Classical Physics

1406 Submissions

[11] viXra:1406.0175 [pdf] submitted on 2014-06-29 03:24:15

Performance Analysis of the "Intelligent" Kirchhoff-Law-Johnson-Noise Secure Key Exchange

Authors: J. Smulko
Comments: 9 Pages. The manuscript has been accepted for publication in Fluctuation and Noise Letters.

The Kirchhoff-Law-Johnson-Noise (KLJN) secure key distribution system provides a way of exchanging theoretically secure keys by measuring random voltage and current through the wire connecting two different resistors at Alice's and Bob's ends. Recently new advanced protocols for the KLJN method have been proposed with enhanced performance. In this paper we analyze the KLJN system and compare with the "intelligent" KLJN (iKLJN) scheme. That task requires determination of the applied resistors and identification of various superpositions of known and unknown noise components. Some statistical tools will be explored to determine how the duration of the bit exchange window (averaging time) influences the performance of the secure bit exchange.
Category: Classical Physics

[10] viXra:1406.0174 [pdf] submitted on 2014-06-28 14:18:33

The Four-Frequency of Light

Authors: William O. Straub
Comments: 6 Pages.

A basic overview of the photon four-frequency is given, demonstrating its use in the explanation of the aberration of starlight and the Doppler shift, at a mathematical level suitable for undergraduate students in the physical sciences.
Category: Classical Physics

[9] viXra:1406.0167 [pdf] replaced on 2014-06-27 09:08:52

New Type of Contact Potential Difference

Authors: Mende F. F.
Comments: 3 Pages.

The contact potential difference this is the potential difference, which appears between the located in the electrical contact conductors under the thermodynamic equilibrium conditions. Between two conductors, led to the contact, occur the electron transfer, as a result of which they are charged (conductor with the smaller work function positively, and with larger - negatively) until electron streams in both directions are balanced also in the entire system the level of electrochemical potential (Fermi level) becomes identical. The established contact potential difference is equal to difference the work function of conductors, referred to the electron charge. But from the attention of researchers slipped off still one type of contact potential difference, which occurs with the flow of the current through the superconductors. This type of contact potential difference is examined in this article.
Category: Classical Physics

[8] viXra:1406.0160 [pdf] submitted on 2014-06-25 17:18:39

Whether there is a Vortical Electric Field?

Authors: Etkin V.A.
Comments: 8 Pages. In Russian

It is shown, that displacement and conductivity currents must be defined as the convective derivative of the induction vector and oppositely directed. Therefore chain AC currents are broken by capacitors and do not form a vortical electric field. It is concluded that the electrodynamics needs revision revision of some of its provisions.
Category: Classical Physics

[7] viXra:1406.0154 [pdf] submitted on 2014-06-25 04:20:07

On the Interaction of Coil and Plasma at a Radio-Frequency Ion-Thruster (Rit)

Authors: Danny Kirmse
Comments: 6 Pages.

The electric space-propulsion (EP) bases on the mechanism of ionizing the propellant. The now charged propellant can be influenced by external electric and magnetic fields; with the objective to generate thrust. The ionizing technique differs with the kind of EP. The Radio-Frequency Ion-Thruster (RIT) uses electric eddy-fields for ionization; the eddy-fields accelerate electrons, which transfer their additional kinetic energy to the neutral propellant-particles via collision. If the transferred energy is high enough, the particles are ionized in this way. Origin of the eddy-fields is a coil that surrounds the region of ionization. The interaction of coil and plasma is the core-mechanism of a RIT. This interaction and its effect on the coil behavior are discussed in the following paper.
Category: Classical Physics

[6] viXra:1406.0151 [pdf] submitted on 2014-06-25 02:27:25

Symmetry Breakdown in Binary Elastic Collisions in Classical Dynamics

Authors: Radhakrishnamurty Padyala
Comments: 5 Pages.

In classical dynamics binary elastic collision problems are solved using the two laws of conservation – the law of conservation of momentum and the law of conservation of kinetic energy. The requirement of conservation of kinetic energy is less restrictive than the Huygens’ requirement (kinematics model) of reversal of relative velocity for an elastic collision. We demonstrate in this article that the dynamics model breaks symmetry and leads to paradoxical solutions in multi dimensional collisions.
Category: Classical Physics

[5] viXra:1406.0128 [pdf] replaced on 2014-07-21 16:20:33

Gravitational Interaction in the Medium of Non-Zero Density

Authors: Kiryan D. G., Kiryan G. V.
Comments: 24 Pages. 11 Figures, English

The paper presents the novel results obtained by more comprehensively analyzing well-known and clearly visible physical processes associated with gravitational interaction in the system of material bodies in the medium of non-zero density. The work is based on the statement that the "buoyancy" (Archimedes) force acting on the material body located in a medium of non-zero density is of the gravitational nature. Due to this approach, we managed, staying in the framework of classical physics and mechanics definitions, to introduce the concept of the body's gravitating mass as a mass determining the gravitational interaction intensity and also to establish an analytical relation between the gravitating and inertial masses of the material body. Combining the direct and indirect (Archimedes force) gravitational effect on the material body in the medium, we succeeded in distinguishing from the total gravitational field of this system a structure with a dipole-like field line distribution. This fact allows us to assert that, along with the gravitational attraction, there exists also gravitational repulsion of material bodies, and this fact does not contradict the meanings of existing basic definitions and concepts of classical physics and mechanics.
Category: Classical Physics

[4] viXra:1406.0118 [pdf] submitted on 2014-06-19 04:03:27

The Magnetism as an Electric Angle-Effect

Authors: H.-J. Hochecker
Comments: 9 Pages.

The magnetic force can be described very simply as a result of relative velocities of electric charges. Transformations in inertial reference systems are very well described by special relativity. However, magnetism nevertheless is simply regarded as given. There isn't an explanation for the emergence of magnetism yet. I have found a quite simple way to explain the emergence of magnetism, that is, I have discovered, how the electric field changes so that magnetism is created. I would like to introduce this idea here.
Category: Classical Physics

[3] viXra:1406.0095 [pdf] submitted on 2014-06-15 14:44:24

A Probe Into the Nature of Mass, Charge, and Energy Unveils Alpha (A) the Fine Structure Constant

Authors: Jaswant Rai Mahajan
Comments: 17 Pages. Constructive comments are welcome

An ab initio scrutiny of the structure and genesis of the electromagnetic radiation (EMR) and a close look into its rare ‘materialization’ to produce a pair of electron (e-) and positron (e+), coupled with the examination of the relationships among their various dynamic parameters, have revealed that just like torque (F x r), angular momentum (mv x r), and spin (m0c x r), the charge interaction (Epot x r) also has a cross product relation between the potential energy and the lever arm of the interacting particles. Further, it has been found that the EM frames of photons and leptons, herein called the ‘Energetic Capsules’, have higher energy with respect to the zero-energy state of the vacuum, determined by the quantum relations: E = ħc/r (photons) and E0 = ħc/2r (leptons). This means that the inner and surface energy potential of these ‘Energetic Capsules’ is higher than that of the normal vacuum and their charge interaction is given by ħc = ie2, the square of the intrinsic charge (ie). Consequently, the ‘Close Contact’ or Strong Force interactions of these ‘Energetic Capsules’ should reflect this difference, when compared with their long-range interactions through the free space / vacuum. Therefore, as the elementary charge interaction (in vacuum) is given by e2, while the ‘Close Contact’ strong force interactions correspond to ħc, the ratio between these two parameters provides the value of alpha, α = e2/ħc = 1/137, which resolves the century-old enigma of the Electromagnetic Coupling Constant.
Category: Classical Physics

[2] viXra:1406.0069 [pdf] submitted on 2014-06-11 10:13:14

Problem of the Mass Density of the e-Corona

Authors: Nikolay V. Dibrov
Comments: 2 Pages.

Abstract. Problem of a derivation of the mass density of the E-corona as a function of spherical coordinates was formulated
Category: Classical Physics

[1] viXra:1406.0015 [pdf] submitted on 2014-06-03 06:45:44

A New Fundamental Factor in the Interpretation of Young's Double-Slit Experiment

Authors: F. Ben Adda
Comments: 11 Pages. it was impossible to post it in arxiv because of the size of the pictures

In this paper, we reproduce the interference pattern using only space-time geodesics. We prove that fringes and bands can be reproduced by using fluctuating geodesics, which suggests that the interference pattern shown to occur with electrons, atoms, molecules and other elementary particles might be a natural manifestation of the space-time geodesics for the small scale world.
Category: Classical Physics