[12] **viXra:1711.0469 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-11-30 02:28:42*

**Authors:** Antoine Acke

**Comments:** 8 Pages.

Taking into account the kinematics of the gravitating objects, gravitoelectromagnetism (GEM) is a consistent classical field theory about the gravitational phenomena in which context the principle of relativity and the principle of equivalence are valid. In this article it is shown that, in the framework of GEM, Newton’s law of universal gravitation perfectly can be deduced and that it can be extended to the case of moving point masses.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[11] **viXra:1711.0439 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-11-28 10:21:52*

**Authors:** Karl De Paepe

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

We consider two charged spheres of the same charge freely moving along a fixed line. We use the energy momentum tensor to construct a moving surface through which there is no energy flow and show conservation of energy does not hold.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[10] **viXra:1711.0384 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-11-21 18:11:13*

**Authors:** John Hodge

**Comments:** 6 Pages. continuation of STOE model of photon and rejection of wave model.

Spectrographic behavior of light has been attributed to the wave model of light.
The Scalar Theory Of Everything (STOE) model of light suggests photons are composed of hods that are one of the two components of the universe. The Hodge diffraction experiments rejected the wave models of light. The Fraunhofer pattern of coherent light on a screen from a slit in a mask is compared to the STOE computer simulation of spectrographic effects. The number of hods serves the same place as the frequency (energy) of light. Thus, the energy of light is proportional to the number of hods in the photons. An additional hod in a photon adds Planks constant amount of energy to the photon. Therefore, the STOE incorporates spectrographic observations.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[9] **viXra:1711.0346 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-11-17 20:07:54*

**Authors:** Seamus McCelt

**Comments:** 1 Page.

If you know and understand the way everything truly works -- with slight adjustments everything becomes completely compatible.

● Newton's gravitational force.

● Tesla's energy from the environment.

● Einstein's curved space-time.

● Heisenberg's probability and uncertainty.

They fit together like a glove.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[8] **viXra:1711.0328 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-11-17 04:36:51*

**Authors:** Zhixian Lin

**Comments:** 4 Pages. "Choose File" option is not working.

For beginners, the traditional explanation of a Transistor is not easy to understand. The traditional explanation can not explain why a slightly change of IB will create a significant change of IC clearly. This paper proposed the Distance Principle which can clearly and easily explain why a Transistor can work. Make beginners easier to understand the physical mechanism of a Transistor.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[7] **viXra:1711.0322 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-11-15 15:23:21*

**Authors:** Guido F. Nelissen

**Comments:** 14 Pages.

In my paper Part 1 on the physical nature of “Linear Momentum”, I have demonstrated that the difference between thermal motion and congruent motion is characterized by the degree of isotropy of the velocities of the particles and in my paper Part 3 on the physical nature of “Work, Kinetic Energy and Planck’s constant” I have demonstrated that the generation of work in particle systems consist in the transformation of isotropic motion into congruent translational motion.
In my paper Part 5 on the physical nature of “Pressure, Temperature and Thermal Energy” I came to the conclusion that the statistical Maxwell – Boltzmann speed distribution function is a consequence of the repetitive isotropic collisions, that are typical for thermal motion.
This allows me, on the basis of Clausius’ and Boltzmann’s absolute concepts of entropy, to propose a new proportionate entropy, in function of the degree of isotropy of the velocities of the elements of a particle system, which makes it possible to reveal the link between the second law of thermodynamics and Newton’s first law of motion, and which in my next paper will allow me to explain the physical nature of the variable velocity of particle systems.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[6] **viXra:1711.0321 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2018-04-26 15:16:26*

**Authors:** Guido F. Nelissen

**Comments:** 20 Pages.

Physics today has an ambiguous attitude towards ‘velocity’: on the one hand it considers it a “relative” characteristic of which the numerical value depends on any fortuitously chosen reference frame. But on the other hand that same physics tells us that velocity has an absolute upper limit, which is the speed of light. This duality is caused by the fact that the Lorentz transformations accomplish a purely mathematical bridging between a relative velocity at low speeds and an absolute velocity at the speed of light, which causes a length contraction and a time dilation. But it is not clear whether these are observational or real physical phenomena, which has led to a number of contradictions, such as the “twin paradox”.
According to the present Standard Model, the Universe must have started with massless particles that moved at the speed of light and then something happened in a way that some particles acquired mass, which is in the present physics explained as a kind of ‘drag’ that is exerted by the Higgs field on certain particles. In this paper the author demonstrates that this massless origin of matter, strongly indicates that elementary mass particles (such as e.g. electrons and quarks) are in fact multi-particle systems that consist of entangled photons. This allows him to establish a general speed equation, that expresses the variable speed of a mass particle in function of the degree of congruence of the repetitive motions of its massless components. This means that variable velocity is a thermodynamic state of a particle system, in the same way as its pressure, its temperature or its entropy.
In that way, the obvious fact that the ‘size’ of a dynamic particle system is the area that is covered by the repetitive motions of its components, automatically leads to the Lorentz contraction of a moving mass particle in its direction of motion, which is demonstrated to be a real physical distortion.
This means that the Special Theory of Relativity is above all an observational theory, but that its so-called ‘relativistic’ equations, like e.g. the length contraction, the time dilation and the mass-energy equation and their applications e.g. in Quantum Field Theory, describe real physical phenomena, because they are expressed in function of the absolute speed of light.
This reveals the physical nature of mass particles as 3-dimensional particle-wave systems that can vary their speed in 3 directions and the physical nature of photons as 2-dimensional particle-wave systems that proceed at an invariable speed and that have mass characteristics (such as linear momentum) in directions perpendicular to their invariable speed.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[5] **viXra:1711.0313 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-11-15 05:09:36*

**Authors:** Carlos Alejandro Chiappini

**Comments:** 131 Pages.

Las ecuaciones de Maxwell son los postulados del desarrollo presentado. De ellas se deducen como teoremas propiedades físicas fundamentales, como9 la distribución discreta de la energía, el valor teórico de la constante de estructura fina, el factor g del electrón, la unidad de masa elemental basada en las leyes de las partículas elementales (no de tipo convencional como la una) y varias propiedades más. El documento tiene estilo ameno y didáctico, para optimizar la comprensión.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[4] **viXra:1711.0294 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-11-13 08:35:09*

**Authors:** D.H.W. Reffer

**Comments:** 2 Pages. Inescapable question

We formulate and discuss, as much as we can, an inevitable mathematical and philosophical question: why do the General Theory of Relativity and the Relative-Velocity Dependence of Gravitational Interaction lead to the same well-known formula for the anomalous Perihelion Advance ?

**Category:** Classical Physics

[3] **viXra:1711.0243 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2017-11-13 11:42:10*

**Authors:** Solomon I. Khmelnik

**Comments:** 12 Pages.

It is noted that the known solution for a spherical electromagnetic wave in the far zone does not satisfy the law of conservation of energy (it is retained only on the average), the electric and magnetic intensities of the same name (in coordinate) are in phase, only one of Maxwell's equations is satisfied. A solution is offered that is free from these shortcomings.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[2] **viXra:1711.0242 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2017-11-13 11:40:43*

**Authors:** Solomon I. Khmelnik

**Comments:** 13 Pages.

It is noted that the known solution for a spherical electromagnetic wave in the far zone does not satisfy the law of conservation of energy (it is retained only on the average), the electric and magnetic intensities of the same name (in coordinate) are in phase, only one of Maxwell's equations is satisfied. A solution is offered that is free from these shortcomings. \\ Отмечается, что известное решение для сферической электромагнитной волны в дальней зоне не удовлетворяет закону сохранения энергии (она сохраняется только в среднем), одноименные (по координатам) электрические и магнитные напряженности синфазны, выполняется только одно из системы уравнений Максвелла. Предлагается решение, свободное от этих недостатков.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[1] **viXra:1711.0121 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2017-11-04 08:28:04*

**Authors:** Yahya Awad Sharif Mohammed

**Comments:** 2 Pages. The discussion in The Naked Scientist forum : https://www.thenakedscientists.com/forum/index.php?topic=69618.0

This article aims to specify accurately the time duration spent for an object at free fall when it is at its highest point, as well as violating the current value for this time duration.

**Category:** Classical Physics