Nuclear and Atomic Physics

1701 Submissions

[6] viXra:1701.0684 [pdf] replaced on 2017-02-08 03:50:56

Gravity as the Cause for Nuclear Force and Cosmological Acceleration

Authors: Henok Tadesse
Comments: 9 Pages.

The origin of the force holding protons and neutrons together in the nucleus has been one of the daunting puzzles of physics, regardless of the Standard Model explanation. One possible consideration is the force of gravity as responsible for the stability of the nucleus. However, this idea will be immediately dismissed because gravitational force as we know it is weaker than electromagnetic force by a factor of about 8 x 10-37 . This is the very reason that gravity has eluded the attention of physicists as a possible explanation of nuclear force. Nature has hidden its mystery for almost a century by looking ridiculous. We know gravitation as introduced by Newton and have been stuck with that for centuries. This paper reveals a drastically different law of gravitation that ultimately resolves the mystery of nuclear force. This theory also has the potential to explain the phenomenon of cosmological acceleration and the Pioneer anomaly. Gravity is a force that behaves differently at vastly different distance scales: nuclear and atomic scale, macroscopic scale and astronomical scale.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[5] viXra:1701.0681 [pdf] submitted on 2017-01-30 20:26:31

MC Physics – Force Unification Using Mono-Charges- Supplemental

Authors: Kenneth D. Oglesby
Comments: 3 Pages. Related to website and viXra papers #1701.0002, #1611.0080 and #1609.0359

MC Physics previously proposed unifying all fundamental forces as being derived from electro-static charge force. Force strength was caused by and only interacted with and between quantized mono-charges of a charge type and set charge strength. In a separate paper mono-charges and the F*SCoTt process to build all particles, atoms and matter were described. A modified Coulomb’s Law equation ( Charge Force, F = C1 * C2/ R^z ) for that unification was proposed, which also replaced Newton’s Law of Gravitation, and utilized a z relativistic impacted space exponent. For each individual mono-charge and from the measured experimental data, z = 1.0 (est. range 0.5 to 1.5) for fully relativistic compressed (down to 2 dimensional, circular dilution) space of the lowest known charged mono-charges (e.g. photons of light) moving at the relativistic speed of light; z = 2 for normal space that is mostly static of mixed low and high charged mono-charges (e.g. in typical binary mass bodies) as for gravity; and z > 3+ for stretched/ expanded space for static mono-charges of the highest strength, ie.quarks. The total force transaction z exponent between 2 mono-charges (MC1 and MC2) is proposed to be: z = ( z1 * z2 ) ^ 0.5
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[4] viXra:1701.0657 [pdf] submitted on 2017-01-29 02:27:53

A Simple Method of Determining the Mass of Hadrons

Authors: Nikola Perkovic
Comments: 6 Pages.

Determining the mass of hadrons was a predicament in Quantum Chromodynamics, suggestions and attempts of using a theory of lattice QCD for such determination has not provided satisfying results. This paper will suggest a new method that offers 99% accuracy therefore much higher than lattice QCD, as well as simplicity. The methodology provided in this paper is relatively simple which makes it easier to do the calculus without unnecessarily losing time on extremely complex equations that serve not practical purpose since the accuracy of lattice QCD in determining hadrionic mass is approximately 10% which is underwhelming. The aforementioned new method will be applied for protons, neutrons and pions.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[3] viXra:1701.0488 [pdf] submitted on 2017-01-14 09:15:15

“A Real Picture” of Formation of Primary, Composing Elements of the Matter and the Results of Their Interaction

Authors: Viktor S.Dolgikh
Comments: 16 Pages. In english and in russian

I present this article as a part of my work “HE”: the beginning. A real picture of creation of primary, composing elements of matter and the results of their interaction are described. Introductory and advertising part of it is omitted because of the expected "sarcasm", which will disappear at the end of the article. Many years of practical approach to thinking is the main item in the content of the presented work. It is given in a very condensed form without "tiring" description of the presented picture. Its final statement is given on page 12. The following extended explanation, and main description of basic directions: - the variety of particles due to the result of their division, disintegration and their unnatural creation; - the structure of atoms and molecules of matter in the classification of their states; - the frame structure of the "live" part of this kind of matter with its diversity; - the evolution of matter development, which are constantly being in the process of work, will depend on the interest to this article and are presented in the following publications. To clarify the text I am sending the original.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[2] viXra:1701.0486 [pdf] submitted on 2017-01-14 06:34:49

Key Properties of Hot Nuclei

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 16 Pages.

In accordance with the rules of quantum mechanics, the atomic nucleus has discrete energy levels. [13] Research conducted at the National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory at Michigan State University has shed new light on the structure of the nucleus, that tiny congregation of protons and neutrons found at the core of every atom. [12] The work elucidates the interplay between collective and single-particle excitations in nuclei and proposes a quantitative theoretical explanation. It has as such great potential to advance our understanding of nuclear structure. [11] When two protons approaching each other pass close enough together, they can " feel " each other, similar to the way that two magnets can be drawn closely together without necessarily sticking together. According to the Standard Model, at this grazing distance, the protons can produce a pair of W bosons. [10] The fact that the neutron is slightly more massive than the proton is the reason why atomic nuclei have exactly those properties that make our world and ultimately our existence possible. Eighty years after the discovery of the neutron, a team of physicists from France, Germany, and Hungary headed by Zoltán Fodor, a researcher from Wuppertal, has finally calculated the tiny neutron-proton mass difference. [9] Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions. Lattice QCD gives the same results as the diffraction patterns of the electromagnetic oscillators, explaining the color confinement and the asymptotic freedom of the Strong Interactions.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[1] viXra:1701.0002 [pdf] submitted on 2017-01-01 14:43:43

MC Physics - Fundamental Force Unification using Mono-Charges

Authors: Kenneth D. Oglesby
Comments: Pages.

MC Physics- Fundamental Force Unification using Mono-Charges Quantization of basic elemental electrostatic charge occurred in the earliest Universe which created an uneven distribution of mono-charges (MCs) by charge type and charge strength. Mono-charges form all matter and cause all force in the Universe. Charge strength provides the inertial mass of all MCs and, therefore, of all matter. All force (electro-static, magnetic, strong nuclear, weak nuclear and gravity) is electro-static in nature and is instantly and continuously applied only between mono-charges. All force (as well as MC/ matter / mass and Space) is modified by movement in Space (dS/dT), especially at high relativistic velocities. Magnetic poles and force are caused by moving mono-charges, indicating a link between magnetism, inertia and relativity- all resistances to spatial or velocity change. Magnetic force acts only on magnetic poles, i.e. moving MCs. Following the F-SCoTt matter formation processes, modified Coulomb’s Law and modified Newton’s Laws, cooling of the ultra-high kinetic energy early Universe allowed progressively weaker force bondings of quantized MCs to stably form particles- starting with quarks> protons> nuclei> electrons> neutrinos> and lastly forming photons of light. From their joining processes, all particles have internal movements (rotation, vibrations, wobble) that cause variations (oscillations, vibrations) in their projected forces, causing temporary charge imbalances and excess weaker MC joinings. Such movements cause stronger MCs to have a more focused force projection source vectors than weaker MCs which have a collective fuzzy collective force projection source from (mostly) neutralized matter. This is the most likely cause of attraction force to be slightly stronger than repel forces for masses, i.e. causing gravitational force.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics