General Mathematics

1706 Submissions

[82] viXra:1706.0559 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-29 13:12:24

The Sequence: Z(n+1)=(2+sqrt(3)+i)exp(-Z(n))

Authors: Edgar Valdebenito
Comments: 7 Pages.

In this note we briefly explore the sequence: z(n+1)=(2+sqrt(3)+i)exp(-z(n)),z(1)=0,i=sqrt(-1),n natural number.
Category: General Mathematics

[81] viXra:1706.0542 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-29 01:01:09

Multifaceted Approaches to a Berkeley Problem: Part 1

Authors: Kohji Suzuki
Comments: 12 Pages.

We solve a Berkeley problem in several ways.
Category: General Mathematics

[80] viXra:1706.0400 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-19 13:18:30

The Number s : Formulas and Fractals

Authors: Edgar Valdebenito
Comments: 14 Pages.

Some formulas and fractals related with the number s.
Category: General Mathematics

[79] viXra:1706.0361 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-12 00:54:28

Entropy Measures on Neutrosophic Soft Sets and Its Application in Multi Attribute Decision Making

Authors: I. Arockiarani
Comments: 5 Pages.

The focus of the paper is to furnish the entropy measure for a neutrosophic set and neutrosophic soft set which is a measure of uncertainty and it permeates discourse and system. Various characterization of entropy measures are derived. Further we exemplify this concept by applying entropy in various real time decision making problems.
Category: General Mathematics

[78] viXra:1706.0360 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-12 00:55:59

Estimation of the Joint Roughness Coefficient (JRC) of Rock Joints by Vector Similarity Measures

Authors: Rui Yong, Jun Ye, Qi-Feng Liang, Man Huang, Shi-Gui Du
Comments: 15 Pages.

Accurate determination of joint roughness coefficient (JRC) of rock joints is essential for evaluating the influence of surface roughness on the shear behavior of rock joints. The JRC values of rock joints are typically measured by visual comparison against Barton’s standard JRC profiles. However, its accuracy is strongly affected by personal bias. In the present study, a new comparison method is proposed for JRC evaluation to overcome the drawback of conventional visual comparison methods based on vector similarity measures (VSMs). The feature vectors are obtained by analyzing the angular variation of line segments of both standard JRC profiles and test profiles obtained from three kinds of natural rocks with a sampling interval of 0.5 mm.
Category: General Mathematics

[77] viXra:1706.0359 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-12 00:58:09

Evaluation of Efficiency of Torrential Protective Structures With New BF-TOPSIS Methods

Authors: Simon Carladous, Jean-Marc Tacnet, Jean Dezert, Deqiang Han, Mireiile Batton-Hubert
Comments: 8 Pages.

Decision-Aid Methods (DAMs) such as the CostBenefit Analysis (CBA) and the Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) help decision-makers to rank alternatives or to choose the best one among several potential ones. The new Belief Function based Technique for Order Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution (BF-TOPSIS) methods have been recently developed for Multi-Criteria Decision-Making problems. In this paper, we compare CBA, AHP and BF-TOPSIS methods through an actual application case to natural risks in mountains. The CBA is the most used approach but is limited. Classical Multi-Criteria Decision-Aid methods (MCDAs) such as the AHP help to go further. The BF-TOPSIS methods notably show a robustness to rank reversal problems in the problem under concern, with a tractable complexity. Moreover, some steps of these new methods can be included in other MCDAs developed under the belief function theory framework.
Category: General Mathematics

[76] viXra:1706.0358 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-12 00:59:00

Exponential Operations And aggregation Operators Of interval Neutrosophic Sets And their Decision Making Methods

Authors: Jun Ye
Comments: 18 Pages.

An interval neutrosophic set (INS) is a subclass of a neutrosophic set and a generalization of an interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy set, and then the characteristics of INS are independently described by the interval numbers of its truth-membership, indeterminacy-membership, and falsity-membership degrees. However, the exponential parameters (weights) of all the existing exponential operational laws of INSs and the corresponding exponential aggregation operators are crisp values in interval neutrosophic decision making problems.
Category: General Mathematics

[75] viXra:1706.0356 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-12 01:19:15

Further Research of Single Valued Neutrosophic Rough Set Model

Authors: Yan-Ling Liu, Hai-Long Yang
Comments: 21 Pages.

Neutrosophic sets (NSs), as a new mathematical tool for dealing with problems involving incomplete, indeterminant and inconsistent knowledge, were proposed by Smarandache. By simplifying NSs, Wang et al. proposed the concept of single valued neutrosophic sets (SVNSs) and studied some properties of SVNSs. In this paper, we mainly investigate the topological structures of single valued neutrosophic rough sets which is constructed by combining SVNSs and rough sets. Firstly, we introduce the concept of single valued neutrosophic topological spaces.
Category: General Mathematics

[74] viXra:1706.0346 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-12 01:38:39

Generalized Inverse of Fuzzy Neutrosophic Soft Matrix

Authors: R.Uma, P. Murugadas, S.Sriram
Comments: 16 Pages.

Aim of this article is to find the maximum and minimum solution of the fuzzy neutrosophic soft relational equation = and = , where and are fuzzy neutrosophic soft vector and is a fuzzy neutrosophic soft matrix.
Category: General Mathematics

[73] viXra:1706.0345 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-12 01:39:34

Generalized Neutrosophic Hypergraphs

Authors: A. Hassan, M. A. Malik
Comments: 9 Pages.

The generalization of the concept of single valued neutrosophic hypergraph (SVNHG), strong SVNHG by considering SVN-Vertex instead of crisp vertex set and interrelations between SVN-Vertices and family of SVN-Edges are introduced here. A few properties and operations of such graphs are established here.
Category: General Mathematics

[72] viXra:1706.0342 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-12 02:00:44

Information Fusion of Conflicting Input Data

Authors: Uwe Mönks, Helene Dörksen, Volker Lohweg, Michael Hübner
Comments: 37 Pages.

Sensors, and also actuators or external sources such as databases, serve as data sources in order to realise condition monitoring of industrial applications or the acquisition of characteristic parameters like production speed or reject rate. Modern facilities create such a large amount of complex data that a machine operator is unable to comprehend and process the information contained in the data.
Category: General Mathematics

[71] viXra:1706.0340 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-12 02:14:15

Interval Neutrosophic Muirhead mean Operators and Their Application in Multiple Attribute Group Decision Making

Authors: Peide Liu, Xinli You
Comments: 32 Pages.

In recent years, neutrosophic sets (NSs) have attracted widespread attentions and been widely applied to multiple attribute decision-making (MADM). The interval neutrosophic set (INS) is an extension of NS, in which the truth-membership, indeterminacy-membership and falsity-membership degree are expressed by interval values, respectively. Obviously, INS can conveniently describe complex information.
Category: General Mathematics

[70] viXra:1706.0339 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-12 02:15:06

Interval Neutrosophic finite Switchboard State Machine

Authors: Tahir Mahmood, Qaisar Khan
Comments: 16 Pages.

In this paper we introduced the concept of interval neutrosophic finite state machine, interval neutrosophic finite switchboard state machine using the notion of interval neutrosophic set. We also introduced the concept of homomorphism and strong homomorphism of interval neutrosophic finite state machine.
Category: General Mathematics

[69] viXra:1706.0338 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-12 02:16:12

Interval Neutrosophic Fuzzy Stochastic Multi-Criteria Decision-making Methods Based on MYCIN Certainty Factor and Prospect Theory

Authors: Chenchen Liu
Comments: 7 Pages.

For the stochastic multi-criteria decision-making problem, in which the information on criteria's weights is incomplete and the indices value of alternatives are in the form of interval neutrosophic fuzzy numbers, an interval neutrosophic random decision-making approach based on WYCIN certainty factor and prospect theory is proposed. According to the score function of interval neutrosophic fuzzy numbers and prospect theory, the MYCIN certainty factors of different alternatives in different indices are obtained. And the trust degrees of different indices are determined by using the grey incidence analysis. Then, the certainty factor fusion method in different indices is deduced to get the optimal alternative. And the best alternative is got by using the method. Finally, an example shows the feasibility and validity of this method.
Category: General Mathematics

[68] viXra:1706.0336 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-12 02:17:06

Interval-Valued Neutrosophic Competition Graphs

Authors: Muhammad Akram, Maryam Nasir
Comments: 18 Pages.

We first introduce the concept of interval-valued neutrosophic competition graphs. We then discuss certain types, including k-competition interval-valued neutrosophic graphs, p-competition interval-valued neutrosophic graphs and m-step interval-valued neutrosophic competition graphs. Moreover, we present the concept of m-step interval-valued neutrosophic neighbouhood graphs.
Category: General Mathematics

[67] viXra:1706.0335 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-12 02:17:58

Interval Valued Q-Fuzzy Multiparameterized Soft Set and its Application

Authors: Fatma Adam, Nasruddin Hassan
Comments: 21 Pages.

Molodtsov’s soft set theory is a newly emerging mathematical tool for handling uncertainty. However, classical multiparameterized soft sets are not appropriate for imprecise and Q-fuzzy parameters.
Category: General Mathematics

[66] viXra:1706.0334 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-12 02:20:10

Introduction to Neutrosophic Nnearrings

Authors: S. A. Akinleye, E .O. Adeleke, A. A. A. Agboola
Comments: 14 Pages.

The objective of this paper is to introduce the concept of neutrosophic nearrings. The concept of neutrosophic N-group of a neutrosophic nearring is introduced. We study neutrosophic subnearrings of neutrosophic nearrings and also neutrosophic N-subgroups of neutrosophic N- groups. The notions of neutrosophic ideals in neutrosophic nearrings and neutrosophic N-groups are introduced and their elementary properties are presented. In addition, we introduce the concepts of neutrosophic homomorphisms of neutrosophic nearrings and neutrosophic N-homomorphisms of neutrosophic N-groups and also, we present neutrosophic quotient nearrings and quotient N-groups.
Category: General Mathematics

[65] viXra:1706.0333 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-12 02:30:08

Jaccard Vector Similarity Measure of Bipolar Neutrosophic Set Based on Multi-Criteria Decision Making

Authors: Mehmet Şahin, İrfan Deli, Vakkas Uluçay
Comments: 8 Pages.

The main aim of this study is to present a novel method based on multi-criteria decision making for bipolar neutrosophic sets. Therefore, Jaccard vector similarity and weighted Jaccard vector similarity measure is defined to develop the bipolar neutrosophic decision making method. In addition, the method is applied to a numerical example in order to confirm the practicality and accuracy of the proposed method.
Category: General Mathematics

[64] viXra:1706.0330 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-12 02:34:39

Majority-Consensus Fusion Approach for Elderly Iot-Based Healthcare Applications

Authors: Faouzi Sebbak, Farid Benhammadi
Comments: 15 Pages.

Nowadays, tremendous growth of Internet of Things (IoT) applications is seen in smart environments such as medical remote care applications which are crucial due to the general aging of the population.
Category: General Mathematics

[63] viXra:1706.0329 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-12 02:36:25

Measure Distance Between Neutrosophic Sets: an Evidential Approach

Authors: Jiawei Zou, Yong Deng, Yong Hu, Ge Lin
Comments: 8 Pages.

Due to the efficiency to handle uncertainty information, the single valued neutrosophic set is widely used in multicriteria decision-making. In MCDM, it is inevitable to measure the distance between two single valued neutrosophic sets. In this paper, an evidence distance for neutrosophic sets is proposed. There are two main contributions of this work. One is a new method to transform the single valued neutrosophic set into basic probability assignment. The other is evidence distance function between two single valued neutrosophic sets. The application in MCDM is illustrated the efficiency of the proposed distance.
Category: General Mathematics

[62] viXra:1706.0324 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-12 03:36:52

Multi-Criteria Decision-Making Based on Generalized Prioritized Aggregation Operators Under Simplified Neutrosophic Uncertain Linguistic Environment

Authors: Zhang-peng Tian, Jing Wang, Hong-yu Zhang, Jian-qiang Wang
Comments: 17 Pages.

A simplified neutrosophic uncertain linguistic set that integrates quantitative and qualitative evaluation can serve as an extension of both an uncertain linguistic variable and a simplified neutrosophic set. It can describe the real preferences of decision-makers and reflect their uncertainty, incompleteness and inconsistency.
Category: General Mathematics

[61] viXra:1706.0313 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-12 08:50:34

Multi-lead Fusion Detection of T-Wave Alternans Using Dezert-Smarandache Theory

Authors: Changrong Ye,Guojun Li, Yang Bao, Jinliang Qiao, Deping Zhang
Comments: 10 Pages.

T-Wave alternans (TWA) is a cardiac phenomenon regarded as an index of high risk of sudden cardiac death (SCD). Although a number of methods have been proposed for TWA detection, their final decision always fully depends on one single lead which is usually picked out for its strongest TWA detection result among all the other leads. That is to say that lots of useful information have been unused and wasted. To our best knowledge, no method that fuses TWA detection results independently obtained by each lead to do comprehensive decision has been introduced. In this paper, a novel multi-lead method for TWA fusion detection is proposed.
Category: General Mathematics

[60] viXra:1706.0311 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-12 08:53:27

Multi-objective Optimal Model of Two-sided Matching

Authors: Yan Gao
Comments: 7 Pages.

Based on the interval neutrosophic numbers, a new multi-objective optimal model of two-sided matching is researched. Through integrating interval neutrosophic information of each subject, the relative closeness degree of uncertainty evaluation information and positive and negative ideal is calculated by the approximate method, which can be expected as the satisfaction of the matching subjects. According to these, a multi-objective optimal model of two-sided matching is constructed, and applied to the leisure industry technology demand and supply. Finally a numerical example is given to illustrate the feasibility and validity of the proposed method.
Category: General Mathematics

[59] viXra:1706.0305 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-12 09:23:32

Neutrosophic AHP Multi Criteria Decision Making Method Applied on the Selection of Learning Management System

Authors: Nouran M. Radwan, M. Badr Senousy, Alaa El Din M. Riad
Comments: 11 Pages.

Learning management systems (LMSs) are used today to assist in the designing, delivery and management of learning resources for learners. There are hundreds of LMS available in the marketplace. Selecting the most suitable LMS that meets specific requirements is a problem of decision making. Many studies in learning management system selection are implemented under complete information, while in the real world many uncertainty aspects do exist. As these systems were described by decision makers with vague, imprecise, ambiguous and inconsistent terms, it is understandable that traditional multi criteria decision making methods may not be effective.
Category: General Mathematics

[58] viXra:1706.0299 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-12 09:35:41

Neutrosophic Refined Similarity Measure Based on Cotangent Function and Its Application to Multi-Attribute Decision Making

Authors: Kalyan Mondal, Surapati Pramanik
Comments: 11 Pages.

In this paper, cotangent similarity measure of neutrosophic refined set is proposed and some of its properties are studied. Finally, using this refined cotangent similarity measure of single valued neutrosophic set, an application on educational stream selection is presented.
Category: General Mathematics

[57] viXra:1706.0298 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-12 09:36:42

On Neutrosophic Semi-Open sets in Neutrosophic Topological Spaces

Authors: P. Iswarya, K. Bageerathi
Comments: 10 Pages.

The purpose of this paper is to define the product related neutrosophic topological space and proved some theorems based on this. We introduce the concept of neutrosophic semi-open sets and neutrosophic semi-closed sets in neutrosophic topological spaces and derive some of their characterization. Finally, we analyze neutrosophic semi-interior and neutrosophic semi-closure operators also.
Category: General Mathematics

[56] viXra:1706.0282 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-12 12:18:33

Neutrosophic Subalgebras of Bck/bci-Algebras Based on Neutrosophic Points

Authors: A. Borumand Saeid, Young Bae Jun
Comments: 10 Pages.

The concept of neutrosophic set (NS) developed by Smarandache is a more general platform which extends the concepts of the classic set and fuzzy set, intuitionistic fuzzy set and interval valued intuitionistic fuzzy set.
Category: General Mathematics

[55] viXra:1706.0275 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-13 00:01:46

Novel Single-Valued Neutrosophic Aggregated Operators Under Frank Norm Operation and Its Application to Decision-Making Process

Authors: Nancy, Harish Garg
Comments: 15 Pages.

Uncertainties play a dominant role during the aggregation process and hence their corresponding decisions are made fuzzier. Single-value neutrosophic numbers (SVNNs) contain the three ranges: truth, indeterminacy, and falsity membership degrees, and are very useful for describing and handling the uncertainties in the day-to-day life situations. In this study, some operations of SVNNs such as sum, product, and scalar multiplication are defined under Frank norm operations and, based on it, some averaging and geometric aggregation operators have been developed. We further establish some of its properties. Moreover, a decision-making method based on the proposed operators is established and illustrated with a numerical example.
Category: General Mathematics

[54] viXra:1706.0271 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-13 00:42:22

On Neutrosophic Feebly Open Set In Neutrosophic Topological Spaces

Authors: P. Jeya Puvaneswari, Dr.K.Bageerathi
Comments: 8 Pages.

The focus of this paper is to introduce the concept of Neutrosophic point, Neutrosophic quasi coincident, Neutrosophic feebly open sets and Neutrosophic feebly closed sets in Neutrosophic Topological spaces. Also we analyse their characterizations and investigate their properties. This concept is the generalization of intuitionistic topological spaces and fuzzy topological spaces. Using this neutrosophic feebly open sets and neutrosophic feebly closed sets, we define a new class of functions namely neutrosophic feebly continuous functions. Further, relationships between this new class and the other classes of functions are established.
Category: General Mathematics

[53] viXra:1706.0269 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-13 00:44:55

On Neutrosophic Soft Lattices

Authors: Vakkas Uluçay, Mehmet Sahin, Necati Olgun, Adem Kilicman
Comments: 10 Pages.

In this study, using the neutrosophic soft definitions, we define some new concept such as the neutrosophic soft lattice, neutrosophic soft sublattice, complete neutrosophic soft lattice, modular neutrosophic soft lattice, distributive neutrosophic soft lattice, neutrosophic soft chain then we study the relationship and observe some common properties.
Category: General Mathematics

[52] viXra:1706.0267 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-13 00:47:43

Operations on Complex Multi-Fuzzy Sets

Authors: Yousef Al-Qudah, Nasruddin Hassan
Comments: 17 Pages.

In this paper, we introduce the concept of complex multi-fuzzy sets (CMkFSs) as a generalization of the concept of multi-fuzzy sets by adding the phase term to the definition of multi-fuzzy sets. In other words, we extend the range of multi-membership function from the interval [0,1] to unit circle in the complex plane. The novelty of CMkFSs lies in the ability of complex multi- membership functions to achieve more range of values while handling uncertainty of data that is periodic in nature. The basic operations on CMkFSs, namely complement, union, intersection, product and Cartesian product are studied along with accompanying examples. Properties of these operations are derived. Finally, we introduce the intuitive definition of the distance measure between two complex multi-fuzzy sets which are used to define δ-equalities of complex multi-fuzzy sets.
Category: General Mathematics

[51] viXra:1706.0266 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-13 00:49:16

Operations on Single-Valued Neutrosophic Graphs

Authors: Muhammad Akram, Gulfam Shahzadi
Comments: 26 Pages.

The concept of neutrosophic sets can be utilized as a mathematical tool to deal with imprecise and unspecified information. In this paper, we apply the concept of single-valued neutrosophic sets to graphs. We introduce the notion of single-valued neutrosophic graphs, and present some fundamental operations on single-valued neutrosophic graphs. We explore some interesting properties of single-valued neutrosophic graphs by level graphs. We highlight some flaws in the definitions of Broumi et al. [10] and Shah-Hussain [18]. We also present an application of single-valued neutrosophic graphs in social network.
Category: General Mathematics

[50] viXra:1706.0265 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-13 00:50:25

Optimized PROMETHEE Based on Interval Neutrosophic Sets for New Energy Storage Alternative Selection

Authors: Zheng Wang, Lin Liu
Comments: 9 Pages.

New energy storage alternative selection is a hot research issue that involves multiple-criteria decision-making process. In view of the existing deficiencies of multiple-criteria decision-making methods, an optimized method of PROMETHEE was proposed based on interval neutrosophic sets that has the advantage in describing fuzzy decision-making information.
Category: General Mathematics

[49] viXra:1706.0264 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-13 00:53:04

Performance Еvaluation of Тracking Аlgorithm Incorporating Attribute Data Processing Via DSmT

Authors: J. Dezert, A. Tchamova, L. Bojilov, P. Konstantinova
Comments: 5 Pages.

The main objective of this paper is to investigate the impact of the quality of attribute data source on the performance of a target tracking algorithm. An array of dense scenarios arranged according to the distance between closely spaced targets is studied by different confusion matrices. The used algorithm is Generalized Data Association (GDA-MTT) algorithm for multiple target tracking processing kinematic as well as attribute data. The fusion rule for attribute data is based on Dezert-Smarandache Theory (DSmT). Besides the main goal a comparison is made between the cited above algorithm and an algorithm with Kinematic based only Data Association (KDAMTT). The measures of performance are evaluated using intensive Monte Carlo simulation.
Category: General Mathematics

[48] viXra:1706.0260 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-13 00:59:56

Power Aggregation Operators of Simplified Neutrosophic Sets and Their Use in Multi-attribute Group Decision Making

Authors: Chunfang Liu, Yuesheng Luo
Comments: 10 Pages.

The simplified neutrosophic set (SNS) is a useful generalization of the fuzzy set that is designed for some practical situations in which each element has different truth membership function, indeterminacy membership function and falsity membership function. In this paper, we develop a series of power aggregation operators called simplified neutrosophic number power weighted averaging (SNNPWA) operator, simplified neutrosophic number power weighted geometric (SNNPWG) operator, simplified neutrosophic number power ordered weighted averaging (SNNPOWA) operator and simplified neutrosophic number power ordered weighted geometric (SNNPOWG) operator.
Category: General Mathematics

[47] viXra:1706.0259 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-13 01:01:25

Proposal for the Formalization of Dialectical Logic

Authors: José Luis Usó-Doménech, Josué Antonio Nescolarde-Selva, Lorena Segura-Abad
Comments: 11 Pages.

Classical logic is typically concerned with abstract analysis. The problem for a synthetic logic is to transcend and unify available data to reconstruct the object as a totality. Three rules are proposed to pass from classic logic to synthetic logic. We present the category logic of qualitative opposition using examples from various sciences. This logic has been defined to include the neuter as part of qualitative opposition. The application of these rules to qualitative opposition, and, in particular, its neuter, demonstrated that a synthetic logic allows the truth of some contradictions. This synthetic logic is dialectical with a multi-valued logic, which gives every proposition a truth value in the interval [0,1] that is the square of the modulus of a complex number. In this dialectical logic, contradictions of the neuter of an opposition may be true.
Category: General Mathematics

[46] viXra:1706.0254 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-13 01:20:03

Representation of Graphs Using Intuitionistic Neutrosophic Soft Sets

Authors: Muhammad Akram, Sundas Shahzadi
Comments: 23 Pages.

The concept of intuitionistic neutrosophic soft sets can be utilized as a mathematical tool to deal with imprecise and unspecified information. In this paper, we apply the concept of intuitionistic neutrosophic soft sets to graphs. We introduce the concept of intuitionistic neutrosophic soft graphs, and present applications of intuitionistic neutrosophic soft graphs in multiple-attribute decision-making problems. We also present an algorithm of our proposed method.
Category: General Mathematics

[45] viXra:1706.0252 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-13 01:22:50

Robust and False Positive Free Watermarking in Iwt Domain Using SVD and Abc

Authors: Irshad Ahmad Ansari, Millie Pant, Chang Wook Ahn
Comments: 12 Pages.

Watermarking is used to protect the copyrighted materials from being misused and help us to know the lawful ownership. The security of any watermarking scheme is always a prime concern for the developer.
Category: General Mathematics

[44] viXra:1706.0250 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-13 01:26:07

Rough Neutrosophic Set in a Lattice

Authors: I. Arockiarani, C. Antony Crispin Sweety
Comments: 7 Pages.

In this paper, we examine the relationship between rough fuzzy neutrosophic sets and lattice theory. We introduce the notion of Rough fuzzy neutrosophic set and Rough fuzzy neutrosophic lattice (resp Rough fuzzy neutrosophic ideals). Further, we discuss about fuzzy neutrosophic rough set corresponding to a rough set and define the terms and conditions for fuzzy neutrosophic rough lattice.
Category: General Mathematics

[43] viXra:1706.0245 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-13 01:49:46

Self Additive Inverse Elements of Neutrosophic Rings and Fields

Authors: T.Chalapathi, R.V.M.S.S.Kiran Kumar
Comments: 10 Pages.

Algebraic Neutrosophic theory is an abstract branch of modern mathematics that originated from classical algebra through the composition of Neutrosophic theory. Its development started few years ago, and now a days Neutrosophic analytic methods and results are important in various fields of engineering science and applied mathematics with its applications.
Category: General Mathematics

[42] viXra:1706.0242 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-13 01:55:36

Simplified Neutrosophic Linguistic Multi-criteria Group Decision-Making Approach to Green Product Development

Authors: Zhang-peng Tian, Jing Wang, Jian-qiang Wang, Hong-yu Zhang
Comments: 31 Pages.

For many companies, green product development has become a key strategic consideration due to regulatory requirements and market trends. In this paper, the life cycle assessment technique is used to develop an innovative multi-criteria group decision-making approach that incorporates power aggregation operators and a TOPSIS-based QUALIFLEX method in order to solve green product design selection problems using neutrosophic linguistic information.
Category: General Mathematics

[41] viXra:1706.0241 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-13 01:56:50

Single-Valued Neutrosophic Planar Graphs

Authors: Muhammad Akram
Comments: 11 Pages.

We apply the concept of single-valued neutrosophic sets to multigraphs, planar graphs and dual graphs. We introduce the notions of single-valued neutrosophic multigraphs, single-valued neutrosophic planar graphs, and single-valued neutrosophic dual graphs. We illustrate these concepts with examples. We also investigate some of their properties.
Category: General Mathematics

[40] viXra:1706.0239 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-13 01:58:57

Single Valued Neutrosophic Signedgraphs

Authors: Seema Mehra, Manjeet Singh
Comments: 4 Pages.

Motivated by the notion of single valued neutrosophic graphs defined by Broumi, Talea, Bakali and Smarandache[2] and notion of intuitionistic fuzzy signed graphs defined by Mishra and Pal[8], we introduce the concept of single valued neutrosophic signed graphs and examine the properties of this new concept and examples.
Category: General Mathematics

[39] viXra:1706.0237 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-13 02:01:12

Some Interval-Valued Neutrosophic Hesitant Fuzzy Uncertain Linguistic Bonferroni Mean Aggregation Operators and Their Application in Multiple Attribute Decision Making

Authors: Peide Liu, Fei Teng
Comments: 41 Pages.

Interval-valued neutrosophic hesitant fuzzy uncertain linguistic set (IVNHFULS) has the advantages of both neutrosophic numbers and interval-valued hesitant fuzzy uncertain linguistic variable. In this paper, we firstly introduce the definition, the operational laws, and the score function of IVNHFULS.
Category: General Mathematics

[38] viXra:1706.0234 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-13 02:03:21

Special Types of Interval Valued Neutrosophic Graphs

Authors: M. A. Malik, A. Hassan
Comments: 13 Pages.

Neutrosophic theory has many applications in graph theory, interval valued neutrosophic graph (IVNG) is the generalization of fuzzy graph, intuitionistic fuzzy graph and single valued neutrosophic graph. In this paper, we introduced some types of IVNGs, which are subdivision IVNGs, middle IVNGs, total IVNGs and interval valued neutrosophic line graphs (IVNLGs), also discussed the isomorphism, co weak isomorphism and weak isomorphism properties of subdivision IVNGs, middle IVNGs, total IVNGs and IVNLGs.
Category: General Mathematics

[37] viXra:1706.0231 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-13 02:07:07

Supervised Pattern Recognition Using Similarity Measure Between Two Interval

Authors: Anjan Mukherjee, Sadhan Sarkar
Comments: 8 Pages.

F. Smarandache introduced the concept of neutrosophic set in 1995 and P. K. Maji introduced the notion of neutrosophic soft set in 2013, which is a hybridization of neutrosophic set and soft set. Irfan Deli introduced the concept of interval valued neutrosophic soft sets. Interval valued neutrosophic soft sets are most efficient tools to deals with problems that contain uncertainty such as problem in social, economic system, medical diagnosis, pattern recognition, game theory, coding theory and so on. In this article we introduce similarity measure between two interval valued neutrosophic soft sets and study some basic properties of similarity measure. An algorithm is developed in interval valued neutrosophic soft set setting using similarity measure. Using this algorithm a model is constructed for supervised pattern recognition problem using similarity measure.
Category: General Mathematics

[36] viXra:1706.0230 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-13 02:08:19

Survey On: Categorization Techniques on the Basis of on Evidential Reasoning

Authors: Priyanka Deshpande, A.N.Banubakode
Comments: 5 Pages.

It is studied in this paper that the arrangement of inadequate examples is an extremely testing assignment in light of the fact that the article (inadequate example) with distinctive feasible estimations of missing qualities may yield particular arrangement results. The insecurity (equivocalness) of grouping is for the most part brought about by the absence of data of the missing information.
Category: General Mathematics

[35] viXra:1706.0229 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-13 02:09:20

Survey Paper on Aircraft Recognition for Satellite Image

Authors: D.PonJenifer, Y.R.Packia Dhas
Comments: 4 Pages.

Aircraft recognition plays an important role in image processing. Recognition processor is used to extract the shape of aircraft. Recognition is done using various algorithms. In this paper eight types of recognition algorithm are discussed.
Category: General Mathematics

[34] viXra:1706.0224 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-13 02:15:51

The Category of Neutrosophic Crisp Sets

Authors: K. Hur, P. K. Lim, J. G. Lee, J. Kim
Comments: 12 Pages.

We introduce the category NCSet consisting of neutrosophic crisp sets and morphisms between them. And we study NCSet in the sense of a topological universe and prove that it is Cartesian closed over Set, where Set denotes the category consisting of ordinary sets and ordinary mappings between them.
Category: General Mathematics

[33] viXra:1706.0220 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-13 02:20:44

Three Hierarchy Map Building Based on Artificial Label

Authors: Wu Hao, Tian Guohui, Pan Chunwei, Wang Xin, Yu Jinshan
Comments: 8 Pages.

When service robots carry on mission planning and execution, they not only need structural information about the environment to navigation and localization, but also need to possess deeper knowledge to endow a robot with higher degrees of autonomy and intelligence.
Category: General Mathematics

[32] viXra:1706.0216 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-13 02:25:24

Transformation Method of Decision-Making Probability Based on Correlation Degree

Authors: ZHAO Yu-xin, JIA Ren-feng, LIU Chang, SHEN Zhi-feng
Comments: 7 Pages.

To slove the problem in the transformation of basic probability assignment to decision-making probability, this paper proposed a novel transformation method based on correlation degree.
Category: General Mathematics

[31] viXra:1706.0215 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-13 02:26:26

Transparency of Accounting Information in Achieving Good Corporate Governance. True View and Fair Value

Authors: Mariana Man, Maria Ciurea
Comments: 21 Pages.

One of the key factors affecting the efficient use of resources, the increase of shareholders confidence in the managers of the company, the success in achieving objectives and economic efficiency is the system of corporate governance by which a company is managed and controlled.
Category: General Mathematics

[30] viXra:1706.0212 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-13 02:29:56

Unification of Evidence Theoretic Fusion Algorithms: A Case Study in Level-2 and Level-3 Fingerprint Features

Authors: Mayank Vatsa, Richa Singh, Afzel Noore
Comments: 12 Pages.

This paper formulates an evidence-theoretic multimodal unification approach using belief functions that takes into account the variability in biometric image characteristics. While processing non-ideal images the variation in the quality of features at different levels of abstraction may cause individual classifiers to generate conflicting genuine-impostor decisions.
Category: General Mathematics

[29] viXra:1706.0211 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-13 02:31:16

Use of Neutrosophic Logic in Defining River Water Quality of Yamuna

Authors: Srijit Biswas, FIE Sonal Bhugra
Comments: 7 Pages.

In this study we present a methodology of neutrosophic logic in defining river water quality of Yamuna, one of the most important river of Delhi. The laboratory test results of water quality parameters are not always found to be same in all locations of the river rather varies with wide range of interval daily, monthly and seasonally. For an engineer it is very difficult to define the water quality with degree of certainty.
Category: General Mathematics

[28] viXra:1706.0210 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-13 05:25:56

Method of Precision Increase by Averaging with Application to Numerical Differentiation

Authors: Andrej Liptaj
Comments: 19 Pages.

If several independent algorithms for a computer-calculated quantity exist, then one can expect their results (which differ because of numerical errors) to follow approximately Gaussian distribution. The mean of this distribution, interpreted as the value of the quantity of interest, can be determined with better precision than what is the precision provided by a single algorithm. Often, with lack of enough independent algorithms, one can proceed differently: many practical algorithms introduce a bias using a parameter, e.g. a small but finite number to compute a limit or a large but finite number (cutoff) to approximate infinity. One may vary such parameter of a single algorithm and interpret the resulting numbers as generated by several algorithms. A numerical evidence for the validity of this approach is shown for differentiation.
Category: General Mathematics

[27] viXra:1706.0185 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-11 11:14:01

A Decision Making Method by Combining Topsis and Grey Relation Method Under Fuzzy Soft Sets

Authors: Selim ERASLAN, Naim ÇAĞMAN
Comments: 12 Pages.

In this study, we first introduce the fuzzy sets, soft sets, fuzzy soft sets and their related properties. We then present the Technique for Order Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution (TOPSIS) that is one of classical Multiple Attribute Decision Making (MADM) methods. We also present the Grey Relation Method. In the main part of this study, we extend the TOPSIS method on the fuzzy soft set theory to construct a decision making method to deal with problems that contain uncertainties. To make it we combine the TOPSIS and The Grey Relational Analysis (GRA) under fuzzy soft sets. We finally give an illustrative application for drug selection.
Category: General Mathematics

[26] viXra:1706.0184 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-11 11:16:34

A Framework of Collaborative Change Detection with Multiple Operators and Multi-Source Remote Sensing Images

Authors: Xi Chen, Jing Li, Yunfei Zhang, Liangliang Tao, Wei Shen
Comments: 4 Pages.

This paper proposes a framework of change detection with multi-source remote sensing images through collaboration of multiple operators. Firstly, pre-processed images are distributed to different operators. Then the images are classified by the operators independently. Finally, with uploaded classification results, change detection result can be derived through evidential fusion based on PCR5 rule in the server. By making use of complementary and redundant information in the images, the framework can solve the problems of information loss, imprecision, inconformity or conflict in multi-source data.
Category: General Mathematics

[25] viXra:1706.0183 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-11 11:17:57

Aggregation Operators Of neutrosophic Linguistic Numbers For multiple Attribute Group Decision Making

Authors: Jun Ye
Comments: 11 Pages.

Based on the concept of neutrosophic linguistic numbers (NLNs) in symbolic neutrosophic theory presented by Smarandache in 2015, the paper firstly proposes basic operational laws of NLNs and the expected value of a NLN to rank NLNs. Then, we propose the NLN weighted arithmetic average (NLNWAA) and NLN weighted geometric average (NLNWGA) operators and discuss their properties.
Category: General Mathematics

[24] viXra:1706.0181 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-11 11:21:03

LCT: A Lightweight Cross-domain Trust Model for the Mobile Distributed Environment

Authors: Zhiquan Liu, Jianfeng Ma, Zhongyuan Jiang, Yinbin Miao
Comments: 22 Pages.

In the mobile distributed environment, an entity may move across domains with great frequency. How to utilize the trust information in the previous domains and quickly establish trust relationships with others in the current domain remains a challenging issue. The classic trust models do not support cross-domain and the existing cross-domain trust models are not in a fully distributed way. This paper improves the outstanding Certified Reputation (CR) model and proposes a Lightweight Cross-domain Trust (LCT) model for the mobile distributed environment in a fully distributed way.
Category: General Mathematics

[23] viXra:1706.0180 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-11 11:22:58

Alliance Based Evidential Reasoning Approach with Unknown Evidence Weights

Authors: Shengqun CHEN, Yingming WANG, Hailiu SHI, Meijing ZHANG, Yang LIN
Comments: 39 Pages.

In the evidential reasoning approach of decision theory, different evidence weights can generate different combined results. Consequently, evidence weights can significantly influence solutions. In terms of the “psychology of economic man,” decision-makers may tend to seek similar pieces of evidence to support their own evidence and thereby form alliances.
Category: General Mathematics

[22] viXra:1706.0179 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-11 11:25:17

A Method for Recognizing Fatigue Driving Based on Dempster-Shafer Theory and Fuzzy Neural Network

Authors: WenBo Zhu, Huicheng Yang, Yi Jin, andBingyou Liu
Comments: 10 Pages.

This study proposes a method based on Dempster-Shafer theory (DST) and fuzzy neural network (FNN) to improve the reliability of recognizing fatigue driving.
Category: General Mathematics

[21] viXra:1706.0174 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-11 11:34:03

A Multi-Valued Neutrosophic Qualitative flexible Approach Based on Likelihood for Multi-Criteria Decision-Making Problems

Authors: Juan-juan Peng, Jian-qiang Wang, Wu-E.Yang
Comments: 11 Pages.

In this paper, multi-criteria decision-making (MCDM) problems based on the qualitative flexible multiple criteria method (QUALIFLEX), in which the criteria values are expressed by multi-valued neutrosophic information, are investigated. First,multi-valued neutrosophic sets(MVNSs),which allow the truth-membership function,indeterminacy-membership function and falsity-membership function to have a set of crisp values between zeroand one, are introduced.
Category: General Mathematics

[20] viXra:1706.0172 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-11 11:36:53

An Agent-based Integrated Self-evolving Service Composition Approach in Networked Environments

Authors: Dayong Ye, Qiang He, Yanchun Wang, Yun Yang
Comments: 13 Pages.

Service composition is an important research problem in service computing systems, which combines simple and individual services into composite services to fulfill users’ complex requirements. Service composition usually consists of four stages, i.e., service discovery, candidate selection, service negotiation and task execution. In self-organising systems, there is the fifth stage of service composition: self-evolution.
Category: General Mathematics

[19] viXra:1706.0158 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-11 12:25:59

A New Modified Neutrosophic Set Segmentation Approach

Authors: Eser Sert
Comments: 17 Pages.

Segmentation is paramount to 3D video systems employing multi-view video-plus-depth data (MVD) to implement free-viewpoint navigation and comfortable 3D viewing, modeling, and comprehension.
Category: General Mathematics

[18] viXra:1706.0155 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-11 12:31:29

A New Weighted Average Operator Based on Simplified Neutrosophic and Its Application

Authors: Rui Hu, Mengjin Wei, Hongchun Sun
Comments: 7 Pages.

In this paper, a new simplified neutrosophic weighted average operator is presented, which is named as the simplified Neutrosophic Weighted Maclaurin Mean (NWMM). At the same time, the aggregated formula of NWMM is also established and showed in detail, and some properties of NWMM are researched. Finally, a practical application in E-commerce of the developed method is given.
Category: General Mathematics

[17] viXra:1706.0152 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-11 12:35:24

An Extension of the Electre Approach with Multi-Valued Neutrosophic Information

Authors: Juan-juan Peng, Jian-qiang Wang, Xiao-hui Wu
Comments: 12 Pages.

In this paper, an extension Elimination and Choice Translating Reality (ELECTRE) method is introduced to handle multi-valued neutrosophic multi-criteria decision-making (MCDM) problems.
Category: General Mathematics

[16] viXra:1706.0149 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-11 12:40:02

An Improved Score Function for Ranking Neutrosophic Sets and Its Application to Decision-Making Process

Authors: Nancy, Harish Garg
Comments: 9 Pages.

The neutrosophic set (NS) is a more general platform which generalizes the concept of crisp, fuzzy, and intuitionistic fuzzy sets to describe the membership functions in terms of truth, indeterminacy, and false degree. Under this environment, the present paper proposes an improved score function for ranking the single as well as interval-valued NSs by incorporating the idea of hesitation degree between the truth and false degrees. Shortcomings of the existing function have been highlighted in it. Further, the decision-making method has been presented based on proposed function and illustrates it with a numerical example to demonstrate its practicality and effectiveness.
Category: General Mathematics

[15] viXra:1706.0147 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-11 12:45:31

An Interval-Valued Hesitant Fuzzy Multigranulation Rough Set Over Two Universes Model for Steam Turbine Fault Diagnosis

Authors: Chao Zhang, Deyu Li, Yimin Mu, Dong Song
Comments: 12 Pages.

In the field of mechanical engineering, steam turbine fault diagnosis is a difficult task for mechanical engineers who are confronted with challenges in dealing with copious amounts of uncertain information.
Category: General Mathematics

[14] viXra:1706.0146 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-11 12:46:33

An Introduction to Fuzzy Neutrosophic Topological Spaces

Authors: Y. Veereswari
Comments: 6 Pages.

In this paper we introduce fuzzy neutrosophic topological spaces and its some properties. Also we provide fuzzy continuous and fuzzy compactness of fuzzy neutrosophic topological space and its some properties and examples.
Category: General Mathematics

[13] viXra:1706.0090 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-06 00:33:27

An Holomorphic Study Of Smarandache Automorphic and Cross Inverse Property Loops

Authors: Temotope Gbolahan Jayeola
Comments: 9 Pages.

By studying the holomorphic structure of automorphic inverse property quasigroups and loops[AIPQ and (AIPL)] and cross inverse property quasigroups and loops[CIPQ and (CIPL)], it is established that the holomorph of a loop is a Smarandache; AIPL, CIPL, K-loop, Bruck-loop or Kikkawa-loop if and only if its Smarandache automorphism group is trivial and the loop is itself is a Smarandache; AIPL, CIPL, K-loop, Bruck-loop or Kikkawa-loop.
Category: General Mathematics

[12] viXra:1706.0089 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-06 00:34:47

A Pair of Smarandachely Isotopic Quasigroups and Loops Of The Same Variety

Authors: Temotope Gbolahan Jayeola
Comments: 10 Pages.

The isotopic invariance or universality of types and varieties of quasigroups and loops described by one or more equivalent identities has been of interest to researchers in loop theory in the recent past. A variety of quasigroups(loops) that are not universal have been found to be isotopic invariant relative to a special type of isotopism or the other. Presently, there are two outstanding open problems on universality of loops: semi automorphic inverse property loops(1999) and Osborn loops(2005). Smarandache isotopism(S-isotopism) was originally introduced by Vasantha Kandasamy in 2002.
Category: General Mathematics

[11] viXra:1706.0080 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-06 00:47:27

Generalized Fibonacci Sequences in Groupoids

Authors: Hee Sik Kim, J Neggers, Keum Sook So
Comments: 10 Pages.

In this paper, we introduce the notion of generalized Fibonacci sequences over a groupoid and discuss it in particular for the case where the groupoid contains idempotents and pre-idempotents. Using the notion of Smarandache-type P-algebra, we obtain several relations on groupoids which are derived from generalized Fibonacci sequences.
Category: General Mathematics

[10] viXra:1706.0078 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-06 00:49:39

Labeled Graph - A Mathematical Element

Authors: Linfan Mao
Comments: 35 Pages.

The universality of contradiction and connection of things in nature implies that a thing is nothing else but a labeled topological graph GL with a labeling map L.
Category: General Mathematics

[9] viXra:1706.0075 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-06 00:53:01

Modern Picture of the World and the Creator

Authors: Leo G. Sapogin, V. A. Dzhanibekov, Yu. A. Ryabov
Comments: 65 Pages.

The present article discuses the problems of new Unitary Quantum Theory in its applications to the different aspects of the reality. There are spectacular examples of such applications. The Modern science cannot explain origin of life's.
Category: General Mathematics

[8] viXra:1706.0067 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-06 01:02:44

On the Photon’s Identity: Implications for Relativity and Cosmology

Authors: Ogaba Philip Obande
Comments: 9 Pages.

Light is investigated with simple harmonic motion formalism; the procedure reveals the photon’s physicalcharacteristics but fails to provide its exact identity.
Category: General Mathematics

[7] viXra:1706.0066 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-06 01:04:16

On the Smarandache-Pascal Derived Sequences of Generalized Tribonacci Numbers

Authors: Zhengang Wu, Jianghua Li, Han Zhang
Comments: 8 Pages.

The main purpose of this paper is, using the elementary method and the properties of the third-order linear recurrence sequence, to unify the above results by proving the following theorem.
Category: General Mathematics

[6] viXra:1706.0065 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-06 01:06:41

On the Universality of Some Smarandache Loops of Bol-Moufang Type

Authors: Temotope Gbolahan Jayeola
Comments: 15 Pages.

A Smarandache quasigroup(loop) is shown to be universal if all its f; g-principal isotopes are Smarandache f; g-principal isotopes. Also, weak Smarandache loops of Bol-Moufang type such as Smarandache: left(right) Bol, Moufang and extra loops are shown to be universal if all their f; g-principal isotopes are Smarandache f; g-principal isotopes.
Category: General Mathematics

[5] viXra:1706.0062 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-06 01:10:09

Role Creator in the Origin Universe and Unitary Quantum Theory

Authors: Leo G. Sapogin, Dzhanibekov V A, Yu. A. Ryabov
Comments: 29 Pages.

The present article discuses the problems of new Unitary Quantum Theory in its applications to the different aspects of the reality. There are spectacular examples of such applications. The Modern science cannot explain origin of life's.
Category: General Mathematics

[4] viXra:1706.0061 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-06 01:11:10

Shared Multi-Space Representation for Neural-Symbolic Reasoning

Authors: Edjard de S. Mota, Yan B. Diniz
Comments: 11 Pages.

This paper presents a new neural-symbolic reasoning approach based on a sharing of neural multi-space representation for coded fractions of first-order logic. A multi-space is the union of spaces with different dimensions, each one for a different set of distinct features.
Category: General Mathematics

[3] viXra:1706.0056 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-06 01:23:26

Smarandache Isotopy Of Second Smarandache Bol Loops

Authors: Temotope Gbolahan Jayeola
Comments: 14 Pages.

The study of the Smarandache concept in groupoids was initiated by W. B. Vasantha Kandasamy. In her book and first paper on Smarandache concept in loops,she defined a Smarandache loop(S-loop) as a loop with at least a subloop which forms a subgroup under the binary operation of the loop.
Category: General Mathematics

[2] viXra:1706.0049 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-06 01:32:12

The Repeated Divisor Function and Possible Correlation with Highly Composite Numbers

Authors: Sayak Chakrabarty
Comments: 8 Pages.

We found this problem in a paper by Florentin Smarandache. This is the 18th unsolved problem in his paper.
Category: General Mathematics

[1] viXra:1706.0047 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-06 01:34:57

The Smarandache Curves on

Authors: Murat SAVAS, Atakan Tugkan YAKUT, Tugba TAMIRCI
Comments: 9 Pages.

In this study, we give special Smarandache curves according to the Sabban frame in hyperbolic space and new Smarandache partners in de Sitter space. The existence of duality between Smarandache curves in hyperbolic and de Sitter space is obtained. We also describe how we can depict picture of Smarandache partners in de Sitter space of a curve in hyperbolic space. Finally, two examples are given to illustrate our main results.
Category: General Mathematics