# High Energy Particle Physics

## 1105 Submissions

[3] **viXra:1105.0020 [pdf]**
*submitted on 14 May 2011*

### Compactly Reproducing the Fine Structure Constant Inverse and the Muon-, Neutron-, and Proton-Electron Mass Ratios

**Authors:** J. S. Markovitch

**Comments:** 2 pages.

Compact equations are introduced that reproduce the ne structure constant inverse and the
muon-, neutron-, and proton-electron mass ratios near their experimental limits.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[2] **viXra:1105.0005 [pdf]**
*submitted on 3 May 2011*

### Correlation of Nucleon Mass with Lepton Mass

**Authors:** Christoph Caesar

**Comments:** 11 pages.

One of the key questions of elementary particles physics is the mass relation between
leptons and nucleons or quarks. Leptons in many hadron decays and interactions
show a typical energy of 53 MeV. Explicit numbers of these electrons accommodated
in a quark fit the observed mass and charges of quarks and nucleons. The model
further is shown to have exactly and only three different variations for quarks, the
colors.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[1] **viXra:1105.0003 [pdf]**
*submitted on 1 May 2011*

### Model for Understanding the Substructure of the Electron

**Authors:** Christoph Caesar

**Comments:** 18 pages. This article has been submitted to Nature Physics on July 13. 2009.

Using a simple electromagnetic model, the electron is described as circulating
electromagnetic wave with an internal twist as Moebius ribbon. Mathematically, the
Moebius loop is required for the spin 1/2, as the model requires two revolutions to
fulfill one phase. The positive half wave stays on the inside and partly compensates
itself in a way that the negative field of the wave always is on the outside. The ratio
of the field energy responsible for the charge to the total particle rest energy is the
dimensionless figure 1/137, which is the fine structure constant. The model of the
rotating photon does not contradict current models and offers a great simplification
by using a deterministic mind set.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics