[4] **viXra:1902.0497 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-02-28 11:24:31*

**Authors:** Michael A. Sherbon

**Comments:** 7 Pages. Journal of Advances in Physics 14 (3):5758-64 (2018)

Research into ancient physical structures, some having been known as the seven wonders of the ancient world, inspired new developments in the early history of mathematics. At the other end of this spectrum of inquiry the research is concerned with the minimum of observations from physical data as exemplified by Eddington’s Principle. Current discussions of the interplay between physics and mathematics revive some of this early history of mathematics and offer insight into the fine-structure constant. Arthur Eddington’s work leads to a new calculation of the inverse fine-structure constant giving the same approximate value as ancient geometry combined with the golden ratio structure of the hydrogen atom. The hyperbolic function suggested by Alfred Landé leads to another result, involving the Laplace limit of Kepler’s equation, with the same approximate value and related to the aforementioned results. The accuracy of these results are consistent with the standard reference. Relationships between the four fundamental coupling constants are also found.

**Category:** History and Philosophy of Physics

[3] **viXra:1902.0469 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-02-27 20:47:44*

**Authors:** Tariq Khan

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

“…if complexity does underlie spatial volume in black holes, Susskind envisions consequences for our understanding of cosmology in general. "It's not only black hole interiors that grow with time. The space of cosmology grows with time," he said. "I think it's a very, very interesting question whether the cosmological growth of space is connected to the growth of some kind of complexity. And whether the cosmic clock, the evolution of the universe, is connected with the evolution of complexity. There, I don't know the answer.""
-- Interview with Dr. Leonard Susskind in Quanta Magazine, https://www.quantamagazine.org/why-black-hole-interiors-grow-forever-20181206

**Category:** History and Philosophy of Physics

[2] **viXra:1902.0031 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-02-02 06:00:43*

**Authors:** Ratikanta Das

**Comments:** A short book with 60 pages

The following chapters are included in this book.
1. Need for an alternative to standard model (5 pages)
2. Preliminary ideas about four-dimensional (4D) space (5 pages)
3. Structure of our four-dimensional universe (6 pages)
4. Structure of fundamental particles in 4D space (6 pages)
5. 4D Classical picture of matter-energy conversion (13 pages)
6. Concepts of photon and matter wave in 4D space (4 pages)
7. Unifying coulomb and strong nuclear force (9 pages)
8. Realizing the existence of fourth space dimension (4 pages)

**Category:** History and Philosophy of Physics

[1] **viXra:1902.0023 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-02-01 18:36:10*

**Authors:** Tariq Khan

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

The prevalence of simulation in our Universe is discussed. Simulation is considered in the context of foundational efforts to determine the nature of reality and philosophical speculations related to why our reality might be a simulation are listed.

**Category:** History and Philosophy of Physics