Nuclear and Atomic Physics

1706 Submissions

[6] viXra:1706.0420 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-22 03:57:24

Mass in Motion According to Quantum FFF Theory.

Authors: Leo Vuyk
Comments: 8 Pages.

According to Quantum FFF Theory, stable Polarized propeller shaped Fermions (Nuclear Quarks) are supposed to be the origin of non accelerated motion through the resistive oscillating vacuum (Axion) Higgs field. Recent observations in the LHC do support the idea of Fermion polarization into a constant specific space based direction, which could support the idea of a constant battle between a resistive vacuum and polarized spinning propeller shaped Fermions pushed forward by the same vacuum at the same time to compensate the resistance. Even a so called Lorentz Fitzgerald contraction seem to be the logic result, which was described by John Bell in his essay: “How to Teach Special Relativity” The recently observed Axial symmetric pear shaped atom Barium nuclei ( LHC) are an extra support for the atomic interaction with a new massless oscillating Axion-Higgs vacuum reference frame postulated by Quantum FFF Theory. John S. Bell was Right: “How to Teach Special Relativity” and atomic pear shaped contraction
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[5] viXra:1706.0316 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-12 08:05:20

Molecular Electronics

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 24 Pages.

An international team of researchers led by the National Physical Laboratory (NPL) and the University of Bern has revealed a new way to tune the functionality of next-generation molecular electronic devices using graphene. [14] Researchers at the Department of Physics, University of Jyväskylä, Finland, have created a theory that predicts the properties of nanomagnets manipulated with electric currents. This theory is useful for future quantum technologies. [13] Quantum magnetism, in which – unlike magnetism in macroscopic-scale materials, where electron spin orientation is random – atomic spins self-organize into one-dimensional rows that can be simulated using cold atoms trapped along a physical structure that guides optical spectrum electromagnetic waves known as a photonic crystal waveguide. [12] Scientists have achieved the ultimate speed limit of the control of spins in a solid state magnetic material. The rise of the digital information era posed a daunting challenge to develop ever faster and smaller devices for data storage and processing. An approach which relies on the magnetic moment of electrons (i.e. the spin) rather than the charge, has recently turned into major research fields, called spintronics and magnonics. [11] A team of researchers with members from Germany, the U.S. and Russia has found a way to measure the time it takes for an electron in an atom to respond to a pulse of light. [10] As an elementary particle, the electron cannot be broken down into smaller particles, at least as far as is currently known. However, in a phenomenon called electron fractionalization, in certain materials an electron can be broken down into smaller "charge pulses," each of which carries a fraction of the electron's charge. Although electron fractionalization has many interesting implications, its origins are not well understood. [9] New ideas for interactions and particles: This paper examines the possibility to origin the Spontaneously Broken Symmetries from the Planck Distribution Law. This way we get a Unification of the Strong, Electromagnetic, and Weak Interactions from the interference occurrences of oscillators. Understanding that the relativistic mass change is the result of the magnetic induction we arrive to the conclusion that the Gravitational Force is also based on the electromagnetic forces, getting a Unified Relativistic Quantum Theory of all 4 Interactions.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[4] viXra:1706.0202 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-14 02:57:15

Neutral Electron Instead of Neutrino: a New Beta-Decay Model

Authors: Antonio Puccini
Comments: 29 Pages.

With the disintegration of the neutron, or -decay (d), a proton, a  ray and a third particle, the neutrino (), are emitted. Their mass and high kinetic energy compensate for the amount of energy and mass which the  ray is not able to fully take away, "when at least" according to Fermi, "we do not want to admit with Pauli the existence of a hypothetical particle, electrically neutral and having mass of the order of magnitude of the electronic mass." The requirements asked by Pauli and Fermi for the , or third particle of the d, are: it must be electrically neutral and have the same mass and spin of the electron. Why not to think of a neutral electron (e°)? All requests would be satisfied, the energy balance would be restored and all Conservation Laws would be safeguarded, without having to invent a new family of particles. Every time it was considered that the  had been detected, they were always indirect detection thanks to traces left by a ghost particle never detected de visu, never directly identified. It is the detection of the impacts’ effects, such as the Cherenkov Effect (CE), to prove the existence of , although it might be another particle to induce the CE. In Nature the CE is only elicited by electrons. The electrons of the atmospheric molecules, hit by cosmic rays at high altitude, are accelerated at very high speed so emitting the Cherenkov Light. No wonder it is still an electron, now without electric charge, to induce the various CEs highlighted during all the surveys carried out. If we considered that the  may coincide with an e°, the gap left by the enigma of Dark Matter and Missing Mass would be filled, so modifying the fate of the Universe: making it conform to Friedmann's first model. The e° is not antithesis with the Grand Unification Theory, since it envisages a  of some mass. In the Supersymmetric Model, the e° could be identified with the lightest supersymmetric particle, which may correspond to a self-conjugated Majorana stable fermion, since the latter, as well as the e° fully identify with their antiparticle (except spin: antiparallel): e°↓ ≡ ē°↑ .
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[3] viXra:1706.0125 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-08 16:12:47

How a Magnet Physically Attracts Another from a Distance

Authors: Bill Gaede
Comments: 12 Pages.

There is a set of properties that a theory must address in order to explain the magical, invisible, action-at-a-distance phenomenon of attraction and repulsion between two magnets. Here we show that of the entities proposed to date only the Rope Hypothesis can physically simulate all of them.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[2] viXra:1706.0124 [pdf] submitted on 2017-06-09 01:26:59

On Proton-Neutron Indistinguishabilty and Distinguishability in the Nucleus

Authors: Syed Afsar Abbas
Comments: 10 Pages.

There is a fundamental duality in as to how protons and neutrons are treated as formimg the nucleus. A nucleus can be described well in an SU (2) I model (where (p-n) are indistinguishable) and in another independent picture where the pair (p-n) is treated as made up of distinguishable proton and netron fermions. Both of these apparently provide successful equivalent descriptions of the nucleus. How this is possible is the focus of this paper. Starting with the Standard Model and the SU(3)-flavour quark models, we look at the microssopic basis for this duality. Chirality and anomaly cancellation and its matching, play a basic role in our work.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[1] viXra:1706.0092 [pdf] replaced on 2017-06-12 15:13:52

Electromagnetic Effects and Structure of Particles Due to Special Relativity

Authors: Preston Guynn
Comments: 23 Pages.

That electromagnetic effects are due to special relativity has been confirmed by an exact mathematical result. Due to special relativity, rotation results in a difference velocity which has a maximum value. The maximum difference velocity, transformed by special relativistic effects, is the significant factor in an equation that produces the fine structure constant. The result exactly matches the 11 significant digits of the fine structure constant value recommended by CODATA. The maximum difference velocity is instrumental to quantization of angular momentum and energy. The maximum difference velocity also enables finding the radius of the electron from its known angular momentum. The electron velocity and radius scaled by the square root of the electron-proton mass ratio give the angular velocity and radius of the proton. The proton and electron characteristics thus calculated when applied to structural models lead to the measured neutron and deuteron masses recommended by CODATA within reported uncertainty. The proton g factor also follows from the proton model. Electron and proton are similar in structure, consisting of three mutually orthogonal rotating rings of mass.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics