# Mind Science

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## Recent submissions

Any replacements are listed farther down

[260] viXra:1811.0133 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-08 20:33:37

### Violence in the Mentally Ill Triggered and by Dramatic Drops in Allergen Levels Causing Spikes in Serum Serotonin.

Authors: Tariq Khan

It is known that humans are sensitive to their environment, mentally ill or unstable individuals can be "triggered" into impulsive and violent activities from spikes in serum serotonin, serum histamine level is directly proportional to environmental allergen levels, and serum serotonin level is inversely proportional to serum histamine levels. Data appears to show a clear "pattern match" between the date of violent acts from mentally ill individuals and crashes or dramatic decreases in environmental allergen levels (especially when the allergen or pollen level decreases to zero) indicating a possible precursor or triggering relationship. This knowledge could be used as a potential predictor for law enforcement and medical agencies with modern technology tracking near real-time data per city.
Category: Mind Science

[259] viXra:1811.0081 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-05 10:45:33

### Saving Physicalism/materialism: the Chalmers Test

Authors: Archibald Ulrich Thor

Not a full-blown article, just a quick sketch on an alternative take on the philosophical zombie problem that neglects vague notions of "conceivability" or "metaphysical possibility" in favor of tentatively more rigorous language. The implication seems to be that some form of monism is logically necessary.
Category: Mind Science

[258] viXra:1810.0517 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-31 13:54:58

### Tautologies and Contradictions in the Language of Mind-Body Like Problems

Authors: Yuri Danoyan

The Evaluation of language of Mind-Body like problems proposed.Examples from scientific texts are presented. Tautologies and Contradictions are adopted as evaluation criteria. Interpretation as Tautologies and Contradictions in the language of these texts are considered. Tribute to Wittgenstein "Tautologies and tautologies have no sense"
Category: Mind Science

[257] viXra:1810.0367 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-22 17:01:30

### Conformal Scaling of the Massformula in Terms of the Flat Metric in the Black-White Plane of Psychological Profiles.

Authors: Johan Noldus

Black-white or yellow-black representing spiritual energies of living creatures automatically determine an Einsteinian spiritual mass. During $SU(2)$ valued interactions, the spiritual rest mass of a person may change due to absorption or radiative effects. We propose a general approximate formula based upon scaling covariance of the interactions for the rest mass.
Category: Mind Science

[256] viXra:1810.0298 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-18 06:24:43

### Quantum Metalanguage and the New Cognitive Synthesis

Authors: Alexey V. Melkikh, Andrei Khrennikov, Roman V. Yampolskiy

Problems with mechanisms of thinking and cognition in many ways remain unresolved. Why are a priori inferences possible? Why can a human understand but a computer cannot? It has been shown that when creating new concepts, generalization is contradictory in the sense that to be created concepts must exist a priori, and therefore, they are not new. The process of knowledge acquisition is also contradictory, as it inevitably involves recognition, which can be realized only when there is an a priori standard. Known approaches of the framework of artificial intelligence (in particular, Bayesian) do not determine the origins of knowledge, as these approaches are effective only when “good” hypotheses are made. The formation of “good” hypotheses must occur a priori. To address these issues and paradoxes, a fundamentally new approach to problems of cognition that is based on completely innate behavioral programs is proposed. The process of cognition within the framework of the concept of a quantum metalanguage involves the selection of adequate a priori existing (innate) programs (logical variables and rules for working with them) that are most adequate to a given situation. The quantum properties of this metalanguage are necessary to implement such programs.
Category: Mind Science

[255] viXra:1810.0239 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-15 15:35:12

### Schizophrenia and Similar Disease-Rich Zone: Research in the Goto Region

Authors: Toshiro Takami

The islands in the western end of Nagasaki (hereinafter referred to as Goto region) facing Goto Islands and Goto Islands in Nagasaki prefecture are the most frequent areas of schizophrenia and similar diseases. Based on my experience, it is estimated to be ten times the national average. It may be because it is a closed special environment of the island why it is. However, there are no reports that islands throughout Japan are highly frequent areas of psychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia. Because the Goto region is a closed environment, the psychiatric examination rate is extremely low. To a lesser extent, we will not visit a psychiatrist in this area (Goto region) unless it becomes severe. Moreover, it seems that there are very many cases of onset and severe disease coming out from here (Goto region). In addition, the case is only the fact that the birth place of the ancestor of the case such as the hometown itself, the case itself, the parent of the case, the grandparent of the case, or the great-grandparent of the case is the Goto region, and living in the Goto region Do not mean. It is also thought that some virus, spirochete, or something else is involved. The Goto region is a highly prevalent region of retrovirus ATLV (adult T-cell leukemia virus). However, there are several other regions in Japan where ATLV (adult T - cell leukemia virus) is spreading at a high rate like the Goto region. There is no report that schizophrenia is frequent in those areas. It is inevitable to think that many genes that cause schizophrenia and similar diseases inserted in the gene by retrovirus are excreted in the Goto area.
Category: Mind Science

[254] viXra:1810.0238 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-15 15:42:34

### An Example of a Female with Anorexia Nervosa-Like Symptoms in Microprolactinoma

Authors: Toshiro Takami

Since seven years ago, internal medicine was inevitable with unknown fever and abdominal pain. In 1990 (three years ago), prolactinoma was suspected as prolactinoma in blood and suspected prolactinoma, contrast MRI of Turkish saddle was enforced at A University Hospital Although it was not discovered despite the fact that microadenoma was definitely present when it was minutely read, it was a patient who had been follow-up as it was. The case has been introduced by A University Hospital internal medicine as to whether it can be treated with psychiatric department of A University Hospital psychiatric approach. At that time, the medicine was drinking with water, but IVH (intravenous hyperalimentation) was done due to the inability to eat food. In other words, I was not sent to the psychiatry without understanding why I could not eat food internally. As I interviewed my medical history, I became a little depressed due to the state of such a body, but I found that the personality is bright and extroverted. Prolactinoma disrupted the hormonal balance, which resulted in imbalance of the autonomic nerves and was in the present physical condition. Menopausal disorder is very similar to what is extremely severe. There are many ladies who have autonomic imbalance due to disorder of hormonal balance even in menopause, but it was presumed to be the most severe. ------ prolactine is 80 ng and about 6 times the normal upper limit. And there is milk filtration and menstrual irregularity. The pituitary microadenoma should be hyperdensity with T1 emphasis, hypodensity with T2 emphasis, microadenoma exists when MRI (three years ago) is finely reflected. This seemed to be producing prolactine. In addition, it is thought that the unknown fever and abdominal pain of this case can be explained by the following figures.
Category: Mind Science

[253] viXra:1810.0200 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-12 15:20:12

### A Case of Complaining of Nasal Smell and Being Diagnosed as Self-Odor Fear in Case Nasal Mucosal Insufficiency Syndrome (a New Concept of Bad Smell)

Authors: Toshiro Takami

A case of complaining of nasal smell and self-odor fear is shown as a case of psychiatrist referral received from otolaryngology. The case actually had a strong nasal odor. Otorhinolaryngology does not deny the malodorous diseases such as atrophic rhinitis and bronchitis. Many people suffer from the same pathology when looking over the net. Almost everything complains about abnormal dryness of the nose. It is thought that Staphylococcus aureus or Pseudomonas aeruginosa abnormally proliferates in the ruined intranasal nasal mucosa and fails to sweep the metabolic products of the bacteria to the throat etc due to failure of nasal secretion and has a strong nasal odor It was done. In addition, Staphylococcus lugdunensis that produces substances to prevent the growth of Staphylococcus aureus was not considered to be present. Although the frequency of this disease is high, it is diagnosed as self-odor fear in neglect or psychiatry. I call it nasal mucosal insufficiency syndrome. This is a new concept of odor nasal disease. There is no crust formation and atrophy of the intranasal nasal cavity, because the nasal mucous membrane disappears only with the endoscope, it is thought that it is a serious disease which is hidden behind veil of atrophic rhinitis / bad nasal symptoms and is not noticed . At least for women, it can be said that all self-odor fears are merged.
Category: Mind Science

[252] viXra:1810.0194 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-13 02:33:25

### Cardio-Mental Health

Authors: Stephen I. Ternyik

Salutogenesis in Application
Category: Mind Science

[251] viXra:1810.0191 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-13 04:15:09

### Toxic Proteins Through the Brain

Authors: George Rajna

Now, researchers at Stevens Institute of Technology and colleagues have modeled how these toxic proteins spread throughout the brain to reproduce the telltale patterns of atrophy associated with Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, or ALS. [23] A new method allows researchers to systematically identify specialized proteins that unpack DNA inside the nucleus of a cell, making the usually dense DNA more accessible for gene expression and other functions. [22] Bacterial systems are some of the simplest and most effective platforms for the expression of recombinant proteins. [21] Now, in a new paper published in Nature Structural & Molecular Biology, Mayo researchers have determined how one DNA repair protein gets to the site of DNA damage. [20] A microscopic thread of DNA evidence in a public genealogy database led California authorities to declare this spring they had caught the Golden State Killer, the rapist and murderer who had eluded authorities for decades. [19] Researchers at Delft University of Technology, in collaboration with colleagues at the Autonomous University of Madrid, have created an artificial DNA blueprint for the replication of DNA in a cell-like structure. [18] An LMU team now reveals the inner workings of a molecular motor made of proteins which packs and unpacks DNA. [17] Chemist Ivan Huc finds the inspiration for his work in the molecular principles that underlie biological systems. [16] What makes particles self-assemble into complex biological structures? [15] Scientists from Moscow State University (MSU) working with an international team of researchers have identified the structure of one of the key regions of telomerase—a so-called "cellular immortality" ribonucleoprotein. [14]
Category: Mind Science

[250] viXra:1810.0190 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-13 04:25:12

### Alzheimer Spread Through the Brain

Authors: George Rajna

Alzheimer Spread Through the Brain For the first time, scientists have developed a computer simulation of how clumps of defective proteins in neurodegenerative diseases like Alzheimer's spread through the brain, much of the time in stealth mode, over as long as 30 years. [24] Now, researchers at Stevens Institute of Technology and colleagues have modeled how these toxic proteins spread throughout the brain to reproduce the telltale patterns of atrophy associated with Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, or ALS. [23] A new method allows researchers to systematically identify specialized proteins that unpack DNA inside the nucleus of a cell, making the usually dense DNA more accessible for gene expression and other functions. [22] Bacterial systems are some of the simplest and most effective platforms for the expression of recombinant proteins. [21] Now, in a new paper published in Nature Structural & Molecular Biology, Mayo researchers have determined how one DNA repair protein gets to the site of DNA damage. [20] A microscopic thread of DNA evidence in a public genealogy database led California authorities to declare this spring they had caught the Golden State Killer, the rapist and murderer who had eluded authorities for decades. [19] Researchers at Delft University of Technology, in collaboration with colleagues at the Autonomous University of Madrid, have created an artificial DNA blueprint for the replication of DNA in a cell-like structure. [18] An LMU team now reveals the inner workings of a molecular motor made of proteins which packs and unpacks DNA. [17] Chemist Ivan Huc finds the inspiration for his work in the molecular principles that underlie biological systems. [16] What makes particles self-assemble into complex biological structures? [15]
Category: Mind Science

[249] viXra:1809.0558 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-28 16:51:31

### A Case of Complaining of Nasal Smell and Being Diagnosed as Self-Odor Fear in Case 　ver.2 Nasal Mucosal Insufficiency Syndrome (a New Concept of Bad Smell)

Authors: Toshiro Takami

A case of suffering nasal odor and showing psychiatry referral as self-odor fear is shown as one case. The case actually had a strong nasal odor. It is not diagnosed as atrophic rhinitis or bronchoscopy in otolaryngology. Many people suffer from the same pathology when looking over the net. Almost everything complains about abnormal dryness of the nose. It is thought that Staphylococcus aureus which prefers drying in desolated dry nasal mucosa abnormally proliferates, the nasal secretion is unsuccessful, it is impossible to push the metabolic products of bacteria to throat and the like, and it emits a strong nasal odor It was. In addition, Staphylococcus lugdunensis that produces substances to prevent the growth of Staphylococcus aureus was not considered to be present. Although the frequency of this disease is high, it is diagnosed as self-odor fear in neglect or psychiatry. I call it nasal mucosal insufficiency syndrome. This is a new concept of odor nasal disease. Because there is no scab formation, it is hard to recognize because only nasal mucosa devastation is found in the nasal endoscope, it is difficult to recognize and it is considered a serious disease hidden behind the veil of atrophic rhinitis / bad nose disease and is not noticed .
Category: Mind Science

[248] viXra:1809.0547 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-27 16:54:53

### Grangels

Authors: Evgeny A. Novikov

Based on the quantum modification of the general relativity (Qmoger), gravitational angels (grangels) are introduced as areas of the background graviton condensate surrounding the interfaces between gravitons and the ordinary matter. The quantum entanglement is interpreted as interaction between splitting grangels. Our subjective experiences (qualia) are described in terms of grangels surrounding neuron clusters. A hierarchy of grangels is considered, including cosmological grangels
Category: Mind Science

[247] viXra:1809.0281 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-13 09:19:36

### 3-D Imaging for Brain Diseases

Authors: George Rajna

Researchers have developed a combination of commercially available hardware and open-source software, named PySight, which improves rapid 2-D and 3-D imaging of the brain and other tissues. [39] A University of Nottingham academic has won a prestigious five-year fellowship to explore the use of harmless sound waves to view deep inside living cells to aid early diagnose in diseases such as cancer. [38] A new system capable of probing microscopic environments inside cells has been installed at the University of Exeter's Bioimaging Centre. [37] "We put the optical microscope under a microscope to achieve accuracy near the atomic scale," said NIST's Samuel Stavis, who served as the project leader for these efforts. [36] Researchers have designed an interferometer that works with magnetic quasiparticles called magnons, rather than photons as in conventional interferometers. [35] A technique to manipulate electrons with light could bring quantum computing up to room temperature. [34] The USTC Microcavity Research Group in the Key Laboratory of Quantum Information has perfected a 4-port, all-optically controlled non-reciprocal multifunctional photonic device based on a magnetic-field-free optomechanical resonator. [33] To address this technology gap, a team of engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) has developed an innovative microchip, named BATLESS, that can continue to operate even when the battery runs out of energy. [32] Stanford researchers have developed a water-based battery that could provide a cheap way to store wind or solar energy generated when the sun is shining and wind is blowing so it can be fed back into the electric grid and be redistributed when demand is high. [31] Researchers at AMOLF and the University of Texas have circumvented this problem with a vibrating glass ring that interacts with light. They thus created a microscale circulator that directionally routes light on an optical chip without using magnets. [30] Researchers have discovered three distinct variants of magnetic domain walls in the helimagnet iron germanium (FeGe). [29]
Category: Mind Science

[246] viXra:1809.0072 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-05 04:49:28

### Human Eye Seeing Ghosted Images

Authors: George Rajna

A team of researchers in the U.K. has found that the human eye and brain are together capable of seeing "ghosted" images. [23] The first human has been scanned with a revolutionary 3D colour medical scanner developed by father and son scientists in New Zealand. [22] A new experimental method permits the X-ray analysis of amyloids, a class of large, filamentous biomolecules which are an important hallmark of diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's. [12] Thumb through any old science textbook, and you'll likely find RNA described as little more than a means to an end, a kind of molecular scratch paper used to construct the proteins encoded in DNA. [20] Just like any long polymer chain, DNA tends to form knots. Using technology that allows them to stretch DNA molecules and image the behavior of these knots, MIT researchers have discovered, for the first time, the factors that determine whether a knot moves along the strand or "jams" in place. [19] Researchers at Delft University of Technology, in collaboration with colleagues at the Autonomous University of Madrid, have created an artificial DNA blueprint for the replication of DNA in a cell-like structure. [18] An LMU team now reveals the inner workings of a molecular motor made of proteins which packs and unpacks DNA. [17] Chemist Ivan Huc finds the inspiration for his work in the molecular principles that underlie biological systems. [16] What makes particles self-assemble into complex biological structures? [15] Scientists from Moscow State University (MSU) working with an international team of researchers have identified the structure of one of the key regions of telomerase—a so-called "cellular immortality" ribonucleoprotein. [14] Researchers from Tokyo Metropolitan University used a light-sensitive iridium-palladium catalyst to make "sequential" polymers, using visible light to change how building blocks are combined into polymer chains. [13]
Category: Mind Science

[245] viXra:1809.0032 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-01 06:48:41

### The Conquest of High Dimensions: a Scientific Account

Authors: Arturo Tozzi

This is my story, the story of a family pediatrician and amateur neuroscientist/physicist. As an “outsider”, I publish in some of the major scientific journals (also nuts in Nature and NEJM) and collaborate with worldwide universities and renewed scientists. My scientific field? Difficult to say, because I do not like at all to be on focus. Not regarding myself as a proper scientist, I feel free to (try to) publish in rather different disciplines (medicine, biology, physics, math, philosophy and, above all, neuroscience). Working in my room in Naples, Italy, without vis-à-vis contacts with true scientists, my favoured methodological approach is necessarily a “testable rationalism”: sharp experimental previsions arising from top-down, deductive mathematical approaches. Joining together concepts from far-flung fields, I pursue the application of mathematic and physical theory to biology, especially to neural systems. This manuscript encompasses the ABSTRACTS of all my published papers (2014- half 2018) in different fields: math, physics, biology, philosophy and, above all, neuroscience.
Category: Mind Science

[244] viXra:1808.0678 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-31 15:02:34

### Interventies Bij Ongewenst Gedrag

Authors: Maria Schipper

This paper describes different methods for working on problem behavior in dogs.
Category: Mind Science

[243] viXra:1808.0574 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-26 11:40:53

### Buspirone an Example of Generalized Social Anxiety Disorder that Caused a State of Consciousness Change During Taking Large Quantities

Authors: Toshiro Takami

Personally importing buspirone which is not yet released in Japan, continuing to take a large amount of buspirone 100 to 400 mg a day with grapefruit · juice etc. which is a substance which inhibits the metabolism of buspirone, and while taking that, the phantom state of consciousness change state I experienced a case of frequent occurrence of a twilight state from a dreamy state. Cases develop social anxiety disorder at the third year of high school. Morbidity has reached 21 years. We purchased antidepressants from the Internet and tried many kinds including those not approved in Japan, but it was hardly effective. And I was taking buspirone.
Category: Mind Science

[242] viXra:1808.0573 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-26 12:01:42

### Nasal Productive Insufficiency Proposal of New Concept of Odor Nasal Symptoms

Authors: Toshiro Takami

I experienced 4 cases of crustless formation but strong nasal odor. Since crust formation is not observed, it does not apply to the concept of classical bronchiasis. The nasal cavity is moistened with nasal discharge and the products of bacteria and bacteria grown by the cilia in the nasal cavity are swept towards the throat, but some people produce less nasal discharge and the product of the bacteria is not swept, so it is strong It is considered to indicate a nasal odor. It can be said that it has been overlooked because it is a disease state which is not recognized visually and is recognized only as an odor. Odor tends to be unnoticeable if intranasal inhalation of horse oil or nasal washing with physiological saline is performed twice a day or more. I named this a nasal secretion syndrome. The frequency of this disease is high.
Category: Mind Science

[241] viXra:1808.0296 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-19 08:58:05

### Audiovisual Emotion Recognition

Authors: George Rajna

Researchers at Orange Labs and Normandie University have developed a novel deep neural model for audiovisual emotion recognition that performs well with small training sets. [35] We have a 'thirst for knowledge' but sometime 'ignorance is bliss', so how do we choose between these two mind states at any given time? [34] Brain-machine interfaces provide one way to connect with this puzzling organ system, including the brain. [33] Measuring optical blood flow in the resting human brain to detect spontaneous activity has for the first time been demonstrated by Wright State University imaging researchers, holding out promise for a better way to study people with autism, Alzheimer's and depression. [32] UCLA biologists report they have transferred a memory from one marine snail to another, creating an artificial memory, by injecting RNA from one to another. [31] Scientists at the Wellcome Trust/ Cancer Research UK Gurdon Institute, University of Cambridge, have identified a new type of stem cell in the brain which they say has a high potential for repair following brain injury or disease. [30] A team of researchers working at the Weizmann Institute of Science has found that organoids can be used to better understand how the human brain wrinkles as it develops. [29] A team of biologists has found an unexpected source for the brain's development, a finding that offers new insights into the building of the nervous system. [28] Researchers discover both the structure of specific brain areas and memory are linked to genetic activity that also play important roles in immune system function. [27] The inner workings of the human brain have always been a subject of great interest. Unfortunately, it is fairly difficult to view brain structures or intricate tissues due to the fact that the skull is not transparent by design. [26] But now there is a technology that enables us to "read the mind" with growing accuracy: functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). [25]
Category: Mind Science

[240] viXra:1808.0157 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-12 14:42:42

### New Research Shall be Initiated in Regard with the Effects of Mood Alternation During Neurological Shutdown

Authors: Peiman Ghasemi

In 1994 the Death With Dignity Act was first passed by Oregon voters successfully, and it became the first law in American history permitting physician-assisted suicide. Pain and negative mental feelings and physical unconsciousness about the future events in the Universe are getting considered as the only disadvantages of the death. Aside of the issues of human cloning and mind uploading, complementary researches in-regard-with the effects of mood alternation during neurological shutdown shall be initiated. Alternation on the human feelings by stimulation of the brain's synapses would lead to a more peaceful mental shutdown. The pain's circuit (the circuit of negative emotions during the death) shall be extracted and gets stimulated during the death. The stimulation of the circuit usually begins right after the act of suicide and suppression of the oxygen follow, and then gets followed for about 15 minutes. Since the Brain Research Initiative began in 2013, NIH and the Brain Research Initiative are responsible for further researches on a variety of different brain circuits. The BRAIN Initiative, is a collaborative, public-private research initiative announced by the Obama administration with the goal of supporting the development and application of innovative technologies that can create a dynamic understanding of brain function.
Category: Mind Science

[239] viXra:1808.0113 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-10 08:51:51

### RNA Key to Brain Cell Connections

Authors: George Rajna

To dictate the biology of any cell, DNA in the cell's nucleus must be translated into corresponding strands of RNA. [25] An LMU team has improved both the sensitivity and efficiency of a popular method for single-cell RNA sequencing, which yields a molecular fingerprint for individual cells based on their patterns of gene activity. [24] The goal is to find bits of DNA in common between the known relatives and the unidentified remains, suggesting both belong to a particular lineage. One analysis develops a profile that combines what's found at 23 spots in the DNA, for example. [23] A new method allows researchers to systematically identify specialized proteins that unpack DNA inside the nucleus of a cell, making the usually dense DNA more accessible for gene expression and other functions. [22] Bacterial systems are some of the simplest and most effective platforms for the expression of recombinant proteins. [21] Now, in a new paper published in Nature Structural & Molecular Biology, Mayo researchers have determined how one DNA repair protein gets to the site of DNA damage. [20] A microscopic thread of DNA evidence in a public genealogy database led California authorities to declare this spring they had caught the Golden State Killer, the rapist and murderer who had eluded authorities for decades. [19] Researchers at Delft University of Technology, in collaboration with colleagues at the Autonomous University of Madrid, have created an artificial DNA blueprint for the replication of DNA in a cell-like structure. [18] An LMU team now reveals the inner workings of a molecular motor made of proteins which packs and unpacks DNA. [17] Chemist Ivan Huc finds the inspiration for his work in the molecular principles that underlie biological systems. [16] What makes particles self-assemble into complex biological structures? [15]
Category: Mind Science

[238] viXra:1807.0505 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-29 08:22:58

### Future Neuromorphic Devices

Authors: George Rajna

The brain requires surprisingly little energy to adapt to the environment to learn, make ambiguous recognitions, have high recognition ability and intelligence, and perform complex information processing. [35] One recent measure to improve the visualization of the brain has been to create more comprehensive brain models that simulate neural activity. [34] Brain-machine interfaces provide one way to connect with this puzzling organ system, including the brain. [33] Measuring optical blood flow in the resting human brain to detect spontaneous activity has for the first time been demonstrated by Wright State University imaging researchers, holding out promise for a better way to study people with autism, Alzheimer's and depression. [32] UCLA biologists report they have transferred a memory from one marine snail to another, creating an artificial memory, by injecting RNA from one to another. [31] Scientists at the Wellcome Trust/ Cancer Research UK Gurdon Institute, University of Cambridge, have identified a new type of stem cell in the brain which they say has a high potential for repair following brain injury or disease. [30] A team of researchers working at the Weizmann Institute of Science has found that organoids can be used to better understand how the human brain wrinkles as it develops. [29] A team of biologists has found an unexpected source for the brain's development, a finding that offers new insights into the building of the nervous system. [28] Researchers discover both the structure of specific brain areas and memory are linked to genetic activity that also play important roles in immune system function. [27] The inner workings of the human brain have always been a subject of great interest. Unfortunately, it is fairly difficult to view brain structures or intricate tissues due to the fact that the skull is not transparent by design. [26] But now there is a technology that enables us to "read the mind" with growing accuracy: functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). [25]
Category: Mind Science

[237] viXra:1807.0371 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-23 00:21:57

### Does Envy Induce Bone Loss Like Depression and Stress?

Authors: William W. Sabol

While significant elevation of the glucocorticoid cortisol has been linked to bone loss in depression and stress and it can be elevated by negative emotions, short term elevations as may occur in episodic envy are unlikely to measurably impact bone density. The difficulty in securing an adequate research sample of subjects demonstrating chronic, debilitating envy makes research in this regard challenging, but available evidence points to intriguing clues about its potential effects on human health.
Category: Mind Science

[236] viXra:1806.0379 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-26 01:59:34

### Knowledge or Ignorance

Authors: George Rajna

We have a 'thirst for knowledge' but sometime 'ignorance is bliss', so how do we choose between these two mind states at any given time? [34] Brain-machine interfaces provide one way to connect with this puzzling organ system, including the brain. [33] Measuring optical blood flow in the resting human brain to detect spontaneous activity has for the first time been demonstrated by Wright State University imaging researchers, holding out promise for a better way to study people with autism, Alzheimer's and depression. [32] UCLA biologists report they have transferred a memory from one marine snail to another, creating an artificial memory, by injecting RNA from one to another. [31] Scientists at the Wellcome Trust/ Cancer Research UK Gurdon Institute, University of Cambridge, have identified a new type of stem cell in the brain which they say has a high potential for repair following brain injury or disease. [30] A team of researchers working at the Weizmann Institute of Science has found that organoids can be used to better understand how the human brain wrinkles as it develops. [29] A team of biologists has found an unexpected source for the brain's development, a finding that offers new insights into the building of the nervous system. [28] Researchers discover both the structure of specific brain areas and memory are linked to genetic activity that also play important roles in immune system function. [27] The inner workings of the human brain have always been a subject of great interest. Unfortunately, it is fairly difficult to view brain structures or intricate tissues due to the fact that the skull is not transparent by design. [26] But now there is a technology that enables us to "read the mind" with growing accuracy: functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). [25] Advances in microscopy techniques have often triggered important discoveries in the field of neuroscience, enabling vital insights in understanding the brain and promising new treatments for neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's. [24]
Category: Mind Science

[235] viXra:1806.0355 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-25 02:51:44

### (DCTM Version 1.0 19.05.2018 5 Pages) a Simple Digital Consciousness Toy Model (DCTM) Applicable to All Multicellular Life Forms and Based on a Multi-Level Competitive Hierarchical Organization of Biological Cells in General (Including Neurons)

Authors: Andrei Lucian Dragoi

This paper presents a simple digital consciousness toy model (DCTM) applicable to all multicellular life forms and based on a multi-level competitive hierarchical organization of biological cells in general (including neurons). Consciousness (CON) is defined by Merriam-Webster dictionary as “the state or quality of awareness, or, of being aware of an external object or something within oneself”. DCTM is a small set of (re)definitions and principles (statements/assumptions of the model) offering relatively many potential explanations and predictions that are testable in the future.
Category: Mind Science

[234] viXra:1806.0261 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-16 04:35:05

### Brain Interfacing

Authors: George Rajna

Brain Interfacing Brain-machine interfaces provide one way to connect with this puzzling organ system, including the brain. [33] Measuring optical blood flow in the resting human brain to detect spontaneous activity has for the first time been demonstrated by Wright State University imaging researchers, holding out promise for a better way to study people with autism, Alzheimer's and depression. [32] UCLA biologists report they have transferred a memory from one marine snail to another, creating an artificial memory, by injecting RNA from one to another. [31] Scientists at the Wellcome Trust/ Cancer Research UK Gurdon Institute, University of Cambridge, have identified a new type of stem cell in the brain which they say has a high potential for repair following brain injury or disease. [30] A team of researchers working at the Weizmann Institute of Science has found that organoids can be used to better understand how the human brain wrinkles as it develops. [29] A team of biologists has found an unexpected source for the brain's development, a finding that offers new insights into the building of the nervous system. [28] Researchers discover both the structure of specific brain areas and memory are linked to genetic activity that also play important roles in immune system function. [27] The inner workings of the human brain have always been a subject of great interest. Unfortunately, it is fairly difficult to view brain structures or intricate tissues due to the fact that the skull is not transparent by design. [26] But now there is a technology that enables us to "read the mind" with growing accuracy: functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). [25] Advances in microscopy techniques have often triggered important discoveries in the field of neuroscience, enabling vital insights in understanding the brain and promising new treatments for neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's. [24] What is the relationship of consciousness to the neurological activity of the brain? Does the brain behave differently when a person is fully conscious, when they are asleep, or when they are undergoing an epileptic seizure? [23]
Category: Mind Science

[233] viXra:1806.0256 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-16 11:58:57

### Virtual Brain Models

Authors: George Rajna

Virtual Brain Models One recent measure to improve the visualization of the brain has been to create more comprehensive brain models that simulate neural activity. [34] Brain-machine interfaces provide one way to connect with this puzzling organ system, including the brain. [33] Measuring optical blood flow in the resting human brain to detect spontaneous activity has for the first time been demonstrated by Wright State University imaging researchers, holding out promise for a better way to study people with autism, Alzheimer's and depression. [32] UCLA biologists report they have transferred a memory from one marine snail to another, creating an artificial memory, by injecting RNA from one to another. [31] Scientists at the Wellcome Trust/ Cancer Research UK Gurdon Institute, University of Cambridge, have identified a new type of stem cell in the brain which they say has a high potential for repair following brain injury or disease. [30] A team of researchers working at the Weizmann Institute of Science has found that organoids can be used to better understand how the human brain wrinkles as it develops. [29] A team of biologists has found an unexpected source for the brain's development, a finding that offers new insights into the building of the nervous system. [28] Researchers discover both the structure of specific brain areas and memory are linked to genetic activity that also play important roles in immune system function. [27] The inner workings of the human brain have always been a subject of great interest. Unfortunately, it is fairly difficult to view brain structures or intricate tissues due to the fact that the skull is not transparent by design. [26] But now there is a technology that enables us to "read the mind" with growing accuracy: functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). [25] Advances in microscopy techniques have often triggered important discoveries in the field of neuroscience, enabling vital insights in understanding the brain and promising new treatments for neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's. [24]
Category: Mind Science

[232] viXra:1806.0117 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-09 13:27:27

Authors: Colin James III

When the 2D Möbius is extended into a 3D umbilic torus (less precisely as umbilic "bracelit"), then antipodal points take three revolutions to traverse the shape. Three rotations map to the linear formula of the Kanban cell neuron model formula. There are 14-combinations as equations. Because 14-connectives are allowed out of a possible 256-connectives, about 5% of input is accepted and 95% rejected. This effectively filters input and concurrently self-times the processing cycles, to overcome mechanical issues of whole brain models. The Kanban cell neuron limits the number of such dual points by processing about 5% of input data in the 14-combinations. With location markers based on the properties of the linear Kanban cell neuron model, the mapping requires only one point on the 3D umbilic torus and not two antipodal points. What follows is a simplified model of the whole brain as limited within a 3D topology, and without resorting to imaginary higher dimensions for fitting untenable models of quantum vector spaces which are not bivalent but probabilistic.
Category: Mind Science

[231] viXra:1805.0390 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-22 08:08:03

### Brain Function Connectivity

Authors: George Rajna

Measuring optical blood flow in the resting human brain to detect spontaneous activity has for the first time been demonstrated by Wright State University imaging researchers, holding out promise for a better way to study people with autism, Alzheimer's and depression. [32] UCLA biologists report they have transferred a memory from one marine snail to another, creating an artificial memory, by injecting RNA from one to another. [31] Scientists at the Wellcome Trust/ Cancer Research UK Gurdon Institute, University of Cambridge, have identified a new type of stem cell in the brain which they say has a high potential for repair following brain injury or disease. [30] A team of researchers working at the Weizmann Institute of Science has found that organoids can be used to better understand how the human brain wrinkles as it develops. [29] A team of biologists has found an unexpected source for the brain's development, a finding that offers new insights into the building of the nervous system. [28] Researchers discover both the structure of specific brain areas and memory are linked to genetic activity that also play important roles in immune system function. [27] The inner workings of the human brain have always been a subject of great interest. Unfortunately, it is fairly difficult to view brain structures or intricate tissues due to the fact that the skull is not transparent by design. [26] But now there is a technology that enables us to "read the mind" with growing accuracy: functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). [25] Advances in microscopy techniques have often triggered important discoveries in the field of neuroscience, enabling vital insights in understanding the brain and promising new treatments for neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's. [24]
Category: Mind Science

[230] viXra:1805.0290 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-15 03:01:30

### Memory Transfer

Authors: George Rajna

UCLA biologists report they have transferred a memory from one marine snail to another, creating an artificial memory, by injecting RNA from one to another. [31] Scientists at the Wellcome Trust/ Cancer Research UK Gurdon Institute, University of Cambridge, have identified a new type of stem cell in the brain which they say has a high potential for repair following brain injury or disease. [30] A team of researchers working at the Weizmann Institute of Science has found that organoids can be used to better understand how the human brain wrinkles as it develops. [29] A team of biologists has found an unexpected source for the brain's development, a finding that offers new insights into the building of the nervous system. [28] Researchers discover both the structure of specific brain areas and memory are linked to genetic activity that also play important roles in immune system function. [27] The inner workings of the human brain have always been a subject of great interest. Unfortunately, it is fairly difficult to view brain structures or intricate tissues due to the fact that the skull is not transparent by design. [26] But now there is a technology that enables us to "read the mind" with growing accuracy: functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). [25] Advances in microscopy techniques have often triggered important discoveries in the field of neuroscience, enabling vital insights in understanding the brain and promising new treatments for neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's. [24] What is the relationship of consciousness to the neurological activity of the brain? Does the brain behave differently when a person is fully conscious, when they are asleep, or when they are undergoing an epileptic seizure? [23] Consciousness appears to arise naturally as a result of a brain maximizing its information content. So says a group of scientists in Canada and France, which has studied how the electrical activity in people's brains varies according to individuals' conscious states. The researchers find that normal waking states are associated with maximum values of what they call a brain's "entropy". [22] New research published in the New Journal of Physics tries to decompose the structural layers of the cortical network to different hierarchies enabling to identify the network's nucleus, from which our consciousness could emerge. [21]
Category: Mind Science

[229] viXra:1804.0322 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-23 05:54:20

### A Novel Procedure for the Assessment of Multidimensional Brain Activities

Authors: Arturo Tozzi

The brain activity displays hidden functional dimensions, apart from the conventionally assessed three spatial ones (plus time). This finding, corroborated by a long sequence of recent experimental observations, requires novel methodological devices in order to provide a mathematical treatment for such elusive nervous extra-dimensions. Here we describe a novel, simple approach that makes feasible to extract hidden multidimensional information from real neurodata series, in order to detect, assess and quantify a fourth spatial dimension of cortical activity. Also, our technique might stand for the first step towards an artificial nervous network equipped with four spatial dimensions, instead of the classical three.
Category: Mind Science

[228] viXra:1804.0266 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-20 03:46:46

### Duality Transform Between Black and White Psychological Profiles.

Authors: Johan Noldus

It is shown that the Fourier transform is the appropriate defining characteristic in black-white psychological profiles.
Category: Mind Science

[227] viXra:1804.0169 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-12 22:52:34

### A Conjecture for Objectification of the Content of Consciousness

Authors: Daisuke H. Tanaka, Tsutomu Tanabe

The content of consciousness has strictly escaped from scientific approach mainly because it is subjective but not objective. We propose the content of consciousness can become objective in a specific condition. We firstly considered the subjective-objective distinction and found that it was not necessarily black-and-white but was continuously graded. We also found two factors affecting the degree of objectiveness: number of individuals who confirmed the specific subject, and reproducibility to confirm the subject. We stated that the specific content of consciousness could be regarded as objective if it was reproducibly confirmed by multiple individuals. Finally, we raised four neurological premises to test the statement: (1) a content-specific and sufficient neural correlates of consciousness (cssNCC) exists in human brain, (2) a specific cssNCC gives rise to a specific content of consciousness, (3) the cssNCC is sharable among multiple individuals and (4) the cssNCC is spatiotemporally stable enough to manipulate repeatedly.
Category: Mind Science

[226] viXra:1804.0130 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-10 15:36:28

### Psychological Program

Authors: Duan xianxiang

By referring to case study, this dissertation is in attempt to lay bare that people’s psychological activities are a set of programs and psychological and mental disease is accrued to procedural operation’s going awry or set-up of erroneous programs. By amending or learning correct use of these psychological programs can we precisely or thoroughly treat psychological and mental diseases. An integrated psychological treatment process contains psychological analysis plus amended psychological programs. A string of psychological reaction initiated in a human body to initiate a specific assignment is called psychological program. Such ‘initiation’ is both ‘conscious’ and ‘unconscious’. Lookout for psychological program hinges on psychological analysis and scientific hypnosis.
Category: Mind Science

[225] viXra:1804.0102 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-08 04:39:23

### Приглашение на жизнь (Invitation to Life)

Authors: Emanuel Gluskin
Comments: 78 Pages. A respectable Critics of the Nabokov's approach

Памяти покойного Йоси Баная – Выдающегося Израильского Барда, Сатирика, и Воспитателя … всех. Он как-то сказал об одном молодом эстрадном 'герое': "Всё воет и воет – сколько можно?! Вопрос в том – есть ли ему что сказать?" Действительно -- ЧТО есть ему сказать, и на каком коне ему скакать?! Изрядно сказано – пускай его потужит, пускай перу пророков он послужит …. . Но КТО его родная мать?
Category: Mind Science

[224] viXra:1804.0081 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-05 13:36:04

### Sleeping Stem Cells Brain Repair

Authors: George Rajna

Scientists at the Wellcome Trust/ Cancer Research UK Gurdon Institute, University of Cambridge, have identified a new type of stem cell in the brain which they say has a high potential for repair following brain injury or disease. [30] A team of researchers working at the Weizmann Institute of Science has found that organoids can be used to better understand how the human brain wrinkles as it develops. [29] A team of biologists has found an unexpected source for the brain's development, a finding that offers new insights into the building of the nervous system. [28] Researchers discover both the structure of specific brain areas and memory are linked to genetic activity that also play important roles in immune system function. [27] The inner workings of the human brain have always been a subject of great interest. Unfortunately, it is fairly difficult to view brain structures or intricate tissues due to the fact that the skull is not transparent by design. [26] But now there is a technology that enables us to "read the mind" with growing accuracy: functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). [25]
Category: Mind Science

[223] viXra:1804.0070 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-04 11:43:12

### Genes Shape Behavior

Authors: George Rajna

While in graduate school at The Rockefeller University, Dr. Bendesky hypothesized that this marked behavioral difference would show up in the animals' DNA. [31] In previous studies, Camarillo's lab had outfitted 31 college football players with special mouthguards that recorded how players' heads moved after an impact, including a few cases in which players suffered concussions. [30] A team of researchers working at the Weizmann Institute of Science has found that organoids can be used to better understand how the human brain wrinkles as it develops. [29] A team of biologists has found an unexpected source for the brain's development, a finding that offers new insights into the building of the nervous system. [28] Researchers discover both the structure of specific brain areas and memory are linked to genetic activity that also play important roles in immune system function. [27] The inner workings of the human brain have always been a subject of great interest. Unfortunately, it is fairly difficult to view brain structures or intricate tissues due to the fact that the skull is not transparent by design. [26] But now there is a technology that enables us to "read the mind" with growing accuracy: functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). [25] Advances in microscopy techniques have often triggered important discoveries in the field of neuroscience, enabling vital insights in understanding the brain and promising new treatments for neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's. [24] What is the relationship of consciousness to the neurological activity of the brain? Does the brain behave differently when a person is fully conscious, when they are asleep, or when they are undergoing an epileptic seizure? [23] Consciousness appears to arise naturally as a result of a brain maximizing its information content. So says a group of scientists in Canada and France, which has studied how the electrical activity in people's brains varies according to individuals' conscious states. The researchers find that normal waking states are associated with maximum values of what they call a brain's "entropy". [22] New research published in the New Journal of Physics tries to decompose the structural layers of the cortical network to different hierarchies enabling to identify the network's nucleus, from which our consciousness could emerge. [21]
Category: Mind Science

[222] viXra:1803.0749 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-31 05:08:41

### Complex Nature of Concussion

Authors: George Rajna

In previous studies, Camarillo's lab had outfitted 31 college football players with special mouthguards that recorded how players' heads moved after an impact, including a few cases in which players suffered concussions. [30] A team of researchers working at the Weizmann Institute of Science has found that organoids can be used to better understand how the human brain wrinkles as it develops. [29] A team of biologists has found an unexpected source for the brain's development, a finding that offers new insights into the building of the nervous system. [28] Researchers discover both the structure of specific brain areas and memory are linked to genetic activity that also play important roles in immune system function. [27] The inner workings of the human brain have always been a subject of great interest. Unfortunately, it is fairly difficult to view brain structures or intricate tissues due to the fact that the skull is not transparent by design. [26] But now there is a technology that enables us to "read the mind" with growing accuracy: functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). [25] Advances in microscopy techniques have often triggered important discoveries in the field of neuroscience, enabling vital insights in understanding the brain and promising new treatments for neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's. [24]
Category: Mind Science

[221] viXra:1803.0284 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-19 07:56:15

### Nervous Oscillations on a Twisted Cylinder

Authors: Arturo Tozzi

The Borsuk-Ulam theorem is a general principle able to describe a large amount of brain functions. However, when assessing the neurodata extracted from EEG and fMRI, the BUT-related methods, based on projections and mappings among different functional brain dimensions, are impractical and computationally expensive. Here we show how the BUT’s antipodal features with matching description (say, two far apart brain areas that are activated simultaneously and display the same value of entropy) can be described in terms of closed paths on a Möbius strip. This allows to evaluate the nervous system’s dynamics in terms of trajectories taking place onto the well-established, easily manageable phase space of a twisted cylinder.
Category: Mind Science

[220] viXra:1803.0046 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-03 15:14:39

### Toward a Pragmatic Science of Mind

Authors: Richard L Amoroso
Comments: 16 Pages. Preprint: Quantum Biosystems 2015; 6 (1): 99-114

For the field of Consciousness Studies or Cognitive Science to advance pragmatically, rigorous quantifiable theoretical elements with experimentally testable protocols leading to a wide range of applicable results must occur. In this work we introduce a new unit of physical measure called the ‘Psychon’ named in honor of Nobelist Sir John Eccles to formally quantify ‘mental energy’. Additionally, an experimental design is outlined to falsify the model. If the procedure for quantifying mind is successful it will have far reaching consequences for ‘mind science’ breaking down the 1st person - 3rd person barrier leading to a new class of ‘conscious technology’. The task introduces a new age of discovery in the progression Newtonian Mechanics to Quantum Mechanics to a 3rd regime of reality - Unified Field Mechanics (UFM); a paradigm shift fraught with detail and new nomenclature.
Category: Mind Science

[219] viXra:1802.0275 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-20 08:37:55

### The Brain Wrinkles

Authors: George Rajna

A team of researchers working at the Weizmann Institute of Science has found that organoids can be used to better understand how the human brain wrinkles as it develops. [29] A team of biologists has found an unexpected source for the brain's development, a finding that offers new insights into the building of the nervous system. [28] Researchers discover both the structure of specific brain areas and memory are linked to genetic activity that also play important roles in immune system function. [27] The inner workings of the human brain have always been a subject of great interest. Unfortunately, it is fairly difficult to view brain structures or intricate tissues due to the fact that the skull is not transparent by design. [26] But now there is a technology that enables us to "read the mind" with growing accuracy: functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). [25] Advances in microscopy techniques have often triggered important discoveries in the field of neuroscience, enabling vital insights in understanding the brain and promising new treatments for neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's. [24]
Category: Mind Science

[218] viXra:1802.0190 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-14 21:46:19

### Evolution Linked to String Theory

Authors: Mell Lenz, Baz Taylor

The Lenz/Taylor theory is a prediction model derived from human development and suggests that the unification of several sciences including String Theory may be undeniable when placed into a cohesive context. For the purpose of this paper, String Theory was used comparatively for the overall concept and provides for it a more meaningful context. 5 stages of space and 5 stages of awareness... together they equal 10 stages of life and 2 stages of birth and death creating 12 stages (with 1 and 12 representing life and death respectively, in the broader sense of the Universe recycling matter) happening simultaneously. “We looked inside Pandora’s Box and found hope.” Mell Lenz
Category: Mind Science

[217] viXra:1802.0066 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-06 05:41:09

### a Computational Approach to Estimation of Crowding in Natural Images

Authors: Lauri Ahonen

Crowding is a phenomenon where the identification of objects in peripheral vision is deteriorated by the presence of nearby targets. Crowding therefore reduces the extent of visual span, i.e. information intake during a single eye fixation. It is, thus, a limiting factor of many everyday tasks, such as reading. The phenomenon is due to wide area feature integration in the higher levels of visual processing. Despite the critical role of the phenomenon, complex natural images have so far not been used in the research of crowding. The purpose of the present study was to determine how the crowding effect affects object recognition in complex natural images, and whether the magnitude of the crowding could be modelled using methods introduced below. The actual magnitude of the crowding effect was determined experimentally by measuring contrast thresholds for letter targets of different sizes on various natural image backgrounds. The results of the experiments were analyzed to evaluate the developed methods. The methods are based on image statistics and clutter modelling. Clutter models assess the complexity in the image. The image statistics and the clutter models were combined with basic knowledge of the crowding effect. In addition, an early visual system model was incorporated to assess the role of the visual acuity across the visual field. The developed models predicted the induced crowding effect in an arbitrary natural image. The model of the visual system contributed to the results, as well. The differences between the methods for assessing the image properties were, however, negligible. Contrast energy, the simplest measure, can be regarded as the most efficient. Natural images can cause very strong crowding effects. The conclusion is that predicting quantitative dimensions of the crowding effect in an arbitrary image is viable. However further research of the subject is necessary for developing the models. Computational assessment of the crowding effect potentially can be applied to e.g. user interface design, assessing information visualization techniques, and the development of augmented reality applications.
Category: Mind Science

[216] viXra:1801.0136 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-11 14:06:57

### Virus-Like Protein for Cognition and Memory

Authors: George Rajna

A protein involved in cognition and storing long-term memories looks and acts like a protein from viruses. [8] Discovery of quantum vibrations in 'microtubules' inside brain neurons supports controversial theory of consciousness. The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.
Category: Mind Science

[215] viXra:1801.0089 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-07 13:24:37

### The Hidden Dimensions of the Central Nervous System

Authors: Arturo Tozzi

Several papers, taking into account the big data outburst and novel, powerful computational tools, are starting to unveil an intricate state of affairs concerning brain dimensions. Indeed, various brain activities and their correlated mental functions can be assessed in terms of trajectories embedded in phase spaces of dimensions higher than the canonical ones. We show how, surprisingly, brain further dimensions may stand not just for methodological devices that allow a better mathematical treatment of otherwise elusive cortical activities, but also for functional or anatomical relationships among real nervous functions. Further, we describe how it is feasible to extract hidden multidimensional information from real or artificial neurodata series, and demonstrate how our mind dilutes, rather than concentrate as currently believed, the inputs coming from its surrounding environment. The principle “the higher the dimensions, the higher the information” might explain the occurrence of our mental activities and elucidate the mechanisms of the human diseases in which dimensionality reduction occurs.
Category: Mind Science

[214] viXra:1801.0023 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-02 09:10:47

### Women Brain Foods: Increased Basal Antioxidant Capacity Effects on Mental Cognition and Carcinogenesis

Authors: Peiman Ghasemi

As first year students' cognitive improvement efforts evaluated by eating foods rich in antioxidants, and vitamins; significant increments in eating fast foods, certain vitamins, breathing toxic air pollutants, and high amounts of antioxidants consumed just before stressful exam periods, caused illness and fatal adverse effects on scientific societies.
Category: Mind Science

[213] viXra:1712.0668 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-31 00:12:23

### Charge Difference Theory of Consciousness

Authors: A. Hardy

Consciousness is brain activity. The brain takes in information from the environment through the senses and computes it via the firing of neurons. Qualia is everything we perceive. A charge difference is the information in the brain. We suggest that it is this, in vast networks of neurons, which has phenomenological character of qualia.
Category: Mind Science

[212] viXra:1712.0474 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-15 13:20:16

### Consciousness

Authors: Robert T. Longo

The present scientific paradigm holds that the brain is the seat of consciousness, and a complete knowledge of the neurons will yield a full understanding of this phenomena. There are also non-scientific paradigms that suggest that consciousness is some how connected to a great universal consciousness, the mind of God. In this paper I will separate these two ideas by defining a local and global consciousness, and will briefly discuss both.
Category: Mind Science

[211] viXra:1711.0438 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-26 06:46:39

### Human Mind: Collecting Dreams Data

Comments: 2 Pages. Key words: dream, conscious, subconscious, unconscious

We suggest a method for collecting data about dreams. We propose that the data may be used for studying sleep states versus dream states. Also that the data could be useful for identifying the boundaries between conscious, subconscious and unconscious states of the mind.
Category: Mind Science

[210] viXra:1711.0314 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-15 03:46:24

### The (Good) Educator as Dream Worker

Authors: Stephen I. Ternyik

Interview
Category: Mind Science

[209] viXra:1710.0168 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-17 10:05:28

### Brain Resting State, Landauer Principle and Carnot Cycle

Authors: Deli E, Tozzi A, Peters JF

The brain displays a low-frequency ground energy conformation, called the resting state, which is characterized by energy/information balance via self-regulatory mechanisms. Despite the high-frequency evoked activity accumulates information from the detail-oriented sensory processing of environmental data, nevertheless the brain’s automatic regulation is always able to recover the resting state. Indeed, we show that the two energetic processes are complementary and symmetric: while activation decreases temporal dimensionality via transient bifurcations, the ensuing brain’s response leads to procedures that satisfy the Landauer’s principle. Landauer’s principle, which states that information erasure requires energy, predicts heat accumulation in the system: this means that information accumulation is correlated with increases in temperature and with actions that recover the resting state. We explain how brain synaptic networks frame a closed system, similar to the Carnot cycle, where the information/energy cycle accumulates as energy of synaptic connections, and then dissipates in the resting state. In deep learning, representation of information might occur via the same mechanism.
Category: Mind Science

[208] viXra:1708.0483 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-31 14:14:46

### Source for Brain's Development

Authors: George Rajna

Category: Mind Science

[207] viXra:1708.0426 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-28 21:51:53

### A Probabilistic Definition of Drowsiness

Authors: Chun-Shu Wei

Drowsiness is a cognitive factor that affects human behavior such as response time. However, quantifying drowsiness in a subject measurement has been an unsolved challenge. In this study, I proposed a probabilistic definition for drowsiness and developed a drowsiness index based on the response time in a sustained attentional task. Results show that, with normalization and temporal smoothing, the drowsiness index is able to track the variation of drowsiness.
Category: Mind Science

[206] viXra:1708.0174 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-16 02:54:44

### Brain Machine Interface

Authors: George Rajna

Brain Machine Interface Brain-machine interfaces (BMIs) are basically gimmicks. The reason you don't hear so much about them these days is because, in the fullness of time, significant tangible benefit to a user has flat out failed to materialize. [9] How does the brain-a lump of 'pinkish gray meat'-produce the richness of conscious experience, or any subjective experience at all? Scientists and philosophers have historically likened the brain to contemporary information technology, from the ancient Greeks comparing memory to a 'seal ring in wax,' to the 19th century brain as a 'telegraph switching circuit,' to Freud's subconscious desires 'boiling over like a steam engine,' to a hologram, and finally, the computer. [8] Discovery of quantum vibrations in 'microtubules' inside brain neurons supports controversial theory of consciousness. The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.
Category: Mind Science

[205] viXra:1708.0150 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-14 06:44:27

### Smartphone Tracking

Authors: George Rajna

Youth spend less time in their neighborhoods if area residents have a high fear of crime, according to a new study that used smartphones to track kids' whereabouts. [31] Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich neurobiologists present a new theory for the origin of the grid cells required for spatial orientation in the mammalian brain, which assigns a vital role to the timing of trains of signals they receive from neurons called place cells. [30] During the last decade, commercial brain-training programs have risen in popularity, offering people the hope of improving their cognitive abilities through the routine performance of various "brain games" that tap cognitive functions such as memory, attention and cognitive flexibility. [29] The human brain is smaller than most people imagine, it can be held in one hand and weighs about 3 pounds. However, the innocuous looking gray matter is infinitely complex and barely understood. But part of the challenge to understanding, despite the number of researchers, scientists, and doctors dedicated to its study, is that there is no central hub of information, mapping, or data gathering for brain research. Soon though, the Human Brain Project (HBP) hopes to change all that. [28] Many universities and institutes suggested that inside microtubules of brain cells, quantum vibrational computations were orchestrated. [27] New research proposes a way to test whether quantum entanglement is affected by consciousness. [26] Using atomic-scale quantum defects in diamonds known as nitrogen-vacancy (NV) centers to detect the magnetic field generated by neural signals, scientists working in the lab of Ronald Walsworth, a faculty member in Harvard's Center for Brain Science and Physics Department, demonstrated a noninvasive technique that can image the activity of neurons. [25] Neuroscience and artificial intelligence experts from Rice University and Baylor College of Medicine have taken inspiration from the human brain in creating a new "deep learning" method that enables computers to learn about the visual world largely on their own, much as human babies do. [24] What is the relationship of consciousness to the neurological activity of the brain? Does the brain behave differently when a person is fully conscious, when they are asleep, or when they are undergoing an epileptic seizure? [23]
Category: Mind Science

[204] viXra:1708.0116 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-10 15:21:33

### Feeding the Universe, Qualia and Neutrino

Authors: Evgeny A Novikov

Based on the quantum modification of the general relativity (Qmoger), it is shown, that Vacuum is continuously feeding the universe and partially merge with it, not unlike an ovary with a fruit. Subjective experiences (qualia) are considered in frames of the Qmoger theory. A relation is found between qualia and the neutrino oscillations.
Category: Mind Science

[203] viXra:1708.0069 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-07 11:02:50

### Synaptic Junction Reinforcement

Authors: George Rajna

At the cellular level, learning and memory require continuous readjustment of the strength of synaptic junctions – the functional connections between nerve cells. [17] University of Georgia researchers have discovered a new way that iron is stored in microorganisms, a finding that provides new insights into the fundamental nature of how biological systems work. [16] The stage is set for a new era of data-driven protein molecular engineering as advances in DNA synthesis technology merge with improvements in computational design of new proteins. [15] Scientists at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have succeeded at measuring these forces for the very first time on the level of single base pairs. This new knowledge could help to construct precise molecular machines out of DNA. The researchers published their findings in the journal Science. [14] Scientists work toward storing digital information in DNA. [13] Leiden theoretical physicists have proven that DNA mechanics, in addition to genetic information in DNA, determines who we are. Helmut Schiessel and his group simulated many DNA sequences and found a correlation between mechanical cues and the way DNA is folded. They have published their results in PLoS One. [12] We model the electron clouds of nucleic acids in DNA as a chain of coupled quantum harmonic oscillators with dipole-dipole interaction between nearest neighbours resulting in a van der Waals type bonding. [11] Scientists have discovered a secret second code hiding within DNA which instructs cells on how genes are controlled. The amazing discovery is expected to open new doors to the diagnosis and treatment of diseases, according to a new study. [10] There is also connection between statistical physics and evolutionary biology, since the arrow of time is working in the biological evolution also. From the standpoint of physics, there is one essential difference between living things and inanimate clumps of carbon atoms: The former tend to be much better at capturing energy from their environment and dissipating that energy as heat. [8] This paper contains the review of quantum entanglement investigations in living systems, and in the quantum mechanically modeled photoactive prebiotic kernel systems. [7] The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.
Category: Mind Science

[202] viXra:1708.0068 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-07 06:06:35

### It’s Déjà Vu All Over Again: A Classical Interpretation of Syntropy and Precognitive Interdiction Based on Wheeler-Feynman’s Absorber Theory

Authors: Victor Christianto, Florentin Smarandache, Yunita Umniyati

It has been known for long time that intuition plays significant role in many professions and human life, including in entrepreneurship, government, and also in detective or law enforcement activities. Even women are known to possess better intuitive feelings or “hunch” compared to men. Despite these examples, such a precognitive interdiction is hardly accepted in established science. In this paper, we discuss briefly the advanced solutions of Maxwell equations, and then make connection between syntropy and precognition from classical perspective. It is our hope that the new proposed method can be verified with experimental data. But we admit that our model is still in its infancy, more researches are needed to fill all the missing details.
Category: Mind Science

[201] viXra:1708.0032 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-04 04:00:26

### Brain Spin

Authors: George Rajna

A spintronic device measuring just 375 nm across has been used to recognize human speech. [27] The inner workings of the human brain have always been a subject of great interest. Unfortunately, it is fairly difficult to view brain structures or intricate tissues due to the fact that the skull is not transparent by design. [26] But now there is a technology that enables us to "read the mind" with growing accuracy: functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). [25] Advances in microscopy techniques have often triggered important discoveries in the field of neuroscience, enabling vital insights in understanding the brain and promising new treatments for neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's. [24]
Category: Mind Science

[200] viXra:1707.0397 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-30 05:45:31

### Information into Conscious Thought

Authors: George Rajna

A new study investigates when the 'a-ha!' moment takes place in the brain, and how similar it is to other brain processes. [28] Researchers discover both the structure of specific brain areas and memory are linked to genetic activity that also play important roles in immune system function. [27] The inner workings of the human brain have always been a subject of great interest. Unfortunately, it is fairly difficult to view brain structures or intricate tissues due to the fact that the skull is not transparent by design. [26] But now there is a technology that enables us to "read the mind" with growing accuracy: functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). [25] Advances in microscopy techniques have often triggered important discoveries in the field of neuroscience, enabling vital insights in understanding the brain and promising new treatments for neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's. [24] What is the relationship of consciousness to the neurological activity of the brain? Does the brain behave differently when a person is fully conscious, when they are asleep, or when they are undergoing an epileptic seizure? [23] Consciousness appears to arise naturally as a result of a brain maximizing its information content. So says a group of scientists in Canada and France, which has studied how the electrical activity in people's brains varies according to individuals' conscious states. The researchers find that normal waking states are associated with maximum values of what they call a brain's "entropy". [22]
Category: Mind Science

[199] viXra:1707.0390 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-30 04:06:20

### Immune System, Memory and Brain

Authors: George Rajna

Researchers discover both the structure of specific brain areas and memory are linked to genetic activity that also play important roles in immune system function. [27] The inner workings of the human brain have always been a subject of great interest. Unfortunately, it is fairly difficult to view brain structures or intricate tissues due to the fact that the skull is not transparent by design. [26] But now there is a technology that enables us to "read the mind" with growing accuracy: functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). [25] Advances in microscopy techniques have often triggered important discoveries in the field of neuroscience, enabling vital insights in understanding the brain and promising new treatments for neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's. [24] What is the relationship of consciousness to the neurological activity of the brain? Does the brain behave differently when a person is fully conscious, when they are asleep, or when they are undergoing an epileptic seizure? [23] Consciousness appears to arise naturally as a result of a brain maximizing its information content. So says a group of scientists in Canada and France, which has studied how the electrical activity in people's brains varies according to individuals' conscious states. The researchers find that normal waking states are associated with maximum values of what they call a brain's "entropy". [22]
Category: Mind Science

[198] viXra:1707.0368 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-27 14:29:20

### Lab-Created Mini-Brains

Authors: George Rajna

Scientists can now explore in a laboratory dish how the human brain develops by creating organoids—distinct, three-dimensional regions of the brain. [27] The inner workings of the human brain have always been a subject of great interest. Unfortunately, it is fairly difficult to view brain structures or intricate tissues due to the fact that the skull is not transparent by design. [26] But now there is a technology that enables us to "read the mind" with growing accuracy: functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). [25] Advances in microscopy techniques have often triggered important discoveries in the field of neuroscience, enabling vital insights in understanding the brain and promising new treatments for neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's. [24] What is the relationship of consciousness to the neurological activity of the brain? Does the brain behave differently when a person is fully conscious, when they are asleep, or when they are undergoing an epileptic seizure? [23] Consciousness appears to arise naturally as a result of a brain maximizing its information content. So says a group of scientists in Canada and France, which has studied how the electrical activity in people's brains varies according to individuals' conscious states. The researchers find that normal waking states are associated with maximum values of what they call a brain's "entropy". [22]
Category: Mind Science

[197] viXra:1707.0361 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-27 07:54:30

### Light into the Human Brain

Authors: George Rajna

The inner workings of the human brain have always been a subject of great interest. Unfortunately, it is fairly difficult to view brain structures or intricate tissues due to the fact that the skull is not transparent by design. [26] But now there is a technology that enables us to "read the mind" with growing accuracy: functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). [25] Advances in microscopy techniques have often triggered important discoveries in the field of neuroscience, enabling vital insights in understanding the brain and promising new treatments for neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's. [24] What is the relationship of consciousness to the neurological activity of the brain? Does the brain behave differently when a person is fully conscious, when they are asleep, or when they are undergoing an epileptic seizure? [23] Consciousness appears to arise naturally as a result of a brain maximizing its information content. So says a group of scientists in Canada and France, which has studied how the electrical activity in people's brains varies according to individuals' conscious states. The researchers find that normal waking states are associated with maximum values of what they call a brain's "entropy". [22]
Category: Mind Science

[196] viXra:1707.0290 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-22 05:07:01

### Computational Psychiatry

Authors: George Rajna

Machine learning, data mining, and artificial intelligence are revolutionizing the study and understanding of mental illness. [26] Google recently launched PAIR, an acronym of People + AI Research, in an attempt to increase the utility of AI and improve human to AI interaction. [25] Now, researchers at Google's DeepMind have developed a simple algorithm to handle such reasoning—and it has already beaten humans at a complex image comprehension test. [24] A marimba-playing robot with four arms and eight sticks is writing and playing its own compositions in a lab at the Georgia Institute of Technology. The pieces are generated using artificial intelligence and deep learning. [23] Now, a team of researchers at MIT and elsewhere has developed a new approach to such computations, using light instead of electricity, which they say could vastly improve the speed and efficiency of certain deep learning computations. [22] Physicists have found that the structure of certain types of quantum learning algorithms is very similar to their classical counterparts—a finding that will help scientists further develop the quantum versions. [21] We should remain optimistic that quantum computing and AI will continue to improve our lives, but we also should continue to hold companies, organizations, and governments accountable for how our private data is used, as well as the technology's impact on the environment. [20] It's man vs machine this week as Google's artificial intelligence programme AlphaGo faces the world's top-ranked Go player in a contest expected to end in another victory for rapid advances in AI. [19] Google's computer programs are gaining a better understanding of the world, and now it wants them to handle more of the decision-making for the billions of people who use its services. [18] Microsoft on Wednesday unveiled new tools intended to democratize artificial intelligence by enabling machine smarts to be built into software from smartphone games to factory floors. [17] The closer we can get a machine translation to be on par with expert human translation, the happier lots of people struggling with translations will be. [16]
Category: Mind Science

[195] viXra:1707.0285 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-21 09:04:54

### Brain's GPS

Authors: George Rajna

University of Munich neurobiologists present a new theory for the origin of the grid cells required for spatial orientation in the mammalian brain, which assigns a vital role to the timing of trains of signals they receive from neurons called place cells. [30] During the last decade, commercial brain-training programs have risen in popularity, offering people the hope of improving their cognitive abilities through the routine performance of various "brain games" that tap cognitive functions such as memory, attention and cognitive flexibility. [29] The human brain is smaller than most people imagine, it can be held in one hand and weighs about 3 pounds. However, the innocuous looking gray matter is infinitely complex and barely understood. But part of the challenge to understanding, despite the number of researchers, scientists, and doctors dedicated to its study, is that there is no central hub of information, mapping, or data gathering for brain research. Soon though, the Human Brain Project (HBP) hopes to change all that. [28] Many universities and institutes suggested that inside microtubules of brain cells, quantum vibrational computations were orchestrated. [27] New research proposes a way to test whether quantum entanglement is affected by consciousness. [26] Using atomic-scale quantum defects in diamonds known as nitrogen-vacancy (NV) centers to detect the magnetic field generated by neural signals, scientists working in the lab of Ronald Walsworth, a faculty member in Harvard's Center for Brain Science and Physics Department, demonstrated a noninvasive technique that can image the activity of neurons. [25] Neuroscience and artificial intelligence experts from Rice University and Baylor College of Medicine have taken inspiration from the human brain in creating a new "deep learning" method that enables computers to learn about the visual world largely on their own, much as human babies do. [24]
Category: Mind Science

[194] viXra:1707.0219 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-16 10:14:52

### Brain Training on Decision-Making

Authors: George Rajna

During the last decade, commercial brain-training programs have risen in popularity, offering people the hope of improving their cognitive abilities through the routine performance of various "brain games" that tap cognitive functions such as memory, attention and cognitive flexibility. [29] The human brain is smaller than most people imagine, it can be held in one hand and weighs about 3 pounds. However, the innocuous looking gray matter is infinitely complex and barely understood. But part of the challenge to understanding, despite the number of researchers, scientists, and doctors dedicated to its study, is that there is no central hub of information, mapping, or data gathering for brain research. Soon though, the Human Brain Project (HBP) hopes to change all that. [28] Many universities and institutes suggested that inside microtubules of brain cells, quantum vibrational computations were orchestrated. [27] New research proposes a way to test whether quantum entanglement is affected by consciousness. [26] Using atomic-scale quantum defects in diamonds known as nitrogen-vacancy (NV) centers to detect the magnetic field generated by neural signals, scientists working in the lab of Ronald Walsworth, a faculty member in Harvard's Center for Brain Science and Physics Department, demonstrated a noninvasive technique that can image the activity of neurons. [25] Neuroscience and artificial intelligence experts from Rice University and Baylor College of Medicine have taken inspiration from the human brain in creating a new "deep learning" method that enables computers to learn about the visual world largely on their own, much as human babies do. [24]
Category: Mind Science

[193] viXra:1707.0161 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-11 12:35:27

### Information Compression Via the Matching and Unification of Patterns as a Unifying Principle in the Workings of Brains and Nervous Systems

Authors: J Gerard Wolff

This paper presents evidence for the idea that much of the workings of brains and nervous systems may be understood as compression of information via the matching and unification of patterns. Information compression can mean selective advantage for any creature: in the efficient storage and transmission of information; and, owing to the close connection between information compression and concepts of prediction and probability, in the making of predictions about where food may be found, potential dangers, and so on. Several aspects of our everyday perceptions and thinking may be seen as information compression. For example, many words in natural languages may be seen as relatively short identifiers or codes'' for relatively complex concepts. When viewing the world with two eyes, we see one view, not two. Random-dot stereograms provide confirmation that, in binocular vision, we do indeed merge information from our two eyes and thus compress it. Information compression may be seen in the workings of sensory units in the eye of "Limulus", the horseshoe crab. Computer models demonstrate how information compression may be a key to the unsupervised discovery of grammars for natural language, including segmental structures (words and phrases), classes of structure, and abstract patterns. Information compression may be seen in the perceptual "constancies", including size constancy, lightness constancy, and colour constancy. Mathematics, which is a product of the human intellect, may be seen to be a set of techniques for the compression of information, and their application. The "SP theory of intelligence" provides evidence for the importance of information compression in several aspects of human intelligence. Four objections to the main thesis of this paper are described, with answers to those objections.
Category: Mind Science

[192] viXra:1707.0123 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-09 10:32:40

### Human Brain Project

Authors: George Rajna

The human brain is smaller than most people imagine, it can be held in one hand and weighs about 3 pounds. However, the innocuous looking gray matter is infinitely complex and barely understood. But part of the challenge to understanding, despite the number of researchers, scientists, and doctors dedicated to its study, is that there is no central hub of information, mapping, or data gathering for brain research. Soon though, the Human Brain Project (HBP) hopes to change all that. [28] Many universities and institutes suggested that inside microtubules of brain cells, quantum vibrational computations were orchestrated. [27] New research proposes a way to test whether quantum entanglement is affected by consciousness. [26] Using atomic-scale quantum defects in diamonds known as nitrogen-vacancy (NV) centers to detect the magnetic field generated by neural signals, scientists working in the lab of Ronald Walsworth, a faculty member in Harvard's Center for Brain Science and Physics Department, demonstrated a noninvasive technique that can image the activity of neurons. [25] Neuroscience and artificial intelligence experts from Rice University and Baylor College of Medicine have taken inspiration from the human brain in creating a new "deep learning" method that enables computers to learn about the visual world largely on their own, much as human babies do. [24]
Category: Mind Science

[191] viXra:1707.0122 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-09 05:22:24

### Peters & TOZZI’S Scientific Results: an Overview

Authors: Arturo Tozzi, James F Peters

This short manuscript summarizes the framework developed by Tozzi and Peters in the years 2015-2017. We claim that the Borsuk-Ulam Theorem (BUT), is not simply a metaphor, rather a real computational tool standing for a universal principle for physical and biological systems. Indeed, the BUT perspective allows a feature (e.g., a shape, a trajectory or an energy) located in the environment to be translated to an abstract space and vice versa. Achieving a map from one system to another enables researchers to assess and elucidate a wide range of phenomena. We provided either demonstrations or testable hypotheses related to the BUT framework in far-flung disciplines, such as neuroscience, theoretical physics, nanomaterials, computational topology, applied algebraic topology, philosophy of the mind, chaotic systems, group theory and cosmology. We collaborated with foremost scientists from Canada, China, Czech Republic, Finland, France, Hungary, Iran, Italy, Norway, Poland, Russia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Turkey, United Kingdom, U.S.A.
Category: Mind Science

[190] viXra:1707.0039 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-03 10:19:49

### Toward a Systemic View for Plant Learning: an (Eco)physiological Perspective.

Authors: Gustavo M. Souza, Gabriel R. A. Toledo, Gustavo F. R. Saraiva

Herein, we have proposed a concept of plant learning based on some principles of systemic plant ecophysiology. In order to accomplish this task, a framework consisting in basic epistemological assumptions is offered, as well as a cognitive context that underpins the perspective of learning. Accordingly, a number of empirical studies are quoted to illustrate the basic idea presented herein.
Category: Mind Science

[189] viXra:1706.0520 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-28 10:21:25

### Think Like a Physicist: a Practical Guide to Spirituality.

Authors: Johan Noldus

These notes are written as a practical guideline to get involved in spirituality and to activate your higher senses. The good news is that everybody has them, the bad thing is that some are better in it than others. Just as is the case with ordinary sports, practising it too much or too intensive may not be harmless and due care has to be taken here not to overdo yourself. Most people would perhaps try to utter that this is a paper for witches , but then everybody would be a witch or a wizard. Others would say that I am leading you towards the path of the Devil; alas, it is possible to do many good things with the powers of your mind. Moreover, it is quite easy to get a reliable protection against evil attacks so that one hardly gets into trouble at all.
Category: Mind Science

[188] viXra:1706.0388 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-19 04:53:08

### The Quantum Statistical Mechanics in the Analysis of the Context Dependence in Quantum Cognition Studies: May a Quantum Statistical Analysis Connect the Science of Complexity ?

Authors: Elio Conte, Ferda Kaleagasioglu, Rich Norman

Quantum probability fields are involved during processing of human perception and cognition with a wave function that mathematically is articulated in a proper Hilbert space and conceptually represents the space of all the potential alternatives at a semantic and semiotic level. Each subject has developed a unique mind within his/her correspondent context, hence his/her own wave function requires to be displayed as a complex-valued probability amplitude. Reaction time as well as the time of observation / decision / measurement also represent important variables contributing to our cognitive response and having also proper neurological correlates. Mind is a so complex abstract entity so that we can certainly retain that, generally speaking, the observer and the observed system enter in the domain of what technically are considered to be un-complete specified systems . An elementary wave function remains insufficient to represent a mental state, whereas a quantum wave function, which exhibits intrinsic indetermination and fluctuation of the basic probability amplitudes, may be implemented. In this paper, along with von Neumann’s postulate for non-existing dispersion-free ensembles, a new quantum statistical approach is elaborated to elucidate the peculiar quantum mechanical feature of the context dependent dynamics of human cognitive conceptual processing. In the framework of the present quantum statistical elaboration we introduce for the first time the possibility of using the Pareto distribution as a probability density function. This result links quantum statistical mechanics with the science of complexity .
Category: Mind Science

[187] viXra:1706.0024 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-02 15:56:12

### On the Origin of Sexual Preference

Authors: Richard L Amoroso

Current science is inadequate for describing the complex framework for the origin of sexual preference because science has not had until now either a comprehensive model of living systems or ‘consciousness’ able to delineate the correspondence between biophysics and the noetic effect of the 3rd regime of unified field mechanics. This work begins reviewing aspects of psychology, biology and cognitive science, then develops an anthropic telergic teleology of mind-body interaction (physically real Cartesian interactive dualism) as the context for developing a pragmatic scientific model for the fundamental origin of sexual preference. The model utilizes archetypes originating in Jung’s concept of a collective unconscious which are also presumed to be physically real elements of ‘mind’. This so-called Noetic Theory (relying on spirit (chi, prana) as an inherent self-organized aspect of a ‘vital field’, as a physically real action principle) predicts a prenatal stressor acting during a key stage of embryonic development typically under a panoply of one or both parents exhibiting a threshold (gradient of severity) personality disorder(s). The resultant action of this ‘noetic effect’ orients the anima and animus archetypes as they are coupled into the biophysical substrate of the psyche (soul) and reverses, for the case here, the normal orientation hierarchy of the noetic field within the individuals ‘psychosphere’. Initially, because of conceptual similarity, the periodic reversal of the Earth’s geomagnetic field by the force of solar wind on the dynamo at the Earth’s core is utilized as a metaphor to axiomatically illustrate inversion of the Jungian anima and animus. This scenario is followed by a more technical and experimentally testable scientific description utilizing pertinent new principles related to the discovery of physics of awareness.
Category: Mind Science

[186] viXra:1705.0403 [pdf] submitted on 2017-05-28 08:09:56

### Duf1220 Homo Sapiens and Neanderthal Fractal Periods Architectures Breakthrough

Authors: Jean claude perez

DUF1220 proteins regions show the largest Homosapiens lineage-specific increase in copy number of any protein- coding region in the human genome and map principally to 1q21.1, and partially also in 1p. DUF1220 deletions and reciprocal duplications have been associated with microcephaly and macrocephaly, respectively. In Colorado University Dr Sikela team established that human genome sequences encoding DUF1220, show a dramatically elevated copy number in the human lineage and variation in DUF1220 copy number has been linked to both brain size in humans and brain evolution among primates. Remarkably, dosage variations involving DUF1220 sequences have now been linked to human brain expansion, autism severity, total IQ, and cognitive and mathematical aptitude scores. We analyzed in chromosome 1q a large region of 218 contiguous DUF1220 as well as in the chromosome 1p five other regions of DUF1220 smaller, then a total of 245 DUF1220 proteins. We supplemented by analyzing 16 RNAs of NBPF genes containing these DUF1220 and also 3 representative NBPF genes from Neanderthal genome. Finally the method is extended ananlysing the long 1q21 region from 7 other close primates like Neanderthal, great apes : chimp, gorilla, orangutan and monkeys : macaque, marmoset, vervet. This remarkable property is confirmed by comparing these primates to other mammals such as mice, rabbit, cow, dolphin and Elephant. We then show four classes of multi-periodic fractal structures for all 19 DUF1220 regions and 19 NBPF genes studied cases. The analysis of these spectra of fractal periods2 reveals a simple linear interdependence, hierarchization and unification between the numerical sequences of each of these 4 spectra and the sequences of Fibonacci and Lucas. Given the evidence of this numerical relationship, we suggest that this discovery may be one of the major causes of a cognitive development of man superior to that of the great primates
Category: Mind Science

[185] viXra:1705.0388 [pdf] submitted on 2017-05-26 07:04:00

### On the Analysis of Heart Rate Variability in Frequency Domain

Authors: Sergio Conte, Elio Conte

we define the basic foundations of a method for frequency domain analysis of time series biosignals of physiological and psycho-physiological interest in medicine and biology.
Category: Mind Science

[184] viXra:1705.0328 [pdf] submitted on 2017-05-21 13:47:48

### Consciousness and Quantum Entanglement

Authors: George Rajna

New research proposes a way to test whether quantum entanglement is affected by consciousness. [26] Using atomic-scale quantum defects in diamonds known as nitrogen-vacancy (NV) centers to detect the magnetic field generated by neural signals, scientists working in the lab of Ronald Walsworth, a faculty member in Harvard's Center for Brain Science and Physics Department, demonstrated a noninvasive technique that can image the activity of neurons. [25] Neuroscience and artificial intelligence experts from Rice University and Baylor College of Medicine have taken inspiration from the human brain in creating a new "deep learning" method that enables computers to learn about the visual world largely on their own, much as human babies do. [24]
Category: Mind Science

[183] viXra:1705.0022 [pdf] submitted on 2017-05-02 09:06:08

Authors: George Rajna

Category: Mind Science

[182] viXra:1704.0312 [pdf] submitted on 2017-04-24 06:49:47

### Brains Recognize Unseen in a Second

Authors: George Rajna

In about a tenth of a second—too quickly for us to even be aware it's happening—our brains figure out what we are seeing and make sense of it. [25] A new study out of the University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) has found that one part of the neurons in our brains is more active than previously revealed. The finding implies that our brains are both analog and digital computers and could lead to better ways to treat neurological disorders. [24]
Category: Mind Science

[181] viXra:1703.0292 [pdf] submitted on 2017-03-30 14:04:45

### Elaboration of the Algebra of Consciousness

Authors: Elio Conte, Ferda Kaleagasioglu

In a previous paper we have given the basic quantum mechanical foundations of quantum mechanics elaborated by using the Clifford algebra and giving identification that such algebra may represent an algebraic representation of our consciousness. In this second section we give detailed elaboration of this algebra discussing its basic features relating our consciousness.
Category: Mind Science

[180] viXra:1703.0171 [pdf] submitted on 2017-03-16 14:47:00

### Quantifying Mental Ideas Through Special Relativity and Bekenstein-Hawking Formulas

Authors: Arturo Tozzi, James F Peters

When perceived by the human mind, an object might encompass a diverse amount of available information, according to different observers. Starting from this simple observation and extending it to the Einstein’s four-dimensional spacetime and to Bekenstein and Hawking equations, we show how, in terms of special relativity, information is not a stationary and fixed quantity as currently believed, but rather depends on the observer’s standpoint. We elucidate how the subjective phenomenon of time (perceived by our mind as static) might give rise to changes in informational entropy between the real and the imagined object. We describe a way to correlate and quantify the information of the sensed object embedded in the environment and of the corresponding internal thought about it (subjective percept). In particular, we show how changes in our mental time windows are able to squeeze the information content of the subjective percepts, compared with their matching environmental, real objects. Further, we elucidate how this novel framework could be able to confirm or reject a recently raised hypothesis, which suggests that the brain activity takes place in functional dimensions higher than the four-dimensional spacetime environment.
Category: Mind Science

[179] viXra:1703.0168 [pdf] submitted on 2017-03-16 20:29:20

### No Ghost in the Machine

Comments: 12 Pages. Submitted to Foundational Questions Institute Essay Contest on "Wandering Towards a Goal: How can mindless mathematical laws give rise to aims and intentions?"

The prevalent pre-scientific paradigm for understanding nature focused on design or intention, even for inanimate objects. This approach was debunked by Newton for physics, and by Darwin for biology. But belief in the unique supernatural nature of human intelligence is still widespread. I argue that biological intelligence is due to simple evolved structures based on neural networks, without the need for any new physical mechanisms (quantum or classical) or a “ghost in the machine”. Humans see agency and intent everywhere, because we are programmed to do so. The conscious mind may turn out to be a virtual reality simulation that is largely illusory. Furthermore, these structures may be emulated in artificial neural networks, to create true artificial intelligence.
Category: Mind Science

[178] viXra:1703.0083 [pdf] submitted on 2017-03-08 13:15:21

### Identification of the Algebra of Consciousness

Authors: Elio Conte

After an articulated exposition of the basic features of the Clifford algebra we give evidence that the basic elements of this algebra may represent the basic entities of the mind. According also to the previous basic results of V.A. Lefebvre, we delineate also some peculiarities of the consciousness and we give proof that they may be correctly represented by this algebra.
Category: Mind Science

[177] viXra:1702.0280 [pdf] submitted on 2017-02-22 12:27:51

### Does Set Theory Cause Perceptual Problems?

Authors: W. Mückenheim

Some results of transfinite set theory are nonsensical. Nevertheless many mainstream mathematicians cannot accept but try to silence any critique. It appears as if a mass-psychosis has infected them.
Category: Mind Science

[176] viXra:1702.0254 [pdf] submitted on 2017-02-20 08:53:46

### Explanation of Qualia and Self-Awareness Using Elastic Membrane Concept

Authors: Alexander Egoyan

In this work we show that our self-awareness and perception may be successfully explained using two dimensional holistic structures with closed topology embedded into our brains - elastic membranes. These membranes are able to preserve their structure during conscious processes. Their elastic oscillations may be associated with our perceptions, where the frequency of the oscillations is responsible for the perception of different colors, sounds and other stimuli, while the amplitude of the oscillations is responsible for the feeling of a distance. According to the model the squeezed regions of a membrane correspond to the brain zones involved into awareness and attention. The model may be useful for prediction, explanation and interpretation of various conscious phenomena.
Category: Mind Science

[175] viXra:1702.0133 [pdf] submitted on 2017-02-11 03:19:24

### Goal, Free-Will and Qualia in Biological Evolution

Authors: Janko Kokosar
Comments: 13 Pages. It is published in FQXi contest 2016/2017.

The author is developing the idea that genes were not enough in evolution to create goals, because the first goals should have arisen quickly. This is another clue that consciousness exists also at unicellular organisms. Besides, qualia are more primitive form of a goal. Consciousness is composed of qualia and free-will, and both need new physics. Free-will is based also on quantum consciousness. Although it seems that it is disproved by Tegmark, it is very obvious, thus it cannot be disproved until it will not be clarified what a physical base of consciousness is. Quantum consciousness is based also on panpsychism, which has already some support in mainstream science. Explanations of goal, free-will, qualia, and consciousness are also things of explanation of time. It is shown how time is connected with matter and how with consciousness. At the end it is criticized, how official science too much ignores goals and ideas of authors that do not belong to it.
Category: Mind Science

[174] viXra:1702.0070 [pdf] submitted on 2017-02-05 00:01:02

### A Proposed Mechanism for the Induction of Bone Loss as a Function of Chronic Envy

Authors: William W. Sabol

The dorsal anterior cingulate cortex (dACC) has been shown to be uniquely activated when people engage in envy. Similarly, dACC is the major component of a proposed adversity processing circuit that predicts risks to prevent destructive behaviors and inhibit release of dopamine and serotonin, which play a significant role in skeletal health. A causal relationship may therefore exist between chronic envy and the induction of lowered bone mineral density (BMD) as a result of dACC activation.
Category: Mind Science

[173] viXra:1701.0658 [pdf] submitted on 2017-01-28 22:50:15

### A Subjective Illustrated Report of Visual Hallucinations after Total Anesthesia

A patient describes and illustrates his experience of seeing closed-eye hallucinations after waking up from a 17-hour surgery under total anaesthesia.
Category: Mind Science

[172] viXra:1701.0562 [pdf] submitted on 2017-01-22 06:50:10

### Quantum Theory and the Nature of Consciousness

Authors: Thomas Görnitz

So far the main obstacle for a scientific conception of consciousness as a real and powerfully acting entity was not inherent to the realms of psychology or brain research, but rather the field of physics. A solution had to be sought here. Such a solution is afforded by a new foundation of the physical reality established by abstract and absolute quantum bits of information (AQI bits). To avoid the popular misunderstanding of „information“ as „meaning“ it was advisable to coin a new designation for the free-of-meaning AQI bits: the AQI bits establish a quantum pre-structure termed „protyposis“ (Greek: „pre-formation“), out of which real objects can form, beginning with energetical and material elementary particles. The protyposis AQI bits provide a pre-structure for all entities encountered in natural sciences. The AQI bits establish a common basis, from which, in the course of the cosmological and encompassed biological evolution, both the material reality of the brain and the mental reality of the consciousness has formed. A real understanding of quantum structures can remove the resistance against establishing quantum theory in the field of brain research and consciousness. The key for an understanding lies in the conception of protyposis, abstract quantum information free of any definite meaning. With the AQI bits of the protyposis, massless and massive quantum particles can be constructed, and, ultimately, even quantum information with a special meaning, such as our grammatically formulated thoughts, can become possible. As long as the fundamental basis of quantum theory is misunderstood as being formed by a manifold of some small objects like atoms, quarks, or strings, then the problem of understanding consciousness has no solution. If in contrast to this quantum theory is understood as a theory based on quantum structures that are not spatially small but truly simple, then there is no longer a fundamental problem for an understanding of consciousness.
Category: Mind Science

[171] viXra:1612.0408 [pdf] submitted on 2016-12-30 09:04:23

Authors: George Rajna

Advances in microscopy techniques have often triggered important discoveries in the field of neuroscience, enabling vital insights in understanding the brain and promising new treatments for neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's. [24] What is the relationship of consciousness to the neurological activity of the brain? Does the brain behave differently when a person is fully conscious, when they are asleep, or when they are undergoing an epileptic seizure? [23] Consciousness appears to arise naturally as a result of a brain maximizing its information content. So says a group of scientists in Canada and France, which has studied how the electrical activity in people's brains varies according to individuals' conscious states. The researchers find that normal waking states are associated with maximum values of what they call a brain's "entropy". [22] New research published in the New Journal of Physics tries to decompose the structural layers of the cortical network to different hierarchies enabling to identify the network's nucleus, from which our consciousness could emerge. [21] Where in your brain do you exist? Is your awareness of the world around you and of yourself as an individual the result of specific, focused changes in your brain, or does that awareness come from a broad network of neural activity? How does your brain produce awareness? [20] In the future, level-tuned neurons may help enable neuromorphic computing systems to perform tasks that traditional computers cannot, such as learning from their environment, pattern recognition, and knowledge extraction from big data sources. [19]
Category: Mind Science

[170] viXra:1612.0348 [pdf] submitted on 2016-12-26 12:36:25

### Emotional Hangover

Authors: George Rajna

Emotional experiences can induce physiological and internal brain states that persist for long periods of time after the emotional events have ended, a team of New York University scientists has found. [26] Using atomic-scale quantum defects in diamonds known as nitrogen-vacancy (NV) centers to detect the magnetic field generated by neural signals, scientists working in the lab of Ronald Walsworth, a faculty member in Harvard's Center for Brain Science and Physics Department, demonstrated a noninvasive technique that can image the activity of neurons. [25] Neuroscience and artificial intelligence experts from Rice University and Baylor College of Medicine have taken inspiration from the human brain in creating a new "deep learning" method that enables computers to learn about the visual world largely on their own, much as human babies do. [24]
Category: Mind Science

[169] viXra:1612.0279 [pdf] submitted on 2016-12-17 11:22:23

### Thought Force and Consciousness

Authors: Tamas Lajtner

By changing the axiom of time, we affect both physics and science in general, thus raising some remarkably fascinating questions, for example, what is thought, what lives, what is consciousness.
Category: Mind Science

[168] viXra:1612.0213 [pdf] submitted on 2016-12-12 11:37:50

### Neuromotor Problems the Core of Autism

Authors: George Rajna

Rutgers neuroscientists have established that problems controlling bodily movements are at the core of autism spectrum disorders and that the use of psychotropic medications to treat autism in children often makes such neuromotor problems worse. [27] The neural structure we use to store and process information in verbal working memory is more complex than previously understood, finds a new study by researchers at New York University. [26] Surviving breast cancer changed the course of Regina Barzilay's research. The experience showed her, in stark relief, that oncologists and their patients lack tools for data-driven decision making. [25] New research, led by the University of Southampton, has demonstrated that a nanoscale device, called a memristor, could be used to power artificial systems that can mimic the human brain. [24] Scientists at Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf conducted electricity through DNA-based nanowires by placing gold-plated nanoparticles on them. In this way it could become possible to develop circuits based on genetic material. [23] Researchers at the Nanoscale Transport Physics Laboratory from the School of Physics at the University of the Witwatersrand have found a technique to improve carbon superlattices for quantum electronic device applications. [22] The researchers have found that these previously underestimated interactions can play a significant role in preventing heat dissipation in microelectronic devices. [21] LCLS works like an extraordinary strobe light: Its ultrabright X-rays take snapshots of materials with atomic resolution and capture motions as fast as a few femtoseconds, or millionths of a billionth of a second. For comparison, one femtosecond is to a second what seven minutes is to the age of the universe. [20] A 'nonlinear' effect that seemingly turns materials transparent is seen for the first time in X-rays at SLAC's LCLS. [19]
Category: Mind Science

[167] viXra:1612.0136 [pdf] submitted on 2016-12-08 10:37:43

### Deep-Brain Imaging

Authors: George Rajna

The ability to stimulate neural circuits with very high precision light to control cells—optogenetics—is key to exciting advances in the study and mapping of the living brain. [11] A breakdown of memory processes in humans can lead to conditions such as Alzheimer's and dementia. By looking at the simpler brain of a honeybee, new research published in Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience, moves us a step towards understanding the different processes behind long-term memory formation. [10], has shown that it is possible for some information to be inherited biologically through chemical changes that occur in DNA. During the tests they learned that that mice can pass on learned information about traumatic or stressful experiences – in this case a fear of the smell of cherry blossom – to subsequent generations. [9] A new way of thinking about consciousness is sweeping through science like wildfire. Now physicists are using it to formulate the problem of consciousness in concrete mathematical terms for the first time. Discovery of quantum vibrations in 'microtubules' inside brain neurons supports controversial theory of consciousness. The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.
Category: Mind Science

[166] viXra:1611.0396 [pdf] submitted on 2016-11-29 14:48:51

### Rorschach Ink-Blots Are Multifractals and a Corresponding Multifractal Strucure is Realized in Humans During Their Perception as Measured by the GSR (Galvanic Skin Response) Neurological and Psycho-Pysiological Signal

Authors: Leonardo Mendolicchio, Ferda Kaleagasioglu, Fang Wang, Rich Norman, Francesco Casciaro Losito, Anna Maria Losito, Elio Conte, Franco Orsucci

We demonstrate that the Rorschach ink-blots are multifractals. Normal subjects submitted to their perception for two minutes have been studied recording their GSR neurological and psychophysiological signal during the observation of the ink blots. It has resulted that also the induced perceptive dynamics in the subject is a multifractal. In the framework of the theory of complexity we elaborate that the intrinsic complexity of the ink-blots induces in the subjects an emotive and cognitive condition of profound inner conflict that may be estimated by the generalized Hurst exponent of the subject as arising from the GSR recording. We expect that the results are important not only in the theory of complexity but also in the clinical study of cases of neurological, psychological and psychiatric interest.
Category: Mind Science

[165] viXra:1611.0345 [pdf] submitted on 2016-11-25 04:45:21

### Repairs Brain Damage in Stroke

Authors: George Rajna

Researchers at The University of Manchester have discovered that a potential new drug reduces the number of brain cells destroyed by stroke and then helps to repair the damage. [17] Researchers at the University of Connecticut have uncovered new information about how particles behave in our bloodstream, an important advancement that could help pharmaceutical scientists develop more effective cancer drugs. [16] For the past 15 years, the big data techniques pioneered by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California, have been revolutionizing biomedical research. On Sept. 6, 2016, JPL and the National Cancer Institute (NCI), part of the National Institutes of Health, renewed a research partnership through 2021, extending the development of data science that originated in space exploration and is now supporting new cancer discoveries. [15] IBM scientists have developed a new lab-on-a-chip technology that can, for the first time, separate biological particles at the nanoscale and could enable physicians to detect diseases such as cancer before symptoms appear. [14] Scientists work toward storing digital information in DNA. [13] Leiden theoretical physicists have proven that DNA mechanics, in addition to genetic information in DNA, determines who we are. Helmut Schiessel and his group simulated many DNA sequences and found a correlation between mechanical cues and the way DNA is folded. They have published their results in PLoS One. [12] We model the electron clouds of nucleic acids in DNA as a chain of coupled quantum harmonic oscillators with dipole-dipole interaction between nearest neighbours resulting in a van der Waals type bonding. [11] Scientists have discovered a secret second code hiding within DNA which instructs cells on how genes are controlled. The amazing discovery is expected to open new doors to the diagnosis and treatment of diseases, according to a new study. [10] There is also connection between statistical physics and evolutionary biology, since the arrow of time is working in the biological evolution also. From the standpoint of physics, there is one essential difference between living things and inanimate clumps of carbon atoms: The former tend to be much better at capturing energy from their environment and dissipating that energy as heat. [8] This paper contains the review of quantum entanglement investigations in living systems, and in the quantum mechanically modeled photoactive prebiotic kernel systems. [7] The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.
Category: Mind Science

[164] viXra:1611.0321 [pdf] submitted on 2016-11-23 13:15:37

### Selection of Partners by DNA Influences

Authors: George Rajna

A study co-led by the University of East Anglia (UEA) has found that people with genes for high educational achievement tend to marry, and have children with, people with similar DNA. [8] A new trend taking shape in psychological science not only uses quantum physics to explain humans' (sometimes) paradoxical thinking, but may also help researchers resolve certain contradictions among the results of previous psychological studies. According to Zheng Joyce Wang and others who try to model our decision-making processes mathematically, the equations and axioms that most closely match human behavior may be ones that are rooted in quantum physics. [7] The hypothesis that there may be something quantum-like about the human mental function was put forward with " Spooky Activation at Distance " formula which attempted to model the effect that when a word's associative network is activated during study in memory experiment; it behaves like a quantum-entangled system. The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.
Category: Mind Science

[163] viXra:1611.0275 [pdf] submitted on 2016-11-19 01:12:06

### Metaanalysis of Psychoanalysis

Authors: Andrej Poleev

The perspective revolution of Sigmund Freud: An update.
Category: Mind Science

[162] viXra:1611.0261 [pdf] submitted on 2016-11-17 14:14:19

### Case Report. On the Importance of Performing HRV Analysis on Subjects Using Narcotic Drugs.

Authors: Elio Conte, Rich Norman, Leonardo Mendolicchio, Franco Orsucci, Francesco Casciaro Losito, Anna Maria Losito, Gabriele De Masi De Luca

We demonstrate the potential value of performing an HRV analysis at rest and in the condition of controlled respiration as a basic test for subjects suspected of using narcotic drugs.
Category: Mind Science

[161] viXra:1611.0042 [pdf] submitted on 2016-11-03 10:09:11

### From Cortical Microcolumns to Brain Barcodes

Authors: Arturo Tozzi, James F Peters, Ottorino Ori

Artificial neural systems and nervous graph theoretical analysis rely upon the standpoint that the neural code is endowed in logic circuits, e.g., spatio-temporal sequences of ON/OFF spiking neurons. However, this assumption does not fully explain complex brain functions. Here we show how nervous activity, other than logic circuits, could instead depend on topological transformations and symmetry contraints occurring at the micro-level of the cortical microcolumn, e.g., the basic embryological, anatomical and functional unit of the brain. Tubular microcolumns can be flattened in guise of a fullerene-like two-dimensional lattices, equipped with about 80 nodes standing for pyramidal neurons, where neural computations take place. We show how the countless possible combinations of activated neurons embedded in the lattice resemble a barcode. Every different assembly of firing neurons might stand for diverse neural codes, each one responsible for single mental activities. A two-dimensional fullerene-like lattice not just simulates the real microcolumn’s microcircuitry, but also allows us to build an artificial network model that, because grounded just on simple topological changes corresponding to pyramidal neuronal activation, is equipped with robustness, plasticity and fastness.
Category: Mind Science

[160] viXra:1610.0216 [pdf] submitted on 2016-10-18 10:06:20

### Topology of the Brain Function

Authors: Arturo Tozzi, James F Peters

This manuscript encompasses our published and unpublished topological results in neuroscience. Topology, the mathematical branch that assesses objects and their properties preserved through deformations, stretching and twisting, allows the investigation of the most general brain features. In particular, the Borsuk-Ulam Theorem (BUT) states that, if a single point projects to a higher spatial dimension, it gives rise to two antipodal points with matching description. Physical and biological counterparts of BUT and its variants allow an inquiry of the brain activity. The opportunity to treat the nervous system as a topological structure makes BUT a universal principle underlying neural phenomena and brain function.
Category: Mind Science

[159] viXra:1610.0113 [pdf] submitted on 2016-10-10 15:21:51

### Micro and Macro-Levels of Neural Observation Describe the Same Brain Activity

Authors: Arturo Tozzi, James F Peters, Pedro C. Marijuán

Brain activity can be assessed either at anatomical/functional micro-, meso- and macro- spatiotemporal scales of observation, or at different intertwined levels with mutual interactions. Here we show, based on topological findings, that nervous activities occurring in micro-levels project to single activities at the macro-levels. This means that brain functions assessed at the higher scale of the whole brain necessarily display a counterpart in the lower ones, and vice versa. Furthermore, we point out how it is possible for different functional and anatomical levels to be stitched (sewn) together to become condensed brain activities, giving rise, for example, to ideas and concepts. Also, a topological approach makes it possible to assess brain functions in the general terms of particle trajectories taking place on donut-like manifolds. Indeed, every macro-scale activity, independent of the subtending theoretical model, can be described in terms of a multi-dimensional torus mapping to activities at lower levels. In physics, the term duality refers to a case where two seemingly different systems turn out to be equivalent, because they are mathematically distinguishable descriptions of the same phenomenon. Our framework permits a topological duality among different neuro-techniques, because it holds for all the types of spatio-temporal brain activities, independent of their inter- and intra-level relationships, strength, magnitude and boundaries.
Category: Mind Science

[158] viXra:1610.0068 [pdf] submitted on 2016-10-06 04:57:02

### A Symmetric Approach Elucidates Multisensory Information Integration

Authors: Arturo Tozzi, James F Peters

Recent advances in neuronal multisensory integration suggest that the five senses do not exist in isolation of each other. Perception, cognition and action are integrated at very early levels of central processing, in a densely coupled system equipped with multisensory interactions occurring at all temporal and spatial stages. In such a novel framework, a concept from the far-flung branch of topology, namely the Borsuk-Ulam theorem, comes into play. The theorem states that when two opposite points on a sphere are projected onto a circumference, they give rise to a single point containing their matching description. Here we show that the theorem applies also to multisensory integration: two environmental stimuli from different sensory modalities display similar features when mapped into cortical neurons. Topological tools not only shed new light on questions concerning the functional architecture of mind and the nature of mental states, but also provide a general methodology which as the advantage to be assessed empirically. We argue that the Borsuk-Ulam theorem is a general principle underlying nervous multisensory integration, resulting in a framework that has the potential to be operationalized.
Category: Mind Science

[157] viXra:1610.0031 [pdf] submitted on 2016-10-04 03:49:52

### Informational Entropies for Non-ergodic Brains

Authors: Arturo Tozzi, James F. Peters, Marzieh Zare, Mehmet Niyazi Çankaya

Informational entropies, although proved to be useful in the evaluation of nervous function, are suitable just if we assume that nervous activity takes place under ergo dic conditions. However, widespread claims suggest that the brain operates in a non-ergodic framework. Here we show that a topological concept, namely the Borsuk-Ulam theorem, is able to wipe away this long-standing limit of both Shannon entropy and its generalizations, such as Rényi’s. We demonstrate that both ergodic and non-ergodic informational entropies can be evaluated and quantified through topological methods, in order to improve our knowledge of central nervous system function.
Category: Mind Science

[156] viXra:1610.0014 [pdf] submitted on 2016-10-02 15:11:22

### Towards Plasma-Like Collisionless Trajectories in the Brain

Authors: Arturo Tozzi, James F Peters

Plasma studies depict collisionless, collective movements of charged particles. In touch with these concepts, originally developed in the far flung branch of high energy physics, here we evaluate the role of collective behaviors and long-range functional couplings in brain dynamics. We develop a novel, empirically testable, brain model which takes into account collisionless movements of charged particles in a system, the brain, equipped with oscillations. The model is cast in a mathematical fashion with the potential of being operationalized, because it can be assessed in terms of McKean-Vlasov equations, derived from the classical Vlasov equations for plasma. We also provide insights into the possible role of the overrated extracellular neuronal space in generating and transporting the charged particles which display such a collective behavior. A plasma-like brain also elucidates cortical phase transitions in the context of a brain at the edge of chaos and describes the required order parameters. In sum, showing how the brain might exhibit plasma-like features we go through the emerging concept of holistic behavior of nervous functions.
Category: Mind Science

[155] viXra:1609.0405 [pdf] submitted on 2016-09-28 04:54:05

### A Topological Theory of Knowledge in the Human Brain

Authors: Arturo Tozzi, James F Peters

Experience is a process of awareness and mastery of facts or events, gained through actual observation or second-hand knowledge. Recent findings reinforce the idea that a naturalized epistemological approach is needed to further advance our understanding of the nervous mechanisms underlying experience. This essay is an effort to build a coherent topological-based framework able to elucidate particular aspects of experience, e.g., how it is acquired by a single individual, transmitted to others and collectively stored in form of general ideas. Taking into account concepts from neuroscience, algebraic topology and Richard Avenarius’ philosophical analytical approach, we provide a scheme which is cast in an empirically testable fashion. In particular, we emphasize the foremost role of variants of the Borsuk- Ulam theorem, which tells us that, when a pair of opposite (antipodal) points on a sphere are mapped onto a single point in Euclidean space, the projection provides a description of both antipodal points. These antipodes stand for nervous functions and activities of the brain correlated with the mechanisms of acquisition and transmission of experience.
Category: Mind Science

[154] viXra:1609.0401 [pdf] submitted on 2016-09-28 04:42:00

### Topology Underlying GIBSON’S Echological Theory of Perception

Authors: James F Peters, Arturo Tozzi, Sheela Ramanna

During the exploration of the surrounding environment, the brain links together external inputs in a complex of sensations, giving rise to the perception of a persisting object. During imaginative processes, the same object can be recalled in mind even if it is out of sight. Here, Borsuk’s theory of shape and the Borsuk-Ulam theorem provide a mathematical foundation for Gibson’s notion of persistence perception. Real-scene visual signals are collectively the umbra of physical shapes impinging on the optic nerves, which we map to similar shape representations. We show how Gibson’s ecological theory of perception accounts for our knowledge of world objects by borrowing a concept of invariance in topology. A series of transformations can be endlessly and gradually applied to a pattern, in particular to the shape of an object, without affecting its invariant properties, such as connectedness and boundedness of parts of a visual scene. In sum, high-level representations of objects in our environment are mapped to simplified views (our interpretations) of the objects, in order to construct a symbolic representation of the environment. The fact that our perception of an object continues even when it is out of sight, can be explained by viewing regions on a sphere surface as multiple representations of object shapes. The representations can be projected continuously to an ecological object that we have seen and continue to see, thanks to the mapping from shapes in our memory to shapes in Euclidean space.
Category: Mind Science

[153] viXra:1609.0355 [pdf] submitted on 2016-09-25 07:48:46

### The Brilliance of Dreams

Authors: Aneesh R Swamy
Comments: 3 Pages. Limbic System,Dreams,Cognitive Neuroscience,

Dreams. A concept very little understood by neuro-scientists. Why don't we know how we dream even after decades of research? To find the answer to that question;how we dream, one has to think out of the box. Or out of the mind.
Category: Mind Science

[152] viXra:1609.0249 [pdf] submitted on 2016-09-16 13:04:20

### Quantum Statistical Theory of Quantum Cognition

Authors: Elio Conte

In quantum mechanics a wave function is connected to a quantum system. This abstract entity represents a description of the quantum state of this system. The wave function is a complex-valued probability amplitude and the probabilities for the possible results of measurements made on the system can be derived from it . In the present paper it is demonstrated that the tentative often adopted from scholars to attribute a wave function as representation of a mental state in current quantum cognition studies cannot be accepted. A mental state is a so complex structure , depending contextually at each instant from a so complex structure of inner and subjective elements and psychological and neurological components, to exclude its representation by a simple and elementary wave function, The mental state may be represented by a quantum wave function that, owing of the complex structure of the mental state, has an intrinsic indetermination and fluctuation of the basic probability amplitudes to respond to the basic notion of intrinsecally , incompletely specified system that was introduced by P. T. Landsberg in 1961. As consequence a simple quantum wave function cannot be adopted and instead an averaging statistical formulation is absolutely required. Therefore, the subsequent quantum statistical theory is formulated.
Category: Mind Science

[151] viXra:1609.0106 [pdf] submitted on 2016-09-08 13:57:46

### A Topological Brain Elucidates Syntactic and Semantic Processing

Authors: Arturo Tozzi, James F Peters

When facing a proposition, the brain straightforwardly understands its grammar and discriminates whether it is true or false. Unlike computers, the brain is able to identify signs of sequences in terms of both syntactic symbols and semantic meaning. We show, based on the current literature, that a testable algebraic topological approach gives helpful insights into brain’s computational activity during semantic recognition. Indeed, recent suggestions allow us to hypothesize that the semantic properties of a proposition are processed in brain dimensions higher than the syntactic ones. Furthermore, we show how, in a fully reversible process, the syntactic elements embedded in Broca’s area might project to scattered semantic cortical zones, where the presence of higher functional dimensions gives rise to an increase in proposition’s information content. Taking into account the dictates of novel versions of the Borsuk-Ulam and the fixed-point theorems, we build a framework that provides a feasible explanation for semantics processing in the brain, and also paves the way to novel computers which nodes are built in higher dimensions.
Category: Mind Science

[150] viXra:1609.0105 [pdf] submitted on 2016-09-08 14:03:41

### Energetic Link Between Spike Frequencies and Brain Fractal Dimensions

Authors: Arturo Tozzi, James F. Peters, Mehmet Niyazi Çankaya, Jan Korbel, Marzieh Zare, David Papo

Oscillations in brain activity exhibit a power law distribution which appears as a straight line when plotted on logarithmic scales in a log power versus log frequency plot. The line’s slope is given by a single constant, the power law exponent. Since a variation in slope may occur during different functional states, the brain waves are said to be multifractal, i.e., characterized by a spectrum of multiple possible exponents. A role for such non-stationary scaling properties has scarcely been taken into account. Here we show that changes in fractal slopes and oscillation frequencies, and in particular in electric spikes, are correlated. Taking into account techniques for parameter distribution estimates, which provide a foundation for the proposed approach, we show that modifications in power law exponents are associated with variations in the Rényi entropy, a generalization of Shannon informational entropy. Changes in Rényi entropy, in turn, are able to modify brain oscillation frequencies. Therefore, results point out that multifractal systems lead to different probability outcomes of brain activity, based solely on increases or decreases of the fractal exponents. Such approach may offer new insights in the characterization of neuroimaging diagnostic techniques and the forces required for transcranial stimulation, where doubts still exist as to the parameters that best characterize waveforms.
Category: Mind Science

[149] viXra:1609.0079 [pdf] submitted on 2016-09-07 03:30:51

### From Abstract Topology to Real Thermodynamic Brain Activity

Authors: Arturo Tozzi, James F Peters

Recent approaches to brain phase spaces reinforce the foremost role of symmetries and energy requirements in the assessment of nervous activity. Changes in thermodynamic parameters and dimensions occur in the brain during symmetry breakings and transitions from one functional state to another. Based on topological results and string-like trajectories into nervous energy landscapes, we provide a novel method for the evaluation of energetic features and constraints in different brain functional activities. We show how abstract approaches, namely the Borsuk-Ulam theorem and its variants, display real, energetic physical counterparts. When topology meets the physics of the brain, we arrive at a general model of neuronal activity, in terms of multidimensional manifolds and computational geometry, that has the potential to be operationalized.
Category: Mind Science

[148] viXra:1609.0072 [pdf] submitted on 2016-09-06 11:07:31

### Ordering of Lamarckism, Emerging Understanding of the Lamarckian Mechanisms

Authors: Andrzej Gecow

Understanding of Lamarck was and are very different, but currently the view clarifies where Darwinian and Lamarckian mechanisms are not conflicting. Lamarckian mechanisms exist and offer evolutionary changes “from instructions”, usually much more accurate adaptively than if they were completely random, but this instruction was found earlier by Darwinian natural selection. Lamarckian mechanisms alone do not explain the obtained purposefulness. They gain this ability only with the mechanism of their occurrence, which is Darwinian. In the case of multicellular usually their effect requires the strengthening of inherited through genetic assimilation, but in range of memes and culture "realized needs" seems to be the main mechanism.
Category: Mind Science

[147] viXra:1609.0045 [pdf] submitted on 2016-09-04 10:50:43

### Towards Equations for Brain Dynamics and the Concept of Extended Connectome

Authors: Arturo Tozzi, James F Peters

The brain is a system at the edge of chaos equipped with nonlinear dynamics and functional energetic landscapes. However, still doubts exist concerning the type of attractors or the trajectories followed by particles in the nervous phase space. Starting from an unusual system governed by differential equations in which a dissipative strange attractor coexists with an invariant conservative torus, we developed a 3D model of brain phase space which has the potential to be operationalized and assessed empirically. We achieved a system displaying both a torus and a strange attractor, depending just on the initial conditions. Further, the system generates a funnel-like attractor equipped with a fractal structure. Changes in three easily detectable brain phase parameters (log frequency, excitatory/inhibitory ratio and fractal slope) lead to modifications in funnel’s breadth or in torus/attractor superimposition: it explains a large repertoire of brain functions and activities, such as sensations/perceptions, memory and self-generated thoughts.
Category: Mind Science

[146] viXra:1609.0041 [pdf] submitted on 2016-09-03 20:45:14

### How Much Free is Freewill

Authors: Basudeba Mishra

Freewill is actually not free – it has limited degrees of freedom. Like non-living bodies, living organisms also obey mechanical laws of nature and act according to external forces to fulfill their needs, though, it is not self evident. All organisms - living or not - follow laws of nature. However, only living organisms can perceive through their sensory agencies when these impulses are reflected in the Conscious Self that illuminates every thing and is the repository of all knowledge (results of measurement) and processes. Since knowledge, i.e., result of measurement for any instant, is frozen for ever, Consciousness is universal, immutable, eternal, un-moving and timeless; thus, is the universal and ubiquitous foundation of life – it is the Observer of everything that are observables.
Category: Mind Science

[145] viXra:1609.0040 [pdf] submitted on 2016-09-03 20:49:57

### Pretya Bhaava – the Mechanism of Rebirth

Authors: Basudeba Mishra

While the cause and effect sequence have been established earlier and the effect of all actions are deterministic, freewill can change the projected outcome generating not only uncertainty, but also deterministic variety subject to universality of physical laws, which can be classified into different groups. But who determines the universal laws? If there is such an Agency (God?) and if causality operates universally, then what is the effect of death? Every action has invariably a determinate reaction that may materialize immediately (eating satisfies hunger) or after certain interval, when suitable conditions appear or reactions take place (taking medicine cures later). Though the reactions take place in the physical body, they are cognized by the causal body. Cognition can initiate reaction in physical body. If we see a snake and become afraid, the cause of fear (snake) is away from us, but the adrenalin flow shoots up within our body. The causal body is unable to initiate action without a physical body. Hence what does the causal body do when physical body is destroyed? There is no proof that it also is destroyed. Thus, it must seek a new physical body. In that case, the new body must exhibit symptoms of prior knowledge. A new born child has to start learning everything starting with a blank slate. How do all new born babies know that if they cry, someone will look after their needs? How does it learn to suckle when the mother brings her breast near its mouth? Other children also show some intriguing behavior. For example, a rhino mother faints after giving birth. The new born child moves far away from the mother before she regains consciousness. The child returns only after its skin hardened just like hens laying eggs sitting on walls are not broken, as it is spongy at the beginning, which hardens immediately thereafter. Surprisingly, both the mother and the child rhinos recognize each other. This is done because the soft skin of the new born cannot tolerate the affectionate licking of the mother’s thorny tongue. How does the new born rhino know to move away immediately after birth? Since this identical perception is generated every time we look at a new born baby, it proves some prior to birth connection.
Category: Mind Science

[144] viXra:1609.0028 [pdf] submitted on 2016-09-02 11:49:36

### The Idea of Progress: A Theoretical and Concise Goal-Structure Model

Authors: Rodolfo Henrique Cerbaro, Jamie Lyn Whisler

The idea of progress as it currently stands is not well understood. This is because it is taken to be both context-dependent and stands independently, without a formal structure. It is an idea which is applied in cases that can be as diverse as simply finishing an essay to the complex progress of humanity. If the idea appears in such diverse scenarios, is there an underlying mechanism through which we can easily understand it? Here we structure the idea and propose a simple postulate which allows us to have a more adequate knowledge of it. The expected result is the capability of realizing it’s intellectual appearance and understanding it in any given practical scenario; even if it is not totally clear based on what we define as progress. This short and simple model implies that the action of a goal definition should be handled with care, as the concept of progress is engulfed by the goal system.
Category: Mind Science

[143] viXra:1609.0026 [pdf] submitted on 2016-09-02 12:31:10

### Towards a Physical Correlation Between Slow and Fast Brain Timescales

Authors: Arturo Tozzi, James F Peters

Brain electric activity exhibits two important features: oscillations with different timescales, characterized by diverse functional and psychological outcomes, and a temporal power law distribution, which appears as a straight line when plotted on logarithmic scales in a log power versus log frequency plot. In order to investigate the relationships between low- and high- frequency spikes in the brain, we used a variant of the Borsuk-Ulam theorem which states that, when we assess the nervous activity as embedded in a sphere equipped with a fractal dimension, we achieve two antipodal points with similar features (the slow and fast, scale-free oscillations). We demonstrate that slow and fast nervous oscillations are correlated and provide, through the Bloch theorem from solid-state physics, the possible equation which links the two timescale activities.
Category: Mind Science

[142] viXra:1608.0399 [pdf] submitted on 2016-08-29 10:50:58

### Third Eye Retina Scan–Thought Force Technology

Authors: Tamas Lajtner

Experiments prove thought force is an existing force that can leave our heads. Thought force is a new fundamental interaction which is not in our physics books. In order to understand this new fundamental interaction, we need a new theory that describes it. This is the space-matter model. In this model, thought is a force that appears as a change of the wavelengths of space waves. Thought as a space wave is more than just a standalone, lonely act. According to our brains, forces that appear in a given spectrum of wavelengths of space waves are thoughts, regardless of who or what created these forces: we ourselves, other humans or inanimate (non-living) things. We send and receive thoughts as forces. Thought is a kind of communication. The force of thought and thought force communication can be used in the industry. They make it possible to increase safety and to find new solutions that nobody has dreamed of until now.
Category: Mind Science

[141] viXra:1608.0118 [pdf] submitted on 2016-08-12 05:23:31

### Antibiogram, Biochemical Reactions and Biotyping of Biofield Treated Providencia Rettgeri

Authors: Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak

Providencia rettgeri (P. rettgeri) is the key organism for gastrointestinal tract infections due to its high virulence properties. The current study was designed to investigate the effect of Mr. Trivedi’s biofield energy treatment on P. rettgeri in lyophilized as well as revived state for antimicrobial susceptibility pattern, biochemical characteristics, and biotype number. The lyophilized strain of P. rettgeri (ATCC 9250) was divided into two parts, Group (Gr.) I: control and Gr. II: treatment. After biofield treatment, Gr. II was further subdivided into two parts, Gr. IIA and Gr. IIB. Gr. IIA was analyzed on day 10, while Gr. IIB was stored and analyzed on day 162 after revival (Study I). The revived sample of Gr. IIB was retreated on day 162 (Study II), and divided into three separate tubes. Tube 1 was analyzed on day 5, likewise, tube 2 and 3 were analyzed on day 10 and 15, respectively after their sub-culturing. All the experimental parameters were studied using automated MicroScan Walk-Away® system. The antimicrobial susceptibility and minimum inhibitory concentration were significantly improved by 71.43%, out of twenty-eight and 56.25%, out of thirty-two, respectively in the treated cells of P. rettgeri as compared to the control. The biochemical reactions also showed the significant (60.61%) alteration in the treated sample with respect to control. The biotype numbers were substantially changed in all the treated groups as compared to the control. Moreover, the organism was changed as Proteus mirabilis in all the treated groups except in Gr. IIA, as compared to the control. These results suggested that biofield treatment has a significant impact on P. rettgeri in lyophilized as well as revived state.
Category: Mind Science

[140] viXra:1608.0034 [pdf] submitted on 2016-08-04 05:10:42

### Characterization of Physico-Chemical and Spectroscopic Properties of Biofield Energy Treated 4-Bromoacetophenone

Authors: Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak

4-Bromoacetophenone is an acetophenone derivative known for its usefulness in organic coupling reactions and various biological applications. The aim of the study was to evaluate the impact of biofield energy treatment on 4- bromoacetophenone using various analytical methods. The material is divided into two groups for this study i.e. control and treated. The control group remained as untreated and the treated group was subjected to Mr. Trivedi’s biofield energy treatment. Then, both the samples were characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR), gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS), and UV-visible spectrometry (UV-vis). The XRD study revealed that the crystallite size of treated 4-bromoacetophenone was decreased significantly to 16.69% with decreased intensity as compared to the control. The thermal studies revealed that the slight change was observed in the melting point and latent heat of fusion (ΔH) of biofield energy treated sample as compared to the control. Maximum degradation temperature (Tmax) of treated 4-bromoacetophenone was decreased by 7.26% as compared to the control (169.89°C→157.54°C). The FT-IR spectra showed that the C=O stretching frequency at 1670 cm-1 was shifted to higher frequency region (1672 in T1 and 1685 cm-1 in T2, in two treated samples for FT-IR) after biofield energy treatment. Moreover, the GC-MS data revealed that the isotopic abundance ratio of either 13C/12C or 2H/1H (PM+1)/PM was decreased up to 9.12% in T2 sample whereas increased slightly up to 3.83% in T3 sample. However, the isotopic abundance ratio of either 81Br/79Br or 18O/16O (PM+2)/PM of treated 4-bromoacetophenone was decreased from 0.10% to 1.62% (where PM-primary mass of the molecule, (PM+1) and (PM+2) are isotopic mass of the molecule). The UV spectra showed the similar electronic behavior like absorption maximum in control and treated samples. Overall, the experimental results suggest that Mr. Trivedi’s biofield energy treatment has significant effect on the physical, thermal, and spectral properties of 4-bromoacetophenone.
Category: Mind Science

[139] viXra:1608.0019 [pdf] submitted on 2016-08-01 23:14:37

### Investigation of Isotopic Abundance Ratio of Biofield Treated Phenol Derivatives Using Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry

Authors: Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak

Butylatedhydroxytoluene (BHT) and 4-methoxyphenol (4-MP) are phenol derivatives that are generally known for their antioxidant properties and depigmenting activities. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of biofield energy treatment on the isotopic abundance in BHT and 4-MP using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). BHT and 4-MP samples were divided into two parts: control and treated. The control group remained untreated while the treated group was subjected to Mr. Trivedi’s biofield treatment. Control and treated samples were characterized using GC-MS. The GC-MS data revealed that the isotopic abundance ratio of 13C/12C or 2 H/1 H (PM+1)/PM and 18O/16O (PM+2)/PM increased significantly in treated BHT and 4-MP (where PM- primary molecule, PM+1- isotopic molecule either for 13C or 2 H and PM+2 is the isotopic molecule for 18O). The isotopic abundance ratio of (PM+1)/PM in the treated BHT and 4-MP was increased up to 181.27% and 380.73% respectively as compared to their respective control. Moreover, the isotopic abundance ratio of (PM+2)/PM in the treated BHT and 4-MP increased up to 185.99% and 355.33% respectively. GC-MS data suggests that the biofield treatment significantly increased the isotopic abundance of 2 H, 13C and 18O in the treated BHT and 4-MP as compared to the control.
Category: Mind Science

[138] viXra:1607.0362 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-18 23:20:09

### Evaluation of Phenotyping and Genotyping Characteristic of Shigella Sonnei After Biofield Treatment

Authors: Mahendra Kumar Trivedi

Shigella sonnei (S. sonnei) is a non-motile, rod shape, clinically significant, Gram-negative bacterium. It is commonly associated with dysentery (shigellosis). Recently, resistance to third and fourth generation cephalosporins and fluoroquinolones has been reported in S. sonnei. In the present study, we assessed the effect of biofield treatment on phenotyping and genotyping characteristic of S. sonnei (ATCC 9290). The lyophilized samples of S. sonnei were divided in three groups (G): G-I (control, revived), G-II (treatment, revived), and G-III (treatment, lyophilized). All these groups (control and biofield treated) were analyzed against antimicrobial susceptibility, biochemical reactions, and biotype number. The 16S rDNA sequencing was carried out to establish the phylogenetic relationship of S. sonnei with different bacterial species. The treated cells of S. sonnei exhibited an alteration of 3.33%, 10%, and 23.33% of total 30 tested antimicrobials in susceptibility assay for G-II on day 5 and 10 and G-III on day 10, respectively as compared to control. The treated cells of S. sonnei showed a significant change of about 12.12%, 12.12%, and 57.58% biochemical reactions out of 33 tests in treated groups of G-II on day 5 and 10 and G-III on day 10, respectively. The biotype number was also changed in treated samples of S. sonnei. Based on nucleotide homology sequences and phylogenetic analysis, the nearest homolog species of S. sonnei (GenBank Accession Number: EU009190) was identified as Shigella flexneri (EF643608). These results revealed that biofield treatment can prevent the absolute resistance in microbe against the existing antimicrobials.
Category: Mind Science

[137] viXra:1607.0361 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-18 23:22:15

### Bio-field Treatment: A Potential Strategy for Modification of Physical and Thermal Properties of Gluten Hydrolysate and Ipomoea Macroelements

Authors: Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak

The objective of present study was to study the effect of biofield treatment on physical and thermal properties of gluten hydrolysate (GH) and ipomoea macroelements (IM). The study was performed in two groups (control and treated). The control group remained as untreated, and biofield treatment was given to treated group. The control and treated GH and IM were characterized by particle size analysis, surface area analysis, X-ray diffraction (XRD), Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). Particle size results of treated GH showed that d50 (average particle size) was decreased by 3.15% and d99 (size exhibited by 99% of powder particles) by 18.40% as compared to control GH sample. The treated IM also showed substantial reduction in average particle size d50 by 4.70% and d99 by 44.40% as compared to control sample. BET analysis showed significant increase in surface area of treated GH by 374.40 % as compared to control sample. However, the treated IM showed reduction in surface area by 14.30% as compared to control sample. XRD data suggested that both control and treated GH samples were amorphous in nature. Contrarily, the treated IM sample showed intense crystalline nature; though minimal decrease was observed in crystallinity as compared to control. DSC data showed increase in melting temperature of the treated GH as compared to control which can be correlated to alteration in kinetic energy of sample. Additionally, the DSC of treated IM also showed increase in melting temperature as compared to control IM. A significant increase in latent heat of fusion (∆H) was observed in treated GH by 302.55% with respect to control. Similarly, the treated IM showed 24.87% increase in latent heat of fusion as compared to control. TGA data showed higher thermal decomposition temperature (Tmax) of treated GH as compared to control. However, treated IM showed that Tmax was decreased as compared to control sample. These results suggested that biofield treatment has substantially changed the physical and thermal properties of the treated organic products (GH and IM).
Category: Mind Science

[136] viXra:1607.0169 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-14 13:05:42

### Who Fired Prometheus? the Historical Genesis and Ontology of Super-Ego and the Castration Complex: the Destructuralization and Repair of Modern Personality. an Essay in Five Parts.

Authors: Rich Norman

As an author for this most inclusive and eclectic forum, it is my privilege to write a series of contributions which will look upon the mystery of our human condition. There is a particular psychological element that is available to observe in myth, dream and art, which once analyzed, will disclose both the nexus around which our elevated cultural achievements and human cooperative conglomeration have been cast, as well as, the single most destructive source of modern psychopathology. This barbaric unconscious relic can be traced in its formative genesis through the developmental progression of ancient law and myth, its archetypal imprint now a certain and sure part of the human phylogenetic inheritance, a masochistic degradation of all healthy potential around which the very heart of collective achievement has been centered. First I will offer up a Rubens, Prometheus Bound, which I encourage you to examine quite closely for the striking and horrific demonstration of this archetypal image which is embedded within. Can you un-riddle the distortions and find our complex, the barbarism around which all of our society has gathered? Then, I will offer up a new and different version of the Prometheus myth I have written, which also demonstrates this archetype. How amazing to have written it at a single pass, and then, to analyze it later, and discover that although different and distorted from the original myth, the meaning, the archetypal pattern, remained unchanged! Such a beautiful piece of writing to express such an ugly wish! So dear reader, first I will offer you the mystery. Please examine the following image and text quite closely, look into the images, both written and visual, look deeply and see if you can guess the answer. Then I will reveal the correct analysis, then the history, followed by specific examples detailing the exact way this structure is created in development, and how it influences, for the worse, our ethics and our intellect. Perhaps there is an alternative which will free both mind and morality from this curse, an atavism and a new creation, our highest human hope, both new and aged, might ask and answer the question: "Who fired Prometheus?"
Category: Mind Science

[135] viXra:1607.0140 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-11 17:31:36

### A Basic Biofeedback Primer

Authors: Rich Norman, Cengiz Mordeniz, Leonardo Mendolicchio, Enrico Pieranageli, Paolo Pannarale, Franco Orsucci, Elio Conte

Biofeedback is a longstanding technique whereby voluntary control may be asserted over many seemingly unconscious physiologic and autonomic processes. Neurofeedback is a particular branch of biofeedback using real time information derived through the active monitoring of brain states to allow development of therapeutically efficacious informationally rich results. Our facility and staff are expert in the use of biofeedback as both a direct therapeutic aid, and assessment tool. This document will briefly detail the historical development and underlying principles of bio- and neuro-feedback techniques and their substantial theoretical and experimental basis.
Category: Mind Science

[134] viXra:1607.0128 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-10 23:34:28

### Physical and Structural Characterization of Biofield Treated Imidazole Derivatives

Authors: Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak

Imidazole derivatives have attracted significant interests in recent time for their usefulness in synthetic heterocyclic chemistry, analytical chemistry and pharmacology. Aim of present study was to evaluate the impact of biofield treatment on two imidazole derivatives (i.e., imidazole and 2-methylimidazole) by various analytical methods. The biofield treatment was done by Mr. Trivedi on both the compounds and both control and treated samples of imidazole and 2-methylimidazole were characterized with respect to physical, and structural properties using X-ray diffraction (XRD), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), ultraviolet-visible (UV-Vis) spectroscopy, and Gas chromatography-Mass spectrometry (GC-MS). X-ray diffraction study revealed that crystallite size varied in a different way for imidazole and 2-methylimidazole due to the presence of methyl group in 2-c position although their core was same. Treated sample of imidazole showed a slight increase in crystallite size (6.5%); however, treated 2-methylimidazole showed a significant increase (166.68%) in crystallite size along with decrease in peak intensity as compared to control. The latent heat of fusion (ΔH) of imidazole was increased up to 0.62% in treated sample as compared to control; whereas in treated 2-methylimidazole, the ΔH was decreased by 22% as compared to control. Maximum degradation temperature (Tmax) from TGA of imidazole was remained same but 2-methylimidazole was increased by 1.5% as compared to control. FT-IR spectra showed slight change in stretching frequencies of treated imidazole and 2-methylimidazole as compared to control. Both the imidazole and 2-methylimidazole showed similar UV absorbance maxima as compared to respective control sample. GC-MS data revealed that isotopic abundance ratio of either 13C/12C or 15N/14N or 2 H/1 H (PM+1/PM) of treated imidazole was significantly increased up to 232.51% as compared to control, however, isotopic abundance ratio of 13C/12C or 15N/14N or 2 H/1 H (PM+1/PM) of treated 2-methylimidazole showed a minor change from -1.68 upto 1.68% as compared to control. Overall, the experimental results suggest that biofield treatment has significant effect on structural and thermal properties of imidazole and 2-methylimidazole.
Category: Mind Science

[133] viXra:1607.0117 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-10 09:29:40

### New Therapeutic Intervention and Assessment Tools: GSR, Sexual Dysfunction and the Peptide Assisted Therapy Method––an Applied Therapy and Mathematical Metric of Healing.

Authors: Richard Lawrence Norman

This adjunct to our previous work (Norman and Conte et al. 2016, 2016a) will apply the proposed methodology within a specific clinical paradigm in order to aid the ever increasing population afflicted with sexual dysfunction and more subtle relationship issues. As has been previously supported, GSR is a noninvasive alternative to other measures which is capable of reaching into the deepest unconscious layers of the human mind. We will propose a specific series of tests and treatments which may allow risk-free aid to be disseminated to needful populations and treatment efficacy evaluated in precise mathematical terms supported by known trustworthy psychological measures. We may thereby develop and substantiate from several fronts at once, both a new therapeutic approach specifically aimed at a large target population in present need of care, and also, the methods of mathematical evaluation applied. The Peptide Assisted Therapy (PAT) method utilizes the known fact of oxytocin induced hippocampal mnemic plasticity within a neuropsychoanalytic context, to reshape basic attachment structure dynamics in order to ameliorate active pathology. A detailed protocol is presented relating the previously articulated methodology to the current theoretic construct and its applicability. In this way we will suggest new avenues of approach, analysis, theoretic substantiation and treatment which may directly help those afflicted with a common condition. Qualification and importance: It must be qualified that the proposed treatment is new, safe, non-toxic and remains to be assessed. Although it is unlikely that those patients and couples with deeply entrenched libidinal imbalance will benefit from this therapeutic approach outside of a greater and more extensive therapeutic context, those whose condition is less severe may well receive substantial benefit. With ~30% of all men and ~40% of all women displaying some level of sexually dysfunctional symptomatology, (ASRM fact sheets 2008, 2015) over a complex distribution (Simons and Carey 2001), we may rightly conclude that this safe and inexpensive treatment could help millions, and so, should be closely investigated and quantitatively assessed.
Category: Mind Science

[132] viXra:1607.0076 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-06 23:39:26

### Physical, Thermal and Spectroscopic Studies on Biofield Treated P-Dichlorobenzene

Authors: Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak

Para-dichlorobenzene (p-DCB) is widely used as a chemical intermediate in manufacturing of dyes, pharmaceuticals, polymers and other organic synthesis. The aim of present study was to evaluate the impact of biofield treatment on physical, thermal, and spectroscopic properties of p-dichlorobenzene. The p-dichlorobenzene sample was divided into two groups that served as treated and control. The treated group received Mr. Trivedi’s biofield treatment. Subsequently the control and treated samples were evaluated using X-ray diffraction (XRD), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and UV-Vis spectroscopy. XRD result showed an increase in crystallite size (4.93%) along with alteration in peak intensity of treated sample as compared to control. Furthermore, DSC analysis results showed that the latent heat of fusion of treated p-dichlorobenzene was considerably reduced by 8.66% as compared to control. The reduction in melting point of treated sample (54.99°C) was also observed as compared to control (57.01°C) p-dichlorobenzene. Moreover, TGA/DTG studies showed that Tmax (temperature, at which sample lost maximum of its weight) was increased by 6.26% and weight loss per degree celsius (°C) was decreased by 12.77% in biofield treated p-dichlorobenzene as compared to control sample. It indicates that thermal stability of treated p-dichlorobenzene sample might increase as compared to control sample. However, no change was found in UV-Vis spectroscopic character of treated p-dichlorobenzene as compared to control. These findings suggest that biofield treatment has significantly altered the physical and thermal properties of p-dichlorobenzene, which could make it more useful as a chemical intermediate.
Category: Mind Science

[131] viXra:1606.0334 [pdf] submitted on 2016-06-30 01:29:30

### Can Football Fans Win the Home Match Sitting in the Stadium? (1)

Authors: Tamas Lajtner
Comments: 3 Pages. The Football European Championship 2016 is here. Fans Think. The Paper Is Real.

According to chaos theory, the single flap of a butterfly’s wings can lead to unexpectedly great consequences. This sentence allows us to picture the phenomenon, but we may understand it in a more concrete form. We can measure the energy of the flap of a butterfly’s wing. This energy is about as great as the measurable energy of thought. Using chaos theory, thought is able to change the environment. The butterfly effect can manifest itself as a thought effect.
Category: Mind Science

[130] viXra:1606.0298 [pdf] submitted on 2016-06-27 13:43:05

### Addendum to General GSR Methodological Profile: Sexual Health, Pathology and Response Analysis Via Primary GSR with Secondary and Tertiary Variables.

Authors: Rich Norman, Cengiz Mordeniz, Leonardo Mendolicchio, Enrico Pieranageli, Paolo Pannarale, Franco Orsucci, Elio Conte

Please recall the foregoing conclusions and analyses which have detailed the specific neuroanatomical activations and emergent sympathetic and parasympathetic connectivities including the inter-connective limbic and Orbito-Frontal Cortex (OFC) circuit pathways spanning the deepest psychological foundations and encoding on both conscious and unconscious levels, which may be revealed in GSR (Norman and Conte et al. 2016). The very deepest psychological factors springing from fundamental neuro-affective regulatory agencies may be assessed and measured. This vital work will be performed so as to aid and assess both individuals and couples who are dealing with sexual dysfunction using measurement of response to salient libidinal stimulus and resultant signal analysis. The quality of emotional content and symptom specific affective distributional signal components will be measured. Such work is no simple matter, and may well be substantially aided and sharpened through the addition of secondary variables such as Heart Rate (HR) and Heart Rate Variability (HRV), which just as GSR, demonstrate nonlinear characteristics. Tertiary variables are also discussed as they will aid the process of informational distillation. To gain access to the embedded information, a full and substantial knowledge across the disciplines of neuroscience, psychology, psychiatry, linear and nonlinear mathematical physics is required. Non linear and linear analysis of component interactive dynamics in the GSR signal must be interpreted in accordance with the previously specified methodological framework. In Conclusion : 1)THE MONITORING OF THE GSR AND SUBSEQUENT ITS ANALYSIS BY LINEAR AND NON LINEAR METHODS IN A SUBJECT EXPOSED TO SEXUAL STIMULI DURING GSR MONITORING IS OF BASIC IMPORTANCE TO CHARACTERIZE HIS/HER SEXUAL AROSUAL AS WELL AS UNDER THE ORGANIC AND PSYCHOLOGICAL PROFILE. 2) THE SIMULTANEOUS USE OF HR (HRV) RECORDING WITH GSRWILL YIELD RESULTS OF BASIC IMPORTANCE SINCE DURING THE GIVEN STMULUS THE COUPLED AND SYNCRHONIZED ANALYSIS OF THE PEAK PHASE OF THE GSR AND DECREASING (RESPECTIVELY INCREASING) HR, ENABLES US TO CHARACTERIZE THE EMOTIONAL/AFFECTIVE TYPE AND STATE OF THE SUBJECT.
Category: Mind Science

[129] viXra:1606.0166 [pdf] submitted on 2016-06-15 18:59:08

### On Causality, Readyness Potential (RP) & Freewill

Authors: Basudeba Mishra
Comments: 9 Pages. Based on ancient knowledge.

In their 2012 article: An accumulator model for spontaneous neural activity prior to self-initiated movement, published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, August, 2012, (www.pnas.org/cgi/doi/10.1073/pnas.1210467109), Aaron Schurger, Cohen and Joshua Greene challenged the concept of conscious will (freewill), with evidence based on Benjamin Libet’s experiments. We will explain their findings in a different way to establish freewill.
Category: Mind Science

[128] viXra:1606.0095 [pdf] submitted on 2016-06-10 12:48:24

### On The Methodological Profile of GSR Studies in the light of the Recent Advances Obtained in the Knowledge of Its Neurological Correlates

Authors: Rich Norman, Leonardo Mendolicchio, Cengiz Mordeniz, Enrico Pieranageli, Paolo Pannarale, Franco Orsucci, Elio Conte

The focus of this report is that first of all we wanted to study in great depth the neurological GSR correlates with the aim, from one hand, to clarify the neurological patterns engaged during recording, monitoring and subsequent analysis of GSR, and, from the other hand, to delineate the methodological profile that absolutely must be followed during the recording of this GSR signal. In this context, the present relation formulates the methodological criteria that the operator must follow during the recording, monitoring, and analysis of the GSR signal. The relation delineates and characterizes the importance that the GSR signal is evaluated under different conditions that in particular may be summarized as it follows: the GSR should be recorded at rest and under different stimuli that are: the visual light stimuli and flashes as well as images in different condition of experimentation that is by giving soft images but also strong images, able to induce a strong vision shaking, language stimuli, words and phrases (neutral, soft and strong and shocking under the emotive profile), tactile stimuli (again soft, sudden, and of short duration as well as strong, shocking and continued (of consistent duration) throughout the session and in different parts of the body), auditory and olfactory. All the stimuli may be repeated several times in order to evaluate different parameters and the whole time dynamics and in particular the habituation, memory recalling and other important neurological functions. Other stimuli may be used to engage memory load and stress and conflicting semantic as respectively are represented from numerical calculations to be performed by mind, Stroop effects, and every other cognitive performance. It is important to take in mind that the most difficult step in the execution of the GSR monitoring and analysis, is to have a proper subjective calibration of the manner in which a subject responds to different light, sounds, words, language and tactile stimuli here including habituation that is the manner of the subject to respond to repeated same stimuli subsequently furnished or recalled by memory from stimuli previously received. For calibration it is necessary the explore a great variety of stimuli and differentiated as previously described. The term calibration here relates the fact that each subject has a subjective manner of the GSR behavior. Therefore, it becomes of fundamental importance the identification and estimation of the basic parameters in his/her personal context in absolute values as well as in relation to standards, eventually established, tabulated and recorded from the operators for normal subjects and constituting possibly a large GSR database obtained by monitoring on a large population of subjects. Consequently, the different articulation of such just defined stimuli has, in particular, a fundamental role in GSR monitoring and it , from one hand, relates the methodological profile since, under such different stimulating conditions, the operator has the possibility to calibrate the GSR subjective profile of the recording GSR signal of the person and to calibrate the basic parameters that characterize the phase of the GSR signal as Habituation, Latency time under stimuli, Reaction Times after stimuli, Peak values subsequent to stimuli, half recovery time following the peak amplitude of the phase and the maintained baseline value at rest and subsequent to the different given stimuli, and, at the same time, in the light of the neurological correlates identified in the present relation, such previously indicated methodological protocol, enables to perform a correct analysis of the tone and of the phase of the GSR signal by Linear and non Linear methodologies. To this purpose it is important to outline that the GSR is an intrinsically non linear electrophysiological signal. Therefore it is important that its recording enables subsequent analysis based from one hand on the fixation and estimation of basic parameters as latency, reaction times, peak amplitude, half recovery time, baseline compared at rest and after all the kinds of stimuli previously mentioned but on the other hand the obtained time series for tone and phase of each subject must be subjected to analysis by non linear methodologies in order to actually arrive to inspect the real inner structure of such so complex electrophysiological signal.
Category: Mind Science

[127] viXra:1606.0026 [pdf] submitted on 2016-06-02 18:08:01

### About EEG-Features in Cases with Brain Tumors in the Area of the 3-rd Ventricle and a Clinical Picture Characterized by Pronounced Somnolence. Об изменениях ЭЭГ при опухолях в области 3-го желудочка, сопровождающихся гиперсомническим синдромом.

Authors: D.G. Shmelekin. R.D. Shmelekina.

: In the majority of patients with brain tumors in the area of the third ventricle and a clinical picture characterized by pronounced somnolence, the background EEG showed, along with typical delta-waves, the spindle-shaped theta-activity in the form of bilaterally synchronized bursts. It was most prominent on the parietal leads. This activity increased sharply during sleep and in the state of sopor. This data may be of interest in relation to the problem of sleep pathophysiology. It is suggested that the presence of such activity in combination with delta-waves may be a bad prognostic sign for the patients with tumors in the area of the third ventricle. : In the majority of patients with brain tumors in the area of the third ventricle and a clinical picture characterized by pronounced somnolence, the background EEG showed, along with typical delta-waves, the spindle-shaped theta-activity in the form of bilaterally synchronized bursts. It was most prominent on the parietal leads. This activity increased sharply during sleep and in the state of sopor. This data may be of interest in relation to the problem of sleep pathophysiology and pathology. It is suggested that the presence of such activity in combination with delta-waves may be a bad prognostic sign for the patients with tumors in the area of the third ventricle. : In the majority of patients with brain tumors in the area of the third ventricle and a clinical picture characterized by pronounced somnolence, the background EEG showed, along with typical delta-waves, the spindle-shaped theta-activity in the form of bilaterally synchronized bursts. It was most prominent on the parietal leads. This activity increased sharply during sleep and in the state of sopor. This data may be of interest in relation to the problem of sleep pathophysiology. It is suggested that the presence of such activity in combination with delta-waves may be a bad prognostic sign for the patients with tumors in the area of the third ventricle.
Category: Mind Science

[126] viXra:1603.0325 [pdf] submitted on 2016-03-22 11:20:22

### Continuity in Choices

Authors: Vigneswaran Ramamoorthy

Consider a sketch about which the artist has no idea prior to the process of drawing, but develops on his way along stepwise. A list of distinct sketches from which he can choose for each step, right from start to the end, is given. Closing the loop marks the last step in the sketch. The sketch, two types will be elaborated below. Type 1: Here, anything but the first choice is used for each step. The idea is to make a sketch of close second choices. The process is repeated till the loop is closed. Type 2: Here, anything but the first and second choice is used for each step. The loop is closed with all the steps made out of third choices.
Category: Mind Science

[125] viXra:1602.0294 [pdf] submitted on 2016-02-23 05:22:46

### Plants' Memory

Authors: George Rajna

A small team of researchers with Australian National University Canberra, has found evidence that suggests that plants are able to reset a memory that has not been proven to be useful, in essence, forgetting things after they have been stored. [12] An international team of researchers from the Duke-NUS Medical School (Duke-NUS), the University of Bristol, Monash University and RIKEN have developed an algorithm that can predict the factors required to convert one human cell type to another. These game-changing findings, recently published online on 18 January 2016 in the journal Nature Genetics, have significant implications for regenerative medicine and lay the groundwork for further research into cell reprogramming. [11] Scientists have discovered a secret second code hiding within DNA which instructs cells on how genes are controlled. The amazing discovery is expected to open new doors to the diagnosis and treatment of diseases, according to a new study. [10] There is also connection between statistical physics and evolutionary biology, since the arrow of time is working in the biological evolution also. From the standpoint of physics, there is one essential difference between living things and inanimate clumps of carbon atoms: The former tend to be much better at capturing energy from their environment and dissipating that energy as heat. [8] This paper contains the review of quantum entanglement investigations in living systems, and in the quantum mechanically modeled photoactive prebiotic kernel systems. [7] The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.
Category: Mind Science

[124] viXra:1601.0315 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-29 12:37:44

### Studying the Cognitive Involvement of Glia Cells Using Stochastic Functional Microscopy

The latest brain researches are showing the relevance of glia cells in cognitive processes like learning and memory. One of the main problems related to this type of investigations is about complexity: there are between 10 and 40 times more glia than neurons in the central nervous system of mammalians; the other main problem is about synaptic communication: glia cells (like astrocytes and microglia) use basically a chemical information system, therefore electrophysiological tecniques are not very efficient. The recent development of PALM and STORM microscopy can be a very powerful solution to these two main problems. This strategy can be included in a broader, hypothetical discipline called cognitive gliascience.
Category: Mind Science

[123] viXra:1601.0117 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-11 09:56:20

### Two Dimensional Description And Visualisation Of Expressed Emotions In Music By Modelling As A Communication System

Authors: Sai Venkatesh Balasubramanian

Any given musical composition can be precisely analyzed for its emotional impact. This invention systematically categorizes all kinds of music on a valence - arousal plane (explained below) using a probabilistic approach akin to communication systems. All music - irrespective of region, lyrics and culture - is identified as evoking a certain combination of emotions that can be precisely quantified and located on the valence-arousal plane. A detailed questionnaire is designed to validate the assumptions and predictions of the theoretical approach. A sample set of 79 individuals who were given the questionnaire were asked to adopt a rating scale to quantitatively assess the impact of each musical piece. Analysis of the data so gathered lends excellent support of the estimated impact (from theory) of any given musical composition. We all know that music of any kind or culture evokes/inspires/stimulates to a large extent an emotional response that is very specific to the stimulus. To start with, classical Carnati Indian music is considered in all its flavor. The fundamental claim is that every note (swara) evokes a corresponding emotional response independent of the specific position in the melody (raga). We consider the collective emotional impact of the fundamental 16 notes of an octave. Of these four notes termed dissonant notes (vivadis) also play a decisive role although only 12 notes are known to be 'fundamental'. One of the most common frameworks in the emotions field proposes that affective experiences are best characterized by two main dimensions: arousal and valence. The dimension of valence ranges from highly positive to highly negative, whereas the dimension of arousal ranges from calming or soothing to exciting or agitating. The product of the analysis is a mapping of all the ragas - for that matter any kind of music - onto an 2-D (valence vs. arousal) plane, is enclosed.
Category: Mind Science

[122] viXra:1601.0112 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-11 09:51:21

### Analysis Of Emotions Due To Various Aspects Of Carnatic And World Music

Authors: Sai Venkatesh Balasubramanian

Music affects emotions and this is a universal truth. Carnatic music has a wide repertoire of ragas and hence houses a wide range of emotions. In this dissertation, the emotions caused by the swaras and other aspects of carnatic music such as ragas are analysed, both qualitatively and quantitatively, such that the emotional effect of any raga can be given as a “profile” consisting of percentages of various emotions. Then a notation scheme convenient for emotional analysis is proposed. The musical systems from different parts of the world are then considered. Techniques are then stated to apply chords to carnatic music to enhance the emotional content. A four dimensional theory of music and emotions is then proposed. Finally, a universal quantitative and qualitative emotional analysis procedure is specified, which can be applied to any musical piece/system from any part of the world.
Category: Mind Science

[121] viXra:1601.0111 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-11 09:54:15

### Modelling Of Music As A Communication System And Quantitative Description Of Emotions In Carnatic Music

Authors: Sai Venkatesh Balasubramanian

The hypothesis is that Music can be broken down into melody, rhythm, harmony and lyrics, Melody and harmony playing significant roles. Melody consists of notes whose emotions sum up to give total emotion of the musical piece. In this solution, Emotions of notes are quantitatively described followed by the emotions of melodies; this gives the emotion of the musical piece. The classification of emotions given by Robert Plutchik is used. Music is modelled as a communication system. Here the channel is not additive but transformative (transforms musical notes into emotions). A statistical approach is used where the time under consideration is the instant before the singing of a note. Two events are described. Event ‘x’ is the singing of a note whose chance is restricted by the melody allowing only certain notes. Probability matrix p(x) denotes probabilities of each note in the melody i.e. Composition of the melody. Event ‘y’ is the arousing of an emotion in the listener, which is probabilistic, and the probability matrix p(y) denotes the “emotion profile” of the melody.
Category: Mind Science

[120] viXra:1601.0108 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-11 01:41:26

### Chaos and the Psychology of Anonymity

Authors: Sai Venkatesh Balasubramanian

Motivated by the growing trend in anonymity, the present work studies and explores online anonymity and its effect on psychological aspects from both mathematical and experimental perspectives. Mathematically, using mappings, it is seen that anonymity corresponds to quantum entanglement like states, corresponding to an increase in chaotic nature. Experiments and subsequent analysis focusing on three psychological aspects, namely Structural Model of the Psyche, Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs and Affective Experience suggest that the barrier of identity protection offered by anonymity drives people to orient their psychological states towards id dominance, openness of negative emotions, and dominance of physical needs over higher level needs. From the results and discussions, one can easily observe and characterize the shift in behavioural trends of people during anonymity.
Category: Mind Science

[119] viXra:1601.0068 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-07 17:07:45

### Os Significantes e os Significados na Interpretação Semântica em Textos de Mário Sá Carneiro e J.[Osé] D’Almada Negreiros

Authors: Isabel Barahona da Fonseca, José Carlos Tiago de Oliveira, José Barahona da Fonseca, J. S. da Fonseca

An original interpretation of the artist Almada Negreiros by the medical doctor who followed him
Category: Mind Science

[118] viXra:1601.0067 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-07 17:13:20

### A Logical Calculus for Signification

Authors: JJose Luis Simoes da Fonseca

The disciple of Warren McCulloch on Neuronal Model specifies, half a century later, a new logical formalism for consciousness and behaviour
Category: Mind Science

[117] viXra:1601.0051 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-06 11:22:53

### The Contribution of Yoga in the Management of Work Stress

Authors: P.Dervissis

In this note we are examining the contribution of yoga in the management of work stress. The need for work, its preservation but also its loss can become sources of great physical and psychological tension. Because of the current financial crisis professional stress has reached alarming levels. This has as a result the transfer of work insecurities to the home. We find that the educational character of yoga while respecting personal boundaries cultivates skill in practice and develops our degree of self –receptivity. This has as a result physical benefits that last beyond the duration of thelesson, such as relaxation, vigilance, resilience and endurance under conditions of intense competitive work stress.
Category: Mind Science

[116] viXra:1512.0437 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-26 11:56:18

### De Natura Animae Psychologiae Principia Mathematica et Philosophiae Naturalis

Authors: JJose Luis Simoes da Fonseca

de natura animae psychologiae principia mathematica et philosophiae naturalis THe Nature of Soul
Category: Mind Science

[115] viXra:1511.0291 [pdf] submitted on 2015-11-30 03:49:19

### Is Your Physical Look Important to You? if So, Why?

Authors: Valentino Giudice

Those are the results of an online survey 275 people took part in about the perceived importance of one’s own physical look and the reason for it. 92% of people consider their physical look at least somewhat important and about 44% of those consider it as really important. The reasons are many and can vary a lot from person to person. Self-confidence, with feeling comfortable and self-worth, is one of the most common ones. Other reasons are often referred to society and judgment from other people and they include getting some sort of advantage, having a better love or sex life, or not being seen in a negative way (which also relates to self-confidence). In some cases, the reason is just personal (the subject likes looking good). But even among those cases, lots of times there are also extrinsic motivations.
Category: Mind Science

## Replacements of recent Submissions

[129] viXra:1811.0133 [pdf] replaced on 2018-11-09 08:07:29

### Violence in the Mentally Ill Triggered by Spikes in Serum Serotonin Caused by Dramatic Drops in Allergen Levels.

Authors: Tariq Khan

It is known that humans are sensitive to their environment, mentally ill or unstable individuals can be "triggered" into impulsive and violent activities from spikes in serum serotonin, serum histamine level is directly proportional to environmental allergen levels, and serum serotonin level is inversely proportional to serum histamine levels. Data appears to show a clear "pattern match" between the date of violent acts from mentally ill individuals and crashes or dramatic decreases in environmental allergen levels (especially when the allergen or pollen level decreases to zero) indicating a possible precursor or triggering relationship. This knowledge could be used as a potential predictor for law enforcement and medical agencies with modern technology tracking near real-time data per city.
Category: Mind Science

[128] viXra:1810.0367 [pdf] replaced on 2018-10-23 07:43:01

### Conformal Scaling of the Massformula in Terms of the Flat Metric in the Black-White Plane of Psychological Profiles.

Authors: Johan Noldus

Black-white or yellow-black representing spiritual energies of living creatures automatically determine an Einsteinian spiritual mass. During $SU(2)$ valued interactions, the spiritual rest mass of a person may change due to absorption or radiative effects. We propose a general approximate formula based upon scaling covariance of the interactions for the rest mass.
Category: Mind Science

[127] viXra:1807.0029 [pdf] replaced on 2018-08-10 09:20:56

### Musique et Science

Authors: F. M. Sanchez

The Planck thermal law parameters, physical parameters, Monster order and Musical numbers are interconnected with canonic economic numbers. This permits to connect the four forces parameters, with the Eddington's electrical constant 137 playing a central musical role. The Monster is associated with the Grandcosmos ruled by base 3, while the Baby-Monster is associated with the observable Universe ruled by base 2. This refutes the Primordial Big Bang model and its anthropic dreams, so discarding the unnecessary Multiverse hypothesis. Eddington's and string theories are rehabilitated and the Kotov absolute clock is also confirmed. The 26 sporadic groups are implied, connecting the four force parameters with the special super-string number 496, whose square is compatible with the Higgs/Electron mass ratio, so confirming the standard model. This means that Physics is musical arithmetics, so that Intelligent Life is universal.
Category: Mind Science

[126] viXra:1804.0266 [pdf] replaced on 2018-09-18 23:57:49

### Duality Transform Between Black and White Psychological Profiles.

Authors: Johan Noldus

It is shown that the Fourier transform is the appropriate defining characteristic in black-white psychological profiles.
Category: Mind Science

[125] viXra:1804.0266 [pdf] replaced on 2018-04-22 09:16:20

### Duality Transform Between Black and White Psychological Profiles.

Authors: Johan Noldus

It is shown that the Fourier transform is the appropriate defining characteristic in black-white psychological profiles.
Category: Mind Science

[124] viXra:1804.0169 [pdf] replaced on 2018-07-16 23:42:42

### Objectification of the Content of Consciousness

Authors: Daisuke H. Tanaka, Tsutomu Tanabe

The content of consciousness has been strictly escaped from scientific research due to its subjective, non-objective property. Here we show an empirical way to objectify the content of consciousness. We reconsidered the subjective-objective distinction and argued that it was not necessarily black-and-white but was continuous. Two factors appeared to affect the degree of objectiveness: number of individuals who confirmed the issue, and reproducibility to confirm the issue. In conclusion, if a specific content of consciousness was reproducibly confirmed by multiple individuals, it could be regarded as objective. According to this conclusion, we raise three neurological premises to objectify the content of consciousness: (1) a minimally-sufficient content-specific NCC (mscNCC) exists in the human brain, (2) a specific mscNCC gives rise to a specific content of consciousness, (3) the mscNCC is reproducible among multiple brains. We also raise potential experiments to test these premises.
Category: Mind Science

[123] viXra:1804.0102 [pdf] replaced on 2018-05-23 02:00:17

### Приглашение на Жизнь (Invitation to Life)

Authors: Emanuel Gluskin
Comments: 105 Pages. Respectable critique of V.V. Nabokov

Памяти покойного Йоси Баная – Выдающегося Израильского Барда, Сатирика, и Воспитателя … всех. Он как-то сказал об одном молодом эстрадном 'герое': "Всё воет и воет – сколько можно?! Вопрос в том – есть ли ему что сказать?" Действительно -- ЧТО есть ему сказать, и на каком коне ему скакать?! Изрядно сказано – пускай его потужит, пускай перу пророков он послужит …. . Но КТО его родная мать?
Category: Mind Science

[122] viXra:1804.0102 [pdf] replaced on 2018-05-04 02:57:39

### Приглашение на Жизнь (Invitation to Life)

Authors: Emanuel Gluskin
Comments: 102 Pages. Respectful critique of V.V. Nabokov

Памяти покойного Йоси Баная – Выдающегося Израильского Барда, Сатирика, и Воспитателя … всех. Он как-то сказал об одном молодом эстрадном 'герое': "Всё воет и воет – сколько можно?! Вопрос в том – есть ли ему что сказать?" Действительно -- ЧТО есть ему сказать, и на каком коне ему скакать?! Изрядно сказано – пускай его потужит, пускай перу пророков он послужит …. . Но КТО его родная мать?
Category: Mind Science

[121] viXra:1804.0102 [pdf] replaced on 2018-04-25 06:39:51

### Приглашение на Жизнь (Invitation to Life)

Authors: Emanuel Gluskin
Comments: 98 Pages. A respectful critique of V.V. Nabokov

Памяти покойного Йоси Баная – Выдающегося Израильского Барда, Сатирика, и Воспитателя … всех. Он как-то сказал об одном молодом эстрадном 'герое': "Всё воет и воет – сколько можно?! Вопрос в том – есть ли ему что сказать?" Действительно -- ЧТО есть ему сказать, и на каком коне ему скакать?! Изрядно сказано – пускай его потужит, пускай перу пророков он послужит …. . Но КТО его родная мать?
Category: Mind Science

[120] viXra:1804.0102 [pdf] replaced on 2018-04-17 06:47:02

### Приглашение на Жизнь (Invitation to Life)

Authors: Emanuel Gluskin
Comments: 93 Pages. A respectful critics of V.V. Nabokov

Памяти покойного Йоси Баная – Выдающегося Израильского Барда, Сатирика, и Воспитателя … всех. Он как-то сказал об одном молодом эстрадном 'герое': "Всё воет и воет – сколько можно?! Вопрос в том – есть ли ему что сказать?" Действительно -- ЧТО есть ему сказать, и на каком коне ему скакать?! Изрядно сказано – пускай его потужит, пускай перу пророков он послужит …. . Но КТО его родная мать?
Category: Mind Science

[119] viXra:1804.0102 [pdf] replaced on 2018-04-11 12:17:25

### ПРИГЛАШЕНИЕ НА ЖИЗНЬ (Invitation to Life)

Authors: Emanuel Gluskin
Comments: 86 Pages. A respectful criticizm of V. V. Nabokov

Памяти покойного Йоси Баная – Выдающегося Израильского Барда, Сатирика, и Воспитателя … всех. Он как-то сказал об одном молодом эстрадном 'герое': "Всё воет и воет – сколько можно?! Вопрос в том – есть ли ему что сказать?" Действительно -- ЧТО есть ему сказать, и на каком коне ему скакать?! Изрядно сказано – пускай его потужит, пускай перу пророков он послужит …. . Но КТО его родная мать?
Category: Mind Science

[118] viXra:1804.0102 [pdf] replaced on 2018-04-08 17:52:25

### Приглашение на Жизнь (Invitation to Life)

Authors: Emanuel Gluskin
Comments: 86 Pages. A respectful critics of V.V. Nabokov

Памяти покойного Йоси Баная – Выдающегося Израильского Барда, Сатирика, и Воспитателя … всех. Он как-то сказал об одном молодом эстрадном 'герое': "Всё воет и воет – сколько можно?! Вопрос в том – есть ли ему что сказать?" Действительно -- ЧТО есть ему сказать, и на каком коне ему скакать?! Изрядно сказано – пускай его потужит, пускай перу пророков он послужит …. . Но КТО его родная мать?
Category: Mind Science

[117] viXra:1801.0023 [pdf] replaced on 2018-01-18 12:23:51

### Women Brain Foods: Increased Basal Antioxidant Capacity Effects on Mental Cognition and Carcinogenesis

Authors: Peiman Ghasemi

As first year students' cognitive improvement efforts evaluated by eating foods rich in antioxidants, and vitamins; significant increments in eating fast foods, certain vitamins, high amounts of several antioxidants or stimulants consumed just before stressful exam periods, long term overdose on such drugs, breathing toxic air pollutants, caused illness and fatal adverse effects on scientific societies.
Category: Mind Science

[116] viXra:1707.0161 [pdf] replaced on 2017-10-26 06:59:50

### Evidence for Information Compression Via the Matching and Unification of Patterns in the Workings of Brains and Nervous Systems

Authors: J Gerard Wolff

This paper presents evidence for the idea that much of the workings of brains and nervous systems may be understood as information compression via the matching and unification of patterns (ICMUP). Information compression can mean selective advantage for any creature: in the efficient storage and transmission of information; and, owing to the close connection between information compression and concepts of prediction and probability, in the making of predictions about where food may be found, potential dangers, and so on. Several aspects of our everyday perceptions and thinking may be seen as information compression. For example, many words in natural languages may be seen as relatively short identifiers or 'codes' for relatively complex concepts. When viewing the world with two eyes, we see one view, not two. Random-dot stereograms provide confirmation that, in binocular vision, we do indeed merge information from our two eyes and thus compress it. Information compression may be seen in the workings of sensory units in the eye of Limulus, the horseshoe crab. Computer models demonstrate how information compression may be a key to the unsupervised discovery of grammars for natural language, including segmental structures (words and phrases), classes of structure, and abstract patterns. Information compression may be seen in the perceptual constancies, including size constancy, lightness constancy, and colour constancy. Mathematics, which is a product of the human intellect, may be seen to be a set of techniques for ICMUP, and their application. The {\em SP theory of intelligence}, with its empirical support, provides evidence for the importance of ICMUP, and more specifically a concept of `SP-multiple-alignment', in several aspects of human learning, perception, and thinking. Four objections to the main thesis of this paper are described, with answers to those objections.
Category: Mind Science

[115] viXra:1706.0520 [pdf] replaced on 2017-07-01 01:02:15

### Think Like a Physicist: a Practical Guide to Spirituality.

Authors: Johan Noldus

These notes are written as a practical guideline to get involved in spirituality and to activate your higher senses. The good news is that everybody has them, the bad thing is that some are better in it than others. Just as is the case with ordinary sports, practising it too much or too intensive may not be harmless and due care has to be taken here not to overdo yourself. Most people would perhaps try to utter that this is a paper for witches , but then everybody would be a witch or a wizard. Others would say that I am leading you towards the path of the Devil; alas, it is possible to do many good things with the powers of your mind. Moreover, it is quite easy to get a reliable protection against evil attacks so that one hardly gets into trouble at all.
Category: Mind Science

[114] viXra:1703.0083 [pdf] replaced on 2017-03-09 17:51:24

### Identification of the Algebra of Consciousness

Authors: Elio Conte

After an articulated exposition of the basic features of the Clifford algebra we give evidence that the basic elements of this algebra may represent the basic entities of the mind. According also to the previous basic results of V.A. Lefebvre on conscience , we delineate also some peculiarities of the consciousness and we give proof that they may be correctly represented by this algebra.
Category: Mind Science

[113] viXra:1702.0280 [pdf] replaced on 2017-02-26 04:22:48

### Does Set Theory Cause Perceptual Problems?

Authors: W. Mückenheim

Some results of transfinite set theory are nonsensical. Nevertheless many mainstream mathematicians cannot accept but try to silence any critique. It appears as if a mass-psychosis has infected them.
Category: Mind Science

[112] viXra:1702.0070 [pdf] replaced on 2018-03-10 02:17:21

### A Proposed Mechanism for the Induction of Bone Loss as a Function of Chronic Envy

Authors: William W. Sabol

The dorsal anterior cingulate cortex (dACC) has been shown to be uniquely activated when people engage in envy. Similarly, dACC is the major component of a proposed adversity processing circuit that predicts risks to prevent destructive behaviors and inhibit release of dopamine and serotonin, which play a significant role in skeletal health. A causal relationship may therefore exist between chronic envy and the induction of lowered bone mineral density (BMD) as a result of dACC activation.
Category: Mind Science

[111] viXra:1702.0070 [pdf] replaced on 2017-04-08 01:39:40

### A Proposed Mechanism for the Induction of Bone Loss as a Function of Chronic Envy

Authors: William W. Sabol

The dorsal anterior cingulate cortex (dACC) has been shown to be uniquely activated when people engage in envy. Similarly, dACC is the major component of a proposed adversity processing circuit that predicts risks to prevent destructive behaviors and inhibit release of dopamine and serotonin, which play a significant role in skeletal health. A causal relationship may therefore exist between chronic envy and the induction of lowered bone mineral density (BMD) as a result of dACC activation.
Category: Mind Science

[110] viXra:1702.0070 [pdf] replaced on 2017-03-26 02:42:27

### A Proposed Mechanism for the Induction of Bone Loss as a Function of Chronic Envy

Authors: William W. Sabol

The dorsal anterior cingulate cortex (dACC) has been shown to be uniquely activated when people engage in envy. Similarly, dACC is the major component of a proposed adversity processing circuit that predicts risks to prevent destructive behaviors and inhibit release of dopamine and serotonin, which play a significant role in skeletal health. A causal relationship may therefore exist between chronic envy and the induction of lowered bone mineral density (BMD) as a result of dACC activation.
Category: Mind Science

[109] viXra:1702.0070 [pdf] replaced on 2017-03-08 23:12:48

### A Proposed Mechanism for the Induction of Bone Loss as a Function of Chronic Envy

Authors: William W. Sabol

The dorsal anterior cingulate cortex (dACC) has been shown to be uniquely activated when people engage in envy. Similarly, dACC is the major component of a proposed adversity processing circuit that predicts risks to prevent destructive behaviors and inhibit release of dopamine and serotonin, which play a significant role in skeletal health. A causal relationship may therefore exist between chronic envy and the induction of lowered bone mineral density (BMD) as a result of dACC activation.
Category: Mind Science

[108] viXra:1611.0042 [pdf] replaced on 2016-11-07 01:22:13

### From Cortical Microcolumns to Brain Barcodes

Authors: Arturo Tozzi, James F Peters, Ottorino Ori

Artificial neural systems and nervous graph theoretical analysis rely upon the standpoint that the neural code is endowed in logic circuits, e.g., spatio-temporal sequences of ON/OFF spiking neurons. However, this assumption does not fully explain complex brain functions. Here we show how nervous activity, other than logic circuits, could instead depend on topological transformations and symmetry constraints occurring at the micro-level of the cortical microcolumn, e.g., the basic embryological, anatomical and functional unit of the brain. Tubular microcolumns can be flattened in guise of a fullerene-like two-dimensional lattices, equipped with about 80 nodes standing for pyramidal neurons, where neural computations take place. We show how the countless possible combinations of activated neurons embedded in the lattice resemble a barcode. Every different assembly of firing neurons might stand for diverse neural codes, each one responsible for single mental activities. A two-dimensional fullerene-like lattice not just simulates the real microcolumn’s microcircuitry, but also allows us to build an artificial network model that, because grounded just on simple topological changes corresponding to pyramidal neuronal activation, is equipped with robustness, plasticity and fastness.
Category: Mind Science

[107] viXra:1609.0072 [pdf] replaced on 2016-09-07 02:47:56

### Ordering of Lamarckism, Emerging Understanding of the Lamarckian Mechanisms

Authors: Andrzej Gecow

Understanding of Lamarck was and are very different, but currently the view clarifies where Darwinian and Lamarckian mechanisms are not conflicting. Lamarckian mechanisms exist and offer evolutionary changes “from instructions”, usually much more accurate adaptively than if they were completely random, but this instruction was found earlier by Darwinian natural selection. Lamarckian mechanisms alone do not explain the obtained purposefulness. They gain this ability only with the mechanism of their occurrence, which is Darwinian. In the case of multicellular usually their effect requires the strengthening of inherited through genetic assimilation, but in range of memes and culture "realized needs" seems to be the main mechanism.
Category: Mind Science

[106] viXra:1607.0140 [pdf] replaced on 2016-07-12 11:11:41

### A Basic Biofeedback Primer

Authors: Rich Norman, Cengiz Mordeniz, Leonardo Mendolicchio, Enrico Pierangeli, Paolo Pannarale, Franco Orsucci, Elio Conte

Biofeedback is a longstanding technique whereby voluntary control may be asserted over many seemingly unconscious physiologic and autonomic processes. Neurofeedback is a particular branch of biofeedback using real time information derived through the active monitoring of brain states to allow development of therapeutically efficacious informationally rich results. Our facility and staff are expert in the use of biofeedback as both a direct therapeutic aid, and assessment tool. This document will briefly detail the historical development and underlying principles of bio- and neuro-feedback techniques and their substantial theoretical and experimental basis.
Category: Mind Science

[105] viXra:1606.0298 [pdf] replaced on 2016-07-12 11:05:30

### Addendum to General GSR Methodological Profile: Sexual Health, Pathology and Response Analysis Via Primary GSR with Secondary and Tertiary Variables.

Authors: Rich Norman, Cengiz Mordeniz, Leonardo Mendolicchio, Enrico Pierangeli, Paolo Pannarale, Franco Orsucci, Elio Conte

Please recall the foregoing conclusions and analyses which have detailed the specific neuroanatomical activations and emergent sympathetic and parasympathetic connectivities including the inter-connective limbic and Orbito-Frontal Cortex (OFC) circuit pathways spanning the deepest psychological foundations and encoding on both conscious and unconscious levels, which may be revealed in GSR (Norman and Conte et al. 2016). The very deepest psychological factors springing from fundamental neuro-affective regulatory agencies may be assessed and measured. This vital work will be performed so as to aid and assess both individuals and couples who are dealing with sexual dysfunction using measurement of response to salient libidinal stimulus and resultant signal analysis. The quality of emotional content and symptom specific affective distributional signal components will be measured. Such work is no simple matter, and may well be substantially aided and sharpened through the addition of secondary variables such as Heart Rate (HR) and Heart Rate Variability (HRV), which just as GSR, demonstrate nonlinear characteristics. Tertiary variables are also discussed as they will aid the process of informational distillation. To gain access to the embedded information, a full and substantial knowledge across the disciplines of neuroscience, psychology, psychiatry, linear and nonlinear mathematical physics is required. Non linear and linear analysis of component interactive dynamics in the GSR signal must be interpreted in accordance with the previously specified methodological framework. In Conclusion : 1) THE MONITORING OF THE GSR AND ITS SUBSEQUENT ANALYSIS BY LINEAR AND NON LINEAR METHODS IN SUBJECTS EXPOSED TO SEXUAL STIMULI IS OF BASIC IMPORTANCE TO CHARACTERIZE HIS/HER SEXUAL AROUSAL AS INTERPRETED WITHIN THEIR COMPLETE ORGANIC AND PSYCHOLOGICAL PROFILE. 2) THE SIMULTANEOUS USE OF HR (HRV) RECORDING WITH GSR WILL YIELD RESULTS OF BASIC IMPORTANCE AS DURING EXPERIMENTALLY CONTROLLED STIMULUS, COUPLED AND SYNCHRONIZED ANALYSIS OF THE PEAK PHASE OF THE GSR AND DECREASING (RESPECTIVELY INCREASING) HR, ENABLES US TO CHARACTERIZE THE EMOTIONAL/AFFECTIVE TYPE AND STATE OF THE SUBJECT.
Category: Mind Science

[104] viXra:1606.0298 [pdf] replaced on 2016-07-03 22:14:18

### Addendum to General GSR Methodological Profile: Sexual Health, Pathology and Response Analysis Via Primary GSR with Secondary and Tertiary Variables.

Authors: Rich Norman, Cengiz Mordeniz, Leonardo Mendolicchio, Enrico Pieranageli, Paolo Pannarale, Franco Orsucci, Elio Conte

Please recall the foregoing conclusions and analyses which have detailed the specific neuroanatomical activations and emergent sympathetic and parasympathetic connectivities including the inter-connective limbic and Orbito-Frontal Cortex (OFC) circuit pathways spanning the deepest psychological foundations and encoding on both conscious and unconscious levels, which may be revealed in GSR (Norman and Conte et al. 2016). The very deepest psychological factors springing from fundamental neuro-affective regulatory agencies may be assessed and measured. This vital work will be performed so as to aid and assess both individuals and couples who are dealing with sexual dysfunction using measurement of response to salient libidinal stimulus and resultant signal analysis. The quality of emotional content and symptom specific affective distributional signal components will be measured. Such work is no simple matter, and may well be substantially aided and sharpened through the addition of secondary variables such as Heart Rate (HR) and Heart Rate Variability (HRV), which just as GSR, demonstrate nonlinear characteristics. Tertiary variables are also discussed as they will aid the process of informational distillation. To gain access to the embedded information, a full and substantial knowledge across the disciplines of neuroscience, psychology, psychiatry, linear and nonlinear mathematical physics is required. Non linear and linear analysis of component interactive dynamics in the GSR signal must be interpreted in accordance with the previously specified methodological framework. In Conclusion : 1) THE MONITORING OF THE GSR AND ITS SUBSEQUENT ANALYSIS BY LINEAR AND NON LINEAR METHODS IN SUBJECTS EXPOSED TO SEXUAL STIMULI IS OF BASIC IMPORTANCE TO CHARACTERIZE HIS/HER SEXUAL AROUSAL AS INTERPRETED WITHIN THEIR COMPLETE ORGANIC AND PSYCHOLOGICAL PROFILE. 2) THE SIMULTANEOUS USE OF HR (HRV) RECORDING WITH GSR WILL YIELD RESULTS OF BASIC IMPORTANCE AS DURING EXPERIMENTALLY CONTROLLED STIMULUS, COUPLED AND SYNCHRONIZED ANALYSIS OF THE PEAK PHASE OF THE GSR AND DECREASING (RESPECTIVELY INCREASING) HR, ENABLES US TO CHARACTERIZE THE EMOTIONAL/AFFECTIVE TYPE AND STATE OF THE SUBJECT.
Category: Mind Science

[103] viXra:1606.0293 [pdf] replaced on 2016-07-14 03:10:54

### Integrating Imagination with Reality

Authors: Rodney Bartlett
Comments: 57 Pages. This version submitted to SC[ENCE ADVANCES on July 14, 2016 (just for fun).

Category: Mind Science

[102] viXra:1606.0095 [pdf] replaced on 2016-07-12 10:53:26

### On The Methodological Profile of GSR Studies in the light of the Recent Advances Obtained in the Knowledge of Its Neurological Correlates

Authors: Rich Norman, Cengiz Mordeniz, Leonardo Mendolicchio, Enrico Pierangeli, Paolo Pannarale, Franco Orsucci, Elio Conte

The primary focus of this report is to advance in depth study of the neurological correlates of GSR with the intention, on one hand, to clarify the neurological patterns produced during recording, monitoring and analysis of GSR, and on the other hand, to delineate the methodological profile that absolutely must be followed during the recording of this GSR signal. In this context, the present relation formulates the methodological criteria that the operator must follow during the recording, monitoring, and analysis of the GSR signal. The relation defines and prioritizes GSR signal evaluation under these different conditions: the GSR should be recorded at rest and affected by different stimuli, specifically: visual stimuli such as sudden bursts of light as well as images modified to create multi-level energetic allocations, that is, soft images but also more potent images able to induce strong visual perturbation, linguistic stimuli including words and phrases across a spectrum of energetic/affective presentation (neutral, soft, strong and shocking), tactile stimuli (again soft, sudden, and of short duration as well as strong, shocking and continued [of consistent duration]), addressing different parts of the body throughout the session. Auditory stimulus and olfactory stimulus will be included in the test procedures. All the stimuli may be repeated several times in order to evaluate habituation, memory, recall and other important neurological functions. Other stimuli may be used to foster memory load and stress, as well as conflicting semantic stimuli, respectively, to be represented in resultant numerical calculations reflecting mental performance, evidenced through Stroop effects, and every other cognitive demonstration. It is important to keep in mind that the most difficult step in maintaining accurate GSR monitoring and analysis, is to insure proper subjective evaluation of the manner in which a subject responds to different levels of visual input, sounds, words, language strings (phrases) and tactile stimuli, in the context of habituation, meaning, the performance of subject response to repeated identical subsequent stimuli, or mnemic recall of previous stimuli. For proper evaluation of subjective parameters, that is calibration, it is necessary the explore a great variety of stimuli differentiated as previously described. The term calibration here refers to the fact that each subject has a subjective behavioral component in their GSR. Therefore, it becomes of fundamental importance to identify and estimate the basic parameters in his/her personal context in absolute values as well as in relation to standards, eventually established, tabulated and recorded from normal subjects constituting a large GSR database obtained by monitoring a suitable population of subjects. Consequently, the various responses to a defined stimuli have a particular, fundamental role in GSR monitoring that relates to the methodological profile since, under different conditions of stimulus, the operator may calibrate the recorded GSR subjective profile in terms of the basic parameters derived across population that characterize the phase of the GSR signal, such as Habituation, Latency Time under stimuli, Reaction Times, Peak Values subsequent to stimuli, Half Recovery Time following the peak amplitude of the phase, yielding a baseline value resultant of different stimuli, within the neurological correlates identified across a sampled population, allowing a correct, relative subjective analysis of the tone and of the phase of the GSR signal by Linear and Non Linear methodologies. Toward this end it is important to recall that GSR is an intrinsically non linear electrophysiological signal. Therefore its recording enables subsequent analysis based from one side on the fixation and estimation of basic established parameters such as latency, reaction times, peak amplitude, half recovery time, baseline compared at rest and after various stimuli as specified, and from the other, relating that baseline to aspects of the time series for the tone and phase of each subject subjected to analysis by non linear methodologies. In this way we may ascertain the real inner structure of the complex electrophysiological signal.
Category: Mind Science

[101] viXra:1606.0095 [pdf] replaced on 2016-06-17 18:09:22

### On The Methodological Profile of GSR Studies in the light of the Recent Advances Obtained in the Knowledge of Its Neurological Correlates

Authors: Rich Norman, Leonardo Mendolicchio, Cengiz Mordeniz, Enrico Pieranageli, Paolo Pannarale, Franco Orsucci, Elio Conte

The primary focus of this report is to advance in depth study of the neurological correlates of GSR with the intention, on one hand, to clarify the neurological patterns produced during recording, monitoring and analysis of GSR, and on the other hand, to delineate the methodological profile that absolutely must be followed during the recording of this GSR signal. In this context, the present relation formulates the methodological criteria that the operator must follow during the recording, monitoring, and analysis of the GSR signal. The relation defines and prioritizes GSR signal evaluation under these different conditions: the GSR should be recorded at rest and affected by different stimuli, specifically: visual stimuli such as sudden bursts of light as well as images modified to create multi-level energetic allocations, that is, soft images but also more potent images able to induce strong visual perturbation, linguistic stimuli including words and phrases across a spectrum of energetic/affective presentation (neutral, soft, strong and shocking), tactile stimuli (again soft, sudden, and of short duration as well as strong, shocking and continued [of consistent duration]), addressing different parts of the body throughout the session. Auditory stimulus and olfactory stimulus will be included in the test procedures. All the stimuli may be repeated several times in order to evaluate habituation, memory, recall and other important neurological functions. Other stimuli may be used to foster memory load and stress, as well as conflicting semantic stimuli, respectively, to be represented in resultant numerical calculations reflecting mental performance, evidenced through Stroop effects, and every other cognitive demonstration. It is important to keep in mind that the most difficult step in maintaining accurate GSR monitoring and analysis, is to insure proper subjective evaluation of the manner in which a subject responds to different levels of visual input, sounds, words, language strings (phrases) and tactile stimuli, in the context of habituation, meaning, the performance of subject response to repeated identical subsequent stimuli, or mnemic recall of previous stimuli. For proper evaluation of subjective parameters, that is calibration, it is necessary the explore a great variety of stimuli differentiated as previously described. The term calibration here refers to the fact that each subject has a subjective behavioral component in their GSR. Therefore, it becomes of fundamental importance to identify and estimate the basic parameters in his/her personal context in absolute values as well as in relation to standards, eventually established, tabulated and recorded from normal subjects constituting a large GSR database obtained by monitoring a suitable population of subjects. Consequently, the various responses to a defined stimuli have a particular, fundamental role in GSR monitoring that relates to the methodological profile since, under different conditions of stimulus, the operator may calibrate the recorded GSR subjective profile in terms of the basic parameters derived across population that characterize the phase of the GSR signal, such as Habituation, Latency Time under stimuli, Reaction Times, Peak Values subsequent to stimuli, Half Recovery Time following the peak amplitude of the phase, yielding a baseline value resultant of different stimuli, within the neurological correlates identified across a sampled population, allowing a correct, relative subjective analysis of the tone and of the phase of the GSR signal by Linear and Non Linear methodologies. Toward this end it is important to recall that GSR is an intrinsically non linear electrophysiological signal. Therefore its recording enables subsequent analysis based from one side on the fixation and estimation of basic established parameters such as latency, reaction times, peak amplitude, half recovery time, baseline compared at rest and after various stimuli as specified, and from the other, relating that baseline to aspects of the time series for the tone and phase of each subject subjected to analysis by non linear methodologies. In this way we may ascertain the real inner structure of the complex electrophysiological signal.
Category: Mind Science

[100] viXra:1605.0238 [pdf] replaced on 2016-07-11 18:36:28

### A Review of Drive

Authors: S Halayka

A brief review of life drive and death drive is given.
Category: Mind Science

[99] viXra:1605.0238 [pdf] replaced on 2016-06-29 12:39:08

### A Review of Drive

Authors: S Halayka

A brief review of life drive and death drive is given.
Category: Mind Science

[98] viXra:1605.0238 [pdf] replaced on 2016-06-21 11:00:02

### A Review of Drive

Authors: S Halayka

A brief review of life drive and death drive is given.
Category: Mind Science

[97] viXra:1605.0238 [pdf] replaced on 2016-06-17 10:50:42

### A Review of Drive

Authors: S Halayka