Classical Physics

1401 Submissions

[24] viXra:1401.0240 [pdf] submitted on 2014-01-31 14:15:39

Scientific Journal 1 February 2014

Authors: Glenn A. Baxter
Comments: Nineteen Pageg

Dr. Peter Kohut has a new paper out now which has an interesting slant on physics. See www.k1man.com/Kohut140127A.pdf Dr. William Charles Lucas and Dr. Han Leunen present Saturday morning FUZE video teleconferences this month. Engineer David Tombe and Dr. Hasmukh K. Tank also join us in this issue. Dr. Tank says there is no wave – particle duality in the double slit experiments, which Dr. Richard Feynman was fond of saying represents the heart, body, and soul of quantum mechanics. Karl Virgil Thompson weighs in on this also, and we revisit his related paper. www.k1man.com/Thompson140116A.pdf Also joining us this issue is Leo Vuyk – www.k1man.com/Vuyk140127A.pdf
Category: Classical Physics

[23] viXra:1401.0229 [pdf] submitted on 2014-01-30 13:19:14

Transient Processes in the Sections of the Long Lines

Authors: Mende F. F.
Comments: 11 Pages.

The article describes the transients in segments of long lines.
Category: Classical Physics

[22] viXra:1401.0209 [pdf] submitted on 2014-01-28 12:41:26

Principle Extremum of Full Action in Electrodynamics

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 10 Pages.

Here we are going to formulate and prove variational extremum principle for electrodynamics, asserting that there exists a functional that depends on powers. This functional always has a single extremum, and the necessary and sufficient conditions of this extremum existence are represented by Maxwell equations. This principle is realized also in the case when the system contains magnetic charges and magnetic currents. Besides, this principle is valid also if there are heat losses in the system. The method for solving the Maxwell equations system by gradient descent to extremum is indicated.
Category: Classical Physics

[21] viXra:1401.0208 [pdf] submitted on 2014-01-28 11:12:34

Взаимодействие дипольных и многодипольных систем. Гравитационные поля. Interaction Dipole and a Lot of Dipole Systems. Gravitational Fields.

Authors: Nikolay G. Zoub
Comments: 5 Pages. In Russian.

Квантовые эффекты смещения излучения в длинноволновую и коротковолновую части спектра. Quantum effects of radiation displacement to longer and shorter wavelengths.
Category: Classical Physics

[20] viXra:1401.0182 [pdf] submitted on 2014-01-26 06:27:06

Gravitational Mass Defect

Authors: Mende F. F.
Comments: 4 Pages.

The article describes the kinetics of transformation of energy in the collision of material bodies.
Category: Classical Physics

[19] viXra:1401.0181 [pdf] submitted on 2014-01-26 06:37:54

New System of Units

Authors: Mende F. F.
Comments: 6 Pages.

The article describes a new system of units, which does not use the concept of time.
Category: Classical Physics

[18] viXra:1401.0177 [pdf] submitted on 2014-01-25 19:03:13

Comparison of Tracking Simulation with Experiment on the Gsi Unilac

Authors: X.Yin, L. Groening, I. Hofmann, W. Bayer, W. Barth, S.Richter, S. Yaramishev, A. Franchi, A. Sauer
Comments: 8 Pages.

In the European framework ‘High Intensity Pulsed Proton Injector’ (HIPPI), the 3D linac code comparison and benchmarking program with experiment have been implemented. HALODYN and PARMILA are two of the codes involved in this work. In this paper, the phase space distributions of the Alvarez DTL section are compared with the obtained distribution from experiment results which were carried out on the GSI UNILAC. Between the predictions from two codes, these results show some agreement comparing with the experiment results for low current case. And the physics aspects of the different linac design and beam dynamics simulation codes are also discussed.
Category: Classical Physics

[17] viXra:1401.0176 [pdf] submitted on 2014-01-26 02:06:25

Special Features of the Mathematical Apparatus for the Classical Electrodynamics

Authors: Mende F. F.
Comments: 4 Pages.

The special features of the use of vector analysis in the electrodynamics are examined
Category: Classical Physics

[16] viXra:1401.0175 [pdf] submitted on 2014-01-26 02:14:29

Thermomechanical Electric Field Spectroscopy

Authors: Mende F. F.
Comments: 5 Pages.

Work examines the new, previously not known method of investigating of models and materials, based on the measurement of the electric potential of models. Method gives the possibility to investigate their thermal characteristics, phase pass the mechanical characteristics
Category: Classical Physics

[15] viXra:1401.0173 [pdf] submitted on 2014-01-25 10:16:32

Femtotechnology: Design of the Strongest AB-Matter for Aerospace

Authors: Alexander Bolonkin
Comments: 20 Pages.

Aerospace, aviation particularly need, in any era, the strongest and most thermostable materials available, often at nearly any price. The Space Elevator, space ships (especially during atmospheric reentry), rocket combustion chambers, thermally challenged engine surfaces, hypersonic aircraft materials better than any now available, with undreamed of performance as the reward if obtained. As it is shown in this research, the offered new material allows greatly to improve the all characteristics of space ships, rockets, engines and aircraft and design new types space, propulsion, aviation systems. At present the term ‘nanotechnology’ is well known – in its’ ideal form, the flawless and completely controlled design of conventional molecular matter from molecules or atoms. Such a power over nature would offer routine achievement of remarkable properties in conventional matter, and creation of metamaterials where the structure not the composition brings forth new powers of matter. But even this yet unachieved goal is not the end of material science possibilities. The author herein offers the idea of design of new forms of nuclear matter from nucleons (neutrons, protons), electrons, and other nuclear particles. He shows this new ‘AB-Matter’ has extraordinary properties (for example, tensile strength, stiffness, hardness, critical temperature, superconductivity, supertransparency, zero friction, etc.), which are up to millions of times better than corresponding properties of conventional molecular matter. He shows concepts of design for space ships, rockets, aircraft, sea ships, transportation, thermonuclear reactors, constructions, and so on from nuclear matter. These vehicles will have unbelievable possibilities (e.g., invisibility, ghost-like penetration through any walls and armour, protection from nuclear bomb explosions and any radiation flux, etc.) People may think this fantasy. But fifteen years ago most people and many scientists thought – nanotechnology is fantasy. Now many groups and industrial labs, even startups, spend hundreds of millions of dollars for development of nanotechnological-range products (precise chemistry, patterned atoms, catalysts, metamaterials, etc) and we have nanotubes (a new material which does not exist in Nature!) and other achievements beginning to come out of the pipeline in prospect. Nanotubes are stronger than steel by a hundred times—surely an amazement to a 19th Century observer if he could behold them. Nanotechnology, in near term prospect, operates with objects (molecules and atoms) having the size in nanometer (10-9 m). The author here outlines perhaps more distant operations with objects (nuclei) having size in the femtometer range, (10-15 m, millions of times less smaller than the nanometer scale). The name of this new technology is femtotechnology.
Category: Classical Physics

[14] viXra:1401.0172 [pdf] submitted on 2014-01-25 11:05:09

Magnetic Space Launcher

Authors: Alexander Bolonkin, Mark Krinker
Comments: 10 Pages.

A method and facilities for delivering payload and people into outer space are presented. This method uses, in general, engines located on a planetary surface. The installation consists of a space apparatus, power drive stations, which include a flywheel accumulator (for storage) of energy, a variable reducer, a powerful homopolar electric generator and electric rails. The drive stations accelerate the apparatus up to hypersonic speed. The estimations and computations show the possibility of making this project a reality in a short period of time (for payloads which can tolerate high g-forces). The launch will be very cheap at a projected cost of $3 - $5 per pound. The authors developed a theory of this type of the launcher.
Category: Classical Physics

[13] viXra:1401.0170 [pdf] replaced on 2014-01-26 01:30:38

Riddle of the Ball Lightning

Authors: Mende F. F.
Comments: 2 Pages.

The mechanism of the formation of ball lightning is examined. It is assumed that the formation of plasmoid with the lightning stroke into the material objects is the consequence of its formation. The small mobility of ball lightning is explained by its aerodynamic properties.
Category: Classical Physics

[12] viXra:1401.0119 [pdf] submitted on 2014-01-17 05:13:30

Gravity Control by Means of Electromagnetic Field Through Gas or Plasma at Ultra-Low Pressure

Authors: Fran De Aquino
Comments: 74 Pages.

It is shown that the gravity acceleration just above a chamber filled with gas or plasma at ultra-low pressure can be strongly reduced by applying an Extra Low-Frequency (ELF) electromagnetic field across the gas or the plasma. This Gravitational Shielding Effect is related to recent discovery of quantum correlation between gravitational mass and inertial mass. According to the theory samples hung above the gas or the plasma should exhibit a weight decrease when the frequency of the electromagnetic field is decreased or when the intensity of the electromagnetic field is increased. This Gravitational Shielding Effect is unprecedented in the literature and can not be understood in the framework of the General Relativity. From the technical point of view, there are several applications for this discovery; possibly it will change the paradigms of energy generation, transportation and telecommunications.
Category: Classical Physics

[11] viXra:1401.0084 [pdf] submitted on 2014-01-11 09:06:44

Bucket Experiment Revisited

Authors: Nainan K. Varghese
Comments: 5 Pages. Published in General Science Journal

Abstract: Isaac Newton’s ‘bucket argument’ was designed to show that true rotational motion could be defined only with respect to absolute space and not with respect to surrounding macro bodies, whatsoever states of motion they have. Even if whole universe (surrounding a bucket of water on earth’s surface) rotates about it, water surface in bucket will remain flat, unless bucket itself has a true spin motion with respect to absolute reference. Further mathematical analysis pointed towards real action by imaginary ‘centrifugal force’. It is not logical for imaginary efforts to cause real action. Analyzing actions of 3D matter-particles of water (in rotating bucket in universal medium) by additional work associated with them (instead of equilibrium of ‘forces’ on it) can give logical explanation of actions, without using imaginary ‘centrifugal force’. All conclusions expressed in this article are from the book, ‘MATTER (Re-examined)’ [1]. For details, kindly refer to the same.
Category: Classical Physics

[10] viXra:1401.0079 [pdf] submitted on 2014-01-10 08:43:14

Dyson’s Probability Expression for Gerstsenshtein Coupling Between Photons and Graviton Interaction with a B Field in a GW Detector of Given Pre Determined Frequency for GW Entering the GW Detector

Authors: Andrew Beckwith
Comments: 5 Pages. Will be after further work sent to a journal

As of 2012, and put in a journal in 2013, Dyson came up with criteria as to the Gertsenshtein process in photon-graviton coupling, with criteria as to the likelihood as to if the Gertsenshtein process actually can occur. This methodology is applied to a small spatial geometry as to Tokamak’s generating external to the GW detector GW which are measured in a GW detector with a 100% probability of Gertsenshtein coupling of gravitons and photons, if there is a magnetic field of magnitude 10 to the 9th power, Gauss inside the GW detector. For a Tokamak generating GW measured by a new prototype GW detector, which has a strong magnetic field contained within the GW detector. We propose this form of arrangement due to a misunderstanding by Dyson as to the analysis of GW , which can be measured. If a GW detector has a very strong magnetic field, with weak magnetic field outside the GW detector, then the long distance approximations by Dyson do not hold and the problem, by default is far simpler than what Dyson proposed. Furthermore, we will in the conclusion allude to the Gertsenshtein GW – magnetic field interaction within the detector, which generates photons as less efficient in photonic signal production to another process which is listed in this manuscript. Finally the analysis of using the Earth surface area as a GW detector for solar produced Gravitons is unnecessary and scarcely believable as to there allegedly being 1 detected graviton out of 10 to the 43rd power number of Gravitons, in a ‘scattering experiment’ arrangement most similar to Mott Scattering which has no connections as to the Gertenshtein process. Finally the Gertenshtein process is not the last word in how GW and Gravitons interacting with a static magnetic field produce photon signals. These considerations have been muddled by Dyson due to his mistaken emphasis upon magnetic fields outside the GW detector. Hence, his unphysical assumption that a static magnetic field must be analyzed for kilometer long trajectories of Gravitons to a GW detector.
Category: Classical Physics

[9] viXra:1401.0074 [pdf] submitted on 2014-01-09 13:48:15

Note About ‘Angular Momentum of a Strongly Focused Gaussian Beam’ Jopa 10 (2008) 115005

Authors: Radi I. Khrapko
Comments: An Addendum about the journal politics is placed on page 6

We show that focusing a circularly polarized beam does not change fluxes of energy, momentum, spin, and moment of momentum i.e. orbital angular momentum.
Category: Classical Physics

[8] viXra:1401.0063 [pdf] submitted on 2014-01-08 09:47:30

Electric Pulse of the Explosions of the Nuclear and Trotyl Explosive Charges

Authors: F. F. Mende
Comments: 15 Pages.

In 1962 with the realization of thermonuclear explosions in space was discovered the previously unknown physical phenomenon, which consisted in the fact that near the earth's surface such explosions cause the electric pulse of very large amplitude and very short duration. Up to now there is no answer to a question, what physical mechanisms bear responsibility for the appearance of this pulse. In this article the explanation of the phenomenon indicated is conducted on the basis of the concept of the scalar-vector potential, which assumes the dependence of the scalar potential of charge on its speed.
Category: Classical Physics

[7] viXra:1401.0059 [pdf] submitted on 2014-01-07 18:19:20

Using Dyson’s Probability Expression for Gerstsenshtein Coupling Between Photons and Graviton Interaction for Minimum B Field in Tokamak GW Detection Experiment, and Possible Developments if a Refinement on the Gertsenshtein Process is Confirmed Experimen

Authors: Andrew Beckwith
Comments: 7 Pages.

As of 2012, and put in a journal in 2013, Dyson came up with criteria as to the Gertsenshtein process in photon-graviton coupling, with criteria as to the likelihood as to if the Gertsenshtein process actually can occur. This methodology is applied to a small spatial geometry as to Tokamak’s with a 100% probability of Gertsenshtein coupling of gravitons and photons, if there is a magnetic field of magnitude 10 to the 9th power, Gauss. This coupled with a GW and graviton frequency of order 10 to the 9th power, Hertz. The high GW frequency is justified in a prior analysis done by the author, and the magnetic field of 10 to the 9th power Gauss is enough to insure that within a GW detector that there is the likelihood of the Gertsenshtein process occurring. This threshold magnetic field strength is tied into a probability of measurement of the Gertsenshtein process, allowing for GW measurements as a signature, in the Tokamak GW experiment. As a first finding, should these criteria be verified, the next focus will be on beginning to determine if higher dimensional versions of gravity have experimental signature, which will be the focus of the next paper. That and trying to determine if a graviton could have a small mass. The GW signatures are then finally discussed in terms of early space-time geometry alternations which is in terms of GW signatures if a refinement of the Gertsenshtein process is proved and finalized after the Tokamak GW experiment.
Category: Classical Physics

[6] viXra:1401.0039 [pdf] submitted on 2014-01-06 13:10:55

Electric Pulse of Nuclear and Other Explosions

Authors: Mende F. F.
Comments: 15 Pages.

Explosive processes are characterized by the fast separation of significant thermal energy, with which occurs the strong warming-up of decay products and is formed plasma. Depending on the type of explosion the plasma can have different degrees of ionization. With the nuclear explosions, when the temperature of plasma can reach several million degrees, the degree of ionization of plasma is high. With the realization of explosions by means of the conventional explosives cold plasma with the low degree of ionization is obtained. In either case the consequence of explosive processes is not only fast separation of significant thermal energy, but also emission in the wide frequency range. With the explosions of nuclear charges is formed also electric pulse with the high tension of the electric field, whose physical nature up to now completely is impossible to understand. To the examination of electrodynamic of processes, proceeding with the explosion is dedicated the proposed article.
Category: Classical Physics

[5] viXra:1401.0021 [pdf] submitted on 2014-01-02 17:18:45

Supplement for Theory of Spatial Relativity

Authors: Elliott Prather
Comments: 1 Page.

This is to serve as a supplement for the Theory of Spatial Relativity. It includes an explanation of time dilation by using Spatial Relativity and also includes an experiment called the "Photon Block Experiment" to determine if light travels at c or if it is instead an instantaneous or near instantaneous force.
Category: Classical Physics

[4] viXra:1401.0019 [pdf] submitted on 2014-01-03 00:36:35

Collectorless Direct-Current Generators

Authors: F. F. Mende
Comments: 6 Pages.

Generators and direct-current motors have excellent operating characteristics, and therefore widely they are used in the technology. The important merit of direct-current motors is large starting torque, which makes with their irreplaceable with the use in transportation means. However, both the generators and the direct-current motors have one essential deficiency, connected with the need of using in them the collector system, which consists of collector and brushes. Collector presents the collection of the lamellas, located on the cylinder, made from insulation, and between the lamellas there are clearances. This leads to the rapid wear of brushes. In addition to this, since during the rotation breaking the circuits of winding, which have inductance, occurs, a principally unavoidable drawback in this collector sparking is. In connection with the indicated, important technical task the search for the construction of generators and direct-current motors, which do not have collector system, appears. However, such devices created were not during entire history of the development of electrical engineering. In this article this problem is solved. In it are examined two versions of the direct-current generators, in which there is no collector. The stated goal is achieved with the aid of the special constructions of the revolving magnets and by the corresponding arrangement of windings. If necessary such generators can be used as the engines.
Category: Classical Physics

[3] viXra:1401.0015 [pdf] submitted on 2014-01-02 11:42:30

Phenomenon the Kinetic Energy and the Inertia Material of the Bodies

Authors: F. F. Mende
Comments: 5 Pages.

In the article is examined physical nature of the inertia of material tel.
Category: Classical Physics

[2] viXra:1401.0003 [pdf] submitted on 2014-01-01 07:59:11

Physical Substantiation of Huygens Principle and the Reciprocity Theorem

Authors: F. F. Mende
Comments: 7 Pages.

Huygens principle is the basic postulate of geometric optics; however, it does not reveal physical nature of this phenomenon, which is up to now unknown. In antenna design there is a reciprocity theorem, which asserts that antenna directivity with the method of signal and its transfer are identical. This phenomenon also does not have its of explanation. In the article the physical explanation of Huygens principle and reciprocity theorem is given.
Category: Classical Physics

[1] viXra:1401.0001 [pdf] submitted on 2014-01-01 00:04:24

Electric Pulse of Nuclear Explosion

Authors: F. F. Mende
Comments: 27 Pages.

Under the program «Starfish» on July, 9th 1962 USA have blown up in space over Pacific ocean a hydrogen bomb with a trotyl equivalent 1.4 Mt. This event has put many questions before scientific community. Before it in 1957 the future Nobel winner doctor Hans Albrecht Bethe, being based on the theory of dipolar radiation, has foretold that at similar explosion the electromagnetic impulse (EMI) will be observed, thus intensity of a field on an earth surface will make no more than 100 В/м. Therefore all measuring equipment which should register electromagnetic radiation, has been adjusted on registration such intensity fields. But at bomb explosion it has appeared that intensity of electric fields, since explosion epicenter, and further throughout more than 1000 km has reached several tens thousand volt on meter. Those about past more than seventy years, but, until now, in the scientific journals be absent publication on the explanation of this phenomenon. This article gives the explanation of this phenomenon on the basis of the concept of scalar- vector potential, developed by the author. This concept assumes the dependence of the scalar potential of charge on its relative speed.
Category: Classical Physics