Mind Science

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Recent submissions

Any replacements are listed further down

[187] viXra:1705.0403 [pdf] submitted on 2017-05-28 08:09:56

Duf1220 Homo Sapiens and Neanderthal Fractal Periods Architectures Breakthrough

Authors: Jean claude perez
Comments: 32 Pages.

DUF1220 proteins regions show the largest Homosapiens lineage-specific increase in copy number of any protein- coding region in the human genome and map principally to 1q21.1, and partially also in 1p. DUF1220 deletions and reciprocal duplications have been associated with microcephaly and macrocephaly, respectively. In Colorado University Dr Sikela team established that human genome sequences encoding DUF1220, show a dramatically elevated copy number in the human lineage and variation in DUF1220 copy number has been linked to both brain size in humans and brain evolution among primates. Remarkably, dosage variations involving DUF1220 sequences have now been linked to human brain expansion, autism severity, total IQ, and cognitive and mathematical aptitude scores. We analyzed in chromosome 1q a large region of 218 contiguous DUF1220 as well as in the chromosome 1p five other regions of DUF1220 smaller, then a total of 245 DUF1220 proteins. We supplemented by analyzing 16 RNAs of NBPF genes containing these DUF1220 and also 3 representative NBPF genes from Neanderthal genome. Finally the method is extended ananlysing the long 1q21 region from 7 other close primates like Neanderthal, great apes : chimp, gorilla, orangutan and monkeys : macaque, marmoset, vervet. This remarkable property is confirmed by comparing these primates to other mammals such as mice, rabbit, cow, dolphin and Elephant. We then show four classes of multi-periodic fractal structures for all 19 DUF1220 regions and 19 NBPF genes studied cases. The analysis of these spectra of fractal periods2 reveals a simple linear interdependence, hierarchization and unification between the numerical sequences of each of these 4 spectra and the sequences of Fibonacci and Lucas. Given the evidence of this numerical relationship, we suggest that this discovery may be one of the major causes of a cognitive development of man superior to that of the great primates
Category: Mind Science

[186] viXra:1705.0388 [pdf] submitted on 2017-05-26 07:04:00

On the Analysis of Heart Rate Variability in Frequency Domain

Authors: Sergio Conte, Elio Conte
Comments: 1 Page.

we define the basic foundations of a method for frequency domain analysis of time series biosignals of physiological and psycho-physiological interest in medicine and biology.
Category: Mind Science

[185] viXra:1705.0328 [pdf] submitted on 2017-05-21 13:47:48

Consciousness and Quantum Entanglement

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 39 Pages.

New research proposes a way to test whether quantum entanglement is affected by consciousness. [26] Using atomic-scale quantum defects in diamonds known as nitrogen-vacancy (NV) centers to detect the magnetic field generated by neural signals, scientists working in the lab of Ronald Walsworth, a faculty member in Harvard's Center for Brain Science and Physics Department, demonstrated a noninvasive technique that can image the activity of neurons. [25] Neuroscience and artificial intelligence experts from Rice University and Baylor College of Medicine have taken inspiration from the human brain in creating a new "deep learning" method that enables computers to learn about the visual world largely on their own, much as human babies do. [24]
Category: Mind Science

[184] viXra:1705.0022 [pdf] submitted on 2017-05-02 09:06:08

Neuralink Wire your Brain to the Internet

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 41 Pages.

Neuralink – which is "developing ultra high bandwidth brain-machine interfaces to connect humans and computers" – is probably a bad idea. If you understand the science behind it, and that's what you wanted to hear, you can stop reading. [26] But now there is a technology that enables us to "read the mind" with growing accuracy: functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). [25] Advances in microscopy techniques have often triggered important discoveries in the field of neuroscience, enabling vital insights in understanding the brain and promising new treatments for neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's. [24] What is the relationship of consciousness to the neurological activity of the brain? Does the brain behave differently when a person is fully conscious, when they are asleep, or when they are undergoing an epileptic seizure? [23] Consciousness appears to arise naturally as a result of a brain maximizing its information content. So says a group of scientists in Canada and France, which has studied how the electrical activity in people's brains varies according to individuals' conscious states. The researchers find that normal waking states are associated with maximum values of what they call a brain's "entropy". [22] New research published in the New Journal of Physics tries to decompose the structural layers of the cortical network to different hierarchies enabling to identify the network's nucleus, from which our consciousness could emerge. [21] Where in your brain do you exist? Is your awareness of the world around you and of yourself as an individual the result of specific, focused changes in your brain, or does that awareness come from a broad network of neural activity? How does your brain produce awareness? [20] In the future, level-tuned neurons may help enable neuromorphic computing systems to perform tasks that traditional computers cannot, such as learning from their environment, pattern recognition, and knowledge extraction from big data sources. [19] IBM scientists have created randomly spiking neurons using phase-change materials to store and process data. This demonstration marks a significant step forward in the development of energy-efficient, ultra-dense integrated neuromorphic technologies for applications in cognitive computing. [18] An ion trap with four segmented blade electrodes used to trap a linear chain of atomic ions for quantum information processing. Each ion is addressed optically for individual control and readout using the high optical access of the trap. [17] To date, researchers have realised qubits in the form of individual electrons (aktuell.ruhr-uni-bochum.de/pm2012/pm00090.html.en). However, this led to interferences and rendered the information carriers difficult to programme and read. The group has solved this problem by utilising electron holes as qubits, rather than electrons. [16] Physicists from MIPT and the Russian Quantum Center have developed an easier method to create a universal quantum computer using multilevel quantum systems (qudits), each one of which is able to work with multiple "conventional" quantum elements – qubits. [15] Precise atom implants in silicon provide a first step toward practical quantum computers. [14] A method to produce significant amounts of semiconducting nanoparticles for light-emitting displays, sensors, solar panels and biomedical applications has gained momentum with a demonstration by researchers at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory. [13] A source of single photons that meets three important criteria for use in quantum-information systems has been unveiled in China by an international team of physicists. Based on a quantum dot, the device is an efficient source of photons that emerge as solo particles that are indistinguishable from each other. The researchers are now trying to use the source to create a quantum computer based on "boson sampling". [11] With the help of a semiconductor quantum dot, physicists at the University of Basel have developed a new type of light source that emits single photons. For the first time, the researchers have managed to create a stream of identical photons. [10] Optical photons would be ideal carriers to transfer quantum information over large distances. Researchers envisage a network where information is processed in certain nodes and transferred between them via photons. [9] While physicists are continually looking for ways to unify the theory of relativity, which describes large-scale phenomena, with quantum theory, which describes small-scale phenomena, computer scientists are searching for technologies to build the quantum computer using Quantum Information. In August 2013, the achievement of "fully deterministic" quantum teleportation, using a hybrid technique, was reported. On 29 May 2014, scientists announced a reliable way of transferring data by quantum teleportation. Quantum teleportation of data had been done before but with highly unreliable methods. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron’s spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to build the Quantum Computer with the help of Quantum Information.
Category: Mind Science

[183] viXra:1704.0312 [pdf] submitted on 2017-04-24 06:49:47

Brains Recognize Unseen in a Second

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 42 Pages.

In about a tenth of a second—too quickly for us to even be aware it's happening—our brains figure out what we are seeing and make sense of it. [25] A new study out of the University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) has found that one part of the neurons in our brains is more active than previously revealed. The finding implies that our brains are both analog and digital computers and could lead to better ways to treat neurological disorders. [24]
Category: Mind Science

[182] viXra:1703.0292 [pdf] submitted on 2017-03-30 14:04:45

Elaboration of the Algebra of Consciousness

Authors: Elio Conte, Ferda Kaleagasioglu
Comments: 14 Pages.

In a previous paper we have given the basic quantum mechanical foundations of quantum mechanics elaborated by using the Clifford algebra and giving identification that such algebra may represent an algebraic representation of our consciousness. In this second section we give detailed elaboration of this algebra discussing its basic features relating our consciousness.
Category: Mind Science

[181] viXra:1703.0171 [pdf] submitted on 2017-03-16 14:47:00

Quantifying Mental Ideas Through Special Relativity and Bekenstein-Hawking Formulas

Authors: Arturo Tozzi, James F Peters
Comments: 9 Pages.

When perceived by the human mind, an object might encompass a diverse amount of available information, according to different observers. Starting from this simple observation and extending it to the Einstein’s four-dimensional spacetime and to Bekenstein and Hawking equations, we show how, in terms of special relativity, information is not a stationary and fixed quantity as currently believed, but rather depends on the observer’s standpoint. We elucidate how the subjective phenomenon of time (perceived by our mind as static) might give rise to changes in informational entropy between the real and the imagined object. We describe a way to correlate and quantify the information of the sensed object embedded in the environment and of the corresponding internal thought about it (subjective percept). In particular, we show how changes in our mental time windows are able to squeeze the information content of the subjective percepts, compared with their matching environmental, real objects. Further, we elucidate how this novel framework could be able to confirm or reject a recently raised hypothesis, which suggests that the brain activity takes place in functional dimensions higher than the four-dimensional spacetime environment.
Category: Mind Science

[180] viXra:1703.0168 [pdf] submitted on 2017-03-16 20:29:20

No Ghost in the Machine

Authors: Alan M. Kadin
Comments: 12 Pages. Submitted to Foundational Questions Institute Essay Contest on "Wandering Towards a Goal: How can mindless mathematical laws give rise to aims and intentions?"

The prevalent pre-scientific paradigm for understanding nature focused on design or intention, even for inanimate objects. This approach was debunked by Newton for physics, and by Darwin for biology. But belief in the unique supernatural nature of human intelligence is still widespread. I argue that biological intelligence is due to simple evolved structures based on neural networks, without the need for any new physical mechanisms (quantum or classical) or a “ghost in the machine”. Humans see agency and intent everywhere, because we are programmed to do so. The conscious mind may turn out to be a virtual reality simulation that is largely illusory. Furthermore, these structures may be emulated in artificial neural networks, to create true artificial intelligence.
Category: Mind Science

[179] viXra:1703.0083 [pdf] submitted on 2017-03-08 13:15:21

Identification of the Algebra of Consciousness

Authors: Elio Conte
Comments: 25 Pages.

After an articulated exposition of the basic features of the Clifford algebra we give evidence that the basic elements of this algebra may represent the basic entities of the mind. According also to the previous basic results of V.A. Lefebvre, we delineate also some peculiarities of the consciousness and we give proof that they may be correctly represented by this algebra.
Category: Mind Science

[178] viXra:1702.0280 [pdf] submitted on 2017-02-22 12:27:51

Does Set Theory Cause Perceptual Problems?

Authors: W. Mückenheim
Comments: 2 Pages.

Some results of transfinite set theory are nonsensical. Nevertheless many mainstream mathematicians cannot accept but try to silence any critique. It appears as if a mass-psychosis has infected them.
Category: Mind Science

[177] viXra:1702.0254 [pdf] submitted on 2017-02-20 08:53:46

Explanation of Qualia and Self-Awareness Using Elastic Membrane Concept

Authors: Alexander Egoyan
Comments: 6 Pages.

In this work we show that our self-awareness and perception may be successfully explained using two dimensional holistic structures with closed topology embedded into our brains - elastic membranes. These membranes are able to preserve their structure during conscious processes. Their elastic oscillations may be associated with our perceptions, where the frequency of the oscillations is responsible for the perception of different colors, sounds and other stimuli, while the amplitude of the oscillations is responsible for the feeling of a distance. According to the model the squeezed regions of a membrane correspond to the brain zones involved into awareness and attention. The model may be useful for prediction, explanation and interpretation of various conscious phenomena.
Category: Mind Science

[176] viXra:1702.0133 [pdf] submitted on 2017-02-11 03:19:24

Goal, Free-Will and Qualia in Biological Evolution

Authors: Janko Kokosar
Comments: 13 Pages. It is published in FQXi contest 2016/2017.

The author is developing the idea that genes were not enough in evolution to create goals, because the first goals should have arisen quickly. This is another clue that consciousness exists also at unicellular organisms. Besides, qualia are more primitive form of a goal. Consciousness is composed of qualia and free-will, and both need new physics. Free-will is based also on quantum consciousness. Although it seems that it is disproved by Tegmark, it is very obvious, thus it cannot be disproved until it will not be clarified what a physical base of consciousness is. Quantum consciousness is based also on panpsychism, which has already some support in mainstream science. Explanations of goal, free-will, qualia, and consciousness are also things of explanation of time. It is shown how time is connected with matter and how with consciousness. At the end it is criticized, how official science too much ignores goals and ideas of authors that do not belong to it.
Category: Mind Science

[175] viXra:1702.0070 [pdf] submitted on 2017-02-05 00:01:02

A Proposed Mechanism for the Induction of Bone Loss as a Function of Chronic Envy

Authors: William W. Sabol
Comments: 2 Pages.

The dorsal anterior cingulate cortex (dACC) has been shown to be uniquely activated when people engage in envy. Similarly, dACC is the major component of a proposed adversity processing circuit that predicts risks to prevent destructive behaviors and inhibit release of dopamine and serotonin, which play a significant role in skeletal health. A causal relationship may therefore exist between chronic envy and the induction of lowered bone mineral density (BMD) as a result of dACC activation.
Category: Mind Science

[174] viXra:1701.0658 [pdf] submitted on 2017-01-28 22:50:15

A Subjective Illustrated Report of Visual Hallucinations after Total Anesthesia

Authors: Vladimir F. Tamari
Comments: 5 Pages.

A patient describes and illustrates his experience of seeing closed-eye hallucinations after waking up from a 17-hour surgery under total anaesthesia.
Category: Mind Science

[173] viXra:1701.0562 [pdf] submitted on 2017-01-22 06:50:10

Quantum Theory and the Nature of Consciousness

Authors: Thomas Görnitz
Comments: 34 Pages.

So far the main obstacle for a scientific conception of consciousness as a real and powerfully acting entity was not inherent to the realms of psychology or brain research, but rather the field of physics. A solution had to be sought here. Such a solution is afforded by a new foundation of the physical reality established by abstract and absolute quantum bits of information (AQI bits). To avoid the popular misunderstanding of „information“ as „meaning“ it was advisable to coin a new designation for the free-of-meaning AQI bits: the AQI bits establish a quantum pre-structure termed „protyposis“ (Greek: „pre-formation“), out of which real objects can form, beginning with energetical and material elementary particles. The protyposis AQI bits provide a pre-structure for all entities encountered in natural sciences. The AQI bits establish a common basis, from which, in the course of the cosmological and encompassed biological evolution, both the material reality of the brain and the mental reality of the consciousness has formed. A real understanding of quantum structures can remove the resistance against establishing quantum theory in the field of brain research and consciousness. The key for an understanding lies in the conception of protyposis, abstract quantum information free of any definite meaning. With the AQI bits of the protyposis, massless and massive quantum particles can be constructed, and, ultimately, even quantum information with a special meaning, such as our grammatically formulated thoughts, can become possible. As long as the fundamental basis of quantum theory is misunderstood as being formed by a manifold of some small objects like atoms, quarks, or strings, then the problem of understanding consciousness has no solution. If in contrast to this quantum theory is understood as a theory based on quantum structures that are not spatially small but truly simple, then there is no longer a fundamental problem for an understanding of consciousness.
Category: Mind Science

[172] viXra:1612.0408 [pdf] submitted on 2016-12-30 09:04:23

Brain-Mapping Advances

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 36 Pages.

Advances in microscopy techniques have often triggered important discoveries in the field of neuroscience, enabling vital insights in understanding the brain and promising new treatments for neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's. [24] What is the relationship of consciousness to the neurological activity of the brain? Does the brain behave differently when a person is fully conscious, when they are asleep, or when they are undergoing an epileptic seizure? [23] Consciousness appears to arise naturally as a result of a brain maximizing its information content. So says a group of scientists in Canada and France, which has studied how the electrical activity in people's brains varies according to individuals' conscious states. The researchers find that normal waking states are associated with maximum values of what they call a brain's "entropy". [22] New research published in the New Journal of Physics tries to decompose the structural layers of the cortical network to different hierarchies enabling to identify the network's nucleus, from which our consciousness could emerge. [21] Where in your brain do you exist? Is your awareness of the world around you and of yourself as an individual the result of specific, focused changes in your brain, or does that awareness come from a broad network of neural activity? How does your brain produce awareness? [20] In the future, level-tuned neurons may help enable neuromorphic computing systems to perform tasks that traditional computers cannot, such as learning from their environment, pattern recognition, and knowledge extraction from big data sources. [19]
Category: Mind Science

[171] viXra:1612.0348 [pdf] submitted on 2016-12-26 12:36:25

Emotional Hangover

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 40 Pages.

Emotional experiences can induce physiological and internal brain states that persist for long periods of time after the emotional events have ended, a team of New York University scientists has found. [26] Using atomic-scale quantum defects in diamonds known as nitrogen-vacancy (NV) centers to detect the magnetic field generated by neural signals, scientists working in the lab of Ronald Walsworth, a faculty member in Harvard's Center for Brain Science and Physics Department, demonstrated a noninvasive technique that can image the activity of neurons. [25] Neuroscience and artificial intelligence experts from Rice University and Baylor College of Medicine have taken inspiration from the human brain in creating a new "deep learning" method that enables computers to learn about the visual world largely on their own, much as human babies do. [24]
Category: Mind Science

[170] viXra:1612.0279 [pdf] submitted on 2016-12-17 11:22:23

Thought Force and Consciousness

Authors: Tamas Lajtner
Comments: 8 Pages.

By changing the axiom of time, we affect both physics and science in general, thus raising some remarkably fascinating questions, for example, what is thought, what lives, what is consciousness.
Category: Mind Science

[169] viXra:1612.0213 [pdf] submitted on 2016-12-12 11:37:50

Neuromotor Problems the Core of Autism

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 45 Pages.

Rutgers neuroscientists have established that problems controlling bodily movements are at the core of autism spectrum disorders and that the use of psychotropic medications to treat autism in children often makes such neuromotor problems worse. [27] The neural structure we use to store and process information in verbal working memory is more complex than previously understood, finds a new study by researchers at New York University. [26] Surviving breast cancer changed the course of Regina Barzilay's research. The experience showed her, in stark relief, that oncologists and their patients lack tools for data-driven decision making. [25] New research, led by the University of Southampton, has demonstrated that a nanoscale device, called a memristor, could be used to power artificial systems that can mimic the human brain. [24] Scientists at Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf conducted electricity through DNA-based nanowires by placing gold-plated nanoparticles on them. In this way it could become possible to develop circuits based on genetic material. [23] Researchers at the Nanoscale Transport Physics Laboratory from the School of Physics at the University of the Witwatersrand have found a technique to improve carbon superlattices for quantum electronic device applications. [22] The researchers have found that these previously underestimated interactions can play a significant role in preventing heat dissipation in microelectronic devices. [21] LCLS works like an extraordinary strobe light: Its ultrabright X-rays take snapshots of materials with atomic resolution and capture motions as fast as a few femtoseconds, or millionths of a billionth of a second. For comparison, one femtosecond is to a second what seven minutes is to the age of the universe. [20] A 'nonlinear' effect that seemingly turns materials transparent is seen for the first time in X-rays at SLAC's LCLS. [19]
Category: Mind Science

[168] viXra:1612.0136 [pdf] submitted on 2016-12-08 10:37:43

Deep-Brain Imaging

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 19 Pages.

The ability to stimulate neural circuits with very high precision light to control cells—optogenetics—is key to exciting advances in the study and mapping of the living brain. [11] A breakdown of memory processes in humans can lead to conditions such as Alzheimer's and dementia. By looking at the simpler brain of a honeybee, new research published in Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience, moves us a step towards understanding the different processes behind long-term memory formation. [10], has shown that it is possible for some information to be inherited biologically through chemical changes that occur in DNA. During the tests they learned that that mice can pass on learned information about traumatic or stressful experiences – in this case a fear of the smell of cherry blossom – to subsequent generations. [9] A new way of thinking about consciousness is sweeping through science like wildfire. Now physicists are using it to formulate the problem of consciousness in concrete mathematical terms for the first time. Discovery of quantum vibrations in 'microtubules' inside brain neurons supports controversial theory of consciousness. The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.
Category: Mind Science

[167] viXra:1611.0396 [pdf] submitted on 2016-11-29 14:48:51

Rorschach Ink-Blots Are Multifractals and a Corresponding Multifractal Strucure is Realized in Humans During Their Perception as Measured by the GSR (Galvanic Skin Response) Neurological and Psycho-Pysiological Signal

Authors: Leonardo Mendolicchio, Ferda Kaleagasioglu, Fang Wang, Rich Norman, Francesco Casciaro Losito, Anna Maria Losito, Elio Conte, Franco Orsucci
Comments: 21 Pages.

We demonstrate that the Rorschach ink-blots are multifractals. Normal subjects submitted to their perception for two minutes have been studied recording their GSR neurological and psychophysiological signal during the observation of the ink blots. It has resulted that also the induced perceptive dynamics in the subject is a multifractal. In the framework of the theory of complexity we elaborate that the intrinsic complexity of the ink-blots induces in the subjects an emotive and cognitive condition of profound inner conflict that may be estimated by the generalized Hurst exponent of the subject as arising from the GSR recording. We expect that the results are important not only in the theory of complexity but also in the clinical study of cases of neurological, psychological and psychiatric interest.
Category: Mind Science

[166] viXra:1611.0345 [pdf] submitted on 2016-11-25 04:45:21

Repairs Brain Damage in Stroke

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 32 Pages.

Researchers at The University of Manchester have discovered that a potential new drug reduces the number of brain cells destroyed by stroke and then helps to repair the damage. [17] Researchers at the University of Connecticut have uncovered new information about how particles behave in our bloodstream, an important advancement that could help pharmaceutical scientists develop more effective cancer drugs. [16] For the past 15 years, the big data techniques pioneered by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California, have been revolutionizing biomedical research. On Sept. 6, 2016, JPL and the National Cancer Institute (NCI), part of the National Institutes of Health, renewed a research partnership through 2021, extending the development of data science that originated in space exploration and is now supporting new cancer discoveries. [15] IBM scientists have developed a new lab-on-a-chip technology that can, for the first time, separate biological particles at the nanoscale and could enable physicians to detect diseases such as cancer before symptoms appear. [14] Scientists work toward storing digital information in DNA. [13] Leiden theoretical physicists have proven that DNA mechanics, in addition to genetic information in DNA, determines who we are. Helmut Schiessel and his group simulated many DNA sequences and found a correlation between mechanical cues and the way DNA is folded. They have published their results in PLoS One. [12] We model the electron clouds of nucleic acids in DNA as a chain of coupled quantum harmonic oscillators with dipole-dipole interaction between nearest neighbours resulting in a van der Waals type bonding. [11] Scientists have discovered a secret second code hiding within DNA which instructs cells on how genes are controlled. The amazing discovery is expected to open new doors to the diagnosis and treatment of diseases, according to a new study. [10] There is also connection between statistical physics and evolutionary biology, since the arrow of time is working in the biological evolution also. From the standpoint of physics, there is one essential difference between living things and inanimate clumps of carbon atoms: The former tend to be much better at capturing energy from their environment and dissipating that energy as heat. [8] This paper contains the review of quantum entanglement investigations in living systems, and in the quantum mechanically modeled photoactive prebiotic kernel systems. [7] The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.
Category: Mind Science

[165] viXra:1611.0321 [pdf] submitted on 2016-11-23 13:15:37

Selection of Partners by DNA Influences

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 16 Pages.

A study co-led by the University of East Anglia (UEA) has found that people with genes for high educational achievement tend to marry, and have children with, people with similar DNA. [8] A new trend taking shape in psychological science not only uses quantum physics to explain humans' (sometimes) paradoxical thinking, but may also help researchers resolve certain contradictions among the results of previous psychological studies. According to Zheng Joyce Wang and others who try to model our decision-making processes mathematically, the equations and axioms that most closely match human behavior may be ones that are rooted in quantum physics. [7] The hypothesis that there may be something quantum-like about the human mental function was put forward with " Spooky Activation at Distance " formula which attempted to model the effect that when a word's associative network is activated during study in memory experiment; it behaves like a quantum-entangled system. The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.
Category: Mind Science

[164] viXra:1611.0275 [pdf] submitted on 2016-11-19 01:12:06

Metaanalysis of Psychoanalysis

Authors: Andrej Poleev
Comments: 101 Pages. Language: German

The perspective revolution of Sigmund Freud: An update.
Category: Mind Science

[163] viXra:1611.0261 [pdf] submitted on 2016-11-17 14:14:19

Case Report. On the Importance of Performing HRV Analysis on Subjects Using Narcotic Drugs.

Authors: Elio Conte, Rich Norman, Leonardo Mendolicchio, Franco Orsucci, Francesco Casciaro Losito, Anna Maria Losito, Gabriele De Masi De Luca
Comments: 5 pages

We demonstrate the potential value of performing an HRV analysis at rest and in the condition of controlled respiration as a basic test for subjects suspected of using narcotic drugs.
Category: Mind Science

[162] viXra:1611.0042 [pdf] submitted on 2016-11-03 10:09:11

From Cortical Microcolumns to Brain Barcodes

Authors: Arturo Tozzi, James F Peters, Ottorino Ori
Comments: 9 Pages.

Artificial neural systems and nervous graph theoretical analysis rely upon the standpoint that the neural code is endowed in logic circuits, e.g., spatio-temporal sequences of ON/OFF spiking neurons. However, this assumption does not fully explain complex brain functions. Here we show how nervous activity, other than logic circuits, could instead depend on topological transformations and symmetry contraints occurring at the micro-level of the cortical microcolumn, e.g., the basic embryological, anatomical and functional unit of the brain. Tubular microcolumns can be flattened in guise of a fullerene-like two-dimensional lattices, equipped with about 80 nodes standing for pyramidal neurons, where neural computations take place. We show how the countless possible combinations of activated neurons embedded in the lattice resemble a barcode. Every different assembly of firing neurons might stand for diverse neural codes, each one responsible for single mental activities. A two-dimensional fullerene-like lattice not just simulates the real microcolumn’s microcircuitry, but also allows us to build an artificial network model that, because grounded just on simple topological changes corresponding to pyramidal neuronal activation, is equipped with robustness, plasticity and fastness.
Category: Mind Science

[161] viXra:1610.0216 [pdf] submitted on 2016-10-18 10:06:20

Topology of the Brain Function

Authors: Arturo Tozzi, James F Peters
Comments: 153 Pages.

This manuscript encompasses our published and unpublished topological results in neuroscience. Topology, the mathematical branch that assesses objects and their properties preserved through deformations, stretching and twisting, allows the investigation of the most general brain features. In particular, the Borsuk-Ulam Theorem (BUT) states that, if a single point projects to a higher spatial dimension, it gives rise to two antipodal points with matching description. Physical and biological counterparts of BUT and its variants allow an inquiry of the brain activity. The opportunity to treat the nervous system as a topological structure makes BUT a universal principle underlying neural phenomena and brain function.
Category: Mind Science

[160] viXra:1610.0113 [pdf] submitted on 2016-10-10 15:21:51

Micro and Macro-Levels of Neural Observation Describe the Same Brain Activity

Authors: Arturo Tozzi, James F Peters, Pedro C. Marijuán
Comments: 7 Pages.

Brain activity can be assessed either at anatomical/functional micro-, meso- and macro- spatiotemporal scales of observation, or at different intertwined levels with mutual interactions. Here we show, based on topological findings, that nervous activities occurring in micro-levels project to single activities at the macro-levels. This means that brain functions assessed at the higher scale of the whole brain necessarily display a counterpart in the lower ones, and vice versa. Furthermore, we point out how it is possible for different functional and anatomical levels to be stitched (sewn) together to become condensed brain activities, giving rise, for example, to ideas and concepts. Also, a topological approach makes it possible to assess brain functions in the general terms of particle trajectories taking place on donut-like manifolds. Indeed, every macro-scale activity, independent of the subtending theoretical model, can be described in terms of a multi-dimensional torus mapping to activities at lower levels. In physics, the term duality refers to a case where two seemingly different systems turn out to be equivalent, because they are mathematically distinguishable descriptions of the same phenomenon. Our framework permits a topological duality among different neuro-techniques, because it holds for all the types of spatio-temporal brain activities, independent of their inter- and intra-level relationships, strength, magnitude and boundaries.
Category: Mind Science

[159] viXra:1610.0068 [pdf] submitted on 2016-10-06 04:57:02

A Symmetric Approach Elucidates Multisensory Information Integration

Authors: Arturo Tozzi, James F Peters
Comments: 10 Pages.

Recent advances in neuronal multisensory integration suggest that the five senses do not exist in isolation of each other. Perception, cognition and action are integrated at very early levels of central processing, in a densely coupled system equipped with multisensory interactions occurring at all temporal and spatial stages. In such a novel framework, a concept from the far-flung branch of topology, namely the Borsuk-Ulam theorem, comes into play. The theorem states that when two opposite points on a sphere are projected onto a circumference, they give rise to a single point containing their matching description. Here we show that the theorem applies also to multisensory integration: two environmental stimuli from different sensory modalities display similar features when mapped into cortical neurons. Topological tools not only shed new light on questions concerning the functional architecture of mind and the nature of mental states, but also provide a general methodology which as the advantage to be assessed empirically. We argue that the Borsuk-Ulam theorem is a general principle underlying nervous multisensory integration, resulting in a framework that has the potential to be operationalized.
Category: Mind Science

[158] viXra:1610.0031 [pdf] submitted on 2016-10-04 03:49:52

Informational Entropies for Non-ergodic Brains

Authors: Arturo Tozzi, James F. Peters, Marzieh Zare, Mehmet Niyazi Çankaya
Comments: 13 Pages.

Informational entropies, although proved to be useful in the evaluation of nervous function, are suitable just if we assume that nervous activity takes place under ergo dic conditions. However, widespread claims suggest that the brain operates in a non-ergodic framework. Here we show that a topological concept, namely the Borsuk-Ulam theorem, is able to wipe away this long-standing limit of both Shannon entropy and its generalizations, such as Rényi’s. We demonstrate that both ergodic and non-ergodic informational entropies can be evaluated and quantified through topological methods, in order to improve our knowledge of central nervous system function.
Category: Mind Science

[157] viXra:1610.0014 [pdf] submitted on 2016-10-02 15:11:22

Towards Plasma-Like Collisionless Trajectories in the Brain

Authors: Arturo Tozzi, James F Peters
Comments: 10 Pages.

Plasma studies depict collisionless, collective movements of charged particles. In touch with these concepts, originally developed in the far flung branch of high energy physics, here we evaluate the role of collective behaviors and long-range functional couplings in brain dynamics. We develop a novel, empirically testable, brain model which takes into account collisionless movements of charged particles in a system, the brain, equipped with oscillations. The model is cast in a mathematical fashion with the potential of being operationalized, because it can be assessed in terms of McKean-Vlasov equations, derived from the classical Vlasov equations for plasma. We also provide insights into the possible role of the overrated extracellular neuronal space in generating and transporting the charged particles which display such a collective behavior. A plasma-like brain also elucidates cortical phase transitions in the context of a brain at the edge of chaos and describes the required order parameters. In sum, showing how the brain might exhibit plasma-like features we go through the emerging concept of holistic behavior of nervous functions.
Category: Mind Science

[156] viXra:1609.0405 [pdf] submitted on 2016-09-28 04:54:05

A Topological Theory of Knowledge in the Human Brain

Authors: Arturo Tozzi, James F Peters
Comments: 16 Pages.

Experience is a process of awareness and mastery of facts or events, gained through actual observation or second-hand knowledge. Recent findings reinforce the idea that a naturalized epistemological approach is needed to further advance our understanding of the nervous mechanisms underlying experience. This essay is an effort to build a coherent topological-based framework able to elucidate particular aspects of experience, e.g., how it is acquired by a single individual, transmitted to others and collectively stored in form of general ideas. Taking into account concepts from neuroscience, algebraic topology and Richard Avenarius’ philosophical analytical approach, we provide a scheme which is cast in an empirically testable fashion. In particular, we emphasize the foremost role of variants of the Borsuk- Ulam theorem, which tells us that, when a pair of opposite (antipodal) points on a sphere are mapped onto a single point in Euclidean space, the projection provides a description of both antipodal points. These antipodes stand for nervous functions and activities of the brain correlated with the mechanisms of acquisition and transmission of experience.
Category: Mind Science

[155] viXra:1609.0401 [pdf] submitted on 2016-09-28 04:42:00

Topology Underlying GIBSON’S Echological Theory of Perception

Authors: James F Peters, Arturo Tozzi, Sheela Ramanna
Comments: 12 Pages.

During the exploration of the surrounding environment, the brain links together external inputs in a complex of sensations, giving rise to the perception of a persisting object. During imaginative processes, the same object can be recalled in mind even if it is out of sight. Here, Borsuk’s theory of shape and the Borsuk-Ulam theorem provide a mathematical foundation for Gibson’s notion of persistence perception. Real-scene visual signals are collectively the umbra of physical shapes impinging on the optic nerves, which we map to similar shape representations. We show how Gibson’s ecological theory of perception accounts for our knowledge of world objects by borrowing a concept of invariance in topology. A series of transformations can be endlessly and gradually applied to a pattern, in particular to the shape of an object, without affecting its invariant properties, such as connectedness and boundedness of parts of a visual scene. In sum, high-level representations of objects in our environment are mapped to simplified views (our interpretations) of the objects, in order to construct a symbolic representation of the environment. The fact that our perception of an object continues even when it is out of sight, can be explained by viewing regions on a sphere surface as multiple representations of object shapes. The representations can be projected continuously to an ecological object that we have seen and continue to see, thanks to the mapping from shapes in our memory to shapes in Euclidean space.
Category: Mind Science

[154] viXra:1609.0357 [pdf] submitted on 2016-09-25 12:00:34

Consciousness Creates Motion Forming 2D Energetic Software for a 3D Body

Authors: Royan Rosche
Comments: 3 Pages.

: Consciousness is you; the powers of yourselves are used everyday by failed introspective mankind whom is oblivious to their own nature. This paper makes it clear what consciousness is and what it creates in respect to the body, and how actually doing contemplative thought is necessary for biological nourishment because the mind of humans is their unique trait like infrared sensing is for snakes. Unified theories with atoms are like taking a mirror, shattering it, and then calculating how the pieces fit to create a backwards image. All reality is MENTAL based; all perception is tied to belief. All matter is moved by imagination, thought and willpower which have equal energy manifestations of electromagnetic waves, sound, and heat-aspects of one single energy.
Category: Mind Science

[153] viXra:1609.0355 [pdf] submitted on 2016-09-25 07:48:46

The Brilliance of Dreams

Authors: Aneesh R Swamy
Comments: 3 Pages. Limbic System,Dreams,Cognitive Neuroscience,

Dreams. A concept very little understood by neuro-scientists. Why don't we know how we dream even after decades of research? To find the answer to that question;how we dream, one has to think out of the box. Or out of the mind.
Category: Mind Science

[152] viXra:1609.0249 [pdf] submitted on 2016-09-16 13:04:20

Quantum Statistical Theory of Quantum Cognition

Authors: Elio Conte
Comments: 13 Pages.

In quantum mechanics a wave function is connected to a quantum system. This abstract entity represents a description of the quantum state of this system. The wave function is a complex-valued probability amplitude and the probabilities for the possible results of measurements made on the system can be derived from it . In the present paper it is demonstrated that the tentative often adopted from scholars to attribute a wave function as representation of a mental state in current quantum cognition studies cannot be accepted. A mental state is a so complex structure , depending contextually at each instant from a so complex structure of inner and subjective elements and psychological and neurological components, to exclude its representation by a simple and elementary wave function, The mental state may be represented by a quantum wave function that, owing of the complex structure of the mental state, has an intrinsic indetermination and fluctuation of the basic probability amplitudes to respond to the basic notion of intrinsecally , incompletely specified system that was introduced by P. T. Landsberg in 1961. As consequence a simple quantum wave function cannot be adopted and instead an averaging statistical formulation is absolutely required. Therefore, the subsequent quantum statistical theory is formulated.
Category: Mind Science

[151] viXra:1609.0106 [pdf] submitted on 2016-09-08 13:57:46

A Topological Brain Elucidates Syntactic and Semantic Processing

Authors: Arturo Tozzi, James F Peters
Comments: 8 Pages.

When facing a proposition, the brain straightforwardly understands its grammar and discriminates whether it is true or false. Unlike computers, the brain is able to identify signs of sequences in terms of both syntactic symbols and semantic meaning. We show, based on the current literature, that a testable algebraic topological approach gives helpful insights into brain’s computational activity during semantic recognition. Indeed, recent suggestions allow us to hypothesize that the semantic properties of a proposition are processed in brain dimensions higher than the syntactic ones. Furthermore, we show how, in a fully reversible process, the syntactic elements embedded in Broca’s area might project to scattered semantic cortical zones, where the presence of higher functional dimensions gives rise to an increase in proposition’s information content. Taking into account the dictates of novel versions of the Borsuk-Ulam and the fixed-point theorems, we build a framework that provides a feasible explanation for semantics processing in the brain, and also paves the way to novel computers which nodes are built in higher dimensions.
Category: Mind Science

[150] viXra:1609.0105 [pdf] submitted on 2016-09-08 14:03:41

Energetic Link Between Spike Frequencies and Brain Fractal Dimensions

Authors: Arturo Tozzi, James F. Peters, Mehmet Niyazi Çankaya, Jan Korbel, Marzieh Zare, David Papo
Comments: 11 Pages.

Oscillations in brain activity exhibit a power law distribution which appears as a straight line when plotted on logarithmic scales in a log power versus log frequency plot. The line’s slope is given by a single constant, the power law exponent. Since a variation in slope may occur during different functional states, the brain waves are said to be multifractal, i.e., characterized by a spectrum of multiple possible exponents. A role for such non-stationary scaling properties has scarcely been taken into account. Here we show that changes in fractal slopes and oscillation frequencies, and in particular in electric spikes, are correlated. Taking into account techniques for parameter distribution estimates, which provide a foundation for the proposed approach, we show that modifications in power law exponents are associated with variations in the Rényi entropy, a generalization of Shannon informational entropy. Changes in Rényi entropy, in turn, are able to modify brain oscillation frequencies. Therefore, results point out that multifractal systems lead to different probability outcomes of brain activity, based solely on increases or decreases of the fractal exponents. Such approach may offer new insights in the characterization of neuroimaging diagnostic techniques and the forces required for transcranial stimulation, where doubts still exist as to the parameters that best characterize waveforms.
Category: Mind Science

[149] viXra:1609.0079 [pdf] submitted on 2016-09-07 03:30:51

From Abstract Topology to Real Thermodynamic Brain Activity

Authors: Arturo Tozzi, James F Peters
Comments: 10 Pages.

Recent approaches to brain phase spaces reinforce the foremost role of symmetries and energy requirements in the assessment of nervous activity. Changes in thermodynamic parameters and dimensions occur in the brain during symmetry breakings and transitions from one functional state to another. Based on topological results and string-like trajectories into nervous energy landscapes, we provide a novel method for the evaluation of energetic features and constraints in different brain functional activities. We show how abstract approaches, namely the Borsuk-Ulam theorem and its variants, display real, energetic physical counterparts. When topology meets the physics of the brain, we arrive at a general model of neuronal activity, in terms of multidimensional manifolds and computational geometry, that has the potential to be operationalized.
Category: Mind Science

[148] viXra:1609.0072 [pdf] submitted on 2016-09-06 11:07:31

Ordering of Lamarckism, Emerging Understanding of the Lamarckian Mechanisms

Authors: Andrzej Gecow
Comments: 16 Pages. in Polish

Understanding of Lamarck was and are very different, but currently the view clarifies where Darwinian and Lamarckian mechanisms are not conflicting. Lamarckian mechanisms exist and offer evolutionary changes “from instructions”, usually much more accurate adaptively than if they were completely random, but this instruction was found earlier by Darwinian natural selection. Lamarckian mechanisms alone do not explain the obtained purposefulness. They gain this ability only with the mechanism of their occurrence, which is Darwinian. In the case of multicellular usually their effect requires the strengthening of inherited through genetic assimilation, but in range of memes and culture "realized needs" seems to be the main mechanism.
Category: Mind Science

[147] viXra:1609.0045 [pdf] submitted on 2016-09-04 10:50:43

Towards Equations for Brain Dynamics and the Concept of Extended Connectome

Authors: Arturo Tozzi, James F Peters
Comments: 10 Pages.

The brain is a system at the edge of chaos equipped with nonlinear dynamics and functional energetic landscapes. However, still doubts exist concerning the type of attractors or the trajectories followed by particles in the nervous phase space. Starting from an unusual system governed by differential equations in which a dissipative strange attractor coexists with an invariant conservative torus, we developed a 3D model of brain phase space which has the potential to be operationalized and assessed empirically. We achieved a system displaying both a torus and a strange attractor, depending just on the initial conditions. Further, the system generates a funnel-like attractor equipped with a fractal structure. Changes in three easily detectable brain phase parameters (log frequency, excitatory/inhibitory ratio and fractal slope) lead to modifications in funnel’s breadth or in torus/attractor superimposition: it explains a large repertoire of brain functions and activities, such as sensations/perceptions, memory and self-generated thoughts.
Category: Mind Science

[146] viXra:1609.0041 [pdf] submitted on 2016-09-03 20:45:14

How Much Free is Freewill

Authors: Basudeba Mishra
Comments: 14 Pages.

Freewill is actually not free – it has limited degrees of freedom. Like non-living bodies, living organisms also obey mechanical laws of nature and act according to external forces to fulfill their needs, though, it is not self evident. All organisms - living or not - follow laws of nature. However, only living organisms can perceive through their sensory agencies when these impulses are reflected in the Conscious Self that illuminates every thing and is the repository of all knowledge (results of measurement) and processes. Since knowledge, i.e., result of measurement for any instant, is frozen for ever, Consciousness is universal, immutable, eternal, un-moving and timeless; thus, is the universal and ubiquitous foundation of life – it is the Observer of everything that are observables.
Category: Mind Science

[145] viXra:1609.0040 [pdf] submitted on 2016-09-03 20:49:57

Pretya Bhaava – the Mechanism of Rebirth

Authors: Basudeba Mishra
Comments: 10 Pages.

While the cause and effect sequence have been established earlier and the effect of all actions are deterministic, freewill can change the projected outcome generating not only uncertainty, but also deterministic variety subject to universality of physical laws, which can be classified into different groups. But who determines the universal laws? If there is such an Agency (God?) and if causality operates universally, then what is the effect of death? Every action has invariably a determinate reaction that may materialize immediately (eating satisfies hunger) or after certain interval, when suitable conditions appear or reactions take place (taking medicine cures later). Though the reactions take place in the physical body, they are cognized by the causal body. Cognition can initiate reaction in physical body. If we see a snake and become afraid, the cause of fear (snake) is away from us, but the adrenalin flow shoots up within our body. The causal body is unable to initiate action without a physical body. Hence what does the causal body do when physical body is destroyed? There is no proof that it also is destroyed. Thus, it must seek a new physical body. In that case, the new body must exhibit symptoms of prior knowledge. A new born child has to start learning everything starting with a blank slate. How do all new born babies know that if they cry, someone will look after their needs? How does it learn to suckle when the mother brings her breast near its mouth? Other children also show some intriguing behavior. For example, a rhino mother faints after giving birth. The new born child moves far away from the mother before she regains consciousness. The child returns only after its skin hardened just like hens laying eggs sitting on walls are not broken, as it is spongy at the beginning, which hardens immediately thereafter. Surprisingly, both the mother and the child rhinos recognize each other. This is done because the soft skin of the new born cannot tolerate the affectionate licking of the mother’s thorny tongue. How does the new born rhino know to move away immediately after birth? Since this identical perception is generated every time we look at a new born baby, it proves some prior to birth connection.
Category: Mind Science

[144] viXra:1609.0028 [pdf] submitted on 2016-09-02 11:49:36

The Idea of Progress: A Theoretical and Concise Goal-Structure Model

Authors: Rodolfo Henrique Cerbaro, Jamie Lyn Whisler
Comments: 4 Pages.

The idea of progress as it currently stands is not well understood. This is because it is taken to be both context-dependent and stands independently, without a formal structure. It is an idea which is applied in cases that can be as diverse as simply finishing an essay to the complex progress of humanity. If the idea appears in such diverse scenarios, is there an underlying mechanism through which we can easily understand it? Here we structure the idea and propose a simple postulate which allows us to have a more adequate knowledge of it. The expected result is the capability of realizing it’s intellectual appearance and understanding it in any given practical scenario; even if it is not totally clear based on what we define as progress. This short and simple model implies that the action of a goal definition should be handled with care, as the concept of progress is engulfed by the goal system.
Category: Mind Science

[143] viXra:1609.0026 [pdf] submitted on 2016-09-02 12:31:10

Towards a Physical Correlation Between Slow and Fast Brain Timescales

Authors: Arturo Tozzi, James F Peters
Comments: 10 Pages.

Brain electric activity exhibits two important features: oscillations with different timescales, characterized by diverse functional and psychological outcomes, and a temporal power law distribution, which appears as a straight line when plotted on logarithmic scales in a log power versus log frequency plot. In order to investigate the relationships between low- and high- frequency spikes in the brain, we used a variant of the Borsuk-Ulam theorem which states that, when we assess the nervous activity as embedded in a sphere equipped with a fractal dimension, we achieve two antipodal points with similar features (the slow and fast, scale-free oscillations). We demonstrate that slow and fast nervous oscillations are correlated and provide, through the Bloch theorem from solid-state physics, the possible equation which links the two timescale activities.
Category: Mind Science

[142] viXra:1608.0399 [pdf] submitted on 2016-08-29 10:50:58

Third Eye Retina Scan–Thought Force Technology

Authors: Tamas Lajtner
Comments: Pages.

Experiments prove thought force is an existing force that can leave our heads. Thought force is a new fundamental interaction which is not in our physics books. In order to understand this new fundamental interaction, we need a new theory that describes it. This is the space-matter model. In this model, thought is a force that appears as a change of the wavelengths of space waves. Thought as a space wave is more than just a standalone, lonely act. According to our brains, forces that appear in a given spectrum of wavelengths of space waves are thoughts, regardless of who or what created these forces: we ourselves, other humans or inanimate (non-living) things. We send and receive thoughts as forces. Thought is a kind of communication. The force of thought and thought force communication can be used in the industry. They make it possible to increase safety and to find new solutions that nobody has dreamed of until now.
Category: Mind Science

[141] viXra:1608.0118 [pdf] submitted on 2016-08-12 05:23:31

Antibiogram, Biochemical Reactions and Biotyping of Biofield Treated Providencia Rettgeri

Authors: Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak
Comments: 8 Pages.

Providencia rettgeri (P. rettgeri) is the key organism for gastrointestinal tract infections due to its high virulence properties. The current study was designed to investigate the effect of Mr. Trivedi’s biofield energy treatment on P. rettgeri in lyophilized as well as revived state for antimicrobial susceptibility pattern, biochemical characteristics, and biotype number. The lyophilized strain of P. rettgeri (ATCC 9250) was divided into two parts, Group (Gr.) I: control and Gr. II: treatment. After biofield treatment, Gr. II was further subdivided into two parts, Gr. IIA and Gr. IIB. Gr. IIA was analyzed on day 10, while Gr. IIB was stored and analyzed on day 162 after revival (Study I). The revived sample of Gr. IIB was retreated on day 162 (Study II), and divided into three separate tubes. Tube 1 was analyzed on day 5, likewise, tube 2 and 3 were analyzed on day 10 and 15, respectively after their sub-culturing. All the experimental parameters were studied using automated MicroScan Walk-Away® system. The antimicrobial susceptibility and minimum inhibitory concentration were significantly improved by 71.43%, out of twenty-eight and 56.25%, out of thirty-two, respectively in the treated cells of P. rettgeri as compared to the control. The biochemical reactions also showed the significant (60.61%) alteration in the treated sample with respect to control. The biotype numbers were substantially changed in all the treated groups as compared to the control. Moreover, the organism was changed as Proteus mirabilis in all the treated groups except in Gr. IIA, as compared to the control. These results suggested that biofield treatment has a significant impact on P. rettgeri in lyophilized as well as revived state.
Category: Mind Science

[140] viXra:1608.0034 [pdf] submitted on 2016-08-04 05:10:42

Characterization of Physico-Chemical and Spectroscopic Properties of Biofield Energy Treated 4-Bromoacetophenone

Authors: Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak
Comments: 08 Pages.

4-Bromoacetophenone is an acetophenone derivative known for its usefulness in organic coupling reactions and various biological applications. The aim of the study was to evaluate the impact of biofield energy treatment on 4- bromoacetophenone using various analytical methods. The material is divided into two groups for this study i.e. control and treated. The control group remained as untreated and the treated group was subjected to Mr. Trivedi’s biofield energy treatment. Then, both the samples were characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR), gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS), and UV-visible spectrometry (UV-vis). The XRD study revealed that the crystallite size of treated 4-bromoacetophenone was decreased significantly to 16.69% with decreased intensity as compared to the control. The thermal studies revealed that the slight change was observed in the melting point and latent heat of fusion (ΔH) of biofield energy treated sample as compared to the control. Maximum degradation temperature (Tmax) of treated 4-bromoacetophenone was decreased by 7.26% as compared to the control (169.89°C→157.54°C). The FT-IR spectra showed that the C=O stretching frequency at 1670 cm-1 was shifted to higher frequency region (1672 in T1 and 1685 cm-1 in T2, in two treated samples for FT-IR) after biofield energy treatment. Moreover, the GC-MS data revealed that the isotopic abundance ratio of either 13C/12C or 2H/1H (PM+1)/PM was decreased up to 9.12% in T2 sample whereas increased slightly up to 3.83% in T3 sample. However, the isotopic abundance ratio of either 81Br/79Br or 18O/16O (PM+2)/PM of treated 4-bromoacetophenone was decreased from 0.10% to 1.62% (where PM-primary mass of the molecule, (PM+1) and (PM+2) are isotopic mass of the molecule). The UV spectra showed the similar electronic behavior like absorption maximum in control and treated samples. Overall, the experimental results suggest that Mr. Trivedi’s biofield energy treatment has significant effect on the physical, thermal, and spectral properties of 4-bromoacetophenone.
Category: Mind Science

[139] viXra:1608.0019 [pdf] submitted on 2016-08-01 23:14:37

Investigation of Isotopic Abundance Ratio of Biofield Treated Phenol Derivatives Using Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry

Authors: Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak
Comments: 6 Pages.

Butylatedhydroxytoluene (BHT) and 4-methoxyphenol (4-MP) are phenol derivatives that are generally known for their antioxidant properties and depigmenting activities. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of biofield energy treatment on the isotopic abundance in BHT and 4-MP using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). BHT and 4-MP samples were divided into two parts: control and treated. The control group remained untreated while the treated group was subjected to Mr. Trivedi’s biofield treatment. Control and treated samples were characterized using GC-MS. The GC-MS data revealed that the isotopic abundance ratio of 13C/12C or 2 H/1 H (PM+1)/PM and 18O/16O (PM+2)/PM increased significantly in treated BHT and 4-MP (where PM- primary molecule, PM+1- isotopic molecule either for 13C or 2 H and PM+2 is the isotopic molecule for 18O). The isotopic abundance ratio of (PM+1)/PM in the treated BHT and 4-MP was increased up to 181.27% and 380.73% respectively as compared to their respective control. Moreover, the isotopic abundance ratio of (PM+2)/PM in the treated BHT and 4-MP increased up to 185.99% and 355.33% respectively. GC-MS data suggests that the biofield treatment significantly increased the isotopic abundance of 2 H, 13C and 18O in the treated BHT and 4-MP as compared to the control.
Category: Mind Science

[138] viXra:1607.0362 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-18 23:20:09

Evaluation of Phenotyping and Genotyping Characteristic of Shigella Sonnei After Biofield Treatment

Authors: Mahendra Kumar Trivedi
Comments: 5 Pages.

Shigella sonnei (S. sonnei) is a non-motile, rod shape, clinically significant, Gram-negative bacterium. It is commonly associated with dysentery (shigellosis). Recently, resistance to third and fourth generation cephalosporins and fluoroquinolones has been reported in S. sonnei. In the present study, we assessed the effect of biofield treatment on phenotyping and genotyping characteristic of S. sonnei (ATCC 9290). The lyophilized samples of S. sonnei were divided in three groups (G): G-I (control, revived), G-II (treatment, revived), and G-III (treatment, lyophilized). All these groups (control and biofield treated) were analyzed against antimicrobial susceptibility, biochemical reactions, and biotype number. The 16S rDNA sequencing was carried out to establish the phylogenetic relationship of S. sonnei with different bacterial species. The treated cells of S. sonnei exhibited an alteration of 3.33%, 10%, and 23.33% of total 30 tested antimicrobials in susceptibility assay for G-II on day 5 and 10 and G-III on day 10, respectively as compared to control. The treated cells of S. sonnei showed a significant change of about 12.12%, 12.12%, and 57.58% biochemical reactions out of 33 tests in treated groups of G-II on day 5 and 10 and G-III on day 10, respectively. The biotype number was also changed in treated samples of S. sonnei. Based on nucleotide homology sequences and phylogenetic analysis, the nearest homolog species of S. sonnei (GenBank Accession Number: EU009190) was identified as Shigella flexneri (EF643608). These results revealed that biofield treatment can prevent the absolute resistance in microbe against the existing antimicrobials.
Category: Mind Science

[137] viXra:1607.0361 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-18 23:22:15

Bio-field Treatment: A Potential Strategy for Modification of Physical and Thermal Properties of Gluten Hydrolysate and Ipomoea Macroelements

Authors: Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak
Comments: 7 Pages.

The objective of present study was to study the effect of biofield treatment on physical and thermal properties of gluten hydrolysate (GH) and ipomoea macroelements (IM). The study was performed in two groups (control and treated). The control group remained as untreated, and biofield treatment was given to treated group. The control and treated GH and IM were characterized by particle size analysis, surface area analysis, X-ray diffraction (XRD), Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). Particle size results of treated GH showed that d50 (average particle size) was decreased by 3.15% and d99 (size exhibited by 99% of powder particles) by 18.40% as compared to control GH sample. The treated IM also showed substantial reduction in average particle size d50 by 4.70% and d99 by 44.40% as compared to control sample. BET analysis showed significant increase in surface area of treated GH by 374.40 % as compared to control sample. However, the treated IM showed reduction in surface area by 14.30% as compared to control sample. XRD data suggested that both control and treated GH samples were amorphous in nature. Contrarily, the treated IM sample showed intense crystalline nature; though minimal decrease was observed in crystallinity as compared to control. DSC data showed increase in melting temperature of the treated GH as compared to control which can be correlated to alteration in kinetic energy of sample. Additionally, the DSC of treated IM also showed increase in melting temperature as compared to control IM. A significant increase in latent heat of fusion (∆H) was observed in treated GH by 302.55% with respect to control. Similarly, the treated IM showed 24.87% increase in latent heat of fusion as compared to control. TGA data showed higher thermal decomposition temperature (Tmax) of treated GH as compared to control. However, treated IM showed that Tmax was decreased as compared to control sample. These results suggested that biofield treatment has substantially changed the physical and thermal properties of the treated organic products (GH and IM).
Category: Mind Science

[136] viXra:1607.0169 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-14 13:05:42

Who Fired Prometheus? the Historical Genesis and Ontology of Super-Ego and the Castration Complex: the Destructuralization and Repair of Modern Personality. an Essay in Five Parts.

Authors: Rich Norman
Comments: 26 Pages.

As an author for this most inclusive and eclectic forum, it is my privilege to write a series of contributions which will look upon the mystery of our human condition. There is a particular psychological element that is available to observe in myth, dream and art, which once analyzed, will disclose both the nexus around which our elevated cultural achievements and human cooperative conglomeration have been cast, as well as, the single most destructive source of modern psychopathology. This barbaric unconscious relic can be traced in its formative genesis through the developmental progression of ancient law and myth, its archetypal imprint now a certain and sure part of the human phylogenetic inheritance, a masochistic degradation of all healthy potential around which the very heart of collective achievement has been centered. First I will offer up a Rubens, Prometheus Bound, which I encourage you to examine quite closely for the striking and horrific demonstration of this archetypal image which is embedded within. Can you un-riddle the distortions and find our complex, the barbarism around which all of our society has gathered? Then, I will offer up a new and different version of the Prometheus myth I have written, which also demonstrates this archetype. How amazing to have written it at a single pass, and then, to analyze it later, and discover that although different and distorted from the original myth, the meaning, the archetypal pattern, remained unchanged! Such a beautiful piece of writing to express such an ugly wish! So dear reader, first I will offer you the mystery. Please examine the following image and text quite closely, look into the images, both written and visual, look deeply and see if you can guess the answer. Then I will reveal the correct analysis, then the history, followed by specific examples detailing the exact way this structure is created in development, and how it influences, for the worse, our ethics and our intellect. Perhaps there is an alternative which will free both mind and morality from this curse, an atavism and a new creation, our highest human hope, both new and aged, might ask and answer the question: "Who fired Prometheus?"
Category: Mind Science

[135] viXra:1607.0140 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-11 17:31:36

A Basic Biofeedback Primer

Authors: Rich Norman, Cengiz Mordeniz, Leonardo Mendolicchio, Enrico Pieranageli, Paolo Pannarale, Franco Orsucci, Elio Conte
Comments: 13 Pages.

Biofeedback is a longstanding technique whereby voluntary control may be asserted over many seemingly unconscious physiologic and autonomic processes. Neurofeedback is a particular branch of biofeedback using real time information derived through the active monitoring of brain states to allow development of therapeutically efficacious informationally rich results. Our facility and staff are expert in the use of biofeedback as both a direct therapeutic aid, and assessment tool. This document will briefly detail the historical development and underlying principles of bio- and neuro-feedback techniques and their substantial theoretical and experimental basis.
Category: Mind Science

[134] viXra:1607.0128 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-10 23:34:28

Physical and Structural Characterization of Biofield Treated Imidazole Derivatives

Authors: Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak
Comments: 8 Pages.

Imidazole derivatives have attracted significant interests in recent time for their usefulness in synthetic heterocyclic chemistry, analytical chemistry and pharmacology. Aim of present study was to evaluate the impact of biofield treatment on two imidazole derivatives (i.e., imidazole and 2-methylimidazole) by various analytical methods. The biofield treatment was done by Mr. Trivedi on both the compounds and both control and treated samples of imidazole and 2-methylimidazole were characterized with respect to physical, and structural properties using X-ray diffraction (XRD), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), ultraviolet-visible (UV-Vis) spectroscopy, and Gas chromatography-Mass spectrometry (GC-MS). X-ray diffraction study revealed that crystallite size varied in a different way for imidazole and 2-methylimidazole due to the presence of methyl group in 2-c position although their core was same. Treated sample of imidazole showed a slight increase in crystallite size (6.5%); however, treated 2-methylimidazole showed a significant increase (166.68%) in crystallite size along with decrease in peak intensity as compared to control. The latent heat of fusion (ΔH) of imidazole was increased up to 0.62% in treated sample as compared to control; whereas in treated 2-methylimidazole, the ΔH was decreased by 22% as compared to control. Maximum degradation temperature (Tmax) from TGA of imidazole was remained same but 2-methylimidazole was increased by 1.5% as compared to control. FT-IR spectra showed slight change in stretching frequencies of treated imidazole and 2-methylimidazole as compared to control. Both the imidazole and 2-methylimidazole showed similar UV absorbance maxima as compared to respective control sample. GC-MS data revealed that isotopic abundance ratio of either 13C/12C or 15N/14N or 2 H/1 H (PM+1/PM) of treated imidazole was significantly increased up to 232.51% as compared to control, however, isotopic abundance ratio of 13C/12C or 15N/14N or 2 H/1 H (PM+1/PM) of treated 2-methylimidazole showed a minor change from -1.68 upto 1.68% as compared to control. Overall, the experimental results suggest that biofield treatment has significant effect on structural and thermal properties of imidazole and 2-methylimidazole.
Category: Mind Science

[133] viXra:1607.0117 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-10 09:29:40

New Therapeutic Intervention and Assessment Tools: GSR, Sexual Dysfunction and the Peptide Assisted Therapy Method––an Applied Therapy and Mathematical Metric of Healing.

Authors: Richard Lawrence Norman
Comments: 16 Pages.

This adjunct to our previous work (Norman and Conte et al. 2016, 2016a) will apply the proposed methodology within a specific clinical paradigm in order to aid the ever increasing population afflicted with sexual dysfunction and more subtle relationship issues. As has been previously supported, GSR is a noninvasive alternative to other measures which is capable of reaching into the deepest unconscious layers of the human mind. We will propose a specific series of tests and treatments which may allow risk-free aid to be disseminated to needful populations and treatment efficacy evaluated in precise mathematical terms supported by known trustworthy psychological measures. We may thereby develop and substantiate from several fronts at once, both a new therapeutic approach specifically aimed at a large target population in present need of care, and also, the methods of mathematical evaluation applied. The Peptide Assisted Therapy (PAT) method utilizes the known fact of oxytocin induced hippocampal mnemic plasticity within a neuropsychoanalytic context, to reshape basic attachment structure dynamics in order to ameliorate active pathology. A detailed protocol is presented relating the previously articulated methodology to the current theoretic construct and its applicability. In this way we will suggest new avenues of approach, analysis, theoretic substantiation and treatment which may directly help those afflicted with a common condition. Qualification and importance: It must be qualified that the proposed treatment is new, safe, non-toxic and remains to be assessed. Although it is unlikely that those patients and couples with deeply entrenched libidinal imbalance will benefit from this therapeutic approach outside of a greater and more extensive therapeutic context, those whose condition is less severe may well receive substantial benefit. With ~30% of all men and ~40% of all women displaying some level of sexually dysfunctional symptomatology, (ASRM fact sheets 2008, 2015) over a complex distribution (Simons and Carey 2001), we may rightly conclude that this safe and inexpensive treatment could help millions, and so, should be closely investigated and quantitatively assessed.
Category: Mind Science

[132] viXra:1607.0076 [pdf] submitted on 2016-07-06 23:39:26

Physical, Thermal and Spectroscopic Studies on Biofield Treated P-Dichlorobenzene

Authors: Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak
Comments: 5 Pages.

Para-dichlorobenzene (p-DCB) is widely used as a chemical intermediate in manufacturing of dyes, pharmaceuticals, polymers and other organic synthesis. The aim of present study was to evaluate the impact of biofield treatment on physical, thermal, and spectroscopic properties of p-dichlorobenzene. The p-dichlorobenzene sample was divided into two groups that served as treated and control. The treated group received Mr. Trivedi’s biofield treatment. Subsequently the control and treated samples were evaluated using X-ray diffraction (XRD), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and UV-Vis spectroscopy. XRD result showed an increase in crystallite size (4.93%) along with alteration in peak intensity of treated sample as compared to control. Furthermore, DSC analysis results showed that the latent heat of fusion of treated p-dichlorobenzene was considerably reduced by 8.66% as compared to control. The reduction in melting point of treated sample (54.99°C) was also observed as compared to control (57.01°C) p-dichlorobenzene. Moreover, TGA/DTG studies showed that Tmax (temperature, at which sample lost maximum of its weight) was increased by 6.26% and weight loss per degree celsius (°C) was decreased by 12.77% in biofield treated p-dichlorobenzene as compared to control sample. It indicates that thermal stability of treated p-dichlorobenzene sample might increase as compared to control sample. However, no change was found in UV-Vis spectroscopic character of treated p-dichlorobenzene as compared to control. These findings suggest that biofield treatment has significantly altered the physical and thermal properties of p-dichlorobenzene, which could make it more useful as a chemical intermediate.
Category: Mind Science

[131] viXra:1606.0334 [pdf] submitted on 2016-06-30 01:29:30

Can Football Fans Win the Home Match Sitting in the Stadium? (1)

Authors: Tamas Lajtner
Comments: 3 Pages. The Football European Championship 2016 is here. Fans Think. The Paper Is Real.

According to chaos theory, the single flap of a butterfly’s wings can lead to unexpectedly great consequences. This sentence allows us to picture the phenomenon, but we may understand it in a more concrete form. We can measure the energy of the flap of a butterfly’s wing. This energy is about as great as the measurable energy of thought. Using chaos theory, thought is able to change the environment. The butterfly effect can manifest itself as a thought effect.
Category: Mind Science

[130] viXra:1606.0298 [pdf] submitted on 2016-06-27 13:43:05

Addendum to General GSR Methodological Profile: Sexual Health, Pathology and Response Analysis Via Primary GSR with Secondary and Tertiary Variables.

Authors: Rich Norman, Cengiz Mordeniz, Leonardo Mendolicchio, Enrico Pieranageli, Paolo Pannarale, Franco Orsucci, Elio Conte
Comments: 7 Pages.

Please recall the foregoing conclusions and analyses which have detailed the specific neuroanatomical activations and emergent sympathetic and parasympathetic connectivities including the inter-connective limbic and Orbito-Frontal Cortex (OFC) circuit pathways spanning the deepest psychological foundations and encoding on both conscious and unconscious levels, which may be revealed in GSR (Norman and Conte et al. 2016). The very deepest psychological factors springing from fundamental neuro-affective regulatory agencies may be assessed and measured. This vital work will be performed so as to aid and assess both individuals and couples who are dealing with sexual dysfunction using measurement of response to salient libidinal stimulus and resultant signal analysis. The quality of emotional content and symptom specific affective distributional signal components will be measured. Such work is no simple matter, and may well be substantially aided and sharpened through the addition of secondary variables such as Heart Rate (HR) and Heart Rate Variability (HRV), which just as GSR, demonstrate nonlinear characteristics. Tertiary variables are also discussed as they will aid the process of informational distillation. To gain access to the embedded information, a full and substantial knowledge across the disciplines of neuroscience, psychology, psychiatry, linear and nonlinear mathematical physics is required. Non linear and linear analysis of component interactive dynamics in the GSR signal must be interpreted in accordance with the previously specified methodological framework. In Conclusion : 1)THE MONITORING OF THE GSR AND SUBSEQUENT ITS ANALYSIS BY LINEAR AND NON LINEAR METHODS IN A SUBJECT EXPOSED TO SEXUAL STIMULI DURING GSR MONITORING IS OF BASIC IMPORTANCE TO CHARACTERIZE HIS/HER SEXUAL AROSUAL AS WELL AS UNDER THE ORGANIC AND PSYCHOLOGICAL PROFILE. 2) THE SIMULTANEOUS USE OF HR (HRV) RECORDING WITH GSRWILL YIELD RESULTS OF BASIC IMPORTANCE SINCE DURING THE GIVEN STMULUS THE COUPLED AND SYNCRHONIZED ANALYSIS OF THE PEAK PHASE OF THE GSR AND DECREASING (RESPECTIVELY INCREASING) HR, ENABLES US TO CHARACTERIZE THE EMOTIONAL/AFFECTIVE TYPE AND STATE OF THE SUBJECT.
Category: Mind Science

[129] viXra:1606.0166 [pdf] submitted on 2016-06-15 18:59:08

On Causality, Readyness Potential (RP) & Freewill

Authors: Basudeba Mishra
Comments: 9 Pages. Based on ancient knowledge.

In their 2012 article: An accumulator model for spontaneous neural activity prior to self-initiated movement, published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, August, 2012, (www.pnas.org/cgi/doi/10.1073/pnas.1210467109), Aaron Schurger, Cohen and Joshua Greene challenged the concept of conscious will (freewill), with evidence based on Benjamin Libet’s experiments. We will explain their findings in a different way to establish freewill.
Category: Mind Science

[128] viXra:1606.0095 [pdf] submitted on 2016-06-10 12:48:24

On The Methodological Profile of GSR Studies in the light of the Recent Advances Obtained in the Knowledge of Its Neurological Correlates

Authors: Rich Norman, Leonardo Mendolicchio, Cengiz Mordeniz, Enrico Pieranageli, Paolo Pannarale, Franco Orsucci, Elio Conte
Comments: 19 Pages.

The focus of this report is that first of all we wanted to study in great depth the neurological GSR correlates with the aim, from one hand, to clarify the neurological patterns engaged during recording, monitoring and subsequent analysis of GSR, and, from the other hand, to delineate the methodological profile that absolutely must be followed during the recording of this GSR signal. In this context, the present relation formulates the methodological criteria that the operator must follow during the recording, monitoring, and analysis of the GSR signal. The relation delineates and characterizes the importance that the GSR signal is evaluated under different conditions that in particular may be summarized as it follows: the GSR should be recorded at rest and under different stimuli that are: the visual light stimuli and flashes as well as images in different condition of experimentation that is by giving soft images but also strong images, able to induce a strong vision shaking, language stimuli, words and phrases (neutral, soft and strong and shocking under the emotive profile), tactile stimuli (again soft, sudden, and of short duration as well as strong, shocking and continued (of consistent duration) throughout the session and in different parts of the body), auditory and olfactory. All the stimuli may be repeated several times in order to evaluate different parameters and the whole time dynamics and in particular the habituation, memory recalling and other important neurological functions. Other stimuli may be used to engage memory load and stress and conflicting semantic as respectively are represented from numerical calculations to be performed by mind, Stroop effects, and every other cognitive performance. It is important to take in mind that the most difficult step in the execution of the GSR monitoring and analysis, is to have a proper subjective calibration of the manner in which a subject responds to different light, sounds, words, language and tactile stimuli here including habituation that is the manner of the subject to respond to repeated same stimuli subsequently furnished or recalled by memory from stimuli previously received. For calibration it is necessary the explore a great variety of stimuli and differentiated as previously described. The term calibration here relates the fact that each subject has a subjective manner of the GSR behavior. Therefore, it becomes of fundamental importance the identification and estimation of the basic parameters in his/her personal context in absolute values as well as in relation to standards, eventually established, tabulated and recorded from the operators for normal subjects and constituting possibly a large GSR database obtained by monitoring on a large population of subjects. Consequently, the different articulation of such just defined stimuli has, in particular, a fundamental role in GSR monitoring and it , from one hand, relates the methodological profile since, under such different stimulating conditions, the operator has the possibility to calibrate the GSR subjective profile of the recording GSR signal of the person and to calibrate the basic parameters that characterize the phase of the GSR signal as Habituation, Latency time under stimuli, Reaction Times after stimuli, Peak values subsequent to stimuli, half recovery time following the peak amplitude of the phase and the maintained baseline value at rest and subsequent to the different given stimuli, and, at the same time, in the light of the neurological correlates identified in the present relation, such previously indicated methodological protocol, enables to perform a correct analysis of the tone and of the phase of the GSR signal by Linear and non Linear methodologies. To this purpose it is important to outline that the GSR is an intrinsically non linear electrophysiological signal. Therefore it is important that its recording enables subsequent analysis based from one hand on the fixation and estimation of basic parameters as latency, reaction times, peak amplitude, half recovery time, baseline compared at rest and after all the kinds of stimuli previously mentioned but on the other hand the obtained time series for tone and phase of each subject must be subjected to analysis by non linear methodologies in order to actually arrive to inspect the real inner structure of such so complex electrophysiological signal.
Category: Mind Science

[127] viXra:1606.0026 [pdf] submitted on 2016-06-02 18:08:01

About EEG-Features in Cases with Brain Tumors in the Area of the 3-rd Ventricle and a Clinical Picture Characterized by Pronounced Somnolence. Об изменениях ЭЭГ при опухолях в области 3-го желудочка, сопровождающихся гиперсомническим синдромом.

Authors: D.G. Shmelekin. R.D. Shmelekina.
Comments: 2 Pages. 1

: In the majority of patients with brain tumors in the area of the third ventricle and a clinical picture characterized by pronounced somnolence, the background EEG showed, along with typical delta-waves, the spindle-shaped theta-activity in the form of bilaterally synchronized bursts. It was most prominent on the parietal leads. This activity increased sharply during sleep and in the state of sopor. This data may be of interest in relation to the problem of sleep pathophysiology. It is suggested that the presence of such activity in combination with delta-waves may be a bad prognostic sign for the patients with tumors in the area of the third ventricle. : In the majority of patients with brain tumors in the area of the third ventricle and a clinical picture characterized by pronounced somnolence, the background EEG showed, along with typical delta-waves, the spindle-shaped theta-activity in the form of bilaterally synchronized bursts. It was most prominent on the parietal leads. This activity increased sharply during sleep and in the state of sopor. This data may be of interest in relation to the problem of sleep pathophysiology and pathology. It is suggested that the presence of such activity in combination with delta-waves may be a bad prognostic sign for the patients with tumors in the area of the third ventricle. : In the majority of patients with brain tumors in the area of the third ventricle and a clinical picture characterized by pronounced somnolence, the background EEG showed, along with typical delta-waves, the spindle-shaped theta-activity in the form of bilaterally synchronized bursts. It was most prominent on the parietal leads. This activity increased sharply during sleep and in the state of sopor. This data may be of interest in relation to the problem of sleep pathophysiology. It is suggested that the presence of such activity in combination with delta-waves may be a bad prognostic sign for the patients with tumors in the area of the third ventricle.
Category: Mind Science

[126] viXra:1603.0325 [pdf] submitted on 2016-03-22 11:20:22

Continuity in Choices

Authors: Vigneswaran Ramamoorthy
Comments: 5 Pages.

Consider a sketch about which the artist has no idea prior to the process of drawing, but develops on his way along stepwise. A list of distinct sketches from which he can choose for each step, right from start to the end, is given. Closing the loop marks the last step in the sketch. The sketch, two types will be elaborated below. Type 1: Here, anything but the first choice is used for each step. The idea is to make a sketch of close second choices. The process is repeated till the loop is closed. Type 2: Here, anything but the first and second choice is used for each step. The loop is closed with all the steps made out of third choices.
Category: Mind Science

[125] viXra:1602.0294 [pdf] submitted on 2016-02-23 05:22:46

Plants' Memory

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 22 Pages.

A small team of researchers with Australian National University Canberra, has found evidence that suggests that plants are able to reset a memory that has not been proven to be useful, in essence, forgetting things after they have been stored. [12] An international team of researchers from the Duke-NUS Medical School (Duke-NUS), the University of Bristol, Monash University and RIKEN have developed an algorithm that can predict the factors required to convert one human cell type to another. These game-changing findings, recently published online on 18 January 2016 in the journal Nature Genetics, have significant implications for regenerative medicine and lay the groundwork for further research into cell reprogramming. [11] Scientists have discovered a secret second code hiding within DNA which instructs cells on how genes are controlled. The amazing discovery is expected to open new doors to the diagnosis and treatment of diseases, according to a new study. [10] There is also connection between statistical physics and evolutionary biology, since the arrow of time is working in the biological evolution also. From the standpoint of physics, there is one essential difference between living things and inanimate clumps of carbon atoms: The former tend to be much better at capturing energy from their environment and dissipating that energy as heat. [8] This paper contains the review of quantum entanglement investigations in living systems, and in the quantum mechanically modeled photoactive prebiotic kernel systems. [7] The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.
Category: Mind Science

[124] viXra:1601.0315 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-29 12:37:44

Studying the Cognitive Involvement of Glia Cells Using Stochastic Functional Microscopy

Authors: Salvatore Spadaro
Comments: 6 Pages.

The latest brain researches are showing the relevance of glia cells in cognitive processes like learning and memory. One of the main problems related to this type of investigations is about complexity: there are between 10 and 40 times more glia than neurons in the central nervous system of mammalians; the other main problem is about synaptic communication: glia cells (like astrocytes and microglia) use basically a chemical information system, therefore electrophysiological tecniques are not very efficient. The recent development of PALM and STORM microscopy can be a very powerful solution to these two main problems. This strategy can be included in a broader, hypothetical discipline called cognitive gliascience.
Category: Mind Science

[123] viXra:1601.0117 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-11 09:56:20

Two Dimensional Description And Visualisation Of Expressed Emotions In Music By Modelling As A Communication System

Authors: Sai Venkatesh Balasubramanian
Comments: 14 Pages.

Any given musical composition can be precisely analyzed for its emotional impact. This invention systematically categorizes all kinds of music on a valence - arousal plane (explained below) using a probabilistic approach akin to communication systems. All music - irrespective of region, lyrics and culture - is identified as evoking a certain combination of emotions that can be precisely quantified and located on the valence-arousal plane. A detailed questionnaire is designed to validate the assumptions and predictions of the theoretical approach. A sample set of 79 individuals who were given the questionnaire were asked to adopt a rating scale to quantitatively assess the impact of each musical piece. Analysis of the data so gathered lends excellent support of the estimated impact (from theory) of any given musical composition. We all know that music of any kind or culture evokes/inspires/stimulates to a large extent an emotional response that is very specific to the stimulus. To start with, classical Carnati Indian music is considered in all its flavor. The fundamental claim is that every note (swara) evokes a corresponding emotional response independent of the specific position in the melody (raga). We consider the collective emotional impact of the fundamental 16 notes of an octave. Of these four notes termed dissonant notes (vivadis) also play a decisive role although only 12 notes are known to be 'fundamental'. One of the most common frameworks in the emotions field proposes that affective experiences are best characterized by two main dimensions: arousal and valence. The dimension of valence ranges from highly positive to highly negative, whereas the dimension of arousal ranges from calming or soothing to exciting or agitating. The product of the analysis is a mapping of all the ragas - for that matter any kind of music - onto an 2-D (valence vs. arousal) plane, is enclosed.
Category: Mind Science

[122] viXra:1601.0112 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-11 09:51:21

Analysis Of Emotions Due To Various Aspects Of Carnatic And World Music

Authors: Sai Venkatesh Balasubramanian
Comments: 42 Pages.

Music affects emotions and this is a universal truth. Carnatic music has a wide repertoire of ragas and hence houses a wide range of emotions. In this dissertation, the emotions caused by the swaras and other aspects of carnatic music such as ragas are analysed, both qualitatively and quantitatively, such that the emotional effect of any raga can be given as a “profile” consisting of percentages of various emotions. Then a notation scheme convenient for emotional analysis is proposed. The musical systems from different parts of the world are then considered. Techniques are then stated to apply chords to carnatic music to enhance the emotional content. A four dimensional theory of music and emotions is then proposed. Finally, a universal quantitative and qualitative emotional analysis procedure is specified, which can be applied to any musical piece/system from any part of the world.
Category: Mind Science

[121] viXra:1601.0111 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-11 09:54:15

Modelling Of Music As A Communication System And Quantitative Description Of Emotions In Carnatic Music

Authors: Sai Venkatesh Balasubramanian
Comments: 12 Pages.

The hypothesis is that Music can be broken down into melody, rhythm, harmony and lyrics, Melody and harmony playing significant roles. Melody consists of notes whose emotions sum up to give total emotion of the musical piece. In this solution, Emotions of notes are quantitatively described followed by the emotions of melodies; this gives the emotion of the musical piece. The classification of emotions given by Robert Plutchik is used. Music is modelled as a communication system. Here the channel is not additive but transformative (transforms musical notes into emotions). A statistical approach is used where the time under consideration is the instant before the singing of a note. Two events are described. Event ‘x’ is the singing of a note whose chance is restricted by the melody allowing only certain notes. Probability matrix p(x) denotes probabilities of each note in the melody i.e. Composition of the melody. Event ‘y’ is the arousing of an emotion in the listener, which is probabilistic, and the probability matrix p(y) denotes the “emotion profile” of the melody.
Category: Mind Science

[120] viXra:1601.0108 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-11 01:41:26

Chaos and the Psychology of Anonymity

Authors: Sai Venkatesh Balasubramanian
Comments: 5 Pages.

Motivated by the growing trend in anonymity, the present work studies and explores online anonymity and its effect on psychological aspects from both mathematical and experimental perspectives. Mathematically, using mappings, it is seen that anonymity corresponds to quantum entanglement like states, corresponding to an increase in chaotic nature. Experiments and subsequent analysis focusing on three psychological aspects, namely Structural Model of the Psyche, Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs and Affective Experience suggest that the barrier of identity protection offered by anonymity drives people to orient their psychological states towards id dominance, openness of negative emotions, and dominance of physical needs over higher level needs. From the results and discussions, one can easily observe and characterize the shift in behavioural trends of people during anonymity.
Category: Mind Science

[119] viXra:1601.0068 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-07 17:07:45

Os Significantes e os Significados na Interpretação Semântica em Textos de Mário Sá Carneiro e J.[Osé] D’Almada Negreiros

Authors: Isabel Barahona da Fonseca, José Carlos Tiago de Oliveira, José Barahona da Fonseca, J. S. da Fonseca
Comments: 3 Pages.

An original interpretation of the artist Almada Negreiros by the medical doctor who followed him
Category: Mind Science

[118] viXra:1601.0067 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-07 17:13:20

A Logical Calculus for Signification

Authors: JJose Luis Simoes da Fonseca
Comments: 6 Pages.

The disciple of Warren McCulloch on Neuronal Model specifies, half a century later, a new logical formalism for consciousness and behaviour
Category: Mind Science

[117] viXra:1601.0051 [pdf] submitted on 2016-01-06 11:22:53

The Contribution of Yoga in the Management of Work Stress

Authors: P.Dervissis
Comments: 2 Pages.

In this note we are examining the contribution of yoga in the management of work stress. The need for work, its preservation but also its loss can become sources of great physical and psychological tension. Because of the current financial crisis professional stress has reached alarming levels. This has as a result the transfer of work insecurities to the home. We find that the educational character of yoga while respecting personal boundaries cultivates skill in practice and develops our degree of self –receptivity. This has as a result physical benefits that last beyond the duration of thelesson, such as relaxation, vigilance, resilience and endurance under conditions of intense competitive work stress.
Category: Mind Science

[116] viXra:1512.0437 [pdf] submitted on 2015-12-26 11:56:18

De Natura Animae Psychologiae Principia Mathematica et Philosophiae Naturalis

Authors: JJose Luis Simoes da Fonseca
Comments: 113 Pages.

de natura animae psychologiae principia mathematica et philosophiae naturalis THe Nature of Soul
Category: Mind Science

[115] viXra:1511.0291 [pdf] submitted on 2015-11-30 03:49:19

Is Your Physical Look Important to You? if So, Why?

Authors: Valentino Giudice
Comments: 6 Pages.

Those are the results of an online survey 275 people took part in about the perceived importance of one’s own physical look and the reason for it. 92% of people consider their physical look at least somewhat important and about 44% of those consider it as really important. The reasons are many and can vary a lot from person to person. Self-confidence, with feeling comfortable and self-worth, is one of the most common ones. Other reasons are often referred to society and judgment from other people and they include getting some sort of advantage, having a better love or sex life, or not being seen in a negative way (which also relates to self-confidence). In some cases, the reason is just personal (the subject likes looking good). But even among those cases, lots of times there are also extrinsic motivations.
Category: Mind Science

[114] viXra:1510.0099 [pdf] submitted on 2015-10-12 07:08:24

Evolution

Authors: Adrian Ferent
Comments: 19 Pages. Evolution is considered to be one of the most important theories in science. I am interested in the most important aspects of Evolution: Mind evolution and Consciousness evolution.

Evolution is considered to be one of the most important theories in science. "Our evolution level is our consciousness level" Adrian Ferent "What did Darwin not understand? The evolution of consciousness" Adrian Ferent “Darwin developed his Evolution theory on animals; I developed my Evolution theory on people” Adrian Ferent Ferent Consciousness Equation The consciousness equation: The Christians, the Muslims, the Atheists … who say we have one life are wrong because if N0 = 0, T =70 years, for example after 30 years people will have the same consciousness, which is not true. My theory is a proof for reincarnation, Evolution! I am interested in the most important aspects of Evolution: Mind evolution and Consciousness evolution. The thought is a single act or product of thinking, the product of mental activity. Who am I? I am the consciousness! I consider the consciousness a probability space and the measure of the whole space is equal to One and because of the consciousness polarity I defined the qubit of consciousness and the consciousness states keeping the analogy with the qubits and the quantum states from quantum mechanics. I defined the level of morality: LM = (L4 + L5 + L6 + L7) / (L1 + L2 + L3) Consciousness controls the complex relationships between mind, body and the environment. Darwin did not understand the spiritual evolution, the evolution of consciousness.
Category: Mind Science

[113] viXra:1510.0009 [pdf] submitted on 2015-10-01 18:50:26

Qualia (Subjectiviti) as a Manifestation of an Interface Between Dark and Ordinary Matter

Authors: Evgeny A. Novikov
Comments: 6 Pages.

This work is based on modification of the general relativity, which includes effects of production /absorption of matter by the vacuum. The theory (without fitting parameters) is in good quantitative agreement with cosmological observations. In this theory we got an interface between dark and ordinary matter, which very likely exist not only in cosmos, but everywhere, including our body and, especially, our brain. Subjective experiences are considered as a manifestation of that interface. This opens a possibility of a "communication" with dark matter. Probable applications of these ideas include health (brain stimulation), communication, computational capabilities and energy resources.
Category: Mind Science

[112] viXra:1509.0289 [pdf] submitted on 2015-09-29 16:27:34

Science and Spirituality

Authors: Adrian Ferent
Comments: 16 Pages. I am the first in the world who wrote an equation, a transdisciplinarity equation, a link between quantum mechanics and spirituality, a link between science and spirituality.

Ferent Energy Centers Equation The most important question: WHO AM I? Started from this equation I discovered more very important equations, more links between science and spirituality. Who am I? Involves a set of questions and answers bearing on Self-enquiry. In the beginning was the qubit. We follow the path of information. I defined the consciousness a probability space and the measure of the whole space is equal to One. Our evolution level is our consciousness level. What Darwin did not understand? The evolution of consciousness. The wave function of each man is unique and he can always be found by it. Great thinkers spoke about spirituality and science but none of them wrote a transdisciplinarity equation, that is why I wrote several transdisciplinarity equations.
Category: Mind Science

[111] viXra:1509.0269 [pdf] submitted on 2015-09-28 09:55:51

Has the Joke "Spaghetti Monster" a Deeper Meaning for Atheism?

Authors: Dmitri Martila
Comments: 10 Pages.

The fashion is wrongly called ``Standards of beauty''. Because the Standards, as the name says, are never changing. Therefore, let us build our character on the Uniting Standards. The spaghetti being god (their ``monster''), atheists understand much better. So, is the atheism the neo-paganism? Historically the advanced Roman pagans have not believed in divine nature of their statues, but they played their worshiping; and the system and political fashion supported this play (many Russians say: ``all our life is play''). The proof, what atheism is the old bad paganism, you see here. There is also important theological information and the physical and social one. You simply need to read this, if you want, dear theist. I am not writing for busy atheists. Very likely, that they are busy with satanic activities. Even the unconscious killers of our believing souls are the killers by the fact. Guess, who is unconscious pagan? The pagan.
Category: Mind Science

[110] viXra:1509.0211 [pdf] submitted on 2015-09-23 08:40:25

Information – Entropy Theory of Consciousness

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 25 Pages.

It appears that we are approaching a unique time in the history of man and science where empirical measures and deductive reasoning can actually inform us spiritually. Integrated Information Theory (IIT)--put forth by neuroscientists Giulio Tononi and Christof Koch--is a new framework that describes a way to experimentally measure the extent to which a system is conscious. [10] There is also connection between statistical physics and evolutionary biology, since the arrow of time is working in the biological evolution also. From the standpoint of physics, there is one essential difference between living things and inanimate clumps of carbon atoms: The former tend to be much better at capturing energy from their environment and dissipating that energy as heat. [8] This paper contains the review of quantum entanglement investigations in living systems, and in the quantum mechanically modeled photoactive prebiotic kernel systems. [7] The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron’s spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.
Category: Mind Science

[109] viXra:1508.0130 [pdf] submitted on 2015-08-17 03:28:44

Sense and Soundness of Thought as Biochemical Process

Authors: Mahmoud A. Mansour
Comments: 6 Pages.

A biochemical model is suggested for how the mind/brain might be modelling objects of thought in analogy with the biochemistry of enzymes, which explains various characters about human thought such as having a top-bottom architecture. The composition of complex ideas out of simple ones is realized as a semigroup C. Then we explain the composition of objects in the act of thought, and prove that every object of thought has a match – another object which makes perfect sense with it – whether meaningful or not. Lastly, we emphasize the role of experience in the evolution of the Algebras of sense.
Category: Mind Science

[108] viXra:1508.0090 [pdf] submitted on 2015-08-12 05:39:05

Exposure of Charged Particle Beam on the Brain of the Humans Leads to a Painless Death

Authors: Peiman Ghasemi
Comments: 4 Pages.

By the progress of technology, following to advancements on directed energy systems and magnetic resonance, over an introductory research on potentials of application of charged particle beam on the brain of the humans which can lead to a painless consecutive death, we shall investigate for the possibility of prevention of the extreme pain that a volunteer patient may highly suffer of, before the death as a state for relieving the pain itself. Exposure of charged particle beam on the brain of the humans, potentially, leads to a painless death. The basal ganglia, S1 and BA3, S2, BA46, BA10, BA9, BA5, the pretectal area, the hippocampus (and the other parts of the limbic system), and the thalamus are the most important locations in the human’s brain, and targeting them destroys the home of our personality and the control/attention center of the brain, over NDE (near-death experience) it leads to finishing the life process of a patient who is suffering intolerable pain, but the patient won’t sense the pain ever. In conclusion, distinct parts of the cerebrum and the thalamus are active locations of self-personality and attention. In elder patients of extreme pain who suffer of untreatable illnesses, it may get considered voluntary as a final decision by the victim and the victim’s relatives. Thus, this experiment has several potentials for application; more research must be conducted with regard to in-depth understanding of these neural networks.
Category: Mind Science

[107] viXra:1506.0182 [pdf] submitted on 2015-06-25 12:28:11

The Neural Networks, Brain and the Connectome

Authors: Stan Bumble
Comments: 4 Pages.

BRAIN expenditures to map the dynamics of neural activities in the brain of small organisms are cited and the work necessary to do it for the human brain is discussed. The difficulty is stressed because of the very large number of neurons considered that could be involved, their combinatory nature, and the missing characteristics that need to be determined experimentally. The physical and functional properties of neurons and their connected species are considered. Successful programs that may contribute to this humongous goal are described and some of the software and hardware are suggested that can help bring about this significant achievement.
Category: Mind Science

[106] viXra:1505.0146 [pdf] submitted on 2015-05-20 21:57:02

Thoughts on Qualia for Machines

Authors: Nordin Zakaria
Comments: 7 Pages.

I speculate upon the idea that qualia comprise of quanta or packets,and that each packet is generated by physical processes within a neuron, possibly at the quantum level. Pattern-specic neuronal activation causes wave-like interactions among the packets, leading to phenomenal sensa- tion. In essence, I provide in this paper a new panpsychic interpretation of the hard problem of consciousness.
Category: Mind Science

[105] viXra:1504.0222 [pdf] submitted on 2015-04-27 16:41:06

Consciousness of Unification: the Mind-Matter 'phallacy' Bites the Dust

Authors: James E. Beichler
Comments: 15 Pages. This paper is being published in the Proceedings of the Vigier IX Symposium

A complete theoretical model of how consciousness arises in neural nets can be developed based on a mixed quantum/classical basis. Both mind and consciousness are multi-leveled scalar and vector electromagnetic complexity patterns, respectively, which emerge within all living organisms through the process of evolution. Like life, the mind and consciousness patterns extend throughout living organisms (bodies), but the neural nets and higher level groupings that distinguish higher levels of consciousness only exist in the brain so mind and consciousness have been traditionally associated with the brain alone. A close study of neurons and neural nets in the brain shows that the microtubules within axons are classical bio-magnetic inductors that emit and absorb electromagnetic pulses from each other. These pulses establish interference patterns that influence the quantized vector potential patterns of interstitial water molecules within the neurons as well as create the coherence within neurons and neural nets that scientists normally associate with more complex memories, thought processes and streams of thought. Memory storage and recall are guided by the microtubules and the actual memory patterns are stored as magnetic vector potential complexity patterns in the points of space at the quantum level occupied by the water molecules. This model also accounts for the plasticity of the brain and implies that mind and consciousness, like life itself, are the result of evolutionary processes. However, consciousness can evolve independent of an organism’s birth genetics once it has evolved by normal bottom-up genetic processes and thus force a new type of top-down evolution on living organisms and species as a whole that can be explained by expanding the laws of thermodynamics to include orderly systems. Keywords: Consciousness, microtubules, neural correlates, neural nets, magnetic vector potential, quantum, space-time, emergence, magnetic domains, coherence, plasticity, evolution, thermodynamics
Category: Mind Science

[104] viXra:1502.0208 [pdf] submitted on 2015-02-22 20:24:10

Health Related Experiments in Alternative Medications by Tom Zolotor

Authors: Tom Zolotor
Comments: 1 Page.

Health related experiments in alternative medications including hypnosis, reiki and other methods that seem to have work on my illnesses.
Category: Mind Science

[103] viXra:1502.0129 [pdf] submitted on 2015-02-16 01:23:58

What Is Consciousness?

Authors: Rodney Bartlett
Comments: 7 Pages.

On the Australian Broadcasting Corporation's current affairs program "7.30 Report" (29/01/2015), presenter Leigh Sales asked Canadian psychiatrist and author Norman Doidge "What is the difference between the mind and the brain?" Dr. Doidge's reply - "Well, the brain is thought to be roughly three pounds of physical material and nobody, to my mind, has adequately defined and established what the contours of mind are - and that includes all the neuroscientists I know, with respect." I’ve recently read interesting thoughts by mathematical physicist Roger Penrose and anesthesiologist Stuart Hameroff; as well as by 20th-century Austrian physicist Wolfgang Pauli, Austrian theoretical physicist Erwin Schrodinger, Discover Magazine’s writer Shannon Palus and philosopher/neuroscientist Eddy Nahmias. I’d like to weave these thoughts together (with a few of my own) to hopefully find a satisfactory definition of mind.
Category: Mind Science

[102] viXra:1501.0016 [pdf] submitted on 2015-01-01 21:34:58

Psychedelic Induced Experiences as Key to the Understanding of the Connection Between Magnetic Body and Information Molecules?

Authors: M. Pitkänen
Comments: 4 Pages.

There is a book about psychedelics titled as "Inner paths to outer space: Journies to Alien Worlds through Psychedelics and Other Spiritual Technics" written by Rick Strassman, Slawek Wojtowicz, Luis Eduardo Luna and Ede Frecska. The basic message of the book is that psychedelics might make possible instantaneous remote communications with distant parts of the Universe. The basic objection is that light velocity sets stringent limits on classical communications. In TGD framework this argument does not apply. In the article a model for remote mental interactions is constructed using basic notions of TGD inspired quantum biology such as magnetic body, dark photons, and Zero Energy Ontology.
Category: Mind Science

[101] viXra:1501.0015 [pdf] submitted on 2015-01-01 21:42:55

Geometric Theory of Harmony

Authors: M. Pitkänen
Comments: 36 Pages.

In the earlier article I introduced the notion of Hamiltonian cycle as a mathematical model for musical harmony and also proposed a connection with biology: motivations came from two observations. The number of icosahedral vertices is 12 and corresponds to the number of notes in 12-note system and the number of triangular faces of icosahedron is 20, the number of aminoacids. This led to a group theoretical model of genetic code and replacement of icosahedron with tetraicosahedron to explain also the 21st and 22nd amino-acid and solve the problem of simplest model due to the fact that the required Hamilton's cycle does not exist. This led also to the notion of bioharmony. This article was meant to be a continuation to the mentioned article providing a proposal for a theory of harmony and detailed calculations. It however turned out that the proposed notion of bioharmony was too restricted: all icosahedral Hamilton cycles with symmetries turned out to be possible rather than only the 3 cycles forced by the assumption that the polarity characteristics of the amino-acids correlate with the properties of the Hamiltonian cycle. In particular, it turned out that the symmetries of the Hamiltonian cycles are the icosahedral symmetries needed to predict the basic numbers of the genetic code and its extension to include also 21st and 22nd aminoacids. One also ends up with a proposal for what harmony is leading to non-trivial predictions both at DNA and amino-acid level.
Category: Mind Science

[100] viXra:1501.0014 [pdf] submitted on 2015-01-01 21:44:51

How Are Visual Percepts Constructed

Authors: M. Pitkänen
Comments: 5 Pages.

How does visual system analyze the incoming visual information and reconstruct from it a (highly artistic) picture of the external world? I encountered this problem for the first time for about 35 years ago while listening some lecture about what happens in retina. Although I have written also about visual qualia and visual perception, I have not considered this particular problem. In this framework a rather simple model suggesting why and how visual perception first build a simple sketch analogous to cartoon about the visual field with saccadic motion playing a key role in the process.
Category: Mind Science

[99] viXra:1412.0107 [pdf] submitted on 2014-12-04 09:44:40

Toward a Theory of Consciousness

Authors: Casper Spanggaard
Comments: 3 Pages. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

More effort is needed to arrive at a complete theory of consciousness that provide a satisfactory explanation of conscious experience. Some considerations that may inspire and contribute to such a theory are described. The hypothesis that consciousness can result in evolutionary advantages only as a consequence of its participation in and its effects on decision making is considered. The hypotheses that consciousness is an intrinsic property of reality and that encoded information gives rise to a unique conscious experience is considered as well as if evolutionary processes shape the consciousness/system interface, and an abstract information-based reality. It is suggested that implementation of the non-event-based conscious decision making strategy may be the only possibility of creating artificial intelligent systems that have free will.
Category: Mind Science

[98] viXra:1411.0216 [pdf] submitted on 2014-11-16 06:13:09

A Dynamic Mechanism of Alzheimer Based on Artificial Neural Network

Authors: Zhi Cheng
Comments: 9 Pages.

In this paper, we provide another angle to analyze the reasons why Alzheimer Disease exists. We analyze the dynamic mechanism of Alzheimer Disease based on the cognitive model that established from artificial neural network. We can provide some theoretic explanations to Alzheimer Disease through the analyzing of this model.
Category: Mind Science

[97] viXra:1409.0190 [pdf] submitted on 2014-09-26 06:53:51

What is EEG made of?

Authors: Matti Pitkänen
Comments: 20 Pages.

A model for EEG as a communication tool of magnetic body is developed. The basic assumption is that communications from cell membrane occur by Josephson radiation inducing the analogs of cyclotron transitions: this leads to resonance conditions forcing the Josephson frequencies to be equal to cyclotron frequencies in the simplest situation. Music metaphor - in particular the metaphor "right brain sings, left brain" talks allows to further develop the earlier model. One must generalize the original assumption concerning the allowed values of magnetic field $B_{end}$ at flux tubes of the magnetic body: this generalization was forced already by the quantum model of hearing.

The model leads to a detailed identification of sub-bands of EEG in terms of cyclotron frequencies assignable to bosonic ions. One can understand the basic features of various EEG bands, why conscious experiences possible occurring during sleep are not remembered and the four stages of sleep, why beta amplitudes are low and tend to be chaotic, the origin of resonance frequencies of EEG. Also a model for how Schumann resonances could affect consciousness emerges.

Music metaphor allows to develop in more detail the earlier proposal that nerve pulse patterns defined a languages with "phonemes" having duration of .1 seconds and obeying genetic code with 6 bits. Also the right brain signs metaphor can be given a detailed quantitative content in terms of the analog of music scale associated with the resting potential.
Category: Mind Science

[96] viXra:1409.0189 [pdf] submitted on 2014-09-26 06:56:37

Negentropic Entanglement, NMP, Bariding and Topological Quantum Computation

Authors: Matti Pitkänen
Comments: 4 Pages.

Negentropic entanglement for which number theoretic entropy characterized by p-adic prime is negative so that entanglement carries information, is in key role in TGD inspired theory of consciousness and quantum biology.

  1. The key feature of negentropic entanglement is that density matrix is proportional to unit matrix so that the assumption that state function reduction corresponds to the measurement of density matrix does not imply state function reduction to one-dimensional sub-space. This special kind of degenerate density matrix emerges naturally for the hierarchy heff=nh interpreted in terms of a hierarchy of dark matter phases. I have already earlier considered explicit realizations of negentropic entanglement assuming that E is invariant under the group of unitary or orthogonal transformations (also subgroups of unitary group can be considered - say symplectic group). One can however consider much more general options and this leads to a connection with topological quantum computation (TQC).
  2. Entanglement matrix E equal to 1/n1/2 factor times unitary matrix U (as a special case orthogonal matrix O) defines a density matrix given by ρ=UU/n= Idn/n, which is group invariant. One has NE respected by state function reduction if NMP is assumed. This would give huge number of negentropically entangled states providing a representation for some unitary group or its subgroup (such as symplectic group). In principle any unitary representation of any Lie group would allow representation in terms of NE. In principle any unitary representation of any Lie group would allow a representation in terms of NE.
  3. In physics as generalized number theory vision, a natural condition is that the matrix elements of E belong to the algebraic extension of p-adic numbers used so that discreted algebraic subgroups of unitary or orthogonal group are selected. This realizes evolutionary hierarchy as a hierarchy of p-adic number fields and their algebraic extensions, and one can imagine that evolution of cognition proceeds by the generation of negentropically entangled systems with increasing algebraic dimensions and increasing dimension reflecting itself as an increase of the largest prime power dividing n and defining the p-adic prime in question.
  4. One fascinating implication is the ability of TGD Universe to emulate itself like Turing machine: unitary S-matrix codes for scattering amplitudes and therefore for physics and negentropically entangled subsystem could represent sub-matrix for S-matrix as rules representing "the laws of physics" in the approximation that the world corresponds to n-dimension Hilbert space. Also the limit n→ ∞ makes sense, especially so in the p-adic context where real infinity can correspond to finite number in the sense of p-adic norm. Here also dimensions n given as products of powers of infinite primes can be formally considered.

Category: Mind Science

[95] viXra:1409.0184 [pdf] submitted on 2014-09-26 07:05:54

Pythagoras, Music, Sacred Geometry, and Genetic Code

Authors: Matti Pitkänen
Comments: 20 Pages.

t the 12-note scale could allow mapping to a closed path covering all vertices of icosahedron having 12 vertices and not intersecting itself is attractive. Also the idea that the triangles defining the faces of the icosahedron could have interpretation as 3-chords defining the notion of harmony for a given chord deserves study. The paths in question are known as Hamiltonian cycles and there are 1024 of them. There paths can be classified topologically by the numbers of triangles containing 0, 1, or 2 edges belonging to the cycle representing the scale. Each topology corresponds to particular notion of harmony and there are several topological equivalence classes.

I have also played with the idea that the 20 amino-acids could somehow correspond to the 20 triangles of icosahedron. The combination of this idea with the idea of mapping 12-tone scale to a Hamiltonian cycle at icosahedron leads to the question whether amino-acids could be assigned with a topological equivalence class of Hamiltonian cycle and whether topological characteristics could correspond to physical properties of amino-acids. It turns out that the identification of 3 basic polar amino-acids with triangles containing no edges of the scale path, 7 polar and acidic polar amino-acids with those containing 2 edges of the scale path, and 10 non-polar amino-acids with triangles containing 1 edge on the scale path would be consistent with the constraints on the Hamiltonian cycles. One could of course criticize the lumping of acidic polar and polar aminoacids to same group.

The number of DNAs coding for a given amino-acid could be also seen as such a physical property. The model for dark nucleons leads to the vertebrate genetic code with correct numbers of DNAs coding for amino-acids. It is however far from clear how to interpreted DNAs geometrically and the problem whether one cold understand genetic code geometrically remains open.
Category: Mind Science

[94] viXra:1408.0205 [pdf] submitted on 2014-08-28 20:52:54

Towards a Cognitive Gliascience: a Brief Conceptual Framework

Authors: Salvatore Spadaro
Comments: 8 Pages.

Recent brain studies show the emerging importance of glia functions in relation to our knowledge of the brain. A new, hypothetical area of research is described to enriching the poverty of cognitive studies on glia. The cognitive methodology has been used because of its intedisciplinarity, and in particular for a possible foundation of a computational glia-neuroscience
Category: Mind Science

[93] viXra:1407.0123 [pdf] submitted on 2014-07-17 09:37:05

Ultradian Rhythms and Timings of Human Rem-Sleep Stages

Authors: Oleg D. Kotchnev
Comments: 13 pages, 6 pictures

Descriptions of dreams and the timings of associated REM-sleep stages have been recorded over a long period of time (more than 1 year). Invariance of the probability distribution of awakenings within a certain period of ultradian rhythm over random sample reveals the influence of the rhythm on the timings of the sleep stages.
Category: Mind Science

[92] viXra:1406.0178 [pdf] submitted on 2014-06-29 07:40:11

Communicating with Plants

Authors: Jeffrey S. Keen
Comments: 3 Pages.

Abstract This paper contains the background and protocol for a basic 2-way communication between the human mind and plants via their auras. Key words Auras, the mind, consciousness, plants, dowsing, communication
Category: Mind Science

[91] viXra:1406.0075 [pdf] submitted on 2014-06-12 19:29:46

A Psychophysical Theory of Shannon Entropy

Authors: Taiki Takahashi
Comments: 8 Pages.

Connections between information theory and decision under uncertainty have been attracting attention in econophysics, neuroeconomics and quantum decision theory. This paper proposes a psychophysical theory of Shannon entropy based on a mathematical equivalence of delay and uncertainty in decision-making, and psychophysics of the perception of waiting time in probabilistic choices. Furthermore, it is shown that the well-known Shannon entropy is a special case of the general psychophysical entropy. Future directions in the application of the present theory to studies in econophysics and neuroeconomics are discussed.
Category: Mind Science

[90] viXra:1406.0057 [pdf] submitted on 2014-06-09 20:06:07

Is there a Connection Between Self-Organized Criticality and Human Cognition?

Authors: Victor Christianto
Comments: 3 Pages. This article has not been submitted to any journal. Comments are welcome.

This article is a summary of discussion in researchgate.net. In a rather old paper, Wagenmakers, Farrell and Ratcliff (2005) suggest that it is difficult to introduce Self-Organized Criticality and nonlinear dynamics to explain human behavior. They write: "the absence of a specific model for how self-organized criticality produces the observed behavior makes it very difficult to derive testable predictions. The authors conclude that the proposed paradigm shift is presently unwarranted." See the paper included here or find their paper in this link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1404501/pdf/nihms2267.pdf.
Category: Mind Science

[89] viXra:1405.0313 [pdf] submitted on 2014-05-25 09:45:19

Meditation Aids Psychiatric Disorder Management and Enhance Adaptive Immunity Via up-Regulating Parasympathetic Tone

Authors: Wan-chung Hu
Comments: 4 Pages.

Meditation is a common practice in certain religions. Non religion meditation practice is now more and more popular. Meditation can provide a stress relief method via relaxation reaction. It can enhance parasympathetic tone and suppress sympathetic tone. Sympathetic nerve system is a fear-and-fight stress machinery accompanying steroid secretion. Majority of anxiety and depression patients are found hypersecretion of glucocorticoid with enhancing stress response. Meditation can lower cortisol, up-regulate dorpamine/serotonine/oxytocin/endorphin to reduce stress reaction. In addition, parasympathetic system enhances adaptive immunity and suppresses innate immunity; sympathetic system enhances innate immunity and suppresses adaptive immunity. Thus, meditation can help us to booster host adaptive immunity to cope with infections. Thus, mediation can be useful for managing psychiatric disorders as well as enhancing host immunity.
Category: Mind Science

[88] viXra:1405.0247 [pdf] submitted on 2014-05-15 06:33:26

The Cerebellum as a Neural Peak Limiter

Authors: Charles L. Chandler
Comments: 4 Pages.

The cerebellum is shown to be functioning as a peak limiter, which smooths out spikes in the signals received from the primary motor cortex (and other structures in the brain).
Category: Mind Science

[87] viXra:1405.0218 [pdf] submitted on 2014-05-12 07:29:17

The Past Physics and a Future Sociology Revolutions

Authors: Emanuel Gluskin
Comments: 3 Pages. I think that sociology has great future, if it will become a more fighting science, which is indeed necessary.

It is explained that sociology has to be drastically changed, in order to face the important problem of the growing dictatorship of intellect which will inevitable lead to intense societal stresses. It becomes more and more difficult for simple people, -- i.e. those who have the noble vocation to preserve, just by their simplicity, the healthy nature of the human, -- to live with a clear mind and be thus respected. The concepts of sociological research should be properly extended, becoming more "outdoor" and more "fighting". The sociology as a whole will (should) become a very important field of modern human thought.
Category: Mind Science

[86] viXra:1405.0007 [pdf] submitted on 2014-05-01 19:41:48

Is Mind-Reading Real or Fake Phenomenon?

Authors: Victor Christianto
Comments: 4 Pages. This article has not been submitted yet to any journal. Comments are welcome.

According to an experiment led by Stanford neuroscientist, Josef Parvizi, one can see what others think, at least under special conditions. See http://scopeblog.stanford.edu/2013/10/15/mind-reading-in-real-life-study-shows-it-can-be-done-but-theyll-have-to-catch-you-first/ Such a mind reading phenomenon has been debated for a long time, where some people believe in mind reading possibility while others think that it is a fake phenomenon. Some physicists believe that mind reading can be related to biological effect of quantum reality.
Category: Mind Science

[85] viXra:1404.0458 [pdf] submitted on 2014-04-24 13:51:36

Noomaterr as a new Form of Matter

Authors: Oleg D. Kotchnev
Comments: 10 Pages.

As a result of research into the phenomenon of prophetic dreams it has been concluded that a new form of matter may exist and an appropriate name for that matter would be noomatter.
Category: Mind Science

[84] viXra:1403.0980 [pdf] submitted on 2014-03-31 16:59:50

About Quantising Unconscious Decision Processes and Their Origin

Authors: Martin K. Dubreuil, Sergii Koliada
Comments: 29 Pages.

Prompted by previous research results we analysed human decision processes for unconscious patterns. Like former studies [1, 2] we were able to find law-like patterns that were not consciously created. We calculated the residual uncertainty about the pattern to 1 : 1,000,000,000 and proved a high correlation ratio for the data source related to the found pattern through an intra class correlation test.
Category: Mind Science

[83] viXra:1403.0974 [pdf] submitted on 2014-03-31 08:02:04

Categorising Different Types of Dowsable Fields

Authors: Jeffrey S. Keen
Comments: 13 pages; 11 Figures; 3 Tables

The mind’s intuitive, noetic, or dowsable response to different situations are categorised to help understand its causes. In this article, eight different subtle energy types have been identified and itemised together with some of their properties. They all have a connection to the earth’s environment and the laws of physics. This is convincingly demonstrated by using an abstract geometrical source that combines tetrahedral geometry and certain Pythagorean triangles allowing the mind to create all 8 subtle energy types. This technique enables the reader to fine-tune his or her noetic or dowsing skills, or use this paper for further serious scientific research into both the mind and its interaction with the cosmos. Key words. Noetics, the mind, dowsing, intent, subtle energy, categorisation, Pythagorean triangles, structure of the universe
Category: Mind Science

[82] viXra:1403.0671 [pdf] submitted on 2014-03-22 14:04:47

To be a Jew

Authors: Emanuel Gluskin
Comments: 3 Pages.

The basic role of Jews is defined as creating a motivating contrast between the mass of the people who often get into trouble, and the subsequently arising leader (prophet) who calls for conscience in order to help the people to survive the trouble.
Category: Mind Science

[81] viXra:1401.0117 [pdf] submitted on 2014-01-17 05:25:33

How We Seem to Perceive and Interact with the World

Authors: Hasmukh K. Tank
Comments: single page paper

Our brain is actually able to perceive only the internal subjective world. This subjective world can be compared with a radar screen in a sub marine. The pilot does not know, what is actually there outside, in the sea, he is able to see only the radar screen. There is not much difference between what we see in waking state and in the dream state. To understand how we interact with the world; try the following: On a table, place an apple such that you can see it in a mirror. Then try to see your hand also in the mirror. Then try to bring the image of your hand close to the image of the apple; and try such that image your hand catches the image of the apple. As soon as the image of the hand is able to catch image of the apple, you will feel a sensation of touch, telling that the apple is caught! Thus we actually perceive only the internal subjective world; and based on multiple inputs of vision, sound, touch, ..etc we are able to interact with the external world. Colors, smells, tastes etc all are subjective experiences. What we perceive as different colors are actually different frequencies of electromagnetic waves of different frequencies; there are no colors in them. Similar is the case with sounds, tastes, smells etc.
Category: Mind Science

[80] viXra:1311.0125 [pdf] submitted on 2013-11-17 13:34:44

Human Consciousness as Limited Version of Universal Consciousness

Authors: Huping Hu, Maoxin Wu
Comments: 17 Pages. This article was published on Feb 18, 2013 in JCER, 4(1): pp. 52-68. See http://jcer.com/index.php/jcj/article/view/281

In this article, we address the nature and substrates of human Consciousness, the nature and attributes of Universal Consciousness and the relationship between the two in light of the groundbreaking new results obtained by Persinger’s group. These new results together with what have already been achieved by herein authors, Persinger’s group and some of the other researchers shed important light on these fundamental issues of life and existence.
Category: Mind Science

[79] viXra:1309.0053 [pdf] submitted on 2013-09-09 06:30:57

Comparison of TGD Inspired Theory of Consciousness with Some Other Theories of Consciousness

Authors: Matti Pitkänen
Comments: 45 Pages.

This work has been inspired by two books. The first book "On intelligence" is by Jeff Hawkins. The second book "Consciousness: the science of subjectivity" is by Antti Revonsuo.

Jeff Hawkins has developed a highly interesting and inspiring vision about neo-cortex, one of the few serious attempts to build a unified view about what brain does and how it does it. Since key ideas of Hawkins have quantum analogs in TGD framework, there is high motivation for developing a quantum variant of this vision. The vision of Hawkins is very general in the sense that all parts of neo-cortex would run the same fundamental algorithm, which is essentially checking whether the sensory input can be interpreted in terms of standard mental images stored as memories. This process occurs at several abstraction levels and involve massive feedback. If it succeeds at all these levels the sensory input is fully understood.

TGD suggests a generalization of this process. Quantum jump defining moment of consciousness would be the fundamental algorithm realized in all scales defining an abstraction hierarchy. Negentropy Maximization Principle (NMP) would be the variational principle driving this process and in optimal case lead to an experience of understanding at all levels of the scale hierarchy realized in terms of generation of negentropic entanglement. The analogy of NMP with second law suggests strongly thermodynamical analogy and p-adic thermodynamics used in particle mass calculations might be also seen as effective thermodynamics assignable to NMP.

In the following I will first discuss the ideas of Hawkins and then summarize some relevant aspects of quantum TGD and TGD inspired theory of consciousness briefly in the hope that this could make representation comprehensible for the reader having no background in TGD (I hope I have achieved this). The representation involves some new elements: reduction of the old idea about motor action as time reversal of sensory perception to the anatomy of quantum jump in zero energy ontology (ZEO); interaction free measurement for photons and photons as a non-destructive reading mechanism of memories and future plans (time reversed memories) represented 4-dimensionally as negentropically entangled states approximately invariant under quantum jumps (this resolves a basic objection against identifying quantum jump as moment of consciousness) leading to the identification of analogs of imagination and internal speech as fundamental elements of cognition; and a more detailed quantum model for association and abstraction processes.

I will also compare various theories and philosophies of consciousness with TGD approach following the beautifully organized representation of Revonsuo. Also anomalies of consciousness are briefly discussed. My hope is that this comparison would make explicit that TGD based ontology of consciousness indeed circumvents the difficulties against monistic and dualistic approaches and also survives the basic objections that I have been able to invent hitherto.
Category: Mind Science

[78] viXra:1309.0050 [pdf] submitted on 2013-09-09 06:36:40

Hypnosis as Remote Mental Interaction

Authors: Matti Pitkänen
Comments: 15 Pages.

In TGD framework one can argue that hypnosis represents an example about the fact that brain is not "private property": hypnotist uses the biological body and brain of the subject as instrument. Therefore remote mental interaction is in question. This idea generalizes: if one accepts self hierarchy, one can assign to any kind of higher level structure - family, organization, species, .... - a higher level self and magnetic body carrying dark matter, and these magnetic bodies can use lower level magnetic bodies as their instruments to realize their intentions. Biological bodies would be an important level in the hierarchy, which would continue down to cellular, molecular, and perhaps to even lower levels.

This view challenges the prevailing views about brain as a sole seat of consciousness and the assumption that conscious entities assigned with brains are completely isolated. Given magnetic body can use several biological bodies although one can assign to it the one providing the sensory input - at least during wake-up state. Note however that it is easy to produce illusion that some foreign object is part of biological body.

For more than decade ago I proposed a model for so called bicamerality based on the notion of semitrance. In semitrance the brain of subject becomes partially entangled with a higher level self - in this case the self of family or more general social group uses the biological body of member for its purposes. Higher level self gives its commands and advice interpreted by the bicameral as "God's voice". The consciousness of schizophrenic might be basically bicameral. Also hypnotic state and dream consciousness are candidates for bicameral consciousness.

In this article I develop essentially this idea but using as input the recent understanding of about TGD inspired theory of consciousness and quantum biology and end up with a proposal for a detailed mechanism for how the magnetic body hijacks some parts of the brain of the subject: prefrontal cortex and anterior cingulate cortex are argued to be the most plausible targets of hijacking. Also a mechanism explaining how the sensory hallucinations and motor actions are induced by hypnotist by inhibiting a halting mechanism preventing imagined motor actions to become real and sensory imagination to become "qualiafied".
Category: Mind Science

[77] viXra:1309.0049 [pdf] submitted on 2013-09-09 06:38:18

About Concrete Realization of Remote Metabolism

Authors: Matti Pitkänen
Comments: 43 Pages.

The idea of "remote metabolism" (or quantum credit card, as I have also called it) emerged more than a decade ago - and zero energy ontology (ZEO) provides the justification for it. The idea is that the system needing energy sends negative energy to a system able to receive the negative energy and make a transition to a lower energy state. This kind of mechanism would be ideal for biology, where rapid reactions to a changing environment are essential for survival. Originally this article was intended to summarize a more detailed model of remote metabolism but the article expanded to a considerably more detailed view about TGD inspired biology than the earlier vision.

It is shown that the basic notions of the theory of Ling about cell metabolism inspired by various anomalies have natural counterparts in TGD based model relying on the notion of magnetic body. Remote metabolism can be considered as a universal metabolic mechanism with magnetic body of ATP, or system containing it, carrying the metabolic energy required by the biological user. In particular, the role of ATP is discussed in Ling's theory and from the point of view of TGD-inspired theory of consciousness.

It is easy to imagine new technologies relying on negative energy signals propagating to the geometric past and ZEO justifies these speculations. Remote metabolism could make possible a new kind of energy technology. The discoveries of Tesla made more than a century ago plus various free energy anomalies provide excellent material for developing these ideas, and one ends up with a concrete proposal for how dark photons and dark matter could be produced in capacitor-like systems analogous to cell membranes and acting as Josephson junctions and how energy could be extracted from "large" magnetic bodies.

The model identifies Josephson frequency with the subharmonic of the frequency characterizing the periodicity of a periodic voltage perturbation assumed to correspond to cyclotron frequency in biological applications. Together with quantization conditions for charge and effective Planck constant it leads to precise quantitative predictions for capacitor-like systems acting as dark capacitors. Also a relationship between the magnetic field at the magnetic body of the system and the voltage of the capacitor-like Josephson junction emerges.

The predictions allow new quantitative insights about biological evolution as emergence of Josephson junctions realized as capacitor-like systems both at the level of cell, DNA and proteins, and brain. heff can be related to Josephson frequency and cyclotron frequency and thus to measurable parameters. heff serves as a kind of intelligence quotient and its maximization requires the maximization of both the voltage and area of the membrane-like capacitor system involved. This is what has happened during evolution. Indeed, the internal cell membranes, cortical layers and DNA double strand in chromosomes are strongly folded, and the value of membrane electric field is roughly twice the value of the electric field for which di-electric breakdown occurs in air. Even 40 Hz thalamocortical resonance frequency can be understood in the framework of the model.

The claimed properties of Tesla's "cold electricity" strongly suggest interpretation in terms of dark matter in TGD sense. This leads to a proposal that a transition to dark phase occurs when the value of voltage equals the rest mass of charged particle involved. This criterion generalizes to the case of cell membrane and relates the values of heff, p-adic prime p, and threshold potential for various charged particles to each other. The idea that nerve pulse corresponds to the breakdown of super-conductivity as a transition from dark to ordinary phase receives additional support. The resulting picture conforms surprisingly well with the earlier speculations involving dark matter and p-adically scaled variants of weak and color interactions in biologically relevant length scales. An extremely simple mechanism producing ATP involving only the kicking of two protonic Cooper pairs through the cell membrane by Josephson photon as a basic step is proposed. Also the proposal that neutrino Cooper pairs could be highly relevant not only for cognition and but also metabolism finds support.
Category: Mind Science

[76] viXra:1309.0039 [pdf] submitted on 2013-09-09 03:29:50

The Physical Teleology of Syntropic Interaction: An Experimentally Testable Anthropic Cosmology

Authors: Richard L Amoroso
Comments: 17 Pages. Life principle teleology

The Cognitive model Mind = Brain is grossly incorrect. The alternative chosen is an extended form of Eccles-Cartesian interactive dualism with a physically real Cartesian res cogitans - "mind stuff" (that does not violate the laws of thermodynamics or conservation of energy) that interacts with res extensa - "body stuff". We equate the required 'life principle' with the unified field of physics or if preferred the ubiquitous spirit of God represented as the 3rd regime in the progression Classical - Quantum - Unified Field Mechanics. This noetic paradigm is empirically testable. We now have 14 experimental protocols to falsify the model. We will discuss details of the physical cosmology of the unified theory creating an ‘Empirical Metaphysics’ by integrating science and theology and outline the empirical tests. We believe the ancient mind-body problem has now been summarily solved.
Category: Mind Science

Replacements of recent Submissions

[113] viXra:1703.0083 [pdf] replaced on 2017-03-09 17:51:24

Identification of the Algebra of Consciousness

Authors: Elio Conte
Comments: 25 Pages.

After an articulated exposition of the basic features of the Clifford algebra we give evidence that the basic elements of this algebra may represent the basic entities of the mind. According also to the previous basic results of V.A. Lefebvre on conscience , we delineate also some peculiarities of the consciousness and we give proof that they may be correctly represented by this algebra.
Category: Mind Science

[112] viXra:1702.0280 [pdf] replaced on 2017-02-26 04:22:48

Does Set Theory Cause Perceptual Problems?

Authors: W. Mückenheim
Comments: 2 Pages.

Some results of transfinite set theory are nonsensical. Nevertheless many mainstream mathematicians cannot accept but try to silence any critique. It appears as if a mass-psychosis has infected them.
Category: Mind Science

[111] viXra:1702.0070 [pdf] replaced on 2017-04-08 01:39:40

A Proposed Mechanism for the Induction of Bone Loss as a Function of Chronic Envy

Authors: William W. Sabol
Comments: 2 pages

The dorsal anterior cingulate cortex (dACC) has been shown to be uniquely activated when people engage in envy. Similarly, dACC is the major component of a proposed adversity processing circuit that predicts risks to prevent destructive behaviors and inhibit release of dopamine and serotonin, which play a significant role in skeletal health. A causal relationship may therefore exist between chronic envy and the induction of lowered bone mineral density (BMD) as a result of dACC activation.
Category: Mind Science

[110] viXra:1702.0070 [pdf] replaced on 2017-03-26 02:42:27

A Proposed Mechanism for the Induction of Bone Loss as a Function of Chronic Envy

Authors: William W. Sabol
Comments: 2 Pages. [v3]

The dorsal anterior cingulate cortex (dACC) has been shown to be uniquely activated when people engage in envy. Similarly, dACC is the major component of a proposed adversity processing circuit that predicts risks to prevent destructive behaviors and inhibit release of dopamine and serotonin, which play a significant role in skeletal health. A causal relationship may therefore exist between chronic envy and the induction of lowered bone mineral density (BMD) as a result of dACC activation.
Category: Mind Science

[109] viXra:1702.0070 [pdf] replaced on 2017-03-08 23:12:48

A Proposed Mechanism for the Induction of Bone Loss as a Function of Chronic Envy

Authors: William W. Sabol
Comments: 2 Pages. [v2]

The dorsal anterior cingulate cortex (dACC) has been shown to be uniquely activated when people engage in envy. Similarly, dACC is the major component of a proposed adversity processing circuit that predicts risks to prevent destructive behaviors and inhibit release of dopamine and serotonin, which play a significant role in skeletal health. A causal relationship may therefore exist between chronic envy and the induction of lowered bone mineral density (BMD) as a result of dACC activation.
Category: Mind Science

[108] viXra:1612.0051 [pdf] replaced on 2016-12-05 09:08:42

The Solutions of the 7 Millenium Problems, the Calculation of Two Primes of More Than One Hundred Millions and One Billion Digits: 19TH and 21ST MILLS’ Primes

Authors: Thomas Pierre Nicolas Jean Brouard
Comments: 1 Page.

NO ABSTRACT.
Category: Mind Science

[107] viXra:1611.0042 [pdf] replaced on 2016-11-07 01:22:13

From Cortical Microcolumns to Brain Barcodes

Authors: Arturo Tozzi, James F Peters, Ottorino Ori
Comments: 12 Pages.

Artificial neural systems and nervous graph theoretical analysis rely upon the standpoint that the neural code is endowed in logic circuits, e.g., spatio-temporal sequences of ON/OFF spiking neurons. However, this assumption does not fully explain complex brain functions. Here we show how nervous activity, other than logic circuits, could instead depend on topological transformations and symmetry constraints occurring at the micro-level of the cortical microcolumn, e.g., the basic embryological, anatomical and functional unit of the brain. Tubular microcolumns can be flattened in guise of a fullerene-like two-dimensional lattices, equipped with about 80 nodes standing for pyramidal neurons, where neural computations take place. We show how the countless possible combinations of activated neurons embedded in the lattice resemble a barcode. Every different assembly of firing neurons might stand for diverse neural codes, each one responsible for single mental activities. A two-dimensional fullerene-like lattice not just simulates the real microcolumn’s microcircuitry, but also allows us to build an artificial network model that, because grounded just on simple topological changes corresponding to pyramidal neuronal activation, is equipped with robustness, plasticity and fastness.
Category: Mind Science

[106] viXra:1609.0072 [pdf] replaced on 2016-09-07 02:47:56

Ordering of Lamarckism, Emerging Understanding of the Lamarckian Mechanisms

Authors: Andrzej Gecow
Comments: 16 Pages. in Polish

Understanding of Lamarck was and are very different, but currently the view clarifies where Darwinian and Lamarckian mechanisms are not conflicting. Lamarckian mechanisms exist and offer evolutionary changes “from instructions”, usually much more accurate adaptively than if they were completely random, but this instruction was found earlier by Darwinian natural selection. Lamarckian mechanisms alone do not explain the obtained purposefulness. They gain this ability only with the mechanism of their occurrence, which is Darwinian. In the case of multicellular usually their effect requires the strengthening of inherited through genetic assimilation, but in range of memes and culture "realized needs" seems to be the main mechanism.
Category: Mind Science

[105] viXra:1607.0140 [pdf] replaced on 2016-07-12 11:11:41

A Basic Biofeedback Primer

Authors: Rich Norman, Cengiz Mordeniz, Leonardo Mendolicchio, Enrico Pierangeli, Paolo Pannarale, Franco Orsucci, Elio Conte
Comments: 13 Pages.

Biofeedback is a longstanding technique whereby voluntary control may be asserted over many seemingly unconscious physiologic and autonomic processes. Neurofeedback is a particular branch of biofeedback using real time information derived through the active monitoring of brain states to allow development of therapeutically efficacious informationally rich results. Our facility and staff are expert in the use of biofeedback as both a direct therapeutic aid, and assessment tool. This document will briefly detail the historical development and underlying principles of bio- and neuro-feedback techniques and their substantial theoretical and experimental basis.
Category: Mind Science

[104] viXra:1606.0298 [pdf] replaced on 2016-07-12 11:05:30

Addendum to General GSR Methodological Profile: Sexual Health, Pathology and Response Analysis Via Primary GSR with Secondary and Tertiary Variables.

Authors: Rich Norman, Cengiz Mordeniz, Leonardo Mendolicchio, Enrico Pierangeli, Paolo Pannarale, Franco Orsucci, Elio Conte
Comments: 7 Pages.

Please recall the foregoing conclusions and analyses which have detailed the specific neuroanatomical activations and emergent sympathetic and parasympathetic connectivities including the inter-connective limbic and Orbito-Frontal Cortex (OFC) circuit pathways spanning the deepest psychological foundations and encoding on both conscious and unconscious levels, which may be revealed in GSR (Norman and Conte et al. 2016). The very deepest psychological factors springing from fundamental neuro-affective regulatory agencies may be assessed and measured. This vital work will be performed so as to aid and assess both individuals and couples who are dealing with sexual dysfunction using measurement of response to salient libidinal stimulus and resultant signal analysis. The quality of emotional content and symptom specific affective distributional signal components will be measured. Such work is no simple matter, and may well be substantially aided and sharpened through the addition of secondary variables such as Heart Rate (HR) and Heart Rate Variability (HRV), which just as GSR, demonstrate nonlinear characteristics. Tertiary variables are also discussed as they will aid the process of informational distillation. To gain access to the embedded information, a full and substantial knowledge across the disciplines of neuroscience, psychology, psychiatry, linear and nonlinear mathematical physics is required. Non linear and linear analysis of component interactive dynamics in the GSR signal must be interpreted in accordance with the previously specified methodological framework. In Conclusion : 1) THE MONITORING OF THE GSR AND ITS SUBSEQUENT ANALYSIS BY LINEAR AND NON LINEAR METHODS IN SUBJECTS EXPOSED TO SEXUAL STIMULI IS OF BASIC IMPORTANCE TO CHARACTERIZE HIS/HER SEXUAL AROUSAL AS INTERPRETED WITHIN THEIR COMPLETE ORGANIC AND PSYCHOLOGICAL PROFILE. 2) THE SIMULTANEOUS USE OF HR (HRV) RECORDING WITH GSR WILL YIELD RESULTS OF BASIC IMPORTANCE AS DURING EXPERIMENTALLY CONTROLLED STIMULUS, COUPLED AND SYNCHRONIZED ANALYSIS OF THE PEAK PHASE OF THE GSR AND DECREASING (RESPECTIVELY INCREASING) HR, ENABLES US TO CHARACTERIZE THE EMOTIONAL/AFFECTIVE TYPE AND STATE OF THE SUBJECT.
Category: Mind Science

[103] viXra:1606.0298 [pdf] replaced on 2016-07-03 22:14:18

Addendum to General GSR Methodological Profile: Sexual Health, Pathology and Response Analysis Via Primary GSR with Secondary and Tertiary Variables.

Authors: Rich Norman, Cengiz Mordeniz, Leonardo Mendolicchio, Enrico Pieranageli, Paolo Pannarale, Franco Orsucci, Elio Conte
Comments: 7 Pages.

Please recall the foregoing conclusions and analyses which have detailed the specific neuroanatomical activations and emergent sympathetic and parasympathetic connectivities including the inter-connective limbic and Orbito-Frontal Cortex (OFC) circuit pathways spanning the deepest psychological foundations and encoding on both conscious and unconscious levels, which may be revealed in GSR (Norman and Conte et al. 2016). The very deepest psychological factors springing from fundamental neuro-affective regulatory agencies may be assessed and measured. This vital work will be performed so as to aid and assess both individuals and couples who are dealing with sexual dysfunction using measurement of response to salient libidinal stimulus and resultant signal analysis. The quality of emotional content and symptom specific affective distributional signal components will be measured. Such work is no simple matter, and may well be substantially aided and sharpened through the addition of secondary variables such as Heart Rate (HR) and Heart Rate Variability (HRV), which just as GSR, demonstrate nonlinear characteristics. Tertiary variables are also discussed as they will aid the process of informational distillation. To gain access to the embedded information, a full and substantial knowledge across the disciplines of neuroscience, psychology, psychiatry, linear and nonlinear mathematical physics is required. Non linear and linear analysis of component interactive dynamics in the GSR signal must be interpreted in accordance with the previously specified methodological framework. In Conclusion : 1) THE MONITORING OF THE GSR AND ITS SUBSEQUENT ANALYSIS BY LINEAR AND NON LINEAR METHODS IN SUBJECTS EXPOSED TO SEXUAL STIMULI IS OF BASIC IMPORTANCE TO CHARACTERIZE HIS/HER SEXUAL AROUSAL AS INTERPRETED WITHIN THEIR COMPLETE ORGANIC AND PSYCHOLOGICAL PROFILE. 2) THE SIMULTANEOUS USE OF HR (HRV) RECORDING WITH GSR WILL YIELD RESULTS OF BASIC IMPORTANCE AS DURING EXPERIMENTALLY CONTROLLED STIMULUS, COUPLED AND SYNCHRONIZED ANALYSIS OF THE PEAK PHASE OF THE GSR AND DECREASING (RESPECTIVELY INCREASING) HR, ENABLES US TO CHARACTERIZE THE EMOTIONAL/AFFECTIVE TYPE AND STATE OF THE SUBJECT.
Category: Mind Science

[102] viXra:1606.0293 [pdf] replaced on 2016-07-14 03:10:54

Integrating Imagination with Reality

Authors: Rodney Bartlett
Comments: 57 Pages. This version submitted to SC[ENCE ADVANCES on July 14, 2016 (just for fun).

Albert Einstein is quoted as saying, "For knowledge is limited to all we now know and understand, while imagination embraces the entire world, and all there ever will be to know and understand." Experiments and mathematics have done a superb job of integrating the human mind's reasoning abilities with the universe. I believe we have now reached the point where the separateness maths and experiments rely on must be surpassed. The trend of discoveries in physics is towards unification of the whole universe, and all time, into one thing ... one event. Start with 19th century scientist James Clerk Maxwell uniting electricity and magnetism into electromagnetism. Then consider Albert Einstein's attempt in the 20th century to unite electromagnetism with gravitation and produce a Unified Field Theory. Lastly, think of modern physics' dream to unite everything into the TOE (Theory of Everything). One day, the Unified Field or TOE will be successfully achieved and it might extend far beyond the wildest hopes of today's science. In 1911 Vladimir Varićak asserted that length contraction is “real” according to Lorentz, while it is “apparent or subjective” according to Einstein. Einstein replied: “The author unjustifiably stated a difference of Lorentz’s view and that of mine concerning the physical facts. The question as to whether length contraction really exists or not is misleading. It doesn’t “really” exist, in so far as it doesn’t exist for a comoving observer; though it “really” exists, i.e. in such a way that it could be demonstrated in principle by physical means by a non-comoving observer.” (a non-comoving observer is eg an experimenter in a scientific facility or medical lab) Since "non-comoving" maths/experiments have done an excellent job of integrating our reasoning with the cosmos, they will be referenced frequently and occupy by far the greatest portion of this article. However, "co-moving" with Unification now opens the door for other aspects of the mind, such as imagination and intuition, to become an essential part of our comprehension of the universe we live in. This article is definitely is too far fetched if we look at it from the viewpoint of today's science. But that doesn't mean it can't be true. I'm fascinated by the distant future - so I started with known science and let my imagination see what that science could develop into. Someone from 200 years ago could have combined known science with imagination, and developed a picture of possibilities for today. In the early 1800's, it would have sounded impossibly far fetched ... but it might have come true. Maybe the wild imaginations of the few give other people goals to approach with baby steps - and goals that eventually come into reality.
Category: Mind Science

[101] viXra:1606.0095 [pdf] replaced on 2016-07-12 10:53:26

On The Methodological Profile of GSR Studies in the light of the Recent Advances Obtained in the Knowledge of Its Neurological Correlates

Authors: Rich Norman, Cengiz Mordeniz, Leonardo Mendolicchio, Enrico Pierangeli, Paolo Pannarale, Franco Orsucci, Elio Conte
Comments: 19 Pages.

The primary focus of this report is to advance in depth study of the neurological correlates of GSR with the intention, on one hand, to clarify the neurological patterns produced during recording, monitoring and analysis of GSR, and on the other hand, to delineate the methodological profile that absolutely must be followed during the recording of this GSR signal. In this context, the present relation formulates the methodological criteria that the operator must follow during the recording, monitoring, and analysis of the GSR signal. The relation defines and prioritizes GSR signal evaluation under these different conditions: the GSR should be recorded at rest and affected by different stimuli, specifically: visual stimuli such as sudden bursts of light as well as images modified to create multi-level energetic allocations, that is, soft images but also more potent images able to induce strong visual perturbation, linguistic stimuli including words and phrases across a spectrum of energetic/affective presentation (neutral, soft, strong and shocking), tactile stimuli (again soft, sudden, and of short duration as well as strong, shocking and continued [of consistent duration]), addressing different parts of the body throughout the session. Auditory stimulus and olfactory stimulus will be included in the test procedures. All the stimuli may be repeated several times in order to evaluate habituation, memory, recall and other important neurological functions. Other stimuli may be used to foster memory load and stress, as well as conflicting semantic stimuli, respectively, to be represented in resultant numerical calculations reflecting mental performance, evidenced through Stroop effects, and every other cognitive demonstration. It is important to keep in mind that the most difficult step in maintaining accurate GSR monitoring and analysis, is to insure proper subjective evaluation of the manner in which a subject responds to different levels of visual input, sounds, words, language strings (phrases) and tactile stimuli, in the context of habituation, meaning, the performance of subject response to repeated identical subsequent stimuli, or mnemic recall of previous stimuli. For proper evaluation of subjective parameters, that is calibration, it is necessary the explore a great variety of stimuli differentiated as previously described. The term calibration here refers to the fact that each subject has a subjective behavioral component in their GSR. Therefore, it becomes of fundamental importance to identify and estimate the basic parameters in his/her personal context in absolute values as well as in relation to standards, eventually established, tabulated and recorded from normal subjects constituting a large GSR database obtained by monitoring a suitable population of subjects. Consequently, the various responses to a defined stimuli have a particular, fundamental role in GSR monitoring that relates to the methodological profile since, under different conditions of stimulus, the operator may calibrate the recorded GSR subjective profile in terms of the basic parameters derived across population that characterize the phase of the GSR signal, such as Habituation, Latency Time under stimuli, Reaction Times, Peak Values subsequent to stimuli, Half Recovery Time following the peak amplitude of the phase, yielding a baseline value resultant of different stimuli, within the neurological correlates identified across a sampled population, allowing a correct, relative subjective analysis of the tone and of the phase of the GSR signal by Linear and Non Linear methodologies. Toward this end it is important to recall that GSR is an intrinsically non linear electrophysiological signal. Therefore its recording enables subsequent analysis based from one side on the fixation and estimation of basic established parameters such as latency, reaction times, peak amplitude, half recovery time, baseline compared at rest and after various stimuli as specified, and from the other, relating that baseline to aspects of the time series for the tone and phase of each subject subjected to analysis by non linear methodologies. In this way we may ascertain the real inner structure of the complex electrophysiological signal.
Category: Mind Science

[100] viXra:1606.0095 [pdf] replaced on 2016-06-17 18:09:22

On The Methodological Profile of GSR Studies in the light of the Recent Advances Obtained in the Knowledge of Its Neurological Correlates

Authors: Rich Norman, Leonardo Mendolicchio, Cengiz Mordeniz, Enrico Pieranageli, Paolo Pannarale, Franco Orsucci, Elio Conte
Comments: 19 Pages.

The primary focus of this report is to advance in depth study of the neurological correlates of GSR with the intention, on one hand, to clarify the neurological patterns produced during recording, monitoring and analysis of GSR, and on the other hand, to delineate the methodological profile that absolutely must be followed during the recording of this GSR signal. In this context, the present relation formulates the methodological criteria that the operator must follow during the recording, monitoring, and analysis of the GSR signal. The relation defines and prioritizes GSR signal evaluation under these different conditions: the GSR should be recorded at rest and affected by different stimuli, specifically: visual stimuli such as sudden bursts of light as well as images modified to create multi-level energetic allocations, that is, soft images but also more potent images able to induce strong visual perturbation, linguistic stimuli including words and phrases across a spectrum of energetic/affective presentation (neutral, soft, strong and shocking), tactile stimuli (again soft, sudden, and of short duration as well as strong, shocking and continued [of consistent duration]), addressing different parts of the body throughout the session. Auditory stimulus and olfactory stimulus will be included in the test procedures. All the stimuli may be repeated several times in order to evaluate habituation, memory, recall and other important neurological functions. Other stimuli may be used to foster memory load and stress, as well as conflicting semantic stimuli, respectively, to be represented in resultant numerical calculations reflecting mental performance, evidenced through Stroop effects, and every other cognitive demonstration. It is important to keep in mind that the most difficult step in maintaining accurate GSR monitoring and analysis, is to insure proper subjective evaluation of the manner in which a subject responds to different levels of visual input, sounds, words, language strings (phrases) and tactile stimuli, in the context of habituation, meaning, the performance of subject response to repeated identical subsequent stimuli, or mnemic recall of previous stimuli. For proper evaluation of subjective parameters, that is calibration, it is necessary the explore a great variety of stimuli differentiated as previously described. The term calibration here refers to the fact that each subject has a subjective behavioral component in their GSR. Therefore, it becomes of fundamental importance to identify and estimate the basic parameters in his/her personal context in absolute values as well as in relation to standards, eventually established, tabulated and recorded from normal subjects constituting a large GSR database obtained by monitoring a suitable population of subjects. Consequently, the various responses to a defined stimuli have a particular, fundamental role in GSR monitoring that relates to the methodological profile since, under different conditions of stimulus, the operator may calibrate the recorded GSR subjective profile in terms of the basic parameters derived across population that characterize the phase of the GSR signal, such as Habituation, Latency Time under stimuli, Reaction Times, Peak Values subsequent to stimuli, Half Recovery Time following the peak amplitude of the phase, yielding a baseline value resultant of different stimuli, within the neurological correlates identified across a sampled population, allowing a correct, relative subjective analysis of the tone and of the phase of the GSR signal by Linear and Non Linear methodologies. Toward this end it is important to recall that GSR is an intrinsically non linear electrophysiological signal. Therefore its recording enables subsequent analysis based from one side on the fixation and estimation of basic established parameters such as latency, reaction times, peak amplitude, half recovery time, baseline compared at rest and after various stimuli as specified, and from the other, relating that baseline to aspects of the time series for the tone and phase of each subject subjected to analysis by non linear methodologies. In this way we may ascertain the real inner structure of the complex electrophysiological signal.
Category: Mind Science

[99] viXra:1605.0238 [pdf] replaced on 2016-07-11 18:36:28

A Review of Drive

Authors: S Halayka
Comments: 5 Pages.

A brief review of life drive and death drive is given.
Category: Mind Science

[98] viXra:1605.0238 [pdf] replaced on 2016-06-29 12:39:08

A Review of Drive

Authors: S Halayka
Comments: 5 Pages.

A brief review of life drive and death drive is given.
Category: Mind Science

[97] viXra:1605.0238 [pdf] replaced on 2016-06-21 11:00:02

A Review of Drive

Authors: S Halayka
Comments: 5 Pages.

A brief review of life drive and death drive is given.
Category: Mind Science

[96] viXra:1605.0238 [pdf] replaced on 2016-06-17 10:50:42

A Review of Drive

Authors: S Halayka
Comments: 5 Pages.

A brief review of life drive and death drive is given.
Category: Mind Science

[95] viXra:1605.0238 [pdf] replaced on 2016-06-10 13:50:25

A Review of Drive

Authors: S Halayka
Comments: 2 Pages.

A brief review of life drive and death drive is given.
Category: Mind Science

[94] viXra:1510.0009 [pdf] replaced on 2015-10-02 13:29:38

Qualia (Subjectivity) as a Manifestation of an Interface Between Dark and Ordinary Matter

Authors: Evgeny A. Novikov
Comments: 6 Pages.

This work is based on modification of the general relativity, which includes effects of production /absorption of matter by the vacuum. The theory (without fitting parameters) is in good quantitative agreement with cosmological observations. In this theory we got an interface between dark and ordinary matter, which very likely exist not only in cosmos, but everywhere, including our body and, especially, our brain. Subjective experiences are considered as a manifestation of that interface. This opens a possibility of a "communication" with dark matter. Probable applications of these ideas include health (brain stimulation), communication, computational capabilities and energy resources.
Category: Mind Science

[93] viXra:1505.0146 [pdf] replaced on 2015-05-31 08:05:57

Thoughts on Qualia for Machines

Authors: Nordin Zakaria
Comments: 7 Pages.

I speculate upon the idea that qualia comprise of quanta or packets, and that each packet is generated by physical processes within a neuron, possibly at the quantum level. Pattern-specific neuronal activation causes wave-like interactions among the packets, leading to phenomenal sensation. In essence, I provide in this paper a new panpsychic interpretation of the hard problem of consciousness.
Category: Mind Science

[92] viXra:1502.0129 [pdf] replaced on 2015-03-05 01:04:27

What Is Consciousness

Authors: Rodney Bartlett
Comments: 9 Pages.

What is the difference between the mind and the brain? The brain is thought to be roughly three pounds of physical material but nobody seems to have adequately defined what the mind is. I’ve recently read interesting thoughts by mathematical physicist Roger Penrose and anesthesiologist Stuart Hameroff; as well as by 20th-century Austrian physicist Wolfgang Pauli, Austrian theoretical physicist Erwin Schrodinger, Discover Magazine’s writer Shannon Palus and philosopher / neuroscientist Eddy Nahmias. I’d like to weave these thoughts together (with a few of my own) to hopefully find a satisfactory definition of mind. In the article’s Highlights, this proposed definition obeys fractal geometry and proceeds from universe-pervading consciousness to the mind of an immaterial body and brain (events outside the attention of the conscious mind are, by definition, in the unconscious). The large-scale of the cosmos and small-scale of humans or organelles in cells (or atoms in the inanimate) are united, so the definition could also proceed in reverse. That approach will be taken now. If the reader thinks those paragraphs dealing with space-time, engineering and maths have departed from the mind / brain topic; I point out that it’s included as an extension of my “elimination of distance” argument and is intended to further demonstrate the validity of that unusual idea. Also, I’m convinced absolutely everything is intricately related. To understand anything completely, it should be incorporated into the “big picture” of the entire cosmos and all time. Most doctors today are convinced the true nature of mind will eventually be discovered simply by continued study of the brain. From my point of view, this won't happen. We need to sacrifice the reductionist, conservative beliefs that have served us so well to this point. A holistic, imaginative approach seems to be necessary to find out what the mind is. An approach where consciousness isn't even limited to the body, but embraces the whole universe and all time. Highlights •The universe and brain are ultimately composed of base 2 mathematics. •This means consciousness is not limited to the brain but pervades the universe. •Mind is neither reducible to, nor distinct from, the workings of our brain. •Another view is that mind deletes distance between brains and space-time. •Learning is potentially unlimited – extending to remotest times and entire cosmos. •Fractals repeat cosmos on small scales (immaterial human bodies=infinite learning).
Category: Mind Science

[91] viXra:1407.0123 [pdf] replaced on 2014-09-18 10:44:34

Ultradian Rhythms and Timings of Human Rem-Sleep Stages

Authors: Oleg D. Kotchnev
Comments: 26 pages, 6 pictures, eng, rus

Descriptions of dreams and the timings of associated REM-sleep stages have been recorded over a long period of time (more than 1 year). Invariance of the probability distribution of awakenings within a certain period of ultradian rhythm over random sample reveals the influence of the rhythm on the timings of the sleep stages.
Category: Mind Science

[90] viXra:1405.0313 [pdf] replaced on 2014-05-27 02:34:59

Meditation Aids Psychiatric Disorder Management and Enhance Adaptive Immunity Via up-Regulating Parasympathetic Tone

Authors: Wan-chung Hu
Comments: 7 Pages.

Meditation is a common practice in certain religions. Non religion meditation practice is now more and more popular. Meditation can provide a stress relief method via relaxation reaction. It can enhance parasympathetic tone and suppress sympathetic tone. Sympathetic nerve system is a fear-and-fight stress machinery accompanying steroid secretion. Majority of anxiety and depression patients are found hypersecretion of glucocorticoid with enhancing stress response. Meditation can lower cortisol, up-regulate dorpamine/serotonine/oxytocin/endorphin to reduce stress reaction. In addition, parasympathetic system enhances adaptive immunity and suppresses innate immunity; sympathetic system enhances innate immunity and suppresses adaptive immunity. Thus, meditation can help us to booster host adaptive immunity to cope with infections. Thus, mediation can be useful for managing psychiatric disorders as well as enhancing host immunity.
Category: Mind Science

[89] viXra:1405.0218 [pdf] replaced on 2014-05-12 10:00:15

The Past Physics and a Future Sociology Revolutions

Authors: Emanuel Gluskin
Comments: 3 Pages. An important challenge that the sociology has to face is pointed out.

It is explained that sociology has to be drastically changed, in order to face the important problem of the growing dictatorship of intellect which will inevitable lead to intense societal stresses. It becomes more and more difficult for simple people, -- i.e. those who have the noble vocation to preserve, just by their simplicity, the healthy nature of the human, -- to live with a clear mind and be thus respected. The concepts of sociological research should be properly extended, becoming more "outdoor" and more "fighting". The sociology as a whole will (should) become a very important field of modern human thought.
Category: Mind Science

[88] viXra:1403.0980 [pdf] replaced on 2014-04-06 15:58:58

About Quantising Unconscious Decision Processes and Their Origin and Proving Intelligent Design

Authors: Martin K. Dubreuil, Sergii Koliada
Comments: 30 Pages. This paper will be forwarded to a peer-reviewed journal after its completion. It was submitted here to invite people to review and criticise the paper.

Prompted by previous research results we analysed human decision processes for unconscious patterns. Like former studies [1, 2] we were able to find law-like patterns that were not consciously created. We calculated the residual uncertainty about the pattern to 1 : 1,000,000,000 and proved a high correlation ratio for the data source related to the found pattern through an intra class correlation test (3.2). We showed that conscious (3.3) and unconscious human behaviour and natural selection (3.4) are not able to explain this result. This includes the possibility to prove Intelligent Design (3.4).
Category: Mind Science

[87] viXra:1403.0980 [pdf] replaced on 2014-04-04 17:00:00

About Quantising Unconscious Decision Processes and Their Origin and Proving Intelligent Design

Authors: Martin K. Dubreuil, Sergii Koliada
Comments: 29 Pages.

Prompted by previous research results we analysed human decision processes for unconscious patterns. Like former studies [1, 2] we were able to find law-like patterns that were not consciously created. We calculated the residual uncertainty about the pattern to 1 : 1,000,000,000 and proved a high correlation ratio for the data source related to the found pattern through an intra class correlation test.
Category: Mind Science

[86] viXra:1403.0974 [pdf] replaced on 2014-11-23 10:46:58

Categorising Different Types of Noetically Perceived Fields -v2

Authors: Jeffrey S. Keen
Comments: 14 Pages, 11 Figures, 3 Tables

The mind’s intuitive, noetic, or dowsable response to different situations are categorised to help understand its causes. In this paper, nine different subtle energy types have been identified and itemised together with some of their properties. They all have a connection to the earth’s environment and the laws of physics. This is convincingly demonstrated by using an abstract geometrical source that combines tetrahedral geometry and certain Pythagorean triangles allowing the mind to create the 9 subtle energy types. This technique enables the reader to fine-tune his or her noetic or dowsing skills, or use this paper for further serious scientific research into both the mind and its interaction with the cosmos. Key words. Noetics, the mind, dowsing, intent, subtle energy, categorisation, Pythagorean triangles, structure of the universe
Category: Mind Science

[85] viXra:1403.0671 [pdf] replaced on 2014-10-23 16:34:50

To be a Jew (The Motivating Contrast, the Psychological Incompatibility, the Intellectual Nonconformity, and the Fighting Sentimentalism)

Authors: Emanuel Gluskin
Comments: 18 Pages. This is an important in its topic and unique in its treatment sociological work. In this version, Appendix 4, extending the topic of human thinking conformity, is added.

The basic role of Jews is defined as creating a motivating contrast between the mass of the people who often get into trouble, and the subsequently arising leader (prophet) who calls for conscience in order to help the people to survive the trouble. The words of the Old Testament: "You will bring the light to other nations" are understood as a reflection of the fact that such a prophet is important for the whole of humanity. The main reason for anti-Semitism is seen as some psychological incompatibility (perhaps, of some weak autistic nature) of Jews in their contacts with other people. This incompatibility, however, defends Jews against acquiring the feature of conformity of human society (psychology), -- the conformity that has caused serious moral problems over the world. Jews are thus presented as irritating, but positively thinking and contributing people. It is dangerous but interesting to be a Jew.
Category: Mind Science

[84] viXra:1403.0671 [pdf] replaced on 2014-09-08 08:57:24

To be a Jew (The Reality of the Motivating Contrast, the Psychological Incompatibility, the Intellectual Nonconformity, and the Fighting Sentimentalism)

Authors: Emanuel Gluskin
Comments: 17 Pages. It is a very important topic, touching several sociology problems. This version is strongly reworked.

The basic role of Jews is defined as creating a motivating contrast between the mass of the people who often get into trouble, and the subsequently arising leader (prophet) who calls for conscience in order to help the people to survive the trouble. The words of the Old Testament: "You will bring the light to other nations" are understood as a reflection of the fact that such a prophet is important for the whole of humanity. The main reason for anti-Semitism is seen as some psychological incompatibility (perhaps, of some weak autistic nature) of Jews in their contacts with other people. This incompatibility, however, defends Jews against acquiring the feature of conformity of human society (psychology), -- the conformity that has caused serious moral problems over the world. Jews are thus presented as irritating, but positively thinking and contributing people. It is dangerous but interesting to be a Jew.
Category: Mind Science

[83] viXra:1403.0671 [pdf] replaced on 2014-09-08 05:23:48

To be a Jew (The Reality of the Motivating Contrast, the Psychological Incompatibility, the Intellectual Nonconformity, and the Fighting Sentimentalism)

Authors: Emanuel Gluskin
Comments: 17 Pages. It is a very important topic, touching several sociology problems. A strongly reworked version.

The basic role of Jews is defined as creating a motivating contrast between the mass of the people who often get into trouble, and the subsequently arising leader (prophet) who calls for conscience in order to help the people to survive the trouble. The words of the Old Testament: "You will bring the light to other nations" are understood as a reflection of the fact that such a prophet is important for the whole of humanity. The main reason for anti-Semitism is seen as some psychological incompatibility (perhaps, of some weak autistic nature) of Jews in their contacts with other people. This incompatibility, however, defends Jews against acquiring the feature of conformity of human society (psychology), -- the conformity that has caused serious moral problems over the world. Jews are thus presented as irritating, but positively thinking and contributing people. It is dangerous but interesting to be a Jew.
Category: Mind Science

[82] viXra:1403.0671 [pdf] replaced on 2014-07-06 07:23:34

To be a Jew: the Reality of the Motivating Contrast and the Fighting Sentimentalism

Authors: Emanuel Gluskin
Comments: 10 Pages. Reworked. From the mind and from the heart. I hope that this can make the situation better.

The basic role of Jews is defined as creating a motivating contrast between the mass of the people who often get into trouble, and the subsequently arising leader (prophet) who calls for conscience in order to help the people to survive the trouble.
Category: Mind Science

[81] viXra:1403.0671 [pdf] replaced on 2014-05-14 11:18:39

To be a Jew: the Reality of the Motivating Contrast and the Fighting Sentimentalism

Authors: Emanuel Gluskin
Comments: 7 Pages. From the mind and from the heart. I hope that this will make the situation better.

The basic role of Jews is defined as creating a motivating contrast between the mass of the people who often get into trouble, and the subsequently arising leader (prophet) who calls for conscience in order to help the people to survive the trouble.
Category: Mind Science

[80] viXra:1403.0671 [pdf] replaced on 2014-03-26 11:23:40

To be a Jew

Authors: Emanuel Gluskin
Comments: 5 Pages. I tried to be objective regarding the very problematic fate and the role of my nation to which I am proud to belong; please, read the references.

The basic role of Jews is defined as creating a motivating contrast between the mass of the people who often get into trouble, and the subsequently arising leader (prophet) who calls for conscience in order to help the people to survive the trouble.
Category: Mind Science

[79] viXra:1403.0671 [pdf] replaced on 2014-03-22 17:03:23

To be a Jew

Authors: Emanuel Gluskin
Comments: 3 Pages. I tried to be objective regarding the very problematic fate and the role of my nation, to which I am proud to belong; please, really read the references!

The basic role of Jews is defined as creating a motivating contrast between the mass of the people who often get into trouble, and the subsequently arising leader (prophet) who calls for conscience in order to help the people to survive the trouble.
Category: Mind Science

[78] viXra:1309.0180 [pdf] replaced on 2013-10-10 06:26:13

Dreams Are Such Things...

Authors: K.Blackburn Jones
Comments: 14 Pages.

ABSTRACT Evolution, the working-out of animal ancestry, has largely been overlooked in the search to understand consciousness and dreaming. And, although both consciousness and dreaming have had their fair share of attention and experimentation they remain relatively unexplained. Dreaming and consciousness are usually described as phenomena. I want to bring them both closer to the real world as we know it. My desire is not to argue with academics but to urge them to investigate evolution further than has been done to-date. The one way to do this it seems, is to go back, perhaps billions of years, to try to imagine being a simple cellular mass, itching (for want of a better word), to survive. This exposition can only make an attempt to describe the progress of evolution. It contains simple conjecture arrived at through a mixture of common sense and logic. It will attempt to demonstrate why, and when, during the process of evolution these two phenomena/adaptations, plus other necessary adaptations, emerged; the probably order of each emergence; and posit their survival advantages.
Category: Mind Science