[15] **viXra:1704.0386 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2017-05-24 10:10:11*

**Authors:** Yanming Wei

**Comments:** 41 Pages, 11 figures. Part one: Dielectric blade comb piston mechanic-electric bi-direction converter. DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.29374.69448

The electric vs. mechanic bi-directional power conversion application has been traditionally and asymmetrically favoring at magnetic element as energy caching and buffering bridge, e.g. the electric motors and generators that are also abstracted as electromechanical devices. The theory behind those omnipresent electromechanical devices or equipments is electrodynamics.
Based on recent fast development of high energy density dielectric materials, my inventions are to be a game changer: let electrical field alone to take the heavy duty of electromechanical utilities, and let “dielectrodynamics” replace electrodynamics.
Of the most importance is the key limitless high voltage generator, which can cover full gamut of voltages from volts to kilovolts (KV), megavolts (MV), even gigavolts (GV), and what we need, is just to provide necessary space occupancy and mechanic work acting on dielectric blade comb-like piston. Either motor or generator can be re-invented with this core dielectrodynamic module.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[14] **viXra:1704.0385 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2017-05-24 10:05:30*

**Authors:** Yanming Wei

**Comments:** 12 Pages, 7 figures. Part two of dielectrodynamics. DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.13855.76966

Superconductor is good for carrying huge current, but extreme low cryogenic temperature is cumbersome, expensive and high energy consumption for keeping the condition. As alternative, spinning electric charged metal disc(s) can mimic superconductor in normal ambient condition or even high temperature as long as not too hot to deform parts, and such is more convenience and far less energy consumption than cryogenic deep freezer. In fact, velocity of electrons drift in current carrying disc is very slow, e.g. only 23μm/s for 1 ampere in a 2mm diameter wire, in contrast, mechanic motion can easily reach sound speed, hence huge virtual current can exist.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[13] **viXra:1704.0303 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-03-24 07:30:47*

**Authors:** John R. Berryhill

**Comments:** 9 pages, 2 Figs., License Creative Commons 4.0

In the twentieth century, mathematical models of the cosmos proliferated unconstrained by sufficient evidence to choose among them. But more recently, a number of large observational programs have redefined the parameters of cosmology: In the twenty-first century, spatial curvature is out, and the cosmological constant is in. A straightforward Newtonian model incorporating these points has been known for decades and is updated here. An explicit, closed-form solution is presented with useful formulas and graphs. A physical interpretation of the cosmological constant is suggested.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[12] **viXra:1704.0253 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-04-20 09:28:01*

**Authors:** Ionel DINU, M.Sc.

**Comments:** 7 pages

Following a theory to be detailed in a work to be published in the near future, an experiment was planned to see whether the potential difference between two points of a current-carrying straight wire can be observed in the magnetic field lines produced around the wire by the electric current. Direct observation seems to show that there is a crowding of the magnetic field lines at the negative side of the wire compared to the positive side.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[11] **viXra:1704.0230 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-04-18 22:23:21*

**Authors:** Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski

**Comments:** 1 Page.

It is presented an extremely easy paper to understand to explain that in nature, there are mass gain phenomenon and there are mass loss phenomenon. Clarification is presented so that the nature of these types of phenomenon are well established. This paper utilizes a simple rule of nature concerning physics, the conservation of mass.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[10] **viXra:1704.0212 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-04-16 18:05:21*

**Authors:** Alexander Bolonkin

**Comments:** 142 Pages.

In given book considered the topics: utilization wind energy at high altitude, transfer of energy from airborne wind turbines to ground surface, new non turbine electron wind and water electric generators and propulsion system.
Ground based, wind energy extraction systems have reached their maximum capability. The limitations of current designs are: wind instability, high cost of installations, and small power output of a single unit. The wind energy industry needs of revolutionary ideas to increase the capabilities of wind installations. This book suggests a revolutionary innovation which produces a dramatic increase in power per unit and is independent of prevailing weather and at a lower cost per unit of energy extracted. The main innovation consists of large free-flying air rotors positioned at high altitude for power and air stream stability, and an energy transmission system between the air rotor and a ground.
Author offers a new method of getting electric energy from wind. A special injector injects electrons into the atmosphere. Wind picks up the electrons and moves them in the direction of wind which is also against the direction of electric field. At some distance from injector a unique grid acquires the electrons, thus charging and producing electricity. This method does not require, as does other wind energy devices, strong columns, wind turbines, or electric generators. This proposed wind installation is cheap. The area of wind braking may be large and produces a great deal of energy. Although this electron wind installations may be in a city, the population will not see them.
Author offers a new high efficiency propulsion non turbine system using electrons for acceleration of the craft. As this system does not heat the air, it does not have the heating limitations of conventional air ramjet hypersonic engines. Offered engine can produce a thrust from a zero flight speed up to the desired escape velocity for space launch. It can work in any planet atmosphere (gas, liquid) and at high altitude.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[9] **viXra:1704.0203 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-04-15 18:43:45*

**Authors:** Lorenzo Galli, P.F. Nali

**Comments:** 3 pages, in Italian. Question Answer published on Sep. 28, 2005 on the section "Chiedi a Ulisse" of the SISSA website "ULISSE - nella rete della scienza". It is posted at this time as the website has discontinued service in January 2011.

Why is it incomplete to enunciate the principle of inertia in this form: "a body not subject to forces is either at rest or moves with uniform rectilinear motion"?

**Category:** Classical Physics

[8] **viXra:1704.0184 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-04-14 04:42:54*

**Authors:** Norman Graves

**Comments:** 18 Pages.

A model is proposed for the hydrogen atom in which the orbiting electron is seen as an objectively real particle. The model is based on the postulate that certain velocity terms can be treated as being affected by relativity. The model provides a mechanism which drives the quantization process and so leads to the discrete energy levels of the atom.
The Rydberg formula, being empirically derived, represents the yardstick by which any model for the hydrogen atom must be judged. Rather than develop a model and test it against the Rydberg formula, the approach taken here is to use the Rydberg formula itself as the basis for such a model.
The model effectively unifies quantum mechanics with classical mechanics as well as providing a simple mechanical explanation of the Somerfield Fine Structure Constant.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[7] **viXra:1704.0144 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-04-11 21:20:48*

**Authors:** Tsao Chang, Kongjia Liao，Jing Fan

**Comments:** 7 Pages. This is a new-type experiment

Our experiment to measure the speed of alternating electricity is briefly reported here. It is found that the speed of alternating electricity within the metal wire is not constant, which is depended on the circuit parameters. In most cases, the speed of alternating electricity is less than the speed of light. However, our recent experimental results show that at less than 3 MHz frequency region and under our circuit parameters, the speed of alternating electric field can be 20 times more than the speed of light.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[6] **viXra:1704.0107 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2017-04-25 13:40:03*

**Authors:** Hans van Kessel

**Comments:** 16 Pages.

Normalizing the velocity of light ‘c’ to a non-dimensional 1 generates a simple system of units of measurements. All other natural constants will still have their unique unit of measurement, and thus no information will be snowed under. Instead, nature appears more transparent.
Besides Planck’s E=h.υ, Boltzmann gives an alternate way of defining ‘content’: if the entropy of an object is expressed in e.g. J/K, multiplying that objects entropy with its (inherent) temperature delivers ‘content’ in Joules. This route delivers an enhanced Planck equation, applicable to binary particles (particles that have a discrete number of states).
This alternate Boltzmann route must meet the conservation principle. This demands a relationship between natural constants. From that relationship, the gravitational constant between smallest observable binary particles is calculated. Photons are not binary particles. It will be argued why photons are not subject to gravity: the frequency drop we measure if they climb in a gravitational field is the consequence of the local clock running faster while climbing (time dilatation).
Therefore, gravity isn’t equal to everything.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[5] **viXra:1704.0096 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2017-04-12 14:02:56*

**Authors:** Yurii A. Spirichev

**Comments:** 8 Pages.

A new form of the equivalent representation of the canonical antisymmetric tensor of the electromagnetic field is described. This form of representation is based on the decomposition of an asymmetric tensor of a general form into a symmetric and antisymmetric part. It follows from this expansion that the canonical antisymmetric tensor of the electromagnetic field can be equivalently represented as the difference between an asymmetric tensor of general form and a symmetric tensor. Then Maxwell's equations can be written in the form of four-dimensional divergences of these tensors. From this representation, in addition to the Maxwell equations, new equations of the electromagnetic field also follow, expanding knowledge of it. One of these equations is the equation of motion of the electromagnetic field in the form of the dynamic Navier-Stokes equation.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[4] **viXra:1704.0081 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-04-06 14:50:48*

**Authors:** Yurii A. Spirichev

**Comments:** 8 Pages.

From Maxwell's equations with field sources are followed not only by the wave equations of the electromagnetic field and the continuity equation for the current density, but also by the equation of motion of electric charges in the form of the Euler equation. It is shown that these equations in an explicit form describe the mechanism of the appearance in a collisionless plasma of self-consistent current structures and its turbulence.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[3] **viXra:1704.0035 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-04-03 15:53:28*

**Authors:** Yurii A. Spirichev

**Comments:** 7 Pages.

The paper is devoted to obtaining an equation for the Abraham force in a continuous non-conducting medium and methods of its measurement. The equation for the Abraham force is obtained from the Minkowski tensor. The Abraham force occurs when the vectors D and E, H and B are noncollinear. From the equation for the Abraham force it follows that it is a vortex force, and its divergence is zero. It is shown that there exist the Abraham electric force and the magnetic Abraham's Force. Various methods for measuring the Abraham force, which follow from its equation, are given.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[2] **viXra:1704.0023 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-04-03 08:47:33*

**Authors:** Dragan Turanyanin

**Comments:** 17 Pages. This paper (2004) is just partially altered form of the original written in early 1980s. The Addendum (exponential gravitation) is completely new but also represents contemporary author’s researches.

This paper supposes an “electrodynamics-like” interaction of motional masses. A development possibility of linear, vector gravitation theory (gravitodynamics) is discussed and the force field (gravito-Lorentz) on this basis is defined. Some direct consequences of the equation of motion are obtained and analyzed in brief and the existence of an important exp-factor is mentioned. It is proposed new transformation χ-factor which could lead to the more general dynamical picture. The dimensional analysis shows that magnetic-like field vector has frequency dimensions. The proposed wave function describes the state of space around the motional masses. As frequency appears in both quantum and gravitation picture of the substance, the principle of resonance arises as a natural, so its possible direct consequence could be the natural existence of Planck’s values as the main quantums. Finally, this paper also discusses a possible connection between principle of resonance, creation (origin) of mass and Heisenberg’s principle.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[1] **viXra:1704.0019 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-04-03 10:48:54*

**Authors:** Yannan Yang

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

In terms of the symmetric perfect and analogy of Lorentz Force law, a Counterpart Lorentz force is proposed in this paper. Similar to a Lorentz force when a charged particle moving across a magnetic field, an analogical force may act on a magnet or a magnetic domain when it moving across an electric field. Aimed to verify if this force is really existed, an experimental design is also described here.

**Category:** Classical Physics