Condensed Matter

1712 Submissions

[3] viXra:1712.0597 [pdf] replaced on 2018-07-13 01:04:55

The 'Generalized Skettrup Model' and Matsubara Statistics

Authors: Valeri LIGATCHEV
Comments: 13 Pages. This article contains comments on the book 'Polycrystalline and Spatially Non-Homogeneous Amorphous Semiconductors and Insulators' by Valeri Ligatchev, published by Nova Science Publishers, Inc., in the second quarter of the year 2017

The ‘Generalized Skettrup Model’ (GSM) [1] links features of near-band gap and intra-gap electronic as well as corresponding optical spectra of polycrystalline and spatially non-homogeneous amorphous semiconductors and insulators to probabilities of fluctuations in an energy of the individual quasi-particle, number of quasi-particles in a quantum grand canonical ensemble (QGCE) of confined acoustic phonons with static plane-wave basis (pure states), and in their aggregate energy. Features of the GSM [1] are discussed herein in comparison to those of quantum statistics pioneered by famous Japanese physicist T. Matsubara [2], which is based essentially on two-points ‘Green Function’ (GF) formalism, and takes into account fluctuations in temperature of QGCE. The GSM [1] might be ultimately treated as a ‘conservative’ (and essentially static) counterpart of the generic Matsubara statistics for the specific case of ensemble of acoustic phonons confined within micrometer- and sub-micrometer-sized non-homogeneities (crystallites) of poly-crystalline and spatially non-homogeneous amorphous semiconductors and insulators. However, unambiguous links among spectral characteristics of the GSM and Matsubara GF might be established for equilibrated phononic ensembles with static and/or dynamic plane-wave basis. Moreover, original scope of the GSM might be expanded further based on the fundamental ideas, pioneered by T. Matsubara.
Category: Condensed Matter

[2] viXra:1712.0566 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-23 00:12:33

Navier Stockes Equation, Integrals of Motion and Generalization of the Equation of Continuity of the Flow of Matter to the Theory of Relativity

Authors: Dmitri Martila
Comments: 9 Pages. Manuscript is copyrighted.

The use of N-S equation is of outmost important for everyday life: airplanes, ships, underwater ships, etc. So, the Clay Institute promises 1 000 000 dollars for a good solution. Present paper is about Estonian author confidence, that he have solved the problem.
Category: Condensed Matter

[1] viXra:1712.0559 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-22 08:59:54

Weyl Particles Detected

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 20 Pages.

At TU Wien recently, particles known as 'Weyl fermions' were discovered in materials with strong interaction between electrons. Just like light particles, they have no mass but nonetheless they move extremely slowly. [13] Quantum behavior plays a crucial role in novel and emergent material properties, such as superconductivity and magnetism. [12] A source of single photons that meets three important criteria for use in quantum-information systems has been unveiled in China by an international team of physicists. Based on a quantum dot, the device is an efficient source of photons that emerge as solo particles that are indistinguishable from each other. The researchers are now trying to use the source to create a quantum computer based on "boson sampling". [11] With the help of a semiconductor quantum dot, physicists at the University of Basel have developed a new type of light source that emits single photons. For the first time, the researchers have managed to create a stream of identical photons. [10] Optical photons would be ideal carriers to transfer quantum information over large distances. Researchers envisage a network where information is processed in certain nodes and transferred between them via photons. [9] While physicists are continually looking for ways to unify the theory of relativity, which describes large-scale phenomena, with quantum theory, which describes small-scale phenomena, computer scientists are searching for technologies to build the quantum computer using Quantum Information. In August 2013, the achievement of "fully deterministic" quantum teleportation, using a hybrid technique, was reported. On 29 May 2014, scientists announced a reliable way of transferring data by quantum teleportation. Quantum teleportation of data had been done before but with highly unreliable methods. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to build the Quantum Computer with the help of Quantum Information.
Category: Condensed Matter