Digital Signal Processing

1812 Submissions

[16] viXra:1812.0492 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-30 09:20:05

Realism to Blockchain's Promise

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 93 Pages.

Depending on who you ask, blockchain technology is poised to revolutionize the world-from creating a universal currency to building a free and truly private internet. [52] By constructing a hybrid device made from two different types of qubit-the fundamental computing element of quantum computers-they have created a device that can be quickly initialized and read out, and that simultaneously maintains high control fidelity. [51] Researchers have demonstrated that an amoeba-a single-celled organism consisting mostly of gelatinous protoplasm-has unique computing abilities that may one day offer a competitive alternative to the methods used by conventional computers. [50] For the first time, researchers have used tiny gears made of germanium to generate a vortex of twisted light that turns around its axis of travel much like a corkscrew. [49] Physical systems with discrete energy levels are ubiquitous in nature and form fundamental building blocks of quantum technology. [48] In a similar vein, scientists are working to create twisting helical electromagnetic waves whose curvature allows more accurate imaging of the magnetic properties of different materials at the atomic level and could possibly lead to the development of future devices. [47] In a recent study, materials scientists Guojin Liang and his coworkers at the Department of Materials Science and Engineering, City University of Hong Kong, have developed a self-healing, electroluminescent (EL) device that can repair or heal itself after damage. [46] A team of researchers based at The University of Manchester have found a low cost method for producing graphene printed electronics, which significantly speeds up and reduces the cost of conductive graphene inks. [45] Graphene-based computer components that can deal in terahertz "could be used, not in a normal Macintosh or PC, but perhaps in very advanced computers with high processing rates," Ozaki says. This 2-D material could also be used to make extremely high-speed nanodevices, he adds. [44] Printed electronics use standard printing techniques to manufacture electronic devices on different substrates like glass, plastic films, and paper. [43]
Category: Digital Signal Processing

[15] viXra:1812.0421 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-26 03:23:10

A Short Technical Communication on Ising Model as Mathematical Tools to Probe CryoEM /SEM/TEM/Raman Spectroscopy/FTIR Based Images/MRI Pulse Sequences- Using Python – An Interesting Suggestion & Insight into the Promising World of Image Processing Domains

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 4 Pages. Short Communication & Technical Notes

A Short Technical Communication on Ising Model as Mathematical Tools to Probe : CryoEM/SEM/TEM/Raman Spectroscopy/FTIR Based Images Using Python – An Interesting Insight into the Promising World of Image Processing.Though we refer to CryoEM Images it is applicable to all the images obtained through SEM/TEM/Raman Spectroscopy/FTIR etc to probe Nano-Bio Machines and their complex Molecular Systems to advance next generation technology, devices and applications.
Category: Digital Signal Processing

[14] viXra:1812.0395 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-22 07:58:00

Amoeba Computing

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 88 Pages.

Researchers have demonstrated that an amoeba-a single-celled organism consisting mostly of gelatinous protoplasm-has unique computing abilities that may one day offer a competitive alternative to the methods used by conventional computers. [50] For the first time, researchers have used tiny gears made of germanium to generate a vortex of twisted light that turns around its axis of travel much like a corkscrew. [49] Physical systems with discrete energy levels are ubiquitous in nature and form fundamental building blocks of quantum technology. [48] In a similar vein, scientists are working to create twisting helical electromagnetic waves whose curvature allows more accurate imaging of the magnetic properties of different materials at the atomic level and could possibly lead to the development of future devices. [47] In a recent study, materials scientists Guojin Liang and his coworkers at the Department of Materials Science and Engineering, City University of Hong Kong, have developed a self-healing, electroluminescent (EL) device that can repair or heal itself after damage. [46] A team of researchers based at The University of Manchester have found a low cost method for producing graphene printed electronics, which significantly speeds up and reduces the cost of conductive graphene inks. [45] Graphene-based computer components that can deal in terahertz "could be used, not in a normal Macintosh or PC, but perhaps in very advanced computers with high processing rates," Ozaki says. This 2-D material could also be used to make extremely high-speed nanodevices, he adds. [44] Printed electronics use standard printing techniques to manufacture electronic devices on different substrates like glass, plastic films, and paper. [43] A tiny laser comprising an array of nanoscale semiconductor cylinders (see image) has been made by an all-A*STAR team. [42] A new instrument lets researchers use multiple laser beams and a microscope to trap and move cells and then analyze them in real-time with a sensitive analysis technique known as Raman spectroscopy. [41]
Category: Digital Signal Processing

[13] viXra:1812.0392 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-22 18:53:03

A Method of Purchasing Goods and Services on the Internet using Internet Service Providers to Transfer the Money

Authors: Timothy J Walshaw
Comments: 20 Pages.

This article describes a method of purchasing goods and services on the internet using money deposited with an Internet Service Provider (ISP), and a proposed centralized Internet Money Transfer Service (IMTS) to transfer the money from the Buyer's ISP to the Seller's ISP. The method in short requires:- 1.Having the buyer establish an account with the buyer’s internet service provider (ISP); 2.Having the seller establish an account with the sellers’ ISP; 3.The buyer placing funds in the buyer’s ISP, or establishing a line of credit; 4.The buyer purchases a good or service from the seller by sending a message over the internet via the buyer’s ISP and the seller’s ISP; 5.This purchase results in a debiting of the buyer’s account and crediting of the seller’s account; 6.The transfer of money from the buyer’s ISP to the seller’s ISP. 7.For domestic only transfer, there is a single domestic Money Transfer Service, owned by the provider, that transfers money from one domestic ISP to another. 8.The domestic transfer of money from one ISP to another would pass through the domestic Internet Money Transfer Service (IMTS), owned by the provider. All the ISP’s would open accounts with this service, and the Domestic IMTS would refund net payments to each ISP at the end of the day through its banking agent, or require the ISP to refund it the net amount at the end of the day. 9.The domestic IMTS would act as the central banker for this internet money transfer service. There would be an IMTS service in each country. 10.For International money transactions each Domestic IMTS would also act as an International IMTS. 11.The international transfer of money from one ISP to one in another country would pass through the International IMTS, owned by the provider. All the ISP’s would open accounts with this service, and the IMTS would refund net payments to each ISP at the end of the day through its banking agent, or require the ISP to refund it the net amount at the end of the day. 12.Each country’s IMTS would act as the central banker for this internet money transfer service. There would be an IMTS in each country, and they would facilitate inter-country payments. These IMTS’s would facilitate foreign exchange transactions. This methodology could be used in economies where more advanced money transfer systems, based on the use of credit cards and individual credit, are unable to be used. Additionally, there are issues with the safety of the provision of credit card numbers to sellers. The transmission of these numbers over the internet is dangerous, the seller has to be trusted not to misuse the credit card information, and the retention of this information in databases can be highly dangerous. It is a lot safer to transfer the money directly from buyer to seller via third parties using encryption.
Category: Digital Signal Processing

[12] viXra:1812.0376 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-22 05:34:01

Theta Functions & CryoEM Image Processing Aspects – An Insight into Novel Design and Implementation Towards a Promising CryoEM Image Processing Informatics Platform.

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 3 Pages. Short Communication & Technical Notes

Theta Functions & CryoEM Image Processing Aspects – An Insight into Novel Design and Implementation Towards a Promising CryoEM Image Processing Informatics Platform.Let us probe and understand complex “Nano-Bio Machines” using Mathematical Tools.
Category: Digital Signal Processing

[11] viXra:1812.0359 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-21 04:02:27

Record Data Storage Density

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 97 Pages.

Researchers have demonstrated a new technique that can store more optical data in a smaller space than was previously possible on-chip. [57] A new electronic device can developed at the University of Michigan can directly model the behaviors of a synapse, which is a connection between two neurons. [56] "The atom-scale devices we are developing create a new basis for computer electronics that will be able to run at least 100 times faster or operate at the same speed as today but using 100 times less energy," continued Wolkow. [55] Significant technical and financial issues remain towards building a large, fault-tolerant quantum computer and one is unlikely to be built within the coming decade. [54] Chemists at Friedrich Schiller University in Jena (Germany) have now synthesised a molecule that can perform the function of a computing unit in a quantum computer. [53] The research team developed the first optical microchip to generate, manipulate and detect a particular state of light called squeezed vacuum, which is essential for HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/quantum/" quantum computation. [52] Australian scientists have investigated new directions to scale up qubits-utilising the spin-orbit coupling of atom qubits-adding a new suite of tools to the armory. [51] A team of international researchers led by engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) have invented a new magnetic device to manipulate digital information 20 times more efficiently and with 10 times more stability than commercial spintronic digital memories. [50] Working in the lab of Mikhail Lukin, the George Vasmer Leverett Professor of Physics and co-director of the Quantum Science and Engineering Initiative, Evans is lead author of a study, described in the journal Science, that demonstrates a method for engineering an interaction between two qubits using photons. [49] Researchers with the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have demonstrated a new level of control over photons encoded with quantum information. [48] Researchers from Intel Corp. and the University of California, Berkeley, are looking beyond current transistor technology and preparing the way for a new type of memory and logic circuit that could someday be in every computer on the planet. [47]
Category: Digital Signal Processing

[10] viXra:1812.0356 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-21 04:35:34

Future Hard Disk Drives

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 98 Pages.

Magnetic recording is the primary technology underpinning today's large-scale data storage. Now, companies are racing to develop new hard disk devices (HDDs) capable of recording densities greater than 1 terabit per square inch. [58] Researchers have demonstrated a new technique that can store more optical data in a smaller space than was previously possible on-chip. [57] A new electronic device can developed at the University of Michigan can directly model the behaviors of a synapse, which is a connection between two neurons. [56] "The atom-scale devices we are developing create a new basis for computer electronics that will be able to run at least 100 times faster or operate at the same speed as today but using 100 times less energy," continued Wolkow. [55] Significant technical and financial issues remain towards building a large, fault-tolerant quantum computer and one is unlikely to be built within the coming decade. [54] Chemists at Friedrich Schiller University in Jena (Germany) have now synthesised a molecule that can perform the function of a computing unit in a quantum computer. [53] The research team developed the first optical microchip to generate, manipulate and detect a particular state of light called squeezed vacuum, which is essential for HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/quantum/" quantum computation. [52] Australian scientists have investigated new directions to scale up qubits-utilising the spin-orbit coupling of atom qubits-adding a new suite of tools to the armory. [51] A team of international researchers led by engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) have invented a new magnetic device to manipulate digital information 20 times more efficiently and with 10 times more stability than commercial spintronic digital memories. [50] Working in the lab of Mikhail Lukin, the George Vasmer Leverett Professor of Physics and co-director of the Quantum Science and Engineering Initiative, Evans is lead author of a study, described in the journal Science, that demonstrates a method for engineering an interaction between two qubits using photons. [49] Researchers with the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have demonstrated a new level of control over photons encoded with quantum information. [48]
Category: Digital Signal Processing

[9] viXra:1812.0334 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-20 02:46:36

Security with Biological Encryption

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 97 Pages.

Living cells, regardless of the type, can be kept around for a long time and because they move constantly, can be photographed repeatedly to create new encryption keys. [57] A new electronic device can developed at the University of Michigan can directly model the behaviors of a synapse, which is a connection between two neurons. [56] "The atom-scale devices we are developing create a new basis for computer electronics that will be able to run at least 100 times faster or operate at the same speed as today but using 100 times less energy," continued Wolkow. [55] Significant technical and financial issues remain towards building a large, fault-tolerant quantum computer and one is unlikely to be built within the coming decade. [54] Chemists at Friedrich Schiller University in Jena (Germany) have now synthesised a molecule that can perform the function of a computing unit in a quantum computer. [53] The research team developed the first optical microchip to generate, manipulate and detect a particular state of light called squeezed vacuum, which is essential for HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/quantum/" quantum computation. [52] Australian scientists have investigated new directions to scale up qubits-utilising the spin-orbit coupling of atom qubits-adding a new suite of tools to the armory. [51] A team of international researchers led by engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) have invented a new magnetic device to manipulate digital information 20 times more efficiently and with 10 times more stability than commercial spintronic digital memories. [50] Working in the lab of Mikhail Lukin, the George Vasmer Leverett Professor of Physics and co-director of the Quantum Science and Engineering Initiative, Evans is lead author of a study, described in the journal Science, that demonstrates a method for engineering an interaction between two qubits using photons. [49] Researchers with the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have demonstrated a new level of control over photons encoded with quantum information. [48] Researchers from Intel Corp. and the University of California, Berkeley, are looking beyond current transistor technology and preparing the way for a new type of memory and logic circuit that could someday be in every computer on the planet. [47]
Category: Digital Signal Processing

[8] viXra:1812.0297 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-18 00:40:35

Inverse Problems Based Java Informatics Framework to Probe CryoEM Images – A Simple Suggestion Using JikesRVM – Research Virtual Machine & its Promising Image Processing Applications.

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 4 Pages. Short Communication & Technical Notes

Inverse Problems Based Java Informatics Framework to Probe CryoEM Images – A Simple Suggestion Using JikesRVM – Research Virtual Machine & its Promising Image Processing Applications.
Category: Digital Signal Processing

[7] viXra:1812.0295 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-18 02:04:46

Memristor Mimics Synapses

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 95 Pages.

A new electronic device can developed at the University of Michigan can directly model the behaviors of a synapse, which is a connection between two neurons. [56] "The atom-scale devices we are developing create a new basis for computer electronics that will be able to run at least 100 times faster or operate at the same speed as today but using 100 times less energy," continued Wolkow. [55] Significant technical and financial issues remain towards building a large, fault-tolerant quantum computer and one is unlikely to be built within the coming decade. [54] Chemists at Friedrich Schiller University in Jena (Germany) have now synthesised a molecule that can perform the function of a computing unit in a quantum computer. [53] The research team developed the first optical microchip to generate, manipulate and detect a particular state of light called squeezed vacuum, which is essential for HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/quantum/" quantum computation. [52] Australian scientists have investigated new directions to scale up qubits-utilising the spin-orbit coupling of atom qubits-adding a new suite of tools to the armory. [51] A team of international researchers led by engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) have invented a new magnetic device to manipulate digital information 20 times more efficiently and with 10 times more stability than commercial spintronic digital memories. [50]
Category: Digital Signal Processing

[6] viXra:1812.0258 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-15 15:44:58

Bivalent Correction of Ieee Std 1800-2017 (Verilog) and Std 1164-1993 (VHDL)

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 3 Pages. © Copyright 2016-2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com . Respond to the author by email at: info@ersatz-systems dot com.

We evaluate the multivalued logic SystemVerilog in IEEE Std 1800-2017. The classical logic proof tables for the connectives And, Or, Xor, and negations are based on the bivalency of 1, 0, X, Z as 0=~1 and Z=~X. This refutes and corrects the standard. We also retrofit and correct IEEE Std 1164-1993 (SynopsysVHDL) for the same.
Category: Digital Signal Processing

[5] viXra:1812.0254 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-14 08:31:44

Wi-Fi Wave-Based Computation

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 54 Pages.

A pair of researchers, one with the Langevin Institute, the other a company called Greenerwave, both in France, has developed a way to use ordinary Wi-Fi signals to perform analog, wave-based computations. [34] A scientist involved in expanding quantum communication to a network of users, is continuing his work at the University of Bristol. [33] In recent years, nanofabricated mechanical oscillators have emerged as a promising platform for quantum information applications. [32] Quantum communication, which ensures absolute data security, is one of the most advanced branches of the "second quantum revolution". [31] Researchers at the University of Bristol's Quantum Engineering Technology Labs have demonstrated a new type of silicon chip that can help building and testing quantum computers and could find their way into your mobile phone to secure information. [30] Theoretical physicists propose to use negative interference to control heat flow in quantum devices. [29] Particle physicists are studying ways to harness the power of the quantum realm to further their research. [28] A fundamental barrier to scaling quantum computing machines is "qubit interference." In new research published in Science Advances, engineers and physicists from Rigetti Computing describe a breakthrough that can expand the size of practical quantum processors by reducing interference. [26] The search and manipulation of novel properties emerging from the quantum nature of matter could lead to next-generation electronics and quantum computers. [25] Lab) has found the first evidence that a shaking motion in the structure of an atomically thin (2-D) material possesses a naturally occurring circular rotation. [24]
Category: Digital Signal Processing

[4] viXra:1812.0245 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-13 06:44:09

Low-Power Computing Discovery

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 94 Pages.

"The atom-scale devices we are developing create a new basis for computer electronics that will be able to run at least 100 times faster or operate at the same speed as today but using 100 times less energy," continued Wolkow. [55] Significant technical and financial issues remain towards building a large, fault-tolerant quantum computer and one is unlikely to be built within the coming decade. [54] Chemists at Friedrich Schiller University in Jena (Germany) have now synthesised a molecule that can perform the function of a computing unit in a quantum computer. [53] The research team developed the first optical microchip to generate, manipulate and detect a particular state of light called squeezed vacuum, which is essential for HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/quantum/" quantum computation. [52] Australian scientists have investigated new directions to scale up qubits—utilising the spin-orbit coupling of atom qubits—adding a new suite of tools to the armory. [51] A team of international researchers led by engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) have invented a new magnetic device to manipulate digital information 20 times more efficiently and with 10 times more stability than commercial spintronic digital memories. [50] Working in the lab of Mikhail Lukin, the George Vasmer Leverett Professor of Physics and co-director of the Quantum Science and Engineering Initiative, Evans is lead author of a study, described in the journal Science, that demonstrates a method for engineering an interaction between two qubits using photons. [49] Researchers with the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have demonstrated a new level of control over photons encoded with quantum information. [48] Researchers from Intel Corp. and the University of California, Berkeley, are looking beyond current transistor technology and preparing the way for a new type of memory and logic circuit that could someday be in every computer on the planet. [47]
Category: Digital Signal Processing

[3] viXra:1812.0187 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-10 07:51:07

Without Waste Heat Supercomputer

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 85 Pages.

Combining the lossless charge transport of superconductivity with the electronic transport of magnetic information, i.e., spintronics, paves the way for fundamentally novel functionalities for future energy-efficient information technologies. [45] The interactions of quarks and gluons are computed using lattice quantum chromodynamics (QCD)—a computer-friendly version of the mathematical framework that describes these strong-force interactions. [44] The building blocks of matter in our universe were formed in the first 10 microseconds of its existence, according to the currently accepted scientific picture. [43] In a recent experiment at the University of Nebraska–Lincoln, plasma electrons in the paths of intense laser light pulses were almost instantly accelerated close to the speed of light. [42] Plasma particle accelerators more powerful than existing machines could help probe some of the outstanding mysteries of our universe, as well as make leaps forward in cancer treatment and security scanning—all in a package that's around a thousandth of the size of current accelerators. [41] The Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory has started to assemble a new facility for revolutionary accelerator technologies that could make future accelerators 100 to 1,000 times smaller and boost their capabilities. [40] The authors designed a mechanism based on the deployment of a transport barrier to confine the particles and prevent them from moving from one region of the accelerator to another. "There is strong experimental evidence that there is indeed some new physics lurking in the lepton sector," Dev said. [38]
Category: Digital Signal Processing

[2] viXra:1812.0179 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-10 14:16:20

Intrusion Detection System and Neutrosophic Theory for MANETs: A Comparative Study

Authors: Haitham ElWahsh, Mona Gamal, A. A. Salama, I.M. El-Henawy
Comments: 7 Pages.

. Mobile Ad hoc Network (MANET) is a system of wireless mobile nodes that dynamically self-organized in arbitrary and temporary network topologies without communication infrastructure. This network may change quickly and unforeseeable. The unique characteristics of MANET give an adversary the opportunity to launch numerous attacks against ad-hoc networks. So the security is an important role in MANETs. This article aims to present the concept of intrusion detection system (IDs) and surveys some of major intrusion detection approach against neutrosophic intrusion detection system in MANETs. Current IDS’s corresponding to those architectures are also reviewed and compared. This paper introduces the accuracy rate and false alarm rate of four completely different classifiers to observe the percentage and the efficiency of the classifiers in detecting attacks in MANETs. Results show that Neutrosophic intelligent system based on genetic algorithm could facilitate significantly in detecting malicious activities in MANETs. Hence, neutrosophic techniques could be utilized to suit the ambiguity nature of the IDs
Category: Digital Signal Processing

[1] viXra:1812.0006 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-01 03:51:42

Faster Computer Memory Devices

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 78 Pages.

A team of scientists from Arizona State University's School of Molecular Sciences and Germany have published in Science Advances online today an explanation of how a particular phase-change memory (PCM) material can work one thousand times faster than current flash computer memory, while being significantly more durable with respect to the number of daily read-writes. [46] A new two-qubit quantum processor that is fully programmable and single electron spins that can be coherently coupled to individual microwave-frequency photons are two of the latest advances in the world of solid-state spin-based quantum computing. [45] Scientists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have now developed a highly efficient converter that enlarges the diameter of a HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/light/" light beam by 400 times. [44] There's little doubt the information technology revolution has improved our lives. But unless we find a new form of electronic technology that uses less energy, computing will become limited by an "energy crunch" within decades. [43] Researchers at the Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, have recently succeeded in boosting the storage time of quantum information, using a small glass container filled with room temperature atoms, taking an important step towards a secure quantum encoded distribution network. [42] New work by a team at the University of Bristol's Centre for Quantum Photonics has uncovered fundamental limits on the quantum operations which can be carried out with postselection. [41] The experimental investigation of ultracold quantum matter makes it possible to study quantum mechanical phenomena that are otherwise inaccessible. [40] The molecular switch is the fruit of a collaboration of members from the Departments of Experimental and Theoretical Physics at the University of Würzburg: Dr. Jens Kügel, a postdoc at the Department of Experimental Physics II, devised and ran the experiments. [39] A new test to spot where the ability to exploit the power of quantum mechanics has evolved in nature has been developed by physicists at the University of Warwick. [38]
Category: Digital Signal Processing