History and Philosophy of Physics

1505 Submissions

[9] viXra:1505.0133 [pdf] submitted on 2015-05-18 04:00:50

The Microcosm

Authors: Karl Birjukov
Comments: 34 Pages.

Relativity is seriously flawed as a theory of reality. However, it is very often the case that even a flawed theory is acceptable when no viable alternative is offered. When this happens, the flaws are made invisible, and carried into every idea that subsequently shapes concepts without a possibility of detection. It may seem strange to imagine that what is going to be developed here is in some ways an alternative intending to render those flaws visible. However, it is not so much that the interest here is relativity. The meaning of microcosm as it will be developed requires that it should be offered up against reality in comparison. Since no idea or theory ever really does this, the intention is to compare ideas against each other. When this happens, it is clear that a certain dissonance takes place, and so it becomes necessary to look at relativity since the dissonance comes from there. It should be stressed, however, that this is not intended as a scientific enterprise. Far from it. This notion of microcosm begins its life by looking for novel ways of approaching a more tangible and accessible meaning. As such, it lies outside the traditional purview of science, yet paradoxically has something to say about the nature of reality. Consequently, the lines of distinction that are traditionally drawn between subject areas inevitably become blurred. Microcosm is generally considered in fairly abstract terms: a part reflects a whole, or more generally, all things are connected. Poetically and artistically, it is also suggestive of man as a reflection of the whole. But here, it may be more useful to think of the microcosm as a fraction – the word ‘fraction’ already holds within itself a denominator form that expresses the idea of the whole of which it is a part.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[8] viXra:1505.0050 [pdf] submitted on 2015-05-06 07:29:37

Photogarphy or Teleportation?

Authors: Fursa E.Ja.
Comments: 12 Pages.

The discoveries in the region of quantum physics definitely indicate on the existence of the immaterial universe, does not available for a perception of our senses and scientific instruments, and the presence of pre-existing information-power "canvas" in the basis of every living organism. Thus quantum nonlocality is, perhaps, the manifestation of the properties of the very peculiar level of the organization of matter, of so-called "thin world" (or of the "canvas"), which we are unsuccessfully are looking for around and in all: in the inexplicably reasonable, orderly, harmonious, symmetrical and in an animate… So-called psychics almost unmistakable by the photograph able to distinguish people living and the dead. And one must admit it is an established fact. What are the causal or informational connection may exist between the human (as a living matter) and of non living copy (photograph) of this person, living or dead? Photo (holography) there is physic-chemical process of saving the image of object (or of other biophysical parameters) on the remoted carrier (film) by means of quantum teleportation of particles (photons). The psychic, in a known sense, is "a quantum observer" having abilities to carry out the decoherence of the quantum states.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[7] viXra:1505.0023 [pdf] submitted on 2015-05-02 08:57:09

Errors in Nobel Prize for Physics (1) ──Strict Unified Theory Cannot be Existed

Authors: Fu Yuhua
Comments: 11 Pages.

One of the reasons for 1979 Nobel Prize for physics is "for their contributions to the theory of the unified weak and electromagnetic interaction between elementary particles". While the strict "unified theory" cannot be existed, there is only "partial and temporary unified theory so far". Applying least square method, "partial and temporary unified electromagnetic theory so far", "partial and temporary unified gravitational theory so far", "partial and temporary unified theory of four fundamental interactions so far", and "partial and temporary unified theory of natural science so far" can be established. In this way, the theory of everything to express all of natural laws, described by Hawking that a single equation could be written on a T-shirt, is partially and temporarily realized in the form of "partial and temporary unified variational principle of natural science so far".
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[6] viXra:1505.0022 [pdf] submitted on 2015-05-02 09:01:39

Errors in Nobel Prize for Physics (2) ──Exist at Least Seven States of Accelerating Expansion & Contraction and the Like in Universe

Authors: Fu Yuhua
Comments: 3 Pages.

One of the reasons for 2011 Nobel Prize for physics is "for the discovery of the accelerating expansion of the universe through observations of distant supernovae". But "the accelerating expansion of the universe" is debatable. Through mathematical derivation, according to Hubble's law, the values of far away distance, far away speed, far away acceleration of a galaxy, and the force acted on this galaxy are all the exponential functions of time, these reach the unreasonable conclusions: as time tends to infinity, all of these values will tend to infinity too. Due to the observation of distance is limited, at most we can say: "partial universe is in the state of expansion (including accelerating expansion)." In addition, partial universe (such as the area nearby a black hole) is in the state of contraction. Therefore the correct conclusion is that there exist at least seven states of accelerating expansion and contraction and the like in the universe, namely "partial universe is in the state of accelerating expansion, partial universe is accelerating contraction, partial universe is uniform expansion, partial universe is uniform contraction, partial universe is decelerating expansion, partial universe is decelerating contraction, and partial universe is neither expansion nor contraction".
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[5] viXra:1505.0021 [pdf] submitted on 2015-05-02 09:06:08

Errors in Nobel Prize for Physics (3) ──Conservation of Energy Leads to Probability Conservation of Parity, Momentum and so on

Authors: Fu Yuhua
Comments: 10 Pages.

One of the reasons for 1957 Nobel Prize for physics is “for their penetrating investigation of the so-called parity laws which has led to important discoveries regarding the elementary particles”. While the concepts of parity laws (law of conservation of parity and law of nonconservation of parity) are questionable. For the experiment of Chien-Shiung Wu et al in 1957, the correct way of saying should be that the probability of conservation of parity is 71% and the probability of nonconservation of parity is only 29%. The essential reason for the phenomena of nonconservation (including nonconservation of parity, momentum, angular momentum and the like) is that so far only the “law of conservation of energy” can be considered as the unique truth in physics. As for other “laws”, they are correct only in the cases that they are not contradicted with law of conservation of energy or they can be derived by law of conservation of energy; otherwise their probability of correctness should be determined by law of conservation of energy or experiment (currently for the most cases the correctness can only be determined by experiment). Conclusion: besides law of conservation of energy, all other laws of conservation in physics may not be correct (or their probabilities of correctness are all less than 100%). Discussing the examples that law of conservation of momentum and law of conservation of angular momentum are not correct (their results are contradicted with law of conservation of energy). In addition, the essential shortcomings of special relativity and general relativity are caused from the reason that law of conservation of energy was not considered at the established time of these two theories; therefore their results will appear the examples contradicted with law of conservation of energy, and in the area of general relativity the attempt to derive the correct expression of energy will never be success. Finally the examples deriving the improved Newton's second law and improved law of gravity according to law of conservation of energy are discussed, which show the great potentiality of law of conservation of energy, and giving full play to the role of law of conservation of energy will completely change the situation of physics.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[4] viXra:1505.0020 [pdf] submitted on 2015-05-02 09:08:56

Errors in Nobel Prize for Physics (4) ──There is no Strict Symmetry in Nature

Authors: Fu Yuhua
Comments: 4 Pages.

In 1963, 1980 and 2008, the Nobel Prize for physics is related to symmetry principle, violation of symmetry, and broken symmetry respectively. These facts show the following viewpoint: In nature, not only symmetry principles exist, but also violations of symmetry and broken symmetries exist. While this paper presents the following viewpoint: There is no strict symmetry in nature, only approximate symmetry and partial and temporary symmetry can exixt; and for any symmetry, we can find the example of violation of symmetry or broken symmetry. For example, one case for violation of principle of general covariance is the fractal rule, because the fractal distribution is a straight line only in the double logarithmic coordinates. Theoretically, any equation in natural sciences and social sciences is corresponding to a symmetry and the related conserved quantity, and this conserved quantity can be equal to an arbitrary constant. The contradiction and incompatibility between symmetries are also discussed. For example, the incompatibility is existed between the symmetry for law of gravity and the symmetry for general relativity; and the law of conservation of energy generated by time translation symmetry is contradicted with the law of conservation of momentum generated by space translation symmetry and the law of conservation of angular momentum generated by space rotation symmetry. Although the symmetry for law of conservation of energy is only approximately correct, theoretically it could be considered as the unique symmetry in physics that is strictly correct. For other symmetries, they are correct only in the cases that they are not contradicted with this unique symmetry or they can be derived by this unique symmetry.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[3] viXra:1505.0019 [pdf] submitted on 2015-05-02 09:12:07

Errors in Nobel Prize for Physics (5) ──Improper Exclusion Principle and Man-made Law

Authors: Fu Yuhua
Comments: 4 Pages.

One of the reasons for 1945 Nobel Prize for physics is “for the discovery of the Exclusion Principle, also called the Pauli principle”. It has been found that bosons are not subject to the Pauli exclusion principle. This paper argues that in some cases the exclusion principle is also invalid for fermions. The reasons are as follows: first, according to Neutrosophy, any proposition has three situations of truth, falsehood and indeterminacy respectively; second, some scholars have pointed out that the exclusion principle may be broken in high-energy state; third, due to the existance of man created law (man-made law), the broken exclusion principle and the man-made (instantaneous) magnetic monopole can be artificially created; fourth, the exclusion principle is not compatible with law of conservation of energy, and in physics the principles that are not compatible with law of conservation of energy will be invalid in some cases.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[2] viXra:1505.0017 [pdf] submitted on 2015-05-02 09:14:47

Errors in Nobel Prize for Physics (6) ──Improper Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle

Authors: Fu Yuhua
Comments: 6 Pages.

One of the reasons for 1932 Nobel Prize for physics is “for the creation of quantum mechanics”. As well-known, the most famous contribution of Heisenberg is uncertainty principle, therefore one of the most importment reasons for Heisenberg was awarded the Nobel Prize is the creation of uncertainty principle. While, this paper points out that the original uncertainty principle is improper. Considering all the possible situations (including the case that people can create laws), the author presents "certainty-uncertainty principles" with general form and variable dimension fractal form. According to the classification of Neutrosophy, "certainty-uncertainty principles" can be divided into three principles in different conditions: "certainty principle", namely a particle’s position and momentum can be known simultaneously; "uncertainty principle", namely a particle’s position and momentum cannot be known simultaneously; and neutral (fuzzy) "indeterminacy principle", namely whether or not a particle’s position and momentum can be known simultaneously is undetermined. The special cases of "certainty-uncertainty principles" include the original uncertainty principle and Ozawa inequality. In addition, in accordance with the original uncertainty principle, discussing high-speed particle’s speed and track with Newton mechanics is unreasonable; but according to "certainty-uncertainty principles", Newton mechanics can be used to discuss the problem of gravitational defection of a photon orbit around the Sun (it gives the same result of deflection angle as given by general relativity). Finally, for the reason that in physics the principles, laws and the like that are regardless of the principle (law) of conservation of energy may be invalid; therefore "certainty-uncertainty principles" should be restricted (or constrained) by principle (law) of conservation of energy, and thus it can satisfy the principle (law) of conservation of energy.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[1] viXra:1505.0016 [pdf] submitted on 2015-05-02 09:17:22

Errors in Nobel Prize for Physics (7) ──Improper Schrodinger Equation and Dirac Equation

Authors: Fu Yuhua
Comments: 8 Pages.

One of the reasons for 1933 Nobel Prize for physics is “for the discovery of new productive forms of atomic theory” (namely Schrodinger equation and Dirac equation). While, this paper points out that Schrodinger equation and Dirac equation are improper. According to Neutrosophy, Schrodinger equation and Dirac equation have three situations of truth, falsehood and indeterminacy respectively. Three reasons lead to Schrodinger equation and Dirac equation are improper: firstly, they are not derived by the principle of conservation of energy; secondly, the random (stochastic) concept could lead to absurd results; thirdly, they cannot solve many problems such as gravitation. Applying "partial and temporary unified theory of natural science so far" including all the equations of natural science so far (in which, the theory of everything to express all of natural laws, described by Hawking that a single equation could be written on a T-shirt, is partially and temporarily realized in the form of "partial and temporary unified variational principle of natural science so far"), this paper presents "partial and temporary unified theory of quantum mechanics so far", this unified theory can be used to make Schrodinger equation and Dirac equation tend to be proper (making Schrodinger equation and Dirac equation are restricted (or constrained) by principle of conservation of energy, and thus they can satisfy the principle of conservation of energy; also making they are restricted (or constrained) by a certain gravitational theory, and establish "partial and temporary unified theory of quantum-gravitation so far").
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics