General Mathematics

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Recent submissions

Any replacements are listed further down

[2436] viXra:1712.0357 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-08 13:52:23

A Riemann Hypothesis Essay

Authors: Wanting To Remain Anonymous
Comments: 2 Pages.

empty
Category: General Mathematics

[2435] viXra:1712.0131 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-06 01:33:15

Sketching 'trinions' and 'heptanions'

Authors: Kohji Suzuki
Comments: 9 Pages.

Attempting to abstract exterior derivative and Hodge star operator, we discuss two number systems sketchily.
Category: General Mathematics

[2434] viXra:1712.0123 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-05 11:04:35

Complete Solutions to Quadratics with a TI-83 Plus

Authors: Timothy W. Jones
Comments: 5 Pages.

Code is given for complete, exact solutions of quadratic polynomials using the TI-83 family of calculators.
Category: General Mathematics

[2433] viXra:1712.0121 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-04 08:35:04

芝诺悖论隐藏的数学危机

Authors: Liu Ran
Comments: 3 Pages.

芝诺悖论的前提假设,抽象模型不一致导致的混乱。
Category: General Mathematics

[2432] viXra:1712.0111 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-04 21:59:05

Betting on a Tossed Fair Coin - Some Unexpected Results

Authors: D Williams
Comments: 8 Pages.

Some examples are given of very counterintuitive results from betting on a tossed fair coin. Various betting schemes are examined and a preliminary partial classification scheme produced. A call is made for more research with a list of things that are needed.
Category: General Mathematics

[2431] viXra:1711.0407 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-25 07:19:51

Method for Obtaining a Minimum or Maximum Value in the Secondary Function

Authors: Yanakikawa Yoon
Comments: 1 Page.

It doesn't exist in high school textbooks.
Category: General Mathematics

[2430] viXra:1711.0381 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-22 02:45:39

Improved Interpolation and Approximation Through Order Manipulation

Authors: Vahid Rahmati
Comments: 10 Pages.

A novel transform calling smoothing, which can improve interpolation and reduce approximation error, is introduced in this paper. This method can be applied to various formulas, including interpolation and approximation methods, which are denoted in the process of order manipulation. Subsequently, the paper shows how to achieve higher degree polynomial approximations through fewer interpolation points, which is impossible with ordinary methods of interpolation. In fact, this leads to an alternative solution to oscillatory behavior and Runge’s phenomenon occurring in polynomial interpolations or methods of least squares approximation when the number of points is increased significantly to achieve higher degree polynomials with the aim of error reduction. Several ideas—in the form of theorems and their proofs—are therefore studied on the basis of smoothing process of the interpolation. Finally, a comprehensive comparison, with the intention of showing the advantage of the new transform over other methods in the form of MSE v. number of samples, is provided.
Category: General Mathematics

[2429] viXra:1711.0311 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-14 06:30:32

Attractors , Number Pi

Authors: Edgar Valdebenito
Comments: 10 Pages.

This note presents some attractors and three formulas for pi
Category: General Mathematics

[2428] viXra:1711.0310 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-14 06:33:32

Dalzell Integral

Authors: Edgar Valdebenito
Comments: 6 Pages.

This note presents some formulas related with Dalzell integral.
Category: General Mathematics

[2427] viXra:1711.0309 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-14 06:36:40

Infinitorun :Part 1

Authors: Edgar Valdebenito
Comments: 5 Pages.

This note presents three integrals for pi.
Category: General Mathematics

[2426] viXra:1711.0308 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-14 06:38:46

Pi and Phi

Authors: Edgar Valdebenito
Comments: 5 Pages.

This note presents some formulas for pi.
Category: General Mathematics

[2425] viXra:1711.0305 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-14 06:45:49

Question 411 : Integrals

Authors: Edgar Valdebenito
Comments: 3 Pages.

This note presents a collection of integrals for pi.
Category: General Mathematics

[2424] viXra:1711.0304 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-14 06:49:36

Question 412 :The Number Rho

Authors: Edgar Valdebenito
Comments: 5 Pages.

This note presents some formulas related with the real root of the equation: x^5+x^4+x^3+x^2+x-1=0.
Category: General Mathematics

[2423] viXra:1711.0254 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-08 17:56:26

The Fair Bet Paradox

Authors: D Williams
Comments: 6 Pages.

A simple paradox in probability theory is given. It highlights how inadequate common notions of what is a "fair bet" are (examples given).
Category: General Mathematics

[2422] viXra:1711.0240 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-07 03:50:18

Higher Integrals

Authors: Edgar Valdebenito
Comments: 3 Pages.

In this note we explore an elliptic integral
Category: General Mathematics

[2421] viXra:1711.0232 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-07 01:45:13

A Manifesto and Anti-Manifesto for Outer-Art

Authors: Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 21 Pages.

“Outer-Art” is a movement set up as a protest against, or to ridicule, the random modern art which states that everything is… art! It was initiated by Florentin Smarandache, in 1990s, who ironically called for an upside-down artwork: to do art in a way it is not supposed to be done, i.e. to make art as ugly, as silly, as wrong as possible, and generally as impossible as possible!
Category: General Mathematics

[2420] viXra:1711.0231 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-07 01:46:45

Paradoksizmi – Rryma MË e Fundit Letrare, Artistike Dhe Filozofike, Pararoja e MIJËVJEÇARIT TË DYTË

Authors: Lediana Paja, Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 8 Pages.

Pradoksizmi është një lëvizje praktike në letërsi, art, filozofi, shkencë bazuar në përdorimet e tepruara të antitezës, antinomisë, konradiksionit, shembël-ltyrës, mosmarrëveshjes, anti-klisheve, derivimit të sensit, kundra fjalimeve, të pakuptueshmes, para-doksit, apo paradokseve të njëjta në krijime. U themelua dhe u udheheq nga Florentin Smarandache qe prej 1980, i cili u shpreh : “Qëllimi është zgjerimi i sferës artistike prej elementeve jo artistikë. Por sidomos kundra kohës, kundra kuptimit të krijimit. Eshtë gjithashtu një eksperiment”.
Category: General Mathematics

[2419] viXra:1711.0230 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-07 01:47:43

Paradoxism and (Outer)-Art: a New Cultural (Dis)Order?

Authors: Mugur Grosu, Mircea Tuglea, Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 22 Pages.

Because I have, finally, before my eyes two significant works- your volume, Destiny (published last year although it was written 20 years ago!) and a more special work, Outer-Art, that we have to talk about without fail later on-, we can start interviewing you. At the beginning I am asking you to make a short introducing of your “inventions” until now: paradoxism, outer-art, etc. Could you place these proposed directions within a certain order of the vanguard currents?
Category: General Mathematics

[2418] viXra:1711.0229 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-07 01:49:19

Paradoxism – the Last Literary, Artistic, and Philosophic Vanguard of the Second Millennium Arabic Version

Authors: Nadia Idri, Salah Osman, Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 4 Pages.

From the book: NonPoems, by Florentin Smarandache, Xiquan Publishing House,Phoenix, Chicago, 1991, 1992, 1993.
Category: General Mathematics

[2417] viXra:1711.0228 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-07 01:50:28

Paradoxism – the Last Literary, Artistic, and Philosophic Vanguard of the Second Millennium Bengali Version

Authors: Sharif S. N. Bhuiyan, Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 7 Pages.

From the book: NonPoems, by Florentin Smarandache, Xiquan Publishing House, Phoenix, Chicago, 1991, 1992, 1993.
Category: General Mathematics

[2416] viXra:1711.0227 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-07 01:51:44

ПАРАДОКСИЗЪМ – Последният Литературен, Художествен и Философски Авангард на Второто Хилядолетие

Authors: Albena Tchamova, Maria Nikolova, Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 9 Pages.

Парадоксизмът е авангардно движение в литературата, изкуството, философията, науката, основано на използването на огромен брой антитези, парадокси, противоречия, притчи, несъгласия в произведенията.
Category: General Mathematics

[2415] viXra:1711.0225 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-07 01:53:15

Paradoxism – the Last Literary, Artistic, and Philosophic Vanguard of the Second Millennium Chinese Version

Authors: Fu Yuhua, Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 4 Pages.

From the book: NonPoems, by Florentin Smarandache, Xiquan Publishing House,Phoenix, Chicago, 1991, 1992, 1993.
Category: General Mathematics

[2414] viXra:1711.0224 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-07 01:54:09

Paradoxism – na ČESKÉM

Authors: Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 5 Pages.

Shodovat se k Florentin Smarandache, paradoxism 1980 je teorie a škola paradoxů používání v literárním a uměleckém vytvoření. Stoupenci paradoxism věří, že to odhalí podstatné rozpory existence tím, že se zaměří na je, zatímco jiné avantgardní činnosti takový jak dadaism a surrealism dělají ne.
Category: General Mathematics

[2413] viXra:1711.0223 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-07 01:55:51

Het Paradoxisme – Een Avantgardistische Beweging in DE Literatuur, DE Kunst, DE Filosofie

Authors: Henri Thijs, Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 9 Pages.

Het paradoxisme (een offici Nederlandse term moet nog worden uitgevonden), is een avantgardistische beweging in de literatuur, de kunst, de filosofie en de wetenschap die is gebaseerd op het excessief gebruik van antithesen, antinomie contradicties,en paradoxen in de creaties. De stroming werd al in 1980 opgericht en gepatroneerd door de schrijver Florentin Smarandache die zijn beweegredenen aldus omschrijft: Het doel is de verruiming van de artistieke sfeer door de incorporatie van niet-artistieke elementen en vooral door de creatie op experimentle wijze tegendraads en averechts te laten verlopen.
Category: General Mathematics

[2412] viXra:1711.0222 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-07 01:57:27

Paradoxism – the Last Literary, Artistic, and Philosophic Vanguard of the Second Millennium

Authors: Charles Le, Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 8 Pages.

PARADOXISM is an avant-garde movement in literature, art, philosophy, science, based on excessive used of antitheses, antinomies, contradictions, parables, paraphrases, odds, anti-clichés, deviations of senses, parodies of proverbs and aphorisms, against-the-grain speech, upside-down interpre-tations, nonsense, paradoxes, semiparadoxes in creations. Paradoxism tries to find common parts to apparently uncommon things in any human field.
Category: General Mathematics

[2411] viXra:1711.0221 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-07 01:58:29

Le Paradoxisme, la Derniere Avant-Garde du Deuxieme Millenaire

Authors: J. M. Charrier, Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 6 Pages.

Le Paradoxisme est un mouvement d'avant-garde dans la littérature, l'art, la philosophie, la science appuyé sur l'excessive utilisation des antithèses, antinomies, contradictions, paraboles, déviations du sens, interpretations à l'envers des clichés, non-sens, paradoxes, semiparadoxes dans les créations.
Category: General Mathematics

[2410] viXra:1711.0220 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-07 01:59:22

Paradoxismus – Die Letzte Literarische, KÜNSTLERISCHE Und Philosophische Avantgarde Des Zweiten Jahrtausends

Authors: Bernd Hutschenreuther, Martina Teichert, Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 9 Pages.

PARADOXISMUS ist eine literarische, künstlerische, geistes- und naturwissenschaftliche Avantgarde- Bewegung, die den exzessiven Einsatz von Antithesen, Antinomien, Widersprüchen, Parabeln, Wahrscheinlichkeiten und Paradoxien in Schöpfungen zur Grundlage hat.
Category: General Mathematics

[2409] viXra:1711.0219 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-07 02:00:44

Paradoxism – the Last Literary, Artistic, and Philosophic Vanguard of the Second Millennium Greek Version

Authors: Θεοδώρα Μπλούση, Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 6 Pages.

Ο ΠΑΡΑΔΟΞΙΣΜΟΣ είναι ένα πρωτοποριακό κίνημα στη λογοτεχνία, την τέχνη, τη φιλοσοφία, την επιστήμη, με βάση τη δημιουργία με υπερβολική χρήση αντιθέσεων, αντονομίες, αντιφάσεων, παραβολών, αποδόσεων και παράδοξων ρημάτων. Ιδρύθηκε και διευθύνεται από τον συγγραφέα Φλωρεντίν Σμαρανδάκε από το 1980, ο οποίος είπε:.. “Ο στόχος είναι η διεύρυνση της καλλιτεχνικής σφαίρας μέσω μη καλλιτεχνικών στοιχείων. Αλλά κυρίως η δημιουργία αντίθετων εννοίων, λογικής και χρόνου. Επίσης, για να πειραματιστεί."
Category: General Mathematics

[2408] viXra:1711.0218 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-07 02:01:33

PARadOXisTák

Authors: Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 5 Pages.

A paradoxizmus a nyolcvanas évek román irodalmi és mûvészeti avantgárd mozgalma. Kommunista-ellenes szándékkal Florentin Smaran-dache, az amerikai disszidens író és matematikus hozta létre az irányzatot, mely az alkotásban nagymértékben az ellentételezésre, az antinó-miákra, az oximoronokra, az ellentmondásokra és a paradoxonokra alapoz.
Category: General Mathematics

[2407] viXra:1711.0217 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-07 02:03:01

Paradoxisme – the Gerakan Sastra, Seni Dan Filsafat Terakhir Pada Milenium Kedua

Authors: V. Christianto, Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 9 Pages.

PARADOXISMe adalah suatu gerakan kontemporere (avant-garde) dalam sastra, seni, filsafat dan ilmu, didasarkan pada penggunaan berlebihan dari antithesis, antinomies, kontradiksi, parable, kejanggalan, anti-klisé, deviasi-deviasi dari pemikiran, melawan butiran pidato, ketidakmasukakalan, paradoks, dan semiparadoks dalam penciptaan-penciptaan.
Category: General Mathematics

[2406] viXra:1711.0216 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-07 02:04:06

Paradossismo – L’AVANGUARDIA Della Letteratura, Arte e Filosofia Del Secondo Millennio

Authors: Felice Russo, Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 9 Pages.

Il paradossismo e’ un movimento letterario e artistico di avanguardia, come una protesta antitotalitaria, creata dallo scrittore Florentin Smarandache nel 1980, e basata sull’eccessivo uso delle antitesi, antinomie, contraddidizioni, paradossi durante la produzione.
Category: General Mathematics

[2405] viXra:1711.0215 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-07 02:05:05

Paradoxismo – a ÚLTIMA Vanguarda LITERÁRIA, ARTÍSTICA e FILOSÓFICA do Segundo MILÊNIO

Authors: Leonardo F. D. da Motta, Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 8 Pages.

"Paradoxismo" é um movimento de vanguarda da literatura, arte, filosofia, ciência, baseada no uso excessivo de antíteses, antinomias, contradições, parábolas, diferenças, paradoxos em criação. Foi criado e liderado pelo escritor Florentin Smarandache desde 1980, que disse: "O objetivo é alargar o legado artístico através de elementos não-artísticos. Mas especialmente o contratempo, contra-senso de criar. Também ao experimento."
Category: General Mathematics

[2404] viXra:1711.0214 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-07 02:05:53

Paradoxismul – Ultima AVANGARDĂ a Mileniului Doi

Authors: Gheorghe Niculescu, Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 4 Pages.

Paradoxismul este o miscare internationala de avangarda in literatura, arta, filozofie, chiar si stiinta, bazata pe folosirea excesiva de antiteze, antinomii, contradictii, oximorone, parabole, paradoxuri in creatie.
Category: General Mathematics

[2403] viXra:1711.0213 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-07 02:07:03

пАРадОКСизМ – Новейшее литературное, художественное и философское передовое движение Второго тысячелетия

Authors: Dmitri Rabounski, Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 10 Pages.

Парадоксизм — это передовое литературное и художественное движение, основанное как антитоталитарный протест писателем Флорентином Смарандаке в 1980-м году. Его основа —активное использование антитез, антиномий, противоречий и парадоксов в творчестве.
Category: General Mathematics

[2402] viXra:1711.0212 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-07 02:07:54

Paradoxismo – Movimiento DE Vanguardia en Literatura, Arte, FILOSOFÍA, Ciencia

Authors: Sebastián Martín Ruiz, Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 8 Pages.

El Paradoxismo es un movimiento de vanguardia en literatura, arte, filosofía, ciencia, basado en el excesivo uso de antítesis, antinomias, contradicciones, parábolas, rarezas, y paradojas en la creación artística.
Category: General Mathematics

[2401] viXra:1711.0211 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-07 02:08:48

Paradoxism – Den Sista LITTERÄRA, KONSTNÄRLIGA Och Filosofiska Avantgarde I Det Andra ÅRTUSENDET

Authors: Kristina Staude, Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 8 Pages.

PARADOXISM är en avantgarderörelse inom litteratur, konst, filosofi och vetenskap som är baserad på det omåttliga användandet av antiteser, antinomier, motsägelser, parabler, tillfälligheter och paradoxer i skapelser.
Category: General Mathematics

[2400] viXra:1711.0210 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-07 02:09:34

Ultra-Modernism?

Authors: Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 4 Pages.

“Outer-Art” is a movement set up as a protest against, or to ridicule, the random modern art which states that everything is… art! It was initiated by Florentin Smarandache, in 1990s, who ironically called for an upside-down artwork: to do art in a way it is not supposed to be done, i.e. to make art as ugly, as silly, as wrong as possible, and generally as impossible as possible!
Category: General Mathematics

[2399] viXra:1711.0209 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-07 02:10:30

Unification of Art Theories (Uat) a Long Manifesto

Authors: Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 71 Pages.

“Outer-Art” is a movement set up as a protest against, or to ridicule, the random modern art which states that everything is… art! It was initiated by Florentin Smarandache, in 1990s, who ironically called for an upside-down artwork: to do art in a way it is not supposed to be done, i.e. to make art as ugly, as silly, as wrong as possible, and generally as impossible as possible!
Category: General Mathematics

[2398] viXra:1711.0191 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 02:27:04

A Comparative Analysis of QADA-KF with JPDAF for Multitarget Tracking in Clutter

Authors: Jean Dezert, Albena Tchamova, Pavlina Konstantinova, Erik Blasch
Comments: 8 Pages.

This paper presents a comparative analysis of performances of two types of multi-target tracking algorithms: 1)the Joint Probabilistic Data Association Filter (JPDAF), and 2) classical Kalman Filter based algorithms for multi-target tracking improved with Quality Assessment of Data Association (QADA) method using optimal data association. The evaluation is based on Monte Carlo simulations for difficult maneuvering multiple-target tracking (MTT) problems in clutter.
Category: General Mathematics

[2397] viXra:1711.0190 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 02:28:48

A Hierarchical Flexible Coarsening Method to Combine BBAs in Probabilities

Authors: Yilin Dong, Xinde Li, Jean Dezert
Comments: 8 Pages.

In many applications involving epistemic uncertainties usually modeled by belief functions, it is often necessary to approximate general (non-Bayesian) basic belief assignments (BBAs) to subjective probabilities (called Bayesian BBAs). This necessity occurs if one needs to embed the fusion result in a system based on the probabilistic framework and Bayesian inference (e.g. tracking systems), or if one wants to use classical decision theory to make a decision.
Category: General Mathematics

[2396] viXra:1711.0189 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 02:30:34

A Multichannel Decision-Level Fusion Method for T Wave Alternans Detection

Authors: Changrong Ye, Xiaoping Zeng, Guojun Li, Chenyuan Shi, Xin Jian, Xichuan Zhou
Comments: 11 Pages.

Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is one of the most prominent causes of death among patients with cardiac diseases. Since ventricular arrhythmia is the main cause of SCD and it can be predicted by T wave alternans (TWA), the detection of TWA in the body-surface electrocardiograph (ECG) plays an important role in the prevention of SCD. But due to the multi-source nature of TWA, the nonlinear propagation through thorax, and the effects of the strong noises, the information from different channels is uncertain and competitive with each other.
Category: General Mathematics

[2395] viXra:1711.0188 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 02:32:29

A New Computational Measurement and Optimization Approach for DSmT

Authors: Hongfei Li, Jinran Wang, Hongbin Jin, Kangsheng Tian, Zhongliang Jing
Comments: 8 Pages.

A great deal of interest has been paid to computation problem of Dezert-Smarandache theory (DSmT). But there are still problems on complex analysis and frequently search. The computational measurement of DSmT is presented in which the computation is generated in the search for focal elements, the combination of focal elements and basic belief assignment, the expression of focal elements.
Category: General Mathematics

[2394] viXra:1711.0187 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 02:33:42

A New Probabilistic Transformation Based on Evolutionary Algorithm for Decision Making

Authors: Yilin Dong, Xinde Li, Jean Dezert
Comments: 8 Pages.

The study of alternative probabilistic transformation (PT) in DS theory has emerged recently as an interesting topic, especially in decision making applications.
Category: General Mathematics

[2393] viXra:1711.0186 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 02:35:00

A New Weighting Factor in Combining Belief Function

Authors: Deyun Zhou, Qian Pan, Gyan Chhipi-Shrestha, Xiaoyang Li, Kun Zhang, Kasun Hewage, Rehan Sadiq
Comments: 20 Pages.

Dempster-Shafer evidence theory has been widely used in various applications. However, to solve the problem of counter-intuitive outcomes by using classical Dempster-Shafer combination rule is still an open issue while fusing the conflicting evidences.
Category: General Mathematics

[2392] viXra:1711.0185 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 02:36:05

An Improved Dempster-Shafer Algorithm Using a Partial Conflict Measurement

Authors: Bayanmunkh Odgere, Chang-Hoon Lee
Comments: 11 Pages.

Multiple evidences based decision making is an important functionality for computers and robots. To combine multiple evidences, mathematical theory of evidence has been developed, and it involves the most vital part called Dempster’s rule of combination. The rule is used for combining multiple evidences.
Category: General Mathematics

[2391] viXra:1711.0184 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 02:37:38

An Internet of Things Approach for Extracting Featured Data Using AIS Database: An Application Based on the Viewpoint of Connected Ships

Authors: Wei He, Zhixiong Li, Reza Malekian, Xinglong Liu, Zhihe Duan
Comments: 15 Pages.

Automatic Identification System (AIS), as a major data source of navigational data, is widely used in the application of connected ships for the purpose of implementing maritime situation awareness and evaluating maritime transportation.
Category: General Mathematics

[2390] viXra:1711.0183 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 02:38:51

A Novel Edge Detector for Color Images Based on MCDM with Evidential Reasoning

Authors: Ruhuan Li, Deqiang Han, Jean Dezert, Yi Yang
Comments: 8 Pages.

Edge detection is one of the most important tasks in image processing and pattern recognition. Edge detector with multiple color channels can provide more edge information. However, the uncertainty occurring with the edge detection in each single channel and the discordance existing in the fusion of multiple channels edge detectors make the detection difficult.
Category: General Mathematics

[2389] viXra:1711.0182 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 02:40:06

Comparative Study on BBA Determination Using Different Distances of Interval Numbers

Authors: Jiankun Ding, Deqiang Han, Jean Dezert, Yi Yang
Comments: 6 Pages.

Dempster-Shafer theory (DST) is an important theory for information fusion. However, in DST how to determinate the basic belief assignment (BBA) is still an open issue. The interval number based BBA determination method is simple and effective, where the features of different classes’ samples are modeled using the interval numbers, i.e., an interval number model is constructed for each focal element.
Category: General Mathematics

[2388] viXra:1711.0181 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 02:42:23

Enhance the Ais Data Availability by Screening and Interpolation

Authors: Daiyong Zhang, Jia Li, Qing Wu, Xinglong Liu, Xiumin Chu, Wei He
Comments: 6 Pages.

The AIS broadcasts the ship’s navigation data automatically and autonomously through VHF band. It plays an important role in collision avoidance and maritime situational awareness.
Category: General Mathematics

[2387] viXra:1711.0179 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 02:47:08

Infuse: a Comprehensive Framework for Data Fusion in Space Robotics

Authors: Shashank Govindaraj, Jeremi Gancet, Mark Post, Raul Dominguez, Fabrice Souvannavong, Simon Lacroix, Michal Smisek, Javier Hidalgo-Carrio, Bilal Wehbe, Alexander Fabisch
Comments: 8 Pages.

Fused sensory data provides decision-making processes with exploitable information about the external environment and a robot`s internal state.
Category: General Mathematics

[2386] viXra:1711.0177 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 02:49:46

Multi-lead Fusion Detection of T-Wave Alternans Using Dezert-Smarandache Theory

Authors: Changrong Ye, Guojun Li, Yang Bao, Jinliang Qiao, Deping Zhang
Comments: 8 Pages.

T-Wave alternans (TWA) is a cardiac phenomenon regarded as an index of high risk of sudden cardiac death (SCD). Although a number of methods have been proposed for TWA detection, their final decision always fully depends on one single lead which is usually picked out for its strongest TWA detection result among all the other leads.
Category: General Mathematics

[2385] viXra:1711.0176 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 02:50:47

Uncertainty Measurement for Ultrasonic Sensor Fusion Using Generalized Aggregated Uncertainty Measure 1

Authors: A. Mohammad-Shahri, M. Khodabandeh
Comments: 10 Pages.

In this paper, target differentiation based on the pattern of data which are obtained by a set of two ultrasonic sensors is considered. A neural network based target classifier is applied to these data to categorize the data of each sensor.
Category: General Mathematics

[2384] viXra:1711.0175 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 02:54:03

A View on Intuitionistic Smarandache Topological Semigroup Structure Spaces

Authors: C. Bavithra, M.K. Uma
Comments: 16 Pages.

The purpose of this paper is to introduce the concepts of intuitionistic Smarandache topological semigroups, intuitionistic Smarandache topological semigroup structure spaces, intuitionistic SG exteriors and intuitionistic SG semi exteriors.
Category: General Mathematics

[2383] viXra:1711.0174 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 02:56:07

Contributions to Differential Geometry of Spacelike Curves in Lorentzian Plane L2

Authors: Yasin Unluturk, Suha Yilmaz, Muradiye Cimdiker
Comments: 12 Pages.

In this work, first the differential equation characterizing position vector of spacelike curve is obtained in Lorentzian plane L2: Then the special curves mentioned above are studied in Lorentzian plane L2: Finally some characterizations of these special curves are given in L2.
Category: General Mathematics

[2382] viXra:1711.0173 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 02:57:08

Propiedades Y Problemas Relacionados Con Las Funciones de Smarandache

Authors: Sebastián Martín Ruiz, Minh Perez
Comments: 9 Pages.

In this paper we present the definitions and some properties of several Smarandache type functions that are involved in many proposed solved and unsolved problems and conjectures in number theory and recreational mathematics. Examples are also provided. Interesting problems related to them are proposed as addenda to this article.
Category: General Mathematics

[2381] viXra:1711.0172 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 02:58:11

Review of Unitary Quantum Theory

Authors: Leo G. Sapogin, V. A. Dzhanibekov, Yu. A. Ryabov
Comments: 38 Pages.

The present article discuss the problems of new Unitary Quantum Theory in its applications to the different aspects of the reality. There are spectacular examples of such applications.
Category: General Mathematics

[2380] viXra:1711.0171 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 02:59:34

Short Review of the Unitary Quantum Theory

Authors: Leo G. Sapogin, V. A. Dzhanibekov, Yu. A. Ryabov
Comments: 31 Pages.

The paper proposes a model of a unitary quantum field theory where the particle is represented as a wave packet. The frequency dispersion equation is chosen so that the packet periodically appears and disappears without changing its form. The envelope of the process is identified with a conventional wave function. Equation of such a field is nonlinear and relativistically invariant. With proper adjustments, they are reduced to Dirac, Schroedinger and Hamilton-Jacobi equations. A number of new experimental effects are predicted both for high and low energies.
Category: General Mathematics

[2379] viXra:1711.0170 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 03:17:33

Smarandachely Adjacent-Vertex-Distinguishing Proper Edge Chromatic Number of Cm∨Kn

Authors: Shunqin Liu
Comments: 5 Pages.

According to different conditions, researchers have defined a great deal of coloring problems and the corresponding chromatic numbers. Such as, adjacent-vertex-distinguishing total chromatic number, adjacent-vertex-distinguishing proper edge chromatic number, smarandachely-adjacent-vertex-distinguishing proper edge chromatic number, smarandachely-adjacent-vertex-distinguishing proper total chromatic number.
Category: General Mathematics

[2378] viXra:1711.0169 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 03:18:55

Smarandache Curves According to Sabban Frame for Darboux Vector of Mannheim Partner Curve

Authors: Suleyman Senyurt, Yasin Altun, Ceyda Cevahir
Comments: 6 Pages.

In this paper, we investigated special Smarandache curves belonging to Sabban frame drawn on the surface of the sphere by Darboux vector of Mannheim partner curve. We created Sabban frame belonging to this curve. It was explained Smarandache curves position vector is consisted by Sabban vectors belonging to this curve. Then, we calculated geodesic curvatures of this Smarandache curves. Found results were expressed depending on the Mannheim curve.
Category: General Mathematics

[2377] viXra:1711.0168 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 03:19:49

Smarandache fuzzy BCI-algebras

Authors: Sun Shin Ahn, Young Joo Seo
Comments: 9 Pages.

The notions of a Smarandache fuzzy subalgebra (ideal) of a Smarandache BCI-algebra, a Smarandache fuzzy clean(fresh) ideal of a Smarandache BCI-algebra are introduced. Examples are given, and several related properties are investigated.
Category: General Mathematics

[2376] viXra:1711.0166 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 03:23:35

Some Characterizations of S-α Fuzzy Semigroups by Their S-α Level Subgroups

Authors: Gowri, R., Rajeswari, T.
Comments: 3 Pages.

The notion of fuzzy set was introduced by Zadeh.
Category: General Mathematics

[2375] viXra:1711.0165 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 03:31:44

Special Fuzzy Boolean Ring

Authors: Dwiraj Talukdar, Sisir Kumar Rajbongshi
Comments: 3 Pages.

The set of all mappings from a finite set X into a closed interval [0,1] is the set of fuzzy sets denoted by F .
Category: General Mathematics

[2374] viXra:1711.0164 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 03:34:55

Accessible Single-Valued Neutrosophic Graphs

Authors: M. Hamidi, A. Borumand Saeid
Comments: 26 Pages.

This paper derived single-valued neutrosophic graphs from single-valued neutrosophic hypergraphs via strong equivalence relation. We show that any weak single-valued neutrosophic graph is a derived single-valued neutrosophic graph and any linear weak single-valued neutrosophic tree is an extendable linear single-valued neutrosophic tree.
Category: General Mathematics

[2373] viXra:1711.0163 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 03:35:40

A Framework for Diagnosing Confusable Diseases using Neutrosophic based Neural Network

Authors: Okpako Abugor Ejaita, Asagba P. O.
Comments: 7 Pages.

The two major motivations in medical science are to prevent and diagnose diseases. Diagnosis of disease must be done with care since it is the first stage of therapeutic actions towards eventual management of the disease; a mistake at this stage is disastrous and such adequate care must be ensured.
Category: General Mathematics

[2372] viXra:1711.0162 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 03:37:00

A Multi-Criteria Decision-Making Method Based on Single-Valued Trapezoidal Neutrosophic Preference Relations with Complete Weight Information

Authors: Ru-xia Liang, Jian-qiang Wang, Hong-yu Zhang
Comments: 16 Pages.

Single-valued trapezoidal neutrosophic numbers (SVTNNs) have a strong capacity to depict uncertain, inconsistent, and incomplete information about decisio nmaking problems.
Category: General Mathematics

[2371] viXra:1711.0161 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 03:38:21

Analysis Data Sets Using Hybrid Techniques Applied Artificial Intelligence Based Production Systems Integrated Design

Authors: Daniel-Petru GHENCEA, Miron ZAPCIU, Claudiu-Florinel BISU, Elena-Iuliana BOTEANU, Elena-Luminiţa OLTEANU
Comments: 17 Pages.

Lucrarea propune un model de previziune a comportării arborelui principal din punct de vedere al deformaţiilor termice şi a nivelului vibraţiilor prin evidenţierea şi prelucrarea ecuaţiilor caracteristice.
Category: General Mathematics

[2370] viXra:1711.0160 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 03:39:34

A Neutrosophic Filter for High-Density Salt and Pepper Noise Based on Pixel-Wise Adaptive Smoothing Parameter

Authors: Xianying Qi, Boqiang Liu, Jianwei Xu
Comments: 10 Pages.

Image indeterminacy has been neglected in most traditional filtering algorithms. This paper proposes a pixel-wise adaptive neutrosophic filter based on neutrosophic indeterminacy feature to remove high-level Salt-and-Pepper noise.
Category: General Mathematics

[2369] viXra:1711.0158 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 03:41:42

A New Decision-Making Method Based on Bipolar Neutrosophic Directed Hypergraphs

Authors: Muhammad Akram, Anam Luqman
Comments: 29 Pages.

Directed hypergraphs are widely used as a tool to solve and model the problems appearing in computer science and operations research. Bipolar neutrosophic models are more flexible and applicable because these models study neutrosophic behavior positively as well as negatively.
Category: General Mathematics

[2368] viXra:1711.0155 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 04:22:38

An Introduction to the Neutrosophic Fuzzy in Queue

Authors: P.Kumuthavalli, Sangeetha
Comments: 6 Pages.

In this paper one generalizes the classical fuzzy and imprecise fuzzy to the notion of “neutrosophic fuzzy” in order to be able to queue model. In this paper, we focus on developing an neutrosophic probability which is a new problem solving queue operation in the real standard domain by implementing a novel term " intuitionistic fuzzy neutrosophic logic,".
Category: General Mathematics

[2367] viXra:1711.0154 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 04:24:03

Another Note on Paraconsistent Neutrosophic Sets

Authors: Francisco Gallego Lupiáñez
Comments: 4 Pages.

In an earlier paper, we proved that Smarandache’s definition of neutrosophic paraconsistent topology is neither a generalization of Çoker’s intuitionistic fuzzy topology nor a generalization of Smarandache’s neutrosophic topology. Recently, Salama and Alblowi proposed a new definition of neutrosophic topology, that generalizes Çoker’s intuitionistic fuzzy topology. Here, we study this new definition and its relation to Smarandache’s paraconsistent neutrosophic sets.
Category: General Mathematics

[2366] viXra:1711.0152 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 04:26:59

A Novel 3D Skeleton Algorithm Based on Neutrosophic Cost Function

Authors: Yanhui Guo, Abdulkadir Sengur
Comments: 8 Pages.

A skeleton provides a synthetic and thin representation of three dimensional objects, and is useful forshape description and recognition. In this paper, a novel 3D skeleton algorithm is proposed based onneutrosophic cost function.
Category: General Mathematics

[2365] viXra:1711.0151 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 04:28:01

A Novel Breast Tumor Classification Algorithm Using Neutrosophic Score Features

Authors: Khalid M. Amin, A.I. Shahin, Yanhui Guo
Comments: 11 Pages.

A lot of studies confirmed the seriousness of breast cancer as the most tumors lethal to women worldwide.
Category: General Mathematics

[2364] viXra:1711.0150 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 04:29:26

A Novel Decision Support Model for Satisfactory Restaurants Utilizing Social Information: a Case Study of Tripadvisor.com

Authors: Hong-yu Zhang, Pu Ji, Jian-qiang Wang, Xiao-hong Chen
Comments: 17 Pages.

Decision support models for satisfactory restaurants have attracted numerous researchers' attention. Many extant models do not consider the active, neutral and passive information in online reviews all at once.
Category: General Mathematics

[2363] viXra:1711.0149 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 04:30:30

A Novel Image Edge Detection Algorithm Based on Neutrosophic Set

Authors: Yanhui Guo, Abdulkadir Sengür
Comments: 3 Pages.

Neutrosophic set (NS) theory is a formal framework to study the origin, nature, and scope of the neutral state. In this paper, neutrosophic set is applied in image domain and a new directional a-mean operation is defined.
Category: General Mathematics

[2362] viXra:1711.0148 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 04:31:25

A Novel Image Segmentation Algorithm Based on Neutrosophicsimilarity Clustering

Authors: Yanhui Guo, Abdulkadir Sengür
Comments: 8 Pages.

Segmentation is an important research area in image processing, which has been used to extract objectsin images. A variety of algorithms have been proposed in this area. However, these methods perform wellon the images without noise, and their results on the noisy images are not good.
Category: General Mathematics

[2361] viXra:1711.0145 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 04:35:11

A Novel Rough Set Model in Generalized Single Valued Neutrosophic Approximation Spaces and Its Application

Authors: Zhi-Lian Guo, Yan-Ling Liu, Hai-Long Yang
Comments: 19 Pages.

In this paper, we extend the rough set model on two different universes in intuitionistic fuzzy approximation spaces to a single-valued neutrosophic environment.
Category: General Mathematics

[2360] viXra:1711.0144 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 04:36:19

A Novel Segmentation Approach Combining Region- and Edge-Based Information for Ultrasound Images

Authors: Yaozhong Luo, Longzhong Liu, Qinghua Huang, Xuelong Li
Comments: 19 Pages.

Ultrasound imaging has become one of the most popular medical imaging modalities with numerous diagnostic applications.However, ultrasound (US) image segmentation, which is the essential process for further analysis, is a challenging task due to the poor image quality.
Category: General Mathematics

[2359] viXra:1711.0129 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-03 18:46:12

Mathematics Manuscript

Authors: Irene Galtung
Comments: 60 pages

My Mathematics Manuscript is 60 pages. It is necessary and sufficient to understand mathematics. If you figure out prime numbers, then you figure out the rest of mathematics.
Category: General Mathematics

[2358] viXra:1711.0106 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 04:37:22

A Novel Single-Valued Neutrosophic Set Similarity Measure and Its Application in Multicriteria Decision-Making

Authors: Wen Jiang, Yehang Shou
Comments: 14 Pages.

The single-valued neutrosophic set is a subclass of neutrosophic set, and has been proposed in recent years. An important application for single-valued neutrosophic sets is to solve multicriteria decision-making problems.
Category: General Mathematics

[2357] viXra:1711.0105 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 04:38:19

Application of Intuitionistic Neutrosophic Graph Structures in Decision-Making

Authors: Muhammad Akram, Muzzamal Sitara
Comments: 27 Pages.

In this research study, we present concept of intuitionistic neutrosophic graph structures.
Category: General Mathematics

[2356] viXra:1711.0103 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 04:40:19

A Study on Child Marriage Using New Neutrosophic Associative Fuzzy Cognitive Dynamical System

Authors: A.Victor Devadoss, M.Rekha
Comments: 12 Pages.

The practices of child marriage is a violation of human rights and denies a child from basic right such as health, education and nutrition. It not only affects the girl’s lives but also the society.
Category: General Mathematics

[2355] viXra:1711.0102 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 04:42:12

A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Swara and Waspas Methods: Theory and Applications with Recent Fuzzy Developments

Authors: Abbas Mardani, Mehrbakhsh Nilashi, Norhayati Zakuan, Nanthakumar Loganathan, Somayeh Soheilirad, Muhamad Zameri Mat Saman, Othman Ibrahim
Comments: 28 Pages.

The Multiple Criteria Decision Making (MCDM) utility determining approaches and fuzzy sets are considered to be new development approaches, which have been recently presented, extended, and used by some scholars in area of decision making.
Category: General Mathematics

[2354] viXra:1711.0100 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 04:44:37

Bonferroni Mean Operators of Linguistic Neutrosophic Numbers and Their Multiple Attribute Group Decision-Making Methods

Authors: Changxing Fan, Jun Ye, Keli Hu, En Fan
Comments: 12 Pages.

Linguistic neutrosophic numbers (LNN) is presented by Fang and Ye in 2017, which can describe the truth, falsity, and indeterminacy linguistic information independently. In this paper, the LNN and the Bonferroni mean operator are merged together to propose a LNN normalized weighted Bonferroni mean (LNNNWBM) operator and a LNN normalized weighted geometric Bonferroni mean (LNNNWGBM) operator and the properties of these two operators are proved.
Category: General Mathematics

[2353] viXra:1711.0099 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 04:47:38

Certain Competition Graphs Based on Intuitionistic Neutrosophic Environment

Authors: Muhammad Akram, Maryam Nasir
Comments: 26 Pages.

The concept of intuitionistic neutrosophic sets provides an additional possibility to represent imprecise, uncertain, inconsistent and incomplete information, which exists in real situations. This research article first presents the notion of intuitionistic neutrosophic competition graphs.
Category: General Mathematics

[2352] viXra:1711.0098 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 04:48:43

Clustering Method Based on Fuzzy Binary Relation

Authors: N . Kondruk
Comments: 7 Pages.

One of the most interesting and promising approaches to the analysis of multivariate phenomena and processes are methods of cluster analysis or automatic classification of objects. Clustering is one of the key areas of data mining. Its objective is identification of some unknown structure of a group of similar objects in the initial set.
Category: General Mathematics

[2351] viXra:1711.0097 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 04:49:44

Content-based Image Retrieval with Color and Texture Features in Neutrosophic Domain

Authors: Abdolreza Rashno, Saeed Sadri
Comments: 6 Pages.

In this paper, a new content-based image retrieval (CBIR) scheme is proposed in neutrosophic (NS) domain. For this task, RGB images are first transformed to three subsets in NS domain and then segmented.
Category: General Mathematics

[2350] viXra:1711.0096 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 04:50:27

Correlation Coefficient Between Dynamic Single Valued Neutrosophic Multisets and Its Multiple Attribute Decision-Making Method

Authors: Jun Ye
Comments: 9 Pages.

Based on dynamic information collected from different time intervals in some real situations, this paper firstly proposes a dynamic single valued neutrosophic multiset (DSVNM) to express dynamic information and operational relations of DSVNMs.
Category: General Mathematics

[2349] viXra:1711.0095 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 04:51:38

Cosine Measures of Linguistic Neutrosophic Numbers and Their Application in Multiple Attribute Group Decision-Making

Authors: Lilian Shi, Jun Ye
Comments: 10 Pages.

The linguistic neutrosophic numbers (LNNs) can express the truth, indeterminacy, and falsity degrees independently by three linguistic variables. Hence, they are an effective tool for describing indeterminate linguistic information under linguistic decision-making environments. Similarity measures are usual tools in decision-making problems.
Category: General Mathematics

[2348] viXra:1711.0094 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 04:52:25

Cosine Measures of Neutrosophic Cubic Sets for Multiple Attribute Decision-Making

Authors: Zhikang Lu, Jun Ye
Comments: 10 Pages.

The neutrosophic cubic set can contain much more information to express its interval neutrosophic numbers and single-valued neutrosophic numbers simultaneously in indeterminate environments.
Category: General Mathematics

[2347] viXra:1711.0093 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 04:53:27

Domestic Violence Against Women Using Induced Linked Bidirectional Associative Memories (ILBAM)

Authors: A.Victor Devadoss, M.Rekha
Comments: 8 Pages.

Domestic violence is an abusive behaviour perpetrated by intimate partner and other members in the family. Traditionally women were expected to married soon and settle down in her life.
Category: General Mathematics

[2346] viXra:1711.0091 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 04:55:00

Environmental Ranking of Landfill Sites Among N-Alternatives

Authors: Srijit Biswas, Anjali Gupta
Comments: 7 Pages.

In almost all cities, the solid waste generation is increased dramatically and becomes a great challenge today to municipal authority for its collection and safe disposal. Continuous uncontrolled generation of solid wastes forces the existing landfills to become exhausted rapidly.
Category: General Mathematics

[2345] viXra:1711.0090 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 04:55:47

Evaluating Investment Risks of Metallic Mines Using an Extended TOPSIS Method with Linguistic Neutrosophic Numbers

Authors: Weizhang Liang, Guoyan Zhao, Hao Wu
Comments: 18 Pages.

The investment in and development of mineral resources play an important role in the national economy. A good mining project investment can improve economic efficiency and increase social wealth.
Category: General Mathematics

[2344] viXra:1711.0089 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 04:56:32

Exponential Operations and an Aggregation Method for Single-Valued Neutrosophic Numbers in Decision Making

Authors: Zhikang Lu, Jun Ye
Comments: 11 Pages.

As an extension of an intuitionistic fuzzy set, a single-valued neutrosophic set is described independently by the membership functions of its truth, indeterminacy, and falsity, which is a subclass of a neutrosophic set (NS).
Category: General Mathematics

[2343] viXra:1711.0088 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 04:57:38

Expression and Analysis of Joint Roughness Coefficient Using Neutrosophic Number Functions

Authors: Jun Ye, Jiqian Chen, Rui Yong, Shigui Du
Comments: 13 Pages.

In nature, the mechanical properties of geological bodies are very complex, and its various mechanical parameters are vague, incomplete, imprecise, and indeterminate. In these cases, we cannot always compute or provide exact/crisp values for the joint roughness coefficient (JRC),which is a quite crucial parameter for determining the shear strength in rock mechanics, but we need to approximate them.
Category: General Mathematics

[2342] viXra:1711.0087 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 04:58:43

Expressions of Rock Joint Roughness Coefficient Using Neutrosophic Interval Statistical Numbers

Authors: Jiqian Chen, Jun Ye, Shigui Du, Rui Yong
Comments: 7 Pages.

In nature, the mechanical properties of geological bodies are very complex, and their various mechanical parameters are vague, incomplete, imprecise, and indeterminate. However, we cannot express them by the crisp values in classical probability and statistics.
Category: General Mathematics

[2341] viXra:1711.0086 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 04:59:41

Forecasting Model Based on Neutrosophic Logical Relationship and Jaccard Similarity

Authors: Hongjun Guan, Aiwu Zhao, Shuang Guan
Comments: 16 Pages.

Daily fluctuation trends of a stock market consist of three statuses like up, equal and down. It can be represented by a neutrosophic set which consists of three terms like the truth-membership, indeterminacy-membership and falsity-membership functions.
Category: General Mathematics

[2340] viXra:1711.0084 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 05:02:52

Granular Computing Neural-Fuzzy Modelling: a Neutrosophic Approach

Authors: Adrian Rubio Solis, George Panoutsos
Comments: 12 Pages.

Granular computing is a computational paradigm that mimics human cognition in terms of grouping similar information together.
Category: General Mathematics

[2339] viXra:1711.0083 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 05:04:03

Green Supplier Evaluation and Selection Using Cloud Model Theory and the QUALIFLEX Method

Authors: Ke-Qin Wang, Hu-Chen Liu, Liping Liu, Jia Huang
Comments: 17 Pages.

Nowadays, companies have to improve their practices in the management of green supply chain with increased awareness of environmental issues worldwide. Selecting the optimum green supplier is crucial for green supply chain management, which is a challenging multi-criteria decision making (MCDM) problem.
Category: General Mathematics

[2338] viXra:1711.0082 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 05:05:13

Group Decision Making Method Based on Single Valued Neutrosophic Choquet Integral Operator

Authors: HAN Lili, WEI Cuiping
Comments: 9 Pages.

Single valued neutrosophic set (SVNS) depicts not only the incomplete information, but also the indeterminate information and inconsistent information which exist commonly in belief systems.
Category: General Mathematics

[2337] viXra:1711.0079 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 05:08:25

Improved Similarity Measure in Neutrosophic Environment and Its Application in Finding Minimum Spanning Tree

Authors: Kanika Mandal, Kajla Basu
Comments: 10 Pages.

Minimum spanning tree finds its huge application in network designing, approximation algorithms for NP-hard problems, clustering problems and many more. Many research works have been done to find minimum spanning tree due to its various applications.
Category: General Mathematics

[2336] viXra:1711.0078 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 05:09:26

Inconsistent Data Processing using Vague Set and Neutrosophic Set for Justifying Better Outcome

Authors: Soumitra De, Jaydev Mishra
Comments: 4 Pages.

Here, we have focused to process inconsistent data through imprecise queries from a database which consists of neutrosophic and vague set.
Category: General Mathematics

[2335] viXra:1711.0077 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 05:10:15

Interval Neutrosophic Sets and Their Application in Multicriteria Decision Making Problems

Authors: Hong-yu Zhang, Jian-qiangWang, Xiao-hong Chen
Comments: 16 Pages.

As a generalization of fuzzy sets and intuitionistic fuzzy sets, neutrosophic sets have been developed to represent uncertain, imprecise, incomplete, and inconsistent information existing in the real world.
Category: General Mathematics

[2334] viXra:1711.0074 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 05:15:42

Intuitionistic Fuzzy Edas Method: an Application to Solid Waste Disposal Site Selection

Authors: Cengiz Kahraman, Mehdi Keshavarz Ghorabaee, Edmundas Kazimieras Zavadskas, Sezi Cevik Onar, Morteza Yazdani, Basar Oztaysi
Comments: 13 Pages.

Evaluation based on Distance from Average Solution (EDAS) is a new multicriteria decision making (MCDM) method, which is based on the distances of alternatives from the average scores of attributes.
Category: General Mathematics

[2333] viXra:1711.0072 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 05:18:14

Linguistic Neutrosophic Cubic Numbers and Their Multiple Attribute Decision-Making Method

Authors: Jun Ye
Comments: 11 Pages.

To describe both certain linguistic neutrosophic information and uncertain linguistic neutrosophic information simultaneously in the real world, this paper originally proposes the concept of a linguistic neutrosophic cubic number (LNCN), including an internal LNCN and external LNCN.
Category: General Mathematics

[2332] viXra:1711.0071 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 05:19:08

Mean Shift Based Clustering of Neutrosophic Domain for Unsupervised Constructions Detection

Authors: Bo Yua, Zheng Niua, Li Wang
Comments: 20 Pages.

Automation has been a hot issue in constructions extraction, but there has not yet been a universally accepted algorithm.
Category: General Mathematics

[2331] viXra:1711.0070 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 05:20:52

Merger and Acquisition Target Selection Based on Interval Neutrosophic Multigranulation Rough Sets over Two Universes

Authors: Chao Zhang, Deyu Li, Arun Kumar Sangaiah, Said Broumi
Comments: 20 Pages.

As a significant business activity, merger and acquisition (M&A) generally means transactions in which the ownership of companies, other business organizations or their operating units are transferred or combined.
Category: General Mathematics

[2330] viXra:1711.0069 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 05:21:52

Minimal Solution of Fuzzy Neutrosophic Soft Matrix

Authors: M. Kavitha, P. Murugadas, S.Sriram
Comments: 20 Pages.

The aim of this article is to study the concept of unique solvability of max-min fuzzy neutrosophic soft matrix equation and strong regularity of fuzzy neutrosophic soft matrices over Fuzzy Neutrosophic Soft Algebra (FNSA).
Category: General Mathematics

[2329] viXra:1711.0068 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 05:22:32

Model for Neutrosophic Multiple Attribute Decision Making and Their Application to Credit Risk Evaluation of Small New Venture’ Indirect Financing

Authors: Weijie Shen
Comments: 8 Pages.

With respect to single-valued neutrosophic multiple attribute decision making problems with completely unknown weight information, some operational laws of single-valued neutrosophic numbers, score function and accuracy function of single-valued neutrosophic numbers are introduced.
Category: General Mathematics

[2328] viXra:1711.0067 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 05:23:40

Model for Residential House Element and Material Selection by Neutrosophic Multimoora Method

Authors: Edmundas Kazimieras Zavadskas, Romualdas Bausys, Birute Juodagalviene, Inga Garnyte-Sapranaviciene
Comments: 10 Pages.

This article aims to create a theoretical evaluation model based on decision support methods for the residential house construction materials and elements selection.
Category: General Mathematics

[2327] viXra:1711.0066 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 05:25:06

Mri Denoising Using Nonlocal Neutrosophic Set Approach of Wiener Filtering

Authors: J. Mohan, V. Krishnaveni, Yanhui Guo
Comments: 13 Pages.

In this paper, a new filtering method is presented to remove the Rician noise from magnetic resonanceimages (MRI) acquired using single coil MRI acquisition system.
Category: General Mathematics

[2326] viXra:1711.0064 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 05:26:56

Multi-Criteria Decision-Making Based on Generalized Prioritized Aggregation Operators Under Simplified Neutrosophic Uncertain Linguistic Environment

Authors: Zhang-peng Tian, Jing Wang, Hong-yu Zhang, Jian-qiang Wang
Comments: 17 Pages.

A simplified neutrosophic uncertain linguistic set that integrates quantitative and qualitative evaluation can serve as an extension of both an uncertain linguistic variable and a simplified neutrosophic set.
Category: General Mathematics

[2325] viXra:1711.0063 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 05:28:00

Multi-Objective Welded Beam Optimization using Neutrosophic Goal Programming Technique

Authors: Mridula Sarkar, Tapan Kumar Roy
Comments: 24 Pages.

This paper investigates multi–objective Neutrosophic Goal Optimization (NSGO) approach to optimize the cost of welding and deflection at the tip of a welded steel beam, while the maximum shear stress in the weld group, maximum bending stress in the beam, and buckling load of the beam have been considered as constraints.
Category: General Mathematics

[2324] viXra:1711.0060 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 05:31:09

Multiple Attribute Group Decision-Making Method Based on Linguistic Neutrosophic Numbers

Authors: Zebo Fang, Jun Ye
Comments: 12 Pages.

Existing intuitionistic linguistic variables can describe the linguistic information of both the truth/membership and falsity/non-membership degrees, but it cannot represent the indeterminate and inconsistent linguistic information.
Category: General Mathematics

[2323] viXra:1711.0059 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 05:31:52

Multiple Attribute Group Decision Making Based on Interval Neutrosophic Uncertain Linguistic Variables

Authors: Jun Ye
Comments: 12 Pages.

To deal with decision-making problems with interval neutrosophic uncertain linguistic information, the paper proposes a multiple attribute group decision-making method under an interval neutrosophic uncertain linguistic environment.
Category: General Mathematics

[2322] viXra:1711.0058 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 05:32:32

Neutrosophic Concept of Indeterministic Data Processing for Proper Judgement

Authors: Soumitra De
Comments: 4 Pages.

We have introduced a concept using Neutrosophic logic to solve the problem. Any neutrosophic data is based on three members. Neutrosophic logic is been used to handle in deterministic part of a neutrosophic data. We have focused to solve the real problem of a patient.
Category: General Mathematics

[2321] viXra:1711.0057 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 05:33:35

Neutrosophic Ahp-Delphi Group Decision Making Model Based on Trapezoidal Neutrosophic Numbers

Authors: Mohamed Abdel‑Basset, Mai Mohamed, Arun Kumar Sangaiah
Comments: 17 Pages.

The main objective of this research is to study the integration of Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) into Delphi framework in neutrosophic environment and present a new technique for checking consistency and calculating consensus degree of expert’s opinions.
Category: General Mathematics

[2320] viXra:1711.0055 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 05:36:29

Neutrosophic Generalized Alpha-Contra-Continuity

Authors: R.dhavaseelan, S. Jafari, Hanif Page
Comments: 7 Pages.

In this paper we introduce neutrosophic generalized alpha-contra-continuous function, neutrosophic strongly generalized In this paper we introduce neutrosophic generalized.
Category: General Mathematics

[2319] viXra:1711.0054 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 05:37:42

Neutrosophic Goal Programming Technique and its Application

Authors: Samir Dey, Tapan Kumar Roy
Comments: 8 Pages.

This paper develops a multi-objective Neutrosophic Goal Optimization technique for optimizing the design of truss structure with multiple objectives subject to a specified set of constraints. In this optimum design formulation, the objective functions are weight and the deflection; the design variables are the cross-sections of the bar; the constraints are the stress in member.
Category: General Mathematics

[2318] viXra:1711.0053 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 05:38:38

Neutrosophic Group Decision for Modeling of Post Earthquake Disaster Assessment

Authors: Srijit Biswas, Sunita Bansal, Anjali Gupta
Comments: 8 Pages.

An earthquake is the perceptible shaking of the surface of the Earth occurs without prior warning to the society. The occurrence of an earthquake in a populated area may cause numerous casualties and injuries as well as extensive damage to property [4-5].
Category: General Mathematics

[2317] viXra:1711.0052 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 05:39:49

Neutrosophic Pre-open Sets and Pre-closed Sets in Neutrosophic Topology

Authors: V. Venkateswara Rao, Y. Srinivasa Rao
Comments: 10 Pages.

The purpose of this article is to extend some more topics of topology in neutrosophic topology. Eerily introduce neutrosophic topological space and open sets, closed sets, semi-open and semi closed sets, now in this manuscript we extend up to neutrosophic pre-open and pre-closed (NPO and NPC).
Category: General Mathematics

[2316] viXra:1711.0050 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 05:42:06

Neutrosophic Similarity Score Based Weighted Histogram for Robust Mean-Shift Tracking

Authors: Keli Hu, En Fan, Jun Ye, Changxing Fan, Shigen Shen, Yuzhang Gu
Comments: 13 Pages.

Visual object tracking is a critical task in computer vision. Challenging things always exist when an object needs to be tracked. For instance, background clutter is one of the most challenging problems.
Category: General Mathematics

[2315] viXra:1711.0049 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 05:43:43

Neutrosophic Subalgebras of Bck=bci-Algebras Based on Neutrosophic Points

Authors: A. Borumand Saeid, Young Bae Jun
Comments: 11 Pages.

The concept of neutrosophic set (NS) developed by Smarandacheis a more general platform which extends the concepts of the classic set and fuzzy set, intuitionistic fuzzy set and interval valued intuitionistic fuzzy set.
Category: General Mathematics

[2314] viXra:1711.0048 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 05:44:40

Neutrosophic Subalgebras of Several Types in Bck=bci-Algebras

Authors: Young Bae Jun
Comments: 12 Pages.

The concept of neutrosophic set (NS) developed by Smarandache is a more general platform which extends the concepts of the classic set and fuzzy set, intuitionistic fuzzy set and interval valued intuitionistic fuzzy set.
Category: General Mathematics

[2313] viXra:1711.0047 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 05:45:46

Neutrosophic Topologies in Crisp Approximation Spaces

Authors: C. Antony Crispin Sweety, I. Arockiarani
Comments: 4 Pages.

In this paper we introduce a new type of neutrosophic topology and we investigate the topological structures neutrosophic rough sets. Further we examine the reflexivity and transitivity of neutrosophic rough sets and obtain some of its properties.
Category: General Mathematics

[2312] viXra:1711.0045 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 05:54:17

New Communication Approaches Vs. Traditional Communication

Authors: Ioan Constantin Dima, Mirela Teodorescu, Daniela Gîfu
Comments: 9 Pages.

The study highlights some communication instances of actual approach of human society evolution in contrast with traditional communication. During the history of communication dates back to prehistory, with significant changes in communication technologies (media and appropriate inscription tools) evolving in tandem with shifts in political and economic systems, and by extension, systems of power (Innis, 1951), communication can range from very subtle processes of exchange, to full conversations and mass communication.
Category: General Mathematics

[2311] viXra:1711.0040 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 06:00:27

Possibility Neutrosophic Vague Soft Expert Set for Decision under Uncertainty

Authors: Nasruddin Hassan, Ashraf Al-Quran
Comments: 12 Pages.

In this paper, we extend the notion of classical soft expert sets to possibility neutrosophic vague soft expert sets by applying the theory of soft expert sets.
Category: General Mathematics

[2310] viXra:1711.0039 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 06:01:35

Probability Multi-Valued Neutrosophic Sets and Its Application in Multi-Criteria Group Decision-Making Problems

Authors: Hong-gang Peng, Hong-yu Zhang, Jian-qiang Wang
Comments: 21 Pages.

This paper introduces probability multi-valued neutrosophic sets (PMVNSs) based on multi-valued neutrosophic sets and probability distribution. PMVNS can serve as a reliable tool to depict uncertain, incomplete, inconsistent and hesitant decision-making information and reflect the distribution characteristics of all provided evaluation values.
Category: General Mathematics

[2309] viXra:1711.0038 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 06:02:35

Projection and Bidirectional Projection Measures of Single-Valued Neutrosophic Sets and Their Decision-Making Method for Mechanical Design Schemes

Authors: Jun Ye
Comments: 11 Pages.

Projection measure is one of important tools for handling decision-making problems.
Category: General Mathematics

[2308] viXra:1711.0036 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 06:04:34

Representation of Graph Structure Based on I-V Neutrosophic Sets

Authors: Muhammad Akram, Muzzamal Sitara
Comments: 25 Pages.

In this research article, we apply the concept of interval-valued neutrosophic sets to graph structures. We present the concept of interval-valued neutrosophic graph structures. We describe certain operations on interval-valued neutrosophic graph structures and elaborate them with appropriate examples. Further,we investigate some relevant properties of these operators. Moreover,we propose some open problems on interval-valued neutrosophic line graph structures.
Category: General Mathematics

[2307] viXra:1711.0035 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 06:05:27

Scale Effect and Anisotropy Analyzed for Neutrosophic Numbers of Rock Joint Roughness Coefficient Based on Neutrosophic Statistics

Authors: Jiqian Chen, Jun Ye, Shigui Du
Comments: 14 Pages.

In rock mechanics, the study of shear strength on the structural surface is crucial to evaluating the stability of engineering rock mass.
Category: General Mathematics

[2306] viXra:1711.0033 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 06:06:25

Scheme for Unsupervised Colour–texture Image Segmentation Using Neutrosophic Set and Non-Subsampled Contourlet Transform

Authors: Abed Heshmati, Maryam Gholami, Abdolreza Rashno
Comments: 10 Pages.

The process of partitioning an image into some different meaningful regions with the homogeneous characteristics is called the image segmentation which is a crucial task in image analysis.
Category: General Mathematics

[2305] viXra:1711.0032 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 06:08:45

Segmentation of Sar Images Using Improved Artificial Bee Colony Algorithm and Neutrosophic Set

Authors: Kazim Hanbaya, M.FatihTalu
Comments: 11 Pages.

This paper proposes a novel synthetic aperture radar(SAR)image segmentation algorithm based on the neutrosophic set(NS)and improved artificial bee colony(I-ABC) algorithm.
Category: General Mathematics

[2304] viXra:1711.0031 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 06:09:52

Selecting Project Delivery Systems Based on Simplified Neutrosophic Linguistic Preference Relations

Authors: Sui-Zhi Luo, Peng-Fei Cheng, Jian-QiangWang, Yuan-Ji Huang
Comments: 21 Pages.

Project delivery system selection is an essential part of project management. In the process of choosing appropriate transaction model, many factors should be under consideration, such as the capability and experience of proprietors, project implementation risk, and so on. How to make their comprehensive evaluations and select the optimal delivery system?
Category: General Mathematics

[2303] viXra:1711.0027 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 06:12:58

Shortest Path Problem by Minimal Spanning Tree Algorithm Using Bipolar Neutrosophic Numbers

Authors: M. Mullai, S. Broumi, A. Stephen
Comments: 9 Pages.

Normally, Minimal Spanning Tree algorithm is used to nd the shortest route in a network. Neutrosophic set theory is used when incomplete, inconsistancy and indeterminacy occurs. In this paper, Bipolar Neutrosophic Numbers are used in Minimal Spanning Tree algorithm for finding the shortest path on a network when the distances are inconsistant and indeterminate and it is illustrated by a numerical example.
Category: General Mathematics

[2302] viXra:1711.0026 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 06:14:22

Normally, Minimal Spanning Tree Algorithm is Used to nd the Shortest Route in a Network. Neutrosophic Set Theory is Used When Incomplete, Inconsistancy and Indeterminacy Occurs. in This Paper, Bipolar Neutrosophic Numbers Are Used in Minimal Spanning Tre

Authors: Jing Fu, Jun Ye
Comments: 10 Pages.

When a physician carries out the clinical survey of a patient with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) symptoms to reach the initial evaluation/diagnosis of BPH, the existing initial evaluation method of BPH based on the international prostate symptom score (I-PSS) usually uses the objective evaluation/diagnosis method with crisp values without considering fuzzy information.
Category: General Mathematics

[2301] viXra:1711.0025 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 06:15:14

Single-Valued Neutrosophic Hybrid Arithmetic and Geometric Aggregation Operators and Their Decision-Making Method

Authors: Zhikang Lu, Jun Ye
Comments: 12 Pages.

Single-valued neutrosophic numbers (SVNNs) can express incomplete, indeterminate, and inconsistent information in the real world.
Category: General Mathematics

[2300] viXra:1711.0022 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 06:18:28

Solving Solar-Wind Power Station Location Problem Using an Extended Weighted Aggregated Sum Product Assessment (WASPAS) Technique with Interval Neutrosophic Sets

Authors: Ru-xin Nie, Jian-qiang Wang, Hong-yu Zhang
Comments: 20 Pages.

As one of the promising renewable energy resources, solar-wind energy has increasingly become a regional engine in leading the economy and raising competitiveness.
Category: General Mathematics

[2299] viXra:1711.0021 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 06:19:34

Some Generalized Single Valued Neutrosophic Linguistic Operators and Their Application to Multiple Attribute Group Decision Making

Authors: Ruipu TAN, Wende ZHANG, Shengqun CHEN
Comments: 15 Pages.

This paper proposes a group decision making method based on entropy of neutrosophic linguistic sets and generalized single valued neutrosophic linguistic operators.
Category: General Mathematics

[2298] viXra:1711.0020 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 06:20:22

Some Operations on Neutrosophic Fuzzy Graphs

Authors: G. Divya, J. Malarvizhi
Comments: 6 Pages.

The concept of neutrosophic sets can be utilized as a Mathematical tool to deal with imprecise and unspecified information. The neutrosophic set is a generalization of fuzzy sets and intutionistic fuzzy sets which is applied in Graph theory. The neutrosophic fuzzy graph is used in the problems, where the relation between vertices and hence edges are indeterminate. In this paper complement of Neutrosophic fuzzy graph is introduced and few operations on Neutrosophic fuzzy graph (union, join) are also defined.
Category: General Mathematics

[2297] viXra:1711.0019 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 06:21:20

Some Single-Valued Neutrosophic DombiWeighted Aggregation Operators for Multiple Attribute Decision-Making

Authors: Jiqian Chen, Jun Ye
Comments: 11 Pages.

The Dombi operations of T-norm and T-conorm introduced by Dombi can have the advantage of good flexibility with the operational parameter. In existing studies, however, the Dombi operations have so far not yet been used for neutrosophic sets.
Category: General Mathematics

[2296] viXra:1711.0018 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 06:22:13

Subtraction and Division Operations of Simplified Neutrosophic Sets

Authors: Jun Ye
Comments: 7 Pages.

A simplified neutrosophic set is characterized by a truth-membership function, an indeterminacy-membership function, and a falsity-membership function, which is a subclass of the neutrosophic set and contains the concepts of an interval neutrosophic set and a single valued neutrosophic set.
Category: General Mathematics

[2295] viXra:1711.0017 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 06:23:14

Sustainable Market Valuation of Buildings by the Single-Valuedneutrosophic Mamva Method

Authors: Edmundas Kazimieras Zavadskas, Romualdas Bausys, Birute Juodagalviene, Inga Garnyte-Sapranaviciene
Comments: 14 Pages.

Traditionally, the real estate asset assessment is performed by experienced valuators, who take intoaccount its economic, social, physical and locational aspects. Nowadays, the construction industry isbecoming more and more influenced by the sustainability requirements.
Category: General Mathematics

[2294] viXra:1711.0015 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 06:25:08

The Spread of Infectious Disease on Network Using Neutrosophic Algebraic Structure

Authors: A. Zubairu, A. A. Ibrahim
Comments: 11 Pages.

Network theory and its associated techniques has tremendous impact in vari-ous discipline and research, from computer, engineering, architecture, hu-manities, social science to system biology.
Category: General Mathematics

[2293] viXra:1711.0014 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 06:26:09

To Handle Uncertain Data for Medical Diagnosis Purpose using Neutrosophic Set

Authors: Soumitra De, Jaydev Mishra
Comments: 3 Pages.

Here we proposed a new approach which is based on Neutrosophic logic to help the patient by taking proper decision through pathological report based analysis.
Category: General Mathematics

[2292] viXra:1711.0012 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 06:28:07

Trapezoidal Neutrosophic Set and Its Application to Multiple Attribute Decision-Making

Authors: Jun Ye
Comments: 10 Pages.

Based on the combination of trapezoidal fuzzy numbers and a single-valued neutrosophic set, this paper proposes a trapezoidal neutrosophic set, some operational rules, score and accuracy functions for trapezoidal neutrosophic numbers.
Category: General Mathematics

[2291] viXra:1711.0011 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 06:29:05

Vector Similarity Measures Between Refined Simplified Neutrosophic Sets and Their Multiple Attribute Decision-Making Method

Authors: Jiqian Chen, Jun Ye, Shigui Du
Comments: 13 Pages.

A refined single-valued/interval neutrosophic set is very suitable for the expression and application of decision-making problems with both attributes and sub-attributes since it is described by its refined truth, indeterminacy, and falsity degrees.
Category: General Mathematics

[2290] viXra:1711.0010 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 06:30:48

Vector Similarity Measures for Simplified Neutrosophic Hesitant Fuzzy Set and Their Applications

Authors: Tahir Mahmood, Jun Ye, Qaisar Khan
Comments: 20 Pages.

In this article we present three similarity measures between simplied neutrosophic hesitant fuzzy sets, which contain the concept of single valued neutrosophic hesitant fuzzy sets and interval valued neutrosophic hesitant fuzzy sets, based on the extension of Jaccard similarity measure, Dice similarity measure and Cosine similarity in the vector space.
Category: General Mathematics

[2289] viXra:1711.0008 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 06:32:25

Vikor Method for Decision Making Problem Using Octagonal Neutrosophic Soft Matrix

Authors: K. Selvakumari, M. Ajitha Priyadharshini
Comments: 5 Pages.

The scope of this paper is to introduce a new concept of buying a car on the basis of choice parameter by using vikor method. Here octagonal fuzzy number plays a vital role for solving many decision making problem involving uncertainty.
Category: General Mathematics

[2288] viXra:1711.0007 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 06:33:19

Нейтрософские компоненты математических моделей системы капитального ремонта многоквартирных домов

Authors: E.V. Bogarova
Comments: 4 Pages.

Проведение капитального ремонта многоквартирных домов (КРМКД) за счет средств фонда КР, требует решения многих организационных и методических вопросов на основе самых современных достижений математики и информационных технологий.
Category: General Mathematics

[2287] viXra:1710.0330 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-30 08:02:35

Question 406: Mathematical Formulas Involving Pi

Authors: Edgar Valdebenito
Comments: 4 Pages.

This note presents some integrals involving pi
Category: General Mathematics

[2286] viXra:1710.0329 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-30 08:05:19

Question 409: Integrals and Fractals

Authors: Edgar Valdebenito
Comments: 18 Pages.

This note presents some definite integrals
Category: General Mathematics

[2285] viXra:1710.0327 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-30 10:25:25

Bertrand's Postulate, Legendre's Conjecture and New Conjecture

Authors: Réjean Labrie
Comments: 1 Page.

Résumé: Le postulat de Bertrand et la conjecture de Legendre sont deux cas particuliers d'une nouvelle conjecture encore plus puissante sur les nombres premiers. Abstract: Bertrand's postulate and Legendre's conjecture are two special cases of a new and more powerful conjecture on prime numbers.
Category: General Mathematics

[2284] viXra:1710.0221 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-19 07:26:39

Elementary Formulas for Pi

Authors: Edgar Valdebenito
Comments: 9 Pages.

This note presents some formulas for pi=3.141592...
Category: General Mathematics

[2283] viXra:1710.0194 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-16 05:22:01

A Framework for Pest Analysis Based on Neutrosophic Cognitive Map: Case Study in a Vertical Farming Initiative

Authors: Wilmer Ortiz Choez, Marcos Quinteros Cortázar, Shirley Huerta Cruz, Katiuska Rubira Carvache
Comments: 6 Pages.

Recently, neutrosophic cognitive maps and its application in decision making have become a topic of great importance for researchers and practitioners alike. In this paper, a new model PEST analysis is presented based on neutrosophic cognitive maps static analysis. The proposed framework is composed of five activities, identifying PEST factors and sub-factors, modelling interrelation among PEST factors, calculate centrality measures, factor classification, and factors ranking. A case study developed in environment analysis for a vertical farming project was presented, ranking factor based in interrelation and incorporating indeterminacy in the analysis. Further works will concentrate extending the model for incorporating scenario analysis.
Category: General Mathematics

[2282] viXra:1710.0193 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-16 05:23:34

Competencies Evaluation Based on Single Valued Neutrosophic Numbers and Decision Analysis Schema

Authors: Evelyn Jazmín Henríquez Antepara, Oscar Omar Apolinario Arzube, Jorge Arturo Chicala Arroyave, Eduardo Antonio Alvarado Unamuno, Maikel Leyva Vazquez
Comments: 4 Pages.

Recently, neutrosophic sets and its application to decision making have become a topic of significant im-portance for researchers and practitioners. The present work addresses one of the most complex aspects of the formative process based on competencies: evaluation. In this paper, a new method for competencies evaluation is developed in a multicriteria framework.
Category: General Mathematics

[2281] viXra:1710.0192 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-16 05:24:39

Covering-Based Rough Single Valued Neutrosophic Sets

Authors: Yingcang Ma, Wanying Zhou, Qing Wan
Comments: 7 Pages.

Rough sets theory is a powerful tool to deal with uncertainty and incompleteness of knowledge in information systems. Wang et al. proposed single valued neutrosophic sets as an extension of intuitionistic fuzzy sets to deal with real-world problems. In this paper, we propose the covering-based rough single valued neutrosophic sets by combining covering-based rough sets and single valued neutrosophic sets.
Category: General Mathematics

[2280] viXra:1710.0191 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-16 05:25:46

Decision Support Based on Single Valued Neutrosophic Number for Information System Project Selection

Authors: Silvia Liliana Tejada Yepez
Comments: 5 Pages.

Neutrosophic sets and its application to decision support have become a topic of great importance for researchers and practitioners alike. In this paper, a new model for decision making in the selection of information system projects is presented based on single valued neutrosophic number (SVN-numbers) allowing the use of linguistic variables with multiples points of view from experts.
Category: General Mathematics

[2279] viXra:1710.0190 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-16 05:26:53

More On P-Union and P-Intersection of Neutrosophic Soft Cubic Set

Authors: R. Anitha Cruz, F. Nirmala Irudayam
Comments: 14 Pages.

The P-union, P-intersection, P-OR and P-AND of neutrosophic soft cubic sets are introduced and their related properties are investigated. We show that the Punion and the P-intersection of two internal neutrosophic soft cubic sets are also internal neutrosophic soft cubic sets.
Category: General Mathematics

[2278] viXra:1710.0189 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-16 05:35:31

Neutrosophy for Software Requirement Prioritization

Authors: Ronald Barriga Dias, Wilmer Ortiz Choez, Inelda Martillo Alcivar, Wilber Ortiz Aguilar
Comments: 6 Pages.

Software engineers are involved in complex decisions that require multiples viewpoints. A specific case is the requirement prioritization process. This process is used to decide which software requirement to develop in certain release from a group of candidate requirements. Criteria involved in this process can involve indeterminacy. In this paper a software requirement prioritization model is develop based SVN numbers. Finally, an illustrative example is presented in order to show the proposed model.
Category: General Mathematics

[2277] viXra:1710.0188 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-16 05:36:23

On New Measures of Uncertainty for Neutrosophic Sets

Authors: Pinaki Majumdar
Comments: 8 Pages.

The notion of entropy of single valued neutrosophic sets (SVNS) was first introduced by Majumdar and Samanta in [10]. In this paper some problems with the earlier definition of entropy has been pointed out and a new modified definition of entropy for SVNS has been proposed.
Category: General Mathematics

[2276] viXra:1710.0186 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-16 07:10:03

An Extended Topsis for Multi-Attribute Decision Making Problems with Neutrosophic Cubic Information

Authors: Surapati Pramanik, Partha Pratim Dey, Bibhas C. Giri, Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 9 Pages.

The paper proposes a new technique for dealing with multi-attribute decision making problems through an extended TOPSIS method under neutrosophic cubic environment. Neutrosophic cubic set is the generalized form of cubic set and is the hybridization of a neutrosophic set with an interval neutrosophic set. In this study, we have defined some operation rules for neutrosophic cubic sets and proposed the Euclidean distance between neutrosophic cubic sets.
Category: General Mathematics

[2275] viXra:1710.0185 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-16 07:11:01

Extension of Crisp Functions on Neutrosophic Sets

Authors: Sabu Sebastian, Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 5 Pages.

In this paper, we generalize the definition of Neutrosophic sets and present a method for extending crisp functions on Neutrosophic sets and study some properties of such extended functions.
Category: General Mathematics

[2274] viXra:1710.0184 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-16 07:12:13

Multi Criteria Decision Making Using Correlation Coefficient Under Rough Neutrosophic Environment

Authors: Surapati Pramanik, Rumi Roy, Tapan Kumar Roy, Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 8 Pages.

In this paper, we define correlation coefficient measure between any two rough neutrosophic sets. We also prove some of its basic properties. We develop a new multiple attribute group decision making method based on the proposed correlation coefficient measure.
Category: General Mathematics

[2273] viXra:1710.0183 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-16 07:13:21

Neutrosophic Regular Filters and Fuzzy Regular Filters in Pseudo-BCI Algebras

Authors: Xiaohong Zhang, Yingcang Ma, Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 6 Pages.

Neutrosophic set is a new mathematical tool for handling problems involving imprecise, indeterminacy and inconsistent data. Pseudo-BCI algebra is a kind of non-classical logic algebra in close connection with various non-commutative fuzzy logics.
Category: General Mathematics

[2272] viXra:1710.0182 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-16 07:15:08

Uniform Single Valued Neutrosophic Graphs

Authors: S. Broumi, A. Dey, A. Bakali, M. Talea, F. Smarandache, L. H. Son, D. Koley
Comments: 8 Pages.

In this paper, we propose a new concept named the uniform single valued neutrosophic graph. An illustrative example and some properties are examined. Next, we develop an algorithmic approach for computing the complement of the single valued neutrosophic graph. A numerical example is demonstrated for computing the complement of single valued neutrosophic graphs and uniform single valued neutrosophic graph.
Category: General Mathematics

[2271] viXra:1710.0130 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-11 07:50:42

Question 402: A Definite Integral

Authors: Edgar Valdebenito
Comments: 3 Pages.

This note presents a definite integral
Category: General Mathematics

[2270] viXra:1709.0289 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-19 04:47:04

Selected Papers de L'Ingénieur Abdelmajid Ben Hadj Salem

Authors: Abdelmajid Ben Hadj Salem
Comments: 94 Pages. In French.

This book concerns the tome III of the selected papers of the Senior Engineer Abdelmajid Ben Hadj Salem that contains papers about: - the robust estimators, - the coordinates Fuseaux in Tunisia, - the problem of the movement of n body.
Category: General Mathematics

[2269] viXra:1709.0205 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-14 02:17:17

A Critical Path Problem Using Triangular Neutrosophic Number

Authors: Mai Mohamed, Mohamed Abdel-Baset, Yongquan Zhou, Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 5 Pages.

The Critical Path Method (CPM) is one of several related techniques for planning and managing of complicated projects in real world applications. In many situations, the data obtained for decision makers are only approximate, which gives rise of neutrosophic critical path problem. In this paper, the proposed method has been made to find the critical path in network diagram, whose activity time uncertain. The vague parameters in the network are represented by triangular neutrosophic numbers, instead of crisp numbers. At the end of paper, two illustrative examples are provided to validate the proposed approach.
Category: General Mathematics

[2268] viXra:1709.0203 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-14 02:20:17

A Lattice Theoretic Look: A Negated Approach to Adjectival (Intersective, Neutrosophic and Private) Phrases

Authors: Selcuk Topal, Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 5 Pages.

The aim of this paper is to provide a contribution to Natural Logic and Neutrosophic Theory. This paper considers lattice structures built on noun phrases. Firstly, we present some new negations of intersective adjectival phrases and their settheoretic semantics such as non-red non-cars and red non-cars. Secondly, a lattice structure is built on positive and negative nouns and their positive and negative intersective adjectival phrases. Thirdly, a richer lattice is obtained from previous one by adding neutrosophic prefixes neut and anti to intersective adjectival phrases. Finally, the richest lattice is constructed via extending the previous lattice structures by private adjectives (fake, counterfeit). We call these lattice classes Neutrosophic Linguistic Lattices (NLL).
Category: General Mathematics

[2267] viXra:1709.0202 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-14 02:22:15

An Efficient Image Segmentation Algorithm Using Neutrosophic Graph Cut

Authors: Yanhui Guo, Yaman Akbulut, Abdulkadir Sengür, Rong Xia, Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 25 Pages.

Segmentation is considered as an important step in image processing and computer vision applications, which divides an input image into various non-overlapping homogenous regions and helps to interpret the image more conveniently. This paper presents an efficient image segmentation algorithm using neutrosophic graph cut (NGC).
Category: General Mathematics

[2266] viXra:1709.0201 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-14 02:23:40

A Novel NeutrosophicWeighted Extreme Learning Machine for Imbalanced Data Set

Authors: Yaman Akbulut, Abdulkadir Sengür, Yanhui Guo, Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 14 Pages.

Extreme learning machine (ELM) is known as a kind of single-hidden layer feedforward network (SLFN), and has obtained considerable attention within the machine learning community and achieved various real-world applications.
Category: General Mathematics

[2265] viXra:1709.0199 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-14 02:26:24

Compact Open Topology and Evaluation Map via Neutrosophic Sets

Authors: R. Dhavaseelan, S. Jafari, F. Smarandache
Comments: 4 Pages.

The concept of neutrosophic locally compact and neutrosophic compact open topology are introduced and some interesting propositions are discussed.
Category: General Mathematics

[2264] viXra:1709.0197 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-14 02:29:13

Complex Neutrosophic Soft Set

Authors: Said Broumi, Assia Bakali, Florentin Smarandache, Mohamed Talea, Mumtaz Ali, Ganeshsree Selvachandran
Comments: 6 Pages.

In this paper, we propose the complex neutrosophic soft set model, which is a hybrid of complex fuzzy sets, neutrosophic sets and soft sets. The basic set theoretic operations and some concepts related to the structure of this model are introduced, and illustrated. An example related to a decision making problem involving uncertain and subjective information is presented, to demonstrate the utility of this model.
Category: General Mathematics

[2263] viXra:1709.0194 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-14 02:33:10

CSP and “omics” Technology Applied on Versatile and Intelligent Portable Platform for Modeling Complex Bio-medical Data

Authors: Luige Vladareanu, Mihaiela Iliescu, Hongbo Wang, Feng Yongfei, Victor Vladareanu, Hongnian Yu, Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 6 Pages.

This paper presents relevant aspects of the idea ofusing the digital medicine in cancer, so that to shape a viable strategy for creating and implementing an interactive digital platform, NEO-VIP, that should be the basic support to design the strategy for integration of basic, clinical and environmental research on neoplasia progression to cancer.
Category: General Mathematics

[2262] viXra:1709.0193 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-14 02:34:45

Generalized Bipolar Neutrosophic Graphs of Type 1

Authors: Said Broumi, Assia Bakali, Mohamed Talea, Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 7 Pages.

In this research paper, based on the notion of generalized single valued neutrosophic graphs of type 1, we presented a new type of neutrosophic graphs called generalized bipolar neutrosophic graphs of type 1 (GBNG1) and presented a matrix representation for it and studied some properties of this new concept. The concept of GBNG1 is an extension of generalized fuzzy graphs of type 1 (GFG1) and generalized single valued neutrosophic of type 1 (GSVNG1).
Category: General Mathematics

[2261] viXra:1709.0191 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-14 02:37:44

Neutrosophic Application for Decision Logic in Robot Intelligent Control Systems

Authors: Victor Vlădăreanu, Florentin Smarandache, Luige Vlădăreanu
Comments: 6 Pages.

The paper presents the research undertaken for extending the functionality of a regular fuzzy multi-input decision support system through the application of basic neutrosophy principles. The application is designed and simulated using tools already available for the fuzzy implementation, adapted to the requirements of the neutrosophic extension. The results show an increase in the decision classification index, while improving the environmental accuracy of the considered model.
Category: General Mathematics

[2260] viXra:1709.0187 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-14 02:43:58

Neutrosophic Cubic MCGDM Method Based on Similarity Measure

Authors: Surapati Pramanik, Shyamal Dalapati, Shariful Alam, Tapan Kumar Roy, Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 13 Pages.

The notion of neutrosophic cubic set is originated from the hybridization of the concept of neutrosophic set and intervalvalued neutrosophic set. We define similarity measure for neutrosophic cubic sets and prove some of its basic properties.
Category: General Mathematics

[2259] viXra:1709.0186 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-14 02:47:36

Neutrosophic Linear Fractional Programming Problem

Authors: Mai Mohamed, Mohamed Abdel-Baset, Abdel-Nasser, Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 19 Pages.

In this paper a solution procedure is proposed to solve neutrosophic linear fractional programming problem where the cost of objective function, the resources and the technologal coefficients are triangular neutrosophic numbers.
Category: General Mathematics

[2258] viXra:1709.0185 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-14 02:49:07

Neutrosophic Quadruple Algebraic Hyperstructures

Authors: A. A. A. Agboola, B. Davvaz, F. Smarandache
Comments: 29 Pages.

The objective of this paper is to develop neutro- sophic quadruple algebraic hyperstructures. Specically, we develop neutrosophic quadruple semihypergroups, neutrosophic quadruple canonical hypergroups and neutrosophic quadruple hyperrings and we present elementary properties which characterize them.
Category: General Mathematics

[2257] viXra:1709.0184 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-14 02:50:24

NS-K-NN: Neutrosophic Set-Based K-Nearest Neighbors Classifier

Authors: Yaman Akbulut, Abdulkadir Sengur, Yanhui Guo, Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 10 Pages.

k-nearest neighbors (k-NN), which is known to be a simple and efficient approach,is a non-parametric supervised classifier. It aims to determine the class label of an unknown sample by its k-nearest neighbors that are stored in a training set.
Category: General Mathematics

[2256] viXra:1709.0183 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-14 02:51:42

On Neutrosophic Semi-Supra Open Set and Neutrosophic Semi-Supra Continuous Functions

Authors: R. Dhavaseelan, M. Parimala, S. Jafari, F. Smarandache
Comments: 5 Pages.

In this paper, we introduce and investigate a new class of sets and functions between topological space called neutrosophic semi-supra open set and neutrosophic semi-supra open continuous functions respectively.
Category: General Mathematics

[2255] viXra:1709.0181 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-14 02:57:32

PCR5 and Neutrosophic Probability in Target Identification (revisited)

Authors: Florentin Smarandache, Nassim Abbas, Youcef Chibani, Bilal Hadjadji, Zayen Azzouz Omar
Comments: 4 Pages.

In this paper, we use PCR5 in order to fusion the information of two sources providing subjective probabilities of an event A to occur in the following form: chance that A occurs, indeterminate chance of occurrence of A, chance that A does not occur.
Category: General Mathematics

[2254] viXra:1709.0173 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-14 03:10:32

Special Types of Bipolar Single Valued Neutrosophic Graphs

Authors: Ali Hassan, Muhammad Aslam Malik, Said Broumi, Assia Bakali, Mohamed Talea, Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 55 Pages.

Neutrosophic theory has many applications in graph theory, bipolar single valued neutrosophic graphs (BSVNGs) is the generalization of fuzzy graphs and intuitionistic fuzzy graphs, SVNGs. In this paper we introduce some types of BSVNGs, such as subdivision BSVNGs, middle BSVNGs, total BSVNGs and bipolar single valued neutrosophic line graphs (BSVNLGs), also investigate the isomorphism, co weak isomorphism and weak isomorphism properties of subdivision BSVNGs, middle BSVNGs,total BSVNGs and BSVNLGs.
Category: General Mathematics

[2253] viXra:1709.0172 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-14 03:11:54

Support-Neutrosophic Set: A New Concept in Soft Computing

Authors: Nguyen Xuan Thao, Florentin Smarandache, Nguyen Van Dinh
Comments: 6 Pages.

Today, soft computing is a field that is used a lot in solving real-world problems, such as problems in economics, finance, banking... With the aim to serve for solving the real problem, many new theories and/or tools which were proposed, improved to help soft computing used more efficiently.
Category: General Mathematics

[2252] viXra:1709.0170 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-14 03:12:55

Teoria Neutrosofică a Evoluției: Grade de Evoluție / Indeterminare / Involuție

Authors: Florentin SMARANDACHE
Comments: 3 Pages.

În decembrie 2016 - ianuarie 2017, am întreprins o croazieră culturală și științifică în Arhipelagul Galápagos, Ecuador, în Oceanul Pacific,unde am vizitat șapte insule și insulițe: Mosquera, Isabela, Fernandina, Santiago, Sombrero Chino, Santa Cruz și Rabida, într-o croazieră cu vaporul Golondrina.
Category: General Mathematics

[2251] viXra:1709.0169 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-14 03:15:30

A Generalization of Collatz Conjecture

Authors: W.B. Wasantha Kandasamy, Illanteral Kandasamy, Florentin Smrandache
Comments: 8 Pages.

The Collatz conjecture is an open conjecture in mathematics named so after Collatz who proposed it in 1937.
Category: General Mathematics

[2250] viXra:1709.0168 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-14 03:20:18

Using Neutrosophic Sets to Obtain PERT Threes-Times Estimates Project Management

Authors: Mai Mohamed, Mohamed Abdel-Baset, Abdel-Nasser H. Zaied, Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 5 Pages.

Neutrosophic sets have been introduced as a generalization of crisp sets, fuzzy sets, and intuitionistic fuzzy sets to represent uncertain, inconsistent and incomplete information about real world problems. Elements of neutrosophic set are characterized by a truth-membership, falsity-membership and indeterminacy membership functions. For the first time, this paper attempts to introduce the mathematical representation of Program Evaluation and Review Technique (PERT) in neutrosophic environment. Here the elements of three-times estimates of PERT are considered as neutrosophic elements.
Category: General Mathematics

[2249] viXra:1709.0163 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-13 13:20:05

TODIM Method for Group Decision Making under Bipolar Neutrosophic Set Environment

Authors: Surapati Pramanik, Shyamal Dalapati, Shariful Alam, Tapan Kumar Roy
Comments: 17 Pages. The article is accepted for publicatgioin in New Trends in Neutrosophic Theory and Applications-Volume II, 2017

Classical TODIM (an acronym in Portuguese for Interactive Multi criteria Decision Making) method works on crisp numbers to solve multi-attribute group decision making problems. In this paper, we define TODIM method in bipolar neutrosophic set environment to handle multi-attribute group decision making problems, which means we combine the TODIM with bipolar neutrosophic number to deal with multi-attribute group decision making problems. We have proposed a new method for solving multi-attribute group decision making problems. Finally, we solve multi-attribute group decision making problem using our newly proposed TODIM method to show the applicability and effectiveness of the proposed method.
Category: General Mathematics

[2248] viXra:1709.0031 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-04 06:23:26

One Step Evolution Of Any Real Positive Number

Authors: Ramesh Chandra Bagadi
Comments: 4 Pages.

In this research investigation, the author has detailed about One Step Evolution Of Any Real Positive Number.
Category: General Mathematics

[2247] viXra:1708.0419 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-28 08:22:53

Question 331: a Short Note on pi

Authors: Edgar Valdebenito
Comments: 14 Pages.

This note presents some results on pi.
Category: General Mathematics

[2246] viXra:1708.0418 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-28 08:28:05

Double Integrals Involving Pi^2 and Pi^3

Authors: Edgar Valdebenito
Comments: 3 Pages.

In this note we give some double integrals involving pi^2 and pi^3.
Category: General Mathematics

[2245] viXra:1708.0416 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-28 08:44:11

Question 357: Some Infinite Products

Authors: Edgar Valdebenito
Comments: 2 Pages.

This note presents some infinite products involving pi.
Category: General Mathematics

[2244] viXra:1708.0415 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-28 08:47:32

Question 337: Integrals and Fractals

Authors: Edgar Valdebenito
Comments: 13 Pages.

This note presents fifteen integrals and ten fractals.
Category: General Mathematics

Replacements of recent Submissions

[87] viXra:1711.0409 [pdf] replaced on 2017-12-05 03:23:10

A P=NP Demonstration Proposition

Authors: Wanting To Remain Anoymous
Comments: 2 Pages.

Here is proposed a P=NP demonstration. A description of the problem can be found here: http://www.claymath.org/sites/default/files/pvsnp.pdf
Category: General Mathematics