1602 Submissions

[4] viXra:1602.0357 [pdf] submitted on 2016-02-28 08:41:27

Time Dependent Analysis of the 10S2 Quintet

Authors: Herbert Weidner
Comments: 11 Pages.

The time dependent analysis of the normal mode 10S2 near 4040 µHz allows a precise determination of the frequencies of the five singlets and reveals a frequency modulation by 23 µHz, probably generated by the moon. The results of the data from 18 stations distributed worldwide deliver very good matching results and may help to figure out some properties of the isotropic layer at the top of the inner core.
Category: Geophysics

[3] viXra:1602.0104 [pdf] submitted on 2016-02-09 07:45:55

Evolutionary Earth Vs. Uniformitarianism

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 1 Page.

An alternative worldview of Earth's history is presented to replace outdated uniformitarianism philosophy.
Category: Geophysics

[2] viXra:1602.0099 [pdf] replaced on 2016-02-18 23:43:00

The Electromagnetic Signatures Produced by Earthquakes

Authors: Frank H. Makinson
Comments: 6 Pages. The effects created by the electromagnetic signatures produced by earthquakes need extensive additional study.

For centuries, there was no reliable way to know whether an earthquake was eminent, even though strange animal behavior and odd lights in the sky had been observed before earthquakes. It was noted that long range radio skip was interrupted before the 1960 Valdavia, Chile earthquake and the same interruption occurred before the 1964 Alaska earthquake. Scientists took notice, primarily outside of the seismology community, and began inquiring what mechanism could cause such an interruption. In the 1960s, it was already known that certain types of sunspot activity could cause the same type of radio skip alteration. It is now known there is a prodigious amount of electromagnetic activity proceeding and during an earthquake. It has been demonstrated in the laboratory that certain types of rock act like semiconductors when subjected to stress and produce an electric current that fluctuates. It is not known how many other earthquake related issues remain outside of our knowledge, especially the odd coincidence of human health problems just before and coincident to an earthquake.
Category: Geophysics

[1] viXra:1602.0060 [pdf] submitted on 2016-02-05 07:11:51

Random Dynamics of Dikes

Authors: Han Geurdes
Comments: 19 Pages. Na

Inthis paper, random dynamic systems theory is applied to time series ($\Delta t=5$ minutes) of measurement of water level, $W$, temperature, $T$, and barometric pressure, $P$, in sea dikes. The time series were obtained from DDSC and are part of DMC systems dike maintenance program of the Ommelanderzeedijk in northern Netherlands. The result of numerical analysis of dike $(W,T,P)$ time series is that after the onset of a more or less monotone increase in barometric pressure, an unexpected relatively sharp increase or decrease in water level can occur. The direction of change is related to random factors shortly before the onset of the increase. From numerical study of the time series, we found that $\Delta W_{max}\approx \pm 0.5$ mNAP\footnote{NAP indicates New Amsterdam water level which is a zero determining water level well known in the Netherlands.}. The randomness in the direction of change is most likely explained by the random outcome of two competitive processes shortly before the onset of a continuous barometric pressure increase. The two processes are pore pressure compaction and expulsion of water by air molecules. An important cause of growing barometric pressure increase can be found in pressure subsidence following a decrease in atmospheric temperature. In addition, there is a diurnal atmospheric tide caused by UV radiation fluctuations. This can give an additional $\Delta P_{tide}\approx\pm 0.1$ kPa barometric fluctuation\footnote{1Pa=1Pascal=$1Nm^{-2} \approx 10kg s^{-2}m^{-1}$.} in the mid latitudes ($30^{\circ}N-60^{\circ}N$).
Category: Geophysics