Nuclear and Atomic Physics

1404 Submissions

[11] viXra:1404.0471 [pdf] submitted on 2014-04-28 11:29:47

Superheavy Spherical Nuclei. Island of Stability

Authors: Lubomir Vlcek
Comments: 2 Pages. Manuscript has been accepted for review in Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Physics

In the present paper we show, that nuclei Os 192, Pt 198, Hg 198, Hg 200, Hg 201, Hg 204, Tl 205, Pb 206, Pb 207, At 210, Pa 231, Th 232, AcU 235, Np 237, Pu 240, Am 242, Cm 247, Ku 261, and more create an island of stability. Keywords: superheavy spherical nuclei, island of stability, sphere 192 PACS number: 21.60.-n
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[10] viXra:1404.0457 [pdf] submitted on 2014-04-24 14:33:47

Capacitance Definition in the Atomic Scale and Its Applications

Authors: Ali A. Elabd, El-Sayed M. El-Rabaie, Abdel-Aziz T. Shalaby
Comments: 7 Pages.

In this letter we introduce the definition of the capacitance in the atomic scale. The capacitance in the atomic scale is the same as the macro scale but the electrodes will be the maximum probability sheets of finding the electron. Based on this definition, an electrical model – equivalent circuit – for atom's emission is presented and Hydrogen atom is taken as an example. The line spectra of Iron and Sodium are used to verify the model. Also the concept of capacitance property is introduced. It means the capacitance between the upper and lower quantum states of the valence and conduction band energies respectively.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[9] viXra:1404.0438 [pdf] submitted on 2014-04-21 11:43:40

32 Cosmic Energies and their Clifford Algebras

Authors: John Frederick Sweeney
Comments: 63 Pages. charts

In a recent paper, the author explained the function and purpose of Brahma in Vedic Nuclear Physics, in relation to the 9 x 9 Vastu Purusha Mandala, commonly used in Vastu Shasta, known as the Indian form of Feng Shui, but which predates that form by many millennia. This paper overlays a grid of Clifford Algebras and Matrix Algebras over this ancient 9 x 9 Vastu Purusha in an attempt to derive correspondence between the 32 deities of the Vastu Purusha and contemporary mathematical physics. Next, a hypothesis: having established the veracity of the 9 x 9 Vastu Purusha and its 32 deities, is it possible to draw isomorphic relationships between the matrix algebras, Clifford Algebras and ancient Vedic deities? This paper attempts to do so. In addition, the paper solves elementary questions about Five Elements and rotation of the Svas Tika.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[8] viXra:1404.0434 [pdf] replaced on 2014-06-07 05:27:58

Exotic Mesons, Hadrons and the Electro-Strong Interaction

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 12 Pages.

Exotic Mesons and Hadrons are high energy states of Quark oscillations. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions. Lattice QCD gives the same results as the diffraction patterns of the electromagnetic oscillators, explaining the color confinement and the asymptotic freedom of the Strong Interactions.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[7] viXra:1404.0426 [pdf] submitted on 2014-04-18 23:54:28

Brahma In Vedic Physics

Authors: John Frederick Sweeney
Comments: 28 Pages. 6 charts

Vedic Physics includes a theory of the emergence of matter from the invisible Substratum of Thaamic matter, into either the stable 8 x 8 Satwa Material or the dynamic 9 x 9 Raja form. Matter emerges in two dimensions from the Substratum, emerging at the very center of a circle, with the extrusion of tiny particles of Dark Matter through a central hole, at the logarithm of e, or the Euler Number. The extrusion of matter through the central hole exerts force on peripheral areas. This phenomenon helps to explain why Brahma is considered as the center of the Vedic Square, or the 9 x 9 Vastu Shastra, as well as the central No. 5 Square in the 3 x 3 Magic Square of Chinese divination, including Qi Men Dun Jia. The irony here is that Professor Minkowski has shown us the irrelevance of Minkowski Time. The appropriate temporal scheme for analysis of most phenomena is that based on Heavenly Stems and Earth Branches of sixty Jia Zi and the system of Na Yin, which includes Five Element information, founded on Base 60 Mathematics and used in China for millennia.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[6] viXra:1404.0248 [pdf] submitted on 2014-04-16 04:41:18

Spectral line Hα

Authors: Lubomir Vlcek
Comments: 7 Pages. The article is ready for publication

Speeds of electrons and protons in atoms are small. For example: An electron moving at a speed ve= 0,003c creates spectral line Hα. Accurate electron speeds are given in the table in this article. Confirmation of Doppler´s principle in hydrogen for Balmer line Hα.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[5] viXra:1404.0075 [pdf] submitted on 2014-04-09 22:26:41

A Spiral Structure for Elementary Particles

Authors: Suraj Kumar
Comments: 9 Pages.

In this paper we have tried to deduce the possible origin of particle and evolution of their intrinsic properties through spiral dynamics. We consider some of the observations which include exponential mass function of particles following a sequence when fitted on logarithmic potential spiral, inwardly rotating spiral dynamics in Reaction-Diffusion System, the separation of Electron’s Spin-Charge-Orbit into quasi-particles. The paper brings a picture of particles and their Anti Particles in spiral form and explains how the difference in structure varies their properties. It also explains the effects on particles in Accelerator deduced through spiral dynamics.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[4] viXra:1404.0051 [pdf] replaced on 2015-07-19 02:44:03

Pair Production Explained in a Hidden Variable Theory

Authors: Dirk J. Pons, Arion D. Pons, Aiden J. Pons
Comments: 21 Pages. Pons, D. J., Pons, A. D. and Pons, A. J. (2015) Pair Production Explained in a Hidden Variable Theory. Journal of Nuclear and Particle Physics 5(3): 58-69.

Problem- Pair production is a key component of mass-energy equivalence yet the deeper processes whereby photons transform into matter-antimatter pairs are unknown. Purpose- A theory is presented for the mechanics of pair production at the fundamental level. Approach- Physical realism was accepted at the outset. A theory was developed comprising internal structures (hidden variables) and discrete fields, called the Cordus theory. Logical inference was used to determine the mechanics for pair production under these assumptions. Findings- Particles are found to be defined by their field emissions, with rearrangement of those fields changing the particle’s identity. The process mechanics are extracted from the theory, and successfully applied to explain remanufacture of the evanescent discrete fields of the photon into the electric fields of the electron and antielectron. The mechanics also explains recoil dependency on photon polarisation. Surprisingly, it also provides a physically natural explanation for electron holes. Originality- The ability to set out a mechanics for pair production at the foundational level is a novel advancement, as is the ability to explain in a physically natural way why the causality involves angular orientations of the inputs (polarisation) and outputs (recoil). There is further novelty in achieving this from the non-local hidden-variable sector of physics. Implications- Annihilation, which is the inverse process, has also been demonstrated within this same framework. An ontological explanation for mass-energy equivalence is now available by assuming physical realism and that particles have internal structures. These explanations are logically consistent with the rest of the Cordus theory for other phenomena. The hidden-variable sector is shown to have yielded an alternative theory of fundamental physics with excellent explanatory power under physical realism. It provides novel insights into processes at the next deeper level of physics, and shows a candidate route to a new physics.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[3] viXra:1404.0032 [pdf] replaced on 2014-04-07 20:47:13

Initiating a Hypothetical Molecular Upgrade to Iso-Electronium with Topological Deformation Order Parameters for Spontaneous Superfluidic Gauge Symmetry Breaking

Authors: Nathan O. Schmidt, Reza Katebi, Christian Corda
Comments: 13 pages, 6 figures, submitted to the Hadronic Journal

In this preliminary work, we propose a hypothesis and initiate a step-by-step, systematic upgrade to the cutting-edge iso-electronium model by further equipping it with order parameters of fractional statistics to encode the topological deformations, spontaneous superfluidic gauge symmetry breaking, correlated helices with long range order, and wavepacket wavefunctions for the toroidal polarizations. For this initial case, we consider the singlet planar coupling of two hydrogen atoms that are interlocked with a Santilli-Shillady strong valence bond to form a molecule with iso-electronium. The enhancement results support our hypothesis and are significant because the order parameters arm the iso-electronium model an extra degree of freedom to work with, which may authorize us to further decode and comprehend the underlying physical mechanisms and features associated with the configuration of the toroidal polarizations. Thus, these outcomes should be subjected to additional rigorous scrutiny and improvement via the scientific method.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[2] viXra:1404.0020 [pdf] submitted on 2014-04-02 19:48:18

The Spherical Solution of Schrödinger Equation Does not Agree with Any Experiment: Toward New Energy Methods Based on George Shpenkov’s Wave Equation

Authors: Victor Christianto
Comments: 23 Pages. This paper has been submitted to Prespacetime Journal

In light of the fact that our world requires new energy supply in order to replace fossil based energy, then it seems that new theory is badly needed – because it is often true that new energy requires new theory. And new theory can only come from new insights. In this paper, I will review the inadequacy of spherical solution of Schrödinger equation to say anything about the structure of molecules. It is a common fact, that the spherical solution of Schrodinger equation is hardly discussed properly in many quantum mechanics textbooks, with excuse that it is too complicated. Then I will discuss George Shpenkov’s wave equation which is able to derive the periodic table of elements, and other phenomena related to the structure of molecules, which is an elusive dream from the viewpoint of quantum mechanics. It is argued here that one can expect to arrive at new energy methods using this wave equation as starting point, for instance by virtue of resonance vibration theory. Nonetheless, it is not our view here that the Shpenkov’s wave equation can substitute wave mechanics completely, instead we prefer to say that it can be a complementary approach of wave mechanics. By referring to Schrödinger’s dream in his 1926 paper to find connection between his wave mechanics and vibration frequency, I think that Shpenkov’s wave equation can fulfill that dream.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[1] viXra:1404.0019 [pdf] submitted on 2014-04-02 20:04:36

Are Virtual Particles Really Constantly Popping in and Out of Existence? Can Laser Make Them Real?

Authors: Victor Christianto
Comments: 5 Pages. This paper has not been submitted to any journal. Comments are welcome.

This article is summary of discussion in concerning possibility to use laser to create real particle from virtual particles (Schwinger effect).Virtual particles are indeed real particles. Quantum theory predicts that every particle spends some time as a combination of other particles in all possible ways. These predictions are very well understood and tested. Quantum mechanics allows, and indeed requires, temporary violations of conservation of energy, so one particle can become a pair of heavier particles (the so-called virtual particles), which quickly rejoin into the original particle as if they had never been there.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics