History and Philosophy of Physics

1608 Submissions

[7] viXra:1608.0247 [pdf] replaced on 2017-05-14 11:37:24

Spaces and Velocities

Authors: Tamas Lajtner
Comments: 7 Pages.

Space is what matter uses as space. Space is not dependent on its texture. It can be made out of matter or non-matter. Time is one characteristic of the given space. Using this new approach, we can find substantial spaces that exist in reality, but we have never considered these as spaces. In these spaces the faster-than-light communication is reality. This paper is based on space-matter theory, but it can be understood without knowing this. Space-matter theory describes how space and matter create time. So matter that appears as space appears as time, too. This conclusion is very new, but it is an important part of the space-matter theory.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[6] viXra:1608.0178 [pdf] submitted on 2016-08-17 00:10:20

Stoe Emergence

Authors: John C. Hodge
Comments: 5 Pages.

Emergent philosophy developed from the studies of biology, life, societies, and computer patterns. The Scalar Theory of Everything (STOE) model posits emergence theory models the universe. The STOE was developed from two basic agents and their interaction to the complexity of the cosmological scale. This model has described many mysteries of standard models including the structure of galaxy clusters, the microwave background temperature, rotation curves, asymmetric rotation curves, the relation of central mass parameters to outer galaxy parameters, galaxy redshift, periodic galaxy redshift, and the Pioneer Anomaly on the large scale. The STOE also suggests a photon model of light that describes Young's experiment, that rejected all wave models of light, and that described the results of the Hodge Experiment. It served as a base for explaining the Stern-Gerlach experiment. The STOE model made successful predictions of the Pioneer Anomaly and of the Hodge Experiment.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[5] viXra:1608.0132 [pdf] replaced on 2016-08-20 18:34:34

An Examination of Measurement Relevant to Entanglement and Ontology: Answers to Some Long Standing Questions.

Authors: Georgina Woodward
Comments: 20 Pages.

This paper is about how measurement has been misunderstood and that has led onto further misunderstanding. It has given the impression of ‘spooky action at a distance’ and made it seem that Bell’s inequalities argument supporting that must be correct. An argument is presented here, considering whether some measurements are not informing about the pre-existing properties of particles; but rather provoking responses that are providing the measurement outcomes. The mathematically impossible predictions for quantum experiments when pre-existing properties are assumed is looked at, while provocations are considered. That is, with regard to different orientations of response being of non-equivalent type and therefore not justifiably, added and subtracted; calling into question the applicability of Bell’s inequalities. Different categories of measurement are given. Entanglement is discussed in the light of the previous measurement arguments. Concluding that entanglement is due to symmetry, shown in same first measurement outcomes fitting predictions. There is refutation of faster than light communication, as a measurement is a response to the provocation supplied by the apparatus, not a preexisting property that has come into being upon first partner measurement. An ontological background for QM, relativity and perception is mentioned and reference made to the RICP explanatory framework. The Harry Beck London underground ‘Tube’ map is used in an argument that high predictive power does not necessarily equate to complete correspondence with underlying reality, only an aspect or some aspects of it.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[4] viXra:1608.0129 [pdf] submitted on 2016-08-12 13:27:30

Quantum Interpretation of the Impedance Model as Informed by Geometric Clifford Algebra

Authors: Michaele Suisse, Peter Cameron
Comments: 7 Pages. We revisit an earlier paper (Quantum Interpretation of the Impedance Model, 2013) to include new insights available from consideration of geometric Clifford algebra.

Quantum Interpretations seek to explain observables from formal theory. Impedances govern the flow of energy, are helpful in such attempts. An earlier note documented first efforts to resolve the interpretational ambiguities and contentions from the practical perspective of our model-based approach. In the interim, discovery of the deep connections between the impedance model and geometric Clifford algebra has shed new light on the measurement problem and its manifestations, which we revisit here.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[3] viXra:1608.0112 [pdf] replaced on 2017-02-01 14:31:14

On the Noumenal Realm of Physics

Authors: Robert Spoljaric
Comments: 9 Pages.

Can we know what is really real in physics? More precisely are there synthetic a priori propositions to describe the noumenal realm of physics? It will be shown that the answer is ‘yes’, and this has profound implications for Kant’s philosophy as Kant himself believed the noumenal realm is strictly unknowable by us. Now, the classical concept of mass plays a fundamental role in physics even though no one knows what mass really is. We shall resolve this fundamental ontological problem by using mass for the final time to reveal the noumenal realm of physics, which is a new paradigm of Relativity. The evolution from classical physics to this mass-free paradigm of Relativity is inevitable with implications for the totality of physics as understood today. Kant’s synthetic a priori propositions are the unambiguous foundations of this new paradigm. To answer our questions above a knowledge of pre-1925 physics is required and can be found in any standard textbook [1], with the physical arguments already presented in [2] and [3].
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[2] viXra:1608.0078 [pdf] submitted on 2016-08-08 07:25:18

The Relativity Theory by A. Einstein as an Example for Questionable Mechanisms in Science

Authors: J. Schwander
Comments: 36 pages in German

This article describes questionable mechanisms and mistakes in science. The Relativity Theory (RT) which A. Einstein published will be used as an example: The SRT (Special RT) in 1905 and the GRT (General RT) in 1915. Both theories have been experimentally proven numerous times and are an essential basis of modern physics. The article shows that the constancy of light velocity does not correlate with reality. The actual movement of an object in a defined space matches its imaginary reflection we perceive in our brain only from an internal, but not from an external view. [internal = orientation on space where the object moves; external = outside of that space] With regard to light, external observers or measuring instruments do not register the distance of photons. Instead, they see the resultant movement of these light particles and the system (space) in which they are in motion. The differences between the external and internal view are therefore not caused by photons or waves, but because of observers that orientate on different spaces (coordinate systems). Comparing both views, postulates arise that completely contradict a rational logic. Therefore, diverse statements of the RT do not withstand a critical examination. Moreover, we cannot use mathematics to verify if axioms (non-proven assumptions) of a theory are correct. Therefore, the various pieces of evidence of the RT state nothing about whether their bases accord with reality or not. Hence, this theory is based on the belief of correctness of assumptions, which can be refuted. The second part of the article will describe former and current scientific mistakes. Why they occur and endure will be analyzed. The factors are the belief in science, disregard of fundamentals of scientific work, questionable development in research and teaching, as well as skepticism towards new theses when a theory has already been established. This leads to fatal problems in the environmental sector. At the end of the article, a fundamental system change is suggested, which is indispensable in order to obtain our long-term livelihood.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[1] viXra:1608.0049 [pdf] submitted on 2016-08-05 06:29:46

Reality in the Context of Physics (Ricp): an Explanatory Framework: Bridging the Pitfalls of Category Error, Dispelling Paradox and Excluding Magic from Physics

Authors: Georgina Woodward
Comments: 42 pages including abstract and references

This work provides solutions to a number of long standing problems in physics, by identifying category error as an issue and providing an explanatory framework. Category error is indicated within Einstein’s work on relativity. Having addressed that, the associated paradoxes are dispelled. Other quandaries are considered, with the potential for category error and the explanatory framework in mind: Such as; the nature of time, the arrow(s) of time, causality, what is the future? Having proposed the need for an ontic, absolute, foundational reality there is relevant discussion of counterfactual definiteness and the law of non-contradiction. Discussion of true absolute relations in contrast to relations within ‘space-time’ images follows. A short note of caution on the risk of allowing magic into physics precedes a list giving the facts and problems in physics, demonstrating the need for an explanatory framework. The penultimate section, (before References), is the word definitions and key to abbreviations to be used in conjunction with the accompanying 5 diagrams that illustrate the explanatory framework. The framework impacts on many areas of physics. In particular relativity and QM; providing the ontic foundation necessary for both, allowing them to co-exist without contradiction. It also overlaps with other science areas in particular the biology and neuroscience of sensory perception.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics