# Mind Science

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## Recent submissions

Any replacements are listed farther down

[287] viXra:1905.0166 [pdf] submitted on 2019-05-11 07:58:09

### Optical Network Mimics Brain Neurons

Authors: George Rajna

A prototype artificial neural network (ANN) that uses only light to function has been unveiled by researchers at the University of Münster in Germany and the University of Exeter and University of Oxford in the UK. [26] Researchers at the UPV/EHU-University of the Basque Country have developed a biomedical device for cell immune-isolation (microcapsules) with luminescence for in vivo tracking. [25]
Category: Mind Science

[286] viXra:1904.0527 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-27 19:26:11

### Robot Consciousness: Physics and Metaphysics Here and Abroad

Authors: Stephen B. Ripley

Interest has been renewed in the study of consciousness, both theoretical and applied, following developments in 20th and early 21st-century logic, metamathematics, computer science, and the brain sciences. In this evolving narrative, I explore several theoretical questions about the types of artificial intelligence and offer several conjectures about how they affect possible future developments in this exceptionally transformative field of research. I also address the practical significance of the advances in artificial intelligence in view of the cautions issued by prominent scientists, politicians, and ethicists about the possible dangers of such sufficiently advanced general intelligence, including by implication the search for extraterrestrial intelligence.
Category: Mind Science

[285] viXra:1904.0465 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-24 13:46:18

### Translate Brain Activity into Speech

Authors: George Rajna

Patients with such speech loss often rely on alternative communication devices that use brain–computer interfaces (BCIs) or nonverbal head or eye movements to control a cursor to spell out words. [33] Measuring optical blood flow in the resting human brain to detect spontaneous activity has for the first time been demonstrated by Wright State University imaging researchers, holding out promise for a better way to study people with autism, Alzheimer's and depression. [32]
Category: Mind Science

[284] viXra:1904.0399 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-20 10:44:39

### Physical Activity Reduces Brain Aging

Authors: George Rajna

Incremental physical activity, even at light intensity, is associated with larger brain volume and healthy brain aging. [33] Measuring optical blood flow in the resting human brain to detect spontaneous activity has for the first time been demonstrated by Wright State University imaging researchers, holding out promise for a better way to study people with autism, Alzheimer's and depression. [32]
Category: Mind Science

[283] viXra:1904.0381 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-19 19:31:31

### Mr. Y

Authors: Toshichan-Man

------ A 22-year-old man with a social anxiety disorder who has left a picture of three cats ------ A 22-year-old man suffering from social anxiety disorder jumped down from the eighth floor of the apartment and committed suicide. Social anxiety disorder in a case (hereinafter referred to as Y) is estimated to be onset at the age of 12 years. Y's only hobby is drawing pictures, and for Y, his home cat was his only friend. And there are 3 pictures of cats left behind. Y was deeply moved by Tsurumi's work, and one of them, "The Complete Personality Remodeling Manual," states that "Drinkling alcohol little by little while going out. The content of "can be changed" was hidden and executed because I was very troubled by social anxiety disorder. Alcohol consumption gradually increased, and one day, Y jumped and committed suicide in an alcoholic drunk state suffering from a social anxiety disorder that did not show a tendency to decrease.
Category: Mind Science

[282] viXra:1904.0318 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-16 13:21:35

### On Memory

Authors: Royan Rosche

What Memory is and how to use it. I show how to use Memory in a scientific way as to gain immense Knowledge because the body automatically records all data, it is possible to know where it began by using tools to bring into your conscious perception unconscious memory.
Category: Mind Science

[281] viXra:1904.0258 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-13 08:53:25

### Learn a New Skill with Short Breaks

Authors: George Rajna

In a study of healthy volunteers, National Institutes of Health researchers found that our brains may solidify the memories of new skills we just practiced a few seconds earlier by taking a short rest. [31] Focused ultrasound from outside the body can safely and reversibly open the blood–brain barrier in patients with Alzheimer’s disease, researchers in Canada have shown for the first time. [30] Small vessel vasculitis—inflammation of the small blood vessels—appears as a stain of tiny, red dots covering the skin that, depending on the severity, can evolve into painful pustules or ulcers. [29]
Category: Mind Science

[280] viXra:1904.0153 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-07 08:30:11

### Light and Sound Treat Alzheimer's Disease

Authors: George Rajna

Not much is known about the course of events leading to Alzheimer’s disease, but the formation of toxic β-amyloid plaques and phosphorylated tau proteins have long been described as major hallmarks of the disease. [34] Neurobiologists Cátia Frias and Corette Wierenga have studied the formation of inhibitory synapses, a complex process that occurs when the brain adapts. Their research uncovered an astonishing link to autism. [33]
Category: Mind Science

[279] viXra:1904.0102 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-06 05:49:55

### Autism and Inhibitory Synapses

Authors: George Rajna

Neurobiologists Cátia Frias and Corette Wierenga have studied the formation of inhibitory synapses, a complex process that occurs when the brain adapts. Their research uncovered an astonishing link to autism. [33] Measuring optical blood flow in the resting human brain to detect spontaneous activity has for the first time been demonstrated by Wright State University imaging researchers, holding out promise for a better way to study people with autism, Alzheimer's and depression. [32]
Category: Mind Science

[278] viXra:1904.0059 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-03 11:45:32

### Brain's Auto-Complete Function

Authors: George Rajna

A new collaborative study between the Universities of Birmingham and Bonn now reveals the underlying mechanisms of this auto-complete function. [33] Measuring optical blood flow in the resting human brain to detect spontaneous activity has for the first time been demonstrated by Wright State University imaging researchers, holding out promise for a better way to study people with autism, Alzheimer's and depression. [32]
Category: Mind Science

[277] viXra:1904.0038 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-02 13:04:04

### The Mechanics of Perception

Authors: Sunil Thakur

Perception is a very complex process. Physics examines not only the mechanism of communication of information but also the role of mind/consciousness in the process of perception. Medical science assumes that the brain processes and analyzes the information it receives from the sense organs. It also suggests that the brain is the decision-making authority. Medical science assumes that the mind and consciousness do not play any role in the process of perception. In this paper, we have analyzed all aspects of the process of perception. We have shown that the information is not communicated physically. We have also shown that the information is projected in physical form only in the state of mental alertness. This paper also shows that the mind, not the brain, is the decision-making authority. This paper resolves several major theoretical problems in physics and offers clues to the solutions to some other unresolved issues like measurement problem and entanglement problem. It also adds a new dimension to the world of neuroscience by showing that the mind is the key player in the process of perception.
Category: Mind Science

[276] viXra:1903.0338 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-18 14:01:37

### Emergence of a New Type of Life and Alive Creature from Mixing Cells of Plants and Animals

Authors: Alireza Sepehri

In this research, we show that by mixing cells of plants and animals, a new type of alive creature or life is emerged. To this aim, we cut the skin of some quails and create a hole between skin and skeleton. We put some some beans and lentils in this hole and cover it by a black glue. We open the hole after a week and observe that a bridge of quail's cells is produced between beans and lentils. This bridge has the genus of the periosteum that covers the outer surface of all bones. In this periosteum, there are some stem cells that produce a collection of neuronal circuits. These circuits could join to each other and form a little brain. This brain can control all voluntary and non-voluntary actions of this new alive creature.
Category: Mind Science

[275] viXra:1903.0264 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-13 07:57:34

### Clever Battery Bio-Computer and Little Brain in Shell-Less Culture Systems of Chick Embryos

Authors: Alireza Sepehri

A shell less culture system for chick embryo could be used to produce a clever battery or bio-computer. In this system, after 50 hourses after incubatating, a heart is emerged which send blood molecules to each side and produces a biological current. This current carries charged particles and molecules and creates an electrical current and differences potential between center of heart and sides of shell-less vessels. If we put two metal bars in center and side of vessel, we can take electrical current and use of it industry. This causes that shell-less culture system plays the role of battery. This battery is clever and by closing another shell less culture system produce different currents. This is because that a collections of neurons are emerged on the heart in shell less cuture system which plays the role of a little brain. This little brain exchange information with medium and control voluntary actions of system For this reason, this system not only has the role of battery but also could be used as a bio-computer.
Category: Mind Science

[274] viXra:1903.0172 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-09 07:03:46

### Increasingly Complex Mini-Brains

Authors: George Rajna

Scientists of the D'Or Institute for Research and Education have improved the initial steps of a standard protocol and produced organoids displaying regionalized brain structures, including retinal pigmented cells. [27] Migrating cells must overcome physical barriers such as tight pores in finely meshed tissues. A recent study by a team of LMU biophysicists provides a new theory to describe how cells manoeuvre such confining environments. [26] A Virginia Commonwealth University researcher has developed a procedure for identifying the source of cells present in a forensic biological sample that could change how cell types are identified in samples across numerous industries. [25] In work at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the University of Maryland in College Park, researchers have devised and demonstrated a new way to measure free energy. [24] A novel technique developed by researchers at the ARC Centre of Excellence for Nanoscale BioPhotonics (CNBP) will help shine new light on biological questions by improving the quality and quantity of information that can be extracted in fluorescence microscopy. [23] Micro-computed tomography or "micro-CT" is X-ray imaging in 3-D, by the same method used in hospital CT (or "CAT") scans, but on a small scale with massively increased resolution. [22] A new experimental method permits the X-ray analysis of amyloids, a class of large, filamentous biomolecules which are an important hallmark of diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's. [12] Thumb through any old science textbook, and you'll likely find RNA described as little more than a means to an end, a kind of molecular scratch paper used to construct the proteins encoded in DNA. [20] Just like any long polymer chain, DNA tends to form knots. Using technology that allows them to stretch DNA molecules and image the behavior of these knots, MIT researchers have discovered, for the first time, the factors that determine whether a knot moves along the strand or "jams" in place. [19]
Category: Mind Science

[273] viXra:1903.0140 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-08 23:35:24

### Two Cases of the Fluent Disorder that Became Milder by Remedy for Fluvoxamine Long Term

Authors: Toshiro Takami

I experienced two cases that becoming milder happened of the fluent obstacle by remedy for Fluvoxamine long term. I was infected with a disorder more fluent than early childhood time with 2 cases. Third grade at a high school next, society anxiety disorder develop in case 1. Depressive disorders develop in case 2 recently. Becoming milder of fluent, affecting it took place accidentally by performing long-term remedy of fluvoxamine for those diseases (society anxiety disorder, depressive disorders) with 2 cases. As for case 1, case 2 needed seven months for ten months until a fluent obstacle slight illness recognized becoming it. I pass through 15 years or more than becoming milder of fluent, affecting it with 2 cases, but continue keeping the state that became milder so that it may be said that the fluent obstacle is remission. 　The treatment of the fluency disorder is full of difficulty in the serious case in particular, and there are many a social dropout, social eremites, too. The medical therapy of the fluency disorder is hardly known in this country.
Category: Mind Science

[272] viXra:1903.0131 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-07 08:49:57

### EEG Look into the Brain

Authors: George Rajna

To determine whether activity in deep brain structures can be sensed using EEG, the researchers simultaneously recorded subcortical activity using the implanted electrodes and high-density (256-channel) EEG scalp electrodes. [33] Measuring optical blood flow in the resting human brain to detect spontaneous activity has for the first time been demonstrated by Wright State University imaging researchers, holding out promise for a better way to study people with autism, Alzheimer's and depression. [32]
Category: Mind Science

[271] viXra:1903.0130 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-07 09:10:05

### Black Box of Dendritic Computing

Authors: George Rajna

How do nerve cells compute? This fundamental question drives LMU neurobiologists led by Andreas Herz. They have now presented a novel method to disentangle complex neural processes in a much more powerful way than was previously possible. [34] To determine whether activity in deep brain structures can be sensed using EEG, the researchers simultaneously recorded subcortical activity using the implanted electrodes and high-density (256-channel) EEG scalp electrodes. [33]
Category: Mind Science

[270] viXra:1903.0055 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-03 07:36:48

### Using Spiral Waves of the Little Brain on the Heart for Designing New Neuronal Circuits in Brain

Authors: Alireza Sepehri

Recently, some authors have considered the spiral waves in neuronal systems and proposed a model for it. We generalize their consideration to radiated waves from the little brain on the heart of birds to design new neuranal circuits in brain. First, we put two chick embryos in an inductor and send a current by a generator. Radiated waves of chick embryos change the initial current and produce an oscillating current which can be observed by an scope. Using this system, we consider the exchanged spiral waves between two little brains on the hearts of two chick embryos and show that they have direct effects on the life, death and other activities of each other. We put two chick embryos of two different types in this inductor and control the process of formation of neuronal circuits. Each type has it's own circuits and thus, exchanged spiral waves between two chick embryos may change shape of neuronal circuits in each type. Comparing radiated signals of a chick embryo which was under radiation in this inductor with a normal chick embryo without experiencing external wave, we can consider differences between neuronal circuits.
Category: Mind Science

[269] viXra:1902.0403 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-23 07:37:54

### Structure of the Person and Other Live Objects

Authors: A.I.Somsikov

It is considered thin and dense bodies and their relative positioning
Category: Mind Science

[268] viXra:1902.0371 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-21 07:40:13

### The Role of Radiated Non-Linear Electromagnetic Waves from Initial Dnas in Formation of the Little Brain, Neural Circuits and Other Decision Centers: Determining Time of Death by Considering Evolutions of Waves of Death

Authors: Alireza Sepehri

In this research, we find that after formation of initial DNAs of chick embryo, they exchange electromagnetic signals with medium and each other. In fact, each gene of these DNAs act like the reciever or sender of radio waves. To control the process of transferring information, some circuits are emerged that each circuit depends on the activity of one gene. Because of various types of emitted waves, each neuron has several types of terminals in dendrite and axon to receive and send these waves. Before formation of neurons, initial informations are transmitted by blood molecules. Because of the role of blood molecules in transferring initial information, first circuits are formed on the heart and build the little brain . However, eventually, some circuits are emerged on the head which construct the brain. We bring some reasons for the existence of the little brain. We connect a chick embryo to an scope and observe evolutions of waves during formation of the little brain and the main brain. In absence of brain, the little brain emit some signals, while by passing time and formation of brain, the interaction between these systems leads to an increase in radiated waves. Then, we put two shell-less cultures of chick embryos in an inductor, apply a magnetic field to both of them and show that little brains of these systems interact with each other and change the value of output magnetic field and currents. Next, we consider signals of the little brain of the birds during removing their heads. We find that always, brain send some signals to the little brain and inform it of the end of life. However, if removing is done suddenly, these waves couldnt be exchanged and heart continue to work. This produce some hopes to cure patients.
Category: Mind Science

[267] viXra:1902.0231 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-13 08:52:46

### Mathematician Post-Stroke Therapy

Authors: George Rajna

RUDN scientists have created a mathematical model describing changes in the properties of brain tissues after stroke. [37] But now, researchers from the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST) and Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam have developed a way to parse this dynamic behavior into digestible chunks. [36]
Category: Mind Science

[266] viXra:1902.0026 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-02 13:25:28

### The Significance of Environmental Factors and Brain Clocking on Human Health and Behavior.

Authors: Tariq Khan

The influence of sunlight on human biology including brain circadian rhythms is discussed. The impact of a lack of sunlight, allergens, and modern society on brain clocking and sleep is discussed in detail including specific data from bipolar disorder research. Evidence is provided noting the significance of brain clocking and its importance to overall human health and its variation compared to seasonal cycles and human behaviors. The nature and origin of specific forms of music matching the general themes are also noted.
Category: Mind Science

[265] viXra:1902.0008 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-01 10:02:58

### Adaptive Model of Brain and Behavior

Authors: George Rajna

But now, researchers from the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST) and Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam have developed a way to parse this dynamic behavior into digestible chunks. [36] A team of researchers at the Laboratory for fundamental BioPhotonics (LBP) within EPFL's School of Engineering (STI) has come up with a way to monitor changes in membrane potential and to observe ion fluxes by studying the behavior of the water molecules surrounding the membranes of the neurons. [35]
Category: Mind Science

[264] viXra:1901.0178 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-12 17:30:02

### Refutation of Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (Rebt) and Logic-Based Therapy (LBT)

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only at: info@ersatz-systems dot com. See website ersatz-systems.com . (We instruct troll Mikko at Disqus to read the article four times before hormonal typing.)

We evaluate seven definitions of rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT) using the implication operator. None is tautologous. Logic-based therapy (LBT), as based on REBT, is similarly refuted.
Category: Mind Science

[263] viXra:1901.0050 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-04 09:04:44

### Brain Tissue Viscolasticity & EEG Oscillations: Towards Novel Drugs for ALZHEIMER’S Disease

Authors: Arturo Tozzi

Here we provide an effort to physically correlate two underrated features of Alzheimer’s disease (AD), i.e., changes in brain tissue’s viscoelasticity and increased power in the low-frequency EEG bands. Indeed, the brain displays less stiffness in AD than in normal individuals, making the brain of diseased subjects more “liquid”. Because electric waves propagate more slowly in less solid mediums, we hypothesize that the EEG waves’ reduction detected in AD could be correlated with the pathological viscoelastic alterations of the impaired brain tissues. We provide the mathematical apparatus to test our hypothesis, showing that the theoretically predicted electric oscillations’ decrease in less viscoelastic mediums matches the reduced stiffness detected in real brain tissues from AD patients. We conclude with a testable hypothesis: the use of drugs able to modify and restore the proper brain viscoelastic features might provide a useful therapeutic tool able to quicken EEG electric waves’ frequencies, thus contributing to improve AD symptoms.
Category: Mind Science

[262] viXra:1812.0196 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-12 04:16:13

### Unlock Neuron's Secrets

Authors: George Rajna

A team of researchers at the Laboratory for fundamental BioPhotonics (LBP) within EPFL's School of Engineering (STI) has come up with a way to monitor changes in membrane potential and to observe ion fluxes by studying the behavior of the water molecules surrounding the membranes of the neurons. [35] One recent measure to improve the visualization of the brain has been to create more comprehensive brain models that simulate neural activity. [34] Brain-machine interfaces provide one way to connect with this puzzling organ system, including the brain. [33] Measuring optical blood flow in the resting human brain to detect spontaneous activity has for the first time been demonstrated by Wright State University imaging researchers, holding out promise for a better way to study people with autism, Alzheimer's and depression. [32] UCLA biologists report they have transferred a memory from one marine snail to another, creating an artificial memory, by injecting RNA from one to another. [31] Scientists at the Wellcome Trust/ Cancer Research UK Gurdon Institute, University of Cambridge, have identified a new type of stem cell in the brain which they say has a high potential for repair following brain injury or disease. [30] A team of researchers working at the Weizmann Institute of Science has found that organoids can be used to better understand how the human brain wrinkles as it develops. [29] A team of biologists has found an unexpected source for the brain's development, a finding that offers new insights into the building of the nervous system. [28] Researchers discover both the structure of specific brain areas and memory are linked to genetic activity that also play important roles in immune system function. [27] The inner workings of the human brain have always been a subject of great interest. Unfortunately, it is fairly difficult to view brain structures or intricate tissues due to the fact that the skull is not transparent by design. [26] But now there is a technology that enables us to "read the mind" with growing accuracy: functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). [25]
Category: Mind Science

[261] viXra:1811.0468 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-27 08:42:56

### New Medical Epistemology

Authors: Stephen I. Ternyik

Three points of medical observation.
Category: Mind Science

[260] viXra:1811.0440 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-27 22:41:44

### Remarks on Memory, Metamemory and Their Effects on Improving Students’ Learning Performance: a Literature Review

Authors: Victor Christianto, Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 9 Pages. This paper has been submitted to Neurology J. Comments are welcome

One of great question for student’s learning process is: how can one improve his/her memory in order to improve learning performance. And one’s memory can be distinguished between short term memory and long term memory (STM and DTM). But there is also metamemory. The study of metamemory examines people’s awareness and understanding of their own memory and learning. One goal of this research is to learn how people predict their memory performance, usually when they ﬁrst encounter to-be-learned material. Therefore, a typical experiment in metamemory has participants learn items one at a time in preparation fora later test. This paper discusses some basic concepts of STM, DTM, metamemory and how they can be used to improve students’ learning performance. This is an early investigation into this large body of knowledge.
Category: Mind Science

[259] viXra:1811.0424 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-26 14:33:42

### Towards a Physics of Mind: Theoretical and Empirical Pathways to Enlightenment Across the Multi-Dimensional Barrier

Authors: Richard L Amoroso
Comments: 14 Pages. Preprint November 2018 ASCSI conference Raleigh, NC USA

Recent experimental discovery of Additional Dimensions (XD) beyond the 3D reality we observe means the Quantum Uncertainty Principle will no longer be a barrier to engineering Conscious Technologies. The 1st-person 3rd-person barrier (accessing other minds) will be systematically open to entanglement with conscious machines. Pragmatic Proof of Cartesian Duality (Mind not equal to Brain) will inspire seekers of enlightenment to follow a rigorous path to transcendent experience. Epistemology (Theory of knowledge) evolved from Myth & Superstition in the dark ages, to Logic & Reason framed by the Greeks, to the modern age of Empiricism begun by Galileo; and now completing the tools of epistemology, adding Transcendence - For those investing sufficient effort in following a well-formulated path.
Category: Mind Science

[258] viXra:1811.0413 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-27 01:35:32

### Suratism

Authors: Yara Islam Abd El Aziz, Rawda Waleed Khafaga

Autism Spectrum disorder (ASD) is a developmental disorder in which symptoms generally appears in the first two years of toddler's life. It's about three types or similar conditions including Asperger syndrome, Autism and PDD-NOS. ASD affects the person's social interaction, communication and behavior. Although a diagnosis can sometimes be made after 3 years of appearing the symptoms. According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), a guide created by the American Psychiatric Association used to diagnose mental disorders, people with ASD have: •Difficulty with communication and interaction with other people •Restricted interests and repetitive behaviors •Symptoms that hurt the person’s ability to function properly in school, work, and other areas of life. By knowing these symptoms it's estimated that there is about 1 of each 100 people in UK has ASD. There is no accurate cure for the ASD that causes the whole recovery. Almost, some treatments that decrease the worth of the disorder and some physiological therapies as speech and language therapy, occupational therapy, educational support, plus a number of other interventions are available to help children and parents to let them more sociable or to make them interact normally with people. Also, there is a treatment that called "Surmain" was invent to help people suffers from human sleeping sickness that helps in treatment of ASD as the mechanism of existing ASD is , Stressed cells emit ATP and other molecules made by mitochondria into the extracellular space through channels in the cell membrane. Extracellular ATP (eATP) is an ancient danger signal. It is called a "damage associated molecular pattern" or DAMP. When too much eATP is emitted, it joins purinergic receptors and activates the CDR. So, surmain blocks the binding of eATP and eADP to these receptors and sends the cellular equivalent of the "all's clear" or safety signal. But, there's a problem with this cure as it causes rash. So, after long researches we found that there's a compound of histamine has a central role as a mediator of itching. It causes the rash after taking the Surmain. So, we concluded that we could use a cure to resist rash which doesn't react or causing any bad effects
Category: Mind Science

[257] viXra:1811.0286 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-18 15:04:25

### Noetics Explains the Gays

Authors: Ricky Amaroso

The gays are caused by wormholes interacting with marshmellows and consciousness across several spacetime dimensions.
Category: Mind Science

[256] viXra:1811.0133 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-08 20:33:37

### Violence in the Mentally Ill Triggered and by Dramatic Drops in Allergen Levels Causing Spikes in Serum Serotonin.

Authors: Tariq Khan

It is known that humans are sensitive to their environment, mentally ill or unstable individuals can be "triggered" into impulsive and violent activities from spikes in serum serotonin, serum histamine level is directly proportional to environmental allergen levels, and serum serotonin level is inversely proportional to serum histamine levels. Data appears to show a clear "pattern match" between the date of violent acts from mentally ill individuals and crashes or dramatic decreases in environmental allergen levels (especially when the allergen or pollen level decreases to zero) indicating a possible precursor or triggering relationship. This knowledge could be used as a potential predictor for law enforcement and medical agencies with modern technology tracking near real-time data per city.
Category: Mind Science

[255] viXra:1811.0081 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-05 10:45:33

### Saving Physicalism/materialism: the Chalmers Test

Authors: Archibald Ulrich Thor

Not a full-blown article, just a quick sketch on an alternative take on the philosophical zombie problem that neglects vague notions of "conceivability" or "metaphysical possibility" in favor of tentatively more rigorous language. The implication seems to be that some form of monism is logically necessary.
Category: Mind Science

[254] viXra:1810.0517 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-31 13:54:58

### Tautologies and Contradictions in the Language of Mind-Body Like Problems

Authors: Yuri Danoyan

The Evaluation of language of Mind-Body like problems proposed.Examples from scientific texts are presented. Tautologies and Contradictions are adopted as evaluation criteria. Interpretation as Tautologies and Contradictions in the language of these texts are considered. Tribute to Wittgenstein "Tautologies and tautologies have no sense"
Category: Mind Science

[253] viXra:1810.0367 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-22 17:01:30

### Conformal Scaling of the Massformula in Terms of the Flat Metric in the Black-White Plane of Psychological Profiles.

Authors: Johan Noldus

Black-white or yellow-black representing spiritual energies of living creatures automatically determine an Einsteinian spiritual mass. During $SU(2)$ valued interactions, the spiritual rest mass of a person may change due to absorption or radiative effects. We propose a general approximate formula based upon scaling covariance of the interactions for the rest mass.
Category: Mind Science

[252] viXra:1810.0298 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-18 06:24:43

### Quantum Metalanguage and the New Cognitive Synthesis

Authors: Alexey V. Melkikh, Andrei Khrennikov, Roman V. Yampolskiy

Problems with mechanisms of thinking and cognition in many ways remain unresolved. Why are a priori inferences possible? Why can a human understand but a computer cannot? It has been shown that when creating new concepts, generalization is contradictory in the sense that to be created concepts must exist a priori, and therefore, they are not new. The process of knowledge acquisition is also contradictory, as it inevitably involves recognition, which can be realized only when there is an a priori standard. Known approaches of the framework of artificial intelligence (in particular, Bayesian) do not determine the origins of knowledge, as these approaches are effective only when “good” hypotheses are made. The formation of “good” hypotheses must occur a priori. To address these issues and paradoxes, a fundamentally new approach to problems of cognition that is based on completely innate behavioral programs is proposed. The process of cognition within the framework of the concept of a quantum metalanguage involves the selection of adequate a priori existing (innate) programs (logical variables and rules for working with them) that are most adequate to a given situation. The quantum properties of this metalanguage are necessary to implement such programs.
Category: Mind Science

[251] viXra:1810.0239 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-15 15:35:12

### Schizophrenia and Similar Disease-Rich Zone: Research in the Goto Region

Authors: Toshiro Takami

The islands in the western end of Nagasaki (hereinafter referred to as Goto region) facing Goto Islands and Goto Islands in Nagasaki prefecture are the most frequent areas of schizophrenia and similar diseases. Based on my experience, it is estimated to be ten times the national average. It may be because it is a closed special environment of the island why it is. However, there are no reports that islands throughout Japan are highly frequent areas of psychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia. Because the Goto region is a closed environment, the psychiatric examination rate is extremely low. To a lesser extent, we will not visit a psychiatrist in this area (Goto region) unless it becomes severe. Moreover, it seems that there are very many cases of onset and severe disease coming out from here (Goto region). In addition, the case is only the fact that the birth place of the ancestor of the case such as the hometown itself, the case itself, the parent of the case, the grandparent of the case, or the great-grandparent of the case is the Goto region, and living in the Goto region Do not mean. It is also thought that some virus, spirochete, or something else is involved. The Goto region is a highly prevalent region of retrovirus ATLV (adult T-cell leukemia virus). However, there are several other regions in Japan where ATLV (adult T - cell leukemia virus) is spreading at a high rate like the Goto region. There is no report that schizophrenia is frequent in those areas. It is inevitable to think that many genes that cause schizophrenia and similar diseases inserted in the gene by retrovirus are excreted in the Goto area.
Category: Mind Science

[250] viXra:1810.0200 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-12 15:20:12

### A Case of Complaining of Nasal Smell and Being Diagnosed as Self-Odor Fear in Case Nasal Mucosal Insufficiency Syndrome (a New Concept of Bad Smell)

Authors: Toshiro Takami

A case of complaining of nasal smell and self-odor fear is shown as a case of psychiatrist referral received from otolaryngology. The case actually had a strong nasal odor. Otorhinolaryngology does not deny the malodorous diseases such as atrophic rhinitis and bronchitis. Many people suffer from the same pathology when looking over the net. Almost everything complains about abnormal dryness of the nose. It is thought that Staphylococcus aureus or Pseudomonas aeruginosa abnormally proliferates in the ruined intranasal nasal mucosa and fails to sweep the metabolic products of the bacteria to the throat etc due to failure of nasal secretion and has a strong nasal odor It was done. In addition, Staphylococcus lugdunensis that produces substances to prevent the growth of Staphylococcus aureus was not considered to be present. Although the frequency of this disease is high, it is diagnosed as self-odor fear in neglect or psychiatry. I call it nasal mucosal insufficiency syndrome. This is a new concept of odor nasal disease. There is no crust formation and atrophy of the intranasal nasal cavity, because the nasal mucous membrane disappears only with the endoscope, it is thought that it is a serious disease which is hidden behind veil of atrophic rhinitis / bad nasal symptoms and is not noticed . At least for women, it can be said that all self-odor fears are merged.
Category: Mind Science

[249] viXra:1810.0194 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-13 02:33:25

### Cardio-Mental Health

Authors: Stephen I. Ternyik

Salutogenesis in Application
Category: Mind Science

[248] viXra:1810.0191 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-13 04:15:09

### Toxic Proteins Through the Brain

Authors: George Rajna

Now, researchers at Stevens Institute of Technology and colleagues have modeled how these toxic proteins spread throughout the brain to reproduce the telltale patterns of atrophy associated with Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, or ALS. [23] A new method allows researchers to systematically identify specialized proteins that unpack DNA inside the nucleus of a cell, making the usually dense DNA more accessible for gene expression and other functions. [22] Bacterial systems are some of the simplest and most effective platforms for the expression of recombinant proteins. [21] Now, in a new paper published in Nature Structural & Molecular Biology, Mayo researchers have determined how one DNA repair protein gets to the site of DNA damage. [20] A microscopic thread of DNA evidence in a public genealogy database led California authorities to declare this spring they had caught the Golden State Killer, the rapist and murderer who had eluded authorities for decades. [19] Researchers at Delft University of Technology, in collaboration with colleagues at the Autonomous University of Madrid, have created an artificial DNA blueprint for the replication of DNA in a cell-like structure. [18] An LMU team now reveals the inner workings of a molecular motor made of proteins which packs and unpacks DNA. [17] Chemist Ivan Huc finds the inspiration for his work in the molecular principles that underlie biological systems. [16] What makes particles self-assemble into complex biological structures? [15] Scientists from Moscow State University (MSU) working with an international team of researchers have identified the structure of one of the key regions of telomerase—a so-called "cellular immortality" ribonucleoprotein. [14]
Category: Mind Science

[247] viXra:1810.0190 [pdf] submitted on 2018-10-13 04:25:12

### Alzheimer Spread Through the Brain

Authors: George Rajna

Alzheimer Spread Through the Brain For the first time, scientists have developed a computer simulation of how clumps of defective proteins in neurodegenerative diseases like Alzheimer's spread through the brain, much of the time in stealth mode, over as long as 30 years. [24] Now, researchers at Stevens Institute of Technology and colleagues have modeled how these toxic proteins spread throughout the brain to reproduce the telltale patterns of atrophy associated with Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, or ALS. [23] A new method allows researchers to systematically identify specialized proteins that unpack DNA inside the nucleus of a cell, making the usually dense DNA more accessible for gene expression and other functions. [22] Bacterial systems are some of the simplest and most effective platforms for the expression of recombinant proteins. [21] Now, in a new paper published in Nature Structural & Molecular Biology, Mayo researchers have determined how one DNA repair protein gets to the site of DNA damage. [20] A microscopic thread of DNA evidence in a public genealogy database led California authorities to declare this spring they had caught the Golden State Killer, the rapist and murderer who had eluded authorities for decades. [19] Researchers at Delft University of Technology, in collaboration with colleagues at the Autonomous University of Madrid, have created an artificial DNA blueprint for the replication of DNA in a cell-like structure. [18] An LMU team now reveals the inner workings of a molecular motor made of proteins which packs and unpacks DNA. [17] Chemist Ivan Huc finds the inspiration for his work in the molecular principles that underlie biological systems. [16] What makes particles self-assemble into complex biological structures? [15]
Category: Mind Science

[246] viXra:1809.0547 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-27 16:54:53

### Grangels

Authors: Evgeny A. Novikov

Based on the quantum modification of the general relativity (Qmoger), gravitational angels (grangels) are introduced as areas of the background graviton condensate surrounding the interfaces between gravitons and the ordinary matter. The quantum entanglement is interpreted as interaction between splitting grangels. Our subjective experiences (qualia) are described in terms of grangels surrounding neuron clusters. A hierarchy of grangels is considered, including cosmological grangels
Category: Mind Science

[245] viXra:1809.0281 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-13 09:19:36

### 3-D Imaging for Brain Diseases

Authors: George Rajna

Researchers have developed a combination of commercially available hardware and open-source software, named PySight, which improves rapid 2-D and 3-D imaging of the brain and other tissues. [39] A University of Nottingham academic has won a prestigious five-year fellowship to explore the use of harmless sound waves to view deep inside living cells to aid early diagnose in diseases such as cancer. [38] A new system capable of probing microscopic environments inside cells has been installed at the University of Exeter's Bioimaging Centre. [37] "We put the optical microscope under a microscope to achieve accuracy near the atomic scale," said NIST's Samuel Stavis, who served as the project leader for these efforts. [36] Researchers have designed an interferometer that works with magnetic quasiparticles called magnons, rather than photons as in conventional interferometers. [35] A technique to manipulate electrons with light could bring quantum computing up to room temperature. [34] The USTC Microcavity Research Group in the Key Laboratory of Quantum Information has perfected a 4-port, all-optically controlled non-reciprocal multifunctional photonic device based on a magnetic-field-free optomechanical resonator. [33] To address this technology gap, a team of engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) has developed an innovative microchip, named BATLESS, that can continue to operate even when the battery runs out of energy. [32] Stanford researchers have developed a water-based battery that could provide a cheap way to store wind or solar energy generated when the sun is shining and wind is blowing so it can be fed back into the electric grid and be redistributed when demand is high. [31] Researchers at AMOLF and the University of Texas have circumvented this problem with a vibrating glass ring that interacts with light. They thus created a microscale circulator that directionally routes light on an optical chip without using magnets. [30] Researchers have discovered three distinct variants of magnetic domain walls in the helimagnet iron germanium (FeGe). [29]
Category: Mind Science

[244] viXra:1809.0072 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-05 04:49:28

### Human Eye Seeing Ghosted Images

Authors: George Rajna

A team of researchers in the U.K. has found that the human eye and brain are together capable of seeing "ghosted" images. [23] The first human has been scanned with a revolutionary 3D colour medical scanner developed by father and son scientists in New Zealand. [22] A new experimental method permits the X-ray analysis of amyloids, a class of large, filamentous biomolecules which are an important hallmark of diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's. [12] Thumb through any old science textbook, and you'll likely find RNA described as little more than a means to an end, a kind of molecular scratch paper used to construct the proteins encoded in DNA. [20] Just like any long polymer chain, DNA tends to form knots. Using technology that allows them to stretch DNA molecules and image the behavior of these knots, MIT researchers have discovered, for the first time, the factors that determine whether a knot moves along the strand or "jams" in place. [19] Researchers at Delft University of Technology, in collaboration with colleagues at the Autonomous University of Madrid, have created an artificial DNA blueprint for the replication of DNA in a cell-like structure. [18] An LMU team now reveals the inner workings of a molecular motor made of proteins which packs and unpacks DNA. [17] Chemist Ivan Huc finds the inspiration for his work in the molecular principles that underlie biological systems. [16] What makes particles self-assemble into complex biological structures? [15] Scientists from Moscow State University (MSU) working with an international team of researchers have identified the structure of one of the key regions of telomerase—a so-called "cellular immortality" ribonucleoprotein. [14] Researchers from Tokyo Metropolitan University used a light-sensitive iridium-palladium catalyst to make "sequential" polymers, using visible light to change how building blocks are combined into polymer chains. [13]
Category: Mind Science

[243] viXra:1809.0032 [pdf] submitted on 2018-09-01 06:48:41

### The Conquest of High Dimensions: a Scientific Account

Authors: Arturo Tozzi

This is my story, the story of a family pediatrician and amateur neuroscientist/physicist. As an “outsider”, I publish in some of the major scientific journals (also nuts in Nature and NEJM) and collaborate with worldwide universities and renewed scientists. My scientific field? Difficult to say, because I do not like at all to be on focus. Not regarding myself as a proper scientist, I feel free to (try to) publish in rather different disciplines (medicine, biology, physics, math, philosophy and, above all, neuroscience). Working in my room in Naples, Italy, without vis-à-vis contacts with true scientists, my favoured methodological approach is necessarily a “testable rationalism”: sharp experimental previsions arising from top-down, deductive mathematical approaches. Joining together concepts from far-flung fields, I pursue the application of mathematic and physical theory to biology, especially to neural systems. This manuscript encompasses the ABSTRACTS of all my published papers (2014- half 2018) in different fields: math, physics, biology, philosophy and, above all, neuroscience.
Category: Mind Science

[242] viXra:1808.0678 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-31 15:02:34

### Interventies Bij Ongewenst Gedrag

Authors: Maria Schipper

This paper describes different methods for working on problem behavior in dogs.
Category: Mind Science

[241] viXra:1808.0296 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-19 08:58:05

### Audiovisual Emotion Recognition

Authors: George Rajna

Researchers at Orange Labs and Normandie University have developed a novel deep neural model for audiovisual emotion recognition that performs well with small training sets. [35] We have a 'thirst for knowledge' but sometime 'ignorance is bliss', so how do we choose between these two mind states at any given time? [34] Brain-machine interfaces provide one way to connect with this puzzling organ system, including the brain. [33] Measuring optical blood flow in the resting human brain to detect spontaneous activity has for the first time been demonstrated by Wright State University imaging researchers, holding out promise for a better way to study people with autism, Alzheimer's and depression. [32] UCLA biologists report they have transferred a memory from one marine snail to another, creating an artificial memory, by injecting RNA from one to another. [31] Scientists at the Wellcome Trust/ Cancer Research UK Gurdon Institute, University of Cambridge, have identified a new type of stem cell in the brain which they say has a high potential for repair following brain injury or disease. [30] A team of researchers working at the Weizmann Institute of Science has found that organoids can be used to better understand how the human brain wrinkles as it develops. [29] A team of biologists has found an unexpected source for the brain's development, a finding that offers new insights into the building of the nervous system. [28] Researchers discover both the structure of specific brain areas and memory are linked to genetic activity that also play important roles in immune system function. [27] The inner workings of the human brain have always been a subject of great interest. Unfortunately, it is fairly difficult to view brain structures or intricate tissues due to the fact that the skull is not transparent by design. [26] But now there is a technology that enables us to "read the mind" with growing accuracy: functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). [25]
Category: Mind Science

[240] viXra:1808.0157 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-12 14:42:42

### New Research Shall be Initiated in Regard with the Effects of Mood Alternation During Neurological Shutdown

Authors: Peiman Ghasemi

In 1994 the Death With Dignity Act was first passed by Oregon voters successfully, and it became the first law in American history permitting physician-assisted suicide. Pain and negative mental feelings and physical unconsciousness about the future events in the Universe are getting considered as the only disadvantages of the death. Aside of the issues of human cloning and mind uploading, complementary researches in-regard-with the effects of mood alternation during neurological shutdown shall be initiated. Alternation on the human feelings by stimulation of the brain's synapses would lead to a more peaceful mental shutdown. The pain's circuit (the circuit of negative emotions during the death) shall be extracted and gets stimulated during the death. The stimulation of the circuit usually begins right after the act of suicide and suppression of the oxygen follow, and then gets followed for about 15 minutes. Since the Brain Research Initiative began in 2013, NIH and the Brain Research Initiative are responsible for further researches on a variety of different brain circuits. The BRAIN Initiative, is a collaborative, public-private research initiative announced by the Obama administration with the goal of supporting the development and application of innovative technologies that can create a dynamic understanding of brain function.
Category: Mind Science

[239] viXra:1808.0113 [pdf] submitted on 2018-08-10 08:51:51

### RNA Key to Brain Cell Connections

Authors: George Rajna

To dictate the biology of any cell, DNA in the cell's nucleus must be translated into corresponding strands of RNA. [25] An LMU team has improved both the sensitivity and efficiency of a popular method for single-cell RNA sequencing, which yields a molecular fingerprint for individual cells based on their patterns of gene activity. [24] The goal is to find bits of DNA in common between the known relatives and the unidentified remains, suggesting both belong to a particular lineage. One analysis develops a profile that combines what's found at 23 spots in the DNA, for example. [23] A new method allows researchers to systematically identify specialized proteins that unpack DNA inside the nucleus of a cell, making the usually dense DNA more accessible for gene expression and other functions. [22] Bacterial systems are some of the simplest and most effective platforms for the expression of recombinant proteins. [21] Now, in a new paper published in Nature Structural & Molecular Biology, Mayo researchers have determined how one DNA repair protein gets to the site of DNA damage. [20] A microscopic thread of DNA evidence in a public genealogy database led California authorities to declare this spring they had caught the Golden State Killer, the rapist and murderer who had eluded authorities for decades. [19] Researchers at Delft University of Technology, in collaboration with colleagues at the Autonomous University of Madrid, have created an artificial DNA blueprint for the replication of DNA in a cell-like structure. [18] An LMU team now reveals the inner workings of a molecular motor made of proteins which packs and unpacks DNA. [17] Chemist Ivan Huc finds the inspiration for his work in the molecular principles that underlie biological systems. [16] What makes particles self-assemble into complex biological structures? [15]
Category: Mind Science

[238] viXra:1807.0505 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-29 08:22:58

### Future Neuromorphic Devices

Authors: George Rajna

The brain requires surprisingly little energy to adapt to the environment to learn, make ambiguous recognitions, have high recognition ability and intelligence, and perform complex information processing. [35] One recent measure to improve the visualization of the brain has been to create more comprehensive brain models that simulate neural activity. [34] Brain-machine interfaces provide one way to connect with this puzzling organ system, including the brain. [33] Measuring optical blood flow in the resting human brain to detect spontaneous activity has for the first time been demonstrated by Wright State University imaging researchers, holding out promise for a better way to study people with autism, Alzheimer's and depression. [32] UCLA biologists report they have transferred a memory from one marine snail to another, creating an artificial memory, by injecting RNA from one to another. [31] Scientists at the Wellcome Trust/ Cancer Research UK Gurdon Institute, University of Cambridge, have identified a new type of stem cell in the brain which they say has a high potential for repair following brain injury or disease. [30] A team of researchers working at the Weizmann Institute of Science has found that organoids can be used to better understand how the human brain wrinkles as it develops. [29] A team of biologists has found an unexpected source for the brain's development, a finding that offers new insights into the building of the nervous system. [28] Researchers discover both the structure of specific brain areas and memory are linked to genetic activity that also play important roles in immune system function. [27] The inner workings of the human brain have always been a subject of great interest. Unfortunately, it is fairly difficult to view brain structures or intricate tissues due to the fact that the skull is not transparent by design. [26] But now there is a technology that enables us to "read the mind" with growing accuracy: functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). [25]
Category: Mind Science

[237] viXra:1807.0371 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-23 00:21:57

### Does Envy Induce Bone Loss Like Depression and Stress?

Authors: William W. Sabol

While significant elevation of the glucocorticoid cortisol has been linked to bone loss in depression and stress and it can be elevated by negative emotions, short term elevations as may occur in episodic envy are unlikely to measurably impact bone density. The difficulty in securing an adequate research sample of subjects demonstrating chronic, debilitating envy makes research in this regard challenging, but available evidence points to intriguing clues about its potential effects on human health.
Category: Mind Science

[236] viXra:1806.0379 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-26 01:59:34

### Knowledge or Ignorance

Authors: George Rajna

We have a 'thirst for knowledge' but sometime 'ignorance is bliss', so how do we choose between these two mind states at any given time? [34] Brain-machine interfaces provide one way to connect with this puzzling organ system, including the brain. [33] Measuring optical blood flow in the resting human brain to detect spontaneous activity has for the first time been demonstrated by Wright State University imaging researchers, holding out promise for a better way to study people with autism, Alzheimer's and depression. [32] UCLA biologists report they have transferred a memory from one marine snail to another, creating an artificial memory, by injecting RNA from one to another. [31] Scientists at the Wellcome Trust/ Cancer Research UK Gurdon Institute, University of Cambridge, have identified a new type of stem cell in the brain which they say has a high potential for repair following brain injury or disease. [30] A team of researchers working at the Weizmann Institute of Science has found that organoids can be used to better understand how the human brain wrinkles as it develops. [29] A team of biologists has found an unexpected source for the brain's development, a finding that offers new insights into the building of the nervous system. [28] Researchers discover both the structure of specific brain areas and memory are linked to genetic activity that also play important roles in immune system function. [27] The inner workings of the human brain have always been a subject of great interest. Unfortunately, it is fairly difficult to view brain structures or intricate tissues due to the fact that the skull is not transparent by design. [26] But now there is a technology that enables us to "read the mind" with growing accuracy: functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). [25] Advances in microscopy techniques have often triggered important discoveries in the field of neuroscience, enabling vital insights in understanding the brain and promising new treatments for neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's. [24]
Category: Mind Science

[235] viXra:1806.0355 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-25 02:51:44

### (DCTM Version 1.0 19.05.2018 5 Pages) a Simple Digital Consciousness Toy Model (DCTM) Applicable to All Multicellular Life Forms and Based on a Multi-Level Competitive Hierarchical Organization of Biological Cells in General (Including Neurons)

Authors: Andrei Lucian Dragoi

This paper presents a simple digital consciousness toy model (DCTM) applicable to all multicellular life forms and based on a multi-level competitive hierarchical organization of biological cells in general (including neurons). Consciousness (CON) is defined by Merriam-Webster dictionary as “the state or quality of awareness, or, of being aware of an external object or something within oneself”. DCTM is a small set of (re)definitions and principles (statements/assumptions of the model) offering relatively many potential explanations and predictions that are testable in the future.
Category: Mind Science

[234] viXra:1806.0261 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-16 04:35:05

### Brain Interfacing

Authors: George Rajna

Brain Interfacing Brain-machine interfaces provide one way to connect with this puzzling organ system, including the brain. [33] Measuring optical blood flow in the resting human brain to detect spontaneous activity has for the first time been demonstrated by Wright State University imaging researchers, holding out promise for a better way to study people with autism, Alzheimer's and depression. [32] UCLA biologists report they have transferred a memory from one marine snail to another, creating an artificial memory, by injecting RNA from one to another. [31] Scientists at the Wellcome Trust/ Cancer Research UK Gurdon Institute, University of Cambridge, have identified a new type of stem cell in the brain which they say has a high potential for repair following brain injury or disease. [30] A team of researchers working at the Weizmann Institute of Science has found that organoids can be used to better understand how the human brain wrinkles as it develops. [29] A team of biologists has found an unexpected source for the brain's development, a finding that offers new insights into the building of the nervous system. [28] Researchers discover both the structure of specific brain areas and memory are linked to genetic activity that also play important roles in immune system function. [27] The inner workings of the human brain have always been a subject of great interest. Unfortunately, it is fairly difficult to view brain structures or intricate tissues due to the fact that the skull is not transparent by design. [26] But now there is a technology that enables us to "read the mind" with growing accuracy: functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). [25] Advances in microscopy techniques have often triggered important discoveries in the field of neuroscience, enabling vital insights in understanding the brain and promising new treatments for neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's. [24] What is the relationship of consciousness to the neurological activity of the brain? Does the brain behave differently when a person is fully conscious, when they are asleep, or when they are undergoing an epileptic seizure? [23]
Category: Mind Science

[233] viXra:1806.0256 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-16 11:58:57

### Virtual Brain Models

Authors: George Rajna

Virtual Brain Models One recent measure to improve the visualization of the brain has been to create more comprehensive brain models that simulate neural activity. [34] Brain-machine interfaces provide one way to connect with this puzzling organ system, including the brain. [33] Measuring optical blood flow in the resting human brain to detect spontaneous activity has for the first time been demonstrated by Wright State University imaging researchers, holding out promise for a better way to study people with autism, Alzheimer's and depression. [32] UCLA biologists report they have transferred a memory from one marine snail to another, creating an artificial memory, by injecting RNA from one to another. [31] Scientists at the Wellcome Trust/ Cancer Research UK Gurdon Institute, University of Cambridge, have identified a new type of stem cell in the brain which they say has a high potential for repair following brain injury or disease. [30] A team of researchers working at the Weizmann Institute of Science has found that organoids can be used to better understand how the human brain wrinkles as it develops. [29] A team of biologists has found an unexpected source for the brain's development, a finding that offers new insights into the building of the nervous system. [28] Researchers discover both the structure of specific brain areas and memory are linked to genetic activity that also play important roles in immune system function. [27] The inner workings of the human brain have always been a subject of great interest. Unfortunately, it is fairly difficult to view brain structures or intricate tissues due to the fact that the skull is not transparent by design. [26] But now there is a technology that enables us to "read the mind" with growing accuracy: functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). [25] Advances in microscopy techniques have often triggered important discoveries in the field of neuroscience, enabling vital insights in understanding the brain and promising new treatments for neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's. [24]
Category: Mind Science

[232] viXra:1806.0117 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-09 13:27:27

Authors: Colin James III

When the 2D Möbius is extended into a 3D umbilic torus (less precisely as umbilic "bracelit"), then antipodal points take three revolutions to traverse the shape. Three rotations map to the linear formula of the Kanban cell neuron model formula. There are 14-combinations as equations. Because 14-connectives are allowed out of a possible 256-connectives, about 5% of input is accepted and 95% rejected. This effectively filters input and concurrently self-times the processing cycles, to overcome mechanical issues of whole brain models. The Kanban cell neuron limits the number of such dual points by processing about 5% of input data in the 14-combinations. With location markers based on the properties of the linear Kanban cell neuron model, the mapping requires only one point on the 3D umbilic torus and not two antipodal points. What follows is a simplified model of the whole brain as limited within a 3D topology, and without resorting to imaginary higher dimensions for fitting untenable models of quantum vector spaces which are not bivalent but probabilistic.
Category: Mind Science

[231] viXra:1805.0390 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-22 08:08:03

### Brain Function Connectivity

Authors: George Rajna

Measuring optical blood flow in the resting human brain to detect spontaneous activity has for the first time been demonstrated by Wright State University imaging researchers, holding out promise for a better way to study people with autism, Alzheimer's and depression. [32] UCLA biologists report they have transferred a memory from one marine snail to another, creating an artificial memory, by injecting RNA from one to another. [31] Scientists at the Wellcome Trust/ Cancer Research UK Gurdon Institute, University of Cambridge, have identified a new type of stem cell in the brain which they say has a high potential for repair following brain injury or disease. [30] A team of researchers working at the Weizmann Institute of Science has found that organoids can be used to better understand how the human brain wrinkles as it develops. [29] A team of biologists has found an unexpected source for the brain's development, a finding that offers new insights into the building of the nervous system. [28] Researchers discover both the structure of specific brain areas and memory are linked to genetic activity that also play important roles in immune system function. [27] The inner workings of the human brain have always been a subject of great interest. Unfortunately, it is fairly difficult to view brain structures or intricate tissues due to the fact that the skull is not transparent by design. [26] But now there is a technology that enables us to "read the mind" with growing accuracy: functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). [25] Advances in microscopy techniques have often triggered important discoveries in the field of neuroscience, enabling vital insights in understanding the brain and promising new treatments for neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's. [24]
Category: Mind Science

[230] viXra:1805.0290 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-15 03:01:30

### Memory Transfer

Authors: George Rajna

UCLA biologists report they have transferred a memory from one marine snail to another, creating an artificial memory, by injecting RNA from one to another. [31] Scientists at the Wellcome Trust/ Cancer Research UK Gurdon Institute, University of Cambridge, have identified a new type of stem cell in the brain which they say has a high potential for repair following brain injury or disease. [30] A team of researchers working at the Weizmann Institute of Science has found that organoids can be used to better understand how the human brain wrinkles as it develops. [29] A team of biologists has found an unexpected source for the brain's development, a finding that offers new insights into the building of the nervous system. [28] Researchers discover both the structure of specific brain areas and memory are linked to genetic activity that also play important roles in immune system function. [27] The inner workings of the human brain have always been a subject of great interest. Unfortunately, it is fairly difficult to view brain structures or intricate tissues due to the fact that the skull is not transparent by design. [26] But now there is a technology that enables us to "read the mind" with growing accuracy: functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). [25] Advances in microscopy techniques have often triggered important discoveries in the field of neuroscience, enabling vital insights in understanding the brain and promising new treatments for neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's. [24] What is the relationship of consciousness to the neurological activity of the brain? Does the brain behave differently when a person is fully conscious, when they are asleep, or when they are undergoing an epileptic seizure? [23] Consciousness appears to arise naturally as a result of a brain maximizing its information content. So says a group of scientists in Canada and France, which has studied how the electrical activity in people's brains varies according to individuals' conscious states. The researchers find that normal waking states are associated with maximum values of what they call a brain's "entropy". [22] New research published in the New Journal of Physics tries to decompose the structural layers of the cortical network to different hierarchies enabling to identify the network's nucleus, from which our consciousness could emerge. [21]
Category: Mind Science

[229] viXra:1804.0322 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-23 05:54:20

### A Novel Procedure for the Assessment of Multidimensional Brain Activities

Authors: Arturo Tozzi

The brain activity displays hidden functional dimensions, apart from the conventionally assessed three spatial ones (plus time). This finding, corroborated by a long sequence of recent experimental observations, requires novel methodological devices in order to provide a mathematical treatment for such elusive nervous extra-dimensions. Here we describe a novel, simple approach that makes feasible to extract hidden multidimensional information from real neurodata series, in order to detect, assess and quantify a fourth spatial dimension of cortical activity. Also, our technique might stand for the first step towards an artificial nervous network equipped with four spatial dimensions, instead of the classical three.
Category: Mind Science

[228] viXra:1804.0266 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-20 03:46:46

### Duality Transform Between Black and White Psychological Profiles.

Authors: Johan Noldus

It is shown that the Fourier transform is the appropriate defining characteristic in black-white psychological profiles.
Category: Mind Science

[227] viXra:1804.0169 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-12 22:52:34

### A Conjecture for Objectification of the Content of Consciousness

Authors: Daisuke H. Tanaka, Tsutomu Tanabe

The content of consciousness has strictly escaped from scientific approach mainly because it is subjective but not objective. We propose the content of consciousness can become objective in a specific condition. We firstly considered the subjective-objective distinction and found that it was not necessarily black-and-white but was continuously graded. We also found two factors affecting the degree of objectiveness: number of individuals who confirmed the specific subject, and reproducibility to confirm the subject. We stated that the specific content of consciousness could be regarded as objective if it was reproducibly confirmed by multiple individuals. Finally, we raised four neurological premises to test the statement: (1) a content-specific and sufficient neural correlates of consciousness (cssNCC) exists in human brain, (2) a specific cssNCC gives rise to a specific content of consciousness, (3) the cssNCC is sharable among multiple individuals and (4) the cssNCC is spatiotemporally stable enough to manipulate repeatedly.
Category: Mind Science

[226] viXra:1804.0130 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-10 15:36:28

### Psychological Program

Authors: Duan xianxiang

By referring to case study, this dissertation is in attempt to lay bare that people’s psychological activities are a set of programs and psychological and mental disease is accrued to procedural operation’s going awry or set-up of erroneous programs. By amending or learning correct use of these psychological programs can we precisely or thoroughly treat psychological and mental diseases. An integrated psychological treatment process contains psychological analysis plus amended psychological programs. A string of psychological reaction initiated in a human body to initiate a specific assignment is called psychological program. Such ‘initiation’ is both ‘conscious’ and ‘unconscious’. Lookout for psychological program hinges on psychological analysis and scientific hypnosis.
Category: Mind Science

[225] viXra:1804.0102 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-08 04:39:23

### Приглашение на жизнь (Invitation to Life)

Authors: Emanuel Gluskin
Comments: 78 Pages. A respectable Critics of the Nabokov's approach

Памяти покойного Йоси Баная – Выдающегося Израильского Барда, Сатирика, и Воспитателя … всех. Он как-то сказал об одном молодом эстрадном 'герое': "Всё воет и воет – сколько можно?! Вопрос в том – есть ли ему что сказать?" Действительно -- ЧТО есть ему сказать, и на каком коне ему скакать?! Изрядно сказано – пускай его потужит, пускай перу пророков он послужит …. . Но КТО его родная мать?
Category: Mind Science

[224] viXra:1804.0081 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-05 13:36:04

### Sleeping Stem Cells Brain Repair

Authors: George Rajna

Scientists at the Wellcome Trust/ Cancer Research UK Gurdon Institute, University of Cambridge, have identified a new type of stem cell in the brain which they say has a high potential for repair following brain injury or disease. [30] A team of researchers working at the Weizmann Institute of Science has found that organoids can be used to better understand how the human brain wrinkles as it develops. [29] A team of biologists has found an unexpected source for the brain's development, a finding that offers new insights into the building of the nervous system. [28] Researchers discover both the structure of specific brain areas and memory are linked to genetic activity that also play important roles in immune system function. [27] The inner workings of the human brain have always been a subject of great interest. Unfortunately, it is fairly difficult to view brain structures or intricate tissues due to the fact that the skull is not transparent by design. [26] But now there is a technology that enables us to "read the mind" with growing accuracy: functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). [25]
Category: Mind Science

[223] viXra:1804.0070 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-04 11:43:12

### Genes Shape Behavior

Authors: George Rajna

While in graduate school at The Rockefeller University, Dr. Bendesky hypothesized that this marked behavioral difference would show up in the animals' DNA. [31] In previous studies, Camarillo's lab had outfitted 31 college football players with special mouthguards that recorded how players' heads moved after an impact, including a few cases in which players suffered concussions. [30] A team of researchers working at the Weizmann Institute of Science has found that organoids can be used to better understand how the human brain wrinkles as it develops. [29] A team of biologists has found an unexpected source for the brain's development, a finding that offers new insights into the building of the nervous system. [28] Researchers discover both the structure of specific brain areas and memory are linked to genetic activity that also play important roles in immune system function. [27] The inner workings of the human brain have always been a subject of great interest. Unfortunately, it is fairly difficult to view brain structures or intricate tissues due to the fact that the skull is not transparent by design. [26] But now there is a technology that enables us to "read the mind" with growing accuracy: functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). [25] Advances in microscopy techniques have often triggered important discoveries in the field of neuroscience, enabling vital insights in understanding the brain and promising new treatments for neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's. [24] What is the relationship of consciousness to the neurological activity of the brain? Does the brain behave differently when a person is fully conscious, when they are asleep, or when they are undergoing an epileptic seizure? [23] Consciousness appears to arise naturally as a result of a brain maximizing its information content. So says a group of scientists in Canada and France, which has studied how the electrical activity in people's brains varies according to individuals' conscious states. The researchers find that normal waking states are associated with maximum values of what they call a brain's "entropy". [22] New research published in the New Journal of Physics tries to decompose the structural layers of the cortical network to different hierarchies enabling to identify the network's nucleus, from which our consciousness could emerge. [21]
Category: Mind Science

[222] viXra:1803.0749 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-31 05:08:41

### Complex Nature of Concussion

Authors: George Rajna

In previous studies, Camarillo's lab had outfitted 31 college football players with special mouthguards that recorded how players' heads moved after an impact, including a few cases in which players suffered concussions. [30] A team of researchers working at the Weizmann Institute of Science has found that organoids can be used to better understand how the human brain wrinkles as it develops. [29] A team of biologists has found an unexpected source for the brain's development, a finding that offers new insights into the building of the nervous system. [28] Researchers discover both the structure of specific brain areas and memory are linked to genetic activity that also play important roles in immune system function. [27] The inner workings of the human brain have always been a subject of great interest. Unfortunately, it is fairly difficult to view brain structures or intricate tissues due to the fact that the skull is not transparent by design. [26] But now there is a technology that enables us to "read the mind" with growing accuracy: functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). [25] Advances in microscopy techniques have often triggered important discoveries in the field of neuroscience, enabling vital insights in understanding the brain and promising new treatments for neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's. [24]
Category: Mind Science

[221] viXra:1803.0284 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-19 07:56:15

### Nervous Oscillations on a Twisted Cylinder

Authors: Arturo Tozzi

The Borsuk-Ulam theorem is a general principle able to describe a large amount of brain functions. However, when assessing the neurodata extracted from EEG and fMRI, the BUT-related methods, based on projections and mappings among different functional brain dimensions, are impractical and computationally expensive. Here we show how the BUT’s antipodal features with matching description (say, two far apart brain areas that are activated simultaneously and display the same value of entropy) can be described in terms of closed paths on a Möbius strip. This allows to evaluate the nervous system’s dynamics in terms of trajectories taking place onto the well-established, easily manageable phase space of a twisted cylinder.
Category: Mind Science

[220] viXra:1803.0046 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-03 15:14:39

### Toward a Pragmatic Science of Mind

Authors: Richard L Amoroso
Comments: 16 Pages. Preprint: Quantum Biosystems 2015; 6 (1): 99-114

For the field of Consciousness Studies or Cognitive Science to advance pragmatically, rigorous quantifiable theoretical elements with experimentally testable protocols leading to a wide range of applicable results must occur. In this work we introduce a new unit of physical measure called the ‘Psychon’ named in honor of Nobelist Sir John Eccles to formally quantify ‘mental energy’. Additionally, an experimental design is outlined to falsify the model. If the procedure for quantifying mind is successful it will have far reaching consequences for ‘mind science’ breaking down the 1st person - 3rd person barrier leading to a new class of ‘conscious technology’. The task introduces a new age of discovery in the progression Newtonian Mechanics to Quantum Mechanics to a 3rd regime of reality - Unified Field Mechanics (UFM); a paradigm shift fraught with detail and new nomenclature.
Category: Mind Science

[219] viXra:1802.0275 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-20 08:37:55

### The Brain Wrinkles

Authors: George Rajna

A team of researchers working at the Weizmann Institute of Science has found that organoids can be used to better understand how the human brain wrinkles as it develops. [29] A team of biologists has found an unexpected source for the brain's development, a finding that offers new insights into the building of the nervous system. [28] Researchers discover both the structure of specific brain areas and memory are linked to genetic activity that also play important roles in immune system function. [27] The inner workings of the human brain have always been a subject of great interest. Unfortunately, it is fairly difficult to view brain structures or intricate tissues due to the fact that the skull is not transparent by design. [26] But now there is a technology that enables us to "read the mind" with growing accuracy: functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). [25] Advances in microscopy techniques have often triggered important discoveries in the field of neuroscience, enabling vital insights in understanding the brain and promising new treatments for neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's. [24]
Category: Mind Science

[218] viXra:1802.0190 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-14 21:46:19

### Evolution Linked to String Theory

Authors: Mell Lenz, Baz Taylor

The Lenz/Taylor theory is a prediction model derived from human development and suggests that the unification of several sciences including String Theory may be undeniable when placed into a cohesive context. For the purpose of this paper, String Theory was used comparatively for the overall concept and provides for it a more meaningful context. 5 stages of space and 5 stages of awareness... together they equal 10 stages of life and 2 stages of birth and death creating 12 stages (with 1 and 12 representing life and death respectively, in the broader sense of the Universe recycling matter) happening simultaneously. “We looked inside Pandora’s Box and found hope.” Mell Lenz
Category: Mind Science

[217] viXra:1802.0066 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-06 05:41:09

### a Computational Approach to Estimation of Crowding in Natural Images

Authors: Lauri Ahonen

Crowding is a phenomenon where the identification of objects in peripheral vision is deteriorated by the presence of nearby targets. Crowding therefore reduces the extent of visual span, i.e. information intake during a single eye fixation. It is, thus, a limiting factor of many everyday tasks, such as reading. The phenomenon is due to wide area feature integration in the higher levels of visual processing. Despite the critical role of the phenomenon, complex natural images have so far not been used in the research of crowding. The purpose of the present study was to determine how the crowding effect affects object recognition in complex natural images, and whether the magnitude of the crowding could be modelled using methods introduced below. The actual magnitude of the crowding effect was determined experimentally by measuring contrast thresholds for letter targets of different sizes on various natural image backgrounds. The results of the experiments were analyzed to evaluate the developed methods. The methods are based on image statistics and clutter modelling. Clutter models assess the complexity in the image. The image statistics and the clutter models were combined with basic knowledge of the crowding effect. In addition, an early visual system model was incorporated to assess the role of the visual acuity across the visual field. The developed models predicted the induced crowding effect in an arbitrary natural image. The model of the visual system contributed to the results, as well. The differences between the methods for assessing the image properties were, however, negligible. Contrast energy, the simplest measure, can be regarded as the most efficient. Natural images can cause very strong crowding effects. The conclusion is that predicting quantitative dimensions of the crowding effect in an arbitrary image is viable. However further research of the subject is necessary for developing the models. Computational assessment of the crowding effect potentially can be applied to e.g. user interface design, assessing information visualization techniques, and the development of augmented reality applications.
Category: Mind Science

[216] viXra:1801.0136 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-11 14:06:57

### Virus-Like Protein for Cognition and Memory

Authors: George Rajna

A protein involved in cognition and storing long-term memories looks and acts like a protein from viruses. [8] Discovery of quantum vibrations in 'microtubules' inside brain neurons supports controversial theory of consciousness. The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.
Category: Mind Science

[215] viXra:1801.0089 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-07 13:24:37

### The Hidden Dimensions of the Central Nervous System

Authors: Arturo Tozzi

Several papers, taking into account the big data outburst and novel, powerful computational tools, are starting to unveil an intricate state of affairs concerning brain dimensions. Indeed, various brain activities and their correlated mental functions can be assessed in terms of trajectories embedded in phase spaces of dimensions higher than the canonical ones. We show how, surprisingly, brain further dimensions may stand not just for methodological devices that allow a better mathematical treatment of otherwise elusive cortical activities, but also for functional or anatomical relationships among real nervous functions. Further, we describe how it is feasible to extract hidden multidimensional information from real or artificial neurodata series, and demonstrate how our mind dilutes, rather than concentrate as currently believed, the inputs coming from its surrounding environment. The principle “the higher the dimensions, the higher the information” might explain the occurrence of our mental activities and elucidate the mechanisms of the human diseases in which dimensionality reduction occurs.
Category: Mind Science

[214] viXra:1801.0023 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-02 09:10:47

### Women Brain Foods: Increased Basal Antioxidant Capacity Effects on Mental Cognition and Carcinogenesis

Authors: Peiman Ghasemi

As first year students' cognitive improvement efforts evaluated by eating foods rich in antioxidants, and vitamins; significant increments in eating fast foods, certain vitamins, breathing toxic air pollutants, and high amounts of antioxidants consumed just before stressful exam periods, caused illness and fatal adverse effects on scientific societies.
Category: Mind Science

[213] viXra:1712.0668 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-31 00:12:23

### Charge Difference Theory of Consciousness

Authors: A. Hardy

Consciousness is brain activity. The brain takes in information from the environment through the senses and computes it via the firing of neurons. Qualia is everything we perceive. A charge difference is the information in the brain. We suggest that it is this, in vast networks of neurons, which has phenomenological character of qualia.
Category: Mind Science

[212] viXra:1712.0474 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-15 13:20:16

### Consciousness

Authors: Robert T. Longo

The present scientific paradigm holds that the brain is the seat of consciousness, and a complete knowledge of the neurons will yield a full understanding of this phenomena. There are also non-scientific paradigms that suggest that consciousness is some how connected to a great universal consciousness, the mind of God. In this paper I will separate these two ideas by defining a local and global consciousness, and will briefly discuss both.
Category: Mind Science

[211] viXra:1711.0438 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-26 06:46:39

### Human Mind: Collecting Dreams Data

Comments: 2 Pages. Key words: dream, conscious, subconscious, unconscious

We suggest a method for collecting data about dreams. We propose that the data may be used for studying sleep states versus dream states. Also that the data could be useful for identifying the boundaries between conscious, subconscious and unconscious states of the mind.
Category: Mind Science

[210] viXra:1711.0314 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-15 03:46:24

### The (Good) Educator as Dream Worker

Authors: Stephen I. Ternyik

Interview
Category: Mind Science

[209] viXra:1710.0168 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-17 10:05:28

### Brain Resting State, Landauer Principle and Carnot Cycle

Authors: Deli E, Tozzi A, Peters JF

The brain displays a low-frequency ground energy conformation, called the resting state, which is characterized by energy/information balance via self-regulatory mechanisms. Despite the high-frequency evoked activity accumulates information from the detail-oriented sensory processing of environmental data, nevertheless the brain’s automatic regulation is always able to recover the resting state. Indeed, we show that the two energetic processes are complementary and symmetric: while activation decreases temporal dimensionality via transient bifurcations, the ensuing brain’s response leads to procedures that satisfy the Landauer’s principle. Landauer’s principle, which states that information erasure requires energy, predicts heat accumulation in the system: this means that information accumulation is correlated with increases in temperature and with actions that recover the resting state. We explain how brain synaptic networks frame a closed system, similar to the Carnot cycle, where the information/energy cycle accumulates as energy of synaptic connections, and then dissipates in the resting state. In deep learning, representation of information might occur via the same mechanism.
Category: Mind Science

[208] viXra:1708.0483 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-31 14:14:46

### Source for Brain's Development

Authors: George Rajna

Category: Mind Science

[207] viXra:1708.0426 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-28 21:51:53

### A Probabilistic Definition of Drowsiness

Authors: Chun-Shu Wei

Drowsiness is a cognitive factor that affects human behavior such as response time. However, quantifying drowsiness in a subject measurement has been an unsolved challenge. In this study, I proposed a probabilistic definition for drowsiness and developed a drowsiness index based on the response time in a sustained attentional task. Results show that, with normalization and temporal smoothing, the drowsiness index is able to track the variation of drowsiness.
Category: Mind Science

[206] viXra:1708.0174 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-16 02:54:44

### Brain Machine Interface

Authors: George Rajna

Brain Machine Interface Brain-machine interfaces (BMIs) are basically gimmicks. The reason you don't hear so much about them these days is because, in the fullness of time, significant tangible benefit to a user has flat out failed to materialize. [9] How does the brain-a lump of 'pinkish gray meat'-produce the richness of conscious experience, or any subjective experience at all? Scientists and philosophers have historically likened the brain to contemporary information technology, from the ancient Greeks comparing memory to a 'seal ring in wax,' to the 19th century brain as a 'telegraph switching circuit,' to Freud's subconscious desires 'boiling over like a steam engine,' to a hologram, and finally, the computer. [8] Discovery of quantum vibrations in 'microtubules' inside brain neurons supports controversial theory of consciousness. The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.
Category: Mind Science

[205] viXra:1708.0150 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-14 06:44:27

### Smartphone Tracking

Authors: George Rajna

Youth spend less time in their neighborhoods if area residents have a high fear of crime, according to a new study that used smartphones to track kids' whereabouts. [31] Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich neurobiologists present a new theory for the origin of the grid cells required for spatial orientation in the mammalian brain, which assigns a vital role to the timing of trains of signals they receive from neurons called place cells. [30] During the last decade, commercial brain-training programs have risen in popularity, offering people the hope of improving their cognitive abilities through the routine performance of various "brain games" that tap cognitive functions such as memory, attention and cognitive flexibility. [29] The human brain is smaller than most people imagine, it can be held in one hand and weighs about 3 pounds. However, the innocuous looking gray matter is infinitely complex and barely understood. But part of the challenge to understanding, despite the number of researchers, scientists, and doctors dedicated to its study, is that there is no central hub of information, mapping, or data gathering for brain research. Soon though, the Human Brain Project (HBP) hopes to change all that. [28] Many universities and institutes suggested that inside microtubules of brain cells, quantum vibrational computations were orchestrated. [27] New research proposes a way to test whether quantum entanglement is affected by consciousness. [26] Using atomic-scale quantum defects in diamonds known as nitrogen-vacancy (NV) centers to detect the magnetic field generated by neural signals, scientists working in the lab of Ronald Walsworth, a faculty member in Harvard's Center for Brain Science and Physics Department, demonstrated a noninvasive technique that can image the activity of neurons. [25] Neuroscience and artificial intelligence experts from Rice University and Baylor College of Medicine have taken inspiration from the human brain in creating a new "deep learning" method that enables computers to learn about the visual world largely on their own, much as human babies do. [24] What is the relationship of consciousness to the neurological activity of the brain? Does the brain behave differently when a person is fully conscious, when they are asleep, or when they are undergoing an epileptic seizure? [23]
Category: Mind Science

[204] viXra:1708.0116 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-10 15:21:33

### Feeding the Universe, Qualia and Neutrino

Authors: Evgeny A Novikov

Based on the quantum modification of the general relativity (Qmoger), it is shown, that Vacuum is continuously feeding the universe and partially merge with it, not unlike an ovary with a fruit. Subjective experiences (qualia) are considered in frames of the Qmoger theory. A relation is found between qualia and the neutrino oscillations.
Category: Mind Science

[203] viXra:1708.0069 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-07 11:02:50

### Synaptic Junction Reinforcement

Authors: George Rajna

At the cellular level, learning and memory require continuous readjustment of the strength of synaptic junctions – the functional connections between nerve cells. [17] University of Georgia researchers have discovered a new way that iron is stored in microorganisms, a finding that provides new insights into the fundamental nature of how biological systems work. [16] The stage is set for a new era of data-driven protein molecular engineering as advances in DNA synthesis technology merge with improvements in computational design of new proteins. [15] Scientists at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have succeeded at measuring these forces for the very first time on the level of single base pairs. This new knowledge could help to construct precise molecular machines out of DNA. The researchers published their findings in the journal Science. [14] Scientists work toward storing digital information in DNA. [13] Leiden theoretical physicists have proven that DNA mechanics, in addition to genetic information in DNA, determines who we are. Helmut Schiessel and his group simulated many DNA sequences and found a correlation between mechanical cues and the way DNA is folded. They have published their results in PLoS One. [12] We model the electron clouds of nucleic acids in DNA as a chain of coupled quantum harmonic oscillators with dipole-dipole interaction between nearest neighbours resulting in a van der Waals type bonding. [11] Scientists have discovered a secret second code hiding within DNA which instructs cells on how genes are controlled. The amazing discovery is expected to open new doors to the diagnosis and treatment of diseases, according to a new study. [10] There is also connection between statistical physics and evolutionary biology, since the arrow of time is working in the biological evolution also. From the standpoint of physics, there is one essential difference between living things and inanimate clumps of carbon atoms: The former tend to be much better at capturing energy from their environment and dissipating that energy as heat. [8] This paper contains the review of quantum entanglement investigations in living systems, and in the quantum mechanically modeled photoactive prebiotic kernel systems. [7] The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.
Category: Mind Science

[202] viXra:1708.0068 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-07 06:06:35

### It’s Déjà Vu All Over Again: A Classical Interpretation of Syntropy and Precognitive Interdiction Based on Wheeler-Feynman’s Absorber Theory

Authors: Victor Christianto, Florentin Smarandache, Yunita Umniyati

It has been known for long time that intuition plays significant role in many professions and human life, including in entrepreneurship, government, and also in detective or law enforcement activities. Even women are known to possess better intuitive feelings or “hunch” compared to men. Despite these examples, such a precognitive interdiction is hardly accepted in established science. In this paper, we discuss briefly the advanced solutions of Maxwell equations, and then make connection between syntropy and precognition from classical perspective. It is our hope that the new proposed method can be verified with experimental data. But we admit that our model is still in its infancy, more researches are needed to fill all the missing details.
Category: Mind Science

[201] viXra:1708.0032 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-04 04:00:26

### Brain Spin

Authors: George Rajna

A spintronic device measuring just 375 nm across has been used to recognize human speech. [27] The inner workings of the human brain have always been a subject of great interest. Unfortunately, it is fairly difficult to view brain structures or intricate tissues due to the fact that the skull is not transparent by design. [26] But now there is a technology that enables us to "read the mind" with growing accuracy: functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). [25] Advances in microscopy techniques have often triggered important discoveries in the field of neuroscience, enabling vital insights in understanding the brain and promising new treatments for neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's. [24]
Category: Mind Science

[200] viXra:1707.0397 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-30 05:45:31

### Information into Conscious Thought

Authors: George Rajna

A new study investigates when the 'a-ha!' moment takes place in the brain, and how similar it is to other brain processes. [28] Researchers discover both the structure of specific brain areas and memory are linked to genetic activity that also play important roles in immune system function. [27] The inner workings of the human brain have always been a subject of great interest. Unfortunately, it is fairly difficult to view brain structures or intricate tissues due to the fact that the skull is not transparent by design. [26] But now there is a technology that enables us to "read the mind" with growing accuracy: functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). [25] Advances in microscopy techniques have often triggered important discoveries in the field of neuroscience, enabling vital insights in understanding the brain and promising new treatments for neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's. [24] What is the relationship of consciousness to the neurological activity of the brain? Does the brain behave differently when a person is fully conscious, when they are asleep, or when they are undergoing an epileptic seizure? [23] Consciousness appears to arise naturally as a result of a brain maximizing its information content. So says a group of scientists in Canada and France, which has studied how the electrical activity in people's brains varies according to individuals' conscious states. The researchers find that normal waking states are associated with maximum values of what they call a brain's "entropy". [22]
Category: Mind Science

[199] viXra:1707.0390 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-30 04:06:20

### Immune System, Memory and Brain

Authors: George Rajna

Researchers discover both the structure of specific brain areas and memory are linked to genetic activity that also play important roles in immune system function. [27] The inner workings of the human brain have always been a subject of great interest. Unfortunately, it is fairly difficult to view brain structures or intricate tissues due to the fact that the skull is not transparent by design. [26] But now there is a technology that enables us to "read the mind" with growing accuracy: functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). [25] Advances in microscopy techniques have often triggered important discoveries in the field of neuroscience, enabling vital insights in understanding the brain and promising new treatments for neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's. [24] What is the relationship of consciousness to the neurological activity of the brain? Does the brain behave differently when a person is fully conscious, when they are asleep, or when they are undergoing an epileptic seizure? [23] Consciousness appears to arise naturally as a result of a brain maximizing its information content. So says a group of scientists in Canada and France, which has studied how the electrical activity in people's brains varies according to individuals' conscious states. The researchers find that normal waking states are associated with maximum values of what they call a brain's "entropy". [22]
Category: Mind Science

[198] viXra:1707.0368 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-27 14:29:20

### Lab-Created Mini-Brains

Authors: George Rajna

Scientists can now explore in a laboratory dish how the human brain develops by creating organoids—distinct, three-dimensional regions of the brain. [27] The inner workings of the human brain have always been a subject of great interest. Unfortunately, it is fairly difficult to view brain structures or intricate tissues due to the fact that the skull is not transparent by design. [26] But now there is a technology that enables us to "read the mind" with growing accuracy: functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). [25] Advances in microscopy techniques have often triggered important discoveries in the field of neuroscience, enabling vital insights in understanding the brain and promising new treatments for neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's. [24] What is the relationship of consciousness to the neurological activity of the brain? Does the brain behave differently when a person is fully conscious, when they are asleep, or when they are undergoing an epileptic seizure? [23] Consciousness appears to arise naturally as a result of a brain maximizing its information content. So says a group of scientists in Canada and France, which has studied how the electrical activity in people's brains varies according to individuals' conscious states. The researchers find that normal waking states are associated with maximum values of what they call a brain's "entropy". [22]
Category: Mind Science

[197] viXra:1707.0361 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-27 07:54:30

### Light into the Human Brain

Authors: George Rajna

The inner workings of the human brain have always been a subject of great interest. Unfortunately, it is fairly difficult to view brain structures or intricate tissues due to the fact that the skull is not transparent by design. [26] But now there is a technology that enables us to "read the mind" with growing accuracy: functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). [25] Advances in microscopy techniques have often triggered important discoveries in the field of neuroscience, enabling vital insights in understanding the brain and promising new treatments for neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's. [24] What is the relationship of consciousness to the neurological activity of the brain? Does the brain behave differently when a person is fully conscious, when they are asleep, or when they are undergoing an epileptic seizure? [23] Consciousness appears to arise naturally as a result of a brain maximizing its information content. So says a group of scientists in Canada and France, which has studied how the electrical activity in people's brains varies according to individuals' conscious states. The researchers find that normal waking states are associated with maximum values of what they call a brain's "entropy". [22]
Category: Mind Science

[196] viXra:1707.0290 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-22 05:07:01

### Computational Psychiatry

Authors: George Rajna

Machine learning, data mining, and artificial intelligence are revolutionizing the study and understanding of mental illness. [26] Google recently launched PAIR, an acronym of People + AI Research, in an attempt to increase the utility of AI and improve human to AI interaction. [25] Now, researchers at Google's DeepMind have developed a simple algorithm to handle such reasoning—and it has already beaten humans at a complex image comprehension test. [24] A marimba-playing robot with four arms and eight sticks is writing and playing its own compositions in a lab at the Georgia Institute of Technology. The pieces are generated using artificial intelligence and deep learning. [23] Now, a team of researchers at MIT and elsewhere has developed a new approach to such computations, using light instead of electricity, which they say could vastly improve the speed and efficiency of certain deep learning computations. [22] Physicists have found that the structure of certain types of quantum learning algorithms is very similar to their classical counterparts—a finding that will help scientists further develop the quantum versions. [21] We should remain optimistic that quantum computing and AI will continue to improve our lives, but we also should continue to hold companies, organizations, and governments accountable for how our private data is used, as well as the technology's impact on the environment. [20] It's man vs machine this week as Google's artificial intelligence programme AlphaGo faces the world's top-ranked Go player in a contest expected to end in another victory for rapid advances in AI. [19] Google's computer programs are gaining a better understanding of the world, and now it wants them to handle more of the decision-making for the billions of people who use its services. [18] Microsoft on Wednesday unveiled new tools intended to democratize artificial intelligence by enabling machine smarts to be built into software from smartphone games to factory floors. [17] The closer we can get a machine translation to be on par with expert human translation, the happier lots of people struggling with translations will be. [16]
Category: Mind Science

[195] viXra:1707.0285 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-21 09:04:54

### Brain's GPS

Authors: George Rajna

University of Munich neurobiologists present a new theory for the origin of the grid cells required for spatial orientation in the mammalian brain, which assigns a vital role to the timing of trains of signals they receive from neurons called place cells. [30] During the last decade, commercial brain-training programs have risen in popularity, offering people the hope of improving their cognitive abilities through the routine performance of various "brain games" that tap cognitive functions such as memory, attention and cognitive flexibility. [29] The human brain is smaller than most people imagine, it can be held in one hand and weighs about 3 pounds. However, the innocuous looking gray matter is infinitely complex and barely understood. But part of the challenge to understanding, despite the number of researchers, scientists, and doctors dedicated to its study, is that there is no central hub of information, mapping, or data gathering for brain research. Soon though, the Human Brain Project (HBP) hopes to change all that. [28] Many universities and institutes suggested that inside microtubules of brain cells, quantum vibrational computations were orchestrated. [27] New research proposes a way to test whether quantum entanglement is affected by consciousness. [26] Using atomic-scale quantum defects in diamonds known as nitrogen-vacancy (NV) centers to detect the magnetic field generated by neural signals, scientists working in the lab of Ronald Walsworth, a faculty member in Harvard's Center for Brain Science and Physics Department, demonstrated a noninvasive technique that can image the activity of neurons. [25] Neuroscience and artificial intelligence experts from Rice University and Baylor College of Medicine have taken inspiration from the human brain in creating a new "deep learning" method that enables computers to learn about the visual world largely on their own, much as human babies do. [24]
Category: Mind Science

[194] viXra:1707.0219 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-16 10:14:52

### Brain Training on Decision-Making

Authors: George Rajna

During the last decade, commercial brain-training programs have risen in popularity, offering people the hope of improving their cognitive abilities through the routine performance of various "brain games" that tap cognitive functions such as memory, attention and cognitive flexibility. [29] The human brain is smaller than most people imagine, it can be held in one hand and weighs about 3 pounds. However, the innocuous looking gray matter is infinitely complex and barely understood. But part of the challenge to understanding, despite the number of researchers, scientists, and doctors dedicated to its study, is that there is no central hub of information, mapping, or data gathering for brain research. Soon though, the Human Brain Project (HBP) hopes to change all that. [28] Many universities and institutes suggested that inside microtubules of brain cells, quantum vibrational computations were orchestrated. [27] New research proposes a way to test whether quantum entanglement is affected by consciousness. [26] Using atomic-scale quantum defects in diamonds known as nitrogen-vacancy (NV) centers to detect the magnetic field generated by neural signals, scientists working in the lab of Ronald Walsworth, a faculty member in Harvard's Center for Brain Science and Physics Department, demonstrated a noninvasive technique that can image the activity of neurons. [25] Neuroscience and artificial intelligence experts from Rice University and Baylor College of Medicine have taken inspiration from the human brain in creating a new "deep learning" method that enables computers to learn about the visual world largely on their own, much as human babies do. [24]
Category: Mind Science

[193] viXra:1707.0161 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-11 12:35:27

### Information Compression Via the Matching and Unification of Patterns as a Unifying Principle in the Workings of Brains and Nervous Systems

Authors: J Gerard Wolff

This paper presents evidence for the idea that much of the workings of brains and nervous systems may be understood as compression of information via the matching and unification of patterns. Information compression can mean selective advantage for any creature: in the efficient storage and transmission of information; and, owing to the close connection between information compression and concepts of prediction and probability, in the making of predictions about where food may be found, potential dangers, and so on. Several aspects of our everyday perceptions and thinking may be seen as information compression. For example, many words in natural languages may be seen as relatively short identifiers or codes'' for relatively complex concepts. When viewing the world with two eyes, we see one view, not two. Random-dot stereograms provide confirmation that, in binocular vision, we do indeed merge information from our two eyes and thus compress it. Information compression may be seen in the workings of sensory units in the eye of "Limulus", the horseshoe crab. Computer models demonstrate how information compression may be a key to the unsupervised discovery of grammars for natural language, including segmental structures (words and phrases), classes of structure, and abstract patterns. Information compression may be seen in the perceptual "constancies", including size constancy, lightness constancy, and colour constancy. Mathematics, which is a product of the human intellect, may be seen to be a set of techniques for the compression of information, and their application. The "SP theory of intelligence" provides evidence for the importance of information compression in several aspects of human intelligence. Four objections to the main thesis of this paper are described, with answers to those objections.
Category: Mind Science

[192] viXra:1707.0123 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-09 10:32:40

### Human Brain Project

Authors: George Rajna

The human brain is smaller than most people imagine, it can be held in one hand and weighs about 3 pounds. However, the innocuous looking gray matter is infinitely complex and barely understood. But part of the challenge to understanding, despite the number of researchers, scientists, and doctors dedicated to its study, is that there is no central hub of information, mapping, or data gathering for brain research. Soon though, the Human Brain Project (HBP) hopes to change all that. [28] Many universities and institutes suggested that inside microtubules of brain cells, quantum vibrational computations were orchestrated. [27] New research proposes a way to test whether quantum entanglement is affected by consciousness. [26] Using atomic-scale quantum defects in diamonds known as nitrogen-vacancy (NV) centers to detect the magnetic field generated by neural signals, scientists working in the lab of Ronald Walsworth, a faculty member in Harvard's Center for Brain Science and Physics Department, demonstrated a noninvasive technique that can image the activity of neurons. [25] Neuroscience and artificial intelligence experts from Rice University and Baylor College of Medicine have taken inspiration from the human brain in creating a new "deep learning" method that enables computers to learn about the visual world largely on their own, much as human babies do. [24]
Category: Mind Science

[191] viXra:1707.0122 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-09 05:22:24

### Peters & TOZZI’S Scientific Results: an Overview

Authors: Arturo Tozzi, James F Peters

This short manuscript summarizes the framework developed by Tozzi and Peters in the years 2015-2017. We claim that the Borsuk-Ulam Theorem (BUT), is not simply a metaphor, rather a real computational tool standing for a universal principle for physical and biological systems. Indeed, the BUT perspective allows a feature (e.g., a shape, a trajectory or an energy) located in the environment to be translated to an abstract space and vice versa. Achieving a map from one system to another enables researchers to assess and elucidate a wide range of phenomena. We provided either demonstrations or testable hypotheses related to the BUT framework in far-flung disciplines, such as neuroscience, theoretical physics, nanomaterials, computational topology, applied algebraic topology, philosophy of the mind, chaotic systems, group theory and cosmology. We collaborated with foremost scientists from Canada, China, Czech Republic, Finland, France, Hungary, Iran, Italy, Norway, Poland, Russia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Turkey, United Kingdom, U.S.A.
Category: Mind Science

[190] viXra:1707.0039 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-03 10:19:49

### Toward a Systemic View for Plant Learning: an (Eco)physiological Perspective.

Authors: Gustavo M. Souza, Gabriel R. A. Toledo, Gustavo F. R. Saraiva

Herein, we have proposed a concept of plant learning based on some principles of systemic plant ecophysiology. In order to accomplish this task, a framework consisting in basic epistemological assumptions is offered, as well as a cognitive context that underpins the perspective of learning. Accordingly, a number of empirical studies are quoted to illustrate the basic idea presented herein.
Category: Mind Science

[189] viXra:1706.0520 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-28 10:21:25

### Think Like a Physicist: a Practical Guide to Spirituality.

Authors: Johan Noldus

These notes are written as a practical guideline to get involved in spirituality and to activate your higher senses. The good news is that everybody has them, the bad thing is that some are better in it than others. Just as is the case with ordinary sports, practising it too much or too intensive may not be harmless and due care has to be taken here not to overdo yourself. Most people would perhaps try to utter that this is a paper for witches , but then everybody would be a witch or a wizard. Others would say that I am leading you towards the path of the Devil; alas, it is possible to do many good things with the powers of your mind. Moreover, it is quite easy to get a reliable protection against evil attacks so that one hardly gets into trouble at all.
Category: Mind Science

[188] viXra:1706.0388 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-19 04:53:08

### The Quantum Statistical Mechanics in the Analysis of the Context Dependence in Quantum Cognition Studies: May a Quantum Statistical Analysis Connect the Science of Complexity ?

Authors: Elio Conte, Ferda Kaleagasioglu, Rich Norman

Quantum probability fields are involved during processing of human perception and cognition with a wave function that mathematically is articulated in a proper Hilbert space and conceptually represents the space of all the potential alternatives at a semantic and semiotic level. Each subject has developed a unique mind within his/her correspondent context, hence his/her own wave function requires to be displayed as a complex-valued probability amplitude. Reaction time as well as the time of observation / decision / measurement also represent important variables contributing to our cognitive response and having also proper neurological correlates. Mind is a so complex abstract entity so that we can certainly retain that, generally speaking, the observer and the observed system enter in the domain of what technically are considered to be un-complete specified systems . An elementary wave function remains insufficient to represent a mental state, whereas a quantum wave function, which exhibits intrinsic indetermination and fluctuation of the basic probability amplitudes, may be implemented. In this paper, along with von Neumann’s postulate for non-existing dispersion-free ensembles, a new quantum statistical approach is elaborated to elucidate the peculiar quantum mechanical feature of the context dependent dynamics of human cognitive conceptual processing. In the framework of the present quantum statistical elaboration we introduce for the first time the possibility of using the Pareto distribution as a probability density function. This result links quantum statistical mechanics with the science of complexity .
Category: Mind Science

[187] viXra:1706.0024 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-02 15:56:12

### On the Origin of Sexual Preference

Authors: Richard L Amoroso

Current science is inadequate for describing the complex framework for the origin of sexual preference because science has not had until now either a comprehensive model of living systems or ‘consciousness’ able to delineate the correspondence between biophysics and the noetic effect of the 3rd regime of unified field mechanics. This work begins reviewing aspects of psychology, biology and cognitive science, then develops an anthropic telergic teleology of mind-body interaction (physically real Cartesian interactive dualism) as the context for developing a pragmatic scientific model for the fundamental origin of sexual preference. The model utilizes archetypes originating in Jung’s concept of a collective unconscious which are also presumed to be physically real elements of ‘mind’. This so-called Noetic Theory (relying on spirit (chi, prana) as an inherent self-organized aspect of a ‘vital field’, as a physically real action principle) predicts a prenatal stressor acting during a key stage of embryonic development typically under a panoply of one or both parents exhibiting a threshold (gradient of severity) personality disorder(s). The resultant action of this ‘noetic effect’ orients the anima and animus archetypes as they are coupled into the biophysical substrate of the psyche (soul) and reverses, for the case here, the normal orientation hierarchy of the noetic field within the individuals ‘psychosphere’. Initially, because of conceptual similarity, the periodic reversal of the Earth’s geomagnetic field by the force of solar wind on the dynamo at the Earth’s core is utilized as a metaphor to axiomatically illustrate inversion of the Jungian anima and animus. This scenario is followed by a more technical and experimentally testable scientific description utilizing pertinent new principles related to the discovery of physics of awareness.
Category: Mind Science

[186] viXra:1705.0403 [pdf] submitted on 2017-05-28 08:09:56

### Duf1220 Homo Sapiens and Neanderthal Fractal Periods Architectures Breakthrough

Authors: Jean claude perez

DUF1220 proteins regions show the largest Homosapiens lineage-specific increase in copy number of any protein- coding region in the human genome and map principally to 1q21.1, and partially also in 1p. DUF1220 deletions and reciprocal duplications have been associated with microcephaly and macrocephaly, respectively. In Colorado University Dr Sikela team established that human genome sequences encoding DUF1220, show a dramatically elevated copy number in the human lineage and variation in DUF1220 copy number has been linked to both brain size in humans and brain evolution among primates. Remarkably, dosage variations involving DUF1220 sequences have now been linked to human brain expansion, autism severity, total IQ, and cognitive and mathematical aptitude scores. We analyzed in chromosome 1q a large region of 218 contiguous DUF1220 as well as in the chromosome 1p five other regions of DUF1220 smaller, then a total of 245 DUF1220 proteins. We supplemented by analyzing 16 RNAs of NBPF genes containing these DUF1220 and also 3 representative NBPF genes from Neanderthal genome. Finally the method is extended ananlysing the long 1q21 region from 7 other close primates like Neanderthal, great apes : chimp, gorilla, orangutan and monkeys : macaque, marmoset, vervet. This remarkable property is confirmed by comparing these primates to other mammals such as mice, rabbit, cow, dolphin and Elephant. We then show four classes of multi-periodic fractal structures for all 19 DUF1220 regions and 19 NBPF genes studied cases. The analysis of these spectra of fractal periods2 reveals a simple linear interdependence, hierarchization and unification between the numerical sequences of each of these 4 spectra and the sequences of Fibonacci and Lucas. Given the evidence of this numerical relationship, we suggest that this discovery may be one of the major causes of a cognitive development of man superior to that of the great primates
Category: Mind Science

[185] viXra:1705.0388 [pdf] submitted on 2017-05-26 07:04:00

### On the Analysis of Heart Rate Variability in Frequency Domain

Authors: Sergio Conte, Elio Conte

we define the basic foundations of a method for frequency domain analysis of time series biosignals of physiological and psycho-physiological interest in medicine and biology.
Category: Mind Science

[184] viXra:1705.0328 [pdf] submitted on 2017-05-21 13:47:48

### Consciousness and Quantum Entanglement

Authors: George Rajna

New research proposes a way to test whether quantum entanglement is affected by consciousness. [26] Using atomic-scale quantum defects in diamonds known as nitrogen-vacancy (NV) centers to detect the magnetic field generated by neural signals, scientists working in the lab of Ronald Walsworth, a faculty member in Harvard's Center for Brain Science and Physics Department, demonstrated a noninvasive technique that can image the activity of neurons. [25] Neuroscience and artificial intelligence experts from Rice University and Baylor College of Medicine have taken inspiration from the human brain in creating a new "deep learning" method that enables computers to learn about the visual world largely on their own, much as human babies do. [24]
Category: Mind Science

[183] viXra:1705.0022 [pdf] submitted on 2017-05-02 09:06:08

Authors: George Rajna

Category: Mind Science

[182] viXra:1704.0312 [pdf] submitted on 2017-04-24 06:49:47

### Brains Recognize Unseen in a Second

Authors: George Rajna

In about a tenth of a second—too quickly for us to even be aware it's happening—our brains figure out what we are seeing and make sense of it. [25] A new study out of the University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) has found that one part of the neurons in our brains is more active than previously revealed. The finding implies that our brains are both analog and digital computers and could lead to better ways to treat neurological disorders. [24]
Category: Mind Science

[181] viXra:1703.0292 [pdf] submitted on 2017-03-30 14:04:45

### Elaboration of the Algebra of Consciousness

Authors: Elio Conte, Ferda Kaleagasioglu

In a previous paper we have given the basic quantum mechanical foundations of quantum mechanics elaborated by using the Clifford algebra and giving identification that such algebra may represent an algebraic representation of our consciousness. In this second section we give detailed elaboration of this algebra discussing its basic features relating our consciousness.
Category: Mind Science

[180] viXra:1703.0171 [pdf] submitted on 2017-03-16 14:47:00

### Quantifying Mental Ideas Through Special Relativity and Bekenstein-Hawking Formulas

Authors: Arturo Tozzi, James F Peters

When perceived by the human mind, an object might encompass a diverse amount of available information, according to different observers. Starting from this simple observation and extending it to the Einstein’s four-dimensional spacetime and to Bekenstein and Hawking equations, we show how, in terms of special relativity, information is not a stationary and fixed quantity as currently believed, but rather depends on the observer’s standpoint. We elucidate how the subjective phenomenon of time (perceived by our mind as static) might give rise to changes in informational entropy between the real and the imagined object. We describe a way to correlate and quantify the information of the sensed object embedded in the environment and of the corresponding internal thought about it (subjective percept). In particular, we show how changes in our mental time windows are able to squeeze the information content of the subjective percepts, compared with their matching environmental, real objects. Further, we elucidate how this novel framework could be able to confirm or reject a recently raised hypothesis, which suggests that the brain activity takes place in functional dimensions higher than the four-dimensional spacetime environment.
Category: Mind Science

[179] viXra:1703.0168 [pdf] submitted on 2017-03-16 20:29:20

### No Ghost in the Machine

Comments: 12 Pages. Submitted to Foundational Questions Institute Essay Contest on "Wandering Towards a Goal: How can mindless mathematical laws give rise to aims and intentions?"

The prevalent pre-scientific paradigm for understanding nature focused on design or intention, even for inanimate objects. This approach was debunked by Newton for physics, and by Darwin for biology. But belief in the unique supernatural nature of human intelligence is still widespread. I argue that biological intelligence is due to simple evolved structures based on neural networks, without the need for any new physical mechanisms (quantum or classical) or a “ghost in the machine”. Humans see agency and intent everywhere, because we are programmed to do so. The conscious mind may turn out to be a virtual reality simulation that is largely illusory. Furthermore, these structures may be emulated in artificial neural networks, to create true artificial intelligence.
Category: Mind Science

[178] viXra:1703.0083 [pdf] submitted on 2017-03-08 13:15:21

### Identification of the Algebra of Consciousness

Authors: Elio Conte

After an articulated exposition of the basic features of the Clifford algebra we give evidence that the basic elements of this algebra may represent the basic entities of the mind. According also to the previous basic results of V.A. Lefebvre, we delineate also some peculiarities of the consciousness and we give proof that they may be correctly represented by this algebra.
Category: Mind Science

[177] viXra:1702.0280 [pdf] submitted on 2017-02-22 12:27:51

### Does Set Theory Cause Perceptual Problems?

Authors: W. Mückenheim

Some results of transfinite set theory are nonsensical. Nevertheless many mainstream mathematicians cannot accept but try to silence any critique. It appears as if a mass-psychosis has infected them.
Category: Mind Science

[176] viXra:1702.0254 [pdf] submitted on 2017-02-20 08:53:46

### Explanation of Qualia and Self-Awareness Using Elastic Membrane Concept

Authors: Alexander Egoyan

In this work we show that our self-awareness and perception may be successfully explained using two dimensional holistic structures with closed topology embedded into our brains - elastic membranes. These membranes are able to preserve their structure during conscious processes. Their elastic oscillations may be associated with our perceptions, where the frequency of the oscillations is responsible for the perception of different colors, sounds and other stimuli, while the amplitude of the oscillations is responsible for the feeling of a distance. According to the model the squeezed regions of a membrane correspond to the brain zones involved into awareness and attention. The model may be useful for prediction, explanation and interpretation of various conscious phenomena.
Category: Mind Science

[175] viXra:1702.0133 [pdf] submitted on 2017-02-11 03:19:24

### Goal, Free-Will and Qualia in Biological Evolution

Authors: Janko Kokosar
Comments: 13 Pages. It is published in FQXi contest 2016/2017.

The author is developing the idea that genes were not enough in evolution to create goals, because the first goals should have arisen quickly. This is another clue that consciousness exists also at unicellular organisms. Besides, qualia are more primitive form of a goal. Consciousness is composed of qualia and free-will, and both need new physics. Free-will is based also on quantum consciousness. Although it seems that it is disproved by Tegmark, it is very obvious, thus it cannot be disproved until it will not be clarified what a physical base of consciousness is. Quantum consciousness is based also on panpsychism, which has already some support in mainstream science. Explanations of goal, free-will, qualia, and consciousness are also things of explanation of time. It is shown how time is connected with matter and how with consciousness. At the end it is criticized, how official science too much ignores goals and ideas of authors that do not belong to it.
Category: Mind Science

[174] viXra:1702.0070 [pdf] submitted on 2017-02-05 00:01:02

### A Proposed Mechanism for the Induction of Bone Loss as a Function of Chronic Envy

Authors: William W. Sabol

The dorsal anterior cingulate cortex (dACC) has been shown to be uniquely activated when people engage in envy. Similarly, dACC is the major component of a proposed adversity processing circuit that predicts risks to prevent destructive behaviors and inhibit release of dopamine and serotonin, which play a significant role in skeletal health. A causal relationship may therefore exist between chronic envy and the induction of lowered bone mineral density (BMD) as a result of dACC activation.
Category: Mind Science

[173] viXra:1701.0658 [pdf] submitted on 2017-01-28 22:50:15

### A Subjective Illustrated Report of Visual Hallucinations after Total Anesthesia

A patient describes and illustrates his experience of seeing closed-eye hallucinations after waking up from a 17-hour surgery under total anaesthesia.
Category: Mind Science

[172] viXra:1701.0562 [pdf] submitted on 2017-01-22 06:50:10

### Quantum Theory and the Nature of Consciousness

Authors: Thomas Görnitz

So far the main obstacle for a scientific conception of consciousness as a real and powerfully acting entity was not inherent to the realms of psychology or brain research, but rather the field of physics. A solution had to be sought here. Such a solution is afforded by a new foundation of the physical reality established by abstract and absolute quantum bits of information (AQI bits). To avoid the popular misunderstanding of „information“ as „meaning“ it was advisable to coin a new designation for the free-of-meaning AQI bits: the AQI bits establish a quantum pre-structure termed „protyposis“ (Greek: „pre-formation“), out of which real objects can form, beginning with energetical and material elementary particles. The protyposis AQI bits provide a pre-structure for all entities encountered in natural sciences. The AQI bits establish a common basis, from which, in the course of the cosmological and encompassed biological evolution, both the material reality of the brain and the mental reality of the consciousness has formed. A real understanding of quantum structures can remove the resistance against establishing quantum theory in the field of brain research and consciousness. The key for an understanding lies in the conception of protyposis, abstract quantum information free of any definite meaning. With the AQI bits of the protyposis, massless and massive quantum particles can be constructed, and, ultimately, even quantum information with a special meaning, such as our grammatically formulated thoughts, can become possible. As long as the fundamental basis of quantum theory is misunderstood as being formed by a manifold of some small objects like atoms, quarks, or strings, then the problem of understanding consciousness has no solution. If in contrast to this quantum theory is understood as a theory based on quantum structures that are not spatially small but truly simple, then there is no longer a fundamental problem for an understanding of consciousness.
Category: Mind Science

[171] viXra:1612.0408 [pdf] submitted on 2016-12-30 09:04:23

Authors: George Rajna

Advances in microscopy techniques have often triggered important discoveries in the field of neuroscience, enabling vital insights in understanding the brain and promising new treatments for neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's. [24] What is the relationship of consciousness to the neurological activity of the brain? Does the brain behave differently when a person is fully conscious, when they are asleep, or when they are undergoing an epileptic seizure? [23] Consciousness appears to arise naturally as a result of a brain maximizing its information content. So says a group of scientists in Canada and France, which has studied how the electrical activity in people's brains varies according to individuals' conscious states. The researchers find that normal waking states are associated with maximum values of what they call a brain's "entropy". [22] New research published in the New Journal of Physics tries to decompose the structural layers of the cortical network to different hierarchies enabling to identify the network's nucleus, from which our consciousness could emerge. [21] Where in your brain do you exist? Is your awareness of the world around you and of yourself as an individual the result of specific, focused changes in your brain, or does that awareness come from a broad network of neural activity? How does your brain produce awareness? [20] In the future, level-tuned neurons may help enable neuromorphic computing systems to perform tasks that traditional computers cannot, such as learning from their environment, pattern recognition, and knowledge extraction from big data sources. [19]
Category: Mind Science

[170] viXra:1612.0348 [pdf] submitted on 2016-12-26 12:36:25

### Emotional Hangover

Authors: George Rajna

Emotional experiences can induce physiological and internal brain states that persist for long periods of time after the emotional events have ended, a team of New York University scientists has found. [26] Using atomic-scale quantum defects in diamonds known as nitrogen-vacancy (NV) centers to detect the magnetic field generated by neural signals, scientists working in the lab of Ronald Walsworth, a faculty member in Harvard's Center for Brain Science and Physics Department, demonstrated a noninvasive technique that can image the activity of neurons. [25] Neuroscience and artificial intelligence experts from Rice University and Baylor College of Medicine have taken inspiration from the human brain in creating a new "deep learning" method that enables computers to learn about the visual world largely on their own, much as human babies do. [24]
Category: Mind Science

[169] viXra:1612.0279 [pdf] submitted on 2016-12-17 11:22:23

### Thought Force and Consciousness

Authors: Tamas Lajtner

By changing the axiom of time, we affect both physics and science in general, thus raising some remarkably fascinating questions, for example, what is thought, what lives, what is consciousness.
Category: Mind Science

[168] viXra:1612.0213 [pdf] submitted on 2016-12-12 11:37:50

### Neuromotor Problems the Core of Autism

Authors: George Rajna

Rutgers neuroscientists have established that problems controlling bodily movements are at the core of autism spectrum disorders and that the use of psychotropic medications to treat autism in children often makes such neuromotor problems worse. [27] The neural structure we use to store and process information in verbal working memory is more complex than previously understood, finds a new study by researchers at New York University. [26] Surviving breast cancer changed the course of Regina Barzilay's research. The experience showed her, in stark relief, that oncologists and their patients lack tools for data-driven decision making. [25] New research, led by the University of Southampton, has demonstrated that a nanoscale device, called a memristor, could be used to power artificial systems that can mimic the human brain. [24] Scientists at Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf conducted electricity through DNA-based nanowires by placing gold-plated nanoparticles on them. In this way it could become possible to develop circuits based on genetic material. [23] Researchers at the Nanoscale Transport Physics Laboratory from the School of Physics at the University of the Witwatersrand have found a technique to improve carbon superlattices for quantum electronic device applications. [22] The researchers have found that these previously underestimated interactions can play a significant role in preventing heat dissipation in microelectronic devices. [21] LCLS works like an extraordinary strobe light: Its ultrabright X-rays take snapshots of materials with atomic resolution and capture motions as fast as a few femtoseconds, or millionths of a billionth of a second. For comparison, one femtosecond is to a second what seven minutes is to the age of the universe. [20] A 'nonlinear' effect that seemingly turns materials transparent is seen for the first time in X-rays at SLAC's LCLS. [19]
Category: Mind Science

[167] viXra:1612.0136 [pdf] submitted on 2016-12-08 10:37:43

### Deep-Brain Imaging

Authors: George Rajna

The ability to stimulate neural circuits with very high precision light to control cells—optogenetics—is key to exciting advances in the study and mapping of the living brain. [11] A breakdown of memory processes in humans can lead to conditions such as Alzheimer's and dementia. By looking at the simpler brain of a honeybee, new research published in Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience, moves us a step towards understanding the different processes behind long-term memory formation. [10], has shown that it is possible for some information to be inherited biologically through chemical changes that occur in DNA. During the tests they learned that that mice can pass on learned information about traumatic or stressful experiences – in this case a fear of the smell of cherry blossom – to subsequent generations. [9] A new way of thinking about consciousness is sweeping through science like wildfire. Now physicists are using it to formulate the problem of consciousness in concrete mathematical terms for the first time. Discovery of quantum vibrations in 'microtubules' inside brain neurons supports controversial theory of consciousness. The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.
Category: Mind Science

[166] viXra:1611.0396 [pdf] submitted on 2016-11-29 14:48:51

### Rorschach Ink-Blots Are Multifractals and a Corresponding Multifractal Strucure is Realized in Humans During Their Perception as Measured by the GSR (Galvanic Skin Response) Neurological and Psycho-Pysiological Signal

Authors: Leonardo Mendolicchio, Ferda Kaleagasioglu, Fang Wang, Rich Norman, Francesco Casciaro Losito, Anna Maria Losito, Elio Conte, Franco Orsucci

We demonstrate that the Rorschach ink-blots are multifractals. Normal subjects submitted to their perception for two minutes have been studied recording their GSR neurological and psychophysiological signal during the observation of the ink blots. It has resulted that also the induced perceptive dynamics in the subject is a multifractal. In the framework of the theory of complexity we elaborate that the intrinsic complexity of the ink-blots induces in the subjects an emotive and cognitive condition of profound inner conflict that may be estimated by the generalized Hurst exponent of the subject as arising from the GSR recording. We expect that the results are important not only in the theory of complexity but also in the clinical study of cases of neurological, psychological and psychiatric interest.
Category: Mind Science

[165] viXra:1611.0345 [pdf] submitted on 2016-11-25 04:45:21

### Repairs Brain Damage in Stroke

Authors: George Rajna

Researchers at The University of Manchester have discovered that a potential new drug reduces the number of brain cells destroyed by stroke and then helps to repair the damage. [17] Researchers at the University of Connecticut have uncovered new information about how particles behave in our bloodstream, an important advancement that could help pharmaceutical scientists develop more effective cancer drugs. [16] For the past 15 years, the big data techniques pioneered by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California, have been revolutionizing biomedical research. On Sept. 6, 2016, JPL and the National Cancer Institute (NCI), part of the National Institutes of Health, renewed a research partnership through 2021, extending the development of data science that originated in space exploration and is now supporting new cancer discoveries. [15] IBM scientists have developed a new lab-on-a-chip technology that can, for the first time, separate biological particles at the nanoscale and could enable physicians to detect diseases such as cancer before symptoms appear. [14] Scientists work toward storing digital information in DNA. [13] Leiden theoretical physicists have proven that DNA mechanics, in addition to genetic information in DNA, determines who we are. Helmut Schiessel and his group simulated many DNA sequences and found a correlation between mechanical cues and the way DNA is folded. They have published their results in PLoS One. [12] We model the electron clouds of nucleic acids in DNA as a chain of coupled quantum harmonic oscillators with dipole-dipole interaction between nearest neighbours resulting in a van der Waals type bonding. [11] Scientists have discovered a secret second code hiding within DNA which instructs cells on how genes are controlled. The amazing discovery is expected to open new doors to the diagnosis and treatment of diseases, according to a new study. [10] There is also connection between statistical physics and evolutionary biology, since the arrow of time is working in the biological evolution also. From the standpoint of physics, there is one essential difference between living things and inanimate clumps of carbon atoms: The former tend to be much better at capturing energy from their environment and dissipating that energy as heat. [8] This paper contains the review of quantum entanglement investigations in living systems, and in the quantum mechanically modeled photoactive prebiotic kernel systems. [7] The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.
Category: Mind Science

[164] viXra:1611.0321 [pdf] submitted on 2016-11-23 13:15:37

### Selection of Partners by DNA Influences

Authors: George Rajna

A study co-led by the University of East Anglia (UEA) has found that people with genes for high educational achievement tend to marry, and have children with, people with similar DNA. [8] A new trend taking shape in psychological science not only uses quantum physics to explain humans' (sometimes) paradoxical thinking, but may also help researchers resolve certain contradictions among the results of previous psychological studies. According to Zheng Joyce Wang and others who try to model our decision-making processes mathematically, the equations and axioms that most closely match human behavior may be ones that are rooted in quantum physics. [7] The hypothesis that there may be something quantum-like about the human mental function was put forward with " Spooky Activation at Distance " formula which attempted to model the effect that when a word's associative network is activated during study in memory experiment; it behaves like a quantum-entangled system. The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.
Category: Mind Science

[163] viXra:1611.0275 [pdf] submitted on 2016-11-19 01:12:06

### Metaanalysis of Psychoanalysis

Authors: Andrej Poleev

The perspective revolution of Sigmund Freud: An update.
Category: Mind Science

[162] viXra:1611.0261 [pdf] submitted on 2016-11-17 14:14:19

### Case Report. On the Importance of Performing HRV Analysis on Subjects Using Narcotic Drugs.

Authors: Elio Conte, Rich Norman, Leonardo Mendolicchio, Franco Orsucci, Francesco Casciaro Losito, Anna Maria Losito, Gabriele De Masi De Luca

We demonstrate the potential value of performing an HRV analysis at rest and in the condition of controlled respiration as a basic test for subjects suspected of using narcotic drugs.
Category: Mind Science

[161] viXra:1611.0042 [pdf] submitted on 2016-11-03 10:09:11

### From Cortical Microcolumns to Brain Barcodes

Authors: Arturo Tozzi, James F Peters, Ottorino Ori

Artificial neural systems and nervous graph theoretical analysis rely upon the standpoint that the neural code is endowed in logic circuits, e.g., spatio-temporal sequences of ON/OFF spiking neurons. However, this assumption does not fully explain complex brain functions. Here we show how nervous activity, other than logic circuits, could instead depend on topological transformations and symmetry contraints occurring at the micro-level of the cortical microcolumn, e.g., the basic embryological, anatomical and functional unit of the brain. Tubular microcolumns can be flattened in guise of a fullerene-like two-dimensional lattices, equipped with about 80 nodes standing for pyramidal neurons, where neural computations take place. We show how the countless possible combinations of activated neurons embedded in the lattice resemble a barcode. Every different assembly of firing neurons might stand for diverse neural codes, each one responsible for single mental activities. A two-dimensional fullerene-like lattice not just simulates the real microcolumn’s microcircuitry, but also allows us to build an artificial network model that, because grounded just on simple topological changes corresponding to pyramidal neuronal activation, is equipped with robustness, plasticity and fastness.
Category: Mind Science

[160] viXra:1610.0216 [pdf] submitted on 2016-10-18 10:06:20

### Topology of the Brain Function

Authors: Arturo Tozzi, James F Peters

This manuscript encompasses our published and unpublished topological results in neuroscience. Topology, the mathematical branch that assesses objects and their properties preserved through deformations, stretching and twisting, allows the investigation of the most general brain features. In particular, the Borsuk-Ulam Theorem (BUT) states that, if a single point projects to a higher spatial dimension, it gives rise to two antipodal points with matching description. Physical and biological counterparts of BUT and its variants allow an inquiry of the brain activity. The opportunity to treat the nervous system as a topological structure makes BUT a universal principle underlying neural phenomena and brain function.
Category: Mind Science

[159] viXra:1610.0113 [pdf] submitted on 2016-10-10 15:21:51

### Micro and Macro-Levels of Neural Observation Describe the Same Brain Activity

Authors: Arturo Tozzi, James F Peters, Pedro C. Marijuán

Brain activity can be assessed either at anatomical/functional micro-, meso- and macro- spatiotemporal scales of observation, or at different intertwined levels with mutual interactions. Here we show, based on topological findings, that nervous activities occurring in micro-levels project to single activities at the macro-levels. This means that brain functions assessed at the higher scale of the whole brain necessarily display a counterpart in the lower ones, and vice versa. Furthermore, we point out how it is possible for different functional and anatomical levels to be stitched (sewn) together to become condensed brain activities, giving rise, for example, to ideas and concepts. Also, a topological approach makes it possible to assess brain functions in the general terms of particle trajectories taking place on donut-like manifolds. Indeed, every macro-scale activity, independent of the subtending theoretical model, can be described in terms of a multi-dimensional torus mapping to activities at lower levels. In physics, the term duality refers to a case where two seemingly different systems turn out to be equivalent, because they are mathematically distinguishable descriptions of the same phenomenon. Our framework permits a topological duality among different neuro-techniques, because it holds for all the types of spatio-temporal brain activities, independent of their inter- and intra-level relationships, strength, magnitude and boundaries.
Category: Mind Science

[158] viXra:1610.0068 [pdf] submitted on 2016-10-06 04:57:02

### A Symmetric Approach Elucidates Multisensory Information Integration

Authors: Arturo Tozzi, James F Peters

Recent advances in neuronal multisensory integration suggest that the five senses do not exist in isolation of each other. Perception, cognition and action are integrated at very early levels of central processing, in a densely coupled system equipped with multisensory interactions occurring at all temporal and spatial stages. In such a novel framework, a concept from the far-flung branch of topology, namely the Borsuk-Ulam theorem, comes into play. The theorem states that when two opposite points on a sphere are projected onto a circumference, they give rise to a single point containing their matching description. Here we show that the theorem applies also to multisensory integration: two environmental stimuli from different sensory modalities display similar features when mapped into cortical neurons. Topological tools not only shed new light on questions concerning the functional architecture of mind and the nature of mental states, but also provide a general methodology which as the advantage to be assessed empirically. We argue that the Borsuk-Ulam theorem is a general principle underlying nervous multisensory integration, resulting in a framework that has the potential to be operationalized.
Category: Mind Science

[157] viXra:1610.0031 [pdf] submitted on 2016-10-04 03:49:52

### Informational Entropies for Non-ergodic Brains

Authors: Arturo Tozzi, James F. Peters, Marzieh Zare, Mehmet Niyazi Çankaya

Informational entropies, although proved to be useful in the evaluation of nervous function, are suitable just if we assume that nervous activity takes place under ergo dic conditions. However, widespread claims suggest that the brain operates in a non-ergodic framework. Here we show that a topological concept, namely the Borsuk-Ulam theorem, is able to wipe away this long-standing limit of both Shannon entropy and its generalizations, such as Rényi’s. We demonstrate that both ergodic and non-ergodic informational entropies can be evaluated and quantified through topological methods, in order to improve our knowledge of central nervous system function.
Category: Mind Science

[156] viXra:1610.0014 [pdf] submitted on 2016-10-02 15:11:22

### Towards Plasma-Like Collisionless Trajectories in the Brain

Authors: Arturo Tozzi, James F Peters

Plasma studies depict collisionless, collective movements of charged particles. In touch with these concepts, originally developed in the far flung branch of high energy physics, here we evaluate the role of collective behaviors and long-range functional couplings in brain dynamics. We develop a novel, empirically testable, brain model which takes into account collisionless movements of charged particles in a system, the brain, equipped with oscillations. The model is cast in a mathematical fashion with the potential of being operationalized, because it can be assessed in terms of McKean-Vlasov equations, derived from the classical Vlasov equations for plasma. We also provide insights into the possible role of the overrated extracellular neuronal space in generating and transporting the charged particles which display such a collective behavior. A plasma-like brain also elucidates cortical phase transitions in the context of a brain at the edge of chaos and describes the required order parameters. In sum, showing how the brain might exhibit plasma-like features we go through the emerging concept of holistic behavior of nervous functions.
Category: Mind Science

[155] viXra:1609.0405 [pdf] submitted on 2016-09-28 04:54:05

### A Topological Theory of Knowledge in the Human Brain

Authors: Arturo Tozzi, James F Peters

Experience is a process of awareness and mastery of facts or events, gained through actual observation or second-hand knowledge. Recent findings reinforce the idea that a naturalized epistemological approach is needed to further advance our understanding of the nervous mechanisms underlying experience. This essay is an effort to build a coherent topological-based framework able to elucidate particular aspects of experience, e.g., how it is acquired by a single individual, transmitted to others and collectively stored in form of general ideas. Taking into account concepts from neuroscience, algebraic topology and Richard Avenarius’ philosophical analytical approach, we provide a scheme which is cast in an empirically testable fashion. In particular, we emphasize the foremost role of variants of the Borsuk- Ulam theorem, which tells us that, when a pair of opposite (antipodal) points on a sphere are mapped onto a single point in Euclidean space, the projection provides a description of both antipodal points. These antipodes stand for nervous functions and activities of the brain correlated with the mechanisms of acquisition and transmission of experience.
Category: Mind Science

[154] viXra:1609.0401 [pdf] submitted on 2016-09-28 04:42:00

### Topology Underlying GIBSON’S Echological Theory of Perception

Authors: James F Peters, Arturo Tozzi, Sheela Ramanna

During the exploration of the surrounding environment, the brain links together external inputs in a complex of sensations, giving rise to the perception of a persisting object. During imaginative processes, the same object can be recalled in mind even if it is out of sight. Here, Borsuk’s theory of shape and the Borsuk-Ulam theorem provide a mathematical foundation for Gibson’s notion of persistence perception. Real-scene visual signals are collectively the umbra of physical shapes impinging on the optic nerves, which we map to similar shape representations. We show how Gibson’s ecological theory of perception accounts for our knowledge of world objects by borrowing a concept of invariance in topology. A series of transformations can be endlessly and gradually applied to a pattern, in particular to the shape of an object, without affecting its invariant properties, such as connectedness and boundedness of parts of a visual scene. In sum, high-level representations of objects in our environment are mapped to simplified views (our interpretations) of the objects, in order to construct a symbolic representation of the environment. The fact that our perception of an object continues even when it is out of sight, can be explained by viewing regions on a sphere surface as multiple representations of object shapes. The representations can be projected continuously to an ecological object that we have seen and continue to see, thanks to the mapping from shapes in our memory to shapes in Euclidean space.
Category: Mind Science

[153] viXra:1609.0355 [pdf] submitted on 2016-09-25 07:48:46

### The Brilliance of Dreams

Authors: Aneesh R Swamy
Comments: 3 Pages. Limbic System,Dreams,Cognitive Neuroscience,

Dreams. A concept very little understood by neuro-scientists. Why don't we know how we dream even after decades of research? To find the answer to that question;how we dream, one has to think out of the box. Or out of the mind.
Category: Mind Science

[152] viXra:1609.0249 [pdf] submitted on 2016-09-16 13:04:20

### Quantum Statistical Theory of Quantum Cognition

Authors: Elio Conte

In quantum mechanics a wave function is connected to a quantum system. This abstract entity represents a description of the quantum state of this system. The wave function is a complex-valued probability amplitude and the probabilities for the possible results of measurements made on the system can be derived from it . In the present paper it is demonstrated that the tentative often adopted from scholars to attribute a wave function as representation of a mental state in current quantum cognition studies cannot be accepted. A mental state is a so complex structure , depending contextually at each instant from a so complex structure of inner and subjective elements and psychological and neurological components, to exclude its representation by a simple and elementary wave function, The mental state may be represented by a quantum wave function that, owing of the complex structure of the mental state, has an intrinsic indetermination and fluctuation of the basic probability amplitudes to respond to the basic notion of intrinsecally , incompletely specified system that was introduced by P. T. Landsberg in 1961. As consequence a simple quantum wave function cannot be adopted and instead an averaging statistical formulation is absolutely required. Therefore, the subsequent quantum statistical theory is formulated.
Category: Mind Science

[151] viXra:1609.0106 [pdf] submitted on 2016-09-08 13:57:46

### A Topological Brain Elucidates Syntactic and Semantic Processing

Authors: Arturo Tozzi, James F Peters

When facing a proposition, the brain straightforwardly understands its grammar and discriminates whether it is true or false. Unlike computers, the brain is able to identify signs of sequences in terms of both syntactic symbols and semantic meaning. We show, based on the current literature, that a testable algebraic topological approach gives helpful insights into brain’s computational activity during semantic recognition. Indeed, recent suggestions allow us to hypothesize that the semantic properties of a proposition are processed in brain dimensions higher than the syntactic ones. Furthermore, we show how, in a fully reversible process, the syntactic elements embedded in Broca’s area might project to scattered semantic cortical zones, where the presence of higher functional dimensions gives rise to an increase in proposition’s information content. Taking into account the dictates of novel versions of the Borsuk-Ulam and the fixed-point theorems, we build a framework that provides a feasible explanation for semantics processing in the brain, and also paves the way to novel computers which nodes are built in higher dimensions.
Category: Mind Science

[150] viXra:1609.0105 [pdf] submitted on 2016-09-08 14:03:41

### Energetic Link Between Spike Frequencies and Brain Fractal Dimensions

Authors: Arturo Tozzi, James F. Peters, Mehmet Niyazi Çankaya, Jan Korbel, Marzieh Zare, David Papo

Oscillations in brain activity exhibit a power law distribution which appears as a straight line when plotted on logarithmic scales in a log power versus log frequency plot. The line’s slope is given by a single constant, the power law exponent. Since a variation in slope may occur during different functional states, the brain waves are said to be multifractal, i.e., characterized by a spectrum of multiple possible exponents. A role for such non-stationary scaling properties has scarcely been taken into account. Here we show that changes in fractal slopes and oscillation frequencies, and in particular in electric spikes, are correlated. Taking into account techniques for parameter distribution estimates, which provide a foundation for the proposed approach, we show that modifications in power law exponents are associated with variations in the Rényi entropy, a generalization of Shannon informational entropy. Changes in Rényi entropy, in turn, are able to modify brain oscillation frequencies. Therefore, results point out that multifractal systems lead to different probability outcomes of brain activity, based solely on increases or decreases of the fractal exponents. Such approach may offer new insights in the characterization of neuroimaging diagnostic techniques and the forces required for transcranial stimulation, where doubts still exist as to the parameters that best characterize waveforms.
Category: Mind Science

[149] viXra:1609.0079 [pdf] submitted on 2016-09-07 03:30:51

### From Abstract Topology to Real Thermodynamic Brain Activity

Authors: Arturo Tozzi, James F Peters

Recent approaches to brain phase spaces reinforce the foremost role of symmetries and energy requirements in the assessment of nervous activity. Changes in thermodynamic parameters and dimensions occur in the brain during symmetry breakings and transitions from one functional state to another. Based on topological results and string-like trajectories into nervous energy landscapes, we provide a novel method for the evaluation of energetic features and constraints in different brain functional activities. We show how abstract approaches, namely the Borsuk-Ulam theorem and its variants, display real, energetic physical counterparts. When topology meets the physics of the brain, we arrive at a general model of neuronal activity, in terms of multidimensional manifolds and computational geometry, that has the potential to be operationalized.
Category: Mind Science

[148] viXra:1609.0072 [pdf] submitted on 2016-09-06 11:07:31

### Ordering of Lamarckism, Emerging Understanding of the Lamarckian Mechanisms

Authors: Andrzej Gecow

Understanding of Lamarck was and are very different, but currently the view clarifies where Darwinian and Lamarckian mechanisms are not conflicting. Lamarckian mechanisms exist and offer evolutionary changes “from instructions”, usually much more accurate adaptively than if they were completely random, but this instruction was found earlier by Darwinian natural selection. Lamarckian mechanisms alone do not explain the obtained purposefulness. They gain this ability only with the mechanism of their occurrence, which is Darwinian. In the case of multicellular usually their effect requires the strengthening of inherited through genetic assimilation, but in range of memes and culture "realized needs" seems to be the main mechanism.
Category: Mind Science

[147] viXra:1609.0045 [pdf] submitted on 2016-09-04 10:50:43

### Towards Equations for Brain Dynamics and the Concept of Extended Connectome

Authors: Arturo Tozzi, James F Peters

The brain is a system at the edge of chaos equipped with nonlinear dynamics and functional energetic landscapes. However, still doubts exist concerning the type of attractors or the trajectories followed by particles in the nervous phase space. Starting from an unusual system governed by differential equations in which a dissipative strange attractor coexists with an invariant conservative torus, we developed a 3D model of brain phase space which has the potential to be operationalized and assessed empirically. We achieved a system displaying both a torus and a strange attractor, depending just on the initial conditions. Further, the system generates a funnel-like attractor equipped with a fractal structure. Changes in three easily detectable brain phase parameters (log frequency, excitatory/inhibitory ratio and fractal slope) lead to modifications in funnel’s breadth or in torus/attractor superimposition: it explains a large repertoire of brain functions and activities, such as sensations/perceptions, memory and self-generated thoughts.
Category: Mind Science

[146] viXra:1609.0041 [pdf] submitted on 2016-09-03 20:45:14

### How Much Free is Freewill

Authors: Basudeba Mishra

Freewill is actually not free – it has limited degrees of freedom. Like non-living bodies, living organisms also obey mechanical laws of nature and act according to external forces to fulfill their needs, though, it is not self evident. All organisms - living or not - follow laws of nature. However, only living organisms can perceive through their sensory agencies when these impulses are reflected in the Conscious Self that illuminates every thing and is the repository of all knowledge (results of measurement) and processes. Since knowledge, i.e., result of measurement for any instant, is frozen for ever, Consciousness is universal, immutable, eternal, un-moving and timeless; thus, is the universal and ubiquitous foundation of life – it is the Observer of everything that are observables.
Category: Mind Science

[145] viXra:1609.0040 [pdf] submitted on 2016-09-03 20:49:57

### Pretya Bhaava – the Mechanism of Rebirth

Authors: Basudeba Mishra

While the cause and effect sequence have been established earlier and the effect of all actions are deterministic, freewill can change the projected outcome generating not only uncertainty, but also deterministic variety subject to universality of physical laws, which can be classified into different groups. But who determines the universal laws? If there is such an Agency (God?) and if causality operates universally, then what is the effect of death? Every action has invariably a determinate reaction that may materialize immediately (eating satisfies hunger) or after certain interval, when suitable conditions appear or reactions take place (taking medicine cures later). Though the reactions take place in the physical body, they are cognized by the causal body. Cognition can initiate reaction in physical body. If we see a snake and become afraid, the cause of fear (snake) is away from us, but the adrenalin flow shoots up within our body. The causal body is unable to initiate action without a physical body. Hence what does the causal body do when physical body is destroyed? There is no proof that it also is destroyed. Thus, it must seek a new physical body. In that case, the new body must exhibit symptoms of prior knowledge. A new born child has to start learning everything starting with a blank slate. How do all new born babies know that if they cry, someone will look after their needs? How does it learn to suckle when the mother brings her breast near its mouth? Other children also show some intriguing behavior. For example, a rhino mother faints after giving birth. The new born child moves far away from the mother before she regains consciousness. The child returns only after its skin hardened just like hens laying eggs sitting on walls are not broken, as it is spongy at the beginning, which hardens immediately thereafter. Surprisingly, both the mother and the child rhinos recognize each other. This is done because the soft skin of the new born cannot tolerate the affectionate licking of the mother’s thorny tongue. How does the new born rhino know to move away immediately after birth? Since this identical perception is generated every time we look at a new born baby, it proves some prior to birth connection.
Category: Mind Science

[144] viXra:1609.0028 [pdf] submitted on 2016-09-02 11:49:36

### The Idea of Progress: A Theoretical and Concise Goal-Structure Model

Authors: Rodolfo Henrique Cerbaro, Jamie Lyn Whisler

The idea of progress as it currently stands is not well understood. This is because it is taken to be both context-dependent and stands independently, without a formal structure. It is an idea which is applied in cases that can be as diverse as simply finishing an essay to the complex progress of humanity. If the idea appears in such diverse scenarios, is there an underlying mechanism through which we can easily understand it? Here we structure the idea and propose a simple postulate which allows us to have a more adequate knowledge of it. The expected result is the capability of realizing it’s intellectual appearance and understanding it in any given practical scenario; even if it is not totally clear based on what we define as progress. This short and simple model implies that the action of a goal definition should be handled with care, as the concept of progress is engulfed by the goal system.
Category: Mind Science

[143] viXra:1609.0026 [pdf] submitted on 2016-09-02 12:31:10

### Towards a Physical Correlation Between Slow and Fast Brain Timescales

Authors: Arturo Tozzi, James F Peters

Brain electric activity exhibits two important features: oscillations with different timescales, characterized by diverse functional and psychological outcomes, and a temporal power law distribution, which appears as a straight line when plotted on logarithmic scales in a log power versus log frequency plot. In order to investigate the relationships between low- and high- frequency spikes in the brain, we used a variant of the Borsuk-Ulam theorem which states that, when we assess the nervous activity as embedded in a sphere equipped with a fractal dimension, we achieve two antipodal points with similar features (the slow and fast, scale-free oscillations). We demonstrate that slow and fast nervous oscillations are correlated and provide, through the Bloch theorem from solid-state physics, the possible equation which links the two timescale activities.
Category: Mind Science

[142] viXra:1608.0399 [pdf] submitted on 2016-08-29 10:50:58

### Third Eye Retina Scan–Thought Force Technology

Authors: Tamas Lajtner

Experiments prove thought force is an existing force that can leave our heads. Thought force is a new fundamental interaction which is not in our physics books. In order to understand this new fundamental interaction, we need a new theory that describes it. This is the space-matter model. In this model, thought is a force that appears as a change of the wavelengths of space waves. Thought as a space wave is more than just a standalone, lonely act. According to our brains, forces that appear in a given spectrum of wavelengths of space waves are thoughts, regardless of who or what created these forces: we ourselves, other humans or inanimate (non-living) things. We send and receive thoughts as forces. Thought is a kind of communication. The force of thought and thought force communication can be used in the industry. They make it possible to increase safety and to find new solutions that nobody has dreamed of until now.
Category: Mind Science

[141] viXra:1608.0118 [pdf] submitted on 2016-08-12 05:23:31

### Antibiogram, Biochemical Reactions and Biotyping of Biofield Treated Providencia Rettgeri

Authors: Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak

Providencia rettgeri (P. rettgeri) is the key organism for gastrointestinal tract infections due to its high virulence properties. The current study was designed to investigate the effect of Mr. Trivedi’s biofield energy treatment on P. rettgeri in lyophilized as well as revived state for antimicrobial susceptibility pattern, biochemical characteristics, and biotype number. The lyophilized strain of P. rettgeri (ATCC 9250) was divided into two parts, Group (Gr.) I: control and Gr. II: treatment. After biofield treatment, Gr. II was further subdivided into two parts, Gr. IIA and Gr. IIB. Gr. IIA was analyzed on day 10, while Gr. IIB was stored and analyzed on day 162 after revival (Study I). The revived sample of Gr. IIB was retreated on day 162 (Study II), and divided into three separate tubes. Tube 1 was analyzed on day 5, likewise, tube 2 and 3 were analyzed on day 10 and 15, respectively after their sub-culturing. All the experimental parameters were studied using automated MicroScan Walk-Away® system. The antimicrobial susceptibility and minimum inhibitory concentration were significantly improved by 71.43%, out of twenty-eight and 56.25%, out of thirty-two, respectively in the treated cells of P. rettgeri as compared to the control. The biochemical reactions also showed the significant (60.61%) alteration in the treated sample with respect to control. The biotype numbers were substantially changed in all the treated groups as compared to the control. Moreover, the organism was changed as Proteus mirabilis in all the treated groups except in Gr. IIA, as compared to the control. These results suggested that biofield treatment has a significant impact on P. rettgeri in lyophilized as well as revived state.
Category: Mind Science

[140] viXra:1608.0034 [pdf] submitted on 2016-08-04 05:10:42

### Characterization of Physico-Chemical and Spectroscopic Properties of Biofield Energy Treated 4-Bromoacetophenone

Authors: Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak

4-Bromoacetophenone is an acetophenone derivative known for its usefulness in organic coupling reactions and various biological applications. The aim of the study was to evaluate the impact of biofield energy treatment on 4- bromoacetophenone using various analytical methods. The material is divided into two groups for this study i.e. control and treated. The control group remained as untreated and the treated group was subjected to Mr. Trivedi’s biofield energy treatment. Then, both the samples were characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR), gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS), and UV-visible spectrometry (UV-vis). The XRD study revealed that the crystallite size of treated 4-bromoacetophenone was decreased significantly to 16.69% with decreased intensity as compared to the control. The thermal studies revealed that the slight change was observed in the melting point and latent heat of fusion (ΔH) of biofield energy treated sample as compared to the control. Maximum degradation temperature (Tmax) of treated 4-bromoacetophenone was decreased by 7.26% as compared to the control (169.89°C→157.54°C). The FT-IR spectra showed that the C=O stretching frequency at 1670 cm-1 was shifted to higher frequency region (1672 in T1 and 1685 cm-1 in T2, in two treated samples for FT-IR) after biofield energy treatment. Moreover, the GC-MS data revealed that the isotopic abundance ratio of either 13C/12C or 2H/1H (PM+1)/PM was decreased up to 9.12% in T2 sample whereas increased slightly up to 3.83% in T3 sample. However, the isotopic abundance ratio of either 81Br/79Br or 18O/16O (PM+2)/PM of treated 4-bromoacetophenone was decreased from 0.10% to 1.62% (where PM-primary mass of the molecule, (PM+1) and (PM+2) are isotopic mass of the molecule). The UV spectra showed the similar electronic behavior like absorption maximum in control and treated samples. Overall, the experimental results suggest that Mr. Trivedi’s biofield energy treatment has significant effect on the physical, thermal, and spectral properties of 4-bromoacetophenone.
Category: Mind Science

[139] viXra:1608.0019 [pdf] submitted on 2016-08-01 23:14:37

### Investigation of Isotopic Abundance Ratio of Biofield Treated Phenol Derivatives Using Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry

Authors: Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak

Butylatedhydroxytoluene (BHT) and 4-methoxyphenol (4-MP) are phenol derivatives that are generally known for their antioxidant properties and depigmenting activities. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of biofield energy treatment on the isotopic abundance in BHT and 4-MP using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). BHT and 4-MP samples were divided into two parts: control and treated. The control group remained untreated while the treated group was subjected to Mr. Trivedi’s biofield treatment. Control and treated samples were characterized using GC-MS. The GC-MS data revealed that the isotopic abundance ratio of 13C/12C or 2 H/1 H (PM+1)/PM and 18O/16O (PM+2)/PM increased significantly in treated BHT and 4-MP (where PM- primary molecule, PM+1- isotopic molecule either for 13C or 2 H and PM+2 is the isotopic molecule for 18O). The isotopic abundance ratio of (PM+1)/PM in the treated BHT and 4-MP was increased up to 181.27% and 380.73% respectively as compared to their respective control. Moreover, the isotopic abundance ratio of (PM+2)/PM in the treated BHT and 4-MP increased up to 185.99% and 355.33% respectively. GC-MS data suggests that the biofield treatment significantly increased the isotopic abundance of 2 H, 13C and 18O in the treated BHT and 4-MP as compared to the control.
Category: Mind Science

[138] viXra:1607.0362 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-18 23:20:09

### Evaluation of Phenotyping and Genotyping Characteristic of Shigella Sonnei After Biofield Treatment

Authors: Mahendra Kumar Trivedi

Shigella sonnei (S. sonnei) is a non-motile, rod shape, clinically significant, Gram-negative bacterium. It is commonly associated with dysentery (shigellosis). Recently, resistance to third and fourth generation cephalosporins and fluoroquinolones has been reported in S. sonnei. In the present study, we assessed the effect of biofield treatment on phenotyping and genotyping characteristic of S. sonnei (ATCC 9290). The lyophilized samples of S. sonnei were divided in three groups (G): G-I (control, revived), G-II (treatment, revived), and G-III (treatment, lyophilized). All these groups (control and biofield treated) were analyzed against antimicrobial susceptibility, biochemical reactions, and biotype number. The 16S rDNA sequencing was carried out to establish the phylogenetic relationship of S. sonnei with different bacterial species. The treated cells of S. sonnei exhibited an alteration of 3.33%, 10%, and 23.33% of total 30 tested antimicrobials in susceptibility assay for G-II on day 5 and 10 and G-III on day 10, respectively as compared to control. The treated cells of S. sonnei showed a significant change of about 12.12%, 12.12%, and 57.58% biochemical reactions out of 33 tests in treated groups of G-II on day 5 and 10 and G-III on day 10, respectively. The biotype number was also changed in treated samples of S. sonnei. Based on nucleotide homology sequences and phylogenetic analysis, the nearest homolog species of S. sonnei (GenBank Accession Number: EU009190) was identified as Shigella flexneri (EF643608). These results revealed that biofield treatment can prevent the absolute resistance in microbe against the existing antimicrobials.
Category: Mind Science

[137] viXra:1607.0361 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-18 23:22:15

### Bio-field Treatment: A Potential Strategy for Modification of Physical and Thermal Properties of Gluten Hydrolysate and Ipomoea Macroelements

Authors: Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak

The objective of present study was to study the effect of biofield treatment on physical and thermal properties of gluten hydrolysate (GH) and ipomoea macroelements (IM). The study was performed in two groups (control and treated). The control group remained as untreated, and biofield treatment was given to treated group. The control and treated GH and IM were characterized by particle size analysis, surface area analysis, X-ray diffraction (XRD), Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). Particle size results of treated GH showed that d50 (average particle size) was decreased by 3.15% and d99 (size exhibited by 99% of powder particles) by 18.40% as compared to control GH sample. The treated IM also showed substantial reduction in average particle size d50 by 4.70% and d99 by 44.40% as compared to control sample. BET analysis showed significant increase in surface area of treated GH by 374.40 % as compared to control sample. However, the treated IM showed reduction in surface area by 14.30% as compared to control sample. XRD data suggested that both control and treated GH samples were amorphous in nature. Contrarily, the treated IM sample showed intense crystalline nature; though minimal decrease was observed in crystallinity as compared to control. DSC data showed increase in melting temperature of the treated GH as compared to control which can be correlated to alteration in kinetic energy of sample. Additionally, the DSC of treated IM also showed increase in melting temperature as compared to control IM. A significant increase in latent heat of fusion (∆H) was observed in treated GH by 302.55% with respect to control. Similarly, the treated IM showed 24.87% increase in latent heat of fusion as compared to control. TGA data showed higher thermal decomposition temperature (Tmax) of treated GH as compared to control. However, treated IM showed that Tmax was decreased as compared to control sample. These results suggested that biofield treatment has substantially changed the physical and thermal properties of the treated organic products (GH and IM).
Category: Mind Science

[136] viXra:1607.0169 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-14 13:05:42

### Who Fired Prometheus? the Historical Genesis and Ontology of Super-Ego and the Castration Complex: the Destructuralization and Repair of Modern Personality. an Essay in Five Parts.

Authors: Rich Norman

As an author for this most inclusive and eclectic forum, it is my privilege to write a series of contributions which will look upon the mystery of our human condition. There is a particular psychological element that is available to observe in myth, dream and art, which once analyzed, will disclose both the nexus around which our elevated cultural achievements and human cooperative conglomeration have been cast, as well as, the single most destructive source of modern psychopathology. This barbaric unconscious relic can be traced in its formative genesis through the developmental progression of ancient law and myth, its archetypal imprint now a certain and sure part of the human phylogenetic inheritance, a masochistic degradation of all healthy potential around which the very heart of collective achievement has been centered. First I will offer up a Rubens, Prometheus Bound, which I encourage you to examine quite closely for the striking and horrific demonstration of this archetypal image which is embedded within. Can you un-riddle the distortions and find our complex, the barbarism around which all of our society has gathered? Then, I will offer up a new and different version of the Prometheus myth I have written, which also demonstrates this archetype. How amazing to have written it at a single pass, and then, to analyze it later, and discover that although different and distorted from the original myth, the meaning, the archetypal pattern, remained unchanged! Such a beautiful piece of writing to express such an ugly wish! So dear reader, first I will offer you the mystery. Please examine the following image and text quite closely, look into the images, both written and visual, look deeply and see if you can guess the answer. Then I will reveal the correct analysis, then the history, followed by specific examples detailing the exact way this structure is created in development, and how it influences, for the worse, our ethics and our intellect. Perhaps there is an alternative which will free both mind and morality from this curse, an atavism and a new creation, our highest human hope, both new and aged, might ask and answer the question: "Who fired Prometheus?"
Category: Mind Science

[135] viXra:1607.0140 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-11 17:31:36

### A Basic Biofeedback Primer

Authors: Rich Norman, Cengiz Mordeniz, Leonardo Mendolicchio, Enrico Pieranageli, Paolo Pannarale, Franco Orsucci, Elio Conte

Biofeedback is a longstanding technique whereby voluntary control may be asserted over many seemingly unconscious physiologic and autonomic processes. Neurofeedback is a particular branch of biofeedback using real time information derived through the active monitoring of brain states to allow development of therapeutically efficacious informationally rich results. Our facility and staff are expert in the use of biofeedback as both a direct therapeutic aid, and assessment tool. This document will briefly detail the historical development and underlying principles of bio- and neuro-feedback techniques and their substantial theoretical and experimental basis.
Category: Mind Science

## Replacements of recent Submissions

[132] viXra:1905.0360 [pdf] replaced on 2019-05-21 00:44:56

### A Possible Holarchy Representing Morphic Resonance as One Side of the Poised Realm

Authors: Stephen P. Smith

The theory of morphic resonance is unified with warm-body quantum mechanics following the ontological basis that describes the poised realm that depicts a balancing act involving quantum coherence and decoherence. Morphic resonance more properly belongs to the side of quantum coherence, leaving the other side the place where classical mechanics applies. This equally turns time into something two-sided, leaving open the possibility that proto-emotion sources the middle-term that holds the sides together.
Category: Mind Science

[131] viXra:1904.0318 [pdf] replaced on 2019-04-17 10:37:51

### On Memory

Authors: Royan Rosche

I explain what Memory is, how it can be used and the difference between conscious memory and unconscious memory. I give examples of tools on how to bring unconscious memories into conscious perception. I show how one can consciously use tools to create a memory. Memory is the human ability to access a storehouse of knowledge, because the body records everything automatically, on just needs to know how to access all this data.
Category: Mind Science

[130] viXra:1811.0133 [pdf] replaced on 2018-11-09 08:07:29

### Violence in the Mentally Ill Triggered by Spikes in Serum Serotonin Caused by Dramatic Drops in Allergen Levels.

Authors: Tariq Khan

It is known that humans are sensitive to their environment, mentally ill or unstable individuals can be "triggered" into impulsive and violent activities from spikes in serum serotonin, serum histamine level is directly proportional to environmental allergen levels, and serum serotonin level is inversely proportional to serum histamine levels. Data appears to show a clear "pattern match" between the date of violent acts from mentally ill individuals and crashes or dramatic decreases in environmental allergen levels (especially when the allergen or pollen level decreases to zero) indicating a possible precursor or triggering relationship. This knowledge could be used as a potential predictor for law enforcement and medical agencies with modern technology tracking near real-time data per city.
Category: Mind Science

[129] viXra:1810.0367 [pdf] replaced on 2018-10-23 07:43:01

### Conformal Scaling of the Massformula in Terms of the Flat Metric in the Black-White Plane of Psychological Profiles.

Authors: Johan Noldus

Black-white or yellow-black representing spiritual energies of living creatures automatically determine an Einsteinian spiritual mass. During $SU(2)$ valued interactions, the spiritual rest mass of a person may change due to absorption or radiative effects. We propose a general approximate formula based upon scaling covariance of the interactions for the rest mass.
Category: Mind Science

[128] viXra:1808.0157 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-25 11:12:46

### New Research Shall be Initiated in Regard with the Effects of Mood Alternation During Neurological Shutdown

Authors: Peiman Ghasemi

In 1994 the Death With Dignity Act was first passed by Oregon voters successfully, and it became the first law in American history permitting physician-assisted suicide. Pain and negative mental feelings and physical unconsciousness about the future events in the Universe are getting considered as the only disadvantages of the death. Aside of the issues of human cloning and mind uploading for making progress towards eternity of life, complementary researches in-regard-with the effects of mood alternation during neurological shutdown shall be initiated. Alternation on the human feelings by stimulation of the brain's synapses would lead to a more peaceful mental shutdown. The pain's circuit (the circuit of negative emotions during the death) shall be extracted and gets stimulated during the death. The stimulation of the circuit usually begins right after the act of suicide and suppression of the oxygen follow, and then gets followed for about 15 minutes. Since the Brain Research Initiative began in 2013, NIH and the Brain Research Initiative are responsible for further researches on a variety of different brain circuits. The BRAIN Initiative, is a collaborative, public-private research initiative announced by the Obama administration with the goal of supporting the development and application of innovative technologies that can create a dynamic understanding of brain function.
Category: Mind Science

[127] viXra:1807.0029 [pdf] replaced on 2018-08-10 09:20:56

### Musique et Science

Authors: F. M. Sanchez

The Planck thermal law parameters, physical parameters, Monster order and Musical numbers are interconnected with canonic economic numbers. This permits to connect the four forces parameters, with the Eddington's electrical constant 137 playing a central musical role. The Monster is associated with the Grandcosmos ruled by base 3, while the Baby-Monster is associated with the observable Universe ruled by base 2. This refutes the Primordial Big Bang model and its anthropic dreams, so discarding the unnecessary Multiverse hypothesis. Eddington's and string theories are rehabilitated and the Kotov absolute clock is also confirmed. The 26 sporadic groups are implied, connecting the four force parameters with the special super-string number 496, whose square is compatible with the Higgs/Electron mass ratio, so confirming the standard model. This means that Physics is musical arithmetics, so that Intelligent Life is universal.
Category: Mind Science

[126] viXra:1804.0266 [pdf] replaced on 2018-09-18 23:57:49

### Duality Transform Between Black and White Psychological Profiles.

Authors: Johan Noldus

It is shown that the Fourier transform is the appropriate defining characteristic in black-white psychological profiles.
Category: Mind Science

[125] viXra:1804.0266 [pdf] replaced on 2018-04-22 09:16:20

### Duality Transform Between Black and White Psychological Profiles.

Authors: Johan Noldus

It is shown that the Fourier transform is the appropriate defining characteristic in black-white psychological profiles.
Category: Mind Science

[124] viXra:1804.0169 [pdf] replaced on 2018-12-12 21:13:58

### Chance: a Method that Enables a Researcher to Fully Know the Content of Consciousness of a Subject in Scientific Experiments

Authors: Daisuke H. Tanaka, Tsutomu Tanabe

The content of consciousness (cC) constitutes an essential part of our human life and the very heart of the hard problem of consciousness. In science, the cC of a subject (participant) has been examined indirectly through measuring his/her behavioral reports, bodily signs, or neural signals. None of them, however, reflects the full spectrum of the subject’s cC, hampering a researcher to fully know the subject’s cC and find its neural basis precisely and extensively. Here we propose a method, termed CHANCE that enables a researcher to experience and know directly the full spectrum of the subject’s cC in scientific experiments. The degree of epistemic objectivity of a specific entity has been reasonably judged by relevant individuals who have the ability to judge the faithfulness of the entity to the truth (the true facts). More number of relevant individuals who judge the entity as the truth results in more objectivity of the entity epistemically. Thus, even the knowledge of a specific cC itself would be regarded as epistemically objective if it was judged as the truth (being truly had) by multiple relevant individuals. We propose CHANCE consisting of three empirical steps to change the knowledge of the cC itself from epistemically subjective to objective: (1) finding a minimally-sufficient content-knowledge-specific neural correlates of consciousness (msckNCC), and (2) selecting an msckNCC that produces the knowledge of only one specific cC but not others, and finally, (3) among the msckNCCs that verified the 2nd step, selecting an msckNCC that is reproducible in multiple brains.
Category: Mind Science

[123] viXra:1804.0169 [pdf] replaced on 2018-11-14 04:58:55

### Chance: a Method that Enables a Researcher to Fully Know the Content of Consciousness of a Subject in Scientific Experiments

Authors: Daisuke H. Tanaka, Tsutomu Tanabe

The content of consciousness (cC) constitutes an essential part of our human life and the very heart of the hard problem of consciousness. In science, the cC of a subject (participant) has been examined indirectly through measuring his/her behavioral reports, bodily signs, or neural signals. None of them, however, reflects the full spectrum of the subject’s cC, hampering a researcher to fully know the subject’s cC and find its neural basis precisely and extensively. Here we propose a method, termed CHANCE that enables a researcher to experience and know directly the full spectrum of the subject’s cC in scientific experiments. The degree of epistemic objectivity of a specific entity has been reasonably judged by relevant individuals who have the ability to judge the faithfulness of the entity to the truth (the true facts). More number of relevant individuals who judge the entity as the truth results in more objectivity of the entity epistemically. Thus, even the knowledge of a specific cC itself would be regarded as epistemically objective if it was judged as the truth (being truly had) by multiple relevant individuals. We propose CHANCE consisting of three empirical steps to change the knowledge of the cC itself from epistemically subjective to objective: (1) finding a minimally-sufficient content-knowledge-specific neural correlates of consciousness (msckNCC), and (2) selecting an msckNCC that produces the knowledge of only one specific cC but not others, and finally, (3) among the msckNCCs that verified the 2nd step, selecting an msckNCC that is reproducible in multiple brains.
Category: Mind Science

[122] viXra:1804.0169 [pdf] replaced on 2018-07-16 23:42:42

### Objectification of the Content of Consciousness

Authors: Daisuke H. Tanaka, Tsutomu Tanabe

The content of consciousness has been strictly escaped from scientific research due to its subjective, non-objective property. Here we show an empirical way to objectify the content of consciousness. We reconsidered the subjective-objective distinction and argued that it was not necessarily black-and-white but was continuous. Two factors appeared to affect the degree of objectiveness: number of individuals who confirmed the issue, and reproducibility to confirm the issue. In conclusion, if a specific content of consciousness was reproducibly confirmed by multiple individuals, it could be regarded as objective. According to this conclusion, we raise three neurological premises to objectify the content of consciousness: (1) a minimally-sufficient content-specific NCC (mscNCC) exists in the human brain, (2) a specific mscNCC gives rise to a specific content of consciousness, (3) the mscNCC is reproducible among multiple brains. We also raise potential experiments to test these premises.
Category: Mind Science

[121] viXra:1804.0102 [pdf] replaced on 2018-05-23 02:00:17

### Приглашение на Жизнь (Invitation to Life)

Authors: Emanuel Gluskin
Comments: 105 Pages. Respectable critique of V.V. Nabokov

Памяти покойного Йоси Баная – Выдающегося Израильского Барда, Сатирика, и Воспитателя … всех. Он как-то сказал об одном молодом эстрадном 'герое': "Всё воет и воет – сколько можно?! Вопрос в том – есть ли ему что сказать?" Действительно -- ЧТО есть ему сказать, и на каком коне ему скакать?! Изрядно сказано – пускай его потужит, пускай перу пророков он послужит …. . Но КТО его родная мать?
Category: Mind Science

[120] viXra:1804.0102 [pdf] replaced on 2018-05-04 02:57:39

### Приглашение на Жизнь (Invitation to Life)

Authors: Emanuel Gluskin
Comments: 102 Pages. Respectful critique of V.V. Nabokov

Памяти покойного Йоси Баная – Выдающегося Израильского Барда, Сатирика, и Воспитателя … всех. Он как-то сказал об одном молодом эстрадном 'герое': "Всё воет и воет – сколько можно?! Вопрос в том – есть ли ему что сказать?" Действительно -- ЧТО есть ему сказать, и на каком коне ему скакать?! Изрядно сказано – пускай его потужит, пускай перу пророков он послужит …. . Но КТО его родная мать?
Category: Mind Science

[119] viXra:1804.0102 [pdf] replaced on 2018-04-25 06:39:51

### Приглашение на Жизнь (Invitation to Life)

Authors: Emanuel Gluskin
Comments: 98 Pages. A respectful critique of V.V. Nabokov

Памяти покойного Йоси Баная – Выдающегося Израильского Барда, Сатирика, и Воспитателя … всех. Он как-то сказал об одном молодом эстрадном 'герое': "Всё воет и воет – сколько можно?! Вопрос в том – есть ли ему что сказать?" Действительно -- ЧТО есть ему сказать, и на каком коне ему скакать?! Изрядно сказано – пускай его потужит, пускай перу пророков он послужит …. . Но КТО его родная мать?
Category: Mind Science

[118] viXra:1804.0102 [pdf] replaced on 2018-04-17 06:47:02

### Приглашение на Жизнь (Invitation to Life)

Authors: Emanuel Gluskin
Comments: 93 Pages. A respectful critics of V.V. Nabokov

Памяти покойного Йоси Баная – Выдающегося Израильского Барда, Сатирика, и Воспитателя … всех. Он как-то сказал об одном молодом эстрадном 'герое': "Всё воет и воет – сколько можно?! Вопрос в том – есть ли ему что сказать?" Действительно -- ЧТО есть ему сказать, и на каком коне ему скакать?! Изрядно сказано – пускай его потужит, пускай перу пророков он послужит …. . Но КТО его родная мать?
Category: Mind Science

[117] viXra:1804.0102 [pdf] replaced on 2018-04-11 12:17:25

### ПРИГЛАШЕНИЕ НА ЖИЗНЬ (Invitation to Life)

Authors: Emanuel Gluskin
Comments: 86 Pages. A respectful criticizm of V. V. Nabokov

Памяти покойного Йоси Баная – Выдающегося Израильского Барда, Сатирика, и Воспитателя … всех. Он как-то сказал об одном молодом эстрадном 'герое': "Всё воет и воет – сколько можно?! Вопрос в том – есть ли ему что сказать?" Действительно -- ЧТО есть ему сказать, и на каком коне ему скакать?! Изрядно сказано – пускай его потужит, пускай перу пророков он послужит …. . Но КТО его родная мать?
Category: Mind Science

[116] viXra:1804.0102 [pdf] replaced on 2018-04-08 17:52:25

### Приглашение на Жизнь (Invitation to Life)

Authors: Emanuel Gluskin
Comments: 86 Pages. A respectful critics of V.V. Nabokov

Памяти покойного Йоси Баная – Выдающегося Израильского Барда, Сатирика, и Воспитателя … всех. Он как-то сказал об одном молодом эстрадном 'герое': "Всё воет и воет – сколько можно?! Вопрос в том – есть ли ему что сказать?" Действительно -- ЧТО есть ему сказать, и на каком коне ему скакать?! Изрядно сказано – пускай его потужит, пускай перу пророков он послужит …. . Но КТО его родная мать?
Category: Mind Science

[115] viXra:1801.0023 [pdf] replaced on 2018-01-18 12:23:51

### Women Brain Foods: Increased Basal Antioxidant Capacity Effects on Mental Cognition and Carcinogenesis

Authors: Peiman Ghasemi

As first year students' cognitive improvement efforts evaluated by eating foods rich in antioxidants, and vitamins; significant increments in eating fast foods, certain vitamins, high amounts of several antioxidants or stimulants consumed just before stressful exam periods, long term overdose on such drugs, breathing toxic air pollutants, caused illness and fatal adverse effects on scientific societies.
Category: Mind Science

[114] viXra:1707.0161 [pdf] replaced on 2018-12-17 15:31:08

### Information Compression as a Unifying Principle in Human Learning, Perception, and Cognition

Authors: J Gerard Wolff
Comments: 85 Pages. Accepted for publication in the journal "Complexity", https://www.hindawi.com/journals/complexity/

This paper reviews evidence for the idea that much of human learning, perception, and cognition, may be understood as information compression, and often more specifically as 'information compression via the matching and unification of patterns' (ICMUP). Evidence includes: information compression can mean selective advantage for any creature; the storage and utilisation of the relatively enormous quantities of sensory information would be made easier if the redundancy of incoming information were to be reduced; content words in natural languages, with their meanings, may be seen as ICMUP; other techniques for compression of information -- such as class-inclusion hierarchies, schema-plus-correction, run-length coding, and part-whole hierarchies -- may be seen in psychological phenomena; ICMUP may be seen in how we merge multiple views to make one, in recognition, in binocular vision, in how we can abstract object concepts via motion, in adaptation of sensory units in the eye of Limulus, the horseshoe crab, and in other examples of adaptation; the discovery of the segmental structure of language (words and phrases), grammatical inference, and the correction of over- and under-generalisations in learning, may be understood in terms of ICMUP; information compression may be seen in the perceptual constancies; there is indirect evidence for ICMUP in human cognition via kinds of redundancy such as the decimal expansion of Pi which are difficult for people to detect; much of the structure and workings of mathematics -- an aid to human thinking -- may be understood in terms of ICMUP; and there is additional evidence via the SP Theory of Intelligence and its realisation in the SP Computer Model. Three objections to the main thesis of this paper are described, with suggested answers. These ideas may be seen to be part of a 'Big Picture' with six components, outlined in the paper.
Category: Mind Science

[113] viXra:1707.0161 [pdf] replaced on 2017-10-26 06:59:50

### Evidence for Information Compression Via the Matching and Unification of Patterns in the Workings of Brains and Nervous Systems

Authors: J Gerard Wolff

This paper presents evidence for the idea that much of the workings of brains and nervous systems may be understood as information compression via the matching and unification of patterns (ICMUP). Information compression can mean selective advantage for any creature: in the efficient storage and transmission of information; and, owing to the close connection between information compression and concepts of prediction and probability, in the making of predictions about where food may be found, potential dangers, and so on. Several aspects of our everyday perceptions and thinking may be seen as information compression. For example, many words in natural languages may be seen as relatively short identifiers or 'codes' for relatively complex concepts. When viewing the world with two eyes, we see one view, not two. Random-dot stereograms provide confirmation that, in binocular vision, we do indeed merge information from our two eyes and thus compress it. Information compression may be seen in the workings of sensory units in the eye of Limulus, the horseshoe crab. Computer models demonstrate how information compression may be a key to the unsupervised discovery of grammars for natural language, including segmental structures (words and phrases), classes of structure, and abstract patterns. Information compression may be seen in the perceptual constancies, including size constancy, lightness constancy, and colour constancy. Mathematics, which is a product of the human intellect, may be seen to be a set of techniques for ICMUP, and their application. The {\em SP theory of intelligence}, with its empirical support, provides evidence for the importance of ICMUP, and more specifically a concept of `SP-multiple-alignment', in several aspects of human learning, perception, and thinking. Four objections to the main thesis of this paper are described, with answers to those objections.
Category: Mind Science

[112] viXra:1706.0520 [pdf] replaced on 2017-07-01 01:02:15

### Think Like a Physicist: a Practical Guide to Spirituality.

Authors: Johan Noldus

These notes are written as a practical guideline to get involved in spirituality and to activate your higher senses. The good news is that everybody has them, the bad thing is that some are better in it than others. Just as is the case with ordinary sports, practising it too much or too intensive may not be harmless and due care has to be taken here not to overdo yourself. Most people would perhaps try to utter that this is a paper for witches , but then everybody would be a witch or a wizard. Others would say that I am leading you towards the path of the Devil; alas, it is possible to do many good things with the powers of your mind. Moreover, it is quite easy to get a reliable protection against evil attacks so that one hardly gets into trouble at all.
Category: Mind Science

[111] viXra:1703.0083 [pdf] replaced on 2017-03-09 17:51:24

### Identification of the Algebra of Consciousness

Authors: Elio Conte

After an articulated exposition of the basic features of the Clifford algebra we give evidence that the basic elements of this algebra may represent the basic entities of the mind. According also to the previous basic results of V.A. Lefebvre on conscience , we delineate also some peculiarities of the consciousness and we give proof that they may be correctly represented by this algebra.
Category: Mind Science

[110] viXra:1702.0280 [pdf] replaced on 2017-02-26 04:22:48

### Does Set Theory Cause Perceptual Problems?

Authors: W. Mückenheim

Some results of transfinite set theory are nonsensical. Nevertheless many mainstream mathematicians cannot accept but try to silence any critique. It appears as if a mass-psychosis has infected them.
Category: Mind Science

[109] viXra:1702.0070 [pdf] replaced on 2018-12-28 21:19:53

### A Proposed Mechanism for the Induction of Bone Loss as a Function of Chronic Envy

Authors: William Sabol

The dorsal anterior cingulate cortex (dACC) has been shown to be uniquely activated when people engage in envy. Similarly, dACC is the major component of a proposed adversity processing circuit that predicts risks to prevent destructive behaviors and inhibit release of dopamine and serotonin, which play a significant role in skeletal health. A causal relationship may therefore exist between chronic envy and the induction of lowered bone mineral density (BMD) as a result of dACC activation.
Category: Mind Science

[108] viXra:1702.0070 [pdf] replaced on 2018-12-28 01:19:12

### A Proposed Mechanism for the Induction of Bone Loss as a Function of Chronic Envy

Authors: William Sabol

The dorsal anterior cingulate cortex (dACC) has been shown to be uniquely activated when people engage in envy. Similarly, dACC is the major component of a proposed adversity processing circuit that predicts destructive behaviors and inhibit release of dopamine and serotonin, which play a significant role in skeletal health. A causal relationship may therefore exist between chronic envy and the induction of lowered bone mineral density (BMD) as a result of DACC activation.
Category: Mind Science

[107] viXra:1702.0070 [pdf] replaced on 2018-03-10 02:17:21

### A Proposed Mechanism for the Induction of Bone Loss as a Function of Chronic Envy

Authors: William W. Sabol

The dorsal anterior cingulate cortex (dACC) has been shown to be uniquely activated when people engage in envy. Similarly, dACC is the major component of a proposed adversity processing circuit that predicts risks to prevent destructive behaviors and inhibit release of dopamine and serotonin, which play a significant role in skeletal health. A causal relationship may therefore exist between chronic envy and the induction of lowered bone mineral density (BMD) as a result of dACC activation.
Category: Mind Science

[106] viXra:1702.0070 [pdf] replaced on 2017-04-08 01:39:40

### A Proposed Mechanism for the Induction of Bone Loss as a Function of Chronic Envy

Authors: William W. Sabol

The dorsal anterior cingulate cortex (dACC) has been shown to be uniquely activated when people engage in envy. Similarly, dACC is the major component of a proposed adversity processing circuit that predicts risks to prevent destructive behaviors and inhibit release of dopamine and serotonin, which play a significant role in skeletal health. A causal relationship may therefore exist between chronic envy and the induction of lowered bone mineral density (BMD) as a result of dACC activation.
Category: Mind Science

[105] viXra:1702.0070 [pdf] replaced on 2017-03-26 02:42:27

### A Proposed Mechanism for the Induction of Bone Loss as a Function of Chronic Envy

Authors: William W. Sabol

The dorsal anterior cingulate cortex (dACC) has been shown to be uniquely activated when people engage in envy. Similarly, dACC is the major component of a proposed adversity processing circuit that predicts risks to prevent destructive behaviors and inhibit release of dopamine and serotonin, which play a significant role in skeletal health. A causal relationship may therefore exist between chronic envy and the induction of lowered bone mineral density (BMD) as a result of dACC activation.
Category: Mind Science

[104] viXra:1702.0070 [pdf] replaced on 2017-03-08 23:12:48

### A Proposed Mechanism for the Induction of Bone Loss as a Function of Chronic Envy

Authors: William W. Sabol

The dorsal anterior cingulate cortex (dACC) has been shown to be uniquely activated when people engage in envy. Similarly, dACC is the major component of a proposed adversity processing circuit that predicts risks to prevent destructive behaviors and inhibit release of dopamine and serotonin, which play a significant role in skeletal health. A causal relationship may therefore exist between chronic envy and the induction of lowered bone mineral density (BMD) as a result of dACC activation.
Category: Mind Science

[103] viXra:1611.0042 [pdf] replaced on 2016-11-07 01:22:13

### From Cortical Microcolumns to Brain Barcodes

Authors: Arturo Tozzi, James F Peters, Ottorino Ori

Artificial neural systems and nervous graph theoretical analysis rely upon the standpoint that the neural code is endowed in logic circuits, e.g., spatio-temporal sequences of ON/OFF spiking neurons. However, this assumption does not fully explain complex brain functions. Here we show how nervous activity, other than logic circuits, could instead depend on topological transformations and symmetry constraints occurring at the micro-level of the cortical microcolumn, e.g., the basic embryological, anatomical and functional unit of the brain. Tubular microcolumns can be flattened in guise of a fullerene-like two-dimensional lattices, equipped with about 80 nodes standing for pyramidal neurons, where neural computations take place. We show how the countless possible combinations of activated neurons embedded in the lattice resemble a barcode. Every different assembly of firing neurons might stand for diverse neural codes, each one responsible for single mental activities. A two-dimensional fullerene-like lattice not just simulates the real microcolumn’s microcircuitry, but also allows us to build an artificial network model that, because grounded just on simple topological changes corresponding to pyramidal neuronal activation, is equipped with robustness, plasticity and fastness.
Category: Mind Science

[102] viXra:1609.0072 [pdf] replaced on 2016-09-07 02:47:56

### Ordering of Lamarckism, Emerging Understanding of the Lamarckian Mechanisms

Authors: Andrzej Gecow