Climate Research

1605 Submissions

[3] viXra:1605.0304 [pdf] submitted on 2016-05-30 21:40:56

The Peculiar Economics of Balanced Multiregional Growth Under Constrained Resource Usage

Authors: S. J. Nettleton
Comments: 32 Pages.

Mainstream computable general equilibrium analysis developed out of Lief Johansen's regional economic analysis based on the simultaneous settlement of commodity markets in quantity and price. The work of John von Neumann, Paul Samuelson, Wassily Leontief, Anne Carter, Michael Farrell and Thijs ten Raa has combined in an alternative bottom-up Integrated Assessment Model, which embodies Johansen attributes while exploiting the unique property of models having regions that trade and adjust to evolving natural advantages and environmental constraints through regional industry specialization. Such specialization has recently become a major focus in many nations seeking competitive niche business models in intermediate products and capital goods, which today comprise 70 per cent of the global supply chain. This research demonstrates a non-monetary or policy application of the Doctrine of Balanced Growth operates to equalize consumption growth at the policy nexus of international free-trade agreements and specialization of regional industry segments. Our knowledge of domestic industry policy and international trade policy is advanced by this demonstration that model results conform with a non-monetary Doctrine of Balanced Growth. This study is based on 2007 year data from the Global Trade Analysis Project.
Category: Climate Research

[2] viXra:1605.0294 [pdf] submitted on 2016-05-29 21:39:29

Climate Change & Energy Policy

Authors: S. J. Nettleton
Comments: 17 Pages.

Presentation: The Australian Bureau of Statistics has projected that Australia's population will double to 46 million by 2075, which could be as early as 2058 under the high growth scenario. Melbourne and Sydney are expected to each have 7.9 million people by 2053. While efficiencies in energy utilisation may contribute to reducing demand by approximately 0.5%pa, the electrical generation capacity of the Eastern Australian market will need to expand considerably to meet the demands population growth, elimination of fossil fuels from the transport sector (eg through electric and hydrogen fuelled vehicles) and water desalination requirements. Renewable energy and passively safe Generation IV (fast breeder) nuclear power generators such as the “Power Reactor Innovative Small Module” (GE/Hitachi Prism Reactor) have the capacity to complement each other. For example, Generation IV nuclear has the ability to vary power to complement the low capacity factor of renewable energy and to operate at night to produce desalinated water and hydrogen by electrolysis. The complementarity between renewable energy and Generation IV (fast breeder) nuclear power is important for three reasons. The first reason is that these two energy sources have significant potential in providing a differentiated mix of energy production to assure East Australia's energy and water security and achieve a sufficient rate of decarbonisation to meet Australia's commitments under the UNFCCC Paris Agreement (April 2016). The second reason is improved economic efficiency. For example, the Nuclear Fuel Cycle Royal Commission (February 2016) estimated that wholesale South Australian electricity prices would be 24% lower if a single, large, gigawatt-scale nuclear power plant complemented South Australia's predominantly renewable energy by 2030. The third reason is consideration of both the optimal use of land and the remoteness power production. For example, wind farms are necessarily geographically dispersed due to the need for propitious sites and a land area of approximately 300 times that of nuclear energy. Similarly for concentrated solar, which requires approximately 30 times the land area of nuclear energy.
Category: Climate Research

[1] viXra:1605.0189 [pdf] submitted on 2016-05-18 02:05:58

Linear Temporal Interpolation Method in Etm+ Using Modis Data.

Authors: Marcos Palomo Arroyo, Santiago Ormeño Villajos
Comments: 15 Pages.

The main objective of the present work was to obtain synthetic ETM+ images with improved temporal resolution using MODIS radiometry to expand the applicability of this method to environmental issues that require detailed monitoring over time. To do this, we needed to verify the consistency between the data provided by ETM+ and MODIS. We used images from these sensors taken on different dates and in different test areas. We designed and validated a spatial resampling method based on statistical parameters and a linear interpolation method for diachronic data. The results confirm the consistency between MODIS and ETM+ data and their dependence on the spatial variability of the information. They also show that it is possible to obtain images derived from MODIS with the spatial resolution of ETM+ using a simple and robust linear interpolation method. Both results broaden the scope of these sensors’ application to environmental issues.
Category: Climate Research