Classical Physics

1804 Submissions

[21] viXra:1804.0483 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-30 00:25:45

Law of the Existence of Elementary Particles\\\\\Закон существования элементарных частиц

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 15 Pages. In Russian (please learn Russian) Robert Yusupov <©> Law of the Existence of Elementary Particles 30 APR 2018

In this article, which is an integral part of the "Theory of Nature", the author gives an explanation of one of the most important laws of nature - the law of the existence of elementary particles (EP). Elementary particles are neutrons, protons, electrons, photons, etc. These are elementary and minimal material formations in nature. These are well-known facts. The author believes that each EP consists of one and the same minimum in nature amount of matter. This fact should be adequately reflected in physics: matter must be introduced into the bosom of physics as the main physical quantity. The author believes that all elementary particles have the shape of balls and, therefore, have their own diameter and have their own mass. The law of the existence of EP states that the product of the mass of EP by its diameter is a constant value equal to the minimum amount of matter in nature. +++++++++++++++++++++++ В настоящей статье, являющейся неотъемлемой частью «Теории Природы», автор даёт разъяснение одного важнейшего закона природы – закона существования элементарных частиц (ЭЧ). Элементарными частицами считаются нейтроны, протоны, электроны, фотоны и др. Это элементарные и минимальные материальные образования в природе. Это общеизвестные факты. Автор считает, что каждая ЭЧ состоит из одного и того же минимального в природе количества материи. Этот факт должен быть адекватно отражён в физике: материя должна быть введена в лоно физики в качестве основной физической величины. Автор считает, что все элементарные частицы имеют форму шариков и, значит, имеют свой собственный диаметр и имеют свою собственную массу. Закон существования ЭЧ гласит: произведение массы ЭЧ на её диаметр есть величина постоянная, равная минимальному количеству материи в природе.
Category: Classical Physics

[20] viXra:1804.0482 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-30 06:00:38

A Method of Real Time Quantitative Supply of Cosmetic Raw Materials Using Weight Sensor

Authors: Kwang Bok Han, Kwang Ho Ri, Chen Il Jo, Yu Chol Kim, Pong Ryol Jang
Comments: 4 Pages.

In this paper, we have discussed a method of real time quantitative supply of cosmetic raw materials using weight sensor. In addition, the technical characteristics of the system were clarified and introduced to the production process, contributing to the automation of cosmetic compounding process. We have tested the measuring and supply about 6 liquid materials (water, glycerin, propylene, milistynic acid, squalene, liquid paraffin) with this device. According to the measuring results, we have verified supply error is below 0.5% on the average.
Category: Classical Physics

[19] viXra:1804.0469 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-28 20:02:56

Solving the Problem of Natural Units \\\ Решение проблемы натуральных единиц

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 8 Pages. In Russian (please learn Russian) Robert Yusupov © Solving the Problem of Natural Units 29/04/2018

The present article raises the question of the existence in nature of natural units of mass, length and time, and proposes its solution. In the past, many physicists have addressed the problem of finding natural units. His solution to this question was provided by Irish physicist G. J. Stoney and German physicist M. Planck. The author of this article provides his own solution to this problem. The author believes that his solution of the problem of natural units is complete and final and removes this question from the agenda. +++++++++++++++++++++ В настоящей статье ставится вопрос о существовании в природе натуральных единиц массы, длины и времени и предлагается его решение. К вопросу отыскания натуральных единиц в прошлом обращались многие физики. Своё решение этого вопроса предоставили ирландский физик Дж. Стони и немецкий физик М. Планк. Автор настоящей статьи предоставляет своё собственное решение этой проблемы. Автор считает, что его решение проблемы натуральных единиц является полным и окончательным и снимает этот вопрос с повестки дня.
Category: Classical Physics

[18] viXra:1804.0367 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-24 15:01:54

Об инерции \\\ About Iiertia (About One Refinement of Concepts Inertia and Momentum)

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 15 Pages. In Russian (please learn Russian) Robert Yusupov <©> About Inertia and Momentum Apr 24 2018

In this article, an attempt is made to clarify the concepts of inertia and momentum in terms of the author's understanding of the universe. This understanding is given in the "Theory of Nature" (TP) of the author, which should be considered a new materialistic physics and cosmology. The author stands on the platform of dialectical materialism. According to this solely scientific philosophy, our world is material. All things, bodies and objects in nature are material. Processes and phenomena in nature are caused by matter, its movement. In nature, there is nothing that is not matter or its various forms of motion. Matter is the basis, essence, substance of nature. Studying nature, we must adequately reflect matter in the conceptual apparatus of the theory of nature. Modern physics is the basic science of nature. But in its conceptual apparatus there is no adequate reflection of matter. The basis of physics is the concept of physical quantity. An adequate reflection of the matter of nature in the conceptual apparatus of physics can only be its reflection as the basic physical quantity. This is exactly what is done in TP. Matter in TP is elevated to the rank of the basic physical quantity. This is the essence of the revolution in science that the "Theory of Nature" realized. ++++++++++++++++++++++++ В настоящей статье предпринята попытка дать разъяснение понятий инерция и импульса с точки зрения авторского понимания мироздания. Это понимание дано в «Теории Природы» (ТП) автора, которую следует считать новой материалистической физикой и космологией. Автор стоит на платформе диалектического материализма. Согласно этой единственно научной философии наш мир материален. Все предметы, вещи, тела и объекты в природе материальны. Процессы и явления в природе обусловлены материей, её движением. В природе нет ничего, чтобы не было материей или её различными формами движения. Материя – это основа, сущность, субстанция природы. Изучая природу, мы должны адекватным образом отражать материю в понятийном аппарате теории о природе. Современная физика является основной наукой о природе. Но в её понятийном аппарате нет адекватного природе отражения материи. Основой физики является понятие физической величины. Адекватным отражением материи природы в понятийном аппарате физики может быть только её отражение в качестве основной физической величины. Именно так и сделано в ТП. Материя в ТП возведена в ранг основной физической величины. В этом суть той революции в науке, которую осуществила «Теория Природы».
Category: Classical Physics

[17] viXra:1804.0339 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-23 17:59:39

High-rise and Space Towers (Masts, Space Elevator, Motionless Satellites)

Authors: Alexander Bolonkin
Comments: 177 Pages.

A lot of new concepts, ideas, and innovation in high altitude and space towers were offered, developed and researched in last years especially after 2000. For example: optimal solid space towers, inflatable space towers (include optimal space tower), circle and centrifugal space towers, kinetic space towers, electrostatic space towers, electromagnetic space towers, and so on. Given book summarizes there researches and gives the detail description them, note some their main advantages, shortcomings, defects and limitations.
Category: Classical Physics

[16] viXra:1804.0316 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-22 14:36:50

Beyond Miner’s Rule Free Energy Damage Equivalence

Authors: Alec Feinberg
Comments: 5 Pages. Reference Terms in the book Thermodynamic Degradation Science

In this paper, we extend the concept of damage which was original developed empirically by Miner using the concept of thermodynamic work and free energy. We first explain the equivalency of free energy to damage. Then we develop ways to measure the free energy in products to help assess the amount of damage that a product can experience prior to failure. The main approach is to use product’s ultimate work energy. Although Miner’s rule and the cumulative damage concept is typically thought of as specific for cyclic work, we note that in most cases, damage accumulates during a product useful life prior to failure.
Category: Classical Physics

[15] viXra:1804.0304 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-21 21:29:02

Мой ответ Игорю Старку \\\ my Reply to Mr. I. Stark

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 23 Pages. In Russian (please learn Russian) Robert Yusupov <©> My reply to Mr. I. Stark 22 April 2018

In my reply to Mr. I. Stark, I sought to justify my position and my view of nature. All this or almost everything is set out in my articles on "Theory of Nature". My understanding is that in the study of Nature, it is first and foremost necessary to identify a specific manifestation of matter in nature, to establish minimal, then not crushing, carriers of matter. And the next step is to study the interaction of material bodies on the Planck scale of the universe. This is the natural logic of knowing nature. The concept of the field refers to the category of concepts describing the interaction of material bodies. The logic of nature itself and the logic of cognition of nature are simple: first, material bodies, and then their interaction, and not vice versa. Material bodies interact with each other, but they are not generated by interaction, field. Field, interaction does not generate matter. Material bodies are primary, and their interaction is secondary. +++++++++++++++++++++ В своём ответе И. Старку я стремился дать обоснование своей позиции и своему взгляду на природу. Всё это или почти всё изложено в моих статьях по «Теории Природы». Моё понимание состоит в том, что при изучении Природы надо в первую очередь выявить конкретное проявление материи в природе, установить минимальные, далее не дробимые, носители материи. А уже следующим шагом должно стать изучение взаимодействия материальных тел на планковском масштабе мироздания. Это естественная логика познания природы. Понятие поле относится к категории понятий описывающих взаимодействие материальных тел. Логика самой природы и логика познания природы просты: сначала материальные тела, а потом их взаимодействие, а не наоборот. Материальные тела взаимодействуют между собой, но они не порождаются взаимодействием, полем. Поле, взаимодействие не порождает материю. Материальные тела первичны, а их взаимодействие вторично.
Category: Classical Physics

[14] viXra:1804.0277 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-19 11:00:03

Space Equation – Basic Equation of Unified Field Theory

Authors: Ilgaitis Prūsis, Peteris Prūsis
Comments: 7 pages, 1 figure

Since Maxwell successfully unified previously separated electrical and magnetic fields in a new electromagnetic field, the idea of theory common for all physical force fields became apparent. Until now the attempts to bind together separate equations of all physical force fields have been unsuccessful. All forces act in space. Space is a common attribute of all interactions. Here we show that unification is possible on the basis of a new space conception. In contemporary physics the force field is part of space where force acts. In contradiction to this very basic principle of contemporary physics, we here propose a new concept that space and physical force fields are mutually dependent entities of the same phenomena. If a force field does not exist, then the corresponding space does not exist either. And vice versa, if space does not exist, there is no force field present. Change of the force field physics assumption yields into the possibility to describe any known physical force field and the corresponding space by a uniform equation, which we call Space Equation. Therefore the Space Equation represents the basic equation of the Unified Field Theory (UFT).
Category: Classical Physics

[13] viXra:1804.0255 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-18 22:02:08

Тайна крупицы материи \\\\\ Mystery of the Crupitsa of Matter

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 11 Pages. In Russian (please learn Russian) Robert Yusupov © Mystery of the Crupitsa of Matter

Что такое крупица материи? Какую тайну скрывает в себе крупица материи? О чём эта тайна? Какую информацию хранит в себе крупица материи?! Вопросы правильные, вопросы интересные, вопросы по существу. Вот об этом, об ответах на эти вопросы и будет идти речь в настоящей статье. Это ещё одна статья по «Теории Природы» автора. А «Теория Природы» и есть современная материалистическая физика и космология. +++++++++++++++++++++++++ What is a crupitsa (atom) of matter? What secret hides in itself acrupitsa (atom) of matter? What is this secret? What kind of information is stored in a crupitsa (atom) of matter? Questions are correct, interesting questions, questions on the merits. That's about this, the answers to these questions will be discussed in this article. This is another article on "Theory of Nature" by the author. And "Theory of Nature" is modern materialistic physics and cosmology.
Category: Classical Physics

[12] viXra:1804.0253 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-17 12:11:39

Experiment Supports Stoe Model and Rejects the Traditional Model of a Coulomb Field

Authors: John Hodge
Comments: 4 Pages.

The Scalar Theory of Everything (STOE) model of the coulomb field is of vortices in the plenum. An experiment is proposed that forces a spark of electrons to flow outside the volume between a positive--negative electrode pair. This experimental observation rejects the traditional source--sink pair model of the coulomb field and does not reject the STOE model of the coulomb field and the mechanism of electric attraction and repulsion.
Category: Classical Physics

[11] viXra:1804.0251 [pdf] replaced on 2018-05-01 22:14:08

Newton’s First Law Revisited

Authors: Ramzi Suleiman
Comments: 10 Pages.

Newton’s first law is expressed in textual form. It states that, unless acted upon by a net unbalanced force, an object will remain at rest, or move uniformly forward in a straight line. Accordingly, “inertial motion” means uniform rectilinear motion, while uniform circular motion is considered to be a noninertial, accelerated motion. This differentiation has resulted in the aftermath in different analytical treatments of the two types, both in classical and relativistic physics. In this short note, we show, based on Newton’s laws, that, contrary to the conventional differentiation between rectilinear and circular systems of motion, the two are dynamically equivalent, such that the set of laws describing the dynamics of one system correspond to an identical set of laws describing the dynamics of the second. An immediate corollary for the special case of uniform motion is that Newtonian physics is inconsistent with his first law and is, instead, consistent with Galileo’s definition of inertial motion. To rectify the apparent inconsistency, we propose a natural modification of the first law, which incorporates the case of uniform circular motion. By means of this inclusion, the first law can retain its unique standing, as a separate law that could not be deduced from the second law as a special case. We formulate the modified law textually and mathematically and comment briefly on the implication of the proposed modification to the theory and education of classical, and relativistic physics.
Category: Classical Physics

[10] viXra:1804.0233 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-15 07:12:23

The Natural System of Units of Robert Yusupov***\\\***Натуральная система единиц Роберта Юсупова.

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 46 Pages. In Russian (please learn Russian) Robert Yusupov <©> Units of the Nature <©> 15 April 2018

This article was conceived as an article devoted to the solution of the question (problem) of natural units. Many people, physicists and philosophers, naturalists were engaged in this problem (question). The names of many researchers remained unknown and forgotten, sunk into oblivion. The Irish physicist G. J. Stoney and the German physicist M. Planck left their mark on the solution of the problem of searching for and finding natural units. The author of this article also has a solution to this problem. This problem was solved by the author in 2013. The article provides a comparison of all three options for solving this problem. The author believes that his decision is the final solution to the problem of natural units. Absolute knowledge is achieved. Absolute truth is known. ++++++++++++++++++ Настоящая статья задумывалась, как статья посвящённая решению вопроса (проблемы) натуральных единиц (природы). Этой проблемой (вопросом) занимались многие люди, физики и философы, естествоиспытатели. Имена многих исследователей остались неизвестными и забытыми, канули в лету. Свой след в решении проблемы поиска и отыскания натуральных единиц (природы) оставили ирландский физик Дж. Стони и немецкий физик М. Планк. Автор настоящей статьи, также имеет своё решение этой проблемы. Эта проблема решена автором в 2013 году. В статье приводится сопоставление всех трёх вариантов решения этой проблемы. Автор считает, что его решение является окончательным решением проблемы натуральных единиц. Достигнуто абсолютное знание. Познана абсолютная истина.
Category: Classical Physics

[9] viXra:1804.0190 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-15 01:03:37

Confusions in Modern Physics.

Authors: Durgadas Datta.
Comments: 3 Pages. New physics.

Some clarifications in the concept of inertia and mass.
Category: Classical Physics

[8] viXra:1804.0141 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-10 01:44:50

The Nature of Gravity

Authors: Michael Singer
Comments: 4 Pages.

Any two masses will experience gravitational attraction between them that draws them together. In an energy-conserving universe as they accelerate towards each other there must be some energy system losing mass/energy to balance the increase in kinetic energy of the two objects. Now it is received wisdom that mass is inviolate and never changes even when falling into a gravitational well, but the increase in kinetic energies of two bodies falling together under gravitational attraction would then violate the Principle of Conservation of Energy, as the only possible source of mass/energy is a reduction in the effective combined mass as two objects come together. Logically, therefore, there must be an effective reduction of mass, as seen from the greater universe, when two objects approach each other and thus increase the local spacetime dilation. The energy balance of the universe requires that dilating space reduces the effective mass as seen from the greater universe outside that dilation. However, once we accept this proposition we have to reconsider Einstein’s concept that if enough mass comes together space would be breached to create a singularity. He envisaged a linear process whereby adding mass upon mass together resulted eventually in too much mass for local space to support, but from the previous sentences we can see that such a linear process violates the Principle of Conservation of Energy. This leads us to consider an alternative solution based of the fact that a local observer sees the same nature of space around him no matter how deep his gravitational well.
Category: Classical Physics

[7] viXra:1804.0100 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-08 06:26:54

The Theory of Everything-What Kind of Resistance Inertia of an Object Is?

Authors: Yahya Awad Sharif Mohammed
Comments: 3 Pages.

This article aims to clarify briefly and explain what kind of resistance inertia is and approaching a theory of everything as well.
Category: Classical Physics

[6] viXra:1804.0088 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-06 13:20:09

Is Potential Energy Equation for a Mass at Infinity Correct?

Authors: Yahya Awad Sharif Mohammed
Comments: 1 Page.

Correct calculation for potential energy for masses at infinity.
Category: Classical Physics

[5] viXra:1804.0082 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-05 13:27:36

Do Accelerating Charged Particles Really Radiate?

Authors: Michael Singer
Comments: 7 Pages.

In a particle accelerator charged particles radiate when they pass through beam-bending magnets that give them a centripetal acceleration. This is commonly put down to acceleration-induced radiation, but the fact that there are several different detailed theories to explain this phenomenon suggests that it is not well understood. In addition electrons orbiting a nucleus also have centripetal acceleration and do not radiate, so we have the problem that accelerating electrons radiate only sometimes. This suggests that it is not the acceleration per se that creates the radiation but some other factor that exists only in the beam-bending scenario. This paper goes further, and shows that the general concept of acceleration-induced radiation is a violation of the Principle of Conservation of Energy, so that in an energy-conserving universe another cause must be found for the radiation from accelerating charged particles where it occurs.
Category: Classical Physics

[4] viXra:1804.0063 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-05 01:00:22

The Free Electron's Magnetic Dipole

Authors: Michael Singer
Comments: 12 Pages.

To quote J. Van Huele and J. Stenson, in their paper “Stern-Gerlach experiments: past, present, and future” (J. Utah Academy of Sciences, Arts & Letters, 2004, 81, 206-212) “Spin is a non-classical duplicity useful for classifying atomic states but not observable with free electrons”. So why is it not observable? Pauli claimed that the interaction of the charged particle with the magnetic field causes an incompressible blurring of the trajectories at least as great as the separation between the spin components. However, free electrons twist and turn in the focussing and directing electromagnetic fields of electron microscopes to give precise focussing to a single dot of less than 22nm.With modern technology Pauli’s claim seems difficult to justify. This paper follows the evidence that spin does not exist in free electrons and considers the consequences that alternative decision. Some further theoretical work is required, but it nevertheless demonstrates that the approach ultimately takes us to a precise value for the neutron’s electric field strength and to the beginnings of an understanding of atomic orbitals and transitions.
Category: Classical Physics

[3] viXra:1804.0041 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-02 15:26:33

About Photon

Authors: Marius Arghirescu
Comments: 3 Pages.

The paper argues the conclusion that the photon has rest mass equal with a half of its moving mass.
Category: Classical Physics

[2] viXra:1804.0009 [pdf] replaced on 2018-07-03 09:54:53

Effect of Magnet Geometry on the Magnetic Component of the Lorentz Force Equation

Authors: Michael Singer
Comments: 9 Pages.

All forces in the universe are created from changes in energy levels that result from changes in the separation of bodies, whether electromagnetic or otherwise. For example, two electrons separated by a finite distance will experience repulsive forces that urge them to separate further. When they are free to move this will cause them to accelerate away from each other, replacing part of the original energy levels with kinetic energy. Even when they are constrained so that they cannot move they still experience those same forces, but there is no energy exchange. Either way, for the force to exist the energy system must exist, even if only potentially. Now consider the second part of the Lorentz Force Equation, which looks at the forces experienced by an electron travelling through a fixed magnetic field. Here there is a lateral force on the electron normal to the direction of travel, and the electron’s path is deflected into a curve, with no change in energy levels. However, the existence of the force requires an energy mechanism and in this paper I set out to identify it. There are enough clues to reach a sound conclusion, such as the fact that a neutron, with a bounded electric field, is not deflected, whereas an electron, with an infinite electric field, is deflected. With the energy mechanism clearly defined, we find that the Lorentz Force Equation fails to take in an important aspect of geometry and hence if we use electron deflection measurement and this Equation as a means of determining magnetic field strength we will virtually always calculate a field strength that is lower than the actuality.
Category: Classical Physics

[1] viXra:1804.0004 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-01 02:06:29

Pluto Should be Planet Again Discovery of Principial Error in Astronomical Calculations

Authors: Edgars Alksnis
Comments: 4 Pages.

Popular investigation of biggest methodic blunder of astronomy- how to obtain masses from orbital geometry- and how it helped to “disqualify” Pluto as a planet. In reality Pluto should be several times heavier than Eris.
Category: Classical Physics