Classical Physics

1503 Submissions

[20] viXra:1503.0271 [pdf] submitted on 2015-03-31 17:50:28

Algae Domes: Expedient Method Augmenting Biofuel Supply

Authors: Alexander Bolonkin, Shmuel Neumann, Joseph Friedlander, Zarek Newman
Comments: 15 Pages.

Pioneering the development of dome technology, the authors have devised an algae dome where the algae are grown between the walls of two transparent domes, one inside the other, with only 10 cm between the outer and inner walls. These domes are inflatable and are held up only by air pressure. Circulating water in the 10 cm between the outer and inner dome is the breeding ground for the algae. It has the advantage of the bioreactors as it is insulated from outside contaminants but is inexpensive and has more area exposed than the breeding pond. Further, inside the dome, the floor space of the dome can be a shielded pond increasing the algae crop yield or can be used as a greenhouse.
Category: Classical Physics

[19] viXra:1503.0265 [pdf] replaced on 2015-09-18 04:36:53

On the Black Holes

Authors: José Francisco García Juliá
Comments: 2 Pages.

In this note, it is shown that there are not black holes.
Category: Classical Physics

[18] viXra:1503.0241 [pdf] replaced on 2015-05-13 09:09:41

Structure of Constant Current \\ Структура постоянного тока

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 11 Pages.

Consider the structure of the wire with constant current \\ Рассматривается структура постоянного тока в проводе
Category: Classical Physics

[17] viXra:1503.0204 [pdf] submitted on 2015-03-26 23:03:36

Purely Mechanical Memristors and the Missing Memristor

Authors: Sascha Vongehr
Comments: 13 Pages. 4 figures

This work is suppressed since 2010 and led to established scientists to be banned on the arXiv. We thank viXra for making critical work like this still available to relatively uncorrupted parts of the scientific community. We define a mechanical analog to the electrical basic circuit element M = dφ/dQ, the ideal mechanical memristance M = dp/dx, p being momentum. A never before described mechanical memory resistor M(x) is independent of velocity v and has a pinched hysteretic loop that collapses at high frequency in the v versus p plot: a perfect memristor. However, its memristance does not crucially involve inert mass, and the mechanical system helps clarifying that memristor devices hypothesized on grounds of physical symmetries require more. The missing mechanical perfect memristor needs to be crucially mass-involving (MI) precisely like the 1971 implied memristor device needs magnetism. Discussing novel MI memristive systems clarifies why such perfect MI memristors and EM memristors have not been discovered and may be impossible.
Category: Classical Physics

[16] viXra:1503.0175 [pdf] replaced on 2016-03-25 15:25:59

A Model to Comprehend the Dynamics of an Observable Phenomenon in the View of Newtonian Mechanics

Authors: Vigneswaran Ramamoorthy
Comments: 11 Pages.

The purpose of this paper is to show the effectiveness of an approach to formulate and understand the dynamics of an observable phenomenon through Newtonian mechanics. The approach starts by taking a simpler analogue of the problem we need to understand, and solving both the simpler and real case simultaneously. Then, the real case is split into two independent cases. The major part of the paper will be concentrated on demonstrating that this approach is effective in comprehending the dynamics of the phenomenon. The problem considered is, in a circus, a co-worker saves a person who falls down during a rehearsal by dashing him in the horizontal direction, from a few feet above the ground. In the rest of the paper, for ease, the person who saved will be called as rescuer and the person who is being saved will be called as casualty. Analysis of this problem is based on assumptions that the collision between rescuer and casualty is an inelastic collision and after the total mass of rescuer and casualty come in contact with the ground, it remains stationary.
Category: Classical Physics

[15] viXra:1503.0168 [pdf] submitted on 2015-03-23 07:07:00

Optical Bus Ghost

Authors: Mourici Shachter
Comments: 2 Pages.

I paid attention that when I seat in a bus just behind the second door , very near to the window. I see my face image magnified. And I ask for a detailed explanation to this phenomena Atached pictures explain the ghost problem
Category: Classical Physics

[14] viXra:1503.0164 [pdf] submitted on 2015-03-23 04:48:25

Magnetism as an Electric Angle-Effect and Gravitation as an Electric Effect

Authors: Hans-joerg Hochecker
Comments: 39 Pages.

At first, I regard magnetism. I can show that the magnetic force is an electric angle-effect by establishing two postulates: the dependence of the electric force on the velocity, and the existence of the anti-field. With the help of a third postulate, this is the quantization of the energy-transfer of the electric field, I then show that gravitation is also an electric effect. So, the three postulates describe three qualities of the electric field by which magnetism and gravitation can be derived. I finally carry out quantum-mechanical considerations at which the three postulates will be excellently confirmed. For the correct classification of this work I must mention that the theory of special relativity is absolutely considered as being correct and that it is an important and necessary component of this work.
Category: Classical Physics

[13] viXra:1503.0162 [pdf] submitted on 2015-03-21 17:32:35

Flux Quantization Validates Electromagnetic Induction in the Photoelectric Effect

Authors: Ionel DINU, M.Sc.
Comments: 3 Pages. A Rapid Communication supplementing the article Radio Waves – Part III The Photoelectric Effect

Abstract This short communication is a supplement to the article Radio Waves – Part III The Photoelectric Effect in which I advanced the hypothesis that the photoelectric effect can be explained as an effect of electromagnetic induction occurring at the surface of the illuminated metal. A striking support for the validity of this hypothesis has been discovered recently by the present author in the quantization of the magnetic flux observed experimentally more than 50 years ago.
Category: Classical Physics

[12] viXra:1503.0153 [pdf] replaced on 2015-08-01 14:11:54

From Three Body to Many Body Motion, Classical

Authors: Anamitra Palit
Comments: 19 Pages. Further improvements to follow

Three body motion or many body motion in relation to gravitation and other types of interaction has always occupied an enviable position in the history of physics in view of its complexity especially in comparison with the simpler two body motion. The challenge offered by these problems have been a continuous source of inspiration for mathematicians and physicists to work out solutions. This article is a modest endeavor to analyze and solve the problem as far possible .A method for solving the four body and in general the many body problem has been discussed. Certain peculiarities of the two body motion have been pointed out highlighting them in connection with three body motion and with many body motion
Category: Classical Physics

[11] viXra:1503.0127 [pdf] replaced on 2015-11-17 09:37:16

The Graviton Field as the Source of Mass and Gravitational Force in the Modernized le Sage’s Model

Authors: Sergey G. Fedosin
Comments: 31 pages. Physical Science International Journal, ISSN: 2348-0130, Vol. 8, Issue 4, P. 1-18 (2015). http://dx.doi.org/10.9734/PSIJ/2015/22197.

The formula for the gravitational force inside a spherical body is derived, as well as for the Newtonian force of attraction between bodies from the standpoint of the gravitons’ model. The parameters of the graviton field are estimated, including its energy density, energy flux and the cross section of interaction with matter. The equation is derived, from which it follows that the body mass is proportional to the power of radiation energy of the body from those of gravitons that interacted with the matter and gave their momentum to the body. The conclusion is made based on the theory of infinite nesting of matter that gravitons are generated at all matter levels by the densest objects such as nucleons and neutron stars.
Category: Classical Physics

[10] viXra:1503.0126 [pdf] replaced on 2016-09-23 08:59:30

The Charged Component of the Vacuum Field as the Source of Electric Force in the Modernized le Sage’s Model

Authors: Sergey G. Fedosin
Comments: 50 pages. Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences, Vol. 8, No. 3, P. 971-1020 (2016). http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/jfas.v8i3.18.

The formula is derived for the electric force inside a uniformly charged spherical body, as well as for the Coulomb force between the charged bodies from the standpoint of the model of the vacuum field with charged particles. The parameters of the fluxes of charged particles are estimated, including the energy density, energy flux and cross section of interaction with the charged matter. The energy density of gravitons in the Le Sage’s gravitation model is expressed in terms of the strong gravitational constant. The charge to mass ratio is determined for the charged particles that make up photons and the charged component of the gravitational field. These particles are identified as praons, while the praon level of matter is considered a lower level relative to the nucleon level of matter. The analysis of the main problems of the Le Sage’s model shows that these problems can be eliminated in the modernized model.
Category: Classical Physics

[9] viXra:1503.0099 [pdf] submitted on 2015-03-12 17:22:17

Generator Rossi: Cold Fusion or Ether?

Authors: Etkin V.A.
Comments: 11 Pages. in Russian

It is shown that the real source of the excess energy in the generator Rossi is ether, not cold nuclear fusion and not transmutation of chemical elements.
Category: Classical Physics

[8] viXra:1503.0076 [pdf] submitted on 2015-03-11 07:40:15

Mathematical Model of Ball Lightning \\ Математическая модель шаровой молнии

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 21 Pages. in Russian

Based on the Maxwell's equations and on the understanding of the electrical conductivity of the body of ball lightning, a mathematical model of ball lightning is built; the structure of the electromagnetic field and of electric current in it is shown. Next it is shown (as a consequence of this model) that in a ball lightning the flow of electromagnetic energy can circulate and thus the energy obtained by a ball lightning when it occurs can be saved. Sustainability, luminescence, charge, time being, the mechanism of formation and physical modeling of ball lightning are briefly discussed. \\ На основе уравнений Максвелла и представления об электропроводности тела шаровой молнии строится математическая модель шаровой молнии, показывается структура электромагнитного поля и электротоков в ней. Далее показывается (как следствие этой модели), что в шаровой молнии может циркулировать поток электромагнитной энергии и таким образом может сохраняться энергия, полученная шаровой молнией при ее возникновении. Кратко рассматриваются также устойчивость, свечение, заряд, время существования, механизм образования, физическое моделирование шаровой молнии.
Category: Classical Physics

[7] viXra:1503.0073 [pdf] submitted on 2015-03-10 19:18:56

Inertia and Gravity

Authors: Robert M. Hartranft, Scott W. Hartranft
Comments: 2 Pages.

We argue that inertial mass and gravitational mass are identical because inertia is simply self-gravity. We further suggest that by analogy with the photon, the graviton has mass zero.
Category: Classical Physics

[6] viXra:1503.0068 [pdf] submitted on 2015-03-10 09:48:27

Electromagnetic Energy Flux in a Conductor with a Alternating Current // Поток электромагнитной энергии в проводнике с переменным током

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 2 Pages. in Russian

It is shown that the flow of electricity, which compensates for the heat losses in wire with alternating current, extends inside the wire. In this case, an alternating current creates of a standing electromagnetic wave in the vicinity of the wire. Standing wave not can transmit energy from outside into the wire. \\ Показывается, что поток электроэнергии, компенсирующей тепловые потери в проводе с переменным током, распространяется внутри провода. При этом переменный ток создает стоячую электромагнитную волну в окрестности провода. Такая волна не может передавать энергию извне в провод.
Category: Classical Physics

[5] viXra:1503.0065 [pdf] submitted on 2015-03-09 16:17:39

Mathematical Model of Ball Lightning

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 20 Pages.

Based on the Maxwell's equations and on the understanding of the electrical conductivity of the body of ball lightning, a mathematical model of ball lightning is built; the structure of the electromagnetic field and of electric current in it is shown. Next it is shown (as a consequence of this model) that in a ball lightning the flow of electromagnetic energy can circulate and thus the energy obtained by a ball lightning when it occurs can be saved. Sustainability, luminescence, charge, time being, the mechanism of formation and physical modeling of ball lightning are briefly discussed.
Category: Classical Physics

[4] viXra:1503.0063 [pdf] replaced on 2016-08-04 19:55:26

Comments on Overdetermination of Maxwell's Equations

Authors: LIU Changli
Comments: 2 Pages.

Maxwell's equations seem overdetermined, which have six unknowns and eight equations. It is generally believed that Maxwell's divergence equations are redundant, and both equations are thought as initial conditions of curl ones. Because of this explanation, two divergence equations usually are not solved in computational electromagnetics. A circular logical fallacy of this explanation is found, and two divergence equations, which are not redundant, but fundamental, cannot be ignored in computational electromagnetics.
Category: Classical Physics

[3] viXra:1503.0049 [pdf] replaced on 2015-06-28 08:47:38

A Reformulation of Classical Mechanics

Authors: Antonio A. Blatter
Comments: 9 Pages. Version 8 in English

This paper presents a reformulation of classical mechanics which is invariant under transformations between inertial and non-inertial reference frames and which can be applied in any reference frame without introducing fictitious forces.
Category: Classical Physics

[2] viXra:1503.0048 [pdf] submitted on 2015-03-07 05:20:35

Electromagnetic Energy Flux in a Conductor with a Constant Current \\ Поток электромагнитной энергии в проводнике с постоянным током

Authors: Solomon I. Khmelnik
Comments: 6 Pages. in Russian

We prove (in the framework of classical electrodynamics) that the flow of electromagnetic energy in a conductor • directed along the axis of the wire, • extends along the axis of the wire, • extends inside the wire, • compensate for heat loss. The flow of electromagnetic energy is distributed in the wire to drive an electric current. Wherein the leading edge of propagating current creates a flow of electromagnetic energy which excites the next element of the current, etc. // Доказывается (в рамках классической электродинамики), что поток электроэнергии в проводнике •направлен вдоль оси провода, •распространяется вдоль оси провода, •распространяется внутри провода, •компенсирует тепловые потери. Поток электромагнитной энергии распространяется в проводе, возбуждая электрический ток. При этом передний фронт распространяющегося тока создает поток электромагнитной энергии, который возбуждает следующий элемент тока и т.д.
Category: Classical Physics

[1] viXra:1503.0031 [pdf] replaced on 2015-05-17 14:34:43

An Alternative Mechanical Energy

Authors: Antonio A. Blatter
Comments: 3 Pages. Spanish

This paper presents an alternative mechanical energy which is invariant under transformations between inertial and non-inertial reference frames.
Category: Classical Physics