[16] **viXra:1809.0439 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-09-19 09:44:00*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 23 Pages.

These leptoquarks are proposed in theories attempting to unify the strong, weak and electromagnetic forces. [11] This paper explains the magnetic effect of the electric current from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the electric wire. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. New ideas for interactions and particles: This paper examines also the possibility to origin the Spontaneously Broken Symmetries from the Planck Distribution Law. This way we get a Unification of the Strong, Electromagnetic, and Weak Interactions from the interference occurrences of oscillators. Understanding that the relativistic mass change is the result of the magnetic induction we arrive to the conclusion that the Gravitational Force is also based on the electromagnetic forces, getting a Unified Relativistic Quantum Theory of all 4 Interactions.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[15] **viXra:1809.0359 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-09-17 10:14:58*

**Authors:** Risto Raitio

**Comments:** 8 Pages.

The supersymmetric preon model [1] is based on simplest possible superfields of which the standard model can be constructed. The preon model offers a natural framework for supersymmetry breaking mediated dynamically by gravity. The SUSY breaking interaction Lagrangian contains supersymmetric preon, aka. `hidden' and visible sector MSSM fields. The low energy limit of the preon model is proposed to be the standard model with broken supersymmetry.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[14] **viXra:1809.0356 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-09-17 13:10:08*

**Authors:** Deep Jyoti Dutta

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

This Paper essentially focuses on the weird new form of mathematical equation that absolutely shows
justification of an electron in uniform magnetic field. This paper also shows the alternate method to
calculate electron’s charge to mass ratio. This note also makes possible speculations about the two new
elementary particles. This work however also describes the very early brilliant experimental
observations of Sir Thomson in Cambridge, England and its impact on this modern theoretical study. The
main attractive part is the general prediction which needs to be vindicated by experiments.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[13] **viXra:1809.0353 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-09-17 13:19:38*

**Authors:** Deep Jyoti Dutta

**Comments:** 8 Pages.

This purpose of this present paper is to present the simple idea to introduce a mathematical model to
predict some possible particles (and may be its systems) that might exist beyond standard model of
particle physics. The idea that is discussed in this present note must somehow* be the particle does not
belong to fermions or bosons but more exotic. This paper is purely theoretical which gives hypothetical
flavor of particles that possibly claims to exist in nature, based on the weird but interesting
mathematical sketch. This note has been done by keeping one sentences in mind that the existing
particles can reveal the zoo of other unknown particles.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[12] **viXra:1809.0328 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-09-15 06:56:17*

**Authors:** Deep Jyoti Dutta

**Comments:** 15 Pages.

The nature’s beautiful symmetry defines its original scenery which is very simple if one can grasp the mathematical idea associated with it. The first purpose of this note is to present the abstract mathematical methodology (not abstract as nature’s beautiful symmetry arrangements) can also be called as mathematical scheme which justifies the charge, spin and mass of electroweak bosons which is our original choice. The second primary fundamental essence of this note is to attempt the prediction of fractional charged boson that might exist in nature with definite spin basically spin equivalent to gauge boson and a scalar boson of integer charge with an approximate mass. The mass mentioned in this note is our mass calculation limit which may change. Both particles are predicted as elementary. For this note we have taken only elementary gauge boson with charge i.e. w boson to develop mathematical rules to predict another new gauge charged boson.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[11] **viXra:1809.0327 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-09-15 06:59:05*

**Authors:** Deep Jyoti Dutta

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

vindicated by experimental approaches in super energetic accelerators. The predicted particles are
strongly interacting composite particles with “colored quarks” as its basic constituents.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[10] **viXra:1809.0326 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-09-15 07:01:22*

**Authors:** Deep Jyoti Dutta

**Comments:** 1 Page.

Physics of strongly interacting particles are well known in terms of simplified mathematical models. This
note mathematically shows the evidence of particles called baryons of special type, means with special
quark combinations. The certainty of this paper must be an experimental approach in high energy
accelerators.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[9] **viXra:1809.0303 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-09-14 11:04:41*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 79 Pages.

In a recent experiment at the University of Nebraska–Lincoln, plasma electrons in the paths of intense laser light pulses were almost instantly accelerated close to the speed of light. [42] Plasma particle accelerators more powerful than existing machines could help probe some of the outstanding mysteries of our universe, as well as make leaps forward in cancer treatment and security scanning—all in a package that's around a thousandth of the size of current accelerators. [41] The Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory has started to assemble a new facility for revolutionary accelerator technologies that could make future accelerators 100 to 1,000 times smaller and boost their capabilities. [40] The authors designed a mechanism based on the deployment of a transport barrier to confine the particles and prevent them from moving from one region of the accelerator to another. "There is strong experimental evidence that there is indeed some new physics lurking in the lepton sector," Dev said. [38] Now, in a new result unveiled today at the Neutrino 2018 conference in Heidelberg, Germany, the collaboration has announced its first results using antineutrinos, and has seen strong evidence of muon antineutrinos oscillating into electron antineutrinos over long distances, a phenomenon that has never been unambiguously observed. [37] The Precision Reactor Oscillation and Spectrum Experiment (PROSPECT) has completed the installation of a novel antineutrino detector that will probe the possible existence of a new form of matter. [36] The MINERvA collaboration analyzed data from the interactions of an antineutrino— the antimatter partner of a neutrino—with a nucleus. [35] The inclusion of short-range interactions in models of neutrinoless double-beta decay could impact the interpretation of experimental searches for the elusive decay. [34]

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[8] **viXra:1809.0271 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-09-14 02:36:09*

**Authors:** Deep Jyoti Dutta

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

This paper aims to give basic theoretical approach in order to interpret the origin of masses in
elementary particles. This solution of mass problem is very crucial and forms a fundamental base in
theoretical particle physics. For particle and nuclear physicists this solutions is a holy grail in particle
physics. Particles of group fermions and bosons are evolved without mass this means these were
massless [1] at the beginning, but soon they acquire mass by an interaction which is called as
mechanism known Brout-Englert-Higgs mechanism.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[7] **viXra:1809.0241 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-09-11 15:21:12*

**Authors:** Valeriy Dvoeglazov

**Comments:** 7 Pages.

We investigate some subtle points of the Majorana(-like) theories.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[6] **viXra:1809.0160 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-09-07 10:04:29*

**Authors:** Frank Dodd Tony Smith Jr

**Comments:** 41 Pages.

This is a pdf file of 40 slides about the Basic Ideas of Cl(16) Physics with Pd-D Fusion. It is only an Overview of Basic Ideas. Details are in vixra 1807.0166v2.pdf and vixra 1603.0098v2.pdf and my viXra pages and my web sites including valdostamuseum.com/hamsmith/ The Slideshow in mov format is on the web at valdostamuseum.com/hamsmith/Cl16PdD.mov The mov slides have no audio narration
because I think that audio would distract from video presentation of the slides.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[5] **viXra:1809.0114 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-09-05 20:20:06*

**Authors:** Samuel Lewis Reich, Winston G. Perera

**Comments:** 10 Pages.

The following shows three reasons to consider the axial Doppler shift dilation or compression of time for the observer as opposed to just considering the transverse Doppler shift as that. At present most writing call only the transverse that. Because high energy beams are noisy for various reasons and it is impossible to make control experiments on objects light years away, the error remains. The following also shows the Doppler equations apply to motion of all periodic things (objects on conveyor belt or a beam of bullets not just waves).
The three reasons are: One, the axial shift in only dependent on the geometry and velocities, which are relations between various time and space dimensions between the source and the observer. Two, the axial shift affects the rate of periodic things in a moving line are observed and rate (frequency) = 1/time. Three, there are no exceptions; the axial shift changes all rates observer sees from the source.
The lack of an axial shift is the only error or inconsistency addressed by this paper. With the exception that this paper will prove that length of anything along any axis appears to a moving observer to be 1/K times as big as to a stationary observer. Where K is the resultant shift of frequency of both axil and transverse Doppler shift that light moving along that axis would have. Because frequency times wave length= c velocity if light (same in all reference planes) and wave length is distance. Most writers just assume only the moving direction changes.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[4] **viXra:1809.0113 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-09-05 20:34:49*

**Authors:** Jay R. Yablon

**Comments:** 121 Pages. In this draft, all twelve fermion masses are explained as a function of other parameters.

We require all components of the Kaluza-Klein metric tensor to be generally-covariant across all five dimensions by deconstructing the metric tensor into Dirac-type square root operators. This decouples the fifth dimension from the Kaluza-Klein scalar, makes this dimension timelike not spacelike, makes the metric tensor inverse non-singular, covariantly reveals the quantum fields of the photon, makes Kaluza-Klein fully compatible with Dirac theory, and roots this fifth dimension in the physical reality of the chiral, pseudo-scalar and pseudo-vector particles abundantly observed in particle physics based on Dirac’s gamma-5 operator, thereby “repairing” all of the most perplexing problem in Kaluza-Klein theory. Albeit with additional new dynamics expected, all the benefits of Kaluza-Klein theory are retained, insofar as providing a geometrodynamic foundation for Maxwell’s equations, the Lorentz Force motion and the Maxwell-Stress energy tensor, and insofar as supporting the viewpoint that the fifth dimension is, at bottom, the matter dimension. We find that the Kaluza-Klein scalar must be a massless, luminous field quantum to solve long-standing problems arising from a non-zero scalar field gradient. This luminous scalar is connected to the standard model Higgs field, then used to generate rest masses for fermions through spontaneous symmetry breaking, whereby all quark and lepton masses are directly reparameterized in terms of the CKM and PMNS mixing angles. A second leptonic Higgs boson is predicted along with its mass, and the masses of the three neutrinos are also predicted. Finally, we suggest multiple pathways for continued development.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[3] **viXra:1809.0065 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-09-03 10:54:15*

**Authors:** Tejas Chandrakant Thakare

**Comments:** 3 Pages. Please feel free to comment/ discuss on this study.

In this paper, by taking consideration of some assumptions, the mechanism behind
dual nature of light is proposed. After great wave-particle struggle physics is now reached to
the fact that, light shows dual nature and in order to give possible reason behind dual nature
of light I have taken little bit help from the classical mechanics. During explanation of the
mechanism behind dual nature of light I have also discussed about the photoelectric effect and
double slit experiment.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[2] **viXra:1809.0030 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-09-01 08:27:02*

**Authors:** P. R. Silva

**Comments:** 10 pages and 14 references

Two seminal ideas are considered in this paper. One of them was introduced by Tryon [Nature 246, 396(1973)], dealing with the possibility of the universe being created from nothing. The other one was proposed by Thompson [J. Phys. A9, L25(1976)], in order to study the critical behavior of a cooperative system. Both ideas are implemented conjointly with the use of linear and quadratic confining potentials as a means to make estimates of the quark condensate of the QCD. In accomplishing this task, the MIT bag model by Chodos et al. [Phys. Rev. D9, 3471(1974)] is also taken in account.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics

[1] **viXra:1809.0029 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-09-01 08:54:48*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 21 Pages.

For some time now, researchers have noted several anomalies in the decays of beauty mesons in the data coming in from the LHCb experiment at the Large Hadron Collider. [12] The first full characterization measurement of an accelerator beam in six dimensions will advance the understanding and performance of current and planned accelerators around the world. [11] Researchers have found a way to accelerate antimatter in a 1000x smaller space than current accelerators, boosting the science of exotic particles. [10] THREE WEEKS AGO, upon sifting through the aftermath of their protonsmashing experiments, physicists working at the Large Hadron Collider reported an unusual bump in their signal: the signature of two photons simultaneously hitting a detector. Physicists identify particles by reading these signatures, which result from the decay of larger, unstable particles that form during high-energy collisions. It's how they discovered the Higgs boson back in 2012. But this time, they had no idea where the photons came from. [9] In 2012, a proposed observation of the Higgs boson was reported at the Large Hadron Collider in CERN. The observation has puzzled the physics community, as the mass of the observed particle, 125 GeV, looks lighter than the expected energy scale, about 1 TeV. [8] 'In the new run, because of the highest-ever energies available at the LHC, we might finally create dark matter in the laboratory,' says Daniela. 'If dark matter is the lightest SUSY particle than we might discover many other SUSY particles, since SUSY predicts that every Standard Model particle has a SUSY counterpart.' [7] The problem is that there are several things the Standard Model is unable to explain, for example the dark matter that makes up a large part of the universe. Many particle physicists are therefore working on the development of new, more comprehensive models. [6] They might seem quite different, but both the Higgs boson and dark matter particles may have some similarities. The Higgs boson is thought to be the particle that gives matter its mass. And in the same vein, dark matter is thought to account for much of the 'missing mass' in galaxies in the universe. It may be that these mass-giving particles have more in common than was thought. [5] The magnetic induction creates a negative electric field, causing an electromagnetic inertia responsible for the relativistic mass change; it is the mysterious Higgs Field giving mass to the particles. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate by the diffraction patterns. The accelerating charges explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Relativistic Quantum Theories. The self maintained electric potential of the accelerating charges equivalent with the General Relativity space-time curvature, and since it is true on the quantum level also, gives the base of the Quantum Gravity.

**Category:** High Energy Particle Physics