[10] **viXra:1403.0971 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2014-08-21 09:47:30*

**Authors:** Keith Maxwell Hardy

**Comments:** 28 Pages.

All forces emerge from a simple field based on the analogy of waves rippling out from a source. New ideas are applied to this field such as plus and minus space and time, an absolute reference frame of nothingness, and origins of influence. This approach results in a basic unified field theory.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[9] **viXra:1403.0300 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2015-05-30 10:35:44*

**Authors:** Frank Dodd Tony Smith Jr

**Comments:** 20 Pages.

B-mode CMB polarization observed by BICEP2 is consistent with the Octonionic Inflation of E8 Physics that does not use a conventional inflaton field but instead uses NonAssociative Non-Unitary Octonionic Quantum Processes. V2 adds details such as inflation producing a matter-dominated Universe. V3 corrects and expands material about matter-antimatter and generation-antigeneration. V4 add some details about Octonionic Inflation. V5 adds discussion of gravity fluctuations leading to cosmological structure.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[8] **viXra:1403.0272 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2014-06-05 14:38:07*

**Authors:** Jay R. Yablon

**Comments:** 225 Pages. Revision 3 updates section 14, adds new sections 15 through 20.

We develop in detail, the classical magnetic monopoles of non-abelian Yang-Mills gauge theory and show how these monopoles, when analyzed using Gauss’ / Stokes’ theorem, appear to confine their gauge fields, and also, appear to be composite objects. Of course, baryons, which include the protons and neutrons at the heart of nuclear physics, also confine their gauge fields and are similarly-composite objects. This raises the question whether the magnetic monopoles of Yang-Mills theory are in some fashion related to the observed physical baryons. After developing inverse solutions for the non-abelian electric charge densities while carefully examining uniqueness and gauge fixing, we use these solutions together with Dirac theory to “populate” these classical monopoles with fermions. Applying the Fermi-Dirac-Pauli Exclusion Principle to these fermions forces the selection of a dimension-3 gauge group initially chosen to be SU(3). We then find that these non-abelian magnetic monopoles have the exact chromodynamic symmetries of baryons and interact via colored magnetic fields with the exact chromodynamic symmetries of mesons. We show that a required U(1) factor ensures that these monopoles are topologically stable, and also “flavors” these monopole as protons and neutrons. Because this exposition is classical, we also discuss the extent to which classical field theory can be used to effectively analyze baryons and confinement. We point out how a recursive aspect of the non-abelian electric charge solution may be used to perform an analytically-exact quantum path integration for Yang-Mills theory, proving the existence of a non-trivial quantum Yang–Mills theory on R4 for any simple gauge group G. Finally, we use the results of this path integration to develop four examples of the application of analytical non-linear quantum field theory, which includes a quantum field explanation of confinement, a fitting of the running QCD curve to the known empirical data within experimental error bars, and a careful review of single and double slit experiments.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[7] **viXra:1403.0267 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-03-15 20:58:17*

**Authors:** Michael Snyder

**Comments:** 8 Pages.

This document is an update to my paper "Photonic Dipole Contours of Ferrofluid Hele-Shaw Cell" arXiv:0805.4364v2 . Photographs are the primary datasets and makeup the majority of the document. The overall argument is that the ferrofluid cells are basically spin based radar systems that show photon scatter off of electron flows inside of the
ferrofluid cell; induced by external magnetic fields. In other words, we are watching sparks cascading through an irregular lattice like lighting jumping cloud to cloud. They build up static electricity like a solar cell.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[6] **viXra:1403.0118 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-03-13 06:54:12*

**Authors:** Hideki Mutoh

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

The electromagnetic field model including Nakanishi-Lautrup (NL) field of quantum electrodynamics (QED) can easily treat creation and annihilation of positive and negative charge pairs, although it is difficult for Maxwell's equations to treat them. However, the model does not directly satisfy the charge conservation equation and permits single charge creation and annihilation. It is shown that the potential energy of NL field for a pair of charge creation and annihilation centers is proportional to their distance. It causes the confinement of charge creation and annihilation centers, which means the charge conservation for this model. The quark confinement might be also explained by the energy of NL field.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[5] **viXra:1403.0078 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-03-11 17:04:04*

**Authors:** Ray Fleming

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

Ernest Sternglass determined that a neutral meson, the π0 could be modeled as a relativistic electron-positron pair, and later determined that the muon could be modeled as an electron rotating around a similar electron-positron pair. The author noticed that there is a second higher-energy orbital solution not previously published by Sternglass where the electron-positron pair orbits around the electron’s center. A simple computation shows that the mass-energy of this second solution is consistent with the tau particle. Based on these models the mu and tau leptons are not fundamental particles as described in currently popular theories but are instead two excited meta-stable states of an electron and an electron-positron pair.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[4] **viXra:1403.0073 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-03-10 18:38:18*

**Authors:** Roger N. Weller

**Comments:** 13 Pages.

The concepts of a proposed Modified Standard Model are applied to explain the charged pion and muon decays along with an analysis of the nuclear reactions involved in major neutrino detection experiments.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[3] **viXra:1403.0016 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2017-01-03 01:15:18*

**Authors:** Luke Kenneth Casson Leighton

**Comments:** 15 Pages.

We introduce an expansion of the Rishon Model to cover quark generations,
(including a previously unnoticed one), provide an explanation for T and V
as a topologically convenient moniker representing aspects of phase and
polarity within knots (of for example String Theory), and explain particle
decay in terms of simple ``phase transform" rules. We identify all current
particles (with the exception of ``Top") including the gluon, the Bosons and
the Higgs, purely in terms of the underlying mechanism which topologically
can be considered to be Rishons. All this is predicated on the simple
assumption that all particles in effect photons phase-locked in a
repeating pattern inherently obeying Maxwell's equations, in symbiotic support
of their own outwardly-propagating electro-magnetic synchotronic radiation, and that Rishons represent a phase ``measurement" (real or
imaginary) at key strategic points on the photon's path.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[2] **viXra:1403.0015 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2014-03-03 15:53:20*

**Authors:** LIU Changli, GE Fengjun

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

Why massless particles, for example photons, can only have two helicity one-particle states is the main subject of this work. As we know, the little group which describes massive particle one-particle states' transformations under the Lorentz transformation is SO(3), while the little group describing massless states is ISO(2). In this paper, a new method is proposed to contract SO(3) group to ISO(2) group. We use this contraction method to prove that the particle can only have two helicity one-particle states from the perspective of \emph{kinematics}, when the particle mass trends to zero. Our proof is different from the dynamic explanation in the existing theories.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[1] **viXra:1403.0013 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2014-03-04 11:32:13*

**Authors:** Friedwardt Winterberg

**Comments:** 9 Pages.

It is shown that the hypothesis of an inflationary universe to solve the horizon and flatness problem can be avoided by Lorentzian relativity assuming the existence of a preferred reference system at rest with the zero point vacuum energy cut off at the Planck energy. Under this assumption there will be a “firewall” at the event horizon of an expanding universe where all matter disintegrates into radiation having everywhere the Unruh black body radiation temperature. The replacement of the Einsteinian relativity by the Lorentzian relativity to solve the problem of quantum gravity was suggested to the author by Heisenberg.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics