Nuclear and Atomic Physics

1611 Submissions

[4] viXra:1611.0276 [pdf] submitted on 2016-11-19 09:05:32

Small, Non-Expensive Electric Impulse Thermonuclear Reactor with Collising Jets

Authors: Alexander Bolonkin
Comments: 23 Pages.

In last sixty years, the scientists spent the tens billion dollars attempting to develop useful thermonuclear energy. However, they cannot yet reach a stable thermonuclear reaction. They still are promising publically, after another 15 – 20 years, and more tens of billions of US dollars to finally design the expensive workable industrial installation, which possibly will produce electric energy more expensive than current heat, wind and hydroelectric stations can in 2015. The author offers the new, small cheap electric cumulative thermonuclear reactors, which increases the temperature and pressure of its nuclear fuel by millions of times, reaches the required ignition stage and, ultimately, constant contained thermonuclear reaction. Electric Cumulative AB Reactors contain several innovations to achieve its product. Chief among them in electric thermonuclear reactors are using electric voltage 50 ÷ 1000 kV (an electric condenser discharge), which allows to heat the compressed fuel in special pellet by electric impulse up hundreds millions degrees of temperature. In electric cumulative vertion of AB thermonuclear reactors the fuel nucleus are heated by high electric voltage (50 ÷ 1000 kV) up the hundreds millions degree and cumulative compressed into center of the special cylindrical fuel cartridge. The additional compressing and combustion time the fuel nucleus may have from electric pinch-effect and heavy nucleus of the fuel cartridge cover. The main advantages of the offered method are very small electric fuel cartridge (11-18 mm) and small of the full reactor installation (reactor has the spherical diameter 0.3 - 3 m), using the many thermonuclear fuels at room temperature and possibility of using the offered thermonuclear reactor for transportation (ships, trains, aircrafts, rockets, etc.). Author gives theory and estimations of the suggested reactors. Author also is discussing the problems of converting the received thermonuclear energy into mechanical (electrical) energy and into rocket thrust. Offered small micro-reactors may be used as heaves (ignition, fusee) for small artillery nuclear projectiles and bombs.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[3] viXra:1611.0206 [pdf] submitted on 2016-11-13 08:30:32

Fusion Reactors – a Dream that Can Never Come True

Authors: Jose P Koshy
Comments: 5 Pages.

Nuclear fusion is primarily a process of 'system becoming dense', rather than 'fusion of two nuclei'. It is spontaneous in stars, which are light and are moving at high speeds. Earth is dense and moves at a comparatively slow speed. So on Earth, nuclear fusion is non-spontaneous – the energy input required to maintain the reaction will be greater than energy released. So it is practically impossible to produce energy from nuclear fusion reactions.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[2] viXra:1611.0112 [pdf] submitted on 2016-11-09 05:42:07

Muon Rings and Frequecy

Authors: Norman Graves
Comments: 2 Pages.

One of the more convincing experiments in support of Einstein’s special theory of relativity was conducted at CERN in 1977. The experiment involved injecting particles called Muons into a 14 metre diameter ring at speeds approaching that of light and observing their behaviour. The experiment shows conclusively that time is dilated and distances are compressed for the orbiting Muon. There is one other aspect of the experiment which however is often overlooked and that is the effect of relativity on frequency. Here it is shown that the orbital frequency experienced by the Muon is multiplied by a factor Gamma compared to that seen by a stationary observer.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[1] viXra:1611.0080 [pdf] submitted on 2016-11-06 15:17:38

MC Physics Model of Sub-Atomic Particles using Mono-Charges

Authors: Kenneth D. Oglesby
Comments: 11 Pages. Follow up to viXra paper 1609.0359v1.pdf by the same author

A new model of sub-atomic particles is proposed based on mono-charges. It is theorized that mono-charges form all matter and cause all force. Mono-charges are quantized electro-static charges by type (positive or negative) and strength / potential. Distribution of those mono-charges in the early Universe by their quantized properties is described. The process to form the elemental particles of quarks, electrons, neutrinos and photons is outlined. the process to then form composite particles of protons and neutrons, then leading up to atoms and molecules is also outlined.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics