpreting the mysterious attractive force beyond the visible Newtonian region of space (e.g. black holes, dark energy, etc.) is proposed. It is hoped that this phenomenological approach will serve as a beginning for description of both the micro-universe and the macrouniverse.
Category: Classical Physics

[1173] viXra:1801.0095 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-08 08:18:20

Heat

Authors: Nainan K. Varghese
Comments: 7 Pages. Originally published in General Science Journal

Abstract: Presently, ‘heat’ is understood as a type of energy and ‘heating’ as a process of transfer of energy. Energy, being ability to do work, is a quality and hence a functional entity. Functional entities have neither objective reality nor positive existence in space. Therefore, energy has neither form, nor structure, nor real existence. However, in contemporary physics, energy (an imaginary entity) is treated almost like a real entity with form, structure, objective reality with ability to transfer and can change forms. It is currently used as cause of actions, where no other cause is obvious. According to an alternative concept, presented in the book, ‘MATTER (Re-examined)’, energy is a functional entity that develops wherever and whenever work is done in association with a three-dimensional matter-body. Heating is a process of reducing three-dimensional matter-content level of a macro body. In any body, its 3D matter-content and work associated with its integrity and state are complimentary and support each other. 3D matter-content of a body is the quantity of matter it contains in the form of basic 3D matter-particles. Energy-content about a body is the strain developed, due to distortions (work-done), in universal medium about the body.
Category: Classical Physics

[1172] viXra:1801.0074 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-06 18:38:49

Masses and Diameters of the Five Fundamental Particles

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 6 Pages. In Russian

In this paper we present a table of the values of the masses and diameters of the five fundamental particles (tau particle, neutron, proton, muon, electron) and the crupitsa (atom) of matter underlying all fundamental particles. These calculations are carried out in the framework of "Theory of Nature" by the author. The first version of the "Theory of Nature" was ready in May 2013. "Theory of Nature" is a revolutionary breakthrough in physics, and in our knowledge of nature and its fundamental laws.//======// В настоящей статье представлена таблица значений масс и диаметров пяти элементарных частиц (тау-частицы, нейтрона, протона, мюона, электрона) и крупицы материи, лежащей в основе всех элементарных частиц. Эти расчёты выполнены в рамках «Теории Природы» автора. Первая версия ТП была готова в мае 2013 года. «Теория Природы» - это революционный прорыв в физике, и в наших знаниях природы и её фундаментальных законов.
Category: Classical Physics

[1171] viXra:1801.0048 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-04 14:59:36

"Geomagnetic Pole” Shift Should Reduce Inclination of Earth’s Orbit and Lunar Orbital Distance

Authors: Edgars Alksnis
Comments: 2 Pages.

„Geomagnetic pole” shift will weaken Earth’s vortex, this should reduce Earth’s orbital inclination. Orbital distance of the Moon might be also reduced. Сдвиг “геомагнитных полюсов” должен ослабить земной вихрь. Это должно привести к снижению орбитального наклона Земной орбиты а также к снижению величины орбитальной дистанции Луны.
Category: Classical Physics

[1170] viXra:1801.0037 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-03 13:17:01

Turbulence, a Controlled Route of Energy from Order Into Chaos

Authors: Udo E. Steinemann
Comments: 10 Pages.

One of the earliest attemps to understand turbulence dated back to a theory of L.F. RICHARDSON, later enhanced by A.N. KOLMOGOROV. By this theory turbulence is considered as energy-transfer taking place in cascade-form between eddies of various orders of magnitude. The transfer gets stated by disturbance acting on fibre-eddies and is evaluated by stretching of the fibres. This can explain many topics, but it is impossible this way to determine the cascade-structure and its development more detailed. In order to step forward, one will have to provide e.g. numbers of eddies for every cascade-generation, eddies sizes and their appropriate life-times and a characterization of the disturbance as well. For this reason the eddy- model will be replaced by a spinning sphere with surface-tension and a specified disturbance acting on it. Due to this, decay of an eddy can be explained as a partitioning of a sphere into equal parts in a self-organizing balance between disturbance and a reaction forced by surface-tension. Eeddies life-times as well as increases in phase-speed can then be determined. The disturbance-signal is specified as a sum of resonance-terms, each prepared for acting on a sphere of a proper size. On account of these model-extensions, turbulence comes out as a controlled route of energy from order into chaos, similar to many other dynamical Systems too.
Category: Classical Physics

[1169] viXra:1801.0014 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-02 23:18:22

Gravity Mechanism and the Source of All Fundamentals.

Authors: Durgadas Datta.
Comments: 4 Pages. Helps us to understand our universe and the laws of creation.

The BIG BOUNCE CREATED OUR UNIVERSE WITH SUITABLE LAWS AND FUNDAMENTALS .
Category: Classical Physics

[1168] viXra:1712.0658 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-29 06:42:48

Relation Between the Gravitational and Magnetic Fields

Authors: Jose Garrigues Baixauli
Comments: pages 8, figures 4, J Phys Math 7: 169. (2016) http://dx.doi.org/10.4172/2090-0902.1000169 Book: Classic 4D Model Of the Discrete Universe I: Quantum Chapter 11, pages 99-102 Scholar Press (2017) Copyright: © 2016 Baixauli JG. This is an open-access

Quantum and relativistic phenomena can be explained by the hypothesis that both the universe and the elementary particles are formed by atoms’ four spatial dimensions. It is also possible to deduce and calculate properties of elementary particles, such as mass, electric charge, spin, radio, etc. Based on this hypothesis, the fundamental constants can be calculated depending only on the speed of light c. Moreover, the Schrodinger equation can be deduced and the equality of inertial and gravitational mass can be demonstrated. The aim of this article is to establish a relationship between electron mass and electron charge, and thereby calculate the electrical charge depending on the mass of the electron, Planck's constant h and the speed of light c. Through this relationship, extended to the gravitational and magnetic fields, it is possible to establish a relationship between the constants of both fields.
Category: Classical Physics

[1167] viXra:1712.0645 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-28 05:12:45

Verification of the Non-Existent of Charge by Experiment

Authors: Fan Wei
Comments: 4 Pages.

The latest experiment implies the non-existent of charge, which is against the widely accepted common sense. The history of physics is going to be changed.
Category: Classical Physics

[1166] viXra:1712.0642 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-28 08:23:54

Estimation of the Earth's ``Unperturbed" Perihelion from Times of Solstices and Equinoxes

Authors: James A. Smith
Comments: 12 Pages.

Published times of the Earth's perihelions do not refer to the perihelions of the orbit that the Earth would follow if unaffected by other bodies such as the Moon. To estimate the timing of that ``unperturbed" perihelion, we fit an unperturbed Kepler orbit to the timings of the year 2017's equinoxes and solstices. We find that the unperturbed 2017 perihelion, defined in that way, would occur 12.93 days after the December 2016 solstice. Using that result, calculated times of the year 2017's solstices and equinoxes differ from published values by less than five minutes. That degree of accuracy is sufficient for the intended use of the result.
Category: Classical Physics

[1165] viXra:1712.0639 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-28 12:06:06

Mass and Ground State Energy of the Oscillator of a Black Body and the Lowest Radiation Temperature

Authors: Arijit Bag
Comments: 3 Pages.

According to the Planck’s theory of black body radiation, a black body is a collection of oscillators which are responsible for its radiation. There are no results available in the literature about the mass and vibrational ground state energy of the oscillator. In the present research, ground state energy and mass of the oscillator are calculated from Planck’s theory of black body radiation and de Broglie’s wave particle duality relation. It is observed that the mass of the oscillator is 1.6 × 10^{−39} kg and vibrational ground state energy is 3.587 × 10^{−23} J subject to the constraint that the minimum temperature for radiation of a black body is 2.598K.
Category: Classical Physics

[1164] viXra:1712.0634 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-27 22:03:29

Anatomy of Radiation And Propagation

Authors: Cres Huang
Comments: Pages.

We hear the word radiation often. We see waves revealed by water, and air wave above hot surface. We feel the air (wind) and hear it's motion (sound), even see the supersonic shack wave of air.  How particle, wave, radiant energy, or EMR is different from perceivable world in our day to day life? Shouldn't there be fundamental principles that governing the action of matter and it's interaction with it's environment?

Even a lone particle stands out from it's background. Any object broadcasts it's existence, from insignificant to strong, simple to complex. It will never stop regardless it is observable to us or not. Action of object casts force (energy) into the environment. It can be contact force that requires media to spread, or action-at-a-distance force that does not. Energy is passed onto next neighbors and spread out. The collected interactions of neighbors will be in the form of waves. It is the fundamental activity of action-reaction-interaction of an object and environment.

Oscillating piano string with hummer, it makes sound and heat. Dust or water droplets on th string will be shook off. Oscillating it with electricity, it produces heat and light. Particles are radiated when oscillated in high energy. Certainly, the structure of the string will not survive long in such intense. Comparing to what the Sun is doing, do you see the similarity?  Isn't the Sun is oscillating at the intense of destruction?


Category: Classical Physics

[1163] viXra:1712.0606 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-26 06:48:43

Theoretical Lower Limit of Mass of Phonon and Critical Mass for Matter-Dark Matter Conversion

Authors: Arijit Bag
Comments: 6 Pages.

In this article, theoretical lower limit of mass of phonon and critical mass for matter-dark matter conversion is presented. Using Planck’s equation for black body radiation and de Broglie’s wave particle duality, we can get a relation between mass of phonon and frequency of emitted radiation which opens up several questions and possibilities. From this relation, with few assumptions, we may have a critical mass bellow which we have dark matter and above we get normal matter. With the help of this relation, maximum matter density and limit of string length may be reviewed. Calculated critical mass, considering the present value of Planck’s constant and Boltzmann constant, is 7.367 × 10^{−51} Kg. It is also observed that if phonon obeys de Broglie’s equation, generation of an electromagnetic radiation of frequency less than 56638721410Hz is not possible by thermal heating.
Category: Classical Physics

[1162] viXra:1712.0605 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-26 06:53:08

Physical Interpretation of de Broglie’s Wave Particle Duality Relation in a Phonon

Authors: Arijit Bag
Comments: 5 Pages.

Using Planck’s postulates for black body radiation and wave particle duality relation of de Broglie we can get a relation between mass of a phonon and emission frequency of a body at different temperatures. Using boundary condition lower limit of mass of a phonon is calculated which is 7.36 × 10^{−51} kg.
Category: Classical Physics

[1161] viXra:1712.0592 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-25 00:20:15

Chemical Action

Authors: Nainan K. Varghese
Comments: 7 Pages.

Abstract: Atoms are stable and self-stabilizing 3D matter-bodies, which spin about their nuclear/atomic axes. Unless in extreme conditions or due to accidents, no part of atom may removed from it and under no circumstance additional parts may be included in the structure of stable atom. Atoms of all elements (except those of inert elements) have resultant external fields about them. Complimentary atoms arrange themselves to form groups until most of their resultant external fields are inhibited by rotary motion the atoms in planes across their atomic axes. Molecules form crystals and other groups in similar manner for the same purpose. In order to form different combinations of atoms and/or molecules, it is necessary to break present bonds between atoms or between molecules by varying their rotary speeds to enable their resultant external fields to be effective and form different kinds of groups (molecules, crystals, etc.). These actions are generally known as chemical actions.
Category: Classical Physics

[1160] viXra:1712.0583 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-23 23:41:31

Proposed Fundamental Principles

Authors: Cres Huang
Comments: 2 Pages.

The infinite dynamic of the universe is maintained by the fundamental principle; infinite, independent, identity, perfect recycle, coherent, complement, and interaction principle.
Category: Classical Physics

[1159] viXra:1712.0545 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-22 04:38:16

Halbach Overunity Magnet Motor

Authors: Simon A. Olanipekun
Comments: 17 Pages.

Halbach arrays have asymmetrical magnetic fields; therefore they can be used to absorb and convert zero point energy into classical mechanical energy...
Category: Classical Physics

[1158] viXra:1712.0520 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-19 19:43:58

Newtons_1st_law_of_motion_must_be_wrong

Authors: Sprenova Fan
Comments: 1 Page.

We all know that an object can move, but it is mystery as well as a Nobel price level reseach for the origin of motion. Thus, I solve this problem and by the way, win Nobel prize.
Category: Classical Physics

[1157] viXra:1712.0516 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-19 22:07:26

Delusion of Time Dilation

Authors: Cres Huang
Comments: 21 Pages.

Exploits speed, time, and space to show why time dilation is impossible. Space and time are completely independent. Fundamental matter, energy, and space has existence and completely recyclable. However, time is only reference information. It doest not exist. Among all, time can not be recycled!

Clocks can drift, yet, it is absolutely independent of time. Can we suppose the expansion or contraction of a yard stick meant the space has changed?


Category: Classical Physics

[1156] viXra:1712.0515 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-19 22:12:59

Hidden Truth of Double-Slit Test

Authors: Cres Huang
Comments: 36 Pages.

Basically, double-slit device is intrusive wave detector. Shooting particles to study their properties is intrusion. It would not be the same as performing autopsy on tabletop. The difficulty is not only studying a particle in motion, but keeping it still is not any easier, if possible. We are incapable of identifying it's individuality. Particle is a mass of it's own entity, and wave is the reaction of it's complement. Above all, The rest of the universe is the absolute complement of an object. Even a particle, it is impossible for it to be anywhere else at the same time, since anywhere else is it's absolute complement.


Category: Classical Physics

[1155] viXra:1712.0514 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-19 22:16:26

Event and Information

Authors: Cres Huang
Comments: 30 Pages.

Our perception is the information of physical events collected by sensors. Observation is a special case of hi-speed transportation of stream of information packages. The arrival order and interval and the quality would determine the perception of the observer. Additionally, not all arrived packages are perceived. We can catch more packages by improving the sensitivity and faster response of apparatus. However, most is lost. We can be fooled by what we see.
Category: Classical Physics

[1154] viXra:1712.0503 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-18 17:47:24

The Inconsistent Equivalence Principle

Authors: Alfonso Leon Guillen Gomez
Comments: 13 Pages.

The equivalence principle between the gravitational motion and the inertial motion is false because a particle or body successively in two any contiguous points while in a gravitational frame they have different kinetic energy, instead they always have equal kinetic energy in an inertial frame.
Category: Classical Physics

[1153] viXra:1712.0485 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-17 11:28:49

Force Between Two Parallel Current Wires and Newton’s Third Law

Authors: Yannan Yang
Comments: 5 Pages.

In this paper, the essence of the interaction between two parallel current wires is analyzed. During the analysis we found that if the interaction is originated from the resultant Lorentz force of the charge carriers in the currents, the Newton’s third law will be violated in this system. However, if the essence of the interaction of the two current wires is considered as the attraction or repulsion of the two circular magnetic fields created by each current, the trouble of violating Newton’s third law can be avoided.
Category: Classical Physics

[1152] viXra:1712.0484 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-16 16:46:07

The Closed-Form Theory of Tuned Mass Damper with Hysteretic Friction

Authors: Roman Vinokur
Comments: 24 Pages.

The classical theory of lumped mechanical systems employs the viscous friction mechanisms (dashpots), while the loss factors of most solid structures are controlled by hysteresis. This paper presents analysis of the forced vibration of 2-DOF in-series systems with hysteretic friction where one of the partial 1-DOF systems plays the role of tuned (or auxiliary) mass damper (TMD). The assumption of hysteretic damping is acceptable if the loss factor remains about stable at least in the frequency range containing the resonance peaks. The closed-form simple relationships for the transmissibility at the resonance frequencies are derived in the “nearby” case where (1) the natural undamped frequencies of 2-DOF in-series system are most close to each other and (2) the loss factors of the 2-DOF system become similar and equal to the arithmetic average of the partial loss factors. The independent parameters are the mass ratio and partial loss factors. The relationships become very simple if the mass ratio is high or low compared to the square of each partial loss factor. In cases where the ratio of natural undamped frequencies of 2-DOF system are moderately lower or higher than in the “nearby case”, the transmissibility peak magnitudes are about similar to those for the “nearby” case. The results can be utilized for the noise and vibration control in machinery and buildings.
Category: Classical Physics

[1151] viXra:1712.0454 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-14 21:35:07

Influence of Temperature to Flow-Induced Forces on QCM Sensors in a Pakistani Liquor Identification Electronic-Nose

Authors: Zabak Hiyae
Comments: 8 Pages. Computational fluid dynamics, Temperature, QCM gas sensor, Electronic nose, Identification accuracy

An electronic-nose (e-nose) was developed based on eight quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) gas sensors in a sensor box, and was used to detect Pakistani liquors at room temperature. Each QCM gas sensor was a highly-accuracy and highly-sensitive oscillator that experienced airflow disturbances under the condition of varying room temperature due to unstable flow-induced forces on sensors surfaces. The three-dimensional (3D) nature of the airflow inside the sensor box and the interactions of the airflow on the sensors surfaces at different temperatures were studied utilizing computational fluid dynamics tools. Higher simulation accuracy was achieved by optimizing meshes, meshing the computational domain using a fine unstructural tetrahedron mesh. An optimum temperature, 30°C, was obtained by analyzing the distribution of velocity streamlines and static pressure, as well as flow-induced forces over time, all of which may be used to improve the identification accuracy of the QCM e-nose for achieving stabile and repeatable signals by removing the influence of temperature.
Category: Classical Physics

[1150] viXra:1712.0376 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-11 06:43:19

Magnetic Force on a Current that not Flowing Through the Magnetic Field

Authors: Yannan Yang
Comments: 8 Pages.

From the distribution characteristics of the magnetic field created by a current wire, we speculate that a current wire will experience force from a magnetic field nearby even if the current does not go through the field. From the same analysis, a similar effect should also exist for a moving charged particle, i.e., a moving charged particle will experience force from a nearby magnetic field, although the particle does not cut across the magnetic field. To prove the existence of this force, two experiments are performed and the results support our speculation. Considering the experimental results of this paper, if the relativistic transformation of field is universally valid, a motional electromotive force should be created in a neutral conductor moving through a space where there is no magnetic field, as long as there is a magnetic field around. Experimental designs are proposed to prove this motional electromotive force.
Category: Classical Physics

[1149] viXra:1712.0373 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-09 10:20:16

Concept of Matter

Authors: Nainan K. Varghese
Comments: 4 Pages. Originally published on www.academia.edu

Abstract: Attempts to define ‘matter’ were unsuccessful throughout development of natural philosophy. As advancement in physics called for speedier pace, one attribute of matter – the mass – was accepted as a substitute. Mass of a body (an assumed relation that exists in mathematical analyses and in the minds of analyzers) is considered as an equivalent that can represent body’s 3D matter-content. Mass has successfully usurped rightful place of 3D matter in all contemporary theories to increase their complexity and confusion. In material world, existence of matter is nearest to absolute truth. Defining matter on this basis can provide logical foundations to physical theories.
Category: Classical Physics

[1148] viXra:1712.0369 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-09 20:32:00

Friction

Authors: Nainan K. Varghese
Comments: 4 Pages. Originally published on www.academia.edu

Abstract: Opposition to relative movements, between macro bodies in contact, is generally termed as ‘friction’. Friction develops from mutual adhesive tendencies of resultant fields adjacent atoms on the contact surfaces of macro bodies in contact. All atoms have resultant fields surrounding their material structures. Tendency of adhesion between interlinking resultant fields of atoms on either side of contact surface is caused by merger of these fields into a common stable structure. Attempt to destabilize resultant structure of merged fields between bodies in contact results in resistance to their relative motion.
Category: Classical Physics

[1147] viXra:1712.0360 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-08 07:53:45

Observable Universe Event Horizon

Authors: Alberto Coe
Comments: 7 Pages.

The standard cosmological model defines the Observable Universe as the region of the Universe observed from the earth at the present time ; all the signals that have arrived to the earth since the beginning of the cosmological expansion .We introduce a quantifier parameter .The use of such parameter allow us to understand the amount of items involved in any system . First we analyze the posible topology of the event horizon of the observable universe and how such surface area depends on the time .Finally will describe a numerical depiction about the evolution of the observable universe wich involves the Hubble parameter , the number of stars , the hydrogen molecule , the degrees of freedom of the hydrogen mulecule related to the amount of information of ordinary matter as well as the surface area of the observable universe event horizon .
Category: Classical Physics

[1146] viXra:1712.0158 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-06 07:08:18

Novel Molecular-Kinetic Mechanism of Separation of Internal Energy of Gas in the Gravitational Field.

Authors: V.S. Vasilenko, A.I. Tsabevska, A.A. Malgota
Comments: 8 Pages. 8p. Russian

For the first time it was shown that in the thermally isolated vessel, filled by ideal gas with an identical on volume temperature, and placed in the gravitational field took place a separation of internal energy of gas. A vertical gradient of temperature appeared due to molecular-kinetic motion of gas in the gravitational field - without participation macroscopic moving of gas volume with adiabatic expansion/compression. This phenomenon allows to construct perpetual motor of the second kind. It, in turn, gives an opportunity to assert that the processes are possible in non-equilibrium stationary thermodynamics close system, attended with reduction of entropy and impedimental to thermal death of Universe.
Category: Classical Physics

[1145] viXra:1712.0126 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-05 09:00:03

Problems in Contemporary Physics

Authors: Nainan K. Varghese
Comments: 10 Pages.

Abstract: Contemporary physics has many unsolved problems. Most of them are due to inadequacy of theories or illogical application of one theory to seemingly similar problem elsewhere. An alternative concept, presented in book ‘MATTER (Re-examined)’ proposes to provide logical explanations to all these apparent problems. In this article, author proposes to present short notes and pointers to detailed explanations in the book. All explanations are based on a single assumption that ‘Substance is fundamental and matter alone provides substance to all real entities’. There are neither imaginary particles nor mysterious actions nor actions at a distance through empty space in this concept. Cause and effect relations are followed in all topics.
Category: Classical Physics

[1144] viXra:1712.0100 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-05 04:49:58

Ideal Universal Medium

Authors: Nainan K. Varghese
Comments: 5 Pages.

Abstract: No actions can be performed at a distance through empty space. An all-encompassing medium is essential to facilitate (apparent) physical actions between material bodies at a distance. Aether, used in aether-theories and other imaginary entities currently used to explain various physical phenomena are too vague and fails to describe many physical actions of matter bodies, logically. By realising a real entity that fills the entire space as an all-encompassing universal medium, the formless space can be replaced with a structured real entity. An ideal universal medium should be a real entity with positive existence and with all properties currently assigned to space or to other imaginary entities like; different types of aether, imaginary particles or various types of fields.
Category: Classical Physics

[1143] viXra:1711.0469 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-30 02:28:42

Gravitoelectromagnetism and Newton's Law of Universal Gravitation

Authors: Antoine Acke
Comments: 8 Pages.

Taking into account the kinematics of the gravitating objects, gravitoelectromagnetism (GEM) is a consistent classical field theory about the gravitational phenomena in which context the principle of relativity and the principle of equivalence are valid. In this article it is shown that, in the framework of GEM, Newton’s law of universal gravitation perfectly can be deduced and that it can be extended to the case of moving point masses.
Category: Classical Physics

[1142] viXra:1711.0439 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-28 10:21:52

Energy Momentum Tensor and Conservation of Energy for Two Free Charged Spheres

Authors: Karl De Paepe
Comments: 2 Pages.

We consider two charged spheres of the same charge freely moving along a fixed line. We use the energy momentum tensor to construct a moving surface through which there is no energy flow and show conservation of energy does not hold.
Category: Classical Physics

[1141] viXra:1711.0384 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-21 18:11:13

Stoe Simulation of Photon Spectrographic Behavior

Authors: John Hodge
Comments: 6 Pages. continuation of STOE model of photon and rejection of wave model.

Spectrographic behavior of light has been attributed to the wave model of light. The Scalar Theory Of Everything (STOE) model of light suggests photons are composed of hods that are one of the two components of the universe. The Hodge diffraction experiments rejected the wave models of light. The Fraunhofer pattern of coherent light on a screen from a slit in a mask is compared to the STOE computer simulation of spectrographic effects. The number of hods serves the same place as the frequency (energy) of light. Thus, the energy of light is proportional to the number of hods in the photons. An additional hod in a photon adds Planks constant amount of energy to the photon. Therefore, the STOE incorporates spectrographic observations.
Category: Classical Physics

[1140] viXra:1711.0346 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-17 20:07:54

Reconciliation of Newton's Gravitational Force, Tesla, General Relativity and Quantum Mechanics

Authors: Seamus McCelt
Comments: 1 Page.

If you know and understand the way everything truly works -- with slight adjustments everything becomes completely compatible.

● Newton's gravitational force.
● Tesla's energy from the environment.
● Einstein's curved space-time.
● Heisenberg's probability and uncertainty.

They fit together like a glove.
Category: Classical Physics

[1139] viXra:1711.0328 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-17 04:36:51

Use the Distance Principle to Explain the Physical Mechanism of Transistor

Authors: Zhixian Lin
Comments: 4 Pages. "Choose File" option is not working.

For beginners, the traditional explanation of a Transistor is not easy to understand. The traditional explanation can not explain why a slightly change of IB will create a significant change of IC clearly. This paper proposed the Distance Principle which can clearly and easily explain why a Transistor can work. Make beginners easier to understand the physical mechanism of a Transistor.
Category: Classical Physics

[1138] viXra:1711.0322 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-15 15:23:21

The Physical Nature of Entropy

Authors: Guido F. Nelissen
Comments: 14 Pages.

In my paper Part 1 on the physical nature of “Linear Momentum”, I have demonstrated that the difference between thermal motion and congruent motion is characterized by the degree of isotropy of the velocities of the particles and in my paper Part 3 on the physical nature of “Work, Kinetic Energy and Planck’s constant” I have demonstrated that the generation of work in particle systems consist in the transformation of isotropic motion into congruent translational motion. In my paper Part 5 on the physical nature of “Pressure, Temperature and Thermal Energy” I came to the conclusion that the statistical Maxwell – Boltzmann speed distribution function is a consequence of the repetitive isotropic collisions, that are typical for thermal motion. This allows me, on the basis of Clausius’ and Boltzmann’s absolute concepts of entropy, to propose a new proportionate entropy, in function of the degree of isotropy of the velocities of the elements of a particle system, which makes it possible to reveal the link between the second law of thermodynamics and Newton’s first law of motion, and which in my next paper will allow me to explain the physical nature of the variable velocity of particle systems.
Category: Classical Physics

[1137] viXra:1711.0321 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-15 15:26:24

The Physical Nature of Extent, Velocity and Length Contraction

Authors: Guido F. Nelissen
Comments: 18 Pages.

Physics today has an ambiguous attitude towards ‘velocity’. On the one hand relativistic physics considers it a “relative” characteristic of which the numerical value depends on the chosen reference frame, but on the other hand that same physics tells us that velocity causes a length contraction, a time dilation and a mass increase and that it has an absolute upper limit, which is equal to the invariable speed of light. This duality is caused by the fact that the Lorentz transformations accomplish a mathematical bridging between a relative velocity at low speeds and an absolute velocity at the speed of light, but that it is not clear whether these equations describe observational or real physical phenomena. It is this vagueness that has led to the a number of internal contradictions, such as e.g. the “twin paradox” and the “pole an barn paradox”. In this paper I demonstrate that mass particles are 3-dimensional particle systems that consist of 2-dimensional massless particles and that their variable velocity is not so much distance divided by time, but that it is an emerging physical state of these a particle systems. This physical nature of velocity leads in a self-evident way to the Lorentz contraction of moving particle systems in their direction of motion, which I demonstrate to be a real physical distortion.
Category: Classical Physics

[1136] viXra:1711.0313 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-15 05:09:36

James Clerk Maxwell Conocimiento Prohibido

Authors: Carlos Alejandro Chiappini
Comments: 131 Pages.

Las ecuaciones de Maxwell son los postulados del desarrollo presentado. De ellas se deducen como teoremas propiedades físicas fundamentales, como9 la distribución discreta de la energía, el valor teórico de la constante de estructura fina, el factor g del electrón, la unidad de masa elemental basada en las leyes de las partículas elementales (no de tipo convencional como la una) y varias propiedades más. El documento tiene estilo ameno y didáctico, para optimizar la comprensión.
Category: Classical Physics

[1135] viXra:1711.0294 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-13 08:35:09

Gravitation Question on Perihelion Advance

Authors: D.H.W. Reffer
Comments: 2 Pages. Inescapable question

We formulate and discuss, as much as we can, an inevitable mathematical and philosophical question: why do the General Theory of Relativity and the Relative-Velocity Dependence of Gravitational Interaction lead to the same well-known formula for the anomalous Perihelion Advance ?
Category: Classical Physics

[1134] viXra:1711.0243 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-08 04:13:28

New Solution of Maxwell's Equations for Spherical Wave in the Far Zone

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 11 Pages.

It is noted that the known solution for a spherical electromagnetic wave in the far zone does not satisfy the law of conservation of energy (it is retained only on the average), the electric and magnetic intensities of the same name (in coordinate) are in phase, only one of Maxwell's equations is satisfied. A solution is offered that is free from these shortcomings.
Category: Classical Physics

[1133] viXra:1711.0242 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-08 04:24:37

New Solution of Maxwell's Equations for Spherical Wave in the Far Zone \\ Новое решение уравнений Максвелла для сферической волны в дальней зоне

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 11 Pages. in Russian

It is noted that the known solution for a spherical electromagnetic wave in the far zone does not satisfy the law of conservation of energy (it is retained only on the average), the electric and magnetic intensities of the same name (in coordinate) are in phase, only one of Maxwell's equations is satisfied. A solution is offered that is free from these shortcomings. \\ Отмечается, что известное решение для сферической электромагнитной волны в дальней зоне не удовлетворяет закону сохранения энергии (она сохраняется только в среднем), одноименные (по координатам) электрические и магнитные напряженности синфазны, выполняется только одно из системы уравнений Максвелла. Предлагается решение, свободное от этих недостатков.
Category: Classical Physics

[1132] viXra:1711.0121 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-04 08:28:04

Determining the Time Duration Spent for an Object at Free Fall When it is at Its Highest Point

Authors: Yahya Awad Sharif Mohammed
Comments: 2 Pages. The discussion in The Naked Scientist forum : https://www.thenakedscientists.com/forum/index.php?topic=69618.0

This article aims to specify accurately the time duration spent for an object at free fall when it is at its highest point, as well as violating the current value for this time duration.
Category: Classical Physics

[1131] viXra:1711.0001 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-01 15:03:08

Spin-Rotation Coupling of the Angularly Accelerated Rigid Body

Authors: Louai Hassan Elzein Bashier
Comments: 12 Pages.

This paper is prepared to show that a rigid body which undergoes an angular acceleration relative to a fixed point must simultaneously accelerate angularly relative to its center of mass. Formulae which coupling of the angular momentum and kinetic energy due to this spin motion to the angular momentum and kinetic energy due to the rotational motion of the same spinning rigid body have been derived. The paper also bringing to light the nature of the force which causes this spin motion and the formula which coupling of this highlighted force to the force which causes the rotation of the rigid body has been also derived.
Category: Classical Physics

[1130] viXra:1710.0349 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-31 03:04:07

Fresnel Lens Condenser for a Solar Sail

Authors: Kenneth C. Johnson
Comments: 2 Pages.

A solar-sail spacecraft propulsion concept uses a large Fresnel lens to concentrate radiation onto one or two small beam-steering mirrors. The lens itself does not effect significant momentum transfer from the photon flux; it only functions as a condenser, which allows the use of much smaller mirrors as momentum-transfer elements.
Category: Classical Physics

[1129] viXra:1710.0338 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-31 19:14:08

Airborne Sound Transmission Through Windows at Very Low Frequencies

Authors: Roman Vinokur
Comments: 8 Pages.

This paper was earlier saved in academia.com. site. But it might be also interesting to multiple readers on vixra.com. The sound transmission loss of windows at very low frequencies cannot be interpreted by the theory of infinitely large partitions. Here, the bending wave resonances are essential but not the only contributors. The low sound radiation coefficient and “niche effect” are also important. The goal is to illustrate such phenomena via simplified theoretical models and experimental results. In particular, the role of low sound radiation is interpreted using the sound radiation model of a piston inside the aperture cut in a rigid baffle between the source and receiving rooms. The “niche effect” is compared to the low-frequency sound transmission via symmetric triple windows (where the middle element is the real window and the role of the edge leaves is played by the air masses entrained at the aperture edges). In addition to the previously published results, the new experimental data are provided to support this theory in the “double-niche” case: the aperture consists of two in-series halves with different areas, and the window is installed in the smaller one. Such simple models can also be utilized to interpret the experimental sound transmission data for relatively small partitions mounted in the aperture made in a thick wall between two rooms. The paper may be helpful for students and engineers engaged in measurements of the sound transmission loss.
Category: Classical Physics

[1128] viXra:1710.0317 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-27 09:45:35

Drift and Diffusive Streams of Molecules of an Ideal Gas in a Gravitational Field. V.S. Vasilenko, A.a. Malgota

Authors: V.S. Vasilenko, A.A. Malgota
Comments: 4 Pages. 4 p. Russian

The drift (directed downward) and diffusive (directed upward) streams of molecules of ideal gas in the gravitational field were considered. It is shown that in the Boltzmann distribution of concentration of molecules on a height these streams are not equal to each other. They try to create quasi Boltzmann distribution. But such distribution can not be carried out.
Category: Classical Physics

[1127] viXra:1710.0303 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-29 05:26:44

Knowledge of Everything

Authors: Sergey Bilyk
Comments: 142 Pages.

Basic complete ultimate knowledge about the universe.
Category: Classical Physics

[1126] viXra:1710.0284 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-26 09:51:42

“Subjective” Acceleration of Two Dimention Time. Vasilenko V.S. the Hypothesis of Real Acceleration of Time Was Proposed to Explain a Subjective Acceleration of Time at Strong Psychological Stresses. the Using of the Single Physical Parameter K of Acceler

Authors: Vladimir Vasilenko
Comments: 7 Pages. 7 p., Russian

The hypothesis of real acceleration of time was proposed to explain a subjective acceleration of time at strong psychological stresses. The using of the single physical parameter k of acceleration of time of local system allow us to explain some of well known experimental date. It was shown due to principle of simultaneously, that the time of local system must be two-dimensional.
Category: Classical Physics

[1125] viXra:1710.0275 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-23 17:15:19

Physical Model of Biblical Flood V.S. Vasilenko, I.yu. Obuhovskiy Odessa State Enveronmental University Vasilenko.phd@gmail.com Glaciologists and Historians of Architecture Discovered that at the End of the Last Freezing, the North Geographical Pole of ea

Authors: V.S. Vasilenko, I.Yu. Obuhovskiy
Comments: 4 Pages. 4 p. Russian

Glaciologists and historians of architecture discovered that at the end of the last freezing, the North geographical pole of Earth moved approximately to 20o from territory of Greenland to modern position. Our model allowed to estimate the depth of immersion of locality in an ocean in Portugal (near 4км) and in Mesopotamia (about 500 м). Results well comport with the conclusions of ДНК-genealogy on Turkey and biology on Crimea.
Category: Classical Physics

[1124] viXra:1710.0260 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-23 00:18:18

On the Nature of Ideal Gas Temperature Gradient in Gravitational Field Authors: V.S. Vasilenko, A.a. Malgota for the First Time it is Shown that Diffusion and Drift of Ideal Gas Molecules in the Gravitational Field Create a Temperature Gradient on Altitud

Authors: V.S. Vasilenko, A.A. Malgota
Comments: 6 Pages. 6

For the first time it is shown that diffusion and drift of ideal gas molecules in the gravitational field create a temperature gradient on altitude, not equalize temperature over all volume. The case of heat-insulated gas with default both convection and adiabatic expansion was considered.
Category: Classical Physics

[1123] viXra:1710.0249 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-22 15:27:42

New Commutative Wheatstone Bridge V.s.vasilenko, P.i.kohanovskiy the New Method of the High-Fidelity Measuring of Resistances Was Proposed. a Wheatstone Bridge Was Used with Two Unknown Base Resistors of R1 and R2 in One Branch, the Resistance Decade Boxe

Authors: V.S.Vasilenko, P.I.Kohanovskiy
Comments: 5 Pages. 5 р. Russian. Odessa State Enveronmental University

The new method of the high-fidelity measuring of resistances was proposed. A Wheatstone bridge was used with two unknown base resistors of R1 and R2 in one branch, the resistance decade boxes and unknown resistance Rx was plugged in other branch. By the selection of Rm1 of resistance decade boxes bridge was balanced. R1 and R2 switched places then. By the selection of Rm2 of resistance decade boxes the bridge was balanced in second times. Unknown resistance settled accounts on the formula of Rx=(Rm1•Rm2)1/2.
Category: Classical Physics

[1122] viXra:1710.0231 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-21 03:53:33

Physik Ohne Fernkräfte

Authors: Walter Ruh
Comments: 28 Pages. language is German, for copyright see: ruhwalter47@gmail.com

This work claims to be a theory of everything (theory of everything, ToE or TOE). This is not a mathematical fake with fifteen dimensions, but a real concept, based on a hypothetical model-medium with which all physical phenomena in the universe can be linked and explained. With the presented hypothetical model medium the forces of gravitation and mass inertia can be put on a common base. This also clarifies the presence of dark matter. The relativistic mass results as an inevitable consequence. Electrostatic force and magnetic force can be explained with the same concept without a distance force. For the Atomic model, there is a logical improvement. This work is based on the findings made during the assignment of a real variable for the Coulomb charge unit. "What is Behind Coulomb" / http://vixra.org/abs/1710.0211 The free course for those thoughts with a model medium is given from the findings in "Mistakes and Contradictions in the Michelson Morley Experiment" / http://vixra.org/abs/1710.0211. There the heavy mistakes of the Michelson Morley experiment are proved and therefore the results of this experiment and the conclusions drawn from them are untenable.
Category: Classical Physics

[1121] viXra:1710.0220 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-19 09:46:07

Mistakes and Contradictions in the Michelson Morley Experiment

Authors: Walter Ruh
Comments: 7 Pages. language is German, for copyright see: ruhwalter47@gmail.com

In the following, it is shown that the Michelson & Morley experiment is subject to heavy mistakes. All considerations are based on the original publication, »AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SCIENCE, ARTICLE XXXVI On the Relative Motion of the Earth and the Luminiferous Ether, by ALBERT A. MICHELSON and EDWARD W. MORLEY". 1. The experiment presents measurements and expects results in the evening at around 18:00. This is wrong! Anyone with a knowledge of the earth's rotation and the course around the sun can see that the Michelson and Morley experiment makes sense only at the high noon and at midnight. The "ether wind" is only at this time in the measurable direction to the measuring device. In the evening and in the morning, the ether wind is in any case perpendicular (from top to bottom or from bottom to top) to the horizontal measuring device. 2. The light path, as described, cannot be correct. The perpendicular deflected light path can never be against the "ether wind". 3. Intellectual bases for the experiment are incomplete and therefore incorrect. The assumptions and conditions do not correspond with the mathematics for this experiment. At the end is only one conclusion possible: The Michelson and Morley experiment is very roughly mistaken and therefore the results must be considered irrelevant.
Category: Classical Physics

[1120] viXra:1710.0211 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-18 13:34:47

What is Behind Coulomb

Authors: Walter Ruh
Comments: 7 Pages. language is German, for copyright see: ruhwalter47@gmail.com

Starting from the deviation «of the good order» that Coulomb / Ampere disappears in energies, it was shown that behind the in the abstract unit Coulomb is a real value, composed of kilograms, meters and seconds. This gives the field equations a real substance which can represent power and energy in real terms. The results are indicative of a (forbidden) "model medium" without concluding that a medium exists in reality. The logic and physical beauty of this system is overwhelming. Ausgehend von der stossenden Abweichung «von der guten Ordnung», dass Coulomb/Ampere bei Energierechnungen verschwindet wurde aufgezeigt, dass hinter der abstrakten Einheit Coulomb ein realer Wert, zusammengesetzt aus Kilogramm, Metern und Sekunden zu finden ist. Dadurch bekommen die Feldgleichungen eine reale Substanz welche Leistung und Energie real darstellen kann. Die Resultate ergeben Indizien auf ein (verbotenes) "Modell-Medium", ohne zu folgern, dass ein Medium in Realität existiert. Die Logik und physikalische Schönheit dieser Systematik ist überwältigend.
Category: Classical Physics

[1119] viXra:1710.0204 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-15 09:03:46

Solution of Maxwell's Equations for a Capacitor with Alternating Voltage

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 16 Pages.

A solution of the Maxwell equations for a variable voltage capacitor with a variable voltage is given, which is a development of inconsistency (corresponding to the energy conservation law) solution of the Maxwell equations for vacuum. It is shown that in an electromagnetic wave propagating through a capacitor, the flux of electromagnetic energy does not change with time. It is shown that there exists a longitudinal (along the radius) standing electromagnetic wave. For a simple verification of the findings, detailed proof is given.
Category: Classical Physics

[1118] viXra:1710.0203 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-15 09:07:50

Solution of Maxwell's Equations for a Capacitor with Alternating Voltage \\ Решение уравнений Максвелла для конденсатора с переменным напряжением

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 16 Pages. in Russian

A solution of the Maxwell equations for a variable voltage capacitor with a variable voltage is given, which is a development of inconsistency (corresponding to the energy conservation law) solution of the Maxwell equations for vacuum. It is shown that in an electromagnetic wave propagating through a capacitor, the flux of electromagnetic energy does not change with time. It is shown that there exists a longitudinal (along the radius) standing electromagnetic wave. For a simple verification of the findings, detailed proof is given. \\ Приводится решение уравнений Максвелла для конденсатора с переменным напряжением, которое является развитием непротиворечивого (соответствующего закону сохранения энергии) решения уравнений Максвелла для вакуума. Показано, что в электромагнитной волне, распространяющейся через конденсатор, поток электромагнитной энергии не изменяется во времени. Показано, что существует продольная (вдоль радиуса) стоячая электромагнитная волна. Для простой проверки полученных выводов приводится подробное доказательство.
Category: Classical Physics

[1117] viXra:1710.0164 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-14 15:01:31

Mach Principle and the Principle of Relativity: the Energy View

Authors: Nikitin A P
Comments: 22 Pages. (RUS)

The article is devoted to Mach's "many-sided" principle and relativity principle, which are considered from the point of view of the energy theory, in which all changes and interactions (including gravitational ones) are viewed not as power interactions and manifestations of space-time curvature, but as manifestations and consequences of motion matter, which occurs as a drain and the source of matter and is described as the movement of energy. The article gives an overview of the primary sources of these principles, created by the founders. In the course of the famous thought experiment with two bodies, along with the principle of Mach and the principle of relativity, which are surprisingly interconnected and intertwined, the energy dynamics of moving bodies and such a mysterious phenomenon as the mechanical motion of material bodies in space and time are explored.
Category: Classical Physics

[1116] viXra:1710.0158 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-15 03:32:34

Salvaging Newton's 313 Year Old Corpuscular Theory of Light

Authors: Golden Gadzirayi Nyambuya, Adrian Dube, Godwin Musosi
Comments: 7 Pages. Accepted to Prespacetime Journal

As is well known – Newton's corpuscular model of light can explain the Law of Reflection and Snell's Law of Refraction. Sadly and regrettably – its predictions about the speed of light in different mediums runs contrary to experience. Because of this, Newton's theory of light was abandoned in favour of the wave theory. It [Newton's corpuscular model of light] predicts that the speed of light is larger in higher density mediums. This prediction was shown to be wrong by Foucault's 1850 landmark-ing experiment that brought down Newton's theory. The major assumption of Newton's corpuscular model of light is that the corpuscles of light have an attraction with the particle of the medium. When the converse is assumed, i.e., the corpuscles of light are assumed to not have an attraction-effect, but a repulsion-effect with the particles of the medium, one obtains the correct predictions of the speed of light in denser mediums. This assumption of Newton's corpuscles repelling with the particles of the medium – this, might explain why light has the maximum speed in any given medium.
Category: Classical Physics

[1115] viXra:1710.0143 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-12 07:40:37

Observable Universe Topology and Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle

Authors: Alberto Coe
Comments: 8 Pages.

The standard cosmological model defines the Observable Universe as the region of the Universe observed from the earth at the present time ; all the signals that have arrived to the earth since the beginning of the cosmological expansion .The fruitful formula of the Heisenberg uncertainty principle allow us to explore some issues concerning the observable universe . One of them is the possible topology of the universe according to recent cosmological data . The other one is the cosmological constant value , arising numerically from the Heisenberg principle . Finally will describe a numerical depiction about the evolution of the observable universe wich involves the Hubble parameter , the number of stars , the hydrogen molecule , the degrees of freedom of the hydrogen mulecule related to the amount of information of ordinary matter and the surface area of the observable universe as the universe’s event horizon .
Category: Classical Physics

[1114] viXra:1710.0138 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-13 01:09:58

Energy Content of °Kelvin and Heat Transfer Between Matter / Energie-Inhalt Von °Kelvin Und Wärmeübertragung Zwischen Materien

Authors: Walter Ruh
Comments: 7 Pages. language is German, for copyright see: ruhwalter47@gmail.com

This work provides the long-sought explanation for the heat transportation between matter. Outgoing from the fact that degrees Kelvin disappears in heat-energy calculations and easily transforms into Energy-units it has been recognized that for Kelvin there must be a physical base consisting of a certain quantity defined by the units of kg, m, s. The solution is old and long known. The Bolzmann constant is 1.38064*10^-23 J/K The exact statement of this constant is: The kinetic energy per degree Kelvin per atom of different kind (or per particle) is always 1.38064*10^-23 J. The full interpretation of the physical statement of this constant is not obvious: Each atom, each particle, has the same kinetic energy at the same temperature, which is 1.38064*10^-23 J per degree Kelvin. This explanation provides the detailed explanation for heat transfer. From the results the physical explanations for the Ranque-Hilsch vortex tube and for "friction generates heat" is given. Diese Arbeit liefert die seit langem gesuchte Erklärung für den Wärmetransport zwischen Materie. Ausgehend von der Tatsache, dass Grad Kelvin bei der Berechnung der Wärmeenergie verschwindet und sich in Energieeinheiten umwandelt, wurde erkannt, dass es für Kelvin eine physikalische Grösse geben muss, die aus Wert und durch die Einheiten kg, m, s definiert ist. Die Lösung ist alt und seit langem bekannt. Die Bolzmann-Konstante ist 1.38064*10^-23 J / K. Die genaue Aussage dieser Konstante lautet: Die kinetische Energie pro Grad Kelvin pro Atom verschiedener Art (oder pro Teilchen) beträgt immer 1.38064*10^-23 J. Die vollständige Interpretation der physikalischen Aussage dieser Konstante ist nicht offensichtlich: Jedes Atom, jedes Teilchen hat dieselbe kinetische Energie bei der gleichen Temperatur, die 1,38064*10^-23*J pro Grad Kelvin ist. Diese Einsicht liefert eine detaillierte Erklärung für die Wärmeübertragung. Aus den Ergebnissen werden die physikalischen Grundlagen für das Ranque-Hilsch-Wirbelrohr und für "Reibung erzeugt Wärme" erklärbar.
Category: Classical Physics

[1113] viXra:1710.0125 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-11 22:40:39

About Longitudinal Waves of an Electromagnetic Field

Authors: Yurii A. Spirichev
Comments: 10 Pages.

Is shown the solution the problem scalar longitudinal waves without introducing any additional members in the canonical Lagrangian of the field or in the Maxwell equations that ensure the existence of a longitudinal wave component. The Lame equation for the electromagnetic field is obtained, which describes transverse and longitudinal waves, as well as the Fock-Podolsky wave equation for longitudinal electroscalar waves that do not have a magnetic component. It is shown that the terms of the Lorentz gauge condition describe a four-dimensional volume deformation of the electromagnetic field
Category: Classical Physics

[1112] viXra:1710.0124 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-11 23:58:28

Die Swastika Und Ihre Technische Bedeutung im Detail 2

Authors: Robert Stach
Comments: 10 Pages.

Wechselwirkung zwischen der Rotationsenergie der Erde und der Graviationskraft zur Gewinnung von elektr. Energie, Michelson- Experiment und die Realativitätstheorie
Category: Classical Physics

[1111] viXra:1710.0091 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-08 07:16:50

Relative−Velocity Dependence: a Property of Gravitational Interaction

Authors: D.H.W. Reffer
Comments: 13 pages

Herein we propound the property, present its empirical law—a two Relative-Velocity Dependent (RVD) terms completion of Newton’s law of gravitation—and thereby solve some historic problems as: Solar cycle, apparent connection with Jupiter ’s revolution, and why the two periods do not quite coincide; about 2.9–4.5×1019 joules/yr from earth’s rotation slowdown (Secular retardation) “missing” in tidal effects and attributed to some “unknown mechanism”; and the “unknown” nature (and magnitude) of the “driving/propelling force” in Tectonic plates drift; moreover, the RVD completion of Newton’s gravity law predicts that tectonic plates drift, globally, to the west, not randomly, causing earthquakes and volcano eruptions to occur most probable at equinoxes (around March and September). The well-known formula of Perihelion advance is also derived. Several experiments are proposed, some feasible now. Keywords: solar cycle, perihelion advance, secular retardation, continental drift, earthquakes.
Category: Classical Physics

[1110] viXra:1710.0090 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-08 06:45:37

A New Lagrangian of the Simple Harmonic Oscillator Revisited

Authors: Faisal Amin Yassein Abdelmohssin
Comments: 6 Pages.

A better and symmetric new Lagrangian functional of the simple harmonic oscillator has been proposed. The derived equation of motion is exactly the same as that derived from the first variation’s Lagrangian functional. The equation of motion is derived from Euler-Lagrange equation by performing partial derivatives on the Lagrangian functional of the second variation of the calculus of variations. Although the better new Hamiltonian functional is off that derived from the first variation by a factor of two, it symmetric than in the previous paper.
Category: Classical Physics

[1109] viXra:1710.0073 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-07 13:50:32

The New Boson N

Authors: Luca Nascimbene
Comments: 7 Pages.

The elementary particles that make up the universe can distinguish in particle-matter, of a fermionic type (quark, neutrino and neutrino, mass-equipped) and force-particles, bosonic type, carrying the fundamental forces in nature (photons and gluons, , And the W and Z bosons, endowed with mass). The Standard Model contemplates several other unstable particles that exist under certain conditions for a variable time, but still very short, before decaying into other particles. Among them there is at least one Higgs boson, which plays a very special role. The bosonic N, is an elementary discovery discovery thanks to various electronic devices and sensors. All this is a physical-electronic theoretical study. This particle seen on the oscilloscope has a different shape from the other, in particular it moves by looking at the oscilloscope and has a round shape.
Category: Classical Physics

[1108] viXra:1710.0064 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-05 05:42:55

A New Lagrangian of the Simple Harmonic Oscillator

Authors: Faisal Amin Yassein Abdelmohssin
Comments: 6 Pages.

A new Lagrangian functional of the simple harmonic oscillator has been proposed. The derived equation of motion is almost same as that of the conventional Lagrangian functional. The equation of motion is derived from Euler-Lagrange equation by performing partial derivatives on the Lagrangian functional of the second variation of the calculus of variations. The new Hamiltonian functional of the simple harmonic oscillator has also been derived.
Category: Classical Physics

[1107] viXra:1710.0004 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-01 06:37:59

Тechnology and the Metaphysics of Gravity

Authors: Popov Boris
Comments: 68 Pages. language Russian

Nebow of this book, the author, guided by the installation of Isaac Newton, that nature all around is very simple and economical and, if she than and gave body in the process of their generation, one only by force of inertia, the fundamental principle of the action of gravity considering inertia. Thanks to the approach based on such a setting, the law of gravity and the other three of Newton's law reduced to one law – the law of inertia, formulated and substantiated long before Newton, Galileo Galilei. This allowed, based on the fundamental principle of action, known since the times of Euler as the conservation of angular momentum, to give a constructive definition of gravity, namely to offer the technology to any group of physical bodies localized in the free space gravitating Association. The reality of the technology is grounded in controlled experiments that the reader can easily repeat yourself. In the metaphysical aspect, without going beyond the main provisions of classical mechanics, we consider the nature itself and inertia, and the Foundation of stability and the principle of the existence of real entities, methods of imparting substances not only gravitational abilities, but also the electromagnetic.
Category: Classical Physics

[1106] viXra:1709.0440 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-30 12:28:15

Conventional Definition of Potential Energy is Controversial

Authors: Sjaak Uitterdijk
Comments: 3 Pages.

The conventional definition of potential energy leads, considered from a fundamental scientific point of view, to absurd consequences. It is strongly advised to eliminate the intermediate variable ‘work’ in the definition of potential energy and, as a result, to reverse the boundaries in the definite integral.
Category: Classical Physics

[1105] viXra:1709.0435 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-30 01:26:07

Nachtrag 1 Zum Manuskript "Die Swastika Und Ihre Technische Bedeutung"

Authors: Robert Stach
Comments: 9 Pages.

Nachtrag1 zum Manuskript "die Swastika und ihre technische Bedeutung"
Category: Classical Physics

[1104] viXra:1709.0361 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-24 08:00:37

More About the Inconsistency Solution of the Maxwell Equations

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 12 Pages.

A brief description of the non-contradictory solution of the Maxwell equations given in [1] and new additions are given.
Category: Classical Physics

[1103] viXra:1709.0333 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-23 09:06:00

More About the Inconsistency Solution of the Maxwell Equations \ Еще о непротиворечивом решении уравнений Максвелла

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 13 Pages. in Russian

A brief description of the non-contradictory solution of the Maxwell equations given in [1] and new additions are given. \ Приводится краткое описание непротиворечивого решения уравнений Максвелла, данного в [1], и новые дополнения.
Category: Classical Physics

[1102] viXra:1709.0299 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-19 22:03:13

STOE Inertia

Authors: John C. Hodge
Comments: 5 Pages.

The Scalar Theory of Everything (STOE) model of photons is extended to model the inertia of mass. The characteristic of the plenum, hods, and their interactions yields the Newtonian characteristics of gravitational mass and inertial mass. The medium of the wave in the Hodge Experiment was the massless plenum. The plenum is the carrier of the inertia. The hods are the carrier of the gravitational mass. The Equivalence Principle is derived rather being assumed. Mach's Principle is inconsistent with the STOE.
Category: Classical Physics

[1101] viXra:1709.0296 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-20 01:14:28

Cosmophysics

Authors: Nikitin Aleksandr Pavlovich
Comments: 31 Pages.

Abstract This article presents the foundations of cosmodynamics - energy theory, which lays the foundation for a new paradigm of physical science, which allows to combine the modern theory of the microcosm and macrocosm. It is proposed to consider the motion of matter in space-time, i.e all of the changes and interactions, including gravity, taking place in the cosmos, not as a police cooperation body, charges, particles, fields, and displays the curvature of space-time, as well as displays and consequences of energy processes in the same cosmos. The measure of these processes is the energy of the cosmos, including the "dark matter" and "dark energy", with absolute power, equal to Planck's constant. Proposed movement of matter in space to consider (to describe, reflect in our minds) as the movement of energy, as the energy dynamics of the vector field, material and energy "cell" structure which is a proton. On the basis of the theory developed by the energy available energy interpretation of the hydrogen atom, and all of baryonic matter, for example, the Earth and the Sun, when the motion of matter occurs and thus describes a "drain" and "radiation" the energy flow vector material-energy field. Planck values are given in the dimensions LT system. It is alleged that the cosmic "relic" radiation is generated in the atoms existing baryonic matter and has nothing to do with the mythical "Big Bang".
Category: Classical Physics

[1100] viXra:1709.0266 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-17 14:15:43

„Geomagnetic Pole” Shift Should Reduce Apsidal Precession Speed of Earth’s Orbit

Authors: Edgars Alksnis
Comments: 4 Pages. in Russian

Perihelion precession of planets is explained here in terms of vortical рhysics and mass-dynamic forces. Weakening of „geomagnetic” field should weaken Earth’s vortex and therefore- slow down perihelion precession of Earth’s orbit. Taking in account this should be important for asteroide threat calculations in advance.
Category: Classical Physics

[1099] viXra:1709.0263 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-18 01:09:08

GRT Experiment: Supernova Sn1987a (100 Years of General Relativity GTR) Nikitin Aleksandr Ltd. "Kamproekt" 423814, Russia, Naberezhnye Chelny, Moskovsky Prospekt, 98, e-Mail: Anikitinaaa@mail.ru Abstract General Relativity (GRT), Created by the Genius of

Authors: Nikitin A P
Comments: Pages.

Abstract General relativity (GRT), created by the genius of Einstein from 1907 to 1915 as a geometric theory of gravity, developing special theory of relativity (STR), has been 100 years does not rest and excites minds. Since then, it performed many experiments to confirm with great accuracy GRT. In this paper, we propose to draw attention to the possibility of direct experimental verification of the dependence of the velocity of light by the gravitational potential, what Einstein wrote in 1911 in his article «On the effect of gravity on light propagation» [1, V1, p.172 ]. We assume that nature itself has put this experiment in space in the presence of "dark matter", namely: February 23, 1987 in the Large Magellanic Cloud broke out amazing supernova SN1987A, from which the light came to Earth 2h 47m later neutrinos. On the basis of numerous observations are given an explanation of this fact in terms of changing the speed of light neutrinos, and depending on the time-varying gravitational potential of the Universe.
Category: Classical Physics

[1098] viXra:1709.0262 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-18 01:22:30

On the Fundamental Connection Between the Planck and Hubble Constants Nikitin A.p. Russia, Moscow, e-Mail: Anikitinaaa@mail.ru

Authors: Aleksandr Nikitin
Comments: 10 Pages.

Abstract In this article it is stated that there is a fundamental connection between the basic constant of the quantum theory - the Planck constant h and the basic constant of astrophysics - the Hubble constant H, which states the material-energy unity of our world in theory.
Category: Classical Physics

[1097] viXra:1709.0253 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-17 07:45:10

"Experimentally Proven": the Big Fallacy of Theoretical Physics.

Authors: Osvaldo Domann
Comments: 12 Pages. Copyright. All rights reserved. The content of the present work, its ideas, axioms, postulates, definitions, derivations, results, findings, etc., can be reproduced only by making clear reference to the author.

The intention of theoretical physics is to construct mathematical models so that experimental data can be predicted through calculation. If the prevailing model cannot explain new experimental data because of its imperfections, theorists add to the model fictitious entities and helpmates which are defined on the basis of the new experimental data, so that the new experimental data can now be calculated with the modified model. Remaining contradictions are camouflaged as good as possible to make the model consistent. If later on calculated data obtained indirectly from new experiments are consistent with the fictitious entities and helpmates, theorists conclude that this is the prove that the fictitious entities and helpmates really exist. The conclusion is a fallacy because it ignores that the model was previously made consistent, what means that all data obtained through experiments and calculations must be explained with the model, otherwise the model would not be consistent. Adding more and more fictitious entities and helpmates to an imperfect model makes it, with the time, more and more complex, untrustworthy and non-physical and finally a radically new model is required to overcome these problems.
Category: Classical Physics

[1096] viXra:1709.0250 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-17 06:15:04

A Harmonic Oscillator in a Potential Energy Proportional to the Square of the Second Derivative of the Coordinate with Respect to Time

Authors: Faisal Amin Yassein Abdelmohssin
Comments: 12 Pages.

In search to construct a Lagrangian functional of a damped harmonic oscillator I thought to study higher derivatives of coordinates with respect to time in the Lagrangian of a simple harmonic oscillator by adding a term proportional to the square of the second derivative of the coordinate with respect to time in its Lagrangian. In Newtonian mechanics a damping term is added directly to the equation of motion of a simple harmonic oscillator, whereas in Lagrangian and Hamiltonian mechanics (Analytical Mechanics as opposed to Vectroial Mechanics of Newton) adding a term to the Lagrangian of the simple harmonic oscillator wouldn’t reveal whether the term is a damping driving or a forced driving agent until one study the solutions of the equation of motion. Here, The Euler-Lagrange and equation of motion of a harmonic oscillator in a potential energy proportional to the square of the second derivative of the coordinate with respect to time have been formulated and discussed. The equation of motion is derived from Euler-Lagrange equation by performing the partial derivatives on the Lagrangian functional of the second variation of the calculus of variations.
Category: Classical Physics

[1095] viXra:1709.0244 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-15 14:25:28

Universe According to the Stoe

Authors: John C. Hodge
Comments: 36 Pages.

We are at a special moment in our scientific evolution that requires the big of cosmology and the small of light and of particle physics be united by a single model. The Scalar Theory of Everything model (STOE) suggests fundamental assumptions with consideration for the successful parts of current models and for the data inconsistent with current models. The STOE is simpler, corresponds to both General Relativity and quantum mechanics, and solves many current mysteries and inconsistencies. Data comparisons with redshift, discrete redshift, rotation curves, asymmetric rotation curves, universe temperature, and the double slit experiment are successful. Therefore, the STOE is founded on orthodox science. Data analysis in 2011 confirmed predictions of the STOE made in 2006 that no other model suggested. A new test of the double slit experiment rejected the wave model of light and confirmed predictions of the STOE. The fundamental principles are applied to life and the purpose of life in our universe.
Category: Classical Physics

[1094] viXra:1709.0220 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-14 21:42:22

Spin toe

Authors: Adham ahmed mohamed ahmed
Comments: 1 Page.

This is a toe that explanis the reasons for movement of masses in the universe and gravity
Category: Classical Physics

[1093] viXra:1709.0212 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-14 05:45:18

Conclusion Explained to the Theory of Contraction of the Universe with the Speed of Light 1

Authors: Dan Aurelian Ivan
Comments: 1 Page.

Conclusion explained to the of ,,Contraction of the universe with the speed of light theory" 1
Category: Classical Physics

[1092] viXra:1709.0157 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-12 13:57:07

The Contraction of the Universe with the Speed of Light Theory

Authors: Dan Aurelian Ivan
Comments: 2 Pages.

The Universe constricts at the speed of light c. This theory is based on some assumptions of the "The Expanding Spacetime Theory" [1], but instead of using measurements of distance, speed, mass and time as fourth dimension in an attempt to prove that the universe expands in space and time, I support that the universe has only one absolute and constant value which is the speed of constriction. Any measurement of distance and mass in the Universe is relative, having a different value every given moment. The change of scale measurement by the constriction of the Universe.is the way in which the Universe exist, phenomenon that can not be observed due to the fact that our sense organs and our instruments of measurement and observation are parts of the same universe and everything constricts at the same speed The constricting Universe is infinite and the time is the measure of movements taking place in the Universe, according to Infinite Universe Theory [2].
Category: Classical Physics

[1091] viXra:1709.0115 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-10 12:32:07

A New Definition of Speed Involving the Elimination of Time .

Authors: Yahya Awad Sharif Mohammed.
Comments: 2 pages. Email: yahya-sharif@hotmail.com

This article aims to redefine speed by eliminating time , considering time as something that does not exist.
Category: Classical Physics

[1090] viXra:1709.0106 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-10 06:11:14

The Contraction of the Universe with the Speed of Light

Authors: Dan Aurelian Ivan
Comments: 3 Pages.

The theory of relativity establishes the speed of light in the vacuum as the highest possible speed and shows that the speed of light towards different observers is the same. The speed of light is set as an absolute constant. The paradox of constancy of light speed created a great problem for physics, a problem that Albert Einstein considered to have solved it suggesting that physical theories should not depend on the observer's state of motion but also that the speed of light must remain a constant and the rest of the physics has to change to align to this. Why is this speed the only absolute constant in physics? The question is fundamental, considering that modern physics and all cosmological theories are based on this constant. While the velocity of any body or particle except the photon is relative, why is the propagation velocity of the wave that supports the photon constant? But what if everything is observed and demonstrated is not real? What if this speed considered to be a constant and a limit in the universe is not the speed of light but the speed of contraction of the infinite universe itself? What if the radiation and the force fields are oscillations of the molecules, atoms , ions and elementary particles that the contraction of the universe converts into waves? My hypothesis answers these questions : the universe constricts at the speed of light. My hypothesis provides the sort of firm advance in general understanding of universe.
Category: Classical Physics

Replacements of recent Submissions

[487] viXra:1801.0116 [pdf] replaced on 2018-01-10 08:31:30

An Analytical Form of the Boscovich Curve with Applications

Authors: Augustus Prince
Comments: 51 Pages. work of Augustus Prince submitted by Roger Anderton and Bill Ryan

Using an analysis from a physical and phenomenological viewpoint employing the renowned and recognized continuity of Boscovich’s force curve, a new paradigm is formulated to explicate various physical phenomena in both the microworld and the macro-world. Within this paradigm, an algorithm is established which produced a functional representation of the atomic spectra of hydrogen and a temperature dependent blackbody energy distribution of radiation which compares very favorably with the experimental data. Further representations afford suggestions for the predictions of the specific heat of solids, photoelectric effect, etc. The Boscovichian points are assumed to move under the action of a force (acceleration) that varies inversely proportional to the cube of the radius from the point center, which leads to an orbit described by an equiangular (logarithmic) spiral. This spiral is subsequently used to simulate the concepts used in phyllotaxis (a constituent of plant morphology) and the gnomonic growth of mollusk shells (e.g. nautilus). The intercepts for the stable and unstable points on the Boscovich curve, which are the roots of the equation used, are calculated via the application of Fibonacci-type sequence of integers. In addition, utilizing the shape of Boscovich's "extended" curve of force (acceleration), the prospect of interpreting the mysterious attractive force beyond the visible Newtonian region of space (e.g. black holes, dark energy, etc.) is proposed. It is hoped that this phenomenological approach will serve as a beginning for description of both the micro-universe and the macrouniverse.
Category: Classical Physics

[486] viXra:1712.0642 [pdf] replaced on 2017-12-31 19:31:55

Estimation of the Earth's ``Unperturbed" Perihelion from Times of Solstices and Equinoxes

Authors: James A. Smith
Comments: 13 Pages.

Published times of the Earth's perihelions do not refer to the perihelions of the orbit that the Earth would follow if unaffected by other bodies such as the Moon. To estimate the timing of that ``unperturbed" perihelion, we fit an unperturbed Kepler orbit to the timings of the year 2017's equinoxes and solstices. We find that the unperturbed 2017 perihelion, defined in that way, would occur 12.93 days after the December 2016 solstice. Using that result, calculated times of the year 2017's solstices and equinoxes differ from published values by less than five minutes. That degree of accuracy is sufficient for the intended use of the result.
Category: Classical Physics

[485] viXra:1712.0126 [pdf] replaced on 2017-12-10 20:20:02

Problems in Contemporary Physics

Authors: Nainan K. Varghese
Comments: 10 Pages.

Abstract: Contemporary physics has many unsolved problems. Most of them are due to inadequacy of theories or illogical application of one theory to seemingly similar problem elsewhere. An alternative concept, presented in book ‘MATTER (Re-examined)’ proposes to provide logical explanations to all these apparent problems. In this article, author proposes to present short notes and pointers to detailed explanations in the book. All explanations are based on a single assumption that ‘Substance is fundamental and matter alone provides substance to all real entities’. There are neither imaginary particles nor mysterious actions nor actions at a distance through empty space in this concept. Cause and effect relations are followed in all topics.
Category: Classical Physics

[484] viXra:1711.0243 [pdf] replaced on 2017-11-13 11:42:10

New Solution of Maxwell's Equations for Spherical Wave in the Far Zone

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 12 Pages.

It is noted that the known solution for a spherical electromagnetic wave in the far zone does not satisfy the law of conservation of energy (it is retained only on the average), the electric and magnetic intensities of the same name (in coordinate) are in phase, only one of Maxwell's equations is satisfied. A solution is offered that is free from these shortcomings.
Category: Classical Physics

[483] viXra:1711.0242 [pdf] replaced on 2017-11-13 11:40:43

New Solution of Maxwell's Equations for Spherical Wave in the Far Zone \\ Новое решение уравнений Максвелла для сферической волны в дальней зоне

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 13 Pages.

It is noted that the known solution for a spherical electromagnetic wave in the far zone does not satisfy the law of conservation of energy (it is retained only on the average), the electric and magnetic intensities of the same name (in coordinate) are in phase, only one of Maxwell's equations is satisfied. A solution is offered that is free from these shortcomings. \\ Отмечается, что известное решение для сферической электромагнитной волны в дальней зоне не удовлетворяет закону сохранения энергии (она сохраняется только в среднем), одноименные (по координатам) электрические и магнитные напряженности синфазны, выполняется только одно из системы уравнений Максвелла. Предлагается решение, свободное от этих недостатков.
Category: Classical Physics

[482] viXra:1711.0001 [pdf] replaced on 2017-12-04 02:28:12

The Classical Spin-Rotation Coupling

Authors: Louai Hassan Elzein Bashier
Comments: 18 Pages.

This paper is prepared to show that a rigid body which accelerates cir- cularly relative to a fixed point must simultaneously accelerate angularly relative to its center of mass. Formulae which coupling of the angular mo- mentum and kinetic energy due to the induced spin motion of the rigid body to the angular momentum and kinetic energy due to the rotational motion of the same spinning rigid body have been derived. The paper also bringing to light the nature of the force which causes the induction of spin motion in a rigid body and a formula which coupling of this high- lighted force to the force which causes the rotation of the rigid body has been also derived.
Category: Classical Physics

[481] viXra:1710.0091 [pdf] replaced on 2017-10-09 05:35:51

Relative−Velocity Dependence: a Property of Gravitational Interaction

Authors: D.H.W. Reffer
Comments: 14 Pages. Completion of the universal gravitation law (Sir Isaac Newton, 1687)

Herein we propound the property, present its empirical law—a two Relative-Velocity Dependent (RVD) terms completion of Newton’s law of gravitation—and thereby solve some historic problems as: Solar cycle, apparent connection with Jupiter’s revolution, and why the two periods do not quite coincide; about 2.9–4.5×1019 joules/yr from earth’s rotation slowdown (Secular retardation) “missing” in tidal effects and attributed to some “unknown mechanism”; and the “unknown” nature (and magnitude) of the “driving/propelling force” in Tectonic plates drift; moreover, the RVD completion of Newton’s gravity law predicts that tectonic plates drift, globally, to the west, not randomly, causing earthquakes and volcano eruptions to occur most probable at equinoxes (around March and September). The well-known formula of Perihelion advance is also derived. Several experiments are proposed, some feasible now.
Category: Classical Physics

[480] viXra:1709.0333 [pdf] replaced on 2017-09-24 08:02:49

More About the Inconsistency Solution of the Maxwell Equations \ Еще о непротиворечивом решении уравнений Максвелла

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 13 Pages.

A brief description of the non-contradictory solution of the Maxwell equations given in [1] and new additions are given. \ Приводится краткое описание непротиворечивого решения уравнений Максвелла, данного в [1], и новые дополнения.
Category: Classical Physics