[143] **viXra:1510.0514 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-31 02:09:22*

**Authors:** Ramesh Chandra Bagadi

**Comments:** 25 Pages.

In this research investigation the author has laid out a novel scheme using which one can fulfill their noble wishes.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[142] **viXra:1510.0474 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-29 03:13:43*

**Authors:** Ramesh Chandra Bagadi

**Comments:** 7 Pages. This idea was conceived by the author at around 11:13 AM to 11:17 AM (Indian Standard Time) on Thursday October 29th, 2015 at Dakamarri, Vizianagarnam, Andhra Pradesh State, India.

In this research monograph, the author has presented a novel scheme to find the Sequence Of Primes of Second (2nd) Order Space.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[141] **viXra:1510.0428 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-27 23:43:58*

**Authors:** Ramesh Chandra Bagadi

**Comments:** 8 Pages. The 'Complementable Bounds' part of this research manuscript was prepared on October 27th, 2015, Tuesday Evening Indian Standard Time and the idea regarding the same was conceived on October 27th, 2015, Tuesday Evening Indian Standard Time

In this research monograph, the author enlightens a fact regarding the existence of ‘Complementable Bounds’ in any Sequence Of Primes Of Rth Order Space. Also, the author enlightens another aspect of finding the ‘Universe In Parallel’ of any Sequence Of Primes Of Rth Order Space in the Sequence Of Primes Of (R+1)th Order Space or for that matter any (R+v)th Order Space for ‘v’ being a positive integer. The author also presents some insights regarding how these aspects can be used as constraints on ‘Quantization Based Evolution’ are presented.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[140] **viXra:1510.0427 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-28 00:10:14*

**Authors:** Ramesh Chandra Bagadi

**Comments:** 8 Pages.

In this research monograph, the author sheds light on the synonymical equivalence between the five digits of human palm and the five elements of (at) the planet earth.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[139] **viXra:1510.0421 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-27 09:06:54*

**Authors:** Sai Venkatesh Balasubramanian

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

This short article is a compilation of assorted mathematical methods discovered by the author in high school days. Particularly, methods pertaining to cube roots, fifth roots and an arithmetic progression with varying common difference are outlined.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[138] **viXra:1510.0395 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-26 07:10:54*

**Authors:** Ramesh Chandra Bagadi

**Comments:** 6 Pages.

In this research monograph, the author devises a novel way to ascertain ‘Work Consciousness(es)’ of ‘Original Nature’. Furthermore, the author also presents a scheme to distill the ‘Foreign Work Consciousness’ components over-layed on some ‘Original Work Consciousness’ of concern by the process of ‘Reverse Engineering’. One can implement the aforesaid using the author’s concepts on ‘Primality Engineering’.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[137] **viXra:1510.0391 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-26 02:45:01*

**Authors:** Ramesh Chandra Bagadi

**Comments:** 8 Pages.

In this research monograph, the author presents a ‘Holistic And Optimal Scheme For Music Composition’. The author uses the language of ‘Samskrutam’ and the ‘Carnatic’ Music Basis for such a construction.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[136] **viXra:1510.0384 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-25 03:55:36*

**Authors:** Ramesh Chandra Bagadi

**Comments:** 6 Pages.

In this research monograph, the author presents a ‘Holistic And Optimal Scheme For Music Composition’. The author uses the language of ‘Samskrutam’ and the ‘Carnatic’ Music Basis for such a construction.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[135] **viXra:1510.0378 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-24 05:42:13*

**Authors:** Ramesh Chandra Bagadi

**Comments:** 15 Pages.

In this research monograph, the author has presented the notion of the ‘Universal Wave Function Of The Universe’, as an example, in Pure Verbose Form. One can distill the Primality {of all three types: namely Verbal Primality, Act(ion) Recursion Primality, Sense Understanding and/ or Perception Primalit}) of this form (text) and can consequently construct the Recursion Scheme of the afore-desired Universal Wave Function Of The Universe.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[134] **viXra:1510.0375 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-23 18:40:34*

**Authors:** Basudeba Mishra

**Comments:** 9 Pages. Posted and discussed at FQXi forum.

Is mathematics the only language of science? Is there an equation for the "observer"? If not, can science ignore "observer" as unscientific. Was Wigner right when he talked about the unreasonable effectiveness of mathematics? Was Gödel's incompleteness theorem based on natural mathematics? What is the basis of number theory? If we re-envision classical and quantum observations as macroscopic overlap of quantum effects, we may solve most problems. The physics community blindly accepts rigid, linear ideas about the nature of space, time, dimension, etc. These theories provide conceptual convenience and attractive simplicity for pattern analysis, but at the cost of ignoring equally-plausible alternative interpretations of observed phenomena that could possibly have explained the universe better.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[133] **viXra:1510.0353 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-22 10:45:14*

**Authors:** Ramesh Chandra Bagadi

**Comments:** 18 Pages.

In this research monograph, the author presents some novel concepts of the aspect of ‘Conservation’ of sense (of belonging to the Language, not necessarily the meaning, the meaning is different) of language when any ‘Samskrutam’ Language Statement is reversed, phonetically {syllable and/ or group of syllables wise forming one unified phonetic construct of concern} wise. Furthermore, the meaning of the considered segments in the onward sense and the meaning of the same considered segment in the reverse and/ or backward sense have a cause-effect-cause (i.e., as in CauseEffectCause) relational sense when such segments are considered cyclically! Furthermore, the author notes that given a meaningful ‘Samskrutam’ language segment one can consider another (sub-set) segment from anywhere (once it is cyclically slated) within this segment and still such segment makes sense (though it may be different). Furthermore, this aspect also satisfies the aforementioned cause-effect-cause meaning aspect detailed above. Furthermore, a ‘Universal Transformation Process Between Any Language Of Concern To Any Other Language Of Concern And Higher And/ Or Lower Order Variants Of Any Language Of Concern’ is presented. Also, a scheme to detect any tempering of ‘Work-Consciousness’ in Samskrutam Language and/ or its Higher Order and/ or lower order variants is presented as we can note that this scheme can also be used a ‘Causality Meter’ and can be used to detect ‘Truth’ regarding CauseEffectCause when the ‘Work-Consciousness’ in Samskrutam Language and/ or its Higher Order and/ or lower order variants is analyzed in the onward (left to right) and the reverse (right to left) and/ or backward directions.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[132] **viXra:1510.0342 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-21 04:52:09*

**Authors:** Ramesh Chandra Bagadi

**Comments:** 9 Pages.

In this research monograph, the author presents some novel concepts of the aspect of ‘Conservation’ of sense (of belonging to the Language, not necessarily the meaning, the meaning is different) of language when any ‘Samskrutam’ Language Statement is reversed, phonetically {syllable and/ or group of syllables wise forming one unified phonetic construct of concern} wise. Furthermore, the meaning of the considered segments in the onward sense and the meaning of the same considered segment in the reverse and/ or backward sense have a cause-effect-cause {i.e., as in (->)-(<-)-(->)} relational sense when such segments are considered cyclically! Furthermore, the author notes that given a meaningful ‘Samskrutam’ language segment one can consider another (sub-set) segment from anywhere (once it is cyclically slated) within this segment and still such segment makes sense (though it may be different). Furthermore, this aspect also satisfies the aforementioned cause-effect-cause meaning aspect detailed above.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[131] **viXra:1510.0327 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-19 05:30:35*

**Authors:** Ramesh Chandra Bagadi

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

In this research monograph note, the author expresses his views on how any Technology when slated in terms of Primality Equivalents using the concepts of ‘Primality Engineering’
{see see (http://www.vixra.org/author/ramesh_chandra_bagadi)}
can find the quantized versions of this technology for all variable orders of dimensions of space, starting from one, when evolved and/ or devolved by one step every time.
For example, the author also considers the uses of the William F. Baker’s ‘Buttressed Core Concept’ in the context of variable dimensions, especially in ‘2’ Dimensions and ‘1’ Dimension. The advantage of such a technical reduction of this concept using the author’s ‘Primality Engineering’ concepts is that one can derive equivalent advantage offered by this concept in two dimensional constructs such a shear walls, pure compression bearing structures such as columns. One can also make transformations of this concept to higher dimensions as well using the author’s concepts on ‘Primality Engineering’.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[130] **viXra:1510.0317 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 06:40:14*

**Authors:** John M. Campbell

**Comments:** 14 Pages.

We present an integral representation of Kekulé numbers.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[129] **viXra:1510.0316 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 06:41:19*

**Authors:** Taekyun Kim, C. Adiga, Jung Hun Han

**Comments:** 8 Pages.

The additive analogues of Pseudo-Smarandache, Smarandache-simple functions and their duals have been recently studied by J. S´andor. In this note,
we obtain q-analogues of S´andor’s theorems.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[128] **viXra:1510.0315 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 06:42:14*

**Authors:** Temıtope Gbolahan Jaıyeola

**Comments:** 10 Pages.

The isotopic invariance or universality of types and varieties of quasigroups and loops described by one or more equivalent identities has been of interest to researchers in loop theory in the recent past.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[127] **viXra:1510.0313 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 06:44:27*

**Authors:** Temıtope Gbolahan Jaıyeola

**Comments:** 10 Pages.

The study of the Smarandache concept in groupoids was initiated by W. B. Vasantha Kandasamy.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[126] **viXra:1510.0312 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 06:45:30*

**Authors:** B. O. Onasanya

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

This paper is to comparatively review some works in fuzzy and anti fuzzy group theory. The aim is to provide anti fuzzy versions of some existing theorems in fuzzy group theory and see how much similar they are to their fuzzy versions. The research therefore focuses on the properties of fuzzy subgroup, fuzzy cosets, fuzzy conjugacy and fuzzy normal subgroups of a group which are mimicked in anti fuzzy group theory.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[125] **viXra:1510.0311 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 06:46:16*

**Authors:** Octavian Cira

**Comments:** 1 Page.

Această conjectură generalizează conjectura Andrica.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[124] **viXra:1510.0309 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 06:48:47*

**Authors:** Stefan Adrian Dumitru

**Comments:** 20 Pages.

Robotica reprezinta in prezent unul din cele mai mari realizari ale omenirii si este cea mai mare incercare de a produce o inta articiala capabila sa simta si sa transmita emotii, producatorii de roboti realizand in ultimii ani modele de serie extrem de complexe disponibile pentru publicul larg.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[123] **viXra:1510.0308 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 06:49:45*

**Authors:** Ionel Alexandru Gal

**Comments:** 21 Pages.

Scopul principal al lucrării este de a realiza o metodă nouă şi inovativă de control hibrid forţă-poziţie care se poate adapta în timp real, la orice tip de situaţie şi eveniment pe care robotul le poate întâlni în mediul de lucru.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[122] **viXra:1510.0307 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 06:50:40*

**Authors:** Ionel Alexandru Gal

**Comments:** 19 Pages.

The main purpose of this paper is to develop a new and innovative hybrid force/position control method able to adapt in real time to any kind of situation and event that the robot may encounter in the workspace. For this, in hybrid control development phase, multiple control laws are chosen, and to them is associated their way of use, followed by the definition of a real time control laws’ set that the robot will use according to the situation met in the workspace, by states and uncertainty areas for which will be defined control laws and methods with wide spectrum applicability.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[121] **viXra:1510.0306 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 06:51:30*

**Authors:** Dănuț Adrian Bucur

**Comments:** 19 Pages.

Robotica se ocupă cu studiul acelor maşini ce pot înlocui omul în executarea anumitor sarcini, atât
din punctul de vedere al activităţii fizice cât şi cel al luării deciziilor.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[120] **viXra:1510.0302 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 06:55:13*

**Authors:** Patrik Nystedt

**Comments:** 11 Pages.

We introduce fuzzy groupoid graded rings and, as a particular case, fuzzy crossed product algebras. We show that there is a bijection between the set of fuzzy graded isomorphism equivalence classes
of fuzzy crossed product algebras and the associated second cohomology group.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[119] **viXra:1510.0301 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 06:56:24*

**Authors:** Daher Waly Freh Al-Rekabi, Alia Shany Hassan

**Comments:** 8 Pages.

In this paper we study some results of the generalized sum of a fuzzy subgroup and -cut subgroup ,we define a-cut subset and a-cut
subgroup, and then .We study some of their properties.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[118] **viXra:1510.0300 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 06:57:09*

**Authors:** Linfan Mao

**Comments:** 37 Pages.

As a model of spacetimes in physics, various geometries such as those of Euclid,
Riemannian and Finsler geometries are established by mathematicians.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[117] **viXra:1510.0299 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 06:58:03*

**Authors:** Temıtope Gbolahan Jaıyeola

**Comments:** 20 Pages.

The notion of the holomorph of a generalized Bol loop (GBL) is characterized afresh. The holomorph of a right inverse property loop (RIPL) is shown to be a GBL if and only if the loop is a GBL and some bijections of the loop are right (middle) regular.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[116] **viXra:1510.0298 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 06:58:59*

**Authors:** Talat Körpınar

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

In this work, new type ruled surfaces in terms of B- Smarandache TM1 curves of biharmonic B- slant helices in the SOL3 are studied.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[115] **viXra:1510.0297 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 07:00:09*

**Authors:** Linfan Mao

**Comments:** 8 Pages.

The notion of multi-spaces is introduced by Smarandache under his idea of hybrid mathematics: combining different fields into a unifying field.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[114] **viXra:1510.0293 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 07:03:54*

**Authors:** Hassan Rashed Yassein, Mazen Omran Karim

**Comments:** 6 Pages.

In this research, we defined the term a smarandache M – semigroup (S-M-semigroup)
and studied some basic properties.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[113] **viXra:1510.0292 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 07:05:24*

**Authors:** F. Aliniaeifarda, M. Behboodib, E. Mehdi-Nezhadc, Amir M. Rahimi

**Comments:** 11 Pages.

Throughout this paper, all rings are assumed to be commutative with identity.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[112] **viXra:1510.0291 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 07:06:40*

**Authors:** Temıtope Gbolahan Jaıyeola

**Comments:** 15 Pages.

A Smarandache quasigroup(loop) is shown to be universal if all its f, g-principal isotopes are Smarandache f, g-principal isotopes.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[111] **viXra:1510.0290 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 07:07:53*

**Authors:** Temıtope Gbolahan Jaıyeola

**Comments:** 14 Pages.

According to Ashbacher and Neirynck, an integer is said to be a palindrome if it reads the same forwards and backwards.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[110] **viXra:1510.0289 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 07:08:55*

**Authors:** Linfan Mao

**Comments:** 17 Pages.

Parallel lines are very important objects in Euclid plane geometry and its behaviors can be gotten by one’s intuition.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[109] **viXra:1510.0287 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 07:12:38*

**Authors:** Temıtope Gbolahan Jaıyeola

**Comments:** 8 Pages.

The study of the Smarandache concept in groupoids was initiated by W.B. Vasantha Kandasamy.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[108] **viXra:1510.0283 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 07:16:27*

**Authors:** Abbas Saliimi Lokman, Ngahzaifa Ab. Ghani, Lok Leh Leong

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

This paper critically reviews several Special
Relativity simulation applications and proposes a method to dynamically simulate Time Dilation effect.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[107] **viXra:1510.0282 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 07:17:13*

**Authors:** Catalin Barbu

**Comments:** 6 Pages.

In this note, we present a proof of Smarandache’s cevian triangle hyperbolic theorem in the Einstein relativistic velocity model of hyperbolic geometry.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[106] **viXra:1510.0281 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 07:18:05*

**Authors:** Dersim Kaya

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

In this paper, we study Smarandache curves according to 2 type Bishop frame in Euclid-
ean 3-space.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[105] **viXra:1510.0278 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 07:21:18*

**Authors:** H. S. Abdel-Aziz, M. Khalifa Saad

**Comments:** 11 Pages.

In the present paper, we consider a position vector of an arbitrary curve in the three-dimensional Galilean space G3. Furthermore, we give some conditions on the curvatures of this arbitrary curve to study special curves and their Smarandache curves. Finally, in the light of this study, some related examples of these curves are provided and plotted.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[104] **viXra:1510.0277 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 07:22:19*

**Authors:** Sebastián Martín Ruiz

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

In this article we are going to see that the value this function takes when n is a perfect number.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[103] **viXra:1510.0276 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 07:35:52*

**Authors:** Parween Ali Hummadi, Shadan Abdulkadr Osman

**Comments:** 8 Pages.

In this paper we study S-idempotents of the group ring ℤ2G where is a finite cyclic group of order n.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[102] **viXra:1510.0275 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 07:36:56*

**Authors:** Temıtope Gbolahan Jaıyeola

**Comments:** 12 Pages.

The concept of Smarandache isotopy is introduced and its study is explored for Smarandache: groupoids, quasigroups and loops just like the study of isotopy theory was carried out for groupoids, quasigroups and loops. The exploration includes: Smarandache; isotopy and isomorphy classes, Smarandache f, g principal isotopes and
G-Smarandache loops.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[101] **viXra:1510.0272 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 07:39:25*

**Authors:** Linfan Mao

**Comments:** 74 Pages.

A Smarandache multi-space is a union of n different spaces equipped with some different structures for an integer n ≥ 2, which can be
both used for discrete or connected spaces, particularly for geometries and spacetimes in theoretical physics

**Category:** General Mathematics

[100] **viXra:1510.0271 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 07:40:10*

**Authors:** Linfan Mao

**Comments:** 26 Pages.

A Smarandache multi-space is a union of n different spaces equipped with some different structures for an integer n ≥ 2, which can be
both used for discrete or connected spaces, particularly for geometries and spacetimes in theoretical physics.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[99] **viXra:1510.0270 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 07:41:16*

**Authors:** Akbar Rezaei, Arsham Borumand Saeid

**Comments:** 12 Pages.

In this paper, we introduce the notions of N-
subalgebras and N-filters based on Smarandache CI-algebra and give a number of their properties.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[98] **viXra:1510.0269 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 07:42:10*

**Authors:** Paulo D. F. Gouveia, Delfim F. M. Torres

**Comments:** 18 Pages.

We study Smarandache sequences of numbers, and related problems, via a Computer Algebra System. Solutions are discovered, and some conjectures presented.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[97] **viXra:1510.0267 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 07:44:05*

**Authors:** M. Khalifa Saad

**Comments:** 19 Pages.

In this paper, space and timelike admissible Smarandache curves in the pseudo-Galilean space G are investigated.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[96] **viXra:1510.0266 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 07:45:05*

**Authors:** Ozcan Bektas¸ Salim Yuce

**Comments:** 16 Pages.

In this study, we determine some special Smarandache curves according to Darboux frame in E3 . We give some characterizations and consequences of Smarandache curves.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[95] **viXra:1510.0265 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 07:45:51*

**Authors:** Suleyman Senyurt

**Comments:** 9 Pages.

In this paper, the spherical indicatrix curves drawn by quaternionic frenet vectors are computed.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[94] **viXra:1510.0264 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 07:46:42*

**Authors:** Dhananjay P. Mehendale

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

This short paper presents an exact formula for counting twin prime pairs less than or equal to x in terms of the classical Smarandache Function.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[93] **viXra:1510.0263 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 07:47:30*

**Authors:** A. D. Godase

**Comments:** 10 Pages.

We represent finite group in the form of a graph, these graphs are called unit graph. Since the
main role in obtaining the graph is played by the unit element of the group, this study is innovative. Also study of different properties like the subgroups of a group, normal subgroups of a group are carried out using the unit graph of the group.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[92] **viXra:1510.0262 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 07:48:34*

**Authors:** Luige VLADAREANU, Cristian SPIRLEANU, Mihaiela ILIESCU, Mingcong DENG

**Comments:** 8 Pages.

The paper studies the flexible robotic cells in
cooperation with automated guided vehicle (AGV), in the presence of obstacles, at constant or variable speed and variable load, aiming to optimizing the interaction between AGV and
flexible robotic cell components.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[91] **viXra:1510.0261 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 04:12:18*

**Authors:** Elham Majd

**Comments:** 233 Pages.

Multi-agent systems can break interactions in distributed and heterogeneous environments. One of the fundamental challenges in such settings is that agents can enter and leave the system at will; hence malicious agents may take advantage of others by behaving in an untrustworthy way. In this case, if an agent wants to interact with unknown provider agents, they need to request other agents to advise a trustworthy provider.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[90] **viXra:1510.0260 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 04:14:04*

**Authors:** Jean-Marc Tacnet, Mireille Batton-Hubert, Jean Dezert

**Comments:** 6 Pages.

Mountain river torrents and snow avalanches generate human and material damages with dramatic consequences. Knowledge about natural phenomenona is often lacking and expertise is required for decision and risk management purposes using multi-disciplinary quantitative or qualitative approaches. Expertise is considered as a decision process based on imperfect information coming from more or less reliable and conflicting sources.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[89] **viXra:1510.0258 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 04:18:33*

**Authors:** Liu Zhe-xi, Yang Jian-hong, Yang De-bin, Li Min

**Comments:** 6 Pages.

The common way of conflicting evidence combination is to modify the basic probability mass assignment
of evidence bodies by a certain indicator which can reflect or describe the information uncertainty of the conflicting evidence. In existing conflicting evidence combination methods, indicators such as the distance of evidence and
ambiguity are used.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[88] **viXra:1510.0257 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 04:19:33*

**Authors:** Mengmeng Ma, Jiyao AN

**Comments:** 16 Pages.

To solve the invalidation problem of Dempster-Shafer theory of evidence (DS)with high conflict in multi-sensor data fusion, this paper presents a novel combination approach of conflict evidence with different weighting factors using a new probabilistic dissimilarity measure.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[87] **viXra:1510.0253 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 04:23:47*

**Authors:** Antoine Masse

**Comments:** 202 Pages.

La quantité de données de télédétection archivées est de plus en plus importante et grâce aux
nouveaux et futurs satellites, ces données offriront une plus grande diversité de caractéristiques : spectrale, temporelle, résolution spatiale et superficie de l’emprise du satellite.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[86] **viXra:1510.0251 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 04:26:05*

**Authors:** Bernard Robles

**Comments:** 188 Pages.

La notion de modèles de Markov cachés MMC1 ou HMM2, apparaît dans de nombreux domaines comme la théorie de l’information, la physique statistique, la compression de données, la bio-informatique (segmentation de gènes ou protéines afin de comparer des séquences d’ADN), la reconnaissance vocale, la maintenance industrielle, etc.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[85] **viXra:1510.0249 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 04:28:21*

**Authors:** Guo Qiang, He You, Li Xin-de

**Comments:** 7 Pages.

In this paper, Dempster-Shafer (DS) theory and Dezert-Smarandache Theory (DSmT) are conducted
thorough reasearch, and in order to obtain more accurate fusion results in the premise of needing less computation complexity, a fast DSmT-DS approximate reasoning method is proposed.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[84] **viXra:1510.0248 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 04:31:20*

**Authors:** Vilany Kimala, Koichi Yamada

**Comments:** 10 Pages.

This paper is about the generalization Of Conditioning and New Interpretation of Evidential Reasoning.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[83] **viXra:1510.0247 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 04:32:27*

**Authors:** Arnaud MARTIN, Christophe OSSWALD

**Comments:** 21 Pages.

In image classification, merging the opinion of several human experts is very important for different tasks such as the evaluation or the training. Indeed, the ground truth is rarely known before the scene imaging.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[82] **viXra:1510.0246 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 04:33:30*

**Authors:** Gurpreet kaur, Vijay kumar Banga

**Comments:** 8 Pages.

Edge detection is the name for a set of
mathematical methods which target at classifying points in a image at which the image intensity varies sharply or, has discontinuities. This paper has focused on detecting the edges for the Hue factor in Human visual system (HSV).

**Category:** General Mathematics

[81] **viXra:1510.0244 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 04:35:35*

**Authors:** Giuseppe Rizzo, Claudia d’Amato, Nicola Fanizzi, Floriana Esposito

**Comments:** 15 Pages.

In the context of Semantic Web, one of the most important issues related to the class-membership prediction task (through inductive models) on
ontological knowledge bases concerns the imbalance of the training examples distribution, mostly due to the heterogeneous nature and the incompleteness of the knowledge bases.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[80] **viXra:1510.0243 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 04:38:54*

**Authors:** Zhou Jun Jing, Duan Jian-min

**Comments:** 7 Pages.

Moving object detection is a key in dynamic environment perception.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[79] **viXra:1510.0242 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 04:40:23*

**Authors:** ZHANG Yong-li, Ji Wen-ping, ZHANG Jing

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

The complexity of battlefield environment will bring the conflict of evidences from the sensors．DSmT cannot only handle with multi—source information of uncertainty and indefiniteness，but also manage information of high level evidence conflict

**Category:** General Mathematics

[78] **viXra:1510.0241 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 04:41:36*

**Authors:** Amel Ennaceur

**Comments:** 186 Pages.

As society becomes more complex, people are faced with many situations in which they have to
make a decision among different alternatives. However, the most preferable one is not always
easily selected.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[77] **viXra:1510.0239 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 04:43:50*

**Authors:** Frederic Dambreville

**Comments:** 29 Pages.

When implementing the DSmT, a difficulty may arise from the possible huge dimension of hyperpower sets, which are indeed free structures.However, it is possible to reduce the dimension of these structures by involving logical constraints.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[76] **viXra:1510.0238 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 04:45:37*

**Authors:** Simon Steinmeyer

**Comments:** 253 Pages.

Viele aktuelle Fahrerassistenzsysteme wie beispielsweise die adaptive Geschwindigkeitsregelung, purwechselassistenten und Systeme zur Anhaltewegverkürzung
sind auf eine verlässliche Detektion anderer Verkehrsteilnehmer und Hindernisse angewiesen. Zukünftige Assistenzsysteme wie beispielsweise Systeme für das Automatische Fahren erhöhen diese Zuverlässigkeitsanforderung weiter.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[75] **viXra:1510.0237 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 04:46:26*

**Authors:** Mohamed Zaki, Alaa Hamouda, Basma Hisham

**Comments:** 16 Pages.

Cairo is experiencing traffic congestion that places it among the worst in the world.
Obviously, it is difficult if not impossible to solve the transportation problem because it is
multi-dimensional problem but it's good to reduce this waste of money and the associated
waste of time resulting from congestion.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[74] **viXra:1510.0236 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 04:48:00*

**Authors:** W. B. Vasantha Kandasamy

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

The new notion and a very revolutionary type of mathematics has been developed in recent days and it is well-known as "Smarandache Structures".

**Category:** General Mathematics

[73] **viXra:1510.0235 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 04:48:55*

**Authors:** W.B. Vasantha Kandasamy, T. Ramaraj, Kannappa

**Comments:** 1 Page.

In this paper we study the notions likes Smarandache ideals in nearrings.
In 2002, the notion of Smarandache ideals in near-rings was introduced and studied by near-rings was introduced and studied by W.B. Vasantha Kandasamy. Some properties about Smarandache ideals
and Smarandache N-groups of near-rings have been analyzed.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[72] **viXra:1510.0234 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 04:50:06*

**Authors:** W.B.Vasantha Kandasamy, Y.Showri Raju

**Comments:** 1 Page.

The concept of bigroup was started by Maggu in the year 1994.Later in the year 1998 fuzzy bigroups was defined by W.B.Vasantha and Meiyappan.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[71] **viXra:1510.0233 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 04:51:02*

**Authors:** W.B.Vasantha Kandasamy, Y.S.Showriraju

**Comments:** 1 Page.

The concept of bi-semigroups and S-bisemigroups are very recent, defined in 2003. Here
we define some more special classes which are generalizations of bi-semigroups and biquasi groups.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[70] **viXra:1510.0232 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 04:51:52*

**Authors:** W.B. Vasantha Kandasamy, M. Parimala Kanthi

**Comments:** 1 Page.

In this paper we introduce the notion of Smarandache commutative loop (S-commutative loop) and S-strongly commutative loop. We prove a S-commutative loop is not in general a commutative loop.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[69] **viXra:1510.0231 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 04:52:44*

**Authors:** W.B. Vasantha Kandasamy, Virgin Raj

**Comments:** 1 Page.

In this paper we introduce the notion of S-zero divisors, S-units, S-nilpotents, S-idempotents, S-normal elements, S-semi idempotents, S-quasi regular elements in a non-associative ring which we take mainly as a loop ring.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[68] **viXra:1510.0230 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 04:53:38*

**Authors:** W.B.Vasantha Kandasamy Moon Kumar Chetry

**Comments:** 1 Page.

The construction of semi-automation and automaton which can perform sequential operations uses only the basic algebraic structure viz. free semigroups or to be more specific free monoids.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[67] **viXra:1510.0229 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 04:54:30*

**Authors:** W.B.Vasantha Kandasamy J.Sujatha, M.Mary John

**Comments:** 1 Page.

In 1998 Padilla Raul and S. Florentine introduced some new concepts on Smarandache Algebraic structures. The study of Smarandache semigroups (S-semigroups) has been extensively studied in the year 2002.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[66] **viXra:1510.0228 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 04:55:54*

**Authors:** W.B.Vasantha, Moon Kumar Chetry

**Comments:** 1 Page.

The study of free groupoids is very new and we see that the free groupoids have its application to the theory of automaton provided they satisfy a special condition namely these free groupoids should contain at least a subset which is a free semigroup.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[65] **viXra:1510.0227 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 04:57:06*

**Authors:** W.B.Vasantha Kandasamy, Moon Kumar Chetry

**Comments:** 1 Page.

The study of non-associative rings is very meagre. When we say we do not include Lie rings or Jordan rings. By a non-associative ring we mean an associative ring in which the multiplicative operation in the ring is non-associative. The well-known and well-researched non-associative rings are loop-rings i.e. loops over rings.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[64] **viXra:1510.0226 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 04:57:59*

**Authors:** W.B.Vasantha Kandasamy, J.Sujatha

**Comments:** 1 Page.

In this paper we introduce the concept of Smarandache groupoids (S-groupoids for short). Groupoids are the generalization of
semigroups and non-associative semigroups are termed as a groupoid.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[63] **viXra:1510.0225 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 04:59:07*

**Authors:** W.B.Vasantha Kandasamy, S.Christopher, A.Victor Devadoss

**Comments:** 1 Page.

We prove a S-commutative Jordan Algebra is a S-weakly commutative Jordan algebra. We define a S-Jordan algebra to be S-simple Jordan algebras if the S-Jordan algebra has no S-Jordan ideals. We obtain several other interesting notions and results on S-Jordan algebras.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[62] **viXra:1510.0224 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 04:59:58*

**Authors:** W.B. Vasantha Kandasamy, J. Sujatha, M. Mary John

**Comments:** 1 Page.

In this paper we introduce some notions in groups called Smarandache notions. It is important to note that we do not have the concept of Smarandache groups.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[61] **viXra:1510.0223 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 05:00:42*

**Authors:** W.B.Vasantha Kandasamy, J.Jon Arokiaraj

**Comments:** 1 Page.

In this paper we introduce some Smarandache substructures in groupoid rings. Study of
groupoid rings itself is totally absent in literature so the study of Smarandache
substructures in groupoid rings seems to be new and innovative.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[60] **viXra:1510.0222 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 05:01:50*

**Authors:** W.B. Vasantha Kandasamy, M. Mary John

**Comments:** 1 Page.

Florentine Smarandache first introduced the concept of Smarandache semigroups in the year 1998.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[59] **viXra:1510.0221 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 05:02:58*

**Authors:** W.B.Vasantha Kandasamy, P.Ganesan, M.Mary John

**Comments:** 1 Page.

Study of Smarandache Rings (S-rings) started in the year 2002. A S-ring is ring but all rings are not S-rings.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[58] **viXra:1510.0220 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 05:03:48*

**Authors:** W.B. Vasantha Kandasamy, T.Subramaniyam

**Comments:** 1 Page.

Smarandache rings (S-rings) was recently introduced in 2002.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[57] **viXra:1510.0218 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 05:04:32*

**Authors:** W.B.Vasantha Kandasamy, T.Subramaniyan

**Comments:** 1 Page.

In this paper we define specially the notions of Smarandache zero divisors and Smarandache idempotents in rings.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[56] **viXra:1510.0216 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 05:08:46*

**Authors:** Rittik Roy, Pintu Das

**Comments:** 11 Pages.

Neutrosophic set is a powerful general formal framework that has been proposed in 1995 by Smarandache. The paper aims to give a computational algorithm to solve a multi-objective linear programming problem (MOLPP) using Neutrosophicoptimization method.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[55] **viXra:1510.0215 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 05:09:55*

**Authors:** Asghar Ali Shah, Malik Sikander Hayat, Muhammad Daud Awan

**Comments:** 12 Pages.

Security is a key issue to both computer and computer networks. Intrusion detection System (IDS) is one of the major research problems in network security. IDSs are developed to
detect both known and unknown attacks.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[54] **viXra:1510.0214 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 05:10:58*

**Authors:** K. Thulukkanam, R.vasuki

**Comments:** 8 Pages.

This paper has three sections. Section
one is introductory and describes the problem.
Section two uses the Specially Merged Linked
Fuzzy Cognitive Maps (SMLFCMs) model to
study all problems faced by the Kodungaiyur
locals.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[53] **viXra:1510.0212 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 05:15:50*

**Authors:** Juan-juan Peng, Jian-qiang Wang, Chao Tian, Xiao-hui Wu, Xiao-hong Chen

**Comments:** 38 Pages.

In this paper, the new approach for multi-criteria decision-making (MCDM) problems is developed
based on Choquet integral in the context of simplified neutrosophic environment, where the truth-membership degree, indeterminacy-membership degree and falsity-membership degree for each element are singleton subsets.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[52] **viXra:1510.0211 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 05:17:20*

**Authors:** G. Anusha, P. Venkata Ramana

**Comments:** 6 Pages.

Going through college is stressful for everybody. Caused by many reasons, the stress is present whether one is in their first year of college or their last. However, most seniors have an easier time dealing with stress because they have experience handling it. Most of the reasons for so much stress fall into one of three categories: academic stress, that is, anything to do with studying for classes, financial stress, which has to do with paying for school, and personal stress, which is stress associated with personal problems in college. College students experience
many effects of stress and depression.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[51] **viXra:1510.0210 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 05:18:36*

**Authors:** Jun Ye

**Comments:** 14 Pages.

Neutrosophic numbers are very suitable for expressing indeterminate evaluation information in
complex decision making problems, and then projection measure is a useful method for handling the decision making problems.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[50] **viXra:1510.0209 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 05:34:33*

**Authors:** Tarek H. M. Abou-El-Enien, Shereen Fathy El-Feky

**Comments:** 17 Pages.

This paper presents a literature review on the theory, applications and software of Bi-level, Multi –Level Multiple Criteria Decision Making and TOPSIS (Technique for Order Preference by Similarity Ideal Solution) Approach.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[49] **viXra:1510.0208 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 05:35:36*

**Authors:** Tahir Mahmood, Jun Ye, Qaisar Khan

**Comments:** 16 Pages.

In this paper we combine Bipolar valued fuzzy sets and interval neutrosophic set to introduce the concept of bipolar interval neutrosophic sets.
We de…ne the union, complement, intersection and containement of bipolar interval neutrosophic sets. Also we de…ned BINWA operator and BINWG
and estiblished a MADM method for BINSs.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[48] **viXra:1510.0207 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 05:36:42*

**Authors:** Chunfang Liu, YueSheng Luo

**Comments:** 10 Pages.

The simplied neutrosophic set (SNS) is a generalization of the fuzzy set that is designed for some incomplete, uncertain and inconsistent situations in which each element has dierent truth membership, indeterminacy membership and falsity membership functions.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[47] **viXra:1510.0205 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 05:38:19*

**Authors:** Rıdvan Şahin

**Comments:** 13 Pages.

The neutrosophic set model is an important tool for dealing with real scientific and engineering applications because it can handle not only incomplete information but also the inconsistent information and indeterminate information
which exist commonly in real situations.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[46] **viXra:1510.0204 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 05:39:32*

**Authors:** Anjan Mukherjee, Sadhan Sarkar

**Comments:** 10 Pages.

In this article we have introduced the concept of similarity measure for interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy soft sets based on distance between two interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy soft sets, some examples and basic properties are also studied.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[45] **viXra:1510.0203 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 05:41:03*

**Authors:** Jun Ye

**Comments:** 12 Pages.

For the complex structure of steam turbine-generator sets, if there is a fault of the equipment, it will produce a chain reaction and cause the fault of other parts or equipments, and then will seriously impact the reliability of power generation.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[44] **viXra:1510.0201 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 05:43:38*

**Authors:** Said Broumi

**Comments:** 14 Pages.

In this paper we present a new concept called “generalized neutrosophic soft set.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[43] **viXra:1510.0200 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 05:45:12*

**Authors:** Sarbjit Kaur, Er. Ram Singh

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

A critical issue in the image restoration is the problem of de-noising images while keeping the integrity of relevant image information.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[42] **viXra:1510.0199 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 05:46:26*

**Authors:** Jun Ye

**Comments:** 25 Pages.

Similarity measures are an important tool in pattern recognition and medical diagnosis.
To overcome some disadvantages of existing cosine similarity measures for simplified neutrosophic
sets (SNSs) in vector space, this paper proposes improved cosine similarity measures for SNSs based
on the cosine function, including single valued neutrosophic cosine similarity measures and interval neutrosophic cosine similarity measures.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[41] **viXra:1510.0198 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 05:48:04*

**Authors:** Ridvan Sahin

**Comments:** 20 Pages.

Clustering process is a procedure which divides a given dataset into groups such that similar
objects are collect in a group whereas objects that is not similar are in dierent groups, and
has a signicant place in many elds including medicine, computational biology, economics, image
processing and mobile communication.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[40] **viXra:1510.0197 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 05:49:57*

**Authors:** Surapati Pramanik, Kalyan Mondal

**Comments:** 20 Pages.

This purpose of this paper is to introduce multi-attribute decision making based on the concept of interval neutrosophic sets.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[39] **viXra:1510.0196 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 05:51:08*

**Authors:** Haibin Wang, Praveen Madiraju, Yanqing Zhang, Rajshekhar Sunderraman

**Comments:** 16 Pages.

Neutrosophic set is a part of neutrosophy which studies the origin, nature, and scope of neutralities, as well as their interactions with different ideational spectra.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[38] **viXra:1510.0195 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 05:52:17*

**Authors:** Irfan Deli

**Comments:** 24 Pages.

In this paper, the notion of the interval valued neutrosophic soft sets (ivn−soft sets) is defined which is a combination of an interval valued
neutrosophic sets and a soft sets.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[37] **viXra:1510.0194 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 05:53:01*

**Authors:** Irfan Deli

**Comments:** 15 Pages.

In this paper, we develop a method of multi-attribute decision-making with both weights and attribute ratings expressed by single valued neutrosophic sets(SVN-sets).

**Category:** General Mathematics

[36] **viXra:1510.0193 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 05:54:15*

**Authors:** Jian-qiang Wang, Zhang-peng Tian

**Comments:** 24 Pages.

The main purpose of this paper is to provide a method of multi-criteria decision making that combines interval neutrosophic sets and TOPSIS involving the relative likelihood-based comparison relations of the performances of alternatives that are aggregated into interval numbers.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[35] **viXra:1510.0192 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 05:55:02*

**Authors:** Rıdvan Şahin

**Comments:** 9 Pages.

A neutrosophic set is a more general platform, which can be used to present uncertainty,
imprecise, incomplete and inconsistent. In this paper a score function and an accuracy
function for single valued neutrosophic sets is firstly proposed to make the distinction
between them.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[34] **viXra:1510.0190 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 05:58:03*

**Authors:** Peide Liu, Honggang Li

**Comments:** 20 Pages.

Normal neutrosophic numbers (NNNs) are a significant tool of describing the
incompleteness, indeterminacy and inconsistency of the decision-making information. In this paper, we
firstly propose the definition and the properties of the NNNs, and the accuracy function, the score
function and the operational laws of the NNNs are developed.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[33] **viXra:1510.0188 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 06:00:11*

**Authors:** Peide Liu, Fei Teng

**Comments:** 19 Pages.

Neutrosophic number (NN) is an important tool which is used to express indeterminate
evaluation information. The purpose of the paper is to propose some aggregation operators based on
neutrosophic number, which are used to handle multiple attribute group decision making problems.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[32] **viXra:1510.0187 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 06:01:11*

**Authors:** Sangeeta Mittal, Krishna Gopal, S.L. Maskara

**Comments:** 29 Pages.

Complex human activity recognition suffers from ambiguity of interpretation problem. A novel neutrosophic formal concept analysis method has been proposed to quantify non-determinism leading to ambiguity of interpretation and utilize it in activity recognition.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[31] **viXra:1510.0183 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 06:06:05*

**Authors:** Rajashi Chatterjee, P. Majumdar, S. K. Samanta

**Comments:** 9 Pages.

A notion of Quadripartitioned Single Valued Neutrosophic Sets (QSVNS) is introduced and a theoretical study on various set-theoretic operations on them has been carried out.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[30] **viXra:1510.0181 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 06:08:20*

**Authors:** Suman Maity

**Comments:** 15 Pages.

In this paper, we define two new type of operators of fuzzy matrices denoted by the symbol Å and Ä.Using these operators of fuzzy matrices we define row-maxaverage norm, column-max-average norm.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[29] **viXra:1510.0179 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 06:21:07*

**Authors:** Jun Ye

**Comments:** 9 Pages.

Similarity measure is an important tool in pattern
recognition and fault diagnosis. This paper proposes two cotangent similarity measures for single-valued neutrosophic sets (SVNSs) based on cotangent function. Then, the weighted cotangent similarity measures are introduced by
considering the importance of each element.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[28] **viXra:1510.0178 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 06:22:30*

**Authors:** Peide Liu, Lanlan Shi

**Comments:** 25 Pages.

Heronian mean (HM) is a useful aggregation operator which is marked by catching the interrelations of the aggregated arguments and the neutrosophic uncertain linguistic set can be better to express the incomplete, indeterminate
and inconsistent information.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[27] **viXra:1510.0176 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 06:24:55*

**Authors:** S. Udayakumar, A. Gurumoorthy

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

In this paper the stress and social stigma suffered by parents of disabled children are analysed using Fuzzy Cognitive Maps (FCMs)
model. Such study is new for researchers have studied only the problems faced by disabled children using mathematical models.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[26] **viXra:1510.0174 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 06:27:51*

**Authors:** Jun Ye

**Comments:** 14 Pages.

The generalized Dice measures for multiple attribute decision making under simplified neutrosophic environments.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[25] **viXra:1510.0173 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 06:28:47*

**Authors:** Peide Liu, Lanlan Shi

**Comments:** 24 Pages.

The Neutrosophic set and Hesitant set are the important tools to describe the fuzzy
information, in this paper, we combine the interval neutrosophic sets (INSs) and interval valued hesitant fuzzy sets (IVHFSs), and propose the concept of the interval neutrosophic hesitant fuzzy set (INHFS) in order to use the advantages of them.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[24] **viXra:1510.0172 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 06:30:10*

**Authors:** Peide Liu, Xi Liu

**Comments:** 23 Pages.

Neutrosophic number (NN) is a useful tool which is used to overcome the difficulty of describing indeterminate evaluation information.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[23] **viXra:1510.0171 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 06:31:24*

**Authors:** K. Thulukkanam, R.vasuki

**Comments:** 13 Pages.

In this paper for the first time two new fuzzy models viz Merged Fuzzy Cognitive Maps (MFCMs) models and Specially Merged Linked Fuzzy Cognitive Maps (SMLFCMs) are introduced.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[22] **viXra:1510.0170 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 06:32:29*

**Authors:** Surapati Pramanik, Kalyan Mondal

**Comments:** 9 Pages.

In this paper, the weighted tangent similarity measure of fuzzy sets is proposed and its properties are studied. The concept of the weighted tangent similarity measure of fuzzy sets is a decision making tool which is characterized by the degree of membership function, degree of non-membership function (sum of this two componentsis equal to one).

**Category:** General Mathematics

[21] **viXra:1510.0169 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 06:34:31*

**Authors:** Temıtope. Gbolahan Jaıyeola

**Comments:** 7 Pages.

The present study further strengthens the use of the Keedwell CIPQ against attack on a system by the use of the Smarandache Keedwell CIPQ for cryptography in a similar spirit in which the cross inverse property has been used by Keedwell. This is done as follows.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[20] **viXra:1510.0168 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 06:35:21*

**Authors:** Sebastián Martín Ruiz

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

This function is called Smarandache prime function.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[19] **viXra:1510.0166 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 06:37:09*

**Authors:** Linfan Mao

**Comments:** 19 Pages.

On a geometrical view, the conception of map geometries is introduced, which is a nice model of the Smarandache geometries, also new kind of
and more general intrinsic geometry of surfaces. Some open problems related combinatorial maps with the Riemann geometry and Smarandache geometries
are presented.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[18] **viXra:1510.0165 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 06:38:22*

**Authors:** Temıtope Gbolahan Jaıyeola

**Comments:** 9 Pages.

By studying the holomorphic structure of automorphic inverse property quasigroups
and loops[AIPQ and (AIPL)] and cross inverse property quasigroups and loops[CIPQ and (CIPL)], it is established that the holomorph of a loop is a Smarandache; AIPL, CIPL, K-loop, Bruck-loop or Kikkawa-loop if and only if its Smarandache automorphism group is trivial and the loop is itself is a Smarandache; AIPL, CIPL, K-loop, Bruck-loop or Kikkawa-loop.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[17] **viXra:1510.0164 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-18 06:39:15*

**Authors:** Temıtope Gbolahan Jaıyeola

**Comments:** 9 Pages.

If two loops are isomorphic, then it is shown that their holomorphs are also isomorphic. Conversely, it is shown that if their holomorphs are isomorphic, then the loops are isotopic. It is shown that a loop is a Smarandache loop if and only if its holomorph is a Smarandache loop.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[16] **viXra:1510.0144 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-17 08:12:44*

**Authors:** Ramesh Chandra Bagadi

**Comments:** 6 Pages.

In this research investigation the authors shed light on a novel aspect called ‘QuantizedEvolution’.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[15] **viXra:1510.0117 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-14 05:10:20*

**Authors:** Ramesh Chandra Bagadi

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

In this research monograph, the author presents some basic definitions of Fractional Derivative, Fractional integration and Functional Derivative and Functional Integral.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[14] **viXra:1510.0106 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-13 01:34:57*

**Authors:** Lenka Dubcova

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

Transformation of the first derivatives

**Category:** General Mathematics

[13] **viXra:1510.0096 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-12 09:07:32*

**Authors:** Ramesh Chandra Bagadi

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

In this research investigation, the author presents a novel method called ‘Universal Recursive Crossing Science Of Genetic Kind’. This method outlays how Genetic Crossing happens for the Asexual and Heterosexual kind.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[12] **viXra:1510.0091 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-11 06:46:45*

**Authors:** Ramesh Chandra Bagadi

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

In this research investigation, the authors have advented ‘Recursive Consecutive Element Differential Of Prime Sequence (And/ Or Prime Sequences In Higher Order Spaces) Based Instantaneous Cumulative Imaging Of Any Set Of Concern’.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[11] **viXra:1510.0059 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-06 12:19:37*

**Authors:** Ramesh Chandra Bagadi

**Comments:** 9 Pages.

In this research investigation, the author has presented the scheme for constructing ‘Complete Recursive Subsets Of Any Set Of Concern And/ Or Orthogonal Universes In Parallel Of Any Set Of Concern In Completeness’.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[10] **viXra:1510.0054 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-05 11:09:22*

**Authors:** Ramesh Chandra Bagadi

**Comments:** 11 Pages.

In this research monograph, a novel type of Colloquial Definition of Euclidean Inner Product and Outer Product is advented. Based on this definition, the author consequently presents a Proof for the formula for the Euclidean Inner Product. Also,the Euclidean Inner Product of two N-Dimensional Matrices A and B is slated by the author. Also, the Geometrical Inner Product And The Fundamental Postulate Of Modern Quantum Theory is presented. Furthermore, a Curved Path Geometric Inner Product And Outer Product and In N-Dimensional Space and the consequential Fundamental Postulate Of Quantum Theory is also advented. Finally, the author presents a novel concept of Universal Quantum Basis.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[9] **viXra:1510.0047 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-05 06:05:19*

**Authors:** W. B. Vasantha Kandasamy, K. Ilanthenral, Florentin Smarandache

**Comments:** 248 Pages.

In this book for the first time the authors study the new type of Euclid squares in various planes like real plane, complex plane, dual number plane, special dual like number plane and special quasi dual number plane.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[8] **viXra:1510.0044 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-05 06:36:00*

**Authors:** Florentin Smarandache

**Comments:** 156 Pages.

Neutrosophy means the study of ideas and notions
that are not true, nor false, but in between (i.e. neutral,indeterminate, unclear, vague, ambiguous, incomplete,contradictory, etc.).

**Category:** General Mathematics

[7] **viXra:1510.0043 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-05 06:38:31*

**Authors:** W. B. Vasantha Kandasamy, K. Ilanthenral, Florentin Smarandache

**Comments:** 127 Pages.

In this book authors for the first time have made a through study of neutrosophic graphs. This study reveals that these neutrosophic graphs give a new dimension to graph theory. The important feature of this book is it contains over 200
neutrosophic graphs to provide better understanding of this concepts. Further these graphs happen to behave in a unique way inmost cases, for even the edge colouring problem is
different from the classical one. Several directions and dimensions in graph theory are obtained from this study.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[6] **viXra:1510.0040 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-05 06:47:55*

**Authors:** Florentin Smarandache

**Comments:** 96 Pages.

This photolog relates through images a travel in French Polynesia,and it constitutes a love photoletter to the ocean,the islands,and its inhabitants.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[5] **viXra:1510.0038 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-05 07:04:34*

**Authors:** Constantin Coandă, Gheorghe Duţă, Gheorghe Drăgan, Jean Ilie, Ionuț Ivănescu, Florentin Smarandache, Lucian Tufescu, Sami Drăghici

**Comments:** 190 Pages.

Prezenta lucrare încearcă să pună la dispoziția elevilor și profesorilor instrumente de evaluare a cunoștințelor la toate capitolele din actuala programă de matematică.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[4] **viXra:1510.0037 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-05 07:07:16*

**Authors:** Florentin Smarandache, Bianca Teodorescu, Mirela Teodorescu

**Comments:** 104 Pages.

This paper presents the importance of Neutrosophy theory in order to find a method that could solve the uncertainties arising on process analysis. The aim of this pilot study is to find a procedure to diminish the uncertainties from automotive industry induced by manufacturing, maintenance, logistics, design, human resources.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[3] **viXra:1510.0031 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-04 06:33:00*

**Authors:** Ramesh Chandra Bagadi

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

In this research investigation, the author has presented the scheme for constructing ‘Complete Recursive Subsets Of Any Set Of Concern And/ Or Orthogonal Universes In Parallel Of Any Set Of Concern In Completeness’.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[2] **viXra:1510.0030 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-03 12:59:02*

**Authors:** Ramesh Chandra Bagadi

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

In this research investigation the author has advented a novel ‘Universal One Step Natural Evolution And/ Or Growth Scheme Of Any Set Of Concern And Consequential Evolution Quantization Based Recursion Scheme Characteristically Representing Such Aforementioned Evolution And/ Or Growth’.

**Category:** General Mathematics

[1] **viXra:1510.0006 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2015-10-02 03:08:21*

**Authors:** Ramesh Chandra Bagadi

**Comments:** 8 Pages. Kindly note that several foreign consciousnesses (coonected to my computer) were causing constantly some changes of font size, matter deletion, etc in order to incorportae their unwanted and undesired consciousnesses in my original consciousness work.

In this research investigation the authors have advented a novel ‘Universal Natural Recursion Schemes Of Rth Order Space’. The author also sheds light on the method to build a Universal Natural Recursion Scheme characteristic of any sequence set.

**Category:** General Mathematics