Classical Physics

1408 Submissions

[15] viXra:1408.0239 [pdf] submitted on 2014-08-31 16:46:25

Terraforming of Planets and Space Objects

Authors: Alexander Bolonkin
Comments: 20 Pages.

The current physics believes that vacuum can produce energy and Universes. The basis of any Universe is energy. Author assumes: energy may be positive or negative. Positive energy produces our positive matter, negative energy produces negative matter. Using this effect the author offers the formatting the current planets of Solar system, making them suitable for people, for humanity. That include: the production of Earth atmosphere, water, magnetic field in planets and natural satellites, change their angle speed, and transportation them to Earth orbit. Negative matter repels our (positive) matter. Using this effect the author offers a space propulsion system which allows reaching by space ship a speed close to light speed and to enable massive retrieval of extraterrestrial materials to construct works in space. That may be the best method colonization the space, Solar System and Universe. Concept of negative energy also allows solving the many very important problems of humanity. For example, humanity can create any artificial material, food, travel to other stars and possible (in future) create a new Universe.
Category: Classical Physics

[14] viXra:1408.0159 [pdf] submitted on 2014-08-24 03:34:01

An Experimental Observation of RF Amplification via Powerless Yagi-Uda Array

Authors: Xiaodong Liu, Qichang Liang, Yu Liang
Comments: 6 Pages.

We built up a system composed of one dipole transmitter and four groups of Yagi-Uda array. Aluminum foils were used to reflect RF wave back to dipole transmitter. The input impedance of this system has negative value so that this system works like a powerless RF amplifier. A circulator was used to separate input and reflected waves from the dipole transmitter. It is observed that the amplitude of reflected wave is 3.0 times of input signal. The output power is 9.0 times of input power.
Category: Classical Physics

[13] viXra:1408.0142 [pdf] submitted on 2014-08-21 13:00:02

Crenel Physics

Authors: Hans van Kessel
Comments: 49 Pages.

This manuscript starts by raising some questions about our Metric system of units of measurement. For editorial reasons it then continues by describing the efforts of a ‘Martian’ (so to speak) to set up a grass roots system. He thereby is coached by ‘Professor Earth’, who makes sure that findings of earthly giants (in particular Einstein, Planck and Boltzmann) are properly integrated. Relative to Metric units of measurement, the outcome is overwhelmingly simple and consistent. Thereby, the gravitational constant ‘G’ is found to equal: G≡ (h.ln(4))/kB This finding –obviously- is of fundamental importance. It is however only valid between elementary particles. For ensembles thereof a –slightly- higher value for ‘G’ must be expected.
Category: Classical Physics

[12] viXra:1408.0141 [pdf] submitted on 2014-08-21 15:07:28

Light-Induced Electromagnetic Spinning as one of the Sources for the Field Gyroscope. The Field Gyroscope as a Base of the Yin and Yang Energies

Authors: Mark Krinker
Comments: 7 Pages.

The phenomenon of Light-Induced localized electromagnetic spinning, the Field Gyroscope, was observed in experiments with the new model of SEVA - the instrument for studying spinning fields. Presence and absence of the light causes a radio-frequency localized spinning of opposite directions, respectively. The experiment proved the earlier conception of the author claiming origination of localized spinning basing on Huygens–Fresnel Principle. The mechanism of excitation of the radio-frequency spinning by mush higher frequencies of the light has been discussed.
Category: Classical Physics

[11] viXra:1408.0130 [pdf] submitted on 2014-08-19 16:11:09

Elimination of Uncertainty Concept of Energy

Authors: Etkin V.A.
Comments: 6 Pages. In Russian

It is shown that the energy is the most general function of the state, which characterizes the ability of the system to make any (ordered and disorder) work. This is achieved by generalisation of concept of work and refusal from division of energy exchange on heat exchange and work.
Category: Classical Physics

[10] viXra:1408.0097 [pdf] submitted on 2014-08-16 03:21:28

Testing the Induction System of a New Length-Optimized Version of an Ion-Thruster of Rit-Type with Ferrite Pot-Core

Authors: Danny Kirmse
Comments: 4 Pages.

The following paper aims for a new more efficient design of the discharge chamber of a Radio-Frequency Ion-Thruster (RIT). The discharge chamber contains plasma, which provides the charged particles for thrust-generation. The plasma is produced by ionization of gas. The ionizing discharge has to occur in the whole chamber; in the whole chamber energy needs to be expended to produce plasma. On the other hand, as shown in [3], only charged particles out of a small layer direct close to the plasma-grid are used to become accelerated for the generation of thrust. In order to achieve energy costs as efficient as possible; plasma should be produced only in this small layer, optimally. In the following an option is presented to reduce the length of the discharge chamber of a RIT. This is achieved by coupling in the ionizing electric eddy-fields from the top-end of the discharge chamber, no longer from the sides of the chamber. For this kind of field-coupling a new induction system is needed, where the induction coil is placed inside a ferrite pot-core. Within this paper a qualitative testing of the proposed new induction system is described.
Category: Classical Physics

[9] viXra:1408.0096 [pdf] replaced on 2017-10-22 14:37:57

Two Concepts of High-Thrust Plasma-Propulsion Engines for Use as Main-Thruster Units for Interplanetary Exploration

Authors: Danny Kirmse
Comments: 8 Pages.

This paper contains the description of two concepts for plasma-propulsion engines for application as main thruster units for exploration missions in the solar system. Current space policy increasingly focuses on exploration missions to the earth’s next planets. This includes for instance also manned missions to the Mars. Most efficient for this type of mission would be a propulsion system that provides adjustable continuous thrust over long time-periods. Beyond that, a thrust level as high as possible should be realized due to the reduction of the travel time. The two propulsion concepts (named “Helios-1” and “Helios-2”) presented in this paper are designed to fulfill the thrust requirements mentioned above. Both concepts base on the intention to ionize a gas under high-pressure condition, in order to produce sufficient numbers of charged particles that are able to generate high thrust by coupling of electric and magnetic fields. The ionization proceeds in two stages (pre- and main-ionization). The task of the pre-ionization is to generate the initial conditions to enable ionization of high-pressure gas at all. “Helios-1” is a pure electric propulsion system that uses the principle of a Tesla-transformer to achieve sufficient electric field strength for pre-ionization. “Helios-2” is a hybrid propulsion system consisting of a chemical pre-stage and an electrical main-stage. A Redox-reaction produces electrons that improve the conditions for ionization of high-pressure gas. Additionally, the thrust producing extraction mechanism is described in the paper. The intention to extract large numbers of charged particles requires a design of the thrusters as plasma-propulsion engines. The extraction of plasma instead of ions prevents the formation of space charges that limit the extractable current of thrust producing charged particles.
Category: Classical Physics

[8] viXra:1408.0080 [pdf] submitted on 2014-08-13 14:42:57

Title: Unified Nature of All Interactions

Authors: Etkin V.A.
Comments: 10 Pages. In Russian

It is shown, that universal definition of forces as the gradient of the corresponding kind of energy applies to the ether waves. Distinction of reaction of substance on influences different frequency is proved. Thereby the unity of the nature of interaction between ether and substance is justified. The ether - soliton concepts of a structure of substance is discussed.
Category: Classical Physics

[7] viXra:1408.0074 [pdf] replaced on 2014-09-06 11:13:53

Circularly Polarized Light Causes Shear Stress

Authors: Radi I. Khrapko
Comments: 4 Pages. This is a submission to Annals of Physics. The rejection and my reply are bound

It is shown that, in defiance of the conventional point of view, circularly polarized light causes shear stress
Category: Classical Physics

[6] viXra:1408.0055 [pdf] submitted on 2014-08-09 13:22:19

Method for Interstellar Flight

Authors: Alexander Bolonkin
Comments: 9 Pages.

The basis of any Universe is energy. Energy may be positive or negative. Negative energy produces negative matter. Negative matter repels our (positive) matter. Using this effect the author offers a space propulsion system which allows reaching by space ship a speed close to light speed and to enable massive retrieval of extraterrestrial materials to construct works in space
Category: Classical Physics

[5] viXra:1408.0047 [pdf] submitted on 2014-08-08 16:38:58

Whether Material the Electromagnetic Field?

Authors: Etkin V.A.
Comments: 13 Pages. In Russian

Substantiates the view, according to which the electromagnetic field in free space is not a form of matter, but only one of the measures of stress the state of the ether, which is caused by the inhomogeneous distribution of matter in it with its inherent charges and currents
Category: Classical Physics

[4] viXra:1408.0034 [pdf] submitted on 2014-08-07 11:49:53

An Explanation of Tomilin's Experiments \\ К объяснению экспериментов Томилина

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 3 Pages. in Russian

It is shown that Tomilin's experiments can be explained remaining within the existing physical paradigm. \\ Показано, что эксперименты Томилина можно объяснить, оставаясь в рамках существующей физической парадигмы.
Category: Classical Physics

[3] viXra:1408.0019 [pdf] submitted on 2014-08-04 07:22:56

As Why Flies the Helicopter

Authors: Mende F. F.
Comments: 2 Pages.

In aircraft, especially in destroyers, the durable wings, which during the turns experience large loads. In helicopters the wings be absent, but the propeller blades, which ensure lift, it is in no way similar to the wings of aircraft. Moreover, these blades are so elastic that at rest they even sag under the dead weight. As such, it would seem, fragile wings, ensure the lift of such heavy helicopters.
Category: Classical Physics

[2] viXra:1408.0011 [pdf] submitted on 2014-08-03 15:52:18

Biquaternion em Forces with Hidden Momentum and an Extended Lorentz Force Law, the Lorentz-Larmor Law

Authors: E.P.J. de Haas
Comments: 40 Pages.

In this paper we apply our version of biquaternion math-phys to electrodynamics, especially to moving electromagnetic dipole moments. After a terminological introduction and applying the developed math-phys to the Maxwell environment, we propose to fuse the Larmor angular velocity with the Lorentz Force Law, producing the biquaternion Lorentz-Larmor Law. This might be a more economic way to deal with cyclotron and tokamak related physics, where the Lorentz Force Law and the Larmor angular velocity actively coexist. Then we propose a biquaternion formulation for the energy-torque-hidden-momentum product related to a moving electromagnetic dipole moment. This expression is then used to get a relativistically invariant force equation on moving electromagnetic dipole moments. This equation is then used to get at the force on a hidden electromagnetic dipole moment and for a derivation of the Ahanorov-Casher force on a magnetic dipole moving in an external electric field. As a conclusion we briefly relate our findings to Mansuripurs recent critique of the Lorentz Force Law and the electrodynamic expressions for the energy-momentum tensor.
Category: Classical Physics

[1] viXra:1408.0009 [pdf] submitted on 2014-08-03 13:48:21

Theoretical Derivation of Coulomb's Law

Authors: Etkin V.A.
Comments: 3 Pages. In Russian

The conclusion of Coulomb's law from the first principles of energodynamics is given, based on non-uniform distribution of electric charge in space
Category: Classical Physics