[44] **viXra:1809.0579 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-09-29 18:49:55*

**Authors:** Ankur S. Bhatt, F.M. Becker

**Comments:** 26 Pages.

During internal discharge (electrical breakdown or field emission transmission), thin symmetric capacitors accelerate slightly towards the anode, in contradiction to standard physics. The effect can be predicted by core concepts of a model called quantised inertia (also known as MiHsC) which assumes inertia of accelerated particles, such as electrons, is caused by Unruh radiation. This discrete Unruh radiation forms standing waves between the particle’s boundaries to a Rindler horizon and a confinement horizon, which are established based on special relativity in concert with quantum mechanics. Electrons accelerate toward the anode and are assumed to encounter an inhomogenous Unruh radiation condition causing a force suggested by a modification to their inertial mass. To conserve momentum, the overall mechanical system moves in the direction of the anode. This resulting force is assumed to be caused by an energy gradient in between the confinement and the Rindler zone and its equation is derived directly from the uncertainty principle. Various thicknesses of discharging capacitors are compared to show the agreement between the experimental findings and a virtual particle oscillation associated with a standing wave energy gradient hypothesis.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[43] **viXra:1809.0567 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-09-28 13:23:42*

**Authors:** Oliver Consa

**Comments:** 10 Pages.

A new semiclassical model of the electron with helical solenoid geometry is presented. This new model is an extension of both the Parson Ring Model and the Hestenes Zitterbewegung Model. This model interprets the Zitterbewegung as a real motion that generates the electron’s rotation (spin) and its magnetic moment. In this new model, the g-factor appears as a consequence of the electron’s geometry while the quantum of
magnetic flux and the quantum Hall resistance are obtained as model parameters. The Helical Solenoid Electron Model necessarily implies that the electron has a toroidal moment, a feature that is not predicted by Quantum Mechanics. The predicted toroidal moment can be tested experimentally to validate or discard this proposed model.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[42] **viXra:1809.0566 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-09-28 13:25:15*

**Authors:** Oliver Consa

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

A new preon model is presented as an extension of the semiclassical Helical Solenoid Electron Model that was previously proposed by the author. This helicon model assumes as postulates both the Atomic Principle and the equality between matter and electric charge. These postulates lead us to a radical reinterpretation of the concepts of antimatter and dark matter and form a new framework for future preon theories.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[41] **viXra:1809.0537 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-09-26 17:21:57*

**Authors:** Radhakrishnamurty Padyala

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

It is already known that an ellipse passes through the apexes of a family of the parabolic paths of projectiles shot from a point with constant speed but different angles of projection. In this article we describe a method to show that a circle passes through the focii of such a family of projectile paths whose center is the point of projection. In this method, we don’t use vectors, or calculus or Newton’s laws of motion.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[40] **viXra:1809.0482 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-09-24 01:50:25*

**Authors:** Anatoly V. Belyakov

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

It is shown that the speed of light can be calculated on the basis of the velocity equation of the waves propagating along a liquid surface. This gives reason to believe that the vacuum medium,
being discrete, simultaneously possesses the property of continuity, like the surface of an ideal
fluid.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[39] **viXra:1809.0469 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-09-22 15:11:02*

**Authors:** Radi Khapko

**Comments:** 6 Pages. The paper represents an unknown physical phenomenon

When the canonical spin tensor is used, a spin is detected along the axis of rotation of a rotating electric dipole. Early this spin radiation was obtained by Feynman in the frame of quantum mechanics. The magnitude of the spin flux is half the flux of the angular momentum that is emitted by a rotating dipole, according to modern electrodynamics, and this angular momentum flux is recognized here as an orbital angular momentum. Thus, the total angular momentum flux exceeds 1.5 times the value now recognized. It is shown that the torque experienced by a rotating dipole from the field is equal in magnitude to this total angular momentum flux

**Category:** Classical Physics

[38] **viXra:1809.0447 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-09-21 02:46:46*

**Authors:** Kenneth C. Johnson

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

The accuracy of precision diamond turning is limited by stage interferometers, which do not
provide a direct measure of the cutting tool proximity to the workpiece or the depth of cut.
When making shallow trim cuts on a previously machined part, accuracy can be greatly
increased by using a proximity or depth sensor on or close to the tool for position servo control.
Further improvements in both surface form and finish can be made by machining a pattern into a
sacrificial layer, which is then transferred into the workpiece by a selective etch process. These
techniques are particularly useful for EUV and X-ray mirrors and gratings.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[37] **viXra:1809.0446 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-09-21 03:24:02*

**Authors:** Teodor Ognean

**Comments:** 8 Pages.

A more exact G gravitational constant value was established by dimensional analysis. This more exact value is equal to 6.674092281∙10^-11 m^3 kg^-1 s^-2. This result was obtained based on the values of the Planck constant, the Avogadro constant and the Boltzmann constant that will be recommended, in November 2018, by the 26th meeting of the General Conference on Weights and Measures (CGPM). These constants will be considered, by a resolution of the CGPM, to have exact values. On the base of these exact values, the gravitational constant G is established by calculus. At the same time, the dimensional analysis presented in this article highlights very interesting aspects with respect to the mass.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[36] **viXra:1809.0445 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-09-21 03:41:02*

**Authors:** Suraj Deshmukh

**Comments:** 51 Pages. Contains illustrations.

In this theory I have represented time in a new manner, it treats time to be isolated. After the isolated consideration we merge it with space.
In this document we will find a solution to grandfather paradox. We will make a mathematical approach in some other document.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[35] **viXra:1809.0431 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2018-09-30 23:03:37*

**Authors:** Noah MacKay, Aaron Bain

**Comments:** 18 Pages.

Gravitons are the quantum particles of gravity that, if proven to exist, would potentially connect quantum mechanics with gravitation. This particular paper, however, mostly describes the particle’s nature and mechanics in the framework of classical physics: the same framework in which General Relativity was formulated. Although a classically-dominant perspective of gravitonic nature and mechanics, both quantum and classical physics are used to propose theorems, and to suppose two main considerations of the graviton: 1) The roles of the quantum graviton are vital in the overall nature of classical gravitation, 2) the particles contribute to the formation and potential energy of gravitational waves.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[34] **viXra:1809.0373 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-09-20 02:23:32*

**Authors:** Edgars Alksnis

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

Attraction of two planetary vortices of different spins allow lunar capture to proceed less dramatic.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[33] **viXra:1809.0365 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-09-18 09:55:34*

**Authors:** A.I.Somsikov

**Comments:** 2 Pages. -

The scalar or vector sense of physical quantity of mass is considered

**Category:** Classical Physics

[32] **viXra:1809.0336 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-09-16 23:01:22*

**Authors:** Oleg Tcherepanov

**Comments:** 23 Pages.

Using the principle of virtual scale, it was possible to obtain new solutions to a number of problems of mechanics as the first section of General physics. The identical transformation of the known rules and laws of classical science modifies the formulas into scalar structures of six special numbers. The context of the proposed theory consists of non-standard Metrology, scalar mechanics and physics without artifacts. They can be found in the published monographs ISBN 978-3-659-60213-9, ISBN 978-3-659-74415-9 and articles vixra: 1503.0037, vixra: 1807.0458, vixra: 1808.0182, vixra: 1808.0631.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[31] **viXra:1809.0295 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-09-15 01:16:04*

**Authors:** A.I.Somsikov

**Comments:** 2 Pages. -

Force and mass - scalars or vectors?

**Category:** Classical Physics

[30] **viXra:1809.0294 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-09-15 01:33:08*

**Authors:** A.I.Somsikov

**Comments:** 7 Pages. -

The laws of the Newtonian mechanics defining physical concepts of forces and masses are considere

**Category:** Classical Physics

[29] **viXra:1809.0292 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-09-15 01:44:30*

**Authors:** A.I.Somsikov

**Comments:** 7 Pages. -

The axiomatic fundamentals of theoretical physics … have to be freely invented

**Category:** Classical Physics

[28] **viXra:1809.0276 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-09-14 01:39:21*

**Authors:** A.I.Somsikov

**Comments:** 9 Pages. -

Separate examples of scientific worldview

**Category:** Classical Physics

[27] **viXra:1809.0275 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-09-14 01:53:26*

**Authors:** A.I.Somsikov

**Comments:** 4 Pages. -

Explanation of rotation of planets law of classical physics

**Category:** Classical Physics

[26] **viXra:1809.0273 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-09-14 02:09:03*

**Authors:** A.I.Somsikov

**Comments:** 24 Pages. -

On the example of classical physics. Description of rotation

**Category:** Classical Physics

[25] **viXra:1809.0247 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-09-11 09:21:05*

**Authors:** Radhakrishnamurty Padyala

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

Recently we gave an alternate method to show the presence of an ellipse in the paths of projectiles, to the method given by Fernandez-Chapou and coworkers. Our method demonstrated that particles dropped from points of a circle in a vertical plane on to the horizontal diameter and reflected through 90 degrees by mirrors halfway on their paths, follow parabolic trajectories and that the apexes of these parabolic paths lie on an ellipse. In this article we give a similar procedure to show that particles dropped from points of an ellipse in a vertical plane to the horizontal (minor) axis but reflected through 90 degrees by mirrors halfway on their paths, follow parabolic trajectories and that the apexes of these parabolic paths lie on a circle. From this circle we can generate another ellipse by a similar procedure as above. This ‘circle-ellipse-circle–ellipse-…’ cycle is a representation of the ‘birth-death-birth-death-…’ cycle. It is a representation of the ‘parent-child-parent-child-…’ cycle of living organisms. These cycles have no beginning and no end. They exhibit the beauty of symmetry of Natural law. We don’t use vectors or calculus or Newton’s laws in our method. We follow Galileo’s tradition, use geometry principles in our analysis.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[24] **viXra:1809.0235 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-09-11 19:10:09*

**Authors:** Richard A Peters

**Comments:** 41 Pages.

If gravity is mediated by the exchange of gravitons between objects, then the acceleration of an object toward a gravitational body (GB) is proportional to the graviton flux emitted by the GB that impinges on the object. Any motion of the object relative to the GB will affect the graviton flux from the GB on the object. The acceleration of the object relative to the GB will thus depend on both the object’s distance from the object and its motion relative to the GB. This behavior defies the known acceleration profile that is absent any factor of the velocity of an object in the gravitational field. If an object were directly subject to gravity, the gravitational field of a GB could not be characterized, as it is known to be, solely as a function of the active gravitational mass and distance of the GB. The only mechanism that can be invoked to nullify the certain and irrefutable effect of the augmentation of graviton flux by the velocity of an object toward a GB is one that denies altogether the direct effect of graviton flux on the acceleration of an object in a gravitational field. In simpler terms: massive objects are not directly subject to gravity!
The Temporal InertiaI (TI) field model of gravity and inertia is a conjecture of this author. The TI field acts as an intermediary in the transmission of the gravitational force between objects. Particles of the TI field are directly subject to gravity but objects are not. An object is accelerated toward a GB at the same rate as the TI field. The TI field supports the propagation of gravitons. No matter how the TI field moves, the velocity of gravitons is constant relative to the TI field, hence there is no increase in graviton flux as the TI field moves toward a GB except for the increase in graviton flux caused by the proximity to the GB.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[23] **viXra:1809.0202 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-09-10 19:10:58*

**Authors:** Udo E. Steinemann

**Comments:** 7 Pages.

This article refers to the paper http://vixra.org/abs/1801.0037, "Turbulence as structured Route of Energy from Order into Chaos", published by Udo E. Steinemann (vixra.org, Category: Physics, Classical Physics, 121801[2]). Within Conclusion of the referenced text a statement was made: "This way a picture about an eddy's decay can be drawn as a well structured route of energy from order into chaos, similar to those of many other dynamical systems too". The current text will give additional explanations to this statement.
The current text will sketch the way entrance to chaos is shown for the quadratic iterator and how the major outcomes from this perception can be used in addition to the above mentioned article.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[22] **viXra:1809.0200 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-09-10 22:47:19*

**Authors:** Hui Peng

**Comments:** 16 Pages. A mathematic approach for electrodynamics of non-uniform moving charge

In this article, we propose a mathematic approach to study the effects of accelerating charges. We postulate and demonstrate mathematically that the acceleration of electric charges generate new N and M fields. The N and M field equations are supplement to Maxwell equations, and have the similar forms as that of Maxwell equations. The effect of the N and M fields is to vary the Lorentz force with time, and have the similar forms as that of Lorentz force. The N and M fields propagate as waves. The N and M fields due to accelerating charges exist mathematically. We suggest that those new fields are worth to be systematically studied experimentally. The study of those new fields might open a new window.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[21] **viXra:1809.0194 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-09-11 00:55:28*

**Authors:** A.I.Somsikov

**Comments:** 17 Pages. -

Vector sense of work

**Category:** Classical Physics

[20] **viXra:1809.0185 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-09-09 18:15:22*

**Authors:** Hui Peng

**Comments:** 5 Pages. The world is built mathematically

In this article, by applying Gauss/Coulomb’s law, we re-derive mathematically the whole set of Maxwell equations, which means that, as long as a charge satisfies Gauss/Coulomb’s law, the uniform motion of the charge generates inevitably a magnetic field and an axial electric field. This fact is predetermined mathematically.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[19] **viXra:1809.0172 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-09-08 08:19:32*

**Authors:** Dezso Sarkadi

**Comments:** 6 Pages.

In recent decades, several methods significantly different from the classic method of the Cavendish torsion balance have been developed and used for measuring the gravitational constant G. Unfortunately, the new de-terminations of G have not reduced significantly its uncertainty. It seems that in recent times, the accuracy prob-lem for the gravitational constant has not been the focus. This paper presents a new type gravity experiment used a big and heavy physical pendulum, not for a newest gravitational constant measure, but for the study of special gravitational effects encountered accidentally. Surprisingly strong gravitational effects have been observed between moving masses. We have named the whole new group of gravitational phenomena by "dynamic gravity". Despite the simplicity of our gravity experiment, the observed extraordinary results could lead to an unexpected revolution in gravity science.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[18] **viXra:1809.0168 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-09-08 23:49:57*

**Authors:** A.I.Somsikov

**Comments:** 4 Pages. -

Gravitation Elimination without excessive expenses of energy

**Category:** Classical Physics

[17] **viXra:1809.0154 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2018-09-10 17:07:47*

**Authors:** Salvatore Gerard Micheal

**Comments:** 1 Page.

mass from an unconventional but coherent view

**Category:** Classical Physics

[16] **viXra:1809.0142 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-09-08 03:41:10*

**Authors:** A.I.Somsikov

**Comments:** 4 Pages. -

The physical principle of weightlessness (anti-gravity) on the basis of classical mechanics theory.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[15] **viXra:1809.0138 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-09-06 05:35:51*

**Authors:** Zbigniew Osiak

**Comments:** 4 Pages. In Polish

Pokazano, że wartość pierwszej prędkości kosmicznej satelity krążącego po orbicie kołowej w płaszczyźnie równikowej wirującej Ziemi jest mniejsza w kierunku wschodnim niż w kierunku zachodnim. Efekt ten spowodowany jest przez siły bezwładności – odśrodkową i Coriolisa.
###
It was shown that the value of the first cosmic velocity of a satellite moving in a circular orbit in the equatorial plane of the rotating Earth is smaller in the easterly direction than in the westerly direction. This effect is caused by inertial forces – centrifugal and Coriolis.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[14] **viXra:1809.0137 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-09-06 05:39:57*

**Authors:** Zbigniew Osiak

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

It was shown that the value of the first cosmic velocity of a satellite moving in a circular orbit in the equatorial plane of the rotating Earth is smaller in the easterly direction than in the westerly direction. This effect is caused by inertial forces – centrifugal and Coriolis.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[13] **viXra:1809.0087 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-09-04 14:14:10*

**Authors:** Dariusz Dudało

**Comments:** 1 Page.

Względność ruchu

**Category:** Classical Physics

[12] **viXra:1809.0082 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-09-04 23:51:37*

**Authors:** Steve P Smith

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

It is assumed by modern physics that there exists no theory which can predict the values of the fundamental physical constants. This assumption however is incorrect as there is undoubtedly an underlying connection between the constants being that of angular momentum. In particular the angular momentum of the electron in the hydrogen atom which appears to obey the laws of Kepler. It may be considered that the model of hydrogen as suggested by Bohr, is not an accurate representation however it would appear that the origin of many of the constants appear to rely upon the orbital model. This paper will illustrate this connection and correctly predicts all of the values of the physical constants with accuracy, equal to or greater than that of the currently accepted and published values . As a consequence of this the orbital model of Bohr should be considered in a new light.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[11] **viXra:1809.0078 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-09-05 02:52:21*

**Authors:** A.I.Somsikov

**Comments:** 2 Pages. -

Article of the prof. F.M.Kanarev "Small dedebilny gift to school students and students" of http://sciteclibrary.ru/rus/catalog/pages/12882.html is considered in
quality of dough for check of physical understanding.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[10] **viXra:1809.0068 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-09-05 08:09:42*

**Authors:** Alberto Coe

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

Will describe the ratio between two energies .The energy of photons associated to the cosmic microwave background and the gravitational potential energy of a system of particles (protons and electrons). The value of this ratio is equivalent to the current value of the fine structure constant .

**Category:** Classical Physics

[9] **viXra:1809.0066 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-09-05 10:34:06*

**Authors:** Osvaldo Domann

**Comments:** 58 Pages. Copyright. All rights reserved. The content of the present work, its ideas, axioms, postulates, definitions, derivations, results, findings, etc., can be reproduced only by making clear reference to the author.

The origin of the limitations of our standard theoretical model is the assumption that the energy of a particle is concentrated at a small volume in space. The limitations are bridged by introducing artificial objects and constructions like particles wave, gluons, strong force, weak force, gravitons, dark matter, dark energy, etc.
The proposed approach models subatomic particles such
as electrons and positrons as focal points in space where continuously fundamental particles are emitted and absorbed, fundamental particles where the energy of the electron or positron is stored as rotations defining longitudinal and transversal angular momenta (fields). Interaction laws between angular momenta of fundamental particles are postulated in that way, that the basic laws of physics (Coulomb, Ampere, Lorentz, Maxwell, Gravitation, etc.) can be derived from the postulates. This methodology makes sure, that the approach is in accordance with the basic laws of physics, in other words, with well proven experimental data.
Due to the dynamical description of the particles the proposed approach has not the limitations of the standard model and is not forced to introduce artificial concepts or constructions.
All forces are the product of interactions between angular momenta of fundamental particles (electromagnetic interactions) described by QED. Interactions like QCD and Gauge/Gravity Duality are simply the product of the insufficiencies of the SM and not required.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[8] **viXra:1809.0056 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-09-03 23:24:57*

**Authors:** A.I.Somsikov

**Comments:** 3 Pages. -

Attempt of the comment

**Category:** Classical Physics

[7] **viXra:1809.0055 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-09-03 23:28:20*

**Authors:** A.I.Somsikov

**Comments:** 5 Pages. -

The law of Universal gravitation at zero distance between bodies is considered

**Category:** Classical Physics

[6] **viXra:1809.0054 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-09-03 23:54:40*

**Authors:** A.I.Somsikov

**Comments:** 4 Pages. -

Physical definition of an inertial reference system for any pair of interacting bodies is given.
The place zero of them is established.
This position the only thing calculated on the found formulas

**Category:** Classical Physics

[5] **viXra:1809.0053 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-09-03 23:58:34*

**Authors:** A.I.Somsikov

**Comments:** 4 Pages. -

The physical sense of the concept "vector" and its applicability or inapplicability to physical concepts is considered.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[4] **viXra:1809.0039 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-09-03 00:25:16*

**Authors:** A.I.Somsikov

**Comments:** 10 Pages. -

The reasons of a curvature of river courses are considered.
The solution of a task of Einstein on behavior of Tealeaf leaves is proposed.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[3] **viXra:1809.0036 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-09-03 00:59:19*

**Authors:** Mihir Kumar Jha

**Comments:** 7 Pages.

The motive of this paper is to put forward a general solution to Navier-stokes equation which describes the motion of viscous fluid substances, derived by applying Newton’s second law to fluid motion. These equations are the set of coupled differential equations, which are too difficult to solve analytically.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[2] **viXra:1809.0023 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-09-02 02:14:10*

**Authors:** A.I.Somsikov

**Comments:** 6 Pages. -

Achievable accuracy of medieval temporary measurements is considered.

**Category:** Classical Physics

[1] **viXra:1809.0001 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-09-01 05:02:57*

**Authors:** A.I.Somsikov

**Comments:** 6 Pages. -

The logical contradiction of descriptions of rotary and oscillatory movements is revealed.
Their consistent description is offered.

**Category:** Classical Physics