[18] **viXra:1709.0440 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-09-30 12:28:15*

**Authors:** Sjaak Uitterdijk

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

The conventional definition of potential energy leads, considered from a fundamental scientific point of view, to absurd consequences. It is strongly advised to eliminate the intermediate variable ‘work’ in the definition of potential energy and, as a result, to reverse the boundaries in the definite integral.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[17] **viXra:1709.0435 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-09-30 01:26:07*

**Authors:** Robert Stach

**Comments:** 9 Pages.

Nachtrag1 zum Manuskript "die Swastika und ihre technische Bedeutung"

**Category:** Classical Physics

[16] **viXra:1709.0361 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-09-24 08:00:37*

**Authors:** Solomon I. Khmelnik

**Comments:** 12 Pages.

A brief description of the non-contradictory solution of the Maxwell equations given in [1] and new additions are given.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[15] **viXra:1709.0333 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2017-09-24 08:02:49*

**Authors:** Solomon I. Khmelnik

**Comments:** 13 Pages.

A brief description of the non-contradictory solution of the Maxwell equations given in [1] and new additions are given. \ Приводится краткое описание непротиворечивого решения уравнений Максвелла, данного в [1], и новые дополнения.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[14] **viXra:1709.0299 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-09-19 22:03:13*

**Authors:** John C. Hodge

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

The Scalar Theory of Everything (STOE) model of photons is extended to model the inertia of mass. The characteristic of the plenum, hods, and their interactions yields the Newtonian characteristics of gravitational mass and inertial mass.
The medium of the wave in the Hodge Experiment was the massless plenum.
The plenum is the carrier of the inertia. The hods are the carrier of the gravitational mass. The Equivalence Principle is derived rather being assumed. Mach's Principle is inconsistent with the STOE.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[13] **viXra:1709.0296 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-09-20 01:14:28*

**Authors:** Nikitin Aleksandr Pavlovich

**Comments:** 31 Pages.

Abstract
This article presents the foundations of cosmodynamics - energy theory, which lays the foundation for a new paradigm of physical science, which allows to combine the modern theory of the microcosm and macrocosm. It is proposed to consider the motion of matter in space-time, i.e all of the changes and interactions, including gravity, taking place in the cosmos, not as a police cooperation body, charges, particles, fields, and displays the curvature of space-time, as well as displays and consequences of energy processes in the same cosmos. The measure of these processes is the energy of the cosmos, including the "dark matter" and "dark energy", with absolute power, equal to Planck's constant. Proposed movement of matter in space to consider (to describe, reflect in our minds) as the movement of energy, as the energy dynamics of the vector field, material and energy "cell" structure which is a proton. On the basis of the theory developed by the energy available energy interpretation of the hydrogen atom, and all of baryonic matter, for example, the Earth and the Sun, when the motion of matter occurs and thus describes a "drain" and "radiation" the energy flow vector material-energy field. Planck values are given in the dimensions LT system. It is alleged that the cosmic "relic" radiation is generated in the atoms existing baryonic matter and has nothing to do with the mythical "Big Bang".

**Category:** Classical Physics

[12] **viXra:1709.0266 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-09-17 14:15:43*

**Authors:** Edgars Alksnis

**Comments:** 4 Pages. in Russian

Perihelion precession of planets is explained here in terms of vortical рhysics and mass-dynamic forces. Weakening of „geomagnetic” field should
weaken Earth’s vortex and therefore- slow down perihelion precession of Earth’s orbit. Taking in account this should be important for asteroide threat calculations in advance.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[11] **viXra:1709.0263 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-09-18 01:09:08*

**Authors:** Nikitin A P

**Comments:** Pages.

Abstract General relativity (GRT), created by the genius of Einstein from 1907 to 1915 as a geometric theory of gravity, developing special theory of relativity (STR), has been 100 years does not rest and excites minds. Since then, it performed many experiments to confirm with great accuracy GRT. In this paper, we propose to draw attention to the possibility of direct experimental verification of the dependence of the velocity of light by the gravitational potential, what Einstein wrote in 1911 in his article «On the effect of gravity on light propagation» [1, V1, p.172 ]. We assume that nature itself has put this experiment in space in the presence of "dark matter", namely: February 23, 1987 in the Large Magellanic Cloud broke out amazing supernova SN1987A, from which the light came to Earth 2h 47m later neutrinos. On the basis of numerous observations are given an explanation of this fact in terms of changing the speed of light neutrinos, and depending on the time-varying gravitational potential of the Universe.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[10] **viXra:1709.0262 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-09-18 01:22:30*

**Authors:** Aleksandr Nikitin

**Comments:** 10 Pages.

Abstract
In this article it is stated that there is a fundamental connection between the basic constant of the quantum theory - the Planck constant h and the basic constant of astrophysics - the Hubble constant H, which states the material-energy unity of our world in theory.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[9] **viXra:1709.0253 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-09-17 07:45:10*

**Authors:** Osvaldo Domann

**Comments:** 12 Pages. Copyright. All rights reserved. The content of the present work, its ideas, axioms, postulates, definitions, derivations, results, findings, etc., can be reproduced only by making clear reference to the author.

The intention of theoretical physics is to construct mathematical models
so that experimental data can be predicted through calculation. If the
prevailing model cannot explain new experimental data because of its imperfections,
theorists add to the model fictitious entities and helpmates
which are defined on the basis of the new experimental data, so that the
new experimental data can now be calculated with the modified model.
Remaining contradictions are camouflaged as good as possible to make the
model consistent. If later on calculated data obtained indirectly from new
experiments are consistent with the fictitious entities and helpmates, theorists
conclude that this is the prove that the fictitious entities and helpmates
really exist. The conclusion is a fallacy because it ignores that the model
was previously made consistent, what means that all data obtained through
experiments and calculations must be explained with the model, otherwise
the model would not be consistent. Adding more and more fictitious entities
and helpmates to an imperfect model makes it, with the time, more
and more complex, untrustworthy and non-physical and finally a radically
new model is required to overcome these problems.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[8] **viXra:1709.0250 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-09-17 06:15:04*

**Authors:** Faisal Amin Yassein Abdelmohssin

**Comments:** 12 Pages.

In search to construct a Lagrangian functional of a damped harmonic oscillator I thought to study higher derivatives of coordinates with respect to time in the Lagrangian of a simple harmonic oscillator by adding a term proportional to the square of the second derivative of the coordinate with respect to time in its Lagrangian. In Newtonian mechanics a damping term is added directly to the equation of motion of a simple harmonic oscillator, whereas in Lagrangian and Hamiltonian mechanics (Analytical Mechanics as opposed to Vectroial Mechanics of Newton) adding a term to the Lagrangian of the simple harmonic oscillator wouldn’t reveal whether the term is a damping driving or a forced driving agent until one study the solutions of the equation of motion.
Here, The Euler-Lagrange and equation of motion of a harmonic oscillator in a potential energy proportional to the square of the second derivative of the coordinate with respect to time have been formulated and discussed. The equation of motion is derived from Euler-Lagrange equation by performing the partial derivatives on the Lagrangian functional of the second variation of the calculus of variations.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[7] **viXra:1709.0244 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-09-15 14:25:28*

**Authors:** John C. Hodge

**Comments:** 36 Pages.

We are at a special moment in our scientific evolution that requires the big of cosmology and the small of light and of particle physics be united by a single model. The Scalar Theory of Everything model (STOE) suggests fundamental assumptions with consideration for the successful parts of current models and for the data inconsistent with current models. The STOE is simpler, corresponds to both General Relativity and quantum mechanics, and solves many current mysteries and inconsistencies. Data comparisons with redshift, discrete redshift, rotation curves, asymmetric rotation curves, universe temperature, and the double slit experiment are successful. Therefore, the STOE is founded on orthodox science. Data analysis in 2011 confirmed predictions of the STOE made in 2006 that no other model suggested. A new test of the double slit experiment rejected the wave model of light and confirmed predictions of the STOE. The fundamental principles are applied to life and the purpose of life in our universe.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[6] **viXra:1709.0220 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-09-14 21:42:22*

**Authors:** Adham ahmed mohamed ahmed

**Comments:** 1 Page.

This is a toe that explanis the reasons for movement of masses in the universe and gravity

**Category:** Classical Physics

[5] **viXra:1709.0212 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-09-14 05:45:18*

**Authors:** Dan Aurelian Ivan

**Comments:** 1 Page.

Conclusion explained to the of ,,Contraction of the universe with the speed of light theory" 1

**Category:** Classical Physics

[4] **viXra:1709.0157 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-09-12 13:57:07*

**Authors:** Dan Aurelian Ivan

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

The Universe constricts at the speed of light c. This theory is based on some assumptions of the "The Expanding Spacetime Theory" [1], but instead of using measurements of distance, speed, mass and time as fourth dimension in an attempt to prove that the universe expands in space and time, I support that the universe has only one absolute and constant value which is the speed of constriction.
Any measurement of distance and mass in the Universe is relative, having a different value every given moment.
The change of scale measurement by the constriction of the Universe.is the way in which the Universe exist, phenomenon that can not be observed due to the fact that our sense organs and our instruments of measurement and observation are parts of the same universe and everything constricts at the same speed
The constricting Universe is infinite and the time is the measure of movements taking place in the Universe, according to Infinite Universe Theory [2].

**Category:** Classical Physics

[3] **viXra:1709.0115 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-09-10 12:32:07*

**Authors:** Yahya Awad Sharif Mohammed.

**Comments:** 2 pages. Email: yahya-sharif@hotmail.com

This article aims to redefine speed by eliminating time , considering time as something that does not
exist.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[2] **viXra:1709.0106 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-09-10 06:11:14*

**Authors:** Dan Aurelian Ivan

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

The theory of relativity establishes the speed of light in the vacuum as the highest possible speed and shows that the speed of light towards different observers is the same. The speed of light is set as an absolute constant. The paradox of constancy of light speed created a great problem for physics, a problem that Albert Einstein considered to have solved it suggesting that physical theories should not depend on the observer's state of motion but also that the speed of light must remain a constant and the rest of the physics has to change to align to this.
Why is this speed the only absolute constant in physics? The question is fundamental, considering that modern physics and all cosmological theories are based on this constant. While the velocity of any body or particle except the photon is relative, why is the propagation velocity of the wave that supports the photon constant? But what if everything is observed and demonstrated is not real?
What if this speed considered to be a constant and a limit in the universe is not the speed of light but the speed of contraction of the infinite universe itself?
What if the radiation and the force fields are oscillations of the molecules, atoms , ions and elementary particles that the contraction of the universe converts into waves?
My hypothesis answers these questions : the universe constricts at the speed of light.
My hypothesis provides the sort of firm advance in general understanding of universe.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[1] **viXra:1709.0015 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-09-01 23:41:54*

**Authors:** Adham ahmed mohamed ahmed

**Comments:** 1 Page.

This is how to explode a mass into a bomb or make several masses merge or make a mass move using two balls and pressure.
the inner ball contains the mass and the outer ball contains the inner ball

**Category:** Classical Physics