Classical Physics

1412 Submissions

[9] viXra:1412.0263 [pdf] replaced on 2015-01-04 11:21:05

The Deflection of Light by the Sun. The Newtonian Calculation

Authors: Valdir Monteiro dos Santos Godoi
Comments: 11 Pages.

We calculate the angle of deflection suffered by the light passing near a large mass M, the Sun, first using Newtonian Mechanics, and then the General Relativity. We found that with the solution obtained in General Relativity to the movement of light occurs collision of light with the Sun, before it touches it, which does not occur with Newton's theory. We have also seen that for large eccentricities, in a hyperbolic motion, the total energy E of the photon according to Newtonian Mechanics tends to Einstein's famous equation E = mc^2. We suggest more experimental checks of starlight deflection angle, both due to a period of 6 months without any eclipse, as in the comparison of the positions of the stars in the occurrence of an eclipse in relation to the early date of the occurrence of this eclipse.
Category: Classical Physics

[8] viXra:1412.0249 [pdf] submitted on 2014-12-27 05:10:48

Liquid-Drop Model of Electron and Atom

Authors: F. F. Mende
Comments: 8 Pages.

In the article is examined the liquid-drop model of electron and atom, which assumes existence of electron both in the form the ball-shaped formation and in the form liquid. This model is built on the same principles, on which was built the liquid-drop model of nucleus, proposed by Bohr and Weizsacker.
Category: Classical Physics

[7] viXra:1412.0224 [pdf] replaced on 2017-04-29 06:54:08

The Fourth Electromagnetic Induction

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 7 Pages.

Different variants of electromagnetic induction are considered. The type of induction caused by changes of electromagnetic induction flow is separated. The dependence of this induction on the flow density of electromagnetic energy emf and on the parameters of the wire is explored. We are discussing the mechanism of occurrence of energy flow, which enters the wire and compensates the heat loss.
Category: Classical Physics

[6] viXra:1412.0214 [pdf] replaced on 2015-02-04 13:21:36

The Fourth Electromagnetic Induction \\ Четвертая электромагнитная индукция

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 7 Pages.

Variants of electromagnetic induction examined. Special examined induction, which is caused by the change in the flow of electromagnetic energy. Is the dependence of this emf from the flux density of electromagnetic energy and the parameters of the wire. We are discussing the mechanism of occurrence of energy flow, which enters the wire and compensates the heat loss.\\ Рассматриваются варианты электромагнитной индукции. Выделяется индукция, вызванная изменением потока электромагнитной энергии. Находится зависимость э.д.с. этой индукции от плотности потока электромагнитной энергии и параметров провода. Рассматривается механизм возникновения потока энергии, поступающего в провод и компенсирующего тепловые потери.
Category: Classical Physics

[5] viXra:1412.0197 [pdf] replaced on 2015-01-25 00:05:57

Electromagnetic Energy and Electromagnetic Forces. Addition to Electrodynamics

Authors: Yu.A. Spirichev
Comments: 20 Pages. in Russian

The article is devoted to the development of the classical theory of electromagnetic fields (EMF) and elimination of "white spots" in the field of electromagnetic energy and electromagnetic forces. On the basis of the axioms of a four-dimensional vector potential and current density of the deductive method, the 4-tensors and the equations of conservation of electromagnetic energy for the system "EMF - 4-current density". The obtained 4-tensor of third rank electromagnetic forces, 64 the components of which are determined by all kinds of static, stationary and dynamic electromagnetic forces, including the forces of Coulomb, Ampere (Lorentz), Solunin-Nikolaev. The equations of balance of all the electromagnetic forces. The obtained 4-tensors and the equations of self-consistent motion of electric charges, including the wave equation turbulence plasma. Of the 4-tensor of electromagnetic energy received 4-tensor of mechanical energy-momentum, equation of conservation of mechanical energy-momentum, canonical relativistic Lagrangian for a free particle, than he reveals electrodynamics and mechanics. The present work is a theoretical Foundation on which can be supplemented and refined electrodynamics of material media and plasma physics.
Category: Classical Physics

[4] viXra:1412.0163 [pdf] submitted on 2014-12-11 08:00:39

A Theoretical Reformulation of the Classical Double Slit Interference Experiment

Authors: Joseph I. Thomas
Comments: 40 Pages.

In 1801, Thomas Young devised what is now known as the Classical Double Slit Experiment. In this experiment, light waves emanating from two separate sources, interfere to form a pattern of alternating bright and dark fringes on a distant screen. By measuring the position of individual fringe centers, the fringe widths and the variation of average light intensity on the screen, it is possible to compute the wavelength of light itself. The original theoretical analysis of the experiment employs a set of geometric assumptions which are collectively referred to here as the Parallel Ray Approximation. Accordingly, any two rays of light arising from either source and convergent on an arbitrary point on the screen, are considered very nearly parallel to each other in the vicinity of the sources. This approximation holds true only when the screen to source distance is very large and the inter-source distance is much larger than the wavelength of light. The predictions that naturally follow are valid only for fringes located near the center of the screen (e.g. the equal spacing of fringes). But for those fringes located further away from the screen center, the precision of these predictions rapidly wanes. Also when the screen to source distance is comparable to the inter-source separation or when the inter-source distance is comparable to the wavelength of light, the original analysis is no longer applicable. In this paper, the theoretical foundations of Young’s experiment are re-formulated using a newly derived analytical equation of a hyperbola, which forms the locus of the points of intersections of two expanding circular wavefronts (with sources located at the respective centers of expansion). The ensuing predictions of the new analysis are compared with those of the old. And finally, it is shown that the latter approach is just a special instance of the former, when the Parallel Ray Approximation can be said to hold true.
Category: Classical Physics

[3] viXra:1412.0148 [pdf] replaced on 2014-12-28 21:22:59

Alternative Classical Mechanics IV

Authors: Alejandro A. Torassa
Comments: 11 Pages.

This paper presents an alternative classical mechanics which is invariant under transformations between reference frames and which can be applied in any reference frame without the necessity of introducing fictitious forces. Additionally, a new principle of conservation of energy is also presented.
Category: Classical Physics

[2] viXra:1412.0131 [pdf] submitted on 2014-12-06 14:12:09

Improvement of Classical Physics

Authors: Lubomir Vlcek
Comments: 39 Pages. Wave - particle duality elegantly incorporates into kinetic energy in direction of movement as particle, and kinetic energy against directions of movement as wave, in relations for kinetic energy.

Speeds of electrons and protons in atoms are small. For example: An electron moving at a speed ve= 0,003c creates spectral line Hα. Confirmation of Doppler´s principle in hydrogen for Balmer line Hα. Accompanying activity of reaction on movement of stable particles in the transmission medium are waves. Wave - particle duality elegantly incorporates into kinetic energy in direction of movement as particle, and kinetic energy against directions of movement as wave, in relations for kinetic energy. Neutron, β electron , gamma rays – calculations. Stable electrons moving with speeds (0,99 c – c ) creates leptons (μ−, τ−), neutrinos (νe, νμ, ντ) and bosons W +, W-, Z (= β electrons). Weak interactions are caused with stable electrons, which creates leptons (μ−, τ−) = ( particles = electrons different speeds), neutrinos νe, νμ, ντ (= waves) , bosons W +, W-, Z (= particles = β electrons moving at nearly the speed of light ) and gamma rays (=waves of extremely high frequency >1019 Hz ). Stable particles (p +, n0, D, He-3, α) moving with speeds ( 0,3 c – 0,99 c ) creates baryons and mesons. The strong interactions are caused with stable particles (p +, n0, D, He-3, α ), which creates baryons and mesons.
Category: Classical Physics

[1] viXra:1412.0035 [pdf] submitted on 2014-12-02 11:16:57

Human Body as an Active Component of a Water Prospecting System

Authors: Mark Krinker
Comments: 5 Pages.

The author proposes a method of detecting subterranean water, employing an electric field, generated by contracting leg muscles of a walking operator. Presence of a water lens under a soil deflects electric lines of forces of the field, generated by the walking operator what can be detected by the field-measuring instruments. This operator-produced filed mechanism also can be a component of the physical base of the Dowsing, because its operators inevitably walk during the search process.
Category: Classical Physics