[2] **viXra:1807.0134 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-07-07 02:22:40*

**Authors:** Vu B Ho

**Comments:** 12 Pages.

In this work we extend our discussions on the possibility to classify geometric interactions to temporal manifolds according to the dimensions of decomposed submanifolds n-cells. A temporal manifold is a differentiable manifold which is accompanied a spatial manifold to form a spatiotemporal manifold which represents an elementary particle and can be assumed to have the mathematical structure of a CW complex. As in the case of spatial manifolds, a temporal differentiable manifold can also be assumed to decompose n-cells. The decomposed temporal n-cells will also be identified with force carriers for physical interactions. For the case of temporal differentiable manifolds of dimension three, there are also four different types of geometric interactions associated with 0-cells, 1-cells, 2-cells and 3-cells. We also discuss the possible dynamics from these geometric interactions in terms of Newtonian spatiotemporal mechanics. In particular we show that, unlike spatial manifolds in which the contact forces that are associated with the decomposition of 0-cells would render mass points to join to form elementary particles, the forces that are associated with the decomposition of temporal 0-cells are short-lived therefore temporal matter cannot form stable physical objects as in the case of mass points in spatial continuum. We also discuss in more details the case of geometric interactions that are associated with the decomposition of 3-cells from a spatiotemporal differentiable manifold and show that the physical interactions that are associated with the evolution of the geometric processes can be formulated in terms of general relativity.

**Category:** Mathematical Physics

[1] **viXra:1807.0094 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-07-03 08:04:18*

**Authors:** Dan Visser

**Comments:** 25 Pages.

The Big Bang is not a stand-alone beginning of the universe that came to life with the beginning of time. Originally, or so to say more fundamental, the Big Bang-universe is emergent. The existence of the Big Bang-universe is due to a ‘Rotating Torus Hologram-Universe’ (RTHU). We actually live in a RTHU. What we observe as a stand-alone Big Bang is by residue the CMB, but in fact it is an information-field of the RTHU. This is the main result of my theoretical research wherein the cognition of the origin of the universe is extended to refined time and a subdivision of the quantum-unit. I call this new perception Double Torus Theory (DTT). More theoretical evidence shows the cause why matter is dominant over anti-matter, why virtual particles go in and out of vacuum, but most of all that the total CMB rotates with 29 km/h.

**Category:** Mathematical Physics